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BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1021 journals)            First | 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 | Last

Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Management Science and Economic Review     Open Access  
Margin The Journal of Applied Economic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Maritime Economics & Logistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Maritime Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Marketing Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Mathematical Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Mathematical Methods of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Mathematics and Financial Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Mathematics of Operations Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Measuring Business Excellence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Mergent s Dividend Achievers     Hybrid Journal  
Mergent s Handbook of Common Stocks     Hybrid Journal  
Metroeconomica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Middle East Development Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Middle East Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Millennial Asia     Hybrid Journal  
Mineral Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Minerals & Energy - Raw Materials Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Modern Language Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Monographs of the Society for Research In Child Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Multinational Business Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Mundo Amazónico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nankai Business Review International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
National Identities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
National Institute Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Navus - Revista de Gestão e Tecnologia     Open Access  
NETNOMICS: Economic Research and Electronic Networking     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
New Directions for Child & Adolescent Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
New Directions for Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
New Directions for Philanthropic Fundraising     Hybrid Journal  
New Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
New Technology, Work and Employment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
New Zealand Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Nonprofit Business Advisor     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Norteamérica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Northern Scotland     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Northwestern Journal of Technology and Intellectual Property     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Notfall + Rettungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Nova Economia     Open Access  
Observatoire de la société britannique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Observatorio Laboral Revista Venezolana     Open Access  
Occupational Ergonomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
OECD Economic Outlook     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
OECD Economic Surveys     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
OECD Journal : Journal of Business Cycle Measurement and Analysis     Full-text available via subscription  
OECD Journal on Budgeting     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
OECD Journal on Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
OECD Observer     Free   (Followers: 9)
OECD Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Omega     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Open Economies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Operations Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
OPSEARCH     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
OR Insight     Partially Free  
Organisational and Social Dynamics: An International Journal of Psychoanalytic, Systemic and Group Relations Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Organisationsberatung, Supervision, Coaching     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Organizacija     Open Access  
Organization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Organization & Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Organization and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Organization Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Organizational Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Organizational Research Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Oxford Development Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Oxford Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Oxford Review of Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Oxonomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pacific Asia Journal of the Association for Information Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Pacific Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pacific-Basin Finance Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Pensions An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Performance Improvement Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Personnel Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Perspectives economiques de l'OCDE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Perspectives of Innovations, Economics and Business     Open Access  
Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
PharmacoEconomics & Outcomes News     Full-text available via subscription  
Planned Giving Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Politics, Philosophy & Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Population and Development Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Population Research and Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Poroi     Open Access  
Portuguese Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Post-Communist Economies     Hybrid Journal  
Pouvoirs dans la Caraïbe     Open Access  
Practice Development in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Primary Health Care Research & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
PRISM : A Journal of Regional Engagement     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
PRISMA Economia - Società - Lavoro     Full-text available via subscription  
Problemas del Desarrollo. Revista Latinoamericana de Economia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Problems of Economic Transition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Procedia Economics and Finance     Open Access  
Proceedings of ICE, Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Proceedings of ICE, Engineering Sustainability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Progress in Development Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Progress in Industrial Ecology, An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)

  First | 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 | Last

Journal Cover Social Development
   [6 followers]  Follow    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
     ISSN (Print) 0961-205X - ISSN (Online) 1467-9507
     Published by John Wiley and Sons Homepage  [1602 journals]   [SJR: 1.518]   [H-I: 48]
  • Predicting Sympathy and Prosocial Behavior From Young Children's
           Dispositional Sadness
    • Authors: Alison Edwards; Nancy Eisenberg, Tracy L. Spinrad, Mark Reiser, Natalie D. Eggum-Wilkens, Jeffrey Liew
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine whether dispositional sadness predicted children's prosocial behavior and if sympathy mediated this relation. Constructs were measured when children (n = 256 at time 1) were 18, 30, and 42 months old. Mothers and non-parental caregivers rated children's sadness; mothers, caregivers, and fathers rated children's prosocial behavior; sympathy (concern and hypothesis testing) and prosocial behavior (indirect and direct, as well as verbal at older ages) were assessed with a task in which the experimenter feigned injury. In a panel path analysis, 30-month dispositional sadness predicted marginally higher 42-month sympathy; in addition, 30-month sympathy predicted 42-month sadness. Moreover, when controlling for prior levels of prosocial behavior, 30-month sympathy significantly predicted reported and observed prosocial behavior at 42 months. Sympathy did not mediate the relation between sadness and prosocial behavior (either reported or observed).
      PubDate: 2014-06-02T21:06:57.512751-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12084
  • Effects of Person- and Process-focused Feedback on Prosocial Behavior in
           Middle Childhood
    • Authors: Julie C. Dunsmore
      Abstract: The effects of person- and process-focused feedback, parental lay theories, and prosocial self-concept on children's prosocial behavior were investigated with 143 9- and 10-year-old children who participated in a single session. Parents reported entity (person-focused) and incremental (process-focused) beliefs related to prosocial behavior. Children completed measures of prosocial self-concept, then participated in a virtual online chat with child actors who asked for help with service projects. After completing the chat, children could assist with the service projects. In the first cohort, children were randomly assigned to receive person-focused, process-focused, or control feedback about sympathy. In the second cohort, with newly recruited families, children received no feedback. When given process-focused feedback, children spent less time helping and worked on fewer service projects. When given no feedback, children spent less time helping when parents held incremental (process-focused) beliefs. Children with higher prosocial self-concept who received no feedback worked on more service projects.
      PubDate: 2014-06-02T21:06:32.230435-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12082
  • Emotion Knowledge, Loneliness, Negative Social Experiences, and
           Internalizing Symptoms Among Low-income Preschoolers
    • Authors: Justin E. Heinze; Alison L. Miller, Ronald Seifer, Susan Dickstein, Robin Locke
      Abstract: Children with poor emotion knowledge (EK) skills are at risk for externalizing problems; less is known about early internalizing behavior. We examined multiple facets of EK and social-emotional experiences relevant for internalizing difficulties, including loneliness, victimization, and peer rejection, in Head Start preschoolers (N = 134; M = 60 months). Results based on multiple informants suggest that facets of EK are differentially related to negative social-emotional experiences and internalizing behavior and that sex plays a moderating role. Behavioral EK was associated with self-reported loneliness, victimization/rejection, and parent-reported internalizing symptoms. Emotion recognition and expressive EK were related to self-reported loneliness, and emotion situation knowledge was related to parent-reported internalizing symptoms and negative peer nominations. Sex moderated many of these associations, suggesting that EK may operate differently for girls vs. boys in the preschool social context. Results are discussed with regard to the role of EK for social development and intervention implications.
      PubDate: 2014-05-26T21:07:00.646139-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12083
  • Body Image and Body Change Strategies Within Friendship Dyads and Groups:
           Implications for Adolescent Appearance-based Rejection Sensitivity
    • Authors: Haley J. Webb; Melanie J. Zimmer-Gembeck
      Abstract: Appearance-based rejection sensitivity (appearance-RS) consists of concerns about, and expectations of, rejection because of one's appearance (Park). This study examined dyadic- and group-level friendship characteristics as correlates of early adolescents' appearance-RS. Using subgroups of an initial sample of 380 participants, appearance-RS was examined within best friend relationships (N = 132, Mage = 13.84) and friendship groups (N = 186, Mage = 13.83). Overall, best friends were similar in their appearance-RS, body dissatisfaction, restrictive dieting, appearance-conditional self-worth, appearance values, and self-rated attractiveness. Similarities between individuals and their friendship groups were consistent with the findings for dyads, except for self-rated attractiveness and dieting. Appearance-RS was higher in adolescents whose best friends and friendship groups reported greater restrictive dieting and appearance-conditional self-worth. In general, associations did not differ for boys and girls, but having a higher proportion of boys in the friendship group was associated with lowered appearance concerns.
      PubDate: 2014-04-28T07:10:28.60871-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12081
  • Children's Observed Interactions With Best Friends: Associations With
           Friendship Jealousy and Satisfaction
    • Authors: Marike H. F. Deutz; Tessa A. M. Lansu, Antonius H. N. Cillessen
      Abstract: This study examined the role of friendship jealousy and satisfaction in nine-year-old children's observed interactions with their best friends. One hundred five dyads (51 female, 54 male) participated in a 30-min closed-field observational setting and reported their jealousy and satisfaction within the friendship. The Actor–Partner Interdependence Model was used to estimate the effects of friendship jealousy and satisfaction on children's own and their friends' behavior. Friends were highly similar in observed behavior and friendship characteristics. Many observed dyadic behaviors were associated with overall levels of jealousy within the friendship, but differences in friendship satisfaction were only predictive of conflict resolution in boys. Children's reports of their friendship jealousy were strongly related to their own behavior in the dyad and the behavior of their best friends. Gender differences were discussed. The results further illustrate the importance of a dyadic perspective on friendship interaction.
      PubDate: 2014-04-28T07:10:26.099032-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12080
  • Emotion Talk and Friend Responses Among Early Adolescent Same-sex Friend
    • Authors: John-Paul Legerski; Bridget K. Biggs, Andrea Follmer Greenhoot, Marilyn L. Sampilo
      Abstract: To better understand early adolescent emotion talk within close same-sex friendships, this observational study examined emotion talk, as measured by emotion term use, in relation to friend supportive and dismissive responses to such terms among 116 adolescents (58 friend dyads) in Grades 7–8 (56.9% female, M = 13.08, SD = .61). Partial intra-class correlation coefficients derived by using actor partner interdependence models revealed similarities in the frequency of dyad mates use of positive and negative emotions terms. Chi-square analyses indicated that when friends responded to participants' emotion talk supportively, rather than dismissively, participants were more likely to disclose emotions in subsequent utterances. Research and clinical implications for early adolescent emotional development are discussed.
      PubDate: 2014-04-28T07:10:23.190664-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12079
  • Imaginary Companions and Young Children's Coping and Competence
    • Authors: Tracy R. Gleason; Maria Kalpidou
      Abstract: Imaginary companions (ICs) are purported to bolster children's coping and self-competence, but few studies address this claim. We expected that having/not having ICs would distinguish children's coping strategies and competence less than type of companion (i.e., personified object or invisible friend) or quality of child–IC relationship (i.e., egalitarian or hierarchical). We interviewed 72 three- to six-year-olds and their mothers about children's coping strategies and competence; teachers rated competence. Mothers reported ICs. IC presence and type did not differentiate coping strategies, but children with egalitarian relationships chose more constructive/prosocial coping strategies, and teachers rated them more socially competent than children with hierarchical child–IC relationships. Mothers related ICs to cognitive competence. Findings highlight (1) modest relations between imaginary relationships and coping/competence; (2) distinctions between mothers' perceptions and IC functions; and (3) that ICs parallel real relationships in that different dimensions (presence, type/identity, and relationship quality) might be unique contributors to children's socioemotional development.
      PubDate: 2014-04-20T21:02:48.755904-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12078
  • Ethnic Helping and Group Identity: A Study among Majority Group Children
    • Authors: Jellie Sierksma; Jochem Thijs, Maykel Verkuyten
      Abstract: Two vignette studies were conducted on children's evaluations of ethnic helping. In the first study, 272 native Dutch children (mean age = 10.7) evaluated a child who refused to help in an intra-group context (Dutch–Dutch or Turkish–Turkish) or inter-group context (Dutch–Turkish or Turkish–Dutch). Children evaluated not helping in intra-group situations more negatively than not helping in inter-group situations. This suggests that they applied a general moral norm of group loyalty that states that children should help peers of their own group. In the second study, 830 children (mean age = 10.7) read the same vignettes after their ethnic group membership was made salient. In the inter-group contexts, children who strongly identified with their ethnic group evaluated an out-group member not helping an in-group member more negatively than vice versa. Thus, when ethnic identity was salient, children tended to focus more on group identity rather than on the principle of group loyalty.
      PubDate: 2014-03-04T01:49:23.584115-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12077
  • Early and Middle Adolescents' Reasoning About Moral and Personal Concerns
           in Opposite-sex Interactions
    • Authors: Leigh A. Shaw; Cecilia Wainryb, Judith Smetana
      Abstract: This study examined how adolescents coordinate personal and moral concerns in reasoning about opposite-sex interactions. Sixty-four early and middle adolescents (Ms = 12.74, 16.05 years) were individually interviewed about two hypothetical situations involving opposite-sex interactions (commenting on appearance, initiating a date), presented in four conditions that varied the salience of personal vs. moral concerns. Overall, participants viewed opposite-sex interactions as harmless and acceptable in personal conditions, but as moral concerns became more salient, they were viewed more negatively, as less contingent on the target's response, and as entailing humiliation, coercion, and victimization. Age differences occurred primarily in reasoning about conditions entailing mixed-personal and moral concerns. Implications for adolescents' understanding of harassment and victimization are discussed.
      PubDate: 2014-03-04T01:49:21.150569-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12076
  • Dashed Hopes, Dashed Selves' A Sociometer Perspective on Self-esteem
           Change Across the Transition to Secondary School
    • Authors: Astrid M. G. Poorthuis; Sander Thomaes, Marcel A. G. Aken, Jaap J. A. Denissen, Bram Orobio de Castro
      Abstract: The transition from primary to secondary school challenges children's psychological well-being. A cross-transitional longitudinal study (N = 306; mean age = 12.2 years) examined why some children's self-esteem decreases across the transition whereas other children's self-esteem does not. Children's expected social acceptance in secondary school was measured before the transition; their actually perceived social acceptance was measured after the transition. Self-esteem and Big Five personality traits were measured both pre- and posttransition. Self-esteem changed as a function of the discrepancy between children's expected and actually perceived social acceptance. Furthermore, neuroticism magnified self-esteem decreases when children's ‘hopes were dashed'—when they experienced disappointing levels of social acceptance. These findings provide longitudinal support for sociometer theory across the critical transition to secondary school.
      PubDate: 2014-03-04T01:49:19.188193-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12075
  • Early Maternal Depression and Social Skills in Adolescence: A Marginal
           Structural Modeling Approach
    • Authors: Laura M. DeRose; Mariya Shiyko, Simone Levey, Jonathan Helm, Paul D. Hastings
      Abstract: Early maternal depression is a risk factor that may have adverse effects on adolescent social skills. Although evidence indicates links between early maternal depression and social outcomes during early childhood, whether an association extends to adolescence needs further examination. We tested the possible long-term association between early maternal depression and adolescent social skills using a national secondary dataset. A secondary objective was to test if maternal parenting at the transition to adolescence mediated the association, with the notion that adverse outcomes of early maternal depression could be ameliorated by positive parenting practices at an important developmental transition. Data were obtained from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development. Marginal structural modeling within the context of structural equation modeling revealed a significant association between early maternal depression and adolescent social skills while controlling for maternal depression during pre-adolescence and adolescence. Maternal parenting skills partially mediated the association between early maternal depression and mother report of adolescent social skills. These findings have important implications for understanding the link between early maternal depression and adolescent social skills, and for informing parenting practices during pre-adolescence.
      PubDate: 2014-02-10T02:20:30.204471-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12073
  • Predicting Children's Prosocial and Co‐operative Behavior from Their
           Temperamental Profiles: A Person‐centered Approach
    • Authors: Deborah Laible; Gustavo Carlo, Tia Murphy, Mairin Augustine, Scott Roesch
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: The goal of this study was to examine how aspects of self‐regulation and negative emotionality predicted children's co‐operative and prosocial behavior concurrently and longitudinally using the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development. Mothers completed measures of children's temperamental proneness to negative emotionality and self‐regulation at 54 months. Teachers and parents completed measures of children's co‐operative and prosocial behavior at 54 months, first grade, and third grade. A latent profile analysis of the temperamental variables revealed four profiles of children: those high in regulation and low in negative emotionality, those moderate in regulation and moderate in negative emotionality, those low in regulation and high in negative emotionality, and finally those who were very low in regulation but high in anger emotionality. Generally, children with profiles that were high or moderate in terms of regulation and low or moderate in terms of negative emotionality were rated as the most prosocial and co‐operative. Children with profiles that were less well regulated and who were high in negative emotionality (particularly anger proneness) were rated as less co‐operative and prosocial by parents and teachers.
      PubDate: 2014-01-05T21:11:25.3174-05:00
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12072
  • Parenting Mediates the Effects of Income and Cumulative Risk on the
           Development of Effortful Control
    • Authors: Liliana J. Lengua; Cara Kiff, Lyndsey Moran, Maureen Zalewski, Stephanie Thompson, Rebecca Cortes, Erika Ruberry
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: This study tested the hypothesis that the effects of income and cumulative risk on the development of effortful control during preschool would be mediated by parenting. The study utilized a community sample of 306 children (36–40 months) representing the full range of family income, with 29 percent at or near poverty and 28 percent lower income. Two dimensions of effortful control (executive control and delay ability) were assessed at four time points, each separated by nine months, and growth trajectories were examined. Maternal warmth, negativity, limit setting, scaffolding, and responsiveness were observed. Above the effects of child cognitive ability, income, and cumulative risk, scaffolding predicted higher initial levels of executive control that remained higher across the study, and limit setting predicted greater gains in executive control. Parenting did not predict changes in delay ability. Significant indirect effects indicated that scaffolding mediated the effects of income and cumulative risk on growth in executive control. The findings suggest that parenting behaviors can promote effortful control in young children and could be targets of prevention programs in low‐income families.
      PubDate: 2013-12-27T04:40:52.872685-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12071
  • Associations of Internalizing and Externalizing Problems with Facial
           Expression Recognition in Preschoolers: The Generation R Study
    • Authors: Eszter Székely; Henning Tiemeier, Vincent W. V. Jaddoe, Albert Hofman, Frank C. Verhulst, Catherine M. Herba
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Altered patterns of facial expression recognition (FER) have been linked to internalizing and externalizing problems in school children and adolescents. In a large sample of preschoolers (N = 727), we explored concurrent and prospective associations between internalizing/externalizing problems and FER. Internalizing/externalizing problems were rated by parents at 18 and 36 months using the Child Behavior Checklist. FER was assessed at 36 months using age‐appropriate computer tasks of emotion matching and emotion labeling. Internalizing problems were associated with emotion‐specific differences at both ages: at 18 months they predicted more accurate labeling of sadness; at 36 months they were associated with less accurate labeling of happiness and anger. Externalizing problems at both ages were associated with general FER deficits, particularly for matching emotions. Findings suggest that in preschoolers, internalizing problems contribute to emotion‐specific differences in FER, while externalizing problems are associated with more general FER deficits. Knowledge of the specific FER patterns associated with internalizing/externalizing problems can be proven useful in the refinement of emotion‐centered preventive interventions.
      PubDate: 2013-12-27T04:40:48.703235-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12070
  • Proactive Parenting and Children's Effortful Control: Mediating Role of
           Language and Indirect Intervention Effects
    • Authors: Hyein Chang; Daniel S. Shaw, Thomas J. Dishion, Frances Gardner, Melvin N. Wilson
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: We examined associations of proactive parenting, child verbal ability, and child effortful control within the context of a randomized prevention trial focused on enhancing parenting practices in low‐income families. Participants (N = 731) were assessed annually from the age of two to five, with half randomly assigned to the Family Check‐Up (FCU). Results indicated that the child's verbal ability at the age of three partially mediated the influence of proactive parenting at the age of two on children's effortful control at the age of five. More importantly, the FCU indirectly facilitated children's effortful control by sequentially improving proactive parenting and children's verbal ability. The findings are discussed with respect to taking a more integrative approach to understanding early predictors and the promotion of self‐regulation in early childhood.
      PubDate: 2013-12-27T04:40:36.557418-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12069
  • Socially Anxious Children at Risk for Victimization: The Role of
    • Authors: Saskia F. Mulder; Marcel A. G. Aken
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: This study examines whether Big Five personality traits affect the extent to which a socially anxious child will be victimized. A total of 1814 children participated in the study (mean age = 11.99 years). Children completed self‐reports and peer reports of victimization, which were aggregated, and self‐reports of social anxiety and Big Five personality traits. A regression analysis was performed to study the moderating effect of personality traits on the relation between social anxiety and victimization. Socially anxious children scoring high on extraversion are less at risk for victimization than socially anxious children scoring low on extraversion. In addition, socially anxious boys scoring high on agreeableness were less at risk for victimization than socially anxious boys scoring low on agreeableness. Conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness to experience did not moderate the relation between social anxiety and victimization.
      PubDate: 2013-11-27T05:00:28.200193-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12068
  • The Role of Social Goals in Bullies' and Victims' Social Information
           Processing in Response to Ambiguous and Overtly Hostile Provocation
    • Authors: David Smalley; Robin Banerjee
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Understanding what social goals are associated with bullying and victimization behaviours, even after allowing for biases in interpretation of and affective responses to social events, is critical for understanding the socio‐behavioural profile of bullies and victims. In the present study, 181 nine‐ to ten‐year‐olds' affective responses, attribution of intent, and social goals were assessed in the context of a series of ambiguous and overtly hostile provocation vignettes. Results showed that even after allowing for other social information processing biases, social goals were meaningfully associated with bullying and victimization scores. Bullying was inversely associated with relationship‐building goals, and positively associated with goals to be assertive over the provocateur when provocation was overtly hostile. Being victimized was associated with having submissive goals even when provocation was ambiguous and after accounting for attribution of hostile intent. Findings are discussed in light of theoretical and practical implications.
      PubDate: 2013-11-17T21:00:34.416434-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12067
  • Reminiscing Style During Conversations About Emotion‐laden Events
    • Authors: Gabrielle Coppola; Silvia Ponzetti, Brian E. Vaughn
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Previous research has established that mothers' and children's elaborative/evaluative styles during conversations about emotion‐laden events are associated with a range of social‐cognitive accomplishments, and this has prompted researchers to identify factors that predict stylistic differences in conversation styles. The study explored whether patterns and variations in reminiscing styles reported in other cultures would be observed in an Italian sample (N = 40 dyads). Attachment security, assessed using the Adult Attachment Interview for mothers and the Q‐Sort for children, were tested as possible sources of variation in conversation style. The two reminiscing styles identified through a clustering procedure were consistent with those displayed by dyads from other cultural groups; moreover, these were significantly related to both mothers' and children's attachment security. These results extend knowledge on reminiscing conversations during early childhood to a different cultural context and contribute to an understanding of how individual differences in attachment affect partners' participation in such conversations.
      PubDate: 2013-11-17T21:00:30.700198-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12066
  • Prospective Relations Between Adolescents' Social‐emotional
           Competencies and Their Friendships
    • Authors: Maria Salisch; Janice Zeman, Nadine Luepschen, Rimma Kanevski
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Little is known about what factors predict the formation of reciprocal same‐sex friendships during early adolescence. To examine whether social‐emotional competencies aid in establishing and maintaining these friendships at the beginning and end of seventh grade, 380 German youth (mean age = 12.6 years; 49 percent boys; 100 percent White) reported on their peer support networks and on three broad categories of social‐emotional competencies (i.e., non‐constructive anger regulation, constructive anger regulation, emotional awareness, and expression disclosure). Regression analyses indicated the number of reciprocal friendships at Time 2 (T2) was predicted by adolescents' constructive anger regulation through redirection of attention, and social support when angry at the friend, even after controlling for Time 1 number of friends and peer acceptance. Among girls, willingness to self‐disclose marginally predicted their number of reciprocal friends at T2. Results are discussed in terms of the specific social‐emotional competencies that facilitate involvement in reciprocal friendships.
      PubDate: 2013-10-28T06:04:12.793921-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12064
  • A Mixed Methods Examination of Adolescents' Reports of the Values
           Emphasized in Their Families
    • Authors: Laura Wray‐Lake; Constance A. Flanagan, Celina M. Benavides, Jennifer Shubert
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Building on value socialization and personal values theories, this study examined adolescents' open‐ended reports of the values their families emphasize. Based on open‐ended reports of an ethnically and socioeconomically diverse sample of adolescents, we described adolescent‐reported familial values using qualitative and cluster analysis techniques. Adolescents' open‐ended responses about the values held by their families were coded using a prominent circumplex value model, and values largely, but not completely, aligned with this model. Using person‐oriented cluster analysis on the coded data, seven distinct value clusters were identified that captured various sets of values that adolescents hear from families. Several demographic differences emerged among the clusters, and mean differences by familial value cluster were found for adolescents' close‐ended reports of values of helping others and religiosity. Results suggest that adolescents are able to articulate values emphasized in their families in ways that fit a universal structure of values; these values are related in meaningful ways to the values that they themselves want to live by.
      PubDate: 2013-10-21T22:30:23.925053-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12065
  • Approach and Positive Affect in Toddlerhood Predict Early Childhood
           Behavior Problems
    • Authors: Jessica M. Dollar; Kristin A. Buss
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: The aim of the study was to examine the moderating role of positive affect on the relation between approach behaviors and adjustment outcomes. One hundred eleven toddlers participated in a laboratory assessment of approach and positive affect at 24 months. Behavior problems were reported by a parent in the fall of the child's kindergarten year. Results supported our hypotheses that children who displayed high approach and high positive affect in both non‐threat and low‐threat contexts were rated as higher in externalizing behavior problems. On the other hand, for children showing low positive affect, increases in approach in a moderate‐threat context lowered the risk of developing internalizing behavior problems. Implications for these findings are discussed, including methodological considerations of differences among eliciting contexts and advantages of separating positive affect and approach.
      PubDate: 2013-10-15T10:21:08.242591-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12062
  • Mother–infant Interaction Quality and Infants' Ability to Encode
           Actions as Goal‐directed
    • Authors: Maria Licata; Markus Paulus, Claudia Thoermer, Susanne Kristen, Amanda L. Woodward, Beate Sodian
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: The current study investigated the relationship between mother–child interaction quality and infants' ability to interpret actions as goal‐directed at 7 months in a sample of 37 dyads. Interaction quality was assessed in a free play interaction using two distinct methods: one assessed the overall affective quality (emotional availability), and one focused on the mother's proclivity to treat her infant as an intentional agent (mind‐mindedness). Furthermore, infants' ability to interpret human actions as goal‐directed was assessed. Analyses revealed that only maternal emotional availability, and not maternal mind‐mindedness, was related to infants' goal‐encoding ability. This link remained stable even when controlling for child temperament, working memory, and maternal education. These findings provide first evidence that emotionally available caregiving promotes social‐cognitive development in preverbal infants.
      PubDate: 2013-10-15T10:16:11.045546-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12057
  • Tuning in to Teens: Improving Parent Emotion Socialization to Reduce Youth
           Internalizing Difficulties
    • Authors: Christiane E. Kehoe; Sophie S. Havighurst, Ann E. Harley
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Research in child development suggests that parents' emotional competence and emotion socialization practices are related to children's emotional functioning, including child internalizing difficulties. This research has not yet been translated into intervention or prevention programs targeting parents of older children and adolescents. The current study examined the efficacy of the Tuning in to Teens parenting program in improving emotion socialization practices in parents of preadolescents and reducing youth internalizing difficulties. Schools were randomized into intervention and control conditions. Data were collected from 225 parents and 224 youth during the young person's final year of elementary school (sixth grade) and again 10 months later in their first year of secondary school (seventh grade). Multilevel analyses showed significant improvements in parental emotion socialization and reductions in youth internalizing difficulties for the intervention condition. This study provides support for the efficacy of the TINT parenting program with a community sample.
      PubDate: 2013-10-15T10:11:13.196214-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12060
  • Toddler Inhibitory Control, Bold Response to Novelty, and Positive Affect
           Predict Externalizing Symptoms in Kindergarten
    • Authors: Kristin A. Buss; Elizabeth J. Kiel, Santiago Morales, Emily Robinson
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Poor inhibitory control and bold approach have been found to predict the development of externalizing behavior problems in young children. Less research has examined how positive affect may influence the development of externalizing behavior in the context of low inhibitory control and high approach. We used a multi‐method approach to examine how observed toddler inhibitory control, bold approach, and positive affect predicted externalizing outcomes (observed, adult‐, and self‐reported) in additive and interactive ways at the beginning of kindergarten. Children who were 24‐month‐olds (N = 110) participated in a laboratory visit and 84 were followed up in kindergarten for externalizing behaviors. Overall, children who were low in inhibitory control, high in bold approach, and low in positive affect at 24 months of age were at greater risk for externalizing behaviors during kindergarten.
      PubDate: 2013-09-11T04:58:55.697549-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12058
  • Can Psychosocial Intervention Improve Peer and Sibling Relations Among
           War-affected Children' Impact and Mediating Analyses in a Randomized
           Controlled Trial
    • Authors: Marwan Diab; Raija-Leena Punamäki, Esa Palosaari, Samir R. Qouta
      First page: 215
      Abstract: Social resources are considered important protectors in traumatic conditions, but few studies have analyzed their role in psychosocial interventions among war-affected children. We examined (1) whether a psychosocial intervention (teaching recovery techniques, TRT) is effective in improving peer and sibling relations, and (2) whether these potentially improved relations mediate the intervention's impacts on children's mental health. Participants were 428 Palestinian children [10–13 (mean = 11.29, standard deviation SD = .68)-year-old girls (49.4 percent) and boys (50.6 percent)], who were cluster-randomized into the TRT and wait-list control groups. They reported the quality of peer (friendship and loneliness) and sibling (intimacy, warmth, conflict, and rivalry) relations, and posttraumatic stress, depressive and psychological distress symptoms, as well as psychosocial well-being at baseline (T1), postintervention (T2), and six month follow-up (T3). Results showed gender-specific TRT intervention effects: Loneliness in peer relations reduced among boys and sibling rivalry reduced among girls. The TRT prevented the increase in sibling conflict that happened in the control group. The mediating hypothesis was partially substantiated for improved peer relations, and beneficial changes in sibling relations were generally associated with improved mental health.
      PubDate: 2013-08-08T06:30:36.685248-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12052
  • Emotional Reactivity and Regulation in Head Start Children: Links to
           Ecologically Valid Behaviors and Internalizing Problems
    • Authors: Judith K. Morgan; Carroll E. Izard, Christopher Hyde
      First page: 250
      Abstract: Children's emotional reactivity may interact with their regulatory behaviors to contribute to internalizing problems and social functioning even early in development. Ninety-one preschool children participated in a longitudinal project examining children's reactivity and regulatory behaviors as predictors of internalizing problems, and positive and negative social behavior in the classroom. Children who paired negative emotion expression with disengagement during a laboratory task showed higher levels of internalizing problems and more negative social behavior in the classroom 6 months later. Positive emotion expression paired with engagement during a laboratory task predicted more positive social behavior in the classroom 6 months later. Physiological reactivity and regulation also predicted children's social behavior in the classroom. Findings suggest that preschool children with maladaptive reactivity and regulatory patterns may be at greater risk for internalizing problems even in early childhood.
      PubDate: 2013-07-30T22:39:50.258471-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12049
  • Social Self-Control, Externalizing Behavior, and Peer Liking Among
           Children with ADHD-CT: A Mediation Model
    • Authors: Paul J. Rosen; Aaron J. Vaughn, Jeffery N. Epstein, Betsy Hoza, L. Eugene Arnold, Lily Hechtman, Brooke S. G. Molina, James M. Swanson
      First page: 288
      Abstract: This study investigated the role of externalizing behavior as a mediator of the relation between social self-control and peer liking among children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder-combined type (ADHD-CT). A model was proposed whereby externalizing behavior would fully statistically account for the direct relation of social self-control to peer liking. One hundred seventy-two children ages 7.0–9.9 years with ADHD-CT were rated by their teachers regarding their social self-control and by their parents and teachers regarding their rates of externalizing behavior. Same-sex classmates provided ratings of overall liking. Structural equation modeling was used to assess the proposed model. Results supported the proposed model of externalizing behavior as fully statistically accounting for the relation of social self-control to peer liking. This study demonstrated the crucial role that externalizing behaviors play in the social impairment commonly seen among children with ADHD-CT.
      PubDate: 2013-07-05T07:02:14.719746-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12046
  • Identifying Mother–child Interaction Styles Using a Person-centered
    • Authors: Jackie A. Nelson; Marion O'Brien, Kevin J. Grimm, Esther M. Leerkes
      First page: 306
      Abstract: Parent–child conflict in the context of a supportive relationship has been discussed as a potentially constructive interaction pattern; the current study is the first to test this using a holistic analytic approach. Interaction styles, defined as mother–child conflict in the context of maternal sensitivity, were identified and described with demographic and stress-related characteristics of families. Longitudinal associations were tested between interaction styles and children's later social competence. Participants included 814 partnered mothers with a first-grade child. Latent profile analysis identified agreeable, dynamic, and disconnected interaction styles. Mothers' intimacy with a partner, depressive symptoms, and authoritarian childrearing beliefs, along with children's later conflict with a best friend and externalizing problems, were associated with group membership. Notably, the dynamic style, characterized by high sensitivity and high conflict, included families who experienced psychological and relational stressors. Findings are discussed with regard to how family stressors shape parent–child interaction patterns.
      PubDate: 2013-07-24T20:55:50.002648-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12040
  • Jealousy in Firstborn Toddlers within the Context of the Primary Family
    • Authors: Nóra Szabó; Judith Semon Dubas, Marcel A. G. Aken
      First page: 325
      Abstract: Childhood jealousy has typically been examined in a limited number of jealousy-evoking contexts and mainly with the mother only, thus providing a narrow view on the manifestations of jealousy. The aim of the present article is to examine childhood jealousy within parent–child dyads and (mother–father–child) triads and across multiple contexts. The sample included 87 Dutch families with a toddler (38 girls, 49 boys, Mage: 23 months). Children were challenged in several jealousy-evoking situations using social and non-social objects as rivals during videotaped family play sessions. Children's jealous behavior (e.g., negativity, distraction) and jealous emotions (e.g., anger) were coded. We found the most jealous behavior in contexts including a doll as a rival and the least in the non-social object conditions. Children showed more jealous behavior toward mothers than fathers. Children showed elevated levels of anger in most jealousy situations.
      PubDate: 2013-06-26T12:24:25.573066-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12039
  • With Whom and Where You Play: Preschoolers' Social Context Predicts Peer
    • Authors: Naomi C. Z. Andrews; Laura D. Hanish, Richard A. Fabes, Carol Lynn Martin
      First page: 357
      Abstract: This short-term longitudinal study assessed the relations between the social context of children's play (playgroup size, playgroup gender composition, and play setting) in the fall and peer victimization in the spring for low-income, minority, preschool girls and boys. Gender differences in these associations, as well as the moderating effect of children's individual problem behavior, were considered. Using a multiple-brief observation procedure, preschoolers' (N = 255, 49 percent girls) naturally occurring play in each type of social context was recorded throughout the fall semester. Observers also rated children's victimization and problem behaviors in the fall, and teachers rated children's victimization at the end of the school year. Findings suggested that social context variables predicted spring victimization above and beyond fall victimization and individual levels of problem behavior, and that these associations varied for boys and girls. The findings signify the importance of the social context on changes in peer victimization.
      PubDate: 2013-08-05T06:07:19.456749-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12051
  • Translating Social Motivation Into Action: Contributions of Need for
           Approval to Children's Social Engagement
    • Authors: Karen D. Rudolph; Lauren E. Bohn
      First page: 376
      Abstract: This research examined how children's need for approval (NFA) from peers predicted social behavior (prosocial behavior, aggression, and social helplessness) and peer responses (acceptance, victimization, exclusion). Children (N = 526, mean age = 7.95, standard deviation = .33) reported on NFA and teachers reported on social engagement. Approach NFA (motivation to gain approval) predicted more positive engagement and less conflictual engagement and disengagement. Conversely, avoidance NFA (motivation to avoid disapproval) predicted less positive engagement and more conflictual engagement and disengagement. Some results differed by gender. This study suggests that social motivation contributes to children's peer relationships, providing a specific target for interventions to optimize social health.
      PubDate: 2013-08-05T06:07:13.66003-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12050
  • Adolescent Emotion Socialization: A Longitudinal Study of Friends'
           Responses to Negative Emotions
    • Authors: Bonnie Klimes-Dougan; Theresa E. Pearson, Leah Jappe, Lindsay Mathieson, Melissa R. Simard, Paul Hastings, Carolyn Zahn-Waxler
      First page: 395
      Abstract: Although peer influences are thought to be critically important to adolescent development, there is a paucity of research investigating the emotion socialization practices that take place between adolescents. This longitudinal study evaluated close friends' responses to negative emotion using a newly developed assessment tool of peer emotion socialization, you and your friends. Adolescent participants (N = 205) exhibiting a range of internalizing and externalizing problems between 11 and 17 years of age were assessed and re-evaluated two years later. Participants were asked to rate the frequency with which their friends responded to them by encouraging, distracting, matching, ignoring, overtly victimizing, and/or relationally victimizing their emotions. The results indicated high levels of internal consistency and moderate levels of long-term stability. Close friends most often responded supportively to the participants' emotional displays, but these responses differed by gender. Also, friends' emotion socialization responses were concurrently and predictively associated with participant problem status. This study contributes to a better understanding of the processes by which adolescents' emotions are socialized by their friends and has important implications for future prevention and intervention efforts.
      PubDate: 2013-07-05T07:02:08.446687-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/sode.12045
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