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  Subjects -> BIOLOGY (Total: 3149 journals)
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BIOTECHNOLOGY (237 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 237 Journals sorted alphabetically
3 Biotech     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
African Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Algal Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 64)
American Journal of Bioinformatics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Polymer Science     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology : C Life Sciences and Biotechnology     Open Access  
Animal Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annales des Sciences Agronomiques     Full-text available via subscription  
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Applied Bioenergy     Open Access  
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Food Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
Applied Mycology and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Arthroplasty Today     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Biotech News     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australasian Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Banat's Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
BBR : Biochemistry and Biotechnology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bio-Algorithms and Med-Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bio-Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bioactive Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biocybernetics and Biological Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Bioethics UPdate     Hybrid Journal  
Biofuels     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Biofuels Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Biological Cybernetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biomarkers and Genomic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biomarkers in Drug Development     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Biomaterials Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BioMed Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomédica     Open Access  
Biomedical and Biotechnology Research Journal     Open Access  
Biomedical Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Biomedical glasses     Open Access  
Biomedical Reports     Full-text available via subscription  
BioMedicine     Open Access  
Biomedika     Open Access  
Bioprinting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioresource Technology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Biosimilars     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biosurface and Biotribology     Open Access  
Biotechnic and Histochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
BioTechniques : The International Journal of Life Science Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Biotechnologia Acta     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biotechnology Advances     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Biotechnology and Bioengineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 155)
Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Biotechnology and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology Annual Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Biotechnology for Biofuels     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Biotechnology Frontier     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biotechnology Law Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biotechnology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Biotechnology Progress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Biotechnology Reports     Open Access  
Biotechnology Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnology Techniques     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biotecnología Aplicada     Open Access  
Bioteknologi (Biotechnological Studies)     Open Access  
Biotribology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BMC Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Cell Biology and Development     Open Access  
Chinese Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Communications in Mathematical Biology and Neuroscience     Open Access  
Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Contributions to Tobacco Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Copernican Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Critical Reviews in Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Bionanotechnology     Hybrid Journal  
Current Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Opinion in Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Research in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Current Trends in Biotechnology and Chemical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current trends in Biotechnology and Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
EBioMedicine     Open Access  
Electronic Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
Entomologia Generalis     Full-text available via subscription  
Environmental Science : Processes & Impacts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Experimental Biology and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Folia Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Food Bioscience     Hybrid Journal  
Food Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Food Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Frontiers in Systems Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Fungal Biology and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
GM Crops and Food: Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
GSTF Journal of BioSciences     Open Access  
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences     Open Access  
Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
IEEE Transactions on Molecular, Biological and Multi-Scale Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
IET Nanobiotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
IIOAB Letters     Open Access  
IN VIVO     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Indian Journal of Biotechnology (IJBT)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indonesia Journal of Biomedical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Industrial Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Biomechanics     Open Access  
International Journal of Bioinformatics Research and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Biomechatronics and Biomedical Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Biotechnology for Wellness Industries     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Environment, Agriculture and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Functional Informatics and Personalised Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Nanotechnology and Molecular Computation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Radiation Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Iranian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
ISABB Journal of Biotechnology and Bioinformatics     Open Access  
Italian Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Biometrics & Biostatistics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefense     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Advanced Therapies and Medical Innovation Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Advances in Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal Of Agrobiotechnology     Open Access  
Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Applied Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Biotechnology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Mathematics & Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Biologically Active Products from Nature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Biomedical Photonics & Engineering     Open Access  
Journal of Biomedical Practitioners     Open Access  
Journal of Bioprocess Engineering and Biorefinery     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Bioprocessing & Biotechniques     Open Access  
Journal of Biosecurity, Biosafety and Biodefense Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
Journal of Biotechnology and Strategic Health Research     Open Access  
Journal of Chemical and Biological Interfaces     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Chitin and Chitosan Science     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Colloid Science and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Commercial Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Crop Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Essential Oil Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Ginseng Research     Open Access  
Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Integrative Bioinformatics     Open Access  
Journal of International Biotechnology Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medical Imaging and Health Informatics     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology     Open Access  
Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Nano Education     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Nanobiotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Nanofluids     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Organic and Biomolecular Simulations     Open Access  
Journal of Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Science and Applications : Biomedicine     Open Access  
Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Tropical Microbiology and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Marine Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Messenger     Full-text available via subscription  
Metabolic Engineering Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Metalloproteinases In Medicine     Open Access  
Microalgae Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Microbial Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
MicroMedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Molecular and Cellular Biomedical Sciences     Open Access  
Molecular Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nanobiomedicine     Open Access  
Nanobiotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology     Open Access  
Nanomaterials and Tissue Regeneration     Open Access  
Nanomedicine and Nanobiology     Full-text available via subscription  
Nanomedicine Research Journal     Open Access  
Nanotechnology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Nature Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 535)

        1 2 | Last

Journal Cover
Journal of Crop Science and Biotechnology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.316
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 3  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1975-9479 - ISSN (Online) 2005-8276
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2350 journals]
  • Breeding of Lignocellulosic Bioethanol Feedstock
    • Authors: Yong Suk Chung; Jongyun Kim; Changsoo Kim
      Pages: 1 - 12
      Abstract: As sustainability becomes a pivotal issue worldwide, biofuel from plants has been highlighted as an alternative to energy from fossil fuels. In the current review, we focused on improving the efficiency of lignocellulosic bioethanol production from high dry matter-producing Miscanthus and switchgrass species by understanding these species’ genetic traits and responses to various stresses. The most recent findings regarding biomass quality and bioethanol conversion processes are discussed in this review, including goals of current feedstock breeding programs, followed by up-to-date genetics and genomics resources to provide optimal breeding approaches for Miscanthus and switchgrass species. We revisited previous breeding approaches using bmr mutations, ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS), next generation sequencing (NGS), genome-wide association study (GWAS), and transgenic resources, which can be a basis for improving sustainable biomass and biofuel production through these two species. This review may provide background for researchers and breeders to further improve breeding approaches.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12892-017-0175-0
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • The Influence of Tillage Frequency on Crop Productivity in Sub-Tropical to
           Semi-Arid Climates
    • Authors: Mark H Crawford; K. Bell; S. Kodur; YP Dang
      Pages: 13 - 22
      Abstract: Strategic tillage (ST), an occasional tillage in a continuous no-till (NT) farming system, is already being utilized by many landholders in the Northern Grains Region (NGR) of Australia to control weeds. But the impact on productivity (yield), both short- and long-term, has been largely under investigated. This study focused on yield data from 14 on-farm ST in NT experiments from 2012 to 2014 (3 years/4 seasons) and the comparison of the re-interpreted results of a long-term (27 years) tillage experiment. This study explored production impacts of tillage on long-term NT systems over the short and longer term. Results from tillage-frequency studies across the NGR demonstrated that overall grain yield was not significantly impacted. A long-term tillage trial at Biloela showed wheat (Triticum aestivum) and sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) grain yields were similar across no till, stubble mulch and reduced tillage treatments, these in turn were all significantly higher than aggressive tillage without stubble retention treatments. Dealing with increased herbicide resistance often associated with reduced tillage and no-till systems poses a real time issue with landholders in the NGR. This analysis of historical yield data together with the more recent strategic tillage data can aid in selecting the appropriate soil management option by providing tillage impacts on yield.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12892-017-0044-0
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Role of Indigenous Mycorrhizal Species in Enhancing Physiological and
           Biochemical Status, Nutrient Acquisition and Yield Pattern of Groundnut (
           Arachis Hypogaea L.)
    • Authors: Prerna Balkrishna Pawar; Jose Savio Melo; Hemlata Madhav Kotkar; Mohan Vinayak Kulkarni
      Pages: 23 - 33
      Abstract: Arbuscular Mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) play an important and increasingly well-recognized role in agro ecosystems. Beneficial soil microorganisms like arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and soil health are key factors for producing safe plants. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi form a symbiotic association with roots of plants and facilitate plant growth through enhancing uptake of several macro- and micro-nutrients of low mobility in soil, like phosphorus, zinc, copper, etc. In the present study, we investigated the effect of 10 different isolated mycorrhizal species viz. Glomus mosseae, Glomus clarum, Glomus fasciculatum, Glomus intraradices, Glomus ambisporum, Gigaspora gigantea, Acaulospora denticulata, Glomus globiferum, Gigaspora albida, and Glomus pansiholus on growth, yield, and essential nutrient content of groundnut (Arachis hypogeae L.). Plants inoculated with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi showed significant increments in growth, yield, and nutrient uptake as compared to control (uninoculated) plants. Amongst all, plants inoculated with Glomus mosseae were more efficient in increasing growth parameters, enzymatic activities of nitrate reductase, and alkaline phosphatase as well as total yield as compared to other mycorrhizal inoculated plants. Overall, the study showed an additive effect of all mycorrhizal species on plant physiology. Thus, this study provides an important insight that arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi are most suitable for sustainable agriculture which will improve and help in increasing the growth as well as yield of groundnut.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12892-017-0075-0
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Evaluation of Faba Bean Varieties against Chocolate Spot ( Botrytis fabae
           Sard) Disease at Farta, South Gondar, Ethiopia
    • Authors: Getnet Yitayih; Yehizbalem Azmeraw
      Pages: 35 - 41
      Abstract: Faba bean (Vicia faba L.) is an important food legume crop in Ethiopia, and its production and productivity are decreased by biotic and abiotic stresses. Among the biotic stresses, chocolate spot disease is the major and the most destructive disease in faba bean-growing areas. A field experiment was conducted at Farta to evaluate the genetic variation of faba bean varieties to chocolate spot, and for yield and yield components during the 2014 and 2015 main cropping seasons. A total of 13 improved faba bean varieties and one local check were sowed in three replications using a randomized complete block design. The chocolate spot disease incidence and severity were taken four times in 10-day intervals. There was a significant difference (P < 0.05) among faba bean varieties on disease incidence and severity. The disease incidence was lower on varieties Obse and Moti. The severity of chocolate spot was lower on varieties Obse, Tumsa, and Degaga. Varieties Obse, Degaga, and Tumsa significantly reduced the severity of chocolate spot disease by 8.89, 6.85, and 5.91%, respectively, over Bulga 70 and Adet-Hana. Varieties Obse, Degaga, and Tumsa significantly reduced the AUDPC of chocolate spot disease by the amount of 229.63, 214.81, and 187.96% over variety Bulga 70, respectively. The highest yield (t/ha) was obtained from variety Degaga (1.55) and Tumsa (1.30). Thus, to conclude and recommend that variety Degaga and Tumsa are moderately tolerant or less susceptible to chocolate spot disease than other varieties with a better yield.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12892-017-0089-0
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Comparative Germplasm Characterization of Maize ( Zea mays L.) in Rajouri
           Region of Pir Panjal Himalaya J & K (India), based on Morphological
           and ISSR Markers
    • Authors: Tanvir H. Dar; Rubiada Shakeel; Shusheel Verma
      Pages: 43 - 55
      Abstract: The present study provides an assessment of genetic variability and relationship within and between different cultivars of maize grown across the Rajouri region of the Pir Panjal Himalaya, utilizing morphological and ISSR markers. Morphological descriptors showed significant diversity among cultivars; on morphological cluster analysis, the cultivars 9 and 7 were more related, while cultivars 10 and 3 were distinct. Fifty accessions (5 from each cultivar) were characterized using a DNA-based molecular marker, ISSR. In all, 108 amplification products were generated with 17 ISSR primers, 6.35 fragments with an average \per primer. Out of these, 83 were found to be polymorphic with an overall percentage polymorphism of 75.2%. Total genetic diversity (Ht) and the mean genetic diversity estimated within populations (HS) was 0.2613 and 0.0803, respectively. Gene flow (Nm) and Coefficient of gene differentiation (Gst) among the cultivars was 0.2220 and 0.6926, respectively. Nei’s genetic diversity index (H) and (I) were the lowest for cultivar 10 (H = 0.037; I = 0.056) and the highest for cultivar 8 (H = 0.121; I = 0.176). Analysis of molecular variance revealed 35% within group and 65% among group genetic diversity. Based on cluster analysis, cultivar 10 appeared distinct from rest of the cultivars. The high genetic diversity detected in the present study can be utilized in maize breeding programs, wherein the elite genotypes could be crossed with the existing cultivars to form novel gene and trait combinations.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12892-017-0128-0
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Changes in the Functional Components and Radical Scavenging Activity of
           Korean Maize Hybrids According to Different Cropping Seasons
    • Authors: Hyun-Joo Kim; Mi Jung Kim; Eun-Yeong Sim; Choon Ki Lee; Yong Hee Jeon; Sun Lim Kim; Gun-Ho Jung; Beom-Young Son; Koan Sik Woo
      Pages: 57 - 65
      Abstract: We evaluated the proximate composition, free sugar content, fatty acid composition, carotenoid content, total phenol content, and radical scavenging activity of the grain from various Korean maize hybrid cultivars grown in two different cropping seasons. The moisture, crude ash, crude fat, crude protein, total starch, and amylose contents were significantly higher in most of the maize hybrid cultivars when grown in the early-season than when grown in the late-season. The free sugar content, fatty acid composition, carotenoid content, and total phenol content differed significantly between cultivars and cropping seasons. The highest unsaturated fatty acid compositions of maize hybrids of early-season and late-season were 86.05 and 86.29%, respectively, in the Daanok cultivar. The carotenoid contents were significantly higher in maize hybrids of late-season compared to those of early-season. The highest total phenol content was 108.09 mg/100 g in Singwangok of the late-season. The radical scavenging activity of maize hybrids differed significantly between cultivars and cropping seasons.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12892-017-0117-0
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • GGE Biplot Analysis of Genotype by Environment Interaction in Field Pea (
           Pisum sativum L.) Genotypes in Northwestern Ethiopia
    • Authors: Tazebachew Asres Yihunie; Cherinet Alem Gesesse
      Pages: 67 - 74
      Abstract: Ten field pea genotypes were evaluated in randomized complete block design with four replications for three consecutive years (2010-2012) main cropping seasons at four locations in each year. The objectives were to determine magnitude of genotype by environment interaction and to identify stable field pea genotype with high grain yield to be released as a cultivar to producer for Northwestern Ethiopia. The GGE [genotype main effect (G) and genotype by environment interaction (GE)] biplot graphical tool was used to analyze yield data. The combined analysis of variance revealed a significant difference (P<0.01) among genotypes, environments and genotype-by-environment interaction for grain yield. The average environment coordinate biplot revealed that EH99005-7 (G2) was the most stable and the highest yielding genotype. Polygon view of GGE-biplot showed the presence of three mega-environments. The first section includes the test environments E1 (Adet 2010), E3 (Debretabor 2010), E5 (Adet 2011), E6 (Motta 2011), E7 (Debretabor 2011), E8 (Dabat 2011), E9 (Adet 2012) and E12 (Dabat 2012) which had the variety G1 (EH99009-1) as the winner; the second section contains the environments E4 (Dabat 2010), E10 (Motta 2012) and E11 (Debretabor 2012) with G2 as the best grain yielder and the third section contains the E2 (Motta 2010) with G4 (Tegegnech X EH90026-1-3-1) as the best grain yielder. The comparison GGE- biplot of field pea genotypes with the ideal genotype showed that G2 was the closest genotype for the ideal cultivar. Among the twelve environments, E2, E6 and E10 were more discriminating and E3, E9 and E12 were less discriminating. Genotype EH99005-7 was the most stable and the highest yielding genotype. As a result it is released officially for Northwestern Ethiopia. Therefore, it is recommended to use genotype EH99005-7 for wider cultivation in Northwestern Ethiopia and similar areas.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12892-017-0099-0
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Efficacy of Rinskor™ (florpyrauxifen-benzyl ester) on Herbicide
           Resistant Barnyardgrass ( Echinochloa crus-galli ) in Rice Fields of
           Mekong Delta, Vietnam
    • Authors: Le Duy; Nguyen M. Chon; Richard K. Mann; Bobba V. N. Kumar; Mauricio A. Morell
      Pages: 75 - 81
      Abstract: Barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-galli) seed samples were collected in rice fields in different locations at Mekong delta in Vietnam for herbicide resistance tests. The ALS-resistant and synthetic auxin-resistant E. crus-galli were confirmed at several locations in the Mekong Delta. The average LD90 value of bispyribac, penoxsulam and quinclorac for assessed weed populations was 33.1, 15.1 and 550.2 g a.i.ha−1 respectively. There were cross resistant barnyardgrass populations to bispyribac and penoxsulam, the LD90 value of the two ALS inhibitors for E. crus-galli was positively correlated at R2=0.39, the cross resistant population was 33.3% of total sample. The correlation analysis was not useful to evaluate the multiple resistance between quinclorac and the two ALS inhibitors, the R2 value was lower than 0.05, however, the percentage of multiple resistance weed was 36.2% of population. There was no cross resistance or multiple resistance among the 3 tested herbicides and the new synthetic auxin herbicide Rinskor™. All tested weed samples, including quinclorac-resistant populations, were effectively controlled by Rinskor™. There was no difference between control from Rinskor™ in the different herbicide resistant populations. Average LD90 value of Rinskor™ in all tested barnyardgrass was 17.1 g a.i ha−1.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12892-017-0142-0
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Identification of PCR-based DNA Marker Linked to High Phytase Level of
           Wheat
    • Authors: Amit Vashishth; Sewa Ram; Vikas Beniwal
      Pages: 83 - 88
      Abstract: The phytase is a key enzyme to hydrolyze phytic acid present in wheat grains and improves the bio-availability of micronutrients in monogastric animals. Phytase trait being contributed by specific regions of the genome requires identification of these regions, using suitable molecular markers. Hence, in the present investigation we attempted to develop a PCR-based marker that detects the phytase level in wheat. Six sets of PCR primers were designed on the basis of nucleotides sequence variation found in the sequence of both varieties. Out of six set of primers, one set amplified two different sized bands, i.e. 334 bp and 295 in two wheat cultivars C-306 (low phytase) and DBW 17 (high phytase), respectively. It exhibited a polymorphic banding pattern with length polymorphism and clearly separating low and high phytase genotypes. The primer set was also used for PCR of 46 synthetic hexaploids and 46 release varieties of wheat to validate the developed markers. Association among identified markers and phytase activity was found to be at 99.9% confidence level based on Fisher’s exact test (F-test). Therefore, this PCR primer set will be useful to select the wheat germplasm having high phytase levels and also in wheat breeding programs aimed at improving phytase levels in bread wheat cultivars.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12892-017-0113-0
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Efficient Micropropagation Protocol for Jatropha Curcas Using Liquid
           Culture Medium
    • Authors: Aneesha Singh
      Pages: 89 - 94
      Abstract: Although several studies have been made on the micropropagation of Jatropha curcas using agar base mediums, none of them have been by using liquid medium systems. The effects of explant type and temporary immersion system (test tube, jar with filter paper boat, and growtek bioreactor) on the micropropagation of J. curcas were studied. The explant type influenced shoot quality, multiplication coefficient (MC), and rooting. Leaf explant produced more and longer shoots than nodal explant. Use of filter paper (FB) boat prevented hyperhydricity and allowed proliferation of nodal explants cultured in liquid MS (Murashige and Skoog) medium supplemented 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP) and Kinetin (KN). The best shoot bud induction (92.1±3.1%) was achieved in liquid MS medium supplemented with 2.0 mg/L KN. Leaf regeneration efficiency was compared in growtek bioreactor and in jar containing liquid MS medium supplemented with 0.5 mg/L Thidiazuron (TDZ). The best shoot bud regeneration (78.7±2.1%) was obtained in growtek bioreactor. Shoot buds achieved from nodal segment and leaf were subcultured on filter paper boats in jar and bioreactor containing liquid MS medium supplemented with BAP, Indole butyric acid (IBA), Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), and KN. Best shoot proliferation and elongation was obtained in filter paper boats containing liquid MS medium supplemented with 1.5 mg/L BAP, 0.5 mg/L IAA, and 0.2 mg/L KN. The number of multiple shoot buds was higher in leaf explants as compared to nodal explants and the highest number of multiple shoot buds was recorded from leaf explants. Up to 76.4% rooting efficiency was obtained when the shoots were ex vitro rooted. The generated plants well established in the nursery and grew normally in outdoor conditions. The protocol has good potential for application in large-scale propagation of J. curcas using liquid medium.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12892-017-0004-0
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Adaptability and stability analysis of groundnut genotypes using AMMI
           model and GGE-biplot
    • Authors: Amare Kebede B; Adisu Getahun
      Pages: 343 - 349
      Abstract: Unpredictable rainfall, variations in farm inputs, crop-diseases, and the inherent potential of genotypes are among the major factors for low and variable crop yield. Fourteen elite groundnut genotypes were examined in 14 environments to analyze adaptability and stability of genotypes, and identify mega-environments if they exist. Additive main effect and multiplicative interaction (AMMI) model, cultivar-superiority measure, and genotype plus genotype-by-environment (GGE) biplot analysis were used for data analysis. The environment (69.8%) and genotype-by-environment interaction (GEI) effects (21.4%) were dominating the genotypic effect (8.8%). The GEI was significant (P < 0.01), and two distinct environments (mega-environments) were identified, suggesting separate national groundnut breeding strategies for Babile and Pawe. ICGV-94100 and ICGV-97156 were stable and had the highest-yield at Babile and Pawe, respectively. The higher heritability value was recorded in more homogeneous and favorable environments, indicating the genetic potential of groundnut genotypes were better attained in more homogeneous and favorable environments. AMMI model, cultivar-superiority measure, and GGE biplots were helpful methodologies and complemented each other to evaluate the adaptability and stability of groundnut genotypes in diverse environments.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12892-017-0061-0
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • Hijacking tobacco hairy roots and leaves in order to produce IpaD antigen
           by means of different signal peptides
    • Authors: Shahram Shokrian Hajibehzad; Fariba Abooei Mehrizi; Hossein Honari; Houshang Alizadeh
      Pages: 359 - 368
      Abstract: IpaA, IpaB, IpaC, and IpaD are Shigella dysenteriae Ipa operon genes which collectively contribute in invasion to the epithelial cells of the human gut. Among them, IpaD has been demonstrated to play the most crucial role in shigellosis. Noteworthy, due to the more efficient, cost-effective and no need for advanced equipment in comparison with traditional systems, plant-based expression systems are considered as a novel strategy for production of recombinant proteins. As an aim of this research, attempts were carried out to examine and compare IpaD antigen production in three different plant-based platforms, including transgenic tobacco hairy roots and leaves as well as a transient based expression. Furthermore, different signal peptides (i.e. Zera® and Extensin) were also employed in order to improve the production level. Based on TAS-ELISA result, the highest yield of IpaD acquired by ER-derived protein bodies (Zera® ) which was more than 1.29-fold higher as compared with apoplastic space based on TSP% in both transgenic tobacco hairy roots and leaves. Furthermore, transgenic tobacco hairy roots were more abundant than transgenic leaves averaging 0.52 ng of IpaD per μg TSP and with a maximum of 0.94 ng IpaD per μg TSP in the best-performing construct of pBI-ZeCIpaD. Totally, the results of quantitative RT-PCR and TAS-ELISA indicated that the best time point for the production of IpaD using agroinfiltration was 72 h post infiltration and during 72 to 96 hpi, expression levels descended rapidly. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report representing and combining the potential effects of signal peptides and plant-based expression platforms on stably production of IpaD antigen in transgenic tobacco leaves and hairy roots.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12892-017-0005-0
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • Allelic composition and associated quality traits of the Glu-1 and Glu-3
           loci in selected modern Ethiopian durum wheat varieties
    • Authors: Daniel Hailegiorgis; Chong Ae Lee; Song Joong Yun
      Pages: 387 - 392
      Abstract: Gluten protein determines the processing quality of both durum wheat and bread wheat. The glutenin subunits compositions and associated quality traits of 20 Ethiopian durum wheat varieties were systematically analyzed using SDS-PAGE and Payne numbers. A total of 16 glutenin patterns were identified. At the Glu-A1 locus, all varieties scored the null allele. The predominant glutenin alleles at the Glu-B1 locus were Glu-B1b (7+8) and Glu-B1e (20). In Glu-3, the most abundant glutenin subunits were Glu-A3a and Glu-B3c. Based on the Payne scores, the varieties Yerer, Ginchi, Candate, and Foka were identified to have allelic composition suitable for pasta making. The cluster analysis using agglomerative hierarchical clustering (AHC) method classified the varieties into four similarity classes. Based on the findings of this experiment, suggestions were made for allelic composition improvement through introgression of superior alleles from known Glu-1 and Glu-3 sources.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12892-017-0086-0
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • Unveilingsources of stripe rust resistance in diverse wheat ( Triticum
           Aestivum L.) germplasm using narrow down methodology: a proof of concept
    • Authors: Saurabh Badoni; Reeku Chaudhary; Ravi Shekhar; Shweta Badoni; Ekhlaque Ahmad; Rishi Pal Gangwar; Kashi Nath Tiwari; Rajendra Singh Rawat; Deepshikha; Jai Prakash Jaiswal
      Pages: 393 - 403
      Abstract: Stripe rust of wheat caused by the fungal pathogen is a destructive foliar disease of wheat. Thus, it is crucial step to characterize the resistant germplasm for stripe rust in a diverse germplasm pool for their ultimate utilization in efficient crop rust resistance breeding. In the present study, we followed two pronged strategies involving integrated phenotypic and molecular characterization of 440 diverse wheat germplasm lines for rust resistance. The germplasm panel was extensively evaluated in field epiphytotic conditions during two consecutive years. After rigorous screening, 72 accessions were successfully revealed as resistant to moderately resistant to stripe rust. Subsequently, entries were then evaluated for their field agronomicperformances, considering prerequisites for serving as a donor germplasm,particularly for yield and 33 potential rust-resistant accessions were identified. Furthermore, to detect the sources of resistance, accessions were molecular characterized for potential race-specific resistance genes Yr5, Yr10,Yr15, and effective adult plant resistance (APR) gene Lr34/Yr18/pm38. We identified the 22 accessions possessing one or more single resistance genes and two accessions were observed with at least three of them. Moreover, Lr34/Yr18/pm38 was determined to confer resistance when observed along with any of the race-specific genes. Thus, the study not only provides proof of concept methodology to identify candidate resistant sources from large germplasm collections but simultaneouslyconfirmed the contribution of combining race-specific andnon-specific APR genes. The finding could further assist in the potential deployment of resistant genes directly into the stripe rust breeding program by involving marker-assisted approaches.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12892-017-0118-0
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • Identifying and exploring significant genomic regions associated with
           soybean yield, seed fatty acids, protein and oil
    • Authors: Christopher J. Smallwood; Jason D. Gillman; Arnold M. Saxton; Hem S. Bhandari; Phillip A. Wadl; Benjamin D. Fallen; David L. Hyten; Qijian Song; Vincent R. Pantalone
      Pages: 243 - 253
      Abstract: Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] yield and seed fatty acids, protein, and oil content are important traits for which an improved understanding of significant genomic regions would be useful. To accomplish this, a soybean population consisting of 203 F5 derived recombinant inbred lines (RILs) was developed and genotyped with 11,633 polymorphic single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Each RIL was grown in a single plot at Knoxville, TN in 2010; followed by replicated, multi-location field trials in 2013 and 2014. The data from 2010, 2013, and 2014 were analyzed together in order to detect quantitative trait loci (QTL) for these traits, and 30 total QTLs were detected. Five QTLs are candidates for confirmed status and one QTL is a candidate for positional confirmation. Many of the genes with mutations in close proximity to the fatty acid QTLs are involved in biological processes for fatty acids and/or lipids and could be considered possible candidate genes. Similarly, genes with mutations in genomic regions near yield, protein, and oil QTLs were plentiful and may contribute to the variation observed in these traits. Except for yield and stearic acid, each trait displayed pleiotropic effects with other traits in this study. Notable are the pleiotropic effects for oleic and linolenic acid on chromosomes 9, 13, and 19. Overall, the findings from this research contribute new information to the genetic understanding of soybean yield and seed fatty acids, protein and oil content. This understanding will be useful in making trait improvements.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12892-017-0020-0
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Competency assessment of directed amplified minisatellite DNA and start
           codon targeted markers for genetic diversity study in accessions of Vigna
           subterranea (L.) Verdcourt
    • Authors: David Okeh Igwe; Celestine Azubuike Afiukwa
      Pages: 263 - 278
      Abstract: Assessment of genetic diversity of Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdcourt) accessions from Nigeria using informative molecular markers has become imperative for their genetic improvement and conservation. Comparative analysis of 30 V. subterranea from different locations in Nigeria was investigated using Directed Amplified Minisatellite DNA (DAMD) and Start codon targeted (SCoT) markers. The DNA was extracted using CTAB method for amplification. Both markers resolved the accessions into eight major groups using dendrograms and six clusters by principal component analysis. Alleles of 25 and 53 were obtained with DAMD and SCoT, respectively. Mean alleles, gene diversity, and polymorphic information content detected with DAMD were 10.2000, 0.6950, and 0.6600, while SCoT yielded 16.200, 0.847, and 0.836, respectively. Polymorphic loci were 130 and 142 in DAMD and SCoT, respectively. Both markers produced high polymorphism of 60.00-80% and 40.33-96.67% in DAMD and SCoT, respectively. Effective alleles (Ne) in both markers (DAMD: 1.1828-1.5927; SCoT: 1.1830-1.6779) were high. The Nei’s value (H) ranged from 0.1959-0.3238 in DAMD and 0.1533-0.3782 in SCoT. The Shannon’s information index (I) obtained from DAMD and SCoT were 0.3281-0.4635 and 0.1420-0.5557, respectively. Total gene diversity (Ht), diversity within population (Hs), coefficient of gene differentiation (Gst), and estimate of gene flow (Nm) from DAMD were 0.3304, 0.2673, 0.1907, and 2.1215, while SCoT had 0.3927, 0.3163, 0.1945, and 2.0713, respectively. Our study demonstrated that SCoT markers are more competent than DAMD and should be integrated in the exploration of genetic diversity and selection of unique accessions for improvement and utilization of V. subterranea.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12892-017-0119-0
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Polyamines, affected the nitrogen partitioning, protein accumulation and
           amino acid composition of mung bean under water stress
    • Authors: Salar Farhangi-Abriz; Reza Faegi-Analou; Neda Nikpour-Rashidabad
      Pages: 279 - 285
      Abstract: Field experiments were conducted in two growing seasons as a split plot based on a randomized complete block design with four replications. Irrigation intervals (irrigation after 70 and 170 mm evaporation from class A pan) were assigned to main plots and spraying of polyamines (putrescine 0.1 mM, spermidine 0.1 mM, and spermine 0.1 mM) were allocated to the subplots. T nitrogen and sulfur content of different parts of mung bean, nitrogen uptake, protein filling duration, protein percentage of grain, maximum protein content per grains, grain and protein yields per unit area, methionine and serine contents reduced under water limitation, but grain filling rate, isoleucine, leucine, threonine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, glycine, proline, tyrosine and arginine contents in grains raised. Treatment of plants with polyamines improved the contents of nitrogen and sulfur, nitrogen uptake, protein-filling duration, protein percentage, grain and protein yield per unit area, and histidine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, tyrosine, and arginine contents in grain. Putrescine had the highest grain and protein yields. Our results clearly indicated that polyamines with improving histidine, methionine, phenylalanine, and threonine content in mung bean grains improved the quality of mung bean protein.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12892-017-0079-0
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Allelic variation at the gliadin coding loci of improved Ethiopian durum
           wheat varieties
    • Authors: Daniel Hailegiorgis; Chong Ae Lee; Song Joong Yun
      Pages: 287 - 293
      Abstract: The objective of this study was to determine gliadin allele compositions of 20 improved Ethiopian durum wheat varieties using acid-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (A-PAGE). Each block of co-dominantly inherited polypeptides encoded by gliadin loci were identified and their genetic diversities were estimated using statistical analyses. A total of 30 electrophoretic blocks were identified at five major gliadin loci. In addition, four novel gliadin blocks were identified. Gli-B1 and Gli-A2 loci had higher numbers of gliadin alleles (nine and ten, respectively) compared to other loci. Alleles Gli-A1c on chromosome 1A, Gli-B1c on chromosome 1B, Gli-A2a, and Gli-A2o on chromosome 6A, and Gli-B2h on chromosome 6B had maximal frequencies in their corresponding loci. Varieties were classified into three main clusters and one singleton based on genetic distances of detected gliadin alleles. These results indicate that Ethiopian durum wheat varieties are genetically diverse with unique allele compositions at gliadin-coding loci.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12892-017-0106-0
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • The complete chloroplast genome sequence of Glycyrrhiza lepidota (Nutt.)
           Pursh - An American wild licorice
    • Authors: Sebastin Raveendar; Yoon-Sup So; Kyung Jun Lee; Dong-Jin Lee; Jwakyung Sung; Jong-Wook Chung
      Pages: 295 - 303
      Abstract: The wild species are considered as primary and secondary genepools for the world’s most important food crops. Here, we sequenced the complete chloroplast (cp) genome sequence of an American wild licorice, Glycyrrhiza lepidota for the first time to investigate their phylogenetic relationship among inverted-repeat-lacking clade (IRLC) legumes. The total length of the chloroplast genome is 127,939 bp, with 34.2% overall GC content. The chloroplast genome harbors 110 known genes, including 76 protein-coding genes, four ribosomal RNA genes, and 30 tRNA genes. Similar to other closely related plastomes, rpl22 and rps16 are absent. A total of 464 cp microsatellites (cpSSRs) were analyzed in the G. lepidota. The majority of the SSRs in this cp genome are penta-nucleotides (61.6%). Locally collinear blocks (LCBs) identified between the Glycyrrhiza glabra and G. lepidota cp genomes were showed that they were well conserved with respect to gene organization and order. Moreover, the phylogenetic analysis indicates that G. lepidota is closely related to its confamilial counterparts than to the other taxa of the IRLC legumes.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12892-017-0137-0
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Accuracy evaluation of the crop-weather yield predictive models of Italian
           ryegrass and forage rye using cross-validation
    • Authors: Jing-Lun Peng; Moon-Ju Kim; Mu-Hwan Jo; Doo-Hong Min; Kyung-Dae Kim; Bae-Hun Lee; Byong-Wan Kim; Kyung-Il Sung
      Pages: 327 - 334
      Abstract: The objective of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of the yield predictive models of Italian ryegrass (IRG, Lolium multiflorum Lam.) and forage rye (FR, Secale cereale L.) reported in previous studies through K-fold cross-validation method. In previous studies, statistical models were constructed for dry matter yield prediction of IRG and FR using general linear model based on climatic data by locations in the Republic of Korea. The yield predictive model for IRG cultivated in the southern region of the Korean Peninsula and Jeju Island were DMY = 78.178AGD–254.622MTJ + 64.156SGD–76.954PAT150 + 4.711SAP + 1028.295 + Location and DMY =–8.044AAT + 18.640SDS–7.542SAT + 9.610SAP + 17282.191, respectively. The yield predictive model for FR was as follows: DMY = 20.999AGD + 163.705LTJ + 113.716SGD + 64.379PAT100–4964.728 + Location. However, accuracy evaluation was not performed in the previous research. In this study, the reported models and the data set used for model construction were investigated. Subsequently, K-fold cross-validation was performed to assess the accuracy of the models. The results showed that the yield predictive models fit to the data sets well, while the accuracy of these models was in the common level since the data sources might keep major variances in cultivars, climatic conditions, and cultivated locations. Therefore, models with better fitness and accuracy might be constructed based on a data set with smaller variance. Hence, the standardization of the crop cultivation experiments is very necessary to decrease the variance in the historical data used for future crop yield modeling.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12892-017-0090-0
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 4 (2017)
       
 
 
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