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  Subjects -> BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (Total: 2509 journals)
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    - BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1016 journals)
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BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1016 journals)            First | 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 | Last

Maritime Studies     Open Access   (8 followers)
Marketing Science     Full-text available via subscription   (15 followers)
Mathematical Finance     Hybrid Journal   (9 followers)
Mathematical Methods of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (10 followers)
Mathematics and Financial Economics     Hybrid Journal   (7 followers)
Mathematics of Operations Research     Full-text available via subscription   (7 followers)
Measuring Business Excellence     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
Mergent s Dividend Achievers     Hybrid Journal  
Mergent s Handbook of Common Stocks     Hybrid Journal  
Mergent s Handbook of NASDAQ Stocks     Hybrid Journal  
Metroeconomica     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
Middle East Development Journal     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
Middle East Policy     Hybrid Journal   (11 followers)
Mineral Economics     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
Minerals & Energy - Raw Materials Report     Hybrid Journal   (2 followers)
Modern Language Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (12 followers)
Monographs of the Society for Research In Child Development     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
Multinational Business Review     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
Mundo Amazónico     Open Access   (1 follower)
Nankai Business Review International     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
National Identities     Hybrid Journal   (5 followers)
National Institute Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (4 followers)
Navus - Revista de Gestão e Tecnologia     Open Access  
NETNOMICS: Economic Research and Electronic Networking     Hybrid Journal   (2 followers)
New Directions for Child & Adolescent Development     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
New Directions for Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
New Directions for Philanthropic Fundraising     Hybrid Journal  
New Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (6 followers)
New Technology, Work and Employment     Hybrid Journal   (6 followers)
New Zealand Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (8 followers)
Nonprofit Business Advisor     Hybrid Journal   (4 followers)
Norteamérica     Open Access   (1 follower)
Northern Scotland     Hybrid Journal   (6 followers)
Northwestern Journal of Technology and Intellectual Property     Open Access   (3 followers)
Notfall + Rettungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Nova Economia     Open Access  
Observatoire de la société britannique     Open Access   (1 follower)
Observatorio Laboral Revista Venezolana     Open Access  
Occupational Ergonomics     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
OECD Economic Outlook     Full-text available via subscription   (9 followers)
OECD Economic Surveys     Full-text available via subscription   (7 followers)
OECD Journal : Journal of Business Cycle Measurement and Analysis     Full-text available via subscription  
OECD Journal on Budgeting     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
OECD Journal on Development     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
OECD Observer     Free   (9 followers)
OECD Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (7 followers)
Omega     Hybrid Journal   (2 followers)
Open Economies Review     Hybrid Journal   (4 followers)
Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
Operations Research     Full-text available via subscription   (12 followers)
OPSEARCH     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
OR Insight     Partially Free  
Organisational and Social Dynamics: An International Journal of Psychoanalytic, Systemic and Group Relations Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (4 followers)
Organisationsberatung, Supervision, Coaching     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
Organizacija     Open Access  
Organization     Hybrid Journal   (13 followers)
Organization & Environment     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
Organization and Management     Open Access   (8 followers)
Organization Science     Full-text available via subscription   (23 followers)
Organizational Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (8 followers)
Organizational Research Methods     Hybrid Journal   (9 followers)
Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (17 followers)
Oxford Development Studies     Hybrid Journal   (19 followers)
Oxford Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (22 followers)
Oxford Review of Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (13 followers)
Oxonomics     Hybrid Journal   (2 followers)
Pacific Asia Journal of the Association for Information Systems     Open Access   (4 followers)
Pacific Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (2 followers)
Pacific-Basin Finance Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Pensions An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (2 followers)
Performance Improvement Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
Personnel Review     Hybrid Journal   (8 followers)
Perspectives economiques de l'OCDE     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Perspectives of Innovations, Economics and Business     Open Access  
Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
PharmacoEconomics & Outcomes News     Full-text available via subscription  
Planned Giving Today     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
Politics, Philosophy & Economics     Hybrid Journal   (12 followers)
Population and Development Review     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
Population Research and Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (2 followers)
Poroi     Open Access  
Portuguese Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
Post-Communist Economies     Hybrid Journal  
Pouvoirs dans la Caraïbe     Open Access  
Practice Development in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (2 followers)
Primary Health Care Research & Development     Hybrid Journal   (8 followers)
PRISM : A Journal of Regional Engagement     Open Access   (3 followers)
Problemas del Desarrollo. Revista Latinoamericana de Economia     Open Access   (1 follower)
Problems of Economic Transition     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
Procedia Economics and Finance     Open Access  
Proceedings of ICE, Energy     Hybrid Journal   (2 followers)
Proceedings of ICE, Engineering Sustainability     Hybrid Journal   (4 followers)
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (310 followers)
Progress in Development Studies     Hybrid Journal   (6 followers)
Progress in Industrial Ecology, An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (4 followers)
Pump Industry Analyst     Full-text available via subscription  
Qualit@s Revista Eletrônica     Open Access  
Quality and Quantity     Hybrid Journal   (2 followers)
Quality Assurance in Education     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)

  First | 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 | Last

Social Development    [6 followers]  Follow    
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
     ISSN (Print) 0961-205X - ISSN (Online) 1467-9507
     Published by John Wiley and Sons Homepage  [1594 journals]   [SJR: 1.518]   [H-I: 48]
  • Predicting Children's Prosocial and Co‐operative Behavior from Their
           Temperamental Profiles: A Person‐centered Approach
    • Authors: Deborah Laible; Gustavo Carlo, Tia Murphy, Mairin Augustine, Scott Roesch
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: The goal of this study was to examine how aspects of self‐regulation and negative emotionality predicted children's co‐operative and prosocial behavior concurrently and longitudinally using the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development. Mothers completed measures of children's temperamental proneness to negative emotionality and self‐regulation at 54 months. Teachers and parents completed measures of children's co‐operative and prosocial behavior at 54 months, first grade, and third grade. A latent profile analysis of the temperamental variables revealed four profiles of children: those high in regulation and low in negative emotionality, those moderate in regulation and moderate in negative emotionality, those low in regulation and high in negative emotionality, and finally those who were very low in regulation but high in anger emotionality. Generally, children with profiles that were high or moderate in terms of regulation and low or moderate in terms of negative emotionality were rated as the most prosocial and co‐operative. Children with profiles that were less well regulated and who were high in negative emotionality (particularly anger proneness) were rated as less co‐operative and prosocial by parents and teachers.
      PubDate: 2014-01-05T21:11:25.3174-05:00
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12072
       
  • Parenting Mediates the Effects of Income and Cumulative Risk on the
           Development of Effortful Control
    • Authors: Liliana J. Lengua; Cara Kiff, Lyndsey Moran, Maureen Zalewski, Stephanie Thompson, Rebecca Cortes, Erika Ruberry
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: This study tested the hypothesis that the effects of income and cumulative risk on the development of effortful control during preschool would be mediated by parenting. The study utilized a community sample of 306 children (36–40 months) representing the full range of family income, with 29 percent at or near poverty and 28 percent lower income. Two dimensions of effortful control (executive control and delay ability) were assessed at four time points, each separated by nine months, and growth trajectories were examined. Maternal warmth, negativity, limit setting, scaffolding, and responsiveness were observed. Above the effects of child cognitive ability, income, and cumulative risk, scaffolding predicted higher initial levels of executive control that remained higher across the study, and limit setting predicted greater gains in executive control. Parenting did not predict changes in delay ability. Significant indirect effects indicated that scaffolding mediated the effects of income and cumulative risk on growth in executive control. The findings suggest that parenting behaviors can promote effortful control in young children and could be targets of prevention programs in low‐income families.
      PubDate: 2013-12-27T04:40:52.872685-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12071
       
  • Associations of Internalizing and Externalizing Problems with Facial
           Expression Recognition in Preschoolers: The Generation R Study
    • Authors: Eszter Székely; Henning Tiemeier, Vincent W. V. Jaddoe, Albert Hofman, Frank C. Verhulst, Catherine M. Herba
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Altered patterns of facial expression recognition (FER) have been linked to internalizing and externalizing problems in school children and adolescents. In a large sample of preschoolers (N = 727), we explored concurrent and prospective associations between internalizing/externalizing problems and FER. Internalizing/externalizing problems were rated by parents at 18 and 36 months using the Child Behavior Checklist. FER was assessed at 36 months using age‐appropriate computer tasks of emotion matching and emotion labeling. Internalizing problems were associated with emotion‐specific differences at both ages: at 18 months they predicted more accurate labeling of sadness; at 36 months they were associated with less accurate labeling of happiness and anger. Externalizing problems at both ages were associated with general FER deficits, particularly for matching emotions. Findings suggest that in preschoolers, internalizing problems contribute to emotion‐specific differences in FER, while externalizing problems are associated with more general FER deficits. Knowledge of the specific FER patterns associated with internalizing/externalizing problems can be proven useful in the refinement of emotion‐centered preventive interventions.
      PubDate: 2013-12-27T04:40:48.703235-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12070
       
  • Proactive Parenting and Children's Effortful Control: Mediating Role of
           Language and Indirect Intervention Effects
    • Authors: Hyein Chang; Daniel S. Shaw, Thomas J. Dishion, Frances Gardner, Melvin N. Wilson
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: We examined associations of proactive parenting, child verbal ability, and child effortful control within the context of a randomized prevention trial focused on enhancing parenting practices in low‐income families. Participants (N = 731) were assessed annually from the age of two to five, with half randomly assigned to the Family Check‐Up (FCU). Results indicated that the child's verbal ability at the age of three partially mediated the influence of proactive parenting at the age of two on children's effortful control at the age of five. More importantly, the FCU indirectly facilitated children's effortful control by sequentially improving proactive parenting and children's verbal ability. The findings are discussed with respect to taking a more integrative approach to understanding early predictors and the promotion of self‐regulation in early childhood.
      PubDate: 2013-12-27T04:40:36.557418-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12069
       
  • Socially Anxious Children at Risk for Victimization: The Role of
           Personality
    • Authors: Saskia F. Mulder; Marcel A. G. Aken
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: This study examines whether Big Five personality traits affect the extent to which a socially anxious child will be victimized. A total of 1814 children participated in the study (mean age = 11.99 years). Children completed self‐reports and peer reports of victimization, which were aggregated, and self‐reports of social anxiety and Big Five personality traits. A regression analysis was performed to study the moderating effect of personality traits on the relation between social anxiety and victimization. Socially anxious children scoring high on extraversion are less at risk for victimization than socially anxious children scoring low on extraversion. In addition, socially anxious boys scoring high on agreeableness were less at risk for victimization than socially anxious boys scoring low on agreeableness. Conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness to experience did not moderate the relation between social anxiety and victimization.
      PubDate: 2013-11-27T05:00:28.200193-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12068
       
  • The Role of Social Goals in Bullies' and Victims' Social Information
           Processing in Response to Ambiguous and Overtly Hostile Provocation
    • Authors: David Smalley; Robin Banerjee
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Understanding what social goals are associated with bullying and victimization behaviours, even after allowing for biases in interpretation of and affective responses to social events, is critical for understanding the socio‐behavioural profile of bullies and victims. In the present study, 181 nine‐ to ten‐year‐olds' affective responses, attribution of intent, and social goals were assessed in the context of a series of ambiguous and overtly hostile provocation vignettes. Results showed that even after allowing for other social information processing biases, social goals were meaningfully associated with bullying and victimization scores. Bullying was inversely associated with relationship‐building goals, and positively associated with goals to be assertive over the provocateur when provocation was overtly hostile. Being victimized was associated with having submissive goals even when provocation was ambiguous and after accounting for attribution of hostile intent. Findings are discussed in light of theoretical and practical implications.
      PubDate: 2013-11-17T21:00:34.416434-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12067
       
  • Reminiscing Style During Conversations About Emotion‐laden Events
           
    • Authors: Gabrielle Coppola; Silvia Ponzetti, Brian E. Vaughn
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Previous research has established that mothers' and children's elaborative/evaluative styles during conversations about emotion‐laden events are associated with a range of social‐cognitive accomplishments, and this has prompted researchers to identify factors that predict stylistic differences in conversation styles. The study explored whether patterns and variations in reminiscing styles reported in other cultures would be observed in an Italian sample (N = 40 dyads). Attachment security, assessed using the Adult Attachment Interview for mothers and the Q‐Sort for children, were tested as possible sources of variation in conversation style. The two reminiscing styles identified through a clustering procedure were consistent with those displayed by dyads from other cultural groups; moreover, these were significantly related to both mothers' and children's attachment security. These results extend knowledge on reminiscing conversations during early childhood to a different cultural context and contribute to an understanding of how individual differences in attachment affect partners' participation in such conversations.
      PubDate: 2013-11-17T21:00:30.700198-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12066
       
  • Prospective Relations Between Adolescents' Social‐emotional
           Competencies and Their Friendships
    • Authors: Maria Salisch; Janice Zeman, Nadine Luepschen, Rimma Kanevski
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Little is known about what factors predict the formation of reciprocal same‐sex friendships during early adolescence. To examine whether social‐emotional competencies aid in establishing and maintaining these friendships at the beginning and end of seventh grade, 380 German youth (mean age = 12.6 years; 49 percent boys; 100 percent White) reported on their peer support networks and on three broad categories of social‐emotional competencies (i.e., non‐constructive anger regulation, constructive anger regulation, emotional awareness, and expression disclosure). Regression analyses indicated the number of reciprocal friendships at Time 2 (T2) was predicted by adolescents' constructive anger regulation through redirection of attention, and social support when angry at the friend, even after controlling for Time 1 number of friends and peer acceptance. Among girls, willingness to self‐disclose marginally predicted their number of reciprocal friends at T2. Results are discussed in terms of the specific social‐emotional competencies that facilitate involvement in reciprocal friendships.
      PubDate: 2013-10-28T06:04:12.793921-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12064
       
  • A Mixed Methods Examination of Adolescents' Reports of the Values
           Emphasized in Their Families
    • Authors: Laura Wray‐Lake; Constance A. Flanagan, Celina M. Benavides, Jennifer Shubert
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Building on value socialization and personal values theories, this study examined adolescents' open‐ended reports of the values their families emphasize. Based on open‐ended reports of an ethnically and socioeconomically diverse sample of adolescents, we described adolescent‐reported familial values using qualitative and cluster analysis techniques. Adolescents' open‐ended responses about the values held by their families were coded using a prominent circumplex value model, and values largely, but not completely, aligned with this model. Using person‐oriented cluster analysis on the coded data, seven distinct value clusters were identified that captured various sets of values that adolescents hear from families. Several demographic differences emerged among the clusters, and mean differences by familial value cluster were found for adolescents' close‐ended reports of values of helping others and religiosity. Results suggest that adolescents are able to articulate values emphasized in their families in ways that fit a universal structure of values; these values are related in meaningful ways to the values that they themselves want to live by.
      PubDate: 2013-10-21T22:30:23.925053-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12065
       
  • Approach and Positive Affect in Toddlerhood Predict Early Childhood
           Behavior Problems
    • Authors: Jessica M. Dollar; Kristin A. Buss
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: The aim of the study was to examine the moderating role of positive affect on the relation between approach behaviors and adjustment outcomes. One hundred eleven toddlers participated in a laboratory assessment of approach and positive affect at 24 months. Behavior problems were reported by a parent in the fall of the child's kindergarten year. Results supported our hypotheses that children who displayed high approach and high positive affect in both non‐threat and low‐threat contexts were rated as higher in externalizing behavior problems. On the other hand, for children showing low positive affect, increases in approach in a moderate‐threat context lowered the risk of developing internalizing behavior problems. Implications for these findings are discussed, including methodological considerations of differences among eliciting contexts and advantages of separating positive affect and approach.
      PubDate: 2013-10-15T10:21:08.242591-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12062
       
  • Perceived Autonomy Support From Parents and Best Friends: Longitudinal
           Associations with Adolescents' Depressive Symptoms
    • Authors: Daniёlle Van der Giessen; Susan Branje, Wim Meeus
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: According to the self‐determination theory, experiencing autonomy support in close relationships is thought to promote adolescents' well‐being. Perceptions of autonomy support from parents and from best friends have been associated with lower levels of adolescents' depressive symptoms. This longitudinal study examines the relative contribution of perceived autonomy support from parents and best friends in relation to adolescents' depressive symptoms and changes in these associations from early to late adolescence. Age and gender differences were also investigated. Questionnaires about mother, father, and a best friend were filled out by 923 early adolescents and 390 middle adolescents during five consecutive years, thereby covering an age range from 12 to 20. Multi‐group cross‐lagged path analysis revealed concurrent and longitudinal negative associations between perceived parental autonomy support and adolescents' depressive symptoms. No concurrent and longitudinal associations were found between perceived best friends' autonomy support and adolescents' depressive symptoms. Results were similar for early and middle adolescent boys and girls. Prevention and treatment programs should focus on the bidirectional interplay during adolescence between perceptions of parental autonomy support and adolescents' depressive symptoms.
      PubDate: 2013-10-15T10:20:35.374572-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12061
       
  • Mother–infant Interaction Quality and Infants' Ability to Encode
           Actions as Goal‐directed
    • Authors: Maria Licata; Markus Paulus, Claudia Thoermer, Susanne Kristen, Amanda L. Woodward, Beate Sodian
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: The current study investigated the relationship between mother–child interaction quality and infants' ability to interpret actions as goal‐directed at 7 months in a sample of 37 dyads. Interaction quality was assessed in a free play interaction using two distinct methods: one assessed the overall affective quality (emotional availability), and one focused on the mother's proclivity to treat her infant as an intentional agent (mind‐mindedness). Furthermore, infants' ability to interpret human actions as goal‐directed was assessed. Analyses revealed that only maternal emotional availability, and not maternal mind‐mindedness, was related to infants' goal‐encoding ability. This link remained stable even when controlling for child temperament, working memory, and maternal education. These findings provide first evidence that emotionally available caregiving promotes social‐cognitive development in preverbal infants.
      PubDate: 2013-10-15T10:16:11.045546-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12057
       
  • Reciprocal Peer Dislike and Psychosocial Adjustment in Childhood
    • Authors: Lucy R. Betts; James Stiller
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Reciprocal peer dislike was examined as a predictor of school adjustment and social relationship quality. One hundred and fifty‐one [69 male and 74 female, mean (M)age = 9.53, standard deviation (SD)age = .63 years] children completed measures of school liking, loneliness, and friendship quality twice over three months. From ratings of the amount of time participants liked to spend with individual classmates, social network analyses were used to determine reciprocal peer dislike. Curvilinear regression analyses revealed that reciprocal peer dislike at Time 1 predicted changes in the children's loneliness and friendship quality assessed as help, security, and closeness over three months. The findings support the conclusion that reciprocal peer dislike predicts aspects of school adjustment and social relationship qualities.
      PubDate: 2013-10-15T10:11:38.907401-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12063
       
  • Tuning in to Teens: Improving Parent Emotion Socialization to Reduce Youth
           Internalizing Difficulties
    • Authors: Christiane E. Kehoe; Sophie S. Havighurst, Ann E. Harley
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Research in child development suggests that parents' emotional competence and emotion socialization practices are related to children's emotional functioning, including child internalizing difficulties. This research has not yet been translated into intervention or prevention programs targeting parents of older children and adolescents. The current study examined the efficacy of the Tuning in to Teens parenting program in improving emotion socialization practices in parents of preadolescents and reducing youth internalizing difficulties. Schools were randomized into intervention and control conditions. Data were collected from 225 parents and 224 youth during the young person's final year of elementary school (sixth grade) and again 10 months later in their first year of secondary school (seventh grade). Multilevel analyses showed significant improvements in parental emotion socialization and reductions in youth internalizing difficulties for the intervention condition. This study provides support for the efficacy of the TINT parenting program with a community sample.
      PubDate: 2013-10-15T10:11:13.196214-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12060
       
  • Differing Domains of Actual Sibling Conflict Discussions and Associations
           with Conflict Styles and Relationship Quality
    • Authors: Nicole Campione‐Barr; Kelly Bassett Greer, Kayla Schwab, Anna Kruse
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Four types of sibling conflict were identified in actual adolescent sibling discussions: equality and fairness, invasion of the personal domain, intrinsic harm, and relationships. Older [M = 14.97, standard deviation (SD) = 1.69 years] and younger siblings (M = 12.20, SD = 1.90 years) from 144 dyads discussed conflicts during a semi‐structured conflict task. Trained observers coded the topics discussed, and separate observers rated their conflict styles, whereas siblings rated their relationship quality. The proportion of conflicts of each domain differed by dyadic gender composition. Equality and fairness conflicts (and invasion of the personal domain conflicts for sister–sister pairs) were discussed the most frequently whereas intrinsic harm conflicts were associated with destructive conflict styles. Siblings' discussions of conflicts involving intrinsic harm were associated with older siblings' reports of negative relationship quality. The associations between these conflict topics and negative relationship quality were mediated by the siblings discussing the conflicts in destructive ways.
      PubDate: 2013-09-23T06:59:40.035148-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12059
       
  • Toddler Inhibitory Control, Bold Response to Novelty, and Positive Affect
           Predict Externalizing Symptoms in Kindergarten
    • Authors: Kristin A. Buss; Elizabeth J. Kiel, Santiago Morales, Emily Robinson
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Poor inhibitory control and bold approach have been found to predict the development of externalizing behavior problems in young children. Less research has examined how positive affect may influence the development of externalizing behavior in the context of low inhibitory control and high approach. We used a multi‐method approach to examine how observed toddler inhibitory control, bold approach, and positive affect predicted externalizing outcomes (observed, adult‐, and self‐reported) in additive and interactive ways at the beginning of kindergarten. Children who were 24‐month‐olds (N = 110) participated in a laboratory visit and 84 were followed up in kindergarten for externalizing behaviors. Overall, children who were low in inhibitory control, high in bold approach, and low in positive affect at 24 months of age were at greater risk for externalizing behaviors during kindergarten.
      PubDate: 2013-09-11T04:58:55.697549-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12058
       
  • Limited Nomination Reliability Using Single‐ and Multiple‐item
           Measures
    • Authors: Ben Babcock; Peter E. L. Marks, Nicki R. Crick, Antonius H. N. Cillessen
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: This article examines a variety of reliability issues as related to limited nomination sociometric measures. Peer nomination data were collected from 77 sixth grade classrooms. Results showed that, although some single‐item peer nomination measures were relatively reliable, many single‐item peer nomination measures using limited nominations were quite unreliable. Overt aggression nomination items were the only set of single‐item measures where mean classroom reliability estimates were .75 or greater. Combining multiple items led to substantially better reliability, as combining the two least reliable items for a category into a single measure made the composite more reliable than the most reliable single measure. Having more nominators in the sample also increased reliability. The limited nomination items overall tended to be less reliable than similar unlimited nomination items from other studies. The authors end with recommendations for obtaining the most reliable peer nomination data possible from a study.
      PubDate: 2013-09-11T04:58:44.693706-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12056
       
  • From Classroom to Dyad: Actor and Partner Effects of Aggression and Victim
           Reputation
    • Authors: Tessa A. M. Lansu; Antonius H. N. Cillessen, Marlene J. Sandstrom
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: This study examined whether early adolescents’ classroom aggression predicted their aggression in a one‐on‐one dyadic setting, and whether early adolescents’ classroom victimization predicted their victimization in the dyadic setting. After completing peer nominations for aggression and victimization, 218 early adolescents (M age = 11.0 years) participated in a dyadic paradigm in which they were led to believe that they played against a same‐sex classmate for whom they could set the intensity of noise blasts. Analyses with the actor–partner interdependence model by Olsen and Kenny showed that peer‐nominated physical aggression for boys and relational aggression for girls predicted noise blast aggression in the dyadic setting. For girls but not boys, peer‐nominated victimization predicted victimization in the dyadic setting.
      PubDate: 2013-09-11T04:58:35.169412-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12055
       
  • Understanding Popularity and Relational Aggression in Adolescence: The
           Role of Social Dominance Orientation
    • Authors: Lara Mayeux
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: This study investigated a potential moderator of the association between popularity and relational aggression: social dominance orientation (SDO), the degree to which an individual endorses the importance of social hierarchy. One hundred eighty‐five ninth graders completed a sociometric assessment of RA and popularity, and a self‐report SDO measure. SDO was positively associated with popularity for both boys and girls, and with RA for girls. Popularity and RA were positively correlated for both genders. Regression analyses showed that SDO moderated the association between popularity and RA for girls, but not for boys. Girls who were both popular and who were social dominance‐oriented were particularly high in peer‐nominated RA. SDO may provide a useful framework for understanding the role of popularity in adolescent peer groups.
      PubDate: 2013-08-08T06:31:17.176412-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12054
       
  • Associations Between Behavioral Inhibition and Children's Social
           Problem‐solving Behavior During Social Exclusion
    • Authors: Olga L. Walker; Heather A. Henderson, Kathryn A. Degnan, Elizabeth C. Penela, Nathan A. Fox
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: The current study examined the associations between the early childhood temperament of behavioral inhibition and children's displays of social problem‐solving (SPS) behavior during social exclusion. During toddlerhood (the ages of two to three), maternal report and behavioral observations of behavioral inhibition were collected. At the age of seven, children's SPS behaviors were observed during a laboratory social exclusion task based on the commonly used Cyberball game. Results showed that behavioral inhibition was positively associated with displayed social withdrawal and negatively associated with assertive behavior during the observed social exclusion task at seven years of age. These results add to our understanding of inhibited children's SPS behaviors during social exclusion and provide evidence for the associations between toddler temperament and children's social behavior during middle childhood.
      PubDate: 2013-08-08T06:30:57.687435-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12053
       
  • Understanding the Self Through Siblings: Self‐awareness Mediates the
           Sibling Effect on Social Understanding
    • Authors: Mele Taumoepeau; Elaine Reese
      Pages: 1 - 18
      Abstract: This study addresses the role of sibling influence on social understanding in the second year of life, in a sample of families living in New Zealand who identify as Pacific Island (N = 43). We tested toddlers at 20 and 26 months on social understanding tasks, as well as their levels of self‐awareness on the Stipek self‐concept questionnaire. We hypothesized that the presence of siblings provides a rich resource from which to learn about the mind. There were significant differences in children's social understanding and self‐awareness as a function of having older siblings. Further analyses revealed that the relation between older siblings and social understanding was mediated by toddlers' level of self‐awareness.
      PubDate: 2013-06-03T05:06:24.53296-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12035
       
  • Peer and Friend Influences on Children's Eating
    • Authors: Laura Houldcroft; Emma Haycraft, Claire Farrow
      Pages: 19 - 40
      Abstract: Peers and friends are perceived as important role models for the formation of children's attitudes and behaviours. A wealth of research has aimed to establish the contribution of peers and friends to children's developing eating behaviours, and their attitudes towards eating. This review describes and evaluates such research. Experimental research examining peer modelling of food consumption and liking is reviewed, and several individual child factors that are suggested to make children more or less receptive to peer and friend influences are discussed. The influence of children's perceptions of their peers’ and friends’ eating behaviours upon their own eating practices is also explored. The benefits of future longitudinal research to improve understanding of peer and friend influences on children's eating are emphasized.
      PubDate: 2013-07-24T20:55:44.361162-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12036
       
  • The Role of Perceived Friendship Self‐efficacy as a Protective
           Factor against the Negative Effects of Social Victimization
    • Authors: Sally Fitzpatrick; Kay Bussey
      Pages: 41 - 60
      Abstract: This study examined perceived friendship self‐efficacy as a protective factor against the negative effects associated with social victimization in adolescents. The sample consisted of 1218 participants (557 males, age range 12–17 years). Perceived friendship self‐efficacy was associated with lower internalizing scores irrespective of adolescents' social victimization level and with lower externalizing scores at low, but not high, levels of social victimization. Furthermore, the relationship between perceived friendship self‐efficacy and all forms of adjustment did not differ between boys and girls, or between adolescents in both reciprocated and unilateral very best friendships. The role of perceived friendship self‐efficacy as a protective factor amenable to intervention in social bullying at school is discussed.
      PubDate: 2013-07-09T05:20:20.948104-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12032
       
  • What Do You Think? The Relationship between Person Reference and
           Communication About the Mind in Toddlers
    • Authors: Gabriela Markova; Filip Smolík
      Pages: 61 - 79
      Abstract: The present studies examined the relationship between children's use of grammatical structures indicating self–other differentiation (i.e., personal pronouns, verb conjugation) and their ability to use language to express their own and others' mental states (MSL). In Study 1, 104 parents of two‐ to three‐year‐old children filled out online checklists assessing children's vocabulary, their use of MSL, and first‐ and second‐person pronouns and verb forms. In Study 2, 77 mothers of 1.5‐ to 2.5‐year‐old children filled out the MacArthur–Bates communicative development inventory, and additional checklists for MSL and verb conjugation. Results of both studies showed that children's use of grammatical person reference is strongly related to their level of grammatical abilities. Importantly, pronominal and inflectional references to others were correlated with children's discourse about the mind. Thus, linguistic tools that are used to distinguish self from others are not only indicators of children's grammatical development, but also their level of sociocognitive understanding.
      PubDate: 2013-06-26T12:24:38.487291-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12044
       
  • How Mood and Task Complexity Affect Children's Recognition of Others'
           Emotions
    • Authors: Andrew J. Cummings; Jennifer L. Rennels
      Pages: 80 - 99
      Abstract: Previous studies examined how mood affects children's accuracy in matching emotional expressions and labels (label‐based tasks). This study was the first to assess how induced mood (positive, neutral, or negative) influenced five‐ to eight‐year‐olds' accuracy and reaction time using both context‐based tasks, which required inferring a character's emotion from a vignette, and label‐based tasks. Both tasks required choosing one of four facial expressions to respond. Children responded more accurately to label‐based questions relative to context‐based questions at the age of five to seven, but showed no differences at the age of eight, and when the emotional expression being identified was happiness, sadness, or surprise, but not disgust. For the context‐based questions, children were more accurate at inferring sad and disgusted emotions compared with happy and surprised emotions. Induced positive mood facilitated five‐year‐olds' processing (decreased reaction time) in both tasks compared with induced negative and neutral moods. Results demonstrate how task type and children's mood influence children's emotion processing at different ages.
      PubDate: 2013-06-03T05:06:52.198318-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12038
       
  • Experiencing Loneliness in Adolescence: A Matter of Individual
           Characteristics, Negative Peer Experiences, or Both?
    • Authors: Janne Vanhalst; Koen Luyckx, Luc Goossens
      Pages: 100 - 118
      Abstract: The present study builds on the child‐by‐environment model and examines the joint contribution of intra‐individual characteristics (i.e., self‐esteem and shyness) and peer experiences (i.e., social acceptance, victimization, friendship quantity, and friendship quality) in the association with loneliness. A total of 884 adolescents (Mage = 15.80; 68 percent female) participated in this multi‐informant study. Results indicated that, in addition to self‐esteem and shyness, being poorly accepted by peers, being victimized, lacking friends, and experiencing poor‐quality friendships each contributed independently to the experience of loneliness. Further, friendship quantity and quality mediated the relation between the two intra‐individual characteristics and loneliness. Finally, a significant interaction was found between self‐esteem and social acceptance in predicting loneliness. The present study highlights the importance of investigating the joint effects of inter‐individual experiences and intra‐individual characteristics in examining loneliness. Suggestions to elaborate the child‐by‐environment model in loneliness research are discussed, and clinical implications are outlined.
      PubDate: 2013-04-01T23:59:09.337115-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12019
       
  • Unsociability and Shyness in Chinese Children: Concurrent and Predictive
           Relations with Indices of Adjustment
    • Authors: Junsheng Liu; Robert J. Coplan, Xinyin Chen, Dan Li, Xuechen Ding, Ying Zhou
      Pages: 119 - 136
      Abstract: The primary goal of this study was to examine the short‐term longitudinal associations between unsociability, shyness, and indices of adjustment among Chinese children. Participants were 787 children (ages 10–14 years) in an urban area in China. Assessments of unsociability, shyness, and adjustment were obtained from multiple sources, including peer nominations, self‐reports, and school records. Results indicated that while controlling for the effects of shyness, unsociability was associated with socioemotional and school difficulties. In particular, unsociability appeared to act as a risk factor for later peer problems and internalizing difficulties across the school year. Some gender differences were also observed in the longitudinal associations between unsociability and indices of adjustment. Results are discussed in terms of the meaning and implication of unsociability in Chinese culture.
      PubDate: 2013-06-26T12:24:17.881208-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12034
       
  • Relations Among Gender Typicality, Peer Relations, and Mental Health
           During Early Adolescence
    • Authors: Jennifer A. Jewell; Christia Spears Brown
      Pages: 137 - 156
      Abstract: The current study examines whether being high in gender typicality is associated with popularity, whether being low in gender typicality is associated with rejection/teasing, and whether teasing due to low gender typicality mediates the association with negative mental health. Middle school children (34 boys and 50 girls) described hypothetical popular and rejected/teased peers, and completed self‐report measures about their own gender typicality, experiences with gender‐based teasing, depressive symptoms, anxiety, self‐esteem, and body image. Participants also completed measures about their peers' gender typicality, popularity, and likeability. Results indicated that popular youth were described as more gender typical than rejected/teased youth. Further, being typical for one's gender significantly predicted being rated as popular by peers, and this relationship was moderated by gender. Finally, low gender typicality predicted more negative mental health outcomes for boys. These relationships were, at times, mediated by experiences with gender‐based teasing, suggesting that negative mental health outcomes may be a result of the social repercussions of being low in gender typicality rather than a direct result of low typicality.
      PubDate: 2013-06-26T12:24:30.615594-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12042
       
  • Black‐White Biracial Children's Social Development from Kindergarten
           to Fifth Grade: Links with Racial Identification, Gender, and
           Socioeconomic Status
    • Authors: Annamaria Csizmadia; Jean M. Ispa
      Pages: 157 - 177
      Abstract: In this study, we investigated trajectories of Black‐White biracial children's social development during middle childhood, their associations with parents’ racial identification of children, and the moderating effects of child gender and family socioeconomic status (SES). The study utilized data from parent and teacher reports on 293 US Black‐White biracial children enrolled in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study‐Kindergarten Cohort (ECLS‐K). Growth curve models suggested increasing trajectories of teacher‐reported internalizing and externalizing behaviors between kindergarten and fifth grade. Parents’ racial identification of children predicted child externalizing behavior trajectories such that teachers rated biracially identified children's externalizing behaviors lower relative to those of Black‐ and White‐identified children. Additionally, for White‐identified biracial children, the effect of family SES on internalizing behavior trajectories was especially pronounced. These findings suggest that in the USA, how parents racially identify their Black‐White biracial children early on has important implications for children's problem behaviors throughout the elementary school years.
      PubDate: 2013-06-03T05:06:37.677171-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12037
       
  • Dyadic Analyses of Preschool‐aged Children's Friendships:
           Convergence and Differences between Friendship Classifications from Peer
           Sociometric Data and Teacher's Reports
    • Authors: Nana Shin; Mina Kim, Stephanie Goetz, Brian E. Vaughn
      Pages: 178 - 195
      Abstract: Peer sociometrics and teachers' friendship reports were compared in 2179 preschool dyads. One hundred twenty of 306 reciprocated friend dyads from peer sociometric data were also identified as good friends by their classroom teachers, and 301 of 600 of non‐reciprocated dyads in peer data were named as friends by one or both classroom teachers (overall kappa = .16). Friendship classifications from both peer and teacher data had significant relations with variables relevant to peer interactions, social skills, peer acceptance, and teacher‐rated scales (six of seven tests significant for peer data; five of eight significant for teacher data). Multilevel analyses indicated that friendship status effects were not qualified by classroom‐level differences. Findings suggest that sociometric tasks can identify preschoolers' peer friendships and that the range of correlates may be broader in peer‐choice data than in teachers' friendship evaluations.
      PubDate: 2013-06-26T12:24:33.506978-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12043
       
  • Do Peers Contribute to the Achievement Gap between
           Vietnamese‐American and Mexican‐American Adolescents?
    • Authors: Mylien T. Duong; David Schwartz, Carolyn A. McCarty
      Pages: 196 - 214
      Abstract: Documented associations between academic and social functioning have been inconsistent. These discrepancies may reflect the moderating role of sociocultural context. In this study, we examined ethnicity and gender as moderators of this relation. We collected peer nominations, GPA from school records, and self‐report questionnaires for 519 Vietnamese‐American and Mexican‐American middle school students (mean age = 12.7 years). Using general linear modeling, we found that academic and social functioning were more strongly and positively linked for Vietnamese‐Americans relative to Mexican‐Americans, and for girls relative to boys. We also examined group differences in achievement values, and found that Vietnamese‐Americans were more likely to admire and be friends with high‐achieving peers. The results suggest that peers provide one context in which ethnic and gender differences in achievement values emerge, and interventions aimed at reducing the achievement gap may benefit from incorporating a focus on peers.
      PubDate: 2013-06-03T05:06:19.133992-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12033
       
 
 
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