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  Subjects -> BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (Total: 2585 journals)
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BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1029 journals)            First | 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 | Last

Logistics Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Long Range Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Main Economic Indicators - Principaux indicateurs economiques     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Management Dynamics in the Knowledge Economy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Management Science and Economic Review     Open Access  
Margin The Journal of Applied Economic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Maritime Economics & Logistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Maritime Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Marketing Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Mathematical Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Mathematical Methods of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Mathematics and Financial Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Mathematics of Operations Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Measuring Business Excellence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Mergent s Dividend Achievers     Hybrid Journal  
Mergent s Handbook of Common Stocks     Hybrid Journal  
Metroeconomica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Middle East Development Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Middle East Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Millennial Asia     Hybrid Journal  
Mineral Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Minerals & Energy - Raw Materials Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Modern Language Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Monographs of the Society for Research In Child Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Multinational Business Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Mundo Amazónico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nankai Business Review International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
National Identities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
National Institute Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Navus - Revista de Gestão e Tecnologia     Open Access  
NETNOMICS: Economic Research and Electronic Networking     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
New Directions for Child & Adolescent Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
New Directions for Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
New Directions for Philanthropic Fundraising     Hybrid Journal  
New knowledge Journal of science     Open Access  
New Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
New Technology, Work and Employment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
New Zealand Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Nonprofit Business Advisor     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Norteamérica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Northern Scotland     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Northwestern Journal of Technology and Intellectual Property     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Notfall + Rettungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Nova Economia     Open Access  
Observatoire de la société britannique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Observatorio Laboral Revista Venezolana     Open Access  
Occupational Ergonomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
OECD Economic Outlook     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
OECD Economic Surveys     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
OECD Journal : Journal of Business Cycle Measurement and Analysis     Full-text available via subscription  
OECD Journal on Budgeting     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
OECD Journal on Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
OECD Observer     Free   (Followers: 9)
OECD Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Omega     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Open Economies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Operations Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
OPSEARCH     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
OR Insight     Partially Free  
Organisational and Social Dynamics: An International Journal of Psychoanalytic, Systemic and Group Relations Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Organisationsberatung, Supervision, Coaching     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Organizacija     Open Access  
Organization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Organization & Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Organization and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Organization Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Organizational Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Organizational Research Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Oxford Development Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Oxford Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Oxford Review of Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Oxonomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pacific Asia Journal of the Association for Information Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Pacific Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pacific-Basin Finance Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Pensions An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Performance Improvement Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Personnel Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Perspectives economiques de l'OCDE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Perspectives of Innovations, Economics and Business     Open Access  
Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
PharmacoEconomics & Outcomes News     Full-text available via subscription  
Planned Giving Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Politics, Philosophy & Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Population and Development Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Population Research and Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Poroi     Open Access  
Portuguese Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Post-Communist Economies     Hybrid Journal  
Pouvoirs dans la Caraïbe     Open Access  
Practice Development in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Primary Health Care Research & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
PRISM : A Journal of Regional Engagement     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
PRISMA Economia - Società - Lavoro     Full-text available via subscription  
Problemas del Desarrollo. Revista Latinoamericana de Economia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Problems of Economic Transition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)

  First | 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 | Last

Journal Cover Social Development
   [6 followers]  Follow    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
     ISSN (Print) 0961-205X - ISSN (Online) 1467-9507
     Published by John Wiley and Sons Homepage  [1603 journals]   [SJR: 1.518]   [H-I: 48]
  • Conceptualization and Assessment of Multiple Forms of Social Withdrawal in
           Turkey
    • Authors: Sevgi Bayram Özdemir; Charissa S. L. Cheah, Robert J. Coplan
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: We examined the meaning, assessment, and implications of different forms of social withdrawal in Turkey across two studies. In study 1, semi‐structured interviews were conducted with children, mothers, and teachers to identify descriptors of social withdrawal. Shyness and unsociability were confirmed through content analyses, and regulated withdrawal, a new subtype characterized by overregulation of behaviors and suppression of own desires during social interactions, was revealed. Based on these findings, the child social preference scale, an established North American measure of social withdrawal, was revised. In study 2, a confirmatory factor analysis on a sample of 599 9–11‐year‐old children revealed three distinct forms of social withdrawal. Shyness was related to a wider range of child adjustment difficulties than unsociability and regulated withdrawal, although all forms of withdrawal were associated with child adjustment difficulties, providing support for the importance of children's active involvement in social relationships for their positive development and well‐being.
      PubDate: 2014-07-29T23:33:16.195623-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12088
       
  • The Effects of Early Institutionalization and Foster Care Intervention on
           Children's Social Behaviors at the Age of Eight
    • Authors: Alisa N. Almas; Kathryn A. Degnan, Olga L. Walker, Anca Radulescu, Charles A. Nelson, Charles H. Zeanah, Nathan A. Fox
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: The present study compared the social behaviors of eight‐year‐old previously institutionalized Romanian children from the Bucharest Early Intervention Project (BEIP) in two groups: (1) children randomized to foster care homes (FCG), and (2) children randomized to care as usual (remaining in institutions) (CAUG). Children were observed interacting with an age‐ and gender‐matched unfamiliar, non‐institutionalized peer from the community during six interactive tasks, and their behavior was coded for speech reticence, social engagement, task orientation, social withdrawal, and conversational competence. Group comparisons revealed that FCG children were rated as significantly less reticent during a speech task than CAUG children. For CAUG children, longer time spent in institutional care was related to greater speech reticence and lower social engagement. Using an actor–partner interdependence model, CAUG children's behaviors, but not FCG, were found to influence the behavior of unfamiliar peers. These findings are the first to characterize institutionalized children's observed social behaviors toward new peers during middle childhood and highlight the positive effects of foster care intervention in the social domain.
      PubDate: 2014-07-25T23:30:07.618083-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12089
       
  • Children's Beliefs About Self‐disclosure to Friends Regarding
           Academic Achievement
    • Authors: Zhenxin Zhang; Gail D. Heyman, Genyue Fu, Di Zhang, Yue Yang, Kang Lee
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Self‐disclosure to friends is a potentially useful way for children to pursue a range of desired goals. Here we examined reasoning about the appropriateness of disclosing one's own academic outcomes in a sample of 7‐, 9‐, 11‐, 13‐, and 15‐year‐old Chinese participants (N = 150). The valence of (1) the outcomes to be disclosed and (2) the corresponding outcomes for the potential audience for the disclosure was manipulated factorially, and participants judged whether disclosure was advisable and explained their responses. Disclosure was seen as more appropriate under valence‐matching conditions than valence‐mismatching conditions. How participants judged each type of disclosure under valence‐mismatching conditions varied as a function of participant age: As compared with younger participants, older participants considered disclosure of weak performance to a stronger performer more acceptable and disclosure of strong performance to a weaker performer less acceptable. These findings suggest that older children are more likely than younger children to appreciate that self‐disclosing positive performance outcomes can bring social costs, and that self‐disclosing negative performance outcomes can bring social benefits.
      PubDate: 2014-07-25T23:19:14.891441-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12090
       
  • Role of Various Fault Attributions and Other Factors in Children's
           Anticipated Response to Hypothetical Peers With Undesirable
           Characteristics
    • Authors: Mark A. Barnett; Taylor W. Wadian, Tammy L. Sonnentag, Marcella B. Nichols
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Two studies examined the role of various fault attributions and other factors in children's anticipated response to hypothetical peers described as having an undesirable characteristic. The children were found to distinguish among various fault attributions (i.e., general, onset, and perpetuation; study 1), and they tended to agree more strongly that the peers were responsible for the perpetuation than the onset of these characteristics (studies 1 and 2). In study 1, perceiving an aggressive or overweight peer as similar to a friend and believing that the overweight peer will overcome this undesirable characteristic were found to be associated with a relatively favorable response to these peers. The more strongly the children agreed that (1) an aggressive peer is generally at fault for his/her undesirable characteristic (study 1) and (2) peers who are aggressive, overweight, shy, or a poor student are at fault for the onset of their undesirable characteristics (study 2), the less favorably they anticipated responding to these peers. Unexpectedly, attributing responsibility to forces ‘outside the peer's control’ (i.e., parents and biology) for his/her undesirable characteristic in study 2 was not found to be associated with a relatively favorable response to any peer with an undesirable characteristic.
      PubDate: 2014-07-25T23:03:14.397722-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12087
       
  • Political Violence and Adolescent Out‐group Attitudes and Prosocial
           Behaviors: Implications for Positive Inter‐group Relations
    • Authors: Laura K. Taylor; Christine E. Merrilees, Marcie C. Goeke‐Morey, Peter Shirlow, Ed Cairns, E. Mark Cummings
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: The negative impact of political violence on adolescent adjustment is well established. Less is known about factors that affect adolescents' positive outcomes in ethnically divided societies, especially influences on prosocial behaviors toward the out‐group, which may promote constructive relations. For example, understanding how inter‐group experiences and attitudes motivate out‐group helping may foster inter‐group co‐operation and help to consolidate peace. The current study investigated adolescents' overall and out‐group prosocial behaviors across two time points in Belfast, Northern Ireland (N = 714 dyads; 49% male; Time 1: M = 14.7, SD = 2.0, years old). Controlling for Time 1 prosocial behaviors, age, and gender, multi‐variate structural equation modeling showed that experience with inter‐group sectarian threat predicted fewer out‐group prosocial behaviors at Time 2 at the trend level. On the other hand, greater experience of intra‐group non‐sectarian threat at Time 1 predicted more overall and out‐group prosocial behaviors at Time 2. Moreover, positive out‐group attitudes strengthened the link between intra‐group threat and out‐group prosocial behaviors one year later. Finally, experience with intra‐group non‐sectarian threat and out‐group prosocial behaviors at Time 1 was related to more positive out‐group attitudes at Time 2. The implications for youth development and inter‐group relations in post‐accord societies are discussed.
      PubDate: 2014-07-03T22:11:40.939629-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12074
       
  • ‘An Earthquake Shocked Up the Land!’ Children's Communication
           During Play With Siblings and Friends
    • Authors: Jamie Leach; Nina Howe, Ganie Dehart
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: The construction of shared meanings strategies (e.g., introductions, extensions) and use of internal state language (e.g., references to mental states) during play were examined across two relationship contexts (siblings and friends) in 65 focal kindergarten‐aged children (M age = 56.4 months; SD = 5.71 months). Strategies to construct shared meanings were associated with play session; specifically focal children employed introductions more often with their siblings whereas positive/neutral responses and prosocial strategies were used more frequently with their friends. Findings regarding birth order position indicated that older focal children were more likely to engage in non‐maintenance (e.g., negative) behaviors and explanations with their siblings whereas younger focal children employed extensions of play ideas more often with their siblings than friends. Associations between shared meaning strategies and internal state language were positively correlated across both relationship contexts, with more significant associations found in the sibling play session. Findings highlight the high level of sophisticated play interaction among children during play; these interactions were rich and varied and are discussed in light of recent research and theory.
      PubDate: 2014-07-01T02:10:22.542879-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12086
       
  • Predicting Sympathy and Prosocial Behavior From Young Children's
           Dispositional Sadness
    • Authors: Alison Edwards; Nancy Eisenberg, Tracy L. Spinrad, Mark Reiser, Natalie D. Eggum-Wilkens, Jeffrey Liew
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine whether dispositional sadness predicted children's prosocial behavior and if sympathy mediated this relation. Constructs were measured when children (n = 256 at time 1) were 18, 30, and 42 months old. Mothers and non-parental caregivers rated children's sadness; mothers, caregivers, and fathers rated children's prosocial behavior; sympathy (concern and hypothesis testing) and prosocial behavior (indirect and direct, as well as verbal at older ages) were assessed with a task in which the experimenter feigned injury. In a panel path analysis, 30-month dispositional sadness predicted marginally higher 42-month sympathy; in addition, 30-month sympathy predicted 42-month sadness. Moreover, when controlling for prior levels of prosocial behavior, 30-month sympathy significantly predicted reported and observed prosocial behavior at 42 months. Sympathy did not mediate the relation between sadness and prosocial behavior (either reported or observed).
      PubDate: 2014-06-02T21:06:57.512751-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12084
       
  • Effects of Person- and Process-focused Feedback on Prosocial Behavior in
           Middle Childhood
    • Authors: Julie C. Dunsmore
      Abstract: The effects of person- and process-focused feedback, parental lay theories, and prosocial self-concept on children's prosocial behavior were investigated with 143 9- and 10-year-old children who participated in a single session. Parents reported entity (person-focused) and incremental (process-focused) beliefs related to prosocial behavior. Children completed measures of prosocial self-concept, then participated in a virtual online chat with child actors who asked for help with service projects. After completing the chat, children could assist with the service projects. In the first cohort, children were randomly assigned to receive person-focused, process-focused, or control feedback about sympathy. In the second cohort, with newly recruited families, children received no feedback. When given process-focused feedback, children spent less time helping and worked on fewer service projects. When given no feedback, children spent less time helping when parents held incremental (process-focused) beliefs. Children with higher prosocial self-concept who received no feedback worked on more service projects.
      PubDate: 2014-06-02T21:06:32.230435-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12082
       
  • Emotion Knowledge, Loneliness, Negative Social Experiences, and
           Internalizing Symptoms Among Low-income Preschoolers
    • Authors: Justin E. Heinze; Alison L. Miller, Ronald Seifer, Susan Dickstein, Robin Locke
      Abstract: Children with poor emotion knowledge (EK) skills are at risk for externalizing problems; less is known about early internalizing behavior. We examined multiple facets of EK and social-emotional experiences relevant for internalizing difficulties, including loneliness, victimization, and peer rejection, in Head Start preschoolers (N = 134; M = 60 months). Results based on multiple informants suggest that facets of EK are differentially related to negative social-emotional experiences and internalizing behavior and that sex plays a moderating role. Behavioral EK was associated with self-reported loneliness, victimization/rejection, and parent-reported internalizing symptoms. Emotion recognition and expressive EK were related to self-reported loneliness, and emotion situation knowledge was related to parent-reported internalizing symptoms and negative peer nominations. Sex moderated many of these associations, suggesting that EK may operate differently for girls vs. boys in the preschool social context. Results are discussed with regard to the role of EK for social development and intervention implications.
      PubDate: 2014-05-26T21:07:00.646139-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12083
       
  • Body Image and Body Change Strategies Within Friendship Dyads and Groups:
           Implications for Adolescent Appearance-based Rejection Sensitivity
    • Authors: Haley J. Webb; Melanie J. Zimmer-Gembeck
      Abstract: Appearance-based rejection sensitivity (appearance-RS) consists of concerns about, and expectations of, rejection because of one's appearance (Park). This study examined dyadic- and group-level friendship characteristics as correlates of early adolescents' appearance-RS. Using subgroups of an initial sample of 380 participants, appearance-RS was examined within best friend relationships (N = 132, Mage = 13.84) and friendship groups (N = 186, Mage = 13.83). Overall, best friends were similar in their appearance-RS, body dissatisfaction, restrictive dieting, appearance-conditional self-worth, appearance values, and self-rated attractiveness. Similarities between individuals and their friendship groups were consistent with the findings for dyads, except for self-rated attractiveness and dieting. Appearance-RS was higher in adolescents whose best friends and friendship groups reported greater restrictive dieting and appearance-conditional self-worth. In general, associations did not differ for boys and girls, but having a higher proportion of boys in the friendship group was associated with lowered appearance concerns.
      PubDate: 2014-04-28T07:10:28.60871-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12081
       
  • Children's Observed Interactions With Best Friends: Associations With
           Friendship Jealousy and Satisfaction
    • Authors: Marike H. F. Deutz; Tessa A. M. Lansu, Antonius H. N. Cillessen
      Abstract: This study examined the role of friendship jealousy and satisfaction in nine-year-old children's observed interactions with their best friends. One hundred five dyads (51 female, 54 male) participated in a 30-min closed-field observational setting and reported their jealousy and satisfaction within the friendship. The Actor–Partner Interdependence Model was used to estimate the effects of friendship jealousy and satisfaction on children's own and their friends' behavior. Friends were highly similar in observed behavior and friendship characteristics. Many observed dyadic behaviors were associated with overall levels of jealousy within the friendship, but differences in friendship satisfaction were only predictive of conflict resolution in boys. Children's reports of their friendship jealousy were strongly related to their own behavior in the dyad and the behavior of their best friends. Gender differences were discussed. The results further illustrate the importance of a dyadic perspective on friendship interaction.
      PubDate: 2014-04-28T07:10:26.099032-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12080
       
  • Emotion Talk and Friend Responses Among Early Adolescent Same-sex Friend
           Dyads
    • Authors: John-Paul Legerski; Bridget K. Biggs, Andrea Follmer Greenhoot, Marilyn L. Sampilo
      Abstract: To better understand early adolescent emotion talk within close same-sex friendships, this observational study examined emotion talk, as measured by emotion term use, in relation to friend supportive and dismissive responses to such terms among 116 adolescents (58 friend dyads) in Grades 7–8 (56.9% female, M = 13.08, SD = .61). Partial intra-class correlation coefficients derived by using actor partner interdependence models revealed similarities in the frequency of dyad mates use of positive and negative emotions terms. Chi-square analyses indicated that when friends responded to participants' emotion talk supportively, rather than dismissively, participants were more likely to disclose emotions in subsequent utterances. Research and clinical implications for early adolescent emotional development are discussed.
      PubDate: 2014-04-28T07:10:23.190664-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12079
       
  • Imaginary Companions and Young Children's Coping and Competence
    • Authors: Tracy R. Gleason; Maria Kalpidou
      Abstract: Imaginary companions (ICs) are purported to bolster children's coping and self-competence, but few studies address this claim. We expected that having/not having ICs would distinguish children's coping strategies and competence less than type of companion (i.e., personified object or invisible friend) or quality of child–IC relationship (i.e., egalitarian or hierarchical). We interviewed 72 three- to six-year-olds and their mothers about children's coping strategies and competence; teachers rated competence. Mothers reported ICs. IC presence and type did not differentiate coping strategies, but children with egalitarian relationships chose more constructive/prosocial coping strategies, and teachers rated them more socially competent than children with hierarchical child–IC relationships. Mothers related ICs to cognitive competence. Findings highlight (1) modest relations between imaginary relationships and coping/competence; (2) distinctions between mothers' perceptions and IC functions; and (3) that ICs parallel real relationships in that different dimensions (presence, type/identity, and relationship quality) might be unique contributors to children's socioemotional development.
      PubDate: 2014-04-20T21:02:48.755904-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12078
       
  • Ethnic Helping and Group Identity: A Study among Majority Group Children
    • Authors: Jellie Sierksma; Jochem Thijs, Maykel Verkuyten
      Abstract: Two vignette studies were conducted on children's evaluations of ethnic helping. In the first study, 272 native Dutch children (mean age = 10.7) evaluated a child who refused to help in an intra-group context (Dutch–Dutch or Turkish–Turkish) or inter-group context (Dutch–Turkish or Turkish–Dutch). Children evaluated not helping in intra-group situations more negatively than not helping in inter-group situations. This suggests that they applied a general moral norm of group loyalty that states that children should help peers of their own group. In the second study, 830 children (mean age = 10.7) read the same vignettes after their ethnic group membership was made salient. In the inter-group contexts, children who strongly identified with their ethnic group evaluated an out-group member not helping an in-group member more negatively than vice versa. Thus, when ethnic identity was salient, children tended to focus more on group identity rather than on the principle of group loyalty.
      PubDate: 2014-03-04T01:49:23.584115-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12077
       
  • Early and Middle Adolescents' Reasoning About Moral and Personal Concerns
           in Opposite-sex Interactions
    • Authors: Leigh A. Shaw; Cecilia Wainryb, Judith Smetana
      Abstract: This study examined how adolescents coordinate personal and moral concerns in reasoning about opposite-sex interactions. Sixty-four early and middle adolescents (Ms = 12.74, 16.05 years) were individually interviewed about two hypothetical situations involving opposite-sex interactions (commenting on appearance, initiating a date), presented in four conditions that varied the salience of personal vs. moral concerns. Overall, participants viewed opposite-sex interactions as harmless and acceptable in personal conditions, but as moral concerns became more salient, they were viewed more negatively, as less contingent on the target's response, and as entailing humiliation, coercion, and victimization. Age differences occurred primarily in reasoning about conditions entailing mixed-personal and moral concerns. Implications for adolescents' understanding of harassment and victimization are discussed.
      PubDate: 2014-03-04T01:49:21.150569-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12076
       
  • Dashed Hopes, Dashed Selves' A Sociometer Perspective on Self-esteem
           Change Across the Transition to Secondary School
    • Authors: Astrid M. G. Poorthuis; Sander Thomaes, Marcel A. G. Aken, Jaap J. A. Denissen, Bram Orobio de Castro
      Abstract: The transition from primary to secondary school challenges children's psychological well-being. A cross-transitional longitudinal study (N = 306; mean age = 12.2 years) examined why some children's self-esteem decreases across the transition whereas other children's self-esteem does not. Children's expected social acceptance in secondary school was measured before the transition; their actually perceived social acceptance was measured after the transition. Self-esteem and Big Five personality traits were measured both pre- and posttransition. Self-esteem changed as a function of the discrepancy between children's expected and actually perceived social acceptance. Furthermore, neuroticism magnified self-esteem decreases when children's ‘hopes were dashed'—when they experienced disappointing levels of social acceptance. These findings provide longitudinal support for sociometer theory across the critical transition to secondary school.
      PubDate: 2014-03-04T01:49:19.188193-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12075
       
  • Early Maternal Depression and Social Skills in Adolescence: A Marginal
           Structural Modeling Approach
    • Authors: Laura M. DeRose; Mariya Shiyko, Simone Levey, Jonathan Helm, Paul D. Hastings
      Abstract: Early maternal depression is a risk factor that may have adverse effects on adolescent social skills. Although evidence indicates links between early maternal depression and social outcomes during early childhood, whether an association extends to adolescence needs further examination. We tested the possible long-term association between early maternal depression and adolescent social skills using a national secondary dataset. A secondary objective was to test if maternal parenting at the transition to adolescence mediated the association, with the notion that adverse outcomes of early maternal depression could be ameliorated by positive parenting practices at an important developmental transition. Data were obtained from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development. Marginal structural modeling within the context of structural equation modeling revealed a significant association between early maternal depression and adolescent social skills while controlling for maternal depression during pre-adolescence and adolescence. Maternal parenting skills partially mediated the association between early maternal depression and mother report of adolescent social skills. These findings have important implications for understanding the link between early maternal depression and adolescent social skills, and for informing parenting practices during pre-adolescence.
      PubDate: 2014-02-10T02:20:30.204471-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12073
       
  • Predicting Children's Prosocial and Co‐operative Behavior from Their
           Temperamental Profiles: A Person‐centered Approach
    • Authors: Deborah Laible; Gustavo Carlo, Tia Murphy, Mairin Augustine, Scott Roesch
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: The goal of this study was to examine how aspects of self‐regulation and negative emotionality predicted children's co‐operative and prosocial behavior concurrently and longitudinally using the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development. Mothers completed measures of children's temperamental proneness to negative emotionality and self‐regulation at 54 months. Teachers and parents completed measures of children's co‐operative and prosocial behavior at 54 months, first grade, and third grade. A latent profile analysis of the temperamental variables revealed four profiles of children: those high in regulation and low in negative emotionality, those moderate in regulation and moderate in negative emotionality, those low in regulation and high in negative emotionality, and finally those who were very low in regulation but high in anger emotionality. Generally, children with profiles that were high or moderate in terms of regulation and low or moderate in terms of negative emotionality were rated as the most prosocial and co‐operative. Children with profiles that were less well regulated and who were high in negative emotionality (particularly anger proneness) were rated as less co‐operative and prosocial by parents and teachers.
      PubDate: 2014-01-05T21:11:25.3174-05:00
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12072
       
  • Parenting Mediates the Effects of Income and Cumulative Risk on the
           Development of Effortful Control
    • Authors: Liliana J. Lengua; Cara Kiff, Lyndsey Moran, Maureen Zalewski, Stephanie Thompson, Rebecca Cortes, Erika Ruberry
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: This study tested the hypothesis that the effects of income and cumulative risk on the development of effortful control during preschool would be mediated by parenting. The study utilized a community sample of 306 children (36–40 months) representing the full range of family income, with 29 percent at or near poverty and 28 percent lower income. Two dimensions of effortful control (executive control and delay ability) were assessed at four time points, each separated by nine months, and growth trajectories were examined. Maternal warmth, negativity, limit setting, scaffolding, and responsiveness were observed. Above the effects of child cognitive ability, income, and cumulative risk, scaffolding predicted higher initial levels of executive control that remained higher across the study, and limit setting predicted greater gains in executive control. Parenting did not predict changes in delay ability. Significant indirect effects indicated that scaffolding mediated the effects of income and cumulative risk on growth in executive control. The findings suggest that parenting behaviors can promote effortful control in young children and could be targets of prevention programs in low‐income families.
      PubDate: 2013-12-27T04:40:52.872685-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12071
       
  • Associations of Internalizing and Externalizing Problems with Facial
           Expression Recognition in Preschoolers: The Generation R Study
    • Authors: Eszter Székely; Henning Tiemeier, Vincent W. V. Jaddoe, Albert Hofman, Frank C. Verhulst, Catherine M. Herba
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Altered patterns of facial expression recognition (FER) have been linked to internalizing and externalizing problems in school children and adolescents. In a large sample of preschoolers (N = 727), we explored concurrent and prospective associations between internalizing/externalizing problems and FER. Internalizing/externalizing problems were rated by parents at 18 and 36 months using the Child Behavior Checklist. FER was assessed at 36 months using age‐appropriate computer tasks of emotion matching and emotion labeling. Internalizing problems were associated with emotion‐specific differences at both ages: at 18 months they predicted more accurate labeling of sadness; at 36 months they were associated with less accurate labeling of happiness and anger. Externalizing problems at both ages were associated with general FER deficits, particularly for matching emotions. Findings suggest that in preschoolers, internalizing problems contribute to emotion‐specific differences in FER, while externalizing problems are associated with more general FER deficits. Knowledge of the specific FER patterns associated with internalizing/externalizing problems can be proven useful in the refinement of emotion‐centered preventive interventions.
      PubDate: 2013-12-27T04:40:48.703235-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12070
       
  • Proactive Parenting and Children's Effortful Control: Mediating Role of
           Language and Indirect Intervention Effects
    • Authors: Hyein Chang; Daniel S. Shaw, Thomas J. Dishion, Frances Gardner, Melvin N. Wilson
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: We examined associations of proactive parenting, child verbal ability, and child effortful control within the context of a randomized prevention trial focused on enhancing parenting practices in low‐income families. Participants (N = 731) were assessed annually from the age of two to five, with half randomly assigned to the Family Check‐Up (FCU). Results indicated that the child's verbal ability at the age of three partially mediated the influence of proactive parenting at the age of two on children's effortful control at the age of five. More importantly, the FCU indirectly facilitated children's effortful control by sequentially improving proactive parenting and children's verbal ability. The findings are discussed with respect to taking a more integrative approach to understanding early predictors and the promotion of self‐regulation in early childhood.
      PubDate: 2013-12-27T04:40:36.557418-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12069
       
  • Socially Anxious Children at Risk for Victimization: The Role of
           Personality
    • Authors: Saskia F. Mulder; Marcel A. G. Aken
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: This study examines whether Big Five personality traits affect the extent to which a socially anxious child will be victimized. A total of 1814 children participated in the study (mean age = 11.99 years). Children completed self‐reports and peer reports of victimization, which were aggregated, and self‐reports of social anxiety and Big Five personality traits. A regression analysis was performed to study the moderating effect of personality traits on the relation between social anxiety and victimization. Socially anxious children scoring high on extraversion are less at risk for victimization than socially anxious children scoring low on extraversion. In addition, socially anxious boys scoring high on agreeableness were less at risk for victimization than socially anxious boys scoring low on agreeableness. Conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness to experience did not moderate the relation between social anxiety and victimization.
      PubDate: 2013-11-27T05:00:28.200193-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12068
       
  • The Role of Social Goals in Bullies' and Victims' Social Information
           Processing in Response to Ambiguous and Overtly Hostile Provocation
    • Authors: David Smalley; Robin Banerjee
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Understanding what social goals are associated with bullying and victimization behaviours, even after allowing for biases in interpretation of and affective responses to social events, is critical for understanding the socio‐behavioural profile of bullies and victims. In the present study, 181 nine‐ to ten‐year‐olds' affective responses, attribution of intent, and social goals were assessed in the context of a series of ambiguous and overtly hostile provocation vignettes. Results showed that even after allowing for other social information processing biases, social goals were meaningfully associated with bullying and victimization scores. Bullying was inversely associated with relationship‐building goals, and positively associated with goals to be assertive over the provocateur when provocation was overtly hostile. Being victimized was associated with having submissive goals even when provocation was ambiguous and after accounting for attribution of hostile intent. Findings are discussed in light of theoretical and practical implications.
      PubDate: 2013-11-17T21:00:34.416434-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12067
       
  • A Mixed Methods Examination of Adolescents' Reports of the Values
           Emphasized in Their Families
    • Authors: Laura Wray‐Lake; Constance A. Flanagan, Celina M. Benavides, Jennifer Shubert
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Building on value socialization and personal values theories, this study examined adolescents' open‐ended reports of the values their families emphasize. Based on open‐ended reports of an ethnically and socioeconomically diverse sample of adolescents, we described adolescent‐reported familial values using qualitative and cluster analysis techniques. Adolescents' open‐ended responses about the values held by their families were coded using a prominent circumplex value model, and values largely, but not completely, aligned with this model. Using person‐oriented cluster analysis on the coded data, seven distinct value clusters were identified that captured various sets of values that adolescents hear from families. Several demographic differences emerged among the clusters, and mean differences by familial value cluster were found for adolescents' close‐ended reports of values of helping others and religiosity. Results suggest that adolescents are able to articulate values emphasized in their families in ways that fit a universal structure of values; these values are related in meaningful ways to the values that they themselves want to live by.
      PubDate: 2013-10-21T22:30:23.925053-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12065
       
  • Development of Ego‐resiliency: Relations to Observed Parenting and
           Polymorphisms in the Serotonin Transporter Gene During Early Childhood
    • Authors: Zoe E. Taylor; Michael J. Sulik, Nancy Eisenberg, Tracy L. Spinrad, Kassondra M. Silva, Kathryn Lemery‐Chalfant, Daryn A. Stover, Brian C. Verrelli
      Pages: 433 - 450
      Abstract: We used observed parenting behaviors, along with genetic variants and haplotypes of the serotonin transporter gene (SLC6A4), as predictors of children's ego‐resiliency during early childhood (N = 153). The quality of mothers' parenting was observed at 18 months of age, and mothers' reports of ego‐resiliency were collected at six time points from 18 to 84 months. Genetic data were collected at 72 months. Observed parenting was positively associated with initial levels of children's ego‐resiliency. Furthermore, although individual genetic variants of the serotonin transporter gene (LPR, STin2) were not associated with ego‐resiliency, the S10 haplotype (that combines information from these two variants) was negatively associated with initial levels of ego‐resiliency. Both parenting and serotonin genetic variation uniquely predicted children's ego‐resiliency, suggesting an additive effect of genetic and parental factors.
      PubDate: 2013-07-24T20:55:55.569344-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12041
       
  • When Is It Okay to Exclude a Member of the Ingroup? Children's and
           Adolescents’ Social Reasoning
    • Authors: Aline Hitti; Kelly Lynn Mulvey, Adam Rutland, Dominic Abrams, Melanie Killen
      Pages: 451 - 469
      Abstract: Social exclusion of those who challenge group norms was investigated by asking children and adolescents, adolescents, age 9–13 years (N = 381), to evaluate exclusion of group members who deviated from group norms. Testing predictions from social reasoning developmental theories of group‐based exclusion, children and adolescents evaluated exclusion based on group norms involving allocation of resources and group traditions about dress code. Exclusion of deviant members was viewed as increasingly wrong with age, but also varied by the type of norm the deviant challenged. Participants who reported disliking a deviant member who wanted to distribute money unequally also found it acceptable to exclude them. Those who disliked deviants who went against norms about dress codes did not think exclusion was warranted. These findings are discussed in the context of children's social‐cognitive development regarding peer rejection as well as the role played by moral judgment and group dynamics.
      PubDate: 2013-07-05T07:02:24.237493-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12047
       
  • Maternal Social Coaching Quality Interrupts the Development of Relational
           Aggression During Early Childhood
    • Authors: Nicole E. Werner; Ashley D. Eaton, Kelsey Lyle, Heidi Tseng, Brooke Holst
      Pages: 470 - 486
      Abstract: Previous research has shown that parents of socially competent young children provide them with elaborative, explicit, appropriate, and emotion‐laden advice about peer interactions. The current study analyzed mothers' conversations with preschoolers (N = 175; 52 percent female; M age = 52 months, SD = 7 months) about peer conflicts involving relational aggression. Conversations were coded for maternal elaboration, emotion references, and discussion of norm violations. Information about relational and physical aggression was collected from teachers at two assessments approximately 12 months apart for a subsample of 136 children. Regression analyses, controlling for physical aggression, showed that average and high levels of effective coaching operated as a protective factor against stable high levels of relational aggression. Theoretical and practical implications for our understanding of the early development of relational aggression are discussed.
      PubDate: 2013-07-11T05:59:48.560878-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12048
       
  • Associations Between Behavioral Inhibition and Children's Social
           Problem‐solving Behavior During Social Exclusion
    • Authors: Olga L. Walker; Heather A. Henderson, Kathryn A. Degnan, Elizabeth C. Penela, Nathan A. Fox
      Pages: 487 - 501
      Abstract: The current study examined the associations between the early childhood temperament of behavioral inhibition and children's displays of social problem‐solving (SPS) behavior during social exclusion. During toddlerhood (the ages of two to three), maternal report and behavioral observations of behavioral inhibition were collected. At the age of seven, children's SPS behaviors were observed during a laboratory social exclusion task based on the commonly used Cyberball game. Results showed that behavioral inhibition was positively associated with displayed social withdrawal and negatively associated with assertive behavior during the observed social exclusion task at seven years of age. These results add to our understanding of inhibited children's SPS behaviors during social exclusion and provide evidence for the associations between toddler temperament and children's social behavior during middle childhood.
      PubDate: 2013-08-08T06:30:57.687435-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12053
       
  • Understanding Popularity and Relational Aggression in Adolescence: The
           Role of Social Dominance Orientation
    • Authors: Lara Mayeux
      Pages: 502 - 517
      Abstract: This study investigated a potential moderator of the association between popularity and relational aggression: social dominance orientation (SDO), the degree to which an individual endorses the importance of social hierarchy. One hundred eighty‐five ninth graders completed a sociometric assessment of RA and popularity, and a self‐report SDO measure. SDO was positively associated with popularity for both boys and girls, and with RA for girls. Popularity and RA were positively correlated for both genders. Regression analyses showed that SDO moderated the association between popularity and RA for girls, but not for boys. Girls who were both popular and who were social dominance‐oriented were particularly high in peer‐nominated RA. SDO may provide a useful framework for understanding the role of popularity in adolescent peer groups.
      PubDate: 2013-08-08T06:31:17.176412-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12054
       
  • Limited Nomination Reliability Using Single‐ and Multiple‐item
           Measures
    • Authors: Ben Babcock; Peter E. L. Marks, Nicki R. Crick, Antonius H. N. Cillessen
      Pages: 518 - 536
      Abstract: This article examines a variety of reliability issues as related to limited nomination sociometric measures. Peer nomination data were collected from 77 sixth grade classrooms. Results showed that, although some single‐item peer nomination measures were relatively reliable, many single‐item peer nomination measures using limited nominations were quite unreliable. Overt aggression nomination items were the only set of single‐item measures where mean classroom reliability estimates were .75 or greater. Combining multiple items led to substantially better reliability, as combining the two least reliable items for a category into a single measure made the composite more reliable than the most reliable single measure. Having more nominators in the sample also increased reliability. The limited nomination items overall tended to be less reliable than similar unlimited nomination items from other studies. The authors end with recommendations for obtaining the most reliable peer nomination data possible from a study.
      PubDate: 2013-09-11T04:58:44.693706-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12056
       
  • Perceived Autonomy Support From Parents and Best Friends: Longitudinal
           Associations with Adolescents' Depressive Symptoms
    • Authors: Daniёlle Van der Giessen; Susan Branje, Wim Meeus
      Pages: 537 - 555
      Abstract: According to the self‐determination theory, experiencing autonomy support in close relationships is thought to promote adolescents' well‐being. Perceptions of autonomy support from parents and from best friends have been associated with lower levels of adolescents' depressive symptoms. This longitudinal study examines the relative contribution of perceived autonomy support from parents and best friends in relation to adolescents' depressive symptoms and changes in these associations from early to late adolescence. Age and gender differences were also investigated. Questionnaires about mother, father, and a best friend were filled out by 923 early adolescents and 390 middle adolescents during five consecutive years, thereby covering an age range from 12 to 20. Multi‐group cross‐lagged path analysis revealed concurrent and longitudinal negative associations between perceived parental autonomy support and adolescents' depressive symptoms. No concurrent and longitudinal associations were found between perceived best friends' autonomy support and adolescents' depressive symptoms. Results were similar for early and middle adolescent boys and girls. Prevention and treatment programs should focus on the bidirectional interplay during adolescence between perceptions of parental autonomy support and adolescents' depressive symptoms.
      PubDate: 2013-10-15T10:20:35.374572-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12061
       
  • Reciprocal Peer Dislike and Psychosocial Adjustment in Childhood
    • Authors: Lucy R. Betts; James Stiller
      Pages: 556 - 572
      Abstract: Reciprocal peer dislike was examined as a predictor of school adjustment and social relationship quality. One hundred and fifty‐one [69 male and 74 female, mean (M)age = 9.53, standard deviation (SD)age = .63 years] children completed measures of school liking, loneliness, and friendship quality twice over three months. From ratings of the amount of time participants liked to spend with individual classmates, social network analyses were used to determine reciprocal peer dislike. Curvilinear regression analyses revealed that reciprocal peer dislike at Time 1 predicted changes in the children's loneliness and friendship quality assessed as help, security, and closeness over three months. The findings support the conclusion that reciprocal peer dislike predicts aspects of school adjustment and social relationship qualities.
      PubDate: 2013-10-15T10:11:38.907401-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12063
       
 
 
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