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  Subjects -> BIOLOGY (Total: 3153 journals)
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BIOTECHNOLOGY (240 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 240 Journals sorted alphabetically
3 Biotech     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Regenerative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Algal Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 67)
American Journal of Bioinformatics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Polymer Science     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology : C Life Sciences and Biotechnology     Open Access  
Animal Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annales des Sciences Agronomiques     Full-text available via subscription  
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Food Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
Applied Mycology and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Arthroplasty Today     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Biotech News     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australasian Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Banat's Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
BBR : Biochemistry and Biotechnology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Beitr?ge zur Tabakforschung International/Contributions to Tobacco Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bio-Algorithms and Med-Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bio-Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bioactive Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biocybernetics and Biological Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Bioethics UPdate     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biofuels     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Biofuels Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Biological Cybernetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biomarkers and Genomic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biomarkers in Drug Development     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Biomaterials Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BioMed Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomédica     Open Access  
Biomedical and Biotechnology Research Journal     Open Access  
Biomedical Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Biomedical Glasses     Open Access  
Biomedical Reports     Full-text available via subscription  
BioMedicine     Open Access  
Biomedika     Open Access  
Bioprinting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioresource Technology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Biosensors Journal     Open Access  
Biosimilars     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biosurface and Biotribology     Open Access  
Biotechnic and Histochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BioTechniques : The International Journal of Life Science Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Biotechnologia Acta     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biotechnology Advances     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Biotechnology and Bioengineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 156)
Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Biotechnology and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology Annual Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Biotechnology for Biofuels     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Biotechnology Frontier     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biotechnology Law Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biotechnology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Biotechnology Progress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Biotechnology Reports     Open Access  
Biotechnology Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnology Techniques     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biotecnología Aplicada     Open Access  
Bioteknologi (Biotechnological Studies)     Open Access  
BIOTIK : Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Teknologi dan Kependidikan     Open Access  
Biotribology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BMC Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Cell Biology and Development     Open Access  
Chinese Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Communications in Mathematical Biology and Neuroscience     Open Access  
Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Copernican Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Critical Reviews in Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Bionanotechnology     Hybrid Journal  
Current Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Opinion in Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Research in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Current Trends in Biotechnology and Chemical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current trends in Biotechnology and Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
EBioMedicine     Open Access  
Electronic Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
Entomologia Generalis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Environmental Science : Processes & Impacts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Experimental Biology and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Folia Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Food Bioscience     Hybrid Journal  
Food Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Food Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Frontiers in Systems Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Fungal Biology and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
GM Crops and Food: Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
GSTF Journal of BioSciences     Open Access  
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences     Open Access  
Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
IEEE Transactions on Molecular, Biological and Multi-Scale Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
IET Nanobiotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
IN VIVO     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Indian Journal of Biotechnology (IJBT)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indonesia Journal of Biomedical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Journal of Medicine     Open Access  
Industrial Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
International Biomechanics     Open Access  
International Journal of Bioinformatics Research and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Biomechatronics and Biomedical Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Biotechnology for Wellness Industries     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Environment, Agriculture and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Functional Informatics and Personalised Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Nanotechnology and Molecular Computation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Radiation Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Iranian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
ISABB Journal of Biotechnology and Bioinformatics     Open Access  
Italian Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
JMIR Biomedical Engineering     Open Access  
Journal of Biometrics & Biostatistics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefense     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Advanced Therapies and Medical Innovation Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Advances in Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal Of Agrobiotechnology     Open Access  
Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Applied Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Biotechnology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Mathematics & Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Biologically Active Products from Nature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Biomedical Photonics & Engineering     Open Access  
Journal of Biomedical Practitioners     Open Access  
Journal of Bioprocess Engineering and Biorefinery     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Bioprocessing & Biotechniques     Open Access  
Journal of BioScience and Biotechnology     Open Access  
Journal of Biosecurity Biosafety and Biodefense Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Journal of Biotechnology and Strategic Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Chemical and Biological Interfaces     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Chitin and Chitosan Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Colloid Science and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Commercial Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Crop Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Essential Oil Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Ginseng Research     Open Access  
Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Integrative Bioinformatics     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Imaging and Health Informatics     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology     Open Access  
Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Nano Education     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Nanobiotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Nanofluids     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Organic and Biomolecular Simulations     Open Access  
Journal of Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Science and Applications : Biomedicine     Open Access  
Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Tropical Microbiology and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Marine Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Meat Technology     Open Access  
Messenger     Full-text available via subscription  
Metabolic Engineering Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Metalloproteinases In Medicine     Open Access  
Microbial Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
MicroMedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Molecular and Cellular Biomedical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Molecular Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nanobiomedicine     Open Access  
Nanobiotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology     Open Access  
Nanomedicine and Nanobiology     Full-text available via subscription  
Nanomedicine Research Journal     Open Access  

        1 2 | Last

Journal Cover
Molecular Biotechnology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.643
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 13  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1559-0305 - ISSN (Online) 1073-6085
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2351 journals]
  • DNA Vectors Generating Engineered Exosomes Potential CTL Vaccine
           Candidates Against AIDS, Hepatitis B, and Tumors
    • Authors: Flavia Ferrantelli; Francesco Manfredi; Chiara Chiozzini; Simona Anticoli; Eleonora Olivetta; Claudia Arenaccio; Maurizio Federico
      Pages: 773 - 782
      Abstract: Eukaryotic cells constitutively produce nanovesicles of 50–150 nm of diameter, referred to as exosomes, upon release of the contents of multivesicular bodies (MVBs). We recently characterized a novel, exosome-based way to induce cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) immunization against full-length antigens. It is based on DNA vectors expressing products of fusion between the exosome-anchoring protein Nef mutant (Nefmut) with the antigen of interest. The strong efficiency of Nefmut to accumulate in MVBs results in the production of exosomes incorporating huge amounts of the desired antigen. When translated in animals, the injection of Nefmut-based DNA vectors generates engineered exosomes whose internalization in antigen-presenting cells induces cross-priming and antigen-specific CTL immunity. Here, we describe the molecular strategies we followed to produce DNA vectors aimed at generating immunogenic exosomes potentially useful to elicit a CTL immune response against antigens expressed by the etiologic agents of major chronic viral infections, i.e., HIV-1, HBV, and the novel tumor-associated antigen HOXB7. Unique methods intended to counteract intrinsic RNA instability and nuclear localization of the antigens have been developed. The success we met with the production of these engineered exosomes opens the way towards pre-clinic experimentations devoted to the optimization of new vaccine candidates against major infectious and tumor pathologies.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0114-3
      Issue No: Vol. 60, No. 11 (2018)
       
  • Purification and Biochemical Characterization of Phytase Enzyme from
           Lactobacillus coryniformis ( MH121153 )
    • Authors: Yeliz Demir; Neslihan Dikbaş; Şükrü Beydemir
      Pages: 783 - 790
      Abstract: Phytase (myo-inositol hexaphosphate phosphohydrolase) belongs to phosphatases. It catalyzes the hydrolysis of phytate to less-phosphorylated inorganic phosphates and phytate. Phytase is used primarily for the feeding of simple hermit animals in order to increase the usability of amino acids, minerals, phosphorus and energy. In the present study, phytase isolation from the Lactobacillus coryniformis strain, isolated from Lor cheese sources, phytase purification and characterization were studied. The phytase was purified in simple three steps. The enzyme was obtained with 2.60% recovery and a specific activity of 202.25 (EU/mg protein). The molecular mass of the enzyme was determined to be 43.25 kDa with the sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) method. The optimum temperature and pH for the enzyme were found as 60 °C and 5.0 and respectively. To defined the substrate specificity of the phytase, the hydrolysis of several phosphorylated compounds by the purified enzyme was studied and sodium phytate showed high specificity. Furthermore, the effects of Ca2+, Ag+, Mg2+, Cu2+, Co2+, Pb2+, Zn2+ and Ni2+ metal ions on the enzyme were studied.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0116-1
      Issue No: Vol. 60, No. 11 (2018)
       
  • Identification of Potential Molecular Determinants of Murine Embryonic
           Stem Cell Differentiation by a Transposon-Based Approach
    • Authors: Yan Wang; Tingjun Lei; Qian Dai; Ping Ding; Tong Qiu; Yin Fang
      Pages: 791 - 798
      Abstract: Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are self-renewing pluripotent cells, capable of differentiating into all somatic cell types. The molecular control of self-renewal is relatively well-characterized, whereas how ESCs exit pluripotent state to differentiate is poorly understood. Here we identify two genes are required for differentiation and dozens of intergenic regions that potentially regulate ESC differentiation. We used PiggyBac (PB) transposon-based approach to randomly mutate the genome of ESCs, and generated hundreds of clones that resisted differentiation signals. Each clone was sequenced to determine genomic regions mutated by PB insertion. Intriguingly, many mutations were localized among intergenic regions and we identified two genes are required for differentiation. This study should facilitate further exploration of novel molecular determinants of embryonic stem cell differentiation.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0110-7
      Issue No: Vol. 60, No. 11 (2018)
       
  • The Research Progress of Chalcone Isomerase (CHI) in Plants
    • Authors: Yan-chao Yin; Xiao-dong Zhang; Zhi-qiang Gao; Ting Hu; Ying Liu
      Abstract: Chalcone isomerase (CHI) is the second rate-limiting and the first reported enzyme involved in the biosynthetic pathway of flavonoids. It catalyzes the intramolecular cyclization reaction, converting the bicyclic chalcone into tricyclic (2S)-flavanone. In this paper, we obtained and analyzed 916 DNA sequences, 1310 mRNA sequences, and 2403 amino acid sequences of CHI registered in NCBI by Jan 2018. The full length of CHI DNA sequences ranges from 218 to 3758 bp, CHI mRNA sequences ranges from 265 to 1436 bp, and CHI amino acid sequences ranges from 35 to 465 amino acid residues. Forty representative species were selected from each family to construct the maximum likelihood tree and analyze the evolutionary relationship. According to the medicinal and agricultural use, 13 specific species were selected, and their physicochemical properties were analyzed. The molecular weight of CHI ranges from 23 to 26 kD, and the isoelectric point of CHI ranges from 4.93 to 5.85. All the half-life periods of CHI are 30 h in mammalian reticulocytes in vitro, 20 h in yeast, and 10 h in E. coli in vivo, theoretically. The consistency of the 13 CHI amino acid sequences is 63.55%. According to the similarity between each sequence, we selected four CHI sequences of Paeonia suffruticosa, Paeonia lactiflora, Taxus wallichiana, and Tradescantia hirsutiflora for secondary structure, three-dimensional protein models, conserved domains, transmembrane structure, and signal peptide prediction analysis. It was found that CHI sequences of Paeonia suffruticosa and Paeonia lactiflora owned a higher similarity; they both share the template 4doi.1.A. The four CHI all have no signal peptides, and they exert their activities in cytoplasm. Then, PubMed, Web of Science, Science Direct, and Research Gate were used as information sources through the search terms ‘chalcone isomerase’, ‘biosynthesis’, ‘expression’, and their combinations to get the latest and comprehensive information of CHI, mainly from the year 2010 to 2018. More than 300 papers were searched and 116 papers were reviewed in the present work. We summarized the classification of CHI, catalytic reaction mechanism of CHI, and progress of genetic engineering regarding CHI clone, expression, and exogenous stimulator regulation. This paper will lay a foundation for further studies of CHI and other functional genes involved in flavonoids biosynthetic pathway.
      PubDate: 2018-10-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0130-3
       
  • Characterization and Evaluation of Mango Germplasm Through Morphological,
           Biochemical, and Molecular Markers Focusing on Fruit Production: An
           Overview
    • Authors: Riaz Ahmad; Muhammad Akbar Anjum; Waqas Malik
      Abstract: Mango is also known as ‘King of Fruits’ and is one of the most popular fruit crops in tropical and sub-tropical regions. Characterization through different markers is an important need for mango germplasm conservation and its utilization for various breeding purposes. Description of existing germplasm is essential to detect anticipated traits or genes. Therefore, different markers are applied. Morphological markers comprise those essential traits which can be recorded through naked eye observation and certainly expressed under different agro-climatic conditions. Biochemical markers are fruit constituents also influenced by various factors including prevailing environmental conditions. Molecular markers are more appropriate for accurate description of germplasm on the basis of genetic make-up. These are effectively used in the development of new cultivars having superior traits. However, management of germplasm requires precise information for utilization in crop improvement programs in the future. Hence, there is an urgent need of integration of scattered information regarding several traits for germplasm description. Therefore, the current review provides a critical overview of parameters for documentation of mango germplasm and identification of desired traits through morphological, biochemical, and molecular markers. Accordingly, desired traits or genes can be used in upcoming breeding programs to enhance mango yield with superior fruit quality.
      PubDate: 2018-10-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0129-9
       
  • Avian Bioreactor Systems: A Review
    • Authors: Rachel M. Woodfint; Erin Hamlin; Kichoon Lee
      Abstract: Animal bioreactors are genetically modified animal systems that have the potential to reduce production cost, and improve production efficiency, of pharmaceutically relevant recombinant proteins. Several species including goats, cattle, rabbits, and avians have been genetically modified to secrete target proteins into milk, egg whites, blood, or other bodily fluids. There are several advantages associated with the use of avians as bioreactor systems. Avians have a short generation time, leading to the quick establishment of a transgenic line and high egg production. Transgenic avian systems allow for appropriate post-translational modification, as opposed to prokaryotic cell culture bioreactors, and have higher productivity than mammalian cell culture systems. Furthermore, recombinant proteins can be incorporated into egg whites and easily collected from the sterile environment of the egg. Magnum-specific expression of target genes has been achieved by use of the ovalbumin promoter, leading to a localization of the target protein into the avian egg. In this review, we discuss the current advancements, future potential, and limitations of avian bioreactor systems.
      PubDate: 2018-10-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0128-x
       
  • Expression, Purification, and Characterization of Recombinant Human α 1
           -Antitrypsin Produced Using Silkworm–Baculovirus Expression System
    • Authors: Yoshiki Morifuji; Jian Xu; Noriko Karasaki; Kazuhiro Iiyama; Daisuke Morokuma; Masato Hino; Akitsu Masuda; Takumi Yano; Hiroaki Mon; Takahiro Kusakabe; Jae Man Lee
      Abstract: Human α1-antitrypsin (AAT) is the most abundant serine proteinase inhibitor (serpin) in the human plasma. Commercially available AAT for the medications of deficiency of α1-antitrypsin is mainly purified from human plasma. There is a high demand for a stable and low-cost supply of recombinant AAT (rAAT). In this study, the baculovirus expression vector system using silkworm larvae as host was employed and a large amount of highly active AAT was recovered from the silkworm serum (~ 15 mg/10 ml) with high purity. Both the enzymatic activity and stability of purified rAAT were comparable with those of commercial product. Our results provide an alternative method for mass production of the active rAAT in pharmaceutical use.
      PubDate: 2018-10-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0127-y
       
  • Purification of Chinese Sacbrood Virus (CSBV), Gene Cloning and
           Prokaryotic Expression of its Structural Protein VP1
    • Authors: Pengjie Wu; Huimin Yu; Jin Xu; Jiangli Wu; Awraris Getachew; Yangyang Tu; Zhanbao Guo; Hongyan Jin; Shufa Xu
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to purify the Chinese Sacbrood Virus Beijing Miyun (BJMY-CSBV) from infected Apis cerana larvae, clone structural protein gene VP1 (named BJMY-CSBV-VP1), and investigate its biological information. The result indicated that the capsid of CSBV is of spherical shape. Gene clone experiment showed that the BJMY-CSBV-VP1 gene sequence comprised 945 bp, encoding 315 amino acids with relative molecular weight of 35.59 kDa and isoelectric point 9.38 pI. Phylogenetic analysis of amino acid sequences showed that the BJMY-CSBV-VP1 and LNDD_2015 were grouped together. Protein secondary structure prediction showed that the gene contained two α-helices, thirteen β-folds, six polypeptide binding sites, and no disulfide bridge. Simultaneously, the BJMY-CSBV-VP1 was ligated to the expression vector pET32a(+) and then transformed into the Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) for prokaryotic expression. The optimal expression experiment revealed that the protein was found in the inclusion body. The recombinant protein was successfully purified by washing buffer combined with supersonic fragmentation. In this study, we obtained the purified BJMY-CSBV particles, cloned BJMY-CSBV-VP1 gene, investigated the detailed information of the gene by analyzing the sequence, and obtained the purified recombinant protein, which could help for further understanding of the function of the structural protein gene VP1.
      PubDate: 2018-09-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0121-4
       
  • Identification and Mutational Analysis of Escherichia coli
           Sorbitol-Enhanced Glucose-Repressed srlA Promoter Expressed in LB Medium
           by Using Homologous Recombination and One-Round PCR Products
    • Authors: Mikiko Nakamura; Junya Aihara; Hisashi Hoshida; Rinji Akada
      Abstract: Escherichia coli has been used for recombinant protein production for many years. However, no native E. coli promoters have been found for constitutive expression in LB medium. To obtain high-expression E. coli promoters active in LB medium, we inserted various promoter regions upstream of eEmRFP that encodes a red fluorescent protein. Among the selected promoters, only colonies of srlA promoter transformants turned red on LB plate. srlA is a gene that regulates sorbitol utilization. The addition of sorbitol enhanced eEmRFP expression but glucose and other sugars repressed, indicating that srlAp is a sorbitol-enhanced glucose-repressed promoter. To analyze the srlAp sequence, a novel site-directed mutagenesis method was developed. Since we demonstrated that homologous recombination in E. coli could occur between 12-bp sequences, 12-bp overlapping sequences were attached to the set of primers that were designed to produce a full-length plasmid, denoted “one-round PCR product.” Using this method, we identified that the srlA promoter region was 100 bp. Further, the sequence adjacent to the start codon was found to be essential for high expression, suggesting that the traditionally used restriction enzyme sites for cloning in the promoter region have hindered expression. The srlA-driven expression system and DNA manipulation with one-round PCR products are useful tools in E. coli genetic engineering.
      PubDate: 2018-09-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0123-2
       
  • Tailoring Proteins to Re-Evolve Nature: A Short Review
    • Authors: Angelica Jimenez-Rosales; Miriam V. Flores-Merino
      Abstract: Proteins are key biomolecules for most biological processes, their function is related to their conformation that is also dictated by their sequence of amino acids. Through evolution, nature has produced an immense variety of enzymatic tools of high efficiency and selectivity, and thanks to the understanding of the molecular basis of life and the technological advances, scientists have learned to introduce mutations and select mutant enzymes, to optimize and control their molecular fitness characteristics mainly for industrial, medical and environmental applications. The relationship between protein structure and enzymatic functionality is essential, and there are various experimental and instrumental techniques for unravelling the molecular changes, activities and specificities. Protein engineering applies computational tools, in hand with experimental tools for mutations, like directed evolution and rational design, along with screening methods to obtain protein variations with the desired properties under a short time frame. With innovations in technology, it is possible to fine tune properties in proteins and reach new frontiers in their applications. The present review will briefly discuss these points and methods, with a glimpse on their strengths and pitfalls, while giving an overview of the versatility of synthetic proteins and their huge potential for biotechnological and biomedical fields.
      PubDate: 2018-09-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0122-3
       
  • Systematic Comparison of Strategies to Achieve Soluble Expression of
           Plasmodium falciparum Recombinant Proteins in E. coli
    • Authors: Liliana Morales; Paula Hernández; Jacqueline Chaparro-Olaya
      Abstract: Constructs containing partial coding sequences of myosin A, myosin B, and glideosome-associated protein (50 kDa) of Plasmodium falciparum were used to challenge several strategies designed in order to improve the production and solubility of recombinant proteins in Escherichia coli. Assays were carried out inducing expression in a late log phase culture, optimizing the inductor concentration, reducing the growth temperature for induced cultures, and supplementing additives in the lysis buffer. In addition, recombinant proteins were expressed as fusion proteins with three different tags (6His, GST, and MBP) in four different E. coli strains. We found that the only condition that consistently produced soluble proteins was the use of MBP as a fusion tag, which became a valuable tool for detecting the proteins used in this study and did not caused any interference in protein–protein interaction assays (Far Western Blot). Besides, we found that BL21-pG-KJE8 strain did not improve the solubility of any of the recombinant protein produced, while the BL21-CodonPlus(DE3)-RIL strain improved the expression of some of them independent of the rare codon content. Proteins with rare codons occurring at high frequencies (» 10%) were expressed efficiently in strains that do not supplement tRNAs for these triplets.
      PubDate: 2018-09-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0125-0
       
  • Towards Three-Dimensional Dynamic Regulation and In Situ Characterization
           of Single Stem Cell Phenotype Using Microfluidics
    • Authors: Sébastien Sart; Spiros N. Agathos
      Abstract: Mesenchymal stem cells and pluripotent stem cells are recognized as promising tools for tissue engineering, cell therapy, and drug screening. Their use in therapy requires the production of a sufficient number of cells committed to functional regenerative phenotypes. Time- and magnitude-controlled application of mechanical and biochemical cues is required to appropriately control the evolution of stem cell phenotype in 3D. The temporal monitoring of the impact of these cues on the diverse fates of individual stem cells is also needed to ensure the reliability of the differentiation processes. However, macro-scale bioreactors are limited in regulating stem environment and display limited capability to monitor heterogeneities at the single cell level. In turn, microfluidics devices are emerging as powerful tools for tightly controlling culture parameters and precisely monitoring stem cell behavior. This work summarizes recent advances in the applications of microfluidics for the dynamic regulation and characterization of stem cells in 3D.
      PubDate: 2018-09-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0113-4
       
  • A Novel Molecular Design for a Hybrid Phage-DNA Construct Against DKK1
    • Authors: Saeed Khalili; Mohamad Javad Rasaee; Taravat Bamdad; Maysam Mard-Soltani; Majid Asadi Ghalehni; Abolfazl Jahangiri; Mohammad Hassan Pouriayevali; Mohammad Reza Aghasadeghi; Fatemeh Malaei
      Abstract: Nucleic acid immunization has recently exhibited a great promise for immunotherapy of various diseases. However, it is now clear that powerful strategies are imminently needed to improve their efficiency. In this regard, whole bacteriophage particles have been described as efficient DNA vaccine delivery vehicles, capable of circumventing the limitations of naked DNA immunization. Moreover, phage particles could be engineered to display specific peptides on their surfaces. Given these inherent characteristics of phages, we have designed a novel hybrid phage-DNA immunization vector using both M13 and pAAV plasmid elements. Following the construction and in vitro confirmation of the designed vectors, they were used for comparative mice immunization, carrying the same DNA sequence. The results indicated the efficacy of the designed hybrid phage particles, to elicit higher humoral immunity, in comparison to conventional DNA-immunization vectors (pCI). In light of these findings, it could be concluded that using adeno-associated virus (AAV) expression cassette along with displaying TAT peptide on the surface of the phage particle could be deemed as an appealing strategy to enhance the DNA-immunization and vaccination efficacy.
      PubDate: 2018-09-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0115-2
       
  • Modulating the Expression Strength of the Baculovirus/Insect Cell
           Expression System: A Toolbox Applied to the Human Tumor Suppressor
           SMARCB1/SNF5
    • Authors: Monika M. Golas; Sakthidasan Jayaprakash; Le T. M. Le; Zongpei Zhao; Violeta Heras Huertas; Ida S. Jensen; Juan Yuan; Bjoern Sander
      Abstract: The human tumor suppressor SMARCB1/INI1/SNF5/BAF47 (SNF5) is a core subunit of the multi-subunit ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling complex SWI/SNF, also known as Brahma/Brahma-related gene 1 (BRM/BRG1)-associated factor (BAF). Experimental studies of SWI/SNF are currently considerably limited by the low cellular abundance of this complex; thus, recombinant protein production represents a key to obtain the SWI/SNF proteins for molecular and structural studies. While the expression of mammalian proteins in bacteria is often difficult, the baculovirus/insect cell expression system can overcome limitations of prokaryotic expression systems and facilitate the co-expression of multiple proteins. Here, we demonstrate that human full-length SNF5 tagged with a C-terminal 3 × FLAG can be expressed and purified from insect cell extracts in monomeric and dimeric forms. To this end, we constructed a set of donor and acceptor vectors for the expression of individual proteins and protein complexes in the baculovirus/insect cell expression system under the control of a polyhedrin (polh), p10, or a minimal Drosophila melanogaster Hsp70 promoter. We show that the SNF5 expression level could be modulated by the selection of the promoter used to control expression. The vector set also comprises vectors that encode a 3 × FLAG tag, Twin-Strep tag, or CBP-3 × FLAG-TEV-ProteinA triple tag to facilitate affinity selection and detection. By gel filtration and split-ubiquitin assays, we show that human full-length SNF5 has the ability to self-interact. Overall, the toolbox developed herein offers the possibility to flexibly select the promoter strength as well as the affinity tag and is suggested to advance the recombinant expression of chromatin remodeling factors and other challenging proteins.
      PubDate: 2018-09-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0107-2
       
  • IL-1 Fragment Modulates Immune Response Elicited by Recombinant Bacillus
           subtilis Spores Presenting an Antigen/Adjuvant Chimeric Protein
    • Authors: Wojciech Potocki; Alessandro Negri; Grażyna Peszyńska-Sularz; Krzysztof Hinc; Michał Obuchowski; Adam Iwanicki
      Abstract: Mucosal immunizations are convenient ways of vaccination, which do not require any trained personnel for administration. One of the major challenges for developing an effective mucosal vaccine is finding appropriate adjuvant. Bacillus subtilis endospores have been shown to help solving these obstacles while serving as a platform for presentation of both, antigens and adjuvants. In this study, we have successfully designed and constructed recombinant spores displaying an antigen/adjuvant chimeric protein. We have used a fragment of Clostridium difficile flagellar cap FliD protein as antigen and VQGEESNDK peptide, a fragment of human IL-1β, as adjuvant. Recombinant spores presenting FliD were able to elicit immune response in orally immunized mice which could be evaluated by detection of FliD-specific IgA antibodies in feces of immunized animals. Moreover, the presence of IL-1β fragment significantly changed characteristics of elicited immune response. Obtained results show that recombinant spores presenting an antigen/adjuvant chimeric protein exhibit both properties in mucosal immunization of mice. Moreover, IL-1β fragment could serve as valuable adjuvant in B. subtilis spore-based mucosal vaccines.
      PubDate: 2018-09-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0117-0
       
  • Mutator -Based Transposon Display: A Genetic Tool for Evolutionary and
           Crop-Improvement Studies in Maize
    • Authors: Rahul Vasudeo Ramekar; Kyong-Cheul Park; Kyu Jin Sa; Ju Kyong Lee
      Abstract: Transposable elements account for up to 85% of the maize genome and have significant implications in crop-improvement and evolutionary analyses. The Mutator (Mu) transposon superfamily, a class of DNA transposons, comprises the most complex and active elements in the maize genome, suggesting a special role in plant evolution. Here, we designed a set of Mu-specific primers based on terminal invert repeats and used a transposon display (TD) method for genotyping. We analyzed the distribution pattern of Mu insertions in teosinte (wild relative), sorghum (distant relative), and domesticated maize accessions (dent, sweet, and waxy). The MU-TD analysis suggested the presence of high polymorphic insertions among the species and subspecies, indicating the utility of the method in studying genetic variation and species relationships. Furthermore, we analyzed 80 maize recombinant inbred line populations. Mu-TD generated an average of 60% Mu-anchored polymorphic fragments in which insertions appeared to be segregating in significantly high numbers. The amplification profile was highly reproducible, confirming the utility of Mu elements as a new set of TD markers for developing high-density genetic maps.
      PubDate: 2018-09-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0118-z
       
  • Easy In Vitro Synthesis of Optimised Functioning Reporter mRNA from Common
           eGFP Plasmid
    • Authors: Gustavo Torres de Souza; Rafaela Chitarra Rodrigues Hell; Jéssica Fernanda da Silva Souza; Luiz Sérgio de Almeida Camargo
      Abstract: The extensive growth in number and importance of experiments and clinical-aimed techniques based solely or majorly on the activity of RNA strands, e.g. CRSPR/Cas9 and siRNA, has put emphasis on the necessity of standardisation of experiments with RNA. Considering RNA degradation during its handling seems to be a major hindrance in all RNA-based tools, the assessment of its integrity is of utmost importance. Furthermore, evaluating whether the RNA to be transfected is intact requires time-consuming electrophoresis protocol. In view of the RNA lability and the necessity for controlling experiments performed with this molecule, the transfection of a reporter mRNA may be of aid in optimising experiments. Nevertheless, commercial reporter mRNAs are far less available than plasmids for such purpose. Thus, in this work, we aimed at the optimisation of an easily performed protocol to produce a suitable eGFP mRNA. By utilising molecular biology kits customarily employed in molecular biology laboratories working with RNA-based techniques and starting from any eGFP coding vector, we produced four mRNA molecules: (1) eGFP mRNA (non-polyadenylated); (2) Kozak-eGFP mRNA (non-polyadenylated, produced from the Kozak-containing amplicon); (3) eGFP-PolyA mRNA (polyadenylated); (4) Kozak-eGFP-PolyA mRNA (containing both signals, Kozak sequence and poly(A) tail). These mRNA molecules were transfected into HEK 293 FT cells, readily transfectable, and into the MDBK bovine lineage, which has been observed as difficult-to-transfect DNA constructs. eGFP expression could be detected both by flow cytometry and by fluorescence microscopy after transfection with the polyadenylated mRNAs. Upon cytometric analysis, we noted a marked difference among the mRNA groups (p < 0.01), both in fluorescent population percentage and in florescence intensity. We showed here the necessity of the polyadenylation step in order to achieve cell expression of the eGFP observable under fluorescence microscopy. The presence of the Kozak sequence, as a 5′ element, seems to augment significantly the level of protein produced upon mRNA transfection. We presented here an easy protocol to allow production of functioning mRNAs from any DNA construct. The molecules produced may aid in the standardisation and controlling most of the RNA-related experiments as well as it gives proper guidance for researchers performing expression of other proteins through mRNA transfection.
      PubDate: 2018-08-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0112-5
       
  • Integration Process for Protein Extraction from Microalgae Using Liquid
           Biphasic Electric Flotation (LBEF) System
    • Authors: Revathy Sankaran; Pau Loke Show; Yu-Shen Cheng; Yang Tao; Xia Ao; Thi Dong Phuong Nguyen; Dong Van Quyen
      Abstract: Microalgae are the most promising sources of protein, which have high potential due to their high-value protein content. Conventional methods of protein harnessing required multiple steps, and they are generally complex, time consuming, and expensive. Currently, the study of integration methods for microalgae cell disruption and protein recovery process as a single-step process is attracting considerable interest. This study aims to investigate the novel approach of integration method of electrolysis and liquid biphasic flotation for protein extraction from wet biomass of Chlorella sorokiniana CY-1 and obtaining the optimal operating conditions for the protein extraction. The optimized conditions were found at 60% (v/v) of 1-propanol as top phase, 250 g/L of dipotassium hydrogen phosphate as bottom phase, crude microalgae loading of 0.1 g, air flowrate of 150 cc/min, flotation time of 10 min, voltage of 20 V and electrode’s tip touching the top phase of LBEF. The protein recovery and separation efficiency after optimization were 23.4106 ± 1.2514% and 173.0870 ± 4.4752%, respectively. Comparison for LBEF with and without the aid of electric supply was also conducted, and it was found that with the aid of electrolysis, the protein recovery and separation efficiency increased compared to the LBEF without electrolysis. This novel approach minimizes the steps for overall protein recovery from microalgae, time consumption, and cost of operation, which is beneficial in bioprocessing industry.
      PubDate: 2018-08-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0111-6
       
  • Functional Expression of a Thermostable Endoglucanase from Thermoascus
           aurantiacus RCKK in Pichia pastoris X-33 and Its Characterization
    • Authors: Kavish Kumar Jain; Sandeep Kumar; Kailash N. Bhardwaj; Ramesh Chander Kuhad
      Abstract: Thermostable cellulases offer several advantages like higher rates of substrate hydrolysis, lowered risk of contamination, and increased flexibility with respect to process design. In the present study, a thermostable native endoglucanase nEG (EC 3.2.1.4) was purified and characterized from T. aurantiacus RCKK. Further, it was cloned in P. pastoris X-33 and processed for over expression. Expression of recombinant endoglucanase (rEG) of molecular size ~ 33 kDa was confirmed by SDS-PAGE and western blotting followed by in gel activity determination by zymogram analysis. Similar to nEG, the purified rEG was characterized to harbor high thermostability while retaining 50% of its initial activity even after 6- and 10-h incubation at 80 and 70 °C, respectively, and exhibited considerable stability in pH range 3.0–7.0. CD spectroscopy revealed more than 20% β-sheets in protein structure consistently when incubated upto 85 °C as a speculated reason for protein high thermostability. Interestingly, both nEG and rEG were found tolerant up to 10% of the presence of 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate [C2mim][OAc]. Values of the catalytic constants Km and Vmax for rEG were recorded as 2.5 mg/ml and 303.4 µmol/mg/min, respectively. Thermostability, pH stability, and resistance to the presence of ionic liquid signify the potential applicability of present enzyme in cellulose hydrolysis and enzymatic deinking of recycled paper pulp.
      PubDate: 2018-08-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0106-3
       
  • Selection of Antibodies with Tailored Properties by Application of
           High-Throughput Multiparameter Fluorescence-Activated Cell Sorting of
           Yeast-Displayed Immune Libraries
    • Authors: Christian Schröter; Jan Beck; Simon Krah; Stefan Zielonka; Achim Doerner; Laura Rhiel; Ralf Günther; Lars Toleikis; Harald Kolmar; Björn Hock; Stefan Becker
      Abstract: In this study, we present a multiparameter screening procedure for the identification of target-specific antibodies with prescribed properties. Based on B cell receptor gene repertoires from transgenic rats, yeast surface display libraries were generated, and high-affinity human antibodies were readily isolated. We demonstrate that specific desirable features, i.e., species’ cross-reactivity and a broad epitope coverage can be integrated into the screening procedure using high-throughput fluorescence-activated cell sorting. We show that the applied screening stringencies translate directly into binding properties of isolated human antibody variants.
      PubDate: 2018-08-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s12033-018-0109-0
       
 
 
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