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Showing 1 - 34 of 34 Journals sorted alphabetically
Autismo e disturbi dello sviluppo     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Bilingual Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Career Development and Transition for Exceptional Individuals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Clinical Psychology and Special Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Dislessia. Giornale italiano di ricerca clinica e applicativa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Disturbi di Attenzione e Iperattività     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Exceptional Children     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Exceptionality Education International     Full-text available via subscription  
Frühförderung interdisziplinär     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Gifted and Talented International     Hybrid Journal  
Gifted Child Today     Partially Free   (Followers: 6)
Gifted Children     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Journal of Health and Physical Education Pedagogy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal for the Education of the Gifted     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Applied School Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Correctional Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Gifted Education Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Language Teaching and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Nonformal Education     Open Access  
Journal of Special Education and Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Special Education Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Teaching in Physical Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Learning & Perception     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Learning Disabilities : A Multidisciplinary Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Learning Disability Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Lernen und Lernstörungen     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Multiple Voices for Ethnically Diverse Exceptional Learners     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
New Zealand Physical Educator     Full-text available via subscription  
TEACHING Exceptional Children     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Tizard Learning Disability Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
unsere jugend     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Vierteljahresschrift für Heilpädagogik und ihre Nachbargebiete     Full-text available via subscription  
Zeitschrift für Psychodrama und Soziometrie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal Cover Journal of Language Teaching and Research
  [SJR: 0.104]   [H-I: 1]   [29 followers]  Follow
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1798-4769 - ISSN (Online) 2053-0684
   Published by Academy Publisher Homepage  [2 journals]
  • Teachers’ Declared Intentions to Shift Practice to Incorporate Second
           Language Acquisition (SLA) Theories

    • Authors: Paul Markham, Mary Rice, Behnaz Darban, Tsung-Han Weng
      Pages: 1023 - 1031
      Abstract: While the number of English Learners (ELs) in the United States is steadily growing in most states, teacher preparation for working with ELs is far from universal. It fact, it is contested terrain as to whether information about topics like Second Language Acquisition (SLA) are helpful generally, and if so, what theories teachers are willing to adopt. The purpose of this study was to learn whether teachers in an SLA theory course would declare intentions to change their notions about SLA and express them as desire to shift practice. We also wondered if there were differences in pre-service versus in-service and international versus domestic students. The results confirmed that the participants were willing to change their initial theories because of participating in a second language acquisition course that presented information about SLA theories at a Completely Different or Somewhat Different level by the end of the course.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.17507/jltr.0806.01
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2017)
  • “No” — A Case Study in Corrective Feedback in a Secondary Chinese
           Language Classroom in Australia

    • Authors: Xinxin Li, Hui Huang
      Pages: 1032 - 1040
      Abstract: Corrective feedback has been studied for decades in classrooms both for children and adults. Among different subjects, language learning, especially second language (L2) learning is one of the significant targets of corrective feedback studies. Compared to English and other European languages, however, Chinese as L2 classroom has get little attention. This paper investigates what types of corrective feedback (CF) a teacher of Chinese working at a secondary school in Melbourne provided to what kinds of errors made by students, and the effectiveness of each CF type. The data was obtained from 2 random lessons and the parts involving CF were transcribed to further analyze. The results suggest that Chinese beginners made more mistakes in pronunciation and vocabulary than in grammar, however, the teacher provided feedback to all of the lexical and grammatical errors, ignoring nearly half of the phonological mistakes. In addition, the overall effectiveness of CF was not satisfactory, especially for elicitations and recasts, which were used the most commonly by the teacher. Some pedagogical implications for Chinese teaching and Chinese teacher training are also provided.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.17507/jltr.0806.02
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2017)
  • Sentiment Analysis of Spanish Words of Arabic Origin Related to Islam: A
           Social Network Analysis

    • Authors: Mohamed M. Mostafa, Nicolás Roser Nebot
      Pages: 1041 - 1049
      Abstract: With the arrival of Muslims in 711 till their expulsion in the 1600s, Arabic language was present in Spain for more than eight centuries. Although social networks have become a valuable resource for mining sentiments, there is no previous research investigating the layman’s sentiment towards Spanish words of Arabic etymology related to Islamic terminology. This study aim at analyzing Spanish words of Arabic origin related to Islam. A random sample of 4586 out of 45860 tweets was used to evaluate general sentiment towards some Spanish words of Arabic origin related to Islam. An expert-predefined Spanish lexicon of around 6800 seed adjectives was used to conduct the analysis. Results indicate a generally positive sentiment towards several Spanish words of Arabic etymology related to Islam. By implementing both a qualitative and quantitative methodology to analyze tweets’ sentiments towards Spanish words of Arabic etymology, this research adds breadth and depth to the debate over Arabic linguistic influence on Spanish vocabulary.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.17507/jltr.0806.03
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2017)
  • A Major Difference between the Formation of English Words and the
           Formation of Chinese Words in Modern Times

    • Authors: Bianye Li
      Pages: 1050 - 1054
      Abstract: The English language is a language of “fertility” due to its continuous formation of new words in modern times. However, the Chinese language is “infertile” because it has basically stopped creating totally new words. The general trend in the development of a Chinese character in the Chinese history has been moving from complexity to simplicity. As a result, it leads to the "infertility" of the Chinese language and makes it difficult to combine a limited number of different strokes within a limited space known as方块字Fāngkuàizì ‘Square Block Word’. What is a totally new word in English is simply a combination of used words in Chinese. The Chinese language's capability of saving horizontal and linear space makes this combination feasible to express a new meaning. Three types of constraint arising from limited type and number of Strokes, General Trend toward Simplicity and Square-Framed Space have made their concurrent contribution to the "infertility" of the Chinese word formation. The preference of the Chinese language for new combinations of used words over the creation of total new Chinese words in modern times constitutes a major difference between the formation of English words and the formation of Chinese words in modern times.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.17507/jltr.0806.04
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2017)
  • “Nigerian Students in the American ESL Freshman Writing Class: A Site of
           Resistance and Accommodation”

    • Authors: Yingqin Liu, William Carney
      Pages: 1055 - 1062
      Abstract: Two groups of undergraduate students, one composed of 15 Nigerian students studying at a public university in the US and a similar one composed of US-born students from the same university composed short essay drafts in response to the same writing prompt. These essays were read by the researchers and a group of student assistants to assess the differences between the two groups. The Nigerian students wrote longer essays with longer sentences and were more likely to use subordination than were their US counterparts. Both groups then participated in focus groups to discuss their English language education, university experiences, and attitudes toward college writing. The Nigerian students viewed the development of English writing skills as much more important than did their US counterparts but expressed frustration that their instructors in the US tended to dismiss what they saw as more eloquent writing, privileging instead a brief and concise style. The article discusses the results of the study as well as the frustration expressed by the Nigerian students and argues in support of Lee’s (2014) assertion that universities seek to “internationalize” faculty and student recruitment as well as provide better training for first-year composition instructors to equip them with a more sophisticated understanding of the varieties of the English language. The authors suggest that doing so will lead to better outcomes and increased retention for this group of international students.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.17507/jltr.0806.05
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2017)
  • English Benchmark Policy for Graduation in Taiwan’s Higher Education:
           Investigation and Reflection

    • Authors: Hsiu-yu Chu, Hsi-nan Yeh
      Pages: 1063 - 1072
      Abstract: Encouraged by the Ministry of Education (MOE), an increasing number of universities and colleges in Taiwan have started to set their own English benchmarks for graduation using external standardized language tests as exit exams. The present study investigated and reflected on the implementation of this policy at two technological universities in Taiwan by answering two research questions: (1) How did college administrators, teachers and students perceive the policy' (2) What washback effects did the English graduation benchmark policy bring about' A mixed-methods approach was adopted for the study. The results show that although there was a social consensus about the implementation of the policy, the policy did not seem to have achieved what the MOE had expected due to its limited and weak washback on teaching and learning. It is suggested that the English graduation requirements might have to be modified in the subsequent policies for more meaningful and practical results.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.17507/jltr.0806.06
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2017)
  • Investigating Iraqi EFL College Students' Attitude towards Using
           Cooperative Learning Approach in Developing Reading Comprehension Skill

    • Authors: Bushra Saadoon M. Al-Noori, Fatima Rahim Abdul Hussein Al-Mosawi
      Pages: 1073 - 1080
      Abstract: This study aims at investigating Iraqi EFL college learners’ attitudes toward using cooperative Learning approach on developing reading comprehension skill. The study is restricted to third– year college students of the English language in Misan Governorate during the second term of the academic year 2015–2016. The number of the whole population is (200) which is distributed into two types: pilot and main. The sample of the study consists of 40 students. To achieve the aim of the study, students' questionnaire consisting of (46) items is applied as an instrument. In order to get required data, a t-test analysis shows a statistically significant difference about learners’ attitudes toward using cooperative learning approach on developing reading comprehension skill. The obtained results are that: which refer to (Cooperative learning helps everyone reach the goal equally) from cooperative learning and (Reading in English is difficult for me) form Reading comprehension. Gain the low effectiveness. They got a weighted mean 56% and 40%. Items number (11, 29, 37, 43) which refer to (Cooperative learning requires much more time to study) & (I think reading the texts is easier if I study within a group) from cooperative learning and (I forward to coming to my reading class.)& (I m a afraid of making mistakes in my reading class) form Reading comprehension. All got (96%).
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.17507/jltr.0806.07
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2017)
  • Intelligibility of Thai English Restaurant Menus as Perceived by Thai and
           Non-Thai Speakers

    • Authors: Warangrut Duangsaeng, Natthapong Chanyoo
      Pages: 1081 - 1089
      Abstract: This study was conducted with the aims to measure intelligibility of English menus used in Thai restaurants as perceived by Thai and non-Thai speakers and to explore the most salient unintelligible features found on the menus as identified by native Thai speakers. Ninety-six participants agreed to complete an online survey. They were asked to rate their intelligibility level and identify the sources of confusing features found on Thai English menus. Independent t-test and simple descriptive statistics such as mean score, percentage and standard deviation were utilized for data analysis. The results suggest that there is the distinction between intelligibility of restaurant menus rated by Thai and non-Thai speakers. Translation is likely to be the most frequent rated as a source of unintelligible features. The data presented here leads to the conclusion that Thais seems to be harsher in rating intelligibility level. Further implications have also been discussed in this study.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.17507/jltr.0806.08
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2017)
  • Service-learning as a Useful Supplement to Intensive English Programs

    • Authors: Varrick Douglas Jr.
      Pages: 1090 - 1099
      Abstract: This paper looks at the effects of service-learning on an Intensive English program. It examines English language participants at a community college who engaged in different service-learning projects over the course of one semester. Students found that service-learning helped them improve their English skills, increased their confidence when interacting with native English speakers, and gave them a rewarding experience of helping others. This paper argues that a service-learning component to English language learning curricula promotes enhanced language acquisition, as students are able to produce and receive authentic language outside the class while performing real-world tasks with meaningful purposes.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.17507/jltr.0806.09
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2017)
  • The Relativity Strategy of Old Javanese

    • Authors: Ni Ketut Ratna Erawati
      Pages: 1100 - 1108
      Abstract: Old Javanese is one of the temporal dialects in Indonesia that is estimated to develop from the IX-XV century. The language has a lot of langues inherited in the form of literature kakawin (Old Javanese poetry) and the form of parwa (Old Javanese language prose) until now. Literary works in the form kakawin and parwa are very popular work to be sung in Balinese society especially in religious ceremonies. Therefore, the Old Javanese is very worthy of being used as a linguistic study even though the language is categorized as a dead language. In morphological typology, Old Javanese is an agglutinative type. On the other hand, syntactically the Old Javanese language includes the Split-S typology. Associated with morphological typology and syntax, the Old Javanese has a core system or verb. Thus, the Old Javanese has various forms of verb-alternation in clause structures, either in single clauses or complex clauses. Relative clauses are one part of the complex clause having a change of grammatical relation when the insertion of certain linguistic elements. The topic of this study was the relativity strategy in Old Javanese.  The relativity strategy of Old Javanese was described with related theories and concepts.  Based on the result the Old Javanese could make the subject to be relative by inserting element of the relative sang and ikang. On the other hand there was also an indirect relativity by marking of verbs and penloping.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.17507/jltr.0806.10
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2017)
  • ESP in a Saudi Context: Where Does It Stand'

    • Authors: Muhammad Al-Roomy
      Pages: 1109 - 1115
      Abstract: English for specific purposes (ESP) gains more status in Saudi Arabia due to the continuing and sustainable growth in the development of various fields for academic and professional purposes. Using English as a means of communication in teaching and learning is one of them. The aim of this study is to critically review the previous research carried out in a Saudi context in the area of teaching and practicing English at specific schools, universities, and colleges for specific or special purposes (ESP) in the last ten years, in order to identify the current developments and to suggest new research directions. The investigation of the research body is based on an examination of the researched topics, with reference to the three research components, i.e., research approaches, research designs, and research methods (Creswell 2014). The results revealed that many research topics were examined, such as students’ attitudes and motivation to learn, needs analysis, program or course development, and the evaluation and teaching of language skills. However, it was unclear how researchers, who were all ESP teachers, related their findings to the ESP context in terms of students’ specific needs. It also showed that the majority of studies carried out were quantitative in nature, and thus, led themselves to utilizing mainly a questionnaire as a research tool. The study concluded with some recommendations and pedagogical implications, which hopefully, will reverberate with other studies for further research.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.17507/jltr.0806.11
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2017)
  • Subjectless Sentences vs. Subjectless Clauses

    • Authors: Bushra Ni'ma Rashid
      Pages: 1116 - 1125
      Abstract: The study is concerned with the contrastive analysis between the sentence and the clause level. It aims to investigate the usage of both subjectless sentences (independent clauses) and sentence-like construction (dependent clauses) in formal vs. informal language. The idea of subjectless is the focus of the analysis undertaken on selected samples, ranging from formal to informal language used in a presidential speech, a standup comedian’s monologue performance, an interview with a celebrity, and an episode of a TV series. Since English is a non-pro-drop language, then the study tries to answer the following questions: (1) why can we find instances of null subject on the sentence level. (2) How would null-subject for both sentences and clauses influence communication in different contexts'
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.17507/jltr.0806.12
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2017)
  • Assessment for Learning in the Chinese Context: Prospective EFL
           Teachers’ Perceptions and Their Relations to Learning Approach

    • Authors: Zhengdong Gan, Fulan Liu, Chi Cheung Ruby Yang
      Pages: 1126 - 1134
      Abstract: This study examines how prospective EFL teachers conceive of assessment for learning (AfL) practices and how these perceptions relate to their learning approaches. The study evaluated, in three teacher training universities’ in China, 692 prospective EFL teachers’ responses to a self-report instrument regarding assessment for learning practices and students’ learning approach. Results indicate a significant positive correlation between their perceived AfL experience and their tendency to adopt an achieving or deep approach to learning. Results also reveal that a surface approach to learning was negatively correlated to AfL experience, suggesting that in the Chinese university environment, the more AfL features incorporated into the classroom teaching and assessment processes, the less likely students adopt a surface approach to learning. This study also provides evidence of the potential differences in students’ responses to AfL as a result of different institutional environments. Implications of the results for addressing potential barriers to implementation of AfL in the Chinese context are also discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.17507/jltr.0806.13
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2017)
  • A Study of Values of Royong Verses and Their Implementation in Local
           Content Learning

    • Authors: Asis Nojeng, Jufri Jufri, Kembong Daeng
      Pages: 1135 - 1140
      Abstract: This research is a qualitative research that aimed to study, analyze, and implement the values contained in the royong verses of Makassar. The data obtained was analyzed by the researchers by using Semiotic analysis popularized by Michael Riffaterre. Techniques of collecting data of values and the their implementation in local content learning were interviews, recording, and library research. The results of this research revealed the values of royong verses collected by the researchers. These values were then divided into three parts, 1) Personal Values, 2) Social Values, and 3) Religious Values. The personal values include; compassion, obedience, intelligence and diligence, self-esteem, kindness, Careful speech or not inviting danger, alertness, independence, hard work, patience, Harmony of words and deeds or readiness and action, persistence or consistency, self-esteem maintenance, clever or intelligent and knowledgeable, Avoidance of despair or patience, a sense of pain, A sense of obligation; motivation, will, intention and determination, not arrogant or humble. Meanwhile, the social values consist of Thinking before doing, Honesty and true words, Obedience to parents, Belief and true character, Upholding dignity and prestige, participative, responsive to the environment. The third values, religious, include Faith, devotion and obedience to One Almighty God, Power of effort and plea to One Almighty God, Fate or surrendering to the absolute will of the Creator. These values were then implemented in the local content learning in elementary schools (SD) located in Takalar regency.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.17507/jltr.0806.14
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2017)
  • Construction and Deconstruction of Imagined Community—A Comparative
           Study of Daniel Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe and J. M. Coetzee’s Foe in
           Light of Nationalism

    • Authors: Wenju Han
      Pages: 1141 - 1146
      Abstract: This paper makes a comparative study of Daniel Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe and J. M. Coetzee’s Foe in light of nationalism. Robinson Crusoe and Foe have been studied comparatively from the perspective of post-colonialism and postmodernism. But they haven’t been studied in light of nationalism. This paper argues that Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe contributed to form the nation of England as an imagined community, shaped “Englishness” and Euro-centrism, but J. M. Coetzee’s Foe deconstructed “Englishness” and Euro-centrism, aroused the national imagination of the Africans by rewriting it, so as to expose the fact that Euro-centrism was constructed by language, indict the Dutch and English colonial administration in South Africa and its profound and lasting hurt: the deprivation of the rights of speech, the destruction of their culture, and encourage the Africans to eliminate cultural inferiority and discrimination by creating new voice.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.17507/jltr.0806.15
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2017)
  • Project-based Learning Activities and EFL Students’ Productive
           Skills in English

    • Authors: Ni Luh Putu Ning Septyarini Putri Astawa, Luh Putu Artini, Putu Kerti Nitiasih
      Pages: 1147 - 1155
      Abstract: This article presents the results of a study on the effect of Project-Based Learning on students’ English Productive Skills and how the activities influence teaching and learning process in a public junior high school in Bali-Indonesia. This research applied an embedded mixed-method design in which the quantitative data were collected using speaking and writing tests, and the qualitative data were collected using interview guide, observation checklist, open-ended questionnaire, and field note. Paired-sample t-test was used to analyze whether or not there is a significant difference in students’ English productive skills before and after being taught using PBL; while the qualitative data were analyzed descriptively. The results of the analysis showed a significant effect of PBL on students’ English productive skills. From the part of the students, PBL was found to improve enthusiasm, confidence, creativity, self-directed learning and collaborative learning skills. On the part of the teacher, PBL promotes teaching motivation and satisfaction. This study recommends the implementation of PBL in EFL context, especially in an attempt to improve students’ ability to speak and write in English as a foreign language.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.17507/jltr.0806.16
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2017)
  • On the Cultivation of Students’ English Autonomous Learning Ability in
           Vocational Colleges in Leshan City, Sichuan, China

    • Authors: Li Zou
      Pages: 1156 - 1160
      Abstract: Autonomous learning plays a more and more important role in vocational colleges, especially in terms of English study. Only when the students master autonomous learning ability can they really learn actively in their whole life. Nevertheless, most students in vocational colleges lack this ability, which is caused not only by students’ lack of motivation, lack of proper learning strategies but also by teachers’ inappropriate teaching approaches as well as by the imperfect educational system. In order to cultivate the students’ autonomous learning ability, the writer carried out a research in Leshan Vocational and Technical College, analyzing the causes of the current situation and putting forward some suggestions to the students, the teachers and the educational departments.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.17507/jltr.0806.17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2017)
  • Derek Walcott’s Dream on Monkey Mountain: A Multifaceted
           Phantasmagorical Narrative

    • Authors: Zohreh Ramin, Monireh Arvin
      Pages: 1161 - 1169
      Abstract: When identifying different strands of criticism on Derek Walcott’s play, Dream on Monkey Mountain (1970), one is pleasantly surprised by the scope of theoretical approaches towards his dramatic work. Almost every critical school of literary theory can be found in the writings on Walcott’s play. This diversity in form is paralleled by an even greater variety of content, making it all but impossible to tag Walcott’s drama with a single label. Most critics concur that Dream on Monkey Mountain is a complex play, full of complicated, sometimes, contradictory images and metaphors. Dangling between dreams and reality, Walcott’s play, according to the author of this paper, is a multifaceted narrative. Focusing only on the concept of “dream”, the present article, appreciating and reflecting some of the significant relevant interpretations (all about dreams), tends to add that the identity, thus destiny, of a (colonised) nation is shaped also by their collective unconscious shared in the psychic inheritance of all members of the human family.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.17507/jltr.0806.18
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2017)
  • A Cross-cultural Analysis of Brand Personality: Comparisons of China’s
           and the US Energy Companies’ English Websites

    • Authors: Xiaohui Shan, Qian Wang
      Pages: 1170 - 1180
      Abstract: With the rapid development of economic globalization, projecting a positive image overseas and creating world famous brands have become vital to enhance industrial and national core competencies and execute the "Going out" strategy. To achieve the goals, corporates attach significance to establish and maintain corporate websites in view of its convenience, autonomy and interactivity while encountering cross-cultural challenges. This study employs corpus analytical tools to conduct content analysis on the existing cross-cultural differences and the linguistic and cultural features, between Chinese and US energy companies’ websites based on Aaker’s brand personality framework and Hofstede’s cultural dimension theory. Findings reveal that there is a significant difference between occurrence frequencies of brand personality dimensions between China and US, and their websites linguistic discrepancies are relevant to their cultural differences. The study may provide meaningful implications on employing linguistic theories and methods to conduct multidisciplinary studies on corporate communication online.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.17507/jltr.0806.19
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2017)
  • Perception of Senior High School EFL Teachers in Papua, Indonesia towards
           Their Own Competence

    • Authors: Yulini Rinantanti, Muhammad Asfah Rahman, Haryanto Atmowardoyo, Saidna Z. Bin-Tahir
      Pages: 1181 - 1189
      Abstract: This paper reports the competence of the English Foreign Language (EFL) Senior High School (SHS) teachers in Papua, Indonesia which sought to investigate the EFL SHS teachers’ perception towards their own competence. This cross-sectional survey research design applied multistage sampling technique in determining the sample of the study. There were 159 EFL SHS teachers from six selected townships in Papua as the sample. The researchers employed questionnaire and interview as the instrument for collecting data. Data were analyzed utilizing descriptive statistics to run for frequencies and percentages. The result revealed that the EFL SHS teachers in Papua perceived that their teacher competence was good. As the majority of the respondents (91.8%) contended that they possessed good competency and only a few of respondents (8.2%) claimed that their competence was very good. None of the respondents asserted either they have poor or fairly good competence.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.17507/jltr.0806.20
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2017)
  • A Study on the Garden Path Phenomenon from the Perspective of Generative

    • Authors: Haojie Li, Xiangkun Sheng
      Pages: 1190 - 1194
      Abstract: Studies in the past mainly focus on the garden path phenomenon from the perspective of cognitive linguistics and psycholinguistics. The adequacies of their explanations are different, but these theories are imperfect. This paper discusses the garden path phenomenon from the perspective of generative grammar. The author holds that the θ-attachment principle can analyze the reason of partial ambiguity of the garden path phenomenon effectively and the garden path phenomenon provides evidence for derivation by phase under the framework of MP in generative grammar. People can clarify the structure of the garden path phenomenon succinctly and enhance the understanding of language mechanism through the analysis of them from the perspective of generative grammar. The faculty of language, which is the biological object, must abide by organism operation law as well. The memories of human beings are limited and cannot load too many syntactic structures at one time. As a result, the faculty of language can simply deal with a limited structure at a time. Only the limited amount of structural information can be accommodated in the active memory and phased spelling can reduce the memory load.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.17507/jltr.0806.21
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2017)
  • The Effect of Using Approximation and Appealing for Help Techniques on
           Learning Speaking Skill among Iranian Intermediate EFL Learners

    • Authors: Islam NamazianDoost, Asadallah Hashemifardnya, Nasrin Panahi
      Pages: 1195 - 1203
      Abstract: This study examined the effects of using approximation and appealing for the help techniques on learning speaking skill among Iranian intermediate EFL learners. First sixteen participants out of 120 were chosen for the target population. The participants were then randomly assigned to three equal groups- two experimental groups and one control group. The groups were pretested by a speaking pre-test. Regarding the treatment, the experimental groups were taught by using the communicative approach techniques including approximation and appealing for the help. One experimental group received instruction on how to appeal for the help if their competence cannot come up with the exact word. The other experimental group received instruction on how to compensate failure in conversation by using approximate words. For example, in case of forgetting the exact word they used an approximate word or phrase like using "boat" instead of "ship" or "pipe" for "water pipe". However, the participants in the control group received traditional activities in learning speaking such as question and answer, topic discussion, dialogs and role playing. The treatment took 10 sessions of 45 minutes each under the guidance of the supervisor. Then, the control group and the experimental groups took the post-test of pet. After collecting the data, they were analyzed through using One-way Anova and Post-hoc Scheffe Test- Multiple Comparisons. The findings showed that both experimental groups outperformed than the control group. The results showed that those students who received appealing for the help treatment were better than approximation group and control group.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.17507/jltr.0806.22
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2017)
  • Multilingual Instructional Model of Pesantren Schools in Indonesia

    • Authors: Saidna Z. Bin-Tahir, Haryanto Atmowardoyo, Syarifuddin Dollah, Yulini Rinantanti
      Pages: 1210 - 1216
      Abstract: The study investigated the multilingual instructional model of pesantren schools. It employed qualitative study by applying grounded theory. This study was conducted at the three of pesantren schools in the city of Makassar, Indonesia (Pesantren IMMIM, Pondok Madinah, and Pesantren Darul Arqam Muhammadiyah Gombara). The respondent of the current study were four non-native speakers of English, Arabic, and Mandarin teachers who have the ability to speak and to communicate in three or more languages. In collecting the data, the researchers employed three primary data collection techniques, they are observation, interview, and examining the record. The results found that the multilingual instructional model of pesantren schools applied simultaneous-sequential model with some phases to generate the students changed from monolingual to multilingualism and at the end, they become mono multilingualism. 
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.17507/jltr.0806.24
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2017)
  • Application of Psychological Contract in English Film Appreciation Course

    • Authors: Xinmei Wang
      Pages: 1217 - 1222
      Abstract: English Film Appreciation Course, as a selective course, has the responsibility of broadening students’ horizon and helping them understand world culture better, but the present situation of this course is that the teachers and students usually take it as a pastime, the culture and students’ psychological reaction are not given enough attention. This paper tries to discuss the construction of English Film Appreciation Course with the help of psychological contract. It also discusses the forming of psychological contract in the teaching process of English film appreciation course, and then puts forward suggestions on the teaching of the course so as to better carry out similar teaching in the future.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.17507/jltr.0806.25
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2017)
  • The Reading Strategies Used by EFL Students: A Case of Iranian Advanced
           English Language Learners

    • Authors: Mehdi Hatami, Hanieh Davatgari Asl
      Pages: 1223 - 1228
      Abstract: The present study aims at identifying reading strategy choice of Iranian advanced English language learners. To this end, the main instrument was Metacognitive Awareness of Reading Strategies Inventory (MARSI) Questionnaire. It was given to 110 Iranian advanced English language learners, male and female, at 19 English language institutes in northern part of Iran. Students had to choose among the five different options for each strategy type in order to specify whether they “I never or almost never do this.”, “I do this only occasionally.”, “I sometimes do this.”, “I usually do this.” or “I always or almost always do this.”. Among the three different groups of strategies namely support reading strategies, problem solving strategies and global reading strategies the findings indicated that student at this level of English proficiency have a tendency toward using support reading strategies than other types.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.17507/jltr.0806.26
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2017)
  • Test for English Majors-band 8 (TEM8) in China

    • Authors: Yang Yang
      Pages: 1229 - 1233
      Abstract: As a prominent test in China, TEM8 has already been paid much attention to. There are many researches about the qualities of TEM8 at home and abroad. However, few of them have a comprehensive evaluation of TEM8. Therefore, this article attempts to analyze TEM8 in a more comprehensive perspective and provide more information about the qualities of TEM8. Based on Bachman & Palmer’s mode of test usefulness, this article reviews TEM8 in terms of its reliability, construct validity, authenticity, interactiveness, impact and practicality, giving implication to test developers.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.17507/jltr.0806.27
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2017)
  • Investigating the Students’ Strategies in Developing Intercultural
           Communicative Competence (ICC) Model in Indonesia University Context

    • Authors: Edi Edi, Basri Wello, Syarifuddin Dollah
      Pages: 1234 - 1240
      Abstract: The study investigated the students’ strategies in increasing intercultural communicative competence (ICC) model. The researchers employed qualitative research method by applying grounded theory design. The participants of this research were four students from different grade levels of English study program of STKIP Yapis Dompu-NTB. There were five data collection techniques used: interview, observation, field note, audio recording, and documentation. The result of this research indicated that the participants have different strategies to improve ICC model. The A.M. participant has sixteen strategies, the Y.A. participant has nine strategies, A.S. participant has seven strategies, and E.D participant has ten strategies.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.17507/jltr.0806.28
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2017)
  • Rich Feature Analysis as an Enabling Tool for Composition Teaching

    • Authors: Ruyun Hu
      Pages: 1241 - 1248
      Abstract: Exploring the usage of language in light of its functions in specific pragmatic contexts, Systematic Functional Grammar (SFG) can be a promising tool for language teaching. Relying on this tool, teachers can promote learners’ linguistic awareness from the level of passive rule-following to that of explicit understanding, a level where they can see linguistic expression’s functional significance as explanation of their effectiveness. This paper is intended as a demonstration of such an explanatory procedure. Employing a SFG-based Rich Feature Analysis to examine students’ composition, it aims to show how we can efficiently and convincingly identify and explain some problematic constructions in their writing.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.17507/jltr.0806.29
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2017)
  • English Pronunciation Instruction: Views and Recommendations

    • Authors: Abbas Pourhossein Gilakjani
      Pages: 1249 - 1255
      Abstract: Despite decades of advocacy for greater attention, research into pronunciation instruction in English language teaching continues to be restricted. This article provides a comprehensive review of some important issues of English pronunciation instruction. The purposes of this review are (a) to explain different views of pronunciation instruction, (b) to elaborate the role of pronunciation in language teaching methods, (c) to discuss native-like pronunciation, and (d) to mention some recommendations for the better teaching of English pronunciation. The review of the literature of this paper indicated that the objective of pronunciation instruction is not to gain native-like pronunciation and speak exactly like native speakers of English. Instead understandable pronunciation should be the ultimate aim of oral communication.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.17507/jltr.0806.30
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2017)
  • Construction of ESP Teaching System

    • Authors: Fangpeng Gai
      First page: 12041209
      Abstract: This article explores into the mode of fostering interdisciplinary talents’ practical English skills in the universities of science and engineering under the background of internationalization of higher education and economic globalization. On the basis of discussing the current situation of ESP teaching and the investigation of teaching demand, the author of this paper analyzes how to construct the ESP teaching system from the four aspects of teaching materials, teaching methods, teacher training and evaluation. The creation of personalized teaching materials and multiple activities can help all students enjoy the pleasure of learning and make students really feel the charm of English.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.17507/jltr.0806.23
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2017)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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