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  Subjects -> BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (Total: 3075 journals)
    - ACCOUNTING (89 journals)
    - BANKING AND FINANCE (261 journals)
    - BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1154 journals)
    - CONSUMER EDUCATION AND PROTECTION (24 journals)
    - COOPERATIVES (4 journals)
    - ECONOMIC SCIENCES: GENERAL (158 journals)
    - ECONOMIC SYSTEMS, THEORIES AND HISTORY (167 journals)
    - FASHION AND CONSUMER TRENDS (13 journals)
    - HUMAN RESOURCES (94 journals)
    - INSURANCE (23 journals)
    - INTERNATIONAL COMMERCE (127 journals)
    - INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND AID (81 journals)
    - INVESTMENTS (25 journals)
    - LABOR AND INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS (43 journals)
    - MACROECONOMICS (13 journals)
    - MANAGEMENT (517 journals)
    - MARKETING AND PURCHASING (86 journals)
    - MICROECONOMICS (24 journals)
    - PRODUCTION OF GOODS AND SERVICES (138 journals)
    - PUBLIC FINANCE, TAXATION (32 journals)
    - TRADE AND INDUSTRIAL DIRECTORIES (2 journals)

BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1154 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1566 Journals sorted alphabetically
4OR: A Quarterly Journal of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Abacus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Accounting Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Acta Amazonica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Commercii     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Oeconomica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientiarum. Human and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Universitatis Danubius. Œconomica     Open Access  
Acta Universitatis Nicolai Copernici Zarządzanie     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AD-minister     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ADR Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Developing Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Economics and Business     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
AfricaGrowth Agenda     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
African Development Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
African Journal of Business and Economic Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
African Review of Economics and Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Afro-Asian Journal of Finance and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Alphanumeric Journal : The Journal of Operations Research, Statistics, Econometrics and Management Information Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Economic Journal : Applied Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 125)
American Economic Journal : Economic Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 94)
American Journal of Business     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
American Journal of Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 50)
American Journal of Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Economics and Business Administration     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
American Journal of Economics and Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
American Journal of Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Finance and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
American Journal of Medical Quality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales de l'Institut Henri Poincare (C) Non Linear Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annals in Social Responsibility     Full-text available via subscription  
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annual Review of Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Applied Developmental Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Applied Economics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Applied Economics Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Applied Financial Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Applied Mathematical Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Stochastic Models in Business and Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Apuntes Universitarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab Economic and Business Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Business Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arena Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Argomenti. Rivista di economia, cultura e ricerca sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ASEAN Economic Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific Business Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 310)
Asia Pacific Viewpoint     Hybrid Journal  
Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Case Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asian Development Review     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Asian Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Asian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian Economic Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Accounting and Governance     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asian-pacific Economic Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Atlantic Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Australasian Journal of Regional Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Cottongrower, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Australian Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Australian Journal of Maritime and Ocean Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Balkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Baltic Journal of Real Estate Economics and Construction Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Banks in Insurance Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BBR - Brazilian Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Benchmarking : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
BER : Consumer Confidence Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BER : Economic Prospects : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription  
BER : Economic Prospects : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Intermediate Goods Industries Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Manufacturing Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Motor Trade Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Retail Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Retail Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Building and Construction : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Manufacturing : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Retail : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Trends : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Wholesale Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Berkeley Business Law Journal     Free   (Followers: 11)
Bio-based and Applied Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biodegradation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biology Direct     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Black Enterprise     Full-text available via subscription  
Board & Administrator for Administrators only     Hybrid Journal  
Border Crossing : Transnational Working Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Briefings in Real Estate Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
British Journal of Industrial Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Brookings Papers on Economic Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 46)
Brookings Trade Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BRQ Business Research Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Building Sustainable Legacies : The New Frontier Of Societal Value Co-Creation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Economic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of the Dnipropetrovsk University. Series : Management of Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business & Entrepreneurship Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Business & Information Systems Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Business & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Business : Theory and Practice / Verslas : Teorija ir Praktika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business and Economic Horizons     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Business and Economic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Business and Management Horizons     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Business and Management Research     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Business and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Business and Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business and Professional Communication Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Business and Society Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Business Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business Ethics: A European Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Business Horizons     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Business Information Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Business Management and Strategy     Open Access   (Followers: 39)
Business Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Business Strategy and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Business Strategy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business Strategy Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Business Systems & Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business Systems Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Business, Management and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Business, Peace and Sustainable Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bustan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos EBAPE.BR     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Journal of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences / Revue Canadienne des Sciences de l Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue Canadienne d`Economique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Canadian journal of nonprofit and social economy research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Capitalism and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Capitalism Nature Socialism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Case Studies in Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
CBU International Conference Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Central European Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Central European Journal of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Central European Journal of Public Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Chain Reaction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Challenge     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
China & World Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
China : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
China Economic Journal: The Official Journal of the China Center for Economic Research (CCER) at Peking University     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
China Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
China Finance Review International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
China Nonprofit Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
China perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Chinese Economy     Full-text available via subscription  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CLIO América     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cliometrica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
COEPTUM     Open Access  
Community Development Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Compensation & Benefits Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Competition & Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Competitive Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Competitiveness Review : An International Business Journal incorporating Journal of Global Competitiveness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Computational Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Computational Mathematics and Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computer Law & Security Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Computers & Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Construction Innovation: Information, Process, Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Contemporary Wales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Contextus - Revista Contemporânea de Economia e Gestão     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Corporate Communications An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Corporate Philanthropy Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Corporate Reputation Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Creative and Knowledge Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Creative Industries Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
CRIS - Bulletin of the Centre for Research and Interdisciplinary Study     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Crossing the Border : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cuadernos de Administración (Universidad del Valle)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Economía     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Economia - Latin American Journal of Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Estudios Empresariales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Creativity, Innovation and Entrepreneurship     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
De Economist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Decision Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Decision Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Decision Support Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Defence and Peace Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
der markt     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Desenvolvimento em Questão     Open Access  

        1 2 3 4 5 6 | Last

Journal Cover American Journal of Business
  [14 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1935-5181 - ISSN (Online) 1935-519X
   Published by Emerald Homepage  [335 journals]
  • Literature Review and Research Opportunities on Credibility of Corporate
           Social Responsibility Reporting
    • Abstract: American Journal of Business, Volume 32, Issue 1, April 2017.
      Purpose The purpose of this manuscript is to identify and synthesize the current academic literature on emerging trends to increase CSR reporting credibility. Design/methodology/approach This paper synthesizes literature on emerging trends to increase CSR reporting credibility from the past 10 years, focusing mainly on the most recent five years, by searching ABI/Inform and Business Source Premier for academic papers containing the following keywords: Corporate Social Responsibility Reporting, CSR, Sustainability, and Social Responsibility. Findings This paper identifies four relatively unexplored trends to improve CSR credibility: CSR assurance, integrated reporting, CSR reporting standards, and CSR regulation. Research limitations/implications This study will be of use to academic researchers to facilitate research and discussion on the credibility of CSR disclosure. Practical implications Regulatory agencies, boards of directors, customers, suppliers, and investors are increasingly using CSR information for decision making; therefore the credibility of the information is important. Originality/value Much of the extant research investigating Corporate Social Responsibility has focused on financial performance metrics. Our study synthesizes the recent Corporate Social Responsibility literature, including some interdisciplinary research focusing on emerging accountability trends in reporting. We identify several research opportunities that will enhance our understanding of Corporate Social Responsibility Reporting.
      Citation: American Journal of Business
      PubDate: 2017-02-16T11:44:46Z
      DOI: 10.1108/AJB-04-2016-0013
       
  • Has Sarbanes-Oxley standardized audit quality?
    • Abstract: American Journal of Business, Volume 32, Issue 1, April 2017.
      Purpose This study examines whether the institutional changes accompanying the passage of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (“SOX”) have standardized the audit’s role in the overall financial reporting process, thereby reducing the impact of auditor characteristics on financial reporting quality. Design/methodology/approach To test this hypothesis, the association between audit quality characteristics (auditor size and industry expertise) and measures of financial reporting quality (analyst earning forecast dispersion and accuracy) are estimated using regression analysis. Results of this analysis are compared across the pre- and post-SOX periods. Findings The results of the study document a significant relationship between auditor size (Big N vs. non-Big N) and financial reporting quality (as proxied by analyst earnings forecast properties) during the pre-SOX period but not in the post-SOX period. Auditor industry expertise is significantly associated with financial reporting quality throughout the entire sample period. Thus, financial reporting quality continues to be dependent on the degree of specialization of an audit firm in both the pre- and post-SOX periods; however, the impact of auditor size as a surrogate for quality has diminished. Originality/value The SOX Act of 2002 represented one of the most significant changes in the regulation of audits. This paper adds to the literature by examining the Act’s effects on financial professionals’ perception of the impact of audit firm characteristics on their client’s financial reporting quality.
      Citation: American Journal of Business
      PubDate: 2017-02-16T11:44:41Z
      DOI: 10.1108/AJB-05-2015-0016
       
  • Optimal diversification, stochastic dominance, and sampling error
    • Abstract: American Journal of Business, Volume 32, Issue 1, April 2017.
      Purpose This paper contributes to the literature in three ways: First, we investigate the impact of the sampling errors on optimal portfolio weights and on financial investment decision. Second, we advance a comparative analysis between various domestic and international diversification strategies to define a stochastic optimal choice. Third, we propose a new methodology combining the re-sampling method, stochastic optimization algorithm, and nonparametric stochastic dominance (SD) approach to analyze a stochastic optimal portfolio choice for risk-averse American investors who care benefits of domestic diversification relative to international diversification. We propose a new portfolio optimization model involving SD constraints on the portfolio return rate. We define a portfolio with return dominating the benchmark portfolio return in the second order SD (SSD) and having maximum expected return. We combine, re-sampling procedure and stochastic optimization to establish more flexibility in the investment decision rule. We try to prove more coherence in the portfolio choice with the stochastically and the uncertainty characters of our paper. Design/methodology/approach We apply the re-sampling procedure to consider the sampling error in the optimization process. We try to resolve the problem of the stochastic optimal investment strategy choice using the nonparametric Linton, Maasoumi, and Whang (2005) stochastic dominance test based on sub-sampling simulated p-values. We apply the stochastic portfolio optimization algorithm with Second-order stochastic dominance (SSD) constraints to define optimal diversified portfolios beating benchmark indices. Findings First, we find that reducing sampling error increases the dominance relationships between different portfolios, which, in turn, alters portfolio investment decisions. Though international diversification is preferred in some cases, the study’s results show that for risk-averse US investors, in general, there is no difference between the diversification strategies; this implies that there is no increase in the expected utility of international diversification for the period before and after the 2007–2008 financial crisis. Nevertheless, we find that, stochastic diversification in domestic, global, and Europe, Australasia and Far East (EAFE) markets deliver better risk-returns for the U.S. risk averters during the crisis period. Originality/value The originality idea of this paper is to introduce a new methodology combining the concept of portfolio re-sampling, stochastic portfolio optimization with second-order stochastic dominance (SSD) constraints and the nonparametric stochastic dominance Linton, Maasoumi, and Whang (2005) test based on sub-sampling simulated p-values to analyse the impact of sampling errors on optimal portfolio returns and to investigate the problem of stochastic optimal choice between international and domestic diversification strategies. We try to prove more coherence in the portfolio choice with the stochastically and the uncertainty characters of our paper.
      Citation: American Journal of Business
      PubDate: 2017-02-16T11:44:40Z
      DOI: 10.1108/AJB-04-2015-0014
       
  • ANTECEDENTS OF CONSUMER ANIMOSITY AND THE ROLE OF PRODUCT INVOLVEMENT ON
           PURCHASE INTENTIONS
    • Abstract: American Journal of Business, Volume 32, Issue 1, April 2017.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to further our understanding of the sources of consumer animosity and the moderating role of product involvement on purchase intentions. Design/methodology/approach Animosity is examined in the context of South Korean consumers’ purchase intentions towards Japanese products. A structural equation model was estimated in Lisrel 8.80 to assess the proposed model. Findings The results offer evidence that consumer ethnocentrism and susceptibility to normative influence have a positive relationship with animosity while cosmopolitanism has a negative relationship with animosity. Furthermore, animosity negatively influences intentions to purchase for high involvement products, but not for low involvement products. Practical implications International marketing managers can better identify the risk that consumer animosity poses to their products and services based on level of product involvement and characteristics of the market segment. Originality/value This study offers clarity to the understanding of animosity by examining additional antecedents of animosity that reflect different world views. It also provides an exception to the previous findings that in general animosity has a negative impact on consumers’ willingness to buy products of countries for which consumers have animosity. In other words, the effect of animosity on purchase intention of products from a disliked country depends on the degree of involvement.
      Citation: American Journal of Business
      PubDate: 2017-02-16T11:44:19Z
      DOI: 10.1108/AJB-08-2016-0028
       
  • Supplier selection in small and medium sized firms: the case of the U.S.
           textile and apparel industry
    • First page: 166
      Abstract: American Journal of Business, Volume 31, Issue 4, October 2016.
      Purpose This study seeks to empirically examine supplier selection among small and medium sized firms in the U.S. textile and apparel industry. For small and medium sized firms, one powerful method of improving the firm’s competitiveness in the dynamic business environment is through strategic approach of supplier selection, which emphasizes supplier’s contributions to the total product and to overall customer satisfaction. Design/methodology/approach Empirical survey-based research methodology was implemented and data were collected from small and medium firms in textile and apparel business in North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, California, and New York which are the major areas of the U.S. textile and apparel industry. Findings This study demonstrates the supplier selection practices of the small and medium sized firms in the U.S. textile and apparel industry and their perceptions of supply market and supplier evaluation systems. Results indicate that supplier selection criteria impact firm performance in different ways. Small and medium sized firms carry out supplier selection based on product quality, supplier responsiveness, and strategic consideration which positively impact overall customer service level and overall customer satisfaction. Originality/value This paper focuses on supply chain management practices, specifically the supplier selection issue in small and medium sized firms in the textile and apparel industry.
      Citation: American Journal of Business
      PubDate: 2016-11-04T11:13:22Z
      DOI: 10.1108/AJB-12-2015-0037
       
  • Spatial relativism in multinationality and performance research
    • First page: 187
      Abstract: American Journal of Business, Volume 31, Issue 4, October 2016.
      Purpose The paper explores the largely marginalized role of distance or ‘space’ in multinationality and performance research. It argues that scholars should adopt a more fine-grained, or relativistic approach when studying the link between multinationality and performance and that conceptualizing multinationality as space may facilitate this. Design/methodology/approach Treating space as though it is liability forming, the paper examines frequently contentious research issues in domain of multinationality and performance research such as: 1) how multinationality is measured, 2) what moderating variables are considered, and 3) what performance metric is appropriate, as a framework to help illustrate the relativistic nature of MP studies. Findings The paper illustrates that the choice of distance dimensions, along which the ‘space' is formed, alters the relationship between multinationality and performance. Furthermore, this relationship is relative to moderating variables that include among others: when the space is measured (time), point of reference and perspective, the firm’s resources (e.g., human and technological capabilities), and the performance measure considered. Originality/value This paper suggests new avenues and approaches toward exploring the effects of multinationality to improve methodological rigor. It identifies several important methodological shortcomings of current and previous research and suggests areas in which current research gaps must be filled to advance this body of knowledge. It introduces the notion of spatial relativism as a concept that will facilitate more fine-grained and contextualized studies.
      Citation: American Journal of Business
      PubDate: 2016-11-04T11:13:25Z
      DOI: 10.1108/AJB-02-2016-0003
       
  • The greening of organizational culture: revisited fifteen years later
    • First page: 206
      Abstract: American Journal of Business, Volume 31, Issue 4, October 2016.
      Purpose Organizations have viewed sustainability as a societal problem and unrelated to business. To recognize sustainability as an organizational issue requires companies to deal with the challenge of transforming into environmentally sustainable enterprises. This requires institutions to align mission statements with values. The purpose of this study was to replicate previous research in sustainability and the cultural facets which impact the process. Design/methodology/approach A qualitative case study method was used to analyze 25 organizations within the US Midwest with various contexts to determine how their respective cultures impacted their change initiatives. Specifically, we spoke to sustainability change agents with regard to their leadership and culture, and the factors that are conducive to (or barriers to) implementing sustainability initiatives. Findings The original study demonstrated the presence of seven contextual conditions which are important in the process of imbedding sustainability within the institution. This research found the same dimensions to be present; however, they manifested differently fifteen years later. Practical implications The original research offered a somewhat dark picture of the sustainability change initiatives within organizations. The current study however; offers a much more positive perspective which demonstrates organizations appear to have progressed with regard to sustainability. Originality/value This is a replication study whereby we discovered similar themes as to the nature of contextual factors that can hinder or advance sustainability initiatives; however, the findings 15 years later show a marked difference in the current state of affairs and the ability to implement sustainability initiatives.
      Citation: American Journal of Business
      PubDate: 2016-11-04T11:13:24Z
      DOI: 10.1108/AJB-04-2016-0011
       
  • Benchmarking mutual fund alpha
    • First page: 227
      Abstract: American Journal of Business, Volume 31, Issue 4, October 2016.
      Purpose This paper examines mutual fund alpha using the standard benchmark models, and compares the results with a series of modified models based on peer performance. Design/methodology/approach This study begins with a test of the probabilities of earning positive and negative alphas based on the standard benchmark models controlling for market dynamics and fund life cycle, then a series of modified models based on peer performance is introduced. We also explored the reasons behind the difference between the standard and the modified benchmark models. Findings The modified models seem to be more objective in fund performance evaluation, and the test results indicate that many fund managers possess the skill to outperform a no-skill benchmark fund. We also find that the difference between the standard and the modified models is mainly driven by systematic factors. Originality/value This study proposes modified benchmark models which provide a more reliable method for investors to identify skilled managers. In addition, the modified models can serve as an objective benchmark to design manager compensation packages.
      Citation: American Journal of Business
      PubDate: 2016-11-04T11:13:23Z
      DOI: 10.1108/AJB-01-2016-0001
       
 
 
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