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BIOTECHNOLOGY (236 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 239 Journals sorted alphabetically
3 Biotech     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Regenerative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Algal Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 67)
American Journal of Bioinformatics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Polymer Science     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology : C Life Sciences and Biotechnology     Open Access  
Animal Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annales des Sciences Agronomiques     Full-text available via subscription  
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Food Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Applied Mycology and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Arthroplasty Today     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Biotech News     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australasian Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Banat's Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
BBR : Biochemistry and Biotechnology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Beitr?ge zur Tabakforschung International/Contributions to Tobacco Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bio-Algorithms and Med-Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bio-Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bioactive Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biocybernetics and Biological Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Bioethics UPdate     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biofuels     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Biofuels Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Biological Cybernetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biomarkers and Genomic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biomarkers in Drug Development     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Biomaterials Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BioMed Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomédica     Open Access  
Biomedical and Biotechnology Research Journal     Open Access  
Biomedical Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Biomedical Glasses     Open Access  
Biomedical Reports     Full-text available via subscription  
BioMedicine     Open Access  
Biomedika     Open Access  
Bioprinting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioresource Technology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Biosensors Journal     Open Access  
Biosimilars     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biosurface and Biotribology     Open Access  
Biotechnic and Histochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BioTechniques : The International Journal of Life Science Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Biotechnologia Acta     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biotechnology Advances     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Biotechnology and Bioengineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 153)
Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Biotechnology and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology Annual Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Biotechnology for Biofuels     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Biotechnology Frontier     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biotechnology Law Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biotechnology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Biotechnology Progress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Biotechnology Reports     Open Access  
Biotechnology Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnology Techniques     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biotecnología Aplicada     Open Access  
Bioteknologi (Biotechnological Studies)     Open Access  
BIOTIK : Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Teknologi dan Kependidikan     Open Access  
Biotribology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BMC Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Cell Biology and Development     Open Access  
Chinese Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Communications in Mathematical Biology and Neuroscience     Open Access  
Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Copernican Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Critical Reviews in Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Bionanotechnology     Hybrid Journal  
Current Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Opinion in Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Research in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Current Trends in Biotechnology and Chemical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current trends in Biotechnology and Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
EBioMedicine     Open Access  
Electronic Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
Entomologia Generalis     Full-text available via subscription  
Environmental Science : Processes & Impacts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Experimental Biology and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Folia Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Food Bioscience     Hybrid Journal  
Food Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Food Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Frontiers in Systems Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Fungal Biology and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
GM Crops and Food: Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
GSTF Journal of BioSciences     Open Access  
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences     Open Access  
Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
IEEE Transactions on Molecular, Biological and Multi-Scale Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
IET Nanobiotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
IIOAB Letters     Open Access  
IN VIVO     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Indian Journal of Biotechnology (IJBT)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indonesia Journal of Biomedical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Journal of Medicine     Open Access  
Industrial Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
International Biomechanics     Open Access  
International Journal of Bioinformatics Research and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Biomechatronics and Biomedical Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Biotechnology for Wellness Industries     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Environment, Agriculture and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Functional Informatics and Personalised Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Nanotechnology and Molecular Computation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Radiation Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Iranian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
ISABB Journal of Biotechnology and Bioinformatics     Open Access  
Italian Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
JMIR Biomedical Engineering     Open Access  
Journal of Biometrics & Biostatistics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefense     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Advanced Therapies and Medical Innovation Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Advances in Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal Of Agrobiotechnology     Open Access  
Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Applied Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Biotechnology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Mathematics & Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Biologically Active Products from Nature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Biomedical Photonics & Engineering     Open Access  
Journal of Biomedical Practitioners     Open Access  
Journal of Bioprocess Engineering and Biorefinery     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Bioprocessing & Biotechniques     Open Access  
Journal of Biosecurity Biosafety and Biodefense Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Journal of Biotechnology and Strategic Health Research     Open Access  
Journal of Chemical and Biological Interfaces     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Chitin and Chitosan Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Colloid Science and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Commercial Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Crop Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Essential Oil Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Ginseng Research     Open Access  
Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Integrative Bioinformatics     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Imaging and Health Informatics     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology     Open Access  
Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Nano Education     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Nanobiotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Nanofluids     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Organic and Biomolecular Simulations     Open Access  
Journal of Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Science and Applications : Biomedicine     Open Access  
Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Tropical Microbiology and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Marine Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Meat Technology     Open Access  
Messenger     Full-text available via subscription  
Metabolic Engineering Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Metalloproteinases In Medicine     Open Access  
Microbial Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
MicroMedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Molecular and Cellular Biomedical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Molecular Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nanobiomedicine     Open Access  
Nanobiotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology     Open Access  
Nanomedicine and Nanobiology     Full-text available via subscription  
Nanomedicine Research Journal     Open Access  

        1 2 | Last

Journal Cover
Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.107
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 17  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1476-5535 - ISSN (Online) 1367-5435
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2350 journals]
  • Production of single cell protein from agro-waste using Rhodococcus opacus
    • Authors: Kristina M. Mahan; Rosemary K. Le; Tyrone Wells; Seth Anderson; Joshua S. Yuan; Ryan J. Stoklosa; Aditya Bhalla; David B. Hodge; Arthur J. Ragauskas
      Pages: 795 - 801
      Abstract: Abstract Livestock and fish farming are rapidly growing industries facing the simultaneous pressure of increasing production demands and limited protein required to produce feed. Bacteria that can convert low-value non-food waste streams into singe cell protein (SCP) present an intriguing route for rapid protein production. The oleaginous bacterium Rhodococcus opacus serves as a model organism for understanding microbial lipid production. SCP production has not been explored using an organism from this genus. In the present research, R. opacus strains DSM 1069 and PD630 were fed three agro-waste streams: (1) orange pulp, juice, and peel; (2) lemon pulp, juice, and peel; and (3) corn stover effluent, to determine if these low-cost substrates would be suitable for producing a value-added product, SCP for aquafarming or livestock feed. Both strains used agro-waste carbon sources as a growth substrate to produce protein-rich cell biomass suggesting that that R. opacus can be used to produce SCP using agro-wastes as low-cost substrates.
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10295-018-2043-3
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 9 (2018)
  • Overexpression of cytochrome p450 125 in Mycobacterium : a rational
           strategy in the promotion of phytosterol biotransformation
    • Authors: Liqiu Su; Yanbing Shen; Menglei Xia; Zhihua Shang; Shuangping Xu; Xingjuan An; Min Wang
      Pages: 857 - 867
      Abstract: Abstract Androst-4-ene-3, 17-dione (AD) and androst-1, 4-diene-3, 17-dione (ADD) are generally produced by the biotransformation of phytosterols in Mycobacterium. The AD (D) production increases when the strain has high NAD+/NADH ratio. To enhance the AD (D) production in Mycobacterium neoaurum TCCC 11978 (MNR M3), a rational strategy was developed through overexpression of a gene involved in the phytosterol degradation pathway; NAD+ was generated as well. Proteomic analysis of MNR cultured with and without phytosterols showed that the steroid C27-monooxygenase (Cyp125-3), which performs sequential oxidations of the sterol side chain at the C27 position and has the oxidative cofactor of NAD+ generated, played an important role in the phytosterol biotransformation process of MNR M3. To improve the productivity of AD (D), the cyp125-3 gene was overexpressed in MNR M3. The specific activity of Cyp125-3 in the recombinant strain MNR M3C3 was improved by 22% than that in MNR M3. The NAD+/NADH ratio in MNR M3C3 was 131% higher than that in the parent strain. During phytosterol biotransformation, the conversion of sterols increased from 84 to 96%, and the yield of AD (D) by MNR M3C3 was increased by approximately 18% for 96 h fermentation. This rational strain modification strategy may also be applied to develop strains with important application values for efficient production of cofactor-dependent metabolites.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10295-018-2063-z
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 10 (2018)
  • Rationally designed perturbation factor drives evolution in Saccharomyces
           cerevisiae for industrial application
    • Authors: Xin Xu; Chunfeng Liu; Chengtuo Niu; Jinjing Wang; Feiyun Zheng; Yongxian Li; Qi Li
      Pages: 869 - 880
      Abstract: Abstract Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains with favorable characteristics are preferred for application in industries. However, the current ability to reprogram a yeast cell on the genome scale is limited due to the complexity of yeast ploids. In this study, a method named genome replication engineering-assisted continuous evolution (GREACE) was proved efficient in engineering S. cerevisiae with different ploids. Through iterative cycles of culture coupled with selection, GREACE could continuously improve the target traits of yeast by accumulating beneficial genetic modification in genome. The application of GREACE greatly improved the tolerance of yeast against acetic acid compared with their parent strain. This method could also be employed to improve yeast aroma profile and the phenotype could be stably inherited to the offspring. Therefore, GREACE method was efficient in S. cerevisiae engineering and it could be further used to evolve yeast with other specific characteristics.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10295-018-2057-x
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 10 (2018)
  • Engineering Yarrowia lipolytica for the production of cyclopropanated
           fatty acids
    • Authors: Kelly A. Markham; Hal S. Alper
      Pages: 881 - 888
      Abstract: Abstract Traditional synthesis of biodiesel competes with food sources and has limitations with storage, particularly due to limited oxidative stability. Microbial synthesis of lipids provides a platform to produce renewable fuel with improved properties from various renewable carbon sources. Specifically, biodiesel properties can be improved through the introduction of a cyclopropane ring in place of a double bond. In this study, we demonstrate the production of C19 cyclopropanated fatty acids in the oleaginous yeast Yarrowia lipolytica through the heterologous expression of the Escherichia coli cyclopropane fatty acid synthase. Ultimately, we establish a strain capable of 3.03 ± 0.26 g/L C19 cyclopropanated fatty acid production in bioreactor fermentation where this functionalized lipid comprises over 32% of the total lipid pool. This study provides a demonstration of the flexibility of lipid metabolism in Y. lipolytica to produce specialized fatty acids.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10295-018-2067-8
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 10 (2018)
  • Surface-displayed porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus from
           cell culture onto gram-positive enhancer matrix particles
    • Authors: Lan Li; Xuwen Qiao; Jin Chen; Yuanpeng Zhang; Qisheng Zheng; Jibo Hou
      Pages: 889 - 898
      Abstract: Abstract Vaccine immunization is now one of the most effective ways to control porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) infection. Impurity is one of the main factors affecting vaccine safety and efficacy. Here we present a novel innovative PRRSV purification approach based on surface display technology. First, a bifunctional protein PA-GRFT (protein anchor-griffithsin), the crucial factor in the purification process, was successfully produced in Escherichia coli yielding 80 mg/L of broth culture. Then PRRSV purification was performed by incubation of PA-GRFT with PRRSV and gram-positive enhancer matrix (GEM) particles, followed by centrifugation to collect virions loaded onto GEM particles. Our results showed that most of the bulk impurities had been removed, and PA-GRFT could capture PRRSV onto GEM particles. Our lactic acid bacteria-based purification method, which is promising as ease of operation, low cost and easy to scale-up, may represent a candidate method for the large-scale purification of this virus for vaccine production.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10295-018-2061-1
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 10 (2018)
  • Dynamics of Pseudomonas putida biofilms in an upscale experimental
    • Authors: David R Espeso; Esteban Martínez-García; Ana Carpio; Víctor de Lorenzo
      Pages: 899 - 911
      Abstract: Abstract Exploitation of biofilms for industrial processes requires them to adopt suitable physical structures for rendering them efficient and predictable. While hydrodynamics could be used to control material features of biofilms of the platform strain Pseudomonas putida KT2440 there is a dearth of experimental data on surface-associated growth behavior in such settings. Millimeter scale biofilm patterns formed by its parental strain P. putida mt-2 under different Reynolds numbers (Re) within laminar regime were analyzed using an upscale experimental continuous cultivation assembly. A tile-scan image acquisition process combined with a customized image analysis revealed patterns of dense heterogeneous structures at Re = 1000, but mostly flattened coverings sparsely patched for Re < 400. These results not only fix the somewhat narrow hydrodynamic regime under which P. putida cells form stable coatings on surfaces destined for large-scale processes, but also provide useful sets of parameters for engineering catalytic biofilms based on this important bacterium as a cell factory.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10295-018-2070-0
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 10 (2018)
  • Biodegradation of lignin by Pseudomonas sp. Q18 and the characterization
           of a novel bacterial DyP-type peroxidase
    • Authors: Chenxian Yang; Fangfang Yue; Yanlong Cui; Yuanmei Xu; Yuanyuan Shan; Bianfang Liu; Yuan Zhou; Xin Lü
      Pages: 913 - 927
      Abstract: Abstract Lignin valorization can be obtained through cleavage of selected bonds by microbial enzymes, in which lignin is segregated from cellulose and hemicellulose and abundant phenolic compounds can be provided. In this study, Pseudomonas sp. Q18, previously isolated from rotten wood in China, was used to degrade alkali lignin and raw lignocellulosic material. Gel-permeation chromatography, field-emission scanning electron microscope, and GC–MS were combined to investigate the degradation process. The GC–MS results revealed that the quantities of aromatic compounds with phenol ring from lignin increased significantly after incubation with Pseudomonas sp. Q18, which indicated the degradation of lignin. According to the lignin-derived metabolite analysis, it was proposed that a DyP-type peroxidase (PmDyP) might exist in strain Q18. Thereafter, the gene of PmDyP was cloned and expressed, after which the recombinant PmDyP was purified and the enzymatic kinetics of PmDyP were assayed. According to results, PmDyP showed promising characteristics for lignocellulosic biodegradation in biorefinery.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10295-018-2064-y
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 10 (2018)
  • Improving stress tolerance and cell integrity of Rhodococcus ruber by
           overexpressing small-shock-protein Hsp16 of Rhodococcus
    • Authors: Miaomiao Wang; Jie Chen; Huimin Yu; Zhongyao Shen
      Pages: 929 - 938
      Abstract: Abstract Rhodococcus species have been successfully used as cell catalysts for valuable chemicals production due to their well-characterized resistance to harmful factors. An understanding of how they respond to stress is of great interest, which will enable the identification of engineering strategies for further improving their resistance and maintaining cell integrity and viability. Here, we assessed the transcriptome response of R. ruber TH3 to heat shock. Approximately, 376 genes were up-regulated in heat-shocked TH3. Among all the up-regulated functional genes, the small heat-shock-protein (Hsp16) with maximal enhanced transcript (463-fold) was identified, and its function was investigated. Results showed that overexpressed Hsp16 has no significant promotive effect on stress tolerance of in-cell enzyme. Interestingly, compared to the control TH3, a little fewer pores and folds on the surface of TH3(Hsp16) and more intact TH3(Hsp-GFP) cells under AM treatment were observed by SEM and LCSM, respectively. Moreover, survival test showed that more (about 501–700) TH3(Hsp16) colonies were observed while only 1–100 TH3 colonies after 50% AM treatment, and this trend is also found in high-temperature cultivation experiments. These results indicate that Hsp16 does great contributions to preventing cell leakage, maintaining cell integrity and viability of R. ruber under stress conditions.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10295-018-2066-9
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 10 (2018)
  • Streptomyces albulus yields ε-poly- l -lysine and other products from
           salt-contaminated glycerol waste
    • Authors: Amanda Dodd; Dirk Swanevelder; Nerve Zhou; Dean Brady; John E. Hallsworth; Karl Rumbold
      Abstract: Abstract Actinomycetes are the most important microorganisms for the industrial production of secondary metabolites with antimicrobial and anticancer properties. However, they have not been implicated in biorefineries. Here, we study the ability of the ε-poly-l-lysine producing Streptomyces albulus BCRC 11814 to utilize biodiesel-derived crude glycerol. S. albulus was cultured in a mineral medium supplemented with up to 10% w/v sodium chloride or potassium chloride, and with crude glycerol as the sole carbohydrate source. Under these conditions, the strain produced 0.1 g ε-poly-l-lysine per 1 g of biomass. RNA sequencing revealed upregulation of the ectoine biosynthetic pathway of S. albulus, which provides proof of halotolerance. S. albulus has several silent secondary metabolite biosynthetic clusters predicted within the genome. Based on the results, we conclude that S. albulus BCRC 11814 is a halotolerant microorganism capable of utilizing biodiesel-derived crude glycerol better than other actinomycetes included in the present study. S. albulus has the potential to be established as microbial platform production host for a range of high-value biological products.
      PubDate: 2018-09-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s10295-018-2082-9
  • Improved acid-stress tolerance of Lactococcus lactis NZ9000 and
           Escherichia coli BL21 by overexpression of the anti-acid component recT
    • Authors: Zhengming Zhu; Xiaomei Ji; Zhimeng Wu; Juan Zhang; Guocheng Du
      Abstract: Abstract Acid accumulation caused by carbon metabolism severely affects the fermentation performance of microbial cells. Here, different sources of the recT gene involved in homologous recombination were functionally overexpressed in Lactococcus lactis NZ9000 and Escherichia coli BL21, and their acid-stress tolerances were investigated. Our results showed that L. lactis NZ9000 (ERecT and LRecT) strains showed 1.4- and 10.4-fold higher survival rates against lactic acid (pH 4.0), respectively, and that E. coli BL21 (ERecT) showed 16.7- and 9.4-fold higher survival rates than the control strain against lactic acid (pH 3.8) for 40 and 60 min, respectively. Additionally, we found that recT overexpression in L. lactis NZ9000 improved their growth under acid-stress conditions, as well as increased salt- and ethanol-stress tolerance and intracellular ATP concentrations in L. lactis NZ9000. These findings demonstrated the efficacy of recT overexpression for enhancing acid-stress tolerance and provided a promising strategy for insertion of anti-acid components in different hosts.
      PubDate: 2018-09-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s10295-018-2075-8
  • Enhanced microbial lipid production by Cryptococcus albidus in
           the high-cell-density continuous cultivation with membrane cell recycling
           and two-stage nutrient limitation
    • Authors: Rongzhan Fu; Qiang Fei; Longan Shang; Christopher J. Brigham; Ho Nam Chang
      Abstract: Abstract As a potential feedstock for biofuel production, a high-cell-density continuous culture for the lipid production by Cryptococcus albidus was investigated in this study. The influences of dilution rates in the single-stage continuous cultures were explored first. To reach a high-cell-density culture, a single-stage continuous culture coupled with a membrane cell recycling system was carried out at a constant dilution rate of 0.36/h with varied bleeding ratios. The maximum lipid productivity of 0.69 g/L/h was achieved with the highest bleeding ratio of 0.4. To reach a better lipid yield and content, a two-stage continuous cultivation was performed by adjusting the C/N ratio in two different stages. Finally, a lipid yield of 0.32 g/g and lipid content of 56.4% were obtained. This two-stage continuous cultivation, which provided a higher lipid production performance, shows a great potential for an industrial-scale biotechnological production of microbial lipids and biofuel production.
      PubDate: 2018-09-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s10295-018-2081-x
  • A comprehensive catalogue of polyketide synthase gene clusters in
           lichenizing fungi
    • Authors: Robert L. Bertrand; John L. Sorensen
      Abstract: Abstract Lichens are fungi that form symbiotic partnerships with algae. Although lichens produce diverse polyketides, difficulties in establishing and maintaining lichen cultures have prohibited detailed studies of their biosynthetic pathways. Creative, albeit non-definitive, methods have been developed to assign function to biosynthetic gene clusters in lieu of techniques such as gene knockout and heterologous expressions that are commonly applied to easily cultivatable organisms. We review a total of 81 completely sequenced polyketide synthase (PKS) genes from lichenizing fungi, comprising to our best efforts all complete and reported PKS genes in lichenizing fungi to date. This review provides an overview of the approaches used to locate and sequence PKS genes in lichen genomes, current approaches to assign function to lichen PKS gene clusters, and what polyketides are proposed to be biosynthesized by these PKS. We conclude with remarks on prospects for genomics-based natural products discovery in lichens. We hope that this review will serve as a guide to ongoing research efforts on polyketide biosynthesis in lichenizing fungi.
      PubDate: 2018-09-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s10295-018-2080-y
  • Insight into the surfactin production of Bacillus velezensis B006 through
           metabolomics analysis
    • Authors: Junqiang Wang; Rongjun Guo; Wenchao Wang; Guizhen Ma; Shidong Li
      Abstract: Abstract Bacillus velezensis B006 is a biocontrol agent which functions through effective colonization and surfactin production. To reveal the surfactin-producing mechanism, gas chromatography–mass spectrometry based untargeted metabolomics was performed to compare the metabolite profiles of strain B006 grown in industrial media M3 and M4. Based on the statistical and pathway topology analyses, a total of 31 metabolites with a fold change of less than − 1.0 were screened as the significantly altered metabolites, which distributed in 15 metabolic pathways. Fourteen amino acids involving in the metabolisms of alanine/aspartate/glutamate, glycine/serine/threonine, arginine/proline, glutathione/cysteine/methionine and valine/leucine/isoleucine as well as succinic acid in TCA cycle were identified to be the hub metabolites. Aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis, glycerolipid metabolism, and pantothenate/CoA biosynthesis also contributed to surfactin production. To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first to investigate the metabolic pathways of B. velezensis on surfactin production, and will benefit the optimization of commercial fermentation for higher surfactin yield.
      PubDate: 2018-09-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s10295-018-2076-7
  • Bacteriophage-resistant industrial fermentation strains: from the cradle
           to CRISPR/Cas9
    • Authors: Richard H. Baltz
      Abstract: Abstract Bacteriophage contamination and cell lysis have been recurring issues with some actinomycetes used in the pharmaceutical fermentation industry since the commercialization of streptomycin in the 1940s. In the early years, spontaneous phage-resistant mutants or lysogens were isolated to address the problem. In some cases, multiple phages were isolated from different contaminated fermentors, so strains resistant to multiple phages were isolated to stabilize the fermentation processes. With the advent of recombinant DNA technology, the early scaleup of the Escherichia coli fermentation process for the production of human insulin A and B chains encountered contamination with multiple coliphages. A genetic engineering solution was to clone and express a potent restriction/modification system in the production strains. Very recently, an E. coli fermentation of 1,3-propanediol was contaminated by a coliphage related to T1. CRISPR/Cas9 technology was applied to block future contamination by targeting seven different phage genes for double-strand cleavage. These approaches employing spontaneous mutation, genetic engineering, and synthetic biology can be applied to many current and future microorganisms used in the biotechnology industry.
      PubDate: 2018-09-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s10295-018-2079-4
  • Heterologous production of a new lasso peptide brevunsin in Sphingomonas
    • Authors: Shinya Kodani; Hikaru Hemmi; Yuto Miyake; Issara Kaweewan; Hiroyuki Nakagawa
      Abstract: Abstract A shuttle vector pHSG396Sp was constructed to perform gene expression using Sphingomonas subterranea as a host. A new lasso peptide biosynthetic gene cluster, derived from Brevundimonas diminuta, was amplified by PCR and integrated to afford a expression vector pHSG396Sp-12697L. The new lasso peptide brevunsin was successfully produced by S. subterranea, harboring the expression vector, with a high production yield (10.2 mg from 1 L culture). The chemical structure of brevunsin was established by NMR and MS/MS experiments. Based on the information obtained from the NOE experiment, the three-dimensional structure of brevunsin was determined, which indicated that brevunsin possessed a typical lasso structure. This expression vector system provides a new heterologous production method for unexplored lasso peptides that are encoded by bacterial genomes.
      PubDate: 2018-09-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s10295-018-2077-6
  • Development of mazF -based markerless genome editing system and metabolic
           pathway engineering in Candida tropicalis for producing long-chain
           dicarboxylic acids
    • Authors: Junqing Wang; Jian Peng; Han Fan; Xiang Xiu; Le Xue; Lei Wang; Jing Su; Xiaohui Yang; Ruiming Wang
      Abstract: Abstract Candida tropicalis can grow with alkanes or plant oils as the sole carbon source, and its industrial application thus has great potential. However, the choice of a suitable genetic operating system can effectively increase the speed of metabolic engineering. MazF functions as an mRNA interferase that preferentially cleaves single-stranded mRNAs at ACA sequences to inhibit protein synthesis, leading to cell growth arrest. Here, we constructed a suicide plasmid named pPICPJ-mazF that uses the mazF gene of Escherichia coli as a counterselectable marker for the markerless editing of C. tropicalis genes to increase the rate of conversion of oils into long-chain dicarboxylic acids. To reduce the β-oxidation of fatty acids, the carnitine acetyltransferase gene (CART) was deleted using the gene editing system, and the yield of long-chain acids from the strain was increased to 8.27 g/L. By two homologous single exchanges, the promoters of both the cytochrome P450 gene and the NADPH–cytochrome P450 reductase gene were subsequently replaced by the constitutively expressed promoter pGAP, and the production of long-chain dicarboxylic acids by the generated strain (C. tropicalis PJPP1702) reached 11.39 g/L. The results of fed-batch fermentation showed that the yield of long-chain acids from the strain was further increased to 32.84 g/L, which was 11.4 times higher than that from the original strain. The results also showed that the pPICPJ-mazF-based markerless editing system may be more suited for completing the genetic editing of C. tropicalis.
      PubDate: 2018-09-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s10295-018-2074-9
  • Transcriptomic and proteomic changes from medium supplementation and
           strain evolution in high-yielding Clostridium thermocellum strains
    • Authors: Beth Papanek; Kaela B. O’Dell; Punita Manga; Richard J. Giannone; Dawn M. Klingeman; Robert L. Hettich; Steven D. Brown; Adam M. Guss
      Abstract: Abstract Clostridium thermocellum is a potentially useful organism for the production of lignocellulosic biofuels because of its ability to directly deconstruct cellulose and convert it into ethanol. Previously engineered C. thermocellum strains have achieved higher yields and titers of ethanol. These strains often initially grow more poorly than the wild type. Adaptive laboratory evolution and medium supplementation have been used to improve growth, but the mechanism(s) by which growth improves remain(s) unclear. Here, we studied (1) wild-type C. thermocellum, (2) the slow-growing and high-ethanol-yielding mutant AG553, and (3) the faster-growing evolved mutant AG601, each grown with and without added formate. We used a combination of transcriptomics and proteomics to understand the physiological impact of the metabolic engineering, evolution, and medium supplementation. Medium supplementation with formate improved growth in both AG553 and AG601. Expression of C1 metabolism genes varied with formate addition, supporting the hypothesis that the primary benefit of added formate is the supply of C1 units for biosynthesis. Expression of stress response genes such as those involved in the sporulation cascade was dramatically over-represented in AG553, even after the addition of formate, suggesting that the source of the stress may be other issues such as redox imbalances. The sporulation response is absent in evolved strain AG601, suggesting that sporulation limits the growth of engineered strain AG553. A better understanding of the stress response and mechanisms of improved growth hold promise for informing rational improvement of C. thermocellum for lignocellulosic biofuel production.
      PubDate: 2018-09-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s10295-018-2073-x
  • Production of optically pure l (+)-lactic acid from waste plywood chips
           using an isolated thermotolerant Enterococcus faecalis SI at a pilot scale
    • Authors: Shuo-Fu Yuan; Teng-Chieh Hsu; Chun-An Wang; Ming-Feng Jang; Yang-Cheng Kuo; Hal S. Alper; Gia-Luen Guo; Wen-Song Hwang
      Abstract: Abstract Utilization of renewable and low-cost lignocellulosic wastes has received major focus in industrial lactic acid production. The use of high solid loadings in biomass pretreatment potentially offers advantages over low solid loadings including higher lactic acid concentration with decreased production and capital costs. In this study, an isolated Enterococcus faecalis SI with optimal temperature 42 °C was used to produce optically pure l-lactic acid (> 99%) from enzyme-saccharified hydrolysates of acid-impregnated steam explosion (AISE)-treated plywood chips. The l-lactic acid production increased by 10% at 5 L scale compared to the similar fermentation scheme reported by Wee et al. The fermentation with a high solid loading of 20% and 35% (w/v) AISE-pretreated plywood chips had been successfully scaled up to process development unit scale (100 L) and pilot scale (9 m3), respectively. This is the first report of pilot-scale lignocellulosic lactic acid fermentation by E. faecalis with high lactic acid titer (nearly 92 g L−1) and yield (0.97 kg kg−1). Therefore, large-scale l-lactic acid production by E. faecalis SI shows the potential application for industries.
      PubDate: 2018-09-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s10295-018-2078-5
  • Functional metabolomics approach reveals the reduced biosynthesis of fatty
           acids and TCA cycle is required for pectinase activity in Bacillus
    • Authors: Yi Guan; Di Yin; Xi Du; Xiuyun Ye
      Abstract: Abstract Increase of pectinase activity is especially important in fermentation industry. Understanding of the metabolic mechanisms can find metabolic modulation approach to promote high yield of pectinase. Higher activity of pectinase was detected in DY1 than DY2, two strains of Bacillus licheniformis. GC–MS-based metabolomics identified differential metabolome of DY2 compared with DY1, characterizing the increased TCA cycle and biosynthesis of fatty acids. Elevated activity of pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH), α-ketoglutaric dehydrogenase (KGDH) and succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) showed global elevation of carbon metabolism, which is consistent with the result that lowers glucose in DY2 than DY1. Inhibitors malonate, furfural and triclosan, of PDH, SDH and biosynthesis of fatty acids, promoted pectinase activity, where triclosan increased pectinase activity by 179%. These results indicate that functional metabolomics is an effective approach to understand metabolic mechanisms of fermentation production and provides clues to develop new methods for changing bacterial physiology and production.
      PubDate: 2018-09-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s10295-018-2071-z
  • Correction to: Rational design of engineered microbial cell surface
           multi-enzyme co-display system for sustainable NADH regeneration from
           low-cost biomass
    • Authors: Lei Han; Bo Liang; Jianxia Song; Aihua Liu
      Abstract: In the original publication, the author group has been published incorrectly. All authors have agreed to add Aihua Liu as co-author of this article, since the original idea for the experiments, the experimental expertise and some of the plasmids originated from him.
      PubDate: 2018-08-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s10295-018-2065-x
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