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  Subjects -> BIOLOGY (Total: 3126 journals)
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BIOTECHNOLOGY (236 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 239 Journals sorted alphabetically
3 Biotech     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Regenerative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Algal Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 67)
American Journal of Bioinformatics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Polymer Science     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology : C Life Sciences and Biotechnology     Open Access  
Animal Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annales des Sciences Agronomiques     Full-text available via subscription  
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Food Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Applied Mycology and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Arthroplasty Today     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Biotech News     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australasian Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Banat's Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
BBR : Biochemistry and Biotechnology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Beitr?ge zur Tabakforschung International/Contributions to Tobacco Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bio-Algorithms and Med-Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bio-Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bioactive Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biocybernetics and Biological Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Bioethics UPdate     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biofuels     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Biofuels Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Biological Cybernetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biomarkers and Genomic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biomarkers in Drug Development     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Biomaterials Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BioMed Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomédica     Open Access  
Biomedical and Biotechnology Research Journal     Open Access  
Biomedical Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Biomedical Glasses     Open Access  
Biomedical Reports     Full-text available via subscription  
BioMedicine     Open Access  
Biomedika     Open Access  
Bioprinting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioresource Technology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Biosensors Journal     Open Access  
Biosimilars     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biosurface and Biotribology     Open Access  
Biotechnic and Histochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BioTechniques : The International Journal of Life Science Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Biotechnologia Acta     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biotechnology Advances     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Biotechnology and Bioengineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 154)
Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Biotechnology and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology Annual Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Biotechnology for Biofuels     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Biotechnology Frontier     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biotechnology Law Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biotechnology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Biotechnology Progress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Biotechnology Reports     Open Access  
Biotechnology Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnology Techniques     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biotecnología Aplicada     Open Access  
Bioteknologi (Biotechnological Studies)     Open Access  
BIOTIK : Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Teknologi dan Kependidikan     Open Access  
Biotribology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BMC Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Cell Biology and Development     Open Access  
Chinese Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Communications in Mathematical Biology and Neuroscience     Open Access  
Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Copernican Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Critical Reviews in Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Bionanotechnology     Hybrid Journal  
Current Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Opinion in Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Research in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Current Trends in Biotechnology and Chemical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current trends in Biotechnology and Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
EBioMedicine     Open Access  
Electronic Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
Entomologia Generalis     Full-text available via subscription  
Environmental Science : Processes & Impacts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Experimental Biology and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Folia Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Food Bioscience     Hybrid Journal  
Food Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Food Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Frontiers in Systems Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Fungal Biology and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
GM Crops and Food: Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
GSTF Journal of BioSciences     Open Access  
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences     Open Access  
Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
IEEE Transactions on Molecular, Biological and Multi-Scale Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
IET Nanobiotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
IIOAB Letters     Open Access  
IN VIVO     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Indian Journal of Biotechnology (IJBT)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indonesia Journal of Biomedical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Journal of Medicine     Open Access  
Industrial Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
International Biomechanics     Open Access  
International Journal of Bioinformatics Research and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Biomechatronics and Biomedical Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Biotechnology for Wellness Industries     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Environment, Agriculture and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Functional Informatics and Personalised Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Nanotechnology and Molecular Computation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Radiation Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Iranian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
ISABB Journal of Biotechnology and Bioinformatics     Open Access  
Italian Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
JMIR Biomedical Engineering     Open Access  
Journal of Biometrics & Biostatistics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefense     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Advanced Therapies and Medical Innovation Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Advances in Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal Of Agrobiotechnology     Open Access  
Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Applied Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Biotechnology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Mathematics & Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Biologically Active Products from Nature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Biomedical Photonics & Engineering     Open Access  
Journal of Biomedical Practitioners     Open Access  
Journal of Bioprocess Engineering and Biorefinery     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Bioprocessing & Biotechniques     Open Access  
Journal of Biosecurity Biosafety and Biodefense Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Journal of Biotechnology and Strategic Health Research     Open Access  
Journal of Chemical and Biological Interfaces     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Chitin and Chitosan Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Colloid Science and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Commercial Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Crop Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Essential Oil Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Ginseng Research     Open Access  
Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Integrative Bioinformatics     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Imaging and Health Informatics     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology     Open Access  
Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Nano Education     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Nanobiotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Nanofluids     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Organic and Biomolecular Simulations     Open Access  
Journal of Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Science and Applications : Biomedicine     Open Access  
Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Tropical Microbiology and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Marine Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Meat Technology     Open Access  
Messenger     Full-text available via subscription  
Metabolic Engineering Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Metalloproteinases In Medicine     Open Access  
Microbial Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
MicroMedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Molecular and Cellular Biomedical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Molecular Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nanobiomedicine     Open Access  
Nanobiotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology     Open Access  
Nanomedicine and Nanobiology     Full-text available via subscription  
Nanomedicine Research Journal     Open Access  

        1 2 | Last

Journal Cover
Chinese Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology
Number of Followers: 4  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 1479-2362
Published by Cambridge University Press Homepage  [372 journals]
  • CJA volume 6 issue 3 Cover and Front matter
    • PubDate: 2009-12-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1479236209990556
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2009)
       
  • CJA volume 6 issue 3 Cover and Back matter
    • PubDate: 2009-12-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1479236209990568
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2009)
       
  • Collection and preservation of porcine polar bodies
    • Authors: Wang Gong-Jin; Zhou Xiao-Long, Tan Xiao-Dong, Yu Jian-Ning, Xu Xiao-Bo, Fan Bi-Qin
      Pages: 183 - 189
      Abstract: Mature porcine oocytes containing first polar bodies (Pb I) were obtained by in vitro culture of follicle oocytes from ovaries obtained from a local abattoir, and zygotes with second polar bodies (Pb II) were grown after in vitro fertilization of the mature oocytes. Extrusion, biological activity and morphology of Pb I and Pb II were statistically analysed. Polar bodies were isolated and collected from oocytes by enzyme digestion or micromanipulation. Their vigour under different preservation conditions was analysed and evaluated using a Trypan blue staining method. The results showed that 66.7% of the oocytes extruded Pb I after 40 h of in vitro mature culture of oocytes, and 49.7% of the zygotes extruded Pb II 20 h after in vitro fertilization. The efficiency of isolation of Pb II by micromanipulation significantly exceeded that by enzyme digestion, the Pb I and Pb II isolated by micromanipulation presenting with good vigour and normal morphology (95.3% versus 58.9%). The survival rates of Pb I and Pb II were 63.3% and 93.1% for 4 h at 39°C, 85.0% and 72.9% for 40 h at 4°C, and over 95.0% and 84.6% for less than 7 days at −20°C. In comparison with the above preservation conditions for Pb I and Pb II, the results for cryopreservation were best, with rates of survival as high as 89.1% for Pb I and 87.9% for Pb II for preservation periods of over a month, and rates of normal morphology of 97.8% and 95.7%, respectively. The Pb I and Pb II could be isolated and preserved effectively, for use in further research on the recombination of oocytes and zygotes.
      PubDate: 2009-12-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1479236209990519
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2009)
       
  • VP1+and+3ABC+genes+from+yellow+cattle+isolates+persistently+infected+by+Foot-and-mouth+disease+virus&rft.title=Chinese+Journal+of+Agricultural+Biotechnology&rft.issn=1479-2362&rft.date=2009&rft.volume=6&rft.spage=191&rft.epage=197&rft.aulast=Xiao-yan&rft.aufirst=Shen&rft.au=Shen+Xiao-yan&rft.au=Cong+Guo-zheng,+Chang+Hui-yun,+Liu+Xiang-tao,+Xie+Qing-ge&rft_id=info:doi/10.1017/S1479236209990507">Variation analysis of the VP1 and 3ABC genes from yellow cattle isolates
           persistently infected by Foot-and-mouth disease virus
    • Authors: Shen Xiao-yan; Cong Guo-zheng, Chang Hui-yun, Liu Xiang-tao, Xie Qing-ge
      Pages: 191 - 197
      Abstract: The potential relationship between the establishment of Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) persistent infection and gene variation was identified by investigating the variation of VP1 and 3ABC genes from yellow cattle persistent infection isolates. Five yellow cattle were inoculated on their tongue with 1.0×104 ID50/ml of FMDV O/Akesu/58 strain. After displaying clinical or subclinical signs, they probably became asymptomatic carriers. Oesophageal–pharyngeal fluids were collected monthly from the carriers with a probang and inoculated into a baby hamster kidney cell line (BHK-21); 12 FMDV isolates were obtained. The VP1 and 3ABC genes of the 12 isolates were then amplified by reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Cloning and sequencing revealed that the homology of the VP1 nucleotide and amino-acid sequence of all the isolates was above 98%, with no base deletion or insertion. When compared with the O/Akesu/58 FMDV strain, the homology of the VP1 nucleotide sequence of the isolates was only 85%, and that of the deduced amino-acid sequence only 90%.There were several nucleotide mutations in the VP1 gene of the isolates, including 16 consistent nucleotide mutations, with only two of them leading to a change in amino acid (I56→T, A210→E). Moreover, it was found that four nucleotide points and three amino-acid points had transversions among all isolates. The 3ABC gene had only 13 nucleotide transversions and five amino-acid mutations. It was presumed that persistent FMDV infection might have little connection with variation in the VP1 and 3ABC genes, and was probably related to other structural protein gene and key factors.
      PubDate: 2009-12-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1479236209990507
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2009)
       
  • Barbodes+caldwelli+juvenile&rft.title=Chinese+Journal+of+Agricultural+Biotechnology&rft.issn=1479-2362&rft.date=2009&rft.volume=6&rft.spage=199&rft.epage=205&rft.aulast=Yao-Ping&rft.aufirst=Lv&rft.au=Lv+Yao-Ping&rft.au=Chen+Jian-Ming,+Ye+Jin-Yun,+Huang+Xu-Xiong,+Lao+Shen-Ying,+Shen+Bin-Qian,+Yao+Zi-Liang,+Guo+Jian-Lin,+Ye+Li-Ping&rft_id=info:doi/10.1017/S1479236209990222">The effects of diet protein levels on the growth, body composition and
           digestive enzyme activities of the Barbodes caldwelli juvenile
    • Authors: Lv Yao-Ping; Chen Jian-Ming, Ye Jin-Yun, Huang Xu-Xiong, Lao Shen-Ying, Shen Bin-Qian, Yao Zi-Liang, Guo Jian-Lin, Ye Li-Ping
      Pages: 199 - 205
      Abstract: Seven isoenergetic semi-purified test diets containing graded levels of protein ranging from 20 to 50% were formulated using fish meal and casein as the protein sources. Test diets were fed to triplicate groups of Barbodes caldwelli juveniles with initial body weights of 1.26±0.02 g for eight weeks. The results indicated no significant effect of dietary protein levels on survival rate, relative weight of the viscera and relative weight of the liver in the juvenile fish. The weight gain and specific growth rate of the fish were found to be greater as dietary protein levels increased from 20 to 35%, but were not affected significantly as dietary protein level increased from 35 to 50%. Feed efficiencies did not differ significantly when fish were fed diets with protein levels from 30 to 50%, but were significantly higher than those of fish fed diets with protein levels of 20 and 25%. The protein efficiency ratio (PER) was negatively correlated with diet protein level (x) (PER=3.006−0.03251x, R=0.9366). There was no significant effect of dietary protein levels on carcass moisture, crude protein and ash. However, carcass lipid levels (L) decreased with an increase in dietary protein level (x) (L=8.2169−0.0458x, R=0.8551). There was no significant variation in hepatopancreas protease activity among the tests. Intestine protease activity and hepatopancreas amylase activity were increased to some extent, and then decreased as dietary protein levels continued to rise. The intestine amylase activity (IAA) of the juveniles was negatively correlated with dietary protein level (x) (IAA=84.625−0.9147x, R=0.8463). It was estimated that the suitable protein level for the B. caldwelli juvenile is 34% (the broken-line model was used to regress the relationship of the weight gain of the juvenile and dietary protein level).
      PubDate: 2009-12-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1479236209990222
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2009)
       
  • Cloning of 3′-end full-length cDNA encoding for MT-I and MT-III in yak
           and analysis of their sequences
    • Authors: Liu Bin; Zhang Li-Ping, Wu Jian-Ping, Ma Bin-Yun, Gao Feng-Qin, Yan Lian
      Pages: 207 - 214
      Abstract: Domestic yak (Bos grunniens) metallothionein-I (MT-I) and metallothionein-III (MT-III) cDNA 3′-end full-length sequences (331 and 378 bp; GenBank accession MT-I no. AY758557, MT-III no. DQ492300) from the total RNA of liver and brain tissues were amplified and cloned by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and 3′-rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) using the primers YMT-I SP and M13 primers M4, and YMT-III SP and M13 primers M4, respectively, which included the MT-I (183 bp) coding sequence, MT-III (207 bp) cDNA coding sequences, and also the tailing signal AATAAA and Poly(A) at the 3′-ends of the MT-I and MT-III, respectively. The analyses showed that the yak cDNA sequence coding for MT-I protein was composed of 61 amino acids, including 20 cysteines having a conserved tripeptide structure, for example C–X–C, C–C–X–C–C, C–X–X–C and so on. The yak cDNA sequence coding for MT-III protein was composed of 68 amino acids, including 19 cysteines having both MT-III-specific conserved tripeptides and the same conserved tripeptides as MT-I, including T, CPCP, GEGAEA and so on. They were all comparatively conservative in molecular evolution. These structures indicated that MT-III had the same physiological functions regarding heavy metals (detoxification and so on) as MT-I, and also different specific functions from MT-I, including inhibition of neuron growth.
      PubDate: 2009-12-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1479236209990441
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2009)
       
  • CRS-PCR polymorphisms of the GHR gene and its relationship with milk
           production traits in Chinese Holstein cows
    • Authors: Wang Li-Juan; Li Qiu-Ling, Wang Chang-Fa, Wang Hong-Mei, Li Jian-Bin, Gao Yun-Dong, Hou Ming-Hai, Zhong Ji-Feng
      Pages: 215 - 219
      Abstract: Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of exon 8 of the GHR gene were detected in Chinese Holstein cows by polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). The results showed that exon 8 of the GHR gene digested by TasI could be divided into two kinds of alleles and three kinds of genotypes. The frequencies of allele A and T were 0.6339 and 0.3661, respectively. The frequencies of genotypes AA, AT and TT were 0.459, 0.350 and 0.191, respectively. Sequencing showed one single nucleotide mutation T→A at 4962 bp of the gene in genotype TT when compared with genotype AA, and this mutation resulted in an amino acid change of phenylalanine (TTT)→tyrosine (TAT). The result of χ2 testing indicated that the genotypic frequency of the GHR gene digested by TasI did not fit with Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium in this population (P
      PubDate: 2009-12-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1479236209990283
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2009)
       
  • Triticum+aestivum)+A+and+B+genomes&rft.title=Chinese+Journal+of+Agricultural+Biotechnology&rft.issn=1479-2362&rft.date=2009&rft.volume=6&rft.spage=221&rft.epage=226&rft.aulast=Zi-Xian&rft.aufirst=Zeng&rft.au=Zeng+Zi-Xian&rft.au=Yang+Zu-Jun,+Liu+Cheng,+Hu+Li-Jun,+Ren+Zheng-Long&rft_id=info:doi/10.1017/S1479236209990295">Isolation, mapping and application of a repetitive DNA sequence in wheat
           (Triticum aestivum) A and B genomes
    • Authors: Zeng Zi-Xian; Yang Zu-Jun, Liu Cheng, Hu Li-Jun, Ren Zheng-Long
      Pages: 221 - 226
      Abstract: Simple sequence repeat (SSR) analysis was performed on five Secale species, four Triticum species and a Triticale line Fenzhi-1 using 102 pairs of microsatellite primers. A 387-bp specific DNA fragment FZ387 (GenBank accession no. EF179137) was obtained from the Triticale Fenzhi-1 with primer Xgwm614, without amplification in Secale. NCBI BLAST revealed that this FZ387 sequence had 94% and 95% similarity to part of the Gypsy Ty3-LTR retrotransposon Fatima in Triticum monoccocum (AY485644) and Triticum turgidum (AY494981), respectively. A pair of specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) primers, FaF and FaR, was designed based on the conserved region of this FZ387 sequence. The amplification of primer pair Xgwm614F and FaR revealed that a specific 350-bp band (designation as A350) was obtained from the species containing A chromosomes. Furthermore, PCR on Langdon Chinese Spring substitution lines was performed, and the results found that this segment was located on both long and short arms of all A chromosomes. However, the amplification of primer pair FaF and Xgwm614R gave rise to a specific DNA band of about 350 bp (designated AB350) from materials containing A and/or B chromosomes. The wild species of wheat and the relatives were amplified using the two pairs of primers, and revealed that only A350 and AB350 were found in Chinese Spring (CS). Sequence comparison and variation of SSR primers binding regions of FZ387 indicated that significant diversity might exist in the internal sequence of this Fatima-like element among triticeae genomes. Meanwhile, both A350 and AB350 can be used as molecular markers for the detection of A and AB genomes.
      PubDate: 2009-12-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1479236209990295
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2009)
       
  • Brassica+oleracea+C+genome+using+Brassica+A+genomic+DNA+as+blocking+agent&rft.title=Chinese+Journal+of+Agricultural+Biotechnology&rft.issn=1479-2362&rft.date=2009&rft.volume=6&rft.spage=227&rft.epage=233&rft.aulast=Xiao-Dan&rft.aufirst=Chen&rft.au=Chen+Xiao-Dan&rft.au=Zhu+Li-Quan,+Wang+Yong,+Rong+Xiao-Ying,+Lu+Jun,+Wang+Xiao-Jia&rft_id=info:doi/10.1017/S1479236209990143">Karyotyping of Brassica oleracea C genome using Brassica A genomic DNA as
           blocking agent
    • Authors: Chen Xiao-Dan; Zhu Li-Quan, Wang Yong, Rong Xiao-Ying, Lu Jun, Wang Xiao-Jia
      Pages: 227 - 233
      Abstract: In exploring an effective and reliable karyotyping method in Brassica crop plants, Brassica oleracea was successfully karyotyped using genomic in situ hybridization (GISH). B. oleracea genomic DNA was labelled as probe using DIG-high prime mix kit, with B. rapa genomic DNA acting as blocking agent. Specific fluorescent signals were detected on each pair of homologous chromosomes, and nine pairs of chromosomes of B. oleracea were clearly identified according to the signal characteristics. A practical and accurate method for conducting karyotyping of small chromosomes has been demonstrated.
      PubDate: 2009-12-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1479236209990143
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2009)
       
  • Identification of polymorphism in the goat callipyge gene (CLPG) and its
           associations with production traits
    • Authors: Cao Gui-Ling; Li Biao, Tang Hui, Tang Pei-Rong, Wang Jian-Min, Jiang Yun-Liang
      Pages: 235 - 240
      Abstract: The Dorset ram of the callipyge phenotype presents with muscular hypertrophy in the buttocks, and its inheritance is polar overdominant. A partial DNA fragment of 250 bp was obtained from the goat (Capra hircas) callipyge gene (CLPG; GenBank accession no. EU753362), which shared 96.04% and 88.65% identity with the corresponding regions of ovine (Ovis aries) and porcine CLPG, respectively. A polymorphism in the DNA fragment was detected by polymerase chain reaction single-strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP). Sequencing results indicated no A→C mutation corresponding to the ovine CLPG gene, although one A→C transversion was located 147 bp downstream from the CLPG site. The polymorphism, named SNP216 after its position (where SNP indicates single-nucleotide polymorphism), was investigated in Boer (n=63), Laiwu Black (n=70), Lubei White×Boer Hybrid (n=40), Lubei White (n=29) and Inner Mongolia Alashan White cashmere (n=115) goat populations. The results indicated that allele A was dominant in four of the goat populations, the Inner Mongolia Alashan White cashmere goats being the exception. The first four populations were in a state of Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium (P>0.05). In Inner Mongolia Alashan White cashmere goats, least-square means of birth weight, production of cashmere and body weight gain from birth to weaning did not differ significantly between the AA and AC phenotypes (P>0.5).
      PubDate: 2009-12-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1479236209990544
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2009)
       
  • Brachymystax+lenok+populations+using+AFLP+markers&rft.title=Chinese+Journal+of+Agricultural+Biotechnology&rft.issn=1479-2362&rft.date=2009&rft.volume=6&rft.spage=241&rft.epage=247&rft.aulast=Di&rft.aufirst=Wang&rft.au=Wang+Di&rft.au=Li+Shao-Wu,+Xu+Ge-Feng,+Liu+Yang,+Mou+Zhen-Bo,+Lu+Tong-Yan&rft_id=info:doi/10.1017/S1479236209990106">Assessing genetic diversity in three wild Brachymystax lenok populations
           using AFLP markers
    • Authors: Wang Di; Li Shao-Wu, Xu Ge-Feng, Liu Yang, Mou Zhen-Bo, Lu Tong-Yan
      Pages: 241 - 247
      Abstract: The genetic diversities of 72 individuals from three wild Lenok populations of Mudanjiang River (MD), Yalujiang River (YL) and Wusulijiang River (WSL) in the northeast of China were analysed using amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) markers. The results showed that 541 polymorphic loci out of 559 were amplified by 12 primer pairs and the percentage of polymorphic loci was 96.78%. Shannon indices for the MD, YL and WSL populations were 0.3988±0.2913, 0.3254±0.3037, 0.2125±0.2862, respectively, and Nei's gene diversity indices were 0.2737±0.2062, 0.2229±0.2129, 0.1446±0.1985, respectively. The average total genetic diversity (Ht) was 0.3512±0.0.0208 and the average genetic diversity within populations (Hs) was 0.2137±0.0152. Among the three populations, the average genetic distance (Dst) was 0.1375 and the gene differentiation coefficient (Gst) was 0.3914. The genetic diversity was 60.85% within populations and 39.15% among populations. The gene flow index (Nm) was 0.7776. The analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) indicated that the average fixation index (Fst) was 0.55336. The variance was 55.16% within populations and 44.84% among populations. The highest polymorphism ratio was in the MD group and the lowest in the WSL group.
      PubDate: 2009-12-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1479236209990106
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2009)
       
  • Transmissible+gastroenteritis+virus+and+development+of+ELISA+based+on+the+expressed+protein&rft.title=Chinese+Journal+of+Agricultural+Biotechnology&rft.issn=1479-2362&rft.date=2009&rft.volume=6&rft.spage=249&rft.epage=252&rft.aulast=Zhen-Hui&rft.aufirst=Song&rft.au=Song+Zhen-Hui&rft.au=Guo+Wan-Zhu,+Zhang+Ying-Jun&rft_id=info:doi/10.1017/S1479236209990520">Prokaryotic expression of nucleoprotein gene of Transmissible
           gastroenteritis virus and development of ELISA based on the expressed
           protein
    • Authors: Song Zhen-Hui; Guo Wan-Zhu, Zhang Ying-Jun
      Pages: 249 - 252
      Abstract: The recombinant PET-N plasmid, which includes the N gene of the Transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV), was transformed into Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3), and induced at 37°C with 1.0 mmol/l IPTG (isopropyl β-d-1-thiogalactopyranoside). An indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for detecting the TGEV nucleocapsid protein antibody was developed after the reactogenicity of the recombinant protein was demonstrated by Western blot. The operating conditions for the ELISA, an antigen concentration of 15 μg/ml, serum dilution of 1:40, blocking solution of 0.5% fetal bovine serum (FBS), serum sample incubation for 90 min, a concentration of horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-spa of 1:5000, incubated for 60 min, incubation of the substrate at room temperature for 10 min, and a cutoff value for the ELISA OD450⩾0.35, were carried out using a checkerboard titration method. The sensitivity and specificity of this method relative to the Svanova TGEV/PRCV antibody diagnosis kit were 93.5% and 93.8%, respectively.
      PubDate: 2009-12-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1479236209990520
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2009)
       
  • Purification and antibacterial activity of recombinant human lactoferrin
           in milk of transgenic mice
    • Authors: Miao Ming-Xing; Yuan Yu-Guo, An Li-You, Zhao Jun-Hui, Bai Ya-Jun, Guo Lei, Cheng Yong
      Pages: 253 - 256
      Abstract: To verify its antibacterial activity, recombinant human lactoferrin (rhLF) was extracted from the milk of transgenic mice (Mus musculus) (PCL25 and AP) by gel filtration chromatography and analysed by sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), Western blot and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). In addition, its bacteriostatic properties were tested using the agar disc diffusion method. ELISA analysis showed that the concentration of rhLF in the milk of transgenic mice ranged from 7 to 8 mg/ml, and the recombinant protein expressed in the milk had the same molecular weight as the native protein (~78 kDa), indicating that the rhLFs had a strong antibacterial activity on Escherichia coli and Salmonella.
      PubDate: 2009-12-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1479236209990040
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2009)
       
  • Effect of nitric oxide on Sertoli cell microtubule of piglets
    • Authors: Yang Li; Wang Xian-zhong, Yang Meng-bo, Zhang Jia-hua
      Pages: 257 - 263
      Abstract: To illustrate the effect of nitric oxide (NO) on the microtubules of Sertoli cells (SC), SCs of piglets were treated with sodium nitroprusside (SNP). Changes in cell viability, anti-oxidant activity, enzyme activity and p38 mutagen-activated protein kinase (p38MAPK) activation were detected. The results were as follows. A low concentration of NO can keep SC microtubule and cell viability normal, and a high concentration of NO could increase p38MAPK activation, decrease anti-oxidant activity and transferrin secretion, and destroy the structure and distribution of the microtubules. The results suggest that SNP treatment results in an increase in NO in SCs and decreased cell anti-oxidant activity. The high concentration of NO destroys cell microtubules by activating p38MAPK.
      PubDate: 2009-12-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1479236209990064
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2009)
       
  • Cichlasoma+trimaculatum+(male),+Heros+managuense+(female)+and+their+hybrid+offspring&rft.title=Chinese+Journal+of+Agricultural+Biotechnology&rft.issn=1479-2362&rft.date=2009&rft.volume=6&rft.spage=265&rft.epage=270&rft.aulast=You-Ling&rft.aufirst=Chen&rft.au=Chen+You-Ling&rft.au=Zhang+Qiu-Jin,+Wang+Yan-Yin,+Mao+Jian-Ping&rft_id=info:doi/10.1017/S1479236209990118">Chromosomes of Cichlasoma trimaculatum (male), Heros managuense (female)
           and their hybrid offspring
    • Authors: Chen You-Ling; Zhang Qiu-Jin, Wang Yan-Yin, Mao Jian-Ping
      Pages: 265 - 270
      Abstract: The F1 hybrid offspring of the distant hybridization between Cichlasoma trimaculatum (male) and Heros managuense (female) were successfully obtained through artificial fertilization, and the chromosome specimen of kidney cells of the two parents and their offspring were prepared using a low colchicine concentration air drying method, Howell and Black's (1980)silver–nucleolar organizer region (Ag–NOR) staining method and Sumner's (1972)C-band staining method. The karyotypes, Ag–NORs and C-bands of C. trimaculatum, H. managuense and their offspring were observed. The results showed that the diploid numbers of the two parents and the F1 hybrid offspring were all 2n=48. For C. trimaculatum, the karyotype formula was 2n=2m+8sm+26st+12t, NF=58. Two Ag–NORs were seen on the tips of the short arm of chromosome st7, and the entire chromosomes of st9 and st13 and the centromeres of the other chromosomes had positive C-bands. For H. managuense, the karyotype formula was 2n=2m+6sm+28st+12t, NF=56. Two Ag–NORs were located on the tips of the short arm of chromosome sm2 and positive C-bands were found in the centromere of all chromosomes. In the F1 hybrid offspring, the chromosome formula was 2n=2m+8sm+30st+8t, NF=58. Two Ag–NORs were seen on the tips of the short arm of chromosome sm2; all chromosomes presented positive C-bands in the centromere. No heteromorphic sex chromosome was found. After comparison with the two parents, the F1 hybrid offspring was suggested to be the filial generation of the two hybrid parents rather than the gynogenesis of H. managuense induced by heterogeneous sperm of C. trimaculatum.
      PubDate: 2009-12-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1479236209990118
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2009)
       
  • Gymanadenia+conopsea&rft.title=Chinese+Journal+of+Agricultural+Biotechnology&rft.issn=1479-2362&rft.date=2009&rft.volume=6&rft.spage=271&rft.epage=276&rft.aulast=Yuan&rft.aufirst=Liu&rft.au=Liu+Yuan&rft.au=Meng+Guo-Quan,+Zhou+Jian-Ping,+Zhang+Teng,+Feng+Juan,+Ren+Zheng-long&rft_id=info:doi/10.1017/S1479236209990155">Expression, purification and identification of gibberellin-induced
           cysteine-rich protein of Gymanadenia conopsea
    • Authors: Liu Yuan; Meng Guo-Quan, Zhou Jian-Ping, Zhang Teng, Feng Juan, Ren Zheng-long
      Pages: 271 - 276
      Abstract: Primers bearing restriction enzyme sites for EcoR I and Hind III were designed according to the known partial cDNA sequence for gibberellin-induced cysteine-rich protein and were then used to amplify the full-length open reading frame (ORF) and signal peptide-truncated fragment of the gcgasa gene. Two fragments with lengths 319 and 238 bp were obtained and were further cloned into plasmid pET-32(a). Following transformation into Escherichia coli BL21(DE3), the fusion proteins were observed to appear at ~26.0 and 25.2 kDa after induction from 1 mmol/l isopropyl-beta-D-thiogalactopyronoside (IPTG). The results of sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) of an ultra-thin section revealed that the presence of signal peptide gave rise to the formation of an inclusion body located in the periplasmic space; however, the absence of signal peptide greatly enhanced the solubility of the target protein. The expressed soluble protein was further purified by Ni2+-NTA affinity chromatography and gel filtration methods.
      PubDate: 2009-12-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1479236209990155
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2009)
       
  • Effect of retinoid X receptor α (RXRα) on apoptosis in primary cultured
           porcine pre-adipocytes
    • Authors: Lin Ya-Qiu; Zhuang He-Lin, Yang Gong-She
      Pages: 277 - 283
      Abstract: Using semi-quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (semi-qRT-PCR), cell transfection, Hoechst 33342, acridine orange (AO) and flow cytometry methods, apoptotic changes in porcine pre-adipocytes treated with 9-cis retinoic acid (9-cisRA)–retinoid X receptor α (RXRα) ligand, transfected with pEnhanced green fluorescent proteins C2–RXRα (pEGFPC2–RXRα) or RXRα–small interfering RNA (RXRα–siRNA), respectively, were investigated. Observations of morphologic changes showed changes in cell structure, cellular shrinkage and condensation of chromatin, pyknosis of the nucleus into a compact body, complete fragmentation within the nuclear membrane, continuous budding and shedding, and, finally conversion of the cell into several apoptotic bodies wrapped in membranes of different sizes. Compared with the control group, the apoptotic rate was significantly lowered in the 10 nmol/l 9-cisRA-treated group, and significantly higher in the 10 μmol/l 9-cisRA-treated group (both P
      PubDate: 2009-12-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1479236209990076
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2009)
       
 
 
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