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  Subjects -> BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (Total: 3247 journals)
    - ACCOUNTING (100 journals)
    - BANKING AND FINANCE (274 journals)
    - BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1193 journals)
    - COOPERATIVES (4 journals)
    - ECONOMIC SCIENCES: GENERAL (183 journals)
    - HUMAN RESOURCES (96 journals)
    - INSURANCE (26 journals)
    - INTERNATIONAL COMMERCE (132 journals)
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    - MANAGEMENT (542 journals)
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    - PUBLIC FINANCE, TAXATION (36 journals)

BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1193 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1566 Journals sorted alphabetically
4OR: A Quarterly Journal of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Abacus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Accounting Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Acta Amazonica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Commercii     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Oeconomica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientiarum. Human and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Acta Universitatis Danubius. Œconomica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Universitatis Nicolai Copernici Zarządzanie     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
AD-minister     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Admisi dan Bisnis     Open Access  
ADR Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Developing Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Economics and Business     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
AfricaGrowth Agenda     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
African Development Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
African Journal of Business and Economic Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African Review of Economics and Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Afro-Asian Journal of Finance and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Alphanumeric Journal : The Journal of Operations Research, Statistics, Econometrics and Management Information Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Economic Journal : Applied Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 173)
American Enterprise Institute     Free  
American Journal of Business     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
American Journal of Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 53)
American Journal of Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Economics and Business Administration     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
American Journal of Economics and Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
American Journal of Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
American Journal of Finance and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
American Journal of Medical Quality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annales de l'Institut Henri Poincare (C) Non Linear Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annals in Social Responsibility     Full-text available via subscription  
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Annual Review of Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Anuario Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Applied Developmental Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Applied Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Applied Economics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Applied Economics Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Applied Financial Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Applied Mathematical Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Applied Stochastic Models in Business and Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Arab Economic and Business Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Business Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Arena Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Argomenti. Rivista di economia, cultura e ricerca sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ASEAN Economic Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific Business Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 320)
Asia Pacific Viewpoint     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asia-Pacific Management and Business Application     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Case Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asian Development Review     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Asian Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian Economic Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Accounting and Governance     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Asian Journal of Sustainability and Social Responsibility     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian-pacific Economic Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ATA Journal of Legal Tax Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Atlantic Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Australasian Journal of Regional Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Cottongrower, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Australian Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Maritime and Ocean Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Balkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Baltic Journal of Real Estate Economics and Construction Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Banks in Insurance Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BBR - Brazilian Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Benchmarking : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Benefit : Jurnal Manajemen dan Bisnis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BER : Consumer Confidence Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Economic Prospects : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription  
BER : Economic Prospects : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Intermediate Goods Industries Survey     Full-text available via subscription  
BER : Manufacturing Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Motor Trade Survey     Full-text available via subscription  
BER : Retail Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Retail Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Building and Construction : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Manufacturing : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Retail : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Trends : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Wholesale Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription  
Berkeley Business Law Journal     Free   (Followers: 9)
Bio-based and Applied Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biodegradation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biology Direct     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BizInfo (Blace) Journal of Economics, Management and Informatics     Open Access  
Black Enterprise     Full-text available via subscription  
Board & Administrator for Administrators only     Hybrid Journal  
Boletim Técnico do Senac     Open Access  
Border Crossing : Transnational Working Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Briefings in Real Estate Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
British Journal of Industrial Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Brookings Papers on Economic Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 46)
Brookings Trade Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BRQ Business Research Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Building Sustainable Legacies : The New Frontier Of Societal Value Co-Creation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Economic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of the Dnipropetrovsk University. Series : Management of Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business & Entrepreneurship Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Business & Information Systems Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Business & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Business : Theory and Practice / Verslas : Teorija ir Praktika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business and Economic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Business and Management Horizons     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Business and Management Research     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Business and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Business and Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Business and Professional Communication Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Business and Society Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Business Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Business Ethics Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Business Ethics: A European Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Business Horizons     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Business Information Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Business Management and Strategy     Open Access   (Followers: 41)
Business Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Business Strategy and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Business Strategy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Business Strategy Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business Systems & Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Business Systems Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Business, Management and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Business, Peace and Sustainable Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bustan     Hybrid Journal  
Cadernos EBAPE.BR     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Journal of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences / Revue Canadienne des Sciences de l Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue Canadienne d`Economique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Canadian journal of nonprofit and social economy research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Capitalism and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Capitalism Nature Socialism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Case Studies in Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
CBU International Conference Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Central European Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Central European Journal of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Central European Journal of Public Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Chain Reaction     Full-text available via subscription  
Challenge     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
China & World Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
China : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
China Economic Journal: The Official Journal of the China Center for Economic Research (CCER) at Peking University     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
China Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
China Finance Review International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
China Nonprofit Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
China perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Chinese Economy     Full-text available via subscription  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CLIO América     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cliometrica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
COEPTUM     Open Access  
Community Development Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Compensation & Benefits Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Competition & Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Competitive Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Competitiveness Review : An International Business Journal incorporating Journal of Global Competitiveness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Computational Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Computational Mathematics and Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computer Law & Security Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Computers & Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Construction Innovation: Information, Process, Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Contemporary Wales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Contextus - Revista Contemporânea de Economia e Gestão     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Corporate Communications An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Corporate Philanthropy Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Corporate Reputation Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Creative and Knowledge Society     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Creative Industries Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
CRIS - Bulletin of the Centre for Research and Interdisciplinary Study     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Crossing the Border : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cuadernos de Administración (Universidad del Valle)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuadernos de Economía     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuadernos de Economia - Latin American Journal of Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuadernos de Estudios Empresariales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Opinion in Creativity, Innovation and Entrepreneurship     Open Access   (Followers: 12)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 | Last

Journal Cover Australasian Journal of Regional Studies, The
  [1 followers]  Follow
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 1324-0935
   Published by RMIT Publishing Homepage  [400 journals]
  • Volume 23 Issue 1 - Creativity in regional australian accounting firms
    • Abstract: Meredith, Kirsty; Baxter, Peter
      Regional accounting firms face significant challenges, such as increasing competition, limited resources, and pressure to provide diverse and complex services. Creativity is considered essential in addressing these challenges. Accordingly, this study investigates how creativity is perceived and the extent to which it is supported in regional Australian accounting firms. This study involves a survey of accountants working in regional Australian accounting firms. While prior studies suggest there is a perceived conflict between accountant's creativity and their ethical decision-making, as well as a perceived conflict between accountant's creativity and productivity; the results of this study suggest that these perceptions are not widely held within regional Australian firms. Rather, this study identifies a culture within regional firms that is perceived to be moderately supportive of creativity and an overall attitude that creativity is valued in regional Australian accounting firms.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 23 Issue 1 - Notes from the editors
    • Abstract: Wilson, Bruce
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 23 Issue 1 - Perceived risks to housing unaffordability in
    • Abstract: Akbar, Delwar; Rolfe, John; Hossain, Rahat
      Periodic housing unaffordability in Australian resource-led regional cities has been continuing over the last two decades, creating pressures on the economic and social life of individuals to communities. This paper examines the perceived household risks to housing unaffordability in resource-led regional communities through a case study of Rockhampton and Gladstone cities in Queensland, Australia. Two hundred households were surveyed from these two cities and a probability based consensus and agreement method was then used to analyse the risks that the community perceived to exist due to housing unaffordability. The study found that economic and social risks and stresses such as extra pressures on household budgets, long commuting time, and difficulty with children's schooling, moving away from friends and relatives and poor health were the most common perceived risks in these two communities. The result of chi-square tests confirmed that perceived risks of housing unaffordability vary over different socio-demographic backgrounds and also that the level of risks vary over types of perceived risks. Although this study is partially skewed towards female and senior participants, these findings provide lessons for similar Australian resource-led regional cities. Policy makers can use the results to address the risks associated with housing unaffordability in these cities.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 23 Issue 1 - Place branding: Viable development strategy or
           practitioner placebo
    • Abstract: Carroll, Michael C; Nelson, Steven
      Much has been written about place branding in recent years. Some authors believe a city's brand is an important asset in positioning a city for future growth (Ashworth and Kavaratzis, 2009). Others believe logos and slogans have a limited impact (Govers, 2013) and development efforts should be concentrated in other areas. What the literature does agree on is the practitioner community's fascination with superficial branding. Useful or not, the use of slogans and logos is certainly popular. So popular in fact, many cities have multiple place branding slogans. The U.S. cities of Austin, TX and Boulder, CO are good examples. Austin wants to 'Keep Austin Weird' so it can continue as the 'Live Music Capital of the World'. Boulder claims to be 'The Berkeley of the Rockies' but it secretly longs to be 'The People's Republic of Boulder'. While these slogans are certainly clever, the real question is do they provide any real economic benefit'

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 23 Issue 1 - Accessibility of Anbessa city bus service in Addis
           Ababa, ethiopia: An analysis of stakeholder's opinions
    • Abstract: Kenea, Kelbesa; Kinnear, Susan; Akbar, Delwar
      Addis Ababa is one of the fastest growing cities in the world, yet is constrained by poor accessibility of city bus services. This paper examines the factors affecting the accessibility of Anbessa City bus service in Addis Ababa through an analysis of the stakeholders' opinions. An exploratory research approach was taken, using in-depth interviews with the city bus transport regulators and Anbessa city bus transport service enterprise. The study found that inadequate infrastructure, poor transport operation and ineffective performance of stakeholders have resulted in inaccessible service to the users. Addressing the expectations of users necessitates engagement of modern public transport operation; strengthening the regulatory mechanisms and (traffic) law enforcement system; acquisition of skilled human, technology and materials resources; and attraction of private operators through different incentive mechanisms.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 23 Issue 1 - The regional economic development paradox: Attempting
           policy order in the face of societal complexity
    • Abstract: Pugalis, Lee; Keegan, Darren
      Regional economic development, in its various guises and manifestations, is deployed throughout much of Australia. Whilst it remains a contested activity, the conventional wisdom of orthodox regional development practice extols the need to embrace complexity, recognise ambiguity and account for multiplicity, whilst simultaneously managing uncertainty and risks through imbuing policy order and control. Theoretical insights suggest that regional development organisations are often intended to be the primary interface between complex governmental and regional socio-economic systems. Derived from an analysis of the Regional Development Australia Northern Inland Committee, we find that its regional economic strategy is preoccupied with providing the appearance of policy order; reflecting a bias towards structured processes and transactional relationships, which eschew societal complexities. This conceptual paper uses a case study to provide an entry point to critique the design of Regional Development Australia Committees as we seek to contribute to a richer understanding of the complexity that confronts economic development practitioners.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 23 Issue 1 - Going off the beaten track: Exploring chinese
           international students' motivations in selecting a regional australian
    • Abstract: Wu, Qian; Myhill, Marion
      Following Tasmania's adoption of its international education policy, an increasing number of Chinese international students have enrolled at the University of Tasmania (UTAS), which is a regional Australian university. This is a variation in trend from the choice of the majority of Chinese international students who attend universities in Australian metropolises. This study aims to understand the motivations of Chinese international students who have made this decision. Through analysing data from 456 (valid) questionnaires and 23 interviews with UTAS Chinese international students, this research indicated that the primary motivators for the UTAS choice were: more competitive tuition fees, a larger number of scholarships, quicker and easier offers, joint education programs, specialist courses, ease of graduation, acceptance of credit transfer, immigration prospects, and recommendations. These identified motivations could be interpreted in four more explicit dimensions: strategic competition with other Australian universities, attractions for students with diverse backgrounds, regional advantage, and specific promotion.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 23 Issue 2 - Creative industries and regional economic development:
           Can a creative industries hub spark new ways to grow a regional
    • Abstract: Fleischmann, Katja; Welters, Riccardo; Daniel, Ryan
      By driving innovation, creative industries can underpin economic development. Much research and policy attention has centred on the geographic clustering of creative industries to spur economic growth. The geographical clustering of creative industries businesses is often viewed as an important driver of economic growth, particularly when it comes to networking and knowledge sharing for small and medium enterprises.

      There is a consensus among researchers that there is no 'one size fits all' approach to creative industries clusters driving economic change. Some argue to regionally develop creative industries clusters based on existing networks rather than create them from scratch by policy.

      In this case study, creative industries in Townsville in regional Australia were surveyed to explore the potential for a creative industries hub based on existing networks. The survey was augmented by interviews which indicate a robust level of information sharing, joint idea generation and a desire for innovation.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 23 Issue 2 - Using land-use modelling to statistically downscale
           population projections to small areas
    • Abstract: Cameron, Michael P; Cochrane, William
      This paper demonstrates a novel approach to small-area population projection that combines cohort-component projections, at the district level, with grid-based land use projections at a fine (four-hectare) geographical scale. Residential population is directly estimated in the land use model, while a separate statistical model is used to link non-residential population to non-residential land use (by type). The model projects future small-area populations using projections of future land use from the land use model. Four data and model specifications for the statistical modelling are compared. Overall, this model is useful because it generates greater stakeholder 'buy-in' than black-box or na ve approaches.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 23 Issue 2 - Can co-location address fragmented rural mental health
           care delivery'- Regional evidence from Victoria, Australia
    • Abstract: Clarke, Kate L; Burns, Edgar
      The online assessment of co-located mental health services across one Australian rural healthcare district aimed to provide baseline information to address the new federal Partners in Recovery program. The resulting website analysis of healthcare, wellbeing, and mental health providers in this rural healthcare district, identified 398 service offerings. City and town centres had a disproportionate share of medical services in general. That is, co-location largely occurred with the administration of hospital facilities and state-level organisations. Current trends creating large-scale administrative units and more contract outsourcing, may exacerbate existing rural mental health issues, given heightened situational factors, and need for change in policy approaches at several levels.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 23 Issue 2 - Exploring competitive advantage in a regional
           community context
    • Abstract: Rowe, James E; McLaren, Don
      It has become apparent in recent years that those at the coalface of economic development need to understand and appreciate the forces that influence the business decisions that affect each and every one of us (McLaren and Rowe, 2013). An understanding of globalisation and the fundamentals of competitive advantage are necessary because they directly influence corporate location decisions. A local economic development practitioner needs to grasp these essential concepts in order to influence, develop and adopt a strategy that is specifically designed for his or her local area. This article reviews the key concepts of competitiveness, globalisation and global cities, and develops a framework for understanding competitive advantage from the local economic development perspective. Against this background, we investigate the value of developing a solid business strategy, and consider why competitive advantage should be an integral component of strategic planning.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 23 Issue 2 - Notes from the editors
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 23 Issue 2 - Failure to thrive:water policy and rural depopulation
    • Abstract: Rochford, Francine
      This article will continue a longstanding narrative on the theme of rural depopulation, but will focus on two Australian policy settings: the user-pays framework which is driving the curtailment of water infrastructure in irrigation areas, and the treatment of positive externalities of agriculture in comparable jurisdictions. It argues that these two policy settings will result in lost opportunities to harness the multifunctional capacities of agricultural land. These policy settings reduce the viability of certain types of land use, thus creating pressure for the agglomeration of farming enterprises into fewer hands and the demise of exposed industries. This is of particular concern in some irrigation districts, in which a reduced consumptive pool in an area is said to have reached a 'tipping point' beyond which the remaining infrastructure cannot be maintained. The social disruption caused by this risks the creation of alternative opportunities for land use, potentially including the maintenance of long term social, amenity and heritage values. The utilisation of a set of mechanisms available in comparable jurisdictions could avert these consequences by creating medium term mitigation opportunities for a rural demographic affected by concentration in markets and protection by competitor nations.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 23 Issue 2 - The impact of the mining boom on the dining industry
           in Western Australia
    • Abstract: Powell, Robert; Ryan, Maria; Lamb, Sharon
      The purpose of this study is to examine the extent to which high growth in the Western Australia (WA) dining industry from 2004 to 2015-comprising of caf s, restaurants and takeaway food-was caused by the WA mining boom as compared to other factors. The study uses input-output modelling, supplemented with a timely empirical survey, differentiating between regional and metropolitan WA. The study finds that the mining boom accounted for more than half of the dining growth, with the remainder attributable to growth that would have occurred anyway without the mining boom, or to other changing lifestyle factors. The study also examines policy implications in a post mining boom environment and a need is indicated for policies which take advantage of opportunities in non-mining industries, like dining, and which create stable job opportunities.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 22 Issue 1 - Autopsy of municipal failure: The case of central
           darling shire
    • Abstract: Drew, Joseph; Campbell, Nicole
      Local government plays a vital role in providing infrastructure, services and employment to rural and regional communities. Indeed, threats to the fiscal viability of regional councils may well jeopardise the sustainability of an entire community. In December 2013 the New South Wales (NSW) Minister for Local Government suspended Central Darling Shire (in far-western NSW) and appointed an interim Administrator in response to an unprecedented liquidity crisis. In October 2014 a public inquiry recommended extension of the period of administration until September 2020. This paper considers the processes leading up to this extraordinarily lengthy period of financial administration. In particular, we examine the claim that an inequitable allocation of Financial Assistance Grants (FAGs) was a major factor in bringing about the Shire's liquidity crisis. We conclude our analysis with some recommendations for changes to FAG allocations which will help ensure sustainable futures for rural communities.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 22 Issue 1 - De-siloing and defining recurrent land tax revenue in
    • Abstract: Mangioni, Vince
      Australia has capacity to increase effort from recurrent land taxation while reducing less efficient transaction taxes on property. The objective of increasing land tax revenue is thwarted by a number of factors of which this paper examines the impost of recurrent land tax by state and local government as they compete for the same tax base. This paper examines land tax revenue collected by state and local government between 2001 and 2012 inclusive, with trends measured at the beginning, middle and end of this period. The paper finds that revenue is progressively increasing from state land tax as a total share of recurrent land tax revenues. However, Australia still lags the advanced OECD economies in total revenue collected from this source as a percentage of GDP and as a percentage of total tax. It concludes that while Australia remains one of the few countries to impose a dual land tax across two tiers of government, it is not likely for land tax to make the necessary contribution in reforming Australia's tax system under the current two tier structure. It further shows that local government is, more likely, the acceptable tier of government to collect and administer this tax into the future.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 22 Issue 1 - Demarcating functional economic regions across
           Australia differentiated by work participation categories
    • Abstract: Stimson, Robert; Mitchell, William; Flanagan, Michael; Baum, Scott; Shyy, Tung-Kai
      Analysing spatial variations in regional economic performance is a common focus for research by regional scientists. Typically such investigations suffer from using de jure regions (such as Local Government Areas) as the spatial base because data tend to be readily available for such administrative areas to derive the variables that researchers use in econometric modelling. But using those de jure regions means we encounter the modifiable area unit problem (MAUP) which necessitates making adjustments to address spatial autocorrelation issues. It is preferable to use functional regions as the spatial base for such investigations, but that is often difficult to achieve. This paper outlines how, in Australia, we have undertaken research to derive functional economic regions (FERs) to provide an improved spatial data base that is functional and not de jure-based to address the autocorrelation issue. To do that we employ the Intramax procedure applied to journey-to-work (JTW) commuting flows data that is available from the 2011 census. The research has generated not only a national framework of FERs based on aggregate employment but also a series of regionalisations of FERs differentiated by occupational categories, employment by gender and mode of travel to work. As expected the strength and reach of commuting is reflected in the size of regions for each of the demarcations.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 22 Issue 1 - Sovereign states, separate spheres and visions of
           regional Australia
    • Abstract: Moore, Tod
      Since 1901 the structure of formal politics in Australia has been determined by the nature of Australian federalism as a framework for resource allocation and authoritative decision-making. As opposed to the more usual two-tiered structure of politics where there is national and local/regional government layering, Australian federalism has three tiers due to the retention of the former colonies as sovereign states comprising an intermediate tier, and this has reduced the role and significance of the local/regional tier. In the first half of this essay I explore the history of campaigns to abolish the sovereign states in order to demonstrate the importance of the idea of enhanced local/regional politics within such modes of thinking. With this in mind, the remaining discussion is focused on the current federalism White Paper process. The underlying federal premise of state sovereignty is examined in order to better understand the purpose of the White Paper, and to explore the implications which it may have for the local/regional tier of government. Despite years of 'co-operative' federalism and blurred lines of responsibility, the system remains centralised and remote from local/regional concerns and the proposed sharpening of separate responsibilities will do nothing to change this.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 22 Issue 1 - Local governance and regional development: An
           introduction to the special edition of ajrs and strategic directions for
    • Abstract: Grant, Bligh; Ryan, Roberta; Martin, John
      In December 2015 the Australia and New Zealand Regional Science Association International (ANZRAI) held its 39th Annual Conference at the University of Technology Sydney. Prior to the conference the Editorial Board of Australasian Journal of Regional Studies (AJRS) and the Executive of ANZRAI agreed to a Special Edition (SE) of the journal entitled 'Local Governance and Regional Development' to be developed and published as part of the outcomes of the conference. In this 'Introduction' the members of the ad hoc Editorial Board formed for the SE provide an account of the conference and a concise overview of the papers therein as they relate to the theme of 'Local Governance and Regional Development'. We also reflect upon the strategic directions for research in regional studies.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 22 Issue 1 - Notes from the editors
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 22 Issue 1 - New regional development paradigms: An exposition of
           place-based modalities
    • Abstract: Pugalis, Lee; Gray, Nick
      The policy field of regional development is perennially faced with new challenges and, as a result, it continues to evolve. More recently, according to some researchers there has been an important transformation or change in emphasis in the character of regional development. Some have characterised this qualitative transformation as a shift from an 'old' paradigm of regional development that sought to compensate lagging regions to a 'new' paradigm, commonly labelled 'place-based development', which attests that all places can grow when policymaking is attuned to spatial particularities. Nevertheless, recognition that all places exhibit potential to grow and develop does little to advance longstanding debates about how to go about realising inherent possibilities specific to particular places. This paper aims to provide an exposition of this new paradigm of regional development to help to (i) enhance our understanding of contemporary modes of regional development; (ii) develop a clearer understanding of its progressive potentials alongside some unresolved tensions; and (iii) identify practical matters when implementing place-based principles.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 22 Issue 1 - Community expectations for the role of local
           government in regional Australia: Meeting the challenges of 'slow burn'
    • Abstract: Hastings, Catherine; Wortley, Liana; Ryan, Roberta; Grant, Bligh
      Regional Australia is confronted by specific demographic, social, economic and infrastructure challenges, which we are denoting as 'slow-burn' threats. This article interrogates a recent national survey concerned with the value of local government to Australian communities, focusing upon differences in responses for regional and remote areas compared to those from urban capital cities. Findings indicate that regional and remote residents place more importance on local government delivering services that specifically focus on the long-term development and sustainability of the community than their urban counterparts, particularly economic and community development roles. We argue that this constitutes a demonstration of the different expectations that regional and remote communities have of local government in the face of 'slow burn' in regional and remote areas. Further, we suggest that the relationship between local governments in regional Australia and the communities they serve is usefully conceived in terms of what we denote as 'the close economy' and 'the local state'.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 22 Issue 1 - A test of the role of universities in regional
           development: The case of international education students in the northern
    • Abstract: Gerritsen, Rolf
      There is some controversy in Australia over the role of regional universities in the economic development of their regions. This paper assumes that regional universities can be valuable additions to regional development. To avoid the Grattan 'taxpayer-money-recycled' critiques, this paper examines students who provide other people's money, notably international education students in the Northern Territory (NT) of Australia. The case is made that international education exports are a valuable part of the suite of the NT's exports. It is posited that over the next decade the Territory's international education exports can triple and the sector become the Territory's fifth largest exporter and the second largest services exporter.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 22 Issue 1 - Governance and regional incomes in Australia
    • Abstract: O'Malley, Denis Anthony
      What effects does governance, industry or remoteness have on regional incomes' This paper uses linear regression and correlation analysis to investigate the relationship between income, local employment in governance of transactions, public administration, the remaining industry classes, and remoteness in 140 functional economic regions of Australia in 2006. Governance provides the advanced services required for trade and innovation. Unlike de jure regions, such as Local Government Areas, functional economic regions are defined to contain, to the maximum extent possible, both the homes and the workplaces of the labour force, thus minimizing spatial autocorrelation present in data from de jure regions. We use data from the 2006 Australian Census of Population and Housing and the Australian Standard Geographical Classification. The analysis shows that, of all these variables, only governance matters for regional incomes.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 22 Issue 2 - Notes from the editors
    • Abstract: Hefferan, Mike; Wilson, Bruce
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 22 Issue 2 - The empowerment of Papua New Guinea's tribespeople:
           Overcoming the challenges of foreign investment projects
    • Abstract: Blazey, Patricia; Perkiss, Stephanie
      Papua New Guinea (PNG), in the early stages of economic development, embraces foreign investment focusing on natural resource extraction. With the majority of land ownership vested in the numerous indigenous tribes, disputes often arise between tribespeople, the government and foreign enterprises over the way in which resources are accessed. This article reviews the impact of deforestation and mining on PNG tribespeople. It illustrates that, while there are many obstacles to overcome, gradual empowerment of the people is evident in many cases as they challenge the way foreign investment projects are implemented. Understanding the impact of foreign investment and the dire situations local people experience as a result, especially when government priority is given to economic development, is vital to informing the need and processes for change.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 22 Issue 2 - Property values and regional economic vitality:
           Valuation methods as an indicator of property market behaviour
    • Abstract: Small, Garrick; Vail, Michael; Akbar, Delwar
      Excessive property values contribute a depressing effect on regional economies. Excessive prices are those that are significantly out of alignment with underlying economic value, understood as either utility or contribution to productive activity. Identification of excessive values is difficult in an environment where market price and underlying economic value have been conflated into the term 'market value'. Sustainable management of urban and regional economic issues requires the identification of these misalignments and the pursuit of policies aimed at encouraging their correction. Property valuers are specifically trained in the estimation of price and value, where price is the sum the property will transact for in the near future, and value is the economically sustainable price. Markets that have developed price structures above value are unsustainable. Property valuers are well placed for identifying unsustainable price trends. Moreover, the methods adopted by property valuers to forecast market prices themselves are signals of changes in community attitudes to property. This paper employs a critical literature review and observations to examine emerging approaches to valuation practice to inform an understanding of community attitudes to real estate and its value. From this, observations will be made regarding dysfunctional attitudes that are at least contributing factors to a range of local economic and social problems. Finally, policy implications will be suggested.

      This study found that recent changes in both urban and regional property valuation suggest that communities have changed their perception of property in a way that is susceptible to the formation of unsustainable price bubbles. Valuers have increased their use of income approaches in response to the belief that buyers have become more likely to buy property for its income and growth potential rather than its utility in use. This would not be problematic if growth expectations were sustainable, however, there appears good reason to believe that future property growth will not follow the strong trends of the past.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 22 Issue 2 - Perceptions of older age and digital participation in
           rural Queensland
    • Abstract: McDonald, Lisa; Starasts, Ann; Tiwari, Sanjib; Lane, Michael
      Participation is thought to build and sustain individual and community resilience. What constitutes participation today significantly involves networked digital communications. With Australia's ageing population set to increase exponentially, and with a growing concentration of older people living outside of larger cities and towns, a need exists to address how participation in later life is understood and facilitated. Coupled with the need for regional communities to find relevant change processes that build resilience, this multidisciplinary paper highlights variations in perception about older people's digital abilities in regional Queensland. Following the general increase in appeal of digital devices to older people, defined here as those aged over 65, the paper suggests that how older people's digital connectedness progresses is foundationally influenced by the speculative, antithetical and potentially ambivalent perceptions of others. In doing so, we seek to understand rural connectedness in later life through a suite of literacies informing digital participation.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 22 Issue 2 - Reforming Australia's fiscal federalism: Should
           municipal bond banks play a greater role'
    • Abstract: Grant, Bligh; Woods, Ronald
      The theoretical benefits of decentralisation (political, administrative, and fiscal, for example) have been the subject of debate across a range of polities and supra-national political economies for several decades. However, the question of how finance might best follow function - and the attendant oversight of this process - is less resolved. Against the backdrop of mooted reforms to the Australian federation that may well have an impact upon the design of and scope for local and regional governance arrangements, this paper provides an account of the formation and functioning of the Local Government Finance Authority of South Australia (LGFA) the New Zealand Local Government Funding Agency (NZLGFA) and the Municipal Finance Authority of British Colombia (MFABC). The case studies suggest that own-source sub-national finance can be augmented through the use of such instruments. The broader introduction of such financial instruments is also considered.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 22 Issue 2 - Fostering shared services in local government: A
           common service model
    • Abstract: Dollery, Brian; Kortt, Michael A; Drew, Joseph
      Structural reform of local government through forced municipal mergers has occurred in a number of countries, including Australia, with mixed success. We argue that shared services arrangements by groups of voluntarily participating councils represent a superior means of securing the advantages of scale and scope in local government, without the heavy costs of the blunt instrument of compulsory council consolidation. However, in practice, the success of shared services has been inhibited in small regional, rural and remote local authorities by the costs of establishing and running shared service entities, which can swamp any savings from shared services. Taking into account the special characteristics of small non-metropolitan councils, we present a Common Service Model tailored to minimise establishment and transactions costs, maximise flexibility, and generate transparency.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 22 Issue 2 - Assessing the significance of internal migration in
           drought affected areas: A case study of the Murray-Darling Basin
    • Abstract: Vidyattama, Yogi; Cassells, Rebecca; Li, Jinjing; Abello, Annie
      The Murray-Darling Basin is the heart of Australia's agricultural industry, representing 14 per cent of all agricultural output and housing almost 40 per cent of Australia's farmers. The area is also one of the biggest consumers of Australia's scarce water resources and was subject to a severe drought over the period from 1997-2009. The drought years placed intense pressure on agricultural communities and industries within the Basin. The drought and its effects have placed additional pressures on rural communities, with population growth in some areas decreasing or non-existent. Within this setting, this article analyses migration patterns and makes a judgement on how severe internal migration issues are in the Murray-Darling Basin. Conceptualising internal migration as a movement from one local government area to another, we find that although enduring a negative net migration pattern especially among the youth, the net migration in the Murray-Darling Basin during the drought is not significantly different to other areas in Australia.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 22 Issue 3 - Notes from the editors
    • Abstract: Hefferan, Mike; Wilson, Bruce
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 22 Issue 3 - Agriculture in a gas era: A comparative analysis of
           Queensland and British Columbia's agricultural land protection and
           unconventional gas regimes
    • Abstract: Taylor, Madeline Elizabeth; Taylor, Susanne
      The Australian Senate's Interim Report on Unconventional Gas Mining was released in June 2016, following heightened political awareness of continuing public outcry relating to unconventional gas exploration. In Queensland, the state government has supported the gas industry's headlong rush into this profitable resource sector, to the consternation of farmers who have few statutory rights to disallow access by resource companies to their agricultural land. In the early sections of this paper, we review current agricultural land protection legislation in Queensland and British Columbia; two Commonwealth states with similar socio-political and legal systems and growing unconventional gas industries. The review provides the basis of a critical analysis of 'active' adaptive management as a regulatory framework facilitating optimal coexistence between agriculture and unconventional natural gas. In the remaining section we apply the framework of 'active' adaptive management in a comparative legal analysis of the land protection and oil and gas agencies as well as agricultural land protection regulation in British Columbia and Queensland. In conclusion, we identify the Agricultural Land Commission system in British Columbia, Canada as exemplifying elements of 'active' adaptive management to assist in facilitating coexistence between arable land and unconventional gas operations.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 22 Issue 3 - Intra-metropolitan housing supply elasticity in
           Australia: A spatial analysis of Adelaide
    • Abstract: McLaughlin, Ralph; Sorensen, Tony; Glavac, Sonya
      This article estimates the supply elasticity of new housing for local government areas (LGAs) within Adelaide in South Australia by employing the urban growth model developed originally by Meyer and Somerville. In particular, we extend Gitelman and Otto's subsequent work in several ways. We employ narrower time intervals and consider different types of residential accommodation. Moreover, we include other geo-economic variables that potentially affect new supply, such as a spatially lagged dependent variable that assesses how supply conditions in one suburban region may subsequently influence supply in adjoining locations. Our findings suggest that the elasticity of new supply is up to 15 per cent over 10 quarters and thus sensitive to price changes, albeit lagged. Furthermore, we find that an LGA's land area and proximity to the coast are positively correlated with new housing supply, while its residents' average incomes and the level of building approval activity in neighbouring LGAs are negatively correlated with new supply. These findings have several potential implications for Metropolitan planning strategies.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 22 Issue 3 - The economic and employment impacts of shopping mall
           developments on regional and Periurban Australian towns
    • Abstract: McGreevy, Michael
      Shopping mall development in regional towns typically comes with the promise of increases in economic activity and local employment. In contemporary Australia they are often welcomed because of this, and the brands, chain stores, glamour and/or cheaper prices they bring. Nevertheless, there is a thesis that that disputes these purported benefits. Advocates and defenders of endogenous dynamism and traditional town precincts argue shopping malls sideline local entrepreneurship and innovation with negative repercussions for local economic activity and employment. This research provides new empirical research into the short and long term effects of shopping malls on Australian regional towns. It does so by testing the claims of both shopping centre advocates and detractors by comparing ABS Workplace data before and after the opening of major malls in three Australia regional towns, and then between nine towns that have had either shopping malls or traditional town centres for over 20 years. The research showed no evidence of increases in economic activity over the short term following the opening of a major shopping mall and evidence of diminished economic activity and employment over the long term.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 22 Issue 3 - Effective exit planning in regional small businesses -
           a borrow from the 'specialised clusters' approach
    • Abstract: Khan, Ashfaq A
      Efficient functioning small businesses and their continuance over time, independent of the owner(s), carry high significance for remote regions' longterm social and economic sustainability. This empirical investigation of exit planning practices among regional small businesses in the New England region of New South Wales, Australia, provides evidence that the particular environment in which these businesses operate determine and drive owners' strategic exit planning initiatives. Regional SMEs are prone to peculiar internal and external variables with inertial forces that continuously impact on the owners' decision to exit or continue into the business. Resorting to Schatzki's (2002) 'site of the social' theoretical construct, this paper argues that the 'exit planning' social practice among regional SMEs can be efficiently developed and institutionalized at a wider level on their peculiar 'site' of being regional and small. Thus, a borrow from the 'specialised clusters' technique on the part of State government is the best way forward to effectively tackle the phenomenon.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 22 Issue 3 - Local council financial management: Assessing the
           impact of policy change and proposed almagamations
    • Abstract: Jones, Greg; Bowrey, Graham; Beattie, Claire; Smark, Ciorstan
      New South Wales (NSW) councils are tasked with providing a wide range of resources and services to their communities. However, the conditions and rules under which councils are allowed to operate are not constant. Changes in state government policies and political affiliation have the capacity to alter the focus and rules under which councils function. Political and economic events result in new and sometimes radically different requirements with which councils are required to conform. As policies change, reforms are introduced and the political landscape alters, councils are expected to alter their actions to coincide with expectations of the state government, while still meeting the needs and expectations of their respective communities.

      This paper evaluates the way that councils have reacted to changes in investment policy prior, and subsequent to, the Global Financial Crisis (GFC) and compares those actions to those currently being undertaken by councils in response to the state government review of local councils with a particular focus on measures of financial viability. The purpose is to demonstrate how council's actions are influenced by changes to policy and requirements of the state government and to consider the role that accounting plays in facilitating council's actions. One purpose of financial reports is to provide information to assist users to make valid and informed decisions, to aid planning and inform strategic decision making. Financial reports which are affected by changing requirements due to the political environment, future financial and governance decisions will also be impacted.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 22 Issue 3 - Global and locally-specific relationships between
           alcohol outlet density and property damage: Evidence from New Zealand
    • Abstract: Cameron, Michael P; Cochrane, William; Gordon, Craig; Livingston, Michael
      In this paper, we explore the relationship between alcohol outlet density (by type of outlet) and property damage at the local level in New Zealand, controlling for population density and local social deprivation. We employ geographically weighted regression (GWR) to test for spatial heterogeneity in the relationships. We find that alcohol outlet density of all types has statistically significant and positive relationships with property damage events, and that these relationships do not show significant spatial variation. This suggests that approaches to controlling outlet density would have similar effects on property damage, regardless of where they are implemented.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 21 Issue 2 - Career enablers for women in regional and metropolitan
           accounting SMEs
    • Abstract: Adapa, Sujana; Sheridan, Alison; Rindfleish, Jennifer
      Despite the efforts of Australian organisations to create inclusive workplaces, women continue to be under-represented in workforce participation and senior leadership roles. Accounting firms are no exception. In this paper, we aim to explore the perceptions of women's career experiences in senior roles in small and medium sized accounting firms in regional and metropolitan Australia. Thirteen interviews with accountants in regional New South Wales and seventeen interviews with accountants from small and medium sized accounting firms in Sydney were conducted. Results obtained from the exploratory study point to the influence of owner-managers' gender, firm size and the firm's geographical location in shaping women's career experiences. Results also show that, particularly in regional accounting SMEs, gender inequality continues to be reinforced and reproduced by male principals and partners through day-to-day work and social practices constraining women's aspirations to progress to senior roles. From the interviews, we have identified a suite of 'best practices' for enabling women's career progression that are occurring in some SMEs which, if taken up more widely, may enhance women's access to more senior roles in accounting SMEs.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 21 Issue 2 - Assessing flood impacts on the regional property
           markets in Queensland, Australia
    • Abstract: Akbar, Delwar; Rolfe, John; Small, Garrick; Hossain, Rahat
      Weather-related disasters such as floods have become more frequent over the last fifty years in regional communities of Queensland. Between December 2010 and January 2011, three-quarters of Queensland was declared as a disaster zone as a result of flooding. The Central Queensland (CQ) region was severely affected by this flood. To assess potential impacts on property markets, this study examined flood impacts through a case study of Rockhampton within the CQ region by using longitudinal data of the number of quarterly sales and median property price of all three segments of property market (i.e., total house sales, new house and land package sales, and land only sales), before and after the 2011 flood. In addition this study tested changes in the number of sales with a key regional economic impact i.e., mining boom, to test whether the flood impact has been offset by impacts of growth in the mining sector. This study found that flooding has affected the total number of house sales compared to the other two housing submarkets, and also that the flood impact has been relatively offset by the impact of mining.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 21 Issue 2 - Notes from the editors
    • Abstract: Hefferan, Mike; Collits, Paul; Wilson, Bruce; Graham, Wayne
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 21 Issue 2 - Short-term forecast error of Australian local
           government area population projections
    • Abstract: Wilson, Tom
      Local government area population projections produced by state and territory governments are regularly subject to criticism for their supposed inaccuracy. This paper examines the 2006 round of such projections for five states, assessing their forecast accuracy after five years. It is demonstrated that, overall, the projections are quite accurate over this five year period relative to both user needs and simple extrapolations which constitute a basic benchmark. It is shown how the error distributions of these projections can be used to create approximate prediction intervals indicating the likely range of error in current local area projections.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 21 Issue 2 - Location and business-level product innovation in
           Vietnam: Regional differences and drivers
    • Abstract: Jordan, Declan
      Using data from the Investment Climate Survey published by the World Bank, this paper estimates the determinants of business level product innovation in Vietnamese enterprises. In particular the paper sheds light on the effect of location on the likelihood of business-level innovation, while also controlling for business-specific factors. The paper also explores the relative importance of the drivers of business innovation across Vietnamese regions. It finds that businesses in the Red River Delta Region, which includes Hanoi, were significantly more likely to introduce new and upgraded products than businesses in other regions. The results suggest that the capital city region had an advantage over other regions for product innovation, challenging popular conceptions of Ho Chi Minh City as the engine of Vietnamese entrepreneurship. The results further suggest that place-based policies may be an important element of successful innovation policy in Vietnam, as they are in developed countries, and that a 'one-size-fits-all' approach to innovation supports is likely to be suboptimal.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 21 Issue 2 - Does residential diversity attract workers in creative
    • Abstract: Angelopoulos, Sveta; Boymal, Jonathan; de Silva, Ashton; Potts, Jason
      The 'Florida hypothesis' suggests that regional economic growth is driven by inflows of creative workers (the 'creative class'), and that creative class workers are attracted to regions that are tolerant and diverse. This paper seeks to test the second part of the hypothesis for Australia. Evidence suggests that while there is some association between changes in the creative class and tolerance, the association with diversity is weak and inconsistent. We conclude that overall, the Florida hypothesis does not explain the locational decisions of creatives in the Australian context.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 21 Issue 1 - Vietnam's responses to provincial economic disparities
           through central-provincial government financial relations
    • Abstract: Vu, Xuan-Binh; Nguyen, Duc-Tho; Smith, Christine; Nghiem, Hong-Son
      The paper examines key changes in central-provincial government financial arrangements and their effects on provincial economic disparities in Vietnam over the period 2000-2008. We find that after 2004, transfers from the central to provincial governments conformed much more closely to objective and pre-determined criteria than before. Econometric estimations indicate that in the post-2004 sub-period, poorer provinces obtained more-than-proportionate assistance from the central government, and the favourable treatment was statistically significant. Responses from interviews and statistical data suggest that transfers from the central government played an important role in reducing poverty and provincial output disparities after 2004. The difficulties experienced by the central government in securing adequate resources to finance such transfers, the over-reliance of some provinces on the transfers, and related policy implications are also discussed in the paper.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 21 Issue 1 - Modelling the economic, social and ecological links in
           the Murray-Darling basin: A conceptual framework
    • Abstract: Rao, Maheshwar; Tanton, Robert; Vidyattama, Yogi
      The water policy reform in the Murray-Darling Basin (MDB) will have a range of implications on the social-ecological system (SES) of the Basin. We propose an analytical framework that may be useful in analysing how policy changes or external shocks, which originate in one part of a SES can be traced transparently throughout the SES by sequentially linking a series of models, where each model has demonstrated strength in explaining a part of the whole system. This framework is suitable to analyse the national, regional and spatial socio-economic and distributional effects of regional-specific policy reforms or external shocks.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 21 Issue 1 - Cut from 'country': The impact of climate change on
           the mental health of aboriginal pastoralists
    • Abstract: Pearce, Meryl; Eagle, Lynne; Low, David; Schurmann, Andrea
      Given the climate change predictions for Australia, increasing temperatures and lower rainfall are likely to have adverse health implications for remote communities' dependant on agriculture for their livelihood. This paper examines the impact of the loss of employment in the pastoralism sector on the wellbeing of Aboriginal residents in the Shires of Cloncurry and Mount Isa City in North West Queensland. Data were collected in 2013 via postal questionnaires from 96 non-Aboriginal households, and three focus groups with male and female Aboriginal residents (n=14). The results outline the social problems and decline in mental wellbeing among Aboriginal people as a result of the downsizing in the pastoralism sector during a period of prolonged drought. Unemployed Aboriginal people who have been 'forced' to migrate from regional areas to nearby towns through no fault of their own need alternative activities to enable them to maintain a sense of wellbeing. This may in part be provided through involvement in community-driven social support activities.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 21 Issue 1 - An area-based measure of risk of social exclusion for
           Australian school-age children
    • Abstract: Miranti, Riyana; Daly, Anne; Tanton, Robert
      This article discusses results of a spatial index of social exclusion for school-aged children at a small area level in Australia. Using data from the 2006 Census, at the height of the mining boom, the index is calculated to examine how the children aged 5-15 years in different states were faring at a time when there were significant differences in the performance of state economies. We analyse the regional distribution of the risk of child social exclusion, examining differences between states, urban and rural areas and by remoteness category. The results show that Tasmania and the Northern Territory are the states with the highest risk of social exclusion for school-aged children. There is a higher proportion of rural small areas which fell into the most at risk category compared to urban areas. Further analysis of results for the education domain and a comparison to child poverty rates are also presented.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 21 Issue 1 - Determinants of foreign direct investment during
           economic transition in Mongolia
    • Abstract: Davaakhuu, Oyunbadam; Sharma, Kishor; Bandara, Yapa MWY
      This paper investigates the trends, patterns and determinants of foreign investment in Mongolia using a panel data set of 17 countries over 21 years. The empirical evidence suggest market growth rate, quality of infrastructure, geographic proximity and the Chinese economic boom are the important determinants of foreign direct investment in Mongolia. In terms of policy implications, our findings suggest that Mongolia can attract much needed technology and capital for ensuring employment-intensive growth, particularly in manufacturing and agriculture, through further reforms with a heavy focus on infrastructure development.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 21 Issue 1 - The Australian wine industry at the crossroads: A
           comparison of performance across major wine-exporting countries in 2000
    • Abstract: Grant, Bligh; Mounter, Stuart; Fleming, Euan; Griffith, Garry; Villano, Renato
      International market dynamics are often cited as the cause of the decline in the Australian wine industry's relative position globally and the subsequent declining economic returns to the country's diverse regions. However, this perspective has been derived principally from international trade data. By way of providing a more nuanced explanation, we compare Australia's wine production and export performance with that of the 10 largest wine-exporting countries from the Southern Hemisphere New World, North American New World and Old World (European) wine-producing regions for the pivotal year 2000. The analysis deploys three performance measures and one measure for productivity developed specifically for this study. The results suggest that these wine exporters occupied a series of complex positions with respect to one another. Further, Australia's situation was at the time far from dire. Nevertheless, the comparative position from the perspective of performance in 2000 initiated a situation where 'the hunter became the hunted'.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 21 Issue 1 - Note from the editors
    • Abstract: Hefferan, Mike; Collits, Paul; Wilson, Bruce; Graham, Wayne
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 21 Issue 3 - Theory and practice of regional community based
           intentional innovation in northern inland New South Wales
    • Abstract: Thomas, Philip; Adapa, Sujana; Fortunato, Michael W-P; Alter, Theodore
      Intentional Innovation Communities (IICs) are co-created structures with an overarching aim of achieving the realisation of ideas through a transfer of knowledge process that results in new things, with desirable consequences. IIC structures facilitate idea creation, selection and implementation for the improved prosperity of a community, region, business or group. In this study innovation was investigated and stimulated within the Northern Inland region of New South Wales (NSW), through direct engagement with communities involving initial and follow-up workshops. A series of 11 workshops were held across Armidale, Tamworth, Bingara, Moree and Narrabri, with the intention of facilitating an exchange of knowledge on innovation, enhancing the contextual understanding of innovation capability and developing a model for achieving innovation within the region. Evidence gathered demonstrated that support exists for the development and application of an IIC model to stimulate individual and collective innovation within the region, through co-creation of ideas. The need for appropriate funding, support and resources that might be required to establish an IIC model is considered.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 21 Issue 3 - Understanding regional cities: Combining quantitative
           and qualitative methods in case studies of orange and goulburn, NSW
    • Abstract: McKenzie, Fiona
      Decision-makers routinely use statistical data as evidence, however, the picture of 'reality' provided by such data remains incomplete. Measuring the number of small businesses in a town does not reveal the objectives of the owners who may be driven by: profit; lifestyle; prestige or innovation. Such factors may create differences in economic performance irrespective of inherent local competitive advantage. This paper uses a mixed-method approach in order to create an evidence base that goes beyond basic statistical description. The research uses two case study locations - the regional cities of Goulburn and Orange in New South Wales. By combining statistical analysis with in-depth interviews, the study aimed to better understand the factors that contribute to regional economic performance. Findings indicate that social and human capital factors are important in understanding future development pathways for each city, highlighting the importance of qualitative perspectives in regional economic analysis.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 21 Issue 3 - Specifying community economic resilience - a framework
           for measurement
    • Abstract: Dinh, Huong; Pearson, Leonie
      This paper argues for a specific and measurable definition and a comprehensive and actionable framework for community economic resilience (CER). The paper focuses on how to specify CER; what attributes form CER; and how to measure CER based on its definition and attributes. The paper argues that CER can be specified through four guiding questions ('Resilience of what''; 'Resilience to what''; 'Resilience for whom''; 'Resilience for what'') and is formed by attributes including community capitals, diversity and accessibility. A comprehensive measurement framework is proposed that quantifies both constructive and performance CER through attributes and multiple outcomes, respectively. This novel framework synthesizes the many different approaches used to investigate resilience and provides meaningful (rather than just conceptual) insights on predicting and tracking CER over time for both academics and policy makers.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 21 Issue 3 - Notes from the editors
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 21 Issue 3 - Knowledge partnering for community development [Book
    • Abstract: Collits, Paul
      Review(s) of: Knowledge partnering for community development, by Robyn Eversole, Routledge 2015.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 21 Issue 3 - Kelvin grove urban village, Brisbane post
           implementation: Lessons for new urbanisim
    • Abstract: Wardner, Pamela; Hefferan, Mike
      The creation of an 'urban village' is increasingly seen as an option for physical regional developments through the renewal of inner mixed use communities normally in densely settled areas. A leading Australian example of this is the 16.6-hectare Kelvin Grove Urban Village, which was a disused military training grounds located at the fringe of the central business district of Brisbane, Queensland.

      This research explores how after only a span of 15 years, this inner city development has become an exemplar of new urbanism concepts and principles in Australia. A total of 30 of the original key stakeholders who each had a minimum of ten years involvement with the development were interviewed. The extended time period from inception to precinct maturity allowed the researchers to capture the reflections and insights from the participants.

      The lessons learnt provide some key elements that can be applied to other contemporary urban developments that seek high patronage, vitality, character and economic viability in regional development.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 21 Issue 3 - Forces shaping the future of work in a changing
           regional economy
    • Abstract: Smidt, Michelle; Becker, Karen; Bradley, Lisa
      This paper presents research which examined perceptions on the future of work in Queensland. It highlights the major drivers of change including: changing technology, demographics, increasing globalisation and economic shifts. Focus groups were conducted and findings show that Queensland businesses are acutely aware of the coming changes, but are less certain about how to respond. Current good practices plus recommendations for the future - particularly the lead role government and industry bodies need to play - are discussed. These recommendations will support Queensland businesses to thrive and adapt to the forces shaping work in this changing regional economy.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 20 Issue 1 - Notes for contributors
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 20 Issue 1 - Public perceptions of war memorials: A study in
    • Abstract: Winter, Caroline
      A quantitative survey of the Ballarat and district community provided a relatively well educated, older sample, having a high personal connection with the remembrance of war. People whose family had served or who acted as their family history custodian had stronger views on most aspects of war remembrance than those without such connection. Thoughts about Australia were felt with equal strength by people with and without familial connection. People grouped a range of memorial forms into those that were Monuments which included more active and socially experienced activities and those that could be described as Artefacts which were more passively and individually experienced. Similar views were held with respect to the importance of each type of memorial in remembrance. The most important purpose of war memorials was for commemoration while education was seen as having slightly lesser importance.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 20 Issue 1 - Regional suicide disparities in Queensland: Temporal
           measurement and interpretation
    • Abstract: Williams, Ruth FG; Doessel, Darrel P; Sveticic, Jerneja
      By applying the relevant economic techniques for studying regional disparities to regional data on suicide in Queensland, this study establishes an important temporal aspect of suicide that does not belong to the domain of epidemiology. Equations are modelled on several dispersion measures. The sign on the slope coefficient determines whether regional disparities in Queensland have lessened or increased through time. At a time when concern about social and economic fragmentation exists, it is vital to inform regional policy by results that apply the relevant quantification technique. Interpretations appropriate to this literature are discussed.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 20 Issue 1 - A cluster analysis of petrol profit margins across
           various regional and urban locations in Australia
    • Abstract: Valadkhani, Abbas; Chen, George; Anderson, John
      Rising fuel prices can hamper economic activities in urban and regional areas. Despite following a mean reverting pattern over time, the spread between retail and wholesale prices of petrol exhibits significant differences across various geographical locations in Australia. Using a hierarchical cluster analysis, this paper classifies 109 retail locations into six heterogeneous groups with homogeneous contents. By identifying the whereabouts of those petrol stations that set relatively high gross profit margins within each comparable cluster, this study can provide important policy implications for both consumers and regulators. Contrary to popular belief, we found that excessively high margins are not necessarily observed only in remote and rural areas.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 20 Issue 1 - Locational differences in material deprivation and
           social exclusion in Australia
    • Abstract: Saunders, Peter; Wong, Melissa
      The emergence of the concepts of material deprivation and social exclusion offers new opportunities to explore the locational profile of social disadvantage in Australia. This paper uses data from a specially designed survey to estimate the extent and nature of material deprivation and different forms of social exclusion, and examine how they vary across different types of location. The results reveal a broadly similar overall picture to that provided by conventional objective and subjective indicators of economic well-being, but allow the spatial profile of locational disadvantage to be more thoroughly examined and better understood. The results are also used to examine the extent to which deprived and excluded individuals live in areas identified as relatively disadvantaged using conventional (census-based) indicators.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 20 Issue 1 - Regional adaptation in a global market - the case of
           water infrastructure
    • Abstract: Rochford, Francine
      Arid regions in Australia and the United States have adopted similar strategies to encourage settlement, and have experienced similar environmental and social problems as a result of implementation of those strategies. This article compares the development of irrigation infrastructure in the United States and Australia, using two small communities as case studies to highlight the temporal parallels up to the point at which Australian agricultural policy changed in the late 1960s and early 1970s. It considers the recent adoption by Australia of broadly market solutions to water resource management, and speculates on whether the United States will follow a similar route. It also tracks an evolving dissimilarity in farm policies during the same period: Australian farmers are subjected to market mechanisms in their domestic and export markets, whilst United States' farmers continue to be shielded from some of these pressures. The history of the development of irrigation in both countries indicates that there is a contiguity of issues and approaches; this article argues that a comparison of these histories provides a valuable assessment of the effectiveness of varying approaches.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 20 Issue 1 - The impact of mining expenditure on remote communities
           in Australia: The ranger uranium mine and the Tanami gold mine in the
           Northern Territory
    • Abstract: Blackwell, Dirk; Dollery, Brian
      While the recent mining boom has been widely addressed in the literature, to date little effort has been devoted to assessing how the returns from mining spatially affect local and remote communities. Given the paucity of adequate data at the local and remote levels, in this article we adopt a factor share approach and find that mining companies in the Northern Territory provide benefits to local communities through their employment of land, labour and capital which translate into expenditure and essential services for the local economy. Moreover, mining companies assist remote communities to develop a social network with external parties which can assist in building enduring value.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 20 Issue 1 - Regional science at sixty: Traditional topics and new
    • Abstract: Mulligan, Gordon
      This paper addresses international research in regional science - a multidisciplinary field that is now 60 years old. The mainstream research is discussed using six broad categories of analysis: demographic, environmental, location, regional, transportation, and urban. The paper then proposes 14 topics or themes for future research, chosen especially to encourage new or younger scholars to the field. In alphabetical order these are: behavior and heterogeneity, environmental issues, global urbanization, happiness, housing and land use, metropolitan sorting, neighborhood change, networks, nonmetropolitan living, post-event growth and development, regional creativity, regional decline, regional specialisation, and resource inequality. Useful insights to all of these topics likely can be made at different geographic and temporal scales and scholarship might involve a wide variety of research perspectives and methodologies. However, some approaches (e.g., hedonic pricing) and some topics (e.g., strategic government behavior, decline of metropolitan areas) are presently of greater interest to U.S. scholars and it remains unclear whether these will prove to be equally popular elsewhere. The paper also calls for more international research on issues related to spatial welfare and resource inequality.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 20 Issue 1 - Note from the editors
    • Abstract: Sorensen, Tony; Glavac, Sonya
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 20 Issue 2 - Note from the editors
    • Abstract: Sorensen, Tony; Glavac, Sonya
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 20 Issue 2 - Transformation of coastal communities: Where is the
           marine sector heading'
    • Abstract: van Putten, Ingrid; Metcalf, Sarah; Frusher, Stewart; Marshall, Nadine; Tull, Malcolm
      Much has been said about migration to coastal areas and the consequent change in coastal community demographics. Even though coastal communities are changing they are often still colloquially referred to as 'fishing towns' which is the presumed dominant economic activity. However, the commercial fishing sector is contracting and communities are re-orienting to other marine sectors such as marine tourism and aquaculture, and some non-marine sectors often with a net loss of employment opportunities. Our aim is to examine the additional pressure of climate change on coastal communities typically referred to as 'fishing towns'. Climate change may prove to be the 'tipping point' for both the fishing fleet and coastal fishing towns. The purpose of this paper is not to examine the details of climate change -which have been documented elsewhere- but to identify the effects on fishing towns. Our approach is to consider a coastal community's vulnerability to climate change in the marine environment in the context of its size, demographics, and economic characteristics. Small coastal communities characterised by an older demographic, high unemployment, a declining commercial fishing fleet, high participation in the marine sector, and limited local sea-based or land-based employment opportunities are assumed to be especially vulnerable to the effects of climate change in the marine environment. Together with qualitative survey results from 66 community members in three typical coastal communities across Australia, we provide insight into trends and change in these coastal communities. Our results suggest that the effects of climate change such as declines in fish abundances and coastal inundations, are likely to affect small coastal communities that were previously 'fishing towns'. Moreover, transformations of structure and function of communities are likely to occur as the fishing component of communities' declines further. The future of coastal communities in Australia is likely to look very different.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 20 Issue 2 - The future of the Chinese miracle: Will neo-statist
           SOEs presist in China's development model'
    • Abstract: Gerritsen, Rolf; Zeng, Benxiang; Gerritsen, Dan
      Development theorists have long debated the economic role of the state. With regard to contemporary China, this debate has been manifested in the opposition between neo-liberal and neo-statist paradigms, in particular the role of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) in the Chinese economic 'miracle'. Neo-liberals, especially the Western financial media, have portrayed these enterprises as dinosaurs, restricting rather than contributing to economic development. However, the success of the state policies of zhua da, fang xiao ('grasp the large, let go of the small') and the move to 'Go Global', as well as the successful resistance to both the Asian Financial Crisis and the recent Global Financial Crisis, means that state-owned industry has remained central to China's 'miracle' growth and trade policy. Though more nuanced than popularly presented, the issue remains: will these SOEs survive China's future transition to demographic deficit and slower economic growth' We predict that they will.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 20 Issue 2 - Developing typology of changing multi-functional
    • Abstract: Butt, Andrew
      The classification of regions as functionally or socio-economically identifiable clusters lets us explore and describe geographies of seemingly complex and individualised change. It also improves our understanding of the varied nature of processes such as counter-urbanization and the formation of multi-functional rural regions. Using principal component analysis and subsequent cluster analysis, this study identified five types of regions in regard to characteristics of overall and newly resident communities. The study was undertaken for a broad region of Victoria, Australia that has experienced population growth and the decreasing influence of agriculture; typical conditions of counter-urbanisation. The results suggest that counter-urbanisation occurs in a variety of ways that are broadly consistent with explanations of processes such as rural gentrification, retirement mobility, exurbanisation and welfare-led migration. In addition, clustering included some areas where socio-economic change is less apparent, with a perseverance of rural characteristics.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 20 Issue 2 - Issues in applying spatial autocorrelation on
           Indonesia's provincial income growth analysis
    • Abstract: Vidyattama, Yogi
      Research in regional growth analysis has acknowledged the importance of spatial effects as part of the analysis. Recently, there were several attempts to apply regional growth regression in Indonesia that raise the possible necessity to implement spatial effects in the growth regression. However, as the largest archipelagic country in the world, Indonesia has distinctive features in relation to spatial analysis that can hamper the application of spatial effects. The aim of this study is to investigate the necessity and the issues in applying spatial effects on Indonesia's provincial income per capita growth by introducing the spatial lag and error into the growth regression. The exercise shows the existing problems in applying spatial effects on Indonesia's regional growth regression. Moreover, the conclusion of the growth regression is hardly changed by the inclusion of spatial effects.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 20 Issue 2 - Reproductive health beliefs and their consequences: A
           case study on rural indigenous women in Bangladesh
    • Abstract: Tarafder, Tasmiha
      This study investigated reproductive health beliefs among rural indigenous women in Kakon Haat village at Rajshahi district of Bangladesh. An explanation for the tendency of women in these communities to access traditional healers (THs) and spiritual healers (SHs) for reproductive health services was discovered. Data was collected by means of in-depth one-to-one interviews and focus group discussions with 22 participants using a snowball sampling technique. The use of THs and SHs for reproductive health services was attributed to three dominant themes: a strong belief in THs, influence of family members, and traditional belief. The study's findings suggest that that the key to improving rural indigenous women's health lies in freeing them from mythical beliefs and misconceptions; generally borne in rural areas of Bangladesh where poverty, education, access to medical facilities, and knowledge are great concerns.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 20 Issue 2 - Small business innovation in the hostile environment
           of Australia's drought stricken rural communities
    • Abstract: Kotey, Bernice
      The study examines innovations implemented by small business in rural Australia to overcome the effects of the drought. Focus group meetings with a total sample of 32 owner/managers in six rural communities revealed that the innovations were generally small, incremental and associated with daily operations. They were aimed at protecting or growing markets, accessing resources and operating efficiently. These innovations were necessary to conserve scare resources in an environment of declining markets and tight profit margins. Despite this general trend, some innovations were significant. These were radical in nature and took the form of organisational restructuring and market development through mergers and acquisitions, and product and market diversifications. They were highly risky but made notable contributions to the communities. Good and careful planning and access to resources can help mitigate some of the risks associated with these high end innovations.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 20 Issue 3 - Note from the editors
    • Abstract: Sorensen, Tony; Glavac, Sonya
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 20 Issue 3 - Barriers to small business innovation in Australia
    • Abstract: Kotey, Bernice; Sorensen, Anthony
      This paper examines barriers to innovation by small businesses in rural Australia. A qualitative methodology is employed involving focus group meetings with small business owners in six cotton communities. The findings reveal common as well as unique barriers to business innovation. Common barriers include poor infrastructure, skill shortages, resource dependence, lack of access to finance and political uncertainties. Some communities were more affected by the small size of their local markets than others. The quality of local leaders, conservative attitude of residents, and high cost of living had greater impact as barriers in some communities than others. Infrastructure development using resource taxes as well as decentralising responsibility for development to regional leaders can help address the innovation barriers in these communities.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 20 Issue 3 - Collaboration for regional development: A case study
           of Wide Bay Burnett
    • Abstract: Mangoyana, Robert B; Collits, Paul
      Collaboration is increasingly playing an important role in regional development driven by the need to jointly mobilise and connect endogenous assets and resources to achieve self-sufficiency and sustainable development. However, different collaborative efforts are rarely coordinated, resulting in "siloed" efforts to dealing with interrelated regional development challenges. It is against this background that this study sought to understand the nature, scope, opportunities and limitations of collaboration in Wide Bay Burnett (WBB), an economically under-performing region. The study showed that WBB collaborative initiatives mainly existed within sectors and local government areas (LGA) with limited networking across LGAs owing to the geographic spread of the region. In addition, existing networks mainly resulted in information sharing with little scope for the joint development of innovative products and processes. The establishment of new networks and/or broadening of existing sectorial networks would provide better integration of regional initiatives and associated outcomes in the WBB region.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 20 Issue 3 - Economic disadvantage among older Australians:
           Producing national and small area profiles
    • Abstract: Gong, Cathy; Kendig, Hal; Harding, Ann; Miranti, Riyana; McNamara, Justine
      Spatial and housing dimensions of economic and social inequalities have had increasing research and policy attention in Australia in recent years. Extensive research demonstrates the importance of the local environment especially for older people who may spend much of their time in their homes and neighbourhoods. While numerous studies have examined the locations of older people, few have systematically examined ways in which disparities of economic resources influence spatial heterogeneity among older Australians. This paper draws on national survey data and spatial microsimulation to examine locational inequalities in economic well-being among older Australians aged 55 years and over. The microsimulation approach makes it possible to analyse multiple dimensions of economic disadvantage (rather than income alone) for older people at a small area level. Significant disparities of income, home ownership and welfare dependence were found along with a strong clustering of elder disadvantage and advantage both within and outside the capital cities.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 20 Issue 3 - A spatial decomposition approach for investigating
           house price convergences
    • Abstract: Ma, Le; Liu, Chunlu
      Convergence of house prices indicates how prices are reaching an aggregate equilibrium in a long-run perspective. Identifying the convergence is important for cross-region housing development and investment. Few studies have identified house price convergences at different levels, with spatial effects on house prices predominantly ignored. The research presented here developed a spatial panel regression approach to investigate the convergences of house prices in Australian capital cities. Three hypotheses were tested to identify the level of house price convergence. The results demonstrate that a steady state in a system of regional house prices and spatial effects contribute to the convergence continuing.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 20 Issue 3 - Spatial analysis of housing stress estimation in
           Australia with statistical validation
    • Abstract: Rahman, Azizur; Harding, Ann
      A large number of Australian households are experiencing housing stress. Decision makers at the national and regional levels need reliable small area statistics on housing stress, to most efficiently and fairly target assistance and policy design. This paper studies small area housing stress estimation in Australia and examines various distributive scenarios of the estimates through spatial analysis of a synthetically microsimulated data. Results reveal that one in every nine households in Australia is experiencing housing stress, with private renter households being most greatly affected. About two-thirds of Australian households with housing stress reside in the eight major capital cities, principally in Sydney and Melbourne. The statistical local area level estimates of housing stress are much lower in Canberra, compared to the other major cities. Scenarios of the spatial analysis identify small area level hotspots for housing stress across Australia. A new approach for validating the results of microsimulated data produced by the microsimulation modelling technology reveals statistically accurate housing stress estimation for about 94.3 percent of small areas.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 20 Issue 3 - Australia in the Asian century - a critique of the
           white paper
    • Abstract: Mascitelli, Bruno; O'Mahony, GBarry
      This article critiques the Australian Government's White Paper: Australia in the Asian Century. It begins by reflecting on the relationship between Australia and Asia suggesting that this is measured solely through the narrow economic lens of Australian interests. The critique then focusses on the key drivers presented as the means by which Australia will navigate the Asian century concluding that although Australia punches above its weight in terms of living standards, equity and social inclusion, the White Paper overstates the country's capability and capacity particularly in the areas of skills, education, innovation and relationship development. This presents a number of unrealistic expectations, presenting difficulties for the current government to fund the fundamental initiatives required to deliver on the promises contained in the document.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 19 Issue 3 - The innovation potential of living-labs to strengthen
           small and medium enterprises in regional Australia
    • Abstract: Dhakal, Subas P; Mahmood, Muhammad N; Wiewora, Anna; Brown, Kerry; Keast, Robyn
      The small and medium enterprise (SME) sector has been the major source of well-being and employment opportunities in regional Australia. Consequently, fostering the innovative capacity of SMEs in regions that are struggling to grow their economies and distribute the growth fairly while not degrading the environment has never been more important. While SMEs generally face more uncertainties in relation to resources (e.g. financial, human and social capital) when compared to larger businesses, collaborative, cutting-edge mechanisms to enhance innovation capabilities of regional SMEs are lacking. This paper responds to this gap and proposes a Living Laboratory - an open, multi-disciplinary and multi-stakeholder action research platform where innovations can be co-created, tested and evaluated in the every-day environment of SMEs - as a way to strengthen the SME sector in regional Australia.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 19 Issue 3 - The role of geographic proximity for
           university-industry linkages in Brazil: An emprical analysis
    • Abstract: Garcia, Renato; Araujo, Veneziano; Mascarini, Suelene
      The aim of this paper is to analyse the role of geographic proximity in the occurrence of university-industry linkages. The main argument is that university-industry linkages are strongly localized, which suggests that geographic proximity between academic research and firms' research and development (R and D) facilities matters in fostering university-industry linkages. Interactions between university and industry in Brazil were analysed using data from the Census 2004 - Directory of Research Groups. Using this data it was possible to gather information on 2 108 academic research groups that interact with 3 068 firms. From the location of both firms and university research groups, it was possible to analyse the spatial pattern of university-industry linkages in Brazil, and the differences among knowledge areas. The results of the empirical analysis show that geographic proximity matters for the cooperation between firms and academic research groups. In addition, significant differences among knowledge areas imply different location patterns in university-industry linkages.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 19 Issue 3 - Distributional and consumptive water demand impacts of
           different types of economic growth in two northern Australian river
    • Abstract: Stoeckl, Natalie; Esparon, Michelle; Farr, Marina; Delisle, Aurelie; Stanley, Owen
      Using an extensive array of primary and secondary data, this paper constructs, and then uses water-use-input-output (WIO) models to look at the way in which different types of economic growth affect (a) the incomes and employment of Indigenous and non-Indigenous households and (b) consumptive water demand in both the Daly River (NT), and the Mitchell River (QLD) catchments of northern Australia. Expansion of a sector generally creates larger employment and income benefits for non-Indigenous than Indigenous households. Moreover, expansion of the agricultural sector is associated with significant growth in consumptive water demand - a major concern since underground water resources are limited and dry season flows often rely on underground aquifers. Those interested in closing the (income) gap between Indigenous and Non-Indigenous people without placing scarce water resources at risk may thus need to seek development options that do not solely rely upon the expansion of the water intensive agricultural sector.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 19 Issue 3 - Income factor shares from mining in remote Australia:
           An analysis of the ranger uranium mine and the Tanami gold mine in the
           northern territory
    • Abstract: Blackwell, Boyd Dirk; Dollery, Brian
      While considerable popular and scholarly attention has focused on the impact of the mining boom on the Australian economy, little has been done to assess how the returns from mining are shared between the different factors of production. Using remote case studies from the Northern Territory, this paper finds that labour shares in these instances are higher than their national counterparts, whereas capital shares vary in proportion to labour shares. Land factor share outcomes are mixed, with large returns to a gold mine compared both to its parent company and to a uranium mine. However, it is argued that further case study analysis is necessary to assess the representativeness of the results obtained in this paper.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 19 Issue 3 - Labour attraction and retention in rural and remote
           Queensland communities
    • Abstract: Becker, Karen; Soosay, Claudine
      Attracting and retaining a skilled labour force is a critical yet complex issue for rural and remote communities. This article reports the findings of a study investigating the current approaches to attraction and retention in two separate Australian regions. Building on previously developed models, this research analyses the roles employers and wider communities are playing, or potentially could play, in addressing issues that influence labour shortages. The findings of this research highlight the complexities of labour attraction and retention and emphasise the need for communities and businesses to work together to overcome labour shortages in rural and remote locations.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 19 Issue 3 - Indigenous patient migration patterns after
           hospitalisation and the potential impacts on mortality estimates
    • Abstract: Zhao, Yuejen; Condon, John R; Li, Shu Qin; Guthridge, Steven; Chondur, Ramakrishna
      This study analysed interregional migration for Indigenous patients in the Northern Territory, Australia. Individual-level linked hospitalisation data between July 1998 and June 2011 were used to describe the migration patterns and associated factors. Micro-simulations were conducted to assess the impacts on mortality estimates. Indigenous patients were 35% more likely to migrate from remote to urban areas after hospitalisation than in the reverse direction (risk ratio 1.35, 95% confidence interval 1.30-1.41). The likelihood was positively associated with hospitalisations, age and the Central Australia region. Indigenous patients with diabetes, renal disease or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease had higher risks of urban migration. Non-Indigenous patients were included for comparison. The micro-simulations indicated the patient migration may result in a 6% under-estimation of Indigenous mortality in remote and very remote areas and 3% over-estimation of mortality in urban areas. The results are pertinent to a sound understanding of health outcomes across remoteness categories.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 19 Issue 3 - Note from the editors
    • Abstract: Sorensen, Tony; Glavac, Sonya
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 19 Issue 2 - Home based business in suburban peripheral regions and
           government policy: A case study of Casey, Melbourne, Australia
    • Abstract: Jain, Ameeta; Courvisanos, Jerry
      Home based businesses (HBB) are increasingly becoming an alternative to salaried employment. This research explores the potential for HBB to contribute significantly to the economic development of peripheral metropolitan centres. Without economic development, these centres remain dormitory suburbs with unresolved associated social and ecological issues. By mapping the diversity and limitations of HBB in the City of Casey, an outer suburban peripheral area of Melbourne, Australia, this study aims to evaluate what exists and the response by governments at all levels to further business development. This study finds that the role of government is restricted to broad initial start-ups, with no programs or support for the type of innovative HBB that need to be husbanded and encouraged to grow outside of the narrow confines of their home base.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 19 Issue 2 - Taking the gamble: local and regional policy issues of
           access to electronic gaming machines (EGMs): A case study of Victoria,
    • Abstract: Pickernell, David; Keast, Robyn; Brown, Kerry; Yousefpour, Nina; Miller, Chris
      Gambling activities, and revenues derived, have been seen as a way to increase economic development in deprived areas. However, there are also concerns about gambling in general and Electronic Gaming Machines (EGMs) in particular, and the effects of access to these activities on the localities in which they are situated. This study explores issues of accessibility as they relate to EGM products in Victoria, focusing specifically on interactions between the location of, and demand for, EGM products. Results highlight potential twoway relationships between gambling and volunteering. Volunteering (and social capital more generally) may help protect against gambling. Alternatively and/or additionally volunteering may itself be damaged by increased gambling activity. This highlights the need for further exploration, particularly into how detrimental effects of EGMs may be mitigated in localities and beneficial impacts maximised by policy both related to the access to EGMs themselves and also the revenue and resources they generate.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 19 Issue 2 - How useful is a regional SAM in evaluating regional
           projects in Sri Lanka': An illustration for post-war regional
           development policy analysis
    • Abstract: Wijerathna, Deeptha; Bandara, Jayatilleke S; Karunagoda, Kamal
      Over the last several decades, Social Accounting Matrices (SAMs) have emerged as a widely accepted method for the presentation of macroeconomic data and an analytical technique for impact analyses at national, regional and village levels. Although there is a large body of literature concerning the construction and application of SAMs, there are only a few impact evaluations with regional and village SAMs. This is particularly evident when focusing on the impact of regional investment projects in developing countries. In this paper, we have attempted to demonstrate how a regional SAM can successfully be applied to evaluate the impact of an irrigation project in the Southern Province of Sri Lanka. This example clearly demonstrates the possibility of using regional and village level SAMs in evaluating post-war development projects, such as infrastructure and irrigation projects, in Sri Lanka.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 19 Issue 2 - Simplified assessment of the regional economic impacts
           of interruption to transport corridors with application to the 2011
           Queensland floods
    • Abstract: Rolfe, John; Kinnear, Susan; Gowen, Rebecca
      The focus of this study was on the economic costs of closures to transport corridors from flood waters at Rockhampton in January 2011. Two approaches have been used to provide for a simplified assessment of the economic impacts of the road closures. The first was to model the proportional downturn in the regional economy, using data from surveys with local businesses to assess the proportional drop in business activity over the period. Using this approach the impact on the local economy was estimated at $35 million, or about 0.77 percent of the gross regional product for Rockhampton. The second approach involved application of the travel cost savings methodology to assess the costs of transport corridor closures. The total direct costs have been assessed with the travel time approach at $66.7 million for the road closure, and $13.5 million for the airport closure, with more than half ($47.5 million) relating to the isolation of the north Queensland economy. The estimate of costs to the Rockhampton economy of $32.7 million closely matches the results of the economic slowdown approach.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 19 Issue 2 - Improving consumers' responsiveness to electricity
           demand management initiatives in regional New South Wales: The potential
           use of behavioural-based constructs for identifying market segments
    • Abstract: Morrison, Mark; Kleinschafer, Jodie; Hicks, John
      The success of demand management initiatives in influencing household electricity consumption has been variable. The lack of focus on the consumer may be an underlying cause. Despite evidence of differentiation in preferences for demand management programs across households, there have been few attempts to segment households. The purpose of this research was therefore to segment the market to facilitate better targeting of demand management programs. The paper reports on a survey of 1074 households. Using three new behaviourally based constructs for segmentation, the analysis revealed that segments differed in program preferences, energy use and the number of past investment and curtailment behaviours engaged in. The analysis also revealed that respondents from lower and higher socio-demographic levels had low and high efficiency behaviours and corresponding energy use. The variance in preferences across segments indicated the potential benefits of a more targeted approach for encouraging participation in demand management programs.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 19 Issue 2 - Drivers of China's urbanisation and property
    • Abstract: Hu, Richard
      The mainstream scholarship that seeks to explain China's urban development tends to favour a macro discourse that focuses on institutional factors, such as globalisation, economic growth, and national policy reforms. These are important contributing factors, but they do not necessarily suffice to capture the complexities and interrelations of the immense magnitude of China's urban development. In this article, I approach the endogenous factors to explain China's urban development through the lenses of urbanisation and property development. I posit a dichotomy of institutional drivers and noninstitutional drivers. I argue that the dichotomy of institutional and noninstitutional drivers provides an integrated framework to explain China's urban development, and fills the gap of missing non-institutional drivers in the mainstream scholarship. Discussions through this dichotomy reflect progress, identify problems and suggest further research agendas for both institutional and non-institutional drivers.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 19 Issue 2 - Note from the editors
    • Abstract: Sorensen, Tony; Glavac, Sonya
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 19 Issue 1 - Nunavut: A potential new model for economic
    • Abstract: Miller, Mark M; Rowe, James E
      The Territory of Nunavut, Canada, was created in 1999 as a vehicle of self- determination for the country's Inuit population. Carved from the Northwest Territories, Nunavut became Canada's lowest-income province or territory. At the time, hopes were high for a new model of development based on Inuit values, newly codified land rights, and a wealth of natural resources. A decade later, has Nunavut resulted in a new, effective, and sustainable model of economic development for its residents' Does the territory offer any lessons, in turn, for other low-income regions of the developed or developing world' This paper investigates these questions, based on field research and review of available literature.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 19 Issue 1 - Does open innovation work better in regional
    • Abstract: Huang, Fang; Rice, John
      In this study, we link the research on open innovation with issues relating to geographical proximity and regional clustering. Based on our analysis of a sample of 3,468 European firms, we find that close geographical proximity tends to increase firm-university linkages, enhance inter-firm explicit and tacit knowledge flows and lead to comparatively less reliance on internal research and development. We attribute these effects to the underlying benefits created by reduced transaction costs and increased trust and reciprocity created within regional clusters. These cluster-based effects tend to facilitate the 'connect and develop' operational philosophy of open innovation. Our findings are highly relevant to the open innovation literature, and also potentially extend an open innovation perspective to the analysis of regional clustering's effects on innovation and organizational performance.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 19 Issue 1 - Quantity and quality estimates of changes in dwelling
           affordability in metropolitan Melbourne
    • Abstract: Boymal, Jonathan; de Silva, Ashton; Pomeroy, Jessie
      The sale price of Australian dwellings has increased dramatically in recent times. Interestingly, the percentage of households owning their own home has remained relatively constant. This raises the important question of what dimensions of housing might households be trading-off in order to secure their own home' We estimate three aspects of the trade-off being made between house price and house quality/distance from the CBD. Using Melbourne metropolitan data we look at the changes over time in the relationship between income and house prices, affordability by income cohorts and distance cost by income cohort. Using data spanning 1994 to 2010 we find that affordability has declined across all income cohorts. Our findings indicate that households are facing a distance cost in some instances of over 10 kilometres to maintain a given level of affordability. Given our findings that the distance cost also varies by income cohort, this suggests a decline in the level of socio-economic diversity in some localities close to the CBD.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 19 Issue 1 - Making space and place for knowledge communities:
           Lessons for Australian practice
    • Abstract: Yigitcanlar, Tan; Dur, Fatih
      This paper aims to shed light on the planning and development processes of the knowledge-based urban development phenomenon, with respect to the construction of knowledge community precincts. We undertake policy and best practice analyses to learn from the planning and development processes of internationally renowned knowledge community precincts - from Copenhagen, Eindhoven and Singapore. In the light of this, we scrutinise major Australian knowledge community precinct initiatives - from Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane - to better understand the dynamics of national practices, and benchmark them against the international best practice cases. The paper concludes with a discussion on the study findings and successfully establishing space and place for both knowledge economy and society in Australian cities.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
  • Volume 19 Issue 1 - On the growth dynamics of cities and regions - seven
           lessons. A Canadian perspective with thoughts on regional Australia
    • Abstract: Polese, Mario
      Seven trends/lessons in regional development are reviewed, taking Canada as reference point: 1) the forces of agglomeration will not lessen; 2) top cities will remain so; 3) distance continues to matter; 4) costs matter, a driver of non-metropolitan growth; 5) market access increasingly matters; 6) as do naturally amenities (sea and trees), but constrained by distance; 7) natural resources are a double-edged sword, both a driver of growth and possible impediment. For regional Australia, as for peripheral Canada, the chief discriminant factor is lesson 3 (distance). The transport costs for goods and information have fallen. But, relative distances have not changed. The cost of transporting people - prime input into knowledge-intensive production - has not fallen, and has arguably risen as the opportunity cost of time rises. The essential distinction is not between metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas, but between those that are close and those that are far.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:35 GMT
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