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BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1141 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1566 Journals sorted alphabetically
4OR: A Quarterly Journal of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Abacus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Accounting Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Acta Amazonica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Commercii     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Oeconomica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientiarum. Human and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Universitatis Danubius. Œconomica     Open Access  
Acta Universitatis Nicolai Copernici Zarządzanie     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AD-minister     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ADR Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Developing Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Economics and Business     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
AfricaGrowth Agenda     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
African Development Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
African Journal of Business and Economic Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
African Review of Economics and Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Afro-Asian Journal of Finance and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Alphanumeric Journal : The Journal of Operations Research, Statistics, Econometrics and Management Information Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Economic Journal : Applied Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 130)
American Journal of Business     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
American Journal of Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 51)
American Journal of Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Economics and Business Administration     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Economics and Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
American Journal of Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Finance and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
American Journal of Medical Quality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales de l'Institut Henri Poincare (C) Non Linear Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annals in Social Responsibility     Full-text available via subscription  
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annual Review of Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Applied Developmental Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Applied Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Applied Economics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Applied Economics Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Applied Financial Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Applied Mathematical Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Applied Stochastic Models in Business and Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Arab Economic and Business Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Business Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Arena Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Argomenti. Rivista di economia, cultura e ricerca sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ASEAN Economic Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific Business Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 312)
Asia Pacific Viewpoint     Hybrid Journal  
Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Case Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asian Development Review     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Asian Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian Economic Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Accounting and Governance     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Sustainability and Social Responsibility     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian-pacific Economic Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Atlantic Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Australasian Journal of Regional Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Cottongrower, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Australian Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Australian Journal of Maritime and Ocean Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Balkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Baltic Journal of Real Estate Economics and Construction Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Banks in Insurance Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BBR - Brazilian Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Benchmarking : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
BER : Consumer Confidence Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BER : Economic Prospects : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription  
BER : Economic Prospects : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Intermediate Goods Industries Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Manufacturing Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Motor Trade Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Retail Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Retail Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Building and Construction : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Manufacturing : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Retail : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Trends : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Wholesale Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Berkeley Business Law Journal     Free   (Followers: 11)
Bio-based and Applied Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biodegradation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biology Direct     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Black Enterprise     Full-text available via subscription  
Board & Administrator for Administrators only     Hybrid Journal  
Border Crossing : Transnational Working Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Briefings in Real Estate Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
British Journal of Industrial Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Brookings Papers on Economic Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 48)
Brookings Trade Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BRQ Business Research Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Building Sustainable Legacies : The New Frontier Of Societal Value Co-Creation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Economic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of the Dnipropetrovsk University. Series : Management of Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business & Entrepreneurship Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Business & Information Systems Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Business & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Business : Theory and Practice / Verslas : Teorija ir Praktika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business and Economic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Business and Management Horizons     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Business and Management Research     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Business and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Business and Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business and Professional Communication Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Business and Society Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Business Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business Ethics: A European Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Business Horizons     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Business Information Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Business Management and Strategy     Open Access   (Followers: 40)
Business Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Business Strategy and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Business Strategy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Business Strategy Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business Systems & Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Business Systems Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Business, Management and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Business, Peace and Sustainable Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bustan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos EBAPE.BR     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Journal of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences / Revue Canadienne des Sciences de l Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue Canadienne d`Economique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Canadian journal of nonprofit and social economy research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Capitalism and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Capitalism Nature Socialism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Case Studies in Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
CBU International Conference Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Central European Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Central European Journal of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Central European Journal of Public Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Chain Reaction     Full-text available via subscription  
Challenge     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
China & World Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
China : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
China Economic Journal: The Official Journal of the China Center for Economic Research (CCER) at Peking University     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
China Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
China Finance Review International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
China Nonprofit Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
China perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Chinese Economy     Full-text available via subscription  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CLIO América     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cliometrica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
COEPTUM     Open Access  
Community Development Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Compensation & Benefits Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Competition & Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Competitive Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Competitiveness Review : An International Business Journal incorporating Journal of Global Competitiveness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Computational Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Computational Mathematics and Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computer Law & Security Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Computers & Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Construction Innovation: Information, Process, Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Contemporary Wales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Contextus - Revista Contemporânea de Economia e Gestão     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Corporate Communications An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Corporate Philanthropy Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Corporate Reputation Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Creative and Knowledge Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Creative Industries Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
CRIS - Bulletin of the Centre for Research and Interdisciplinary Study     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Crossing the Border : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cuadernos de Administración (Universidad del Valle)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Economía     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Economia - Latin American Journal of Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Estudios Empresariales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Creativity, Innovation and Entrepreneurship     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
De Economist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Decision Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Decision Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Decision Support Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Defence and Peace Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
der markt     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Desenvolvimento em Questão     Open Access  
Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Development and Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 | Last

Journal Cover Biodegradation
  [SJR: 0.907]   [H-I: 60]   [1 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1572-9729 - ISSN (Online) 0923-9820
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2345 journals]
  • Advanced oxidation process and biological treatments for table olive
           processing wastewaters: constraints and a novel approach to integrated
           recycling process: a review
    • Authors: Lamia Ayed; Nedra Asses; Nadia Chammem; Nada Ben Othman; Moktar Hamdi
      Pages: 125 - 138
      Abstract: Table olive processing wastewaters constitute a dangerous environmental problem in the Mediterranean countries because of their large volumes, high organic matter and salt concentration. The quantity and the characteristics of wastewaters produced, and thus, their environmental impact, varied depending on the season, varieties, soil and process employed. Several chemicals, biological and combined technologies have proven effective at bringing down organic pollution and toxicity of these effluents. Advanced oxidation processes have recognized as highly efficient treatments for the degradation of organic matter. Nonetheless, complete mineralization is generally expensive without salt removal. Biological processes are the most environmentally compatible and least-expensive treatment methods, but these operations do not always provide satisfactory results. This article surveys the current available technologies and suggests an effective, cheaper alternative for the recycling and the valorization of green table olives wastewaters.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10532-017-9782-0
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 2-3 (2017)
  • Biogas properties and enzymatic analysis during anaerobic fermentation of
           Phragmites australis straw and cow dung: influence of nickel chloride
    • Authors: Yonglan Tian; Huayong Zhang; Yang Chai; Lijun Wang; Xueyue Mi; Luyi Zhang; Maxwell Adam Ware
      Pages: 15 - 25
      Abstract: The importance of nickel (added as NiCl2) on mesophilic anaerobic fermentation of Phragmites australis straw and cow dung was demonstrated by investigating the biogas properties, pH values, organic matter degradation [chemical oxygen demand (COD)] and enzyme activities (cellulase, protease and dehydrogenase) during the fermentation process. The results showed that Ni2+ addition increased the cumulative biogas yields by >18 % by improving the efficiency of first peak stage and bringing forward the second peak stage. The pH values were not significantly influenced by Ni2+ addition (p > 0.05). Biogas yields were associated with variations in COD concentrations rather than momentary concentrations. At the start-up stage of fermentation (4th day), the biogas yields increased gradually together with the increase of dehydrogenase activities at elevated Ni2+ concentrations when cellulase and protease activities were similar in all test groups. It is suggested that Ni2+ addition was mainly dependent on the methanogenic stage. After the start-up stage, the impact of Ni2+ addition on biogas production was mainly dependent on its effect on cellulase activities, rather than protease or dehydrogenase activities.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10532-016-9774-5
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 1 (2017)
  • Kinetic and microbial community analysis of methyl ethyl ketone
           biodegradation in aquifer sediments
    • Authors: N. Fahrenfeld; A. Pruden; M. Widdowson
      Pages: 27 - 36
      Abstract: Methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) is a common groundwater contaminant often present with more toxic compounds of primary interest. Because of this, few studies have been performed to determine the effect of microbial community structure on MEK biodegradation rates in aquifer sediments. Here, microcosms were prepared with aquifer sediments containing MEK following a massive spill event and compared to laboratory-spiked sediments, with MEK biodegradation rates quantified under mixed aerobic/anaerobic conditions. Biodegradation was achieved in MEK-contaminated site sediment microcosms at about half of the solubility (356 mg/L) with largely Firmicutes population under iron-reducing conditions. MEK was biodegraded at a higher rate [4.0 ± 0.74 mg/(L days)] in previously exposed site samples compared to previously uncontaminated sediments [0.51 ± 0.14 mg/(L days)]. Amplicon sequencing and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis of 16S rRNA genes were combined to understand the relationship between contamination levels, biodegradation, and community structure across the plume. More heavily contaminated sediments collected from an MEK-contaminated field site had the most similar communities than less contaminated sediments from the same site despite differences in sediment texture. The more diverse microbial community observed in the laboratory-spiked sediments reduced MEK concentration 47 % over 92 days. Results of this study suggest lower rates of MEK biodegradation in iron-reducing aquifer sediments than previously reported for methanogenic conditions and biodegradation rates comparable to previously reported nitrate- and sulfate-reducing conditions.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10532-016-9775-4
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 1 (2017)
  • Anammox-zeolite system acting as buffer to achieve stable effluent
           nitrogen values
    • Authors: Kozet Yapsakli; Cigdem Kalkan Aktan; Bulent Mertoglu
      Pages: 69 - 79
      Abstract: For a successful nitrogen removal, Anammox process needs to be established in line with a stable partial nitritation pretreatment unit since wastewater influent is mostly unsuitable for direct treatment by Anammox. Partial nitritation is, however, a critical bottleneck for the nitrogen removal since it is often difficult to maintain the right proportions of NO2-N and NH4-N during long periods of time for Anammox process. This study investigated the potential of Anammox-zeolite biofilter to buffer inequalities in nitrite and ammonium nitrogen in the influent feed. Anammox-zeolite biofilter combines the ion-exchange property of zeolite with the biological removal by Anammox process. Continuous-flow biofilter was operated for 570 days to test the response of Anammox-zeolite system for irregular ammonium and nitrite nitrogen entries. The reactor demonstrated stable and high nitrogen removal efficiencies (approximately 95 %) even when the influent NO2-N to NH4-N ratios were far from the stoichiometric ratio for Anammox reaction (i.e. NO2-N to NH4-N ranging from 0 to infinity). This is achieved by the sorption of surplus NH4-N by zeolite particles in case ammonium rich influent came in excess with respect to Anammox stoichiometry. Similarly, when ammonium-poor influent is fed to the reactor, ammonium desorption took place due to shifts in ion-exchange equilibrium and deficient amount were supplied by previously sorbed NH4-N. Here, zeolite acted as a preserving reservoir of ammonium where both sorption and desorption took place when needed and this caused the Anammox-zeolite system to act as a buffer system to generate a stable effluent.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10532-016-9778-1
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 1 (2017)
  • Respirometric response and microbial succession of nitrifying sludge to m
           -cresol pulses in a sequencing batch reactor
    • Authors: Alberto Ordaz; Mariana Sánchez; Rodrigo Rivera; Rafael Rojas; Alejandro Zepeda
      Pages: 81 - 94
      Abstract: A nitrifying consortium was kinetically, stoichiometrically and molecularly characterized via the in situ pulse respirometric method and pyrosequencing analysis before and after the addition of m-cresol (25 mg C L−1) in a sequencing batch reactor (SBR). Five important kinetic and stoichiometric parameters were determined: the maximum oxygen uptake rate, the maximum nitrification rate, the oxidation yield, the biomass growth yield, and the substrate affinity constant. An inhibitory effect was observed in the nitrification process with a recovery of this by up to eight SBR cycles after m-cresol was added to the system. However, full recovery of the nitrification process was not observed, as the maximum oxygen uptake rate was 25% lower than that of the previous operation without m-cresol addition. Furthermore, the pyrosequencing analyses of the nitrifying consortium after the addition of only two pulses of 25 mg C L−1 m-cresol showed an important microbial community change represented by a decrease in the nitrifying populations and an increase in the populations degrading phenolic compounds.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10532-016-9779-0
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 1 (2017)
  • Low temperature, autotrophic microbial denitrification using thiosulfate
           or thiocyanate as electron donor
    • Authors: Elias Broman; Abbtesaim Jawad; Xiaofen Wu; Stephan Christel; Gaofeng Ni; Margarita Lopez-Fernandez; Jan-Eric Sundkvist; Mark Dopson
      Abstract: Wastewaters generated during mining and processing of metal sulfide ores are often acidic (pH < 3) and can contain significant concentrations of nitrate, nitrite, and ammonium from nitrogen based explosives. In addition, wastewaters from sulfide ore treatment plants and tailings ponds typically contain large amounts of inorganic sulfur compounds, such as thiosulfate and tetrathionate. Release of these wastewaters can lead to environmental acidification as well as an increase in nutrients (eutrophication) and compounds that are potentially toxic to humans and animals. Waters from cyanidation plants for gold extraction will often conjointly include toxic, sulfur containing thiocyanate. More stringent regulatory limits on the release of mining wastes containing compounds such as inorganic sulfur compounds, nitrate, and thiocyanate, along the need to increase production from sulfide mineral mining calls for low cost techniques to remove these pollutants under ambient temperatures (approximately 8 °C). In this study, we used both aerobic and anaerobic continuous cultures to successfully couple inorganic sulfur compound (i.e. thiosulfate and thiocyanate) oxidation for the removal of nitrogenous compounds under neutral to acidic pH at the low temperatures typical for boreal climates. Furthermore, the development of the respective microbial communities was identified over time by DNA sequencing, and found to contain a consortium including populations aligning within Flavobacterium, Thiobacillus, and Comamonadaceae lineages. This is the first study to remediate mining waste waters by coupling autotrophic thiocyanate oxidation to nitrate reduction at low temperatures and acidic pH by means of an identified microbial community.
      PubDate: 2017-06-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s10532-017-9796-7
  • Anaerobic digestion of amine-oxide-based surfactants: biodegradation
           kinetics and inhibitory effects
    • Authors: Francisco Ríos; Manuela Lechuga; Alejandro Fernández-Arteaga; Encarnación Jurado; Mercedes Fernández-Serrano
      Abstract: Recently, anaerobic degradation has become a prevalent alternative for the treatment of wastewater and activated sludge. Consequently, the anaerobic biodegradability of recalcitrant compounds such as some surfactants require a thorough study to avoid their presence in the environment. In this work, the anaerobic biodegradation of amine-oxide-based surfactants, which are toxic to several organisms, was studied by measuring of the biogas production in digested sludge. Three amine-oxide-based surfactants with structural differences in their hydrophobic alkyl chain were tested: Lauramine oxide (AO-R12), Myristamine oxide (AO-R14) and Cocamidopropylamine oxide (AO-cocoamido). Results show that AO-R12 and AO-R14 inhibit biogas production, inhibition percentages were around 90%. AO-cocoamido did not cause inhibition and it was biodegraded until reaching a percentage of 60.8%. Otherwise, we fitted the production of biogas to two kinetic models, to a pseudo first-order model and to a logistic model. Production of biogas during the anaerobic biodegradation of AO-cocoamido was pretty good adjusted to the logistics model. Kinetic parameters were also determined. This modelling is useful to predict their behaviour in wastewater treatment plants and under anaerobic conditions in the environment.
      PubDate: 2017-05-31
      DOI: 10.1007/s10532-017-9797-6
  • Optimization of continuous-flow solid-phase denitrification via coupling
           carriers in enhancing simultaneous removal of nitrogen and organics for
           agricultural runoff purification
    • Authors: Yi Lu; Xiaoqing Zhang; Lijuan Feng; Guangfeng Yang; Zhou Zheng; Junzhi Liu; Jun Mu
      Abstract: Coupling of biodegradable corncob and plastic carrier was optimized in continuous-flow solid-phase denitrification systems for enhancing simultaneously removal of nitrogen and organics in agricultural runoff. In compared with preposition of plastic carriers and mixed distribution method, it was demonstrated that the preposition of corncobs simultaneously enhanced nitrate (6.64 ± 1.35 mg L−1 day −1) and organics removal (6.33 ± 1.44 mg L−1 day−1) at a hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 6 h. The operation performance could be further enhanced with extension of HRT to 12 h. The dominant genera found in corncob were denitrifiers for nitrate reduction (Bosea, Simplicispira, Desulfovibrio, Klebsiella, etc.) and fermentative bacteria (Pleomorphomonas, Actinotalea, Opitutus, Cellulomonas, Bacteroides, etc.) responsible for corncob degrading to simple organics for other denitrifiers. However, much lower and different denitrifiers abundances (Bradyrhizobium, Acinetobacter, Bacillus, etc.) exhibited on plastic filler than those of corncob. It well explained that the biofilm on plastic carrier was mainly related with organics removal while the biofilm on corncobs inclined to effectively remove nitrate, and simultaneous removal of nitrogen and organics could be achieved in coupling carriers system with preposition of biodegradable corncob.
      PubDate: 2017-05-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s10532-017-9795-8
  • Nitrogen removal performance and operation strategy of anammox process
           under temperature shock
    • Authors: Weiqiang Zhu; Jin Li; Huiyu Dong; Dan Wang; Peiyu Zhang
      Abstract: Sequencing batch reactors were used to study anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) process under temperature shock. Both long-term (15–35 °C) and short-term (10–50 °C) temperature effects on nitrogen removal performance were performed. In reactor operation test, the results indicated that ammonium removal rate decreased from 0.35 kg/(m3 day) gradually to 0.059 kg/(m3 day) when temperature dropped from 35 to 15 °C. Although bacteria morphology was not modified, sludge settling velocity decreased with decreasing temperature. In batch test, apparent activation energy (Ea) increased with decreasing temperature, which suggested the activity decrease of anaerobic ammonium oxidizing bacteria (AAOB). Low temperature inhibited AAOB and weakened nitrogen removal performance. The cardinal temperature model with inflection was first used to describe temperature effect on anammox process. Simulated results revealed that anammox reaction could occur at 10.52–50.15 °C with maximum specific anammox activity of 0.50 kg/(kg day) at 36.72 °C. The cold acclimatization of AAOB could be achieved and glycine betaine could slightly improve nitrogen removal performance at low temperature.
      PubDate: 2017-05-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s10532-017-9794-9
  • Performance and kinetics of ANAMMOX granular sludge with pH shock in a
           sequencing batch reactor
    • Authors: Jin Li; Weiqiang Zhu; Huiyu Dong; Dan Wang
      Abstract: As an efficient and cost-effective nitrogen removal process, anaerobic ammonium oxidation (ANAMMOX) could be well operated at suitable pH condition. However, pH shock occurred in different kinds of wastewater and affected ANANNOX process greatly. The present research aimed at studying the performance and kinetics of ANAMMOX granular sludge with pH shock. When influent pH was below 7.5, effluent \({\text{NH}}_{4}^{ + }\) –N and \({\text{NO}}_{2}^{ - }\) –N increased with decreasing pH. At Ph 6.0, effluent \({\text{NO}}_{2}^{ - }\) –N approached 100 mg/L, and the ratios of \(\Delta {\text{NO}}_{2}^{ - } - {\text{N}}:\Delta {\text{NH}}_{4}^{ + } - {\text{N and }}\Delta {\text{NO}}_{3}^{ - } - {\text{N}}:\Delta {\text{NH}}_{4}^{ + } - {\text{N}}\) approached 2.2 and 1.3, respectively. Both greatly deviated from theoretical values. When influent pH was above 7.5, effluent \({\text{NH}}_{4}^{ + }\) –N and \({\text{NO}}_{2}^{ - }\) –N increased with increasing pH. At pH 9.0, ammonium removal rate (ARR) and nitrite removal rate (NRR) decreased to 0.011 ± 0.004 and 0.035 ± 0.004 kg/(m3·d), respectively. Besides, \(\Delta {\text{NO}}_{2}^{ - }\) –N: \(\Delta {\text{NH}}_{4}^{ + }\) –N deviated from theoretical value. Longer recovery time from pH 9.0 than from pH 6.0 indicated that alkaline surroundings inhibited anaerobic ammonium oxidizing bacteria (AAOB) greater. The sludge settling velocity was 2.15 cm/s at pH 7.5. However, it decreased to 2.02 cm/s when pH was 9.0. Acidic pH had little effect on sludge size, but disintegration of ANAMMOX granule was achieved with pH of 9.0. The Bell-shaped (A) model and the Ratkowsky model were more applicable to simulate the effect resulting from pH shock on ANAMMOX activity (R2 > 0.95), and both could describe ANAMMOX activity well with pH shock. They indicated that qmax was 0.37 kg \(\Delta {\text{NH}}_{4}^{ + }\) –N/(kgMLSS·d) at the optimum pH value (7.47) in present study. The minimum pH during which ANAMMOX occurred was 5.68 while the maximum pH for ANAMMOX reaction was 9.26. Based on nitrogen removal performance with different pH, strongly acidic (pH ≤ 6.5) or alkaline (pH ≥ 8.5) inhibited ANAMMOX process. Besides, ANAMMOX appeared to be more susceptible to alkaline wastewater. Compared to extremely acidic condition (low pH), extremely alkaline condition (high pH) affected ANAMMOX granules much more.
      PubDate: 2017-04-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s10532-017-9793-x
  • Response of performance and bacterial community to oligotrophic stress in
           biofilm systems for raw water pretreatment
    • Authors: Li-juan Feng; Rong Jia; Jing-ya Sun; Jing Wang; Zheng-hui Lv; Jun Mu; Guang-feng Yang
      Abstract: Understanding the dynamics of performance and bacterial community of biofilm under oligotrophic stress is necessary for the process optimization and risk management in biofilm systems for raw water pretreatment. In this study, biofilm obtained from a pilot-scale biofilm reactor was inoculated into a pilot-scale experimental tank for the treatment of oligotrophic raw water. Results showed that the removal of NH4 +–N was impaired in biofilm systems when influent NH4 +–N was less than 0.35 mg L−1 or NH4 +–N loading rate of less than 7.51 mg L−1 day−1. The dominant bacteria detected in biofilm of different carrier were obvious distinct from phylum to genus level under oligotrophic stress. The dominant bacteria in elastic stereo media carrier changed from Proteobacteria (51.1%) to Firmicutes (32.7%), while Proteobacteria was always dominant in suspended ball carrier after long-term operation under oligotrophic conditions. Oligotrophic stress largely decreased the functional bacteria for the removal of nitrogen and organics including many genera in Proteobacteria and Nitrospirae, but increased several genera with spore forming organisms or potential bacterial pathogens in ESM carrier mainly including Bacillus, Mycobacterium, Pseudomonas, etc.
      PubDate: 2017-04-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s10532-017-9792-y
  • Changes in the microbial community during repeated anaerobic microbial
           dechlorination of pentachlorophenol
    • Authors: Hui Tong; Manjia Chen; Fangbai Li; Chengshuai Liu; Changzhong Liao
      Abstract: Pentachlorophenol (PCP) has been widely used as a pesticide in paddy fields and has imposed negative ecological effect on agricultural soil systems, which are in typically anaerobic conditions. In this study, we investigated the effect of repeated additions of PCP to paddy soil on the microbial communities under anoxic conditions. Acetate was added as the carbon source to induce and accelerate cycles of the PCP degradation. A maximum degradation rate occurred at the 11th cycle, which completely transformed 32.3 μM (8.6 mg L−1) PCP in 5 days. Illumina high throughput sequencing of 16S rRNA gene was used to profile the diversity and abundance of microbial communities at each interval and the results showed that the phyla of Bacteroidates, Firmicutes, Proteobacteria, and Euryarchaeota had a dominant presence in the PCP-dechlorinating cultures. Methanosarcina, Syntrophobotulus, Anaeromusa, Zoogloea, Treponema, W22 (family of Cloacamonaceae), and unclassified Cloacamonales were found to be the dominant genera during PCP dechlorination with acetate. The microbial community structure became relatively stable as cycles increased. Treponema, W22, and unclassified Cloacamonales were firstly observed to be associated with PCP dechlorination in the present study. Methanosarcina that have been isolated or identified in PCP dechlorination cultures previously was apparently enriched in the PCP dechlorination cultures. Additionally, the iron-cycling bacteria Syntrophobotulus, Anaeromusa, and Zoogloea were enriched in the PCP dechlorination cultures indicated they were likely to play an important role in PCP dechlorination. These findings increase our understanding for the microbial and geochemical interactions inherent in the transformation of organic contaminants from iron rich soil, and further extend our knowledge of the PCP-transforming microbial communities in anaerobic soil conditions.
      PubDate: 2017-03-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s10532-017-9791-z
  • Enhanced roles of biochar and organic fertilizer in microalgae for soil
           carbon sink
    • Authors: Shiping Zhang; Liang Wang; Wei Wei; Jiajun Hu; Shouhua Mei; Quanyu Zhao; Yiu Fai Tsang
      Abstract: Improved soil carbon sink capability is important for the mitigation of carbon dioxide emissions and the enhancement of soil productivity. Biochar and organic fertilizer (OF) showed a significant improving effect on microalgae in soil carbon sink capacity, and the ultimate soil total organic carbons with microalgae-OF, microalgae-biochar, microalgae-OF-biochar were about 16, 67 and 58% higher than that with microalgae alone, respectively, indicating that carbon fixation efficiency of microalgae applied in soil was improved with biochar and OF whilst the soil carbon capacity was promoted, the mechanism of which is illustrated through simulative experiments. Organic fertilizer could spur algal conversion of carbon into cell molecules by increasing intracellular polysaccharide production of microalgae. Biochar could change carbon metabolism pathway of microalgae through altering the yield of intracellular saccharides, and yield and type of extracellular saccharides. There was a superimposition effect on the soil carbon sink when biochar and OF were both present with microalgae.
      PubDate: 2017-03-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s10532-017-9790-0
  • Impact of biogenic substrates on sulfamethoxazole biodegradation kinetics
           by Achromobacter denitrificans strain PR1
    • Authors: P. Y. Nguyen; Gilda Carvalho; A. C. Reis; O. C. Nunes; M. A. M. Reis; A. Oehmen
      Abstract: Pure cultures have been found to degrade pharmaceutical compounds. However, these cultures are rarely characterized kinetically at environmentally relevant concentrations. This study investigated the kinetics of sulfamethoxazole (SMX) degradation by Achromobacter denitrificans strain PR1 at a wide range of concentrations, from ng/L to mg/L, to assess the feasibility of using it for bioaugmentation purposes. Complete removal of SMX occurred for all concentrations tested, i.e., 150 mg/L, 500 µg/L, 20 µg/L, and 600 ng/L. The reaction rate coefficients (kbio) for the strain at the ng/L SMX range were: 63.4 ± 8.6, 570.1 ± 15.1 and 414.9 ± 124.2 L/g \({\text{X}}_{\text{SS}}\) ·day), for tests fed without a supplemental carbon source, with acetate, and with succinate, respectively. These results were significantly higher than the value reported for non-augmented activated sludge (0.41 L/(g  \({\text{X}}_{\text{SS}}\) ·day) with hundreds of ng/L of SMX. The simultaneous consumption of an additional carbon source and SMX suggested that the energetic efficiency of the cells, boosted by the presence of biogenic substrates, was important in increasing the SMX degradation rate. The accumulation of 3-amino-5-methylisoxazole was observed as the only metabolite, which was found to be non-toxic. SMX inhibited the Vibrio fischeri luminescence after 5 min of contact, with EC50 values of about 53 mg/L. However, this study suggested that the strain PR1 still can degrade SMX up to 150 mg/L. The results of this work demonstrated that SMX degradation kinetics by A. denitrificans PR1 compares favorably with activated sludge and the strain is a potentially interesting organism for bioaugmentation for SMX removal from polluted waters.
      PubDate: 2017-03-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s10532-017-9789-6
  • The metabolic pathway of metamifop degradation by consortium ME-1 and its
           bacterial community structure
    • Authors: Weiliang Dong; Kuan Liu; Fei Wang; Fengxue Xin; Wenming Zhang; Min Zhang; Hao Wu; Jiangfeng Ma; Min Jiang
      Abstract: Metamifop is universally used in agriculture as a post-emergence aryloxyphenoxy propionate herbicide (AOPP), however its microbial degradation mechanism remains unclear. Consortium ME-1 isolated from AOPP-contaminated soil can degrade metamifop completely after 6 days and utilize it as the carbon source for bacterial growth. Meanwhile, consortium ME-1 possessed the ability to degrade metamifop stably under a wide range of pH (6.0–10.0) or temperature (20–42 °C). HPLC–MS analysis shows that N-(2-fluorophenyl)-2-(4-hydroxyphenoxy)-N-methyl propionamide, 2-(4-hydroxyphenoxy)-propionic acid, 6-chloro-2-benzoxazolinone and N-methyl-2-fluoroaniline, were detected and identified as four intermediate metabolites. Based on the metabolites identified, a putative metabolic pathway of metamifop was proposed for the first time. In addition, the consortium ME-1 was also able to transform or degrade other AOPP such as fenoxaprop-p-ethyl, clodinafop-propargyl, quizalofop-p-ethyl and cyhalofop-butyl. Moreover, the community structure of ME-1 with lower microbial diversity compared with the initial soil sample was investigated by high throughput sequencing. β-Proteobacteria and Sphingobacteria were the largest class with sequence percentages of 46.6% and 27.55% at the class level. In addition, 50 genera were classified in consortium ME-1, of which Methylobacillus, Sphingobacterium, Bordetella and Flavobacterium were the dominant genera with sequence percentages of 25.79, 25.61, 14.68 and 9.55%, respectively.
      PubDate: 2017-03-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s10532-017-9787-8
  • Simultaneous di-oxygenation and denitrification in an internal circulation
           baffled bioreactor
    • Authors: Ling Jiang; Yingxia Tang; Weihua Sun; Na Yi; Yongming Zhang; Hanchang Shi; Bruce E. Rittmann
      Abstract: An internal circulation baffled bioreactor was employed to realize simultaneous di-oxygenation of phthalic acid (PA) and denitrification of nitrate, which require aerobic and anoxic conditions, respectively. Adding a small concentration of succinate as an exogenous electron donor stimulated PA di-oxygenation, which produced readily oxidizable downstream products whose oxidation also enhanced denitrification of nitrate; succinate addition also stimulated denitrification. Depending on the concentration of PA, addition of 0.17 mM succinate increased the PA removal rate by 25 and 42%, while the corresponding nitrate removal rate was increased by 73 and 51%. UV/H2O2 advanced oxidation of PA had the same effects as adding succinate, since succinate is generated by UV/H2O2; this acceleration effect was approximately equivalent to adding 0.17 mM succinate.
      PubDate: 2017-03-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s10532-017-9788-7
  • Important amino acid residues of hexachlorocyclohexane dehydrochlorinases
           (LinA) for enantioselective transformation of hexachlorocyclohexane
    • Authors: Nidhi Shrivastava; Ankit S. Macwan; Hans-Peter E. Kohler; Ashwani Kumar
      Abstract: LinA-type1 and LinA-type2 are two well-characterized variants of the enzyme ‘hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH)-dehydrochlorinase’. They differ from each other at ten amino acid positions and exhibit differing enantioselectivity for the transformation of the (–) and (+) enantiomers of α-HCH. Amino acids responsible for this enantioselectivity, however, are not known. An in silico docking analysis identified four amino acids (K20, L96, A131, and T133) in LinA-type1 that could be involved in selective binding of the substrates. Experimental studies with constructed mutant enzymes revealed that a combined presence of three amino acid changes in LinA-type1, i.e. K20Q, L96C, and A131G, caused a reversal in its preference from the (–) to the (+) enantiomer of α-HCH. This preference was enhanced by the additional amino acid change T133 M. Presence of these four changes also caused the reversal of enantioselectivity of LinA-type1 for δ-HCH, and β-, γ-, and δ-pentachlorocyclohexens. Thus, the residues K20, L96, A131, and T133 in LinA-type1 and the residues Q20, C96, G131, and M133 in LinA-type 2 appear to be important determinants for the enantioselectivity of LinA enzymes.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10532-017-9786-9
  • Nitrogen removal performance of anaerobic ammonia oxidation (ANAMMOX) in
           presence of organic matter
    • Authors: Weiqiang Zhu; Peiyu Zhang; Deshuang Yu; Huiyu Dong; Jin Li
      Abstract: A sequencing batch reactor (SBR) was used to test the nitrogen removal performance of anaerobic ammonium oxidation (ANAMMOX) in presence of organic matter. Mesophilic operation (30 ± 0.5 °C) was performed with influent pH 7.5. The results showed, independent of organic matter species, ANAMMOX reaction was promoted when COD was lower than 80 mg/L. However, specific ANAMMOX activity decreased with increasing organic matter content. Ammonium removal efficiency decreased to 80% when COD of sodium succinate, sodium potassium tartrate, peptone and lactose were 192.5, 210, 225 and 325 mg/L, respectively. The stoichiometry ratio resulting from different OM differed largely and R1 could be as an indicator for OM inhibition. When COD concentration was 240 mg/L, the loss of SAA resulting from lactose, peptone, sodium potassium tartrate and sodium succinate were 28, 36, 50 and 55%, respectively. Sodium succinate had the highest inhibitory effect on SAA. When ANAMMOX process was used to treat wastewater containing OM, the modified Logistic model could be employed to predict the NREmax.
      PubDate: 2017-02-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s10532-017-9785-x
  • Characterization of a novel micro-pressure swirl reactor for removal of
           chemical oxygen demand and total nitrogen from domestic wastewater at low
    • Authors: Qingkai Ren; Yang Yu; Suiyi Zhu; Dejun Bian; Mingxin Huo; Dandan Zhou; Hongliang Huo
      Abstract:  A novel micro-pressure swirl reactor (MPSR) was designed and applied to treat domestic wastewater at low temperature by acclimating microbial biomass with steadily decreasing temperature from 15 to 3 °C. Chemical oxygen demand (COD) was constantly removed by 85% and maintained below 50 mg L−1 in the effluent during the process. When the air flow was controlled at 0.2 m3 h−1, a swirl circulation was formed in the reactor, which created a dissolved oxygen (DO) gradient with a low DO zone in the center and a high DO zone in the periphery for denitrification and nitrification. 81% of total nitrogen was removed by this reactor, in which ammonium was reduced by over 90%. However, denitrification was less effective because of the presence of low levels of oxygen. The progressively decreasing temperature favored acclimation of psychrophilic bacteria in the reactor, which replaced mesophilic bacteria in the process of treatment.
      PubDate: 2017-02-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s10532-017-9784-y
  • Biodegradation of 5-chloro-2-picolinic acid by novel identified
           co-metabolizing degrader Achromobacter sp. f1
    • Authors: Zhi-Guo Wu; Fang Wang; Li-Qun Ning; Robert D. Stedtfeld; Zong-Zheng Yang; Jing-Guo Cao; Hong-Jie Sheng; Xin Jiang
      Abstract: Several bacteria have been isolated to degrade 4-chloronitrobenzene. Degradation of 4-chloronitrobenzene by Cupriavidus sp. D4 produces 5-chloro-2-picolinic acid as a dead-end by-product, a potential pollutant. To date, no bacterium that degrades 5-chloro-2-picolinic acid has been reported. Strain f1, isolated from a soil polluted by 4-chloronitrobenzene, was able to co-metabolize 5-chloro-2-picolinic acid in the presence of ethanol or other appropriate carbon sources. The strain was identified as Achromobacter sp. based on its physiological, biochemical characteristics, and 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. The organism completely degraded 50, 100 and 200 mg L−1 of 5-chloro-2-picolinic acid within 48, 60, and 72 h, respectively. During the degradation of 5-chloro-2-picolinic acid, Cl− was released. The initial metabolic product of 5-chloro-2-picolinic acid was identified as 6-hydroxy-5-chloro-2-picolinic acid by LC–MS and NMR. Using a mixed culture of Achromobacter sp. f1 and Cupriavidus sp. D4 for degradation of 4-chloronitrobenzen, 5-chloro-2-picolinic acid did not accumulate. Results infer that Achromobacter sp. f1 can be used for complete biodegradation of 4-chloronitrobenzene in remedial applications.
      PubDate: 2017-02-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s10532-017-9783-z
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