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BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1154 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1566 Journals sorted alphabetically
4OR: A Quarterly Journal of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Abacus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Accounting Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Acta Amazonica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Commercii     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Oeconomica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientiarum. Human and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Universitatis Danubius. Œconomica     Open Access  
Acta Universitatis Nicolai Copernici Zarządzanie     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AD-minister     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ADR Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Developing Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Economics and Business     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
AfricaGrowth Agenda     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
African Development Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
African Journal of Business and Economic Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
African Review of Economics and Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Afro-Asian Journal of Finance and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Alphanumeric Journal : The Journal of Operations Research, Statistics, Econometrics and Management Information Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Economic Journal : Applied Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 124)
American Economic Journal : Economic Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 94)
American Journal of Business     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
American Journal of Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 50)
American Journal of Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Economics and Business Administration     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
American Journal of Economics and Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
American Journal of Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Finance and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
American Journal of Medical Quality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales de l'Institut Henri Poincare (C) Non Linear Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annals in Social Responsibility     Full-text available via subscription  
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annual Review of Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Applied Developmental Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Applied Economics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Applied Economics Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Applied Financial Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Applied Mathematical Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Stochastic Models in Business and Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Apuntes Universitarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab Economic and Business Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Business Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arena Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Argomenti. Rivista di economia, cultura e ricerca sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ASEAN Economic Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific Business Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 309)
Asia Pacific Viewpoint     Hybrid Journal  
Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Case Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asian Development Review     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Asian Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Asian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian Economic Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Accounting and Governance     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asian-pacific Economic Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Atlantic Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Australasian Journal of Regional Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Cottongrower, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Australian Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Australian Journal of Maritime and Ocean Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Balkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Baltic Journal of Real Estate Economics and Construction Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Banks in Insurance Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BBR - Brazilian Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Benchmarking : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
BER : Consumer Confidence Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BER : Economic Prospects : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription  
BER : Economic Prospects : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Intermediate Goods Industries Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Manufacturing Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Motor Trade Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Retail Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Retail Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Building and Construction : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Manufacturing : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Retail : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Trends : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Wholesale Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Berkeley Business Law Journal     Free   (Followers: 11)
Bio-based and Applied Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biodegradation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biology Direct     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Black Enterprise     Full-text available via subscription  
Board & Administrator for Administrators only     Hybrid Journal  
Border Crossing : Transnational Working Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Briefings in Real Estate Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
British Journal of Industrial Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Brookings Papers on Economic Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 46)
Brookings Trade Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BRQ Business Research Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Building Sustainable Legacies : The New Frontier Of Societal Value Co-Creation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Economic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of the Dnipropetrovsk University. Series : Management of Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business & Entrepreneurship Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Business & Information Systems Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Business & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Business : Theory and Practice / Verslas : Teorija ir Praktika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business and Economic Horizons     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Business and Economic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Business and Management Horizons     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Business and Management Research     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Business and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Business and Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business and Professional Communication Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Business and Society Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Business Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business Ethics: A European Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Business Horizons     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Business Information Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Business Management and Strategy     Open Access   (Followers: 39)
Business Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Business Strategy and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Business Strategy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business Strategy Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Business Systems & Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business Systems Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Business, Management and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Business, Peace and Sustainable Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bustan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos EBAPE.BR     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Journal of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences / Revue Canadienne des Sciences de l Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue Canadienne d`Economique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Canadian journal of nonprofit and social economy research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Capitalism and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Capitalism Nature Socialism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Case Studies in Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
CBU International Conference Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Central European Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Central European Journal of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Central European Journal of Public Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Chain Reaction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Challenge     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
China & World Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
China : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
China Economic Journal: The Official Journal of the China Center for Economic Research (CCER) at Peking University     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
China Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
China Finance Review International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
China Nonprofit Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
China perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Chinese Economy     Full-text available via subscription  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CLIO América     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cliometrica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
COEPTUM     Open Access  
Community Development Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Compensation & Benefits Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Competition & Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Competitive Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Competitiveness Review : An International Business Journal incorporating Journal of Global Competitiveness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Computational Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Computational Mathematics and Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computer Law & Security Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Computers & Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Construction Innovation: Information, Process, Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Contemporary Wales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Contextus - Revista Contemporânea de Economia e Gestão     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Corporate Communications An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Corporate Philanthropy Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Corporate Reputation Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Creative and Knowledge Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Creative Industries Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
CRIS - Bulletin of the Centre for Research and Interdisciplinary Study     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Crossing the Border : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cuadernos de Administración (Universidad del Valle)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Economía     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Economia - Latin American Journal of Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Estudios Empresariales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Creativity, Innovation and Entrepreneurship     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
De Economist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Decision Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Decision Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Decision Support Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Defence and Peace Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
der markt     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Desenvolvimento em Questão     Open Access  

        1 2 3 4 5 6 | Last

Journal Cover Competitiveness Review : An International Business Journal incorporating Journal of Global Competitiveness
  [5 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1059-5422
   Published by Emerald Homepage  [335 journals]
  • Enhancing Dynamism in Clusters: A Model for Evaluating Cluster
           Organizations´ Bridge-Building Activities Across Cluster Gaps
    • First page: 98
      Abstract: Competitiveness Review, Volume 27, Issue 2, March 2017.
      Purpose This paper empirically examines the relationship between collaboration initiatives of cluster organizations and improved innovation and financial performance among cluster firms. Moreover, the paper proposes a method for the development of cluster initiatives and evaluating its performance. Design/methodology/approach Cluster organizations in North Mid Sweden have been studied between 2005 and 2014, where 12 cluster organizations have focused on collaboration, ranging from process industries, such as forestry, paper and steel, to tourism and ICT. A survey method was used to collect data for some 1,000 firms engaging in cluster activities. A new method of analysis, which associates initiatives of cluster organizations with cluster members´ innovation and financial performance, has been developed and used in the paper. Findings The paper finds that cluster initiatives (enhancing collaboration across different types of actors in clusters) improve innovation and financial performance among involved cluster firms. But the effect of the cluster initiatives depends, to a large degree, on the policy of the cluster organization. Results show large differences in performance among cluster initiatives, leaving room for the benchmarking and cross-cluster learning. Practical implications The new method proposed in this paper can help to formulate and implement cluster initiatives. Evaluation of cluster organizations can be improved through the new method. Originality/value The major contribution of this work is the association of cluster organization initiatives with performance of cluster member firms. Additionally, this work provides a new statistical instrument for assessing the impact of cluster initiatives on cluster members´ performance.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2017-02-03T04:51:58Z
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-02-2016-0015
  • Strategic agility explanations for managing franchising expansion during
           economic cycles
    • First page: 113
      Abstract: Competitiveness Review, Volume 27, Issue 2, March 2017.
      Purpose To demonstrate how franchising firms can manage system expansion by weathering the economic effects of a location (i.e., country-level economic cycles) by shifting their resources Design/methodology/approach The authors use a comprehensive database of 151 U.S. hybrid franchising organizations, including observations for the years between 2001 and 2008. Data analysis is conducted with count model panel data with a Poisson distribution. Findings The model reveals a curvilinear U-shaped relationship between location (i.e., economic cycles) and franchising expansion. Originality/value This study contributes to competitiveness literature by showing how franchising firms respond to changing local conditions.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2017-02-03T04:52:24Z
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-04-2016-0022
  • Comparative analyses of competitive advantage using Porter diamond model
           (the case of MSMEs in Himachal Pradesh)
    • First page: 132
      Abstract: Competitiveness Review, Volume 27, Issue 2, March 2017.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to measure and analyze the competitive advantage of MSMEs based upon the Porter’s diamond framework. The major objective is to contribute towards better understanding of various determinants of the diamond model in context within Indian MSMEs. Design/methodology/approach Extent review of the literature has been done to identify various critical factors contributing to developing a competitive advantage. Exploratory factor analysis and internal consistency tests were performed to verify scales validity and reliability of measuring instrument (questionnaire). In research design, a case study approach has been used in which MSMEs operating in the pharmaceutical, electrical and electronics, automobile, food, and textile sectors were considered. Findings Study findings indicate that the pharmaceutical sector is more competitive followed by food (112.491) as revealed by the high value of surface area i.e. 150.931. The competitiveness among MSME sectors is mostly affected by demand conditions followed by firm strategy, structure and rivalry. Moreover, the score of diamond axes indicates significant difference with respect to determinants. For instance, in the textile sector, the determinants such as factor conditions and related and supporting industries scored low e.g. 4.710 and 4.280 respectively, which indicates it needs to be strengthened as this sector stands at last position with minimum surface area e.g. 67.398. Research limitations/implications Owing to the time and resource constraints, this study was conducted in MSMEs situated in the state of Himachal Pradesh, India, and thus generalizations of results is rather limited. Practical implications This study is one of the original being undertaken by authors which helps to underline the importance of various determinants which may help the MSME units to improve competitiveness by implementing effective competitive strategies. The study could be extended to other regions of the country. Originality/value This study is a result of extended research on competitiveness and provides an instrument to measure firm ability to be competitive. CEO’s, managers and policy makers from industries as well as government will be able to use this to evaluate their competitive positioning and identify key problem areas which required improvements.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2017-02-03T04:52:03Z
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-02-2016-0007
  • Assessing the sources of competitiveness of US states
    • First page: 161
      Abstract: Competitiveness Review, Volume 27, Issue 2, March 2017.
      Purpose This study aims to test the emerald model on the regional basis for the identification of the most important sources of competitiveness in the states of the USA. Design/methodology/approach Using the emerald model and its assertions, data is collected over the period 1998-2013 from 47 states in the USA. Multiple regression analysis is performed with a lag structure of four, six and eight years as alternative time intervals to explain the dependent variable. Findings The empirical results support the emerald model except for its R&D attractiveness dimension in its ability to explain competitiveness in the states of the USA. In the longer term (eight-year lag), cluster attractiveness has the highest impact followed by environmental attractiveness, ownership attractiveness, educational attractiveness and talent attractiveness. Comparison of regression models with different time lags indicates that once the very early phase is over, the impacts of most attractiveness dimensions become rather consistent across time and do not disappear. Originality/value The study contributes to the literature on the measurement of regional competitiveness by performing an overall assessment of the emerald model and by analysing the impacts of the model’s dimensions on competitiveness over time. On the other hand the identification of the sources of regional competitiveness paves the way for a more efficient allocation of resources regarding policies and improvement programs.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2017-02-03T04:51:59Z
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-02-2016-0014
  • Managing continuous innovation through performance measurement
    • First page: 179
      Abstract: Competitiveness Review, Volume 27, Issue 2, March 2017.
      Purpose To define measures that small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) can use for evaluating continuous innovation and to analyze types of SMEs, according to the innovation measures they use and their characteristics in terms of size and operational and financial performance. Design/methodology/approach The data were gathered with the help of a structured survey questionnaire from a cross-section of firms in both the manufacturing and service sectors in Finland. The data were analyzed in terms of factor and cluster analyses. Findings Three measures of continuous innovation and three types of SMEs were defined based on their continuous innovation measures. It was found that firms using all three types of innovation measures also register above-average financial and operational performance compared to those that do not. Originality/value This study attempts to improve the precision of performance measurement and the management of continuous innovation in firms by expanding and refining existing measurement guidelines and principles. In particular, this work approaches the subject of continuous innovation measurement from the standpoint of SMEs.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2017-02-03T04:52:01Z
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-03-2015-0014
  • Servitization for territorial competitiveness: Taxonomy and research
    • First page: 2
      Abstract: Competitiveness Review, Volume 27, Issue 1, January 2017.

      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2017-01-10T12:29:13Z
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-02-2016-0005
  • Organisational Change towards Servitization: A Theoretical Framework
    • First page: 12
      Abstract: Competitiveness Review, Volume 27, Issue 1, January 2017.
      Purpose The need for a holistic framework for studying organisational transformation towards servitization is implicit. This is particularly relevant as servitization demands consideration of both business model and organisational change. The aim of this paper is, therefore, to provide an integrative framework that systematically captures and evaluate existing literature on servitization. Design/methodology/approach The aim of the paper has achieved through three main objectives; comprehensively examine the literature in organisational change management that would assist with the selection of the most effective evaluation framework, classify previous studies against the proposed framework through a systematic literature review methodology, and analyse the selected papers and propose research questions/propositions based on the identified gaps. Findings Results indicate that there are two somewhat macro opportunities for the servitization community, including stronger infusion of generic theory into the servitization debate; and exploring servitization in action through the lens of the theoretical framework. Practical implications The findings of the paper demonstrate the gaps in the servitization literature, which indeed require further theoretical/empirical research. Originality/value It is discussed the usefulness and practicality of viewing research contributions that are setting out to be either ‘descriptive’ or ‘prescriptive’. Consequently we have proposed several avenues for future research based on these two viewpoints.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2017-01-10T12:29:10Z
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-03-2015-0015
  • Service orientation as a strategic marketing tool:The moderating effect of
           business sector
    • First page: 40
      Abstract: Competitiveness Review, Volume 27, Issue 1, January 2017.
      Purpose Extending the service business in manufacturing firms has received significant attention in recent research. As it has been acknowledged by many authors, developing a service orientation can offer additional benefit potential. However, achieving profit with a competitive strategy depends on the firm’s characteristics and equally on environmental ones. In this scope, the present article attempts to identify antecedents to service orientation and the impact of this strategy on the firm’s performance. Design/methodology/approach We first conducted a qualitative research to identify the different forms used to serve clients. Then in order to test our hypotheses, we conducted a quantitative study on a sample of 130 Tunisian firms belonging to three key Tunisian industries. Findings Our findings show that the managerial motivation, the firm's characteristics in addition to environmental characteristics must be considered as antecedents to service orientation. The study has in fact verified the positive impact of service orientation on the firm’s performance and the fact that the business sector has a moderating effect on this relationship. Practical implications At the business level, marketing managers have to commit to finding new opportunities by valorising market survey, establishing a management mechanism and controlling their service offer system. They have to try to internally « sell this service project » before thinking of adopting a service-oriented marketing strategy. However, Industrial firms must equally take into account the services’ specificities for a better management of products/services. In fact, the intangible and the heterogeneous aspect of services increase risk perception and the degree of uncertainty among clients more than in a purchasing situation of a simple product. Consequently, marketing managers have to elaborate a specific approach, decide on a list of offered services, on their method and on quality standards in order to finally decide on the price. At the economic level, extending the service business has potential benefit for manufacturing firms and consequently for economy. Therefore, manufacturing firms seeking to invest in the service business must be encouraged by the government’s industrial policy. It’s very important to help them overcome the obstacles to service adoption by providing financial incentives. In addition, it’s very important to help them use and develop the technologies needed to improve the delivery of services. Originality/value In spite of the significant number of studies in this respect, the strategic perspective of service orientation was not as well developed as the organizational perspective and the theoretical development of this field remains underdeveloped. We noticed that the empirical applications of previous studies revealed divergent results that can be sometimes contradictory, particularly when they examine the impact of service orientation on performance. Besides, in recent research, “deservitization” appears as a solution adopted by managers who are unable to generate high revenues or margins to cover the additional investment in services. Consequently and considering the lack of consensus in previous studies, our principal objective is to identify the antecedents of service orientation and to test its impact on the industrial business performance. Additionally, and from an empirical point of view, we notice that the majority of past research on service orientation of industrial businesses was conducted in developed countries while the empirical study of the present work was conducted in an emerging country in a transitional phase: Tunisia. Finally, since previous literature has assumed homogeneity on service strategies across sectors, we tried to show whether the business sector matters in terms of the relationship between service orientation and the manufacturing firm’s performance.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2017-01-10T12:29:15Z
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-02-2015-0012
  • Digital dark matter within product service systems
    • First page: 62
      Abstract: Competitiveness Review, Volume 27, Issue 1, January 2017.
      Purpose The unobserved benefits of digital technologies are described as digital dark matter. Product service systems (PSS) are bundles of products and services that deliver value in use; which is unobserved but generates benefits. This article empirically quantifies digital dark matter within product service systems and correlates that measure with national competitiveness. Design/methodology/approach A novel methodology establishes the link between customer needs and a product & digital service portfolio offered across ten developed economies. The case context is the music industry where product and services are often substitutes – a cannibalistic PSS. Consumer information is obtained from a unique database of more than 18,000 consumer surveys. Consumer demand for digital formats is modelled and predicted through logistic regressions. Findings The work provides inverse estimations for digital dark matter within product service systems by calculating the gap between supply and demand for digital offers - described as the business model challenge. The USA has the lowest business model challenge; the home of major companies developing digital technologies. Digital dark matter is shown to be positively correlated with national competitiveness and manufacturing competitiveness indices. Practical implications The success of a cannibalistic PSS requires good understanding of market demand. Governments embarking on soft innovation policies might incentivise the development of service orientated business models based on digital technologies. Originality/value Work expands theory on the concept of digital dark matter to the PSS literature. Empirically, a novel method is proposed to measure digital dark matter.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2017-01-10T12:29:12Z
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-11-2014-0037
  • Are KIBS beneficial to international business performance: Evidence from
           the Basque Country
    • First page: 80
      Abstract: Competitiveness Review, Volume 27, Issue 1, January 2017.
      Purpose In line with studies from the servitization, the territorial competitiveness and the global value chain realm, it can be hypothesized that if KIBS consumption has a positive effect on business competitiveness, a correlation to be discernable between “intensity of KIBS uptake” and “turnover and export performance at industrial sector level”. Design/methodology/approach To test this hypothesis, we make use of input-output tables from the Basque Country for the period 2000-2012 and regional accounts regarding turnover and export per sector and calculate how consumption of a series of KIBS correlates with turnover and export evolution for 14 industrial sectors. Findings We find a strong fit between consumption of KIBS and international competitiveness parameters for the industrial sectors screened. Research limitations/implications We postulate that the use of KIBS is beneficial for consuming industries. Accordingly, we posit that having a sound KIBS basis in a territory contributes to (international) business competitiveness, and that industrial policies should foster the rapprochement of manufacturing sectors to KIBS. At the same time, we assume that reverse causalities may be at play (international competitiveness of manufacturing sectors boosts KIBS consumption through backward linkage effects). Practical implications The paper posits that having a sound KIBS basis in a territory contributes to international business competitiveness, and that industrial policies should foster a rapprochement of manufacturing sectors to KIBS. A further implication would be to look after a minimum critical mass and or to engage in KIBS capacity building in a territory. Absence of competitiveness-enhancing KIBS in a region may hamper business performance and staying power of user industries The paper's findings also imply that the posture of manufacturing firms towards uptake of knowledge-intensive services matters, and that fostering their proactiveness to interact with KIBS is indicated. Similarly, they form an argument in favour of considering KIBS as active subject matters for industrial policy design. Originality/value Amidst the several perspectives adopted upon KIBS’ role to foster business and territorial competitiveness, what is largely absent is the examination as to how uptake of KIBS by respective sectors relates to the turnover or export evolutions that the sectors in question reveal. Consequently, the present paper sets out to examine this research question.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2017-01-10T12:29:11Z
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-07-2015-0066
  • The competitiveness of emerging country multinational enterprise. Does it
           derive from CSAs or FSAs?
    • Abstract: Competitiveness Review, Volume 26, Issue 5, October 2016.
      Purpose This paper conducts a theoretical enquiry into the questions as to whether emerging country multinationals’ competitiveness derives from Country Specific Advantage (CSAs) or Firm specific Advantages (FSA). The case of China is also examined. Design/methodology/approach CSAs and FSAs are examined both in theory and in the specific case of China as explicators of outward foreign direct investment from emerging countries. Findings FSAs and CSAs are found to be imprecise explanatory mechanisms to explain the competitiveness of emerging country multinationals. The examination of imperfections in emerging markets and in global markets and the internalisation responses of firms in different contexts is found to be a superior explanation of the financial flows classified as “outward direct investment”. Originality/value Internalisation theory requires a focus on mechanisms to convert home country attributes into competitive advantages and suggests that FSAs are context dependent, ephemeral and subject to negation by the competitive actions of rival firms.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2016-08-30T11:20:34Z
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-03-2016-0017
  • Emerging countries’ country-specific advantages (CSAs) and
           competitiveness of emerging market multinational enterprises (EMNEs)
    • Abstract: Competitiveness Review, Volume 26, Issue 5, October 2016.
      Purpose A significant stream of literature focuses on host countries’ locations when explaining why firms internalize some of their activities in specific countries. At first glance, home location schemes and specificities seem to have attracted less attention in the scientific community. The purpose of this contribution is to provide a literature review linked to the specific issue of emerging countries’ country specific advantages (CSAs) and the competitiveness of emerging market multinational enterprises (EMNEs). Design/methodology/approach The approach is to present the main theoretical developments related to the role of home countries in the internationalization process of domestic firms in general and as far as the home context of emerging countries is concerned. Findings A rigorous analysis of the literature shows that theoretical developments and empirical studies on IB do refer explicitly or at least implicitly to the role of home countries in the international expansion of firms. Originality/value The value of this review is to develop the main streams of the literature and to serve as a basis for the other contributions published in this area.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2016-08-30T11:20:32Z
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-02-2016-0016
  • Enhancing national competitiveness through national cooperation
    • Pages: 482 - 499
      Abstract: Competitiveness Review, Volume 26, Issue 5, Page 482-499, October 2016.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore how countries can make a more efficient and effective cooperation strategy, considering their competitive strengths and weaknesses. Design/methodology/approach This paper is an exploratory study in examining the efficient way of national cooperation from the competitiveness perspective. By applying the double diamond-based nine-factor model and the framework for the life cycle of national competitiveness, this study proposes the importance of cooperation strategy, considering the current competitiveness status. A case study of two economies of South Korea (hereafter referred to as Korea) and Dubai reveals a potentially substantial cooperative relationship. Findings Although Korea and Dubai are geographically and culturally distant, they share complementary resources to enhance their overall competitiveness. In addition, their past experiences of growth can effectively deal with their current challenges and help their economies move to more advanced stage. Practical implications The methodology used in this paper can provide a useful guideline for policy makers to examine the current development status of their economies, find an appropriate cooperation partner and decide the priority of cooperating areas. Originality/value Although most existing studies explain national competitiveness from a narrow perspective, this paper provides a more comprehensive analysis using the extended model of Porter’s single diamond model. In addition, this paper conducts an intensive case study of Dubai and Korea for possible cooperation.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2016-08-30T11:20:33Z
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-05-2015-0036
  • From Marshall’s Triad to Porter’s Diamond: added value?
    • Pages: 500 - 516
      Abstract: Competitiveness Review, Volume 26, Issue 5, Page 500-516, October 2016.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to offer clarity on a central concept introduced in Porter’s The Competitive Advantage of Nations, i.e. the cluster. The authors situate the concept introduced by Porter (1990) relative to two of its antecedents, the industrial district and industrial complex. Placing the cluster in a historical context permits consideration of the extent to which it, as a concept for analysis, may be differentiated from other geography-based approaches to economic phenomena. In this way, this paper examines the added value of the cluster concept derived from economic factors. Design/methodology/approach The paper provides a detailed literature review tracing the evolution of theories of location and agglomeration into which Porter’s cluster fits. The evolution of Porter’s own conceptualisation of the cluster and how this relates to theoretical clarity surrounding the concept is explored. Comparative analysis of theories of location, agglomeration and clustering is provided to identify similarities and differences across the approaches and identify the added value of the cluster concept in relation to other approaches. Findings Clustering represents a process associated with spatial organisational form which may offer advantages in efficiency, effectiveness and flexibility. Cluster benefits can be appreciated through the lens of Young’s (1928) identified sources of increasing returns. A key aspect in clustering is revealed in terms of its role in enabling four sources of increasing returns. The authors outline how these sources of increasing returns are related to “soft” processes of networking, interaction and individual and collective learning. Porter’s Diamond is a self-reinforcing system which can permit increasing returns and reinforce such tendencies of economic activity within agglomerations. Originality/value Added value from Porter’s cluster concept is identified in the context of both its locational anchoring and in terms of its potential for understanding the role of exploitation of increasing returns for development. This points to the importance of focusing on clustering as a process rather than on cluster within typologies of organisational form. This implies that the nature of relationships (and how they change) within and across markets, institutions and actors lies at the heart of clustering because of their roles in knowledge-generation, including innovation, knowledge sharing and upgrading.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2016-08-30T11:20:33Z
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-05-2015-0037
  • Have we made it? Investigating value-creating strategies in early
           internationalizing ventures
    • Pages: 517 - 536
      Abstract: Competitiveness Review, Volume 26, Issue 5, Page 517-536, October 2016.
      Purpose The extant research on early internationalizing ventures focuses primarily on these ventures’ start-up phase or their initial internationalization. Scarce attention is paid to how these ventures grow, if at all, beyond their start-up phase or initial internationalization phase. This paper aims to explore how international new ventures transition from the internationalizing phase to the phase of being international, and whether they actually made it to that phase. Understanding whether and how these ventures reach their “made-it” point would contribute to our understanding of how early internationalization affects a venture’s survival and growth. In this, the authors draw on the dynamic capability theory of the firm. Design/methodology/approach Given the scarcity of theoretical understanding and empirical evidence in this substantive area of research, the authors adopted a multiple case study methodology for the purpose of theory building. Following an intensity sampling strategy, they purposefully selected information-rich, but not extreme two-case companies. The authors initially collected unobtrusive data in the form of running records and mass-media news reports from the inception of the case companies. They then conducted in-depth interviews with key decision makers of the case companies, namely, their co-founders and CEOs. Critical incident technique guidelines for data analysis were employed. Findings Grounded in data, the following constructs emerged related to value creation: strategic experimentation, gestalt tensions and legitimacy lies. Entrepreneurs experiment with and reconfigure their venture at several levels: goal (vision), decision (strategic) and behavioral (tactical) levels of the organizational gestalt to reach a threshold level of practiced activity. Entrepreneurs’ strategic experimentation efforts are fueled by tensions that exist at these three levels of the organizational gestalt. During this experimentation process, entrepreneurs may tell legitimacy lies to legitimate their ventures in the eyes of their stakeholders. Research limitations/implications Given the instrument the authors used to explore the issues and concerns identified above, the results are limited in scope. However, a number of questions and conjectures are put forward to guide future research in this currently under-researched area of international entrepreneurship. The authors have also suggested using the concept of turning point in future research to advance the understanding of the dynamic capability view of international new ventures. Practical implications Understanding whether and how international new ventures reach their made-it points would contribute to the understanding of how early internationalization affects international new ventures’ organizational survival and growth. Originality/value The authors have put forward the concept of the made-it point to aid international entrepreneurship researchers to investigate the continued growth, evolutionary patterns and the organizational survival of international new ventures.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2016-10-20T08:35:00Z
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-03-2015-0020
  • Methodology research of competitiveness and sample application for
           Turkey’s defense industry
    • Pages: 537 - 558
      Abstract: Competitiveness Review, Volume 26, Issue 5, Page 537-558, October 2016.
      Purpose The main purpose of this paper is to develop a methodology to analyze the competitiveness based on the diamond model and constructing a composite index; the secondary aim is to apply this methodology to the national index of Turkey’s defense industry. Design/methodology/approach Instead of providing the results based only on diamond, a composite index study was carried out. The collected variables were distributed using subject-groups under determinants via an expert opinion survey. The variables were analyzed with alternative methods of imputation, normalization and aggregation. Factor analysis (FA) was performed with the aggregated values of each subject to find the years’ clusters. Findings Turkey’s diamond model indicated an improvement in defense industry between 1998-2010. And, FA revealed the clusters as 1998-2000, 2001-2007, 2008-2010. It was found that Turkey had an advantage in demand conditions but needs to give higher importance to factor conditions. In addition, the key provisions were catered to the issues related to government and the defense industry. Research limitations/implications Turkey’s competitiveness structure between 1998-2010 were researched. Originality/value This study provides a qualitative approach of the composite index to the quantitative side of the diamond model.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2016-10-20T08:34:48Z
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-10-2015-0081
  • Market potential and determinants for eco-smart furniture attending
           consumers of the third age
    • Pages: 559 - 574
      Abstract: Competitiveness Review, Volume 26, Issue 5, Page 559-574, October 2016.
      Purpose This paper aims to discuss some of the findings of an ongoing “Green & Smart Furniture” (GSF) research project. It actually focuses on third-age consumers’ behavior and interest in purchasing smart and eco-friendly wooden furniture, providing some critical implications for the successful design and production of GSF products in the framework of innovation and differentiation. Design/methodology/approach The methodology is based on empirical data gathered from consumer research across Greece. The target group for “smart and eco furniture”, under the context of the present research, has to do with the third age, following the claims of many researchers that market orientation is essential for innovation success. Findings The present research promotes the development of innovation for furniture manufacturing industries, opening a new pathway in confronting the difficulties and strong competition. Firms should redesign their strategy, focusing on differentiation by including innovative products in their portfolio with high added value. Originality/value The present research is a prototype for the Greek and European furniture market, one designed to answer certain relevant questions regarding the drivers of innovation for the specific sector and the specific target group.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2016-08-30T11:20:30Z
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-06-2015-0058
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