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BIOTECHNOLOGY (227 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 227 Journals sorted alphabetically
3 Biotech     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Algal Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 69)
American Journal of Bioinformatics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Polymer Science     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
Animal Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annales des Sciences Agronomiques     Full-text available via subscription  
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Applied Bioenergy     Open Access  
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62)
Applied Mycology and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Arthroplasty Today     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Asia Pacific Biotech News     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australasian Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Banat's Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
BBR : Biochemistry and Biotechnology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bio-Algorithms and Med-Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bio-Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Bioactive Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biocybernetics and Biological Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Bioethics UPdate     Hybrid Journal  
Biofuels     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Biofuels Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Biological Cybernetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biomarkers and Genomic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biomarkers in Drug Development     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Biomaterials Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BioMed Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Biomédica     Open Access  
Biomedical Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Biomedical glasses     Open Access  
Biomedical Reports     Full-text available via subscription  
BioMedicine     Open Access  
Bioprinting     Hybrid Journal  
Bioresource Technology Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Biosimilars     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biosurface and Biotribology     Open Access  
Biotechnic and Histochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
BioTechniques : The International Journal of Life Science Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Biotechnologia Acta     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biotechnology Advances     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Biotechnology and Bioengineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 160)
Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Biotechnology and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnology Annual Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Biotechnology for Biofuels     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Biotechnology Frontier     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Biotechnology Law Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biotechnology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Biotechnology Progress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Biotechnology Reports     Open Access  
Biotechnology Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology Techniques     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biotecnología Aplicada     Open Access  
Biotribology     Hybrid Journal  
BMC Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Chinese Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Communications in Mathematical Biology and Neuroscience     Open Access  
Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Contributions to Tobacco Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Copernican Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Critical Reviews in Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Bionanotechnology     Hybrid Journal  
Current Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Opinion in Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Research in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Current trends in Biotechnology and Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
EBioMedicine     Open Access  
Electronic Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Entomologia Generalis     Full-text available via subscription  
Environmental Science : Processes & Impacts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Experimental Biology and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Folia Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Food Bioscience     Hybrid Journal  
Food Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Food Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Frontiers in Systems Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Fungal Biology and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
GM Crops and Food: Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
GSTF Journal of BioSciences     Open Access  
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences     Open Access  
Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
IEEE Transactions on Molecular, Biological and Multi-Scale Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
IET Nanobiotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
IIOAB Letters     Open Access  
IN VIVO     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Indian Journal of Biotechnology (IJBT)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indonesia Journal of Biomedical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Industrial Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Biomechanics     Open Access  
International Journal of Bioinformatics Research and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Biomechatronics and Biomedical Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Biotechnology for Wellness Industries     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Environment, Agriculture and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Functional Informatics and Personalised Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Nanotechnology and Molecular Computation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Radiation Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Iranian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
ISABB Journal of Biotechnology and Bioinformatics     Open Access  
Italian Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Biometrics & Biostatistics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefense     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Advanced Therapies and Medical Innovation Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Advances in Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal Of Agrobiotechnology     Open Access  
Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Applied Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Applied Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Biotechnology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Mathematics & Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Biologically Active Products from Nature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Biomedical Photonics & Engineering     Open Access  
Journal of Biomedical Practitioners     Open Access  
Journal of Bioprocess Engineering and Biorefinery     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Bioprocessing & Biotechniques     Open Access  
Journal of Biosecurity, Biosafety and Biodefense Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
Journal of Chemical and Biological Interfaces     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Chitin and Chitosan Science     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Colloid Science and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Commercial Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Crop Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Essential Oil Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Ginseng Research     Open Access  
Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Integrative Bioinformatics     Open Access  
Journal of International Biotechnology Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medical Imaging and Health Informatics     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Nano Education     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Nanobiotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Nanofluids     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Organic and Biomolecular Simulations     Open Access  
Journal of Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Science and Applications : Biomedicine     Open Access  
Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Tropical Microbiology and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Marine Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Messenger     Full-text available via subscription  
Metabolic Engineering Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Metalloproteinases In Medicine     Open Access  
Microalgae Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Microbial Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
MicroMedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Molecular and Cellular Biomedical Sciences     Open Access  
Molecular Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nanobiomedicine     Open Access  
Nanobiotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology     Open Access  
Nanomaterials and Tissue Regeneration     Open Access  
Nanomedicine and Nanobiology     Full-text available via subscription  
Nanomedicine Research Journal     Open Access  
Nanotechnology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Nature Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 521)
Network Modeling and Analysis in Health Informatics and Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
New Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Nigerian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
Nova Biotechnologica et Chimica     Open Access  
NPG Asia Materials     Open Access  
npj Biofilms and Microbiomes     Open Access  
OA Biotechnology     Open Access  
Plant Biotechnology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Plant Biotechnology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Preparative Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)

        1 2 | Last

Journal Cover Marine Biotechnology
  [SJR: 1.184]   [H-I: 59]   [5 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1436-2228 - ISSN (Online) 1436-2236
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2351 journals]
  • Integration of Bacterial Expansin on Agarolytic Complexes to Enhance the
           Degrading Activity of Red Algae by Control of Gelling Properties
    • Authors: Da Woon Jeong; Jeong Eun Hyeon; Young-Chul Joo; Sang Kyu Shin; Sung Ok Han
      Pages: 1 - 9
      Abstract: Expansin act by loosening hydrogen bonds in densely packed polysaccharides. This work characterizes the biological functions of expansin in the gelling and degradation of algal polysaccharides. In this study, the bacterial expansin BpEX from Bacillus pumilus was fused with the dockerin module of a cellulosome system for assembly with agarolytic complexes. The assembly of chimeric expansin caused an indicative enhancement in agarase activity. The enzymatic activities on agar substrate and natural biomass were 3.7-fold and 3.3-fold higher respectively than that of agarase as a single enzyme. To validate the effect on the agar degradation, the regulation potential of parameters related to gel rheology by bacterial expansin was experimentally investigated to indicate that the bacterial expansin lowered the gelling temperature and viscosity of agar. Thus, these results demonstrated the possibility of advancing more efficient strategies for utilizing agar as oligo sugar source in the biorefinery field that uses marine biomass as feedstocks.
      PubDate: 2018-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10126-017-9782-4
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 1 (2018)
  • Comparative Transcriptome Analysis Provides Insights into Differentially
           Expressed Genes and Long Non-Coding RNAs between Ovary and Testis of the
           Mud Crab ( Scylla paramamosain )
    • Authors: Xiaolong Yang; Mhd Ikhwanuddin; Xincang Li; Fan Lin; Qingyang Wu; Yueling Zhang; Cuihong You; Wenhua Liu; Yinwei Cheng; Xi Shi; Shuqi Wang; Hongyu Ma
      Pages: 20 - 34
      Abstract: The molecular mechanism underlying sex determination and gonadal differentiation of the mud crab (Scylla paramamosain) has received considerable attention, due to the remarkably biological and economic differences between sexes. However, sex-biased genes, especially non-coding genes, which account for these differences, remain elusive in this crustacean species. In this study, the first de novo gonad transcriptome sequencing was performed to identify both differentially expressed genes and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) between male and female S. paramamosain by using Illumina Hiseq2500. A total of 79,282,758 and 79,854,234 reads were generated from ovarian and testicular cDNA libraries, respectively. After filtrating and de novo assembly, 262,688 unigenes were produced from both libraries. Of these unigenes, 41,125 were annotated with known protein sequences in public databases. Homologous genes involved in sex determination and gonadal development pathways (Sxl-Tra/Tra-2-Dsx/Fru, Wnt4, thyroid hormone synthesis pathway, etc.) were identified. Three hundred and sixteen differentially expressed unigenes were further identified between both transcriptomes. Meanwhile, a total of 233,078 putative lncRNAs were predicted. Of these lncRNAs, 147 were differentially expressed between sexes. qRT-PCR results showed that nine lncRNAs negatively regulated the expression of eight genes, suggesting a potential role in sex differentiation. These findings will provide fundamental resources for further investigation on sex differentiation and regulatory mechanism in crustaceans.
      PubDate: 2018-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10126-017-9784-2
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 1 (2018)
  • Characterization of Spleen Transcriptome of Schizothorax prenanti during
           Aeromonas hydrophila Infection
    • Authors: Hua Ye; Shijun Xiao; Xiaoqing Wang; Zhiyong Wang; Zhengshi Zhang; Chengke Zhu; Bingjie Hu; Changhuan Lv; Shuming Zheng; Hui Luo
      Abstract: Schizothorax prenanti (S. prenanti) is an indigenous fish species and is popularly cultured in southwestern China. In recent years, intensive farming of S. prenanti and water quality deterioration has increased the susceptibility of this fish to various pathogens, including Aeromonas hydrophila (A. hydrophila), which has caused severe damage to S. prenanti production. However, the understanding of molecular immune response of S. prenanti to A. hydrophila infection is still lacking. In order to better comprehend the S. prenanti time series immune response process against A. hydrophila, we conducted the first transcriptomic comparison in S. prenanti spleen at 4, 24, and 48 h after the infection challenge of A. hydrophila against their control counterparts. In total, 628 million clean reads were obtained from 18 libraries and assembled into 262,745 transcripts. After eliminating sequence redundancy, 69,373 unigenes with an average length of 1476 bp were obtained. Comparative analysis revealed 1890 unigenes with significantly differential expression, including 172, 455, 589 upregulated and 27, 676, 551 unigenes downregulated genes for 4, 24, and 48 h post-infection, respectively. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were validated using qPCR for 15 randomly selected genes. Enrichment and pathway analysis of DEGs was carried out to understand the functions of the immune-related genes. Our results revealed that many important functional genes relating to complement and coagulation cascades, chemokine signaling pathway, toll-like receptor signaling pathway, NOD-like receptor signaling pathway and leukocyte transendothelial migration were regulated during the infection of A. hydrophila, and the expression of those genes reflected the transcriptome profiles during the challenging stages.
      PubDate: 2018-03-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s10126-018-9801-0
  • Gonad Transcriptome Analysis of the Pacific Oyster Crassostrea gigas
           Identifies Potential Genes Regulating the Sex Determination and
           Differentiation Process
    • Authors: Chenyang Yue; Qi Li; Hong Yu
      Abstract: The Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas is a commercially important bivalve in aquaculture worldwide. C. gigas has a fascinating sexual reproduction system consisting of dioecism, sex change, and occasional hermaphroditism, while knowledge of the molecular mechanisms of sex determination and differentiation is still limited. In this study, the transcriptomes of male and female gonads at different gametogenesis stages were characterized by RNA-seq. Hierarchical clustering based on genes differentially expressed revealed that 1269 genes were expressed specifically in female gonads and 817 genes were expressed increasingly over the course of spermatogenesis. Besides, we identified two and one gene modules related to female and male gonad development, respectively, using weighted gene correlation network analysis (WGCNA). Interestingly, GO and KEGG enrichment analysis showed that neurotransmitter-related terms were significantly enriched in genes related to ovary development, suggesting that the neurotransmitters were likely to regulate female sex differentiation. In addition, two hub genes related to testis development, lncRNA LOC105321313 and Cg-Sh3kbp1, and one hub gene related to ovary development, Cg-Malrd1-like, were firstly investigated. This study points out the role of neurotransmitter and non-coding RNA regulation during gonad development and produces lists of novel relevant candidate genes for further studies. All of these provided valuable information to understand the molecular mechanisms of C. gigas sex determination and differentiation.
      PubDate: 2018-03-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s10126-018-9798-4
  • Comparative Transcriptome Analysis Reveals Growth-Related Genes in
           Juvenile Chinese Sea Cucumber, Russian Sea Cucumber, and Their Hybrids
    • Authors: Zhicheng Wang; Jun Cui; Jian Song; Haoze Wang; Kailun Gao; Xuemei Qiu; Meng Gou; Xin Li; Ziwen Hu; Xiuli Wang; Yaqing Chang
      Abstract: Heterosis is important for sea cucumber breeding, but its molecular mechanism remains largely unexplored. In this study, parental lines of Apostichopus japonicus from Russia (R) and China (C) were used to construct hybrids (CR and RC) by reciprocal crossing. We examined the transcriptional profiles of the hybrids (CR and RC) and the purebreds (CC and RR) at different developmental times. A total of 60.27 Gb of clean data was obtained, and 176,649 unigenes were identified, of which 50,312 unigenes were annotated. A total of 414,536 SNPs were identified. A total of 7011 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were obtained between the purebreds and hybrids at 45 days after fertilization (DAF), and a total of 8218 DEGs were obtained between the purebreds and hybrids at 75 DAF. In addition, a total of 7652 DEGs were obtained between 45 DAF and 75 DAF. The significant DEGs were mainly involved in the MAPK and FOXO signaling pathways, especially in the Ras-Raf-MEK1/2-ERK module, which may be a key regulator of development and growth in juvenile A. japonicus. In addition, we also identified key growth-related genes, such as fgfs, igfs, megfs and hgfs, which were upregulated in the hybrids (RC and CR); these genes may play important roles in heterosis in A. japonicus. Our study provides fundamental information on the molecular mechanisms underlying heterosis in sea cucumber and might suggest strategies for the selection of rapidly growing strains of sea cucumber in aquaculture.
      PubDate: 2018-02-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s10126-018-9796-6
  • Functional Transcripts Indicate Phylogenetically Diverse Active
           Ammonia-Scavenging Microbiota in Sympatric Sponges
    • Authors: Guofang Feng; Wei Sun; Fengli Zhang; Sandi Orlić; Zhiyong Li
      Abstract: Symbiotic ammonia scavengers contribute to effective removal of ammonia in sponges. However, the phylogenetic diversity and in situ activity of ammonia-scavenging microbiota between different sponge species are poorly addressed. Here, transcribed ammonia monooxygenase genes (amoA), hydrazine synthase genes (hzsA), and glutamine synthetase genes (glnA) were analyzed to reveal the active ammonia-scavenging microbiota in the sympatric sponges Theonella swinhoei, Plakortis simplex, and Phakellia fusca, and seawater. Archaeal amoA and bacterial glnA transcripts rather than bacterial amoA, hzsA, and archaeal glnA transcripts were detected in the investigated sponges and seawater. The transcribed amoA genes were ascribed to two Thaumarchaeota ecotypes, while the transcribed glnA genes were interspersed among the lineages of Cyanobacteria, Tectomicrobia, Poribacteria, Alpha-, Beta-, Gamma-, and Epsilonproteobacteria. In addition, transcribed abundances of archaeal amoA and bacterial glnA genes in these sponges have been quantified, showing significant variation among the investigated sponges and seawater. The transcriptome-based qualitative and quantitative analyses clarified the different phylogenetic diversity and transcription expression of functional genes related to microbially mediated ammonia scavenging in different sympatric sponges, contributing to the understanding of in situ active ecological functions of sponge microbial symbionts in holobiont nitrogen cycling.
      PubDate: 2018-02-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s10126-018-9797-5
  • Visualization of Endoplasmic Reticulum and Mitochondria in
           Aurantiochytrium limacinum by the Expression of EGFP with Cell
           Organelle-Specific Targeting/Retaining Signals
    • Authors: Nozomu Okino; Hiroyoshi Wakisaka; Yohei Ishibashi; Makoto Ito
      Abstract: Thraustochytrids are single cell marine eukaryotes that produce large amounts of polyunsaturated fatty acids such as docosahexaenoic acid. In the present study, we report the visualization of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and mitochondria in a type strain of the thraustochytrid, Aurantiochytrium limacinum ATCC MYA-1381, using the enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) with specific targeting/retaining signals. We expressed the egfp gene with ER targeting/retaining signals from A. limacinum calreticulin or BiP/GRP78 in the thraustochytrid, resulting in the distribution of EGFP signals at the perinuclear region and near lipid droplets. ER-Tracker™ Red, an authentic fluorescent probe for the visualization of ER in mammalian cells, also stained the same region. We observed small lipid droplets generated from the visualized ER in the early growth phase of cell culture. Expression of the egfp gene with the mitochondria targeting signal from A. limacinum cytochrome c oxidase resulted in the localization of EGFP near the plasma membrane. The distribution of EGFP signals coincided with that of MitoTracker® Red CMXRos, which is used to visualize mitochondria in eukaryotes. The ER and mitochondria of A. limacinum were visualized for the first time by EGFP with thraustochytrid cell organelle-specific targeting/retaining signals. These results will contribute to classification of the intracellular localization of proteins expressed in ER and mitochondria as well as analyses of these cell organelles in thraustochytrids.
      PubDate: 2018-01-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s10126-018-9795-7
  • Zebrafish Embryonic Slow Muscle Is a Rapid System for Genetic Analysis of
           Sarcomere Organization by CRISPR/Cas9, but Not NgAgo
    • Authors: Mengxin Cai; Yufeng Si; Jianshe Zhang; Zhenjun Tian; Shaojun Du
      Abstract: Zebrafish embryonic slow muscle cells, with their superficial localization and clear sarcomere organization, provide a useful model system for genetic analysis of muscle cell differentiation and sarcomere assembly. To develop a quick assay for testing CRISPR-mediated gene editing in slow muscles of zebrafish embryos, we targeted a red fluorescence protein (RFP) reporter gene specifically expressed in slow muscles of myomesin-3-RFP (Myom3-RFP) zebrafish embryos. We demonstrated that microinjection of RFP-sgRNA with Cas9 protein or Cas9 mRNA resulted in a mosaic pattern in loss of RFP expression in slow muscle fibers of the injected zebrafish embryos. To uncover gene functions in sarcomere organization, we targeted two endogenous genes, slow myosin heavy chain-1 (smyhc1) and heat shock protein 90 α1 (hsp90α1), which are specifically expressed in zebrafish muscle cells. We demonstrated that injection of Cas9 protein or mRNA with respective sgRNAs targeted to smyhc1 or hsp90a1 resulted in a mosaic pattern of myosin thick filament disruption in slow myofibers of the injected zebrafish embryos. Moreover, Myom3-RFP expression and M-line localization were also abolished in these defective myofibers. Given that zebrafish embryonic slow muscles are a rapid in vivo system for testing genome editing and uncovering gene functions in muscle cell differentiation, we investigated whether microinjection of Natronobacterium gregoryi Argonaute (NgAgo) system could induce genetic mutations and muscle defects in zebrafish embryos. Single-strand guide DNAs targeted to RFP, Smyhc1, or Hsp90α1 were injected with NgAgo mRNA into Myom3-RFP zebrafish embryos. Myom3-RFP expression was analyzed in the injected embryos. The results showed that, in contrast to the CRISPR/Cas9 system, injection of the NgAgo-gDNA system did not affect Myom3-RFP expression and sarcomere organization in myofibers of the injected embryos. Sequence analysis failed to detect genetic mutations at the target genes. Together, our studies demonstrate that zebrafish embryonic slow muscle is a rapid model for testing gene editing technologies in vivo and uncovering gene functions in muscle cell differentiation.
      PubDate: 2018-01-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s10126-018-9794-8
  • Cloning, Expression, and Biochemical Characterization of Two New
           Oligoalginate Lyases with Synergistic Degradation Capability
    • Authors: Shangyong Li; Linna Wang; Xuehong Chen; Wenwen Zhao; Mi Sun; Yantao Han
      Abstract: Alginate, the most abundant carbohydrate presents in brown macroalgae, has recently gained increasing attention as an alternative biomass for the production of biofuel. Oligoalginate lyases catalyze the degradation of alginate oligomers into monomers, a prerequisite for bioethanol production. In this study, two new oligoalginate lyase genes, oalC6 and oalC17, were cloned from Cellulophaga sp. SY116, and expressed them in Escherichia coli. The deduced oligoalginate lyases, OalC6 and OalC17, belonged to the polysaccharide lyase (PL) family 6 and 17, respectively. Both showed less than 50% amino acid identity with all of the characterized oligoalginate lyases. Moreover, OalC6 and OalC17 could degrade both alginate polymers and oligomers into monomers in an exolytic mode. Substrate specificity studies demonstrated that OalC6 preferred α-L-guluronate (polyG) blocks, while OalC17 preferred poly β-D-mannuronate (polyM) blocks. The combination of OalC6 and OalC17 showed synergistic degradation ability toward both alginate polymers and oligomers. Finally, an efficient process for the production of alginate monomers was established by combining the new-isolated exotype alginate lyases (i.e., OalC6 and OalC17) and the endotype alginate lyase AlySY08. Overall, our work provides new insights for the development of novel biotechnologies for biofuel production from seaweed.
      PubDate: 2018-01-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s10126-017-9788-y
  • Phytochemical Analysis and Evaluation of the Antioxidant,
           Anti-Inflammatory, and Antinociceptive Potential of Phlorotannin-Rich
           Fractions from Three Mediterranean Brown Seaweeds
    • Authors: Amal Abdelhamid; Meriem Jouini; Haifa Bel Haj Amor; Zeineb Mzoughi; Mehdi Dridi; Rafik Ben Said; Abderrahman Bouraoui
      Abstract: Phlorotannins, phenolic compounds produced exclusively by seaweeds, have been reported to possess various pharmacological properties. However, there have been few works on these compounds from Mediterranean seaweeds. In this study, we investigated the phytochemical analysis and pharmacological potential of phlorotannin-rich fractions from three brown seaweeds collected along the Tunisia coast: Cystoseira sedoides (PHT-SED), Cladostephus spongeosis (PHT-CLAD), and Padina pavonica (PHT-PAD). Phytochemical determinations showed considerable differences in total phenolic content (TPC) and phlorotannin content (PHT). The highest TPC level (26.45 mg PGE/g dry material (Dm)) and PHT level (873.14 μg PGE/g Dm) were observed in C. sedoides. The antioxidant properties of these three fractions assessed by three different methods indicated that C. sedoides displayed the highest total antioxidant activity among the three species (71.30 mg GAE/g Dm), as well as the free radical scavenging activity with the lowest IC50 value in both DPPH (27.7 μg/mL) and ABTS (19.1 μg/mL) assays. Furthermore, the pharmacological screening of the anti-inflammatory potential of these fractions using in vivo models, in comparison to reference drugs, established a remarkable activity of PHT-SED at the dose of 100 mg/kg; the inhibition percentages of ear edema in mice model and paw edema in rats model were of 82.55 and 81.08%, respectively. The content of malondialdehyde (MDA) in liver tissues has been quantified, and PHT-SED was found to remarkably increase the lipid peroxidation in rat liver tissues. In addition, in two pain mice models, PHT-SED displayed a profound antinociceptive activity at 100 mg/kg and has proved a better analgesic activity when used in combination with the opioid drug, tramadol.
      PubDate: 2018-01-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s10126-017-9787-z
  • The Voltage-Dependent Anion Channel (VDAC) of Pacific Oysters Crassostrea
           gigas Is Upaccumulated During Infection by the Ostreid Herpesvirus-1
           (OsHV-1): an Indicator of the Warburg Effect
    • Authors: Lizenn Delisle; Marine Fuhrmann; Claudie Quéré; Marianna Pauletto; Vianney Pichereau; Fabrice Pernet; Charlotte Corporeau
      Abstract: Voltage-dependent anion channel (VDAC) is a key mitochondrial protein. VDAC drives cellular energy metabolism by controlling the influx and efflux of metabolites and ions through the mitochondrial membrane, playing a role in its permeabilization. This protein exerts a pivotal role during the white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection in shrimp, through its involvement in a particular metabolism that plays in favor of the virus, the Warburg effect. The Warburg effect corresponds to an atypical metabolic shift toward an aerobic glycolysis that provides energy for rapid cell division and resistance to apoptosis. In the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas, the Warburg effect occurs during infection by Ostreid herpesvirus (OsHV-1). At present, the role of VDAC in the Warburg effect, OsHV-1 infection and apoptosis is unknown. Here, we developed a specific antibody directed against C. gigas VDAC. This tool allowed us to quantify the tissue-specific expression of VDAC, to detect VDAC oligomers, and to follow the amount of VDAC in oysters deployed in the field. We showed that oysters sensitive to a mortality event in the field presented an accumulation of VDAC. Finally, we propose to use VDAC quantification as a tool to measure the oyster susceptibility to OsHV-1 depending on its environment.
      PubDate: 2018-01-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s10126-017-9789-x
  • Novel Isoforms of N16 and N19 Families Implicated for the Nacreous Layer
           Formation in the Pearl Oyster Pinctada fucata
    • Authors: Fumito Ohmori; Shigeharu Kinoshita; Daisuke Funabara; Hiroki Koyama; Kiyohito Nagai; Kaoru Maeyama; Kikuhiko Okamoto; Shuichi Asakawa; Shugo Watabe
      Abstract: Although a wide variety of proteins and genes possibly related to the shell formation in bivalve have been identified, their functions have been only partially approved. We have recently performed deep sequencing of expressed sequence tags (ESTs) from the pearl oyster Pinctada fucata using a next-generation sequencer, identifying a dozen of novel gene candidates which are possibly associated with the nacreous layer formation. Among the ESTs, we focused on three novel isoforms (N16-6, N16-7, and N19-2) of N16 and N19 families with reference to five known genes in the families and determined the full-length cDNA sequences of these isoforms. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction revealed that N16-6 was expressed in gill, gonad, adductor muscle, and mantle, whereas N16-7 exclusively in mantle. N19-2 was expressed in all tissues examined. In situ hybridization demonstrated their regional expression in mantle and pearl sac, which well corresponded to those shown by EST analysis previously reported. Shells in the pearl oyster injected with dsRNAs of N16-7 and N19-2 showed abnormal surface appearance in the nacreous layer. Taken together, novel isoforms in N16 and N19 families shown in this study are essential to form the nacreous layer.
      PubDate: 2018-01-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s10126-017-9793-1
  • Glycogen Production in Marine Cyanobacterial Strain Synechococcus sp. NKBG
    • Authors: Amr Badary; Shouhei Takamatsu; Mitsuharu Nakajima; Stefano Ferri; Peter Lindblad; Koji Sode
      Abstract: An important feature offered by marine cyanobacterial strains over freshwater strains is the capacity to grow in seawater, replacing the need for often-limited freshwater. However, there are only limited numbers of marine cyanobacteria that are available for genetic manipulation and bioprocess applications. The marine unicellular cyanobacteria Synechococcus sp. strain NKBG 15041c (NKBG15041c) has been extensively studied. Recombinant DNA technologies are available for this strain, and its genomic information has been elucidated. However, an investigation of carbohydrate production, such as glycogen production, would provide information for inevitable biofuel-related compound production, but it has not been conducted. In this study, glycogen production by marine cyanobacterium NKBG15041c was investigated under different cultivation conditions. NKBG15041c yielded up to 399 μg/ml/OD730 when cells were cultivated for 168 h in nitrogen-depleted medium (marine BG11ΔN) after medium replacement (336 h after inoculation). Cultivation under nitrogen-limited conditions also yielded an accumulation of glycogen in NKBG15041c cells (1 mM NaNO3, 301 μg/ml/OD730; 3 mM NaNO3, 393 μg/ml/OD730; and 5 mM NaNO3, 328 μg/ml/OD730) under ambient conditions. Transcriptional analyses were carried out for 13 putative genes responsible for glycogen synthesis and catabolism that were predicted based on homology analyses with Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 (PCC6803) and Synechococcus sp. PCC7002 (PCC7002). The transcriptional analyses revealed that glycogen production in NKBG15041c under nitrogen-depleted conditions can be explained by the contribution of both increased carbon flux towards glycogen synthesis, similar to PCC6803 and PCC7002, and increased transcriptional levels of genes responsible for glycogen synthesis, which is different from the conventionally reported phenomenon, resulting in a relatively high amount of glycogen under ambient conditions compared to PCC6803 and PCC7002.
      PubDate: 2018-01-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s10126-017-9792-2
  • Identifying a Major QTL Associated with Salinity Tolerance in Nile Tilapia
           Using QTL-Seq
    • Authors: Xiao Hui Gu; Dan Li Jiang; Yan Huang; Bi Jun Li; Chao Hao Chen; Hao Ran Lin; Jun Hong Xia
      Abstract: Selection of new lines with high salinity tolerance allows for economically feasible production of tilapias in brackish water areas. Mapping QTLs and identifying the markers linked to salinity-tolerant traits are the first steps in the improvement of the tolerance in tilapia through marker-assisted selection techniques. By using QTL-seq strategy and linkage-based analysis, two significant QTL intervals (chrLG4 and chrLG18) on salinity-tolerant traits were firstly identified in the Nile tilapia. Fine mapping with microsatellite and SNP markers suggested a major QTL region that located at 23.0 Mb of chrLG18 and explained 79% of phenotypic variation with a LOD value of 95. Expression analysis indicated that at least 10 genes (e.g., LACTB2, KINH, NCOA2, DIP2C, LARP4B, PEX5R, and KCNJ9) near or within the QTL interval were significantly differentially expressed in intestines, brains, or gills under 10, 15, or 20 ppt challenges. Our findings suggest that QTL-seq can be effectively utilized in QTL mapping of salinity-tolerant traits in fish. The identified major QTL is a promising locus to improve our knowledge on the genetic mechanism of salinity tolerance in tilapia.
      PubDate: 2018-01-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s10126-017-9790-4
  • Cnidarian Primary Cell Culture as a Tool to Investigate the Effect of
           Thermal Stress at Cellular Level
    • Authors: P. Ventura; G. Toullec; C. Fricano; L. Chapron; V. Meunier; E. Röttinger; P. Furla; S. Barnay-Verdier
      Abstract: In the context of global change, symbiotic cnidarians are largely affected by seawater temperature elevation leading to symbiosis breakdown. This process, also called bleaching, is triggered by the dysfunction of the symbiont photosystems causing an oxidative stress and cell death to both symbiont and host cells. In our study, we wanted to elucidate the intrinsic capacity of isolated animal cells to deal with thermal stress in the absence of symbiont. In that aim, we have characterized an animal primary cell culture form regenerating tentacles of the temperate sea anemone Anemonia viridis. We first compared the potential of whole tissue tentacle or separated epidermal or gastrodermal monolayers as tissue sources to settle animal cell cultures. Interestingly, only isolated cells extracted from whole tentacles allowed establishing a viable and proliferative primary cell culture throughout 31 days. The analysis of the expression of tissue-specific and pluripotency markers defined cultivated cells as differentiated cells with gastrodermal origin. The characterization of the animal primary cell culture allowed us to submit the obtained gastrodermal cells to hyperthermal stress (+ 5 and + 8 °C) during 1 and 7 days. Though cell viability was not affected at both hyperthermal stress conditions, cell growth drastically decreased. In addition, only a + 8 °C hyperthermia induced a transient increase of antioxidant defences at 1 day but no ubiquitin or carbonylation protein damages. These results demonstrated an intrinsic resistance of cnidarian gastrodermal cells to hyperthermal stress and then confirmed the role of symbionts in the hyperthermia sensitivity leading to bleaching.
      PubDate: 2018-01-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s10126-017-9791-3
  • Population Genomics Reveals Genetic Divergence and Adaptive
           Differentiation of Chinese Sea Bass ( Lateolabrax maculatus )
    • Authors: Yunfeng Zhao; Wenzhu Peng; Huayang Guo; Baohua Chen; Zhixiong Zhou; Jian Xu; Dianchang Zhang; Peng Xu
      Abstract: The marine species usually show high dispersal capabilities accompanied by high levels of gene flow. On the other hand, many physical barriers distribute along the continental marginal seas and may prevent dispersals and increase population divergence. These complexities along the continental margin generate serious challenges to population genetic studies of marine species. Chinese sea bass Lateolabrax maculatus distributes broad latitudinal gradient spanning from the tropical to the mid-temperate zones in the continental margin seas of the Northwest Pacific Ocean. Using the double digest restriction-site-associated DNA tag sequencing (ddRAD) approach, we genotyped 10,297 SNPs for 219 Chinese seabass individuals of 12 populations along the Chinese coast in the Northwest Pacific region. Genetic divergence among these populations was evaluated, and population structure was established. The results suggested that geographically distant populations in the Bohai Gulf and the Beibu Gulf retain significant genetic divergence, which are connected by a series of intermediate populations in between. The results also suggested that Leizhou Peninsula, Hainan Island, and Shandong Peninsula are major physical barriers and substantially block gene flow and genetic admixture of L. maculatus. We also investigated the potential genetic basis of local adaptation correlating with population differentiation of L. maculatus. The sea surface temperature is a significantly differentiated environmental factor for the distribution of L. maculatus. The correlation of water temperature and genetic variations in extensively distributed populations was investigated with Bayesian-based approaches. The candidate genes underlying the local selection in geographically divergent populations were identified and annotated, providing clues to understand the potential mechanisms of adaptive evolution. Overall, our genome scale population genetic analysis provided insight into population divergence and local adaptation of Chinese sea bass in the continental marginal seas along Chinese coast.
      PubDate: 2017-12-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s10126-017-9786-0
  • Identification of Inhibitory Compounds Against Singapore Grouper
           Iridovirus Infection by Cell Viability-Based Screening Assay and Droplet
           Digital PCR
    • Authors: Kuntong Jia; Yongming Yuan; Wei Liu; Lan Liu; Qiwei Qin; Meisheng Yi
      Abstract: Singapore grouper iridovirus (SGIV) is one of the major causative agents of fish diseases and has caused significant economic losses in the aquaculture industry. There is currently no commercial vaccine or effective antiviral treatment against SGIV infection. Annually, an increasing number of small molecule compounds from various sources have been produced, and many are proved to be potential inhibitors against viruses. Here, a high-throughput in vitro cell viability-based screening assay was developed to identify antiviral compounds against SGIV using the luminescent-based CellTiter-Glo reagent in cultured grouper spleen cells by quantificational measurement of the cytopathic effects induced by SGIV infection. This assay was utilized to screen for potential SGIV inhibitors from five customized compounds which had been reported to be capable of inhibiting other viruses and 30 compounds isolated from various marine organisms, and three of them [ribavirin, harringtonine, and 2-hydroxytetradecanoic acid (2-HOM)] were identified to be effective on inhibiting SGIV infection, which was further confirmed with droplet digital PCR (ddPCR). In addition, the ddPCR results revealed that ribavirin and 2-HOM inhibited SGIV replication and entry in a dose-dependent manner, and harringtonine could reduce SGIV replication rather than entry at the working concentration without significant toxicity. These findings provided an easy and reliable cell viability-based screening assay to identify compounds with anti-SGIV effect and a way of studying the anti-SGIV mechanism of compounds.
      PubDate: 2017-12-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s10126-017-9785-1
  • Mapping QTL for Omega-3 Content in Hybrid Saline Tilapia
    • Authors: Grace Lin; Le Wang; Si Te Ngoh; Lianghui Ji; Laszlo Orbán; Gen Hua Yue
      Abstract: Tilapia is one of most important foodfish species. The low omega-3 to omega-6 fatty acid ratio in freshwater tilapia meat is disadvantageous for human health. Increasing omega-3 content is an important task in breeding to increase the nutritional value of tilapia. However, conventional breeding to increase omega-3 content is difficult and slow. To accelerate the increase of omega-3 through marker-assisted selection (MAS), we conducted QTL mapping for fatty acid contents and profiles in a F2 family of saline tilapia generated by crossing red tilapia and Mozambique tilapia. The total omega-3 content in F2 hybrid tilapia was 2.5 ± 1.0 mg/g, higher than that (2.00 mg/g) in freshwater tilapia. Genotyping by sequencing (GBS) technology was used to discover and genotype SNP markers, and microsatellites were also genotyped. We constructed a linkage map with 784 markers (151 microsatellites and 633 SNPs). The linkage map was 2076.7 cM long and consisted of 22 linkage groups. Significant and suggestive QTL for total lipid content were mapped on six linkage groups (LG3, -4, -6, -8, -13, and -15) and explained 5.8–8.3% of the phenotypic variance. QTL for omega-3 fatty acids were located on four LGs (LG11, -18, -19, and -20) and explained 5.0 to 7.5% of the phenotypic variance. Our data suggest that the total lipid and omega-3 fatty acid content were determined by multiple genes in tilapia. The markers flanking the QTL for omega-3 fatty acids can be used in MAS to accelerate the genetic improvements of these traits in salt-tolerant tilapia.
      PubDate: 2017-12-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s10126-017-9783-3
  • Effects of Oxygen Availability on Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in the
           Mediterranean Mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis
    • Authors: Alessia Giannetto; Maria Maisano; Tiziana Cappello; Sabrina Oliva; Vincenzo Parrino; Antonino Natalotto; Giuseppe De Marco; Salvatore Fasulo
      Abstract: In aquatic environments, hypoxia and oxygen-deficient areas are increasing worldwide. Transitions in oxygen levels can influence the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), eventually leading to oxidative stress. The transcriptional response of oxidative stress biomarkers was evaluated by qPCR in gill tissue from Mytilus galloprovincialis experimentally subjected to 48-h air exposure followed by 48-h re-oxygenation, as compared to normoxic control mussels. Superoxide dismutases (CuZnsod and Mnsod), catalase (cat), and glutathione S-transferase (gst) were over-expressed early after 8-h air exposure and returned to normoxic levels during re-oxygenation. Moreover, the mRNAs and protein expression patterns of heat shock proteins (HSP70 and HSP90) and metallothioneins (MT-10 and MT-20) were modulated by oxygen availability with increased levels during re-oxygenation suggesting the participation of these cytoprotective mechanisms in the physiological oxidative stress response when oxygen concentration was restored. Overall, the observed modulation of the oxidative stress-related and general stress genes indicates that M. galloprovincialis responds to changes in oxygen availability enhancing the antioxidant potential under low oxygen conditions for dealing with the oxidative burst during future re-oxygenation. The present investigation brings further insights in understanding how intertidal molluscs cope with short-term oxygen variations and gives useful biomarkers for environmental monitoring of hypoxic areas that are predicted to occur in the next future.
      PubDate: 2017-11-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s10126-017-9780-6
  • Expression of Thiaminase in Zebrafish ( Danio rerio ) is Lethal and Has
           Implications for Use as a Biocontainment Strategy in Aquaculture and
           Invasive Species
    • Authors: Sandra Noble; Vishal Saxena; Marc Ekker; Robert Devlin
      Abstract: As the world increasingly relies on aquaculture operations to meet rising seafood demands, reliable biocontainment measures for farmed fish stocks are desired to minimize ecological impacts arising from interactions of cultured fish with wild populations. One possible biocontainment strategy is to induce a dietary dependence on a vitamin, such as thiamine (vitamin B1), required for survival. Fish expressing thiaminase (an enzyme that degrades thiamine) within a confined aquaculture facility could receive supplemental thiamine to allow survival and normal growth, whereas escapees lacking this dietary rescue would die from thiamine deficiency. To test the concept and efficacy of such a dietary dependency system (for potential future use in larger aquaculture species), we expressed thiaminase in zebrafish as a test model. We drove the expression of thiaminase under the strong ubiquitous and constitutive control of the CMV promoter which resulted in non-viable fish, indicating that the thiaminase sequence kills fish. However, the CMV promoter is too strong to allow conditional survival since the lethality could not be rescued by exogenous thiamine provided as a supplement to typical food. In addition, microinjection of 0.5 pg of thiaminase mRNA in zebrafish embryos at the one-cell stage resulted in 50% larval mortality at 5 days post-fertilization (dpf), which was partially rescued by thiamine supplementation. Evaluating the efficacy of biocontainment strategies helps assess which methods can reliably prevent ecological impacts arising from breaches in physical containment systems that release engineered organisms to nature, and consequently provides critical information for use in regulatory risk assessment processes.
      PubDate: 2017-10-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s10126-017-9776-2
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