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BIOTECHNOLOGY (236 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 237 Journals sorted alphabetically
3 Biotech     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
African Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Algal Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 64)
American Journal of Bioinformatics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Polymer Science     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology : C Life Sciences and Biotechnology     Open Access  
Animal Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annales des Sciences Agronomiques     Full-text available via subscription  
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Applied Bioenergy     Open Access  
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Food Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
Applied Mycology and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Arthroplasty Today     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Biotech News     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australasian Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Banat's Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
BBR : Biochemistry and Biotechnology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bio-Algorithms and Med-Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bio-Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Bioactive Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biocybernetics and Biological Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Bioethics UPdate     Hybrid Journal  
Biofuels     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Biofuels Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Biological Cybernetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biomarkers and Genomic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biomarkers in Drug Development     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Biomaterials Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BioMed Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomédica     Open Access  
Biomedical and Biotechnology Research Journal     Open Access  
Biomedical Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Biomedical glasses     Open Access  
Biomedical Reports     Full-text available via subscription  
BioMedicine     Open Access  
Biomedika     Open Access  
Bioprinting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioresource Technology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Biosimilars     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biosurface and Biotribology     Open Access  
Biotechnic and Histochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
BioTechniques : The International Journal of Life Science Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Biotechnologia Acta     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biotechnology Advances     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Biotechnology and Bioengineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 155)
Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Biotechnology and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnology Annual Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Biotechnology for Biofuels     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Biotechnology Frontier     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biotechnology Law Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biotechnology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Biotechnology Progress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Biotechnology Reports     Open Access  
Biotechnology Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnology Techniques     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biotecnología Aplicada     Open Access  
Bioteknologi (Biotechnological Studies)     Open Access  
Biotribology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BMC Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Cell Biology and Development     Open Access  
Chinese Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Communications in Mathematical Biology and Neuroscience     Open Access  
Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Contributions to Tobacco Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Copernican Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Critical Reviews in Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Bionanotechnology     Hybrid Journal  
Current Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Opinion in Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Research in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Current Trends in Biotechnology and Chemical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current trends in Biotechnology and Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
EBioMedicine     Open Access  
Electronic Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
Entomologia Generalis     Full-text available via subscription  
Environmental Science : Processes & Impacts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Experimental Biology and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Folia Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Food Bioscience     Hybrid Journal  
Food Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Food Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Frontiers in Systems Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Fungal Biology and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
GM Crops and Food: Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
GSTF Journal of BioSciences     Open Access  
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences     Open Access  
Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
IEEE Transactions on Molecular, Biological and Multi-Scale Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
IET Nanobiotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
IIOAB Letters     Open Access  
IN VIVO     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Indian Journal of Biotechnology (IJBT)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indonesia Journal of Biomedical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Industrial Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Biomechanics     Open Access  
International Journal of Bioinformatics Research and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Biomechatronics and Biomedical Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Biotechnology for Wellness Industries     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Environment, Agriculture and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Functional Informatics and Personalised Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Nanotechnology and Molecular Computation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Radiation Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Iranian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
ISABB Journal of Biotechnology and Bioinformatics     Open Access  
Italian Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Biometrics & Biostatistics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefense     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Advanced Therapies and Medical Innovation Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Advances in Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal Of Agrobiotechnology     Open Access  
Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Applied Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Biotechnology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Mathematics & Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Biologically Active Products from Nature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Biomedical Photonics & Engineering     Open Access  
Journal of Biomedical Practitioners     Open Access  
Journal of Bioprocess Engineering and Biorefinery     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Bioprocessing & Biotechniques     Open Access  
Journal of Biosecurity, Biosafety and Biodefense Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
Journal of Biotechnology and Strategic Health Research     Open Access  
Journal of Chemical and Biological Interfaces     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Chitin and Chitosan Science     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Colloid Science and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Commercial Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Crop Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Essential Oil Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Ginseng Research     Open Access  
Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Integrative Bioinformatics     Open Access  
Journal of International Biotechnology Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medical Imaging and Health Informatics     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology     Open Access  
Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Nano Education     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Nanobiotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Nanofluids     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Organic and Biomolecular Simulations     Open Access  
Journal of Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Science and Applications : Biomedicine     Open Access  
Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Tropical Microbiology and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Marine Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Messenger     Full-text available via subscription  
Metabolic Engineering Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Metalloproteinases In Medicine     Open Access  
Microalgae Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Microbial Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
MicroMedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Molecular and Cellular Biomedical Sciences     Open Access  
Molecular Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nanobiomedicine     Open Access  
Nanobiotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology     Open Access  
Nanomaterials and Tissue Regeneration     Open Access  
Nanomedicine and Nanobiology     Full-text available via subscription  
Nanomedicine Research Journal     Open Access  
Nanotechnology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Nature Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 535)

        1 2 | Last

Journal Cover Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering
  [SJR: 0.457]   [H-I: 35]   [5 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1976-3816 - ISSN (Online) 1226-8372
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2350 journals]
  • Optical Immunosensors for the Efficient Detection of Target Biomolecules
    • Authors: Dohyun Lee; Jangsun Hwang; Youngmin Seo; Assaf A. Gilad; Jonghoon Choi
      Pages: 123 - 133
      Abstract: Recently, immunosensors have attracted attention because they are widely applied for the detection of various pathogens. Among the commonly used immunosensors, the optical immunosensor features prominently as an effective tool for the quantification of the amount of antibodies, antigens, or haptens in complex samples with high sensitivity and specificity. However, very few studies provide comprehensive overviews of optical immunosensors. In this review, we present various methods and applications of optical immunosensors in pathogen detection. We introduced a concise definition of optical immunosensors and the principle of using them for detection. We subsequently discuss the main categories of optical immunosensors and their application to the detection of pathogens, as well as their advantages and limitations. Recent publications from 2006 to 2015 on variously designed optical immunosensors have also been updated. We conclude the review with a brief summary and discuss future directions of optical immunosensors.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12257-018-0087-x
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2018)
  • To the Final Goal: Can We Predict and Suggest Mutations for Protein to
           Develop Desired Phenotype'
    • Authors: Joo-Hyun Seo; Won-Ki Min; Seung-Geun Lee; Hyungdon Yun; Byung-Gee Kim
      Pages: 134 - 143
      Abstract: Directed evolution of proteins is a good approach to develop desired phenotypes from existing proteins. Fully experimental protein evolution usually utilizes randomization of a given protein sequence by error-prone PCR or gene shuffling followed by high-throughput selection or timeconsuming screening method. However, these random methods create mutant library full of deleterious mutations. In addition, they need high-throughput screening or selection method to search for positive clones from an enormous size of mutant library. Construction of a mutant library while retaining the original function is important for efficient protein evolution because it greatly reduces time and effort for the identification of positive mutants. Therefore, researchers have tried to reduce the size of mutant library by minimizing the occurrence of deleterious mutants. Such efforts have led to the creation of a concept of ‘small but smart library’. For this goal, neutral drift theory has been applied. Although smart library greatly reduces the library size, it is still the beyond the capacity of low-throughput assay. In parallel, computational analysis of protein structure and efforts to discriminate mutatable residues from all residues of a given protein have been consistently pursued. Accumulated knowledge of protein evolution through random mutation and selection has improved our understanding of functions of amino acids in protein structure. Protein evolution by rational design is being developed based on such understanding. In this review, we describe how the use of semi-rationally designed library rather than completely random one has impacted the overall procedure of directed evolution. We also describe efforts made to evaluate the effect of single mutation. Such efforts will bring lazy boys to the final goal - computational mutation suggestion system.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12257-018-0064-4
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2018)
  • Synthesis of Beta-glucan Nanoparticles for the Delivery of Single Strand
    • Authors: Jangsun Hwang; Kyungwoo Lee; Assaf. A. Gilad; Jonghoon Choi
      Pages: 144 - 149
      Abstract: The polysaccharide and biopolymer, beta-glucan, has been used for the purpose of enhancing immunity and its use as a drug delivery system has been diversified. Betaglucan, a triple helix structure, is unstructured to single strands by heat, DMSO or NaOH. Synthesis of beta-glucan nanoparticles using DMSO and water is easy and fast, but its size is limited. In this study, beta-glucan nanoparticles (GluNPs) were prepared by slicing beta-glucan into low molecular weight using various concentrations of Trifluoroacetic acid (TFA). TFA-treated GluNPs showed a minimum size of 250 nm. In addition, there is no abnormality in the characteristic of the functional groups of the nanoparticle surface after the acid treatment allowing GluNPs use in immune cell activation. Also, the efficiency of GluNPs as a drug or DNA carrier was confirmed by inserting ssDNA into the glucan triple helix structure. Beta-glucan nanoparticles developed in this study would be expected to be used for genetic material delivery and immune response enhancement.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12257-018-0003-4
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2018)
  • Evaluation of the Enhanced Antioxidant Activity of Curcumin within
           Exosomes by Fluorescence Monitoring
    • Authors: Eun Seo Choi; Yoon Young Kang; Hyejung Mok
      Pages: 150 - 157
      Abstract: In this study, we compared the antioxidant activities of curcumin (Cur) and a Cur formulation using a fluorescence analysis assay. The Cur formulation was prepared by a simple incorporation of Cur into exosomes (EXO) to produce Cur/EXOs. Free Cur had a low fluorescence intensity in aqueous solution because of its poor stability as a result of its autoxidation, whereas a significantly higher fluorescence intensity was observed for Cur/EXOs. Compared to free Cur, the increased level of intact Cur in EXOs allowed for enhanced antioxidant activity in H2O2 scavenging activity and DPPH assays. Compared to Cur at high concentration (200 μM), Cur/ EXOs were significantly less cytotoxic. The antioxidant activity of Cur or Cur/EXOs in cells could be easily demonstrated by monitoring decreases in their fluorescence intensity. Following subcutaneous injection, the fluorescence intensities of Cur/EXOs were much higher than that of Cur, suggesting that Cur/EXOs improve Cur stability in vivo. Taken together, we have demonstrated the superiority of Cur/EXOs over free Cur in terms of aqueous stability and antioxidant activity using fluorescence monitoring both in vitro and in vivo.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12257-018-0058-2
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2018)
  • In Silico Study on Retinoid-binding Modes in Human RBP and ApoD Lipocalins
    • Authors: Ganapathiraman Munussami; Sriram Sokalingam; Jung Rae Kim; Sun-Gu Lee
      Pages: 158 - 167
      Abstract: Lipocalins are proteins with highly homologous structures but diverse sequences that are potential candidates for scaffold protein engineering with novel ligand-binding functions. Numerous crystal structures of lipocalin-ligand complexes have been identified and used in the study of their binding modes. On the other hand, crystallization studies cannot meet the increasing demand for novel lipocalin-ligand complexes in scaffold engineering, which requires rapid computational analyses of their binding modes in parallel. Human retinol-binding protein (RBP) and apolipoprotein D (apoD) are sequentially very distant proteins, but they show tight binding against retinoids, such as retinol and retinoic acid. In the present study, complexes of the two lipocalins with retinol and retinoic acid were modeled computationally by a molecular docking simulation, and their ligand-binding modes were analyzed at a molecular level. The models identified the crucial residues of lipocalins that interact with the ligands and revealed the similarities and differences in their retinoid-binding modes as well as in the specific interactions of the retinoid species within the same lipocalin. An analysis of the amino acid propensity of the retinoid-binding residues suggested that the evolutionary preference of the residues is restricted to the binding pocket rather than the entire protein. The distribution of charged residues around the terminus of retinoic acid showed a huge difference between RBP and ApoD, which might be a factor for the different binding affinities of lipocalins against retinoic acid. This in silico study is expected to be applied to scaffold protein engineering for novel retinoid-binding lipocalins.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12257-018-0032-z
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2018)
  • Identification of a New 1,4-beta-D-xylosidase Pae 1263 from the Whole
           Genome Sequence of Paenibacillus terrae HPL-003
    • Authors: Dal Rye Kim; Hee Kyung Lim; Kee In Lee; In Taek Hwang
      Pages: 168 - 175
      Abstract: The gene of Pae1263 (2,196 bp, 732 aa) was found from the full-length sequence analysis of bacterium Paenibacillus terrae HPL-003 isolated from soil on Gara Mountain in Korea (CP003107, our previous study). Among the 20 open reading frames (ORFs) related with the xylose substrate, only the recombinant enzyme of ORF Pae1263 showed a 1,4-beta-D-xylosidase activity when all of the ORFs were transformed into E. coli. This gene is considered to be a new 1,4-beta-D-xylosidase because it has up to 93% similarity with other genes of ZP_10240221.1 from Lactococcus raffinolactis 4877 and ZP_11237858.1 from Paenibacillus peoriae in the GenBank blast search. The enzyme activity was confirmed by HPLC in which xylose was produced from xylobiose as a substrate by this recombinant enzyme. Mass production of the recombinant enzyme was done with the construction of the pET22(+)- Pae1263-6H expression vector system from E. coli. This new 1,4-beta-D-xylosidase was highly active at 50°C in a pH range between 6.0 and 8.0 and had thermo-stability for at least 24 h at 50°C and a K m and V max of 6.42 mg/mL and 75.76 U/mg on a xylobiose substrate, respectively.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12257-017-0246-5
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2018)
  • Purification and Characterization of Microbial Protease Produced
           Extracellularly from Bacillus subtilis FBL-1
    • Authors: Jin-Beom Si; Eun-Ju Jang; Dimitris Charalampopoulos; Young-Jung Wee
      Pages: 176 - 182
      Abstract: An ammonium sulfate precipitation of fermentation broth produced by Bacillus subtilis FBL-1 resulted in 2.9-fold increase of specific protease activity. An eluted protein fraction from the column chromatographies using DEAE-Cellulose and Sephadex G-75 had 94.2- and 94.9-fold higher specific protease activity, respectively. An SDS-PAGE revealed a band of purified protease at approximately 37.6 kDa. Although purified protease showed the highest activity at 45°C and pH 9.0, the activity remained stable in temperature range from 30 to 50°C and pH range from 7.0 to 9.0. Protease activity was activated by metal ions such as Ca2+, Mg2+, Mn2+, Fe2+, Ca2+ and K+, but 10 mM Fe3+ significantly inhibited enzyme activity (53%). Protease activity was inhibited by 2 mM EDTA as a metalloprotease inhibitor, but it showed good stability against surfactants and organic solvents. The preferred substrates for protease activity were found to be casein (100%) and soybean flour (71.6%).
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12257-017-0495-3
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2018)
  • Enhanced Production of β-D-glycosidase and α-L-arabinofuranosidase in
           Recombinant Escherichia coli in Fed-batch Culture for the
           Biotransformation of Ginseng Leaf Extract to Ginsenoside Compound K
    • Authors: Tae-Hun Kim; Eun-Joo Yang; Kyung-Chul Shin; Kyeong-Hwan Hwang; Jun Seong Park; Deok-Kun Oh
      Pages: 183 - 193
      Abstract: Ginsenoside compound K is an essential ingredient in nutritional supplements, cosmetics, and traditional medicines. However, cultivation for the production of enzymes involved in ginsenoside biotransformation has not been attempted in a fermenter. The host strain Escherichia coli ER2566 and the constitutive pHCE vector were selected for the efficient production of β-D-glycosidase, and expression medium composition to produce Sulfolobus solfataricus β-glycosidase expressed in E. coli was optimized in flask and batch cultures. The total activity of β-Dglycosidase in fed-batch culture using a fermenter increased 14-fold before optimization. S. solfataricus β-D-glycosidase and Thermotoga petrophila α-L-arabinofuranosidase were produced in a fed-batch culture. These two enzymes completely converted protopanaxadiol-type ginsenosides in ginseng leaf extract obtained from discarded ginseng leaves as a renewable substrate to compound K. The effective bioprocess for compound K production developed here will contribute to the industrial biological production of compound K.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12257-018-0027-9
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2018)
  • Inhibition of Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress-induced Apoptosis by Silkworm
           Storage Protein 1
    • Authors: Yeon Ju Cha; Ji Eun Baik; Won Jong Rhee
      Pages: 194 - 200
      Abstract: The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) plays essential roles indispensable for cellular activity and survival, including functions such as protein synthesis, secretory and membrane protein folding, and Ca2+ release in cells. The ER is sensitive to stresses that can lead to the aggregation and accumulation of misfolded proteins, which eventually triggers cellular dysfunction; severe or prolonged ER stress eventually induces apoptosis. ER stress-induced apoptosis causes several devastating diseases such as atherosclerosis, neurodegenerative diseases, and diabetes. In addition, the production of biopharmaceuticals such as monoclonal antibodies requires the maintenance of normal ER functions to achieve and maintain the production of high-quality products in good quantities. Therefore, it is necessary to develop methods to efficiently relieve ER stress and protect cells from ER stress-induced apoptosis. The silkworm storage protein 1 (SP1) has anti-apoptotic activities that inhibit the intrinsic mitochondrial apoptotic pathway. However, the role of SP1 in controlling ER stress and ER stress-induced apoptosis has not been investigated. In this paper, we demonstrate that SP1 can inhibit apoptosis induced by a well-known ER stress inducer, thapsigargin, by alleviating the decrease in cell viability and mitochondrial membrane potential. Interestingly, SP1 significantly blocked increases in CHOP and GRP78 expression as well as ER Ca2+ leakage into the cytosol following ER stress induction. This indicates that SP1 protects cells from ER stressinduced apoptosis by functioning as an upstream inhibitor of apoptosis. Therefore, studying SP1 function can offer new insights into protecting cells against ER stress-induced apoptosis for future applications in the biopharmaceutical and medicine industries.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12257-017-0424-5
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2018)
  • Induction of Apoptotic Cell Death on Human Cervix Cancer HeLa cells by
           Extract from Loranthus yadoriki
    • Authors: Eun-Joo Kim; Chang-Won Kang; Nan-Hee Kim; Yong Bae Seo; Soo-Wan Nam; Gun-Do Kim
      Pages: 201 - 207
      Abstract: Loranthus yadoriki, one of the Korean mistletoe species, has been already known for anti-viral effects, but the molecular basis that it caused apoptosis in cancer cells was not definitely revealed yet. The aim of this study was to estimate the mechanisms of apoptotic cell death of the extract from Loranthus yadoriki (named as ELY) in human cervix HeLa cells. We identified that ELY prevented the proliferation of HeLa cells between 50 and 300 μg/mL which did not affect non-cancerous HaCaT cells. In addition, ELY induced a morphological change and nucleus disruption as well as an accumulation of sub-G1 phase in HeLa cells. The mechanism study, by using western blot analysis, showed that the phosphorylation of Fas-associated death domain (FADD), Bim and Bak was up-regulated by ELY treatment. Furthermore, the expression of cytochrome c and Apaf-1 was increased by ELY treatment. In immunofluorescence staining, the increased intensity of cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved PARP was also observed under ELY treatment. Sequentially, the caspase cascade was activated by ELY from caspase-8 to caspase-3 and from caspase-9 to caspase-3, in both extrinsic and intrinsic pathways. The results of this study demonstrate that ELY has anti-cancer effects on human cervix cancer HeLa cells via caspase cascade in apoptotic signaling pathways.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12257-018-0033-y
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2018)
  • Molecular Imaging of CXCL12 Promoter-driven HSV1-TK Reporter Gene
    • Authors: Lina Alon; Dara L. Kraitchman; Michael Schär; Angel Cortez; Nirbhay N. Yadav; Rebecca Krimins; Peter V. Johnston; Michael T. McMahon; Peter C. M. van Zijl; Sridhar Nimmagadda; Martin G. Pomper; Jeff W. M. Bulte; Assaf A. Gilad
      Pages: 208 - 217
      Abstract: The C-X-C motif chemokine 12 (CXCL12, SDF1a) and its receptor, CXCR4, play a fundamental role in several biological processes, including hematopoiesis, cardiogenesis, cancer progression, and stem cell migration. Noninvasive monitoring of CXCL12 is highly desirable for optimizing strategies that combine mobilization of therapeutic cells to combat cancer or to assist in cardiac tissue repair after myocardial infarction. Here, we report on an MRI reporter gene system for directly monitoring CXCL12 expression in vivo. Glioma cells and human adipose-derived stem cells (hADSC) were transduced with the herpes simplex virus type-1-thymidine kinase (HSV1- tk) reporter gene expressed under the CXCL12 promoter. HSV1-tk expression resulted in accumulation of the PET tracer [125I]FIAU in vitro and in vivo and induced cell death after ganciclovir treatment. Furthermore, the results show that conditional expression of the reporter gene can be induced by hypoxia in transduced cells. Transduced hADSC were incubated with the CEST MRI probe 5-methyl-5, 6- dihydrothymidine (5-MDHT) and transplanted into swine heart. Transplanted cells were clearly visible on Chemical Exchange Saturation Transfer (CEST) MRI using a 3T clinical scanner. Therefore, we conclude that it is possible to image CXCL12 expression with MRI in a large animal model, opening up a possible route to clinical translation.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12257-018-0006-1
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2018)
  • Assessment of Recovery Medium for Production of hCTLA4Ig after
           Cryopreservation in Transgenic Rice Cells
    • Authors: Seung-Hoon Kang; Hong-Yeol Choi; Ji-Suk Cho; Su-Hwan Cheon; Ji-Yeon Kim; Brian B. Kim; Dong-Il Kim
      Pages: 218 - 227
      Abstract: A reproducible method for cryopreservation of transgenic rice cells (Oryza sativa L. cv. Dongjin) producing recombinant human cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4-immunoglobulin (hCTLA4Ig) has been established. Here, we assessed recovery media and investigated recombinant protein homogeneity after long-term preservation. For recovery of cryopreserved transgenic rice cells, AA medium was suitable in terms of both morphology and production of hCTLA4Ig. There were no differences in cell growth, sugar consumption, and hCTLA4Ig production between non-cryopreserved and cryopreserved cells for up to 1 month. hCTLA4Ig produced from cryopreserved cells was identical that of hCTLA4Ig from non-cryopreserved cells, as determined by analysis of its molecular weight and isoforms. For long-term preservation, cell viability was stably maintained at 61% for 26 months. In conclusion, these results demonstrate the possibility for reproducible cryocell-banking of transgenic rice cells without changes in the characteristics of cells and target proteins.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12257-017-0477-5
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2018)
  • Comparison of Trophic Modes to Maximize Biomass and Lipid Productivity of
           Micractinium inermum NLP-F014
    • Authors: Seonghwan Park; Jeongmi Kim; Younghyun Park; Sunah Kim; Sunja Cho; Jaechul Yu; Changmin Kang; Taeho Lee
      Pages: 238 - 245
      Abstract: An optimum trophic mode condition was investigated to maximize biomass and lipid productivity of Micractinium inermum NLP-F014, which grown successfully in blended wastewater medium. In this study, four trophic modes were used, including photoautotrophic, photoheterotrophic, heterotrophic and mixotrophic modes. Mixotrophic mode showed the highest biomass and lipid productivity. However, a high concentration of organics resulted the negative effect on the growth of M. inermum NLP-F014. Mixotrophic cultivation using glucose below 500 mg/L was able to produce maximum biomass productivity up to 0.90 ± 0.03 g/L/day as well as maximum lipid productivity up to 129.31 ± 0.10 mg/L/day. From lipid analysis on mixotrophic mode using glucose, the major fatty acids are oleic acid (C18:1), linoleic acid (C18:2) and palmitic acid (C16:0). These results suggest that mixotrophic mode cultivation with wastewater containing chemical oxygen demand (COD) below 500 mg/L could be applicable for biodiesel production of M. inermum NLP-F014.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12257-017-0489-1
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2018)
  • Water-Soluble Red Pigment Production by Paecilomyces sinclairii and
           Biological Characterization
    • Authors: Jang Won Choi; Jong Pil Park
      Pages: 246 - 249
      Abstract: Natural pigments have several advantages over synthetic colorants. In this study, the production of red pigment produced by Paecilomyces sinclairii in microbial fermentation was demonstrated and the pigment was purified and characterized. The red pigment was produced from submerged fungal fermentation and fractionated by medium pressure flash chromatography. After fractionation, the spectrophotometric characterization of the red pigment revealed an λmax at 520 nm. Antimicrobial activity of the red pigment fraction was also studied against Escherichia coli O157 and Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1. The fraction (F2-F6) of the red pigment exhibited broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity in both bacteria. These results demonstrate the potential of this pigment in inhibiting bacterial growth and in food processing and other foodrelated applications.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12257-018-0103-1
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2018)
  • Production of 1,3-Propanediol from Glucose by Recombinant Escherichia coli
    • Authors: Jae Hyeon Lee; Suman Lama; Jung Rae Kim; Sung Hoon Park
      Pages: 250 - 258
      Abstract: A range of recombinant strains of Escherichia coli were developed to produce 1,3-propanediol (1,3-PDO), an important C3 diol, from glucose. Two modules, the glycerol-producing pathway converting dihydroxyacetone phosphate to glycerol and the 1,3-PDO-producing pathway converting glycerol to 1,3-PDO, were introduced into E. coli. In addition, to avoid oxidative assimilation of the produced glycerol, glycerol oxidative pathway was deleted. Furthermore, to enhance the carbon flow to the Embden- Meyerhof-Parnas pathway, the Entner-Doudoroff pathway was disrupted by deleting 6-phosphogluconate dehydratase and 2-keto-3-deoxy-6-phosphogluconate aldolase. Finally, the acetate production pathway was removed to minimize the production of acetate, a major and toxic by-product. Flask experiments were carried out to examine the performance of the developed recombinant E. coli. The best strain could produce 1,3-PDO with a yield of 0.47 mol/mol glucose. Along with 1,3-PDO, glycerol was produced with a yield of 0.33 mol/mol glucose.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12257-018-0017-y
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2018)
  • Erratum to Expression Procedure Optimization of Carassius aurantus CYP1A
           in Shewanella Using Plasmid Construction Strategy
    • Authors: Yunqi Ma; Ming Lu; Ziwei Chang; Chu Lee; Hae-Kyun Yoo; Jang-Su Park
      Pages: 259 - 259
      Abstract: In the 2018 issue of Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering (BBE), an error occurred in the research article: Yunqi Ma, Ming Lu, Ziwei Chang, Chu Lee, Hae-Kyun Yoo, and Jang-Su Park (2018) Expression Procedure Optimization of Carassius aurantus CYP1A in Shewanella Using Plasmid Construction Strategy. Biotechnol. Bioprocess Eng. 23: 86-92. — In the Acknowlegment Original wording: This study was funded by a grant from the National Fisheries Research and Development Institute, Korea (R2016003). This should be replaced by: This study was funded by a grant from Aquaculture technology development for the species inhabiting Korean coasts of the East Sea (R2018012). Received: 14 March 2018
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12257-017-1330-6
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2018)
  • A Simple Method for Beta-glucosidase Immobilization and Its Application in
           Soybean Isoflavone Glycosides Hydrolysis
    • Authors: Shenglin Hu; Dongmei Wang; Jiong Hong
      Pages: 39 - 48
      Abstract: In this study, a simple, inexpensive and fast β-glucosidase immobilization system was constructed and evaluated in isoflavone glycosides hydrolysis. A β-glucosidase gene from Thermoascus aurantiacus IFO9748 was recombinantly expressed in Pichia pastoris KM71H and immobilized on regenerated amorphous cellulose (RAC) by fused cellulose binding module 3. Through simple mixing cellulose and crude enzyme for 15 min under room temperature, 96.04% β-glucosidase was immobilized onto RAC. The optimum temperature for β-glucosidase activity was increased by 5ºC after immobilization. The half-life (t½) of heat inactivation of immobilized enzyme at 60oC was improved over 8 folds. After 30 rounds recycled at 40oC, 96.9% daidzin and 98.9% genistin could still be hydrolyzed. A continuous hydrolysis system was also constructed, and at the flow rate of 0.2 mL/min after 30 h hydrolysis, 95.6% genistin and 90.2% daidzin can still be hydrolyzed. Combined the simple and high efficient enzyme immobilization procedure and inexpensive cellulose, this scalable and practical system may have broad prospects for industrial utilization.
      PubDate: 2018-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12257-017-0434-3
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2018)
  • Fusion of Carbohydrate Binding Modules to Bifunctional Cellulase to
           Enhance Binding Affinity and Cellulolytic Activity
    • Authors: Anoth Maharjan; Bassam Alkotaini; Beom Soo Kim
      Pages: 79 - 85
      Abstract: Bifunctional cellulase (glycoside hydrolase 5, GH5) from Bacillus sp. D04 having both endo- and exoglucanase activities was fused with two types of carbohydrate binding modules (CBMs). CBM3 from Bacillus sp. D04 and CBM9 from Thermotoga maritima Xyn10A were added to GH5 to hydrolyze microcrystalline cellulose (Avicel) as well as water-soluble cellulose (carboxymethyl cellulose, CMC). The optimum temperature of GH5 was 50oC, while it increased to 60oC for the fusion GH5-CBM3 and GH5-CBM9, indicating that addition of CBM increased the thermostability of the enzyme. Addition of CBM3 and CBM9 enhanced the GH5 affinity (KM), for which KM decreased from 104 to 33.9 ~ 35.1 mg/mL for CMC, and from 115 to 55.5 ~ 80.3 mg/mL for Avicel, respectively. The catalytic efficiency (kcat/KM) also increased from 4.80 to 5.36 ~ 6.46 (mL/mg)/sec for CMC, and from 1.77 to 2.40 ~ 4.45 (mL/mg)/sec for Avicel, respectively, by addition of CBM3 and CBM9.
      PubDate: 2018-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12257-018-0011-4
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2018)
  • Regulation of NADH oxidase expression via a thermo-regulated genetic
           switchfor pyruvate production in Escherichia coli
    • Authors: Min Liu; Zhijun Cao
      Abstract: As a chemical, pyruvate can be used as a raw material for drug, agrochemical, chemical, and food industries. In the microbial production of pyruvate, although continuous expression of exogenous NADH oxidase (noxE) can improve glucose consumption, it can lead to a decrease of pyruvate yield. For efficient pyruvate production, a thermo-regulated genetic switch was designed to dynamically control the expression of noxE from Lactococcus lactis on the Escherichia coli MP-XB010CN chromosome. At the initial stage of fermentation, switching on the genetic switch for efficient noxE expression can promote growth rate and biomass accumulation, then switching off noxE expression can weaken the TCA pathway and improve the pyruvate yield. High pyruvate concentration of 93.0 g/L and yield of 0.71 g/g glucose were achieved with the thermo-regulated two-phase fermentation. Efficient cell growth and pyruvate production were reached separately by switching cultivation temperature. The results indicated that the genetic switch for controlling the noxE gene accurate expression was an effective strategy for improving pyruvate production.
      PubDate: 2018-01-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s12257-017-0290-1
  • Optimization of ionic liquid pretreatment of mixed softwood by response
           surface methodology and reutilization of ionic liquid from hydrolysate
    • Authors: Ly Thi Phi Trinh; Young-Ju Lee; Jae-Won Lee; Won-Heong Lee
      Abstract: We investigated the feasibility of producing bioethanol from mixed softwood pretreated with the ionic liquid 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate ([Bmim]Ac). The optimal pretreatment conditions were determined by response surface methodology to be 100°C for 15 h, and the fermentable sugar yield was estimated to be 92.5%. Efficient pretreatment of softwood was maintained even after reutilizing [Bmim]Ac up to four times. Through the enzymatic saccharification and subsequent fermentation, bioethanol was produced with 0.42 g/g of yield and 0.24 g/L/h of productivity, which clearly suggests that efficient and economical bioethanol production can be achieved by optimizing pretreatment processes and reutilizing ionic liquid.
      PubDate: 2018-01-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s12257-017-0209-x
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