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  Subjects -> BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (Total: 3104 journals)
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    - BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1148 journals)
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BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1148 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1566 Journals sorted alphabetically
4OR: A Quarterly Journal of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Abacus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Accounting Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Acta Amazonica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Commercii     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Oeconomica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientiarum. Human and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Universitatis Danubius. Œconomica     Open Access  
Acta Universitatis Nicolai Copernici Zarządzanie     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AD-minister     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ADR Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Developing Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Economics and Business     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
AfricaGrowth Agenda     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59)
African Development Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
African Journal of Business and Economic Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
African Review of Economics and Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Afro-Asian Journal of Finance and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Alphanumeric Journal : The Journal of Operations Research, Statistics, Econometrics and Management Information Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Economic Journal : Applied Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 133)
American Journal of Business     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
American Journal of Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 51)
American Journal of Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Economics and Business Administration     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
American Journal of Economics and Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
American Journal of Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Finance and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
American Journal of Medical Quality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales de l'Institut Henri Poincare (C) Non Linear Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annals in Social Responsibility     Full-text available via subscription  
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annual Review of Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
Applied Developmental Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Applied Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Applied Economics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Applied Economics Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Applied Financial Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Applied Mathematical Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Applied Stochastic Models in Business and Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Arab Economic and Business Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Business Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Arena Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Argomenti. Rivista di economia, cultura e ricerca sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ASEAN Economic Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific Business Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 317)
Asia Pacific Viewpoint     Hybrid Journal  
Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asia-Pacific Management and Business Application     Open Access  
Asian Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Case Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asian Development Review     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Asian Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian Economic Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Accounting and Governance     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Sustainability and Social Responsibility     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian-pacific Economic Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Atlantic Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Australasian Journal of Regional Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Cottongrower, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Australian Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Australian Journal of Maritime and Ocean Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Balkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Baltic Journal of Real Estate Economics and Construction Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Banks in Insurance Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BBR - Brazilian Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Benchmarking : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
BER : Consumer Confidence Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BER : Economic Prospects : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription  
BER : Economic Prospects : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Intermediate Goods Industries Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Manufacturing Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Motor Trade Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Retail Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Retail Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Building and Construction : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Manufacturing : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Retail : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Trends : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Wholesale Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Berkeley Business Law Journal     Free   (Followers: 10)
Bio-based and Applied Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biodegradation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biology Direct     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Black Enterprise     Full-text available via subscription  
Board & Administrator for Administrators only     Hybrid Journal  
Border Crossing : Transnational Working Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Briefings in Real Estate Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
British Journal of Industrial Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Brookings Papers on Economic Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 48)
Brookings Trade Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BRQ Business Research Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Building Sustainable Legacies : The New Frontier Of Societal Value Co-Creation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Economic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of the Dnipropetrovsk University. Series : Management of Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business & Entrepreneurship Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Business & Information Systems Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Business & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Business : Theory and Practice / Verslas : Teorija ir Praktika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business and Economic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Business and Management Horizons     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Business and Management Research     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Business and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Business and Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business and Professional Communication Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Business and Society Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Business Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business Ethics: A European Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Business Horizons     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Business Information Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Business Management and Strategy     Open Access   (Followers: 40)
Business Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Business Strategy and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Business Strategy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Business Strategy Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business Systems & Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Business Systems Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Business, Management and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Business, Peace and Sustainable Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bustan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos EBAPE.BR     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Journal of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences / Revue Canadienne des Sciences de l Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue Canadienne d`Economique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Canadian journal of nonprofit and social economy research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Capitalism and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Capitalism Nature Socialism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Case Studies in Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
CBU International Conference Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Central European Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Central European Journal of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Central European Journal of Public Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Chain Reaction     Full-text available via subscription  
Challenge     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
China & World Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
China : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
China Economic Journal: The Official Journal of the China Center for Economic Research (CCER) at Peking University     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
China Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
China Finance Review International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
China Nonprofit Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
China perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Chinese Economy     Full-text available via subscription  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CLIO América     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cliometrica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
COEPTUM     Open Access  
Community Development Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Compensation & Benefits Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Competition & Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Competitive Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Competitiveness Review : An International Business Journal incorporating Journal of Global Competitiveness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Computational Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Computational Mathematics and Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computer Law & Security Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Computers & Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Construction Innovation: Information, Process, Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Contemporary Wales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Contextus - Revista Contemporânea de Economia e Gestão     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Corporate Communications An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Corporate Philanthropy Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Corporate Reputation Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Creative and Knowledge Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Creative Industries Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
CRIS - Bulletin of the Centre for Research and Interdisciplinary Study     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Crossing the Border : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cuadernos de Administración (Universidad del Valle)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Economía     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Economia - Latin American Journal of Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Estudios Empresariales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Creativity, Innovation and Entrepreneurship     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
De Economist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Decision Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Decision Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Decision Support Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Defence and Peace Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
der markt     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Desenvolvimento em Questão     Open Access  
Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 | Last

Journal Cover Computational Economics
  [SJR: 0.24]   [H-I: 30]   [9 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1572-9974 - ISSN (Online) 0927-7099
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2355 journals]
  • LSM Algorithm for Pricing American Option Under Heston–Hull–White’s
           Stochastic Volatility Model
    • Authors: O. Samimi; Z. Mardani; S. Sharafpour; F. Mehrdoust
      Pages: 173 - 187
      Abstract: In this paper, we present American option pricing under Heston–Hull–White’s stochastic volatility and stochastic interest rate model. To do this, we first discretize the stochastic processes with Euler discretization scheme. Then, we price American option by using least-squares Monte Carlo algorithm. We also compare the numerical results of our model with the Heston-CIR model. Finally, numerical results show the efficiency of the proposed algorithm for pricing American option under the Heston–Hull–White model.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10614-016-9598-8
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 2 (2017)
  • A Numerical Method to Approximate Multi-Asset Option Pricing Under
           Exponential Lévy Model
    • Authors: Leila Khodayari; Mojtaba Ranjbar
      Pages: 189 - 205
      Abstract: In this paper, a modification of the original global radial basis functions-based differential quadrature (RBF-DQ) method is set forth and analyzed. The improved RBF-DQ method is applicable to the numerical approximation of solutions of a wide range of partial differential equations with mixed derivative terms. However, it appears to be considerably faster than the original method. In support of this contention, the multi-asset option pricing problems under exponential Lévy framework have been solved numerically by using the proposed method and compared with results obtained via the original RBF-DQ method. For accuracy achieved versus work expended, the improved method performs better.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10614-016-9605-0
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 2 (2017)
  • Dynamic and Asymmetric Contagion Reactions of Financial Markets During the
           Last Subprime Crisis
    • Authors: Wei Zhou
      Pages: 207 - 230
      Abstract: To analyze the dynamic and asymmetric contagion reactions of financial markets during the last subprime crisis, this paper proposes a contagion reaction equation combined with the generalized auto regressive conditional heteroskedasticity process to develop a dynamic asymmetric contagion model, and then provides the Markov chain Monte Carlo estimation method of this new model. This paper then constructs an empirical study of two metals futures in China during the last subprime crisis period, applying the model to measure the impact of the contagion reactions as well as assess the model’s effectiveness. Our results show: (1) the financial contagion phenomenon is the reason why some financial markets experienced almost corresponding reactions during the subprime crisis; (2) financial contagion reactions behave conspicuously in three particular phases during the subprime crisis; (3) financial contagion reactions have predictive functions for financial market changes and can provide indicators for risk management during crisis periods.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10614-016-9606-z
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 2 (2017)
  • Contrarian Behavior, Information Networks and Heterogeneous Expectations
           in an Asset Pricing Model
    • Authors: Tomasz Makarewicz
      Pages: 231 - 279
      Abstract: This paper studies the emergence of contrarian behavior in information networks in an asset pricing model. Financial traders coordinate on similar behavior, but have heterogeneous price expectations and are influenced by friends. According to a popular belief, they are prone to herding. However, in laboratory experiments subjects use contrarian strategies. Theoretical literature on learning in networks is scarce and cannot explain this conundrum (Panchenko et al. in J Econ Dyn Control 37(12):2623–2642, 2013). The paper follows Anufriev et al. (CeNDEF Working paper 15–07, 2015) and investigates an agent-based model, in which agents forecast price with a simple general heuristic: adaptive and trend extrapolation expectations, with an additional term of (dis-)trust towards their friends’ mood. Agents independently use Genetic Algorithms to optimize the parameters of the heuristic. The paper considers friendship networks of symmetric (regular lattice, fully connected) and asymmetric architecture (random, rewired, star). The main finding is that the agents learn contrarian strategies, which amplifies market turn-overs and hence price oscillations. Nevertheless, agents learn similar behavior and their forecasts remain well coordinated. The model therefore offers a natural interpretation for the difference between the experimental stylized facts and market surveys.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10614-016-9607-y
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 2 (2017)
  • A Practical, Accurate, Information Criterion for Nth Order Markov
    • Authors: Sylvain Barde
      Pages: 281 - 324
      Abstract: The recent increase in the breath of computational methodologies has been matched with a corresponding increase in the difficulty of comparing the relative explanatory power of models from different methodological lineages. In order to help address this problem a Markovian information criterion (MIC) is developed that is analogous to the Akaike information criterion (AIC) in its theoretical derivation and yet can be applied to any model able to generate simulated or predicted data, regardless of its methodology. Both the AIC and proposed MIC rely on the Kullback–Leibler (KL) distance between model predictions and real data as a measure of prediction accuracy. Instead of using the maximum likelihood approach like the AIC, the proposed MIC relies instead on the literal interpretation of the KL distance as the inefficiency of compressing real data using modelled probabilities, and therefore uses the output of a universal compression algorithm to obtain an estimate of the KL distance. Several Monte Carlo tests are carried out in order to (a) confirm the performance of the algorithm and (b) evaluate the ability of the MIC to identify the true data-generating process from a set of alternative models.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10614-016-9617-9
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 2 (2017)
  • Measuring and Testing Tail Dependence and Contagion Risk Between Major
           Stock Markets
    • Authors: EnDer Su
      Pages: 325 - 351
      Abstract: This paper studies the tail dependence for two smaller stock markets that are Taiwanese Taiex and South Korean Kospi against four larger stock markets that are S& P500, Nikkei, MSCI China, and MSCI Europe. The vector autoregression result indicates that both S&P500 and MSCI China indeed have the greatest impact and significance on the other four stock markets. However, the tail dependence of Taiex and Kospi versus either S&P500 or MSCI China are lower due to unilateral impacts from US or China. The Clayton copula yields the jumps of tail dependence and the elliptical copulas generate the trends of tail dependence. The threshold tests of Clayton Kendall’s taus between most stock markets are significant in both subprime and Greek debt crises while the tests of Student-t Kendall’s taus are only significant for the subprime crisis. It appears that the subprime has changeable trend and jump states of contagion risk while Greek debt has one steady trend state and changeable jump states of contagion risk.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10614-016-9587-y
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 2 (2017)
  • Low Complexity Algorithmic Trading by Feedforward Neural Networks
    • Authors: J. Levendovszky; I. Reguly; A. Olah; A. Ceffer
      Abstract: In this paper, novel neural based algorithms are developed for electronic trading on financial time series. The proposed method is estimation based and trading actions are carried out after estimating the forward conditional probability distribution. The main idea is to introduce special encoding schemes on the observed prices in order to obtain an efficient estimation of the forward conditional probability distribution performed by a feedforward neural network. Based on these estimations, a trading signal is launched if the probability of price change becomes significant which is measured by a quadratic criterion. The performance analysis of our method tested on historical time series (NASDAQ/NYSE stocks) has demonstrated that the algorithm is profitable. As far as high frequency trading is concerned, the algorithm lends itself to GPU implementation, which can considerably increase its performance when time frames become shorter and the computational time tends to be the critical aspect of the algorithm.
      PubDate: 2017-07-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s10614-017-9720-6
  • Applying Independent Component Analysis and Predictive Systems for
           Algorithmic Trading
    • Authors: Attila Ceffer; Janos Levendovszky; Norbert Fogarasi
      Abstract: In this paper, a Nonlinear AutoRegressive network with eXogenous inputs and a support vector machine are proposed for algorithmic trading by predicting the future value of financial time series. These architectures are capable of modeling and predicting vector autoregressive VAR(p) time series. In order to avoid overfitting, the input is pre-processed by independent component analysis to filter out the most noise like component. In this way, the accuracy of the prediction and the trading performance is increased. The proposed algorithms have a small number of free parameters which makes fast learning and trading possible. The method is not only tested on single asset price series, but also on predicting the value of mean reverting portfolios obtained by maximizing the predictability parameter of VAR(1) processes. The tests were first performed on artificially generated data and then on real data selected from exchange traded fund time series including bid–ask spread. In both cases the proposed method could achieve positive returns.
      PubDate: 2017-07-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s10614-017-9719-z
  • The Impact of Credit Rating on Innovation in a Two-Sector Evolutionary
    • Authors: Pascal Aßmuth
      Abstract: Empirical evidence shows that innovative firms are often more constrained in obtaining external funds than less innovative firms. Explanations are based on the uncertain outcome and high costs of R&D effort. When providing credit, the lender assesses the creditworthiness of the borrower. She relies on financial data and market analysis. The financial data analysis reveals costs and the market outlook is linked to the uncertainty of future profitability. In this paper we examine whether the credit assessment behaviour of banks hurts firms of a more innovative sector more and how this affects long term innovative success and economic development. We use an evolutionary approach à la Nelson and Winter but with two sectors. A bank provides credit and supplies it to single firms based on a rating. We illuminate the impact of rating process characteristics on the long term outcome. When the bank does not distinguish for sector-specific features, such as risk and market outlook, the high-tech sector benefits over-proportionally because the surviving firms have a high profitability and further innovations are more likely. The way that the bank forms expectations about the market outlook influences the allocation of credit between sectors. The innovative sector is supplied more credit if the market outlook is assessed in a rather conservative fashion. The impact on aggregates however, is limited because the bank uses other pieces of information as well.
      PubDate: 2017-06-30
      DOI: 10.1007/s10614-017-9712-6
  • Network Externalities and Compatibility Among Standards: A Replicator
           Dynamics and Simulation Analysis
    • Authors: Torsten Heinrich
      Abstract: The importance of network externalities for the development of technology and industry structure has been recognized in evolutionary economic for a long time. However, network externalities are no isolated phenomena. They are based on competing standards in a comprehensive network of technology lines that are based on one another and remain to various degrees interoperable or compatible. As some evidence from the ICT sector inparticular shows, compatibility and tying or bundling of standards may be employed as strategic tools. The present paper investigates the economic role of tied standards for the dynamics of competition between standards. A replicator model operating on an aggregated level is complemented by an agent-based simulation with explicit representation of the network structure among users. A variety of effects are studied, including the role of initial usage share, manipulation of compatibility, expansion of vendors into other segments, as well as the network structure and central or peripheral positioning of agents. The agent-based model contrasts a complete network and a regular ring network with asymmetric network structures derived from Barabàsi and Albert’s preferential attachment mechanism and triadic closure.
      PubDate: 2017-06-30
      DOI: 10.1007/s10614-017-9706-4
  • The Limits to Credit Growth: Mitigation Policies and Macroprudential
           Regulations to Foster Macrofinancial Stability and Sustainable Debt
    • Authors: Sander van der Hoog
      Abstract: In this paper we study an economy with a high degree of financialization in which (non-financial) firms need loans from commercial banks to finance production, service debt, and make long-term investments. Along the business cycle, the economy follows a Minsky base cycle with firms traversing through the various stages of financial fragility, i.e. hedge, speculative and Ponzi finance (cf., Minsky in The financial instability hypothesis: a restatement. Hyman P Minsky archive paper, vol 180, pp 541–552, 1978; Stabilizing an unstable economy. Yale University Press, 2nd edn 2008, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1986; The financial instability hypothesis. Economics working paper archive wp74. The Jerome Levy Economics Institute of Bard College, 1992). In the speculative financial stage cash flows are insufficient to finance the repayment of principle but sufficient for paying interest, so banks are willing to roll-over credits in order to prevent loan defaults. In the Ponzi financial position even interest payments cannot be served, but banks my still be willing to keep firms alive through “extend and pretend” loans, also known as zombie-lending (Caballero et al. in Am Econ Rev 98(5):1943–1977, 2008). This lending behavior may cause credit bubbles with increasing leverage ratios. Empirical evidence suggests that recessions following such leveraging booms are more severe and can be associated to higher economic costs (Jordà et al. in J Money Credit Bank 45(s2):3–28, 2013; Schularick and Taylor in Am Econ Rev 102(2):1029–1061, 2012). We study macroprudential regulations aimed at: (i) the prevention and mitigation of credit bubbles, (ii) ensuring macro-financial stability, and (iii) limiting the ability of banks to create unsustainable debt bubbles. Our results show that limiting the credit growth by using a non-risk-weighted capital ratio has slightly positive effects, while using loan eligibility criteria such as cutting off funding to all financially unsound firms (speculative and Ponzi) has strong positive effects.
      PubDate: 2017-06-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s10614-017-9714-4
  • Monetary Transmission Channels in DSGE Models: Decomposition of Impulse
           Response Functions Approach
    • Authors: Miroljub Labus; Milica Labus
      Abstract: The paper presents decomposition of impulse response functions (IRFs) as a new diagnostic tool for dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) models. This method works with any DSGE model of arbitrary complexity or theoretical background. It is also applicable to any policy transmission channels. We illustrate it with monetary transmission mechanisms in two New Keynesian general equilibrium models: QUEST_III model of the European Commission and Smets–Wouters model of the USA economy. For that purpose, we use DYNARE platform for solving the models and provide a MATLAB file for IRFs decomposition. The underlying software can handle decomposition of IRFs using both the first-order and the second-order approximation of Taylor series to equilibrium relations. An IRF aggregates partial contributions of all state variables to impulse responses of a model’s variable to a stochastic shock. The IRF decomposition identifies individual contributions of state variables and marks each particular channel that a policy shock uses to propagate throughout the model. We show in two illustrated cases that monetary transmission channels might be quite distinct even if DSGE models employ the same (Taylor) policy rule and reveal similar IRFs. More specifically, IRFs initiated by a monetary shock might misrepresent the pure interest rate impact on some variables. Decomposition of monetary IRFs casts more light on flexibility needed in an economy to contain negative impact of a monetary shock.
      PubDate: 2017-06-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s10614-017-9717-1
  • Extracting Appropriate Nodal Marginal Prices for All Types of Committed
    • Authors: Paria Akbary; Mohammad Ghiasi; Mohammad Reza Rezaie Pourkheranjani; Hamidreza Alipour; Noradin Ghadimi
      Abstract: This paper proposes a framework to extract appropriate locational marginal prices for each type of reserve (up-/down-going reserves at both generation- and demand-sides). The proposed reserve pricing scheme accounts for the lost opportunity of selling the convertible products (energy and reserve). The fair prices can be obtained for capacity reserves applying this framework, since this framework assigns the same prices to the same services provided at the same location. The proposed reserve pricing scheme provides all the market participants with the appropriate signals to modify their offers according to the system operator requirements. The pricing problem is decomposed to different hourly sub-problems considering the bounding constraints. To show the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm, it is applied to the IEEE reliability test system and the results are discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-06-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s10614-017-9716-2
  • Pricing European Options under Fractional Black–Scholes Model with a
           Weak Payoff Function
    • Authors: Farshid Mehrdoust; Ali Reza Najafi
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to obtain an explicit solutions of the fractional Black–Scholes model with a weak payoff function. To do this, we derive fractional Black–Scholes equation by creating a self-financing portfolio strategy under Leland’s strategy. Then, we use the Mellin transform method for solving this equation and obtain the price of a European option as a particular case of the proposed solution. A sensitivity analysis is carried out through numerical experiments which shows the differences between Black–Scholes model and the fractional Black–Scholes model. Moreover, an empirical analysis shows that the fractional Black–Scholes model with Hurst exponent greater than one-half is more precise to predict the real market prices than the classical Black–Sholes model.
      PubDate: 2017-06-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s10614-017-9715-3
  • Erratum to: Computing Transitional Cycles for a Deterministic
           Time-to-Build Growth Model
    • Authors: Hwan C. Lin
      PubDate: 2017-06-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s10614-017-9710-8
  • Nonparametric Regression Using Clusters
    • Authors: Hrishikesh D. Vinod; Fred Viole
      Abstract: We present a fundamentally unique method of nonparametric regression using clusters and test it against classically established methods. We compare two nonlinear regression estimation packages called ‘NNS’, Viole (NNS: nonlinear nonparametric statistics, 2016), and ‘np’, Hayfield and Racine (J Stat Softw 27(5):1–32, 2008), with the help of a simulation using deterministic (DT) and stochastic (ST) regressor models. We find the respective coefficients of determination \((R^2)\) are close for DT models, while finding an advantage to NNS in ST and large sample cases. Regression coefficients are sometimes regarded as approximations to partial derivatives, especially in social sciences. Then, NNS alone has the ability to compute a range of partials evaluated at points within the sample and also out-of-sample. Thus NNS can provide a viable alternative to kernel based nonparametric regressions without using bandwidths for smoothing.
      PubDate: 2017-06-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s10614-017-9713-5
  • Risk Assessment with Wavelet Feature Engineering for High-Frequency
           Portfolio Trading
    • Authors: Yi-Ting Chen; Edward W. Sun; Min-Teh Yu
      Abstract: Dynamic risk management requires the risk measures to adapt to information at different times, such that this dynamic framework takes into account the time consistency of risk measures interrelated at different times. Therefore, dynamic risk measures for processes can be identified as risk measures for random variables on an appropriate product space. This paper proposes a wavelet feature decomposing algorithm based on the discrete wavelet transform that optimally decomposes the time-consistent features from the product space. This approach allows us to generalize the multiple-stage risk measures of value at risk and conditional value at risk for the feature-decomposed processes, and implement them into portfolio selection using high-frequency data of U.S. DJIA stocks. The overall empirical results confirm that our proposed method significantly improves the performance of dynamic risk assessment and portfolio selection.
      PubDate: 2017-06-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s10614-017-9711-7
  • Integrated Portfolio Risk Measure: Estimation and Asymptotics of
           Multivariate Geometric Quantiles
    • Authors: Edward W. Sun; Yu-Jen Wang; Min-Teh Yu
      Abstract: Portfolio management and integrated risk management are more commonly applied toward enterprise risk management, requiring multivariate risk measures that capture the dependence among many risk factors. In this paper we propose the non-parametric estimator for multivariate value at risk (MVaR) and multivariate average value at risk (MAVaR) based on the multivariate geometric quantile approach and derive the symptotic properties of the proposed estimators for MVaR. We also present their performances under both simulated data and high-frequency financial data from the New York Stock Exchange. In addition, we compare our method with the delta normal approach and order statistics approach. The overall empirical results confirm that the multivariate geometric quantile approach significantly improves the risk management performance of MVaR and MAVaR.
      PubDate: 2017-06-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s10614-017-9708-2
  • The Electricity Consumption and Economic Growth Nexus in China: A
           Bootstrap Seemingly Unrelated Regression Estimator Approach
    • Authors: Jianlin Wang; Jiajia Zhao; Hongzhou Li
      Abstract: Electricity consumption in China has attracted increasing attention by the government in monitoring the economy. The purpose of the study is test whether electricity consumption is an appropriate indicator. To do that, this paper proposes an alternative bootstrap Granger causality test, which can capture the contemporaneous correlation of the term error in the Vector Autoregressive Model, based on a seemingly unrelated regression estimator. Using a quarterly data set containing more dynamic changes, this study reinvestigates the relationship between electricity consumption and economic growth. The results show that there exists a long-run relationship between the two variables. Electricity consumption can be treated as an indicator of the functioning of the economy. A strong unidirectional Granger causality is found running from gross domestic product to electricity consumption. However, the causality relationship from electricity consumption to gross domestic product is relatively weak. Thus, electricity consumption is a useful indicator to check the reliability of GDP data, however, caution is required when using electricity consumption to predict future economic activities in China.
      PubDate: 2017-06-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s10614-017-9709-1
  • Multivariate Co-movement Between Islamic Stock and Bond Markets Among the
           GCC: A Wavelet-Based View
    • Authors: Chaker Aloui; Rania Jammazi; Hela Ben Hamida
      Abstract: In this study, we investigate the connectedness between sharia stock index and three Islamic bond yields within a global perspective of the Gulf Cooperation Council Islamic financial markets. The main novelty of the present study is that we extend previous studies by performing three wavelet variants in bivariate and multivariate frameworks, namely the wavelet multiple correlation, the wavelet multiple cross correlation and wavelet cohesion. The findings point out a significant changing pattern in the dynamic linkage between sharia stocks and Islamic bond yields in the time-frequency domain. A strong positive association is evidenced in the short horizons and a negative linkage is branded for longer time-scales. Some resemblances are found for the wavelet cohesion corroborating the existence of potential portfolios’ diversification opportunities at lower frequencies. The multivariate wavelet cross correlation unveils that the intensity of the co-movement reaches its zenith at high frequencies. These results are not similar to the bivariate wavelet coherence but are coincident with the wavelet cohesion approach, which may be due to the difference in dimensionality of the wavelet approaches. The implications of this study will be useful for Islamic portfolio managers, international investors and market regulators in better encircling the best ways to adopt a proactive knowledge of Islamic financial markets behavior.
      PubDate: 2017-06-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s10614-017-9703-7
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