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  Subjects -> BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (Total: 3119 journals)
    - ACCOUNTING (92 journals)
    - BANKING AND FINANCE (267 journals)
    - BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1154 journals)
    - CONSUMER EDUCATION AND PROTECTION (23 journals)
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    - ECONOMIC SCIENCES: GENERAL (166 journals)
    - ECONOMIC SYSTEMS, THEORIES AND HISTORY (179 journals)
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    - HUMAN RESOURCES (93 journals)
    - INSURANCE (23 journals)
    - INTERNATIONAL COMMERCE (125 journals)
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    - LABOR AND INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS (43 journals)
    - MACROECONOMICS (15 journals)
    - MANAGEMENT (524 journals)
    - MARKETING AND PURCHASING (89 journals)
    - MICROECONOMICS (24 journals)
    - PRODUCTION OF GOODS AND SERVICES (138 journals)
    - PUBLIC FINANCE, TAXATION (35 journals)
    - TRADE AND INDUSTRIAL DIRECTORIES (2 journals)

BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1154 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1566 Journals sorted alphabetically
4OR: A Quarterly Journal of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Abacus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Accounting Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Acta Amazonica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Commercii     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Oeconomica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientiarum. Human and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Universitatis Danubius. Œconomica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Universitatis Nicolai Copernici Zarządzanie     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AD-minister     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ADR Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Developing Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Economics and Business     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
AfricaGrowth Agenda     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
African Development Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
African Journal of Business and Economic Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African Review of Economics and Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Afro-Asian Journal of Finance and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Alphanumeric Journal : The Journal of Operations Research, Statistics, Econometrics and Management Information Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Economic Journal : Applied Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 144)
American Journal of Business     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
American Journal of Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 53)
American Journal of Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Economics and Business Administration     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
American Journal of Economics and Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
American Journal of Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Finance and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
American Journal of Medical Quality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales de l'Institut Henri Poincare (C) Non Linear Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annals in Social Responsibility     Full-text available via subscription  
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annual Review of Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
Applied Developmental Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Applied Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Applied Economics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Applied Economics Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Applied Financial Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Applied Mathematical Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Applied Stochastic Models in Business and Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Arab Economic and Business Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Business Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Arena Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Argomenti. Rivista di economia, cultura e ricerca sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ASEAN Economic Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific Business Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 313)
Asia Pacific Viewpoint     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asia-Pacific Management and Business Application     Open Access  
Asian Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Case Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asian Development Review     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Asian Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian Economic Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Accounting and Governance     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Asian Journal of Sustainability and Social Responsibility     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian-pacific Economic Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Atlantic Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Australasian Journal of Regional Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Cottongrower, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Australian Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Australian Journal of Maritime and Ocean Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Balkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Baltic Journal of Real Estate Economics and Construction Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Banks in Insurance Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BBR - Brazilian Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Benchmarking : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Benefit : Jurnal Manajemen dan Bisnis     Open Access  
BER : Consumer Confidence Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BER : Economic Prospects : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription  
BER : Economic Prospects : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Intermediate Goods Industries Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Manufacturing Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Motor Trade Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Retail Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Retail Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Building and Construction : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Manufacturing : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Retail : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Trends : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Wholesale Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Berkeley Business Law Journal     Free   (Followers: 10)
Bio-based and Applied Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biodegradation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biology Direct     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Black Enterprise     Full-text available via subscription  
Board & Administrator for Administrators only     Hybrid Journal  
Border Crossing : Transnational Working Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Briefings in Real Estate Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
British Journal of Industrial Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Brookings Papers on Economic Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 48)
Brookings Trade Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BRQ Business Research Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Building Sustainable Legacies : The New Frontier Of Societal Value Co-Creation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Economic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of the Dnipropetrovsk University. Series : Management of Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business & Entrepreneurship Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Business & Information Systems Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Business & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Business : Theory and Practice / Verslas : Teorija ir Praktika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business and Economic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Business and Management Horizons     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Business and Management Research     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Business and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Business and Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business and Professional Communication Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Business and Society Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Business Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business Ethics: A European Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Business Horizons     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Business Information Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Business Management and Strategy     Open Access   (Followers: 42)
Business Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Business Strategy and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Business Strategy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Business Strategy Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business Systems & Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Business Systems Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Business, Management and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Business, Peace and Sustainable Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bustan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos EBAPE.BR     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Journal of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences / Revue Canadienne des Sciences de l Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue Canadienne d`Economique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Canadian journal of nonprofit and social economy research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Capitalism and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Capitalism Nature Socialism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Case Studies in Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
CBU International Conference Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Central European Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Central European Journal of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Central European Journal of Public Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Chain Reaction     Full-text available via subscription  
Challenge     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
China & World Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
China : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
China Economic Journal: The Official Journal of the China Center for Economic Research (CCER) at Peking University     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
China Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
China Finance Review International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
China Nonprofit Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
China perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Chinese Economy     Full-text available via subscription  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CLIO América     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cliometrica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
COEPTUM     Open Access  
Community Development Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Compensation & Benefits Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Competition & Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Competitive Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Competitiveness Review : An International Business Journal incorporating Journal of Global Competitiveness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Computational Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Computational Mathematics and Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computer Law & Security Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Computers & Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Construction Innovation: Information, Process, Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Contemporary Wales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Contextus - Revista Contemporânea de Economia e Gestão     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Corporate Communications An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Corporate Philanthropy Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Corporate Reputation Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Creative and Knowledge Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Creative Industries Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
CRIS - Bulletin of the Centre for Research and Interdisciplinary Study     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Crossing the Border : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cuadernos de Administración (Universidad del Valle)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Economía     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Economia - Latin American Journal of Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Estudios Empresariales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Creativity, Innovation and Entrepreneurship     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
De Economist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Decision Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Decision Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Decision Support Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Defence and Peace Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
der markt     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Desenvolvimento em Questão     Open Access  

        1 2 3 4 5 6 | Last

Journal Cover Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities
  [4 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 0126-5008
   Published by Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Homepage  [13 journals]
  • Adaptasi Penjaga Utama dalam Penjagaan Pesakit Demensia (Dementia Patients
           Primary Caregivers’ Adaptations to Caregiving)

    • Authors: Rohana Mukahar, Rahimah Ibrahim, Azizah Pondar, Siti Suhailah Abdullah
      Abstract:  Malaysia akan diwartakan sebagai negara menua apabila populasi warga emas dikatakan terus meningkat dari semasa ke semasa. Ini adalah indikasi yang menunjukkan bahawa semakin ramai warga emas akan menghidap demensia, maka semakin ramai dikalangan kita akan menjadi penjaga kepada warga emas demensia yang memerlukan bantuan. Tujuan kajian kualitatif ini dijalankan ialah untuk memahami dan menghuraikan bagaimana penjaga utama kepada warga emas yang menghidap demensia mengadaptasi diri dengan situasi penjagaan yang mencabar.  Kajian kualitatif dengan  pendekatan fenomenologi telah dipilih sebagai panduan untuk melaksanakan kajian ini. Kriteria inklusif peserta yang dipilih untuk kajian ini ialah penjaga yang menjaga pesakit demensia tahap ringan ke sederhana, berumur 21 tahun ke atas, dan menjadi penjaga utama kepada pesakit demensia. Sepuluh orang penjaga utama yang menemani pesakit demensia di tahap ringan ke sederhana mendapatkan rawatan di Klinik Memori di Hospital Tuanku Jaafar, Seremban, Negeri Sembilan Malaysia telah ditemubual. Hasil kajian mendapati penjaga utama mengadaptasi diri dalam penjagaan dengan bertenang, berserah kepada Tuhan, bertindak menyelesaikan masalah, dan mengelak situasi penjagaan. Adaptasi mengelak situasi penjagaan merupakan cara  yang paling banyak  digunakan oleh penjaga utama dalam penjagaan  pesakit demensia bagi mengurangkan tekanan dan meringankan beban yang ditanggung. Cara penjaga utama mengadaptasi diri dalam situasi penjagaan masih kurang berkesan untuk mengurangkan tekanan dan beban penjagaan. Mereka masih memerlukan bantuan dan sokongan dari keluarga dan rakan apabila menghadapi tekanan dalam penjagaan. Oleh sebab itu hasil kajian ini mencadangkan kepada pihak yang memberikan perkhidmatan kesihatan dan pihak lain yang berkenaan supaya menubuhkan satu kumpulan sokongan khas buat penjaga pesakit demensia. Kumpulan sokongan ini boleh dijadikan  sebagai tempat untuk penjaga berkongsi pengalaman dalam penjagaan sesama mereka, dan sebagai tempat untuk penjaga meluahkan perasaan dalam penjagaan.   Kata kunci: Penjaga utama; adaptasi dalam penjagaan; pesakit demensia; kajian kualitatif; penjagaan pesakit demensia                                                        Abstract Malaysia will be gazetted as ageing country when older populations keep increasing from time to time. These scenario indicates that many of the elderly people will have the possibility to become dementia, and many of us are finding themselves becoming caregivers for elderly people with dementia. The purpose of this qualitative study is to understand and describe how the primary caregivers of patients with dementia adapt themselves in caregiving situation. Phenomenological approach was used for this qualitative study. The inclusion criteria of participants were caregivers of dementia patients (mild to moderate stage), age of caregivers was 21 and above, and they are primary caregiver of dementia patient. Ten family caregivers  who accompanied  dementia patients to the Memory Clinic at Tuanku Jaafar Hospital, Seremban, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia were interviewed. The results revealed four ways were used by primary caregivers to adapt with caregiving situation. The primary caregivers managed to be calm, pray to God, avoid the caregiving situation, and solve problems in caregiving.  Most of the primary caregivers managed to avoid the caregiving situation in order to reduce stress and lighten their burden. The primary caregivers’ personal adaptations skills alone may be insufficient to relieve their stress and burden. They may need attention and support from others when they experience pressure and stress, regardless of their personal resources. Therefore the findings of the study suggest that caregivers’ support group should be created by healthcare provider and relevant parties, so that they can share their experiences and use it as a platform to ventilate their pressure and stress in caregiving.Keywords: Primary caregiver; dementia patients; adaptations in caregiving; qualitative study; caregiving of dementia patients 
      PubDate: 2017-07-25
      Issue No: Vol. 87, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Transformation of Muslim Behaviour towards Sustainable Environment:
           Perspectives of Non-Governmental Organisations in Klang Valley
           (Transformasi Tingkah Laku Muslim ke arah Kelestarian Alam Sekitar:
           Perspektif Pertubuhan Bukan Kerajaan di Lembah Klang)

    • Authors: Mashitoh Yaacob, Zubaidah Mohd Nasir, W. Syairah Hazwani W. Petera, Hassan Basri, Ibnor Azli Ibrahim, Mohd Yusof Othman, Mohd Izhar Ariff Mohd Kashim, Azami Zaharim, Mazlin Mokhtar
      Abstract: Man cannot depend solely on science and technology to solve environmental problems. In fact, scholars and environmentalists have observed that some of the causes of environmental deterioration are rooted in science and technology. It is clear that environmental problems need ethical solution. However, environmentally ethical behaviour (EEB) is often overlooked in the life of a Muslim. This behaviour is important, particularly, to ensure the future of civilization of the Islamic world and, generally, civilization as a whole. Given the fact that non-governmental organisations (NGOs) are more sensitive to the transformation of public behaviour compared to other groups, this article discusses the perspectives of Malaysian NGOs on the transformation of Muslim EEB in Malaysia in three aspects: (a) The type of EEB practiced by Muslims in Malaysia; (b) The transformation process of EEB experienced by Muslims in Malaysia; and (c) Whether or not the transformation of EEB of Muslims in Malaysia is motivated by the values advocated by Islam. The research adopted a qualitative research method of data collection, i.e., focus group discussions (FGDs). FGD’s results illustrated that: (a) Pre-cycling, reusing and recycling are the common types of EEB practiced by Muslims in Malaysia; (b) The transformation process of EEB experienced by Muslims in Malaysia is not accelerating at the speed that we hoped for; and (c) The transformation of EEB of Muslims in Malaysia is motivated more by economic and social factors as well as level of education and regulation enforcement compared to the values advocated by Islam. Keywords: Muslims; environmentally ethical behavior; Islamic values; sustainable environment; non-governmental organizations  ABSTRAK Manusia tidak boleh bergantung semata-mata kepada sains dan teknologi untuk menyelesaikan masalah alam sekitar. Malah, ramai sarjana berpendapat bahawa sebahagian daripada sebab-sebab kemerosotan alam sekitar berpunca daripada sains dan teknologi. Ini jelas menunjukkan bahawa masalah alam sekitar memerlukan penyelesaian yang lebih beretika. Walau bagaimanapun, tingkah laku beretika alam sekitar (EEB) sering diabaikan dalam kehidupan seorang Muslim. Tingkah laku ini adalah penting, terutamanya, untuk memastikan masa depan tamadun dunia Islam secara amnya, dan tamadun secara keseluruhannya. Secara faktanya, pertubuhan bukan kerajaan (NGO) lebih sensitif kepada perubahan tingkah laku orang awam berbanding dengan kumpulan-kumpulan lain, oleh itu, kertas kerja ini membincangkan perspektif NGO Malaysia terhadap transformasi EEB Muslim di Malaysia dalam tiga aspek: (a) Jenis EEB yang diamalkan oleh Muslim di Malaysia; (b) Proses transformasi EEB yang dilalui oleh Muslim di Malaysia; dan (c) Sama ada perubahan EEB Muslim di Malaysia adalah berasaskan nilai-nilai yang dianjurkan oleh Islam, atau berpunca daripada faktor-faktor lain. Kajian ini menggunakan kaedah kajian kualitatif dalam pengumpulan data, iaitu perbincangan kumpulan fokus (FGD). Hasil kajian FGD ini menunjukkan bahawa: (a) Pra-kitar semula, guna semula dan kitar semula adalah jenis EEB yang biasa diamalkan oleh Muslim di Malaysia; (b) Proses transformasi EEB yang dilalui oleh Muslim di Malaysia tidak mencapai tahap sepertimana yang kita harapkan; dan (c) Transformasi EEB Muslim di Malaysia adalah lebih dipengaruhi oleh kepentingan faktor ekonomi dan sosial serta tahap pendidikan dan penguatkuasaan undang-undang berbanding dengan nilai-nilai yang dianjurkan oleh Islam. Kata kunci: Muslim; tingkah laku beretika alam sekitar; nilai-nilai Islam; kelestarian alam sekitar; pertubuhan bukan kerajaan
      PubDate: 2017-07-25
      Issue No: Vol. 87, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Public Development Sustainability Values: A Case Study in Sepang Malaysia
           (Menilai Ciri Kelestarian Nilai Pembangunan Masyarakat di Malaysia: Satu
           Kajian Kes di Sepang Malaysia)

    • Authors: Zurina Mahadi, Rabiatul Jannah Mohamad, Hukil Sino
      Abstract: The concept of sustainable development has been implemented in Malaysia for more than a decade. Nevertheless, the issues of unsustainability still persist, raising questions about whether or not the values held by local populations pertaining to development processes are compatible with sustainable development values. This study was conducted in Sepang, Selangor to explore the values of public in the development process by using qualitative approach. The data was gathered from in-depth interviews and focus group discussions with the participants recruited through purposive sampling.  Fourty participants have participated in this study. The transcript was analysed using thematic analysis to identify the theme values and the values categories. This study has identified four themes and twelve categories of public values in development. The themes were freedom, security, environment and development. The sustainability characteristics of every theme and category were explored by comparing them to existing established sustainable development values. It was evident that every theme and category of values displays sustainability characteristics despite public limited knowledge about sustainable development concepts. These findings therefore concluded that in principle, the unsustainability issues in this area did not result from the incompatibility of public development values with those of sustainable development. The implication of these findings is that the value systems of local people are already in harmony with the concept of sustainable development and could be effectively integrated into the local sustainable development framework.Keywords: Values; sustainable development; local; engagement; empowerment 
      AbstrakKonsep pembangunan lestari telah diterima dan digunapakai dalam kerangka pembangunan di Malaysia selama lebih sedekad. Walaupun mempraktiskan konsep pembangunan lestari, Malaysia masih menunjukkan ketidaklestarian dalam pelbagai aspek. Ini menimbulkan persoalan tentang keselarian di antara nilai pembangunan masyarakat dan nilai pembangunan lestari.  Kajian ini telah dijalankan di Sepang, Selangor untuk meneroka nilai pembangunan masyarakat tempatan serta menilai ciri kelestarian setiap nilai yang ditemui. Menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif, data kajian diperolehi daripada temubual mendalam dengan peserta kajian yang dipilih menerusi persampelan bertujuan. Transkrip dianalisa secara analisa tema iaitu dengan mengenalpasti kategori-kategori nilai yang membentuk tema-tema nilai. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan terdapat empat tema dan dua belas kategori nilai pembangunan masyarakat. Tema tersebut adalah kebebasan, keselamatan, alam sekitar dan pembangunan. Ciri kelestarian setiap tema dan kategori nilai diperolehi secara perbandingan dengan nilai pembangunan lestari yang telah termaktub. Kajian ini mendapati bahawa setiap tema dan kategori nilai pembangunan masyarakat menonjolkan ciri kelestarian walaupun pengetahuan masyarakat tentang konsep pembangunan lestari amat terhad. Secara prinsipnya kajian ini merumuskan bahawa isu ketidaklestarian yang berlaku bukan berpunca dari ketidakselarian di antara nilai masyarakat dan nilai pembangunan lestari. Penemuan kajian telah memberi implikasi berikut iaitu nilai pembangunan masyarakat tempatan adalah selari dengan nilai pembangunan lestari dan boleh diintegrasikan ke dalam kerangka pembangunan lestari tempatan bagi melahirkan suatu kerangka pembangunan lestari yang bersifat sepunya.Kata kunci: Nilai; pembangunan lestari; tempatan; keterlibatan; perkongsian tanggungjawab 


      PubDate: 2017-07-25
      Issue No: Vol. 87, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Meneroka Refleksi Simpati Rasional Orang Tengah dalam Rantaian Pengeluaran
           Kelapa Sawit Pekebun Kecil (Exploring the Reflection of Rational Sympathy
           of Middlemen within the Palm Oil Smallholders’ Supply Chain)

    • Authors: Suraiya Ishak, Mohd Yusof Hussain, Ahmad Raflis Che Omar, Abd Hair Awang, Novel Lyndon
      Abstract: Kajian ini bertujuan menilai peranan orang tengah dalam pasaran hasil pertanian berdasarkan Teori Sentimen Moral.  Penjelasan tersebut memberi refleksi sejauhmana aktiviti Peniaga Buah Sawit (FD) mengandungi elemen etika iaitu simpati rasional dan kepemurahan seperti dikemukakan oleh Teori Sentimen Moral Smith.  Kajian ini memberi tumpuan kepada konteks FD di Malaysia. Kajian menggunakan metod temubual mendalam dengan empat orang peniaga buah sawit di Sabak Bernam, Selangor, Malaysia. Penemuan menunjukkan peranan FD telah memberi refleksi kepada simpati rasional dan kepemurahan dalam skop Teori Sentimen Moral.  Pelaksanaan sentimen moral dikesan pada dua aspek, iaitu komersil dan sosial.  Simpati rasional diterjemahkan dalam bentuk perkhidmatan berasaskan teras komersil tulen seperti belian buah sawit mentah, khidmat pengurusan kebun, jualan keperluan pertanian  dan pengangkutan.  Meskipun perkhidmatan tersebut dikenakan caj tertentu, pekebun telah memperolehi manfaat daripada penawaran perkhidmatan tersebut.  Di samping itu, pekebun turut memperolehi faedah perolehan kredit kewangan dan keperluan pertanian dengan mudah dan ini menggambarkan elemen kepemurahan orang tengah yang sanggup mengenepikan peluang mengaut untung tambahan.  Walaupun bayaran balik kredit tersebut dipotong daripada hasil jualan buah sawit, pekebun masih memperolehi faedah kerana kredit diperolehi tanpa perlunya cagaran, pematuhan prosedur permohonan pinjaman yang ketat, caj kewangan dan aturan bayar balik yang fleksibel.  Oleh itu aktiviti orang tengah selari dengan sentimen moral dan menandakan elemen etika wujud dalam operasi FD kelapa sawit bagi konteks kajian.  Implikasi polisi turut dikemukakan iaitu meningkatkan bilangan FD di pasaran dan koloborasi maklumat serta tindakan antara FD-Malayasian Palm Oil Board.  Kata kunci: Orang tengah; pekebun kecil; kepemurahan; simpati; sentimen moral
      Abstract The middlemen remain as an essential element in the value chain of agricultural produce.  This study aims to examine the middlemen roles in agriculture produce market based on the Theory of Moral Sentiment.  The explanation reflects the implementation of rational sympathy and benevolence of middlemen actions according to Moral Sentiment Theory argument.  This study emphasizes the context of palm fruit middlemen (FD) in Malaysia.  This study employs in-depth interview with four palm fruit dealers in Sabak Bernam, Selangor, Malaysia.  The finding indicates that the middlemens’ roles have reflected the rational sympathize and benevolence as in the Moral Sentiment Theory.  Execution of moral sentiment is found in two aspects, namely the commercial and social aspects.  The rational sympathy is translated in the form of pure commercial services such as purchase of raw produces, farm management, selling of farm necessities and transportation.  Although they are paid services, the small holders gain advantages from such services.  On the other hand, the middlemen also obtain cash advance and farm items credit which reflects FD benevolence to willingly forgo potential of extra profit.   Although repayment of credits is deductable from the selling proceeds, small palm holders still gain benefits from the service as it was provided without the need of collateral, compliance of rigid loan application procedures, finance charges and with flexible payback arrangement.  Therefore, middlemen activities are in line with the moral sentiment and has explicitly underlies the particular FD context. Policy implications have been proposed such as increasing the numbers of FD in the market and colloboration of information and actions between FD-MPOB.Keywords: middlemen; small holder; benevolence; sympathy; moral sentiment
       


      PubDate: 2017-07-25
      Issue No: Vol. 87, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Muhajir Penjana Interaksi dan Toleransi Beragama Saudara
           Baru-Muslim-Non-Muslim (Muhajir Interactional Generator and Religious
           Tolerance among New Muslim-Muslim-Non-Muslim)

    • Authors: Khadijah Mohd Khambali, Azarudin Awang, Suraya Sintang, Nur Farhana Abdul Rahman, Wan Adli Wan Ramli, Khairul Nizam Mat Karim
      Abstract: Saudara Baru, Saudara Muslim dan Mualaf merupakan istilah yang sering dirujuk sebagai individu yang mulai berjinak-jinak dengan agama Islam. Realitinya, individu yang digelar sedemikian dalam konteks Malaysia merupakan antara individu yang telah lama memeluk Islam. Perkara seumpama ini mampu mempengaruhi interaksi dan integrasi dalam kalangan komuniti Saudara Kita, komuniti Muslim asal dan ahli keluarga asal bukan Muslim. Selanjutnya, ia menimbulkan isu etnik akibat ketidakfahaman berhubung isu-isu yang berlegar dalam kehidupan Saudara Kita. Sehubungan itu, istilah Muhajir dilihat lebih sesuai dengan maksud Saudara Kita dalam konteks Malaysia yang lebih menonjol sebagai penjana interaksi dan toleransi beragama dalam kalangan warga Malaysia yang beraneka etnik. Justeru, kajian ini bertujuan melihat pengalaman toleransi beragama dalam kehidupan komuniti Muhajir-Muslim-non-Muslim. Data diperolehi menggunakan kaedah kualitatif dengan tumpuan kepada kaedah temu bual ke atas dua puluh orang Muhajir di Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia. Hasil dapatan memperlihatkan bahawa situasi yang ditonjolkan dalam hubungan Muslim-bukan Muslim-komuniti Muhajir di negeri Terengganu telah menyerlahkan budaya toleransi dalam kepelbagaian hidup bersama. Hubungan ini diperlihatkan melalui jalinan perkenalan, pertemuan dan tinggal bersama yang membentuk hubungan persahabatan, persaudaraan dan persemendaan merentas batasan agama.  Ini menunjukkan Muhajir memainkan peranan dalam melestarikan pemupukan toleransi khususnya dalam hubungan Muslim dan bukan Muslim di Malaysia.Kata kunci: Mualaf; penjana interaksi; toleransi beragama; hubungan Muhajir-Muslim-non-Muslim; Malaysia AbstractNew brothers, New Muslim and Mualaf are the terms that are often referred to as individuals who began to cultivate the religion of Islam. In the Malaysian context, in reality they are individuals who had embraced Islam for many years. This situation may affect the relation and integration in the community of Saudara Kita, Muslim origin and non-Muslim family members. Furthermore, it raises the issue of ethnic misunderstanding due to the issues that linger in the life of Saudara Kita since Saudara Kita in the context of Malaysia is more prominent as a generator in religious interaction among various ethnic groups in Malaysia. This study aims to see the experience of religious tolerance among Muhajir-Muslim-non-Muslim. Data was obtained using qualitative method which focussed on interviews with twenty Muhajirin Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia. The results highlighted the culture of tolerance among Muslim-non-Muslim-Muhajir in the diversity of living together. This relationship is demonstrated through effective relations, meetings and living together that form friendship, brotherhood and affinity across religious boundaries. This shows Muhajir play a role in fostering tolerance especially in relations between Muslims and non-Muslims in Malaysia Keywords: Mualaf; generator of interactions; religious tolerance; Muhajir-Muslim-non-Muslim relation; Malaysia 
      PubDate: 2017-07-25
      Issue No: Vol. 87, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Gaya Pengurusan Konflik dan Kesannya Terhadap Institusi Kekeluargaan dalam
           Novel Saga (Conflict Management Styles and Its Impact on Family
           Institution in Novel Saga)

    • Authors: Norazlina Mohd Kiram, Raja Masittah Raja Ariffin, Jama’yah Zakaria
      Abstract: ABSTRAK Dalam budaya konteks tinggi, penjagaan ‘air muka’ sangat penting kerana berkait rapat dengan maruah dan harga diri yang menjadi asas kepada berlakunya konflik. Konflik berlaku akibat daripada perbezaan matlamat, nilai dan persepsi individu. Dalam institusi kekeluargaan, konflik tidak dapat dielakkan namun boleh ditangani dengan menggunakan gaya pengurusan konflik yang sesuai. Gaya pengurusan konflik bergantung pada persepsi seseorang itu terhadap konflik yang wujud dengan melihatnya sebagai sesuatu yang negatif, positif atau  peluang untuk menjadi lebih kreatif. Objektif kajian ini ialah untuk mengenal pasti gaya pengurusan konflik dan kesannya terhadap institusi kekeluargaan serta merumuskan gaya pengurusan konflik yang dapat mengelakkan berlakunya perpecahan dalam keluarga.  Data diambil daripada sembilan peristiwa dalam novel, SAGA karya  Abdul Talib Mohd. Hassan dan dianalisis dengan menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dan kaedah analisis kandungan. Kajian ini menggunakan Teori Pengurusan Air Muka Ting-Toomey dengan menumpukan kepada gaya pengurusan konflik. Terdapat lima gaya pengurusan konflik, iaitu mengelak, obligasi, kompromi, dominasi dan integrasi. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan bahawa konflik berlaku disebabkan perasaan aib dan malu yang menjejaskan ‘air muka’ individu dan keluarga. Setiap gaya pengurusan konflik yang dipilih akan memberikan kesan sama ada positif atau negatif terhadap hubungan kekeluargaan. Kajian juga mendapati, personaliti individu mempengaruhi gaya pengurusan konflik dan memberi kesan terhadap keharmonian keluarga. Kata Kunci:  Konflik; gaya pengurusan konflik; ‘air muka’; budaya konteks tinggi; institusi kekeluargaan
      ABSTRACT In high context culture, maintenance of 'face' is very important as it is closely linked with the person’s dignity and self-respect which is fundamental to conflict existence. Conflict occurs due to differences in goals, values and individual perceptions. Conflict in the family institution is inevitable, nevertheless it can be dealt by using appropriate conflict management styles. Conflict management style employed depends on the person's perception towards the particular conflict as to whether it is seen as negative, positive, or an opportunity to be more creative. The objective of this study  is to examine the conflict management styles used and its impact towards  family institution and  to formulate conflict management styles which could  evade disintegration in family unity. Data is taken from nine events in the novel SAGA written by Abdul Talib Mohd. Hassan and analyse using qualitative approach and content analysis. This study uses Management  Theory of Face developed by Ting-Toomey which focuses on  Conflict Management Styles.  There are five conflict management styles; obliging, compromy, domination, and integration. The findings show that conflicts happened  due to shame and disgrace which may affect individual and family ‘face’. Every conflict management style chosen may affect family relationships positively or negatively. Individual personality influences conflict management style and affect the harmony in a family. Keywords: Conflict; conflict management style; ‘face’; high context culture; family institution
      PubDate: 2017-07-25
      Issue No: Vol. 87, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Sorotan Perbezaan Had Kifayah Perbelanjaan Keperluan Asasi dan Kesannya
           dalam Pengiraan Zakat Pendapatan (A Review on the Differences of Had
           Kifayah of Basic Necessities Expenses and Its Impact on Income Zakat
           Calculation)

    • Authors: Fidlizan Muhammad, Salwa Amirah Awang, Mohd Yahya Mohd Hussin, Abdul Majid Tahir Mohamed
      Abstract: Kajian ini bertujuan menganalisis perbezaan jumlah bayaran zakat pendapatan individu berdasarkan had kifayah perbelanjaan keperluan asasi hidup (PKA) yang ditetapkan dalam pengiraan zakat pendapatan di Malaysia. Ketidakseragaman PKA menyebabkan jumlah zakat pendapatan berbeza walaupun pembayar memiliki pendapatan dan perbelanjaan yang sama. Sehubungan itu, maklumat jenis dan kadar PKA di setiap negeri dianalisis secara kualitatif untuk memahami bentuk ketidakseragaman tersebut. Selanjutnya, pengiraan zakat pendapatan dengan andaian pembayar mempunyai pendapatan dan perbelanjaan yang sama dilaksana  secara simulasi berbantukan kalkultor zakat atas talian setiap Majlis Agama Islam Negeri. Hasil penelitian PKA menunjukkan terdapat persamaan dan perbezaan berkaitan jenis dan kadar yang digunakan. Perbelanjaan untuk diri sendiri, isteri dan anak merupakan antara senarai perbelanjaan yang digunakan oleh semua negeri dalam pengiraan zakat pendapatan. Namun demikian, pengkategorian lebih terperinci untuk perbelanjaan isteri dan anak dengan kadar yang berbeza,  dan amalan beberapa jenis perbelanjaan baharu yang hanya diamalkan di beberapa buah negeri sahaja seperti rawatan kronik, tanggungan kurang upaya dan ansuran kenderaan dan rumah memberi kesan terhadap pengiraan jumlah zakat pendapatan individu.  Kesan ketidakseragaman PKA melalui analisis simulasi menunjukkan jumlah bayaran zakat pendapatan individu paling kecil adalah di Perlis, manakala bayaran zakat paling tinggi pula di Kedah. Oleh yang demikian, kajian ini mendapati ketidakseragaman jenis dan kadar di dalam PKA boleh menyebabkan berlaku pembayaran zakat merentasi negeri secara meluas. Implikasi daripada kajian ini menunjukkan bahawa perbezaan jenis PKA khususnya antara negeri memerlukan satu penelitian semula. Kewajaran untuk mempertimbangkan jenis PKA adalah penting bagi memberikan kesamarataan kepada pembayar dan penerima zakat sebagaimana jenis pelepasan yang diamalkan dalam sistem percukaian. Kata kunci: Zakat pendapatan; had kifayah; kutipan zakat; keseimbangan; ekonomi Islam
      AbstractThis study analyzes the individual income zakat payment total differences based on Had Kifayah (Sufficiency Bar) of basic life necessities expenses (BLNE) in Malaysia. The unstandardized BLNE causes the inconsistency in the payment of income zakat although the payers have the same income and expenses. In this study, information about BLNE in each state is analysed qualitatively to understand the unstandardised pattern. Also, the calculation of income zakat with the assumption that payers have similar income and expenses is done by simulation, aided by online zakat calculator of each state religious council. The result indicates that there are similarities and differences in the types and rates employed. Expenses for ownself, spouse and children are among the expenses list used by all states in the zakat calculation. Nevertheless, a more detailed expenses categorization for spouse and children with different rates and new expenses category exercised in some states, such as chronic disease treatment, disabled dependents and vehicle and home installment, affect the calculation of the total individual income zakat. The simulation analysis shows that Perlis has the smallest total payment, while Kedah has the highest. Thus, this study finds that the unstandardized BLNE leads to the widespread of zakat payment across states. The implication of this study demonstrates that the differences in the BLNE adopted by states requires a review.  The rationale of considering the types of BLNE is crucial in giving justice for zakat payers and recipients as practised under the tax exemption in the taxation system.Keywords: Income zakat; had kifayah; zakat collection; balance; Islamic economy 

      PubDate: 2017-07-25
      Issue No: Vol. 87, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Penyertaan Sosial dan Indeks Kesejahteraan Sosial Subjektif Kanak-Kanak
           Miskin di Malaysia (Social Participation and Subjective Social Well-Being
           Index of Poor Children in Malaysia)

    • Authors: Siti Hajar Abu Bakar Ah, Noralina Omar, Zaiton Azman
      Abstract: Setiap kanak-kanak berhak memenuhi keperluan asasi masing-masing. Salah satu daripada keperluan asasi mereka adalah menyertai aktiviti sosial yang berlangsung dalam kehidupan masyarakat. Penyertaan sosial merupakan salah satu daripada domain kesejahteraan subjektif.  Keperluan kepada penyertaan sosial yang dipenuhi menyumbang kepada kesejahteraan hidup kanak-kanak sekaligus mendorong kanak-kanak untuk memberi sumbangan aktif dalam komuniti. Artikel 31, Konvensyen Hak Kanak-kanak (CRC) menyatakan dengan jelas mengenai hak kanak-kanak terhadap penyertaan sosial.  Artikel ini memperihalkan status penyertaan sosial kanak-kanak miskin di Malaysia. Data empirikal diambil daripada Survei Indikator Kanak-kanak 2013-2015 yang melibatkan 200 kanak-kanak Malaysia berusia 9 hingga 17 tahun. Sampel tersebut mewakili 100 keluarga miskin dari bandar dan 100 keluarga miskin dari luar bandar. Dalam kajian ini, penyertaan sosial dinilai berdasarkan sejauh mana responden berpeluang untuk membangun dan mengembangkan potensi diri mereka seoptimum mungkin. Penyertaan sosial diukur dengan menggunakan 34 item yang terbahagi kepada lima komponen iaitu penyertaan secara sendirian, bersama rakan, di sekolah, bersama keluarga dan di dalam komuniti. Dari aspek penyertaan sosial, hasil kajian menunjukkan tahap kesejahteraan subjektif kanak-kanak miskin di Malaysia masih berada pada tahap sederhana.  Dapatan ini merupakan satu input penting dalam sebarang usaha untuk mengubahsuai Dasar Kanak-kanak Negara. Ia juga penting  untuk merancang program intervensi sosial yang berkesan, yang dapat meningkatkan lagi kesejahteraan subjektif kanak-kanak.Kata kunci: Kesejahteraan subjektif; penyertaan sosial; ekologi sosial; kanak-kanak miskin; Malaysia
      Every child is entitled to fulfil his/her basic needs. One of the needs is to participate in social activities.  Social participation or engagement is one of the subjective domains of child wellbeing. The fulfil needs’ of the social participation contribute to well-being of the children thus lead them to give active contribution to the society. Article 31, Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) provides a well-defined explanation of child rights to social participation. This article discusses the status of social participation among poor children in Malaysia.  The empirical data was based on the Child Indicators Survey, 2013-2015 that involved 200 children, age 9 to 17 years old.  The sample represents 100 urban families and 100 rural area families. In the study, social participation is judged based on how the respondents have the opportunity to develop and expand their potential optimumly.  Social participation is measured using 34 items which is divided into five component; individually, with peers, at school, with family and in the community.  In the aspect of social participation, the findings indicate that Malaysian children experience an average level of subjective wellbeing. The result is a valuable input to social initiatives meant for the social policy reform, in particular, the National Child Protection Policy.  It is also of great importance for planning effective social intervention programmes to enhance the quality of lives among our children.Keywords: Subjective well-being; social participation; social ecology; poor children; Malaysia

      PubDate: 2017-07-25
      Issue No: Vol. 87, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Selarikah Makna Kepuasan Hidup daripada Perspektif Wanita Pertengahan Usia
           Bekerjaya di Hulu Langat dengan Perspektif Islam' (Is the Meaning of
           Life Satisfaction from the Perspectives of Middle-aged Career Women in
           Hulu Langat, Selangor Consistent with Islamic Perspective')

    • Authors: Siti Marziah Zakaria, Nor Ba'yah Ab. Kadir, Nasrudin Subhi
      Abstract: Wanita pertengahan usia berkemungkinan untuk mengalami sindrom kekosongan, menopaus, masalah kesihatan, gangguan tidur, lethargi, penambahan berat badan dan masalah tumpuan. Beban kerja melampau, pelbagai peranan di rumah, penjagaan warga tua dan sebagainya memburukkan lagi kesejahteraan emosi dan kepuasan hidup wanita pertengahan usia.Wanita kerap kali melaporkan kepuasan hidup yang lebih rendah berbanding lelaki. Mereka juga lebih tinggi risiko untuk mengalami kemurungan, “burn out” dan kesunyian. Kajian ini dijalankan dengan menggunakan kaedah kualitatif berdasarkan pendekatan fenomenologi. Pendekatan ini digunakan bagi meneroka dan memahami pengalaman sebenar serta perasaan peserta kajian yang dikaji. Objektif kajian ialah untuk meneroka makna kepuasan hidup daripada perspektif wanita pertengahan usia yang bekerjaya. Soalan berstruktur separa telah digunakan untuk memungut data daripada sembilan orang wanita pertengahan usia di Hulu Langat, Selangor, Malaysia. Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahawa kepuasan hidup didefinisikan dalam empat tema iaitu; 1) kejayaan/pencapaian, 2) ketenangan jiwa dan fikiran, 3) keselesaan hidup serta 4) keredhaan dan kesyukuran. Empat tema ini dibincangkan daripada sudut kesejahteraan emosi dan kepuasan hidup. Wanita pertengahan usia yang dikaji membuat penilaian kepada kepuasan hidup dengan melihat lebih kepada aspek-aspek dalaman dan kerohanian. Mereka cuba membina kehidupan yang lebih bermakna, lebih tenang dan diredhai. Dapatan kajian dapat memberi input penting kepada perancangan program bagi meningkatkan kepuasan hidup wanita bekerjaya pertengahan usia. Ia juga membantu para kaunselor, pegawai kebajikan dan penyelidik untuk lebih memahami keperluan dan perspektif hidup wanita pertengahan usia. Kata kunci: Wanita pertengahan usia; kepuasan hidup; kesyukuran; kejayaan; keselesaan ABSTRACT Middle-aged women are likely to experience empty nest syndrome, menopause, health problem, sleep disturbance, lethargy, weight gain and attention deficit. Overwhelming workload, multiple roles at home, elderly care giving and so forth have worsened the situation. These factors may influence their emotional well-being and life satisfaction. Women are frequently reported to have lower life satisfaction compare to men. They are also at higher risk of developing depression, burn out and loneliness. The study employed qualitative method based on phenomenological approach. This approach was adopted to explore and understand the real experiences and the feelings of the participants. The objective of the study is to explore the meaning of life satisfaction from the perspectives of middle-aged working women. A set of semi-structured questions was adhered to gain the data from nine middle aged working women in Hulu Langat, Selangor, Malaysia. The result of the study showed that life satisfaction has been defined in four themes, which are: 1) success/achievement, 2) tranquility of soul and mind, 3) life comfort, and 4) acceptance and gratitude. These four (4) themes are discussed from the perspectives of emotional well-being and life satisfaction. Middle-aged women review their life satisfaction by considering more on the internal and spiritual aspects. They attempt to build a more meaningful, more peaceful and blessed life. The research finding offers significant input to the planning of program to uplift life satisfaction of middle-aged career women. It can also facilitate counselors, social workers, and researchers to better understand the need and life perspective of middle aged career women.Keywords: Middle-aged women; life satisfaction; gratitude; success; comfort
      PubDate: 2017-07-25
      Issue No: Vol. 87, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Validity and Psychometric Properties of Malay Translated Religious
           Orientation Scale-Revised among Malaysian Adult Samples (Kesahan dan
           Sifat-Sifat Psikometrik Skala Orientasi Keagamaan-Semakan yang
           diterjemahkan dalam Bahasa Malaysia dalam Kalangan Sampel Dewasa Malaysia)
           

    • Authors: Mohammad Rahim Kamaluddin, Rohany Nasir, Wan Shahrazad Wan Sulaiman, Rozainee Khairudin, Zainah Ahmad Zamani
      Abstract: Religious Orientation Scale-Revised (ROS-R) has been used increasingly as an important measure in psychology of religion based researches and widely administered in cross-cultural settings. Unfortunately, there is no valid and reliable ROS-R available in Malay language to assess religious orientations among Malaysians. With that in mind, the present study aims to validate and document the psychometric properties of Malay translated ROS-R (henceforth, M-ROS-R) among sample of Malaysian adults. This study commenced with Forward-Backward translations and was followed by content and face validities. Subsequently, a cross-sectional study was conducted among Malaysian adults (n = 226) using convenience sampling method for the purpose of construct and factorial validations. Later, construct and factorial validity was performed via Exploratory Factor Analysis using Principal Component Analysis with Varimax rotation. Finally, reliability testing was performed to determine the internal consistency of the items which was achieved using Cronbach’s Alpha coefficient method (α). The factor loading consisted of three factors with a total variance of 64.76%. The final version of M-ROS-R consisted of 14 items with Factor 1 (Intrinsic Orientation) comprised of 8 items, Factor 2 (Extrinsic-Socially Orientated) with 3 items while Factor 3 (Extrinsic-Personally Orientated) constituted 3 items. The internal consistency values of the factors ranged between 0.68 and 0.86, indicating the scale is reliable. The intercorrelations between factors were also significant with each other. M-ROS-R was concluded as a valid and reliable scale to measure and assess religious orientations among Malaysians. Keywords: Internal consistency; psychometric properties; religiosity; Religious Orientation Scale-Revised; validation  ABSTRAK Religious Orientation Scale-Revised (Skala Orientasi Keagamaan-Semakan; ROS-R) telah semakin banyak digunakan sebagai pengukuran penting dalam kajian berasaskan psikologi keagamaan dan ditadbirkan secara meluas merentasi budaya. Malangnya, masih belum ada versi ROS-R dalam Bahasa Malaysia yang mempunyai kesahan dan kebolehpercayaan untuk mengukur orientasi keagamaan dalam kalangan rakyat Malaysia. Dengan itu, kajian ini bertujuan untuk mengesahkan dan mendokumenkan sifat-sifat psikometrik ROS-R diterjemah ke dalam Bahasa Malaysia (M-ROS-R) dalam kalangan sampel kajian orang dewasa Malaysia. Kajian ini bermula dengan penterjemahan berbalik dan diikuti dengan kesahan kandungan dan muka. Kemudiannya, satu kajian keratan rentas dijalankan dalam kalangan orang dewasa Malaysia (n = 226) dengan menggunakan kaedah persampelan mudah untuk mendapatkan kesahan konstruk dan faktorial. Kemudian, kesahan konstruk dan faktorial telah dijalankan melalui Analisis Faktor Eksploratori menggunakan Analisis Komponen Utama dengan putaran Varimaks. Akhir sekali, kebolehpercayaan diuji untuk mendapatkan kebolehpercayaan dalaman dengan menggunakan kaedah pekali Alfa Kronbach (α). Muatan faktor terdiri daripada tiga faktor dengan jumlah varians sebanyak 64.76%. Versi terakhir M-ROS-R terdiri daripada 14 item dengan Faktor 1 (Orientasi Dalaman) terdiri daripada 8 item, Faktor 2 (Orientasi Sosial-Ekstrinsik) terdiri daripada 3 item manakala Faktor 3 (Orientasi Personal-Ekstrinsik) terdiri daripada 3 item. Nilai kebolehpercayaan dalaman faktor-faktor tersebut adalah antara 0.68 hingga 0.86, menunjukkan skala ini boleh dipercayai. Korelasi antara faktor-faktor juga adalah signifikan. M-ROS-R ditentukan sebagai skala yang sah dan boleh dipercayai untuk mengukur dan menilai orientasi keagamaan dalam kalangan rakyat Malaysia. Kata kunci: Kebolehpercayaan dalaman; sifat-sifat psikometrik; keagamaan; Skala Orientasi Keagamaan-Semakan; kesahan
      PubDate: 2017-07-25
      Issue No: Vol. 87, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Caring for Strangers: Filipino Medical Workers in Asia by Megha Amrith

    • Authors: Puteh Noraihan A Rahman
      Abstract: N/A
      PubDate: 2017-07-25
      Issue No: Vol. 87, No. 2 (2017)
       
 
 
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