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  Subjects -> BIOLOGY (Total: 3149 journals)
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BIOTECHNOLOGY (237 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 237 Journals sorted alphabetically
3 Biotech     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
African Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Algal Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 64)
American Journal of Bioinformatics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Polymer Science     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology : C Life Sciences and Biotechnology     Open Access  
Animal Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annales des Sciences Agronomiques     Full-text available via subscription  
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Applied Bioenergy     Open Access  
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Food Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
Applied Mycology and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Arthroplasty Today     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Biotech News     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australasian Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Banat's Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
BBR : Biochemistry and Biotechnology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bio-Algorithms and Med-Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bio-Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Bioactive Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biocybernetics and Biological Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Bioethics UPdate     Hybrid Journal  
Biofuels     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Biofuels Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Biological Cybernetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biomarkers and Genomic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biomarkers in Drug Development     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Biomaterials Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BioMed Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomédica     Open Access  
Biomedical and Biotechnology Research Journal     Open Access  
Biomedical Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Biomedical glasses     Open Access  
Biomedical Reports     Full-text available via subscription  
BioMedicine     Open Access  
Biomedika     Open Access  
Bioprinting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioresource Technology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Biosimilars     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biosurface and Biotribology     Open Access  
Biotechnic and Histochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
BioTechniques : The International Journal of Life Science Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Biotechnologia Acta     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biotechnology Advances     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Biotechnology and Bioengineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 155)
Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Biotechnology and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnology Annual Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Biotechnology for Biofuels     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Biotechnology Frontier     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biotechnology Law Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biotechnology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Biotechnology Progress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Biotechnology Reports     Open Access  
Biotechnology Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnology Techniques     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biotecnología Aplicada     Open Access  
Bioteknologi (Biotechnological Studies)     Open Access  
Biotribology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BMC Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Cell Biology and Development     Open Access  
Chinese Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Communications in Mathematical Biology and Neuroscience     Open Access  
Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Contributions to Tobacco Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Copernican Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Critical Reviews in Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Bionanotechnology     Hybrid Journal  
Current Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Opinion in Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Research in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Current Trends in Biotechnology and Chemical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current trends in Biotechnology and Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
EBioMedicine     Open Access  
Electronic Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
Entomologia Generalis     Full-text available via subscription  
Environmental Science : Processes & Impacts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Experimental Biology and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Folia Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Food Bioscience     Hybrid Journal  
Food Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Food Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Frontiers in Systems Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Fungal Biology and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
GM Crops and Food: Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
GSTF Journal of BioSciences     Open Access  
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences     Open Access  
Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
IEEE Transactions on Molecular, Biological and Multi-Scale Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
IET Nanobiotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
IIOAB Letters     Open Access  
IN VIVO     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Indian Journal of Biotechnology (IJBT)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indonesia Journal of Biomedical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Industrial Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Biomechanics     Open Access  
International Journal of Bioinformatics Research and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Biomechatronics and Biomedical Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Biotechnology for Wellness Industries     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Environment, Agriculture and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Functional Informatics and Personalised Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Nanotechnology and Molecular Computation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Radiation Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Iranian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
ISABB Journal of Biotechnology and Bioinformatics     Open Access  
Italian Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Biometrics & Biostatistics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefense     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Advanced Therapies and Medical Innovation Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Advances in Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal Of Agrobiotechnology     Open Access  
Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Applied Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Biotechnology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Mathematics & Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Biologically Active Products from Nature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Biomedical Photonics & Engineering     Open Access  
Journal of Biomedical Practitioners     Open Access  
Journal of Bioprocess Engineering and Biorefinery     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Bioprocessing & Biotechniques     Open Access  
Journal of Biosecurity, Biosafety and Biodefense Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
Journal of Biotechnology and Strategic Health Research     Open Access  
Journal of Chemical and Biological Interfaces     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Chitin and Chitosan Science     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Colloid Science and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Commercial Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Crop Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Essential Oil Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Ginseng Research     Open Access  
Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Integrative Bioinformatics     Open Access  
Journal of International Biotechnology Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medical Imaging and Health Informatics     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology     Open Access  
Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Nano Education     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Nanobiotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Nanofluids     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Organic and Biomolecular Simulations     Open Access  
Journal of Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Science and Applications : Biomedicine     Open Access  
Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Tropical Microbiology and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Marine Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Messenger     Full-text available via subscription  
Metabolic Engineering Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Metalloproteinases In Medicine     Open Access  
Microalgae Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Microbial Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
MicroMedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Molecular and Cellular Biomedical Sciences     Open Access  
Molecular Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nanobiomedicine     Open Access  
Nanobiotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology     Open Access  
Nanomaterials and Tissue Regeneration     Open Access  
Nanomedicine and Nanobiology     Full-text available via subscription  
Nanomedicine Research Journal     Open Access  
Nanotechnology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Nature Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 535)

        1 2 | Last

Journal Cover Molecular Biotechnology
  Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.787
  Citation Impact (citeScore): 61
  Number of Followers: 13  
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1559-0305 - ISSN (Online) 1073-6085
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2350 journals]
  • Application of NanoBiT for Monitoring Dimerization of the Null Hong Kong
           Variant of α-1-Antitrypsin, NHK, in Living Cells
    • Authors: Junpei Norisada; Keito Fujimura; Fumimasa Amaya; Hiroki Kohno; Yoko Hirata; Kentaro Oh-hashi
      Abstract: In this study, we investigated expression and dimerization of an ER-associated degradation (ERAD) substrate, a null Hong Kong variant of α-1-antitrypsin (NHK) using immunoblotting assay and a novel NanoLuc complementary reporter system called the NanoBiT (NB) assay. This NB-tagged NHK made it possible to monitor the intra- and extracellular status of NHK in living cells. The values for this NB assay fluctuated in response to distinct pharmacological stimuli and co-transfection of several ERAD-related factors. We then focused on mesencephalic astrocyte-derived neurotrophic factor (MANF), an unclarified ATF6/IRE1-downstream target, and established MANF-deficient Neuro2a (N2a) cells using CRISPR/Cas9 system. MANF-deficient N2a significantly elevated OS-9 protein after tunicamycin treatment; however, no specific differences in intra- and extracellular status of NHK protein were observed between wild-type and MANF-deficient cells. Taken together, intrinsic MANF in N2a cells is not strongly associated with the accumulation and clearance of unfolded proteins within the ER under current condition, but this novel NB assay is a useful approach for characterizing the protein status including ERAD substrates.
      PubDate: 2018-06-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0092-5
       
  • Pellino-1 Protects Periodontal Ligament Stem Cells Against H 2 O 2
           -Induced Apoptosis via Activation of NF-κB Signaling
    • Authors: Jiangang Tian; Liufang Gu; Andrew Adams; Xueliang Wang; Ruizhe Huang
      Abstract: To determine the protective effects of Pellino-1 against H2O2-induced apoptosis in periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSC). We demonstrated that H2O2 decreases PDLSC viability by 40 and 50% with the concentrations of 400 and 500 μM, respectively, with an observed downregulation of Pellino-1 mRNA and protein; we further concluded that overexpression of Pellino-1 significantly lowers 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine levels by 10% and upregulates superoxide dismutase 1, glutathione peroxidase levels, and catalase mRNA levels by 200, 40, and 250%, respectively. More importantly, we found that overexpression of Pellino-1 inhibited H2O2-induced cellular apoptosis through the activation of the NF-κB signaling pathway. Pellino-1 may be critically important for cell survival in the presence of oxidative elements; activation of the NF-κB signaling cascade was required for the overexpression of Pellino-1 to protect the cells from H2O2-induced apoptosis.
      PubDate: 2018-06-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0067-6
       
  • Synthetic Promoters: Designing the cis Regulatory Modules for Controlled
           Gene Expression
    • Authors: Jameel Aysha; Muhammad Noman; Fawei Wang; Weican Liu; Yonggang Zhou; Haiyan Li; Xiaowei Li
      Abstract: Designing the expression cassettes with desired properties remains the most important consideration of gene engineering technology. One of the challenges for predictive gene expression is the modeling of synthetic gene switches to regulate one or more target genes which would directly respond to specific chemical, environmental, and physiological stimuli. Assessment of natural promoter, high-throughput sequencing, and modern biotech inventory aided in deciphering the structure of cis elements and molding the native cis elements into desired synthetic promoter. Synthetic promoters which are molded by rearrangement of cis motifs can greatly benefit plant biotechnology applications. This review gives a glimpse of the manual in vivo gene regulation through synthetic promoters. It summarizes the integrative design strategy of synthetic promoters and enumerates five approaches for constructing synthetic promoters. Insights into the pattern of cis regulatory elements in the pursuit of desirable “gene switches” to date has also been reevaluated. Joint strategies of bioinformatics modeling and randomized biochemical synthesis are addressed in an effort to construct synthetic promoters for intricate gene regulation.
      PubDate: 2018-05-31
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0089-0
       
  • Bio-production of Baccatin III, an Important Precursor of Paclitaxel by a
           Cost-Effective Approach
    • Abstract: Natural production of anti-cancer drug taxol from Taxus has proved to be environmentally unsustainable and economically unfeasible. Currently, bioengineering the biosynthetic pathway of taxol is an attractive alternative production approach. 10-deacetylbaccatin III-10-O-acetyl transferase (DBAT) was previously characterized as an acyltransferase, using 10-deacetylbaccatin III (10-DAB) and acetyl CoA as natural substrates, to form baccatin III in the taxol biosynthesis. Here, we report that other than the natural acetyl CoA (Ac-CoA) substrate, DBAT can also utilize vinyl acetate (VA), which is commercially available at very low cost, acylate quickly and irreversibly, as acetyl donor in the acyl transfer reaction to produce baccatin III. Furthermore, mutants were prepared via a semi-rational design in this work. A double mutant, I43S/D390R was constructed to combine the positive effects of the different single mutations on catalytic activity, and its catalytic efficiency towards 10-DAB and VA was successfully improved by 3.30-fold, compared to that of wild-type DBAT, while 2.99-fold higher than the catalytic efficiency of WT DBAT towards 10-DAB and Ac-CoA. These findings can provide a promising economically and environmentally friendly method for exploring novel acyl donors to engineer natural product pathways.
      PubDate: 2018-05-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0090-7
       
  • Spectroscopic Analysis of the Cu 2+ -Induced Fluorescence Quenching of
           Fluorescent Proteins AmCyan and mOrange2
    • Authors: Ji-Eun Bae; In Jung Kim; Ki Hyun Nam
      Abstract: Fluorescent proteins show fluorescence quenching by specific metal ions, which can be applied towards metal biosensing applications. In order to develop metal-biosensor, we performed spectroscopic analysis of the fluorescence quenching of fluorescent protein AmCyan and mOrange2 by various metal ions. The fluorescence intensity of AmCyan was reduced to 48.54% by Co2+ and 67.77% by Zn2+; Cu2+ reduced the fluorescence emission of AmCyan to 19.30% of its maximum. The fluorescence intensity of mOrange2 was quenched by only Cu2+, to 11.48% of its maximum. When analyzed by Langmuir equation, dissociation constants for AmCyan and mOrange2 were 56.10 and 21.46 µM, respectively. The Cu2+ quenching of AmCyan and mOrange2 were reversible upon treatment with the metal chelator EDTA, indicating that the metal ions were located on the protein surface. Their model structures suggest that AmCyan and mOrange2 have novel metal-binding sites.
      PubDate: 2018-05-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0088-1
       
  • Physiological and Transcriptomic Analysis of a Chronologically Long-Lived
           Saccharomyces cerevisiae Strain Obtained by Evolutionary Engineering
    • Authors: Mevlüt Arslan; Can Holyavkin; Halil İbrahim Kısakesen; Alican Topaloğlu; Yusuf Sürmeli; Zeynep Petek Çakar
      Abstract: High-throughput aging studies with yeast as a model organism involve transposon-mutagenesis and yeast knockout collection, which have been pivotal strategies for understanding the complex cellular aging process. In this study, a chronologically long-lived Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutant was successfully obtained by using another high-throughput approach, evolutionary engineering, based on systematic selection in successive batch cultures under gradually increasing levels of caloric restriction. Detailed comparative physiological and transcriptomic analyses of the chronologically long-lived mutant and the reference strain revealed enhanced levels of respiratory metabolism, upregulation of genes related to carbohydrate metabolic processes, glycogen–trehalose pathways, stress response, and repression of protein synthesis-related genes in the long-lived mutant SRM11, already in the absence of caloric restriction. Interestingly, SRM11 had also significantly higher resistance to copper stress, and higher resistance to silver, ethanol, and 2-phenylethanol stresses than the reference strain. It also had lower ethanol production levels and an enhanced ethanol catabolism. To conclude, evolutionary engineering is another powerful high-throughput method for aging research, in addition to its widespread use in industrial strain development. Additionally, the interesting results revealed by this study about the potential relationship between longevity and various cellular properties are yet to be investigated further at molecular level.
      PubDate: 2018-05-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0087-2
       
  • PCL-Based Composite Scaffold Matrices for Tissue Engineering Applications
    • Authors: Nadeem Siddiqui; Simran Asawa; Bhaskar Birru; Ramaraju Baadhe; Sreenivasa Rao
      Abstract: Biomaterial-based scaffolds are important cues in tissue engineering (TE) applications. Recent advances in TE have led to the development of suitable scaffold architecture for various tissue defects. In this narrative review on polycaprolactone (PCL), we have discussed in detail about the synthesis of PCL, various properties and most recent advances of using PCL and PCL blended with either natural or synthetic polymers and ceramic materials for TE applications. Further, various forms of PCL scaffolds such as porous, films and fibrous have been discussed along with the stem cells and their sources employed in various tissue repair strategies. Overall, the present review affords an insight into the properties and applications of PCL in various tissue engineering applications.
      PubDate: 2018-05-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0084-5
       
  • Homing Genes Expression in Fucosyltransferase VI-Treated Umbilical Cord
           Blood CD133+ Cells which Expanded on Protein-Coated Nanoscaffolds
    • Authors: Amir Atashi; Maryam Islami; Yousef Mortazavi; Masoud Soleimani
      Abstract: Umbilical cord blood (UCB)-derived hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) are considered because of their self-renewing, differentiating, proliferating, and readily available properties. Moreover, HSCsʼ homing to the hematopoietic microenvironment is an important step in their transplantation process. But low content of progenitor cells in one unit of UCB and defect in the bone marrow (BM) homing limit their applications. Hence, we decided to correct this deficiency with ex vivo incubation of CD133+ cells using fucosyltransferase VI and GDP-fucose. Then C-X-C chemokines receptor-4 (CXCR4), very late activation antigen-4 (VLA4), very late activation antigen-5 (VLA5), lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1), and E-cadherin (E-cad) genes expressions were investigated with the goal of homing evaluation. The purity of MACS isolated CD133+ cells and confirmation of fucosylation were done by flow cytometry, and the viability of cells seeded on protein-coated poly l-lactic acid (PLLA) scaffold was proven via MTT assay. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), CFU assays, and expression assays of CXCR4, VLA4, VLA5, LFA-1 and E-cad by real-time PCR were performed, too. Flow cytometry data showed that isolated cells were suitable for fucosyltransferase VI (FT-VI) incubation and expansion on nanoscaffolds. MTT, CFU assays, and SEM micrographs demonstrated fibronectin (FN)–collagen–selectin (FCS)-coated scaffold serve as best environment for viability, clonogenicity, and cell attachment. High levels of homing genes expression were also observed in cells seeded on FCS-coated scaffolds. Also, CXCR4 flow cytometry analysis confirmed real-time data. FCS-PLLA scaffolds provided optimal conditions for viability of FT-VI-treated CD133+ cells, and clonogenicity with the goal of improving homing following UCB-HSCs transplantation.
      PubDate: 2018-05-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0086-3
       
  • Production of N -acetyl- d -neuraminic Acid by Recombinant Single Whole
           Cells Co-expressing N -acetyl- d -glucosamine-2-epimerase and N -acetyl- d
           -neuraminic Acid Aldolase
    • Authors: Chao-Hung Kao; Yih-Yuan Chen; Lian-Ren Wang; Yen-Chung Lee
      Abstract: N-acetyl-d-neuraminic acid (Neu5Ac) is a costly precursor for many drugs such as anti-influenza antivirals. In a previous study, a whole-cell process for Neu5Ac production was developed using a combination of two Escherichia coli cells expressing Anabaena sp. CH1 N-acetyl-d-glucosamine-2-epimerase (bage) and E. coli N-acetyl-d-neuraminic acid aldolase (nanA), respectively. In this study, we constructed a bAGE and NanA co-expression system to improve Neu5Ac production. Two recombinant E. coli strains, E. coli BL21 (DE3) pET-bage–nanA (HA) and E. coli BL21 (DE3) pET-bage–2nanA (HAA), synchronously expressing bAGE and NanA were used as biocatalysts to generate Neu5Ac from N-acetyl-d-glucosamine (GlcNAc) and pyruvate. The HA biocatalysts produced 187.5 mM Neu5Ac within 8 h. The yield of GlcNAc was 15.6%, and the Neu5Ac production rate was 7.25 g/L/h. The most active HAA biocatalysts generated 412.6 mM Neu5Ac and a GlcNAc yield of 34.4%. HAA achieved a Neu5Ac production rate of 15.9 g/L/h, which surpassed those for all reported Neu5Ac production processes so far. The present study demonstrates that using recombinant E. coli cells synchronously expressing bAGE and NanA as biocatalysts could potentially be used in the industrial mass production of Neu5Ac.
      PubDate: 2018-04-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0085-4
       
  • Diversity of Immunoglobulin (Ig) Isotypes and the Role of
           Activation-Induced Cytidine Deaminase (AID) in Fish
    • Authors: Bhakti Patel; Rajanya Banerjee; Mrinal Samanta; Surajit Das
      Abstract: The disparate diversity in immunoglobulin (Ig) repertoire has been a subject of fascination since the emergence of prototypic adaptive immune system in vertebrates. The carboxy terminus region of activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) has been well established in tetrapod lineage and is crucial for its function in class switch recombination (CSR) event of Ig diversification. The absence of CSR in the paraphyletic group of fish is probably due to changes in catalytic domain of AID and lack of cis-elements in IgH locus. Therefore, understanding the arrangement of Ig genes in IgH locus and functional facets of fish AID opens up new realms of unravelling the alternative mechanisms of isotype switching and antibody diversity. Further, the teleost AID has been recently reported to have potential of catalyzing CSR in mammalian B cells by complementing AID deficiency in them. In that context, the present review focuses on the recent advances regarding the generation of diversity in Ig repertoire in the absence of AID-regulated class switching in teleosts and the possible role of T cell-independent pathway involving B cell activating factor and a proliferation-inducing ligand in activation of CSR machinery.
      PubDate: 2018-04-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0081-8
       
  • Metabolic Engineering of Glycyrrhizin Pathway by Over-Expression of
           Beta-amyrin 11-Oxidase in Transgenic Roots of Glycyrrhiza glabra
    • Authors: Zahra Shirazi; Ali Aalami; Masoud Tohidfar; Mohammad Mehdi Sohani
      Abstract: Glycyrrhiza glabra is one of the most important and well-known medicinal plants which produces various triterpene saponins such as glycyrrhizin. Beta-amyrin 11-oxidase (CYP88D6) plays a key role in engineering pathway of glycyrrhizin production and converts an intermediated beta-amyrin compound to glycyrrhizin. In this study, pBI121GUS-9:CYP88D6 construct was transferred to G. glabra using Agrobacterium rhizogene ATCC 15834. The quantitation of transgene was measured in putative transgenic hairy roots using qRT-PCR. The amount of glycyrrhizin production was measured by HPLC in transgenic hairy root lines. Gene expression analysis demonstrated that CYP88D6 was over-expressed only in one of transgenic hairy root lines and was reduced in two others. Beta-amyrin 24-hydroxylase (CYP93E6) was significantly expressed in one of the control hairy root lines. The amount of glycyrrhizin metabolite in over-expressed line was more than or similar to that of control hairy root lines. According to the obtained results, it would be recommended that multi-genes of glycyrrhizin biosynthetic pathway be transferred simultaneously to the hairy root in order to increase glycyrrhizin content.
      PubDate: 2018-04-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0082-7
       
  • Haloquadratum walsbyi Yields a Versatile, NAD + /NADP + Dual Affinity,
           Thermostable, Alcohol Dehydrogenase ( Hw ADH)
    • Authors: Jennifer Cassidy; Francesca Paradisi
      Abstract: This study presents the first example of an alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) from the halophilic archaeum Haloquadratum walsbyi (HwADH). A hexahistidine-tagged recombinant HwADH was heterologously overexpressed in Haloferax volcanii. HwADH was purified in one step and was found to be thermophilic with optimal activity at 65 °C. HwADH was active in the presence of 10% (v/v) organic solvent. The enzyme displayed dual cofactor specificity and a broad substrate scope, and maximum activity was detected with benzyl alcohol and 2-phenyl-1-propanol. HwADH accepted aromatic ketones, acetophenone and phenylacetone as substrates. The enzyme also accepted cyclohexanol and aromatic secondary alcohols, 1-phenylethanol and 4-phenyl-2-butanol. H. walsbyi may offer an excellent alternative to other archaeal sources to expand the toolbox of halophilic biocatalysts.
      PubDate: 2018-04-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0083-6
       
  • Stable Expression of Adalimumab in Nicotiana tabacum
    • Authors: Tzvi Zvirin; Lena Magrisso; Amit Yaari; Oded Shoseyov
      Abstract: Production of monoclonal antibodies and pharmaceutical proteins in transgenic plants has been the focus of many research efforts for close to 30 years. Use of plants as bioreactors reduces large-scale production costs and minimizes risk for human pathogens contamination. Stable nuclear transformation of the plant genome offers a clear advantage in agricultural protein production platforms, limited only by the number of hectares that can be cultivated. We report here, for the first time, successful and stable expression of adalimumab in transgenic Nicotiana tabacum plants. The plant-derived adalimumab proved fully active and was shown to rescue L929 cells from the in vitro lethal effect of rhTNFα just as effectively as commercially available CHO-derived adalimumab (Humira). These results indicate that agricultural biopharming is an efficient alternative to mammalian cell-based expression platforms for the large-scale production of recombinant antibodies.
      PubDate: 2018-04-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0075-6
       
  • The Methods and Mechanisms to Differentiate Endothelial-Like Cells and
           Smooth Muscle Cells from Mesenchymal Stem Cells for Vascularization in
           Vaginal Reconstruction
    • Authors: Hua Zhang; Jingkun Zhang; Xianghua Huang; Yanan Li
      Abstract: Endothelial cells and smooth muscle cells (SMCs) are important aspects of vascularization in vaginal reconstruction. Research has confirmed that mesenchymal stem cells could differentiate into endothelial-like cells and SMCs. But the methods were more complicated and the mechanism was unknown. In the current study, we induced the bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) to differentiate into endothelial-like cells and SMCs in vitro by differentiation medium and investigated the effect of Wnt/β-catenin signaling on the differentiation process of BMSCs. Results showed that the hypoxic environment combined with VEGF and bFGF could induce increased expression of endothelial-like cells markers VEGFR1, VEGFR2, and vWF. The SMCs derived from BMSCs induced by TGF-β1 and PDGF-AB significantly expressed SMC markers SMMHC11 and α-SMA. The data also showed that activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling could promote the differentiation of BMSCs into endothelial-like cells and SMCs. Thus, we established endothelial-like cells and SMCs in vitro by more simple methods, presented the important role of hypoxic environment on the differentiation of BMSCs into endothelial-like cells, and confirmed that the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway has a positive impact on the differentiation of BMSCs into endothelial-like cells and SMCs. This is important for vascular reconstruction.
      PubDate: 2018-04-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0079-2
       
  • Targeted Gene Deletion in Cordyceps militaris Using the Split-Marker
           Approach
    • Authors: HaiWei Lou; ZhiWei Ye; Fan Yun; JunFang Lin; LiQiong Guo; BaiXiong Chen; ZhiXian Mu
      Abstract: The macrofungus Cordyceps militaris contains many kinds of bioactive ingredients that are regulated by functional genes, but the functions of many genes in C. militaris are still unknown. In this study, to improve the frequency of homologous integration, a genetic transformation system based on a split-marker approach was developed for the first time in C. militaris to knock out a gene encoding a terpenoid synthase (Tns). The linear and split-marker deletion cassettes were constructed and introduced into C. militaris protoplasts by PEG-mediated transformation. The transformation of split-marker fragments resulted in a higher efficiency of targeted gene disruption than the transformation of linear deletion cassettes did. The color phenotype of the Tns gene deletion mutants was different from that of wild-type C. militaris. Moreover, a PEG-mediated protoplast transformation system was established, and stable genetic transformants were obtained. This method of targeted gene deletion represents an important tool for investigating the role of C. militaris genes.
      PubDate: 2018-03-31
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0080-9
       
  • Optimization of a Bioluminescence Resonance Energy Transfer-Based Assay
           
    • Authors: Jesica G. Mild; Lucia R. Fernandez; Odile Gayet; Juan Iovanna; Nelson Dusetti; Martin M. Edreira
      Abstract: Chagas disease, a parasitic disease caused by Trypanosoma cruzi, is a major public health burden in poor rural populations of Central and South America and a serious emerging threat outside the endemic region, since the number of infections in non-endemic countries continues to rise. In order to develop more efficient anti-trypanosomal treatments to replace the outdated therapies, new molecular targets need to be explored and new drugs discovered. Trypanosoma cruzi has distinctive structural and functional characteristics with respect to the human host. These exclusive features could emerge as interesting drug targets. In this work, essential and differential protein–protein interactions for the parasite, including the ribosomal P proteins and proteins involved in mRNA processing, were evaluated in a bioluminescence resonance energy transfer-based assay as a starting point for drug screening. Suitable conditions to consider using this simple and robust methodology to screening compounds and natural extracts able to inhibit protein–protein interactions were set in living cells and lysates.
      PubDate: 2018-03-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0078-3
       
  • Efficient Expression of an Alzheimer’s Disease Vaccine Candidate in the
           Microalga Schizochytrium sp. Using the Algevir System
    • Authors: Benita Ortega-Berlanga; Bernardo Bañuelos-Hernández; Sergio Rosales-Mendoza
      Abstract: Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disease, where β-amyloid (Aβ) plays a key role in forming conglomerated senile plaques. The receptor of advanced glycation end products (RAGE) is considered a therapeutic target since it transports Aβ into the central nervous system, favoring the pathology progression. Due to the lack of effective therapies for AD, several therapeutic approaches are under development, being vaccines considered a promising alternative. Herein, the use of the Algevir system was explored to produce in the Schizochytrium sp. microalga the LTB:RAGE vaccine candidate. Algevir relies in an inducible geminiviral vector and led to yields of up to 380 µg LTB:RAGE/g fresh weight biomass at 48-h post-induction. The Schizochytrium-produced LTB:RAGE vaccine retained its antigenic activity and was highly stable up to temperatures of 60 °C. These data demonstrate the potential of Schizochytrium sp. as a platform for high production of thermostable recombinant antigens useful for vaccination against AD.
      PubDate: 2018-03-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0077-4
       
  • Ectopic Expression of Rice PYL3 Enhances Cold and Drought Tolerance in
           Arabidopsis thaliana
    • Authors: Sangram K. Lenka; Senthilkumar K. Muthusamy; Viswanathan Chinnusamy; Kailash C. Bansal
      Abstract: Abscisic acid (ABA) plays an important role in plant development and adaptation to abiotic stresses. The pyrabactin resistance-like (PYL) gene family has been characterized as intracellular ABA receptors in Arabidopsis. We describe here the functional characterization of PYL3 ABA receptor from a drought-tolerant rice landrace Nagina 22 (N22). The induced expression level of the PYL3 transcript was observed in the N22 under different stress treatments, including cold, drought, high temperature, salt and ABA. In contrast, the expression of PYL3 was down-regulated in drought-susceptible rice cv. IR64 in response to above stresses. C-terminal GFP translational fusion of OsPYL3 was localized to both cytosol and nucleus explaining in part functional conservation of PYL protein as ABA receptor. Arabidopsis transgenic lines overexpressing OsPYL3 were hypersensitive to ABA suggesting ABA signaling pathway-dependent molecular response of the OsPYL3. Further, constitutive overexpression of OsPYL3 in Arabidopsis led to improved cold and drought stress tolerance. Thus, OsPYL3 identified in this study could be a good candidate for genetic improvement of cold and drought stress tolerance of rice and other crop plants.
      PubDate: 2018-03-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0076-5
       
  • A Dominant Negative Antisense Approach Targeting β-Catenin
    • Authors: Matthias Vonbrüll; Elisabeth Riegel; Christian Halter; Michaela Aigner; Holger Bock; Birgit Werner; Thomas Lindhorst; Thomas Czerny
      Abstract: There have been many attempts to unveil the therapeutic potential of antisense molecules during the last decade. Due to its specific role in canonical Wnt signalling, β-catenin is a potential target for an antisense-based antitumour therapy. In order to establish such a strategy with peptide nucleic acids, we developed a reporter assay for quantification of antisense effects. The luciferase-based assay detects splice blocking with high sensitivity. Using this assay, we show that the splice donor of exon 13 of β-catenin is particularly suitable for an antisense strategy, as it results in a truncated protein which lacks transactivating functions. Since the truncated proteins retain the interactions with Tcf/Lef proteins, they act in a dominant negative fashion competing with wild-type proteins and thus blocking the transcriptional activity of β-catenin. Furthermore, we show that the truncation does not interfere with binding of cadherin and α-catenin, both essential for its function in cell adhesion. Therefore, the antisense strategy blocks Wnt signalling with high efficiency but retains other important functions of β-catenin.
      PubDate: 2018-03-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0058-7
       
  • Improving the Catalytic Activity and Thermostability of MAS1 Lipase by
           Alanine Substitution
    • Authors: Ge Zhao; Jianrong Wang; Qingyun Tang; Dongming Lan; Yonghua Wang
      Abstract: MAS1 is a lipase isolated from Streptomyces sp. strain W007 with potential application in biotechnology. Structural analysis of MAS1 lipase showed that eight amino acids with bulkier side located in the substrate-binding pocket may be involved in affecting catalytic performance. Alanine substitutions of those residues were conducted to reduce steric clash of catalyzed pocket and probe their functional roles. The kcat/Km of mutants H108A, F153A, and V233A increased to 2.3-, 2.1-, and 1.4-fold, respectively. Interestingly, the half-life (60 °C) of F153A had shifted to 523 min after mutagenesis, which was fivefold enhancement toward that of MAS1 wide-type. Furthermore, higher hydrolysis ability of mutants H108A and F153A toward palm stearin of high melting temperature made them potentially applicable in oil/fat modification. Our work provided an example to obtain biocatalysts with desired catalytic behaviors by protein engineering.
      PubDate: 2018-02-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0062-y
       
 
 
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