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  Subjects -> BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (Total: 3104 journals)
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BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1148 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1566 Journals sorted alphabetically
4OR: A Quarterly Journal of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Abacus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Accounting Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Acta Amazonica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Commercii     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Oeconomica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientiarum. Human and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Universitatis Danubius. Œconomica     Open Access  
Acta Universitatis Nicolai Copernici Zarządzanie     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AD-minister     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ADR Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Developing Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Economics and Business     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
AfricaGrowth Agenda     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59)
African Development Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
African Journal of Business and Economic Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
African Review of Economics and Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Afro-Asian Journal of Finance and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Alphanumeric Journal : The Journal of Operations Research, Statistics, Econometrics and Management Information Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Economic Journal : Applied Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 133)
American Journal of Business     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
American Journal of Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 51)
American Journal of Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Economics and Business Administration     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
American Journal of Economics and Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
American Journal of Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Finance and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
American Journal of Medical Quality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales de l'Institut Henri Poincare (C) Non Linear Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annals in Social Responsibility     Full-text available via subscription  
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annual Review of Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
Applied Developmental Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Applied Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Applied Economics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Applied Economics Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Applied Financial Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Applied Mathematical Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Applied Stochastic Models in Business and Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Arab Economic and Business Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Business Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Arena Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Argomenti. Rivista di economia, cultura e ricerca sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ASEAN Economic Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific Business Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 316)
Asia Pacific Viewpoint     Hybrid Journal  
Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asia-Pacific Management and Business Application     Open Access  
Asian Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Case Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asian Development Review     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Asian Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian Economic Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Accounting and Governance     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Sustainability and Social Responsibility     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian-pacific Economic Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Atlantic Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Australasian Journal of Regional Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Cottongrower, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Australian Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Australian Journal of Maritime and Ocean Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Balkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Baltic Journal of Real Estate Economics and Construction Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Banks in Insurance Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BBR - Brazilian Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Benchmarking : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
BER : Consumer Confidence Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BER : Economic Prospects : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription  
BER : Economic Prospects : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Intermediate Goods Industries Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Manufacturing Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Motor Trade Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Retail Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Retail Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Building and Construction : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Manufacturing : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Retail : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Trends : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Wholesale Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Berkeley Business Law Journal     Free   (Followers: 10)
Bio-based and Applied Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biodegradation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biology Direct     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Black Enterprise     Full-text available via subscription  
Board & Administrator for Administrators only     Hybrid Journal  
Border Crossing : Transnational Working Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Briefings in Real Estate Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
British Journal of Industrial Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Brookings Papers on Economic Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 48)
Brookings Trade Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BRQ Business Research Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Building Sustainable Legacies : The New Frontier Of Societal Value Co-Creation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Economic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of the Dnipropetrovsk University. Series : Management of Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business & Entrepreneurship Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Business & Information Systems Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Business & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Business : Theory and Practice / Verslas : Teorija ir Praktika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business and Economic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Business and Management Horizons     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Business and Management Research     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Business and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Business and Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business and Professional Communication Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Business and Society Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Business Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business Ethics: A European Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Business Horizons     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Business Information Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Business Management and Strategy     Open Access   (Followers: 40)
Business Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Business Strategy and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Business Strategy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Business Strategy Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business Systems & Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Business Systems Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Business, Management and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Business, Peace and Sustainable Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bustan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos EBAPE.BR     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Journal of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences / Revue Canadienne des Sciences de l Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue Canadienne d`Economique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Canadian journal of nonprofit and social economy research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Capitalism and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Capitalism Nature Socialism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Case Studies in Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
CBU International Conference Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Central European Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Central European Journal of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Central European Journal of Public Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Chain Reaction     Full-text available via subscription  
Challenge     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
China & World Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
China : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
China Economic Journal: The Official Journal of the China Center for Economic Research (CCER) at Peking University     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
China Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
China Finance Review International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
China Nonprofit Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
China perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Chinese Economy     Full-text available via subscription  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CLIO América     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cliometrica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
COEPTUM     Open Access  
Community Development Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Compensation & Benefits Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Competition & Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Competitive Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Competitiveness Review : An International Business Journal incorporating Journal of Global Competitiveness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Computational Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Computational Mathematics and Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computer Law & Security Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Computers & Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Construction Innovation: Information, Process, Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Contemporary Wales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Contextus - Revista Contemporânea de Economia e Gestão     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Corporate Communications An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Corporate Philanthropy Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Corporate Reputation Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Creative and Knowledge Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Creative Industries Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
CRIS - Bulletin of the Centre for Research and Interdisciplinary Study     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Crossing the Border : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cuadernos de Administración (Universidad del Valle)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Economía     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Economia - Latin American Journal of Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Estudios Empresariales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Creativity, Innovation and Entrepreneurship     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
De Economist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Decision Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Decision Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Decision Support Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Defence and Peace Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
der markt     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Desenvolvimento em Questão     Open Access  
Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 | Last

Journal Cover Acta Universitatis Danubius. Œconomica
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   ISSN (Print) 2065-0175 - ISSN (Online) 2067-340X
   Published by Danubius University Homepage  [8 journals]
  • Promotion of Social Inclusion through New Steps in Tourism

    • Authors: Ruhet Genc, Eda Aylin Genç
      Abstract: Social inclusion is one of the interesting topics of our times, taking attention in both political realm and scientific inquiry. For instance, social inclusion is considered among the main goals of rural development programmes (Shortall, 2008), within the mega-events such as Vancouver Olympics in 2010 (Vanwynsberghe et. al., 2013), related to maintaining mental health (Repper & Perkins, 2003) and even subject to transportation policies (Pagliara & Biggiero, 2017). By definition, social inclusion is about making sure all individuals are able to participate as valued, respected and contributing members of the society on the basis of five principles: valued recognition, human development, involvement and engagement, proximity and material well-being (Donnelly & Coakley, 2002). Social inclusion plays a key role in creating a stable social order premised on social action; however it is dependent on the openness of political structures in a country (Shortall, 2008).
      PubDate: 2017-07-14
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2017)
  • Economic Performance of the SME sector in CEE Countries: an Empirical

    • Authors: Valentina Diana Rusu, Angela Roman
      Abstract: Small and medium enterprises are an important part of a country’s economy and are a significant source for creating value added, employment, innovation and economic growth. Because of this improving their performance is a major concern of the specialists in the field. Through this paper we intend to evaluate the evolution of the SMEs performance between 2008 and 2014, but also to determine the factors that are influencing the growth of the value added of SMEs in the Central and Eastern European countries. In order to achieve the objectives proposed we use as methods the comparison of indicators and multiple linear regression models. The results obtained show that a part of the considered macroeconomic performance indicators, such as: total tax rate, exports of goods and services and private final consumption are statistically significant and have a strong influence on the SMEs performance. Also we observe important differences according to firm size.
      PubDate: 2017-07-07
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2017)
  • Again about Andrica’s conjecture...

    • Authors: Catalin Angelo Ioan
      Abstract: The paper establishes an equivalence of the Andrica’s conjecture in the direction of an increase of the difference of square root of primes by a combination of two consecutive primes.
      PubDate: 2017-06-23
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2017)
  • A Theoretical Review on the Relationship between Working Capital
           Management and Company's Performance

    • Authors: Artor Nuhiu, Arben Dermaku
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to discuss the relationship between working capital management (WCM) and company’s performance as well as related determinant factors based on literature review. It aims to identify gaps in the current body of knowledge which justify future research directions. Working capital management has attracted serious research attention in the recent past, and has become a hot topic since the financial crisis of 2008. Working capital management is a topic that has been well-known in science as well as in business practice for a long time. At the same time, its presence in the literature is still comparatively low, concentrating on the analysis of the link between WCM and company’s performance with the help of publicly available data and key figures from the annual financial statements. Especially in view of the growing volatility and uncertainties in the credit and financial markets that have been observed for a number of years and the corresponding increase in regulatory capital in the area of ​​external capital raising, the company's focus increasingly shifts to internal liquidity generation from the operating business on the structure of working capital. However, in order to take account of this increased interest in design, a stronger focus on qualitative empirical investigations is necessary from a scientific point of view, which has so far only been sparsely represented in the literature. Besides this, the review of empirical studies explore the avenue for future and present research efforts related to the subjects matter.
      PubDate: 2017-06-09
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2017)
  • Service Quality and its Competitive Advantage. Case Study of a Hotel

    • Authors: Gina Ionela Butnaru, Oana-Raluca Licau
      Abstract: Specialists consider that when a person is interested in the concept of quality, it will be considered as a reference point in both private and professional life, also associated with excellence and perfectionism. Nowadays, when the whole world appears to be saturated by ideological inventions, the authors were surprised and intrigued by the dynamism and complexity of this concept. Furthermore, considering the fact that the current research’s applicability lies in the services field, the authors consider that this subject is a current one, very developed and debated by specialists. The heterogeneity of services brings along challenges, which create new methods of evaluating the quality, others than in industry. Consequently, the current research intends to analyse the following: the evolution of the concept of quality, the quality of the provided services, as well as its competitive advantage in a hotel, aiming to draw up the Ishikawa (cause-and-effect) diagram. The realisation of quality in services is not possible anymore without strong management knowledge, and especially knowledge concerning competitiveness and competitive management. Therefore, the managers and the employees of the companies should desire, be able to, and know how to obtain quality through performance, to evaluate it, and to constantly improve it.
      PubDate: 2017-05-30
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2017)
  • Modelling Exchange Rates Volatility and the Global Shocks in South Africa

    • Authors: Adebayo Augustine Kutu
      Abstract: The paper sets out to model the volatility of South African exchange rates amidst global shocks. Using innovation accounting in a symmetric GARCH (1,1) and asymmetric EGARCH (1,1) and a theoretical model built by Kamal et al. (2012), Omolo (2014) and AL-Najjar (2016), it is established that the EGARCH (1,1) model outperformed the GARCH (1,1) model and can be recommended to policymakers in South Africa. The results of the diagnostic test show no evidence of serial correlation and ARCH effects in the model while the Student’s t distribution shows the best fits among the alternatives. The study recommends that the South Africa government should consider the impacts of the global shocks when formulating and implementing economic policies especially the exchange rates policies. Key words: Modelling, Exchange Rates Volatility, GARCH, EGARCH Models JEL classification: E3, E5, F4 
      PubDate: 2017-05-25
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2017)
  • Common Agricultural Policy in the Context of the New Challenges

    • Authors: Romeo Victor Ionescu
      Abstract: The paper puts into account the future development of the     EU agriculture under the new approach of different levels of integration from 2021. The analysis in the paper is important at least from two aspects: agriculture is a very important activity for the EU and PAC risks to become inefficient under this new approach. In order to point out the effects of multilevel integration on agriculture, the analysis is focused on four representative indicators: crop output, animal output, gross value added and agricultural income. The comparative analysis leads to an intermediate conclusion that the Member States can be grouped into three clusters. Moreover, regression leads to the same conclusion: greater disparities related to agriculture between the three levels of integration and inside each circle of integration. The analysis covers financial and physical aspects of the agriculture and is based on the latest official statistic data, tables and diagrams. The main conclusion of the analysis is a very pessimistic one: an EU with three levels of integration will lead to important increase in regional disparities at least for agriculture.
      PubDate: 2017-05-10
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2017)
  • Internal Factors of Albanian Entities Bankruptcy

    • Authors: Eni Numani
      Abstract: Studies on the causes of entities' bankruptcy have significantly increased due to its impact on several stakeholders (financial managers, shareholders, customers, suppliers and creditors, employees of the entity and the economic life of the country in which the entity operates) and due to the high direct and indirect costs incurred. Given that external factors (related to the environment in which the entity operates) are out of the entity's control, this paper will be focused only on internal factors of bankruptcy, which are influenced by the decisions taken by management. In this paper we have categorized internal factors into two groups: financial factors and non-financial factors. Financial factors are mainly linked to the decisions made by financial managers on cash and financing resources management, while non-financial factors mainly refer to the decisions taken by management of the entity regarding recruitment of senior managers and all other employees, and lack of the planning activity as well.
      PubDate: 2017-05-03
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2017)
  • Investigating the relationship between financial development, trade
           openness and economic growth in Argentina: A multivariate causality

    • Authors: Kunofiwa Tsaurai
      Abstract: According to literature, there are three schools of thought on the relationship between financial development, trade openness and economic growth. The first one is that a combination of financial development and trade openness influence economic growth whilst the second says that economic growth and financial development influence trade openness. The third says that both financial development and trade openness affect each other. The lack of consensus on the subject matter is the foundation upon which this study is built using the Vector Error Correction Model (VECM) with annual time data from 1994 to 2014 in Argentina. The study observed that there is a positive and significant uni-directional causality running from financial development to economic growth and from trade openness to financial development in Argentina in the long run. The study also noted the existence of a positive but weak uni-directional causality running from financial development to trade openness, trade openness to economic growth and from economic growth to trade openness in Argentina in the long run. These findings to a larger extent resonated with literature on the subject matter. 
      PubDate: 2017-05-03
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2017)
  • The Impact of Information Communication Technologies (ICTs) on Tourism
           Businesses in East London, South Africa

    • Authors: Tembi Maloney Tichaawa, Oswald Mhlanga, Sisa Sicwebu
      Abstract: In assessing the impacts of information communication technologies (ICTs) on tourism businesses, this study adopted a case study blueprint, with a questionnaire survey being used to collect data from selected tourism businesses. The respondents rated ICT impacts on tourism on a 5-point Likert scale, with ratings ranging from ‘strongly disagree’ (1) to ‘strongly agree’ (5). The results show that the impacts on hotels were perceived as ranging from 4.07 (improved company image) to 4.92 (increased market share), whereas the impacts on bed and breakfast establishments were perceived as ranging from 3.88 (improved company image) to 4.86 (speeded up service). The impacts on travel agents were perceived as ranging from 4.48 (improved service quality) to 4.94 (improved service quality), whereas the impacts on tour guides were perceived as ranging from 4.58 (improved company image) to 4.81 (heightened customer satisfaction levels). The impacts on backpackers were perceived as ranging from 3.78 (improved company image) to 4.75 (increased market share). Since ICT was perceived to impact relatively little on company image improvement, tourism businesses should use such technology to improve company image. The uniqueness of this article lies in it revealing the impacts of ICT on tourism business from an African country perspective.
      PubDate: 2017-04-28
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2017)
  • Street trading in South Africa: a case of the Tshwane central business

    • Authors: Betty Nkrumah-Abebrese, Chris Schachtebeck
      Abstract: Formal and informal street trading is both prevalent and growing in inner city settings. This phenomenon is particularly prevalent in Central Business Districts (CBDs). In the South African inner city context, street trading is thriving and provides an opportunity for street traders to earn a living. This study aims to discover the characteristics and factors influencing street trading in the Tshwane CBD, South Africa. The study follows a case study approach and is qualitative in nature, making use of semi-structured interviews with 30 street traders. A non-probability sampling approach was followed by means of snowball sampling. Data was analyzed by means of content and thematic analysis. Results indicate that main factors driving street trading in Tshwane CBD include unemployment and poverty, migration and urbanisation, survivalist entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial intentions. Two-thirds of respondents indicated that they had been street traders for 10-20 years, with little to no trading experience. Respondents also indicates a number of survival challenges, such as low incomes and poor working conditions. Difficulty in understanding municipal by-laws governing street trading were also identified. The findings of this study will assist municipalities, particularly in developing economies, in understanding and better managing street trading activities in CBDs
      PubDate: 2017-04-28
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2017)
  • Financial Development and Economic Growth Nexus in Nigeria: Further
           Evidence from Long-run Estimates

    • Authors: Bukonla Grace Osisanwo
      Abstract: This study examines the impact of financial development on economic growth in Nigeria using annual time series data between 1980 and 2014. The study tests for the unit root and co-integration to determine the time series properties of our variables before using ordinary least square estimation technique to evaluate the long-run estimates and possible policy inferences. The financial development indicators are financial deepening, bank deposit liability, private sector credit ratio, stock market capitalization and interest rate, while economic growth is measured by real gross domestic product. The results show that all the indicators of financial development except private sector credit ratio have positive impact on the economic growth in Nigeria. it implies that banking sector and stock market development played critical role in the output growth of the real sector. However, the negative impact of private sector credit indicate that provision of credit to investors do not enhance output due to high interest on loan as reported in the study. Thus, the study suggests that for the country to experience finance-led growth in Nigeria, the apex bank must ensure that loans are available to local industrial investors at a low interest rate.
      PubDate: 2017-04-20
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2017)
  • Economic Factors and Life Satisfaction: Trends from South African

    • Authors: Chengedzai Mafini
      Abstract: This paper investigated the influence of four economic factors, namely education, health, income level and household size on the life satisfaction of township residents in South Africa. The sample consisted of 285 individuals recruited from Sebokeng, 298 from Sharpville and 402 from Sicelo townships located in the southern part of Gauteng Province. The association between each economic factor and life satisfaction was analysed using regression analysis. Education, health, and household size were statistically significant, which validates traditionally acknowledged patterns. However, income did not predict life satisfaction, which contradicts conventional perspectives. Education was the strongest predictor of life satisfaction when compared to other economic factors. Overall, the study endorses the complexity of the association between economic factors and life satisfaction. The paper closes by drawing conclusions based on the results and suggesting several policy implications for the improvement of life satisfaction in South African townships.
      PubDate: 2017-04-20
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2017)
  • A probability on a heuristic sub set of integers that it is a metric space

    • Authors: Reza Farhadian
      Abstract: In this work we will answer to the question, is there a probability space on a set such that it is a metric space' For answer to the question, we prove that the probability that two random positive integers given from a heuristic set defined in this article are relatively prime, is a metric space. Hence, there is a probability that it is a metric. Also, we show that this probability space is a paracompact space.   
      PubDate: 2017-04-20
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2017)
  • Do Female Directors Add Value'

    • Authors: Tuan Nguyen
      Abstract: This study investigates whether female directors have a significant effect on financial performance of publicly listed companies in the Vietnamese market. Using a dynamic random-effects model to explore a longitudinal dataset comprising 480 firm-year observations, we report that the companies with female directors in their boardrooms perform better than those without. Our finding thus supports the proposition that boardroom gender diversity appears to be an important internal corporate governance strategy which helps to improve firm performance. As Vietnam and many other East Asian countries are now implementing compulsory policies or calling for voluntary attempts to increase board gender diversity, our paper is especially timely and provides useful insight for policy formulation.
      PubDate: 2017-04-05
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2017)
  • Fiscal Policy and Exchange Rate Movement in Nigeria

    • Authors: Philip Ifeakachukwu Nwosa
      Abstract: Issues on exchange rate movement have continued to generate concern among economists given its implication on the macroeconomic variables – inflation, imports, domestic interest rate and investment among others. Although studies have examined the determinants of exchange rate movement, there is paucity of knowledge on the relationship between fiscal policy and exchange rate movement. Also, both theoretical and empirical literatures on fiscal policy and exchange rate movement were inconclusive. Therefore, this study examines the relationship between fiscal policy and exchange rate movement in Nigeria for the period 1980 to 2015. The study employed the Ordinary Least Square (OLS) and the regression estimate showed that fiscal policy variables were statistically significant in influencing exchange rate in Nigeria. This suggests that fiscal policy variables are significant determinants of exchange rate movement in Nigeria. Based on the findings, it was recommended that there is the need for prudent management of revenue, expenditure and debt in reducing exchange rate depreciation and ensuring stable exchange rate.
      PubDate: 2017-03-15
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2017)
  • Influence of Spin-off and Private Companies in the process of Technology
           creation and Transfer at a University of Technology in South Africa

    • Authors: Robertson K. Tengeh, Amelia Rorwana
      Abstract: : Going by the assumption that technology is not created for its own sake, this paper gauges the peculiar role that of spin-off, and private companies play in the process of technology creation and transfer at a University of Technology(UoT) in South Africa, using academic entrepreneurs as the lens. Structured questionnaires were electronically administered to the 52 participants purposively drawn for the study. The sample was drawn from a database composed using UoT X’s in-house research records. Included in the database, were active and non-active academics in terms of technology creation and transfer. It was noted that most active researchers and innovators were involved in one form of university–industry collaboration or the other. Furthermore, it was observed that the private companies had a vital role to play as far as the process of technology transfer and commercialization is concerned. This is notably relevant given that the overwhelming majority of the participants (91.7%) reiterated the importance of university–industry partnerships in the transfer and commercialization of inventions. Moreover, highlighting the importance of private companies, a slight majority (52.8%) of the participants indicated that they were surely motivated to bring forth innovative products by private companies in the last five years.
      PubDate: 2017-03-15
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2017)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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