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BIOTECHNOLOGY (227 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 227 Journals sorted alphabetically
3 Biotech     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Algal Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 68)
American Journal of Bioinformatics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Polymer Science     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Animal Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annales des Sciences Agronomiques     Full-text available via subscription  
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Applied Bioenergy     Open Access  
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62)
Applied Mycology and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Arthroplasty Today     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Asia Pacific Biotech News     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australasian Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Banat's Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
BBR : Biochemistry and Biotechnology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bio-Algorithms and Med-Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bio-Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Bioactive Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biocybernetics and Biological Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Bioethics UPdate     Hybrid Journal  
Biofuels     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Biofuels Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Biological Cybernetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biomarkers and Genomic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biomarkers in Drug Development     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Biomaterials Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BioMed Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Biomédica     Open Access  
Biomedical Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Biomedical glasses     Open Access  
Biomedical Reports     Full-text available via subscription  
BioMedicine     Open Access  
Bioprinting     Hybrid Journal  
Bioresource Technology Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Biosimilars     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biosurface and Biotribology     Open Access  
Biotechnic and Histochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
BioTechniques : The International Journal of Life Science Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Biotechnologia Acta     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biotechnology Advances     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Biotechnology and Bioengineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 159)
Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Biotechnology and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnology Annual Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Biotechnology for Biofuels     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Biotechnology Frontier     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Biotechnology Law Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biotechnology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Biotechnology Progress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Biotechnology Reports     Open Access  
Biotechnology Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology Techniques     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biotecnología Aplicada     Open Access  
Biotribology     Hybrid Journal  
BMC Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Chinese Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Communications in Mathematical Biology and Neuroscience     Open Access  
Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Contributions to Tobacco Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Copernican Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Critical Reviews in Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Bionanotechnology     Hybrid Journal  
Current Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Opinion in Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Research in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Current trends in Biotechnology and Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
EBioMedicine     Open Access  
Electronic Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Entomologia Generalis     Full-text available via subscription  
Environmental Science : Processes & Impacts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Experimental Biology and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Folia Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Food Bioscience     Hybrid Journal  
Food Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Food Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Frontiers in Systems Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Fungal Biology and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
GM Crops and Food: Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
GSTF Journal of BioSciences     Open Access  
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences     Open Access  
Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
IEEE Transactions on Molecular, Biological and Multi-Scale Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
IET Nanobiotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
IIOAB Letters     Open Access  
IN VIVO     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Indian Journal of Biotechnology (IJBT)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indonesia Journal of Biomedical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Industrial Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Biomechanics     Open Access  
International Journal of Bioinformatics Research and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Biomechatronics and Biomedical Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Biotechnology for Wellness Industries     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Environment, Agriculture and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Functional Informatics and Personalised Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Nanotechnology and Molecular Computation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Radiation Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Iranian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
ISABB Journal of Biotechnology and Bioinformatics     Open Access  
Italian Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Biometrics & Biostatistics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefense     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Advanced Therapies and Medical Innovation Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Advances in Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal Of Agrobiotechnology     Open Access  
Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Applied Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Applied Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Biotechnology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Mathematics & Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Biologically Active Products from Nature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Biomedical Photonics & Engineering     Open Access  
Journal of Biomedical Practitioners     Open Access  
Journal of Bioprocess Engineering and Biorefinery     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Bioprocessing & Biotechniques     Open Access  
Journal of Biosecurity, Biosafety and Biodefense Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
Journal of Chemical and Biological Interfaces     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Chitin and Chitosan Science     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Colloid Science and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Commercial Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Crop Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Essential Oil Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Ginseng Research     Open Access  
Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Integrative Bioinformatics     Open Access  
Journal of International Biotechnology Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medical Imaging and Health Informatics     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Nano Education     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Nanobiotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Nanofluids     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Organic and Biomolecular Simulations     Open Access  
Journal of Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Science and Applications : Biomedicine     Open Access  
Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Tropical Microbiology and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Marine Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Messenger     Full-text available via subscription  
Metabolic Engineering Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Metalloproteinases In Medicine     Open Access  
Microalgae Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Microbial Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
MicroMedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Molecular and Cellular Biomedical Sciences     Open Access  
Molecular Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nanobiomedicine     Open Access  
Nanobiotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology     Open Access  
Nanomaterials and Tissue Regeneration     Open Access  
Nanomedicine and Nanobiology     Full-text available via subscription  
Nanomedicine Research Journal     Open Access  
Nanotechnology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Nature Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 520)
Network Modeling and Analysis in Health Informatics and Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
New Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Nigerian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
Nova Biotechnologica et Chimica     Open Access  
NPG Asia Materials     Open Access  
npj Biofilms and Microbiomes     Open Access  
OA Biotechnology     Open Access  
Plant Biotechnology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Plant Biotechnology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Preparative Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)

        1 2 | Last

Journal Cover Molecular Biotechnology
  [SJR: 0.787]   [H-I: 61]   [16 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1559-0305 - ISSN (Online) 1073-6085
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2351 journals]
  • A Dominant Negative Antisense Approach Targeting β-Catenin
    • Authors: Matthias Vonbrüll; Elisabeth Riegel; Christian Halter; Michaela Aigner; Holger Bock; Birgit Werner; Thomas Lindhorst; Thomas Czerny
      Abstract: There have been many attempts to unveil the therapeutic potential of antisense molecules during the last decade. Due to its specific role in canonical Wnt signalling, β-catenin is a potential target for an antisense-based antitumour therapy. In order to establish such a strategy with peptide nucleic acids, we developed a reporter assay for quantification of antisense effects. The luciferase-based assay detects splice blocking with high sensitivity. Using this assay, we show that the splice donor of exon 13 of β-catenin is particularly suitable for an antisense strategy, as it results in a truncated protein which lacks transactivating functions. Since the truncated proteins retain the interactions with Tcf/Lef proteins, they act in a dominant negative fashion competing with wild-type proteins and thus blocking the transcriptional activity of β-catenin. Furthermore, we show that the truncation does not interfere with binding of cadherin and α-catenin, both essential for its function in cell adhesion. Therefore, the antisense strategy blocks Wnt signalling with high efficiency but retains other important functions of β-catenin.
      PubDate: 2018-03-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0058-7
  • Genome Editing in Stem Cells for Disease Therapeutics
    • Authors: Minjung Song; Suresh Ramakrishna
      Abstract: Programmable nucleases including zinc finger nucleases, transcription activator-like effector nucleases, and clustered regularly interspaced short palindrome repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated protein have tremendous potential biological and therapeutic applications as novel genome editing tools. These nucleases enable precise modification of the gene of interest by disruption, insertion, or correction. The application of genome editing technology to pluripotent stem cells or hematopoietic stem cells has the potential to remarkably advance the contribution of this technology to life sciences. Specifically, disease models can be generated and effective therapeutics can be developed with great efficiency and speed. Here we review the characteristics and mechanisms of each programmable nuclease. In addition, we review the applications of these nucleases to stem cells for disease therapies and summarize key studies of interest.
      PubDate: 2018-03-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0072-9
  • The Modification of Cell Wall Properties by Expression of Recombinant
           Resilin in Transgenic Plants
    • Authors: Itan Preis; Miron Abramson; Oded Shoseyov
      Abstract: Plant tissue is composed of many different types of cells. Plant cells required to withstand mechanical pressure, such as vessel elements and fibers, have a secondary cell wall consisting of polysaccharides and lignin, which strengthen the cell wall structure and stabilize the cell shape. Previous attempts to alter the properties of the cell wall have mainly focused on reducing the amount of lignin or altering its structure in order to ease its extraction from raw woody materials for the pulp and paper and biorefinery industries. In this work, we propose the in vivo modification of the cell wall structure and mechanical properties by the introduction of resilin, an elastic protein that is able to crosslink with lignin monomers during cell wall synthesis. The effects of resilin were studied in transgenic eucalyptus plants. The protein was detected within the cell wall and its expression led to an increase in the elastic modulus of transgenic stems. In addition, transgenic stems displayed a higher yield point and toughness, indicating that they were able to absorb more energy before breaking.
      PubDate: 2018-03-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0074-7
  • Heterologous Expression, Purification and Characterization of an
           Oligopeptidase A from the Pathogen Leptospira interrogans
    • Authors: Prasannan V. Anu; Madathiparambil G. Madanan; Ananthakrishnan J. Nair; Gangaprasad A. Nair; Govinda Pillai M. Nair; Perumana R. Sudhakaran; Padikara K. Satheeshkumar
      Abstract: Oligopeptidases are enzymes involved in the degradation of short peptides (generally less than 30 amino acids in size) which help pathogens evade the host defence mechanisms. Leptospira is a zoonotic pathogen and causes leptospirosis in mammals. Proteome analysis of Leptospira revealed the presence of oligopeptidase A (OpdA) among other membrane proteins. To study the role of oligopeptidase in leptospirosis, the OpdA of L. interrogans was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli with a histidine tag (His-tag). The protein showed maximum expression at 37 °C with 0.5 mM of IPTG after 2 h of induction. Recombinant OpdA protein was purified to homogeneity using Ni-affinity chromatography. The purified OpdA showed more than 80% inhibition with a serine protease inhibitor but the activity was reduced to 30% with the cysteine protease inhibitor. The peptidase activity was increased significantly in the presence of Zn2+ at a neutral pH. Inhibitor assay indicate the presence of more than one active sites for peptidase activity as reported with the OpdA of E. coli and Salmonella. Over-expression of OpdA in E. coli BL21 (DE3) did not cause any negative effects on normal cell growth and viability. The role of OpdA as virulence factor in Leptospira and its potential as a therapeutic and diagnostic target in leptospirosis is yet to be identified.
      PubDate: 2018-03-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0073-8
  • Characterization of an Insecticidal Protein from Withania somnifera
           Against Lepidopteran and Hemipteran Pest
    • Authors: Blessan Santhosh George; S. Silambarasan; K. Senthil; John Prasanth Jacob; Modhumita Ghosh Dasgupta
      Abstract: Lectins are carbohydrate-binding proteins with wide array of functions including plant defense against pathogens and insect pests. In the present study, a putative mannose-binding lectin (WsMBP1) of 1124 bp was isolated from leaves of Withania somnifera. The gene was expressed in E. coli, and the recombinant WsMBP1 with a predicted molecular weight of 31 kDa was tested for its insecticidal properties against Hyblaea puera (Lepidoptera: Hyblaeidae) and Probergrothius sanguinolens (Hemiptera: Pyrrhocoridae). Delay in growth and metamorphosis, decreased larval body mass and increased mortality was recorded in recombinant WsMBP1-fed larvae. Histological studies on the midgut of lectin-treated insects showed disrupted and diffused secretory cells surrounding the gut lumen in larvae of H. puera and P. sanguinolens, implicating its role in disruption of the digestive process and nutrient assimilation in the studied insect pests. The present study indicates that WsMBP1 can act as a potential gene resource in future transformation programs for incorporating insect pest tolerance in susceptible plant genotypes.
      PubDate: 2018-02-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0070-y
  • The Role of Calcium in Differentiation of Human Adipose-Derived Stem Cells
           to Adipocytes
    • Authors: Farjam Goudarzi; Adel Mohammadalipour; Iraj Khodadadi; Sheno Karimi; Rezvan Mostoli; Majid Bahabadi; Mohammad Taghi Goodarzi
      Abstract: Differentiation process of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) into adipocyte is involved in obesity. Multiple factors such as Ca2+ play important roles in different stages of this process. Because of the complicated roles of Ca2+ in adipogenesis, the aim of present investigation was to study the influx and efflux of Ca2+ into and out of the cells during adipogenesis. Adipose-derived MSCs were used to differentiate into adipocytes. MSCs were exposed to 2.5 mM Ca2+ or 1.8 mM Ca2+ plus calcium ionophore, A23187, for 3 days. Lipid staining, triglycerides (TG) content, and glyceraldehyde phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) activity were evaluated to confirm the efficiency of the differentiation. Gene expression of GLUT4, PPARγ2, RAR-α, and calreticulin, as well as the protein levels of GLUT4 and PPARγ2 were determined. Ca2+ and in particular Ca2+ plus A23187 significantly lowered the efficiency of differentiation accompanied by decrease in intracellular TG deposits, GAPDH activity and alleviation of gene, and protein levels of GLUT4 and PPARγ2. While calreticulin and RAR-α were remarkably upregulated in A23187 group. This study showed the inhibitory effects of calcium in adipogenesis. Additionally, it indicated the greater inhibitory effect of calreticulin and RAR-α in controlling adipogenesis by higher levels of calcium.
      PubDate: 2018-02-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0071-x
  • Combined Strategies to Improve the Expression of Recombinant Sterol
           C24-Methyltransferase from Leishmania braziliensis in E. coli
    • Authors: Humberto F. Freitas; Acássia Benjamim Leal Pires; Marcelo S. Castilho
      Abstract: Among the neglected tropical diseases, leishmaniasis stands out for its worldwide distribution and diversity of symptoms. Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL), for instance, is endemic in 18 countries, but the available drugs to fight it have high toxicity and low patient adherence. In order to overcome this, dilemma drugs that target enzymes which are absent in the human host, such as Leishmania braziliensis sterol C24-methyltransferase (SMT-C24, EC, are needed. However, medicinal chemistry efforts toward this goal have been hampered by the low yield of soluble recombinant SMT-C24 afforded by currently available expression systems. Herein, we show that a combination of molecular biology and chromatographic strategies may increase the yield of LbSMT-C24 in up to fivefold. These results lay the ground for future investigation of this enzyme as a drug target.
      PubDate: 2018-02-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0069-4
  • Evaluation of Diversity Based on Morphological Variabilities and ISSR
           Molecular Markers in Iranian Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. Accessions to
           Select and Introduce Cold-Tolerant Genotypes
    • Authors: M. Akbari; H. Salehi; A. Niazi
      Abstract: The main goals of the present study were to screen Iranian common bermudagrasses to find cold-tolerant accessions and evaluate their genetic and morphological variabilities. In this study, 49 accessions were collected from 18 provinces of Iran. One foreign cultivar of common bermudagrass was used as control. Morphological variation was evaluated based on 14 morphological traits to give information about taxonomic position of Iranian common bermudagrass. Data from morphological traits were evaluated to categorize all accessions as either cold sensitive or tolerant using hierarchical clustering with Ward’s method in SPSS software. Inter-Simple Sequence Repeat (ISSR) primers were employed to evaluate genetic variability of accessions. The results of our taxonomic investigation support the existence of two varieties of Cynodon dactylon in Iran: var. dactylon (hairless plant) and var. villosous (plant with hairs at leaf underside and/or upper side surfaces or exterior surfaces of sheath). All 15 primers amplified and gave clear and highly reproducible DNA fragments. In total, 152 fragments were produced, of which 144 (94.73%) being polymorphic. The polymorphic information content (PIC) values ranged from 0.700 to 0.928. The average PIC value obtained with 15 ISSR primers was 0.800, which shows that all primers were informative. Probability identity (PI) and discriminating power between all primers ranged from 0.029 to 0.185 and 0.815 to 0.971, respectively. Genetic data were converted into a binary data matrix. NTSYS software was used for data analysis. Clustering was done by the unweighted pair-group method with arithmetic averages and principle coordinate analysis, separated the accessions into six main clusters. According to both morphological and genetic diversity investigations of accessions, they can be clustered into three groups: cold sensitive, cold semi-tolerant, and cold tolerant. The most cold-tolerant accessions were: Taft, Malayear, Gorgan, Safashahr, Naein, Aligoudarz, and the foreign cultivar. This study may provide useful information for further breeding programs on common bermudagrass. Selected genotypes can be evaluated for other abiotic stresses such as drought and salinity.
      PubDate: 2018-02-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0068-5
  • Interferon-α Silencing by Small Interference RNA Increases Adenovirus
           Transduction and Transgene Expression in Huh7 Cells
    • Authors: Ana Alondra Sobrevilla-Navarro; Ana Sandoval-Rodríguez; Jesús Javier García-Bañuelos; Juan Armendariz-Borunda; Adriana María Salazar-Montes
      Abstract: Adenoviruses are the most common vectors used in clinical trials of gene therapy. In 2017, 21.2% of clinical trials used rAds as vectors. Systemic administration of rAds results in high tropism in the liver. Interferon types α and β are the major antiviral cytokines which orchestrate the host’s immune response against rAd, limiting therapeutic gene expression and preventing subsequent vector administration. siRNA is small double-strand RNAs that temporally inhibit the expression of a specific gene. The aim is to evaluate the effect of IFN-α blocking by a specific siRNA on Ad-GFP transduction and on transgene expression in Huh7 cells in culture. Huh7 cells were cultured in DMEM and transfected with 70 nM of siRNA-IFN-α. Six hours later, the cells were exposed to 1 × 109 vp/ml of rAd-GFP for 24 h. Expression of IFN-α, TNF-α and the PKR gene was determined by RT-qPCR. Percentage of transduction was analyzed by flow cytometry and by qPCR. GFP expression was determined by western blot. 70 nM of siRNA-IFN-α inhibited 96% of IFN-α and 65% of TNF-α gene expression compared to an irrelevant siRNA. Percentage of transduction and transgene expression increased in these cells compared to an irrelevant siRNA. Inhibition of IFN-α expression by siRNA-IFN-α enabled a higher level of transduction and transgene expression GFP, highlighting the role of IFN-α in the elimination of adenovirus in transduced cells and thus suggesting that its inhibition could be an important strategy for gene therapy in clinical trials using adenovirus as a vector directed to liver diseases.
      PubDate: 2018-02-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0066-7
  • Identification of a Constitutively Active Mutant Mouse IRAK2 by Retroviral
           Expression Screening
    • Authors: Yanmei Liu; Weilan Yin; Lingqing Xu; Helin Zhang; Qian Liu; Weiguo Yin
      Abstract: To identify the importance of IRAK2 kinase activity in TLR-mediated signaling pathways, we constructed a retroviral vector harboring either a mouse IRAK2 gene (IRAK2-WT) or with its mutant with loss of function of its ATP-binding site (IRAK2-KD). Further, we comparatively analyzed for the gain of function and modulations in TLR-mediated signaling pathways in IRAK2 knockout (IRAK2-KO) macrophages upon introduction of the IRAK2-WT retroviral constructs. The pBS/IRAK2-KD with the ATP-binding site mutation in IRAK2 was obtained by using site-specific mutagenesis. The recombinants were identified with appropriate double digestion and sequence analysis. The recombinant vector constructs were transfected by lipofection into phoenix packaging cells. The viral vectors (107 cfu/mL) with the construct were allowed to infect IRAK2-KO macrophages. The results showed that IRAK2-WT gene overexpressed in the IRAK2-KO macrophages exhibited a modified IRAK2 expression upon LPS induction. However, the modification was absent with IRAK2-KD construct on LPS stimulation; instead, the IRAK2 protein stability was reduced considerably. The results further show that the LPS-induced effect on the stability of IRAK2 is dependent of IRAK4 stimulation.
      PubDate: 2018-02-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0064-9
  • Improving the Catalytic Activity and Thermostability of MAS1 Lipase by
           Alanine Substitution
    • Authors: Ge Zhao; Jianrong Wang; Qingyun Tang; Dongming Lan; Yonghua Wang
      Abstract: MAS1 is a lipase isolated from Streptomyces sp. strain W007 with potential application in biotechnology. Structural analysis of MAS1 lipase showed that eight amino acids with bulkier side located in the substrate-binding pocket may be involved in affecting catalytic performance. Alanine substitutions of those residues were conducted to reduce steric clash of catalyzed pocket and probe their functional roles. The kcat/Km of mutants H108A, F153A, and V233A increased to 2.3-, 2.1-, and 1.4-fold, respectively. Interestingly, the half-life (60 °C) of F153A had shifted to 523 min after mutagenesis, which was fivefold enhancement toward that of MAS1 wide-type. Furthermore, higher hydrolysis ability of mutants H108A and F153A toward palm stearin of high melting temperature made them potentially applicable in oil/fat modification. Our work provided an example to obtain biocatalysts with desired catalytic behaviors by protein engineering.
      PubDate: 2018-02-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0062-y
  • The Optimisation of the Expression of Recombinant Surface Immunogenic
           Protein of Group B Streptococcus in Escherichia coli by Response Surface
           Methodology Improves Humoral Immunity
    • Authors: Diego A. Díaz-Dinamarca; José I. Jerias; Daniel A. Soto; Jorge A. Soto; Natalia V. Díaz; Yessica Y. Leyton; Rodrigo A. Villegas; Alexis M. Kalergis; Abel E. Vásquez
      Abstract: Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is the leading cause of neonatal meningitis and a common pathogen in livestock and aquaculture industries around the world. Conjugate polysaccharide and protein-based vaccines are under development. The surface immunogenic protein (SIP) is a conserved protein in all GBS serotypes and has been shown to be a good target for vaccine development. The expression of recombinant proteins in Escherichia coli cells has been shown to be useful in the development of vaccines, and the protein purification is a factor affecting their immunogenicity. The response surface methodology (RSM) and Box–Behnken design can optimise the performance in the expression of recombinant proteins. However, the biological effect in mice immunised with an immunogenic protein that is optimised by RSM and purified by low-affinity chromatography is unknown. In this study, we used RSM for the optimisation of the expression of the rSIP, and we evaluated the SIP-specific humoral response and the property to decrease the GBS colonisation in the vaginal tract in female mice. It was observed by NI–NTA chromatography that the RSM increases the yield in the expression of rSIP, generating a better purification process. This improvement in rSIP purification suggests a better induction of IgG anti-SIP immune response and a positive effect in the decreased GBS intravaginal colonisation. The RSM applied to optimise the expression of recombinant proteins with immunogenic capacity is an interesting alternative in the evaluation of vaccines in preclinical phase, which could improve their immune response.
      PubDate: 2018-02-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0065-8
  • Xerophyta viscosa Aldose Reductase, XvAld1, Enhances Drought Tolerance in
           Transgenic Sweetpotato
    • Authors: Wilton Mbinda; Omwoyo Ombori; Christina Dixelius; Richard Oduor
      Abstract: Sweetpotato is a significant crop which is widely cultivated particularly in the developing countries with high and stable yield. However, drought stress is a major limiting factor that antagonistically influences the crop’s productivity. Dehydration stress caused by drought causes aggregation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in plants, and aldose reductases are first-line safeguards against ROS caused by oxidative stress. In the present study, we generated transgenic sweetpotato plants expressing aldose reductase, XvAld1 isolated from Xerophyta viscosa under the control of a stress-inducible promoter via Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. Our results demonstrated that the transgenic sweetpotato lines displayed significant enhanced tolerance to simulated drought stress and enhanced recuperation after rehydration contrasted with wild-type plants. In addition, the transgenic plants exhibited improved photosynthetic efficiency, higher water content and more proline accumulation under dehydration stress conditions compared with wild-type plants. These results demonstrate that exploiting the XvAld1 gene is not only a compelling and attainable way to improve sweetpotato tolerance to drought stresses without causing any phenotypic imperfections but also a promising gene candidate for more extensive crop improvement.
      PubDate: 2018-02-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0063-x
  • Cook Your Samples: The Application of Microwave Irradiation in Speeding Up
           Biological Processes
    • Authors: Chen Liang; Ziwei Liu; Chaoping Liu; Yimeng Li; Hongyu Yuan; Tianwen Wang
      Abstract: Classic and conventional procedures in molecular cloning are inherent compositions in modern molecular biological experiments and are frequently involved in daily laboratory activities. They take up the majority of the total time input in spite of the availability of well-designed specialized commercial kits. A similar situation is also in the field of biotechnology. Fortunately, microwave/ultrasonic irradiation has been found to be capable of speeding up these processes, such as proteolysis in sample preparation for proteomics research, and digestion, ligation, (de)phosphorylation of DNA with the corresponding enzymes, even the introduction of DNA samples to recipient cells, and biotransformation (e.g., the production of biodiesel). Microwave/ultrasonic irradiation, when used solely or in combination with other existing operations, makes it possible to finish these time-consuming processes in as short as 1 min with comparable or even improved efficiency, and there is no need of reagent upgradation. The adoption of irradiation is ideal because it eliminates any possible side effects of the chemicals used as performance enhancer(s) that will inevitably make the system more complicated at least. More notably, the needed irradiation in the laboratory can be generated by a common microwave oven or ultrasonic cleaner. Taken together, microwave/ultrasonic irradiation provides an accessible method to make the procedures mentioned above time- and cost- efficient. In this article, we reviewed the relevant literature and discussed the experiment and mechanism details.
      PubDate: 2018-02-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0061-z
  • Engineering Thermostable Microbial Xylanases Toward its Industrial
    • Authors: Vishal Kumar; Arun Kumar Dangi; Pratyoosh Shukla
      Abstract: Xylanases are one of the important hydrolytic enzymes which hydrolyze the β-1, 4 xylosidic linkage of the backbone of the xylan polymeric chain which consists of xylose subunits. Xylanases are mainly found in plant cell walls and are produced by several kinds of microorganisms such as fungi, bacteria, yeast, and some protozoans. The fungi are considered as most potent xylanase producers than that of yeast and bacteria. There is a broad series of industrial applications for the thermostable xylanase as an industrial enzyme. Thermostable xylanases have been used in a number of industries such as paper and pulp industry, biofuel industry, food and feed industry, textile industry, etc. The present review explores xylanase–substrate interactions using gene-editing tools toward the comprehension in improvement in industrial stability of xylanases. The various protein-engineering and metabolic-engineering methods have also been explored to improve operational stability of xylanase. Thermostable xylanases have also been used for improvement in animal feed nutritional value. Furthermore, they have been used directly in bakery and breweries, including a major use in paper and pulp industry as a biobleaching agent. This present review envisages some of such applications of thermostable xylanases for their bioengineering.
      PubDate: 2018-01-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0059-6
  • Tissue-Preferential Activity and Induction of the Pepper Capsaicin
           Synthase PUN1 Promoter by Wounding, Heat and Metabolic Pathway Precursor
           in Tobacco and Tomato Plants
    • Authors: Justin Kirke; Noah Kaplan; Stephanie Velez; Xiao-Lu Jin; Paveena Vichyavichien; Xing-Hai Zhang
      Abstract: A promoter is an essential structural component of a gene that controls its transcription activity in different development stages and in response to various environmental stimuli. Knowledge of promoter functionality in heterologous systems is important in the study of gene regulation and biotechnological application. In order to explore the activity of the pepper capsaicin synthase gene (PUN1) promoter, gene constructs of pPUN1::GUS (for β-glucuronidase) and pPUN1::NtKED (for a tobacco wound-responsive protein) were introduced into tobacco and tomato, respectively, and their activities were examined. Higher levels of GUS staining intensity and transcription were detected in ovary, anther and pollen than other tissues or organs in tobacco plants. Likewise, transgenic tomato fruits had a higher level of pPUN1::NtKED gene expression than the leaf and flower. The PUN1-driven gene expression can be transiently induced by wounding, heat (40 °C) and the capsaicinoid biosynthetic pathway precursor phenylalanine. When compared to the reported pPUN1::GUS-expressing Arabidopsis, the PUN1 promoter exhibited a more similar pattern of activities among pepper, tobacco and tomato, all Solanaceae plants. Our results suggest the potential utility of this tissue-preferential and inducible promoter in other non-pungent Solanaceae plants for research of gene function and regulation as well as in the biotechnological applications.
      PubDate: 2018-01-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0060-0
  • The Superiority of Sucrose Cushion Centrifugation to Ultrafiltration and
           PEGylation in Generating High-Titer Lentivirus Particles and Transducing
           Stem Cells with Enhanced Efficiency
    • Authors: Mahdi Eskandarian Boroujeni; Mossa Gardaneh
      Abstract: Viral gene delivery is hailed as a great milestone in gene-based therapeutic approaches. The human immunodeficiency virus-derived lentiviral vectors (LVs) are advantageous in infecting both dividing and non-dividing cells leading to continuous expression of transgenes. A variety of protocols are available for concentration of LVs. We primarily generated our internal ribosome entry site (IRES)-based LVs. Virus titration and transduction efficiency were compared between various strategies that included sucrose cushion centrifugation (SCC), protein column ultrafiltration and polyethylene glycol precipitation. Among these approaches, SCC resulted in concentration of high-titer EGFP-expressing lentivirus (1.4 ± 0.3 × 109 TU/ml) with the lowest protein impurities. Further, we examined transduction strengths of our three methods on two challenging stem cells. Both human NT2 and mouse bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells demonstrated high transduction using SCC of 65 ± 2.8 and 49 ± 0.8%, respectively. Finally, lentivirus particles harboring IRES-based transfer vectors of specific genes, concentrated by SCC, integrated into host genome. Taken together, development of cost-effective and efficient concentration strategies such as our SCC method is yet highly demanded to broaden the horizons of lentivirus application in clinical and translational research.
      PubDate: 2018-01-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-017-0044-5
  • Cloning and Expression of H. influenzae 49247 IgA Protease in E. coli
    • Authors: Honglian Wang; Xia Zhong; Jianchun Li; Menglian Zhu; Lu Wang; Xingli Ji; Junming Fan; Li Wang
      Abstract: IgA protease is secreted by various mucosal pathogenic bacteria which can cleave human immunoglobulin A1 (IgA1) in its hinge region. In addition to be considered as a virulence factor, it's reported that IgA protease can also be used for IgA nephropathy (IgAN) treatment. Our previous study identified bacteria H. influenzae 49247 expressed high activity of IgA protease with promised application in IgAN therapy. In this study, we cloned the IgA protease gene of H. influenzae 49247 with degenerate primers. Alignment analysis indicated that H. influenzae 49247 IgA protease showed unique DNA and amino acid sequence but with typical endopeptidase domain and beta transporter domain compared with known IgA proteases from the same species. To facilitate expression and purification, the H. influenzae 49247 IgA protease gene was sub-cloned into the pET28-A(+) vector with insertion of a 6xHis tag downstream of the endopeptidase domain and upstream of the potential autocleavage site. The recombined IgA protease can be constitutively expressed in E. coli and secreted into the culture medium. With a simple nickel affinity binding, the secreted IgA protease can be purified with high purity (95%) and a molecular weight of about 130 kDa. The identity of the IgA protease was validated by the presence of 6xHis tag in the purified protein by western blotting and its ability to cleave human IgA1 molecule. Collectively, the successful cloning, expression and purification of H. influenzae 49247 IgA protease will augment its therapeutic study in IgAN treatment.
      PubDate: 2018-01-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-017-0054-3
  • Efficient One-Step Fusion PCR Based on Dual-Asymmetric Primers and
           Two-Step Annealing
    • Authors: Yilan Liu; Jinjin Chen; Anders Thygesen
      Abstract: Gene splicing by fusion PCR is a versatile and widely used methodology, especially in synthetic biology. We here describe a rapid method for splicing two fragments by one-round fusion PCR with a dual-asymmetric primers and two-step annealing (ODT) method. During the process, the asymmetric intermediate fragments were generated in the early stage. Thereafter, they were hybridized in the subsequent cycles to serve as template for the target full-length product. The process parameters such as primer ratio, elongation temperature and cycle numbers were optimized. In addition, the fusion products produced with this method were successfully applied in seamless genome editing. The fusion of two fragments by this method takes less than 0.5 day. The method is expected to facilitate various kinds of complex genetic engineering projects with enhanced efficiency.
      PubDate: 2017-12-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-017-0050-7
  • Cloning and Aggregation Characterization of Rubber Elongation Factor and
           Small Rubber Particle Protein from Ficus carica
    • Authors: Saki Yokota; Yurina Suzuki; Keisuke Saitoh; Sakihito Kitajima; Norimasa Ohya; Takeshi Gotoh
      Abstract: Rubber elongation factor (REF) and small rubber particle protein (SRPP) are major latex proteins harvested from Hevea brasiliensis (the rubber tree; HbREF and HbSRPP, respectively). Their amino acid sequences exhibit high homology with each other. In the present study, we cloned two cDNAs encoding REF/SRPP-family proteins (FcREF/SRPP-1 and -2) from the laticifers of Ficus carica (fig tree). The amino acid sequences of these proteins showed high homology not only with each other but also with HbREF and HbSRPP. Recombinant FcREF/SRPP-1 and -2 were expressed in E. coli, and their aggregation properties were examined using a Congo red binding assay, agarose gel electrophoresis, and transmission electron microscopy. FcREF/SRPP-1 formed fibrils when incubated in PBS, and grew to micrometer-sized amorphous aggregates that precipitated rapidly. These aggregation properties of FcREF/SRPP-1 are quite similar to those of HbREF, although the growth rate and size of FcREF/SRPP-1 aggregates were inferior to those of HbREF. FcREF/SRPP-2 also formed aggregates during the incubation, but they did not precipitate, as has been reported for HbSRPP. Our results suggest that FcREF/SRPP-1 and -2 correspond to HbREF and HbSRPP, respectively. These aggregation properties could provide useful benchmarks for classifying REF/SRPP-family proteins as REF or SRPP.
      PubDate: 2017-12-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-017-0051-6
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