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BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1157 journals)

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Journal Cover Social Development
  [SJR: 1.428]   [H-I: 67]   [7 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0961-205X - ISSN (Online) 1467-9507
   Published by John Wiley and Sons Homepage  [1579 journals]
  • School context influences the ethnic identity development of immigrant
           children in middle childhood
    • Authors: Christia Spears Brown
      Abstract: The present paper describes a study investigating the ethnic identity development of Latino immigrant children (n = 155) in middle childhood (ages 8–11) in a predominantly White community. The study examined how ethnic identity was related to children's school context. School context was operationalized at the structural level, as the ethnic composition of the teachers and peers, as well as the schools' implicit messages about their valuing of multiculturalism; and the proximal interpersonal level, as children's perceptions of peer discrimination and teacher fairness. Results indicated that both the structural and proximal context predicted children's ethnic label choices, the importance placed on their ethnic identity, the positivity of their ethnic identity, and their American identity.
      PubDate: 2017-04-23T20:40:29.973038-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12240
       
  • Cultural family beliefs, maternal sacrifice, and adolescent psychological
           competence in Chinese poor single-mother families
    • Authors: Janet T. Y. Leung
      Abstract: Research on cultural family beliefs and family processes as protective factors of adolescent development is severely lacking in the Chinese culture. Based on 432 Chinese single-mother families living in poverty in Hong Kong, the relationships among Chinese cultural beliefs of familism, adolescent perceived maternal sacrifice, and psychological competence (indexed by a clear and healthy identity, cognitive competence, and a positive future outlook) were examined. Results showed that adolescents' perceived maternal sacrifice mediated the influence between maternal Chinese cultural beliefs of familism and the psychological competence of adolescents raised in poor single-mother families in Hong Kong. The present study underscores the importance of cultural family beliefs and parental sacrifice on nurturing adolescent psychological competence in Chinese single-mother families living in poverty, which contributes to the construction of a family resilience model applicable to Chinese communities.
      PubDate: 2017-03-19T23:00:43.9837-05:00
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12239
       
  • A prospective study of adolescent mothers’ social competence, children's
           effortful control and compliance and children's subsequent developmental
           outcomes
    • Authors: Danielle M. Seay; Adriana J. Umaña-Taylor, Laudan B. Jahromi, Kimberly A. Updegraff
      Abstract: Previous work has established that caregiver and child temperamental characteristics are associated with child compliance. Given the critical role that parents play in this process, and that children of teen mothers are at risk for poorer developmental outcomes, it is important to understand the development of compliance in the context of at-risk parenting such as adolescent motherhood. The current study examined child compliance (Wave 5; W5) as a mediator of the association between adolescent mothers’ social competence (Wave 4; W4) and children's behavioral and academic outcomes (Wave 6; W6), and whether this mediation varied depending on children's effortful control (W4) in a sample of 204 Mexican-origin adolescent mothers (Mage at W4 = 19.94, SD = .99) and their children (Mage at W4 = 36.21 months, SD = .45). Adolescent mothers reported on their own social competence and their children's effortful control and externalizing problems; compliance was assessed using observational methods; and academic readiness was assessed using standardized developmental assessments. Findings based on structural equation modeling revealed that adolescent mothers’ social competence was positively related to children's compliance among children with high effortful control, but not among those with low effortful control. Moreover, child compliance mediated the longitudinal association between adolescent mothers’ social competence and child externalizing problems and academic readiness. Discussion focuses on the importance of considering the role of child temperament in understanding how adolescent mothers’ social competence is subsequently associated with children's social and academic adjustment.
      PubDate: 2017-02-21T00:15:38.277313-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12238
       
  • Longitudinal associations among adolescents’ organized activity
           involvement and sociopolitical values
    • Authors: Benjamin Oosterhoff; Kaitlyn A. Ferris, Cara A. Palmer, Aaron Metzger
      Abstract: Organized activities represent a potentially important context for the development of adolescent sociopolitical values, but few studies have examined longitudinal associations between youths’ sociopolitical values and activity involvement. Adolescents (N = 299, Time 1 Mage = 15.49, SD = .93, 62% female) reported on their organized activity involvement (volunteering, church, sports, arts/music, school and community clubs) and sociopolitical values (materialism, social dominance, authoritarianism, patriotism, spirituality) at baseline and one year later. Greater involvement in arts/music predicted lower spirituality and patriotism one year later and greater involvement in church predicted higher levels of spirituality and lower levels of social dominance one year later. Higher levels of materialism predicted less involvement in arts/music one year later and higher social dominance values predicted less involvement in volunteering one year later. Findings support the importance of organized activities in sociopolitical development, and suggest that sociopolitical values may guide decisions concerning future organized activity involvement.
      PubDate: 2017-02-07T22:47:06.599581-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12230
       
  • Children's awareness concerning emotion regulation strategies: Effects of
           attachment status
    • Authors: Catrinel A. Ştefan; Julia Avram, Mircea Miclea
      Abstract: The current study evaluated the effects of preschoolers' attachment status on their awareness concerning emotion regulation strategies. A total of 212 children between 3 and 5 years participated in this study and completed two self-report tasks. The first was the Attachment Story Completion Task (ASCT), which assessed children's internal working models concerning parent–child attachment; the second evaluated children's ability to generate emotion regulation strategies in relation to three negative emotions (anger, sadness, and fear). Statistical analyses involved a mixed models multilinear regression approach controlling for age and gender. The results consistently revealed that the insecure avoidant group was significantly less likely than securely attached children to generate both comforting and self-regulatory strategies. Surprisingly, the insecure ambivalent group showed no deficits across measured outcomes. When the analyses were conducted separately for each negative emotion, findings for co-regulatory strategies for fear, and self-regulatory strategies for anger also suggested that avoidantly attached children exhibited the lowest levels of awareness compared with children from the secure attachment group. These findings stress the importance of children's attachment status, and implicitly, the quality of the parent–child interactions for children's awareness of emotion regulation strategies related to negative emotions.
      PubDate: 2017-02-06T21:50:29.645699-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12234
       
  • Observed and parent-reported conscience in childhood: Relations with
           bullying involvement in early primary school
    • Authors: Pauline W. Jansen; Barbara Zwirs, Marina Verlinden, Cathelijne L. Mieloo, Vincent W. V. Jaddoe, Albert Hofman, Frank C. Verhulst, Wilma Jansen, Marinus H. van Ijzendoorn, Henning Tiemeier
      Abstract: This exploratory study aimed to examine which components of early childhood conscience predicted bullying involvement around school entry. In the population-based Generation R Study, teacher reports of bullying involvement and parent reports of conscience were available for 3,244 children (M age = 6.7 years). Higher levels of overall conscience predicted lower bullying perpetration scores, independently of intelligence quotient, temperamental traits and sociodemographic characteristics. Particularly, the subscales guilt, confession, and internalized conduct, and to a lesser extent empathy, predicted bullying perpetration. Conscience was not related to victimization. Similar results were found using observations during so-called ‘cheating games’ (subsample N = 450 children). Findings suggest that improving children's understanding of moral standards and norms may be a potential target for bullying intervention programs in early primary school.
      PubDate: 2017-02-06T21:45:22.557195-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12233
       
  • Academic competence perceptions moderate the effects of peer support
           following academic success disclosures
    • Authors: Ellen Rydell Altermatt
      Abstract: Academic successes are a common part of children's daily lives. Prior research indicates that children frequently attempt to capitalize on these events by sharing the good news with peers. This short-term longitudinal study of third- through seventh-grade students (N = 359) provides evidence that, for children with low academic competence perceptions, peer academic support in the form of enthusiastic responses to academic success disclosures can be a double-edged sword. Regardless of their self-views, perceptions of enthusiastic responses to academic success disclosures were associated with a greater willingness to disclose academic successes to friends and higher perceptions of peer academic support over time. For children with low academic competence perceptions, however, perceptions of enthusiastic responses to academic success disclosures also predicted heightened academic worry which, in turn, predicted greater endorsement of performance–avoidance goals over time. Future research will be critical in developing interventions that can assist children with low academic competence perceptions in more fully enjoying the benefits that can accrue from capitalization attempts.
      PubDate: 2017-02-06T21:35:25.282822-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12235
       
  • Diathesis stress or differential susceptibility' testing longitudinal
           associations between parenting, temperament, and children's problem
           behavior
    • Authors: Sabine Stoltz; Roseriet Beijers, Sanny Smeekens, Maja Deković
      Abstract: In this study we investigated longitudinal associations among parenting, children's temperamental negative affectivity, and internalizing and externalizing behavior. Second, we tested whether findings confirmed the diathesis-stress model or differential susceptibility theory when conducting stringent interaction tests. The sample included 129 children and their families. Parenting quality (age 5) was measured by parent–child interaction observations. Parents evaluated child negative affectivity (age 7) and teachers reported on problem behavior (age 12). Multiple regression analyses revealed an interaction effect of negative affectivity and parenting on externalizing behavior. Visual inspection suggested ‘for better and for worse’ effects of parenting for children with negative affectivity. However, more stringent tests failed to show convincing evidence for differential susceptibility theory. For internalizing behavior, negative affectivity may render children vulnerable regardless of parenting. Our results point at the importance of further testing interaction effects to distinguish between differential susceptibility theory and the diathesis-stress model.
      PubDate: 2017-02-03T02:50:49.547906-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12237
       
  • Aggressive behaviour in adolescence: Links with self-esteem and parental
           emotional availability
    • Authors: Alessandra Babore; Leonardo Carlucci, Fedele Cataldi, Vicky Phares, Carmen Trumello
      Abstract: Aggressive behaviours during adolescence may be predictive of later conduct disorders, hence it is important to early detect their signals and deepen the study of their possible risk factors. In order to address these issues, our study pursued two main objectives: to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Italian adaptation of the Aggression Questionnaire Short-Form (AQ-SF), a form never previously used among Italian adolescents; and to investigate the relation among aggressiveness, emotional relationship with both parents and self-esteem in a sample of adolescents. Our results highlighted that psychometric properties of the Italian AQ-SF are satisfactory and encourage a wider use of this tool; in addition, we found that self-esteem plays a mediation role between parental emotional availability and aggression. Prevention efforts should focus on improving the relationship with both parents and strengthening adolescent's self-esteem.
      PubDate: 2017-02-03T02:40:45.425117-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12236
       
  • Supporting the development of empathy: The role of theory of mind and
           fantasy orientation
    • Authors: Melissa McInnis Brown; Rachel B. Thibodeau, Jillian M. Pierucci, Ansley Tullos Gilpin
      Abstract: Theory of mind (ToM) and empathy are separate, but related components of social understanding. However, research has not clearly defined the distinctions between them. Similarly, related constructs, such as fantasy orientation (FO), are associated with better ToM understanding; however, little is known about how FO may provide a context in which both ToM and affective empathy develop. Children between the ages of 3 and 5 (N = 82) completed a battery of ToM, empathy, and FO measures. Results demonstrated a developmental progression from ToM to affective empathy: 3-year-olds were likely to have neither, 4-year-olds were likely to have ToM only, and 5-year-olds were likely to have both. Additionally, results indicated that FO predicted affective empathy above and beyond ToM ability, suggesting that children whose play is high in fantasy are more practiced than their peers in sharing emotions. These findings are discussed in terms of how children's propensity toward fantasy play may contribute to their social development.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01T22:05:32.023882-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12232
       
  • Executive function and theory of mind as predictors of aggressive and
           prosocial behavior and peer acceptance in early childhood
    • Authors: Sarah E. O'Toole; Claire P. Monks, Stella Tsermentseli
      Abstract: Executive function (EF) and theory of mind (ToM) are related to children's social interactions, such as aggression and prosocial behavior, as well as their peer acceptance. However, limited research has examined different forms of aggression and the moderating role of gender. This study investigated links between EF, ToM, physical and relational aggression, prosocial behavior and peer acceptance and explored whether these relations are gender specific. Children (N = 106) between 46- and 80-months-old completed tasks assessing cool and hot EF and ToM. Teaching staff rated children's aggression, prosocial behavior, and peer acceptance. EF and ToM predicted physical, but not relational, aggression. Poor inhibition and delay of gratification were uniquely associated with greater physical aggression. EF and ToM did not predict prosocial behavior or peer acceptance. Added to this, gender did not moderate the relation between either EF or ToM and social outcomes. The correlates of aggression may therefore differ across forms of aggression but not between genders in early childhood.
      PubDate: 2017-01-25T22:05:33.305093-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12231
       
  • Issue Information
    • Pages: 225 - 226
      PubDate: 2017-04-07T00:02:01.038216-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12209
       
 
 
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