for Journals by Title or ISSN
for Articles by Keywords
  Subjects -> BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (Total: 3080 journals)
    - ACCOUNTING (90 journals)
    - BANKING AND FINANCE (261 journals)
    - BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1139 journals)
    - COOPERATIVES (4 journals)
    - ECONOMIC SCIENCES: GENERAL (158 journals)
    - HUMAN RESOURCES (93 journals)
    - INSURANCE (23 journals)
    - INTERNATIONAL COMMERCE (126 journals)
    - INVESTMENTS (27 journals)
    - MACROECONOMICS (15 journals)
    - MANAGEMENT (522 journals)
    - MARKETING AND PURCHASING (86 journals)
    - MICROECONOMICS (25 journals)
    - PUBLIC FINANCE, TAXATION (34 journals)

BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1139 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1566 Journals sorted alphabetically
4OR: A Quarterly Journal of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Abacus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Accounting Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Acta Amazonica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Commercii     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Oeconomica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientiarum. Human and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Universitatis Danubius. Œconomica     Open Access  
Acta Universitatis Nicolai Copernici Zarządzanie     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AD-minister     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ADR Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Developing Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Economics and Business     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
AfricaGrowth Agenda     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
African Development Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
African Journal of Business and Economic Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
African Review of Economics and Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Afro-Asian Journal of Finance and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Alphanumeric Journal : The Journal of Operations Research, Statistics, Econometrics and Management Information Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Economic Journal : Applied Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 126)
American Journal of Business     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
American Journal of Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 51)
American Journal of Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Economics and Business Administration     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Economics and Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
American Journal of Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Finance and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
American Journal of Medical Quality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales de l'Institut Henri Poincare (C) Non Linear Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annals in Social Responsibility     Full-text available via subscription  
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annual Review of Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Applied Developmental Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Applied Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Applied Economics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Applied Economics Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Applied Financial Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Applied Mathematical Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Applied Stochastic Models in Business and Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Arab Economic and Business Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Business Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Arena Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Argomenti. Rivista di economia, cultura e ricerca sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ASEAN Economic Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific Business Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 318)
Asia Pacific Viewpoint     Hybrid Journal  
Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Case Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asian Development Review     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Asian Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian Economic Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Accounting and Governance     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Sustainability and Social Responsibility     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian-pacific Economic Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Atlantic Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Australasian Journal of Regional Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Cottongrower, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Australian Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Australian Journal of Maritime and Ocean Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Balkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Baltic Journal of Real Estate Economics and Construction Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Banks in Insurance Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BBR - Brazilian Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Benchmarking : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
BER : Consumer Confidence Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BER : Economic Prospects : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription  
BER : Economic Prospects : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Intermediate Goods Industries Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Manufacturing Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Motor Trade Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Retail Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Retail Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Building and Construction : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Manufacturing : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Retail : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Trends : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Wholesale Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Berkeley Business Law Journal     Free   (Followers: 11)
Bio-based and Applied Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biodegradation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biology Direct     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Black Enterprise     Full-text available via subscription  
Board & Administrator for Administrators only     Hybrid Journal  
Border Crossing : Transnational Working Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Briefings in Real Estate Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
British Journal of Industrial Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Brookings Papers on Economic Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 47)
Brookings Trade Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BRQ Business Research Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Building Sustainable Legacies : The New Frontier Of Societal Value Co-Creation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Economic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of the Dnipropetrovsk University. Series : Management of Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business & Entrepreneurship Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Business & Information Systems Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Business & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Business : Theory and Practice / Verslas : Teorija ir Praktika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business and Economic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Business and Management Horizons     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Business and Management Research     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Business and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Business and Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business and Professional Communication Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Business and Society Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Business Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business Ethics: A European Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Business Horizons     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Business Information Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Business Management and Strategy     Open Access   (Followers: 40)
Business Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Business Strategy and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Business Strategy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Business Strategy Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business Systems & Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Business Systems Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Business, Management and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Business, Peace and Sustainable Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bustan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos EBAPE.BR     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Journal of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences / Revue Canadienne des Sciences de l Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue Canadienne d`Economique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Canadian journal of nonprofit and social economy research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Capitalism and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Capitalism Nature Socialism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Case Studies in Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
CBU International Conference Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Central European Journal of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Central European Journal of Public Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Chain Reaction     Full-text available via subscription  
Challenge     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
China & World Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
China : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
China Economic Journal: The Official Journal of the China Center for Economic Research (CCER) at Peking University     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
China Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
China Finance Review International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
China Nonprofit Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
China perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Chinese Economy     Full-text available via subscription  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CLIO América     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cliometrica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
COEPTUM     Open Access  
Community Development Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Compensation & Benefits Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Competition & Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Competitive Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Competitiveness Review : An International Business Journal incorporating Journal of Global Competitiveness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Computational Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Computational Mathematics and Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computer Law & Security Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Computers & Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Construction Innovation: Information, Process, Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Contemporary Wales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Contextus - Revista Contemporânea de Economia e Gestão     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Corporate Communications An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Corporate Philanthropy Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Corporate Reputation Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Creative and Knowledge Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Creative Industries Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
CRIS - Bulletin of the Centre for Research and Interdisciplinary Study     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Crossing the Border : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cuadernos de Administración (Universidad del Valle)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Economía     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Economia - Latin American Journal of Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Estudios Empresariales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Creativity, Innovation and Entrepreneurship     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
De Economist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Decision Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Decision Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Decision Support Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Defence and Peace Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
der markt     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Desenvolvimento em Questão     Open Access  
Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Development and Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Development and Learning in Organizations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 | Last

Journal Cover BRQ Business Research Quarterly
  [SJR: 0.301]   [H-I: 6]   [2 followers]  Follow
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Online) 2340-9436
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3031 journals]
  • How does the closure of interorganizational relationships affect
           entrepreneurial orientation?

    • Authors: María José Ruiz-Ortega; Gloria Parra-Requena; Pedro Manuel García-Villaverde; Job Rodrigo-Alarcon
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 May 2017
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly
      Author(s): María José Ruiz-Ortega, Gloria Parra-Requena, Pedro Manuel García-Villaverde, Job Rodrigo-Alarcon
      This study delves in the controversy about the nature and the sign of the effect of interorganizational relationships on entrepreneurial orientation. The paper analyses the effects of networks of interorganizational relationships at firm level. Specifically, we study the influence of closure of interorganizational relationships in entrepreneurial orientation and the mediating role of dynamic capabilities. The empirical analysis was developed on a sample of 292 Spanish agri-food firms. We detect a positive mediating effect of the closure of interorganizational relationships, mainly cooperative relationships, on entrepreneurial orientation through dynamic capabilities. It highlights the emergence of a suppression effect uncovering the dark side of closed interorganizational relationships in several dimensions of entrepreneurial orientation – proactiveness, autonomy and risk-taking –. This paper contributes to link three theoretical approaches – social capital, entrepreneurship and dynamic capabilities – to probe further into the implications of interorganizational relationships.

      PubDate: 2017-05-16T02:04:40Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2017.04.003
  • Absorptive routines and international patent performance

    • Authors: Fernando
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 April 2017
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly
      Author(s): Fernando E. García-Muiña, Rocío González-Sánchez
      Patents on an international level are essential for firm results. Accordingly, the use of external sources of knowledge acquires crucial importance to get global innovations and create competitive advantages. For that reason, the literature has highlighted the strategic role of the absorptive capacity construct. We enrich the treatment of the absorptive capacity phases including the moderating effects between routines associated to the traditional potential-realized absorptive capacities. Taking into account external knowledge search strategies, the deeper external relationships, the better transference and appropriation of specific external knowledge. Nevertheless, when the moderating role of assimilation is included, cooperation agreements appear as the most efficient source of external knowledge. Finally, we show that technological tools let firms store and structure the information making easier its use for international patenting. This positive effect is reinforced in the presence of exploitation routines, since technological knowledge will better fit to the industry's key factors of success.

      PubDate: 2017-04-29T23:58:53Z
  • Does gender diversity on corporate boards reduce information asymmetry in
           equity markets?

    • Authors: David Abad; María Encarnación Lucas-Pérez; Antonio Minguez-Vera; José Yagüe
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 April 2017
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly
      Author(s): David Abad, María Encarnación Lucas-Pérez, Antonio Minguez-Vera, José Yagüe
      We examine the relation between the gender diversity on boards of corporations and the levels of information asymmetry in the stock market. Prior evidence suggests that the presence of women on director boards increases the quantity and quality of public disclosure by firms, and we therefore expect firms with higher gender diversity on their boards to show lower levels of information asymmetry in the market. Using a Spanish sample, proxies for information asymmetry estimated from high-frequency data along with system GMM panel methodology, we find that the gender diversity on boards is negatively associated with the level of information asymmetry in the stock market. Our findings support the changes in the laws that have been introduced in several countries to increase the proportion of female company directors by providing evidence that gender diverse boards have beneficial effects on stock markets.

      PubDate: 2017-04-29T23:58:53Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2017.04.001
  • Independent versus non-independent outside directors in European
           companies: Who has a say on CEO compensation?

    • Authors: Pablo Laura; Arranz-Aperte Juan Antonio Rodriguez-Sanz
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 April 2017
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly
      Author(s): Pablo de Andrés, Laura Arranz-Aperte, Juan Antonio Rodriguez-Sanz
      Our study reveals how two separate dimensions of board composition—the proportion of independent directors and of non-independent directors—influence CEO compensation in Western European firms. Controlling for the simultaneous determination of CEO pay structure and board design, we find that firms with a higher proportion of non-independent outsiders on their boards pay less direct compensation (salary+bonus) and less equity-linked compensation to their CEOs. By contrast, CEOs working for firms with more independent boards receive more equity based-pay. When we control for the fact that equity linked is not granted systematically in Europe we find that firms with more independent directors on the board tend to grant equity-linked compensation more often than firms with more non independent outside directors. Our results challenge the commonly accepted view of independent directors as safeguards of shareholder value, uncovering the relevance of non-independent outsiders for pay moderation and incentives.

      PubDate: 2017-04-15T19:49:47Z
  • Turnaround strategies for companies in crisis: Watch out the causes of
           decline before firing people

    • Authors: Monica Santana; Ramon Valle; Jose-Luis Galan
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 February 2017
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly
      Author(s): Monica Santana, Ramon Valle, Jose-Luis Galan
      When a company goes into crisis, the first and most typical response is the dismissal of people, even before considering the sources of the decline. Although the reduction of costs may seem a quick and reasonable measure in this context, downsizing is not the only possibility, nor the most advisable response when facing decline. In turn, by identifying and understanding the sources of decline in time, a company may want to decide on human resource (HR) alternatives to layoffs. This research shows how the HR responses of declining companies should be in line with the sources of the decline. Adopting a configurational perspective, we propose a model of analysis that links sources of decline, turnaround strategy, and HR strategy (HRS) and practices. This model identifies four basic HRS for organizations in decline, according to its sources: flexibility-oriented, efficiency-oriented, niche-oriented, and maintenance-oriented HRS.

      PubDate: 2017-02-28T01:19:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2017.01.003
  • Business-nonprofit partnerships as a driver of internal marketing in
           nonprofit organizations. Consequences for nonprofit performance and

    • Authors: Luis Ignacio Álvarez-González; Nuria García-Rodríguez; Marta Rey-García; María José Sanzo-Perez
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 February 2017
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly
      Author(s): Luis Ignacio Álvarez-González, Nuria García-Rodríguez, Marta Rey-García, María José Sanzo-Perez
      Nonprofit organizations (NPOs) confront competitive pressures derived from complex economic and societal challenges. Their capacity to fulfil their mission increasingly depends on developing successful alliances with key external and internal stakeholders, including cooperative interorganizational relationships. In this context, the aim of this research is to analyze: (1) to which extent business-nonprofit partnerships (BNPPs) foster the development of an internal marketing approach by NPOs; (2) the impact of this approach to human resource management on nonprofit performance; and (3) the possible moderating effect of the funding strategy of the nonprofit. This empirical research, based on a survey to a representative sample of Spanish NPOs, shows that cooperative relationships between nonprofit and business organizations are closely associated with a process of knowledge transfer, resulting in improved nonprofit performance; although these positive effects depend on the capacity of NPOs to generate income from commercial sources.

      PubDate: 2017-02-28T01:19:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2017.01.001
  • Gentle tailwinds allow BRQ to take inspiration from Bob Dylan

    • Abstract: Publication date: January–March 2017
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly, Volume 20, Issue 1
      Author(s): Xosé H. Vázquez

      PubDate: 2017-02-02T05:37:38Z
  • Global value chain configuration: A review and research agenda

    • Authors: Virginia Hernández; Torben Pedersen
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 January 2017
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly
      Author(s): Virginia Hernández, Torben Pedersen
      This paper reviews the literature on global value chain configuration, providing an overview of this topic. Specifically, we review the literature focusing on the concept of the global value chain and its activities, the decisions involved in its configuration, such as location, the governance modes chosen and the different ways of coordinating them. We also examine the outcomes of a global value chain configuration in terms of performance and upgrading. Our aim is to review the state of the art of these issues, identify research gaps and suggest new lines for future research that would advance our understanding of how firms are implementing new ways of organizing and managing activities on a global scale.

      PubDate: 2017-01-26T03:25:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2016.11.001
  • Is all support equal? The moderating effects of supervisor, coworker, and
           organizational support on the link between emotional labor and job

    • Authors: Hyun Jeong Kim; Won-Moo Hur; Tae-Won Moon; Jea-Kyoon Jun
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 January 2017
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly
      Author(s): Hyun Jeong Kim, Won-Moo Hur, Tae-Won Moon, Jea-Kyoon Jun
      This study was designed to examine the moderating roles of perceived supervisor, coworker, and organizational support in the relationship between emotional labor and job performance in the airline service context. A sample of flight attendants working for one major airline company in South Korea participated in this study. The flight attendants’ official job performance data were provided by the airline company. For data analyses, a series of hierarchical moderated regression analyses were employed. The results showed differential moderation effects of the three sources of support at work. Specifically, the positive relationship between deep acting and job performance was strengthened by perceived supervisor and coworker support. The negative relationship between surface acting and job performance was exacerbated by perceived supervisor support, indicating the reverse buffering effect. Perceived organizational support showed only main effects on employee performance with no moderation effects.

      PubDate: 2017-01-26T03:25:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2016.11.002
  • On the relationship between corporate governance and value creation in an
           economic crisis: Empirical evidence for the Spanish case

    • Authors: Mónica Villanueva-Villar; Elena Rivo-López; Santiago Lago-Peñas
      Pages: 233 - 245
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 July 2016
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly
      Author(s): Mónica Villanueva-Villar, Elena Rivo-López, Santiago Lago-Peñas
      This paper analyses the effect of corporate governance on value creation. It relies upon a dataset that includes the companies listed on the Spanish Stock Exchange for the period from 2005 to 2012. Attention is focused on the structure and composition of boards. In particular, four variables are analyzed: BOARD_SIZE, BOARD_INDEPENDENCE, BOARD_DILIGENCE (measured by the number of meetings), and DUALITY (chairman and chief executive officer being the same person). Over the period of the deepest economic crisis (2009–2012) the most significant variables that had a positive effect on value creation were BOARD_INDEPENDENCE and BOARD_SIZE. Hence, the global financial crisis has highlighted the need for effective corporate governance. Policy makers should think about translating the recommendations of the Good Governance Codes into legislation (mandatory), to improve corporate governance.

      PubDate: 2016-07-29T05:08:21Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2016.06.002
  • Board of director's effectiveness and the stakeholder perspective of
           corporate governance: Do effective boards promote the interests of
           shareholders and stakeholders?

    • Authors: Nicolas Garcia-Torea; Belen Fernandez-Feijoo; Marta de la Cuesta
      Pages: 246 - 260
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 July 2016
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly
      Author(s): Nicolas Garcia-Torea, Belen Fernandez-Feijoo, Marta de la Cuesta
      This paper analyzes whether effective boards of directors in addressing shareholder interests also prove to be effective in guaranteeing the interests of the rest of the firm's stakeholders. We measure board effectiveness based on the shareholder perspective, and test whether it is valid for the stakeholder perspective. The novelty of this paper precisely lies in its approach, given that it considers both perspectives of corporate governance at a time. Using the transparency of sustainability reports as a proxy for the stakeholder perspective in an international sample of 2366 companies, the paper shows that effective boards are more likely to address the interests of both the shareholders and the rest of the firm's stakeholders. Furthermore, we propose a measure of board effectiveness by gathering several board characteristics. Our results contribute to research on corporate governance and corporate social responsibility reporting, and it has implications for policy makers.

      PubDate: 2016-07-29T05:08:21Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2016.06.001
  • The influence of gender on entrepreneurial intention: The mediating role
           of perceptual factors

    • Authors: Carmen Camelo-Ordaz; Juan Pablo Diánez-González; José Ruiz-Navarro
      Pages: 261 - 277
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 May 2016
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly
      Author(s): Carmen Camelo-Ordaz, Juan Pablo Diánez-González, José Ruiz-Navarro
      The empirical evidence devoted to analyze the impact of perceptual factors in explaining the differences in the entrepreneurial intention of men and women is still limited and not entirely conclusive (Shinnar et al., 2012; Wilson et al., 2009). This non-conclusive research is significantly more noteworthy when the analysis is focused on the entrepreneurial intention of men and women once they become entrepreneurs. Drawing on this gap and taking as starting point the premises of Social Feminist Theory, our paper aims to examine the mediating role of perceptual factors on the relationship between gender and entrepreneurial intention of non-entrepreneurs and entrepreneurs. Drawing on a sample provided by the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Project of 21,697 Spanish non-entrepreneurs and 2899 Spanish entrepreneurs, our results have shown that, in general terms, perceptual factor fully mediate the relationship between gender and the entrepreneurial intention of non-entrepreneurs, whereas such mediating impact disappears when people become entrepreneurs.

      PubDate: 2016-05-16T16:05:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2016.03.001
  • Multimarket contact and performance: Evidence from emerging economies

    • Authors: Beatriz Domínguez; Elisabet Garrido; Raquel Orcos
      Pages: 278 - 288
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 April 2016
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly
      Author(s): Beatriz Domínguez, Elisabet Garrido, Raquel Orcos
      The organizational structure of multinational enterprises (MNEs) is mainly made up of subsidiaries located in emerging and advanced countries. Consequently, they usually compete against the same rivals simultaneously in both emerging and advanced contexts. Multimarket contact (MMC) theory analyzes the competitive dynamics that arise in these situations. However, researchers have paid more attention to the consequences of multimarket contact in developed countries than to its effect in emerging countries. To explore the impact of the macroenvironment on the relationship between MMC and performance, we examine how coinciding with multimarket rivals in emerging economies alters the effect of MMC on firm performance. Our research, which is developed with a sample from the mobile telecommunications industry, shows that the presence of MNEs in emerging countries hinders the development of mutual forbearance practices and, therefore, reduces the positive effect of MMC on firm performance.

      PubDate: 2016-05-16T16:05:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2016.02.003
  • Investigating the relationship between corporate social responsibility and
           earnings management: Evidence from Spain

    • Authors: Ester Gras-Gil; Mercedes Palacios Manzano; Joaquín Hernández Fernández
      Pages: 289 - 299
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 March 2016
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly
      Author(s): Ester Gras-Gil, Mercedes Palacios Manzano, Joaquín Hernández Fernández
      This article investigates the relationship between corporate social responsibility and earnings management. Using panel data methodology for a sample of Spanish non-financial companies between 2005 and 2012, we find a negative impact of corporate social responsibility practices on earnings management. Corporate social responsibility is related to ethical and moral issues concerning corporate decision-making. Engaging in socially responsible activities not only improves stakeholder satisfaction, but also has a positive effect on corporate reputation. The results show that corporate social responsibility practices may be an organizational device that leads to more effective use of resources, which then has a negative impact on earnings management practices.

      PubDate: 2016-05-16T16:05:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2016.02.002
  • Growth and structure of authorship and co-authorship network in the
           strategic management realm: Evidence from the Strategic Management Journal

    • Authors: Mehmet Ali Koseoglu
      Pages: 153 - 170
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 March 2016
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly
      Author(s): Mehmet Ali Koseoglu
      The main objective of this study is to investigate the intellectual structure and evolution of author collaborations from articles published in the Strategic Management Journal between 1980 and 2014. This assessment includes the general view of authorship, authorship patterns, author productivity, ranking of authors, visualization of the co-authorship network, comparison of strategic management co-authorship network attributes with those of other disciplines, the evolution of main components and core authors in the networks by period, discussions on whether the strategic management network fits with the small world network theory, individual network attributes such as degree centrality, Bonacich's power index, closeness centrality, and betweenness centrality. Finally, the authors provide an inclusive evaluation of the results, limitations, and suggestions for future research.

      PubDate: 2016-05-16T16:05:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2016.02.001
  • Audit and earnings management in Spanish SMEs

    • Authors: David Huguet; Juan L. Gandía
      Pages: 171 - 187
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 February 2016
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly
      Author(s): David Huguet, Juan L. Gandía
      Evidence about the relation between earnings management and voluntary audits is scarce, and there is no research about the effectiveness of mandatory audits to improve earnings quality. Using a sample of Spanish SMEs, where some companies are mandatorily audited and some are exempt from audit, we examine if audits, either mandatory or voluntary, help to improve accounting quality by constraining earnings management. We also examine differences between voluntary and mandatory audits, as well as the role of Big 4 and Middle-Tier auditors. After controlling for other characteristics that affect earnings management, we find that audited companies have lower absolute discretionary accruals, but do not find significant differences among auditors. Voluntary audits also restrain earnings management, but in a lesser extent than mandatory audits. When we use signed accruals, audits are only effective against income-increasing behaviours, what is explained by the auditor conservatism. Additional analyses support the results obtained.

      PubDate: 2016-05-16T16:05:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2015.12.001
  • Target leverage and speed of adjustment along the life cycle of European
           listed firms

    • Authors: Paula Castro; María Teresa Tascón Fernández; Borja Amor-Tapia; Alberto de Miguel
      Pages: 188 - 205
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 February 2016
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly
      Author(s): Paula Castro, María Teresa Tascón Fernández, Borja Amor-Tapia, Alberto de Miguel
      This paper analyzes differences in target leverage and speed of adjustment across three life cycle stages of European listed firms: introduction, growth and maturity. We determine that profitability and tangibility are the most stable determinants, whereas growth opportunities and size exhibit changing effects across stages. The speed of adjustment does not increase as the firms evolve, as firms in introduction are able to adjust the fastest. Firms changing stage adjust leverage at a lower speed, and their target is more affected by profitability, primarily when the change is from growth to maturity. Finally, we confirm the existence of long-term debt targets, by providing evidence that the next-year target is a relevant factor to explain current debt when firms change from one stage to another.

      PubDate: 2016-05-16T16:05:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2016.01.003
  • The region-of-origin effect on the preferences of financial institution's
           customers: Analysis of the influence of ethnocentrism

    • Authors: José Manuel García-Gallego; Antonio Chamorro Mera
      Pages: 206 - 218
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 March 2016
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly
      Author(s): José Manuel García-Gallego, Antonio Chamorro Mera
      The financial crisis that started in the USA in 2007 has obliged many small financial entities in southern Europe to undertake mergers in order to comply with the stability and solvency policies established by the European Central Bank. In Spain, this situation has led to a profound restructuring of the financial system, obliging many of these institutions to decide whether or not to maintain their regional brand identity after such a merger. The purpose of this study was twofold: on the one hand, to analyze the importance customers attach to the origin of their usual financial institution and the relative utility they give to the three levels of brand origin presented: regional, national and foreign, and, on the other, to assess whether consumers’ level of ethnocentrism modifies their preference structure and, if so, to identify the profile of the individuals composing each segment. The technique of Conjoint Analysis was applied to a survey of 427 customers. The results showed the bank's to be the attribute with the greater importance in forming customers’ preferences than other characteristics of the institution such as the treatment by employees, the location of offices, the electronic banking services, and the number of social activities the entity carries out in the region. In addition, the respondents prefer regional brand origin over national and foreign. Both the importance and the utility attached to the regional brand origin increase with higher levels of consumer ethnocentrism. The findings of this study will serve to these entities as a guide for their decision-making regarding brand management.

      PubDate: 2016-05-16T16:05:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2015.11.001
  • What makes firms embrace risks' A risk-taking capability perspective

    • Authors: Hsiu-Fen Tsai; Chin-Jung Luan
      Pages: 219 - 231
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 February 2016
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly
      Author(s): Hsiu-Fen Tsai, Chin-Jung Luan
      We adopt a risk-taking capability perspective to study the determinants of risk-taking behavior. We introduce the concept of “risk-taking capabilities”—absorptive capacity, network resources, and organizational slacks—arguing that recognition of threat and risk-taking capabilities will influence risk-taking behavior, while the theoretical debate on threat recognition needs to be clarified. Then, drawing from prospect theory, threat rigidity hypothesis, and resource-based views of firms (RBV), we hypothesize that firms’ performance, risk-taking capabilities, and their interaction will positively correlate with risk-taking behavior. We test our hypotheses using the data from Taiwan's high technology industries. Our analyses lend support to the threat rigidity hypothesis, and risk-taking capabilities are indeed positively correlated with firms’ risk-taking behavior and also moderate the relationship between past performance and risk-taking behavior.

      PubDate: 2016-05-16T16:05:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2016.01.002
  • The influence of family control on decisions regarding the specialization
           and diversification of business groups

    • Authors: Alejandro Hernández-Trasobares; Carmen Galve-Górriz
      Pages: 73 - 89
      Abstract: Publication date: April–June 2016
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly, Volume 19, Issue 2
      Author(s): Alejandro Hernández-Trasobares, Carmen Galve-Górriz
      This study analyses the impact of family control on decisions regarding the specialization and diversification of large business groups whose parent companies are listed on Spanish stock exchanges. Using a sample of ninety-nine companies, having identified the companies that constitute the business group, and using both binary logistic models and the Heckman two-step method to eliminate selection bias, the results show how the familial nature of the parent company favours specialization and reduces the level of the business group's diversification. In addition, we see that there are differences among family groups with respect to the concentration of their holdings in that a higher level of concentration increases the level of diversification in the family business group.

      PubDate: 2016-05-16T16:05:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2015.09.001
  • Sourcing strategies and productivity: Evidence for Spanish manufacturing

    • Authors: José Carlos Fariñas; Alberto López; Ana Martín-Marcos
      Pages: 90 - 106
      Abstract: Publication date: April–June 2016
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly, Volume 19, Issue 2
      Author(s): José Carlos Fariñas, Alberto López, Ana Martín-Marcos
      This paper explores the relationship between productivity and sourcing strategies using a sample of Spanish manufacturing firms. In this analysis we use different measures of productivity and alternative ways of grouping firms. Our results indicate that productivity differs systematically across groups of firms with different sourcing strategies. The ranking of productivities we observe is not fully consistent with the predictions of Antràs and Helpman's (2004) model but we confirm many partial aspects of the proposed ranking. In our preferred specifications, the productivity advantage is highest for firms that import inputs from foreign subsidiaries. Moreover, the group of firms that outsource in the domestic market is, in general, at the bottom of the productivity distribution, with firms that outsource abroad having an intermediate productivity advantage. When analysing the direction of causality between productivity and sourcing strategies, we find weak evidence of self-selection of firms into offshoring and no influence of relocation on firm productivity.

      PubDate: 2016-05-16T16:05:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2015.08.002
  • Management capabilities, innovation, and gender diversity in the top
           management team: An empirical analysis in technology-based SMEs

    • Authors: Jenny María Ruiz-Jiménez; María del Mar Fuentes-Fuentes
      Pages: 107 - 121
      Abstract: Publication date: April–June 2016
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly, Volume 19, Issue 2
      Author(s): Jenny María Ruiz-Jiménez, María del Mar Fuentes-Fuentes
      The paper analyzes the influence of management capabilities on the innovation performance of technology-based SMEs and the role that gender diversity in the top management team plays in this relationship. We use a sample of 205 Spanish SMEs from technology sectors and a hierarchical regression analysis to test our hypotheses. The results confirm that management capabilities affect both product and process innovation positively. In addition, gender diversity in the top management team moderates this relationship positively. In other words, management capabilities have a greater influence on both product and process innovation when the management team is more balanced in number of men and women. This study contributes to better understanding of the factors that explain how management capabilities translate into greater organizational achievements and argues the need to analyze the role of top management teams and their composition more extensively, especially in the context of technology SMEs. The study also contributes new evidence to the small number of studies that analyze the effect of gender diversity in top management teams on innovation.

      PubDate: 2016-05-16T16:05:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2015.08.003
  • Internationalisation and performance in Spanish family SMES: The W-curve

    • Authors: Marta Fernández-Olmos; Ana Gargallo-Castel; Enrique Giner-Bagües
      Pages: 122 - 136
      Abstract: Publication date: April–June 2016
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly, Volume 19, Issue 2
      Author(s): Marta Fernández-Olmos, Ana Gargallo-Castel, Enrique Giner-Bagües
      Previous studies have provided mixed evidence on the relationship between internationalisation and firm performance. We advance theoretically in this line of research by investigating the impact of the family dimension of a business on this relationship. Using a panel data analysis for the 2006–2011 period, we find empirically that Spanish family SMEs follow a W-curve. Our findings highlight the importance of differentiating family from non-family firms, and provide a potential explanation for the previous mixed evidence.

      PubDate: 2016-05-16T16:05:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2015.07.001
  • Social responsibility and financial performance: The role of good
           corporate governance

    • Authors: Mercedes Rodriguez-Fernandez
      Pages: 137 - 151
      Abstract: Publication date: April–June 2016
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly, Volume 19, Issue 2
      Author(s): Mercedes Rodriguez-Fernandez
      The objective of this theoretical–empirical study is to investigate the bidirectional relationship between Corporate Social Responsibility and Financial Performance in Spanish listed companies. A complete theoretical framework – based on agency, stewardship, dependency resources, and stakeholder theories – provides the basis for the conceptual model. An important contribution is the use of a social behavioral index formed by four components: Global Reporting Initiative participation, Dow Jones Sustainability Index firm inclusion, Good Corporate Governance Recommendations compliance, and Global Compact signee. The conclusions drawn from the empirical study performed on the companies registered on the Madrid Stock Exchange demonstrate positive relationships in both directions, namely that the social is profitable and that the profitable is social, thereby originating a positive feedback virtuous circle. The results of this analysis have practical applications in the boardroom; they are proof that all social policies increment financial resources, and vice versa, that increased financial performances lead to greater social benefits. As a consequence, this paper encourages all board members to seriously weigh investing financial resources in developing policies that boost the levels of social behavior components in order to contribute globally to the improvement of society.

      PubDate: 2016-05-16T16:05:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2015.08.001
  • The importance of corporate brand identity in business management: An
           application to the UK banking sector

    • Authors: Isabel Buil; Sara Catalán; Eva Martínez
      Pages: 3 - 12
      Abstract: Publication date: January–March 2016
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly, Volume 19, Issue 1
      Author(s): Isabel Buil, Sara Catalán, Eva Martínez
      Corporate brand identity management is a key issue for any organisation. Accordingly, its study is a research field of great interest. This paper seeks to broaden the understanding of this strategic activity and its effects. Specifically, it investigates the concept of corporate brand identity from the employees’ perspective in the UK financial banking sector and analyses the link between brand identity management and employees’ attitudes and behaviours. Results indicate that organisations should pay special attention to the corporate brand identity management, given its influence on employees’ commitment with their organisations, as well as their brand performance and satisfaction.

      PubDate: 2016-05-16T16:05:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2014.11.001
  • Do investors react to corporate governance news' An empirical analysis
           for the Spanish market

    • Authors: Natalia Utrero-González; Francisco J. Callado-Muñoz
      Pages: 13 - 25
      Abstract: Publication date: January–March 2016
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly, Volume 19, Issue 1
      Author(s): Natalia Utrero-González, Francisco J. Callado-Muñoz
      This work adds to the debate on corporate governance regulations and its effects on performance and firm value. The paper empirically tests whether there is a significant price reaction to corporate governance announcements following the publication of the Aldama Code of Best practice (2003) in Spain. In particular, news announcements are classified according to the code principles to distinguish among different dimensions of corporate governance and have a better understanding of investors’ reaction. Results show first, that investors react to this kind of practices, second, that the sign of their reaction depends crucially on the nature and extension of the recommendation and finally that firms that disclose more do not enjoy higher market prices or return on the medium-long term.

      PubDate: 2016-05-16T16:05:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2015.04.002
  • The individual and joint effects of process control and process-based
           rewards on new product performance and job satisfaction

    • Authors: Pilar Carbonell; Ana I. Rodríguez-Escudero
      Pages: 26 - 39
      Abstract: Publication date: January–March 2016
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly, Volume 19, Issue 1
      Author(s): Pilar Carbonell, Ana I. Rodríguez-Escudero
      An important issue facing innovation managers is how to exercise adequate managerial control over new product development (NPD) teams in order to ensure that project goals are met. The current study advances research on this subject matter by analyzing the individual and joint effects of process control and process-based rewards on job satisfaction and four measures of new product performance. Findings from our study reveal that process control and process-based rewards can have either positive or negative effects depending on the type of performance outcome considered. Thus, process control is beneficial to new product quality but detrimental to adherence to budget, adherence to schedule, and team's job satisfaction. Interestingly, our results suggest opposite effects for process-based rewards. In terms of their joint effects, results suggest that firms should only combine process control and process-based rewards when their goal is to develop new products with high quality.

      PubDate: 2016-05-16T16:05:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2015.04.001
  • Affective commitment to the employer brand: Development and validation of
           a scale

    • Authors: Susana Fernandez-Lores; Diana Gavilan; Maria Avello; Francisca Blasco
      Pages: 40 - 54
      Abstract: Publication date: January–March 2016
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly, Volume 19, Issue 1
      Author(s): Susana Fernandez-Lores, Diana Gavilan, Maria Avello, Francisca Blasco
      In recent years employer branding has become increasingly important as a source of sustainable competitive advantage. Companies are trying to engender affective commitment in the best employees in a global labour market. In this study, we develop and validate a multidimensional scale to measure the strength of an employee's affective commitment to the employer brand in five separate studies. In Studies 1 and 2 the Affective Commitment to the Employer Brand (ACEB) scale was developed and tested for its structure, reliability and convergent validity. Study 3 examines additional reliability and discriminant validity. Study 4 provides evidence of external validity. Study 5 examines the scale's nomological validity showing that a positive experience with the employer brand is important in making the employee develop affective commitment towards it. The limitations of the scale and the boundary conditions of its applicability are also discussed.

      PubDate: 2016-05-16T16:05:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2015.06.001
  • Relationship between corporate social responsibility and competitive
           performance in Spanish SMEs: Empirical evidence from a stakeholders’

    • Authors: Jesús Herrera Madueño; Manuel Larrán Jorge; Isabel Martínez Conesa; Domingo Martínez-Martínez
      Pages: 55 - 72
      Abstract: Publication date: January–March 2016
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly, Volume 19, Issue 1
      Author(s): Jesús Herrera Madueño, Manuel Larrán Jorge, Isabel Martínez Conesa, Domingo Martínez-Martínez
      In a financial economic scenario in which the corporate survival of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) is more conditioned than ever by competitive performance, this paper aims to show that the strategic incorporation of socially responsible actions, more concerned and engaged with stakeholders, contributes to improve the competitiveness of these organizations. Thus, the existence of a direct or mediated relationship between the development of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) practices and competitive performance has been analyzed from a multi-stakeholder perspective. To accomplish this task, data were collected from a sample of 481 Spanish SMEs and the technique of partial least squares (PLS) was used. Outcomes show that the development of CSR practices contributes to increase the competitive performance both directly and indirectly, through the ability of these organizations to manage their stakeholders. This study, therefore, supports the social impact hypothesis and offers evidence about some intangibles such as the relational capacity mediate the causal effect between CSR and competitive performance.

      PubDate: 2016-05-16T16:05:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2015.06.002
  • Board composition and performance in Spanish non-listed family firms: The
           influence of type of directors and CEO duality

    • Authors: Mª Katiuska Cabrera-Suárez; Josefa D. Martín-Santana
      Pages: 213 - 229
      Abstract: Publication date: October–December 2015
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly, Volume 18, Issue 4
      Author(s): Mª Katiuska Cabrera-Suárez, Josefa D. Martín-Santana
      This study analyzes the effect that certain characteristics of board of directors in Spanish non-listed family firms have on performance. The results of a hierarchical regression analysis on a database of 544 firms show a negative effect of a higher proportion of executive directors and a positive effect of CEO duality. No effects were found in relation to the diversity of family directors (executive or non-executive). In relation to the effect of outside boards, the influence on performance is negative except when this variable was considered in interaction with CEO duality. In this case, the effect on performance was positive.

      PubDate: 2016-05-16T16:05:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2014.08.001
  • Politically connected firms in Spain

    • Authors: Silvia Guerra Pérez; Carolina Bona Sánchez; Domingo Javier Santana Martín
      Pages: 230 - 245
      Abstract: Publication date: October–December 2015
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly, Volume 18, Issue 4
      Author(s): Silvia Guerra Pérez, Carolina Bona Sánchez, Domingo Javier Santana Martín
      The goal of this study is to analyze the incidence of dominant owners in the probability of the presence of political directors and the effect of said presence on firm value. The study uses a sample of non-financial Spanish companies listed on the Spanish Stock Exchange over the period 2003–2012. The results show that around half of the firms have at least one ex-politician on their board of directors. Furthermore, the results indicate that dominant shareholders’ voting rights and family nature have a negative effect on the likelihood of having ex-politicians on the board of directors. Moreover, the results show that the presence of political connections positively affects firm value. Further analyses show that this relationship is dependent upon the nature of the dominant owner, the use of pyramidal structures, the tenure of board members and the political directors’ ownership stake.

      PubDate: 2016-05-16T16:05:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2014.10.002
  • How different formal institutions affect opportunity and necessity

    • Authors: Lucio Fuentelsaz; Consuelo González; Juan P. Maícas; Javier Montero
      Pages: 246 - 258
      Abstract: Publication date: October–December 2015
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly, Volume 18, Issue 4
      Author(s): Lucio Fuentelsaz, Consuelo González, Juan P. Maícas, Javier Montero
      The objective of this research is to deepen in the role played by formal institutions on the different types of entrepreneurship (opportunity and necessity) as well as in its relative importance. The institutions we analyze are property rights, business freedom, fiscal freedom, labor freedom, financial capital and educational capital. Our results show that, in general, opportunity entrepreneurship benefits from an improvement of these institutions, while necessity entrepreneurship is damaged. This will positively influence the relative presence of opportunity entrepreneurship that is usually considered to be of greater quality and is more clearly related to economic development in a country.

      PubDate: 2016-05-16T16:05:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2015.02.001
  • Diversification and control in emerging markets: The case of Chilean firms

    • Authors: Mauricio Jara-Bertin; Félix J. López-Iturriaga; Christian Espinosa
      Pages: 259 - 274
      Abstract: Publication date: October–December 2015
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly, Volume 18, Issue 4
      Author(s): Mauricio Jara-Bertin, Félix J. López-Iturriaga, Christian Espinosa
      We analyze the effect of two types of corporate diversification (business diversification and ownership diversification) on the market value of the Chilean firms. For a sample of 83 nonfinancial firms listed on the Santiago Stock Market from 2005 to 2013, we find a discount for both business and ownership diversification, which is consistent with that reported for other economic or institutional settings. Second, we find that the business diversification discount is related to the ownership structure and is due to the excess of the largest shareholders’ control rights. Third, we find that the ownership diversification discount becomes a premium when the ownership diversification enables the control of the affiliated firms. This effect can be explained by the improvement of internal capital markets that allows overcoming the limitations of Chilean external capital markets.

      PubDate: 2016-05-16T16:05:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2015.01.002
  • The effect of culture in forming e-loyalty intentions: A cross-cultural
           analysis between Argentina and Spain

    • Authors: Daniel Belanche Gracia; Luis V. Casaló Ariño; Miguel Guinalíu Blasco
      Pages: 275 - 292
      Abstract: Publication date: October–December 2015
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly, Volume 18, Issue 4
      Author(s): Daniel Belanche Gracia, Luis V. Casaló Ariño, Miguel Guinalíu Blasco
      In order to increase their markets, many companies are starting e-commerce internationalization processes that involve dealing with cultural differences among countries. Although most firms start internationalization strategies to similar countries, previous research has mainly focused on understanding expansion to countries with a great cultural distance. This study analyzes the relevance of culture in the formation of e-loyalty intentions in Argentina and Spain, two countries with slight cultural differences. Specifically, culture is proposed as a moderator of e-service quality and satisfaction effects on e-loyalty intentions. Results confirm that the influence of e-service quality on e-loyalty intentions is greater for Argentinian consumers (a little more individualistic, masculine, and less pragmatic culture compared to Spain). Besides, a greater influence of satisfaction on e-loyalty is found for Spanish consumers (a more pragmatic, collectivistic, and feminine culture compared to Argentina). The introduction of socio-demographic control variables, i.e. gender, age and education level, support the moderation effect of culture. According to these results, marketers should note that e-loyalty formation process differs across cultures, even between similar cultures. Further implications for international marketing strategies are widely discussed.

      PubDate: 2016-05-16T16:05:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2015.02.003
  • Effectiveness of radio spokesperson's gender, vocal pitch and accent and
           the use of music in radio advertising

    • Authors: Josefa D. Martín-Santana; Clara Muela-Molina; Eva Reinares-Lara; Miriam Rodríguez-Guerra
      Pages: 143 - 160
      Abstract: Publication date: July–September 2015
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly, Volume 18, Issue 3
      Author(s): Josefa D. Martín-Santana, Clara Muela-Molina, Eva Reinares-Lara, Miriam Rodríguez-Guerra
      The aim of this study is to analyze how certain voice features of radio spokespersons and background music influence the advertising effectiveness of a radio spot from the cognitive, affective and conative perspectives. We used a 2×2×2×2 experimental design in 16 different radio programs in which an ad hoc radio spot was inserted during advertising block. This ad changed according to combinations of spokesperson's gender (male–female), vocal pitch (low–high) and accent (local–standard). In addition to these independent factors, the effect of background music in advertisements was also tested and compared with those that only had words. 987 regular radio listeners comprised the sample that was exposed to the radio program we created. Based on the differences in the levels of effectiveness in the tested voice features, our results suggest that the choice of the voice in radio advertising is one of the most important decisions an advertiser faces. Furthermore, the findings show that the inclusion of music does not always imply greater effectiveness.

      PubDate: 2016-05-16T16:05:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2014.06.001
  • Institutional directors and board compensation: Spanish evidence

    • Authors: Felix López-Iturriaga; Emma García-Meca; Fernando Tejerina-Gaite
      Pages: 161 - 173
      Abstract: Publication date: July–September 2015
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly, Volume 18, Issue 3
      Author(s): Felix López-Iturriaga, Emma García-Meca, Fernando Tejerina-Gaite
      We address the influence of directors who represent institutional investors in three aspects of board compensation policies: level of compensation, composition, and performance sensitivity. We differentiate pressure-sensitive directors (i.e., with business links) and pressure-resistant directors (i.e., without business links). Our results show that pressure-resistant directors decrease total board compensation and its fixed proportion, whereas they increase the variable proportion of total remuneration and the pay-for-performance sensitivity. By contrast, pressure-sensitive directors offer the opposite results. These findings are consistent with the view that institutional investors are not a homogeneous group and that pressure-resistant directors fulfill a more thorough monitoring role.

      PubDate: 2016-05-16T16:05:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2014.07.003
  • Investment decisions of companies in financial distress

    • Authors: Carlos López-Gutiérrez; Sergio Sanfilippo-Azofra; Begoña Torre-Olmo
      Pages: 174 - 187
      Abstract: Publication date: July–September 2015
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly, Volume 18, Issue 3
      Author(s): Carlos López-Gutiérrez, Sergio Sanfilippo-Azofra, Begoña Torre-Olmo
      This paper analyzes the influence of financial distress on the investment behavior of companies. The analysis includes companies from Germany, Canada, Spain, France, Italy, UK and USA, which cover a wide spectrum of different institutional environments. The methodology used is panel data estimation using the Generalized Method of Moments (System-GMM), thereby allowing control of both unobservable heterogeneity and the problems of endogeneity in explanatory variables. The results show that the influence of financial distress on investment is different according to the investment opportunities available to companies. So, companies in difficulties with fewer opportunities have the greatest propensity to under-invest, while firms in difficulties with better opportunities do not present different investment behavior than healthy companies.

      PubDate: 2016-05-16T16:05:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2014.09.001
  • Proposal of a social alliance success model from a relationship marketing
           perspective: A meta-analytical study of the theoretical foundations

    • Authors: María Jesús Barroso-Méndez; Clementina Galera-Casquet; Víctor Valero-Amaro
      Pages: 188 - 203
      Abstract: Publication date: July–September 2015
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly, Volume 18, Issue 3
      Author(s): María Jesús Barroso-Méndez, Clementina Galera-Casquet, Víctor Valero-Amaro
      Partnerships between businesses and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have become widely adopted mechanisms for collaboration in addressing complex social issues, the aim being to take advantage of the two types of organizational rationale to generate mutual value. Many such alliances have proved to be unsuccessful, however. To assist managers improve the likelihood of success of their collaborative relationships, the authors propose a success model of business-NGO partnering processes based on Relationship Marketing Theory. They also analyse the theoretical bases of the model's hypotheses through a meta-analytical study of the existing literature.

      PubDate: 2016-05-16T16:05:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2014.09.002
  • The impact of educational levels on formal and informal entrepreneurship

    • Authors: Alfredo Jiménez; Carmen Palmero-Cámara; María Josefa González-Santos; Jerónimo González-Bernal; Juan Alfredo Jiménez-Eguizábal
      Pages: 204 - 212
      Abstract: Publication date: July–September 2015
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly, Volume 18, Issue 3
      Author(s): Alfredo Jiménez, Carmen Palmero-Cámara, María Josefa González-Santos, Jerónimo González-Bernal, Juan Alfredo Jiménez-Eguizábal
      This paper studies the impact of formal education on entrepreneurship rates. We propose that different levels of education not only vary between each other in terms of their impact, but also according to whether we analysis either formal or informal entrepreneurship. Our results show that tertiary education increases formal entrepreneurship as a consequence of the higher self-confidence, lower perceived risk and enhanced human capital. At the same time, tertiary education also has a negative effect on informal entrepreneurship as it increases awareness of and sensitivity to the possible negative repercussions of this kind of activities. In addition, we show that the impact of secondary education on formal entrepreneurship is positive as well, although in this case the effect on informal entrepreneurship is not significant. Even though secondary education also increases awareness of the potential negative repercussions of informal entrepreneurship, this effect is counteracted by a lack of management skills.

      PubDate: 2016-05-16T16:05:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2015.02.002
  • Determinants of top management's capability to identify core employees

    • Authors: Natalia García-Carbonell; Fernando Martín-Alcázar; Gonzalo Sánchez-Gardey
      Pages: 69 - 80
      Abstract: Publication date: April–June 2015
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly, Volume 18, Issue 2
      Author(s): Natalia García-Carbonell, Fernando Martín-Alcázar, Gonzalo Sánchez-Gardey
      Despite the increasing academic interest, the human resource management formulation process still remains unclear. Building on human capital and talent management literatures, this study investigates how top management teams identify critical human resources. The proposed model explores how top management teams’ ability to identify core employees is conditioned by two human capital attributes of their members (cognitive skills and value orientation). The empirical analysis developed confirms the influence of human capital. Nevertheless, results only provide partial support to our hypotheses, showing that the identification of critical human resources is more complex than theoretically assumed. The estimation of the proposed model shows that, to efficiently develop this process, top management teams require the combination of rational and creative skills, as well as a collectivistic orientation. The implications of this conclusion for both academics and practitioners are discussed in the paper, as well as the limitations of the study.

      PubDate: 2016-05-16T16:05:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2014.07.002
  • The ethical commitment of independent directors in different contexts of
           investor protection

    • Authors: Isabel María García-Sánchez; José Valeriano Frías Aceituno; Luis Rodríguez Domínguez
      Pages: 81 - 94
      Abstract: Publication date: April–June 2015
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly, Volume 18, Issue 2
      Author(s): Isabel María García-Sánchez, José Valeriano Frías Aceituno, Luis Rodríguez Domínguez
      The purpose of this study is to compare, for countries with different legal environments, the degree to which boards of directors may improve corporate ethical behaviour by designing codes of ethics. These codes address issues such as a company's responsibility regarding the quality of its products and services, compliance with laws and regulations, conflicts of interest, corruption and fraud, and protection of the natural environment. Using a sample of firms from 12 countries, we obtain evidence that a greater presence of independent directors on the board leads to the existence of more complex codes of ethics. Moreover, there are significant differences between countries with high levels and countries with low levels of investor protection as regards the effectiveness of independent directors in constraining unethical behaviour by managers.

      PubDate: 2016-05-16T16:05:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2014.07.001
  • Interest rate changes and stock returns in Spain: A wavelet analysis

    • Authors: Pablo Moya-Martínez; Roman Ferrer-Lapeña; Francisco Escribano-Sotos
      Pages: 95 - 110
      Abstract: Publication date: April–June 2015
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly, Volume 18, Issue 2
      Author(s): Pablo Moya-Martínez, Roman Ferrer-Lapeña, Francisco Escribano-Sotos
      This paper investigates the relationship between changes in interest rates and the Spanish stock market at the industry level over the period from January 1993 to December 2012 using a wavelet-based approach. The empirical results indicate that Spanish industries exhibit, in general, a significant interest rate sensitivity, although the degree of interest rate exposure differs considerably across industries and depending on the time horizon under consideration. In particular, regulated industries such as Utilities, highly indebted industries such as Real Estate, Utilities or Technology and Telecommunications, and the Banking industry emerge as the most vulnerable to interest rates. Further, the link between movements in interest rates and industry equity returns is stronger at the coarsest scales. This finding is consistent with the idea that investors with long-term horizons are more likely to follow macroeconomic fundamentals, such as interest rates, in their investment decisions.

      PubDate: 2016-05-16T16:05:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2014.07.004
  • Consumer identification with store brands: Differences between consumers
           according to their brand loyalty

    • Authors: Natalia Rubio; Nieves Villaseñor; Javier Oubiña
      Pages: 111 - 126
      Abstract: Publication date: April–June 2015
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly, Volume 18, Issue 2
      Author(s): Natalia Rubio, Nieves Villaseñor, Javier Oubiña
      Retail management of store brands (SBs) has focused on achieving positioning in value and creating associations of smart or expert shopping. The result is that value-conscious consumers and market mavens are the main targets of these brands. This study proposes and contrasts empirically a theoretical model of the effect of market mavenism and value consciousness on consumer identification with SBs. We also perform a multi-group analysis based on the consumer tendency to be loyal to the brands he or she buys. Consumers who are loyal to brands are very attractive segments for firms, due to the potential benefits these consumers represent in the long term, whereas consumers with little loyalty to brands can be an attractive segment for potential benefits in the short term. The results obtained in this study show differences between these two groups. For consumers who are loyal to brands, the results stress strong identification with the SB among the most value-conscious consumers, due fundamentally to their greater disagreement with the greater functional risk of these brands as compared to manufacturer brands and due to their greater conviction of the better price-quality ratio of SBs. In consumers with little brand loyalty, we find identification with the SB among the consumers with the greatest market mavenism, as a result of their greater perception of smart or expert shopping for these brands. Significant implications for management are derived from this study.

      PubDate: 2016-05-16T16:05:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2014.03.004
  • How customers construct corporate social responsibility images: Testing
           the moderating role of demographic characteristics

    • Authors: Andrea Pérez; Ignacio Rodríguez del Bosque
      Pages: 127 - 141
      Abstract: Publication date: April–June 2015
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly, Volume 18, Issue 2
      Author(s): Andrea Pérez, Ignacio Rodríguez del Bosque
      This paper discusses the formation process of CSR images from a customer perspective. It analyses the influence of company-CSR coherence, motivational attribution and corporate credibility in the way customers evaluate CSR images in the banking industry. It also describes the impact of customer gender, age and educational level on the formation of CSR images. Results show that CSR images are based on customer perceptions of the company-CSR coherence, the attribution of altruistic motivations and corporate credibility when developing CSR initiatives. The findings also demonstrate that gender, age and educational level do not allow identifying differences in the way customers construct CSR images. Thus, they are not useful in segmenting customers for the design of better CSR and communication strategies.

      PubDate: 2016-05-16T16:05:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2014.04.003
  • Related-party transactions, dominant owners and firm value

    • Authors: Carolina Bona-Sánchez; Carmen Lorena Fernández-Senra; Jerónimo Pérez-Alemán
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 October 2016
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly
      Author(s): Carolina Bona-Sánchez, Carmen Lorena Fernández-Senra, Jerónimo Pérez-Alemán
      We examine RPTs in one Continental European country, Spain, where ownership concentration is prevalent and state ownership is practically non-existent. Our results show that more than half of listed Spanish firms commit to RPTs over the analyzed period. Furthermore, from the perspective of the related party to the transaction, connected transactions between listed Spanish firms and their blockholders account for 99.84% of the total RPTs carried out by listed Spanish firms. Finally, our findings reveal that financial, operating and investment dimensions of RPTs negatively affect firm value due to the presence of an expropriation effect whereby RPTs are driven by insiders’ opportunism, regardless of the dimension (financial, operating and investment) affected by the existence of RPTs. Thus, in a context where the main concern of corporate governance is the potential expropriation of minority shareholders by controlling owners, RPTs require special regulator's attention in order to improve investor protection and market confidence to promote a more efficient allocation of resources.

      PubDate: 2016-10-16T12:55:38Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2016.07.002
  • “Where do you want to take your family firm?” A theoretical and
           empirical exploratory study of family business goals

    • Authors: Rodrigo Basco
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 October 2016
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly
      Author(s): Rodrigo Basco
      Family business scholars assume that family business goals represent the nature of the firm's decision making and are driving forces (i.e., antecedents) of family firm behavior, performance, continuity, competitiveness, and sustainability. Without measuring family business goals, family business research—specifically, the family business theorizing process—is floating in the midst of assumptions used to justify observational descriptive data, such as differences between family and non-family firms and differences among various types of family firms. There remains a lack of clarity surrounding the theoretical definition of family business goals and an absence of methodological approaches to make the concept operative. In order to address this gap, this research applies an exploratory step-by-step methodology that combines both a theoretical and an empirical approach. First, following an inductive literature review, I theorize family business goals as a multidimensional concept combining two scales: economic versus non-economic orientation and family versus business orientation. Second, by using a unique Spanish database of family business, I use the partial least squares structural equation modeling method to confirm and extend the proposed theoretical multidimensional concept of family business goals.

      PubDate: 2016-10-02T21:16:02Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2016.07.001
  • Determinants of perceived and actual knowledge of commission paid by
           contributors in the pension funds industry

    • Authors: Pablo
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 October 2016
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly
      Author(s): Pablo Farías
      This paper examines the determinants of perceived and actual knowledge of commission paid by contributors in the Chilean pension funds industry. Results show that price consciousness and brand credibility are positively associated with perceived and actual knowledge of commission paid by pension fund contributors. Results also show that financial literacy is only positively associated with actual knowledge of commission paid by contributors. Additionally, results show that price based advertising exposure is only positively associated with perceived knowledge of commission paid by contributors. This association is stronger for contributors with a high use of the price-quality cue. Based on the findings presented, implications for managers, regulators and researchers are drawn.

      PubDate: 2016-10-02T21:16:02Z
  • Industry specific financial distress modeling

    • Authors: Naz Sayari; Can Simga Mugan
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 May 2016
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly
      Author(s): Naz Sayari, Can Simga Mugan
      This study investigates uncertainty levels of various industries and tries to determine financial ratios having the greatest information content in determining the set of industry characteristics. It then uses these ratios to develop industry specific financial distress models. First, we employ factor analysis to determine the set of ratios that are most informative in specified industries. Second, we use a method based on the concept of entropy to measure the level of uncertainty in industries and also to single out the ratios that best reflect the uncertainty levels in specific industries. Finally, we conduct a logistic regression analysis and derive industry specific financial distress models which can be used to judge the predictive ability of selected financial ratios for each industry. The results show that financial ratios do indeed echo industry characteristics and that information content of specific ratios varies among different industries. Our findings show diverging impact of industry characteristics on companies; and thus the necessity of constructing industry specific financial distress models.

      PubDate: 2016-05-16T16:05:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2016.03.003
  • Human capital and human resource management to achieve ambidextrous
           learning: A structural perspective

    • Authors: Mirta Diaz-Fernandez; Susana Pasamar-Reyes; Ramon Valle-Cabrera
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 May 2016
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly
      Author(s): Mirta Diaz-Fernandez, Susana Pasamar-Reyes, Ramon Valle-Cabrera
      Organisational learning has become increasingly important for strategic renewal. Ambidextrous organisations are especially successful in the current environment, where firms are required to be efficient and adapt to change. Using a structural approach, this study discusses arguments about the nature of ambidexterity and identifies the kinds of human capital that better support specific learning types and HRM practices suited to these components of human capital. Results highlight learning differences between marketing and production units, as well as different HRM practices and human capital orientations. This study points out that human capital mediates between HRM practices and learning.

      PubDate: 2016-05-16T16:05:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.brq.2016.03.002
  • Submissions and research impact at BRQ: Gradual changes weave their way

    • Abstract: Publication date: January–March 2016
      Source:BRQ Business Research Quarterly, Volume 19, Issue 1
      Author(s): Xosé H. Vázquez

      PubDate: 2016-05-16T16:05:05Z
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
Home (Search)
Subjects A-Z
Publishers A-Z
Your IP address:
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-2016