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BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1259 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1566 Journals sorted alphabetically
4OR: A Quarterly Journal of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Abacus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Accounting Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Acta Amazonica     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Acta Commercii     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Oeconomica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Acta Scientiarum. Human and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Acta Universitatis Danubius. Œconomica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Universitatis Nicolai Copernici Zarządzanie     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
AD-minister     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Adam Academy : Journal of Social Sciences / Adam Akademi : Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
AdBispreneur : Jurnal Pemikiran dan Penelitian Administrasi Bisnis dan Kewirausahaan     Open Access  
Admisi dan Bisnis     Open Access  
ADR Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Developing Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Advances in Economics and Business     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
AfricaGrowth Agenda     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66)
African Development Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
African Journal of Business and Economic Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African Review of Economics and Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Afro Eurasian Studies     Open Access  
Afro-Asian Journal of Finance and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Akademik Yaklaşımlar Dergisi     Open Access  
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Alphanumeric Journal : The Journal of Operations Research, Statistics, Econometrics and Management Information Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Economic Journal : Applied Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 208)
American Enterprise Institute     Free  
American Journal of Business     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 55)
American Journal of Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Economics and Business Administration     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
American Journal of Economics and Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
American Journal of Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
American Journal of Finance and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
American Journal of Medical Quality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ankara University SBF Journal     Open Access  
Annales de l'Institut Henri Poincare (C) Non Linear Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annals in Social Responsibility     Full-text available via subscription  
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Annual Review of Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Anuario Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Applied Developmental Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Applied Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Applied Economics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Applied Economics Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Applied Financial Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Applied Mathematical Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Applied Stochastic Models in Business and Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Arab Economic and Business Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Business Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Arena Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Argomenti. Rivista di economia, cultura e ricerca sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ASEAN Economic Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Asia Pacific Business Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 316)
Asia Pacific Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Viewpoint     Hybrid Journal  
Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asia-Pacific Management and Business Application     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Case Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asian Development Review     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Asian Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian Economic Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Accounting and Governance     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Asian Journal of Sustainability and Social Responsibility     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian-pacific Economic Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ATA Journal of Legal Tax Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Atlantic Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Australasian Journal of Regional Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Cottongrower, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Australian Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Maritime and Ocean Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Balkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Baltic Journal of Real Estate Economics and Construction Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Banks in Insurance Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BBR - Brazilian Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Benchmarking : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Benefit : Jurnal Manajemen dan Bisnis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BER : Consumer Confidence Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Economic Prospects : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription  
BER : Economic Prospects : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Intermediate Goods Industries Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Manufacturing Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Motor Trade Survey     Full-text available via subscription  
BER : Retail Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Retail Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Building and Construction : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Manufacturing : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Retail : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Trends : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Wholesale Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription  
Berkeley Business Law Journal     Free   (Followers: 9)
Beykent Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Bio-based and Applied Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biodegradation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biology Direct     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Bitlis Eren Üniversitesi İktisadi Ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Akademik İzdüşüm Dergisi     Full-text available via subscription  
BizInfo (Blace) Journal of Economics, Management and Informatics     Open Access  
Black Enterprise     Full-text available via subscription  
Board & Administrator for Administrators only     Hybrid Journal  
Boletim Técnico do Senac     Open Access  
Border Crossing : Transnational Working Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Briefings in Real Estate Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
British Journal of Industrial Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Brookings Papers on Economic Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 50)
Brookings Trade Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BRQ Business Research Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Building Sustainable Legacies : The New Frontier Of Societal Value Co-Creation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Economic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of the Dnipropetrovsk University. Series : Management of Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business & Entrepreneurship Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Business & Information Systems Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Business : Theory and Practice / Verslas : Teorija ir Praktika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business and Economic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Business and Management Horizons     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Business and Management Research     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Business and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Business and Professional Communication Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Business and Society Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Business Ethics Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Business Ethics: A European Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Business Horizons     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Business Information Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Business Management and Strategy     Open Access   (Followers: 42)
Business Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Business Strategy and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Business Strategy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Business Strategy Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business Systems & Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Business Systems Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Business, Economics and Management Research Journal : BEMAREJ     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business, Management and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Business, Peace and Sustainable Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Business: Theory and Practice     Open Access  
Bustan     Hybrid Journal  
Cadernos EBAPE.BR     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Journal of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences / Revue Canadienne des Sciences de l Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue Canadienne d`Economique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Canadian journal of nonprofit and social economy research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Capitalism Nature Socialism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Cappadocia Academic Review     Open Access  
Case Studies in Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
CBU International Conference Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Central European Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Central European Journal of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Central European Journal of Public Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Chain Reaction     Full-text available via subscription  
Challenge     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
China & World Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
China : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
China Economic Journal: The Official Journal of the China Center for Economic Research (CCER) at Peking University     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
China Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
China Finance Review International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
China Nonprofit Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
China perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Chinese Economy     Full-text available via subscription  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia Sociales y Económicas     Open Access  
CLIO América     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cliometrica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
COEPTUM     Open Access  
Community Development Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Compendium : Cuadernos de Economía y Administración     Open Access  
Compensation & Benefits Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Competition & Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Competitive Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Competitiveness Review : An International Business Journal incorporating Journal of Global Competitiveness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Computational Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Computational Mathematics and Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computer Law & Security Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Computers & Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Construction Innovation: Information, Process, Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Contemporary Wales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Corporate Communications An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Corporate Philanthropy Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Journal Cover
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities
Number of Followers: 7  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0126-5008
Published by Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Homepage  [11 journals]
  • A Meeting of Masks – Status, Power and Hierarchy in Bangkok

    • Authors: Helen Mu Hung Ting
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      Issue No: Vol. 87, No. 3 (2017)
  • Faham Beruk Menurut Malik Bennabi dan Perkaitannya dengan Falsafah
           Pendidikan Negara (Berukism from Malik Bennabi’s Thought and its
           Relationship with the National Education Philosophy)

    • Authors: Khairiah Mohd Yassin
      Abstract: Faham beruk merupakan suatu faham kehaiwanan yang semakin menular dan membarah dalam kalangan masyarakat di Kepulauan Melayu. Faham kehaiwanan tersebut dibangunkan berdasarkan pemikiran Malik Bennabi. Ini kerana idea ulungnya tentang konsep manusia dan kemanusiaan bersifat sejagat yang turut terkait dengan masyarakat dari Alam Melayu. Oleh itu, kajian ini bertujuan mengkaji konsep faham beruk Malik Bennabi dan menganalisis perkaitan faham kehaiwanan tersebut dengan Falsafah Pendidikan Negara di Malaysia. Untuk itu kaedah kepustakaan digunakan sepenuhnya dalam proses pengumpulan dan penganalisaan data. Data kajian diperolehi daripada karya-karya utama karangan Malik Bennabi. Kerangka konseptual dibentuk dan dimantapkan menggunakan kaedah analisis tekstual deskriptif. Daripada analisis tekstual tersebut, faham kehaiwanan berkenaan dihurai secara terperinci agar dapat menggabungjalin dan mencerakin idea Bennabi tentang konsep manusia dalam pembangunan peradaban. Hasil kajian mendapati bahawa faham beruk ialah suatu fahaman tersirat daripada kotak fikir Bennabi tentang permasalahan asas yang membelenggu manusia. Seterusnya, idea Bennabi berkisar persoalan manusia menitikberatkan dua aspek penting kemanusiaan iaitu keperibadian diri dan keintelektualan akal fikir. Penekanan terhadap dua aspek tersebut memperlihatkan kepentingan kajian ini kerana ia mempunyai perkaitan dengan elemen utama yang terkandung dalam Falsafah Pendidikan Negara iaitu elemen jasmani, emosi, rohani dan intelek (JERI). Elemen jasmani, emosi dan rohani berkait rapat dengan keperibadian diri. Elemen intelek pula berkaitan dengan konteks keintelektualan manusia. Kata kunci: Faham Beruk; Malik Bennabi; Falsafah Pendidikan Negara; keperibadian; keintelektualan   Berukism is an idea that is increasingly widespread and endemic in Malay Archipelago society. Berukism is the thought developed based on Malik Bennabi’s idea. His idea about the concept of man and humanity is universal and is also related to the people of the Malay world. This study aims to examine the concept of beruk from Bennabi’s perspectives, and analyse the relevance of this concept with the National Education Philosophy in Malaysia. This study adopts library research methods that was fully utilised in the process of collecting and analysing data. The data were collected through Bennabi’s major works. The conceptual framework was developed and enhanced using descriptive textual analysis. The idea of beruk will be further analysed in order to understand the concept of man in the development of civilisation. The study found that berukism evolves around Bennabi’s implicit ideas on the fundamental problems that plague mankind. His ideas on the question of humans focus on two aspects i.e. personality and intellect. The emphasis on these two aspects show the significance of this study due to its relationship with the key elements in the National Education Philosophy such as physical, emotional, spiritual and intellectual (JERI). The physical, emotional and spiritual elements define the human personality, while the intellectual element relates to human intellect. Keywords: Berukism; Malik Bennabi; National Education Philosophy; personality; intellectual
      PubDate: 2017-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 87, No. 3 (2017)
  • Reviving the Sultanate of Sulu Through its Claim over Sabah, 1962-1986
           (Menghidupkan Semula Institusi Kesultanan Sulu Melalui Tuntutan ke atas
           Sabah, 1962-1986)

    • Authors: Norizan Kadir, Suffian Mansor
      Abstract: The aftermath of colonialism marked the end of a long-standing and glorious Sultanate of Sulu when it finally lost its power and supremacy under the newly-independent Philippines government. Even after the Philippines finally achieved its independence in 1946, the Sultanate of Sulu again failed to revive its old “kerajaan” as it had been abolished by the Philippines government in 1937. As the sultans and his followers had the historical experience regarding the idea of “kesultanan” and other socio-political concepts, the newly-introduced concept namely the nation-state whereby the idea of the boundary and a new nation was created making the traditional sultanate in desperation to sustain their sovereignty and power. The desperation to re-establish and revive their old glorious “kerajaan” eventually turned into a struggle and rigorous attempts to claim Sabah. Hence, this article aims to illustrate the survival of the Sultanate of Sulu after the death of the last sultan in 1936 and the efforts taken to preserve the sultanate within the modern nation-state system. The method of research used in this study involved library and archival research to obtain primary and secondary sources. Among the primary sources consulted in the study include British records, agreements, correspondence, newspapers, government gazettes, memoranda, speeches, and government official publications. Thus, this article lucidly concludes that various trends and approaches taken by the Sultan of Sulu and his heirs to claim Sabah were a part of their mission to sustain and revive the Sultanate of Sulu.Keywords: Sultanate of Sulu; Philippines government; Sabah and nation-state; sovereignty. AbstrakImpak kolonialisme telah menyebabkan sebuah kerajaan yang begitu lama bertahan dan gemilang iaitu Kesultanan Sulu akhirnya kehilangan kuasa dan ketuanan di bawah pemerintahan baru yang merdeka iaitu Republik Filipina. Walaupun selepas Filipina mencapai kemerdekaannya pada tahun 1946, Kesultanan Sulu masih gagal untuk menghidupkan semula kerajaannya apabila institusi Kesultanan Sulu dihapuskan oleh Filipina pada tahun 1937. Oleh kerana Sultan Sulu dan pengikutnya itu telah merasai pengalaman memiliki "kesultanan" sendiri serta konsep-konsep sosiopolitik lain, konsep negara bangsa yang baru diperkenalkan yang mengandungi konsep sempadan tertentu dan pembinaan bangsa baru telah menyebabkan Kesultanan Sulu berada dalam keadaan tertekan untuk mempertahankan kedaulatan dan kuasanya. Terdesak untuk memulihkan semula kegemilangan kerajaan lamanya, Sultan Sulu dan pengikutnya akhirnya mula menumpukan kepada perjuangan untuk menuntut Borneo Utara (Sabah). Oleh itu, artikel ini bertujuan untuk menjelaskan kewujudan Kesultanan Sulu selepas kematian Sultan Sulu yang terakhir pada tahun 1936 dan usaha-usaha yang dilakukan bagi mengekalkan kesultanan dalam sistem negara bangsa moden. Kaedah penyelidikan berbentuk kepustakaan telah dilaksanakan bagi mendapatkan data-data daripada sumber primer dan sekunder. Antara sumber primer yang dirujuk dalam kajian ini termasuklah rekod-rekod British, dokumen perjanjian, surat-menyurat, keratan akhbar, warta kerajaan, memorandum, teks ucapan serta terbitan rasmi kerajaan. Kesimpulannya, pelbagai trend dan pendekatan yang diambil oleh Sultan Sulu dan waris-warisnya untuk menuntut Sabah adalah sebahagian daripada misi mereka untuk mempertahankan dan menghidupkan kembali institusi Kesultanan Sulu.Kata kunci: Kesultanan Sulu; kerajaan Filipina; Sabah dan negara bangsa; kedaulatan.
      PubDate: 2017-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 87, No. 3 (2017)
  • Relationship between Islamic Concept and Ethical Behaviour (Akhlak) of
           being in Love among Youth (Hubungkait antara Konsep dan Tingkah Laku Etika
           (Akhlak) Percintaan menurut Islam dalam kalangan Belia)

    • Authors: Syaidatun Nazirah Abu Zahrin, Fazilah Idris, Khairul Anwar Mastor, Aminudin Rozmi Ismail, Hanisah Osman
      Abstract: The word love is synonymous with values of goodness. Romantic relationship needs guidance from religious knowledge in order to sustain an ethical love relationship. This is to avoid involvement in social illness. The impact of being unethical in loving behaviour includes increasing number of adultery and baby dumping cases. The aim of this study is to determine the relationship between Muslim youth understanding, attitude and practice on the Concept of Love (COL) in Islam with values in Ethical Love Behaviour (ELB). The study was conducted among students at three types of higher education institutions in Malaysia which include public, private and the public Islamic universities with a total of 599 respondents.  The age of the respondents are from 18 to 23 years old (mean=19.5). Respondents were asked to complete Likert type and self-administered questionnaire assessing respondents’ understanding and attitude towards dimensions of love and values in ELB.  The psychological measurement tools in this study were developed by the researchers and named as the Instrument of Love in Islam (ICDI) and Ethics of Love (IAP). Findings show that understanding and attitude towards love in Islam is high; however, the practical aspect is moderate. The COL in Islam has a significant relationship with values in ELB. The findings of this study highlight the contributions of understanding and possessing positive attitude towards the COL in sustaining youth’s meaningful participation in values of ELB. The implication of this study suggests that understanding and appreciation of love is particularly relevant to youth in order to address problems of wrongful behaviours that result from misunderstanding of the concept of love. Keywords: Concept of love in Islam; Muslim youth; values; ethical love behaviour; attitude

      Perkataan cinta sinonim dengan nilai-nilai kebaikan. Hubungan romantis memerlukan bimbingan dari ilmu agama untuk mengekalkan hubungan cinta yang beretika iaitu akhlak percintaan. Ini adalah untuk mengelakkan diri daripada terlibat dalam penyakit sosial. Kesan daripada hubungan cinta yang tidak beretika ialah perzinaan dan pembuangan bayi. Tujuan kajian ini adalah untuk mengenal pasti hubungan antara pemahaman belia Islam, sikap dan amalan Konsep Percintaan dalam Islam (KPI) dengan nilai-nilai dalam Akhlak Percintaan (AP). Alat ujian psikologi yang telah digunakan dalam kajian yang dibina sendiri oleh pengkaji dan dinamakan sebagai Instrumen Cinta dalam Islam (ICDI), dan Instrumen Akhlak Percintaan (IAP). Kajian ini telah dijalankan di kalangan tiga golongan pelajar institusi pengajian tinggi di Malaysia, iaitu daripada pelajar universiti awam, swasta dan universiti-universiti Islam awam seramai 599 responden kesemuanya. Responden berusia antara 18 hingga 23 tahun (min = 19.5).  Responden diminta untuk melengkapkan soal selidik jenis Likert yang ditadbir sendiri untuk mengakses kefahaman dan sikap mereka terhadap dimensi cinta dan nilai-nilai dalam tingkah laku percintaan. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan  pemahaman dan sikap terhadap cinta dalam Islam adalah tinggi, bagaimanapun aspek praktikal adalah sederhana. KPI mempunyai hubungan yang signifikan dengan nilai dalam AP. Hasil kajian ini menekankan sumbangan persefahaman dan memiliki sikap positif terhadap KPI dalam mengekalkan penyertaan yang bermakna bagi belia terhadap nilai-nilai akhlak percintaan AP. Implikasi kajian ini menunjukkan bahawa kefahaman dan penghayatan cinta adalah sangat penting bagi menangani masalah keruntuhan akhlak yang berpunca dari salah faham terhadap konsep cinta. Kata kunci: Konsep percintaan dalam Islam; belia Islam; nilai; akhlak percintaan; sikap

      PubDate: 2017-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 87, No. 3 (2017)
  • Pola Perubahan Sosiobudaya dan Mobiliti Sosial dalam Kalangan Komuniti
           Muara di Pantai Timur Semenanjung Malaysia (Sociocultural Change and
           Social Mobility among Estuarial Communities in the East Coast of
           Peninsular Malaysia)

    • Authors: Nor Hayati Sa'at, Ibrahim Mamat, Wan Mohd Zaifurin Wan Nawang
      Abstract: Persoalan perubahan sosiobudaya dan mobiliti sosial komuniti muara adalah satu persoalan penting dalam keseluruhan kajian mengenai perubahan sosial. Dalam dua dekad lebih ini, proses modenisasi berkembang pesat dan memberi kesan mendalam ke atas komuniti ini. Kajian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji isu berkaitan perubahan sosiobudaya dan mobiliti sosial komuniti muara di Pantai Timur Semenanjung Malaysia. Kaedah tinjauan ke atas 596 orang responden, temu bual dan pemerhatian telah dijalankan keatas 6 buah perkampungan nelayan di muara sungai yang terletak di Kelantan, Terengganu dan Pahang. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan aspek sosiobudaya melalui aktiviti kejiranan dalam komuniti muara masih kuat dan menjadi amalan tradisi. Mobiliti sosial melalui jenis pekerjaan juga telah berubah, iaitu pekerjaan sebagai nelayan untuk sumber pendapatan ekonomi utama telah beransur-ansur kurang menarik minat generasi muda. Kebanyakan generasi muda lebih berminat bekerja di darat berbanding menjadikan lautan sebagai sumber rezeki. Keadaan komuniti semakin terbuka memungkinkan berlakunya mobiliti sosial dalam kalangan generasi muda. Transformasi komuniti muara berdasarkan kepada aspek pendidikan dialami oleh empat generasi dikaji sama ada generasi datuk, bapa, responden dan anak. Bermula pada zaman sebelum merdeka, pasca merdeka dan menjelang abad ke-21 ‘tangga’ mobiliti berdasarkan tahap pendidikan semakin diakui kepentingannya oleh komuniti muara sebagai syarat utama untuk mengecapi kehidupan yang lebih baik. Kata kunci: Perubahan sosiobudaya; mobiliti sosial; perubahan sosial; komuniti muara; komuniti nelayan ABSTRACT The issue of sociocultural change and social mobility among the estuarial communities is an important topic in the overall research on social change. Over the past two decades, the process of modernisation has rapidly taken place and impacted the communities significantly. This study aims to examine the issues regarding sociocultural change and the social mobility of the estuarial communities in the East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia. A survey was conducted on 596 respondents, where interviews and observations were carried out in 6 fishing villages in the estuaries located in Kelantan, Terengganu, and Pahang. The research findings show that the sociocultural aspects seen through neighbourhood activities in the estuarial communities are still being held on to strongly and have become a practice of tradition. Social mobility through types of occupation has also changed, whereby working as a fisherman as the main source of income has gradually become less appealing to the younger generations. Youths of the younger generation are more inclined to work on land. The more open nature of the communities makes it more likely for social mobility to occur among the younger generation. The transformation of the estuarial communities due to education, as experienced by four generations, is examined in terms of the grandfather, the father, the respondent, and his child. Since the era of pre-independence, post-independence and upon the advent of the 21st century, ‘steps’ of mobility based on the level of education has increasingly been acknowledged by the estuarial communities as a main condition to lead a better life. Keywords: Sociocultural change; social mobility; social change; estuarial communities; fishing community
      PubDate: 2017-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 87, No. 3 (2017)
  • Aktor Bukan Negara dan Keselamatan Nasional di Malaysia: Tentera Diraja
           Sulu dan Pencerobohan Lahad Datu, 2013 (Non-State Actor and National
           Security in Malaysia: The Royal Sulu Army and the Lahad Datu Intrusion,

    • Authors: Ramli Dollah, Zainus Sagi Khusyairy Pangkas
      Abstract: Sejak mencapai kemerdekaan, Malaysia berhadapan beberapa bentuk ancaman keselamatan seperti ancaman Komunis, konfrontasi Indonesia, tuntutan Filipina ke atas Sabah dan sebagainya. Namun, era pasca Perang Dingin berlaku perubahan dalam memahami keselamatan di mana ancaman keselamatan nasional banyak disumbangkan oleh aktor-aktor bukan negara, misalnya kumpulan pengganas. Oleh itu, makalah ini membincangkan mengenai insiden pencerobohan oleh kumpulan yang dikenali sebagai Tentera Diraja Sulu (RSA) di Tanduo pada 2013. Pencerobohan ini memberikan gambaran bahawa aktor bukan negara juga mampu memberikan ancaman keselamatan yang sangat besar kepada keselamatan nasional. Malahan insiden ini menunjukkan bahawa ancaman yang ditimbulkan oleh kumpulan ini adalah lebih besar daripada ancaman yang ditimbulkan oleh elemen-elemen keselamatan tradisional yang menekankan kepentingan aktor negara dan penggunaan ketenteraan oleh negara lain seperti yang difahami dalam kajian keselamatan. Dalam menjelaskan bagaimana ancaman ini dilihat sebagai salah satu ancaman yang serius kepada keselamatan negara, beberapa indikator akan digunakan; pertama, cara kerajaan bertindak menangani ancaman ini; kedua, jumlah kematian yang disebabkan oleh RSA; ketiga, panik dan ketakutan dalam kalangan pasukan keselamatan dan masyarakat; dan keempat, jumlah wang yang diperuntukkan untuk menangani masalah ini. Artikel ini berhujah bahawa ancaman yang ditimbulkan oleh kumpulan ini menunjukkan dengan jelas bagaimana aktor bukan negara juga memberikan implikasi yang besar kepada keselamatan nasional di Malaysia. Oleh itu, satu pendekatan holistik diperlukan dalam usaha menangani masalah ini. Dalam usaha menyiapkan makalah ini, selain menggunakan bahan perpustakaan dan surat khabar, penulis turut menggunakan beberapa pendekatan lain seperti pemerhatian, temu bual, kerja lapangan di kawasan terbabit dan sebagainya untuk melihat keseriusan ancaman yang ditimbulkan oleh aktor bukan negara ini. Kata kunci: Aktor bukan Negara; Malaysia; Keselamatan; Tentera di Raja Sulu; Tanduo

      Since independence, Malaysia has been facing various security threats such as the Communist threat, the Indonesia confrontation against Malaysia, the Philippine’s claim on Sabah and so on. However, the post-Cold War era have changed the way of understanding national security because most of the security threats are emanated from the non-state actors, such as terrorists group. Therefore, this paper discusses the intrusion by a group called the Royal Sulu Army (RSA) in Tanduo in 2013. This incidence proved that the non-state actors are also posing huge security threat to Malaysia’s national security. Meanwhile, this intrusion also demonstrates that the threat emanated from the non-state actor is more threatening than the traditional security elements that emphasises the importance of the state and the use of the military by other countries. In explaining the seriousness and securities of the threat posed by the RSA, this article employs several variables; first, the way the government responds to the threat; second, the number of death during the intrusion; third, panic and fear among the security forces and also the public; and fourth, the amount of money allocated to deal with the threat. This article argues that the threat by the non-state actors provides major implications in understanding the issue of national security in Malaysia. Therefore, a holistic approach is needed to tackle this threat. In preparing this article, in addition to the library research and also newspapers, the authors employ some other methods such as observation, interviews, field work and so on in order to understand the seriousness of the threat by the non-state actors. Keywords: Non-state actor; Malaysia; Security; Royal Sulu Army; Tanduo 

      PubDate: 2017-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 87, No. 3 (2017)
  • Impak Pembangunan Pelancongan ke atas Persekitaran Manusia dan Fizikal
           Komuniti Pulau Tioman (The Impact of Tourism Development on Humanity and
           Physical Environment of Pulau Tioman Community)

    • Authors: Norlida Hanim Mohd Salleh, Md Shafiin Shukor, Siti Hajar Mohd Idris
      Abstract: Pembangunan pelancongan mesti membawa impak kepada komuniti tempatan dari aspek persekitaran manusia (ekonomi, sosial dan budaya) mahupun persekitaran fizikal. Jika pembangunan ini membawa manfaat, ia akan memberi kesan dari aspek sokongan dan pembangunan masa hadapan. Pembangunan pelancongan di Pulau Tioman telah melibatkan komuniti tempatan dan dijangka membawa impak seperti dinyatakan di atas. Sebagai bukti, sejumlah 228 komuniti tempatan di Pulau Tioman telah ditemu bual dengan berbantukan borang soal selidik dalam usaha mengenal pasti sama ada mereka memperoleh impak daripada pembangunan Pulau Tioman sebagai destinasi pelancongan dan apakah mereka menyokong pembangunan pada masa hadapan. Kaedah Strutural Equation Model (SEM) dengan menggunakan perisian Smart Partial Least Square (SmartPLS) digunakan dalam kajian ini. Hasil kajian menunjukkan secara keseluruhan komuniti tempatan mendapat impak positif sama ada dari segi ekonomi, sosial, budaya mahu pun alam sekitar. Komuniti berpuas hati dengan impak yang mereka peroleh mengikut urutan; impak yang paling terkesan adalah impak sosial, diikuti oleh impak alam sekitar, budaya dan ekonomi. Dengan itu, komuniti tempatan memberi sokongan kepada pembangunan pada masa hadapan. Bagaimanapun, sokongan pembangunan pelancongan pada masa hadapan bergantung kepada empat elemen utama iaitu peningkatan gaji, peluang pekerjaan, penyediaan kemudahan asas dan kemudahan kesihatan. Dengan itu, pembangunan Pulau Tioman perlu diteruskan kerana ia membawa impak positif dan berupaya membangunkan sosial masyarakat berdasarkan faktor keperluan pada masa hadapan. Untuk meransang penyertaan komuniti, pihak berkepentingan harus memberikan tumpuan kepada perkara yang boleh membawa manfaat kepada mereka agar setiap pembangunan dapat meningkatkan pendapatan, menjana peluang pekerjaan baru dan menambah pelbagai kemudahan asas serta meningkatkan kemudahan kesihatan.  Kata kunci: Pembangunan; pelancongan; Pulau Tioman; persekiran fizikal; persekitaran                         manusia   Tourism development will impact the local community, either from the perspective of human (economic, social, cultural) or physical environment. If the progress is beneficial, future development will be supported. Hence, tourism development in Pulau Tioman involved the local community and is expected to bring the impact mentioned above. As an evidence, by using a set of questionnaires, a total of 228 Pulau Tioman’s residents were interviewed to investigate whether they had been affected by the development of Pulau Tioman as a tourist destination. They were also interviewed on their support for the future development in Pulau Tioman. The Structural Equation Model (SEM) with Smart Partial Least Square (SmartPLS) software was used in this study. The results showed that the community is positively impacted either from the economic, social, culture or environmental aspect. They are also satisfied with the impact, and the most significant impact is the social impact; followed by environmental, cultural and economic impacts. Hence, the local community supports the future development of the island. However, their support is dependent upon four major elements; and those are increase in salary, employment opportunities, as well as better basic and health facilities. As for policy implication, in order to stimulate the participation and ensuring support from the local community, the stakeholders should focus on what may be beneficial to the community. Keywords: Development; tourism; Tioman Island; physical environment; human surroundings
      PubDate: 2017-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 87, No. 3 (2017)
  • Konsep Residivisme: Kekaburan Definisi, Pengukuran dan Praktis (The
           Concept of Recidivism: Ambiguity Definition, Measurement and Practice)

    • Authors: Mohd Alif Jasni, Siti Hajar Abu Bakar Ah, Jal Zabdi Mohd Yusoff, Khairiyah Md Shahid, Noralina Omar
      Abstract: Kekaburan yang wujud pada pendefinisian konsep residivisme mewujudkan ketidakseragaman dalam pengukuran kadar pengulangan jenayah yang berlaku sehingga hari ini. Makalah ini merungkaikan implikasi kekaburan pelbagai variasi mengenai definisi konsep residivisme dalam mengukur kadar pengulangan jenayah, serta praktis intervensi yang diambil bagi menangani masalah ulang-laku jenayah di Malaysia. Makalah ini bertitik-tolak daripada sebuah kajian pengajian peringkat doktor falsafah oleh pengkaji pertama mengenai program pasca pembebasan dan jagaan lanjutan untuk bekas banduan di Malaysia. Hasil penulisan makalah telah membawa kepada sebuah cadangan definisi residivisme yang lebih realistik dan sesuai dengan pengalaman para residivis dan praktis sistem pengadilan jenayah di Malaysia. Penelitian terhadap definisi dan pengukuran konsep residivisme ini mampu menyumbang kepada amalan intervensi yang efisien di dalam menangani isu-isu sosial berkaitan dengan masalah ulang-laku jenayah dalam kalangan para residivis di dalam sistem keadilan jenayah di Malaysia. Kata kunci: Residivisme;  residivis; pengulangan jenayah; faktor risiko; faktor pelindung ABSTRACT The ambiguity inherent in defining the concept of recidivism creates inconsistencies in measuring crime repetition rate until today. This article unravels the implications of the ambiguity of the definition in measuring the crime repetition rate, as well as practical interventions undertaken to address the problem of crime repetition in Malaysia. It was based on a doctoral study on post-release and aftercare program for former prisoners in Malaysia by the first author. The  result has led to a more realistic definition of recidivism which is in accordance with recidivists and practical experience of the criminal justice system in Malaysia. Research on the definition and measurement of recidivism is able to contribute to the efficient intervention practices in addressing social issues related to crime repetition among recidivists in the Malaysian criminal justice system. Keywords: Recidivism; recidivist; crime repeatition, risk factor; protective factor
      PubDate: 2017-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 87, No. 3 (2017)
  • Pengaruh Budaya Tradisi dan Islam dalam Evolusi Adat dan Ritual Kematian
           Komuniti Bajau (The Influence of Traditional Culture and Islam in
           Evolutionary Transformation of Death Customs and Rituals among Bajau

    • Authors: Halina Sendera Mohd Yakin
      Abstract: Makalah ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji perubahan dalam adat dan ritual kematian masyarakat Bajau akibat pengaruh sistem kepercayaan dan agama Islam. Pemahaman terhadap struktur dan signifikasi simbol non-verbal dalam adat kematian Bajau mewakili beberapa nilai dukungan masyarakat Bajau dari pelbagai dimensi. Bertunjangkan matlamat yang direncanakan, pengkaji telah mengaplikasikan beberapa perspektif teori yang berkaitan untuk memandu arah dan menyokong intipati penelitian iaitu Teori Strukturalisme Levi-Strauss dan Teori Semiotik. Penelitian yang bersifat kualitatif ini menggunakan pendekatan kajian berbentuk etnografi yang bersifat thick description untuk mendeskripsikan dan menginterpretasikan semiotik dalam adat dan ritual kematian Bajau Kota Belud. Seiringan dengan pendekatan etnografi, pengumpulan data dilaksanakan menerusi kaedah participant observation dengan mengaplikasikan teknik pemerhatian turut serta dan temu bual. Struktur dan simbol kematian menunjukkan bahawa pengaruh kosmologi Hinduisme dan Buddhisme telah mewarnai dan mentransformasikan amalan budaya masyarakat Bajau yang terdahulunya terbentuk dari dunia animisme. Namun setelah menganut agama Islam, amalan budaya masyarakat berkenaan turut berubah. Namun perubahan yang berlaku lebih bersifat evolusi dalam situasi yang tidak seragam bentuknya. Abad yang ke-21 ini, perilaku budaya dalam adat dan ritual kematian memperlihatkan bahawa amalan budaya masyarakat Bajau seolah-olah berunsur sinkretisme, iaitu penyesuaian dan pembauran antara kepercayaan tradisional dan baharu. Namun tidak mustahil perubahan akan berlaku dengan lebih drastik pada abad mendatang kerana proses pemurnian Islam masih berterusan. Amalan dan ritual tradisional dalam adat kematian Bajau masih terus bertahan sehingga kini kerana makna serta fungsinya masih diperlukan. Kata kunci: Adat kematian; Bajau; sistem kepercayaan; Islam; evolusi   The aim of this study is to examine the transformation in the death customs and rituals among the Bajau community due to the influence of belief system and Islam. Understanding and signification of the nonverbal symbols in the Bajau death structure represent certain Bajau values from diverse dimensions. Some interrelated theoretical perspective was applied to support the study namely Levi-Strauss’ structuralism theory and semiotic theory. The qualitative research utilised the ethnographical thick description approach in order to illustrate and interpret the semiotics that underlined the death custom and ritual among the Bajau of Kota Belud. In line with the ethnographical approach, the data collection is conducted through participant observation and interview. Both death symbol and structure show that the influence of Hinduism-Buddhism cosmology has coloured and transformed the Bajau cultural practices and rituals which were previously formed based on the animism world. After the Bajau embraced Islam, their world-view and cosmology have changed. Nevertheless, the changes are more evolutionary and inconsistent. Thus, in the 21st century, the cultural behavior in death customs and rituals illustrates that the Bajau cultural practices seem to have the element of syncretism; that is to say the adaptation and amalgamation between traditional and new beliefs. Yet, it is not impossible to claim that changes will become more apparent in years to come because Islamisation is a continuing process. The traditional practice and ritual of the Bajau death custom live on as the meaning and function are still needed.                                                                                            Keywords: Death custom; Bajau; belief system; Islam; evolution
      PubDate: 2017-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 87, No. 3 (2017)
  • Tingkah Laku Beragama Menurut Freud (Religious Behavior According to

    • Authors: Nor Nazimi Mohd Mustaffa, Jaffary Awang, Aminudin
      Abstract: Pada abad ke 19, bidang psikologi semakin berkembang dengan wujudnya bidang kajian psikologi agama yang bertujuan untuk memahami perasaan, pemikiran dan tingkah laku beragama. Sarjana psikologi Barat telah melakukan pelbagai kajian yang berbeza bagi mengemukakan pandangan dan pemikiran mereka terhadap tingkah laku beragama. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) merupakan salah seorang ahli psikologi Barat yang sangat berpengaruh dalam bidang psikologi dan beliau telah memperkenalkan teori Psikoanalitik. Berdasarkan teori Psikoanalitik, beliau telah megemukakan pandangan dan pemikiran terhadap aspek agama dan aktiviti pelaksanaan tingkah laku beragama yang dilakukan oleh manusia. Oleh yang demikian, kajian ini memperincikan pemikiran beliau terhadap konsep tingkah laku beragama yang dilakukan oleh seseorang. Perincian yang dilakukan adalah terhadap faktor pembentukan, bentuk dan tujuan tingkah laku beragama. Kajian ini menggunakan metode analisis dokumen dengan pendekatan tematik untuk menganalisis data yang dikumpul daripada buku psikologi karangan Freud sebagai rujukan utama dan disokong oleh jurnal dan artikel yang berkaitan. Hasil kajian menjelaskan tingkah laku beragama adalah tingkah laku yang terhasil dari keinginan seksual dan perasaan untuk memiliki sesuatu keinginan yang bersifat keanak-anakan. Keinginan dan perasaan ini telah membawa kepada penyesalan sehingga menyebabkan tingkah laku beragama terbentuk. Bentuk tingkah laku beragama adalah aktiviti ritual yang dilakukan menurut ajaran agama yang dipercayai seperti upacara pemujaan, penyembahan dan pengorbanan. Tujuannya pula adalah untuk memenuhi keinginan manusia iaitu keinginan kepada perlindungan dan keinginan kepada kebahagiaan.  Katakunci: Sigmund Freud; tingkah laku beragama; faktor pembentukan; psikoanalitik; minda bawah sedar                                                                                                                 
      Studies in psychology has expanded in the 19th century with the existence of psychology of religious studies which aims to understand the religious feelings, thoughts and religious behaviors. Western psychologists conducted various different studies of religion and offered their views and thoughts on the religious behaviors of individuals. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) was one of the most influential Western psychologists in the field of psychology and and he introduced Psychoanalytic theory. Based on Psychoanalytic theory, he offered his views and thoughts on religion and the religious behavior activities performed by humans. Therefore, this study details his thoughts on the concept of religious behavior performed by a person. The study focuses on formation factors, characteristics and the purpose of religious behavior. Document analysis method was adopted in this study, where data collected from his work i.e. books on psychology as the main reference, which was supported by journals and articles related to this study. The results of the study show that religious behavior is a behavior that results from sexual desire and the feelings of having childish desire. These desires and feelings make humans regret which in turn lead to the formation of religious behaviors. The forms of religious behavior are ritual activities carried out according to religious beliefs, for example ceremonies, worship and sacrifice. The goal of religious behavior is to fulfill the human desires for protection and happiness. Keywords: Sigmund Freud; religious behavior; factors; psychoanalytic; subconscious mind  
      PubDate: 2017-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 87, No. 3 (2017)
  • Faktor Kepimpinan dan Gender dalam Penglibatan Politik Wanita di Malaysia
           (1980-2013) (Leadership and Gender Factors in Women’s Political
           Participation in Malaysia (1980-2013))

    • Authors: Nor Rafidah Saidon, Sity Daud, Mohd Samsudin
      Abstract: Wanita hari ini adalah merupakan aset penting bagi masyarakat dan negara. Mereka bukan sahaja mampu untuk memimpin negeri, malah mampu memimpin negara dengan baik; penglibatan wanita dalam badan-badan pentadbiran di peringkat kebangsaan dan juga tempatan boleh membawa perubahan kepada dasar-dasar dan undang-undang yang memfokuskan kepada wanita, kanak-kanak dan keluarga. Walau bagaimanapun, kaum wanita masih jauh ketinggalan berbanding kaum lelaki terutamanya dalam kepimpinan politik Malaysia.  Kajian ini membincangkan mengenai faktor-faktor hubungkait kepimpinan dan gender mempengaruhi penglibatan politik wanita di Malaysia tahun 1980-2013. Tujuan kajian ini ialah untuk meneliti faktor-faktor kepimpinan dan gender dalam penglibatan politik wanita. Kaedah penyelidikan yang digunakan ialah kaedah kualitatif melalui permerhatian dan temubual bersama beberapa orang responden yang terpilih dalam kalangan bekas menteri kabinet atau pun ahli kabinet, sarjana yang pernah membuat kajian tentang gender dan juga ahli parlimen. Selain itu, penyelidik juga memperolehi data sekunder yang berkaitan dengan kajian ini. Data-data dan jadual yang diperolehi dari sumber yang diyakini, kemudiannya dianalisis secara kualitatif. Kerangka konsep yang digunakan dalam kajian ini ialah teori kepimpinan dan konsep gender. Hasil kajian mendapati wanita pada hari ini, lebih bersedia dan mempunyai kesedaran yang tinggi dalam politik serta peranan mereka sebagai pengimbang dalam pembuatan keputusan. Oleh itu, penglibatan wanita dalam politik amat penting kerana mampu merubah masa depan dan pandangan masyarakat terhadap wanita serta peranan mereka dalam membuat keputusan. Kata kunci: Kepimpinan; gender; penglibatan; politik; wanita
       Women today are important asset to the society and country. They are not only capable of leading the states, but are also able to lead the country; the participation of women in administrative bodies at national and local levels could bring changes to policies and laws that focus on women, children and families. However, women are still lagging behind men in political leadership, especially in Malaysia. This study relates leadership and gender factors in political participation of women in Malaysia in 1980-2013. The aim of this study was to examine the factors of leadership and gender in women's political participation. The research method used was a qualitative method through observation and interviews with some respondents selected among former cabinet ministers, scholars who have researched on gender and also a member of parliament. In addition, the researchers also obtained secondary data related to this study. The data and tables obtained from reliable sources were then analyzed qualitatively. The conceptual framework used in this study was the leadership theory supported by the concept of gender. The study found that Malaysian women today are better prepared and have a high political awareness and their role as a counterweight in decision making. Therefore, the participation of women in politics is important because it can change the future and society's view of women and their role in decision-making. Keywords: Leadership; gender; participation; politics; women
      PubDate: 2017-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 87, No. 3 (2017)
  • Islam Agama Bagi Persekutuan: Satu Kajian Sejarah Perundangan (Islam as
           The Religion of The Federation: A Study of Legal History)

    • Authors: Wan Ahmad Fauzi Wan Husain, Anisah Che Ngah, Mohamed Anwar Omar Din
      Abstract: Makalah ini berusaha untuk menyangkal pandangan yang mendakwa Perkara 3 Perlembagaan Persekutuan 1957 hanya menarafkan pemakaian Islam pada upacara rasmi, bersifat simbolik dan Malaysia dikatakan sebuah negara sekular berdasarkan Laporan Suruhanjaya Reid dan keputusan Mahkamah dalam Che Omar Che Soh lawan Pendakwaraya. Kajian ini bersifat kualitatif menggunakan reka bentuk sejarah perundangan. Dapatan menunjukkan selama ini unsur-unsur watan masih diabaikan oleh ahli perundangan dan akademik apabila mentafsirkan kedudukan Islam dalam Perlembagaan Persekutuan sedangkan sudah ada sebuah perlembagaan bagi Tanah Melayu iaitu Hukum Kanun Melaka sebelum kedatangan British, Islam adalah undang-undang watan (law of the land) bagi semua Kerajaan Negeri Melayu yang membentuk Persekutuan Tanah Melayu 1957 dan aqidah Raja-raja Melayu adalah Islam; kesemua itu adalah ciri-ciri konsep kedaulatan watan seawal zaman  Kesultanan Melayu Melaka dan ianya  tidak pernah dicabar oleh pentadbiran British-Malaya.  Di samping itu, perjanjian-perjanjian antara Raja-raja Melayu dengan British merupakan satu pengiktirafan kedaulatan watan dan garis sempadan yang menentukan kesahan dasar-dasar yang diperkenalkan oleh British sepanjang tempoh campurtangan mereka di Tanah Melayu tertakluk pada Perlembagaan Tanah Melayu. Kesimpulannya, tafsiran sebenar Islam hendaklah berdasarkan al-Quran dan al-Sunnah kerana itu adalah selari dengan konsep kedaulatan warisan Kesultanan Melayu Melaka yang dijamin oleh Perlembagaan Persekutuan. Tafsiran yang betul tentang Islam dapat menguruskan pelbagai isu semasa yang menyentuh pemakaian prinsip perundangan dan penggubalan dasar negara kita.                                                                                                                Kata kunci: Islam; sekular; warisan; undang-undang watan; pengamanahan kedaulatan   This article seeks to rebut the opinion that claims article 3 of the Federal Constitution 1957 only recognises the adoption of Islam for official ceremony, as a matter of symbolic and Malaysia is said to be a secular State based on the Reid Commission report and the court decision in Che Omar Che Soh versus the Public Prosecutor. This qualitative study used the design of legal history. The findings show the indigenous elements have been continuosly ignored by the members of the legal and academic fraternities when interpreting Islamic position in the Federal Constitution, whereas there is already a constitution for Malaya that is Hukum Kanun Melaka before the arrival of the British, Islam is the law of the land for all the Malay Sultanates forming the Federation of Malaya in 1957 and the faith of the Malay Rulers; all those are the characteristics of the concept of indigenous sovereignty traced as early as the Malaccan Sultanate  and it has never been challenged by the British-Malaya administration.  In addition, the agreements made between the Malay Rulers with the British was a recognition for the indigenous sovereignty and a parameter ascertaining the validity of policies introduced by the British-Malaya throughtout their intervention in Malaya subject to the old Malayan Constitution. In conclusion, the accurate interpretation of Islam shall be based on the Quran and al-Sunnah because it is in line with the concept of the indigenous sovereignty inherited from the Malaccan Sultanate as guaranteed by the Federal Constitution. The correct interpretation of Islam can manage multi-current issues affecting the application of the legal principles and policy making in Malaysia. Keywords: Islam; secular; legacy; law of the land; sovereign trust
      PubDate: 2017-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 87, No. 3 (2017)
  • Mengurus Antara Keluarga dan Kerjaya Organisasi: Analisis Melalui
           Pendekatan al-Tadayyun, al-Maqasid dan al-Wasatiyyah (Managing between
           Family and Organisational Career: Analysis through al-Tadayyun, al-Maqasid
           and al-Wasatiyyah Approaches)

    • Authors: Sharifah Hayaati Syed Ismail
      Abstract: Wanita, keluarga dan kerjaya adalah tiga entiti yang tidak dapat dipisahkan dalam pembangunan kehidupan masyarakat pada hari ini, ditambah pula dengan jumlah penglibatan wanita dalam arena pekerjaan yang semakin meningkat. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan kegagalan mengurus keluarga dan kerjajaya telah mengakibatkan peningkatan isu stres di tempat kerja. Apatah lagi dengan tuntutan untuk meningkatkan prestasi kerja, menjadikan tanggungjawab mengurus antara keluarga dan kerjaya suatu cabaran semasa. Ada pandangan yang turut mengaitkan hal ini dengan punca berlakunya gejala sosial muda-mudi dan keretakan rumahtangga. Kajian literatur mendapati pendekatan Islam khasnya melalui konsep yang dinamakan sebagai al-Tadayyun, al-Maqasid dan al-Wasatiyyah dalam mengurus keluarga dan kerjaya masih belum diperbincangkan. Dengan menggunakan kaedah analisis teks dan literatur, makalah ini menganalisis bagaimana konsep tersebut boleh menjadi suatu pendekatan baru untuk diaplikasikan dalam menguruskan keluarga dan kerja. Penulisan ini bertujuan mengenalpasti isu berkaitan Pengurusan Keluarga dan Kerja (PKK), menghuraikan tiga konsep Islam dan bagaimana ia boleh dijadikan suatu pendekatan terhadap PKK. Selain itu, ia bertujuan mengisi kelompongan dalam perbahasan literatur tentang PKK menurut perspektif Islam. Hasil analisis mendapati bahawa tiga pendekatan ini berpotensi serta relevan dalam menyediakan kerangka, prinsip, nilai utama serta pendekatan untuk diaplikasikan dalam Pengurusan Keluarga dan Kerjaya secara Islam (PKK-I dalam memberikan keutamaan, perhatian dan kekuatan dalaman dan pembangunan karakter dalam PKK terutama apabila berhadapan dengan stres kerja dan keluarga). Iaitu pertama, melalui 10 cara al-Tadayyun (penghayatan beragama). Kedua, PKK-I melalui pendekatan berteraskan maslahah (kebajikan) dan pendekatan secara awlawiyyat (keutamaan). Ketiga, PKK-I melalui pendekatan al-Wasatiyyah (berimbang, adil dan pilihan terbaik). Kata kunci: kerjaya; stres; al-Tadayyun; al-Maqasid; al-Wasatiyyah  Women, family and career are three inseparable entities in the development of public life today especially with an increasing total number of womens’ participation in employment. However, research findings indicate a failure in managing family and career resulting in increase of stress at the workplace. Let alone the demand to improve work performance, has made managing between family and career as a new challenge. There are views that link these symptoms with the cause of the occurrence of domestic social fractures. Literature reviews found the concepts of Islam particularly known as al-Tadayyun, al-Maqasid and al-Wasatiyyah as Family and Career Management (FCM) approaches have yet to be discussed. By analysing texts and literature, this article analyses how the three concepts of al-Tadayyun, al-Maqasid and al-Wasatiyyah could become a new approach in dealing with FCM. This writing identifies issues related to the FCM, describes three Islamic concepts and how they can potentially be used as an approach for the FCM. In addition, it aims to fill in the gap in the literature that relates to FCM from an Islamic perspective. Results of analysis show that the three Islamic concepts are potential and relevant for FCM-Islamic (FCM-I) framework, main value principles and approaches in giving priority, attention, internal strength and character development, especially when faced with work and family stress. These are achieved firstly, through  the 10 ways of al-Tadayyun (appreciation of religion). Secondly, through an element of maslahah (welfare) and awlawiyyat (priority) and thirdly, through Wasatiyyah (balanced, fair and best choice) approaches.Keywords: Career; stress; al-Tadayyun; al-Maqasid; al-Wasatiyyah
      PubDate: 2017-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 87, No. 3 (2017)
  • Pengajaran dan Pembelajaran Hadith di Darul cUlūm Iḥyā’ cUlūmuddīn
           Alor Setar Kedah: Keberkesanan, Metodologi dan Persepsi Pelajar (Teaching
           and Learning Hadith at Darul cUlūm Iḥyā’ cUlūmuddīn Alor Setar
           Kedah: Effectiveness, Methodology and Perception of Students)

    • Authors: Qutrennada Rosli, Ahmad Yunus Mohd Noor
      Abstract: Isu Pendidikan Islam (hadith) sentiasa mendapat perhatian dikaji penyelidik bidang pendidikan ekoran terdapat kelemahan dalam proses Pengajaran dan Pembelajaran (P&P). Metod pengajaran tradisional sering mendapat kritikan daripada metod konstruktivisme disebabkan faktor gaya pembelajaran yang tidak kondusif dengan kemajuan semasa.  Kajian ini bertujuan untuk menilai keberkesanan pengajaran hadith menggunakan kaedah syarah dan meninjau persepsi perlajar terhadap metodologi yang diimplementasikan dalam pengajaran hadith terhadap pelajar Thanawi dan Aliyyah di Darul cUlūm Iḥyā’ cUlūmuddīn Alor Setar. Metod kajian berbentuk kajian tinjauan jenis rentas silang (cross-sectional) dengan reka bentuk kajian kuantatif menggunakan soal selidik sebagai instrumen utama pengumpulan data. Teknik persampelan bertujuan (purposive) digunakan setelah mengenal pasti ciri-ciri sampel berdasarkan objektif kajian. Saiz sampel yang terlibat adalah seramai 5 orang guru hadith dan 60 orang pelajar Thanawi dan Aliyyah. Dapatan kajian mendapati guru menggunakan metod syarahan disamping kepelbagaian kaedah pengajaran guru hadith bagi menarik minat dan konsentrasi pelajar semasa dalam bilik darjah. Nilai min persepsi pelajaran terhadap metod pengajaran yang diimplementasikan oleh guru juga sangat tinggi menunjukkan sikap positif pelajar terhadap guru, malah membuktikan bahawa guru berjaya menarik minat pelajar dalam pembelajaran hadith. Kajian ini memberi implikasi kepada guru dan pelajar hadith  Darul cUlūm Iḥyā’ cUlūmuddīn untuk mempertingkatkan kualiti dan inovasi P&P hadith. Kata kunci: Pengajaran dan pembelajaran hadith; metododologi; persepsi; guru; pelajar Thanawi dan Aliyyah    The issue of Islamic Education (hadith) has always been the concern of researchers in education due to weakness in Teaching and Learning (T&L) processes. Traditional teaching methods often receive criticism from the constructivism method because of the unobtrusive learning style factor with current progress. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of  teaching hadith using the methodology of explanation and to examine the perceptions of the methodology applied to the teaching of  hadith towards students of Thanawi and Aliyyah in Darul cUlūm Iḥyā 'cUlūmuddīn Alor Setar. The method of study was a cross-sectional study with quantitative design using questionnaire as the main instrument of data collection. A purposive sampling technique was used after identifying the characteristics of the sample based on the objective of the study. The sample size involved was 5 teachers of hadith and 60 students of Thanawi and Aliyyah. The findings show that teachers use the lecture method as well as a diversity of teaching methods of hadith  to attract  students’ attention in the classroom. The mean value of the students’ perception of the instructional method used by the teachers is also very high indicating a positive attitude of the students towards the teachers, andproves that the teachers succeeded in attracting students’ interest in learning of hadith. This study implies that  hadith teachers and students at Darul cUlūm Iḥyā 'cUlūmuddīn need to improve the quality and innovation of the T&L of hadith. Keywords: Teaching and learning hadith; methodology; perception; teacher; Thanawi and Aliyyah students
      PubDate: 2017-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 87, No. 3 (2017)
  • Pemindaan Perkara 9 Perlembagaan Jepun dalam Pentadbiran Shinzo Abe
           (Amendement of Article 9 Japanese Constitution in Shinzo Abe

    • Authors: Asmadi Hassan, Rohayati Paidi, Mohd Ikbal Mohd Huda
      Abstract: Perlembagaan Jepun digubal oleh Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers (SCAP) pada Februari 1946. Perkara 9 dalam perlembagaan tersebut yang menghadkan kebebasan angkatan tentera Jepun menjadi isu besar sehingga terdapat desakan supaya dipinda, terutamanya oleh parti pemerintah iaitu Parti Liberal Demokratik (LDP). Perkara 9 didapati tidak lagi sesuai dengan persekitaran politik sekarang dan perkara ini dibangkitkan beberapa kali oleh Perdana Menteri, Shinzo Abe. Abe mengutamakan dua perkara dalam pentadbirannya, iaitu pertama, membangunkan semula ekonomi negara melalui “Abenomics” dan kedua menjadikan Jepun sebagai negara “normal” dengan meminda Perkara 9. Artikel ini  membincangkan pemindaan Perkara 9 di bawah pentadbiran Shinzo Abe termasuk mengapa Perkara 9 perlembagaan Jepun perlu dipinda, usaha yang dilakukan Abe untuk merealisasikan pemindaan perlembagaan tersebut, maklum balas dari Amerika Syarikat, China dan Korea dan terakhir, sokongan rakyat Jepun sendiri. Analisis artikel ini mendapati bahawa Amerika Syarikat menyokong usaha “menormalkan” Jepun, tetapi tidak bagi China dan Korea. Walau bagaimanapun Abe perlu memberi tumpuan bagi mendapatkan persetujuan rakyat Jepun. Walaupun LDP mempunyai majoriti di kedua-dua dewan parlimen, tetapi referendum khas adalah menjadi halangan utama. Majoriti rakyat Jepun masih menentang rancangan beliau. Abe sepatutnya memahamkan rakyat terlebih dahulu mengenai rancangan beliau kerana ia melibatkan kehidupan seharian mereka. Kata kunci: Perlembagaan Jepun; Perkara 9; Shinzo Abe; Parti Liberal Demokrat; negara normal  Japanese constitution was drafted by the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers in February 1946. The constitution especially Article 9 was to curb the freedom of Japanese army and it became a major issue in Japan. Therefore, there was a pressure to amend the constitution, particularly by the ruling party, Liberal Democratic Party (LDP). Article 9 was no longer suitable with the current political situation and it was continually reiterated by the Prime Minister, Shinzo Abe. Abe emphasized two priorities in his administration, first, to rebuild Japanese economy through "Abenomics" and second, making Japan as a normal country by amending Article 9. This article examines the amendment of Article 9 by Abe’s administration, including why Article 9 needs to be amended, Abe's efforts to materialize the amendment, response from the United States, China and Korea, and finally, support from the Japanese people. The analysis of this article found that the United States supported the normalization of Japan, but not for China and Korea. However Abe should pay more attention to the consent of the Japanese people. Although the LDP has a majority in both houses of Parliament, but special referendum is a major obstacle. Majority of the Japanese people still opposes his plans. Abe ought to convince Japanese people prior to employing his plans since it involves their daily lives. Keywords: Japanese Constitution; Article 9; Shinzo Abe; Liberal Democratic Party; normal country
      PubDate: 2017-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 87, No. 3 (2017)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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