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BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1145 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1566 Journals sorted alphabetically
4OR: A Quarterly Journal of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Abacus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Accounting Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Acta Amazonica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Commercii     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Oeconomica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientiarum. Human and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Universitatis Danubius. Œconomica     Open Access  
Acta Universitatis Nicolai Copernici Zarządzanie     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AD-minister     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ADR Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Developing Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Economics and Business     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
AfricaGrowth Agenda     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
African Development Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
African Journal of Business and Economic Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
African Review of Economics and Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Afro-Asian Journal of Finance and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Alphanumeric Journal : The Journal of Operations Research, Statistics, Econometrics and Management Information Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Economic Journal : Applied Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 124)
American Economic Journal : Economic Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 97)
American Journal of Business     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
American Journal of Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 51)
American Journal of Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Economics and Business Administration     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Economics and Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
American Journal of Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Finance and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
American Journal of Medical Quality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales de l'Institut Henri Poincare (C) Non Linear Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annals in Social Responsibility     Full-text available via subscription  
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annual Review of Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Applied Developmental Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Applied Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Applied Economics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Applied Economics Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Applied Financial Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Applied Mathematical Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Stochastic Models in Business and Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Arab Economic and Business Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Business Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Arena Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Argomenti. Rivista di economia, cultura e ricerca sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ASEAN Economic Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific Business Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 322)
Asia Pacific Viewpoint     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Case Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asian Development Review     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Asian Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian Economic Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Accounting and Governance     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian-pacific Economic Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Atlantic Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Australasian Journal of Regional Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Cottongrower, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Australian Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Australian Journal of Maritime and Ocean Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Balkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Baltic Journal of Real Estate Economics and Construction Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Banks in Insurance Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
BBR - Brazilian Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Benchmarking : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
BER : Consumer Confidence Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BER : Economic Prospects : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription  
BER : Economic Prospects : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Intermediate Goods Industries Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Manufacturing Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Motor Trade Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Retail Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Retail Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Building and Construction : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Manufacturing : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Retail : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Trends : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Wholesale Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Berkeley Business Law Journal     Free   (Followers: 11)
Bio-based and Applied Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biodegradation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biology Direct     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Black Enterprise     Full-text available via subscription  
Board & Administrator for Administrators only     Hybrid Journal  
Border Crossing : Transnational Working Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Briefings in Real Estate Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
British Journal of Industrial Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Brookings Papers on Economic Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 47)
Brookings Trade Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BRQ Business Research Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Building Sustainable Legacies : The New Frontier Of Societal Value Co-Creation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Economic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of the Dnipropetrovsk University. Series : Management of Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business & Entrepreneurship Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Business & Information Systems Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Business & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Business : Theory and Practice / Verslas : Teorija ir Praktika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business and Economic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Business and Management Horizons     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Business and Management Research     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Business and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Business and Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business and Professional Communication Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Business and Society Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Business Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business Ethics: A European Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Business Horizons     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Business Information Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Business Management and Strategy     Open Access   (Followers: 40)
Business Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Business Strategy and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Business Strategy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Business Strategy Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business Systems & Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Business Systems Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Business, Management and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Business, Peace and Sustainable Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bustan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos EBAPE.BR     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Journal of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences / Revue Canadienne des Sciences de l Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue Canadienne d`Economique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Canadian journal of nonprofit and social economy research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Capitalism and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Capitalism Nature Socialism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Case Studies in Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
CBU International Conference Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Central European Journal of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Central European Journal of Public Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Chain Reaction     Full-text available via subscription  
Challenge     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
China & World Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
China : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
China Economic Journal: The Official Journal of the China Center for Economic Research (CCER) at Peking University     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
China Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
China Finance Review International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
China Nonprofit Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
China perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Chinese Economy     Full-text available via subscription  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CLIO América     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cliometrica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
COEPTUM     Open Access  
Community Development Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Compensation & Benefits Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Competition & Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Competitive Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Competitiveness Review : An International Business Journal incorporating Journal of Global Competitiveness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Computational Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Computational Mathematics and Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computer Law & Security Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Computers & Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Construction Innovation: Information, Process, Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Contemporary Wales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Contextus - Revista Contemporânea de Economia e Gestão     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Corporate Communications An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Corporate Philanthropy Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Corporate Reputation Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Creative and Knowledge Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Creative Industries Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
CRIS - Bulletin of the Centre for Research and Interdisciplinary Study     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Crossing the Border : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cuadernos de Administración (Universidad del Valle)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Economía     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Economia - Latin American Journal of Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Estudios Empresariales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Creativity, Innovation and Entrepreneurship     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
De Economist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Decision Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Decision Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Decision Support Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Defence and Peace Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
der markt     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Desenvolvimento em Questão     Open Access  
Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Development and Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Development and Learning in Organizations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 | Last

Journal Cover Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities
  [4 followers]  Follow
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 0126-5008
   Published by Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Homepage  [13 journals]
  • Unfolding Workplace Skills through Oral Progress Report Activity (OPRA)
           (Merungkai Kemahiran Pekerjaan Melalui Aktiviti Laporan Kemajuan Lisan

    • Authors: Wahiza Wahi, Azwan Shaiza Nizam, Normazidah Che Musa
      Abstract: In line with the changing nature of the workplace, Malaysian higher learning institutions are currently confronted with issues pertaining to graduates’ lack of ability to communicate confidently and fluently in English and to adapt effectively to the requirements of the workplace. This paper deliberates on the dynamic and constructive workplace skills demonstrated by undergraduate students through Oral Progress Report Activity (OPRA), introduced in an English language course. OPRA requires the students to carry out small group discussions in which they present and discuss the progress of their project work in a meeting-like situation. One student leads the group discussion while the others report on the progress of the project. After conducting the OPRA, the students are asked to write on their experiences, feelings and action plans in their reflective journals. Informed by the social theory of learning, this paper explicates the workplace skills involving communication skills, meeting skills and analytical reasoning. Data for this study are drawn from students’ reflective journals and focus group interviews. The findings of the study illustrate that OPRA enhances students’ communication skills, fosters critical thinking skills and increases students’ self-confidence. The findings also show that OPRA encourages them to become critical of their own performance and skills. The implication of this study suggests that the use of pedagogical approach promotes language and communication, and at the same time, emulates workplace skills is important to train students to acquire workplace skills.Keywords: Oral Progress Report Activity; workplace skills; English language learning; higher education; reflective journals ABSTRAKSejajar dengan perubahan keperluan alam pekerjaan masa kini, institusi pengajian tinggi di Malaysia berhadapan dengan masalah graduan yang kurang berkebolehan dan kurang berkeyakinan untuk berkomunikasi dalam Bahasa Inggeris. Malah graduan juga dikatakan tidak dapat menyesuaikan diri dengan kehendak alam pekerjaan. Makalah ini bertujuan membincangkan kemahiran berkaitan pekerjaan yang dipamerkan oleh pelajar prasiswazah melalui Aktiviti Laporan Kemajuan Lisan (OPRA). Untuk aktiviti ini, pelajar diminta melaporkan dan membentangkan kemajuan projek mereka dalam perbincangan berbentuk sebuah mesyuarat. Ketua projek mengetuai perbincangan manakala ahli lain melaporkan kemajuan projek. Selepas menjalani OPRA, pelajar diminta membuat refleksi diri untuk menilai pengalaman yang mereka perolehi melalui aktiviti ini. Mereka juga diminta menyatakan pelan tindakan mereka dalam jurnal refleksi. Berpandukan kepada teori pembelajaran sosial, makalah ini merungkai kemahiran pekerjaan yang diperolehi seperti kemahiran berkomunikasi, kemahiran bermesyuarat dan keupayaan berfikir secara analitikal. Data kajian diperolehi daripada jurnal refleksi pelajar dan temuduga kumpulan berfokus. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan bahawa OPRA mampu meningkatkan kemahiran komunikasi pelajar, memperkukuhkan kemahiran berfikir secara kritikal dan mempertingkatkan keyakinan diri. Dapatan kajian juga membuktikan bahawa OPRA mampu mempertingkatkan kemahiran kritikal pelajar dalam menilai pencapaian dan kemahiran mereka. Implikasi kajian ini menunjukkan kaedah pengajaran yang memfokus kepada latihan bahasa dan komunikasi serta pemupukan kemahiran berkaitan pekerjaaan perlu diserap dalam pengajaran untuk membantu graduan menguasai kemahiran tersebut.Kata kunci: Aktiviti Laporan Kemajuan Lisan; kemahiran pekerjaan; pembelajaran Bahasa Inggeris; pendidikan tinggi; jurnal refleksi
      PubDate: 2016-10-21
      Issue No: Vol. 86, No. 2 (2016)
  • Effect of Education Level and Religion on Attitude to Stem Cells in
           Malaysia (Kesan Tahap Pendidikan dan Agama ke atas Sikap terhadap Sel Stem
           di Malaysia)

    • Authors: Latifah Amin, Hasrizul Hashim, Maznah Ibrahim, Anisah Che Ngah, Nik Marzuki Sidik
      Abstract: The issue of using stem cells derived from human embryos and adult tissues to treat diseases has been divisively debated mainly due to ethical concerns. The objective of this article was to assess and compare the attitude level of the Malaysian public in the Klang Valley region towards human adult stem cells (hASCs) and human embryonic stem cells (hESCs). Results of the survey on 509 adult respondents revealed that the Malaysian public expressed higher support for hASCs, perceived the application as having lower moral concern and more acceptable by their religion as compared to hESCs. Univariate analysis following Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA) confirmed that there were significant differences for perceived benefits and religious acceptance of hASCs across education level. Respondents who hold tertiary education level tended to perceive both hESCs and hASCs as more beneficial and believed the applications as more acceptable from their religious point of view. Their opinion of hASCs differed significantly compared to the respondents who hold pre-university education. Respondents from all religions perceived both hESCs and hASCs as having moderate benefits and risks. Significant differences were only detected for perceived moral concerns and encouragement of hESCs across religion. The Christians expressed greater moral concern of both hESCs and hASCs compared to other religions but post hoc test only detected significant difference in their opinion on hESCs from the Buddhists. The Buddhists were found to be more supportive towards both hESCs and hASCs but their support level for hESCs only differed significantly from the Muslims.Keywords: Attitude; stem cells; education level; religion; Malaysia ABSTRAKIsu penggunaan sel stem yang diperolehi dari embrio dan tisu dewasa manusia untuk merawat penyakit telah dibahaskan akibat kebimbangan masyarakat terhadap aspek etika. Tujuan utama kajian ini adalah untuk menilai dan membandingkan sikap orang awam di Lembah Klang, Malaysia terhadap penggunaan sel stem dewasa manusia (hASCs) dan sel stem janin manusia (hESCs). Hasil survei ke atas 509 responden mendapati masyarakat Malaysia telah menyatakan tahap sokongan yang lebih tinggi terhadap hASCs dan berpandangan bahawa aplikasi yang melibatkan hASCs mempunyai tahap kebimbangan moral yang lebih rendah dan lebih diterima oleh agama berbanding hESCs. Analisis univariat susulan dari MANOVA mengesahkan bahawa terdapat perbezaan yang signifikan bagi faedah dan penerimaan agama hASCs berdasarkan tahap pendidikan. Responden yang memiliki tahap pendidikan yang lebih tinggi cenderung untuk melihat kedua-dua hESCs dan hASCs sebagai lebih berfaedah dan berpandangan bahawa kedua-dua aplikasi lebih diterima dari sudut agama. Persepsi mereka terhadap hASCs berbeza secara signifikan berbanding responden yang hanya memiliki pendidikan pra-universiti. Responden dari semua agama menganggap kedua-dua hESCs dan hASCs sebagai mempunyai tahap faedah dan risiko yang sederhana. Perbezaan yang signifikan hanya dikesan bagi kebimbangan moral dan galakan hESCs dari sudut agama. Responden beragama Kristian telah melahirkan kebimbangan moral yang lebih tinggi terhadap hESCs dan hASCs dan pandangan mereka terhadap hESCs berbeza secara signifikan berbanding responden beragama Buddha. Responden beragama Buddha amat menyokong kedua-dua hESCs dan hASCs tetapi tahap sokongan mereka terhadap hESCs berbeza secara signifikan dengan responden beragama Islam.Kata kunci: Sikap; sel stem; tahap pendidikan; agama; Malaysia
      PubDate: 2016-10-21
      Issue No: Vol. 86, No. 2 (2016)
  • Affordable Housing Performance Assessment: Applying the Concept of Grow
           Home as One of the Measurement Criteria (Penilaian Prestasi Rumah Mampu
           Milik: Aplikasi Konsep Rumah Berkembang sebagai Salah Satu Kriteria

    • Authors: Ahlam Mohammad Jamal Esruq-Labin, Ahmad Rafizi Salleh, Halizah Omar, Adi Irfan Che-Ani, Norngainy Mohd Tawil
      Abstract: In an attempt to fulfill the basic needs of proper accommodation for its people, governments of all countries strive to ensure that every household is able to have a home. Thus, the concept of affordable housing has become widespread around the world. In addition, the concept of Grow Home was established to encourage more families to buy their own houses. The Grow Home concept is based on the notion of affordable housing. This article aims to consider the concept of Grow Home as one of the Affordable Housing Performance Assessment for the landed housing in the central region of Peninsular Malaysia. It consists of two criteria; landed properties and new spaces. Taman Selasih and Taman Lukut Makmur, constructed in Negeri Sembilan, the central region of Peninsular Malaysia were chosen for the case study.The sample consists of 155 units in Taman Selasih and 93 units in Taman Lukut Makmur. A physical survey was conducted to assess the grow home measurement item in Taman Selasih and Taman Lukut Makmur through field observation and informal interviews with the residents at the site. The findings from this case study showed that Grow Home could be considered as an affordable housing performance assessment since the criteria of landed properties and new spaces affect the housing industry performance as a whole.Keywords: Affordable housing; Grow Home; housing; landed houses; performance criteria ABSTRAKDalam memenuhi keperluan asas untuk kediaman yang selesa kepada rakyat, kerajaan di semua negara berusaha bagi memastikan setiap isi rumah dapat memiliki rumah sendiri. Lantaran itu, konsep rumah mampu milik telah merebak ke seluruh pelusuk dunia. Tambahan lagi, konsep Rumah Berkembang (Grow Home) telah diwujudkan bagi menggalakkan lebih ramai keluarga membeli rumah mereka sendiri. Konsep ini berasaskan idea dari konsep rumah mampu milik. Makalah ini bertujuan untuk mempertimbangkan konsep Rumah Berkembang sebagai Penilaian Kemajuan Rumah Mampu Milik bagi rumah bertanah di wilayah tengah, Semenanjung Malaysia. Terdapat dua kriteria yang diambil kira dalam indikator ini: hartanah bertanah dan ruang baru. Taman Selasih dan Taman Lukut Makmur terletak di Negri Sembilan, wilayah tengah Semenanjung Malaysia, telah dipilih sebagai sampel dalam kajian kes ini. Taman Selasih mengandungi 155 unit rumah manakala Taman Lukut Makmur terdapat hanya 93 unit rumah sahaja. Kajian rentas telah dilakukan bagi mendapatkan data bagi mengukur item penilaian rumah berkembang di kedua-dua taman tersebut melalui kaedah pemerhatian dan temubual secara tidak formal dengan penduduk di tapak sampel. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan Konsep Rumah Berkembang boleh dipertimbangkan sebagai Penilaian Prestasi Rumah Mampu Milik disebabkan kriteria hartanah bertanah dan ruang baru memberi kesan kepada kemajuan industri perumahan secara keseluruhan.Kata kunci: Mampu milik; rumah berkembang; rumah; rumah bertanah; kriteria prestasi
      PubDate: 2016-10-21
      Issue No: Vol. 86, No. 2 (2016)
  • Aggression Profiles of Incarcerated Malaysian Male Murderers (Profil
           Agresif Pembunuh Lelaki Malaysia yang telah Dipenjarakan)

    • Authors: Mohammad Rahim Kamaluddin, Azizah Othman, Khaidzir Ismail, Geshina Ayu Mat Saat
      Abstract: Criminological and psychological researches have highlighted aggressive behavior as the basic ingredient of violent crime, including murder. Increased concerns about the rate of murder in Malaysia have called for studies examining aggression profiles of the Malaysian murderers. The present study intends to explore the aggression profiles of Malaysian male prisoners convicted of murder, utilizing Buss and Perry’s Four Structure Aggression Model. A cross-sectional methodology was adapted as a research design of the present study. A guided self-administered questionnaire was distributed among 71 Malaysian male prisoners convicted of murder using purposive sampling method. The entire aggression profiles are assessed using Aggression Questionnaire-12 items (AQ-12). Descriptive item analyses were carried out to elicit the level of responses for each item in the AQ-12 while bivariate analyses were used to ascertain associations among aggression subscales. The aggression profiles indicated that the mean score of anger (8.10, SD = 2.93) was higher than other forms of aggression traits. The least mean score was noted for verbal aggression (6.24, SD = 2.45). Among the respondents, 54.9% of them scored above the mean score (8.10) for anger subscale. This was followed by 52.1% who scored above the mean score (7.77) for physical aggression subscale. The correlations among all the aggression subscales had indicated positive and significant associations which in turn, may enable it to be a platform to inspire other researches in this field. In conclusion, this ground-breaking study among male murderers has successfully explored aggression profiles using AQ-12.Keywords: Violence; crime; criminal behavior; male murderers; murder ABSTRAKKajian kriminologi dan psikologi telah mengutarakan tingkah laku agresif sebagai ramuan asas untuk jenayah kekerasan, termasuk pembunuhan. Peningkatan kadar pembunuhan di Malaysia yang membimbangkan telah menggesa keperluan kajian yang mengkaji profil agresif para pembunuh lelaki Malaysia. Kajian ini bertujuan untuk meneroka profil agresif banduan lelaki Malaysia yang disabitkan atas kesalahan membunuh, dengan menggunakan Struktur Model Agresif Buss dan Perry. Satu kaedah keratan rentas telah diguna pakai sebagai reka bentuk penyelidikan kajian ini. Soal selidik yang ditadbir sendiri secara panduan telah diedarkan kepada 71 banduan lelaki Malaysia yang disabitkan atas kesalahan membunuh dan para responden telah direkrut dengan menggunakan kaedah persampelan bertujuan. Profil agresif dinilai menggunakan alat ujian agresif (AQ-12). Analisis item deskriptif telah dijalankan bagi mendapatkan tahap respon untuk setiap item dalam AQ-12 manakala analisis bivariat telah digunakan untuk memastikan hubungan dalam kalangan skala kecil agresif. Profil agresif menunjukkan bahawa skor purata kemarahan (8.10, SD = 2.93) adalah lebih tinggi daripada bentuk agresif yang lain. Purata markah yang paling sedikit pula ditunjukkan oleh agresif lisan (6.24, SD = 2.45). Dalam kalangan responden, 54.9% daripadanya mendapat skor lebih daripada skor purata (8.10) untuk skala kemarahan. Ini diikuti dengan 52.1% responden yang mendapat skor lebih daripada skor purata (7.77) untuk skala agresif fizikal. Korelasi antara skala agresif telah menunjukkan hubungan yang positif dan signifikan di mana dapatan kajian ini boleh menjadi kajian asas untuk kajian-kajian yang akan datang dalam bidang ini. Kesimpulannya, kajian ini menjadi kajian pertama dalam kalangan pembunuh lelaki dalam menerokai profil agresif dengan menggunakan AQ-12.Kata kunci: Keganasan; jenayah; tingkah laku jenayah; pembunuh lelaki; pembunuhan
      PubDate: 2016-10-21
      Issue No: Vol. 86, No. 2 (2016)
  • An Analysis of Malay Magic by Kirk Michael Endicott

    • Authors: Puteh Noraihan A Rahman, Zahir Ahmad
      PubDate: 2016-10-11
      Issue No: Vol. 86, No. 2 (2016)
  • Unsur Semiotik dalam Wacana Iklan Kecantikan (Semiotic Elements in the
           Discourse of Beauty Advertisements)

    • Authors: Maserah Shabudin, Noraini Ibrahim
      Abstract: Dalam wacana iklan kecantikan wanita, unsur semiotik merupakan elemen yang paling penting dan berperanan besar dalam menyampaikan konsep dan mesej mengenai sesuatu produk yang ingin diiklankan. Imej visual dikatakan lebih efektif dan lebih memberi makna daripada seribu perkataan dan memainkan peranan yang amat penting bagi menarik perhatian pengguna dan dalam masa yang sama sebagai alat yang membentuk hubungan dialektikal antara pewacana dan khalayak. Dalam masyarakat Jepun yang homogen, monolitik dan monoetnik, penelitian menunjukkan bahawa terdapat intervensi pengaplikasian imej wanita kaukasia Oksidental dalam penghasilan wacana iklan produk kecantikan di Jepun. Makalah ini membincangkan mekanisme unsur semiotik yang berkiblatkan ideologi kecantikan dari Barat yang dimanfaatkan dalam 23 teks iklan produk kecantikan wanita dalam bahasa Jepun. Analisis adalah berdasarkan pendekatan analisis wacana, kaedah Fairclough (2001). Penginterpretasian menunjukkan bahawa pewacana telah memanfaatkan semaksimum mungkin nilai, imej serta stereotaip etnobudaya yang positif dan berprestij tinggi yang dibawa oleh negara-negara Barat. Keghairahan wanita Jepun dalam meniru gaya wanita kaukasia Oksidental yang dianggap sebagai ‘simbol budaya dunia’ dan ‘kecantikan universal’ dari segi berpakaian, cara solekan, dandanan rambut, bentuk fizikal raut wajah dan tubuh badan dimanfaatkan sebaik mungkin oleh pewacana dalam mencetus, membina dan menanam ideologi kecantikan oksidental bagi mempengaruhi, menarik perhatian dan minat wanita Jepun terhadap sesuatu produk kecantikan.Kata kunci: Semiotik; media cetak majalah; bahasa Jepun; analisis wacana; wanita Kaukasia Oksidental ABSTRACTIn the discourse of women’s beauty product advertisements, the elements of semiotics are the most important and play a huge role in communicating the concept and message about a product that is to be advertised. Visual image is said to be more effective and more meaningful than a thousand words, simaltenously plays a very important role in attracting the consumers’ attention and as a tool to form a dialectical relationship between the discourser and the public. In the homogenous, monolithic and monoethnic Japanese society, research shows that there are interventions of Occidental Caucasian women’s image application in the creation of discourse of beauty product advertisements in Japan. This article discusses the mechanism of semiotic elements that is oriented towards Western ideology of beauty which is exploited in 23 texts of women’s beauty product advertisements in Japanese language. Analysis is based on Fairclough’s framework of discourse analysis. Interpretation shows that the discourser has utilised as maximal as possible, the values, image as well as the positive and prestigious etnocultural stereotypes brought by the Western countries. The enthusiasm of Japanese women in imitating the style of Occidental Caucasian women which is considered as the ‘symbol of world culture’ and ‘universal beauty’ in terms of dressing, make up, hair styling, facial and bodily physical features is utilised as best as possible by the discourser in creating, developing and instilling the ideology of occidental beauty in order to influence, and to attract the attention and interest of Japanese women towards a beauty product.Keywords: Semiotics; magazine print media; Japanese language; discourse analysis; occidental Caucasian women
      PubDate: 2016-09-06
      Issue No: Vol. 86, No. 2 (2016)
  • Akhlak Guru dalam Pengajaran dan Pembelajaran Pendidikan Islam
           (Teacher’s Good Behaviour in Teaching and Learning the Islamic

    • Authors: Sofiah Mohamed, Kamarul Azmi Jasmi, Muhammad Azhar Zailaini
      Abstract: Artikel ini berdasarkan kajian kes kualitatif yang bertujuan untuk meneroka dan memerihalkan cara guru Pendidikan Islam melaksanakan akhlak mulia berdasarkan teori al-Ghazali dalam pengajaran dan pembelajaran Pendidikan Islam. Data dikumpul menggunakan kaedah pemerhatian, temu bual, dan analisis dokumen dengan tiga orang peserta kajian terdiri dari guru Pendidikan Islam tingkatan empat daripada tiga buah sekolah dipilih dengan menggunakan teknik persampelan bertujuan. Antara kriteria pemilihan yang digunakan ialah mempunyai ijazah sarjana muda serta diploma perguruan dari universiti tempatan atau institut pendidikan yang setaraf. Dapatan kajian mendapati bahawa guru Pendidikan Islam sentiasa mengamalkan akhlak mulia dalam proses pengajaran dan pembelajaran di bilik darjah seperti kasih sayang, ikhlas, nasihat, berhikmah dalam usaha menegur kesilapan, pengajaran bertahap dan beramal dengan ilmu. Namun begitu cara penyampaian dan tingkah laku guru mengikut kaedah mereka yang tersendiri. Hasil kajian telah menghasilkan ‘Qudwah Hasanah Akhlak guru’ yang diharapkan menjadi panduan kepada semua guru di Malaysia khususnya dan di dunia Islam umumnya.Kata kunci: Akhlak guru, pengajaran dan pembelajaran, Pendidikan Islam, al-Ghazali ABSTRACTThis article, based on a series of qualitative case studies, aims to explore and describe how Islamic Education teachers perform in accordance to al-Ghazali’s teaching and learning theory. The data underpinning the study was collected by purposive sampling, observation, interviews, and document analysis from three Form Four Islamic Education teachers from three schools. Selection criteria for the teaching staff included the need to have bachelor’s degree and a diploma in teaching. The findings of the study found that these Islamic Education teachers practiced al-Ghazali’s methods of teaching and learning in the classroom by displaying care and sincerity and offering admonitory wisdom, in short, by becoming an exemplary role model. The actual style and method of delivery, however were personal to the teacher. The study concludes that by assessing these teaching behaviours, it is possible to produce a ‘Good Behaviour Qudwah Hasanah’, which could become a guide to all teachers in the Islamic world and elsewhere.Keywords: Teachers’ good behaviour, teaching and learning, Islamic education, al-Ghazali 
      PubDate: 2016-09-06
      Issue No: Vol. 86, No. 2 (2016)
  • The Relationship between Attitude, Intention, and Entrepreneurship Career
           Choice among Malaysian Indian Undergraduates (Hubungan Sikap, Keinginan,
           dan Pemilihan Kerjaya Keusahawanan dalam Kalangan Prasiswazah India

    • Authors: Ravi Nagarathanam, Nor Aishah Buang
      Abstract: Entrepreneurship involves processes of starting and managing a venture and business of a company or organization. The entrepreneurs are responsible in developing their own business plan, acquire human and other available resources. Entrepreneurship is an essential field for a nation’s economic development because it creates job opportunities and brings wealth to the people. Despite being fanned around the globe, entrepreneurship is taken lightly in Malaysia especially among the Indian graduates. In order to highlight this problem, this study was designed to identify the relationship between attitude and intention towards an entrepreneurial career choice among the Indian undergraduates. A total of 315 Indian undergraduates from Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Universiti Tenaga Nasional, and Infrastructure University Kuala Lumpur were selected as respondents for this study. In this survey method study, a set of questionnaires were distributed online to the respondents and data obtained were analyzed using descriptive, regression, and ran using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) software version 19.0. The findings show that, intention is highly correlated with an entrepreneurship career choice (r=0.854) while attitude possessed milder effects with a moderate correlation (r=0.510) at a significant level of 0.05. These findings suggest that attitude and intention influence an entrepreneurship career choice. Education is well known in contributing to attitude and intention development. Attitude and intention at higher education institutions are very important in predicting students to choose entrepreneurship as a career. Thus, education is a powerful tool to enhance attitude and intention in favor of choosing entrepreneurship as a career.Keywords: Attitude; intention; entrepreneurship; Indian undergraduates; career choice ABSTRAKKeusahawanan melibatkan proses memulakan dan menguruskan usaha dan perniagaan syarikat atau organisasi. Usahawan bertanggungjawab dalam membangunkan pelan perniagaan mereka sendiri, memperoleh sumber manusia dan sumber-sumber lain yang ada. Keusahawanan adalah satu bidang yang penting untuk pembangunan ekonomi negara kerana ia mewujudkan peluang pekerjaan dan membawa kekayaan kepada rakyat. Walaupun mengipasi di seluruh dunia, keusahawanan diambil ringan di Malaysia terutamanya dalam kalangan graduan India. Dalam usaha untuk mengetengahkan masalah ini, kajian ini bertujuan untuk mengenal pasti hubungan antara sikap dan niat ke arah pilihan kerjaya keusahawanan dalam kalangan mahasiswa India. Seramai 315 pelajar India dari Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Universiti Tenaga Nasional dan Universiti Infrastruktur Kuala Lumpur telah dipilih sebagai responden kajian ini. Dalam kajian ini kaedah tinjauan iaitu satu set soal selidik telah diedarkan secara atas talian kepada responden dan data yang diperoleh dianalisis dengan menggunakan perisian Pakej Statistik untuk Sains Sosial (SPSS) dengan melakukan analisis deskriptif dan regresi. Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahawa, niat mempunyai hubungan yang kuat dengan pilihan kerjaya keusahawanan (r=0.854) manakala sikap mempunyai hubungan yang sederhana (r=0.510) pada peringkat signifikan 0.05. Penemuan ini menunjukkan sikap dan keinginan mempengaruhi pilihan kerjaya keusahawanan dalam kalangan prasiswazah India. Pendidikan merupakan penyumbang kepada pembangunan sikap dan niat. Sikap dan keinginan di institusi pengajian tinggi adalah sangat penting dalam meramalkan pelajar untuk memilih keusahawanan sebagai kerjaya. Oleh itu, pendidikan adalah alat yang ampuh untuk meningkatkan sikap dan keinginan dalam memilih keusahawanan sebagai kerjaya.Kata kunci: Sikap; keinginan; keusahawanan; prasiswazah India; pemilihan kerjaya
      PubDate: 2016-09-06
      Issue No: Vol. 86, No. 2 (2016)
  • Analisis Kajian Sastera: Semiotik Dalam Novel Anwar Ridhwan (Analysis of
           Literature Research: Semiotik dalam Novel Anwar Ridhwan)

    • Authors: Jyh Wee Sew
      Abstract: Perbincangan ini meninjau kualiti sebuah buku ilmiah bahasa Melayu yang diterbitkan pada 2014. Kerangka ilmiah yang digunakan membahagikan penilaiannya ke dalam dua kategori, iaitu penampilan luaran dan struktur dalaman. Kategori pertama memeriksa kualiti suntingan dan ketelitian rujukan manakala kategori kedua meninjau kualiti kajian serta kepersisan aspek teori yang digunakan sebagai wadah perbincangan. Kualiti suntingan bermaksud ketepatan dalam ejaan sesuatu bahasa. Ketelitian rujukan ilmiah bererti penampilan kesemua rujukan yang digunakan ke dalam senarai bibliografi. Kualiti kajian dalam perbincangan ini merujuk pada sebarang lanjutan pengetahuan daripada analisis buku yang berkesinambungan dengan hasil kajian yang tersedia ada, atau memperbetul hasil kajian yang terkandung dalam sorotan kajian. Kepersisan aspek teori dalam konteks ini merupakan kejelasan penulis mengaitkan pandangannya dengan ufuk pemikiran baharu berdasarkan pemilihan pecahan tertentu daripada mazhab pemikiran yang diperguna sebagai kerangka kajian. Keempat-empat sudut pandangan ini beroperasi sebagai kayu pengukur bagi sebuah tulisan yang berpegang pada kerangka semiotik. Kandungan buku ini mengandungi kekurangan dari segi kesalahan ejaan hingga ke tatacara rujukan ilmiah yang kurang teliti diperhatikan dalam bibliografi. Perbincangan semiotik yang dipaparkan agak terbatas pada hubungan penanda dan rujukan. Konsep mitologi, iaitu analisis semiotik pada tahap tinggi yang dipelopori oleh Roland Barthes, di luar skop analitik buku ini. Perhitungan ikon, indeks dan simbol dalam analisis novel-novel menunjukkan bahawa kajian semiotik dalam buku ini hanya setakat mengemukakan istilah semiotik sebagai satu katalog penganalisian novel Melayu.Kata kunci: Buku ilmiah Melayu; kajian semiotik; Anwar Ridhwan; novel Melayu; mitologi ABSTRACTThis discussion inspects the quality of a Malay academic book published in 2014. The academic framework examines the external presentation and the internal structures. The former scrutinises the qualities of editing, and attentiveness to referencing whereas the latter evaluates the qualities of research as well as the accuracy in using aspects of theory as part of the argument. The quality of editing informs on the accuracy of spelling whereas attentiveness academic referencing entails a complete inclusion of all the consulted references in the bibliography. Research quality refers to any expansion of knowledge from the analysis of the book in cohesion with the existing findings, or any reconciliation for the existing findings identified in the literature review. The accuracy of theoretical application, on the other hand, refers to the author’s clarity in detailing the arguments towards a new horizon of viewpoints based on the selection of specific components from the theory subscribed in the research. This article shows that the book under investigation contains shortcomings ranging from errors in spelling to inconsistent reference organization in the bibliography. Furthermore, the rather limited discussion in the book on the associations between signifier and signified fails to uphold the concept of mythology, a higher order semiotic analysis pioneered by Roland Barthes. Due to a surface application of the field of semiotics, that is a mere counting of icon, index and symbols in the analyses, the research of this book is limited to a cataloguing of semiotics terminology into Malay novels.Keywords: Malay academic book; semiotic research; Anwar Ridhwan; Malay novel; mythology
      PubDate: 2016-09-06
      Issue No: Vol. 86, No. 2 (2016)
  • Dilemma Kemiskinan: Falsafah, Budaya dan Strategi (Poverty Dilemma:
           Philosophy, Culture and Strategies)

    • Authors: Kartini Aboo Talib @ Khalid
      Abstract: Artikel ini mengupas konsep kemiskinan yang perlu dinilai semula kerana faktor multidimensi yang menghambat usaha membasmi kemiskinan. Hambatan ini disebabkan tafsiran kemiskinan seringkali diukur dengan pendekatan ekonomi iaitu pendapatan isi rumah dan kekayaan atau sumber. Dilema dan punca kemiskinan adalah melepasi rasional ekonomi, maka pembolehubah kemiskinan harus merangkumkan keupayaan yang kurang atau lemah seperti ketiadaan akses kesihatan, pendidikan, infrastruktur, kebebasan politik dan hak asasi, sumber dan sebagainya. Perbincangan turut mengetengahkan kategori kemiskinan yang perlu dibaiki dengan mengenalpasti kategori kemiskinan jenis lain seperti invisible poor, vulnerable poor, kemiskinan kronik dan miskin bandar. Setiap satu kategori ini memperlihatkan konteks kemiskinan yang berbeza dari aspek kelas, komuniti dan spatial. Makalah ini menggariskan strategi pendekatan multidimensi berasaskan falsafah pemikiran tentang kemiskinan. Budaya kemiskinan dan stereotaip dianalisis dengan kritikal dan merumuskan bahawa kategori miskin ini perlu mengambil kira aspek sosialisasi, kefahaman, dan sekitaran. Tambahan lagi, artikel ini menegaskan penglibatan berterusan kerajaan dan badan bukan kerajaan melalui program intervensi untuk mengubah budaya dan kitaran gasar kemiskinan ini adalah amat perlu bagi memastikan usaha ini adalah konsisten bersesuaian dengan perubahan keadaan semasa dari aspek pendapatan isi rumah, bilangan ahli keluarga, inflasi, pengangguran, kesihatan, usia tua, dan sebagainya. Tambahan lagi, memandangkan bantuan kemiskinan diurus di Baitulmal, pejabat zakat negeri, dan badan kebajikan adalah wajar bagi institusi ini turut mengikut peredaran perubahan terhadap tafsiran kemiskinan, jenis bantuan, kelayakan bantuan dan sebagainya bagi membolehkan hak si miskin diagih dan dipelihara.Kata kunci: Kemiskinan; kategori; strategi; budaya; multidimensi ABSTRACTThe discourse in this article highlights the needs for poverty to be redefined and reconceptualized due to multidimensional factors that deter the efforts to alleviate poverty. The common measurement to identify poverty is always within the lens of rational economic approach based on income and wealth or resource-based. Poverty dilemma and causes are beyond economic rationality, thus poverty variables for redefinition must include capability deprivation such as limited or deprived access to health, education, infrastructure, political freedom and human rights, resources and many more. Poverty categories need to be refocused and must identify other categories such as the invisible poor, vulnerable poor, cronic poverty, and urban poverty. Each category represents different contexts in term of class, community and spatial. This article outlines the strategies of multidimensional approach to poverty that are grounded in the philosophy of poverty. Poverty culture and stereotypes are analysed critically and it justifies that poverty categories must consider the socialisation aspect, knowledge, and contexts. Additionally, such perspective also demands consistent intervention programs from the government and non-government organisations in order to change the poverty culture and vicious cycle. In fact, intervention programs must be able to cater contemporary changes to income level, size of family, inflation, unemployment, health issue, aged factor, etc. Most welfare assistances are managed by the Baitulmal, state alms, and state welfare agency; hence it is mandatory for these institutions to equip themselves with the current issue on poverty definition, category, type of assistance, and entitlement to ensure that the rights of the poor is delivered and protected.Keywords: Poverty; category; strategy; culture; multidimension
      PubDate: 2016-09-06
      Issue No: Vol. 86, No. 2 (2016)
  • A Glimpse at Women Entrepreneurs in Penang (Satu Tinjauan kepada Usahawan
           Wanita di Pulau Pinang)

    • Authors: Zarina Md Nor, Zuraidah Ramli
      Abstract: Women entrepreneurship is a force to be reckoned with. Women in business are commonly found all over the country and they help to create vibrant economic activities in domestic arena. This study focuses on the characteristics of 50 women entrepreneurs in the state of Penang, Malaysia. Among others, we find that many of them are stay-at-home married women with children. Therefore, they have to juggle and find balance between family life and their business. It is interesting to note that 84 percent come from families with entrepreneurial experiences. Therefore, it is fair to say that this kind of exposure has cultivated interest among these women to become entrepreneurs themselves. Further, family support has been one of the important factors that encourage these women to venture into businesses. However, despite their involvement in business, 50 percent of our respondents have not attended any training and courses on entrepreneurship. It seems that they rely more on advices from family members on issues related to their business compared to formal or government institutions. This is probably due to their reliance on personal savings and family sources of capital in embarking into the businesses such that institutional involvement is minimal in charting the direction of their businesses though they are aware of various kinds of financial assistance provided by the government. Hence, even in a smaller scale, women entrepreneurs are increasingly creating wealth for the nation while simultaneously caring for their families.Keywords: Women entrepreneurs; entrepreneurship; business; Malaysia; Penang ABSTRAKKeusahawanan wanita adalah satu daya usaha yang tidak dapat dinafikan lagi. Wanita yang terlibat dalam pelbagai jenis perniagaan terdapat di seluruh negara dan mereka turut menyumbang dalam memeriahkan aktiviti ekonomi domestik. Kajian ini bertumpu kepada 50 orang usahawan wanita di negeri Pulau Pinang, Malaysia. Ramai di antara mereka adalah surirumah yang mempunyai anak. Oleh kerana itu mereka juga perlu membahagikan masa antara tanggungjawab rumahtangga dan perniagaan yang dijalankan. Perlu ditekankan juga bahawa 84 peratus daripada responden datang dari keluarga yang terlibat dalam bidang perniagaan. Oleh kerana itu boleh dikatakan bahawa latarbelakang keluarga ini memainkan peranan dalam menimbulkan minat mereka untuk turut terlibat dalam bidang keusahawanan. Selain itu, sokongan keluarga terdekat juga menjadi pendorong utama mereka. Walau bagaimanapun, didapati bahawa 50 peratus daripada responden tidak menghadiri sebarang kursus atau latihan berkaitan perniagaan. Mereka mungkin lebih bergantung kepada nasihat ahli keluarga berbanding institusi kerajaan yang disediakan. Hal ini mungkin disebabkan oleh faktor modal perniagaan yang diambil daripada simpanan sendiri ataupun ahli keluarga, maka dengan itu mereka tidak terikat dengan syarat dan peraturan institusi atau agensi tertentu dalam menentukan arah tuju perniagaan mereka. Namun begitu, kebanyakan daripada mereka mengetahui tentang bantuan kewangan yang disediakan oleh kerajaan. Oleh itu, walau dalam skala yang kecil usahawan wanita tetap menyumbang dalam mencipta kekayaan negara, dan pada masa yang sama tanggungjawab terhadap keluarga tetap dilaksanakan.Kata kunci: Usahawan wanita; usahawan; perniagaan; Malaysia; Pulau Pinang
      PubDate: 2016-09-06
      Issue No: Vol. 86, No. 2 (2016)
  • Transitiviti Dalam Bahasa Mendriq (Transitivity in Mendriq Language)

    • Authors: Fazal Mohamed Mohamed Sultan, Khairul Faiz Alimi
      Abstract: Malaysia kaya dengan 19 bahasa Moribun yang dituturkan oleh kaum minoriti di Malaysia yang dikenali sebagai Orang Asli. Salah satu daripada bahasa Moribun yang diambang kepupusan ialah bahasa Mendriq. Bahasa Mendriq merupakan bahasa yang digunakan oleh kaum orang asli Mendriq di Kuala Lah, Gua Musang, Kelantan. Bahasa ini dituturkan oleh 245 orang di sekitar tiga buah kampung, iaitu di kampung Kuala Lah, kampung Baru dan kampung Kuala Stail.Kertas kerja ini akan menganalisis frasa kerja transitif dan tak transitif dalam bahasa Mendriq. Data primari bahasa Mendriq diperoleh melalui kajian lapangan yang telah dibiayai oleh dana penyelidikan UKM-GUP-PLW-08-11-047. Data yang dikutip untuk kajian ini melibatkan metodologi lapangan yang menggunakan teknik temu bual. Kerencaman data yang dikutip melalui kerja lapangan telah dibersihkan dan diasingkan dengan bantuan seorang penutur natif Mendriq yang bertindak sebagai penterjemah. Analisis ke atas frasa kerja melibatkan analisis deskriptif dan analisis teoritikal. Analisis deskriptif ke atas ayat mudah mendapati bahawa bahasa Mendriq mempunyai dua jenis frasa kerja, iaitu frasa kerja transitif dan tak transitif. Kata kerja transitif menandakan dua argumen, iaitu argumen dalam dan argumen luaran. Kata kerja tak transitif pula dibahagikan kepada dua, iaitu kata kerja tak akusatif dan kata kerja tak ergatif. Kata kerja tak transitif yang menandakan argumen luaran dikenali sebagai kata kerja tak ergatif, manakala kata kerja tak transitif yang hanya menandakan argumen dalaman dikenali sebagai kata kerja tak akusatif. Manakala analisis teoritikal menggunakan kerangka Minimalist menunjukkan bahawa pemyemakan fitur berlaku di sebelah kiri struktur sintaksis ayat mudah bahasa Mendriq.Kata kunci: Bahasa Mendriq; program Minimalis; kerjaan; transitif; intransitif ABSTRACTMalaysia is rich with 19 moribund languages spoken by minority people in Malaysia, who are known as Orang Asli. One of these moribund languages that is on the verge of extinction is the Mendriq language. Mendriq is a language which is spoken by Orang Asli Mendriq in Kuala Lah, Gua Musang, Kelantan. It is spoken by 245 people in three villages namely kampung Kuala Lah, Kampung Baru and Kampung Kuala Stail. This paper analyzes transitive and intransitive verb phrases in Mendriq. Primary data of Mendriq is obtained through fieldwork that was funded by a research grant UKM-GUP-PLW-08-11-047. The data that was collected involved field work which utilized interview techniques. The composition of the data collected through the field work was sorted out with the help of a Mendriq translator. The analysis on the verb phrases involved descriptive and theoretical analyses. The descriptive analysis on its simple sentences indicates Mendriq has transitive and intransitive verbs. Transitive verbs indicate two arguments namely internal and external arguments. Intransitive verbs on the other hand, are divided into two types which are unaccusative and unergative verbs. Intransitive verb which implies external argument is known as an unergative verb, while intransitive verb that only indicates internal argument is known as an unaccusative verb. While, the theoretical analysis using the Minimalist framework displays that the features checking involves the left pheriphery of the syntactic structure in Mendriq simple sentences.Keyword: Mendriq language; Minimalist program; verbs; transitive; intransitive
      PubDate: 2016-09-06
      Issue No: Vol. 86, No. 2 (2016)
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Heriot-Watt University
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