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BIOCHEMISTRY (242 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 242 Journals sorted alphabetically
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Acetic Acid Bacteria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ACS Central Science     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
ACS Chemical Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 284)
ACS Chemical Neuroscience     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Acta Biochimica Polonica     Open Access  
Acta Crystallographica Section D : Biological Crystallography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Acta Crystallographica Section F: Structural Biology Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Advances and Applications in Bioinformatics and Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Biological Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Carbohydrate Chemistry and Biochemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Plant Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
African Journal of Biochemistry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Chemical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Alkaloids: Chemical and Biological Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Biochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 68)
American Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
American Journal of Polymer Science     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry Research     Open Access  
Analytical Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 175)
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Clinical Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annual Review of Biochemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 54)
Annual Review of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Applied Organometallic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology     Hybrid Journal  
Archives Of Physiology And Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Biochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Biochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
BBA Clinical     Open Access  
BBR : Biochemistry and Biotechnology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biocatalysis     Open Access  
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Biochemical and Molecular Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Biochemical Compounds     Open Access  
Biochemical Engineering Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Biochemical Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Biochemical Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Biochemical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biochemical Society Transactions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Biochemical Systematics and Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Biochemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 343)
Biochemistry & Pharmacology : Open Access     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biochemistry & Physiology : Open Access     Open Access  
Biochemistry (Moscow)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biochemistry (Moscow) Supplement Series A: Membrane and Cell Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Biochemistry (Moscow) Supplemental Series B: Biomedical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports     Open Access  
Biochemistry and Cell Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Fishes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Biochemistry Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Basis of Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Cell Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Biochimie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Biochimie Open     Open Access  
Bioconjugate Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
BioDrugs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Bioelectrochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biofuels     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Biogeochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
BioInorganic Reaction Mechanisms     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biokemistri     Open Access  
Biological Chemistry     Partially Free   (Followers: 22)
Biomaterials Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomedicines     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BioMolecular Concepts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Biosimilars     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Bit├ícora Digital     Open Access  
BMC Biochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca : Food Science and Technology     Open Access  
Carbohydrate Polymers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Cell Biochemistry and Function     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Cell Chemical Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
ChemBioChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Chemical and Biological Technologies for Agriculture     Open Access  
Chemical Biology & Drug Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Chemical Engineering Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Chemical Speciation and Bioavailability     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chemico-Biological Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chemistry & Biodiversity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Chemistry & Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Chemistry and Ecology     Hybrid Journal  
ChemTexts     Hybrid Journal  
Clinica Chimica Acta     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Clinical Biochemist Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 69)
Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62)
Clinical Lipidology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part B: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C: Toxicology & Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part D: Genomics and Proteomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Comprehensive Biochemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Computational Biology and Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Critical Reviews in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Biochemical Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Current Chemical Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Current Opinion in Chemical Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Current Opinion in Lipidology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
DNA Barcodes     Open Access  
Doklady Biochemistry and Biophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Doklady Chemistry     Hybrid Journal  
Egyptian Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Full-text available via subscription  
FABICIB     Open Access  
FEBS Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
FEBS Open Bio     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Fish Physiology and Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Food & Function     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Foundations of Modern Biochemistry     Full-text available via subscription  
Free Radicals and Antioxidants     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Frontiers in Molecular Biosciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Frontiers in Natural Product Chemistry     Hybrid Journal  
Global Biogeochemical Cycles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Green Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Histochemistry and Cell Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Indian Journal of Biochemistry and Biophysics (IJBB)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Biomedical Journal     Open Access  
Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Biochemistry and Biophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Biological Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Biomedical Nanoscience and Nanotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Food Contamination     Open Access  
International Journal of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry     Open Access  
International Journal of Plant Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Secondary Metabolite     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Invertebrate Immunity     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
JBIC Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Biology & Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Bioactive and Compatible Polymers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Biochemical and Biophysical Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Research     Open Access  
Journal of Biological Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 215)
Journal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Edition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Carbohydrate Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Cellular Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Chemical Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Clinical Lipidology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Comparative Physiology B : Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Drug Discovery and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Evolutionary Biochemistry and Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Food and Drug Analysis     Open Access  
Journal of Forensic Toxicology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Inborn Errors of Metabolism and Screening     Open Access  
Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Medical and Biomedical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Biochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Molecular Biochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Molecular Diagnostics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Neurochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Pediatric Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Peptide Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Physiobiochemical Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Virology & Antiviral Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Wood Chemistry and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
La Rivista Italiana della Medicina di Laboratorio - Italian Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Hybrid Journal  
Lab on a Chip     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
Laboratory Techniques in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Marine Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Methods in Enzymology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Molecular Aspects of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Molecular Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Molecular inhibitors in targeted therapy     Open Access  
Moscow University Chemistry Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Mycologia     Hybrid Journal  
Mycology : An International Journal on Fungal Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Natural Products and Bioprospecting     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Nature Chemical Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 77)
Nature Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 221)
Neurosignals     Open Access  
New Comprehensive Biochemistry     Full-text available via subscription  
NOVA     Open Access  

        1 2 | Last

Journal Cover Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology
  [SJR: 0.768]   [H-I: 54]   [0 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0739-4462 - ISSN (Online) 1520-6327
   Published by John Wiley and Sons Homepage  [1597 journals]
  • Issue Information
    • PubDate: 2018-03-14T04:36:14.115987-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arch.21412
  • Identification of putative cytochrome P450 monooxygenase genes from the
           small white butterfly, Pieris rapae (Lepidoptera: Pieridae), and their
           response to insecticides
    • Authors: Su Liu; Yu-Xing Zhang, Wen-Long Wang, Ye Cao, Shuai Li, Bang-Xian Zhang, Shi-Guang Li
      Abstract: The small white butterfly, Pieris rapae (Lepidoptera: Pieridae), is an important pest on Brassicaceae plants, causing heavy crop loss each year. Cytochrome P450 monooxygenase (CYP) is a superfamily of enzymes involved in the detoxification of various xenobiotic compounds, including insecticides. However, little is known about the role of CYP genes in P. rapae. In this study, we identified 63 CYP genes in P. rapae, and analyzed their phylogenetic relationships, exon–intron structures and genomic locations. Moreover, our insecticide-response transcription profiling showed that LD5 doses of lambda-cyhalothrin, chlorantraniliprole, and abamectin significantly increased expression of five (CYP4M59, CYP6AE119, CYP6AE120, CYP6AE121, and CYP6BD18), three (CYP4AU1, CYP6AE120, and CYP6AW1), and five (CYP4L40, CYP4AU1, CYP6AE119, CYP6AW1, and CYP6BD19) CYP genes, respectively; and LD20 doses of the three pesticides significantly upregulated six (CYP4M59, CYP6AE119, CYP6AE120, CYP6AE121, CYP4AU1, and CYP6BD18), six (CYP4G168, CYP4L40, CYP4AU1, CYP6AE120, CYP6AW1, and CYP6BD19), and five (CYP4L40, CYP4AU1, CYP6AB108, CYP6AE119, and CYP6BD19) genes, respectively. When we used LD50 doses of the three insecticides, we reported significantly elevated expression levels of five (CYP4M59, CYP6AE119, CYP6AE120, CYP6BD17, and CYP6BD18), eight (CYP4G168, CYP4L40, CYP4AU1, CYP6AE120, CYP6AE121, CYP6AW1, CYP6BD18, and CYP6BD19), and six (CYP4L40, CYP4S34, CYP6AB108, CYP6AE119, CYP6AE120, and CYP6BD19) genes, respectively. Our expression analysis also revealed that five (CYP4G168, CYP4G169, CYP4S34, CYP6AW1, and CYP6CT3) and three (CYP4L40, CYP6AN33, and CYP6BD17) CYP genes were mainly expressed in the midgut and fat body, respectively, and one CYP gene (CYP6AE119) in the Malpighian tubules. This is the first large-scale report into the characterization of CYP genes in P. rapae.
      PubDate: 2018-03-13T05:12:26.121609-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arch.21455
  • Proteases and nucleases involved in the biphasic digestion process of the
           brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae)
    • Authors: Purushottam R. Lomate; Bryony C. Bonning
      Abstract: Management of the brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae), an invasive, agricultural pest in the United States, has presented significant challenges. This polyphagous insect uses both extra-oral and gut-based digestion thwarting protein- or nucleotide-based control strategies. The objective of this study was to biochemically characterize the digestive enzymes (proteases and nucleases) from the saliva, salivary gland and the gut of H. halys. Enzyme profiles for the two tissues and saliva radically differ: The pH optimum for proteases in the gut was six, with cysteine proteases predominant. In contrast, the alkaline pH optima for protease activity in the salivary gland (8–10) and saliva (7) reflected abundant serine protease and cathepsin activities. RNase enzymes were most abundant in saliva, while dsRNase and DNase activities were higher in the salivary gland and saliva compared to those in the gut. These very different enzyme profiles highlight the biphasic digestive system used by this invasive species for efficient processing of plant nutrients. Knowledge of H. halys digestive physiology will allow for counteractive measures targeting digestive enzymes or for appropriate protection of protein- or nucleotide-based management options targeting this pest.
      PubDate: 2018-03-12T03:27:35.311663-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arch.21459
  • Future questions in insect chitin biology: A microreview
    • Authors: Subbaratnam Muthukrishnan; Yasuyuki Arakane, Qing Yang, Chuan-Xi Zhang, Jianzhen Zhang, Wenqing Zhang, Bernard Moussian
      Abstract: This microreview stems from the Second Symposium on Insect Molecular Toxicology and Chitin Metabolism held at Shanxi University in Taiyuan, China (June 27 to 30, 2017) at the institute for Applied Biology headed by Professor Enbo Ma and Professor Jianzhen Zhang.
      PubDate: 2018-02-25T23:55:30.648516-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arch.21454
  • Identification and expression profiles of novel odorant binding proteins
           and functional analysis of OBP99a in Bactrocera dorsalis
    • Authors: Jing Zhang; Deye Luo, Peng Wu, Haozhe Li, Hongyu Zhang, Weiwei Zheng
      Abstract: Odorant-binding proteins (OBPs) in insects are essential for mating and oviposition host selection. How these OBPs respond to different hosts at the mRNA level and their effects on behavior remain poorly characterized. The oriental fruit fly Bactrocera dorsalis is a highly invasive agricultural pest with an extremely broad host range and high fecundity. Based on our previously constructed B. dorsalis transcriptome, six OBPs that were differentially expressed during three different physiological adult stages were identified. A phylogenetic tree was constructed to illustrate the relationships of these six OBPs with OBP sequences from three other dipteran species (Drosophila melanogaster, Anopheles gambiae, and Ceratitis capitata). The spatiotemporal expression profiles of the six OBPs were analyzed using quantitative real-time PCR. Our results revealed that OBP19c, OBP44a, OBP99a, and OBP99d were abundantly expressed from the prepupa stage to the adult stage, and most of the OBPs were mainly expressed in the head, wings, and antennae. The expression levels of these OBPs were upregulated when female flies were exposed to their preferred hosts. Silencing OBP99a resulted fewer eggs being laid compared with the control group when the females were exposed to their preferred host, that is, banana, whereas more eggs were laid when a non-preferred host, that is, tomato, was used. Furthermore, silencing OBP99a led to sexually dimorphic mating behavior. dsOBP99a-injected males dramatically reduced courtship, whereas enhanced courtship was observed in the treated females. These data indicate that OBPs may participate in different biological processes of B. dorsalis. Our study will provide insight into the molecular mechanism of chemoreception and help develop ecologically friendly pest-control strategies.
      PubDate: 2018-02-16T04:55:54.041148-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arch.21452
  • Apoptosis of posterior silk gland of Bombyx mori during spinning period
           and the role of PI3K/Akt pathway
    • Authors: Jia-Huan Hu; Xiao-Yu Cheng, Jin-Xin Li, Bin Xue, Jiang-Hai Tian, Jing-Sheng Hu, Bing Li
      Abstract: Bombyx mori is an economic insect of the Lepidoptera. Its posterior silk gland (PSG) is an important organ for fibroin synthesis. In order to study the occurrence of apoptosis in PSG and the role of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway during spinning period, changes in morphology of silk gland, expressions of fibroin components Fib-H, Fib-L and P25 and Akt, TOR2, P70S6K and S6 in PI3K/Akt pathway, expressions of apoptosis related genes caspase-3, caspase-9 and activity of caspase-3 were explored. The results showed that the morphology of silk gland dramatically degenerated; transcription of Fib-H, Fib-L, and P25 gradually declined with time; and Fib-L protein level reduced by 0.6-fold at 72 h. Moreover, the transcription levels of Akt, TOR2, P70S6K, and S6 also decreased by 0.3-, 0.8-, 0.7-, and 0.1-fold, respectively, indicating that the downregulation of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway could lead to reduction in fibroin synthesis. In addition, the transcription levels of caspase-3 and caspase-9 increased by 1.3- and 3.6-fold, respectively, and the enzyme activity of caspase-3 grew at a maximum of 1.6-fold. The results showed the occurrence of apoptosis in PSG during spinning period. In conclusion, the present study indicated that both the decline in fibroin components and the increase in apoptosis-related genes were regulated by PI3K/Akt signaling pathway during spinning period, which shed new light on the functions of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.
      PubDate: 2018-02-05T06:00:25.861626-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arch.21450
  • Parasitism and venom of ectoparasitoid Scleroderma guani impairs host
           cellular immunity
    • Authors: Li-Fang Li; Zhi-Wen Xu, Nai-Yong Liu, Guo-Xing Wu, Xue-Min Ren, Jia-Ying Zhu
      Abstract: Venom is a prominently maternal virulent factor utilized by parasitoids to overcome hosts immune defense. With respect to roles of this toxic mixture involved in manipulating hosts immunity, great interest has been mostly restricted to Ichneumonoidea parasitoids associated with polydnavirus (PDV), of which venom is usually considered as a helper component to enhance the role of PDV, and limited Chalcidoidea species. In contrast, little information is available in other parasitoids, especially ectoparasitic species not carrying PDV. The ectoparasitoid Scleroderma guani injects venom into its host, Tenebrio molitor, implying its venom was involved in suppression of hosts immune response for successful parasitism. Thus, we investigated the effects of parasitism and venom of this parasitoid on counteracting the cellular immunity of its host by examining changes of hemocyte counts, and hemocyte spreading and encapsulation ability. Total hemocyte counts were elevated in parasitized and venom-injected pupae. The spreading behavior of both granulocytes and plasmatocytes was impaired by parasitization and venom. High concentration of venom led to more severely increased hemocyte counts and suppression of hemocyte spreading. The ability of hemocyte encapsulation was inhibited by venom in vitro. In addition to immediate effects observed, venom showed persistent interference in hosts cellular immunity. These results indicate that venom alone from S. guani plays a pivotal role in blocking hosts cellular immune response, serving as a regulator that guarantees the successful development of its progenies. The findings provide a foundation for further investigation of the underlying mechanisms in immune inhibitory action of S. guani venom.
      PubDate: 2018-02-05T03:40:52.868297-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arch.21451
  • Prostaglandin-mediated recovery from bacteremia delays larval development
           in fall armyworm, Spodopterafrugiperda
    • Authors: Lei Zhang; Joseph A. Ringbauer, Cynthia l. Goodman, Tamra Reall, Xing-Fu Jiang, David Stanley
      Abstract: Insect immunity includes a surveillance system that detects and signals infections, coupled with hemocytic and humoral immune functions. These functions are signaled and coordinated by several biochemicals, including biogenic amines, insect cytokines, peptides, and prostaglandins (PGs). The actions of these mediators are coordinated within cells by various forms of cross-talk among the signaling systems and they result in effective reactions to infection. While this is well understood, we lack information on how immune-mediated recovery influences subsequent juvenile development in surviving insects. We investigated this point by posing the hypothesis that PG signaling is necessary for larval recovery, although the recovery imposes biological costs, registered in developmental delays and failures in surviving individuals. Here, we report that nodulation responses to infections by the bacterium, Serratiamarcescens, increased over time up to 5 h postinfection, with no further nodulation; it increased in a linear manner with increasing bacterial dosages. Larval survivorship decreased with increasing bacterial doses. Treating larvae with the PG-biosynthesis inhibitor, indomethacin, led to sharply decreased nodulation reactions to infection, which were rescued in larvae cotreated with indomethacin and the PG-precursor, arachidonic acid. Although nodulation was fully rescued, all bacterial challenged larvae suffered reduced survivorship compared to controls. Bacterial infection led to reduced developmental rates in larvae, but not pupae. Adult emergence from pupae that developed from experimental larvae was also decreased. Taken together, our data potently bolster our hypothesis.
      PubDate: 2018-01-29T04:11:18.775309-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arch.21444
  • Effects of overexpression and inhibited expression of thymosin, an
           actin-interacting protein from Bombyx mori, on BmNPV proliferation and
    • Authors: Jinxu Liao; Chen Zhang, Wenjuan Ru, Dan Wang, Wenping Zhang
      Abstract: Previous study showed that exogenously applied recombinant thymosin from Bombyx mori (BmTHY) reduces B. mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) proliferation in silkworm. Which stands to reason that BmTHY in B. mori is crucial for the defense against BmNPV. However, little is known about the effect of endogenously overexpressed or repressed BmTHY on B. mori resistance to virus infection. To study this issue, we constructed an overexpression and inhibited expression systems of BmTHY in BmN cells. The viral titer and the analysis from the quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) revealed that overexpression of BmTHY decreased the copies of BmNPV gene gp41, which goes over to inhibit the proliferation of BmNPV in BmN cells, while the inhibited expression of BmTHY significantly enhanced viral proliferation in infected BmN cells. These results indicated that endogenous BmTHY can inhibit BmNPV proliferation and replication in infected BmN cells. Furthermore, Co-IP showed that BmTHY could bind to actin in BmN cells. Also, the overexpression or inhibited expression of BmTHY shifted the ratio of F/G-actin in infected BmN cells. Lastly, the BmTHY, an actin-interacting protein, might be one of the key host factors against BmNPV, which inhibits viral proliferation and replication in BmN cells.
      PubDate: 2018-01-29T04:11:13.538177-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arch.21449
  • Characterization of NlHox3, an essential gene for embryonic development in
           Nilaparvata lugens
    • Authors: Ze-Wei Ren; Ji-Chong Zhuo, Chuan-Xi Zhang, Dun Wang
      Abstract: Hox genes encode transcriptional regulatory proteins that control axial patterning in all bilaterians. The brown planthopper (BPH), Nilaparvata lugens (Hemiptera: Delphacidae), is a destructive insect pest of rice plants in Asian countries. During analysis of the N. lugens transcriptome, we identified a Hox3-like gene (NlHox3) that was highly and specifically expressed in the embryonic stage. We performed functional analysis on the gene to identify its roles in embryonic development and its potential use as a target in RNA interference (RNAi) based pest control. The sequence analysis showed that NlHox3 was homologous to the Hox3 gene and was most closely related with zen of Drosophila. There were no significant differences in oviposition between the treated and control females after injecting double-stranded RNA of NlHox3 (dsNlHox3) into newly emerged female adult BPHs; however, there was a significant difference in the hatchability of those eggs laid, which no egg from the treated group hatched normally. Injecting female adult BPHs with dsNlHox3 led to necrosis of these offspring embryos, with eye reversal and undeveloped organs, suggesting that NlHox3 was an essential gene for embryonic development and might be a potential target for RNAi-based control of this insect pest.
      PubDate: 2018-01-25T05:03:24.897473-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arch.21448
  • Cytoplasmic glutamine synthetase gene expression regulates larval
           development in Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel)
    • Authors: Meng-Yi Zhang; Dong Wei, Ran Li, Hong-Ting Jia, Yu-Wei Liu, Clauvis Nji Tizi Taning, Jin-Jun Wang, Guy Smagghe
      Abstract: In insects, glutamine synthetase (GS), a key enzyme in the synthesis of glutamine, has been reported to be associated with embryonic development, heat shock response, and fecundity regulation. However, little is known about the influence of GS on postembryonic development. In this study, we demonstrate that blocking the activity of GS in the oriental fruit fly (Bactrocera dorsalis) with use of a GS-specific inhibitor (L-methionine S-sulfoximine), led to a significant delay in larval development, pupal weight loss, and inhibition of pupation. We further identify cloned and characterized two GS genes (BdGS-c and BdGS-m) from B. dorsalis. The two GS genes identified in B. dorsalis were predicted to be located in the cytosol (BdGS-c) and mitochondria (BdGS-m), and homology analysis indicated that both genes were similar to homologs from other Dipterans, such as Drosophila melanogaster and Aedes aegypti. BdGS-c was highly expressed in the larval stages, suggesting that cytosolic GS plays a predominant role in larval development. Furthermore, RNA interference experiments against BdGS-c, to specifically decrease the expression of cytosolic GS, resulted in delay in larval development as well as pupal weight loss. This study presents the prominent role played by BdGS-c in regulating larval development and suggests that the observed effect could have been modulated through ecdysteroid synthesis, agreeing with the reduced expression of the halloween gene spook. Also, the direct effects of BdGS-c silencing on B. dorsalis, such as larval lethality, delayed pupation, and late emergence, can be further exploited as novel insecticide target in the context of pest management.
      PubDate: 2018-01-23T04:00:43.202816-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arch.21447
  • Molecular characterization and gene silencing of Laccase 1 in the grain
           aphid, Sitobion avenae
    • Authors: Yong Zhang; Jia Fan, Frédéric Francis, Julian Chen
      Abstract: Laccase 1 (Lac1), a polyphenol oxidase, has been proposed to be involved in insect iron metabolism and immunity responses. However, little information is available on the roles of Lac 1 in insect–plant interactions. The grain aphid Sitobion avenae is one of the most destructive pests of cereal, directly drawing phloem sap and transmitting viruses. In the present study, we first cloned the open reading frame (ORF) of Lac 1 from S. avenae, and the putative protein sequence was predicted to have a carboxyl-terminal transmembrane domain. We found that SaLac1 had higher expression levels in the fourth and adult stages using reverse transcription real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR). SaLac 1 was highly expressed in the salivary gland and midgut and also in wingless compared with winged morphs. After feeding on aphid-resistant wheat with a high total phenol content, the expression level of SaLac 1 increased significantly. RNA interference (RNAi) by oral feeding successfully inhibited the transcript levels of SaLac 1, and the knockdown of Lac 1 significantly decreased the survival rate of S. avenae on aphid-resistant wheat. Our study demonstrated that S. avenae Lac1 was involved in the detoxification of phenolic compounds in wheat and was essential for the aphid to adapt to resistant plants.
      PubDate: 2018-01-11T06:30:42.401009-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arch.21446
  • Characterization and functional assay of a fatty acyl-CoA reductase gene
           in the scale insect, Ericerus pela Chavannes (Hemiptera: Coccoidae)
    • Authors: Yan-Hong Hu; Xiao-Ming Chen, Pu Yang, Wei-Feng Ding
      Abstract: Ericerus pela Chavannes (Hemiptera: Coccoidae) is an economically important scale insect because the second instar males secrete a harvestable wax-like substance. In this study, we report the molecular cloning of a fatty acyl-CoA reductase gene (EpFAR) of E. pela. We predicted a 520-aa protein with the FAR family features from the deduced amino acid sequence. The EpFAR mRNA was expressed in five tested tissues, testis, alimentary canal, fat body, Malpighian tubules, and mostly in cuticle. The EpFAR protein was localized by immunofluorescence only in the wax glands and testis. EpFAR expression in High Five insect cells documented the recombinant EpFAR reduced 26-0:(S) CoA and to its corresponding alcohol. The data illuminate the molecular mechanism for fatty alcohol biosynthesis in a beneficial insect, E. pela.
      PubDate: 2017-12-26T03:55:16.05558-05:0
      DOI: 10.1002/arch.21445
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