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BIOTECHNOLOGY (244 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 244 Journals sorted alphabetically
3 Biotech     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Regenerative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Algal Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 69)
American Journal of Bioinformatics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Polymer Science     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Amylase     Open Access  
Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology : C Life Sciences and Biotechnology     Open Access  
Animal Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annales des Sciences Agronomiques     Full-text available via subscription  
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Food Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
Applied Mycology and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Arthroplasty Today     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Biotech News     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australasian Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Banat's Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
BBR : Biochemistry and Biotechnology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Beitr?ge zur Tabakforschung International/Contributions to Tobacco Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bio-Algorithms and Med-Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bio-Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bioactive Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biocybernetics and Biological Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Bioethics UPdate     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biofuels     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Biofuels Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Biological Cybernetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biomarkers and Genomic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biomaterials Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BioMed Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomédica     Open Access  
Biomedical and Biotechnology Research Journal     Open Access  
Biomedical Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Biomedical Glasses     Open Access  
Biomedical Reports     Full-text available via subscription  
BioMedicine     Open Access  
Biomedika     Open Access  
Bioprinting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioresource Technology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Biosensors Journal     Open Access  
Biosimilars     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biosurface and Biotribology     Open Access  
Biotechnic and Histochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BioTechniques : The International Journal of Life Science Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Biotechnologia Acta     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biotechnology Advances     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Biotechnology and Bioengineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 160)
Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Biotechnology and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology Annual Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Biotechnology for Biofuels     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Biotechnology Frontier     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Biotechnology Law Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biotechnology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Biotechnology Progress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Biotechnology Reports     Open Access  
Biotechnology Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnology Techniques     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biotecnología Aplicada     Open Access  
Bioteknologi (Biotechnological Studies)     Open Access  
BIOTIK : Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Teknologi dan Kependidikan     Open Access  
Biotribology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BMC Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Cell Biology and Development     Open Access  
Chinese Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Communications in Mathematical Biology and Neuroscience     Open Access  
Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Copernican Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Critical Reviews in Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Bionanotechnology     Hybrid Journal  
Current Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Opinion in Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Research in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Current Trends in Biotechnology and Chemical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current trends in Biotechnology and Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
DNA and RNA Nanotechnology     Open Access  
EBioMedicine     Open Access  
Electronic Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
Entomologia Generalis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Environmental Science : Processes & Impacts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Experimental Biology and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Folia Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Food Bioscience     Hybrid Journal  
Food Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Food Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Frontiers in Systems Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Fungal Biology and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
GM Crops and Food: Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
GSTF Journal of BioSciences     Open Access  
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences     Open Access  
Horticultural Biotechnology Research     Open Access  
Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
IEEE Transactions on Molecular, Biological and Multi-Scale Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
IET Nanobiotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
IN VIVO     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Indian Journal of Biotechnology (IJBT)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indonesia Journal of Biomedical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Journal of Medicine     Open Access  
Industrial Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Biomechanics     Open Access  
International Journal of Bioinformatics Research and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Biomechatronics and Biomedical Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Biotechnology for Wellness Industries     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Environment, Agriculture and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Functional Informatics and Personalised Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Nanotechnology and Molecular Computation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Radiation Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Iranian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
ISABB Journal of Biotechnology and Bioinformatics     Open Access  
Italian Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
JMIR Biomedical Engineering     Open Access  
Journal of Biometrics & Biostatistics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefense     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Advanced Therapies and Medical Innovation Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Advances in Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal Of Agrobiotechnology     Open Access  
Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Applied Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Biotechnology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Mathematics & Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Biologically Active Products from Nature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Biomedical Photonics & Engineering     Open Access  
Journal of Biomedical Practitioners     Open Access  
Journal of Bioprocess Engineering and Biorefinery     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Bioprocessing & Biotechniques     Open Access  
Journal of BioScience and Biotechnology     Open Access  
Journal of Biosecurity Biosafety and Biodefense Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
Journal of Biotechnology and Strategic Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Chemical and Biological Interfaces     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Chitin and Chitosan Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Colloid Science and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Commercial Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Crop Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Ecobiotechnology     Open Access  
Journal of Essential Oil Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Ginseng Research     Open Access  
Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Integrative Bioinformatics     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Imaging and Health Informatics     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology     Open Access  
Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Nano Education     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Nanobiotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Nanofluids     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Organic and Biomolecular Simulations     Open Access  
Journal of Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Science and Applications : Biomedicine     Open Access  
Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Tropical Microbiology and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Marine Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Meat Technology     Open Access  
Messenger     Full-text available via subscription  
Metabolic Engineering Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Metalloproteinases In Medicine     Open Access  
Microbial Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
MicroMedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Molecular and Cellular Biomedical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Molecular Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nanobiomedicine     Open Access  
Nanobiotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)

        1 2 | Last

Journal Cover
Food Science and Biotechnology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.381
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 8  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1226-7708 - ISSN (Online) 2092-6456
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory functionality of ten Sri Lankan seaweed
           extracts obtained by carbohydrase assisted extraction
    • Authors: I. P. Shanura Fernando; K. K. Asanka Sanjeewa; Kalpa W. Samarakoon; Won Woo Lee; Hyun-Soo Kim; P. Ranasinghe; U. K. D. S. S. Gunasekara; You-Jin Jeon
      Abstract: Enzyme-assisted extraction is a cost-effective, safe, and efficient method to obtain bioactives from plant materials. During this study, 10 different marine algae from Sri Lanka were individually extracted by using five commercial food-grade carbohydrases. The enzymatic and water extracts of the seaweeds were analyzed for their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. The highest DPPH, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and intracellular H2O2 scavenging abilities were observed from the Celluclast extract of Sargassum polycystum (CSp). CSp exerted protective effects against oxidative stress-induced cell death in hydrogen peroxide-induced Chang cells and in model zebrafish. The Celluclast extract of Chnoospora minima (CCm) showed the strongest anti-inflammatory activity against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced NO production in RAW 264.7 macrophages (IC50 = 44.47 µg/mL) and in model zebrafish. CCm inhibited the levels of iNOS, COX-2, PGE2, and TNF-α in LPS stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages. Hence, CSp and CCm could be utilized in developing functional ingredients for foods, and cosmeceuticals.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10068-018-0406-1
  • Acer okamotoanum protects SH-SY5Y neuronal cells against hydrogen
           peroxide-induced oxidative stress
    • Authors: Ji Hyun Kim; Sanghyun Lee; Eun Ju Cho
      Abstract: Oxidative stress by over-production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in brain is widely known as a cause of neurodegenerative disease. We investigated protective effects of Acer okamotoanum against oxidative stress by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in SH-SY5Y neuronal cells. Acer okamotoanum reduced ROS production and lactate dehydrogenase release in H2O2-induced SH-SY5Y cells, resulting in elevation of cell viability. To elucidate protective mechanisms, we measured inflammation and apoptosis-associated protein expressions. Treatment with A. okamotoanum dose-dependently decreased pro-inflammatory proteins such as inducible nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase-2. Treatment with A. okamotoanum showed down-regulation of pro-apoptosis genes such as cleaved caspase-3, cleaved caspase-9, and Bax, and up-regulation of anti-apoptosis protein including Bcl-2, in H2O2-induced SH-SY5Y cells. We demonstrated potential anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic effect of A. okamotoanum in H2O2-induced SH-SY5Y cells. These results suggest that A. okamotoanum may possess neuroprotective potential, but further study is necessary to elucidate its pharmacological effects in neurodegenerative diseases.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10068-018-0381-6
  • Oxidative stability of oil-in-water emulsions with α-tocopherol, charged
           emulsifier, and different oxidative stress
    • Authors: BoRa Yi; Mi-Ja Kim; JaeHwan Lee
      Abstract: α-Tocopherol is known to show different activity depending on the concentration and food matrix. Effects of α-tocopherol at the concentrations of 0, 0.1, 0.5, and 1.0 mM were determined in oil-in-water (O/W) emulsions containing anionic, neutral, and cationic emulsifiers under different types of oxidative stress including riboflavin photosensitization, photooxidation, and autoxidation. Headspace oxygen depletion, lipid hydroperoxides, and conjugated dienes were analyzed to determine the oxidative stability of O/W emulsions. α-Tocopherol served as an antioxidant in O/W emulsion with a cationic emulsifier irrespective of oxidative stress. α-Tocopherol acted as an antioxidant in O/W emulsion with a neutral emulsifier at riboflavin photosensitization while a prooxidant at photooxidation. However, in samples with an anionic emulsifier, α-tocopherol activity differed from the concentration and types of oxidative stress. Therefore, cationic transition metals or reactive oxygen species generated from RF photosensitization could play key roles of α-tocopherol in O/W emulsion.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10068-018-0407-0
  • Systematical characterization of functional and antioxidative properties
           of heat-induced polymerized whey proteins
    • Authors: Feng Gao; Xuefei Zhang; Jiaqi Wang; Xiaomeng Sun; Cuina Wang
      Abstract: Effects of pH (6–8), protein concentration (6–11%, w/v), heating temperature (70–95 °C) and time (5–30 min) on functional and antioxidative properties of heat-induced polymerized whey protein were systematically investigated. All samples were determined for solubility at pH 4.6, emulsion capacity and stability, and antioxidative properties involving 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2′-azinobis(2-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonate) (ABTS) scavenging abilities. Heating resulted in significant loss in solubility, emulsion capacity and stability for whey protein, p < 0.05. Heating decreased DPPH but enhanced ABTS scavenging ability for whey protein significantly, p < 0.05. Changes caused by pH variation were much stronger than those observed for other factors. Both protein concentration and heating time had negative effects while heating temperature had positive effect on emulsion capacity of whey protein. Data indicates that functional and antioxidative properties of whey protein could be altered by factors including pH, protein concentration, heating temperature and time.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10068-018-0402-5
  • Determination of compositional quality and volatile flavor characteristics
           of radish-based Kimchi suitable for Chinese consumers and its correlation
           to consumer acceptability
    • Authors: Mina K. Kim; Mi-Ai Lee; Kwang-Geun Lee
      Abstract: In this study, two prototype radish-based kimchi were developed for Chinese consumer market. The major difference between these samples was the liquid used during the salting stage. Kimchi 1 was salted in soy sauce while Kimchi 2 was salted in saline water. The quality factor differences were observed in Brix (°Brix), salinity, and capsaicin levels (p < 0.05). The volatile flavor analysis revealed that a different flavor profile was noted between the two kimchi samples; however, this did not influence consumer acceptance. The overall liking scores for Kimchi 1 and Kimchi 2 were 6.2 and 6.1, respectively, based on a 9-pt hedonic scale (p > 0.05). Current work presented two different prototypes of radish-based Kimchi developed for Chinese consumers. Slight differences were observed between the two radish-based kimchi samples, yet these differences did not influence consumer hedonic responses.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10068-018-0387-0
  • Migration study of caprolactam from polyamide 6 sheets into food simulants
    • Authors: Hyun Ju Song; Yoonjee Chang; Ji Sou Lyu; Mi Yong Yon; Haeng-shin Lee; Se-Jong Park; Jae Chun Choi; Meekyung Kim; Jaejoon Han
      Abstract: Caprolactam, used in manufacturing polyamide (PA) 6, may threaten human health. Here, PA 6 sheets were produced by using a twin-screw extruder to evaluate its safety. Caprolactam migration concentrations from the PA 6 sheets into food simulants were evaluated according to the standard migration test conditions under the Korean Food Standards Codex (KFSC). Concentrations were investigated under various food simulants (distilled water, 4% acetic acid, 20 and 50% ethanol, and heptane) and storage conditions (at 25, 60, and 95 °C). Caprolactam migration concentrations into food simulants were determined as follows: 4% acetic acid (0.982 mg/L), distilled water (0.851 mg/L), 50% ethanol (0.624 mg/L), 20% ethanol (0.328 mg/L), and n-heptane (not detected). Migrations were determined to be under the regulatory concentration (15 mg/L) according to the KFSC test conditions. Taken together, these results verified that the standard migration test conditions by KFSC were reliable to evaluate the safety of PA 6.
      PubDate: 2018-05-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s10068-018-0403-4
  • Effects of homogenization on the molecular flexibility and emulsifying
           properties of soy protein isolate
    • Authors: Yeye Xu; Guorong Wang; Xibo Wang; Jie Yu; Jian Wang; Zeyu Zhang; Rui Li
      Abstract: The sensitivity of soy protein isolate (SPI) to trypsin was characterized by its flexibility. The effects of different homogenization conditions on soy protein isolate flexibility and emulsifying properties were investigated. Set the homogenization pressure was 120 MPa (megapascal) and the homogenous number of times is 0–4 times, the flexibility increases with the increase of the homogenization times (0–3 times), the change trend of flexibility is not obvious (3–4 times). When the homogenization times was 0–3 times, the emulsifying activity increases, and the emulsifying activity was the strongest at 3 times, after homogenization 3 times, the change trend of emulsifying activity is not obvious, the trend of emulsification stability and emulsification activity were similar. The surface hydrophobicity increases with the increase of homogenization times, while the turbidity decreases. The other structural indicators such as Ultraviolet scanning and endogenous tryptophan fluorescence spectroscopy suggest that the structure of SPI becomes more stretch as the flexibility increases.
      PubDate: 2018-05-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s10068-018-0361-x
  • Response surface optimization of lipid and protein extractions from
           Spirulina platensis using ultrasound assisted osmotic shock method
    • Authors: H. Hadiyanto; Nais Pinta Adetya
      Abstract: In this study, we optimized the process for extracting lipids and proteins from wet biomasses of Spirulina sp. using a 4-kHz ultrasonic osmotic shock method with ultrasound enhancement at a constant frequency of 40 kHz. Optimization was conducted using a response surface methodology (RSM) at an osmotic NaCl concentration of 10–30%, solvent:biomass ratio of 5–15 v/w, and extraction times of 20–50 min. The present osmotic shock method with ultrasound irradiation increased lipid yields to 6.65% in the presence of 11.9% NaCl, a solvent:biomass ratio of 12:1 v/w, and a 22-min extraction time, and protein yields to 43.96% with 15.12% NaCl, a solvent:biomass ratio of 10:1 v/w, and a 30-min extraction time.
      PubDate: 2018-05-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s10068-018-0389-y
  • Interaction between rice bran albumin and epigallocatechin gallate and
           their physicochemical analysis
    • Authors: Rui Yang; Yuqian Liu; Jingjing Xu; Wenting Shang; Xiao Yu; Yongjin Wang; Chris Blanchard; Zhongkai Zhou
      Abstract: Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) is sensitive to heat thus its application in food industry is limited. In this work, rice bran albumin protein (RAP) was used as a carrier for EGCG. RAP-EGCG complexes (RAPE) were prepared with the binding number n of 0.0505:1 (EGCG: RAP, w/w) and binding constant K of (0.74 ± 0.002) × 104 M−1, which suggests that hydrogen bond/van der Waals forces played important roles in such binding. FTIR analysis demonstrated that EGCG could induce the secondary structure changes of RAP above the ratio of 1.92:1 (EGCG:RAP, w/w). Dynamic light scattering and scanning electron microscope results showed that EGCG could trigger RAP association. Furthermore, the EGCG stability in RAPE was significantly improved than that of free EGCG in 10–60 °C. The antioxidant ability of EGCG in RAPE was partially retained. These findings prove that RAP is a potential carrier for polyphenols and is beneficial for mechanism investigation between protein and polyphenols.
      PubDate: 2018-05-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s10068-018-0392-3
  • Sialoglycoprotein from Gadous morhua eggs improve high bone turnover
           activity via down-regulating BMP-2/Smads and Wnt/β-catenin signal
    • Authors: Kai Wang; Lihua Han; Na Wang; Yiming Wang; Jingfeng Wang
      Abstract: The effect of sialoglycoprotein isolated from Gadous morhua eggs (Gm-SGP) on ovariectomized (OVX) induced osteoporosis, which is characterized by high bone turnover activity was investigated. Results revealed that Gm-SGP significantly increased bone mineral density, enhanced bone biomechanical properties and repaired the microstructure of the trabecular bone. Also, the treatment with Gm-SGP remarkably decreased biochemical marker contents or activities, such as serum BALP, PICP, BMP-2, TrACP, Cath-K, urine Ca and P, leading to the reduction in bone turnover. The elevation in the rate of bone formative process contributed in the increase of bone turnover. Both BMP-2/Smads and Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathways played an important role in osteogenesis. Gm-SGP suppressed the key factors expression in these two pathways such as BMP-2, Smad1, Smad4, Lrp-5b, Runx2, Osx, ALP, Col1, OCN and β-catenin. These findings might provide some theoretical basis for the application of Gm-SGP as a potential anti-osteoporotic drug or as functional food. Graphical
      PubDate: 2018-05-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s10068-018-0379-0
  • Hypoglycemic effect of standardized Chrysanthemum zawadskii ethanol
           extract in high-fat diet/streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice and rats
    • Authors: Yang-Ji Kim; Hyun-Kyu Kim; Hak Sung Lee
      Abstract: Chrysanthemum zawadskii (CZ) is a perennial herb belonging to the Asteraceae family. CZ is used medicinally to treat inflammatory and uterine diseases in Asia. CZ was extracted with 50% ethanol and CZ extract (CZE; at 125, 250, and 500 mg/kg body weight) was administered orally every day for 5 or 6 weeks to investigate the anti-diabetic effects in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced rats and STZ + high-fat diet (HFD)-fed mice. CZE significantly decreased fasting blood glucose levels in STZ- and STZ + HFD-induced diabetic models. In addition, glucose tolerance and insulin tolerance were improved in the STZ + HFD + CZE group by increasing insulin levels and decreasing hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels in serum. Furthermore, CZE supplements decreased components of the serum lipid profile such as triglyceride, total cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. These results suggest that CZE may be a potential candidate for controlling hyperglycemia.
      PubDate: 2018-05-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s10068-018-0399-9
  • Biological properties of butanol extracts from green pine cone of Pinus
    • Authors: Seoyoun Lee; Won-Baek Kim; So Hae Park; Minji Kim; Doohyun Kim; Jumin Park; Dae Youn Hwang; Heeseob Lee
      Abstract: This study examined the biological functions of the butanol extracts of green pine cones (GPCs) that had not ripened completely. The butanol extracts of GPC showed 78.22% DPPH-scavenging activity, 53.55% TEAC and 71.50% hyaluronidase (HAase) inhibition activity. They also exhibited inhibition activity against food poisoning microorganisms. The contents of total phenolic compounds and total flavonoids were 296.75 and 26.07 mg/g, respectively. Biologically active compounds were analyzed and separated using HPLC related to the DPPH-scavenging and HAase inhibition activities. Gallotannin was the primary biologically active compound with DPPH-scavenging and HAase inhibition activities in the GPC butanol extracts.
      PubDate: 2018-05-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s10068-018-0382-5
  • Spirulina sp. biomass dried/disrupted by different methods and their
           application in biofilms production
    • Authors: Ana P. Q. Larrosa; Álisson S. Camara; Jaqueline M. Moura; Luiz A. A. Pinto
      Abstract: Arthrospira Spirulina biomass is a source of intracellular compounds with great commercial interest, such as phycocyanin and phenolic compounds. In this work, different cell disruption methods of the microalgae biomass dried in spouted bed and in conventional tray were performed, aiming lead to the better extraction yields of these compounds. The samples of both drying techniques with the most suitable cell disruption were used to biofilms production. FTIR, DSC, and SEM for all samples were performed. The samples dried in spouted bed with cell disruption by milling and by microwave showed the best results for the powder products, with phycocyanin contents of 75.0 and 85.4 mg g−1, and total phenolic compounds of 41.6 and 41.9 mg g−1, respectively. However, the tray drying/milling produced the biofilms with the best characteristics (tensile strength of 3.69 MPa and water vapor permeability of 1.67 × 10−11 g m s−1 m−2 Pa−1) and the highest thermal stability.
      PubDate: 2018-05-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s10068-018-0397-y
  • Changes in secondary structure of myofibrillar protein and its
           relationship with water dynamic changes during storage of battered and
           deep-fried pork slices
    • Authors: Xi-Juan Guo; Rui-Qi Wang
      Abstract: Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was used to analyze the changes of secondary structure of myofibrillar proteins in short-term storage of battered and deep-fried pork slices. These changes were combined with low-field NMR analysis results to analyze the correlation between secondary structure and dynamic changes of water content. The results showed that the number of α-helix and β-sheet decreased by 22.90 and 16.54% respectively, and the orderly structure changed to the disorder structure. The correlation results show that NMR spin–spin relaxation time (T21) has a high negative correlation with α-helix, β-sheet, and has a high positive correlation with irregular curl and β-turn. The population of immobile water (P22) has a very high positive correlation with α-helix, β-sheet, and has a relatively high negative correlation with irregular curl and β-turn. The immobilized water plays an important role in maintaining the secondary structure.
      PubDate: 2018-05-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s10068-018-0395-0
  • Comparison of different Brazilian citrus by-products as source of natural
    • Authors: Paula de Paula Menezes Barbosa; Amanda Roggia Ruviaro; Gabriela Alves Macedo
      Abstract: Significant amounts of citrus by-products remain after juice processing, which is then used to obtain pectin. The pectin industry then generates a new waste. No study has characterized this residue or suggested applications for it. The main goal of this study was to compare citrus industrial by-products that remain after juice (CJB) and pectin (CPB) extraction, aiming to obtain bioactive compounds. The residues were evaluated for their chemical composition, antioxidant capacity, and polyphenols content. CJB had 2-fold higher total phenols than CPB. Moreover, CJB exhibited higher antioxidant capacity than CPB. Nine polyphenols were detected; hesperidin was the main compound on both residues. CPB had higher content of polyphenols than CJB, which can be attributed to the industry procedure of pectin extraction. Thus, this study provides support for the reuse of CPB to obtain nutraceutical compounds, converting waste into added-value products.
      PubDate: 2018-05-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s10068-018-0383-4
  • The use of fluorescent techniques in combination with flow cytometry for
           fast counting of Bifidobacterium longum ATCC BAA-2753 in BIFICO capsule
    • Authors: Yuan Gao; Hong-jing Yu; Bin Wen
      Abstract: BIFICO is a main microecological drug that the main ingredient is Bifidobacterium longum ATCC BAA-2753. It’s necessary to detect the number of Bifidobacterium longum ATCC BAA-2753 for quality control during the production of BIFICO. Plate count assay (PCA) is the most commonly used method for counting microbial cells. However, not all microorganisms can be counted by PCA. (e.g. uncultured microorganisms under specific growth conditions). In this study, a method of fluorescent techniques in combination with flow cytometry (FCM) was established for the counting of Bifidobacterium longum BAA-2753. Using SYTO9 and PI stain, flow cytometric analysis could easily differentiate live bacteria and dead bacteria. The number of live bacteria determined by FCM was about fourfold higher than that counted by PCA. Therefore, the FCM method could be a practical tool for the quality control of Bifidobacterium longum BAA-2753 in the industrial production of BIFICO.
      PubDate: 2018-05-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s10068-018-0388-z
  • Practicability of TTI application to yogurt quality prediction in
           plausible scenarios of a distribution system with temperature variations
    • Authors: Jing Jing Meng; Jing Qian; Seung Won Jung; Seung Ju Lee
      Abstract: Yogurt has high temperature sensitivity, resulting in the temperature variations from production to consumption. Cooling capacity of cold chain facilities and product storage height are regarded as factors contributing to temperature variations in this study. To find an effective method to monitor temperature history of every yogurt product, three measurements were used: the set point of a cold chamber, a data logger, and a time–temperature integrator (TTI). The mean measured yogurt quality factor (acidity, °T) of 30 samples was 92.1 °T, and predicted values were 91.8 °T from the set point, 93.3 °T from the data logger, and 92.4 °T from the TTI. In terms of individual prediction, the SSE of the TTI showed the smallest difference (5.76) followed by 81.5 of the set point and 118.9 of the data logger. Thus, the TTI showed the best performance and can be used to monitor the time–temperature history of yogurt in the cold chain system.
      PubDate: 2018-05-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s10068-018-0371-8
  • Contribution of minor compounds present in the peppermint ( Mentha
           piperita ) to the iron-catalyzed lipid oxidation of soybean oil-in-water
    • Authors: Haein Lee; Eunok Choe
      Abstract: This study evaluated contribution of minor compounds naturally present in peppermint (Mentha piperita) to the iron-catalyzed lipid oxidation of oil-in-water emulsion. Emulsions consisted of tocopherol-stripped soybean oil and pH 4.0 citrate buffer (4:6, w/w) with iron. Minor compounds included α-tocopherol, rosmarinic acid, caffeic acid, β-carotene, and chlorophyll b at natural concentration in 400 ppm of the peppermint extract. The emulsions were oxidized in the dark, and headspace oxygen contents, hydroperoxide contents, and p-anisidine values were determined. Addition of phenolic compounds decreased headspace oxygen consumption and hydroperoxide and p-anisidine values of emulsions, however, β-carotene or chlorophyll b tended to increase them. The results suggest that tocopherols at low concentration were the most important to reduce lipid oxidation of emulsions via radical scavenging, followed by high contents of polyphenols via radical scavenging and iron-chelation. Carotenoids and chlorophylls should be precisely controlled even in the dark, possibly due to their oxidation products.
      PubDate: 2018-05-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s10068-018-0386-1
  • Application of alginate and gelatin-based edible coating materials as
    • Authors: Marwa Ragab Abdallah; Mai Atef Mohamed; Hussein Mohamed; Mohamed Talaat. Emara
      Abstract: This research was conducted to study the efficacy of sodium alginate and gelatin coating materials in improving the quality of pastirma. Pastirma was coated with traditional, alginate or gelatin coatings, stored at 4 °C for 4 weeks and examined weekly. Alginate and gelatin coated-pastirma revealed lower TBARS values which was within the acceptable limit (0.67 and 0.86 mg/kg) until the end of storage, however, the TBARS values of traditionally coated pastirma reached 1.33 by the end of storage. Edible coating delayed respiration rate with improvement of the color when compared with traditionally coated one. Oxygen concentration increased from 4.21 mg/kg/h in traditionally coated pastirma to 12.56 and 9.79 in alginate and gelatin coated ones, respectively. Meanwhile, CO2 concentration decreased from 10.40 mg/kg/h in traditionally coated pastirma to 4.89 and 6.07 mg/kg/h in alginate and gelatin coated ones, respectively. Moreover, a distinct improvement in all sensory attributes has been observed.
      PubDate: 2018-05-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s10068-018-0393-2
  • Comparison of the main compounds in Fuding white tea infusions from
           various tea types
    • Authors: Junxian Pan; Yulan Jiang; Yangjun Lv; Man Li; Shikang Zhang; Jun Liu; Yuejin Zhu; Haihua Zhang
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to compare the main components, and particularly catechins, caffeine, theanine, free amino acids, and water extracts, in Bai Hao Yin Zhen, Bai Mu Dan, and Shou Mei Fuding white tea infusions brewed at different temperatures, and their contributions to taste were estimated by dose-over-threshold value. Infusion temperature had a distinct effect on the main components extracted, and 100 °C was found to be optimal for extracting catechins and caffeine. However, the effect of temperature on theanine, free amino acids, and water extracts varied with tea type. Bai Mu Dan and Shou Mei yielded a higher content of the major compounds than did Bai Hao Yin Zhen. Thus, infusion temperature had a large effect on extracting the main compounds, and the differences in content between the three white teas presumably reflected differences in the harvest time, processing method or leaf shape.
      PubDate: 2018-05-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s10068-018-0384-3
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