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  Subjects -> BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (Total: 2609 journals)
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    - BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1032 journals)
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BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1032 journals)            First | 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 | Last

Latin American Business Review     Hybrid Journal  
Latin American Journal of Business Management     Open Access  
Letters in Spatial and Resource Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Logistics Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Long Range Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Main Economic Indicators - Principaux indicateurs economiques     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Management Dynamics in the Knowledge Economy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Management Science and Economic Review     Open Access  
Margin The Journal of Applied Economic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Maritime Economics & Logistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Maritime Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Marketing Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Mathematical Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Mathematical Methods of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Mathematics and Financial Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Mathematics of Operations Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Measuring Business Excellence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Mergent s Dividend Achievers     Hybrid Journal  
Mergent s Handbook of Common Stocks     Hybrid Journal  
Metroeconomica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Middle East Development Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Middle East Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Millennial Asia     Hybrid Journal  
Mineral Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Minerals & Energy - Raw Materials Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Modern Language Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Monographs of the Society for Research In Child Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Multinational Business Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Mundo Amazónico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nankai Business Review International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
National Identities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
National Institute Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Navus - Revista de Gestão e Tecnologia     Open Access  
NETNOMICS: Economic Research and Electronic Networking     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
New Directions for Child & Adolescent Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
New Directions for Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
New Directions for Philanthropic Fundraising     Hybrid Journal  
New knowledge Journal of science     Open Access  
New Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
New Technology, Work and Employment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
New Zealand Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Nonprofit Business Advisor     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Norteamérica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Northern Scotland     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Northwestern Journal of Technology and Intellectual Property     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Notfall + Rettungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Nova Economia     Open Access  
Observatoire de la société britannique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Observatorio Laboral Revista Venezolana     Open Access  
Occupational Ergonomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
OECD Economic Outlook     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
OECD Economic Surveys     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
OECD Journal : Journal of Business Cycle Measurement and Analysis     Full-text available via subscription  
OECD Journal on Budgeting     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
OECD Journal on Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
OECD Observer     Free   (Followers: 9)
OECD Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Omega     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Open Economies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Operations Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
OPSEARCH     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
OR Insight     Partially Free  
Organisational and Social Dynamics: An International Journal of Psychoanalytic, Systemic and Group Relations Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Organisationsberatung, Supervision, Coaching     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Organizacija     Open Access  
Organization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Organization & Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Organization and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Organization Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Organizational Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Organizational Research Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Oxford Development Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Oxford Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Oxford Review of Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Oxonomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pacific Asia Journal of the Association for Information Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Pacific Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pacific-Basin Finance Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Pensions An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Performance Improvement Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Personnel Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Perspectives economiques de l'OCDE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Perspectives of Innovations, Economics and Business     Open Access  
Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
PharmacoEconomics & Outcomes News     Full-text available via subscription  
Planned Giving Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Politics, Philosophy & Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Population and Development Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Population Research and Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Poroi     Open Access  
Portuguese Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Post-Communist Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pouvoirs dans la Caraïbe     Open Access  
Practice Development in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Primary Health Care Research & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
PRISM : A Journal of Regional Engagement     Open Access   (Followers: 3)

  First | 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 | Last

Journal Cover Social Development
   Journal TOC RSS feeds Export to Zotero [6 followers]  Follow    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
     ISSN (Print) 0961-205X - ISSN (Online) 1467-9507
     Published by John Wiley and Sons Homepage  [1604 journals]   [SJR: 1.518]   [H-I: 48]
  • Justice Sensitivity in Childhood and Adolescence
    • Authors: Rebecca Bondü; Birgit Elsner
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Individuals differ in their sensitivity toward injustice. Justice‐sensitive persons perceive injustice more frequently and show stronger responses to it. Justice sensitivity has been studied predominantly in adults; little is known about its development in childhood and adolescence and its connection to prosocial behavior and emotional and behavioral problems. This study evaluates a version of the justice sensitivity inventory for children and adolescents (JSI‐CA5) in 1472 9‐ to 17‐year olds. Items and scales showed good psychometric properties and correlations with prosocial behavior and conduct problems similar to findings in adults, supporting the reliability and validity of the scale. We found individual differences in justice sensitivity as a function of age and gender. Furthermore, justice sensitivity predicted emotional and behavioral problems in children and adolescents over a 1‐ to 2‐year period. Justice sensitivity perspectives can therefore be considered as risk and/or protective factors for mental health in childhood and adolescence.
      PubDate: 2014-10-12T02:46:08.849078-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12098
       
  • Mothers' and Fathers' Emotion Socialization and Children's Emotion
           Regulation: A Within‐Family Model
    • Authors: Elizabeth A. Shewark; Alysia Y. Blandon
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: In the current study, we examined whether mothers' and fathers' reactions to young children's positive and negative emotions were associated with children's negativity and emotion regulation. We utilized a within‐family design with 70 families (mother, father, and two siblings between the ages of 2 and 5 years). Mothers and fathers completed questionnaires about their emotion socialization as well as children's negativity and emotion regulation. Results indicated that mothers' and fathers' unsupportive reactions to children's positive emotions were associated with children's negativity. Fathers' unsupportive reactions to children's emotional displays were differentially associated with older and younger siblings' emotion regulation. Fathers' unsupportive responses to children's positive and negative emotions also contributed jointly to children's emotion regulation. The results suggest that exploring the within‐family correlates of children's emotion regulation and negativity is useful for understanding children's emotional development.
      PubDate: 2014-10-01T00:11:59.230967-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12095
       
  • Temperament, Parenting, and Moral Development: Specificity of Behavior and
           Context
    • Authors: Mairin E. Augustine; Cynthia A. Stifter
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: This longitudinal study highlights the role of specific parenting behaviors in specific contexts when predicting moral development in children of varying temperament types. A sample of mother–child dyads took part in a competing demands task involving differing ‘do’ and ‘don't’ contextual demands when the child was 2 years of age. Child temperament was also assessed at this time, yielding inhibited, exuberant, and low‐reactive temperament groups. Children's moral behavior was assessed at 5.5 years of age. Models examining the interaction of temperament and mother behaviors in each context indicated that mother's reasoning/explanation and ignoring in the ‘do’ context predicted later moral behavior in inhibited children whereas redirection and commands in the ‘don't’ context predicted moral behavior in exuberant children.
      PubDate: 2014-10-01T00:11:46.99093-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12092
       
  • When Prejudice Is Popular: Implications for Discriminatory Behavior
    • Authors: V. Paul Poteat
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Prejudice and popularity represent two major areas of research. Yet studies have not considered whether prejudiced adolescents actually can be popular. Among 572 high school students (Mage = 15.80 years), the current study tested the association between popularity (based on sociometric peer nominations) and sexual prejudice against gay and lesbian individuals, moderated by gender and perspective taking. As hypothesized, the association was significant for males but not females, and it was significant for adolescents lower on perspective taking but not those higher on perspective taking. Moreover, adolescents who were popular and expressed strong sexual prejudice were more likely to engage in homophobic behavior than prejudiced adolescents who were less popular. Popular adolescents with strong sexual prejudice beliefs may be more prone to use homophobic behavior as a way to maintain their dominant position. Similarly, prejudiced adolescents who are popular may face less pushback for their engagement in homophobic behavior. Continued attention to the connection between sexual prejudice and popularity is important because of the high status, influence, and visibility of popular adolescents.
      PubDate: 2014-09-23T22:57:15.553657-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12096
       
  • On the Nature of Toddlers' Helping: Helping or Interest in Others'
           Activity?
    • Authors: Jeremy I. M. Carpendale; Viktoria A. Kettner, Karyn N. Audet
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Toddlers' helping has been interpreted as early evidence of cooperation and altruism. We consider whether this important social activity might, instead, be due to toddlers' interest in participating in the activity of others, and we illustrate this possibility with diary observations of infants' social and communicative development. This alternative view of toddlers' helping as one manifestation of a more‐general tendency for social engagement requires a different approach to the explanation of this aspect of social development. We argue for a relational developmental systems account of the emergence and further development of infants' social and emotional engagement leading to toddlers' helping.
      PubDate: 2014-09-23T22:57:07.306321-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12094
       
  • Maternal Frontal EEG Asymmetry and Chronic Stressors Moderate the Link
           between Child Conduct Problems and Maternal Negativity
    • Authors: Nan Chen; Martha Ann Bell, Kirby Deater‐Deckard
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Frontal electroencephalographic (EEG) asymmetry is associated with individual differences in positive/negative emotionality and approach/avoidance tendencies. The current study examined the moderating role of maternal resting frontal EEG asymmetry on the link between child behavior problems and maternal harsh parenting within the context of differing degrees of chronic family stressors (father unemployment, single parenthood, caring for multiple children, and household chaos). The sample included 121 mother–child pairs. Results showed that stressors and frontal EEG asymmetry together moderated the link. Child problem behaviors were moderately associated with greater maternal negativity for mothers with right frontal asymmetry, or mothers who experienced more stressors. However, no association existed between child behavior problems and maternal negativity for mothers with few stressors and left frontal asymmetry. The findings implicate transactions between household stress and a psychophysiological indicator of maternal emotional reactivity and mothers' approach/avoidance tendencies in the etiology of parental negativity toward challenging child behaviors.
      PubDate: 2014-09-16T07:43:54.910418-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12093
       
  • Homophobic Name‐calling, Peer‐groups, and Masculinity: The
           Socialization of Homophobic Behavior in Adolescents
    • Authors: Michelle Birkett; Dorothy L. Espelage
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Social network analysis and multilevel modeling were used to examine the formation of homophobic name‐calling behavior in adolescents. Specifically, peer group contextual and socialization effects on homophobic name‐calling as well as the influence of masculinity attitudes, general bullying perpetration, and victimization were tested. Participants included 493 fifth‐ through eighth‐grade students from two middle schools. Results indicated that peer groups play an important role in the formation of homophobic name‐calling. Additionally, students who were victims of homophobic name‐calling over time increased their own perpetration of homophobic name‐calling. Non‐homophobic bullying was also related to homophobic name‐calling, but only for male peer groups. And finally, the role of masculinity attitudes was shown to be complex, as peer group masculinity attitudes were significantly predictive of an individual's homophobic perpetration; however, this effect did not remain significant over time. Results suggest that homophobic name‐calling during early adolescence is strongly influenced by peers and rooted in gender and masculinity.
      PubDate: 2014-08-20T00:40:16.619116-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12085
       
  • ‘Let's Talk about Emotions!’. The Effect of Conversational
           
    • Authors: Veronica Ornaghi; Ilaria Grazzani, Elisa Cherubin, Elisabetta Conte, Francesca Piralli
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: We investigated whether conversational intervention focused on emotions could promote the development of emotion comprehension (EC), theory of mind (ToM), and prosocial orientation in preschoolers. Seventy‐five 4‐ to 5‐year‐old children (Mage at pre‐test: 5 years and 1 month; standard deviation = 6.83 months), assigned to experimental and control conditions, were pre‐ and post‐tested for verbal ability, EC, false‐belief understanding, and prosocial orientation. Over a 6‐week intervention, all children were presented with brief illustrated scenarios based on emotional scripts. The training group was then involved in conversations about the nature, causes, and regulation of emotion whereas the control group engaged in free play, where conversation was minimized. The training group outperformed the control group in EC and prosocial orientation, even after controlling for gains in verbal ability whereas no differences were found for children's false‐belief understanding. The positive effect remained stable over time. Practical implications of the findings are discussed.
      PubDate: 2014-08-18T06:48:00.814436-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12091
       
  • Conceptualization and Assessment of Multiple Forms of Social Withdrawal in
           Turkey
    • Authors: Sevgi Bayram Özdemir; Charissa S. L. Cheah, Robert J. Coplan
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: We examined the meaning, assessment, and implications of different forms of social withdrawal in Turkey across two studies. In study 1, semi‐structured interviews were conducted with children, mothers, and teachers to identify descriptors of social withdrawal. Shyness and unsociability were confirmed through content analyses, and regulated withdrawal, a new subtype characterized by overregulation of behaviors and suppression of own desires during social interactions, was revealed. Based on these findings, the child social preference scale, an established North American measure of social withdrawal, was revised. In study 2, a confirmatory factor analysis on a sample of 599 9–11‐year‐old children revealed three distinct forms of social withdrawal. Shyness was related to a wider range of child adjustment difficulties than unsociability and regulated withdrawal, although all forms of withdrawal were associated with child adjustment difficulties, providing support for the importance of children's active involvement in social relationships for their positive development and well‐being.
      PubDate: 2014-07-29T23:33:16.195623-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12088
       
  • The Effects of Early Institutionalization and Foster Care Intervention on
           Children's Social Behaviors at the Age of Eight
    • Authors: Alisa N. Almas; Kathryn A. Degnan, Olga L. Walker, Anca Radulescu, Charles A. Nelson, Charles H. Zeanah, Nathan A. Fox
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: The present study compared the social behaviors of eight‐year‐old previously institutionalized Romanian children from the Bucharest Early Intervention Project (BEIP) in two groups: (1) children randomized to foster care homes (FCG), and (2) children randomized to care as usual (remaining in institutions) (CAUG). Children were observed interacting with an age‐ and gender‐matched unfamiliar, non‐institutionalized peer from the community during six interactive tasks, and their behavior was coded for speech reticence, social engagement, task orientation, social withdrawal, and conversational competence. Group comparisons revealed that FCG children were rated as significantly less reticent during a speech task than CAUG children. For CAUG children, longer time spent in institutional care was related to greater speech reticence and lower social engagement. Using an actor–partner interdependence model, CAUG children's behaviors, but not FCG, were found to influence the behavior of unfamiliar peers. These findings are the first to characterize institutionalized children's observed social behaviors toward new peers during middle childhood and highlight the positive effects of foster care intervention in the social domain.
      PubDate: 2014-07-25T23:30:07.618083-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12089
       
  • Children's Beliefs About Self‐disclosure to Friends Regarding
           Academic Achievement
    • Authors: Zhenxin Zhang; Gail D. Heyman, Genyue Fu, Di Zhang, Yue Yang, Kang Lee
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Self‐disclosure to friends is a potentially useful way for children to pursue a range of desired goals. Here we examined reasoning about the appropriateness of disclosing one's own academic outcomes in a sample of 7‐, 9‐, 11‐, 13‐, and 15‐year‐old Chinese participants (N = 150). The valence of (1) the outcomes to be disclosed and (2) the corresponding outcomes for the potential audience for the disclosure was manipulated factorially, and participants judged whether disclosure was advisable and explained their responses. Disclosure was seen as more appropriate under valence‐matching conditions than valence‐mismatching conditions. How participants judged each type of disclosure under valence‐mismatching conditions varied as a function of participant age: As compared with younger participants, older participants considered disclosure of weak performance to a stronger performer more acceptable and disclosure of strong performance to a weaker performer less acceptable. These findings suggest that older children are more likely than younger children to appreciate that self‐disclosing positive performance outcomes can bring social costs, and that self‐disclosing negative performance outcomes can bring social benefits.
      PubDate: 2014-07-25T23:19:14.891441-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12090
       
  • Role of Various Fault Attributions and Other Factors in Children's
           Anticipated Response to Hypothetical Peers With Undesirable
           Characteristics
    • Authors: Mark A. Barnett; Taylor W. Wadian, Tammy L. Sonnentag, Marcella B. Nichols
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Two studies examined the role of various fault attributions and other factors in children's anticipated response to hypothetical peers described as having an undesirable characteristic. The children were found to distinguish among various fault attributions (i.e., general, onset, and perpetuation; study 1), and they tended to agree more strongly that the peers were responsible for the perpetuation than the onset of these characteristics (studies 1 and 2). In study 1, perceiving an aggressive or overweight peer as similar to a friend and believing that the overweight peer will overcome this undesirable characteristic were found to be associated with a relatively favorable response to these peers. The more strongly the children agreed that (1) an aggressive peer is generally at fault for his/her undesirable characteristic (study 1) and (2) peers who are aggressive, overweight, shy, or a poor student are at fault for the onset of their undesirable characteristics (study 2), the less favorably they anticipated responding to these peers. Unexpectedly, attributing responsibility to forces ‘outside the peer's control’ (i.e., parents and biology) for his/her undesirable characteristic in study 2 was not found to be associated with a relatively favorable response to any peer with an undesirable characteristic.
      PubDate: 2014-07-25T23:03:14.397722-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12087
       
  • Political Violence and Adolescent Out‐group Attitudes and Prosocial
           Behaviors: Implications for Positive Inter‐group Relations
    • Authors: Laura K. Taylor; Christine E. Merrilees, Marcie C. Goeke‐Morey, Peter Shirlow, Ed Cairns, E. Mark Cummings
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: The negative impact of political violence on adolescent adjustment is well established. Less is known about factors that affect adolescents' positive outcomes in ethnically divided societies, especially influences on prosocial behaviors toward the out‐group, which may promote constructive relations. For example, understanding how inter‐group experiences and attitudes motivate out‐group helping may foster inter‐group co‐operation and help to consolidate peace. The current study investigated adolescents' overall and out‐group prosocial behaviors across two time points in Belfast, Northern Ireland (N = 714 dyads; 49% male; Time 1: M = 14.7, SD = 2.0, years old). Controlling for Time 1 prosocial behaviors, age, and gender, multi‐variate structural equation modeling showed that experience with inter‐group sectarian threat predicted fewer out‐group prosocial behaviors at Time 2 at the trend level. On the other hand, greater experience of intra‐group non‐sectarian threat at Time 1 predicted more overall and out‐group prosocial behaviors at Time 2. Moreover, positive out‐group attitudes strengthened the link between intra‐group threat and out‐group prosocial behaviors one year later. Finally, experience with intra‐group non‐sectarian threat and out‐group prosocial behaviors at Time 1 was related to more positive out‐group attitudes at Time 2. The implications for youth development and inter‐group relations in post‐accord societies are discussed.
      PubDate: 2014-07-03T22:11:40.939629-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12074
       
  • ‘An Earthquake Shocked Up the Land!’ Children's Communication
           During Play With Siblings and Friends
    • Authors: Jamie Leach; Nina Howe, Ganie Dehart
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: The construction of shared meanings strategies (e.g., introductions, extensions) and use of internal state language (e.g., references to mental states) during play were examined across two relationship contexts (siblings and friends) in 65 focal kindergarten‐aged children (M age = 56.4 months; SD = 5.71 months). Strategies to construct shared meanings were associated with play session; specifically focal children employed introductions more often with their siblings whereas positive/neutral responses and prosocial strategies were used more frequently with their friends. Findings regarding birth order position indicated that older focal children were more likely to engage in non‐maintenance (e.g., negative) behaviors and explanations with their siblings whereas younger focal children employed extensions of play ideas more often with their siblings than friends. Associations between shared meaning strategies and internal state language were positively correlated across both relationship contexts, with more significant associations found in the sibling play session. Findings highlight the high level of sophisticated play interaction among children during play; these interactions were rich and varied and are discussed in light of recent research and theory.
      PubDate: 2014-07-01T02:10:22.542879-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12086
       
  • Predicting Sympathy and Prosocial Behavior From Young Children's
           Dispositional Sadness
    • Authors: Alison Edwards; Nancy Eisenberg, Tracy L. Spinrad, Mark Reiser, Natalie D. Eggum-Wilkens, Jeffrey Liew
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine whether dispositional sadness predicted children's prosocial behavior and if sympathy mediated this relation. Constructs were measured when children (n = 256 at time 1) were 18, 30, and 42 months old. Mothers and non-parental caregivers rated children's sadness; mothers, caregivers, and fathers rated children's prosocial behavior; sympathy (concern and hypothesis testing) and prosocial behavior (indirect and direct, as well as verbal at older ages) were assessed with a task in which the experimenter feigned injury. In a panel path analysis, 30-month dispositional sadness predicted marginally higher 42-month sympathy; in addition, 30-month sympathy predicted 42-month sadness. Moreover, when controlling for prior levels of prosocial behavior, 30-month sympathy significantly predicted reported and observed prosocial behavior at 42 months. Sympathy did not mediate the relation between sadness and prosocial behavior (either reported or observed).
      PubDate: 2014-06-02T21:06:57.512751-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12084
       
  • Effects of Person- and Process-focused Feedback on Prosocial Behavior in
           Middle Childhood
    • Authors: Julie C. Dunsmore
      Abstract: The effects of person- and process-focused feedback, parental lay theories, and prosocial self-concept on children's prosocial behavior were investigated with 143 9- and 10-year-old children who participated in a single session. Parents reported entity (person-focused) and incremental (process-focused) beliefs related to prosocial behavior. Children completed measures of prosocial self-concept, then participated in a virtual online chat with child actors who asked for help with service projects. After completing the chat, children could assist with the service projects. In the first cohort, children were randomly assigned to receive person-focused, process-focused, or control feedback about sympathy. In the second cohort, with newly recruited families, children received no feedback. When given process-focused feedback, children spent less time helping and worked on fewer service projects. When given no feedback, children spent less time helping when parents held incremental (process-focused) beliefs. Children with higher prosocial self-concept who received no feedback worked on more service projects.
      PubDate: 2014-06-02T21:06:32.230435-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12082
       
  • Emotion Knowledge, Loneliness, Negative Social Experiences, and
           Internalizing Symptoms Among Low-income Preschoolers
    • Authors: Justin E. Heinze; Alison L. Miller, Ronald Seifer, Susan Dickstein, Robin Locke
      Abstract: Children with poor emotion knowledge (EK) skills are at risk for externalizing problems; less is known about early internalizing behavior. We examined multiple facets of EK and social-emotional experiences relevant for internalizing difficulties, including loneliness, victimization, and peer rejection, in Head Start preschoolers (N = 134; M = 60 months). Results based on multiple informants suggest that facets of EK are differentially related to negative social-emotional experiences and internalizing behavior and that sex plays a moderating role. Behavioral EK was associated with self-reported loneliness, victimization/rejection, and parent-reported internalizing symptoms. Emotion recognition and expressive EK were related to self-reported loneliness, and emotion situation knowledge was related to parent-reported internalizing symptoms and negative peer nominations. Sex moderated many of these associations, suggesting that EK may operate differently for girls vs. boys in the preschool social context. Results are discussed with regard to the role of EK for social development and intervention implications.
      PubDate: 2014-05-26T21:07:00.646139-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12083
       
  • Body Image and Body Change Strategies Within Friendship Dyads and Groups:
           Implications for Adolescent Appearance-based Rejection Sensitivity
    • Authors: Haley J. Webb; Melanie J. Zimmer-Gembeck
      Abstract: Appearance-based rejection sensitivity (appearance-RS) consists of concerns about, and expectations of, rejection because of one's appearance (Park). This study examined dyadic- and group-level friendship characteristics as correlates of early adolescents' appearance-RS. Using subgroups of an initial sample of 380 participants, appearance-RS was examined within best friend relationships (N = 132, Mage = 13.84) and friendship groups (N = 186, Mage = 13.83). Overall, best friends were similar in their appearance-RS, body dissatisfaction, restrictive dieting, appearance-conditional self-worth, appearance values, and self-rated attractiveness. Similarities between individuals and their friendship groups were consistent with the findings for dyads, except for self-rated attractiveness and dieting. Appearance-RS was higher in adolescents whose best friends and friendship groups reported greater restrictive dieting and appearance-conditional self-worth. In general, associations did not differ for boys and girls, but having a higher proportion of boys in the friendship group was associated with lowered appearance concerns.
      PubDate: 2014-04-28T07:10:28.60871-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12081
       
  • Children's Observed Interactions With Best Friends: Associations With
           Friendship Jealousy and Satisfaction
    • Authors: Marike H. F. Deutz; Tessa A. M. Lansu, Antonius H. N. Cillessen
      Abstract: This study examined the role of friendship jealousy and satisfaction in nine-year-old children's observed interactions with their best friends. One hundred five dyads (51 female, 54 male) participated in a 30-min closed-field observational setting and reported their jealousy and satisfaction within the friendship. The Actor–Partner Interdependence Model was used to estimate the effects of friendship jealousy and satisfaction on children's own and their friends' behavior. Friends were highly similar in observed behavior and friendship characteristics. Many observed dyadic behaviors were associated with overall levels of jealousy within the friendship, but differences in friendship satisfaction were only predictive of conflict resolution in boys. Children's reports of their friendship jealousy were strongly related to their own behavior in the dyad and the behavior of their best friends. Gender differences were discussed. The results further illustrate the importance of a dyadic perspective on friendship interaction.
      PubDate: 2014-04-28T07:10:26.099032-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12080
       
  • Emotion Talk and Friend Responses Among Early Adolescent Same-sex Friend
           Dyads
    • Authors: John-Paul Legerski; Bridget K. Biggs, Andrea Follmer Greenhoot, Marilyn L. Sampilo
      Abstract: To better understand early adolescent emotion talk within close same-sex friendships, this observational study examined emotion talk, as measured by emotion term use, in relation to friend supportive and dismissive responses to such terms among 116 adolescents (58 friend dyads) in Grades 7–8 (56.9% female, M = 13.08, SD = .61). Partial intra-class correlation coefficients derived by using actor partner interdependence models revealed similarities in the frequency of dyad mates use of positive and negative emotions terms. Chi-square analyses indicated that when friends responded to participants' emotion talk supportively, rather than dismissively, participants were more likely to disclose emotions in subsequent utterances. Research and clinical implications for early adolescent emotional development are discussed.
      PubDate: 2014-04-28T07:10:23.190664-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12079
       
  • Predicting Children's Prosocial and Co‐operative Behavior from Their
           Temperamental Profiles: A Person‐centered Approach
    • Authors: Deborah Laible; Gustavo Carlo, Tia Murphy, Mairin Augustine, Scott Roesch
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: The goal of this study was to examine how aspects of self‐regulation and negative emotionality predicted children's co‐operative and prosocial behavior concurrently and longitudinally using the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development. Mothers completed measures of children's temperamental proneness to negative emotionality and self‐regulation at 54 months. Teachers and parents completed measures of children's co‐operative and prosocial behavior at 54 months, first grade, and third grade. A latent profile analysis of the temperamental variables revealed four profiles of children: those high in regulation and low in negative emotionality, those moderate in regulation and moderate in negative emotionality, those low in regulation and high in negative emotionality, and finally those who were very low in regulation but high in anger emotionality. Generally, children with profiles that were high or moderate in terms of regulation and low or moderate in terms of negative emotionality were rated as the most prosocial and co‐operative. Children with profiles that were less well regulated and who were high in negative emotionality (particularly anger proneness) were rated as less co‐operative and prosocial by parents and teachers.
      PubDate: 2014-01-05T21:11:25.3174-05:00
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12072
       
  • Early Maternal Depression and Social Skills in Adolescence: A Marginal
           Structural Modeling Approach
    • Authors: Laura M. DeRose; Mariya Shiyko, Simone Levey, Jonathan Helm, Paul D. Hastings
      First page: 753
      Abstract: Early maternal depression is a risk factor that may have adverse effects on adolescent social skills. Although evidence indicates links between early maternal depression and social outcomes during early childhood, whether an association extends to adolescence needs further examination. We tested the possible long-term association between early maternal depression and adolescent social skills using a national secondary dataset. A secondary objective was to test if maternal parenting at the transition to adolescence mediated the association, with the notion that adverse outcomes of early maternal depression could be ameliorated by positive parenting practices at an important developmental transition. Data were obtained from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development. Marginal structural modeling within the context of structural equation modeling revealed a significant association between early maternal depression and adolescent social skills while controlling for maternal depression during pre-adolescence and adolescence. Maternal parenting skills partially mediated the association between early maternal depression and mother report of adolescent social skills. These findings have important implications for understanding the link between early maternal depression and adolescent social skills, and for informing parenting practices during pre-adolescence.
      PubDate: 2014-02-10T02:20:30.204471-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12073
       
  • Dashed Hopes, Dashed Selves' A Sociometer Perspective on Self-esteem
           Change Across the Transition to Secondary School
    • Authors: Astrid M. G. Poorthuis; Sander Thomaes, Marcel A. G. Aken, Jaap J. A. Denissen, Bram Orobio de Castro
      First page: 770
      Abstract: The transition from primary to secondary school challenges children's psychological well-being. A cross-transitional longitudinal study (N = 306; mean age = 12.2 years) examined why some children's self-esteem decreases across the transition whereas other children's self-esteem does not. Children's expected social acceptance in secondary school was measured before the transition; their actually perceived social acceptance was measured after the transition. Self-esteem and Big Five personality traits were measured both pre- and posttransition. Self-esteem changed as a function of the discrepancy between children's expected and actually perceived social acceptance. Furthermore, neuroticism magnified self-esteem decreases when children's ‘hopes were dashed'—when they experienced disappointing levels of social acceptance. These findings provide longitudinal support for sociometer theory across the critical transition to secondary school.
      PubDate: 2014-03-04T01:49:19.188193-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12075
       
  • Early and Middle Adolescents' Reasoning About Moral and Personal Concerns
           in Opposite-sex Interactions
    • Authors: Leigh A. Shaw; Cecilia Wainryb, Judith Smetana
      First page: 784
      Abstract: This study examined how adolescents coordinate personal and moral concerns in reasoning about opposite-sex interactions. Sixty-four early and middle adolescents (Ms = 12.74, 16.05 years) were individually interviewed about two hypothetical situations involving opposite-sex interactions (commenting on appearance, initiating a date), presented in four conditions that varied the salience of personal vs. moral concerns. Overall, participants viewed opposite-sex interactions as harmless and acceptable in personal conditions, but as moral concerns became more salient, they were viewed more negatively, as less contingent on the target's response, and as entailing humiliation, coercion, and victimization. Age differences occurred primarily in reasoning about conditions entailing mixed-personal and moral concerns. Implications for adolescents' understanding of harassment and victimization are discussed.
      PubDate: 2014-03-04T01:49:21.150569-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12076
       
  • Ethnic Helping and Group Identity: A Study among Majority Group Children
    • Authors: Jellie Sierksma; Jochem Thijs, Maykel Verkuyten
      First page: 803
      Abstract: Two vignette studies were conducted on children's evaluations of ethnic helping. In the first study, 272 native Dutch children (mean age = 10.7) evaluated a child who refused to help in an intra-group context (Dutch–Dutch or Turkish–Turkish) or inter-group context (Dutch–Turkish or Turkish–Dutch). Children evaluated not helping in intra-group situations more negatively than not helping in inter-group situations. This suggests that they applied a general moral norm of group loyalty that states that children should help peers of their own group. In the second study, 830 children (mean age = 10.7) read the same vignettes after their ethnic group membership was made salient. In the inter-group contexts, children who strongly identified with their ethnic group evaluated an out-group member not helping an in-group member more negatively than vice versa. Thus, when ethnic identity was salient, children tended to focus more on group identity rather than on the principle of group loyalty.
      PubDate: 2014-03-04T01:49:23.584115-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12077
       
  • Imaginary Companions and Young Children's Coping and Competence
    • Authors: Tracy R. Gleason; Maria Kalpidou
      First page: 820
      Abstract: Imaginary companions (ICs) are purported to bolster children's coping and self-competence, but few studies address this claim. We expected that having/not having ICs would distinguish children's coping strategies and competence less than type of companion (i.e., personified object or invisible friend) or quality of child–IC relationship (i.e., egalitarian or hierarchical). We interviewed 72 three- to six-year-olds and their mothers about children's coping strategies and competence; teachers rated competence. Mothers reported ICs. IC presence and type did not differentiate coping strategies, but children with egalitarian relationships chose more constructive/prosocial coping strategies, and teachers rated them more socially competent than children with hierarchical child–IC relationships. Mothers related ICs to cognitive competence. Findings highlight (1) modest relations between imaginary relationships and coping/competence; (2) distinctions between mothers' perceptions and IC functions; and (3) that ICs parallel real relationships in that different dimensions (presence, type/identity, and relationship quality) might be unique contributors to children's socioemotional development.
      PubDate: 2014-04-20T21:02:48.755904-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12078
       
  • Proactive Parenting and Children's Effortful Control: Mediating Role of
           Language and Indirect Intervention Effects
    • Authors: Hyein Chang; Daniel S. Shaw, Thomas J. Dishion, Frances Gardner, Melvin N. Wilson
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: We examined associations of proactive parenting, child verbal ability, and child effortful control within the context of a randomized prevention trial focused on enhancing parenting practices in low‐income families. Participants (N = 731) were assessed annually from the age of two to five, with half randomly assigned to the Family Check‐Up (FCU). Results indicated that the child's verbal ability at the age of three partially mediated the influence of proactive parenting at the age of two on children's effortful control at the age of five. More importantly, the FCU indirectly facilitated children's effortful control by sequentially improving proactive parenting and children's verbal ability. The findings are discussed with respect to taking a more integrative approach to understanding early predictors and the promotion of self‐regulation in early childhood.
      PubDate: 2013-12-27T04:40:36.557418-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12069
       
  • Socially Anxious Children at Risk for Victimization: The Role of
           Personality
    • Authors: Saskia F. Mulder; Marcel A. G. Aken
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: This study examines whether Big Five personality traits affect the extent to which a socially anxious child will be victimized. A total of 1814 children participated in the study (mean age = 11.99 years). Children completed self‐reports and peer reports of victimization, which were aggregated, and self‐reports of social anxiety and Big Five personality traits. A regression analysis was performed to study the moderating effect of personality traits on the relation between social anxiety and victimization. Socially anxious children scoring high on extraversion are less at risk for victimization than socially anxious children scoring low on extraversion. In addition, socially anxious boys scoring high on agreeableness were less at risk for victimization than socially anxious boys scoring low on agreeableness. Conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness to experience did not moderate the relation between social anxiety and victimization.
      PubDate: 2013-11-27T05:00:28.200193-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12068
       
  • Reminiscing Style During Conversations About Emotion‐laden Events
           
    • Authors: Gabrielle Coppola; Silvia Ponzetti, Brian E. Vaughn
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Previous research has established that mothers' and children's elaborative/evaluative styles during conversations about emotion‐laden events are associated with a range of social‐cognitive accomplishments, and this has prompted researchers to identify factors that predict stylistic differences in conversation styles. The study explored whether patterns and variations in reminiscing styles reported in other cultures would be observed in an Italian sample (N = 40 dyads). Attachment security, assessed using the Adult Attachment Interview for mothers and the Q‐Sort for children, were tested as possible sources of variation in conversation style. The two reminiscing styles identified through a clustering procedure were consistent with those displayed by dyads from other cultural groups; moreover, these were significantly related to both mothers' and children's attachment security. These results extend knowledge on reminiscing conversations during early childhood to a different cultural context and contribute to an understanding of how individual differences in attachment affect partners' participation in such conversations.
      PubDate: 2013-11-17T21:00:30.700198-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12066
       
  • Prospective Relations Between Adolescents' Social‐emotional
           Competencies and Their Friendships
    • Authors: Maria Salisch; Janice Zeman, Nadine Luepschen, Rimma Kanevski
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Little is known about what factors predict the formation of reciprocal same‐sex friendships during early adolescence. To examine whether social‐emotional competencies aid in establishing and maintaining these friendships at the beginning and end of seventh grade, 380 German youth (mean age = 12.6 years; 49 percent boys; 100 percent White) reported on their peer support networks and on three broad categories of social‐emotional competencies (i.e., non‐constructive anger regulation, constructive anger regulation, emotional awareness, and expression disclosure). Regression analyses indicated the number of reciprocal friendships at Time 2 (T2) was predicted by adolescents' constructive anger regulation through redirection of attention, and social support when angry at the friend, even after controlling for Time 1 number of friends and peer acceptance. Among girls, willingness to self‐disclose marginally predicted their number of reciprocal friends at T2. Results are discussed in terms of the specific social‐emotional competencies that facilitate involvement in reciprocal friendships.
      PubDate: 2013-10-28T06:04:12.793921-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12064
       
  • Differing Domains of Actual Sibling Conflict Discussions and Associations
           with Conflict Styles and Relationship Quality
    • Authors: Nicole Campione‐Barr; Kelly Bassett Greer, Kayla Schwab, Anna Kruse
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Four types of sibling conflict were identified in actual adolescent sibling discussions: equality and fairness, invasion of the personal domain, intrinsic harm, and relationships. Older [M = 14.97, standard deviation (SD) = 1.69 years] and younger siblings (M = 12.20, SD = 1.90 years) from 144 dyads discussed conflicts during a semi‐structured conflict task. Trained observers coded the topics discussed, and separate observers rated their conflict styles, whereas siblings rated their relationship quality. The proportion of conflicts of each domain differed by dyadic gender composition. Equality and fairness conflicts (and invasion of the personal domain conflicts for sister–sister pairs) were discussed the most frequently whereas intrinsic harm conflicts were associated with destructive conflict styles. Siblings' discussions of conflicts involving intrinsic harm were associated with older siblings' reports of negative relationship quality. The associations between these conflict topics and negative relationship quality were mediated by the siblings discussing the conflicts in destructive ways.
      PubDate: 2013-09-23T06:59:40.035148-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12059
       
  • From Classroom to Dyad: Actor and Partner Effects of Aggression and Victim
           Reputation
    • Authors: Tessa A. M. Lansu; Antonius H. N. Cillessen, Marlene J. Sandstrom
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: This study examined whether early adolescents’ classroom aggression predicted their aggression in a one‐on‐one dyadic setting, and whether early adolescents’ classroom victimization predicted their victimization in the dyadic setting. After completing peer nominations for aggression and victimization, 218 early adolescents (M age = 11.0 years) participated in a dyadic paradigm in which they were led to believe that they played against a same‐sex classmate for whom they could set the intensity of noise blasts. Analyses with the actor–partner interdependence model by Olsen and Kenny showed that peer‐nominated physical aggression for boys and relational aggression for girls predicted noise blast aggression in the dyadic setting. For girls but not boys, peer‐nominated victimization predicted victimization in the dyadic setting.
      PubDate: 2013-09-11T04:58:35.169412-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12055
       
 
 
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