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  Subjects -> BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (Total: 3120 journals)
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BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1155 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1566 Journals sorted alphabetically
4OR: A Quarterly Journal of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Abacus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Accounting Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Acta Amazonica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Commercii     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Oeconomica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientiarum. Human and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Universitatis Danubius. Œconomica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Universitatis Nicolai Copernici Zarządzanie     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AD-minister     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ADR Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Developing Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Economics and Business     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
AfricaGrowth Agenda     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
African Development Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
African Journal of Business and Economic Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African Review of Economics and Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Afro-Asian Journal of Finance and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Alphanumeric Journal : The Journal of Operations Research, Statistics, Econometrics and Management Information Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Economic Journal : Applied Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 144)
American Journal of Business     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
American Journal of Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 53)
American Journal of Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Economics and Business Administration     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
American Journal of Economics and Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
American Journal of Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Finance and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
American Journal of Medical Quality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales de l'Institut Henri Poincare (C) Non Linear Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annals in Social Responsibility     Full-text available via subscription  
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annual Review of Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
Applied Developmental Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Applied Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Applied Economics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Applied Economics Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Applied Financial Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Applied Mathematical Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Applied Stochastic Models in Business and Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Arab Economic and Business Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Business Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Arena Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Argomenti. Rivista di economia, cultura e ricerca sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ASEAN Economic Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific Business Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 312)
Asia Pacific Viewpoint     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asia-Pacific Management and Business Application     Open Access  
Asian Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Case Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asian Development Review     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Asian Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian Economic Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Accounting and Governance     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Asian Journal of Sustainability and Social Responsibility     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian-pacific Economic Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Atlantic Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Australasian Journal of Regional Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Cottongrower, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Australian Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Australian Journal of Maritime and Ocean Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Balkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Baltic Journal of Real Estate Economics and Construction Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Banks in Insurance Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BBR - Brazilian Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Benchmarking : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Benefit : Jurnal Manajemen dan Bisnis     Open Access  
BER : Consumer Confidence Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BER : Economic Prospects : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription  
BER : Economic Prospects : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Intermediate Goods Industries Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Manufacturing Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Motor Trade Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Retail Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Retail Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Building and Construction : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Manufacturing : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Retail : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Trends : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Wholesale Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Berkeley Business Law Journal     Free   (Followers: 10)
Bio-based and Applied Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biodegradation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biology Direct     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Black Enterprise     Full-text available via subscription  
Board & Administrator for Administrators only     Hybrid Journal  
Border Crossing : Transnational Working Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Briefings in Real Estate Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
British Journal of Industrial Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Brookings Papers on Economic Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 48)
Brookings Trade Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BRQ Business Research Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Building Sustainable Legacies : The New Frontier Of Societal Value Co-Creation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Economic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of the Dnipropetrovsk University. Series : Management of Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business & Entrepreneurship Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Business & Information Systems Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Business & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Business : Theory and Practice / Verslas : Teorija ir Praktika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business and Economic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Business and Management Horizons     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Business and Management Research     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Business and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Business and Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business and Professional Communication Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Business and Society Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Business Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business Ethics: A European Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Business Horizons     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Business Information Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Business Management and Strategy     Open Access   (Followers: 42)
Business Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Business Strategy and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Business Strategy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Business Strategy Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business Systems & Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Business Systems Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Business, Management and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Business, Peace and Sustainable Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bustan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos EBAPE.BR     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Journal of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences / Revue Canadienne des Sciences de l Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue Canadienne d`Economique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Canadian journal of nonprofit and social economy research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Capitalism and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Capitalism Nature Socialism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Case Studies in Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
CBU International Conference Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Central European Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Central European Journal of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Central European Journal of Public Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Chain Reaction     Full-text available via subscription  
Challenge     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
China & World Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
China : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
China Economic Journal: The Official Journal of the China Center for Economic Research (CCER) at Peking University     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
China Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
China Finance Review International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
China Nonprofit Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
China perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Chinese Economy     Full-text available via subscription  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CLIO América     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cliometrica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
COEPTUM     Open Access  
Community Development Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Compensation & Benefits Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Competition & Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Competitive Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Competitiveness Review : An International Business Journal incorporating Journal of Global Competitiveness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Computational Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Computational Mathematics and Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computer Law & Security Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Computers & Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Construction Innovation: Information, Process, Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Contemporary Wales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Contextus - Revista Contemporânea de Economia e Gestão     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Corporate Communications An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Corporate Philanthropy Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Corporate Reputation Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Creative and Knowledge Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Creative Industries Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
CRIS - Bulletin of the Centre for Research and Interdisciplinary Study     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Crossing the Border : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cuadernos de Administración (Universidad del Valle)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Economía     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Economia - Latin American Journal of Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Estudios Empresariales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Creativity, Innovation and Entrepreneurship     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
De Economist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Decision Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Decision Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Decision Support Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Defence and Peace Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
der markt     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Desenvolvimento em Questão     Open Access  

        1 2 3 4 5 6 | Last

Journal Cover Acta Universitatis Danubius. Œconomica
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2065-0175 - ISSN (Online) 2067-340X
   Published by Danubius University Homepage  [8 journals]
  • Analysis of natural movement of Romanian population during 2007-2014 - I

    • Authors: Catalin Angelo Ioan
      Abstract: Article shall carry out the analysis of natural movement of Romanian population During 2007-2014. They are thus treated indicators: Live births, Deceased, Natural increase, Marriages, Divorces and Deaths under 1 year. In addition to the regression analysis, are determined the median, quartiles, the arithmetic mean and standard deviation for each indicator. Also the analysis examines dependence aforementioned indicators of regional GDP variation.
      PubDate: 2017-07-28
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2017)
  • The Effect of Tax Understanding, Tax Payness Consciousness, Quality of Tax
           Service, and Tax Sanctions on Compulsory Tax of SMEs In Banyumas

    • Authors: Elvania Nur Fadzilah, Rasyid Mei Mustafa, Negina Kencono Putri
      Abstract: The main aim of this research is to examine the effect of understanding the level, awareness to pay taxes, tax services quality and tax penalties on SMEs tax compliance. The type of this research is quantitative research using survey method. The population in this research is SMEs in Banyumas. The selection of sample using purposive sampling method, with the amount 60 SMEs. In this research using primary data. Data collection techniques are distributing questionnaires to SMEs owner. The analytical method used in this research is multiple linear regression analysis. The research show that the tax understanding, awareness to pay taxes, tax services quality and tax penalties have positive and significant effect on SMEs tax compliance. The result of adjusted R square examination show that the effect of the understanding level, tax awareness, taxservices quality and tax penalties on SMEs tax compliance in Banyumas is 64.5%. 
      PubDate: 2017-07-07
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2017)
  • New Challenges for the Balkan Economies in the Context of the European

    • Authors: Romeo Victor Ionescu
      Abstract: The paper deals with the idea that EU has to reformate as a result of the latest challenges, including the Brexit. A possible effect and opportunity from this can be a stronger position for the EU Balkan Member States. The analysis in the paper takes into consideration all Balkan economies, including candidate countries in order to obtain a general approach for the region. This approach is new because it puts together member and candidate members from a region, in the context of re-evaluating the EU, and leads to the idea of finding a regional leader able to generate regional progress and to support the region’s interests in the European Institutions. The analysis covers five representative economic indicators (GDP growth rate, gross fixed capital formation, unemployment rate, inflation rate and general government gross debt) and is realized on three levels: a comparative analyses, a cluster analysis, and a cumulative analysis as well.  Moreover, regression is used in order to point out the economic disparities across the region. The main conclusion of the analysis is that the great regional economic disparities can be decrease using common regional policies. Moreover, the analysis identifies a regional economic leader able to coordinate common initiatives at least on short and medium terms. The analysis and the conclusions in the paper are supported by the latest official statistic data, pertinent tables and diagrams.
      PubDate: 2017-07-07
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2017)
  • Analysis Of Plant Layout Design For Operational Efficiency With Craft

    • Authors: Olusegun Kazeem Lekan, Olaoye Ismail Kayode, Abdulrahaman Abdulrazaq Morenikeji
      Abstract: This paper presents an exhaustive analysis of a pulley factory layout design for operational efficiency and effective production. Focusing exclusively on the pulley factory layout problem in a Thai factory, this study applies Craft algorithm to analyse the layout and arrive at an effective design. The analyses reveal that CRAFT algorithms ease free flow of materials and personnel at the least cost, minimize distance travelled and improve the original layout by twenty percent (32%). For this reason, the new layout design witnesses flexible operations, effective functionality, and meet cost savings objectives. Therefore, it is recommended that operation managers should adopt the Craft algorithm program to overcome material flow obstruction and ineffective operations resulting from ineffective layout designs. 
      PubDate: 2017-06-20
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2017)
  • Using Quantitative and Mixed Research Methods in Marketing: A
           Meta-Analytic Approach

    • Authors: Ligia Muntean (Jemna)
      Abstract: The problem of inconsistent results of empirical studies is a reality in any research field. Literature provides the approach of meta-analysis as a solution because it responds to the challenge of evaluating, combining, comparing and synthesizing the accumulation of results to a typical, common and representative value of a particular research topic. In this paper, we aim to respond through meta-analysis to a double challenge within marketing scientific research field. We analyze the applicability level of mixed methods in relation to quantitative methods by evaluating the differences among empirical results from studies whose aim concerns the same research topic, namely the customer behavior. Based on a set of well-defined criteria, we selected 20 studies published in two journals from American Marketing Association database. The search was limited to a number of keywords included in the title of these papers: consumer, behavior and customer. The results obtained from the quantitative review of the literature specific to consumer behavior analysis suggest that the type of method is a significant determinant of the differences existing among results of primary studies.
      PubDate: 2017-06-20
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2017)
  • Macroeconomic variables, leverage, stock returns and stock return

    • Authors: Godfrey Marozva
      Abstract: This paper investigates the relationship between the macroeconomic variables, leverage and the stock returns on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange using ARDL bounds testing approach and Vector error correction model. A further analysis on the effects of leverage on volatility was done using a generalized autoregressive conditional heteroscedasticity model (GARCH 1,1). The study revealed that there is co-integrating relationship between macroeconomic variables and stock returns. Particularly, there is a long run relationship between stock returns and real GDP, and also between stock returns and interest rates. Additionally, this paper shows that leverage affects the volatility of stock prices. Finally, it is noted that after disequilibrium the economic model will always adjust to equilibrium at a rate of thirty-three percent within a year. Since leverage positively influence volatility in stock returns investors that are risk averse should avoid highly geared firms. 
      PubDate: 2017-06-20
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2017)
  • Is Maize demand irreversible in South Africa' Estimating the price
           elasticity using the Wolfram-Houck Procedure

    • Authors: Mokhele John Khumalo
      Abstract: This research paper seeks to empirically estimate and test reversibility or non-reversibility of the maize demand using the Tweeten – Quance and Wolffram – Houck methodology in South Africa with the use of annualized seasonal data for the periods 1970/71 to 2012/13. The test procedure seems to hold in South Africa in the case of demand for maize and the function is found to be irreversible. This is shown by the coefficients of both the increases and decreases in the price of maize, which are found to be non-identical. The results indicate that when maize prices increase by 1%, demand for maize falls by almost 12%, while decreases in maize price drive demand up by nearly 20%. The structural VAR on the other hand, which assumes that innovations are proliferated in the maize demand, maize prices, wheat prices and income, indicates that the SVAR is just –identified. These results reveal that ignoring such structural changes when conducting policy changes might be detrimental to the agricultural sector.
      PubDate: 2017-06-20
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2017)
  • The Endogeneity of Business Cycle Synchronisation in SADC: A GMM Approach

    • Authors: Ntokozo Patrick Nzimande
      Abstract: Studies often conclude that SADC monetary union would be disastrous and not optimal for all member countries. This is because of the observed low, and even negative correlation amongst member countries. However, Frankel and Rose (1998) demonstrate that the degree of synchronisation is not irrevocably fixed and is endogenous to other factors. Hence, this study is set out to investigate factors influencing business cycle synchronisation in the SADC region. More precisely, we use a generalised method of moments (GMM) to investigate the influence of trade integration, financial integration, fiscal policy convergence, monetary policy similarity and oil prices (a proxy for global common shocks) on the degree of business cycle synchronisation. To conduct our analysis, we data covering the period of 1980-2014, we use bilateral data due to unavailability of regional aggregates. We find trade, fiscal policy convergence and monetary policy similarity to have a sanguine impact on the degree of synchronisation. Moreover, owing to their procyclical behavior, financial flows lead to diverging business cycles. In addition, we find oil prices to exert a negative impact on business cycle comovement in the SADC region. Our results have far-reaching policy implications for the proposed SADC monetary union- by stimulating trade, ensuring coherence in macroeconomic policies SADC could move closer to becoming an optimal currency area.  
      PubDate: 2017-06-20
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2017)
  • Econometric Analysis of the Effects of Aggregate Expenditure on Job Growth
           in the Private Sector: The South African Case

    • Authors: Daniel Francois Meyer, Thomas Habanabakize, Paul-Francois Muzindutsi
      Abstract: The private sector contributes to job creation either directly by creating new positions for job seekers or indirectly by increasing growth that results in job creation for unemployed people. This study employed an autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) model to analyse the long and short run effects of aggregate expenditure on job creation in the private sector in South Africa. The findings indicated that there is a long run relationship between aggregate expenditure and job creation in the private sector. Investment spending and net exports are the aggregate expenditure components that create long-term jobs, whereas consumer consumption and government spending lead to possible long run job destruction.  The Error Correction Model (ECM) results revealed that consumption and investment spending create jobs in the short run, while the Granger-causality test suggested that a bi-directional causal relationship exists between consumption, investment spending and employment in the private sector. The study concluded that the negative effect of consumption on private employment might be due to the consumption of imported goods and services. Thus, the employment situation in South Africa could be improve if more focus is on consumption of domestic products.
      PubDate: 2017-06-20
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2017)
  • Axiomatic Analysis of the Semi-Fuzzy Poverty Indices MIf and PGf

    • Authors: Majda Fikri, Mohammed El Khomssi
      Abstract: For economist statisticians, measuring poverty in a country is a very tricky task given the sensitivity of the result to the index or the chosen measure. Thus, the use of an axiomatic approach is essential for the user of poverty measure so that he can clarify the meaning to give to poverty and its evolution.  In this article we present an axiomatic analysis of the semi fuzzy poverty indexes: PGf index and MIf vector, combining between the fuzzy set theory and the classical set. On the one hand, we demonstrate the satisfaction of these two indexes of a set of axioms most desirable by economists.  And on the other, we discuss limitations according three axioms that we demonstrate in order to improve the format of these semi fuzzy poverty indexes. The demonstrations are done in a special framework mixing techniques of fuzzy mathematical theory and others of classical mathematical theory.
      PubDate: 2017-06-09
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2017)
  • New Approach For Monetary Valuation Of The Statistical Life

    • Authors: Frantz Daniel Fistung
      Abstract: This work aim to propose a new method for monetary valuation of Statistical life. This approach is different from the existing ones in that moment because propose to link the Value of Statistical Life with to major economic indicators: Gross Domestic Product per capita and the Life Expectancy. Comparing the results obtained using the new formulas proposed in this work, with some other analysis made, at the international level, on the same purpose, the differences are not significant. The proposed method is more relevant and creates the possibility of adopting a unique value for the Value of Statistical Life at world level.
      PubDate: 2017-06-09
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2017)
  • Sustaining Naive entrepreneurship in South African Townships: the start-up

    • Authors: Josephat Mukwarami, Robertson K. Tengeh
      Abstract: Faced with enormous unemployment, the South African government enacted pro-SMME policies. It is reasonably assumed that these policies would ignite growth within the SMMEs cluster, regardless of the sector. However, evidence suggests that these laudable efforts have not benefited the poorest of the poor nor have they aroused and sustained entrepreneurship in certain quarters. Using the spaza shop as the focus and two prominent townships as the locus, this paper sought to understand the factors that under mind the effective startup of businesses by natives. Furthermore, it identified the support structures that can foster and sustain new firm births. Leaning on the exploratory and descriptive research design, the quantitative research approach was enforced through self-administered questionnaires. The data collected was captured and analysed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software, and was based on 121 fully completed questionnaires. The results conceded a number of challenges unique to native spaza shops. These included limited seed capital, inability to benefit from bulk purchases, competition from non-South African shops, management inexperience, lack of business information, unsuitable business location, and lack of collateral. The customarily challenges included crime, high cost of security and limited management skills. To encourage and sustain, new firm births, firstly, spaza shop-owners must have a clear vision of what they want to achieve before they embark on the venture.  Secondly, crime must be dealt with collectively. Thirdly, government agencies and the private sector must come on board to address the skills gap. Lastly, technology should be adopted, to mitigate the issues around bulk purchases and transport costs.
      PubDate: 2017-06-09
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2017)
  • Navigating the reasons behind joining a business Incubation programme:
           Empirical evidence from entrepreneurs in South Africa

    • Authors: Thobekani Lose
      Abstract: This study aims to examine why entrepreneurs choose to join the incubation programme in urban areas, South Africa. The study utilised a quantitative method approach to collect data by way of questionnaires. The data was collected using structured questionnaires. The research participants for this study were limited to entrepreneurs in the incubation programme in Western Cape Province and Gauteng Province in South Africa during the course of the study. Populations of all 65 (incubatees) were deemed suitable for the study. This paper provides an insight into the reasons entrepreneurs chose to join the incubation programme. The findings indicated that entrepreneurs join the incubation programme to acquire entrepreneurial skills, entrepreneurial education, funding, business networks, Access to technology, sported a gap in the market and employment creation.
      PubDate: 2017-06-09
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2017)
  • Foreign direct investments and the real convergence. An approach for
           Romania and Bulgaria

    • Authors: Sarbu Maria Ramona, Vasile Cocris, Ovidiu Stoica
      Abstract: This paper outlines the need for an analysis of the extent to which foreign direct investments (FDIs) affects real convergence expressed using the following selected macroeconomic indicators: Gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, the unemployment rate (UR), labour productivity (LP) per person employed and the minimum wage (MW). The purpose of this paper is to analyze the impact of foreign direct investment (FDI) on real convergence in Romania’s and Bulgaria’s economy for the period from 2004-2014. The main results for both Romania and Bulgaria show that FDI can be considered important sources of growth for real convergence that have contributed to economic growth, increased labour productivity and increased the minimum wage except for the unemployment rate. The results confirmed our expectations because be logically, foreign firms bring their own technology, appropriate for the work of the employees, in order for their employees to produce as much as possible and pay salaries relatively higher compared to companies with local capital, but they demand instead a higher productivity.  
      PubDate: 2017-06-09
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2017)
  • Analysis of the Role of Export Value on the Reserve of South Africa

    • Authors: Collins C Ngwakwe
      Abstract: South Africa's reserve played a vital economic defence role during the economic crises of the recent past. however little research has examined the relationship between export value and the reserve of South Africa. This paper contributes by assessing the impact of four independent variables (export value, government effectiveness, foreign direct investment and GDP) on the reserve of South Africa. Data were from the World Bank Archives of Global Financial Indicators and from the World Bank Archives of Governance Indicators covering from 1996 to 2014. A cointegration and the OLS regression tests showed a long run relationship between export value, government effectiveness, foreign direct investment and the reserve of South Africa. The Granger Causality test revealed that foreign reserve may influence export value (unidirectional), and that reserve may enhance government effectiveness. The paper offers policy recommendations that may improve the level of reserve and provides an agenda for further research.
      PubDate: 2017-06-06
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2017)
  • International capital flows: An influence of the level of infrastructural
           development in Zimbabwe.

    • Authors: Kunofiwa Tsaurai
      Abstract: This research studied the impact of infrastructural development on FDI inflows into Zimbabwe using annual time series data ranging from 1994 to 2015. Explanatory variables that determine FDI that were included in the study include market size, trade openness and financial sector development. Using the OLS –Heteroskedastic and Standard Error Consistent White Test approach, the study found out that infrastructural development as measured by internet users (per 100 people) had a positive and a significant impact on FDI inflows in Zimbabwe in line with both theory and empirical predictions. Furthermore, market size, trade openness and financial sector development in line with literature were found to have had a positive and significant influence on FDI inflows into Zimbabwe. In order to improve the inflow of net FDI into the country, Zimbabwean authorities need to create a conducive environment that entices foreign investors to invest into the country. This includes the formulation and implementation of policies that enhances infrastructural development, open up trade with other countries and grow the economy.
      PubDate: 2017-05-03
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2017)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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