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  Subjects -> BIOLOGY (Total: 3149 journals)
    - BIOCHEMISTRY (247 journals)
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    - BIOLOGY (1495 journals)
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    - BIOTECHNOLOGY (237 journals)
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BIOTECHNOLOGY (237 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 237 Journals sorted alphabetically
3 Biotech     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
African Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Algal Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 64)
American Journal of Bioinformatics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Polymer Science     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology : C Life Sciences and Biotechnology     Open Access  
Animal Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annales des Sciences Agronomiques     Full-text available via subscription  
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Applied Bioenergy     Open Access  
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Food Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
Applied Mycology and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Arthroplasty Today     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Biotech News     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australasian Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Banat's Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
BBR : Biochemistry and Biotechnology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bio-Algorithms and Med-Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bio-Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bioactive Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biocybernetics and Biological Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Bioethics UPdate     Hybrid Journal  
Biofuels     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Biofuels Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Biological Cybernetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biomarkers and Genomic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biomarkers in Drug Development     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Biomaterials Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BioMed Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomédica     Open Access  
Biomedical and Biotechnology Research Journal     Open Access  
Biomedical Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Biomedical glasses     Open Access  
Biomedical Reports     Full-text available via subscription  
BioMedicine     Open Access  
Biomedika     Open Access  
Bioprinting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioresource Technology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Biosimilars     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biosurface and Biotribology     Open Access  
Biotechnic and Histochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
BioTechniques : The International Journal of Life Science Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Biotechnologia Acta     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biotechnology Advances     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Biotechnology and Bioengineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 155)
Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Biotechnology and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology Annual Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Biotechnology for Biofuels     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Biotechnology Frontier     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biotechnology Law Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biotechnology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Biotechnology Progress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Biotechnology Reports     Open Access  
Biotechnology Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnology Techniques     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biotecnología Aplicada     Open Access  
Bioteknologi (Biotechnological Studies)     Open Access  
Biotribology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BMC Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Cell Biology and Development     Open Access  
Chinese Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Communications in Mathematical Biology and Neuroscience     Open Access  
Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Contributions to Tobacco Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Copernican Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Critical Reviews in Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Bionanotechnology     Hybrid Journal  
Current Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Opinion in Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Research in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Current Trends in Biotechnology and Chemical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current trends in Biotechnology and Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
EBioMedicine     Open Access  
Electronic Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
Entomologia Generalis     Full-text available via subscription  
Environmental Science : Processes & Impacts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Experimental Biology and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Folia Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Food Bioscience     Hybrid Journal  
Food Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Food Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Frontiers in Systems Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Fungal Biology and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
GM Crops and Food: Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
GSTF Journal of BioSciences     Open Access  
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences     Open Access  
Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
IEEE Transactions on Molecular, Biological and Multi-Scale Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
IET Nanobiotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
IIOAB Letters     Open Access  
IN VIVO     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Indian Journal of Biotechnology (IJBT)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indonesia Journal of Biomedical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Industrial Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Biomechanics     Open Access  
International Journal of Bioinformatics Research and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Biomechatronics and Biomedical Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Biotechnology for Wellness Industries     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Environment, Agriculture and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Functional Informatics and Personalised Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Nanotechnology and Molecular Computation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Radiation Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Iranian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
ISABB Journal of Biotechnology and Bioinformatics     Open Access  
Italian Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Biometrics & Biostatistics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefense     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Advanced Therapies and Medical Innovation Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Advances in Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal Of Agrobiotechnology     Open Access  
Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Applied Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Biotechnology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Mathematics & Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Biologically Active Products from Nature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Biomedical Photonics & Engineering     Open Access  
Journal of Biomedical Practitioners     Open Access  
Journal of Bioprocess Engineering and Biorefinery     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Bioprocessing & Biotechniques     Open Access  
Journal of Biosecurity, Biosafety and Biodefense Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
Journal of Biotechnology and Strategic Health Research     Open Access  
Journal of Chemical and Biological Interfaces     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Chitin and Chitosan Science     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Colloid Science and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Commercial Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Crop Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Essential Oil Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Ginseng Research     Open Access  
Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Integrative Bioinformatics     Open Access  
Journal of International Biotechnology Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medical Imaging and Health Informatics     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology     Open Access  
Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Nano Education     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Nanobiotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Nanofluids     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Organic and Biomolecular Simulations     Open Access  
Journal of Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Science and Applications : Biomedicine     Open Access  
Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Tropical Microbiology and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Marine Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Messenger     Full-text available via subscription  
Metabolic Engineering Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Metalloproteinases In Medicine     Open Access  
Microalgae Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Microbial Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
MicroMedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Molecular and Cellular Biomedical Sciences     Open Access  
Molecular Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nanobiomedicine     Open Access  
Nanobiotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology     Open Access  
Nanomaterials and Tissue Regeneration     Open Access  
Nanomedicine and Nanobiology     Full-text available via subscription  
Nanomedicine Research Journal     Open Access  
Nanotechnology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Nature Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 535)

        1 2 | Last

Journal Cover
Biotechnology Letters
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.621
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 34  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1573-6776 - ISSN (Online) 0141-5492
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2350 journals]
  • Correction to: Measurement of the 15 N/ 14 N ratio of phenylalanine in
           fermentation matrix by isotope ratio mass spectrometry
    • Authors: Shiwei Zhang; Qiding Zhong; Daobing Wang; Zhanbin Huang; Guohui Li
      Abstract: The publisher was alerted that the following important entry in the references of this article was missing.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10529-018-2558-8
       
  • An efficient biocatalytic synthesis of imidazole-4-acetic acid
    • Authors: Weirui Zhao; Huanru Ding; Sheng Hu; Jun Huang; Changjiang Lv; Jiaqi Mei; Zhihua Jin; Shanjing Yao; Lehe Mei
      Abstract: Objective To develop a new and efficient biocatalytic synthesis method of imidazole-4-acetic acid (IAA) from l-histidine (l-His). Results l-His was converted to imidazole-4-pyruvic acid (IPA) by an Escherichia coli whole-cell biocatalyst expressing membrane-bound l-amino acid deaminase (ml-AAD) from Proteus vulgaris firstly. The obtained IPA was subsequently decarboxylated to IAA under the action of H2O2. Under optimum conditions, 34.97 mM IAA can be produced from 50 mM l-His, with a yield of 69.9%. Conclusions Compared to the traditional chemical synthesis, this biocatalytic method for IAA production is not only environmentally friendly, but also more cost effective, thus being promising for industrial IAA production.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10529-018-2569-5
       
  • A simple method to determine evaporation and compensate for liquid losses
           in small-scale cell culture systems
    • Authors: Vincent Wiegmann; Cristina Bernal Martinez; Frank Baganz
      Abstract: Objectives Establish a method to indirectly measure evaporation in microwell-based cell culture systems and show that the proposed method allows compensating for liquid losses in fed-batch processes. Results A correlation between evaporation and the concentration of Na+ was found (R2 = 0.95) when using the 24-well-based miniature bioreactor system (micro-Matrix) for a batch culture with GS-CHO. Based on these results, a method was developed to counteract evaporation with periodic water additions based on measurements of the Na+ concentration. Implementation of this method resulted in a reduction of the relative liquid loss after 15 days of a fed-batch cultivation from 36.7 ± 6.7% without volume corrections to 6.9 ± 6.5% with volume corrections. Conclusion A procedure was established to indirectly measure evaporation through a correlation with the level of Na+ ions in solution and deriving a simple formula to account for liquid losses.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10529-018-2556-x
       
  • Biofouling control and sludge properties promotion through quorum
           quenching in membrane bioreactors at two aeration intensities
    • Authors: Jinhui Huang; Jianxin Zhou; Guangming Zeng; Yanling Gu; Yi Hu; Bi Tang; Yahui Shi; Lixiu Shi
      Abstract: Objective A modified method was used for cell entrapped beads (CEBs) preparation and two aeration intensities (low and high aeration intensity) was supplied as factors to investigate the change of quorum quenching performance for membrane biofouling in membrane bioreactor (MBR). Results Dehydrogenase activity and growth trend of activated sludge were improved at high aeration intensity. Compared with C-MBR (with vacant beads), QQ-MBR (with CEBs) had more stable quorum quenching activity and longer application time at high aeration intensity, in which the proteins and polysaccharides were reduced by 15 and 20%, respectively. The difference of EPS concentration in mixed liquor was attributed to the protein concentration controlled by quorum quenching bacteria, meanwhile sufficient organics was necessary to maintain the process. Conclusions The better settleability, greater stability and relatively lower hydrophobicity of activated sludge properties was achieved with quorum quenching. The scouring effect of CEBs was promoted at high aeration intensity, further controlling the membrane biofouling.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10529-018-2563-y
       
  • A modified yeast three-hybrid system enabling both positive and negative
           selections
    • Authors: Christopher P. Wallis; Aleksandra Filipovska; Oliver Rackham
      Abstract: Objective To increase the reporter repertoire of the yeast three-hybrid system and introduce the option of negative selection. Results Two new versions of the yeast three-hybrid system were made by modifying the MS2 coat RNA-binding protein and fusing it to the Gal4 DNA-binding protein. This allows the use of Gal4 inducible reporters to measure RNA–protein interactions. We introduced two mutations, V29I and N55K into the tandem MS2 dimer and an 11 amino acid deletion to increase RNA–protein affinity and inhibit capsid formation. Introduction of these constructs into the yeast strains MaV204K and PJ69-2A (which contain more reporters than the conventional yeast three-hybrid strains L40-coat and YBZ-1) allows RNA–protein binding interactions with a wide range of affinities to be detected using histidine auxotrophy, and negative selection with 5-fluoroorotic acid. Conclusion This yeast three-hybrid system has advantages over previous versions as demonstrated by the increased dynamic range of detectable binding interactions using yeast survival assays and colony forming assays with multiple reporters using known RNA–protein interactions.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10529-018-2567-7
       
  • Heterologous expression of Talaromyces emersonii cellobiohydrolase Cel7A
           in Trichoderma reesei increases the efficiency of corncob residues
           saccharification
    • Authors: Ningning Sun; Yuanchao Qian; Weiwei Wang; Yaohua Zhong; Meixue Dai
      Abstract: Objective Improve the hydrolysis efficiency of the Trichoderma reesei cellulase system by heterologously expressing cellobiohydrolase Cel7A (Te-Cel7A) from the thermophilic fungus Talaromyces emersonii. Results Te-Cel7A was expressed in T. reesei under control of the cdna1 promoter and the generated transformant QTC14 could successfully secrete Te-Cel7A into the supernatant using glucose as carbon source. The recombinant Te-Cel7A had a temperature optimum at 65 °C and an optimal pH of 5, which were similar to those from the native host. The culture supernatant of QTC14 exhibited a 28.8% enhancement in cellobiohydrolase activity and a 65.2% increase in filter paper activity relative to that of the parental strain QP4. Moreover, the QTC14 cellulase system showed higher thermal stability than that of the parental strain QP4. In the saccharification of delignified corncob residue, the cellulose conversion of QTC14 showed 13.9% higher than that of QP4 at the end of reaction. Conclusions The thermophilic fungus-derived cellulases could be efficiently expressed by T. reesei and the recombinant cellulases had potential applications for biomass conversion.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10529-018-2564-x
       
  • Hac1p homologues from higher eukaryotes can improve the secretion of
           heterologous proteins in the yeast Pichia pastoris
    • Authors: Olufemi Emmanuel Bankefa; Meiyu Wang; Taicheng Zhu; Yin Li
      Abstract: Objectives To systematically explore the effects of overexpressing Hac1p homologues from different sources on protein secretion in Pichia pastoris system. Results Effects of Hac1p homologues encompassing P. pastoris (PpHac1p), S. cerevisiae (ScHac1p), Trichoderma reesei (TrHac1p) and Homo sapiens (HsXbp1), on secretion of three reporter proteins—β-galactosidase, β-mannanase and glucose oxidase were investigated. No individual Hac1p was optimal for all the enzymes. Rather, by testing a set of Hac1p, the secretory expression of each of the enzymes was improved. Notably, HsXbp1 overexpression improved β-mannanase production from 73 to 108.5 U β-mannanase mL−1 while PpHac1p had no impact in shake flask culture. Moreover, HsXbp1 led to 41 and 67% increases in β-mannanase production in the single- and four-copy strain, respectively in 1-L laboratory fermenter. Transcription analysis of indicative chaperones suggested that HsXbp1 may cause a stronger and prolonged activation of the UPR target chaperone genes. Conclusion Mammalian HsXbp1 worked better than yeast Hac1p in terms of improving β-mannanase secretion in P. pastoris, and Hac1p screening may offer an effective strategy to engineer the secretion pathway of eukaryotic expression systems.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10529-018-2571-y
       
  • BST2 promotes cell proliferation, migration and induces NF-κB
           activation in gastric cancer
    • Authors: Weiyu Liu; Yong Cao; Yadi Guan; Changqing Zheng
      Abstract: Objectives To investigate the functional roles of bone marrow stromal cell antigen 2 (BST2) in gastric cancer (GC) cells and its implications in the development of GC patients. Results BST2 was frequently overexpressed in GC tissues compared with the adjacent non-tumorous tissues, and high BST2 expression was correlated with tumor stage and lymphatic metastasis. Furthermore, in vitro experiments demonstrated that knockdown of BST2 by siRNA inhibited cell proliferation, induced apoptosis and repressed cell motility in GC cells. In addition, the pro-tumor function of BST2 in GC was mediated partly through the NF-κB signaling. Conclusion BST2 possesses the oncogenic potential in GC by regulating the proliferation, apoptosis, and migratory ability of GC cells, thereby BST2 could be a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of GC.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10529-018-2562-z
       
  • Towards the construction of high-quality mutagenesis libraries
    • Authors: Heng Li; Jing Li; Ruinan Jin; Wei Chen; Chaoning Liang; Jieyuan Wu; Jian-Ming Jin; Shuang-Yan Tang
      Abstract: Objectives To improve the quality of mutagenesis libraries in directed evolution strategy. Results In the process of library transformation, transformants which have been shown to take up more than one plasmid might constitute more than 20% of the constructed library, thereby extensively impairing the quality of the library. We propose a practical transformation method to prevent the occurrence of multiple-plasmid transformants while maintaining high transformation efficiency. A visual library model containing plasmids expressing different fluorescent proteins was used. Multiple-plasmid transformants can be reduced through optimizing plasmid DNA amount used for transformation based on the positive correlation between the occurrence frequency of multiple-plasmid transformants and the logarithmic ratio of plasmid molecules to competent cells. Conclusions This method provides a simple solution for a seemingly common but often neglected problem, and should be valuable for improving the quality of mutagenesis libraries to enhance the efficiency of directed evolution strategies.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10529-018-2559-7
       
  • A novel malic enzyme gene, Mime2 , from Mortierella isabellina M6-22
           contributes to lipid accumulation
    • Authors: Shan Li; Lingyan Li; Xiangfeng Xiong; Xiuling Ji; Yunlin Wei; Lianbing Lin; Qi Zhang
      Abstract: Objective This study was aimed at cloning and characterizing a novel malic enzyme (ME) gene of Mortierella isabellina M6-22 and identifying its relation with lipid accumulation. Methods Mime2 was cloned from strain M6-22. Plasmid pET32aMIME2 was constructed to express ME of MIME2 in Escherichia coli BL21. After purification, the optimal pH and temperature of MIME2, as well as Km and Vmax for NADP+ were determined. The effects of EDTA or metal ions (Mn2+, Mg2+, Co2+, Cu2+, Ca2+, or Zn2+) on the enzymatic activity of MIME2 were evaluated. Besides, plasmid pRHMIME2 was created to express MIME2 in Rhodosporidium kratochvilovae YM25235, and its cell lipid content was measured by the acid-heating method. The optimal pH and temperature of MIME2 are 5.8 and 30 °C, respectively. Results The act ivity of MIME2 was significantly increased by Mg2+, Ca2+, or Mn2+ at 0.5 mM but inhibited by Cu2+ or Zn2+ (p < 0.05). The optimal enzymatic activity of MIME2 is 177.46 U/mg, and the Km and Vmax for NADP+ are 0.703 mM and 156.25 μg/min, respectively. Besides, Mime2 transformation significantly increased the cell lipid content in strain YM25235 (3.15 ± 0.24 vs. 2.17 ± 0.31 g/L, p < 0.01). Conclusions The novel ME gene Mime2 isolated from strain M6-22 contributes to lipid accumulation in strain YM25235.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10529-018-2560-1
       
  • Cinnamic acid attenuates quorum sensing associated virulence factors and
           biofilm formation in Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1
    • Authors: Jobina Rajkumari; Subhomoi Borkotoky; Ayaluru Murali; Kitlangki Suchiang; Saswat Kumar Mohanty; Siddhardha Busi
      Abstract: Objective Anti-quorum sensing and anti-biofilm efficacy of Cinnamic acid against Pseudomonas aeruginosa was comparatively assessed with respect to potent quorum sensing inhibitor, Baicalein. Results At sub-lethal concentration, Cinnamic acid effectively inhibited both the production of the QS-dependent virulence factors and biofilm formation in P. aeruginosa without affecting the viability of the bacterium. The phytocompound interfered with the initial attachment of planktonic cells to the substratum thereby causing reduction in biofilm development. In addition, the in vivo study indicated that the test compound protected Caenorhabditis elegans from the virulence factors of P. aeruginosa leading to reduced mortality. The in silico analysis revealed that Cinnamic acid can act as a competitive inhibitor for the natural ligands towards the ligand binding domain of the transcriptional activators of the quorum sensing circuit in P. aeruginosa, LasR and RhlR. Conclusions The findings suggest that Cinnamic acid may serve as a novel quorum sensing based anti-infective in controlling P. aeruginosa infections.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10529-018-2557-9
       
  • Ecofriendly demulsification of water in oil emulsions by an efficient
           biodemulsifier producing bacterium isolated from oil contaminated
           environment
    • Authors: Hoda Sabati; Hossein Motamedi
      Abstract: Objective Water in oil emulsions increase oil processing costs and cause damage to refinery equipment which necessitates demulsification. Since chemical demulsifiers cause environmental pollution, biodemulsifiers have been paid more attention. This study aims to identify biodemulsifier-producing bacteria from petroleum contaminated environments. Results As a result, several biodemulsifier producing strains were found that Stenotrophomonas sp. strain HS7 (accession number: MF445088) which produced a cell associated biodemulsifier showed the highest demulsifying ratio, 98.57% for water in kerosene and 66.28% for water in crude oil emulsion after 48 h. 35 °C, pH 7, 48 h incubation and ammonium nitrate as nitrogen source were optimum conditions for biodemulsifier production. Furthermore, it was found that hydrophobic carbon sources like as liquid paraffin is not preferred as the sole carbon source while a combination of various carbon sources including liquid paraffin will increase demulsification efficiency of the biodemulsifier. Conclusions The appropriate potential of this biodemulsifier strengthens the possibility of its application in industries especially petroleum industry.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10529-018-2565-9
       
  • Discovery of an acidic, thermostable and highly NADP + dependent formate
           dehydrogenase from Lactobacillus buchneri NRRL B-30929
    • Authors: Saadet Alpdağtaş; Sevil Yücel; Handan Açelya Kapkaç; Siqing Liu; Barış Binay
      Abstract: Objectives To identify a robust NADP+ dependent formate dehydrogenase from Lactobacillus buchneri NRRL B-30929 (LbFDH) with unique biochemical properties. Results A new NADP+ dependent formate dehydrogenase gene (fdh) was cloned from genomic DNA of L. buchneri NRRL B-30929. The recombinant construct was expressed in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) with 6 × histidine at the C-terminus and the purified protein obtained as a single band of approx. 44 kDa on SDS-PAGE and 90 kDa on native-PAGE. The LbFDH was highly active at acidic conditions (pH 4.8–6.2). Its optimum temperature was 60 °C and 50 °C with NADP+ and NAD+, respectively and its Tm value was 78 °C. Its activity did not decrease after incubation in a solution containing 20% of DMSO and acetonitrile for 6 h. The KM constants were 49.8, 0.12 and 1.68 mM for formate (with NADP+), NADP+ and NAD+, respectively. Conclusions An NADP+ dependent FDH from L. buchneri NRRL B-30929 was cloned, expressed and identified with its unusual characteristics. The LbFDH can be a promising candidate for NADPH regeneration through biocatalysis requiring acidic conditions and high temperatures.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10529-018-2568-6
       
  • Characterization of an aryl-alcohol oxidase from the plant saprophytic
           basidiomycete Coprinopsis cinerea with broad substrate specificity against
           aromatic alcohols
    • Authors: Yoshiaki Tamaru; Kiwamu Umezawa; Makoto Yoshida
      Abstract: Objectives The aim of the study was to obtain information about the enzymatic properties of aryl-alcohol oxidase from the plant saprophytic basidiomycete Coprinopsis cinerea (rCcAAO), which is classified into the auxiliary activities family 3 subfamily 2 (AA3_2). Results The gene encoding AAO from the plant saprophytic basidiomycete Coprinopsis cinerea (CcAAO) was cloned, and the recombinant CcAAO (rCcAAO) was heterologously expressed in the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris. The purified rCcAAO showed significant activity not only against trans,trans-2,4-hexadien-1-ol but also against a broad range of aromatic alcohols including aromatic compounds that were reported to be poor substrates for known AAOs. Moreover, site-directed mutagenesis analysis demonstrated that mutants with substitutions from leucine to phenylalanine and tryptophan at position 416 exhibited decreases of activity for aromatic alcohols but still maintained the activity for trans,trans-2,4-hexadien-1-ol. Conclusions Leucine 416 in CcAAO contributes to the broad substrate specificity against various aromatic alcohols, which is useful for the production of hydrogen peroxide using this enzyme.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10529-018-2534-3
       
  • Lactobacillus spp. impair the ability of Listeria monocytogenes FBUNT to
           adhere to and invade Caco-2 cells
    • Authors: P. Castellano; M. Pérez Ibarreche; L. Longo Borges; F. C. Niño Arias; G. R. Ross; E. C. Pereira De Martinis
      Abstract: Objectives The objective of this study was to evaluate the ability of Lactobacillus curvatus CRL705, CRL1532, and CRL1533 and Lactobacillus sakei CRL1613 to survive under simulated gastrointestinal conditions. Moreover, a microencapsulation approach was proposed to improve gastrointestinal survival. Finally, experiments were performed to demonstrate that Lactobacillus spp. can modulate the ability of Listeria monocytogenes FBUNT to adhere to and invade Caco-2 cells. Results Lactobacillus strains were encapsulated in alginate beads to enhance the survival of bacteria under in vitro gastrointestinal conditions. All strains hydrolyzed bile salts using chenodeoxycholic acid as a substrate and adhered to Caco-2 cells. Cell-free supernatants (CFSs) showed antimicrobial activity against L. monocytogenes as demonstrated by agar diffusion assays. The average percentages of L. monocytogenes adhesion decreased from 67.74 to 41.75 and 38.7% in the presence of 50 and 90% (v/v), respectively, for all CFSs tested. The highest concentrations of CFSs completely inhibited the L. monocytogenes invasion of Caco-2 cells. Conclusions The studied Lactobacillus strains have protective effects against the adhesion and invasion of L. monocytogenes FBUNT. Alginate encapsulation of these bacteria improved gastrointestinal tolerance such that they could be further studied as potential probiotics against intestinal pathogenic bacteria.
      PubDate: 2018-06-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s10529-018-2572-x
       
  • Enhancing the production of phenolic compounds during barley germination
           by using chitooligosaccharides to improve the antioxidant capacity of malt
           
    • Abstract: Objective To enhance the production of phenolic compounds during barley germination using chitooligosaccharide as an elicitor to improve the antioxidant capacity of malt. Results When used as an elicitor for barley germination, chitooligosaccharide with a molecular weight of 3 kDa, added at 10 mg/kg barley kernels during the first steeping cycle, led to the maximum production of phenolic compounds. Compared with the control with no chitooligosaccharide added to the steeping water, the total phenolic content was increased by 54.8%. Increases in the total phenolic content of the barley malt occurred when chitooligosaccharide was applied during the first or both the first and the second steeping cycles. Thus the antioxidant capacity of barley malt was increased significantly by adding chitooligosaccharide during the steeping process. Conclusion Applying chitooligosaccharides during the steeping process increased the content of phenolic compounds thus improving the antioxidant capacity of the barley malt.
      PubDate: 2018-06-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s10529-018-2582-8
       
  • Labeling of endothelial cells with magnetic microbeads by angiophagy
    • Abstract: Objectives Attachment of magnetic particles to cells is needed for a variety of applications but is not always possible or efficient. Simpler and more convenient methods are thus desirable. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that endothelial cells (EC) can be loaded with micron-size magnetic beads by the phagocytosis-like mechanism ‘angiophagy’. To this end, human umbilical vein EC (HUVEC) were incubated with magnetic beads conjugated or not (control) with an anti-VEGF receptor 2 antibody, either in suspension, or in culture followed by re-suspension using trypsinization. Results In all conditions tested, HUVEC incubation with beads induced their uptake by angiophagy, which was confirmed by (i) increased cell granularity assessed by flow cytometry, and (ii) the presence of an F-actin rich layer around many of the intracellular beads, visualized by confocal microscopy. For confluent cultures, the average number of beads per cell was 4.4 and 4.2, with and without the presence of the anti-VEGFR2 antibody, respectively. However, while the actively dividing cells took up 2.9 unconjugated beads on average, this number increased to 5.2 if binding was mediated by the antibody. Magnetic pulldown increased the cell density of beads-loaded cells in porous electrospun poly-capro-lactone scaffolds by a factor of 4.5 after 5 min, as compared to gravitational settling (p < 0.0001). Conclusion We demonstrated that EC can be readily loaded by angiophagy with micron-sized beads while attached in monolayer culture, then dispersed in single-cell suspensions for pulldown in porous scaffolds and for other applications.
      PubDate: 2018-06-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s10529-018-2581-9
       
  • Directed evolution and site-specific mutagenesis of l -isoleucine
           dioxygenase derived from Bacillus weihenstephanensis
    • Authors: Sen Huang; Feng Shi
      Abstract: Objectives l-isoleucine dioxygenase (IDO) specifically transforms l-isoleucine (Ile) to 4-hydroxyisoleucine (4-HIL), and 4-HIL is a promising drug for diabetes. To enhance the activity and catalytic efficiency of IDO, we used directed evolution and site-specific mutagenesis. Results The IDO gene (ido) derived from Bacillus weihenstephanensis was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. Directed evolution using error prone (EP)-PCR and site-specific mutagenesis were conducted. Two improved mutants were obtained after one round of EP-PCR, with IdoN126H exhibiting a 2.8-fold increase in activity. Two improved mutants were obtained through site-specific mutagenesis, with IdoT130K showing a 170% increase in activity. Although the activity of the combined mutant IdoN126H/T130K (0.95 ± 0.08 U/mg) was slightly higher than that of the wild-type Ido, its catalytic efficiency was 2.4-fold and 3.0-fold higher than Ido with Ile and α-ketoglutaric acid as substrates. After biotransformation of Ile by E. coli BL21(DE3) expressing IdoN126H/T130K and Ido, 66.50 ± 0.99 mM and 26.09 ± 1.85 mM 4-HIL was synthesized, respectively, in 24 h. Conclusion IdoN126H/T130K had a higher enzyme activity and catalytic efficiency and can therefore be used as a more suitable candidate for 4-HIL production.
      PubDate: 2018-06-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s10529-018-2566-8
       
  • Enhanced catalytic activities and modified substrate preferences for
           taxoid 10β- O -acetyl transferase mutants by engineering catalytic
           histidine residues
    • Authors: Lin-Feng You; Jia-Jun Huang; Tao Wei; Shu-Ling Lin; Bing-Hua Jiang; Li-Qiong Guo; Jun-Fang Lin
      Abstract: Objectives Taxoid 10β-O-acetyl transferase (DBAT) was redesigned to enhance its catalytic activity and substrate preference for baccatin III and taxol biosynthesis. Results Residues H162, D166 and R363 were determined as potential sites within the catalytic pocket of DBAT for molecular docking and site-directed mutagenesis to modify the activity of DBAT. Enzymatic activity assays revealed that the kcat/KM values of mutant H162A/R363H, D166H, R363H, D166H/R363H acting on 10-deacetylbaccatin III were about 3, 15, 26 and 60 times higher than that of the wild type of DBAT, respectively. Substrate preference assays indicated that these mutants (H162A/R363H, D166H, R363H, D166H/R363H) could transfer acetyl group from unnatural acetyl donor (e.g. vinyl acetate, sec-butyl acetate, isobutyl acetate, amyl acetate and isoamyl acetate) to 10-deacetylbaccatin III. Conclusion Taxoid 10β-O-acetyl transferase mutants with redesigned active sites displayed increased catalytic activities and modified substrate preferences, indicating their possible application in the enzymatic synthesis of baccatin III and taxol.
      PubDate: 2018-06-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s10529-018-2573-9
       
  • Production of caffeoylmalic acid from glucose in engineered Escherichia
           coli
    • Authors: Tianzhen Li; Wei Zhou; Huiping Bi; Yibin Zhuang; Tongcun Zhang; Tao Liu
      Abstract: Objectives To achieve biosynthesis of caffeoylmalic acid from glucose in engineered Escherichia coli. Results We constructed the biosynthetic pathway of caffeoylmalic acid in E. coli by co-expression of heterologous genes RgTAL, HpaBC, At4CL2 and HCT2. To enhance the production of caffeoylmalic acid, we optimized the tyrosine metabolic pathway of E. coli to increase the supply of the substrate caffeic acid. Consequently, an E. coli–E. coli co-culture system was used for the efficient production of caffeoylmalic acid. The final titer of caffeoylmalic acid reached 570.1 mg/L. Conclusions Microbial production of caffeoylmalic acid using glucose has application potential. In addition, microbial co-culture is an efficient tool for producing caffeic acid esters.
      PubDate: 2018-05-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s10529-018-2580-x
       
 
 
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