for Journals by Title or ISSN
for Articles by Keywords
  Subjects -> BIOLOGY (Total: 3071 journals)
    - BIOCHEMISTRY (242 journals)
    - BIOENGINEERING (113 journals)
    - BIOLOGY (1453 journals)
    - BIOPHYSICS (46 journals)
    - BIOTECHNOLOGY (227 journals)
    - BOTANY (220 journals)
    - CYTOLOGY AND HISTOLOGY (28 journals)
    - ENTOMOLOGY (67 journals)
    - GENETICS (166 journals)
    - MICROBIOLOGY (261 journals)
    - MICROSCOPY (11 journals)
    - ORNITHOLOGY (26 journals)
    - PHYSIOLOGY (73 journals)
    - ZOOLOGY (138 journals)

BIOTECHNOLOGY (227 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 227 Journals sorted alphabetically
3 Biotech     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
African Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Algal Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 69)
American Journal of Bioinformatics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Polymer Science     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
Animal Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Annales des Sciences Agronomiques     Full-text available via subscription  
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Applied Bioenergy     Open Access  
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62)
Applied Mycology and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Arthroplasty Today     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Asia Pacific Biotech News     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australasian Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Banat's Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
BBR : Biochemistry and Biotechnology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bio-Algorithms and Med-Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bio-Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Bioactive Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biocybernetics and Biological Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Bioethics UPdate     Hybrid Journal  
Biofuels     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Biofuels Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Biological Cybernetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biomarkers and Genomic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biomarkers in Drug Development     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Biomaterials Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BioMed Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Biomédica     Open Access  
Biomedical Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Biomedical glasses     Open Access  
Biomedical Reports     Full-text available via subscription  
BioMedicine     Open Access  
Bioprinting     Hybrid Journal  
Bioresource Technology Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Biosimilars     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biosurface and Biotribology     Open Access  
Biotechnic and Histochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
BioTechniques : The International Journal of Life Science Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Biotechnologia Acta     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biotechnology Advances     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Biotechnology and Bioengineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 160)
Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Biotechnology and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnology Annual Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Biotechnology for Biofuels     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Biotechnology Frontier     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biotechnology Law Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biotechnology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Biotechnology Progress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Biotechnology Reports     Open Access  
Biotechnology Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology Techniques     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biotecnología Aplicada     Open Access  
Biotribology     Hybrid Journal  
BMC Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Chinese Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Communications in Mathematical Biology and Neuroscience     Open Access  
Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Contributions to Tobacco Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Copernican Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Critical Reviews in Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Bionanotechnology     Hybrid Journal  
Current Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Opinion in Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Research in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Current trends in Biotechnology and Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
EBioMedicine     Open Access  
Electronic Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Entomologia Generalis     Full-text available via subscription  
Environmental Science : Processes & Impacts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Experimental Biology and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Folia Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Food Bioscience     Hybrid Journal  
Food Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Food Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Frontiers in Systems Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Fungal Biology and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
GM Crops and Food: Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
GSTF Journal of BioSciences     Open Access  
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences     Open Access  
Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
IEEE Transactions on Molecular, Biological and Multi-Scale Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
IET Nanobiotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
IIOAB Letters     Open Access  
IN VIVO     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Indian Journal of Biotechnology (IJBT)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indonesia Journal of Biomedical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Industrial Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Biomechanics     Open Access  
International Journal of Bioinformatics Research and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Biomechatronics and Biomedical Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Biotechnology for Wellness Industries     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Environment, Agriculture and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Functional Informatics and Personalised Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Nanotechnology and Molecular Computation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Radiation Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Iranian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
ISABB Journal of Biotechnology and Bioinformatics     Open Access  
Italian Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Biometrics & Biostatistics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefense     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Advanced Therapies and Medical Innovation Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Advances in Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal Of Agrobiotechnology     Open Access  
Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Applied Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Applied Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Biotechnology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Mathematics & Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Biologically Active Products from Nature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Biomedical Photonics & Engineering     Open Access  
Journal of Biomedical Practitioners     Open Access  
Journal of Bioprocess Engineering and Biorefinery     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Bioprocessing & Biotechniques     Open Access  
Journal of Biosecurity, Biosafety and Biodefense Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
Journal of Chemical and Biological Interfaces     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Chitin and Chitosan Science     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Colloid Science and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Commercial Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Crop Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Essential Oil Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Ginseng Research     Open Access  
Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Integrative Bioinformatics     Open Access  
Journal of International Biotechnology Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medical Imaging and Health Informatics     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Nano Education     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Nanobiotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Nanofluids     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Organic and Biomolecular Simulations     Open Access  
Journal of Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Science and Applications : Biomedicine     Open Access  
Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Tropical Microbiology and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Marine Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Messenger     Full-text available via subscription  
Metabolic Engineering Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Metalloproteinases In Medicine     Open Access  
Microalgae Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Microbial Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
MicroMedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Molecular and Cellular Biomedical Sciences     Open Access  
Molecular Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nanobiomedicine     Open Access  
Nanobiotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology     Open Access  
Nanomaterials and Tissue Regeneration     Open Access  
Nanomedicine and Nanobiology     Full-text available via subscription  
Nanomedicine Research Journal     Open Access  
Nanotechnology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Nature Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 521)
Network Modeling and Analysis in Health Informatics and Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
New Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Nigerian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
Nova Biotechnologica et Chimica     Open Access  
NPG Asia Materials     Open Access  
npj Biofilms and Microbiomes     Open Access  
OA Biotechnology     Open Access  
Plant Biotechnology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Plant Biotechnology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Preparative Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)

        1 2 | Last

Journal Cover Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
  [SJR: 0.575]   [H-I: 80]   [42 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1599-0291 - ISSN (Online) 0273-2289
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2351 journals]
  • Malachite Green and Crystal Violet Decolorization by Ganoderma lucidum and
           Pleurotus ostreatus Supernatant and by rGlLCC1 and rPOXA 1B Concentrates:
           Molecular Docking Analysis
    • Authors: Edwin D. Morales-Álvarez; Claudia M. Rivera-Hoyos; Sergio A. Poveda-Cuevas; Edwin A. Reyes-Guzmán; Aura M. Pedroza-Rodríguez; Edgar A. Reyes-Montaño; Raúl A. Poutou-Piñales
      Pages: 794 - 805
      Abstract: Laccases catalyze the oxidation of various aromatic organic compounds concomitantly with molecular oxygen reduction to water. Triphenylmethane dyes are synthetic compounds widely used in diverse industries. Their removal from effluents is difficult, due to their high degree of structural complexity; hence, their high concentration in effluents cause a negative impact on the environment. In the present work, molecular docking was used to evaluate interactions between rGlLCC1 or rPOXA 1B enzymes with Crystal Violet (CV) or Malachite Green (MG) dyes. In addition, removal tests of the two dyes were performed. Van der Waals interactions were obtained for only the CV dye for both GlLCC1 and POXA 1B enzymes. Nevertheless, in the GlLCC1 model, two π-π interactions were observed. For the MG dye only, Van der Waals interactions were obtained. Moreover, amino acid composition interacting in each model with each dye was similar. It is important to highlight that by molecular docking, none of the estimated ligand configurations generated hydrogen bonds. Thus, explaining the difficulty to degrade CV and MG. Regarding CV, maximum decolorization percentage was 23.6 ± 1.0% using Ganoderma lucidum supernatant and 5.0 ± 0.5% with Pleurotus ostreatus supernatant. When using recombinant laccase enzyme concentrates, decolorization percentages were 9.9 ± 0.1 and 7.5 ± 1.0% for rGlLCC1 and rPOXA 1B, respectively. On the other hand, for the MG dye, maximum decolorization percentages were 52.1 ± 5.1 and 2.3 ± 0.2% using G. lucidum and P. ostreatus concentrates, respectively. Whereas with recombinant laccase enzymatic concentrates, values of 9.4 ± 0.8% were obtained, with rGlLCC1, and 2.1 ± 0.1% when using rPOXA 1B. These findings represent an important step in bioremediation processes improvement and efficiency of industry-generated products, using environmentally friendly alternatives.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-017-2560-y
      Issue No: Vol. 184, No. 3 (2018)
  • Author Correction: Characterization of Truncated dsz Operon Responsible
           for Dibenzothiophene Biodesulfurization in Rhodococcus sp. FUM94
    • Authors: Somayeh Khosravinia; Mahmood A. Mahdavi; Reza Gheshlaghi; Hesam Dehghani
      Pages: 897 - 897
      Abstract: The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake in the caption of Figs. 5 and 6.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-018-2703-9
      Issue No: Vol. 184, No. 3 (2018)
  • Immunochemical Study of the Effect of F 2 Glc on Glycogen Synthase
           Translocation and Glycogen Synthesis in Isolated Rat Hepatocytes
    • Authors: J. M. Fernández-Novell; M. Díaz-Lobo
      Pages: 909 - 918
      Abstract: The compound 2-deoxy-2-fluoro-α-d-glucopyranosyl fluoride (F2Glc), which is a nonmetabolized superior glucose analogue, is a potent inhibitor of glycogen phosphorylase and pharmacological properties are reported. Glycogen phosphorylase (GP) and glycogen synthase (GS) are responsible of the degradation and synthesis, respectively, of glycogen which is a polymer of glucose units that provides a readily available source of energy in mammals. GP and GS are two key enzymes that modulate cellular glucose and glycogen levels; therefore, these proteins are suggested as potential targets for the treatment of diseases related to glycogen metabolism disorders. We studied by Western Blot technique that F2Glc decreased GP activity, and we also showed that F2Glc did not affect GS activity and its translocation from a uniform cytosolic distribution to the hepatocyte periphery, which is crucial for glycogen synthesis, using immunoblotting and immunofluorescence labeling techniques. F2Glc specifically inhibits glycogenolysis pathway and permits a greater deposition of glycogen. These observations open up the possibility of further develop drugs that act specifically on GP. The ability to selectively inhibit GP, which is a key enzyme for the release of glucose from the hepatic glycogen reserve, may represent a new approach for the treatment of hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-017-2597-y
      Issue No: Vol. 184, No. 3 (2018)
  • Heavy Metal Stress and Its Consequences on Exopolysaccharide
           (EPS)-Producing Pantoea agglomerans
    • Abstract: Currently, the heavy metal pollution is of grave concern, and the part of microorganism for metal bioremediation should take into account as an efficient and economic strategy. On this framework, the heavy metal stress consequences on exopolysaccharide (EPS)-producing agricultural isolate, Pantoea agglomerans, were studied. The EPS production is a protective response to stress to survive and grow in the metal-contaminated environment. P. agglomerans show tolerance and mucoid growth in the presence of heavy metals, i.e., mercury, copper, silver, arsenic, lead, chromium, and cadmium. EDX first confirmed the metal accumulation and further, FTIR determined the functional groups involved in metal binding. The ICP-AES identified the location of cell-bound and intracellular metal accumulation. Metal deposition on cell surface has released more Ca2+. The effect on bacterial morphology investigated with SEM and TEM revealed the sites of metal accumulation, as well as possible structural changes. Each heavy metal caused distinct change and accumulated on cell-bound EPS with some intracellular deposits. The metal stress caused a decrease in total protein content and increased in total carbohydrate with a boost in EPS. Thus, the performance of P. agglomerans under metal stress indicated a potential candidate for metal bioremediation. Graphical ᅟ
      PubDate: 2018-03-19
  • Producing Acetic Acid of Acetobacter pasteurianus by Fermentation
           Characteristics and Metabolic Flux Analysis
    • Abstract: The acetic acid bacterium Acetobacter pasteurianus plays an important role in acetic acid fermentation, which involves oxidation of ethanol to acetic acid through the ethanol respiratory chain under specific conditions. In order to obtain more suitable bacteria for the acetic acid industry, A. pasteurianus JST-S screened in this laboratory was compared with A. pasteurianus CICC 20001, a current industrial strain in China, to determine optimal fermentation parameters under different environmental stresses. The maximum total acid content of A. pasteurianus JST-S was 57.14 ± 1.09 g/L, whereas that of A. pasteurianus CICC 20001 reached 48.24 ± 1.15 g/L in a 15-L stir stank. Metabolic flux analysis was also performed to compare the reaction byproducts. Our findings revealed the potential value of the strain in improvement of industrial vinegar fermentation.
      PubDate: 2018-03-19
  • Structural Properties of Macrodontain I, a Cysteine Protease from
           Pseudananas macrodontes  (Morr.) Harms (Bromeliaceae)
    • Abstract: The primary structure of macrodontain I, a peptidase from Pseudananas macrodontes fruits, was determined using Edman’s degradation. The enzyme is a non-glycosylated peptidase composed by 213 amino acids with a calculated molecular weight of 23,486.18 Da, pI value 6.99, and a molar extinction coefficient at 280 nm of 61,685 M−1 cm−1. The alignment of the sequence of macrodontain I with those cysteine peptidases from species belonging to the family Bromeliaceae showed the highest identity degree (87.74%) against fruit bromelain. A remarkable fact is that all these peptidase sequences show two Met contiguous residues (Met121 and 122) and the nonapeptide VPQSIDWRD located in the mature N-terminal region. Residues Cys26 and His159, which constitute the catalytic dyad in all cysteine peptidases, as well as active site residues Gln20 and Asn176, characteristic of Clan C1A, are conserved in macrodontain I. The 3-D model suggests that the enzyme belongs to the α + β class of proteins, with two disulfide bridges (Cys23-Cys63 and Cys57-Cys96) in the α domain, while the β domain is stabilized by another disulfide bridge (Cys153-Cys201). Further, we were able to establish that the cysteine peptidases from P. macrodontes are involved in the anti-inflammatory activity.
      PubDate: 2018-03-15
  • Prominent Study on Surface Properties and Diffusion Coefficient of
           Urease-Conjugated Magnetite Nanoparticles
    • Abstract: Herein, the magnetite nanoparticles (MNs) were prepared by facile solvothermal method and its porous nature was modified using 3-(2-aminoethyl)-3-aminopropyl trimethoxysilane (AEAPS). Magnetite formation, successful amino tagging, and urease conjugation on the surface were confirmed from the presence of certain functional groups in Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectra. Also, nanosize (13.2 nm) and spherical morphology of MNs were evaluated from diffraction patterns and electron micrographs respectively. Lower retentivity and coercivities in magnetization curve revealed the superparamagnetic behavior, and nitrogen adsorption/desorption curves exhibited decrease in its surface porosity. Conductivity measurements showed lower diffusion coefficient (De = 1.9 × 10−17 cm2/min) and higher diffusion with limited hydrolytic reaction in native urease and improved activity of conjugated urease with higher De (12.62 × 10−16 cm2/min). Hence, this study revealed that the surface porous nature of MNs can be altered effectively by amino tagging in order to overcome diffusional limitations thereby enhancing enzyme activity.
      PubDate: 2018-03-14
  • Efficiencies of Low-Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) and Gabapentin in the
           Management of Peripheral Neuropathy: Diabetic Neuropathy
    • Abstract: Diabetic neuropathy (DN) is the highly occurred complication of diabetes mellitus; it has been defined as an event of peripheral nerve dysfunction characterized by pain, allodynia, hyperalgesia, and paraesthesia. The current study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) in the management of neuropathy in diabetic rats. The used animals were divided into the following groups: negative control, streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats, and diabetic rats with peripheral neuropathy (DNP) and DNP treated with gabapentin or with LLLT. Behavioral tests were carried out through hotplate test for the determination of pain sensations and the Morris water maze test for spatial reference memory evaluation. Blood samples were collected at the end of treatment for biochemical determinations. In the current study, the latency of hind-paw lick decreased significantly when DNP are treated with gabapentin or LLLT. The Morris water maze test showed that LLLT treatment improved memory that deteriorated in DNP more than gabapentin do. The results of the biochemical study revealed that LLLT could not affect the level of beta-endorphin that decreased in DNP but significantly decreased S100B that rose in DNP. PGE2 and cytokines IL-1β, IL-10, and TNF-α showed significant increase in DNP compared with control group. The gabapentin administration or LLLT application significantly reversed the levels of the mentioned markers towards the normal values of the controls. Levels of serum MDA and nitric oxide increased significantly in the DNP but rGSH showed significant decrease. These markers were improved significantly when the DNP were treated with gabapentin or LLLT. The treatment with gabapentin or LLLT significantly decreased the raised level in total cholesterol in DNP but could not decrease the elevated level of triglycerides, while LDL cholesterol decreased significantly in DNP treated with gabapentin but not affected by LLLT. Values of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALAT), aspartate aminotransferase (ASAT), urea, and creatinine increased significantly in the DPN and diabetic rats without peripheral neuropathy (PN) compared with control group. The treatment of DNP with gabapentin induced significant increases in ALAT and ASAT activities but LLLT treatment induced significant decreases in ALAT and ASAT activities as compared with DNP group. Neither gabapentin nor LLLT could improve the elevated levels of serum urea and creatinine in the DNP. It could be concluded that LLLT is more safe and effective than gabapentin in the management of neuropathy in diabetic rats.
      PubDate: 2018-03-12
  • Synthetic Dibenzoxanthene Derivatives Induce Apoptosis Through
           Mitochondrial Pathway in Human Hepatocellular Cancer Cells
    • Abstract: A new series of dibenzoxanthenes 4a–4f were synthesized through the nucleophilic substitution and characterized by NMR and MS spectra. Their antitumor activity was screened by MTT assay. Compounds (except 4b and 4c) displayed strong growth inhibitory effects against chosen five tumor cells under light irradiation. The molecular mechanism of compound-induced cell apoptosis was investigated by AO/EB staining, comet assay, DCFH-DA, JC-1 fluorescent probe, and western blotting. Compounds induced the apoptosis of HepG2 cells and DNA damage. Location assay showed that compounds entered the nucleus of tumor cells. Furthermore, it was found that compounds induced loss of mitochondrial membrane potential, acceleration of ROS production, and activation of caspse-3, caspase-7, and caspase-9 proteins. Compounds upregulated the expression of pro-apoptotic Bim and Bax and downregulated the expression of anti-apoptotic Bcl-xl and Bcl-2. These results indicated that compounds induced the apoptosis of HepG2 cells through ROS-mediated mitochondrial pathway. The induction of apoptosis by dibenzoxanthenes may provide an important mechanism for their cancer chemopreventive function.
      PubDate: 2018-03-12
  • Enhanced Inulin Saccharification by Self-Produced Inulinase from a Newly
    • Authors: Zhaojuan Zheng; Qianqian Xu; Peng Liu; Fan Zhou; Jia Ouyang
      Abstract: In order to find an alternative for commercial inulinase, a strain XL01 identified as Penicillium sp. was screened for inulinase production. The broth after cultivated was centrifuged, filtered, and used as crude enzyme for the following saccharification. At pH 5.0 and 50 °C, the crude enzyme released 84.9 g/L fructose and 20.7 g/L glucose from 120 g/L inulin in 72 h. In addition, simultaneous saccharification and fermentation of chicory flour for d-lactic acid production was carried out using the self-produced crude inulinase and Lactobacillus bulgaricus CGMCC 1.6970. A high d-lactic acid titer and productivity of 122.0 g/L and 1.69 g/(L h) was achieved from 120 g/L chicory flour in 72 h. The simplicity for inulinase production and the high efficiency for d-lactic acid fermentation provide a perspective and profitable industrial biotechnology for utilization of the inulin-rich biomass.
      PubDate: 2018-03-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-018-2730-6
  • Site-Directed Mutagenesis of Cytochrome P450 2D6 and 2C19 Enzymes:
           Expression and Spectral Characterization of Naturally Occurring Allelic
    • Authors: Amelia Nathania Dong; Yan Pan; Uma Devi Palanisamy; Beow Chin Yiap; Nafees Ahemad; Chin Eng Ong
      Abstract: Genetic polymorphism of the cytochrome P450 (CYP) genes particularly affects CYP2D6 and CYP2C19 to a functionally relevant extent, and it is therefore crucial to elucidate the enzyme kinetic and molecular basis for altered catalytic activity of these allelic variants. This study explored the expression and function of the reported alleles CYP2D6*2, CYP2D6*10, CYP2D6*17, CYP2C19*23, CYP2C19*24, and CYP2C19*25 with respect to gene polymorphisms. Site-directed mutagenesis (SDM) was carried out to generate these six alleles. After DNA sequencing, the CYP2D6 and CYP2C19 wild types alongside with their alleles were each independently co-expressed with NADPH-CYP oxidoreductase (OxR) in Escherichia coli. The expressed proteins were analyzed using Western blotting, reduced carbon monoxide (CO) difference spectral scanning, and cytochrome c reductase assay. Results from Western blot revealed the presence of all CYP wild-type and allelic proteins in E. coli membrane fractions. The reduced CO difference spectra scanning presented the distinct peak of absorbance at 450 nm, and the cytochrome c reductase assay has confirmed that spectrally active OxR was expressed in each protein preparation. As a conclusion, the results obtained from this study have proven the CYP variants to be immunoreactive and spectrally active and are suitable for use to examine biotransformation and interaction mechanism of the enzymes.
      PubDate: 2018-03-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-018-2728-0
  • Improving of Anticancer Activity and Solubility of Cisplatin by
           Methylglycine and Methyl Amine Ligands Against Human Breast Adenocarcinoma
           Cell Line
    • Authors: Fatemeh Safa Shams Abyaneh; Mahboube Eslami Moghadam; Adeleh Divsalar; Davood Ajloo; Moyaed Hosaini Sadr
      Abstract: Methylglycine, also known sarcosine, is dramatically used in drug molecules and its metal complexes can interact to DNA and also do cleavage. Hence, to study the influence of methylglycine ligand on biological behavior of metal complexes, two water-soluble platinum (II) complexes with the formula cis-[Pt(NH3)2(CH3-gly)]NO3 and cis-[Pt(NH2-CH3)2(CH3-gly)]NO3 (where CH3-gly is methylglycine) have been synthesized and characterized by spectroscopic methods, molar conductivity measurements, and elemental analyzes. The anticancer activity of synthesized complexes was tested against human breast adenocarcinoma cell line of MCF7 using MTT assay and results showed excellent anticancer activity with Cc50 values of 126 and 292 μM after 24 h incubation time, for both complexes of cis-[Pt(NH3)2(CH3gly)]NO3 and cis-[Pt(NH2-CH3)2(CH3gly)]NO3, respectively. Also, the interaction between Pt(II) complexes with calf thymus DNA was extensively studied by means of absorption spectroscopy, fluorescence titration spectra displacement with ethidium bromide (EtBr), and circular dichroism studied in Tris-buffer. The obtained spectroscopic results revealed that two complexes can bind to highly polymerized calf thymus DNA cooperatively and denature at micromolar concentrations. The fluorescence data indicate that quenching effect for cis-[Pt(NH3)2(CH3gly)]NO3 (Ksv = 9.48 mM−1) was higher than that of cis-[Pt(NH2-CH3)2(CH3gly)]NO3 (Ksv = 1.98 mM−1). These results were also confirmed by circular dichrosim spectra. Consequently, docking data showed that cis-[Pt(NH3)2(CH3gly)]NO3 with more interaction energy binds on DNA via groove binding which is more compatible with experimental results. Graphical ᅟ Two anticancer Pt(II) complexes, cis-[Pt(NH3)2(CH3gly)]NO3 and cis-[Pt(NH2−CH3)2(CH3gly)]NO3, have been synthesized and interacted with calf thymus DNA. Improving solubility of these compounds reduce side effects and increase anticancer activity against human breast cell line. Modes of binding have been studied by electronic absorption, fluorescence, and CD measurements. Results show that both Pt(II) complexes can interact to DNA via groove binding.
      PubDate: 2018-03-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-018-2715-5
  • Bamboo ( Phyllostachys pubescens ) as a Natural Support for Neutral
           Protease Immobilization
    • Authors: Lei-Peng Cao; Jing-Jing Wang; Ting Zhou; Roger Ruan; Yu-Huan Liu
      Abstract: Lignin polymers in bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens) were decomposed into polyphenols at high temperatures and oxidized for the introduction of quinone groups from peroxidase extracted from bamboo shoots and catalysis of UV. According to the results of FT-IR spectra analysis, neutral proteases (NPs) can be immobilized on the oxidized lignin by covalent bonding formed by amine group and quinone group. The optimum condition for the immobilization of NPs on the bamboo bar was obtained at pH 7.0, 40 °C, and duration of 4 h; the amount of immobilized enzyme was up to 5 mg g−1 bamboo bar. The optimal pH for both free NP (FNP) and INP was approximately 7.0, and the maximum activity of INP was determined at 60 °C, whereas FNP presented maximum activity at 50 °C. The K m values of INP and FNP were determined as 0.773 and 0.843 mg ml−1, respectively; INP showed a lower K m value and Vmax, than FNP, which demonstrated that INP presented higher affinity to substrate. Compared to FNP, INP showed broader thermal and storage stability under the same trial condition. With respect to cost, INP presented considerable recycling efficiency for up to six consecutive cycles.
      PubDate: 2018-03-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-018-2697-3
  • Ligand-Based Pharmacophore Screening Strategy: a Pragmatic Approach for
           Targeting HER Proteins
    • Authors: Nivya James; K. Ramanathan
      Abstract: Targeting ErbB family of receptors is an important therapeutic option, because of its essential role in the broad spectrum of human cancers, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Therefore, in the present work, considerable effort has been made to develop an inhibitor against HER family proteins, by combining the use of pharmacophore modelling, docking scoring functions, and ADME property analysis. Initially, a five-point pharmacophore model was developed using known HER family inhibitors. The generated model was then used as a query to screen a total of 468,880 compounds of three databases namely ZINC, ASINEX, and DrugBank. Subsequently, docking analysis was carried out to obtain hit molecules that could inhibit the HER receptors. Further, analysis of GLIDE scores and ADME properties resulted in one hit namely BAS01025917 with higher glide scores, increased CNS involvement, and good pharmaceutically relevant properties than reference ligand, afatinib. Furthermore, the inhibitory activity of the lead compounds was validated by performing molecular dynamic simulations. Of note, BAS01025917 was found to possess scaffolds with a broad spectrum of antitumor activity. We believe that this novel hit molecule can be further exploited for the development of a pan-HER inhibitor with low toxicity and greater potential.
      PubDate: 2018-03-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-018-2724-4
  • Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Using a Lab-on-a-Disc Device with
           Thin-film Phase Change Material
    • Authors: Junguk Ko; Jae-Chern Yoo
      Abstract: The design and fabrication of temperature measurement systems that facilitate successful realization of DNA amplification using a lab-on-a-disc (LOD) device are a highly challenging task. The major challenge lies in the fact that such a system must be directly attached to a heating chamber in a way that enables the accurate measurement of temperature of the chamber while allowing the LOD to rotate. This paper presents a temperature control system for implementing isothermal amplification of DNA samples using an LOD device. The proposed system utilizes a thin-film phase change material and non-contact heating system to remotely measure the actual temperature of the chamber and, if required, rapidly heat it to the desired temperature. The results of the experiments performed in this study demonstrate that the proposed system provides an automated platform for molecular amplification and exhibits an operational performance comparable to that of traditional microcentrifuge tube-based isothermal amplification systems.
      PubDate: 2018-03-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-018-2720-8
  • Application of Physicochemical Treatment Allows Reutilization of
           Arthrospira platensis Exhausted Medium
    • Authors: Lauris del Carmen Mejia-da-Silva; Marcelo Chuei Matsudo; Ana Lucia Morocho-Jacome; João Carlos Monteiro de Carvalho
      Abstract: Since cultivations of Arthrospira platensis have a high water demand, it is necessary to develop treatment methods for reusing the exhausted medium that may prevent environmental problems and obtaining useful biomass. The exhausted Schlösser medium obtained from A. platensis batch cultivation in bench-scale mini-tanks was treated by varying concentrations of different coagulants, ferric chloride (6, 10, and 14 mg L−1) or ferric sulfate (15, 25, and 35 mg L−1) and powdered activated carbon (PAC, 30 and 50 mg L−1). Such treated effluent was restored with NaNO3 and reused in new cultivations of A. platensis performed in Erlenmeyer flasks. Reusing media through the cultivation of A. platensis showed satisfactory results, particularly in the medium treated with ferric chloride and PAC. The maximum cell concentration obtained in the flasks was 1093 mg L−1, which corresponded to the medium treated with ferric chloride (6 mg L−1) and PAC (30 mg L−1). This cellular growth was higher than in the medium treated with ferric sulfate and PAC, in which values of maximum cell concentration did not exceed 796 mg L−1. The cultures in the media after treatment did not modify the biomass composition. Thus, combined coagulation/adsorption processes, commonly used in water treatment processes, can be efficient and viable for treating exhausted medium of A. platensis, allowing the production of such biomass with the reduction of production cost and saving water.
      PubDate: 2018-03-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-018-2712-8
  • Purification and Characterization of Agarase from Marine Bacteria
           Acinetobacter sp. PS12B and Its Use for Preparing Bioactive Hydrolysate
           from Agarophyte Red Seaweed Gracilaria verrucosa
    • Authors: T Leema Roseline; NM Sachindra
      Abstract: Acinetobacter strain PS12B was isolated from marine sediment and was found to be a good candidate to degrade agar and produce agarase enzyme. The extracellular agarase enzyme from strain PS12B was purified by ammonium sulfate precipitation followed by DEAE-cellulose ion-exchange chromatography. The specific activity of the crude enzyme which was 1.52 U increased to 45.76 U, after two-stage purification, with an enzyme yield of 9.76%. Purified enzyme had a molecular mass of 24 kDa. The optimum pH and temperature for activity of purified agarase were found to be 8.0 and 40 °C, respectively. The Km and Vmax values for agarase were 4.69 mg/ml and 0.5 μmol/min, respectively. Treatment with EDTA reduced the agarase activity by 58% at 5 mM concentration. The enzyme activity was stimulated by the presence of Fe2+, Mn2+, and Ca2+ ions while reducing reagents (β-mercaptoethanol and dithiothreitol, DTT) enhanced its activity by 30–40%. The purified agarase exhibited tolerance to both detergents and organic solvents. Major hydrolysis products of agar were DP4 and also a mixture of longer oligosaccharides DP6 and DP7. The enzyme hydrolysed seaweed (Gracilaria verrucosa) exhibited strong antioxidant activity in vitro. Successful hydrolysis of seaweed indicates the potential use of the enzyme to produce seaweed hydrolysate having health benefits as well as the industrial application like the production of biofuels.
      PubDate: 2018-03-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-018-2726-2
  • Protective Effect of Hydroxytyrosol Against Oxidative Stress Mediated by
           Arsenic-Induced Neurotoxicity in Rats
    • Authors: Manisha Soni; Chandra Prakash; Rajesh Dabur; Vijay Kumar
      Abstract: The present study reports beneficial effect of hydroxytyrosol (HT) against arsenic (As)-induced oxidative stress in the rat brain. Rats were orally administered with sodium arsenite dissolved in distilled water (25 ppm, by oral gavage) for 8 weeks or HT (10 mg/kg b. wt.) in combination with As. Results showed increase in protein oxidation and lipid peroxidation, while catalase and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities as well as GSH content were decreased after As exposure in rat brain. Fourier transform infrared analysis showed significant alteration in peak area values that also validated the oxidative damage to lipids and proteins. In addition, As exposure caused increase in protein expression of caspase-3 and Bax, while Bcl-2 expression was downregulated resulting in translocation of cytochrome c from mitochondria to cytosol. Treatment of HT with As reversed protein oxidation, lipid peroxidation, and increased GSH content as well as catalase and SOD activities. Administration of HT also prevented translocation of cytochrome c from mitochondria and increased mitochondria/cytosol ratio of cytochrome c. Hence, treatment of HT with As improved antioxidant system and efficiently lowered the generation of oxidative stress in rat brain.
      PubDate: 2018-03-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-018-2723-5
  • Purification and Analytical Application of Vigna mungo Chitinase for
           Determination of Total Fungal Load of Stored Cereals
    • Authors: Preety; Swati Sharma; Vinita Hooda
      Abstract: A novel chitinase from urd bean (Vigna mungo) seeds was purified up to homogeneity and optimized with respect to its optimum working conditions of pH, temperature, and substrate concentration. Overall, 145-fold purification with 70% yield of the purified chitinase was achieved. The notable features of the purified enzyme were its appreciative substrate affinity as well as catalytic efficiency, high thermo stability (70% retention of initial activity at 70 °C after 60 min of continuous exposure), and pretty good storage stability (half-life of 45 days at 5 °C). The enzyme was used for determination of total chitin contents of the stored cereals that in the absence of any insect infestation, were considered to be directly proportional to the total fungal load of the tested samples. The method was linear up to 7.0 mM with 0.04 mM as the limit of detection. Percent recoveries of added chitin were < 90.0% and within-day and between-day coefficients of variations were > 3.0% for all the samples. Chitin values in stored cereal samples obtained by the present method and the popular DNS method showed good correlation, the value for coefficient of determination (R2) being < 0.98. Overall, the method yielded acceptable sensitivity, reproducibility, and accuracy. Graphical ᅟ
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-018-2722-6
  • Colorimetric Detection of Unamplified Rift Valley Fever Virus Genetic
           Material Using Unmodified Gold Nanoparticles
    • Abstract: Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) is considered an enzootic virus in Africa. RVFV has caused several outbreaks in Egypt, sub-Saharan Africa and the Arabian Peninsula and is responsible for high mortality in ruminants and haemorrhagic fever in severe human cases. Although there are several molecular and serological diagnostic techniques used to detect this arthropod-borne virus with high sensitivity and efficiency, there is a need for a fast and reliable field screening test for rapid outbreak recording and containment. In this study, we developed a prototype point-of-care diagnostic test specific for RVFV detection using unmodified gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) that change colour in the presence of RVFV RNA, resulting in a simple but sensitive assay. The nanogold assay provides qualitative results showing the presence of the RVFV RNA in different sample types. The assay showed high accuracy and specificity, with a detection limit of 10 RNA copies/reaction, comparable with quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. The assay result could be determined within 30 min with no need for specific detection instruments. To our knowledge, this is the first field test prototype to directly detect the RNA of RVFV without amplification using AuNPs.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-017-2592-3
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
Home (Search)
Subjects A-Z
Publishers A-Z
Your IP address:
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-