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  Subjects -> BIOLOGY (Total: 3134 journals)
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BIOTECHNOLOGY (236 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 237 Journals sorted alphabetically
3 Biotech     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
African Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Algal Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 64)
American Journal of Bioinformatics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Polymer Science     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology : C Life Sciences and Biotechnology     Open Access  
Animal Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annales des Sciences Agronomiques     Full-text available via subscription  
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Applied Bioenergy     Open Access  
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Food Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
Applied Mycology and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Arthroplasty Today     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Biotech News     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australasian Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Banat's Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
BBR : Biochemistry and Biotechnology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bio-Algorithms and Med-Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bio-Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Bioactive Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biocybernetics and Biological Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Bioethics UPdate     Hybrid Journal  
Biofuels     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Biofuels Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Biological Cybernetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biomarkers and Genomic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biomarkers in Drug Development     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Biomaterials Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BioMed Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomédica     Open Access  
Biomedical and Biotechnology Research Journal     Open Access  
Biomedical Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Biomedical glasses     Open Access  
Biomedical Reports     Full-text available via subscription  
BioMedicine     Open Access  
Biomedika     Open Access  
Bioprinting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioresource Technology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Biosimilars     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biosurface and Biotribology     Open Access  
Biotechnic and Histochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
BioTechniques : The International Journal of Life Science Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Biotechnologia Acta     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biotechnology Advances     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Biotechnology and Bioengineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 155)
Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Biotechnology and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnology Annual Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Biotechnology for Biofuels     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Biotechnology Frontier     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biotechnology Law Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biotechnology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Biotechnology Progress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Biotechnology Reports     Open Access  
Biotechnology Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnology Techniques     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biotecnología Aplicada     Open Access  
Bioteknologi (Biotechnological Studies)     Open Access  
Biotribology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BMC Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Cell Biology and Development     Open Access  
Chinese Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Communications in Mathematical Biology and Neuroscience     Open Access  
Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Contributions to Tobacco Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Copernican Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Critical Reviews in Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Bionanotechnology     Hybrid Journal  
Current Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Opinion in Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Research in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Current Trends in Biotechnology and Chemical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current trends in Biotechnology and Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
EBioMedicine     Open Access  
Electronic Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
Entomologia Generalis     Full-text available via subscription  
Environmental Science : Processes & Impacts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Experimental Biology and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Folia Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Food Bioscience     Hybrid Journal  
Food Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Food Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Frontiers in Systems Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Fungal Biology and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
GM Crops and Food: Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
GSTF Journal of BioSciences     Open Access  
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences     Open Access  
Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
IEEE Transactions on Molecular, Biological and Multi-Scale Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
IET Nanobiotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
IIOAB Letters     Open Access  
IN VIVO     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Indian Journal of Biotechnology (IJBT)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indonesia Journal of Biomedical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Industrial Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Biomechanics     Open Access  
International Journal of Bioinformatics Research and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Biomechatronics and Biomedical Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Biotechnology for Wellness Industries     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Environment, Agriculture and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Functional Informatics and Personalised Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Nanotechnology and Molecular Computation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Radiation Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Iranian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
ISABB Journal of Biotechnology and Bioinformatics     Open Access  
Italian Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Biometrics & Biostatistics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefense     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Advanced Therapies and Medical Innovation Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Advances in Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal Of Agrobiotechnology     Open Access  
Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Applied Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Biotechnology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Mathematics & Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Biologically Active Products from Nature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Biomedical Photonics & Engineering     Open Access  
Journal of Biomedical Practitioners     Open Access  
Journal of Bioprocess Engineering and Biorefinery     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Bioprocessing & Biotechniques     Open Access  
Journal of Biosecurity, Biosafety and Biodefense Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
Journal of Biotechnology and Strategic Health Research     Open Access  
Journal of Chemical and Biological Interfaces     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Chitin and Chitosan Science     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Colloid Science and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Commercial Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Crop Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Essential Oil Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Ginseng Research     Open Access  
Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Integrative Bioinformatics     Open Access  
Journal of International Biotechnology Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medical Imaging and Health Informatics     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology     Open Access  
Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Nano Education     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Nanobiotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Nanofluids     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Organic and Biomolecular Simulations     Open Access  
Journal of Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Science and Applications : Biomedicine     Open Access  
Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Tropical Microbiology and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Marine Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Messenger     Full-text available via subscription  
Metabolic Engineering Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Metalloproteinases In Medicine     Open Access  
Microalgae Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Microbial Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
MicroMedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Molecular and Cellular Biomedical Sciences     Open Access  
Molecular Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nanobiomedicine     Open Access  
Nanobiotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology     Open Access  
Nanomaterials and Tissue Regeneration     Open Access  
Nanomedicine and Nanobiology     Full-text available via subscription  
Nanomedicine Research Journal     Open Access  
Nanotechnology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Nature Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 535)

        1 2 | Last

Journal Cover Folia Medica Indonesiana
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 0303-7932
   Published by Universitas Airlangga Homepage  [18 journals]
  • The Role of HIF-1alpha in Regional Lymph Nodes Metastasis in Colorectal
           Adenocarcinoma

    • Authors: Ladyna Rumapar, Sjahjenny Mustokoweni, Alphania Rahniayu
      Pages: 1 - 5
      Abstract: Colorectal carcinoma has high morbidity and mortality rate worldwide, in which over 90% are adenocarcinoma. Colorectal carcinoma is one of the most cancer that metastasize to the lymph node. Angiogenesis have an important role in tumor growth and metastasis. Hypoxia is the trigger factor for angiogenesis. Hypoxia induced factor-1 (HIF-1) is one critical protein directly reacting to hypoxia. HIF-1alpha, a HIF-1 subunit, is an important regulator of angiogenesis. This study analyzed HIF-1a expression in colorectal adenocarcinoma with and without regional lymph node metastasis. This study was to prove that HIF-1a has a role in regional lymph node metastasis in colorectal adenocarcinoma. An analytical observational study was conducted on thirty formalin fixed paraffin-embedded colorectal adenocarcinoma tissues from Anatomic Pathology Laboratory of Dr. Soetomo Hospital. Detection of HIF-1alpha expressions were performed with immunohistochemistry method, using HIF-1alpha antibody. It were statistically analyzed using Mann-Whitney and Kruskal- Wallis methods. There were no significant differences in the expression of HIF-1alpha in colorectal adenocarcinoma with or without lymph node (LN) metastasis (p>0.05). As a conclusion, this study showed that HIF-1alpha has no role in LN metastasis in colorectal adenocarcinoma.
      PubDate: 2018-04-05
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Analysis of Maspin Expression in Invasive Ductal Carcinoma of the Breast
           on Stages IIA and IIIB

    • Authors: Arif Satria Hardika, Dyah Fauziah
      Pages: 6 - 9
      Abstract: Mammary Serine Protease Inhibitor (maspin) is a tumor suppressor gene, a member of the serine protease inhibitor (serpin) family that works by inhibiting motility of cell movement, invasion and metastasis. Maspin expression is expected to be a prognostic factor as well as a predictive factor in mammary tumors. However, in some recent studies, maspin has a variety of expressions. Although it is known that no maspine appears as an indicator of tumor progression and metastasis, recent study has shown that maspine expression is associated with an aggressive phenotype of breast cancer and with a poor prognosis. Correlations between maspine expression and poor prognosis have also been reported in pancreatic, ovarian, thyroid, bladder and lung cancers. Knowledge of the expression and role of this maspin as well as its relationship with the pathogenesis of breast invasive ductal carcinoma is still small. The aim of this study was to look at differences in maspin expression in breast-invasive ductal carcinoma of stage IIA and stage IIIB groups. This research method used analytic observational research with cross sectional approach. The samples were invasive carcinoma of NST paraffin at the Department of Anatomic Pathology of Dr Soetomo Hospital, Surabaya, from January to December 2015. Thirty samples were divided into two groups, namely stage IIA and stage IIIB groups and immunohistochemical examination with maspin antibody was carried out. The difference of maspin expression in stage IIA and stage IIIB was analyzed using Mann-Whitney statistic test. There were significant differences in maspin expression between stage IIA and stage IIIB groups, where stage IIA has a high maspin expression rather than stage IIIB.
      PubDate: 2018-04-05
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Comparation of Phenotypic and Genotypic Profile of Carbapenemase Producing
           Escherichia coli

    • Authors: Silvia Sutandhio, Budiono Budiono, Hardiono Hardiono, Kuntaman Kuntaman, Eddy Bagus Wasito, Maria Inge Lusida
      Pages: 10 - 15
      Abstract: Carbapenemase-producing Escherichia coli (E. coli) has caused trouble in therapeutic antibiotic selection. Carbapenemase screening procedure in laboratories is usually based on inacurate semi-automatic system. Confirmation and classification of carbapenemases according to Ambler can be done with combination of phenotypic methods, i.e., Modified Hodge Test (MHT), Sodium Mercaptoacetic Acid (SMA), and 3-Aminophenylboronic Acid (PBA). This study aimed to compare profiles of carbapenemase-producing E. coli which were confirmed and classified phenotypically with the genotypic profiles. E. coli isolates from urine specimens which were potential as carbapenemase-producers according to semi-automatic system BD Phoenix were phenotypically tested with MHT, SMA, and PBA. Isolates were grouped as carbapenemase-producers and non carbapenemase-producers. Phenotypic carbapenemase-producer isolates were classified based on Ambler criteria. All isolates were then tested with Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) for the presence of OXA-48, IMP1, IMP2, GES, VIM, NDM, KPC genes. Out of 30 isolates, 6 isolates (20.0%) were MHT positive, and 25 isolates (83.3%) were SMA positive, which indicated that most isolates produced were carbapenemase Ambler B. PCR confirmed 12 isolates (40.0%) had VIM gene which were classified as carbapenemase Ambler B. Phenotypic confirmatory test had 100% sensitivity and 22.2% specificity. Classification with phenotypic confirmatory test had 91.7% match with PCR. Phenotypic confirmatory test detected more carbapenemase than PCR. This low specificity may be caused by inappropriate use of diagnostic gold standard. PCR should not be used for routine carbapenemase confirmation because of vast diversity of carbapenemases. Phenotypic confirmatory test can classify carbapenemase according to Ambler classification.
      PubDate: 2018-04-05
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Effects of Red Pitaya (Hylocereus polyrhizus) on Lipid Profile of Male
           White Rats (Rattus norvegicus) Receiving High Fat Diet

    • Authors: Wiwik Werdiningsih, Suhartati Suhartati
      Pages: 16 - 21
      Abstract: Red dragon fruit (Hylocereus polyrhizus) peel contains anthocyanin, fiber and vitamin C, so it can be used to improve lipid profile in dyslipidemia. The peel of the dragon fruit is not durable, so in this study we used freeze-dried dragon fruit peel. The aim of this study was to prove that the administration of the red dragon fruit peel in a dose of 0.72 g/200 g BW, 1.08 g/200 g BW, and 1.44 g/200 g BW of rat per day for 28 days may improve lipid profile in male wistar strain white rats with high-fat diet. Lipid profiles were studied by examining of total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and triglycerides. This was a pure experimental study using randomized post test only control group design. This study used experimental animal of 30 male wistar strain white rats which were divided into five groups. Measurements of total, LDL, and HDL cholesterol levels were done by CHOD-PAP method, while triglyceride level was measured with GPO-PAP method. Data were analyzed statistically by One Way Anova test. The results of this study indicated that giving the peel of red dragon fruit as much as 0.72 g lowered total cholesterol levels, 1.08 g lowered total and LDL cholesterol levels, and 1.44 g lowered total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, triglyceride levels, and raised HDL cholesterol level. Red dragon fruit peel can be used alternatively to improve lipid profile in dyslipidemia.
      PubDate: 2018-04-05
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Comparison of Microbiological Examination by Test Tube and Congo Red Agar
           Methods to Detect Biofilm Production on Clinical Isolates

    • Authors: Dewi Klarita Furtuna, Kartuti Debora, Eddy Bagus Warsito
      Pages: 22 - 28
      Abstract: Biofilm on medical devices can cause significant diseases and deaths and give a large effecton disease transmission among patients and health providers and potentially increasethe cost of patient treatment. By knowing the presence of biofilm on a patient, one can differentiate the treatment management for that particular patient from the patients without biofilm on their medical device. The purpose of this study was to obtain diagnostic method to detect biofilm formation on isolates from the medical devices by simple method that is easy to do and can be applied in resource-limited microbiology laboratory. 36 specimens obtained from IV Line, CVC, urinary catheter and ETT were grown on Muller Hinton agar and continued with 3 methods, i.e., Test Tube method, Congo Red Agar method and Microtiter Plate Assay method. Results of this study showed Test Tube (nephelometer), Test Tube (visual) and Congo Red Agar in order to have the same sensitivity of 100% but has higher specificity compared to Test Tube method (visual) and Congo Red Agar method in detecting biofilm production on isolates from medical devices that had been plugged into patients body. The biofilm formation inside devices depends on factors, i.e., host, device and the microorganism itself.
      PubDate: 2018-04-05
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Effects of Dexamethasone on Contralateral Testicular Immune Response in
           Wistar Strain Rats with Unilateral Testicular Torsion

    • Authors: Andri Kustono, I Ketut Sudiana, Fikri Rizaldi, Tarmono Tarmono
      Pages: 29 - 33
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to prove the effects of dexamethasone on immune responses in rats with testicular torsion. This was an experimental study with post test only control group design. In this study, 27 rats were randomly divided into 3 groups. In normal or sham group (CN) orchidectomy was performed on the right testis on day 14. The positive control group (CP) had testicular torsion for 10 h, then manual detorsion was performed after 4 h, and on day 14 orchidectomy was performed on ipsilateral and contralateral testes. The treatment group (N) had testicular torsion for 10 h and received 10 mg/kgBW dexamethasone subcutaneously 30 minutes before manual detorsion 4 hours later, and on day 14 orchidectomy was performed to ipsilateral and contralateral testes. The spermatogonium count was calculated based on the average number of intratubular seminiferous tubule section observed in contralateral testicular incision with Haematoxiliyn Eosin (HE) staining. IgG count was calculated based on the average number of extratubular seminiferous tubules observed at 5 contralateral testicular incision with immunohistochemical staining (IHC). The number of spermatogonia was significantly different between CN and CP, CN and N, and CP and N (p<0.05). IgG production also showed significant differences between CN and CP, CN and N, as well as CP and N (p<0.05). In conclusion, administration of dexamethasone provides a protective effect on spermatogonium count and IgG production on a 10-hour testicular torsion.
      PubDate: 2018-04-05
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Effects of Folic Acid Intake during Pregnancy whose Mother was Exposed to
           Cigarette Smoke towards Brain Neurons Apoptosis Index and Quantity of Mice
           (Mus musculus) Offspring

    • Authors: Nyna Puspa Ningrum, Hermanto Tri Joewono, Widjiati Widjiati
      Pages: 34 - 40
      Abstract: Folic acid contains 5-methyltetrahydrofolate (5-MTHF), one of antioxidants that can be used to inhibit reaction caused by cigarette smoke exposure. Folic acid is able to inhibit the levels of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) so as to reduce the occurrence of neuronal apoptosis. The objectives of this study was to determine the effect of folic acid intake during pregnancy whose mother was exposed to cigarette smoke on brain neurons apoptosis index and quantity of mice (Mus musculus) offspring. This study was an experimental laboratory study with posttest-only control group design. The subjects were 24 female mice divided into 4 groups consisting of one control group and three treatment groups. Sampling used simple random sampling, each group consisting of 6 animals. Control group 1 was not given treatment during pregnancy, group 2 was given with folic acid orally on days 0-17 of gestational age as much as 0.06 mg/day/mice. Group 3 was given with cigarette smoke exposure on days 7-17 of gestational age, amounting to 2 cigarettes/day. Group 4 was given with cigarette smoke exposure on days 7-17 of gestational age, amounting to 2 cigarettes/day and folic acid orally on days 0-17 of gestational age as much as 0.06 mg/day/mice. The result showed significant differences in all variables. In neurons apoptosis index, there were significant differences between groups 1 and 3, groups 2 and 3, groups 3 and 4, significant differences in the quantity of neurons between groups 1 and 3, groups 2 and 3, groups 2 and 4. The study concluded that there were significant difference in neural apoptosis index between all groups, and there were also significant differences in the quantity of neurons between all groups.
      PubDate: 2018-04-05
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Effects of Arak Bali Administration on Spermatozoa DNA Fragmentation and
           Testosterone Level of Rats (Rattus norvegicus)

    • Authors: Alfiah Hayati, Dwi Winarni, Ni Wayan Sukma Antari, Inne Ninda Resita, Erlyn Nurul Fauziah
      Pages: 41 - 45
      Abstract: This study aimed to determine the effects of arak bali on the fragmentation of spermatozoa and testosterone in rats (Rattus norvegicus). This study used 24 rats (170-200 g), divided into four groups: one control and three treatments (receiving arak bali containing 40% alcohol as much as 0.1 and 0.5 mL and synthetic alcohol (40%) as much as 0.1 mL, for 45 days). The observation of DNA fragmentation was done using acridine orange staining and the measurement of testosterone level used ELISA method. The results showed that the provision of arak bali in experimental animals increased the occurrence of spermatozoa DNA fragmentation. The higher the volume of arak bali given, the higher the fragmentation of spermatozoa DNA. The administration of arak bali also decreased testosterone level. The higher the volume of arak bali given, the lower the rats' testosterone level.
      PubDate: 2018-04-05
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Analysis of Methyldopa Therapy on sFlt-1 Antiangiogenic Levels in Patients
           with Severe Preeclampsia

    • Authors: Teri Wina Herwati, Yulistiani Yulistiani, Eddy Zarkaty M
      Pages: 46 - 52
      Abstract: Methyldopa is the first-line drugs to treat hypertension in pregnancy. It can decrease blood pressure in preeclampsia by affecting a2-adrenoreceptors in central nervous system. However, it could also act by decreasing  production of sFlt-1 antiangiogenic protein levels involved in the pathophysiology of hypertention  in preeclampsia. The purpose of this study was to analyze methyldopa therapy on sFlt-1 antiangiogenic levels in the plasma of pregnant women with severe preeclampsia at the Obstetric Departement, Haji Hospital, Surabaya. This was a prospective study with observational cross-section study design. The sFlt-1 angiogenic levels were observed before and after (48 hours) methyldopa administration in severe preeclampsia patient with or without complications in the period of August to October 2016. Patient received methyldopa 250 mg or 500 mg, three times a day for clinical indications according a standard protocol. The study was approved by the ethical committee of Haji Hospital, Surabaya. There were 19 patients with preeclampsia who met the inclusion criteria, showed a decrease in the levels of sFlt-1 before and 48 hours after methyldopa therapy. Levels of sFlt-1 before methyldopa therapy in a dose of 250 mg was 10.15±10.00 (2.55-34.70) ng/ml and after therapy 8,37±9,20 (0.72-9.20) ng/ml, with a percentage decrease 17.54%. sFlt-1 levels before methyldopa therapy in a dose of 500 mg was 8.05±7.07 (2.55-20.76) ng/ml, after  therapy 4.50±2.90 (2.19-9.95) ng/ml, with a percentage decrease 44.16%. Methyldopa therapy could decrease sFlt-1 levels of antiangiogenic factor in patients with severe preeclampsia.
      PubDate: 2018-04-05
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Analysis of Differences of Serum Thromboxane B2 Level after Taking
           Acetosal in Acute Thrombotic Stroke with Diabetes Mellitus and
           Non-Diabetes Mellitus

    • Authors: Nur Hadiyanti, Didik Hasmono, Mohammad Saiful Islam
      Pages: 53 - 58
      Abstract: Endothelial dysfunction and vascular injuries are the early processes in thrombogenesis leading to thrombotic stroke. These processes trigger platelet activation characterized by synthesis of Thromboxane A2, potent agonist in platelet aggregation. Acetosal (ASA) 100 mg usually given to thrombotic stroke patients exerts its pharmacological effect by inhibition of TxA2 synthesis, thus could prevent thrombus formation. Diabetes mellitus (DM) as risk factor of thrombotic stroke exhibits an increase in TxA2 synthesis. It is not known whether ASA 100 mg could inhibit TxA2 adequately in diabetic patients. This study aimed to analyze the differences of serum TxA2 level, which was measured by serum TxB2 level as stabile metabolite of TxA2, after taking ASA 100 mg in diabetic and non-diabetic thrombotic stroke patients. This prospective observational study was held in Neurology Department of Dr. Soetomo Hospital, Surabaya. Total 27 patients, consisted of 15 patients with DM and 12 patients with non-DM were enrolled. Serum TxB2 was measured before and after 5-7 days 100 mg ASA 100 administration. Mean value of serum TxB2 level before and after taking ASA was 16.43 ± 16.08 ng/mL and 2.93 ± 1.83 ng/mL in diabetic and 27.36 ± 21.04 ng/mL and 5.36 ± 4.06 ng/mL in non-diabetic group. Mean reduction of serum TxB2 level in diabetic and non-diabetic group was 13.49 ± 15.9 ng/mL and 22.00 ± 21.65 ng/mL. There were significant differences in serum TxB2 level after taking ASA 100 mg in diabetic and non-diabetic group but the mean reduction of serum TxB2 level were not significantly different.
      PubDate: 2018-04-05
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Children with Standard Risk Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Induction And
           Consolidation Phase

    • Authors: Adinugraha Amarullah, Didik Hasmono, IGD Ugrasena, Yulistiani Yulistiani
      Pages: 59 - 63
      Abstract: Prednisone has an important role in the therapy of patient with standard risk ALL. Patients with standard risk ALL receiving high dose prednisone as therapy and supraphysiology dose of prednisone are expected to cause suppression in HPA-axis (Hypothalamic Pituitary Adrenal axis). This suppression could reduce immune system in children with ALL and increase infection risk because reduction of cortisol level. In Indonesia, we did not find study about the incident of adrenal suppression after high dose prednisone therapy, especially in induction to consolidation phase ALL patient. The aim of this study was to analyze adrenal suppression after high dose prednisone therapy on children with standard risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia in induction and consolidation phase. This study has received a certificate of Ethical Clearance No. 588/Panke.KKE/X/2016, a longitudinal observational, prospective, non-randomized trial involving children with ALL who received prednisone for 49 days during the induction phase. We collected and compared laboratory result of cortisol level in children with ALL and received prednisone therapy during induction to consolidation phase. Sample was taken at week 0,4,5,6,7,8,10,12 in the course of ALL chemotheraphy Indonesian protocol year 2013. Serum was examined using methods CLIA ADVIA Centaur® XP. Between June 2016 – January 2017, 13 patients (8 males, 5 females) were included in this study. Decrease of cortisol level after prednisone therapy occured in week-10 as much as 53% compared with week-0  (p=0.027). Cortisol level increased 64% of week-12 compared with week-10 (p=0.003). In conclusion, high dose prednisone is not significant to causing adrenal suppression in induction phase of ALL patients, and the reducing cortisol level is reversible.
      PubDate: 2018-04-05
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Enhanced Efficacy of Sublingual Immunotherapy in Childhood Allergic Asthma
           by Probiotics

    • Authors: Anang Endaryanto, Mira Irmawati
      Pages: 64 - 74
      Abstract: It is expected that probiotics may act synergistically to improve the clinical efficacy of sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT). The aim of this study was to investigate the role of probiotics in enhancing efficacy of sublingual immunotherapy in childhood allergic asthma. This was a randomized single blind clinical trial conducted on 6-17 year-old asthmatic children sensitive to house dust mite allergens. Subjects were allocated to Group A receiving SLIT, Group B receiving probiotics and SLIT, Group C receiving probiotics only. Clinical parameters (FEV1 reversibility, medication score, and symptom score) and immunological parameters (total IgE, eosinophil count, IFN-γ, IL-2, IL-4, IL5, IL10, and TGF-b were evaluated in week 0 until 14. Statistical analysis revealed that the difference of clinical parameters (FEV1 reversibility, medication score, and symptom score) between groups were not significant. The difference of the immunological parameters of total IgE, IFN-γ, IL-2, IL-4, IL5, IL10, and TGF-ß were also not significant. Eosinophil count decreased in subjects who received combination SLIT with probiotics. In conclusion, probiotics enhanced the efficacy of sublingual immunotherapy in childhood allergic asthma by decreasing the eosinophil count.
      PubDate: 2018-04-05
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Review Article: Management of Perioperative Anesthesia in Right Heart
           Failure

    • Authors: Fajar Perdhana, Herdono Purnomo
      Pages: 75 - 83
      Abstract: Right ventricular dysfunction and failure receive much less attention than the left ventricular failure. Right ventricular dysfunction or failure is associated with increased mortality rates in cardiac surgery, surgical cases other than cardiac surgery and also in patients treated in the ICU. The purpose of this article review was to describe the anatomy, physiology and pathophysiology of right ventricular failure, its detection and diagnosis, and management considerations from anesthetic point of view, including preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative stages. Cardiac surgery may result in right ventricular failure. For example, 0.1% post cardiotomy patients experience severe right heart failure and require long-term inotropic support, and so do 2-3% of post-transplant patients, and 20-30% of patients installed with instrument in his left heart. Therefore, anesthesiologists play a major role in perioperative and postoperative intensive care and are obliged to comprehend the nature of right ventricular dysfunction and failure so as to carry out early detection, prevent and manage patients with right ventricular dysfunction.
      PubDate: 2018-04-05
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 1 (2018)
       
 
 
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