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  Subjects -> BIOLOGY (Total: 3190 journals)
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BIOTECHNOLOGY (244 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 244 Journals sorted alphabetically
3 Biotech     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Regenerative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Algal Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 69)
American Journal of Bioinformatics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Polymer Science     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Amylase     Open Access  
Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology : C Life Sciences and Biotechnology     Open Access  
Animal Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annales des Sciences Agronomiques     Full-text available via subscription  
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Food Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
Applied Mycology and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Arthroplasty Today     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Biotech News     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australasian Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Banat's Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
BBR : Biochemistry and Biotechnology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Beitr?ge zur Tabakforschung International/Contributions to Tobacco Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bio-Algorithms and Med-Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bio-Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bioactive Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biocybernetics and Biological Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Bioethics UPdate     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biofuels     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Biofuels Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Biological Cybernetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biomarkers and Genomic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biomaterials Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BioMed Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomédica     Open Access  
Biomedical and Biotechnology Research Journal     Open Access  
Biomedical Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Biomedical Glasses     Open Access  
Biomedical Reports     Full-text available via subscription  
BioMedicine     Open Access  
Biomedika     Open Access  
Bioprinting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioresource Technology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Biosensors Journal     Open Access  
Biosimilars     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biosurface and Biotribology     Open Access  
Biotechnic and Histochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BioTechniques : The International Journal of Life Science Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Biotechnologia Acta     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biotechnology Advances     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Biotechnology and Bioengineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 160)
Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Biotechnology and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology Annual Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Biotechnology for Biofuels     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Biotechnology Frontier     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Biotechnology Law Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biotechnology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Biotechnology Progress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Biotechnology Reports     Open Access  
Biotechnology Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnology Techniques     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biotecnología Aplicada     Open Access  
Bioteknologi (Biotechnological Studies)     Open Access  
BIOTIK : Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Teknologi dan Kependidikan     Open Access  
Biotribology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BMC Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Cell Biology and Development     Open Access  
Chinese Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Communications in Mathematical Biology and Neuroscience     Open Access  
Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Copernican Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Critical Reviews in Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Bionanotechnology     Hybrid Journal  
Current Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Opinion in Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Research in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Current Trends in Biotechnology and Chemical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current trends in Biotechnology and Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
DNA and RNA Nanotechnology     Open Access  
EBioMedicine     Open Access  
Electronic Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
Entomologia Generalis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Environmental Science : Processes & Impacts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Experimental Biology and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Folia Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Food Bioscience     Hybrid Journal  
Food Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Food Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Frontiers in Systems Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Fungal Biology and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
GM Crops and Food: Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
GSTF Journal of BioSciences     Open Access  
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences     Open Access  
Horticultural Biotechnology Research     Open Access  
Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
IEEE Transactions on Molecular, Biological and Multi-Scale Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
IET Nanobiotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
IN VIVO     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Indian Journal of Biotechnology (IJBT)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indonesia Journal of Biomedical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Journal of Medicine     Open Access  
Industrial Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Biomechanics     Open Access  
International Journal of Bioinformatics Research and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Biomechatronics and Biomedical Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Biotechnology for Wellness Industries     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Environment, Agriculture and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Functional Informatics and Personalised Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Nanotechnology and Molecular Computation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Radiation Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Iranian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
ISABB Journal of Biotechnology and Bioinformatics     Open Access  
Italian Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
JMIR Biomedical Engineering     Open Access  
Journal of Biometrics & Biostatistics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefense     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Advanced Therapies and Medical Innovation Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Advances in Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal Of Agrobiotechnology     Open Access  
Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Applied Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Biotechnology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Mathematics & Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Biologically Active Products from Nature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Biomedical Photonics & Engineering     Open Access  
Journal of Biomedical Practitioners     Open Access  
Journal of Bioprocess Engineering and Biorefinery     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Bioprocessing & Biotechniques     Open Access  
Journal of BioScience and Biotechnology     Open Access  
Journal of Biosecurity Biosafety and Biodefense Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
Journal of Biotechnology and Strategic Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Chemical and Biological Interfaces     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Chitin and Chitosan Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Colloid Science and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Commercial Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Crop Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Ecobiotechnology     Open Access  
Journal of Essential Oil Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Ginseng Research     Open Access  
Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Integrative Bioinformatics     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Imaging and Health Informatics     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology     Open Access  
Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Nano Education     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Nanobiotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Nanofluids     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Organic and Biomolecular Simulations     Open Access  
Journal of Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Science and Applications : Biomedicine     Open Access  
Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Tropical Microbiology and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Marine Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Meat Technology     Open Access  
Messenger     Full-text available via subscription  
Metabolic Engineering Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Metalloproteinases In Medicine     Open Access  
Microbial Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
MicroMedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Molecular and Cellular Biomedical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Molecular Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nanobiomedicine     Open Access  
Nanobiotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)

        1 2 | Last

Journal Cover
Bioethics UPdate
Number of Followers: 1  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2395-938X - ISSN (Online) 2448-7511
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3155 journals]
  • In memoriam
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 October 2018Source: Bioethics UpdateAuthor(s):
       
  • Mejoramiento cognitivo farmacológico: implicaciones bioéticas a la luz
           de la evidencia científica actual
    • Abstract: Publication date: July–December 2018Source: Bioethics Update, Volume 4, Issue 2Author(s): Mijail Alejandro Tapia MorenoResumenEl mejoramiento cognitivo farmacológico es un tema que en la actualidad merece una atención especial considerando el aumento en la demanda de los pacientes para su prescripción. Es esencial examinar las implicaciones bioéticas de su uso, particularmente cuando no constituye una intervención inocua.La efectividad de los mejoradores cognitivos arroja evidencia inconsistente respecto a sus beneficios putativos, como aumento de concentración o mejor memoria, debido a que los resultados muestran poca consistencia, abarcando un espectro desde efectos deletéreos hasta efectos benéficos en tareas específicas.Considerando este trasfondo es evidente la necesidad de evaluar qué tan ético es prescribir o recomendar el uso de estos medicamentos; esta evaluación puede ser realizada a la luz de los principios bioéticos de no maleficencia, beneficencia, autonomía y justicia. La no maleficencia es una preocupación cuando se revisan los potenciales efectos adversos. La beneficencia no es clara, particularmente cuando es dudoso que los beneficios demostrados en algunos estudios puedan traducirse en un mejor desempeño en la vida real. Aunque la efectividad actual del mejoramiento cognitivo farmacológico hace que no supongan un problema para el principio de justicia, este no debe ser un aspecto sin consideración, puesto que esto puede cambiar con el desarrollo de mejoradores cognitivos más efectivos. The use of cognition-enhancing drugs is a topic that currently requires special attention, particularly given the growing patient demand for their prescription. It is essential to examine the ethical aspects inherent to the use of these drugs, especially when they are not an innocuous intervention.The effectiveness of these cognition-enhancing drugs lacks the scientific evidence that supports the benefits attributed to them, such as more focus or better memory, as the results in studies show little consistency covering a spectrum from deleterious effects to beneficial effects in certain tasks.Considering this background, it is obvious that an assessment is required on how ethical it is to prescribe or recommend them. This assessment can be made based on bioethical principles of non-maleficence, beneficence, autonomy, and justice. Non-maleficence is a concern when reviewing potential adverse effects. Beneficence is unclear, particularly when it is doubtful that the benefits shown in some studies translate into improved performance in the real world. Although the current effectiveness of cognition-enhancing drugs suggests that they do not pose a problem to the justice principle, this should not be an aspect to be dismissed considering that this may change with the development of more effective cognition-enhancing drugs.
       
  • The philosophy of palliative care
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 July 2018Source: Bioethics UpdateAuthor(s): Evandro Agazzi
       
  • Research on animals and current UGC guidelines on animal dissection and
           experimentation: A critical analysis
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 June 2018Source: Bioethics UpdateAuthor(s): Kuldeep Kaushik, Ravi Vaswani Dissection and vivisection are two important activities in biological classes in order to understand the vital processes of life. They not only provide basic training for young learners, but also lay the foundation for all other research. Inhuman behavior toward laboratory animals drew the attention of the public worldwide, including many non-government organizations and animal lovers. They convinced some countries to issue strict guidelines for the use of animals for classroom dissection/experimental purposes. After receiving many complaints on unethical uses of animals for classroom dissection purposes, the University Grant Commission, New Delhi, issued new guidelines for the phasing out of dissection and animal experimentation in the zoology/life sciences curricula. In the present study the authors correlate the relevance and importance of animal dissections in teaching and research, and for the parallel development of medical and biological science. They conclude that animal experiments are vital to the future well-being of humans, and are morally permissible as long as they are conducted with high ethical standards. Animal experimentation and use of animals for dissection purposes are also justifiable, from various philosophical viewpoints. It appears that the guidelines issued by UGC are not based on serious deliberation on the bioethical dilemma.ResumenLa disección y la vivisección son dos parámetros importantes en las clases de biología para comprender los procesos vitales de la vida de los seres vivos. No solo proporciona la práctica imprescindible a los estudiantes, sino que también permite establecer las bases para todas las demás investigaciones. El comportamiento inhumano hacia los animales de laboratorio ha llamado la atención del público en todo el mundo, así como de muchas organizaciones no gubernamentales defensoras de los animales. Convencieron a algunos países para que establecieran pautas estrictas sobre el uso de animales para la disección con fines experimentales en el aula. Después de recibir muchas quejas sobre usos no éticos de animales para las prácticas de disección en el aula, la University Grant Commission (Comisión de Becas Universitarias) de Nueva Delhi emitió una nueva directiva que suprimía, de manera escalonada, la disección y la experimentación animal en el currículo de zoología/ciencias de la vida. En el presente estudio, los autores relacionan la relevancia y la importancia de las disecciones de animales en docencia e investigación y para el desarrollo paralelo de la medicina y la biología. Concluyen que los experimentos con animales son vitales para el bienestar futuro de los humanos y que son moralmente permisibles, siempre y cuando se lleven a cabo con altos estándares éticos. La experimentación animal y el uso de animales con propósitos de disección también son justificables, desde varios puntos de vista filosóficos. Parece que la directriz emitida por la UGC no se basa en una seria deliberación sobre el dilema bioético.
       
  • The neurobiological and environmental origin of ethics: Analysis of
           biological, social and religious determinism
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 June 2018Source: Bioethics UpdateAuthor(s): Omar Hanun Rodríguez, Cecilia Ximénez Camilli There are different points of view regarding the origin of ethical decision-making. From a simplistic point of view, one can think that only the neurobiological characteristics of each person influence the functioning of morality. However, it is important to think about the sociocultural environment in which the person develops, including religion and psychological aspects not defined by the neurobiology that eventually determines the ethical decision-making pattern, and therefore each person's morality.The origin of ethics and human morality takes place in various elements. Correct neurological functioning, cultural characteristics, spirituality, socio-economic environment, and life experiences are essential elements that determine the development of a moral judgment. All these elements provide the brain with characteristics that determine its functioning when making decisions to resolve dilemmas and further determine the pattern of moral positions. This article seeks to expose the different factors that constitute human morality, in order to analyze each one in detail for the further understanding of the origin and complexity of morals and ethics.ResumenExisten diversos puntos de vista con respecto al origen de la toma de decisiones éticas. Desde un punto de vista simplista se puede pensar que en el funcionamiento de la moral solo influyen las características neurobiológicas de cada persona, sin embargo, es importante pensar que la persona está conformada por diferentes aspectos además de la neurobiología como el ambiente sociocultural donde se desenvuelve, religión y aspectos psicológicos no definidos aun por la neurobiología que determinan eventualmente el patrón de toma de decisiones éticas y por ende la moral de cada persona.El origen de la ética y la moral humana que tiene lugar en diversos elementos. Es necesario tanto el funcionamiento neurológico como las características culturales de la persona como su espiritualidad y medio socioeconómico, las experiencias que ha vivido, etc. Todos estos elementos proveen al cerebro de características que determinan su funcionamiento al momento de tomar decisiones para resolver dilemas y determinan ulteriormente el patrón de posturas morales de cada persona. En este artículo se busca exponer los diferentes factores que constituyen la moral humana con el fin de analizar detalladamente cada uno y entender posteriormente el origen y la complejidad de la moral y la ética.
       
  • El «mejor interés» del menor transexual
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 March 2018Source: Bioethics UpdateAuthor(s): José López GuzmánResumenCuando un niño o niña se considera con manifestaciones propias de disforia de género se aconseja a los padres que se comience la transición social al nuevo género y se facilite a los menores bloqueadores de la pubertad, a los 16 años se le recomienden hormonas cruzadas y, por último, cuando llegue la mayoría de edad se proceda a la intervención quirúrgica. Este protocolo, que se podría denominar oficial o políticamente correcto, al tener el respaldo de distintas asociaciones profesionales sanitarias, colectivos de afectados y, en algunos casos, la propia legislación, está siendo muy discutido por distintas razones como, por ejemplo, las bajas tasas de persistencia de transexualismo en el paso de la infancia a la madurez, los efectos secundarios de los tratamientos, etc. Ante esta tesitura, cualquier determinación en este sentido deberá venir precedida de un acto de prudencia en el que se proteja el bien del menor. En este marco, cabe preguntarse cuál es el mejor interés del menor. When a child is considered to have manifestations of gender dysphoria, parents are advised to begin the social transition to the new gender, and to provide the child with blockers of puberty and give cross-hormones at 16 years of age. Finally, when the age of majority comes, surgery is recommended. This protocol, which could be called official or politically correct, because of its support by different health professional associations, groups of people affected, and, in some cases, the legislation itself. These are all being discussed for various reasons, such as, for example, the low rates of persistence of transsexualism in the passage from childhood to maturity, and the side effects of treatments, etc. Given this situation, any decision making in this regard must be preceded by an act of prudence, aimed at guaranteeing the child's welfare. Within this framework it is important to ask what is really the best interest of the child.
       
  • Los bancos de células madre de cordón umbilical y su necesidad de
           regulación en México
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 February 2018Source: Bioethics UpdateAuthor(s): Ignacio Mora-Magaña, Arantxa Quiroz, Myriam Marlene Altamirano BustamanteResumenLa preservación de células vivas o no y sus datos sociodemográficos y clínicos es común. Los bancos de sangre de cordón umbilical son un ejemplo conspicuo de medicina personalizada. Los problemas bioéticos de biobancos apenas empiezan. Se hizo una revisión sistemática de la literatura, buscando en más de 4 bases, con metodología de la Colaboración Cochrane. Trabajamos con 98 artículos. Se dividieron en 4 temas: bioética, consentimiento informado, aspectos legales y regulatorios y políticas de salud. La autonomía, la confidencialidad, el respeto y la dignidad de la persona, forman un clúster relevante. En este análisis ha aparecido un tema emergente, la propiedad que ahora adquiere su verdadero significado. El consentimiento informado implica el respeto del profesional de la salud por la autonomía de la persona enferma, sea niño o adulto, sea capaz o no. En México no hay ley, reglamento ni norma. Es urgente regular los bancos de sangre de cordón umbilical en México. The preservation of cells, whether living or not, along with their sociodemographic and clinical data is common. The umbilical cord blood banks are a clear example of personalised medicine. Bioethics problems in biobanks are just emerging. A systematic review of the literature was carried out, searching in more than 4 databases, using methodology of the Cochrane Collaboration, with a total of 98 papers being found. These were divided into four subjects: bioethics, informed consent, legal and regulatory aspects, and health care policies. freedom, confidentiality, respect and dignity of the person, formed a relevant cluster. In this analysis an emergent theme appeared: the ownership, which now acquires its true significance. Informed Consent involves the respect by the health professional on the freedom of the patient, whether child or adult, capable or not. In Mexico there is no law, regulation or guidelines. The regulation of cord blood banks is urgently required in Mexico.
       
  • Bioethics as a counterbalance to medicalization
    • Abstract: Publication date: January–June 2018Source: Bioethics Update, Volume 4, Issue 1Author(s): Evandro Agazzi
       
  • Ethical reflections on proton radiotherapy
    • Abstract: Publication date: January–June 2018Source: Bioethics Update, Volume 4, Issue 1Author(s): Filippo Grillo-Ruggieri, Giuseppe Scielzo Proton therapy is one of the current major advances in radiation cancer radiation treatment. Its comparison, even with most refined radiotherapy techniques with X-rays, shows in many advantages, due to better physical distribution of protons in human tissues, both in terms of higher tumor dose and normal tissue sparing. A full demonstration of proton therapy advantages after formal randomized trials should be considered mandatory in the oncological community, from an ethical point of view, before its widespread use on patients. This could lead to a risk of a substantial delay while waiting for the results of trials results, the exploitation, on a large scale, of the rapidly increasing progress and dissemination of proton therapy delivery technology. This also could be considered unethical in terms of delaying expected benefits to cancer patients. A possible solution to this dilemma is to apply other methods to assure safety and ethics in patient selection for proton therapy instead of X-rays radiation therapy. The adopt and trial method coupled to a Model-Based and Knowledge-Based approach to compare a dose distribution plan using protons or X-rays may satisfy ethical requirements and avoid any delay in the wider application of proton therapy to cancer patients.ResumenLa terapia con protones es uno de los avances actuales más importantes de la oncología de radiación para el tratamiento del cáncer. Su comparación hasta con las más refinadas técnicas de radioterapia con rayos x indica en muchos casos ventajas, debido a la mejor distribución física de los protones en los tejidos humanos, tanto en términos de una dosis más elevada en el tumor como en el ahorro de tejidos sanos. Se podría considerar obligatoria una demostración completa de las ventajas de la terapia con protones después de ensayos aleatorizados formales, incluso desde un punto de vista ético, antes de un uso extendido con pacientes. Sin embargo, existe el riesgo de retrasar sustancialmente, mientras que se espera el resultado de los ensayos, la explotación en gran escala del rápido progreso y difusión de la tecnología de la terapia de suministración de protones. Esto podría también considerarse no ético desde el punto de vista del sustraer a los pacientes oncológicos beneficios esperados. Una solución posible de este dilema consiste en adoptar otros métodos para asegurar seguridad y ética en la selección de pacientes para terapia mediante protones en lugar de rayos x. El método “adopta y ensaya”, combinado con el enfoque “basado en modelo” y “basado en conocimientos” para comparar un plan de distribución de dosis mediante protones o mediante rayos x puede satisfacer a los requisitos éticos y evitar retrasos en la difusión de la aplicación a pacientes oncológicos de la terapia con protones.
       
  • La libertad en la eugenesia liberal: reflexiones sobre el papel del Estado
    • Abstract: Publication date: January–June 2018Source: Bioethics Update, Volume 4, Issue 1Author(s): Beatriz Eugenia Campillo VélezResumenLa investigación intitulada «La libertad en la eugenesia liberal: reflexiones sobre el papel del Estado» tiene su origen en el interés de poner en evidencia una contradicción que se ha vuelto «lugar común» de los discursos políticos, filosóficos y bioéticos, y es aquella tesis que sostiene que hablar de límites éticos a la ciencia y a la tecnología se considera un atentado contra la libertad, por lo cual una postura que pretenda ser eminentemente liberal debería partir de la aprobación absoluta de cualquier práctica, siendo el factor legitimador la mera voluntad de los individuos, y derivándose de este razonamiento aquella posición simplista que afirma que los Estados deben guardar silencio frente a cuestiones éticas y morales. Tal «lugar común», creemos desconoce la tradición liberal defensora de los derechos humanos, la cual otorga un papel preponderante al Estado como garante de los mismos, el cual no es de ninguna manera un papel secundario, ni mucho menos neutral. The study entitled ‘Freedom in liberal eugenics: reflections on the role of the State’ has its origin in the interest of highlighting a contradiction that has become ‘common place’ in political, philosophical, and bioethical discourses; and this argument states the ethical limits of science and technology is considered an attempt against freedom. Therefore, this position, which intends to be eminently liberal, should start from the absolute approval of any practice being the crucial legitimising factor of individual wills. From this reasoning is deduced a simplistic position that claims that the State should remain silent in the face of ethical and moral issues. Such ‘common place’, we believe, does not recognise the liberal tradition that protects the human rights, providing a predominant role of the State as the guardian of these, and this is by no means neutral.
       
  • Reflexiones bioéticas en torno a la historia de las epidemias de
           viruela
    • Abstract: Publication date: January–June 2018Source: Bioethics Update, Volume 4, Issue 1Author(s): Lourdes VelázquezResumenLas epidemias se podrían considerar como enfermedades colectivas, es decir, que afectan una amplia comunidad y pueden incluso llegar a su total destrucción. Por esta razón plantean problemas bioéticos especiales, en cuanto que obligan a darles una prioridad a ciertos valores colectivos, vinculados al «bien común» frente a los valores que habitualmente se consideran en la ética médica. Por esta razón, una breve historia de las epidemias sirve para aclararnos la real importancia y complejidad de este cuadro, que podría presentarse a la humanidad de los tiempos presentes o futuros en formas incluso más complejas que las epidemias del pasado. Además, la consideración de algunos episodios de esta historia, en los cuales el uso del contagio contra poblaciones enemigas fue adoptado para exterminarlas, nos acerca a problemas muy actuales que conciernen al aspecto ético del «doble uso» de los resultados de la investigación científica. Epidemics can be considered as collective illnesses, in the sense that they affect a whole large community, and can even lead to its total destruction. For this reason they present with special bioethical problems, as they entail giving priority to certain collective values, linked with the ‘common good’, over other values that are usually considered in medical ethics. For this reason, a short history of epidemics will help clarify the real importance and complexity of this picture, which could possibly face humankind of the present and the future in forms even more complex than past epidemics. In addition, the consideration of certain episodes of this history, in which the conscious use of contagion was adopted to destroy enemy populations, brings one rather close to the currently wide discussed issue of the ‘double use’ of the results of scientific research.
       
  • Individual Autonomy: Self, Culture, and Bioethics
    • Abstract: Publication date: January–June 2018Source: Bioethics Update, Volume 4, Issue 1Author(s): Ashwani Kumar Peetush, Arjuna Maharaj This paper problematizes the concept of individual autonomy in the on-going project of attempting to understand and construct global principles of bioethics. We argue that autonomy as it is commonly defined and interpreted, and the emphasis that is placed on it, presupposes an individualistic concept of the self, family, and community that arises out of a Euro- Western liberal tradition and that is often in tension with various non-Western perspectives. We conclude that a more globally dialogical approach to bioethics is required.ResumenEste ensayo problematiza el concepto de autonomía individual con relación al proyecto en curso por comprender y construir principios globales para la bioética. Nuestro argumento es que la autonomía, tal como es corrientemente definida e interpretada, y el énfasis que se pone en ella, presupone una noción individualista de la persona y de la sociedad que deriva de la tradición liberal Euro-Occidental. Ese individualismo está frecuentemente en tensión con otras variadas perspectivas no occidentales. En conclusión, afirmamos la necesidad de una aproximación dialógica global a la bioética en general.
       
  • El poshumanismo: ¿promesa o amenaza de la tecnociencia' Principios de
           una biopolítica mínima
    • Abstract: Publication date: January–June 2018Source: Bioethics Update, Volume 4, Issue 1Author(s): Eugenio MoyaResumenEn 2004, a Neil Harbisson, que había nacido con discromatopsia, no se le permitió renovar su pasaporte británico; su foto fue rechazada. La Oficina de Pasaportes no permitía que Harbisson apareciera con un equipo electrónico en la cabeza. Harbisson alegó que su eyeborg (ojo electrónico) debía ser considerado parte de su cuerpo; él había devenido un cíborg. Cartas de respaldo de su médico, amigos y compañeros fueron enviadas a la Oficina de Pasaportes. Finalmente, se incluyó el dispositivo de Harbisson y se convirtió en el primer cíborg reconocido por un gobierno. Gracias a la tecnociencia, él pasó a ser un tipo diferente de ser poshumano: «Harbisson 2.0». Este trabajo evalúa los riesgos de nuestro futuro poshumano y plantea cinco principios de una biopolítica mínima. In 2004, Neil Harbisson, who was born with dyschromatopsia, was not allowed to renew his UK passport. His passport photo was rejected. The UK Passport Authority would not allow Harbisson to appear with electronic equipment on his head. Harbisson wrote back to them insisting that the ‘eyeborg’ (electronic eye) should be considered part of his body as he had become a cyborg. Letters from his doctor, friends and partners were sent to the Passport Office to give him support. Finally, Harbisson's device was included and he became the first cyborg recognised by a government. Thanks to the Technoscience, he is a different kind of post-human being: ‘Harbisson 2.0’. This paper evaluates the risks of our future post-human and raises five principles of minimal Biopolitics.
       
  • Medical ethics and pandemic emergencies
    • Abstract: Publication date: January–June 2018Source: Bioethics Update, Volume 4, Issue 1Author(s): David E. Schrader 2018 is the 100th anniversary of an influenza epidemic that took the lives of between fifty and a hundred million people. Traditional medical ethics places the primary obligation of medical personnel on the care of individual patients. Yet in a time of pandemic emergency, the shear scope of demand for medical treatment may well make it impossible to meet both the public health needs of collective humanity and the collected needs of individual patients. Medical ethics must address this dilemma.ResumenDos mil dieciocho es el centésimo aniversario de una epidemia de influenza que ha cobrado entre 50 y 100 millones de víctimas. La ética médica tradicional coloca la obligación primaria del personal médico en la atención de pacientes individuales. Sin embargo, en tiempos de emergencia de pandemia, el puro y simple ámbito de las demandas de tratamiento médico puede hacer imposible satisfacer al mismo tiempo las exigencias de salud pública de la humanidad entera y del conjunto de las necesidades de los pacientes individuales. La ética médica tiene que enfocar este dilema.
       
 
 
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