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  Subjects -> BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (Total: 3440 journals)
    - ACCOUNTING (109 journals)
    - BANKING AND FINANCE (297 journals)
    - BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1259 journals)
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    - ECONOMIC SCIENCES: GENERAL (194 journals)
    - HUMAN RESOURCES (97 journals)
    - INSURANCE (26 journals)
    - INTERNATIONAL COMMERCE (136 journals)
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    - MANAGEMENT (565 journals)
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    - MICROECONOMICS (24 journals)
    - PUBLIC FINANCE, TAXATION (41 journals)

BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1259 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1566 Journals sorted alphabetically
4OR: A Quarterly Journal of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Abacus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Accounting Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Acta Amazonica     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Acta Commercii     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Oeconomica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Acta Scientiarum. Human and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Acta Universitatis Danubius. Œconomica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Universitatis Nicolai Copernici Zarządzanie     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
AD-minister     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Adam Academy : Journal of Social Sciences / Adam Akademi : Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
AdBispreneur : Jurnal Pemikiran dan Penelitian Administrasi Bisnis dan Kewirausahaan     Open Access  
Admisi dan Bisnis     Open Access  
ADR Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Developing Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Advances in Economics and Business     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
AfricaGrowth Agenda     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66)
African Development Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
African Journal of Business and Economic Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African Review of Economics and Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Afro Eurasian Studies     Open Access  
Afro-Asian Journal of Finance and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Akademik Yaklaşımlar Dergisi     Open Access  
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Alphanumeric Journal : The Journal of Operations Research, Statistics, Econometrics and Management Information Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Economic Journal : Applied Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 208)
American Enterprise Institute     Free  
American Journal of Business     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 55)
American Journal of Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Economics and Business Administration     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
American Journal of Economics and Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
American Journal of Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
American Journal of Finance and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
American Journal of Medical Quality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ankara University SBF Journal     Open Access  
Annales de l'Institut Henri Poincare (C) Non Linear Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annals in Social Responsibility     Full-text available via subscription  
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Annual Review of Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Anuario Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Applied Developmental Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Applied Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Applied Economics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Applied Economics Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Applied Financial Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Applied Mathematical Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Applied Stochastic Models in Business and Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Arab Economic and Business Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Business Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Arena Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Argomenti. Rivista di economia, cultura e ricerca sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ASEAN Economic Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Asia Pacific Business Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 316)
Asia Pacific Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Viewpoint     Hybrid Journal  
Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asia-Pacific Management and Business Application     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Case Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asian Development Review     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Asian Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian Economic Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Accounting and Governance     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Asian Journal of Sustainability and Social Responsibility     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian-pacific Economic Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ATA Journal of Legal Tax Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Atlantic Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Australasian Journal of Regional Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Cottongrower, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Australian Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Maritime and Ocean Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Balkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Baltic Journal of Real Estate Economics and Construction Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Banks in Insurance Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BBR - Brazilian Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Benchmarking : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Benefit : Jurnal Manajemen dan Bisnis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BER : Consumer Confidence Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Economic Prospects : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription  
BER : Economic Prospects : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Intermediate Goods Industries Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Manufacturing Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Motor Trade Survey     Full-text available via subscription  
BER : Retail Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Retail Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Building and Construction : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Manufacturing : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Retail : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Trends : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Wholesale Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription  
Berkeley Business Law Journal     Free   (Followers: 9)
Beykent Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Bio-based and Applied Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biodegradation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biology Direct     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Bitlis Eren Üniversitesi İktisadi Ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Akademik İzdüşüm Dergisi     Full-text available via subscription  
BizInfo (Blace) Journal of Economics, Management and Informatics     Open Access  
Black Enterprise     Full-text available via subscription  
Board & Administrator for Administrators only     Hybrid Journal  
Boletim Técnico do Senac     Open Access  
Border Crossing : Transnational Working Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Briefings in Real Estate Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
British Journal of Industrial Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Brookings Papers on Economic Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 50)
Brookings Trade Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BRQ Business Research Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Building Sustainable Legacies : The New Frontier Of Societal Value Co-Creation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Economic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of the Dnipropetrovsk University. Series : Management of Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business & Entrepreneurship Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Business & Information Systems Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Business : Theory and Practice / Verslas : Teorija ir Praktika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business and Economic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Business and Management Horizons     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Business and Management Research     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Business and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Business and Professional Communication Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Business and Society Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Business Ethics Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Business Ethics: A European Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Business Horizons     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Business Information Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Business Management and Strategy     Open Access   (Followers: 42)
Business Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Business Strategy and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Business Strategy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Business Strategy Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business Systems & Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Business Systems Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Business, Economics and Management Research Journal : BEMAREJ     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business, Management and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Business, Peace and Sustainable Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Business: Theory and Practice     Open Access  
Bustan     Hybrid Journal  
Cadernos EBAPE.BR     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Journal of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences / Revue Canadienne des Sciences de l Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue Canadienne d`Economique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Canadian journal of nonprofit and social economy research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Capitalism Nature Socialism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Cappadocia Academic Review     Open Access  
Case Studies in Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
CBU International Conference Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Central European Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Central European Journal of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Central European Journal of Public Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Chain Reaction     Full-text available via subscription  
Challenge     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
China & World Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
China : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
China Economic Journal: The Official Journal of the China Center for Economic Research (CCER) at Peking University     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
China Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
China Finance Review International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
China Nonprofit Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
China perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Chinese Economy     Full-text available via subscription  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia Sociales y Económicas     Open Access  
CLIO América     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cliometrica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
COEPTUM     Open Access  
Community Development Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Compendium : Cuadernos de Economía y Administración     Open Access  
Compensation & Benefits Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Competition & Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Competitive Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Competitiveness Review : An International Business Journal incorporating Journal of Global Competitiveness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Computational Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Computational Mathematics and Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computer Law & Security Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Computers & Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Construction Innovation: Information, Process, Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Contemporary Wales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Corporate Communications An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Corporate Philanthropy Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Journal Cover
Advances in Economics and Business
Number of Followers: 15  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2331-5059 - ISSN (Online) 2331-5075
Published by Horizon Research Publishing Homepage  [54 journals]
  • Economic Development in Mexico and the Role of Blockchain

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2019
      Source:Advances in Economics and Business  Volume  7  Number  1  Fabian Zbinden   and Galia Kondova   This paper studies recent economic and political developments in Mexico and the potential role of blockchain technology in improving governance and fighting corruption in the country. Mexico badly needs innovative solutions to fight the persistent problems of corruption and inefficient governance. At the same time, blockchain, being a decentralized technology, promises to reduce administrative costs and ensure transparency in the public services. The paper takes stock of the current state of blockchain implementation in the economy and in the public administration of Mexico as well as studies the advantages and disadvantages related to the further outspread of the technology in the country. Moreover, the work aims at drawing policy recommendations as to the future role of blockchain in the public management and economic development in Mexico.
      PubDate: Jan 2019
  • Culture in Economics

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2019
      Source:Advances in Economics and Business  Volume  7  Number  1  Shahzavar Karimzadi   It is a self-evident fact that there cannot be a human society without culture. The necessity of culture to humans is imperative. Culture in its most basic sense fulfills and harnesses the obligations of communal cohabitation. Equally imperative is the fact that culture is not an ad hoc construction of any one individual. What is manifestly obvious is that culture is a reality. On this matter, we can draw a definite conclusion. Humans by their nature are social animals and therefore the survival of human beings, by necessity, will depend on living in groups. Leading a completely secluded life is not sustainable. From their very origin, people have lived in various forms of society. In turn, human society is a whole - composed of many interconnected parts. But what is the bond that joins the various parts into one united whole' In this paper, it will be argued that the biosphere of any society is culture. That is the all-inclusive common denominator and invisible glue that interlinks all the parts as the whole. From this perspective culture is dispensable and its function is more profound, organic and dynamic than perceived in economics. The paper examines how different schools of thought in economics view culture in light of the aforementioned standpoint.
      PubDate: Jan 2019
  • Asian Economic Dynamics and Power Shifts

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2019
      Source:Advances in Economics and Business  Volume  7  Number  1  Juhi Shah   As we can see over the last few years, Asia has the fastest growing economies. There is a huge possibility of creation of a new international world system which is going to be led by either the BRICS countries, which has 4 Asian countries of the total 5 members. With the increased economic powers of the Asian countries, many economists worldwide have forecasted that the countries like China, India, Japan, Russia, UAE, South Korea and many others are going to surpass the American or the western system that is followed today. The world is on the verge of seeing a shift in the economic powers. The economies of the Asian countries are by their sheer size becoming economic giants. The countries have experienced a rapid growth in their economies since the 1960s. East Asian countries grew faster than the rest of the world for four key reasons: they have substantial potential for catching up; their geographical and structural characteristics by-and-large favourable; demographic changes following World War II; and their economic policies and strategies. Looking into all these perspectives, the paper will focus on, how the Asian countries are currently fast developing, their position at the global level and how they will determine the future course of world economy Vis-à-vis the west, and power shift at the global level.
      PubDate: Jan 2019
  • The Uniform Logic System of Business Efficiency Evaluation Methods

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2019
      Source:Advances in Economics and Business  Volume  7  Number  1  Mária Illés   This paper shows that the various rating calculation methods of business efficiency calculations are built according to a unified logic system. It provides an overview of the rich methodological background and presents a transparent system picture. The analysis shows that the general return requirement is the starting point for business efficiency calculation methods, pointing out that only those methods of calculation are suitable for measuring business efficiency which are logically consistent with the general return requirement. It shows also the essentials of the mixed profit categories and presents and interprets the method elements of business efficiency calculations, which can be used to construct various calculation formulas for different business matters. The uniform logic system of method elements may form a guiding thread when selecting and evaluating the correctness of the method used. The paper draws attention to the fact that a number of efficiency-computing conceptions obviously fail to comply with the general return requirement and consequently in such cases may also be preferred less efficient or even inefficient variants.
      PubDate: Jan 2019
  • Tourism Promotion of Destination for Swedish Emissive Market

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2019
      Source:Advances in Economics and Business  Volume  7  Number  1  Neven Šerić   and Filipa Marušić   Marketing tools in tourism are constantly changing. The competition in the global tourism market is exponentially growing. Common practice in the tourism sector is the promotion of destination offer to send target audience specific image in correlation with extra destination value. Customizing destination promotional mix to fit global touristic standards ensures efficient destination positioning but includes higher investment. Management of integral parts of the promotional mix is defined with undifferentiated supply and the general image of destination as well as completely opposite terms of the differentiated offer and the general image of the destination. Most of the tourism-related organizations adjust its promotional mix according to values and image they want to present to the target audience. In the same time, there aren't many tourism organizations, which adjust its promotional mix to different emissive markets. The main research question of this paper is "Does the strategic commitment of a receptive destination offer in terms of managing the marketing mix present strength or weakness'" The paper will present research results from the survey conducted on tourists from Swedish emissive market in order to define recommendable outlines for the successful promotion of tourism services on the selected emissive market. Given the fact the authors of this paper conducted two parallel primary types of research of attitudes among different samples of the same emissive market (one of them were Swedish tourists who didn't visit Croatia). Linking of these two aspects has been a research challenge to the expected contribution in the sphere of realizing advisable guidelines for proactive management of destination promotion focused on one emissive market.
      PubDate: Jan 2019
  • Customer Success Using Deep Learning

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Sep 2018
      Source:Advances in Economics and Business  Volume  6  Number  5  Shobha Deepthi V   Sumith Reddi Baddam   and Vignesh Thangaraju   Customer Success is gaining priority for Organizations in transforming to recurring revenue business model. For this we need to shift our paradigm from being a "reactive troubleshooting" to "proactively advising" our customers. As part of this transformation various capabilities are being built, to capture customer data, have smart agents that collect information from customer networks to predict a failure before it happens and to advise the customer of the resolution. Products can be both hardware and software. It is trickier to predict a failure or an issue beforehand in software when compared to hardware because in hardware there are predefined set of symptoms for a failure. In software, predicting an issue beforehand means knowing and understanding what code is going in with each commit, defect or an enhancement. In most cases, defects found during internal testing, which are often neglected, crop up as customer issues at a later point in time. In this paper, we propose a solution to predict the potential defects that the customer might find after the release of the product using LSTM and CNN. We also predict the time (weeks or months) within which the customer might face this issue. This knowledge helps the teams to prioritize the defects and proactively resolve them on time before going live with known backlog of issues. Thus improving the quality of product that we deliver. Post production this can help proactively advise customers on these known issues that he might face and recommend a software patch or upgrade path. This paper is aimed at reducing internal failures cost component of Cost of Quality leads to Customer Retention and Success.
      PubDate: Sep 2018
  • The Participatory Spectrum Dynamics at the Budgeting Stage in OECD and its
           Probable Orientation Currently

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Sep 2018
      Source:Advances in Economics and Business  Volume  6  Number  5  Ahmet Niyazi Özker   In this study, we aim to put forth the participatory budget's structural effects aimed at the future along a participatory spectrum especially for developing countries in OECD. The formation of the structural framework of a participatory budget take important place both in clarifying the internal dynamics of the participatory spectrum and in ensuring structural harmony between the OECD member countries. In this stage, it should be put forth both the redistributive effects of a participatory budget and consultative structural location in its forming process that are related to be improved citizen awareness of councilors in their wards via public contributing. In other hand, this approach contains also the process that is increased resident control over the allocation of some resources. Whichever case is in developed stages for a developing country that regardless of the location, the participatory budget is an audit budget and this public locational position is an indispensable practice of fiscal transparency. This structural importance of participating budget come out from this improved intergenerational institutionally structure to understanding for especially developing countries and OECD has determined some important fact in aimed terms as its member countries for these countries to developing process which are also meaningful in todays. In this context, the participatory budget fact has creative location as a corner stone for developing countries which contribute to improvement a fiscal stability in these countries as a meaningful phenomenon within OECD's general aims.
      PubDate: Sep 2018
  • An Academic Review of Employee Behavior Management

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Sep 2018
      Source:Advances in Economics and Business  Volume  6  Number  5  Robin S. McCutcheon   The purpose of this paper is to review the origins of behavioral economics and its use in employee behavior management and human resource management theory to impact production and output growth in companies by influencing employee behavior. Early research economists, Oliver Williamson and William Ouchi, used classical labor theory and the theory of the firm to analyze employee behavior management within the firm and within industry structure to determine the most effective way of increasing production output and growth. Their early research prompted the area of behavioral economics. Subsequent researchers in academics outside economics, like sociology and business management, used behavioral economic theory as a springboard to delve into the inner workings of employee behavior management. A close review of this research reveals a dichotomy in employee behavior control. The majority of research has been done in circumstances with enhanced employee behavior control as the premier mode of production output and growth, while too little research has been done under systems employing a more hands-off approach of employee behavior management. The recommendation of this review is that more research in employee behavior management should be done in the latter circumstance.
      PubDate: Sep 2018
  • Measuring Factors That Influence Customers' Selection on Wealth Management
           Services in Taiwan

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Sep 2018
      Source:Advances in Economics and Business  Volume  6  Number  5  Hsin-Hue Chang   and Min-Li Yao   The aim of this study is to investigate the key factors that influence customers' selection of wealth management (WM) services in Taiwan. We used a face-to-face interview to execute a two-stage questionnaire survey and employed an exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to measure factors influencing customers' selection of WM services. The results of EFA suggest that factors consisting of brand image, perceived value, and financial consultants' service quality, might influence customers' selection of WM services. CFA results further provide evidence that those factors significantly account for customers' overall satisfaction. The moderating analysis result however reveals that married and single groups have different views on selecting a WM services. The single customers are more likely to rely on brand images in the choice of WM services, whereas the married customers are more likely to place the emphasis on consultants' service quality. This study provides a chance for WM service providers to understand the key factors that impact customer's selection decision, so providers can address those key factors in their marketing strategy. Therefore, they can compete in this intensive market in better shape. In sum, consultants' service quality is the basic requirement for customers while perceived value plays the important role for financial institutions to excel in the WM markets.
      PubDate: Sep 2018
  • Topological Properties of China Input-Output Networks

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Nov 2018
      Source:Advances in Economics and Business  Volume  6  Number  6  Ge Zhiyuan   and Hou Jie   The aim of this paper is to contribute to a better understanding of developments and changes of China economy from the perspective of input-output networks between 1990 and 2013. Through choosing a network-based approach and combining this with input-output data we are able to analyze the changes and evolutions of centralities, which measured by strength centrality and clustering coefficient, and some extend measures based on centrality including import penetration, international outsourcing and distance to final demand. Our findings show that the basic impression about China input-output networks is that flows are concentrated on some minority points, and also concentrated on the diagonal line obviously, and the self-inputs by industries are normal and significant. Moreover, during recent years the trend of lower and wider peak of the density strength centrality curves illustrates the more balance of China economy than at the beginning of this century, and construction has always been the pillar industry. The changes of distribution of import penetration have been flatter and lower since 1990 and then narrower and higher about after 2001. This trend means that after 2001 most of China industries decrease the dependencies of import from outside. Some trade pattern in measures of distance to final demand and clustering coefficient are exhibited in this paper.
      PubDate: Nov 2018
  • Integration Strategy of Italian Expatriates in the French Market: A Case

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Nov 2018
      Source:Advances in Economics and Business  Volume  6  Number  6  Cristina Cazorzi Martinez   This paper analyses the diversity dimensions and strategy put in place by Italian Expatriates in the French market. The Company belongs to the "Third Italy" Industrial District and we observed the transformation of the local culture into the organizational structure. Corporate culture may be the reference framework of Italian Expatriates and shapes their attitude and approaches. The Cultural Framework Theory is mobilized creating universal references and explaining the collective perceptions of foreigner managers steering local teams. Expatriates are analysed as a social group with their own dynamic and learning systems. Few articles wonder about the Italian model of management with specific details of the expatriate's situation. The paper is a case study describing and explaining a first path to construct a general theory. We analyse, in a second step, the relationship with local culture, and its influence on the management style and the way it spreads in other country.
      PubDate: Nov 2018
  • North East Region and Arunachal Pradesh (India) - Looking beyond & within
           in Pursuit to Promote Entrepreneurship

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2018
      Source:Advances in Economics and Business  Volume  6  Number  3  Sukamal Deb   Entrepreneurs shape economic destiny of nations. Their innovative ideas are major source of competitiveness in an increasingly globalizing world economy. Without a strong entrepreneurial community the developing countries will not prosper despite their rich resource endowments. India is a young country with about 63 per cent population in the working age group. This demographic dividend needs to be en-cashed with priorities. Engagements of the youths in creative pursuits, embracing entrepreneurship will bring steadiness to the growth curve and socio-economic transformation. Regional disparities of this country are an issue of concern. In this context focus on the North East Region in general and the state of Arunachal Pradesh in particular are more relevant. The problem of this region can be tackled by harnessing entrepreneurship, by promoting Micro and Small Enterprises. This needs creation of an ecosystem grooming the youths with the relevant skills, inspiring motivation, igniting entrepreneurship and innovations. The present century has thrown up unfamiliar challenges. The pace of change has been fast and our youths have to synchronize them to face these challenges at fast track. An essential way to motivate youths is to celebrate their entrepreneurship, their innovations and their stories of success need to be told.
      PubDate: May 2018
  • The Bankruptcy Forecasting Model of Hungarian Enterprises

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2018
      Source:Advances in Economics and Business  Volume  6  Number  3  Aranka Baranyi   Csaba Faragó   Csilla Fekete   and Zsuzsanna Szeles   The SME sector is really important for the Hungarian economy. In our analysis, we had a closer look at the publicly accessible version of Altman's Z-score bankruptcy forecast model for companies not quoted on the Stock Exchange together with the original and the modified, adjusted Springate bankruptcy prediction model. The adjusted Springate model regarded only 37% of the companies having gone bankrupt in real as insolvent, while the justified Altman Z-score model was able to identify only 46% of the stable ongoing firms. The variance analysis could not detect any correlations between the phenomenon of bankruptcy and financial types. By means of logistic regression, we managed to create a model that can forecast solvency for the examined enterprises with a probability of 78%. In the last part of our research, we were dealing with teaching artificial intelligence and creating decision trees based on neural network. Even by means of the first bankruptcy forecast model based on decision trees, a more efficient predicting system was gained than by using any other methods. We assume that only the decision tree made up by using artificial intelligence is efficient in forecasting bankruptcy of all the examined models.
      PubDate: May 2018
  • Critical Success Factors for Adopting Cloud Computing in the
           Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Companies

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2018
      Source:Advances in Economics and Business  Volume  6  Number  3  Mohammad Saleem Al - Shura   Abdelrahim M. Zabadi   Mohamad Abughazaleh   and Marwa A. Alhadi   Cloud computing is a model for enabling ubiquitous, easy, and on-demand network access to a shared aggregation of configurable computing sources. Adopting of cloud computing in the pharmaceutical manufacturing is influenced by a group of critical success factors. Therefore, this paper depends on the technological-organizational-environmental (TOE) framework to explore the factors that influence on cloud computing adoption by pharmaceutical industry firms in Jordan through proposing a model for Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Companies. Complexity, compatibility, relative advantage, top management support, firm size, technical readiness, competitive pressure, and trading partner pressure, are the eight critical success factors that have been tested. A survey was utilized to collect data from 16 pharmaceutical manufacturing firms in the capital of Jordan- Amman. Relevant hypotheses were developed and examined by multiple regression analysis. The results of the data analysis generally support the suggested model. In summary, the results of this research have shown that all above-mentioned factors were found to have a significant influence on adoption of cloud computing for the pharmaceutical industry in Jordan. This finding of adoption in cloud computing in the pharmaceutical industry will help firms to take into consideration their information for technologies investments.
      PubDate: May 2018
  • Innovative Approach to the Analysis of Enterprise's Competitive Capacity

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2018
      Source:Advances in Economics and Business  Volume  6  Number  3  Valery I. Roldugin   and Ravshan Kayumov   Nowadays it is recognized that entrepreneurship and innovation lie at the heart of economic growth. In the article the authors research an innovative approach to the analysis activity of the Uzbekistan enterprises with international companies. The purpose of this article consists in a research of theoretical problems which are connected with competitiveness of the international organizations. The formation and the development of funding infrastructure to support international companies in the early stages is a complex process that depends on a number of factors, requiring the special approach to the analysis of enterprise's financial performance. Additionally, it presumes high business activity to creating new businesses, some of which succeed and some fail trying to overcome the uncertainties of the enterprise risks and profitableness. In progress of the thesis, different scientific methods of research have been used, including: system analysis, formalization and modeling.
      PubDate: May 2018
  • The Structural Differences in Consumption Taxes and Their Financial
           Fractional Distribution Effects in OECD Countries

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2018
      Source:Advances in Economics and Business  Volume  6  Number  2  A. Niyazi Özker   In this study, we aim to put forth the effective levels of the consumption taxes both different application structures and disintegration effects as subjected different applications in OECD countries. As is known to all the consuming taxes seem difference in both situations as the taxes applications and structural financial formation according to the related countries, which mean also to the varieties of financial institutionally dynamics in term with regard to the developed levels of these countries based. In this context, the financial fractionally effects can be accepted as the important fact, especially in OECD countries, because the consumption taxes towards households' purchasing powers are affected by the rates of consuming taxes in the process of increasing indirectly. In addition, the differences in each other of consumption taxes in OECD contribute on GDP, especially based on the value added, are connected with the countries' different developed levels, and this fact ensure to deal over the financial confused towards economic integration unities. However, the structural difference of consumption taxes in practices that are especially in the international area put forth not positive financial effects sometimes due to cause the financial disintegrate in order to ensure the financial units. It appears that it should be formatted balances between the national tax practices and the global tax practices to positive distribution of the tax burden. In this context, the main problem with the consumption taxes approach is how to interpret the results obtained according to evaluating distributional impact of consumption taxes across households.
      PubDate: Mar 2018
  • Relevant Aspects in the Commercial and Financial Relations between Mexico
           and the USA and Its Continuity in the New Trump Administration

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2018
      Source:Advances in Economics and Business  Volume  6  Number  2  José Francisco Reyes Durán   The banking system that operates in the country will not have major changes, with the arrival of Trump to the presidency of the USA. Surely, it will continue to operate as it has until now, concentrating the financing to large companies and the government; providing credit on payroll and mortgage are the least risky and most profitable; managing derivative products (even in dollars given the strong expected volatility), and charging all kinds of commissions. It is even envisaged that its dominance could be expanded by deregulation of the rules adopted since the financial crises of 2007-2009. This paper analyzes three aspects: some minskian theoretical views on debt, economic openness and financial instability; some economic - financial links between Mexico and the United States, and the recent situation of banking at the international level and in Mexico. The method used is simple, based on a heterodox theoretical framework, a statistical analysis is carried out that allows identifying economic and financial variables that allow valuing the strong relations between both countries. With this diagnosis its possible glimpse some trends. It is concluded that it is difficult for Mexico to make significant changes in its economic and financial position, unless there is a change in the negotiation of NAFTA or in the economic policy of both countries.
      PubDate: Mar 2018
  • Causation, Capacities, Flow, Initiative and Power in the Economic System

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2018
      Source:Advances in Economics and Business  Volume  6  Number  2  Michael Joffe   Natural sciences such as biology and geology are characterised by empirically-based causal theories, which were developed by iteration between evidence and causal ideas. Economics could benefit from applying a similar methodology, given that it seeks to explain a similarly complicated, heterogeneous and open-ended reality. Causal accounts that correspond with the real world would replace "as if" theories, and the practice of seeking to explain the deviation of observed phenomena from standard theory rather than the phenomena themselves. As in those natural sciences, theory would be based on capacities - taking account of the human characteristics of interaction, incentive-following and initiative - and on flows and stocks, especially buying power (income and wealth). More generally, causal theories in economics should focus on power, in the sense of the ability to bring something about. This especially applies to the firm's authority structure (legitimate power), which arises from its ability to pay its workers, but more fundamentally, to successful investment initiative. Finally, human interaction needs to be incorporated, in the form of system causation. The "price mechanism" is one example, and there are other important examples of systems that display feedback, e.g. bubbles, as well as complexity.
      PubDate: Mar 2018
  • The Impact of Common External Tariffs on Household’s Welfare in a Rich
           African Country with Poor People

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2018
      Source:Advances in Economics and Business  Volume  6  Number  2  Olayinka Idowu Kareem   The poverty impact of trade policy has been ambiguous because of their differential effects on economic agents due to the transmission mechanism through which they operate. In this context, this paper uses Nigeria’s micro- and macro-economic data to investigate the poverty effects of Common External Tariff (CET) of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). The poverty effects were evaluated from the perspective of households as producers and consumers. The empirical strategy proceeds with two steps: first, by determining the extent of the tariff pass-through to domestic prices; and lastly, evaluating the impact of the price change on household welfare. The findings indicate that domestic prices declined due to the higher tariff pass-through. This decline was higher in states closer to ports and borders, which face lower trade costs. The ECOWAS CET had net positive effects on the welfare of households, largely due to the gains from the expenditure basket. The expenditure gains from the adoption of the trade policy outweigh losses incurred in their purchasing power through lower income. Therefore, this study provides evidence that the price transmission mechanism, household characteristics and geographical location are important determinants in assessing trade policy effects in Nigeria.
      PubDate: Mar 2018
  • Financing Cost and Private Investment in Ghana

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2018
      Source:Advances in Economics and Business  Volume  6  Number  2  Josephine Ofosu-Mensah Ababio   Emmanuel Sarpong Kumankoma   and Kofi A. Osei   This study has investigated empirically the effect of financing cost on private investment in Ghana, over the period 1970 to 2010. To this end, the variables employed were classified as cost factors (interest rate, exchange rate, inflation rate) and non-cost factors (public investment, output, credit availability, external debt) of private investment. The Johansen co-integration technique was used to estimate the long-run private investment function for Ghana. Also, the Error Correction Model was used to determine the short-run dynamics. The study finds that all the cost factors had negative and statistically significant impact on private investment in Ghana, in the long-run. On the other hand, in the long-run, the non-cost factors impacted positively on private investment in Ghana, but external debt had an adverse effect. It also, finds that all the variables used, co-integrated with private investment in the long-run. This study provides original evidence that high cost of financing is associated with low private sector participation in investment activities in Ghana. Accordingly, the study recommends among others that long term policies should be directed towards cost control and macroeconomic stabilization in order to boost private investment activities or programs in developing nations particularly, Ghana.
      PubDate: Mar 2018
  • The Relationship between Knowledge Management and Organizational
           Performance of Malaysian Private Colleges: A Mediating Role of Managing
           Talent Practices

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2018
      Source:Advances in Economics and Business  Volume  6  Number  2  Khor Kok Keat   and Abdullah Lin   Knowledge management plays a vital role in sustaining organizational performance of private academic institutions over time. Nonetheless the linkage between knowledge management, managing talent practices and organizational performance is not adequately addressed. This study therefore is aimed to investigate the relationship between knowledge management and organizational performance of Malaysian private colleges and whether managing talent practices, namely managing talent development and talent retention mediate the relationship between knowledge management and organizational performance of Malaysian private colleges. PLS-SEM technique is deployed to test the hypothesized relationships in the model. Data to all variables of interest studied is collected through a survey using structured questionnaires. A total of 785 sets of questionnaires was distributed to academic and non-academic staff above the executive level from 157 selected private colleges in Malaysia, out of which 243 (31%) of them were valid and useable to this study. Empirical findings in this study highlight that knowledge management has a significant positive relationship with organizational performance of private colleges. Managing talent development rather than talent retention is found to have a significant direct positive influence on organizational performance of private colleges. In addition, knowledge management is predicted to have a significance positive influence on talent development and talent retention respectively. The mediation effects of talent development is statistically significant and in this regard, talent development is shown to have partially mediated the relationship between knowledge management and organizational performance of Malaysian private colleges. Both limitations and managerial implications are also highlighted in this paper.
      PubDate: Mar 2018
  • Income Tax Evasion Responses to Tax Rate and Tax Enforcement Rate

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jul 2018
      Source:Advances in Economics and Business  Volume  6  Number  4  Insook Lee   This paper resolves two lingering theoretical ambiguities on how income tax evasion is affected by income tax rates and by probability of detecting the tax evasion (tax enforcement rate). Improving upon the models of previous studies that showed the ambiguous effect of income tax rate and tax enforcement rate on tax evasion, the model of this paper allows taxpayers to decide both tax evasion and labor supply, responding to nonlinear income tax schedule and enforcement rate, while it also allows the government to decide both tax schedule and tax enforcement rate. With endogenous labor supply and tax evasion of taxpayers as well as endogenous decision of the government on tax rates and tax enforcement rate, the model of this paper more general than the models of previous studies. With this general model, we resolve the ambiguity as follows. First, we show that income tax evasion always responds positively to an increase in the income tax rate. Second, we also prove that income tax evasion is always negatively affected by an increase in the rate of tax enforcement, which invalidates the puzzling case that enhanced tax enforcement can increase income tax evasion.
      PubDate: Jul 2018
  • Challenges and Opportunities in Implementation of GST Bill for Insurance
           Sector in India

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jul 2018
      Source:Advances in Economics and Business  Volume  6  Number  4  Sana Moid   The Indian economy is witnessing streamlined and focused efforts, of the kind off late for the implementation of the Goods and Service Tax (GST). With the services sector accounting for 60% of the GDP, the impact of GST on the service sector is likely to run deep. GST is undisputedly the single largest indirect tax reform since independence. It has the ability to change India's indirect taxation landscape and resulting in a positive impact on the entire economy. The present study is an attempt to understand the impact of GST on Insurance Industry along with highlighting the basic concept of GST, models of GST and its pros and cons in Indian context. The study also highlights the challenges in implementing the system. The introduction of GST will have a definitive impact on services offered by the life insurance sector. Seeking to levy GST on life insurance services would be in contrast to several countries where life insurance is a social security benefit being provided. Given the strategic importance of life insurance sector and the vast untapped market, it is believed that Government will address the concerns of the industry including ensuring merit rate of GST on insurance sector.
      PubDate: Jul 2018
  • Analysing the New Millennium Role and Place of Socio-economic Geography in
           Deepening Regional Economic Cooperation and Integration: The Case of South
           Africa and Zimbabwe

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jul 2018
      Source:Advances in Economics and Business  Volume  6  Number  4  Godfrey Chikowore   and Harold J. Annegarn   Proportional territorial distribution of productive forces historically determined the emergence of socio-economic geography. Deepening regional integration under scrutiny of socio-economic geography culminated in a system of economic regions. These economic regions were further used as special instruments on functional optimisation and management of productive forces guided by specialisation of labor. The process was influenced by scientific and technological advancements, which led to change from a single-sided to an integral multi-factor approach. In these circumstances socio-economic cultural regions emerged as functionally specialised territorial units presenting optimum combinations of productive and non-productive industrial sectors and enterprises. Within this context, the study analyses the role of socio-economic geography in better informing regional integration with reference to South Africa and Zimbabwe. New conceptual terms, such as socio-economic cultural disparities and territorial socio-economic cultural inequalities are proposed. Informed by transformation development theory, the study employs comparative methods of quantitative and qualitative data analysis. It analyses five aspects: (i) application of socio-economic geography to questions of regional integration; (ii) territorial differentiation, factors, forces and relations; (iii) Benefits of economic cooperation and integration for South Africa and Zimbabwe with global economy; (iv) essence of North-South and South-South dialogue; and (v) prospects of the role of socio-economic geography. The conclusions emphasise the role of socio-economic geography, using the newly defined concepts, in articulating a comprehensive theoretical and practical understanding of the processes needed to enhance regional integration.
      PubDate: Jul 2018
  • Reflecting on Contemporary India's Rising Inequality: Does Differential
           Rate of Return to Education Matter'

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jul 2018
      Source:Advances in Economics and Business  Volume  6  Number  4  Sudip Chakraborty   India's rising income inequality to large extent is caused by the enormous difference in learning outcomes after completion of education. Decomposition analysis of India's current state of inequality points out that rural income inequality causes this outcome. The interstate difference in mean income and the urban-rural gap of mean income within states are often held responsible for giving rise to India's current state of income inequality. Intra-state income inequality is no less responsible. Non-farm sector has been expanding rapidly and within that category service sector is expanding. Service sector works need skills in various trades. Thus, unskilled and semi-skilled workers are left out in this new pattern. Formal employment is also characterized by duel wage structure. Income disparity or earning differential has its roots embedded in education delivery system in particular and human capital formation in general. The state must create opportunities for growth for all through provisioning of universal quality education and healthcare.
      PubDate: Jul 2018
  • The Influence of the Socio-cultural Environmental Factors on the Marketing
           of Cultural Institutions of Latvia

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jul 2018
      Source:Advances in Economics and Business  Volume  6  Number  4  Tatjana Golubkova   and Alla Iljina, Mg.oec   The article deals with the socio-cultural factors of the macro-environment which can influence on the production and distribution of cultural products in Latvia. Among the main factors the level of education, social stratification, attitude in the society towards charity and culture as a whole are emphasized. Using the materials of the European studies and the results of the carried out survey of visitors of the state institutions of culture of Latvia, the authors carry out a comparative analysis of the influence of social and cultural factors on the European and Latvian market of the cultural products.
      PubDate: Jul 2018
  • Dynamics of the Beveridge Curve and Global Crises

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jul 2018
      Source:Advances in Economics and Business  Volume  6  Number  4  H. Acuna   D. Carrasco   M. Carrasco   and F. Caro   This research studies the relation between unemployment and vacancies for Chile between 1994I-2012IV with a special focus on the stages of global crises. Looking at the data, we observed that consequently to the Asian financial crisis, Chile showed an outward shift from the Beveridge Curve which indicates an efficiency loss in the matching process between labor supply and demand. On the other hand, the curve moved inwards as a result of the sub-prime crisis, a proof that supports an improvement in the matching process. We examine a series of factors previously used in the literature with the aim to decompose the changes in the unemployment rate and distinguish the factors that explained the changes in the efficiency of the matching process during both crises. The results, point out that the composition of the labor force and the real wage level were the main variables that explained the efficiency changes.
      PubDate: Jul 2018
  • The Role of E-government in Reduction of Information Asymmetry in
           Developing Countries on the Example of Azerbaijan

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jul 2018
      Source:Advances in Economics and Business  Volume  6  Number  4  Aida Guliyeva   and Ulviyya Rzayeva   At present, the issues of expanding government intervention in the economy and advantages of state regulation are being discussed quite actively. At the same time, it is wrong to turn a blind eye to the problems caused by such interference. One of the “failures of the state” is connected with information asymmetry arising due to monopolization of information by employees of the state apparatus who use these advantages in their own interests. In any state system, there will always be the mechanisms of supporting the representatives’ exclusivity in relation to the rest of the population. The formation of an electronic government with the use of modern information and communication technologies allows significantly increase information transparency in the state structures. The article considers asymmetry of information held up by the power and conformism of the society maintaining the idea of privacy. In addition, the paper suggests a multi-level approach (macro-, meso- and microlevels) for managing competitive advantages, which allows balancing of economic interests in terms of reducing information asymmetry.
      PubDate: Jul 2018
  • Private Investment and the Effects of Decentralisation and Regional
           Competition between Mexican Cities

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Advances in Economics and Business  Volume  6  Number  1  Ibarra-Armenta Cristina Isabel   The increasing mobility of capital raises competition between territories in order to attract it within their jurisdiction. Since 1994, the decentralisation process in Mexico has been accelerated by providing municipalities with greater funds. In parallel, Mexican municipalities have participated more actively on policymaking. Both facts should have allowed municipalities to enhance competitive advantages and increase their attractiveness. In spite of the increasing resources and local participation in policymaking, their effects on investment growth have not been tested yet. In addition, even when municipal governments cannot offer significant pecuniary incentives to firms, they use other means to boost investment. The effects of such regional policies to attract firms have not been tested either. This work is aimed to find out the extent to which the funds exerted at the local level have induced private investment growth. In addition, the effects of regional competition are tested. A panel data analysis is carried out using data for 63 Metropolitan Areas/cities for the period 1993-2008. The estimations are divided into domestic and foreign firms, and total and manufacturing firms, in turn. The results suggest that, two major spending items, namely Economic fostering and subsidies, and Public infrastructure investment, have a substantial effect on private capital. Moreover, the effects are larger over foreign firms, especially in manufacturing. In addition, competition strategies matter for private investment growth.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
  • Escaping the Middle-income Trap - A Cross-country Analysis on the Patterns
           of Industrial Upgrading

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Advances in Economics and Business  Volume  6  Number  1  Lili Wang   and Yi Wen   With rapid industrial upgrading along the global value chain of manufactured goods, China has transformed, within one generation, from an impoverished agrarian society to a middle-income nation as well as the largest manufacturing powerhouse in the world. This article identifies the pattern of China's industrial upgrading and compares it with those of other successfully industrialized economies and the failed ones. We find that (i) China (since 1978) followed essentially the same path of industrial upgrading as that of Japan and the "Asian Tigers". These economies succeeded in catching up with the developed western world by going through three developmental stages sequentially; namely, a proto-industrialization in the rural areas, a first industrial revolution featuring mass production of labor-intensive light consumer goods, and then a second industrial revolution featuring mass production of the means of mass production (i.e., capital-intensive heavy industrial goods such as steel, machine tools, electronics, automobiles, communication and transport infrastructures). (ii) In contrast, economies stuck in the low-income trap or middle-income trap did not follow the above sequential stages of industrialization. For example, many Eastern European and Latin American countries after WWII jumped to the stage of heavy industrialization without fully developing their labor-intensive light industries, and thus stagnated in the middle-income trap. Also, there is a clear lack of proto-industrialization in the rural areas for many African economies that have remained in the low-income trap. We believe that laissez-faire and "free market" alone is unable to trigger industrial upgrading. Instead, correct government-led bottom-up industrial policies are the key to escaping the low- and middle-income traps.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
  • Deleveraging of the Central-Eastern-European Countries' Bank Systems
           during and after the Economic Crisis

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Advances in Economics and Business  Volume  6  Number  1  Sándor Bozsik   The economic crisis broke out in the most developed part of the world in 2008 affected seriously to the Central-Eastern-European bank systems. It wasn't a wonder, because these economies were closely linked to the developed countries. Firstly the Central-Eastern-European banks were mostly owned by large Western-European banks, and the management of these subsidiaries became tougher due to the asset management problems of their mother banks (Tressel, 2010). The current paper examines the deleveraging of bank systems of this area during the crisis and thereafter. A special northern-southern division can be observed among the Central-Eastern-European bank systems, where the border is unfortunately at the northern border of Hungary. During the crisis, the amount of private loan was mostly determined by the economic growth, the starting state of loan-deposit ratio, as well as the uncertainty of sovereign CDS spread. In the after-crisis period the change in private loan stock is especially the function of non-performing loan ratio and the change in loan-deposit ratio. Hungary is an 'off-line' country in case of all strong correlated variable pair, so the decrease of private loan may have country-specific reasons besides the general theoretical variables.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
  • The Competitiveness in the Function of Wages in Mexico

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Advances in Economics and Business  Volume  6  Number  1  Jose Vargas-Hernandez   Gabriela Muratalla-Bautista   and Martha Lizbeth Bautista Ramirez   This work aims to analyze the structure, characteristics and managerial performance in 32 federative entities of the Mexican Republic to determine its levels of competitiveness. It splits of a previous study realized inside which a model applies it to measure the managerial competitiveness. In the model, it takes the salary and the value as variables to measure the competitiveness. The results of the research confirm the hypothesis of which the competitiveness of the States can decide slant of the managerial structure, the productivity and therefore a higher wage advantage.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
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