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  Subjects -> BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (Total: 3080 journals)
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    - BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1139 journals)
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BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1139 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1566 Journals sorted alphabetically
4OR: A Quarterly Journal of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Abacus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Accounting Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Acta Amazonica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Commercii     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Oeconomica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientiarum. Human and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Universitatis Danubius. Œconomica     Open Access  
Acta Universitatis Nicolai Copernici Zarządzanie     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AD-minister     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ADR Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Developing Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Economics and Business     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
AfricaGrowth Agenda     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
African Development Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
African Journal of Business and Economic Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
African Review of Economics and Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Afro-Asian Journal of Finance and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Alphanumeric Journal : The Journal of Operations Research, Statistics, Econometrics and Management Information Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Economic Journal : Applied Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 127)
American Journal of Business     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
American Journal of Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 51)
American Journal of Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Economics and Business Administration     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Economics and Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
American Journal of Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Finance and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
American Journal of Medical Quality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales de l'Institut Henri Poincare (C) Non Linear Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annals in Social Responsibility     Full-text available via subscription  
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annual Review of Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Applied Developmental Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Applied Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Applied Economics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Applied Economics Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Applied Financial Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Applied Mathematical Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Applied Stochastic Models in Business and Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Arab Economic and Business Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Business Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Arena Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Argomenti. Rivista di economia, cultura e ricerca sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ASEAN Economic Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific Business Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 318)
Asia Pacific Viewpoint     Hybrid Journal  
Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Case Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asian Development Review     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Asian Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian Economic Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Accounting and Governance     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Sustainability and Social Responsibility     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian-pacific Economic Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Atlantic Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Australasian Journal of Regional Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Cottongrower, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Australian Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Australian Journal of Maritime and Ocean Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Balkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Baltic Journal of Real Estate Economics and Construction Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Banks in Insurance Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BBR - Brazilian Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Benchmarking : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
BER : Consumer Confidence Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BER : Economic Prospects : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription  
BER : Economic Prospects : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Intermediate Goods Industries Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Manufacturing Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Motor Trade Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Retail Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Retail Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Building and Construction : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Manufacturing : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Retail : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Trends : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Wholesale Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Berkeley Business Law Journal     Free   (Followers: 11)
Bio-based and Applied Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biodegradation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biology Direct     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Black Enterprise     Full-text available via subscription  
Board & Administrator for Administrators only     Hybrid Journal  
Border Crossing : Transnational Working Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Briefings in Real Estate Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
British Journal of Industrial Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Brookings Papers on Economic Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 47)
Brookings Trade Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BRQ Business Research Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Building Sustainable Legacies : The New Frontier Of Societal Value Co-Creation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Economic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of the Dnipropetrovsk University. Series : Management of Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business & Entrepreneurship Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Business & Information Systems Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Business & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Business : Theory and Practice / Verslas : Teorija ir Praktika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business and Economic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Business and Management Horizons     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Business and Management Research     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Business and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Business and Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business and Professional Communication Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Business and Society Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Business Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business Ethics: A European Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Business Horizons     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Business Information Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Business Management and Strategy     Open Access   (Followers: 40)
Business Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Business Strategy and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Business Strategy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Business Strategy Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business Systems & Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Business Systems Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Business, Management and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Business, Peace and Sustainable Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bustan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos EBAPE.BR     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Journal of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences / Revue Canadienne des Sciences de l Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue Canadienne d`Economique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Canadian journal of nonprofit and social economy research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Capitalism and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Capitalism Nature Socialism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Case Studies in Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
CBU International Conference Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Central European Journal of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Central European Journal of Public Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Chain Reaction     Full-text available via subscription  
Challenge     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
China & World Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
China : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
China Economic Journal: The Official Journal of the China Center for Economic Research (CCER) at Peking University     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
China Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
China Finance Review International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
China Nonprofit Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
China perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Chinese Economy     Full-text available via subscription  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CLIO América     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cliometrica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
COEPTUM     Open Access  
Community Development Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Compensation & Benefits Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Competition & Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Competitive Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Competitiveness Review : An International Business Journal incorporating Journal of Global Competitiveness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Computational Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Computational Mathematics and Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computer Law & Security Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Computers & Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Construction Innovation: Information, Process, Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Contemporary Wales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Contextus - Revista Contemporânea de Economia e Gestão     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Corporate Communications An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Corporate Philanthropy Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Corporate Reputation Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Creative and Knowledge Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Creative Industries Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
CRIS - Bulletin of the Centre for Research and Interdisciplinary Study     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Crossing the Border : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cuadernos de Administración (Universidad del Valle)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Economía     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Economia - Latin American Journal of Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Estudios Empresariales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Creativity, Innovation and Entrepreneurship     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
De Economist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Decision Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Decision Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Decision Support Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Defence and Peace Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
der markt     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Desenvolvimento em Questão     Open Access  
Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Development and Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Development and Learning in Organizations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 | Last

Journal Cover Central European Journal of Operations Research
  [SJR: 0.837]   [H-I: 17]   [5 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1613-9178 - ISSN (Online) 1435-246X
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2329 journals]
  • Cheap talk and cooperation in Stackelberg games
    • Authors: Raimo P. Hämäläinen; Ilkka Leppänen
      Pages: 261 - 285
      Abstract: Previous literature on cheap talk suggests that it is used to increase cooperation. We study cheap talk and the effect of the leader’s private payoff information in new repeated Stackelberg game settings. Our results confirm earlier studies that the players cooperate in repeated Stackelberg games with complete payoff information. In the cheap talk setting the follower has the actual first mover advantage and should in theory benefit from it, but we find that many followers cooperate instead. Similarly, many leaders do not use cheap talk for cheating but commit to symmetric joint-optimum quantities. The leader’s private payoff information results in a low frequency of cooperation but in the presence of cheap talk players do cooperate.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10100-016-0444-9
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 2 (2017)
  • The impact of asynchronous trading on Epps effect on Warsaw Stock Exchange
    • Authors: Henryk Gurgul; Artur Machno
      Pages: 287 - 301
      Abstract: The main goal of the analysis is the verification of whether asynchrony in transaction times is a considerable cause of the Epps effect on the Warsaw Stock Exchange among the most liquid assets. A method for compensating for the impact of asynchrony in trading on the Epps effect is presented. The method is easily applicable. Calculations are made using the exact time of transactions and prices of the assets. The estimation is not biased by intervals during which no transactions have taken place. Among all the analyzed stock pairs, asynchrony turns out to be the main cause of the Epps effect. However, the corrected correlation estimator seems to be more volatile than the regular estimator of the correlation. The presented analysis can be reproduced for the same data or replicated for another dataset; all R codes used in the process of writing this article are available upon request. The main novelty/value added of this paper is the application to an emerging market of a new method for compensating for asynchrony in trading.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10100-016-0442-y
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 2 (2017)
  • Multi-period resource allocation for estimating project costs in
           competitive bidding
    • Authors: Yuichi Takano; Nobuaki Ishii; Masaaki Muraki
      Pages: 303 - 323
      Abstract: In competitive bidding for project contracts, contractors estimate the cost of completing a project and then determine the bid price. Accordingly, the bid price is markedly affected by the inaccuracies in the estimated cost. To establish a profit-making strategy in competitive bidding, it is crucial for contractors to estimate project costs accurately. Although allocating a large amount of resources to cost estimates allows contractors to prepare more accurate estimates, there is usually a limit to available resources in practice. To the best of our knowledge, however, none of the existing studies have addressed the resource allocation problem for estimating project costs in competitive bidding. To maximize a contractor’s expected profit, this paper develops a multi-period resource allocation method for estimating project costs in a sequential competitive bidding situation. Our resource allocation model is posed as a mixed integer linear programming problem by making piecewise linear approximations of the expected profit functions. Numerical experiments examine the characteristics of the optimal resource allocation and demonstrate the effectiveness of our resource allocation method.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10100-016-0438-7
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 2 (2017)
  • Assessing efficiency of public health and medical care provision in OECD
           countries after a decade of reform
    • Authors: Yasar A. Ozcan; Jaya Khushalani
      Pages: 325 - 343
      Abstract: The objective of this study was to examine the change in efficiency of health care systems of 34 OECD countries between 2000 and 2012, a period marked by significant health reform in most OECD countries. This paper uses a novel Dynamic Network Data Envelopment Analysis (DNDEA) model to analyze the efficiency of the public health system and the medical care system of these OECD countries independently along with assessing the efficiency of their overall health system. This helps understand the relative priorities for improving the overall health system. The data for this study was obtained from the OECD Health Facts database. The study findings suggest that countries which improved their public health system were more likely to show overall improvement in efficiency.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10100-016-0440-0
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 2 (2017)
  • Synchronizing vans and cargo bikes in a city distribution network
    • Authors: Alexandra Anderluh; Vera C. Hemmelmayr; Pamela C. Nolz
      Pages: 345 - 376
      Abstract: One of the significant side-effects of growing urbanization is the constantly increasing amount of freight transportation in cities. This is mainly performed by conventional vans and trucks and causes a variety of problems such as road congestion, noise nuisance and pollution. Yet delivering goods to residents is a necessity. Sustainable concepts of city distribution networks are one way of mitigating difficulties of freight services. In this paper we develop a two-echelon city distribution scheme with temporal and spatial synchronization between cargo bikes and vans. The resulting heuristic is based on a greedy randomized adaptive search procedure with path relinking. In our computational experiments we use artificial data as well as real-world data of the city of Vienna. Furthermore we compare three distribution policies. The results show the costs caused by temporal synchronization and can give companies decision-support in planning a sustainable city distribution concept.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10100-016-0441-z
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 2 (2017)
  • No such thing as a perfect hammer: comparing different objective function
           specifications for optimal control
    • Authors: D. Blueschke; I. Savin
      Pages: 377 - 392
      Abstract: Linear-quadratic (LQ) optimization is a fairly standard technique in the optimal control framework. LQ is very well researched, and there are many extensions for more sophisticated scenarios like nonlinear models. Conventionally, the quadratic objective function is taken as a prerequisite for calculating derivative-based solutions of optimal control problems. However, it is not clear whether this framework is as universal as it is considered to be. In particular, we address the question whether the objective function specification and the corresponding penalties applied are well suited in case of a large exogenous shock an economy can experience because of, e.g., the European debt crisis. While one can still efficiently minimize quadratic deviations around policy targets, the economy itself has to go through a period of turbulence with economic indicators, such as unemployment, inflation or public debt, changing considerably over time. We test four alternative designs of the objective function: a least median of squares based approach, absolute deviations, cubic and quartic objective functions. The analysis is performed based on a small-scale model of the Austrian economy and illustrates a certain trade-off between quickly finding an optimal solution using the LQ technique (reaching defined policy targets) and accounting for alternative objectives, such as limiting volatility in economic performance. As an implication, we argue in favor of the considerably more flexible optimization technique based on heuristic methods (such as Differential Evolution), which allows one to minimize various loss function specifications, but also takes additional constraints into account.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10100-016-0446-7
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 2 (2017)
  • Usability of Nomology-based methodologies in supporting problem
           structuring across cultures: the case of participatory decision-making in
           Tanzania rural communities
    • Authors: Joseph R. Kakeneno; Cathal MacSwiney Brugha
      Pages: 393 - 415
      Abstract: In this paper, we present the results of an empirical study that was conducted to demonstrate how the Structured MCDM methodology which is based on Nomology, the science of the laws of the mind, could be used to support problem structuring and improve rural community participation in a developing country in Africa. The results support the view that a model which is based on a generic structure is flexible and transferable to similar problem contexts and various situations across cultures and beyond national borders; and that it can easily support distributed participatory decision-making or be integrated into a Participatory Decision Support System.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10100-016-0460-9
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 2 (2017)
  • Multi-objective two-stage grey transportation problem using utility
           function with goals
    • Authors: Sankar Kumar Roy; Gurupada Maity; Gerhard-Wilhelm Weber
      Pages: 417 - 439
      Abstract: Multi-Objective Goal Programming is applied to solve problems in many application areas of real-life decision making problems. We formulate the mathematical model of Two-Stage Multi-Objective Transportation Problem (MOTP) where we design the feasibility space based on the selection of goal values. Considering the uncertainty in real-life situations, we incorporate grey parameters for supply and demands into the Two-Stage MOTP, and a procedure is applied to reduce the grey numbers into real numbers. Thereafter, we present a solution procedure to the proposed problem by introducing an algorithm and using the approach of Revised Multi-Choice Goal Programming. In the proposed algorithm, we introduce a utility function for selecting the goals of the objective functions. A numerical example is encountered to justify the reality and feasibility of our proposed study. Finally, the paper ends with a conclusion and an outlook to future investigations of the study.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10100-016-0464-5
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 2 (2017)
  • A note on minimizing the sum of squares of machine completion times on two
           identical parallel machines
    • Authors: Rico Walter
      Pages: 139 - 144
      Abstract: In this short note, we address the coherence between minimizing the sum of squares of machine completion times and minimizing makespan on two identical parallel machines. We show equivalence of the two objectives and identify interesting and useful relations which allow us to transfer worst-case ratios of approximation algorithms from one problem to the other.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10100-015-0429-0
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 1 (2017)
  • On the criterion vectors of lines of portfolio selection with multiple
           quadratic and multiple linear objectives
    • Authors: Yue Qi
      Pages: 145 - 158
      Abstract: As the research for portfolio selection evolves, traditional models and models with one quadratic objective and multiple linear objectives are being solved. In this paper, I propose models with multiple quadratic and multiple linear objectives. Due to the difficulty involved, I study the new models by lines in decision space, analyze the criterion vectors of the lines by projection, and approximate the nondominated sets by the criterion vectors. As an illustration, I extend Merton’s portfolio selection model, propose algorithms to approximate the nondominated sets by the criterion vectors of portfolios with cardinality 3 and then K, and demonstrate the number of the criterion vectors.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10100-015-0431-6
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 1 (2017)
  • Editorial
    • Authors: Janez Povh; Lidija Zadnik Stirn; Janez Žerovnik
      PubDate: 2017-05-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s10100-017-0476-9
  • Inventory control in dual sourcing commodity procurement with price
    • Authors: Karl Inderfurth; Peter Kelle; Rainer Kleber
      Abstract: In this paper, we focus on the role of inventory management as a means for operational hedging by dual sourcing of commodities using a multi-period option contract and spot market. We consider a manufacturing company in a make-to-stock environment with uncertain product demand. We replace the common i.i.d. price assumption that is typical in operations management studies by the mean reverting price model, a more realistic spot price model with inter-temporal price–price correlation. Additionally, we address the case where the spot price in one period is correlated with the demand in the previous period (demand–price correlation). The contribution of the paper is threefold. First, we reveal that price–price correlation has a considerable impact on the structural properties of optimal stock-keeping policies. Furthermore, we isolate two main effects of correlation in spot-price dynamics when selecting policy parameters: a variability effect, which increases the benefits from stock-keeping and lessens the usage of the option contract, and a counteracting correlation effect that exploits persistence of low/high spot price incidences. Finally, in a numerical study we show under which circumstances disregarding the correlation can result in large performance losses.
      PubDate: 2017-04-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s10100-017-0475-x
  • Supply chain contracts for capacity decisions under symmetric and
           asymmetric information
    • Authors: Onur Kaya; Serra Caner
      Abstract: Production capacity decision under random demand is an important factor that significantly effects supply chain profits. It is realized in decentralized supply chains that the suppliers build capacity levels that are less than optimal for the total supply chain, since the supplier incurs all the cost and bears all the risk for the built capacity. To improve the supply chain performance, we analyze supply chain contracts considering capacity decisions in a two-party supply chain composed of a single manufacturer and a single supplier. We analyze and compare four well-known contracts, namely, simple wholesale price only contract, linear contract, cost sharing contract and revenue sharing contract under symmetric and asymmetric information about the supplier’s capacity building cost. The choice of the contract and determining the optimal contract parameters might be difficult for the manufacturer, especially if he has incomplete information about the supplier. In the asymmetric information models, we analyze the screening problem of the manufacturer when designing a menu of contracts without exact knowledge of the supplier’s capacity cost. We determine the optimal menu of contracts designed for both high and low cost suppliers and analyze their results through numerical experiments. Focusing on the capacity decisions under random demand, we aim to answer the three questions: (i) Which contracts coordinate the supply chain; (ii) Which contracts allow for any division of the supply chains profit among the firms; and (iii) Which contracts are worth adopting. We find the optimal contract parameters, determine the respective profits obtained by the supply chain members, and find which contracts would be better to use for the companies depending on the system parameters in different settings by analyzing and comparing the efficiencies of the contracts.
      PubDate: 2017-04-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s10100-017-0474-y
  • Measuring inefficiency for specific inputs using data envelopment
           analysis: evidence from construction industry in Spain and Portugal
    • Authors: Magdalena Kapelko
      Abstract: This article contributes to the efficiency literature by defining, in the context of the data envelopment analysis framework, the directional distance function approach for measuring both technical and scale inefficiencies with regard to the use of individual inputs. The input-specific technical and scale inefficiencies are then aggregated in order to calculate the overall inefficiency measures. Empirical application focuses on a large dataset of Spanish and Portuguese construction companies between 2002 and 2010 and accounts for three inputs: materials, labor and fixed assets. The results show, first, that for both Spanish and Portuguese construction companies, fixed assets are the most technically inefficient input. Second, the most inefficient scale concerns the utilization of material input in both samples; the reason for this inefficiency is that firms tend to operate in the increasing returns to scale portion of technology set. Third, in both samples, large firms have the lowest input-specific technical inefficiencies, but the highest input-specific scale inefficiencies, compared to their small and medium-sized counterparts, and tend to suffer from decreasing returns to scale. Finally, in both samples, input-specific technical inefficiency under constant returns to scale increased during the period of the recent financial crisis, mainly due to the augmentation in scale inefficiency.
      PubDate: 2017-04-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s10100-017-0473-z
  • Economic model predictive inventory routing and control
    • Authors: Athanassios Nikolakopoulos; Ioannis Ganas
      Abstract: The paper proposes an economic model predictive control (EMPC) strategy for the inventory routing problem under demand uncertainty. The strategy is illustrated using an application on industrial gas distribution systems, where the product is transported to customers in small tanks and the inventory levels at the customers’ sites are monitored and controlled by the supplier following a vendor managed inventory approach. The objective is to produce balanced decisions for the joint routing and the inventory control problem over the planning horizon with respect to the decision maker’s perspective against stock-out risk. The proposed EMPC strategy makes use of a mixed integer mathematical programming optimization model that describes the deterministic inventory routing problem with simultaneous pickups and deliveries over a specific planning horizon. A time series decomposition forecasting model is used for predicting future demand and an exact linearization of the quadratic term of the objective function guarantees optimality of the solutions. The proposed methodology is illustrated using two examples featuring a single distribution centre, and three customers with simple and complex demand profiles. It is shown that EMPC offers a useful tool for producing balanced decisions between transportation and inventory costs and tracking of the safety inventory levels.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10100-017-0472-0
  • Empirical study of the improved UNIRANDI local search method
    • Authors: László Pál
      Abstract: UNIRANDI is a stochastic local search algorithm that performs line searches from starting points along good random directions. In this paper, we focus on a modified version of this method. The new algorithm, addition to the random directions, considers more promising directions in order to speed up the optimization process. The performance of the new method is tested empirically on standard test functions in terms of function evaluations, success rates, error values, and CPU time. It is also compared to the previous version as well as other local search methods. Numerical results show that the new method is promising in terms of robustness and efficiency.
      PubDate: 2017-03-30
      DOI: 10.1007/s10100-017-0470-2
  • Hybrid genetic algorithms with selective crossover for the capacitated p
           -median problem
    • Authors: L’udmila Jánošíková; Miloš Herda; Michal Haviar
      Abstract: The paper suggests two ways of combining a genetic algorithm with integer programming to improve the quality of the problem solution. The motivation is that today’s integer programming solvers are very sophisticated and efficient, and they are worth utilizing in combination with metaheuristics to solve hard combinatorial optimization problems. The capacitated p-median problem is chosen as an example of a problem that is intractable for an exact method and that needs a heuristic or metaheuristic method, e.g. a genetic algorithm, to get a near-optimal solution. A genetic algorithm can be combined with integer programming in such a way that the metaheuristic acts at a higher level and controls the calls to the solver, or the solver can be used as a post-processing technique to improve the best solution. Two variants of the hybrid genetic algorithm are tested using benchmark instances. Moreover, a new crossover operator is proposed, that uses the knowledge of the problem domain to preserve only positive traits of the parents in the offspring. The computational experiments suggest that the operator enables to improve the behaviour of the genetic algorithm.
      PubDate: 2017-03-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s10100-017-0471-1
  • Order Batching and Picker Routing in manual order picking systems: the
           benefits of integrated routing
    • Authors: A. Scholz; G. Wäscher
      Abstract: Order Batching and Picker Routing Problems arise in warehouses when items specified by customer orders have to be retrieved from their storage locations. The Order Batching Problem includes the grouping of a given set of customer orders into feasible picking orders such that the total length of all picker tours is minimized. In order to calculate the length of a picker tour, the sequence has to be determined according to which the items contained in the picking order will be picked. This problem is known as the Picker Routing Problem. Although quite sophisticated heuristics and even efficient exact solution approaches exist to the Picker Routing Problem in warehouse with up to two blocks, the routing problem does not get much attention when dealing with the Order Batching Problem. Instead, the order pickers are assumed to follow a certain, simple routing strategy when making their ways through the warehouse. The advantage of this approach can be seen in the fact that—in particular for single-block warehouse layouts—the corresponding picker tours are very straightforward and can be memorized easily by the order pickers. This advantage diminishes, however, when more complex, multi-block layouts have to be dealt with. Furthermore, in such case, the approach may result in picker tours which are far from optimal. For multi-block layouts, we integrate different routing algorithms into an iterated local search approach for the batching in order to demonstrate what the benefits are from solving the Order Batching and the Picker Routing Problem in a more integrated way. By means of numerical experiments it is shown that paying more attention to the Picker Routing Problem results in a substantial improvement of the solution quality without increasing computing times.
      PubDate: 2017-01-31
      DOI: 10.1007/s10100-017-0467-x
  • One-dimensional stock cutting: optimization of usable leftovers in
           consecutive orders
    • Authors: Luka Tomat; Mirko Gradišar
      Abstract: This paper deals with usable leftovers (UL) in one-dimensional stock cutting in consecutive orders. UL are leftovers longer than a certain threshold and are returned to stock in order to be used in future orders. Shorter leftovers are treated as trim-loss. If UL are being used at a slower pace, than they are being generated for a longer period of time, excessive growth of UL in stock can appear. This is not acceptable due to higher costs of manipulations and warehousing. However, a certain amount of UL in stock is desirable because it contributes to greater variety of stock lengths, which in general results in lower trim-loss. The method solves the problem of how to calculate the near optimal amount of UL in stock and how to control the stock. The proposed method is tested by using a computer simulation in which UL from previous orders are used in the next ones instead of being randomly generated. The computational results indicate that trim-loss in consecutive orders is reduced, and excessive growth of UL in stock is prevented.
      PubDate: 2017-01-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s10100-017-0466-y
  • Stochastic sensitivity analysis of concentration measures
    • Authors: Martin Bod’a
      Abstract: The paper extends the traditional approach to measuring market concentration by embracing an element of stochasticity that should reflect the analyst’s uncertainty associated with the future development regarding concentration on the market. Whereas conventional practice relies on deterministic assessments of a market concentration measure with the use of current market shares, this says nothing about possible changes that may happen even in a near future. The paper proposes to model the analyst’s beliefs by dint of a suitable joint probability distribution for future market shares and demonstrates how this analytic framework may be employed for regulatory purposes. A total of four candidates for the joint probability distribution of market shares are considered—the Dirichlet distribution, the conditional normal distribution, the Gaussian copula with conditional beta marginals and the predictive distribution arising from the market share attraction model—and it is shown how their hyperparameters can be elicited so that a minimum burden is placed on the analyst. The proposed procedure for stochastic sensitivity analysis of concentration measures is demonstrated in a case study oriented on the Slovak banking sector.
      PubDate: 2017-01-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s10100-016-0465-4
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