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LAW (760 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 354 Journals sorted alphabetically
ABA Journal Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Acta Juridica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Acta Universitatis Danubius. Juridica     Open Access  
Actualidad Jurídica Ambiental     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adelaide Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Administrative Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 42)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Legal Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
African Journal on Conflict Resolution     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Afrilex     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Air and Space Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Akron Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Al 'Adalah : Jurnal Hukum Islam     Open Access  
Al-Ahkam     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alaska Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Albany Law Review     Free   (Followers: 5)
Alberta Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Alternative Law Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Alternatives : Global, Local, Political     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Amazon's Research and Environmental Law     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Comparative Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 56)
American Journal of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Law & Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Trial Advocacy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American University Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American University National Security Law Brief     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Amicus Curiae     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Amsterdam Law Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Anales de la Cátedra Francisco Suárez     Open Access  
Annales Canonici     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of the Faculty of Law in Belgrade - Belgrade Law Review     Open Access  
Anuario da Facultade de Dereito da Universidade da Coruña     Open Access  
Anuario de Psicología Jurídica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ANZSLA Commentator, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Appeal : Review of Current Law and Law Reform     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arbitration Law Monthly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Arctic Review on Law and Politics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arena Hukum     Open Access  
Argumenta Journal Law     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arizona Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Arizona State Law Journal     Free   (Followers: 3)
Arkansas Law Review     Free   (Followers: 6)
Ars Aequi Maandblad     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Art + Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Article 40     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
ASAS : Jurnal Hukum dan Ekonomi Islam     Open Access  
Asian American Law Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Law and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Legal Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asy-Syir'ah : Jurnal Ilmu Syari'ah dan Hukum     Open Access  
Australasian Law Management Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian and New Zealand Sports Law Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian Feminist Law Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Australian Indigenous Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Australian Journal of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Ave Maria Law Review     Free   (Followers: 3)
Badamai Law Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ballot     Open Access  
Baltic Journal of Law & Politics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Bar News: The Journal of the NSW Bar Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Behavioral Sciences & the Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Beijing Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Berkeley Journal of Entertainment and Sports Law     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Berkeley Technology Law Journal     Free   (Followers: 11)
Bioethics Research Notes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Boletín de la Asociación Internacional de Derecho Cooperativo     Open Access  
Bond Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Boston College Journal of Law & Social Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Boston College Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Boston University Law Review     Free   (Followers: 10)
BRICS Law Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brigham Young University Journal of Public Law     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Brigham Young University Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
British Journal of American Legal Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brooklyn Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of Legal Medicine     Open Access  
Bulletin of Medieval Canon Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Business and Human Rights Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
C@hiers du CRHIDI     Open Access  
Cadernos de Dereito Actual     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos de Informação Jurídica     Open Access  
Cadernos do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Direito - PPGDir./UFRGS     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Ibero-Americanos de Direito Sanitário     Open Access  
Cahiers, Droit, Sciences et Technologies     Open Access  
California Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
California Lawyer     Free  
California Western Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cambridge Law Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 157)
Campbell Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Campus Legal Advisor     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Law & Jurisprudence     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Canadian Journal of Law and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Case Western Reserve Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Časopis pro právní vědu a praxi     Open Access  
Catalyst : A Social Justice Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Catholic University Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chicago-Kent Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
China : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
China-EU Law Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chinese Journal of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chinese Law & Government     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Cleveland State Law Review     Free   (Followers: 2)
College Athletics and The Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Colombia Forense     Open Access  
Columbia Journal of Environmental Law     Free   (Followers: 8)
Columbia Journal of Law and Social Problems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Columbia Law Review (Sidebar)     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Commercial Law Quarterly: The Journal of the Commercial Law Association of Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Comparative Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 38)
Comparative Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Con-texto     Open Access  
Conflict Resolution Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Conflict Trends     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Cornell Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Criterio Jurídico     Open Access  
Critical Analysis of Law : An International & Interdisciplinary Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cuadernos de Historia del Derecho     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Cuestiones Juridicas     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Danube : The Journal of European Association Comenius - EACO     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
De Jure     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
De Rebus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Deakin Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Debater a Europa     Open Access  
Defense Counsel Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Democrazia e diritto     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Denning Law Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
DePaul Journal of Women, Gender and the Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
DePaul Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Der Staat     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Derecho Animal. Forum of Animal Law Studies     Open Access  
Derecho PUCP     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Derecho y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Derechos en Acción     Open Access  
Die Verwaltung     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Dikaion     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dike     Open Access  
Diké : Revista Jurídica     Open Access  
Direito e Desenvolvimento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Direito e Liberdade     Open Access  
Diritto penale contemporaneo     Free   (Followers: 2)
Diritto, immigrazione e cittadinanza     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Dixi     Open Access  
Droit et Cultures     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Droit et Médecine Bucco-Dentaire     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Droit, Déontologie & Soin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Drug Science, Policy and Law     Full-text available via subscription  
Duke Environmental Law & Policy Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Duke Forum for Law & Social Change     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Duke Journal of Gender Law & Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Duke Law & Technology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Duke Law Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
DULR Online     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
East Asia Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ECI Interdisciplinary Journal for Legal and Social Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ecology Law Quarterly     Free   (Followers: 3)
Edinburgh Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Education and the Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
El Cotidiano     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Election Law Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Energy Law Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Environmental Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Environmental Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Environmental Policy and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
ERA-Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Erasmus Law Review     Open Access  
Espaço Jurídico : Journal of Law     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ESR Review : Economic and Social Rights in South Africa     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ethnopolitics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ethos: Official Publication of the Law Society of the Australian Capital Territory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
EU agrarian Law     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Europaisches Journal fur Minderheitenfragen     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
European Energy and Environmental Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
European Journal for Education Law and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Comparative Law and Governance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
European Journal of Law and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
European Law Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 155)
European Public Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
European Review of Contract Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
European Review of Private Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
European Yearbook of Minority Issues Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Evaluation Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Evidence & Policy : A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Faulkner Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Federal Communication Law Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Federal Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Federal Probation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Feminist Legal Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
feminists@law     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Fiat Justisia     Open Access  
First Amendment Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Florida Bar News     Free  
Florida Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Journal Cover Geoforum
  [SJR: 1.512]   [H-I: 74]   [25 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0016-7185
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3177 journals]
  • Buying vitamins: Newfoundland cod liver oil and the real subsumption of
           nature, 1919–1939
    • Authors: Daniel Banoub
      Pages: 1 - 8
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Geoforum, Volume 92
      Author(s): Daniel Banoub
      The discovery of new use-values in commodities by science and the creation of new needs in consumers by marketing is a capitalist imperative. Drawing on archival work that examines the effects of the scientific discovery of vitamins on Newfoundland’s interwar cod liver oil industry, this paper locates these processes as a moment in an expanded conception of the real subsumption of nature under capital. I identify intensive and extensive logics of circulation that map onto the division between absolute and relative surplus-value, on the one hand, and the formal and real subsumption of nature, on the other. I conclude by arguing that understanding the full historical geography of real subsumption, by extending its scope beyond production and its periodization beyond the neoliberal era, is essential for reckoning and resisting the contemporary destruction of the world-ocean.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T18:55:40Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.03.002
      Issue No: Vol. 92 (2018)
       
  • An intermediate step to resource peripheries: The strategic coupling of
           gateway cities in the upstream oil and gas GPN
    • Authors: Moritz Breul; Javier Revilla Diez
      Pages: 9 - 17
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Geoforum, Volume 92
      Author(s): Moritz Breul, Javier Revilla Diez
      The actual extraction of natural resources is territorially tied to their geological occurrence. However, previous studies have shown that a direct strategic coupling with commodity source regions has become increasingly uncommon in the context of the contemporary organization of extractive industries. Instead, extractive Global Production Networks (GPNs) create an ‘intermediate’ step and bundle their activities in so called ‘gateway cities’ outside the resource periphery, from where they integrate the latter. Understanding the underlying rationales and the explicit functions that make these cities essential for the larger production network is crucial in order to understand the spatial configuration of the GPN and the (limited) opportunities for resource peripheries. This paper therefore explores the strategic coupling of two distinct gateway cities (Singapore, Jakarta) in the upstream oil and gas GPN. Based on 31 interviews the article highlights how varying state roles have shaped the spatial configuration of this particular GPN. While the Singaporean state contributed to ‘holding down’ the GPN by transforming its regional assets to the strategic needs of the industry, the ‘detour’ via Jakarta is a consequence of the regulator and producer role of the Indonesian state as well as the spatially unequally distributed institutional capacities across Indonesia. Both influences inhibit opportunities for economic development in commodity source regions.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T18:55:40Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.03.022
      Issue No: Vol. 92 (2018)
       
  • Negotiating the complex geographies of friendships overseas: Becoming,
           being and sharing in student mobility
    • Authors: Suzanne E. Beech
      Pages: 18 - 25
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Geoforum, Volume 92
      Author(s): Suzanne E. Beech
      International students are a fundamental part of the global higher education system providing a critical income stream for many universities but also diversifying and enriching culturally our campuses and the learning experiences of host students. Further, beyond selling the ‘prestige’ of the degree from the host institution, many universities often claim that international study is culturally enriching for the international students also. Or so the argument goes. This UK case study reveals that the reality for international students can be very different by examining the difficulties they face in forming robust cross- and multi-cultural friendships when overseas. In so doing it makes important contributions to the burgeoning networks, and more established transnationalism and mobility studies literatures by reflecting on how we negotiate the unfamiliar and geographically distinctive places through the social networks that we establish there. Principally it aims to overturn previous assertions that distinctive international student networks are the result of liminality and exclusion by showing that they are also a conscious choice made by the students themselves, functioning as an important source of social, cultural and political support when living overseas.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T18:55:40Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.03.019
      Issue No: Vol. 92 (2018)
       
  • The aesthetic politics of taste: Producing extra virgin olive oil in
           Jordan
    • Authors: Brittany Cook
      Pages: 36 - 44
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Geoforum, Volume 92
      Author(s): Brittany Cook
      Extra virginity as a standard is predicated on a chemical and sensory evaluation according to the parameters set by the International Olive Council. Though a rich literature examines how food and agricultural standards are implemented in local contexts, little work has assessed how certifications redefine the local aesthetic experience of the food. In order to fill this gap, I analyze the aesthetic politics, which redefine who can taste and how they can do it. I argue that incorporating aesthetic politics into analyses of quality and standards enables tracing how this standard becomes regarded as scientific and, return, effects a re-aestheticizing of what is considered a(n) (il)legitimate taste. This re-aestheticization redefines ‘best practices’ in olive oil production, according to the new aesthetic. This particular configuration of the sensorial experience of olive oil, through its dissemination and employment as part of international-funded capacity building efforts, has social and environmental consequences across Jordan. In sum, this paper—based on 15 months of qualitative fieldwork with farmers, NGOs, mill employees, mill owners, and government officials in the Jordanian olive oil industry—explores how basic taste standards for extra virgin olive oil are discursively instilled in sensory evaluations and physically produced in farm and mill management practices. By tracing these processes, this paper furthers our understanding of how seemingly apolitical, scientific standards travel across scales and affect the ways in which people experience taste.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T18:55:40Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.03.004
      Issue No: Vol. 92 (2018)
       
  • A blueprint for market construction' Spatial data infrastructure(s),
           interoperability, and the EU Digital Single Market
    • Authors: Luis F. Alvarez León
      Pages: 45 - 57
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Geoforum, Volume 92
      Author(s): Luis F. Alvarez León
      Geographers have recently turned increased attention to the spatial dimensions of markets. However, digital information markets, positioned at the leading edges of capitalism, remain under-examined from this perspective. Contrary to the aspatiality suggested by metaphors of information networks such as ‘the cloud’, a salient element of these markets is their close linkage with legal regimes bound to territorial jurisdictions. Addressing this linkage through a Polanyian economic geographic approach, the present article examines the recent initiative by the European Commission to build a territorially unified digital market spanning the entire European Union, and its relationship with a previous pan-European project aimed at developing unified standards for geospatial data: INSPIRE, the EU’s spatial data infrastructure. The analysis focuses on interoperability, or the ability of systems to communicate with each other, and centers on the specific mechanisms of legal and technical interoperability in two EU member states: the UK and Germany. These two types of interoperability are considered key factors in the social and institutional embeddedness of markets – and as a consequence, their spatial constitution. Through this examination, the article shows that, while digital information markets ostensibly ‘flatten space’ and allow market actors to overcome geographical barriers, their very constitution is the result of particular sets of policies, institutional features, and political negotiations that require both technical and political agreements to achieve integration across multiple scales of territorial jurisdictions.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T18:55:40Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.03.013
      Issue No: Vol. 92 (2018)
       
  • Voices from a hidden people: Precarious lives and discrimination in
           Turkish sugar industry
    • Authors: Bahadır Nurol; Bayram Unal
      Pages: 58 - 67
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Geoforum, Volume 92
      Author(s): Bahadır Nurol, Bayram Unal
      The aim of this study is to reveal the connections between precarious work and discrimination patterns in Turkey, drawing particular attention to the increasing use of subcontracting in the public sector. Subcontracting has been suggested as a liberal solution to labour effectiveness that is substantially concretised in further surplus value accumulation. This suggestion has been inextricably associated with disposing of labour features hereto valid such as a settled income, a guarantee of minimum standards, protection against unfair dismissal, promotion opportunities, a regular working day and working week, collective bargaining, and the provision of social services. This alteration has inevitably exposed labour to further exploitative competition on the one hand and fragmented the labour source by expanding it to further fragile categories on the other. Thus, subcontracting has immediate consequences not only for precarisation of work, but also for discriminatory practices in workplaces. The study’s results indicate that subcontracting in Turkey essentially meant a return to traditional cleavages between gender roles, local people and internal migrants, and permanent workers and precarious ones, even in the state-owned enterprises.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T18:55:40Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.03.018
      Issue No: Vol. 92 (2018)
       
  • Exploring policy perceptions and responsibility of devolved
           decision-making for water service delivery in Kenya’s 47 county
           governments
    • Authors: Johanna Koehler
      Pages: 68 - 80
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Geoforum, Volume 92
      Author(s): Johanna Koehler
      Improving water services is a well-rehearsed political instrument to win public support against a backdrop of a wide range of hydro-political realities in Africa. This paper examines whether devolution to Kenya’s 47 counties advances the constitutional mandate for the human right to water. Specifically, it examines which factors influence decision-makers’ perception of their responsibility for water service delivery in their counties. Drawing on interviews from all county water ministries, a sociopolitical risk model leveraging public choice theory is developed and tested. Information on election margin, climate risk, urbanisation, poverty levels, water budget and citizen satisfaction is modelled to explain variations in the policymakers’ perceptions of their responsibilities. Results reveal that county water ministries recognise increased political responsibility for the poor outside current provision areas across water quantity, quality, accessibility and non-discrimination criteria. Affordability is the most contested criterion, with only a limited number of counties accepting responsibility. High socioclimatic risks and narrow election margins are likely to boost devolved duty-bearers’ perception of responsibility for improved water service delivery. These variable factors demonstrate the interdependence of spatial and political dimensions during Kenya’s devolution process and promote the conclusion that independent and strong regulation is critical to realising the human right to water for the great majority of Kenyans living in rural areas and facing unpredictable climate risks.
      Graphical abstract image

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T18:55:40Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.02.018
      Issue No: Vol. 92 (2018)
       
  • Contextualising integrated conservation and development projects:
           Restoring the lost ‘harambee’ link in Kenya
    • Authors: Evans Mark Ouko
      Pages: 81 - 91
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Geoforum, Volume 92
      Author(s): Evans Mark Ouko
      Kenya was at the vanguard of adopting Integrated Conservation and Development Projects (ICDPs) in the 1980s in response to high population growth rates that posed a serious threat to globally valued ecological zones. But most ICDPs were criticised for failing to deliver on the promise of sustainable development. The failure by project planners to internalise contextual socio-economic factors into project design is often cited as a major cause for the unsatisfactory outcomes. Development practitioners in Kenya consistently utilise self-help collectives structured on a nationally popular concept known as “harambee” to distribute project resources in order to satisfy prevailing community inclusion imperatives. This research utilises a political ecology approach to examine the perceptions of local and external actors involved in implementing a forest-adjacent ICDP among two communities. The study found that the assumed trickle-down effects from the introduced income-generating activities largely failed to materialise. Harambee collectives have a strong normative component for social cohesion in addition to surplus creation functions. The failure to appreciate and internalise these two sometimes contradictory aims by development practitioners resulted in missed opportunities for adaptive learning and greater community engagement that could be potentially transformative to rural development practice in Kenya and beyond.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T18:55:40Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.04.002
      Issue No: Vol. 92 (2018)
       
  • Has (even Marxist) political ecology really transcended the metabolic
           rift'
    • Authors: Brian M. Napoletano; Pedro S. Urquijo; Jaime Paneque-Gálvez; Brett Clark; Richard York; Iván Franch-Pardo; Yadira Méndez-Lemus; Antonio Vieyra
      Pages: 92 - 95
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Geoforum, Volume 92
      Author(s): Brian M. Napoletano, Pedro S. Urquijo, Jaime Paneque-Gálvez, Brett Clark, Richard York, Iván Franch-Pardo, Yadira Méndez-Lemus, Antonio Vieyra
      Marx’s concept of metabolic rift has emerged as an important category in ecological Marxism, but has received relatively little attention in political ecology. This appears to reflect a combination of confusion regarding the conceptual basis of metabolic rift and theoretical antagonisms between its materialist dialectic and dominant post-humanist approaches in hybridist political ecology. In this essay, we argue that stronger engagement with metabolic-rift scholarship in political ecology could strengthen work in both areas. We briefly outline the possibilities for such engagement by first clarifying some of the conceptual confusion regarding the metabolic rift and its material-dialectical approach to human alienation and the socio-ecological contradictions and crises of capital accumulation and human development within capitalism. We then briefly discuss some of the key points of contention between this approach and dominant hybridist paradigms in political ecology. We conclude that, despite these conflicts, the concept of metabolic rift could provide essential critical contributions to political ecology's explanatory and emancipatory efforts.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T18:55:40Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.04.008
      Issue No: Vol. 92 (2018)
       
  • Greening rubber' Political ecologies of plantation sustainability in
           Laos and Myanmar
    • Authors: Miles Kenney-Lazar; Grace Wong; Himlal Baral; Aaron J.M. Russell
      Pages: 96 - 105
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Geoforum, Volume 92
      Author(s): Miles Kenney-Lazar, Grace Wong, Himlal Baral, Aaron J.M. Russell
      Over the past decade, the cultivation of rubber trees has expanded rapidly throughout the Mekong region to non-traditional rubber growing areas of Laos and Myanmar. Prompted by rising prices from 1990 to 2010 and government agro-industrialization policies, farmers and investors have rushed to plant the new boom crop. A latex price crash in 2011, however, has made it more challenging for small-scale producers to earn an income, leading to uneven social-ecological transformations and economic consequences. Several proposals have been made to address these challenges by transforming rubber into a more economically, socially, and environmentally sustainable crop. In this paper, which emerged from one such project to investigate the potential for “green” rubber, we argue that the sustainability of rubber is a challenging and elusive prospect – particularly in resource frontier contexts like Laos and Myanmar. Concepts like “sustainability” or “green” production are vague and malleable. They can be imbued with a variety of contradictory meanings, which often do not address the most socially and environmentally problematic aspects of cash crop expansion. Sustainable rubber, if rigorously and specifically defined, would be exceedingly difficult to reach in both countries, due to the ways in which political-economic and governance factors interact with the biophysical and social characteristics of the crop. Instead, we recommend using sustainability as a political tool for highlighting the most harmful socio-environmental impacts of rubber and generating debate concerning the best ways to address these, thus limiting unsustainable practices.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T18:55:40Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.03.008
      Issue No: Vol. 92 (2018)
       
  • Capture and crush: Gas companies in the fracking dispute and deliberative
           depoliticization
    • Authors: C.E. Wilson; T.H. Morrison; J.-A. Everingham; J. McCarthy
      Pages: 106 - 116
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Geoforum, Volume 92
      Author(s): C.E. Wilson, T.H. Morrison, J.-A. Everingham, J. McCarthy
      Multi-stakeholder governance arrangements involving co-operation between public and non-state actors are a vital part of the governance landscape for addressing social impacts resulting from resources development. Yet, the current mantra for ‘collaboration’ has gained relative credibility and legitimacy without scrutiny of the democratic characteristics and quality of these institutional arrangements. This article responds to this normative concern by examining the implications for the democratic legitimacy of multi-stakeholder governance arrangements in cases where private resource extraction companies, who do not necessarily act in the public interest, exercise a ‘metagovernance’ role. We explore this topic through a qualitative case-study comparison of affordable housing governance in regions impacted by unconventional gas development in Australia and the United States. We argue that while multi-stakeholder governance arrangements convened by resource extraction companies can support situations of democracy under certain conditions, resource extraction companies structure the processes within these collaborative arrangements to the benefits of specific actors, notably the extractive companies themselves and other profit-orientated actors. In particular, we illustrate the depoliticizing effects of these institutions, whereby in some cases, they are used to constrain debates about the social impacts of extractives development, and circumscribe certain types of actors from participation in deliberative debate and decision-making. We underscore the importance of state intervention in ensuring communicative processes induced by corporate actors proceed according to the principles of deliberative democracy.

      PubDate: 2018-04-24T16:15:36Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.04.004
      Issue No: Vol. 92 (2018)
       
  • Politics of belonging and the Eritrean diaspora youth: Generational
           transmission of the decisive past
    • Authors: Samuel Graf
      Pages: 117 - 124
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Geoforum, Volume 92
      Author(s): Samuel Graf
      This article addresses the generational transmission of the decisive Eritrean past and illustrates its influence on the reinforcement and maintenance of Eritrean identity and sense of belonging to Eritrea on young Eritreans grown up in the diaspora. It argues that the transmission and preservation of narratives and knowledge about the decisive Eritrean past makes the Eritrean history a “chosen trauma”, which constitutes an important aspect of the formation of a collective identity. Thereby, the article focuses on two particular modes of transmissions: first, within families from parents to children and second, by the international conferences of the YPFDJ, the exile youth branch of the country’s ruling People’s Front for Democracy and Justice PFDJ. The generational transmission of a decisive past helps to understand the formation of identity and belonging of second-generation Eritreans and further contributes to the broader debate on post-migrant generations constituting belonging in a transnational field.

      PubDate: 2018-04-24T16:15:36Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.04.009
      Issue No: Vol. 92 (2018)
       
  • Payments for ecosystem services and social justice: Using recognition
           theories to assess the Bolivian Acuerdos Recíprocos por el Agua
    • Authors: Florence Bétrisey; Johan Bastiaensen; Christophe Mager
      Pages: 134 - 143
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Geoforum, Volume 92
      Author(s): Florence Bétrisey, Johan Bastiaensen, Christophe Mager
      Payments for ecosystem services (PES) have been the subject of a great amount of literature among which questions of social justice are an important topic. However, we show that most of these studies tend to depoliticize the debate by considering mostly liberal and redistributive notions of justice. We argue that injecting the notion of recognition allows a better depiction of complex local power dynamics and situations of (in)justice. We, therefore, briefly review the social and political philosophical theories of recognition before using the notion of recognition as an analytical tool to assess a Bolivian PES (Acuerdos Recíprocos por el Agua, ARA). We show how PES transform recognition relationships between upstream service providers and the formerly rather disinterested service consumers, including municipal authorities, by creating new narratives and channels of recognition. We also highlight the fragility of this process as well as the persisting misrecognition of the poorest of the poor (immigrants, small landowners) that is strengthened by this PES at the intra-community level. Finally, we highlight the potential instrumental use of recognition that could be made by PES promoters as well as counter-hegemonic use potentially made by marginalized actors.

      PubDate: 2018-04-24T16:15:36Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.04.001
      Issue No: Vol. 92 (2018)
       
  • Deep entanglements: History, space and (energy) struggle in the German
           Energiewende
    • Authors: Franziska Christina Paul
      Pages: 1 - 9
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Geoforum, Volume 91
      Author(s): Franziska Christina Paul
      This paper contributes to recent debates in energy geography, especially to energy transition research and literature, by developing a critical and empirically grounded understanding of energy transitions as expressions of contentious socio-spatial politics, past and present. The paper argues that historical struggles and contentious political practices around energy, so called energy struggles, continue to inform the ongoing and dynamic socio-spatial politics of energy transitions today and often manifest themselves in transition narratives. This analysis is supported by qualitative empirical materials derived from recent fieldwork in Berlin, Germany, which was conducted within the broader left-green movement for a socio-ecological and democratic German Energiewende. A historicisation of contentious politics and energy struggles facilitates an empirically robust framing of energy transition projects as dynamic, multi-actor, and more than eco-technical processes. The paper’s contribution to energy geographies is threefold; firstly, utilising an empirically robust and historically sensitive analysis of the German Energiewende, the paper explores the deep entanglements of history, space and struggle in energy transitions. Secondly, the paper emphasises the need to understand energy transitions as constituted by energy struggles and contentious politics, past and present. Thirdly, the paper examines emergent spaces of energy democracy as part of the Energiewende and explores recent energy democracy demands as a spatial politics of energy transitions.

      PubDate: 2018-02-25T16:54:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.02.017
      Issue No: Vol. 91 (2018)
       
  • Territory and authority of water fund payments for ecosystem services in
           Ecuador’s Andes
    • Authors: Audrey J. Joslin; Wendy E. Jepson
      Pages: 10 - 20
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Geoforum, Volume 91
      Author(s): Audrey J. Joslin, Wendy E. Jepson
      A ‘water fund’ is a model for watershed conservation that cities throughout Latin America are quickly adopting. Based upon the concept of Payments for Ecosystem Services, urban actors and international NGOs pay into a trust fund that finances conservation activities in rural communities existing in and around ecosystems important for water flowing downstream to cities. Ecosystems are inextricably tied to the landscape, so water funds seek to influence land use practices. However, the process of establishing control over land use activities within a targeted area is a challenge, particularly when these areas exist outside of the boundaries of state delineated protected areas and encompass diverse landscapes where people are living and working. Drawing upon an empirical case study from Ecuador, we use data from key informant interviews and archival documents to analyze how market actors and NGO alliances create authority and legitimacy for themselves to initiate the process of territorialization of a watershed premised on ecosystem services conservation. We demonstrate how urban market actors and NGO alliances create non-state authority for territorialization and bypass the political and economic instability of the state. However, we also show that the state itself use this arrangement as a platform to exert power within territory.

      PubDate: 2018-02-25T16:54:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.02.016
      Issue No: Vol. 91 (2018)
       
  • ‘I am pleased to shop somewhere that is fighting the supermarkets a
           little bit’. A cultural political economy of alternative food networks
    • Authors: David Watts; Jo Little; Brian Ilbery
      Pages: 21 - 29
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Geoforum, Volume 91
      Author(s): David Watts, Jo Little, Brian Ilbery
      This paper conducts a cultural political economy (CPE) analysis of consumers’ semiotic and material construals of alternative food networks (AFN). It starts by outlining, in the context of debate over AFN, why CPE is a useful analytical tool. The collection of talk data from 40 respondents, and food consumption data from 20 respondents, is outlined and explained. Talk data reveal that interviewees construe conventional and alternative food networks differently based on values relating to food quality judgements, provenance and trust, and alternativeness. Consumption data demonstrate respondents’ material engagement with conventional and, to a lesser extent, alternative food networks. The paper concludes that CPE is a productive framework for analysing AFN qua a subaltern economic imaginary, and that it can help to set them on ‘firmer’ ground, both ontologically and normatively.

      PubDate: 2018-02-25T16:54:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.02.013
      Issue No: Vol. 91 (2018)
       
  • Underground dreams. Uncertainty, risk and anticipation in the gold
           production network
    • Authors: Sara Geenen
      Pages: 30 - 38
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Geoforum, Volume 91
      Author(s): Sara Geenen
      Gold, precious yet painstakingly extracted, fuels the dreams of diggers, traders, managers, investors and consumers at the local and the global level. But gold extraction and trade are characterized by much uncertainty, related to the commodity’s fixity in the underground, its embeddedness in national states and local institutions and its connections to markets. Focusing on the gold production network in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, this article reinforces earlier arguments about risk: first, it operates ‘at the intersection of capital and rule’; second, it obscures the uneven distribution of capitalism’s negative impact, as well as corporate actors’ active role in producing such impact. Moreover, it argues that the production of risk (expected costs) and anticipation (expected gains) by corporate actors conceals and devalues the ways in which other actors in the gold production network deal with the extreme uncertainty that characterizes the market and the institutional environment in which they operate, as well as the resource’s materiality. It concludes that an analytical focus on uncertainty, risk and anticipation enhances our understanding of relations and conflicts in the gold production network.

      PubDate: 2018-02-25T16:54:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.02.019
      Issue No: Vol. 91 (2018)
       
  • The creeping influence of consultants on cities: McKinsey’s involvement
           in Berlin’s urban economic and social policies
    • Authors: Anne Vogelpohl; Felicitas Klemp
      Pages: 39 - 46
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Geoforum, Volume 91
      Author(s): Anne Vogelpohl, Felicitas Klemp
      The involvement of management consultants in contemporary urban policymaking exemplifies how experts exercise political influence. In Berlin, the McKinsey consultancy has gained a particularly powerful role in shaping strategies in economic, but also social, issues. We examine two instances of its involvement from two different angles: Berlin 2020, a pro bono study by McKinsey that gives advice for a stronger economic dynamism, provides insights into how the consultancy establishes itself as a powerful actor in urban policymaking through stabilising the consensus on economic growth as a key goal for urban development; and the parliamentary debates on McKinsey’s support for the city’s integration plans reveal both intensified personal private–public networks and their political contestation. Both examples are thoroughly analysed by applying the documentary method. The entrepreneurial experts’ political influence indicates a combination of neoliberalisation, market regulation, urban crises, and a demand for fast policies. We expose consultants’ general tactics in contemporary policymaking and conceive these as a creeping expert influence on cities through organising consensuses and networks. We identify the processes of expert-driven local decision-making as mechanisms of concentrating urban political powers that are simultaneously endorsed and contested.

      PubDate: 2018-03-06T17:14:19Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.02.028
      Issue No: Vol. 91 (2018)
       
  • Remunicipalization: The future of water services'
    • Authors: David A. McDonald
      Pages: 47 - 56
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Geoforum, Volume 91
      Author(s): David A. McDonald
      After three decades of privatization, the world is witnessing dramatic reversals in the water sector. Cities around the world are ‘remunicipalizing’ their water services by taking them back into public control, and the pace appears to be growing. But there are also forces which may slow this trend. Private water companies appear concerned about its impact on profits, austerity has forced some governments to abandon plans for remunicipalization, and legal barriers are multiplying. There are also diverse motivations for remunicipalization, putting into question its status as a coherent political trend. This paper develops a typology of different ideological forms of remunicipalization, identifying key stakeholders and the nature of their support, as well as indicating prevalent formats and regional trends. My hypothesis is that remunicipalization will continue in the medium term due to widespread dissatisfaction with privatization, but that differences within the remunicipalization movement, combined with resistance from powerful multilateral actors, may make it difficult to sustain.

      PubDate: 2018-03-06T17:14:19Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.02.027
      Issue No: Vol. 91 (2018)
       
  • Geoscience and sustainability – In between keywords and buzzwords
    • Authors: Thomas Skou Grindsted
      Pages: 57 - 60
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Geoforum, Volume 91
      Author(s): Thomas Skou Grindsted
      This paper explores how scientists entangle themselves in between keywords and buzzwords when they make use of concepts like sustainability. It sketches out theoretical distinctions between keywords and buzzwords. Then it turns to the concept of nature discussing the paradox that nature embraces the same fuzzy, slippery and contingent character as does sustainability, yet the former has a deep ontological status, the latter does not. The paper explores a related paradox: natural sciences claim we live in the Anthropocene, in which humans have transformed geochemical cycles, e.g. of methane and carbon dioxide as much as they changed between glacial and interglacial periods. Yet, science favors (external) nature as a keyword, sustainability as a buzzword. This should cause deep reflections on how scientists make use of the power of reference in between keywords and buzzwords – as well as critical reflection on the institutionalization of such concepts.

      PubDate: 2018-03-06T17:14:19Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.02.029
      Issue No: Vol. 91 (2018)
       
  • Mobilising adaptive capacity to multiple stressors: Insights from
           small-scale coastal fisheries in the Western Region of Ghana
    • Authors: George Freduah; Pedro Fidelman; Timothy F. Smith
      Pages: 61 - 72
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Geoforum, Volume 91
      Author(s): George Freduah, Pedro Fidelman, Timothy F. Smith
      The processes by which adaptive capacity is mobilised in response to multiple stressors are yet to be fully understood. This study addresses this pressing research gap by drawing on the capitals framework and empirical data from small-scale coastal fisheries in the Western Region of Ghana. It employs an ethnographic approach, based on multiple sources of evidence including documents, interviews and participant observation to examine mechanisms of mobilising adaptive capacity in response to climate and non-climate stressors. Our findings suggest that responding to stressors involves mobilising sets of main-available capitals, such as local innovation, ability to improvise, new technologies, corrupt practices and belief systems (cultural capital); collective action, networks and social ties (social capital); and complaints to the government (political capital). These capitals were the main constituents of adaptive capacity, particularly considering non-responsive government and formal organisations. Further, other forms of capitals, i.e., local leadership, local knowledge, learning capacity, and training (human capital); networks, collective actions, associations and bonding ties (social capital); sand (natural capital); funds from fishing (financial capital), combine in complex ways to mobilise such available capitals. This understanding is critical if synergies among main-available and supporting-available capitals are to support building and mobilizing adaptive capacity. Further, it may help guide important decisions, proactive plans and strategic investment for developing key capitals to enhance adaptive capacity.

      PubDate: 2018-03-06T17:14:19Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.02.026
      Issue No: Vol. 91 (2018)
       
  • Food security: The challenge of the present
    • Authors: Alexander Y. Prosekov; Svetlana A. Ivanova
      Pages: 73 - 77
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Geoforum, Volume 91
      Author(s): Alexander Y. Prosekov, Svetlana A. Ivanova
      The group of basic problems that determine the existence of mankind involves the surplus of food for some and the malnutrition of others. There is an opinion that ensuring food security is an integrated task of agriculture and political will, combined with the logistics of product delivery. Despite joint efforts and various UN programs to combat hunger, only short-term local results have been achieved. Food security, especially in the global sense, has not yet been implemented, and there are reasons for this. The analytical review presents evaluation of the achieved result and points out the activities that require adjustments.
      Graphical abstract image

      PubDate: 2018-03-06T17:14:19Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.02.030
      Issue No: Vol. 91 (2018)
       
  • Perspectives on solar geoengineering from Finnish Lapland: Local insights
           on the global imaginary of Arctic geoengineering
    • Authors: Holly Jean Buck
      Pages: 78 - 86
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Geoforum, Volume 91
      Author(s): Holly Jean Buck
      “Solar geoengineering” or albedo modification—changing the reflectivity of the earth, using methods like placing particles in the stratosphere—has been proposed as a means to potentially cool the Arctic and forestall climate tipping points. However, this concept has remained a global imaginary, grounded in coarse-resolution climate modeling. How do people actually living in the Arctic imagine themselves experiencing or shaping solar geoengineering' How can the experience of people in particular places inform discussions of solar geoengineering governance' This paper synthesizes perspectives from extended interviews with citizen stakeholders in Finnish Lapland. Rather than approaching solar geoengineering from the perspective of Arctic or local interests, respondents took a global view of its prospects and governance. However, the idea of solar geoengineering also sparked deeper discussions about northern or Arctic ways of living in the Anthropocene: how to coexist with loss and unfamiliar climates, relocalization and new rural livelihoods in the north, and dematerialization of northern economies. The results challenge some common tacit assumptions in geoengineering governance discourse: (1) that people’s climate preferences are obvious or quantifiable; (2) that individuals will look at solar geoengineering through an personal, utilitarian lens, or as a game of maximizing benefits to their region, when in fact they may have a cosmopolitan or interconnected systems-perspective; and (3) that states act in the interests of their citizens, when in fact they may act in the interests of elites.

      PubDate: 2018-03-17T17:15:29Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.02.020
      Issue No: Vol. 91 (2018)
       
  • Environmental fixes and historical trajectories of marine resource use in
           Southeast Asia
    • Authors: Michael Fabinyi
      Pages: 87 - 96
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Geoforum, Volume 91
      Author(s): Michael Fabinyi
      This paper emphasises the long-term historical trajectories of marine resource use in the Philippines through an examination of successive environmental fixes. Based on fieldwork from coastal Mindoro province, the paper shows how the technological intensification and geographical expansion of fisheries, the development of aquaculture and the promotion of tourism represent three forms of environmental fixes that aim to address the problems caused by marine resource declines and subsequent lack of availability of means of production. All three fixes have struggled to reduce environmental pressure or provide a long-term basis for livelihoods. The paper argues that viewing how successive types of environmental fixes unfold over long periods of time highlights how marine resource declines are part of much wider economic and historical processes, with consequent implications for livelihoods and governance.

      PubDate: 2018-03-06T17:14:19Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.02.033
      Issue No: Vol. 91 (2018)
       
  • Migration and pastoral power through life course: Evidence from Georgia
    • Authors: Adrian J. Bailey; Dusan Drbohlav; Joseph Salukvadze
      Pages: 97 - 107
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Geoforum, Volume 91
      Author(s): Adrian J. Bailey, Dusan Drbohlav, Joseph Salukvadze
      This article advances critical migration theory by exploring how pastoral power works through relational life courses. Extending governmentality accounts, we posit and trace the circulation of use, exchange, and surplus values across the life courses of migrants from the former Soviet republic of Georgia. Field evidence shows how practices of migration, remitting, and familyhood are associated with dependent social relations and concealment, and negotiated through tests of truth of prayer, biographical management, and family remitting. This conduct of everyday life simultaneously invokes life courses as registers of resources and possibilities and subjects of the multiple governmentalities associated with recent discourse and European and Georgian migration policy initiatives, including “Safe Migration” and migration management systems. We conclude that studying how pastoral power works through relational life courses expands understanding of migration and, in the case of Georgia, highlights the importance of gender, family, and religious organisations for contemporary migration issues.

      PubDate: 2018-03-06T17:14:19Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.02.023
      Issue No: Vol. 91 (2018)
       
  • Pursuing climate resilient coffee in Ethiopia – A critical review
    • Authors: M. Hirons; Z. Mehrabi; T.A. Gonfa; A. Morel; T.W. Gole; C. McDermott; E. Boyd; E. Robinson; D. Sheleme; Y. Malhi; J. Mason; K. Norris
      Pages: 108 - 116
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Geoforum, Volume 91
      Author(s): M. Hirons, Z. Mehrabi, T.A. Gonfa, A. Morel, T.W. Gole, C. McDermott, E. Boyd, E. Robinson, D. Sheleme, Y. Malhi, J. Mason, K. Norris
      This paper provides a multi-scalar examination of the Ethiopian coffee sector and its pursuit of climate resilience. Concern is growing about the potential impact of climate change on Arabica coffee in Ethiopia and the 25 million livelihoods it supports. Arabica coffee has a relatively narrow envelope of climatic suitability and recent studies suggest that the area of bioclimatically suitable space for the species in its native Ethiopia could decline dramatically in the coming decades. We adopt a critical perspective on resilience that reflects on the situated nature of the ecology/science of coffee and climate change and the operation of social, economic, and discursive power across scales, paying particular attention to the differentiated impacts of climate change and associated resilience strategies. This analysis begins by reviewing Ethiopia’s Climate Resilient Green Economy strategy and argues that the current lack of attention to coffee is inappropriate considering the coffee sector’s vulnerability to climate change, economic importance and association with forests. The paper then examines the contemporary coffee sector which provides the context for reflecting on three potential responses to the threat climate change poses; a spatial response from farmers, adaptive farm management responses such as changing shade levels and the development of the country’s genetic resources to cultivate improved varieties. The analysis explores the disconnect between the interventions emerging from national and international institutions and the local context. The multi-scale approach highlights the presence of complex normative trade-offs associated with pursing climate resilience strategies and reinforces the importance of appreciating the dynamics which influence decision-making in the country.

      PubDate: 2018-03-17T17:15:29Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.02.032
      Issue No: Vol. 91 (2018)
       
  • Instrumental exploitation: Predatory property relations at city’s
           end
    • Authors: Joshua Akers; Eric Seymour
      Pages: 127 - 140
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Geoforum, Volume 91
      Author(s): Joshua Akers, Eric Seymour
      In the years since the financial crisis, low-income housing markets are increasingly dominated by speculative bulk ownership and eviction. These intertwined trends reflect both economic transitions in these markets and the racial-spatial reordering of US cities. In this paper we draw on the case of Detroit to tie bulk foreclosure sales to the rising rates of eviction and patterns of dispossession in the decade that followed. These markets are now dominated by speculative bulk buyers, exploitative contract selling, and eviction. We situate this transition within strategies of accumulation by dispossession and the economic logics of expulsion. We utilize multiple property data sets, court records, participant observation, and interviews to demonstrate the link between foreclosure markets, speculative purchasing, contract sales, and subsequent evictions. We situate these finding within the longer history of racial housing exploitation in US cities and argue the outcomes of displacement and dispossession in the complex chains of relations between finance, speculation, and the state do not land in an arbitrary manner, but are tethered to the past and present racial-spatial ordering of US cities.

      PubDate: 2018-03-17T17:15:29Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.02.022
      Issue No: Vol. 91 (2018)
       
  • From state to system: Financialization and the water-energy-food-climate
           nexus
    • Authors: Jeremy J. Schmidt; Nathanial Matthews
      Pages: 151 - 159
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Geoforum, Volume 91
      Author(s): Jeremy J. Schmidt, Nathanial Matthews
      The water-energy-food-climate nexus has risen rapidly in global water governance over the past decade. This article examines the role of global financial networks in articulating the nexus and in connecting it to sustainability programs. It provides new insights into critical engagements with the nexus that, to date, have focused predominantly on water security and governance. The article examines how global financial networks conceptualized and concretized the nexus towards two ends: First, the nexus was used to effect the transition from state-oriented development models to financialized approaches of water development and sustainability. Here, the nexus was formulated in critique of, and as a solution to, the previously dominant approach to water development: integrated water resources management (IWRM). Second, the nexus was deployed to connect water, energy, food, and climate to the global economy in terms of complex systems. The identification of risks to the resilience of environmental and economic systems provided a new form of integration across the supply chains affected by the governance and security of water, energy, food, and climate. In both cases, the nexus mobilizes technologies of global finance, such as credit-risk ratings, to construct and defend new strategies for governing water security and to enable sub-sovereign actors, such as municipalities, to be incorporated into the global economy. The paper concludes that alignments of the nexus with sustainability programs, and the Sustainable Development Goals, must be reconsidered in view of the constraints posed by financial orientations towards the risks and resilience of economic and environmental systems.

      PubDate: 2018-03-17T17:15:29Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.03.001
      Issue No: Vol. 91 (2018)
       
  • The Superhost. Biopolitics, home and community in the Airbnb dream-world
           of global hospitality
    • Authors: Maartje Roelofsen; Claudio Minca
      Pages: 170 - 181
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Geoforum, Volume 91
      Author(s): Maartje Roelofsen, Claudio Minca
      This article intends to contribute to the existing body of critical scholarly work on the sharing economies of tourism. Focussing on the Airbnb platform, it investigates the biopolitical spatialities that emerge from its qualification and quantification of bodily performances of hospitality. Drawing on the work of Roberto Esposito, the article challenges the notion of “community” pervading the rhetoric of the platform and crucially influencing the ways in which travel, hospitality and home are reconceptualized. It does so by analysing some of the key technologies and calculative rationalities that drive the making of these global “communities”, and give rise to the champion of the Airbnb world of hospitality: the Superhost. We reflect on how ideas of community and hospitality translate into a metrics of care, “localness” and belonging, and on how specific practices related to the “spatialities of the home” are central to the qualification/quantification of life and of living spaces generated by the platform. We conclude by suggesting that, by exploring these sites and concepts, it is perhaps possible to unravel how these new geographies of hospitality are operationalized through the giving of “what is proper” – the intimate spatialities of the home – on the part of the hosts in order to become members of a greater Self, the Airbnb global community.

      PubDate: 2018-03-17T17:15:29Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.02.021
      Issue No: Vol. 91 (2018)
       
  • The logic of informality: Pattern and process in a São Paulo favela
    • Authors: Raul P. Lejano; Corinna Del Bianco
      Pages: 195 - 205
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Geoforum, Volume 91
      Author(s): Raul P. Lejano, Corinna Del Bianco
      Informality is thought of as a spontaneous, uncontrolled response to the mass urbanization rapidly sweeping the globe. Much of the new housing stock in the developing world is being provided for by the informal sector. Rather than treat this as an unplanned, liminal spatial practice, we should instead seek to better theorize and describe its socio-spatial logic. We propose that informal settlements do exhibit a complex logic that is grounded in practice, which we refer to as a logic of enactment. We develop a set of propositions for characterizing these logics, building on a Bourdieusian framework, and test these in Guapira II, a favela in São Paulo. Informal logic, as manifested in informal settlements, is seen to exhibit the characteristics of sociopoiesis and contextuality, constituting a complex rationality. The nature of design in the informal is a relational one.

      PubDate: 2018-03-17T17:15:29Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.03.005
      Issue No: Vol. 91 (2018)
       
  • Politicizing environmental governance – A case study of heterogeneous
           alliances and juridical struggles around the Ojnare Forest, Sweden
    • Authors: Jonas Anshelm; Simon Haikola; Björn Wallsten
      Pages: 206 - 215
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Geoforum, Volume 91
      Author(s): Jonas Anshelm, Simon Haikola, Björn Wallsten
      In this paper we use a case of resistance towards a proposed limestone quarry in Sweden to raise certain theoretical points regarding environmental politicization. Departing from ideas about depoliticization and neoliberal environmental governance, we first analyze the case in terms of scaling-up of the local conflict through actor alliances, discourse coalitions and through the juridical process. We then discuss how this case may indicate effective ways to politicize areas that have been depoliticized through neoliberal environmental governance. Most particularly, the chosen case highlights how depoliticization may be reversed through the politicization of the very channels through which depoliticized forms of environmental governance occur, here the juridical, formalized and nominally neutral processes of environmental planning.

      PubDate: 2018-03-17T17:15:29Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.03.003
      Issue No: Vol. 91 (2018)
       
  • Is farming sexy' Agro-food initiatives and the contested value of
           agriculture in post-plantation Hawai‘i
    • Authors: Mary Mostafanezhad; Krisnawati Suryanata
      Pages: 227 - 234
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Geoforum, Volume 91
      Author(s): Mary Mostafanezhad, Krisnawati Suryanata
      Following the decline of plantation agriculture in Hawai‘i, widespread agro-food initiatives espousing narratives of food localization and sustainability have proliferated across the islands. These initiatives reflect divergent value regimes that emerge from vicissitudes of commodity and social relations in post-plantation Hawai‘i. These emergent value regimes are discursively and materially negotiated by a new generation of aspiring farmers. This paper examines the ways in which the co-existing visions of farming for values and economic value in farming contribute to the revaluing of agriculture in Hawai‘i. We argue that the growing visibility of agro-food initiatives that depict farming as sexy facilitates novel opportunities for farmers to draw value from the diverse economies of agriculture. Inadvertently, however, it normalizes the hardships faced by small farmers and further obscures the enduring structural challenges in Hawai‘i. This article contributes to scholarship on the politics of value and diverse economies within the shifting political economy of agriculture.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T18:55:40Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.03.011
      Issue No: Vol. 91 (2018)
       
  • Professionals with borders: The relationship between mobility and
           transnationalism in global firms
    • Authors: Crawford Spence; Andrew Sturdy; Chris Carter
      Pages: 235 - 244
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Geoforum, Volume 91
      Author(s): Crawford Spence, Andrew Sturdy, Chris Carter
      Recent claims assert that the transnational has displaced the national in importance vis-à-vis the governance of international professional organizations. Crucial to such claims are assumptions about rising geographical mobility and the emergence of cosmopolitan professionals who are increasingly detached from national professional regimes and contexts. We interrogate claims about the importance of transnational spaces through a cross-national study of global professional service firms in 12 countries. Our study demonstrates how the imperatives of client service, the locally rooted nature of social capital and cultural barriers all contrive to limit the ability and necessity of professionals to move across borders in their work and the pursuit of successful careers. The vitality of transnational firms appears to depend on professionals who are, for the most part, locally groomed – professionals with borders - who may only experience one short period of limited geographical mobility, usually early in their careers. Where transnational mobility is in evidence, it tends to take a more virtual than physical form. These results temper arguments about the rise and, certainly, extent of, physical mobility among elite employees of global professional service firms and, in turn, about the extent to which the transnational has supplanted the national as the most important frame of reference for professional organization. Rather, they support views that see the transnational and local as co-existing and interconnected.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T18:55:40Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.03.012
      Issue No: Vol. 91 (2018)
       
  • Retailing in places of World Heritage, transition and ‘planned
           authenticity’
    • Authors: Lotte Thomsen
      Pages: 245 - 252
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Geoforum, Volume 91
      Author(s): Lotte Thomsen
      This paper explores the dynamics of retail landscapes in places where World Heritage designation and economic transition occur simultaneously. Empirically, the paper focuses on clothing retail in the significant tourist destination of Hoi An in Vietnam. It shows how the creation of a clothing retail sector is highly linked to the well-planned configuration of an 'authentic' Tailor City, leading the paper to reconceptualize the notion of authenticity. The concept of 'planned authenticity' is introduced. Planned authenticity refers to the outcome of interventions that lead to the introduction, or increased significance, of activities and products that were not profoundly attached to a place in the past. These are not examples of so-called commodified ancient culture, but carefully planned and relatively new activities appearing as authentic elements of contemporary tourism sectors. Based on fieldwork conducted in Hoi An, the paper identifies three groups of clothing retailers that are positioned differently in a highly competitive context of such planned authenticity. These retailers sell not only clothes but also the idea of clothes produced in seemingly traditional and place-specific ways, although the vast majority of retail shops are relatively newly established and the production of clothing products commonly transcends multiple geographical scales.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T18:55:40Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.03.016
      Issue No: Vol. 91 (2018)
       
  • On the margins of the hydrosocial: Quasi-events along a stagnant river
    • Authors: Lukas Ley
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 April 2018
      Source:Geoforum
      Author(s): Lukas Ley
      This article investigates stagnation as a product of hydrosocial relations in light of ethnographic research conducted in the port city of Semarang, Indonesia. In Semarang’s coastal north, river water spills daily into neighbourhoods during high tide, and often stagnates in houses and streets. While recent studies have shown that water governance is a form of social control, reproducing (infra)structures of subjugation and social inequality, little attention has been paid to the margins of water infrastructure, especially in cities. By focusing on stagnation, this article examines hydrosocial arrangements in the margins of postcolonial drainage infrastructure. When the peripheral and densely populated neighbourhoods in Semarang’s north are flooded during high tide, residents resort to private or semi-public pumps to get rid of stagnant water. Residents deplore insufficient state attention to their area, reflected in collapsing or seeping riverbanks. A relatively reliable flood prevention is the timely and regular raising of house floors and streets. The municipality responds to dramatic rates of land subsidence (10–15 cm/year) by raising roads and riverbanks. Yet, many dwellings along the Banger River have been destroyed by intruding sea water and left behind in ruins, suggesting a permanent failure of the city’s drainage system. Residents bear the brunt of supplementary infrastructural labour, their efforts of infrastructural repair and maintenance sustaining a bare minimum of safety. The article mobilizes Elizabeth Povinelli’s concept of quasi-events to understand the hydrosocial relations that shape peoples’ precarious relation with drainage infrastructure as unequal yet generalized. Quasi-events, that is, efforts to hold water at bay, suck energy and resources from marginalized residents. As such, the article argues that the margin of the hydrosocial is integral to the political configuration of land and water.

      PubDate: 2018-04-24T16:15:36Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.03.010
       
  • Plantations are everywhere! between infrastructural violence and inclusive
           development
    • Authors: Annelies Zoomers
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 April 2018
      Source:Geoforum
      Author(s): Annelies Zoomers
      This paper discusses Tania Murray Li’s article After the Land Grab: Infrastructural Violence and Indonesia’s Oil Palm Zone, placing it in the wider debates about global land grabbing and inclusive development.

      PubDate: 2018-04-24T16:15:36Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.04.006
       
  • Claim-making through subjectivation: A governmentality analysis of
           associational performance to claim land in the hybridity of peri-urban
           Bukavu
    • Authors: Fons van Overbeek; Peter Andrew Tamás
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 April 2018
      Source:Geoforum
      Author(s): Fons van Overbeek, Peter Andrew Tamás
      Those who have settled in Bukavu’s periphery in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo cannot rely on statutory title or practices to secure their claims to land. Land is scarce, institutional competition rampant, and predation endemic. Land administration in Bukavu is a paradigmatic case of hybridity: there are a diversity of interpenetrating but competing governance structures, sets of rules, logics of behavior, and technologies by which claims to land may be secured. Motivated by hybridity’s promise of moving beyond normative and often functionalist preoccupations, this study departs from the prevailing actor-oriented approaches on claim-making and instead focuses on the hybridizing, regulatory mechanisms through which subjects become able to make claims to land. For this study we use an ethnographic understanding of Foucault’s Governmentality as that framework allows us to examine subjectivation of land claimants: the technologies, conditions, and effects of the processes of subject formation. In this paper we examine subjectivation within the urban associations which support their members’ claims to land. Each example discussed offers both a description of the technologies by which subjects able to author claims are formed and illuminates distinct aspects of our theoretical framework, governmentality. When looking at claim-making through subjectivation, we find that framework well-fitted to explore ways in which hybridity in land administration in Bukavu may restrict the progress of the most poor by making visible the costs of becoming a subject who may make a valid claim to land.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T18:55:40Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.04.007
       
  • New York City: Struggles over the narrative of the Solidarity Economy
    • Authors: Lauren Hudson
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 April 2018
      Source:Geoforum
      Author(s): Lauren Hudson
      The solidarity economy in North America has received growing attention at multiple scales in the past ten years. As worker cooperatives in New York City enjoy newfound municipal support, narrative struggles emerge between actors within the solidarity economy space. The solidarity economy may be theorized as capitalism’s feminized ‘other’: malleable, unfixed, local, and difficult to quantify. This feminization extends to both its workforce, a majority of whom are women, and the labor it produces, primarily domestic work. It is for these reasons that solidarity economy work is often overlooked as a political economy capable of structural transformation, and the discomfort with its breadth has lead movement leaders to uphold and advocate for more ‘formal’ models like cooperatives and deploy ‘poverty alleviation’ and entrepreneurship narratives to stabilize the fluid field. I argue that this project blanches the radical edges of a movement, minimizing not only those whose labor accounts for the majority of solidarity economy work, but ignoring the transformative potential of sites where such work happens. Based on a series of qualitative interviews with solidarity economy practitioners, this paper argues that the dominant narrative of solidarity economy work in New York City ignores where most of this work occurs and by whom, erasing and undermining those efforts. Counter-narratives emerge in those ‘forgotten’ spaces and thus transform them into sites of radical, anti-capitalist organizing. In so doing, this paper poses a question for geographers about how movements may continue to challenge our assumptions about space.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T18:55:40Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.04.003
       
  • Commoning and the politics of solidarity: Transformational responses to
           poverty
    • Authors: Stephen Healy; Craig Borowiak; Marianna Pavlovskaya; Maliha Safri
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 March 2018
      Source:Geoforum
      Author(s): Stephen Healy, Craig Borowiak, Marianna Pavlovskaya, Maliha Safri
      This paper stages an encounter between Relational Poverty Theory (RPT) and the solidarity economy movement. RPT understands poverty as the dynamic product of economic exploitation, political exclusion and cultural marginalization. The solidarity economy movement can be seen as a transformative political response to these dynamics aiming to replace exploitation with cooperation, exclusion with participation and marginalisation with practices of inclusion. Globally, more than sixty solidarity economy movements are coordinating efforts, developing associative relations between cooperative economic institutions, social justice movements, and one another. While these developments are encouraging, many practitioners are concerned about the movement's future. Solidarity economy practitioners we encountered in our US-based research were concerned with the movement's vulnerability to co- optation and exploitation or (un)witting perpetuation of the very dynamics of exclusion and marginalisation it seeks to transcend. We take this as evidence of the enduring power of poverty-dynamics and testament to the incisive, critical insights of RPT. However, what remains unanswered is how the solidarity economy might succeed in its own terms' We deploy Gibson-Graham's theorization of postcapitalist politics to answer this question, charting the movement's possibilities, specifically how it works by creating and sharing spaces and monetary and non-monetary resources in pursuit of its objectives. Two organizations we encountered in our research—Stone Soup, a cooperative incubator in Worcester, Massachusetts and CERO, a commercial composting cooperative in Boston, — illustrate what Gibson-Graham name “a politics of commoning.” Both of these organisations work by sharing spatial, financial, and political resources in ways that are cooperative, participatory and inclusionary.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T18:55:40Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.03.015
       
  • Shifting itineraries of asylum hospitality: Towards a process geographical
           approach of guest-host relations
    • Authors: Kolar Aparna; Joris Schapendonk
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 March 2018
      Source:Geoforum
      Author(s): Kolar Aparna, Joris Schapendonk
      Hospitality as a notion has emerged as a critical philosophical category in human geography for addressing various issues around asylum migration and citizenship. In this paper, we identify two major limitations of empirical studies focusing on hospitality in this context. First, empirical studies tend to investigate relations between pre-known guests (“migrants”) and pre-defined hosts (states, local organisations, activist movements, churches), thereby overlooking shifting dynamics of social relations. Second, although critical geographers have emphasised a relational sense of place in their empirical discussions on hospitality (in the context of asylum migration), observations are mostly place-based and focus on how different cities or organisations provide hospitality (or not). To re-think hospitality, we instead start from negotiating our own practices as researchers in relation with actors in the field of refugee support, actively forging and navigating shifts in these relations, thereby creating action research processes under the title of ‘Asylum University’. In so doing, we re-position Derrida’s concept of ‘cities of refuge’ in the in-between spaces of shifting roles, (un)certain (im)mobilities, border-crossings and tensed emotional geometries that intertwine in an entangled web of hospitality, in ways that are yet-to-be-known. In other words, we challenge researchers that investigate hospitality in the context of asylum migration to apply a process geographical approach that actively follows guest-host relations (including the ones they become entangled with) instead of freezing them in time and space. This allows for an approach that is more self-critical and sensitive to what we call “asylumscapes” - the dynamic processes of refugee hospitality.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T18:55:40Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.03.024
       
  • Intricate links: Displacement, ethno-political conflict, and claim-making
           to land in Burundi
    • Authors: Rosine Tchatchoua-Djomo; Gemma van der Haar; Han van Dijk; Mathijs van Leeuwen
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 March 2018
      Source:Geoforum
      Author(s): Rosine Tchatchoua-Djomo, Gemma van der Haar, Han van Dijk, Mathijs van Leeuwen
      This paper explores claim-making to land in Burundi, where civil war and multiple waves of displacement and return have resulted in complex disputes over land. Zooming in on two different regions, the paper shows that, as people articulate their claims and defend their interests in land disputes, they strategically draw on a diversity of arguments, related to legal categories, notions of belonging and citizenship, social categories derived from (land) policy, but also victimhood, security concerns, and political loyalty. Post-peace agreement land policies play an important role in this, as they instrumentalise war-based categories of identity and victimhood, privileging certain groups of displaced people for political purposes. As we show in two case studies, claim-making tactics follow shifting political discourses and policy changes, as people seek to secure the support of (powerful) allies. A perspective on processes of making claims to land allows us to explore the entanglements between multiple waves of displacement, policy implementation and the instrumentalisation of identities in conflict-affected settings.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T18:55:40Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.03.023
       
  • Furthering post-human political ecologies
    • Authors: Jared D. Margulies; Brock Bersaglio
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 March 2018
      Source:Geoforum
      Author(s): Jared D. Margulies, Brock Bersaglio
      This critical review aims to facilitate explicit, ongoing consideration for how post-human geographies and political ecology stand to benefit one another empirically and theoretically. In it, we argue that post-human political ecologies are well-equipped to ensure that the broader post-human turn in geographical thought engages critically with the roles that humans and non-humans play in enactments of injustice – both as subjects of (in)justice and as beings whose actions have justice implications for myriad forms of life. By engaging with empirics drawn from research on tiger conservation in India, we deploy myth as a conceptual tool and as an heuristic device to illustrate how post-human political ecologies might further engage with the politics and power asymmetries embedded in conservation science and practice. To conclude, this critical review summarizes the merits of bringing the ‘cutting edge’ of post-human geographical literature into dialogue with the traditional concerns of political ecology and recaps the potential power that myth retains as an analytic in post-human political ecologies.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T18:55:40Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.03.017
       
  • New geographies of European financial competition' Frankfurt, Paris
           and the political economy of Brexit
    • Authors: Scott Lavery; Sean McDaniel; Davide Schmid
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 March 2018
      Source:Geoforum
      Author(s): Scott Lavery, Sean McDaniel, Davide Schmid
      The UK’s exit from the EU is unlikely to challenge the City of London’s position as Europe’s leading international financial centre (IFC). However, Brexit does create opportunities for alternative financial centres located inside the remaining EU member states. In this article, we assess the strategic positioning of private and public actors within two European IFCs - Frankfurt and Paris - in the period following the Brexit vote. Agents within these centres are seeking to differentially benefit from Brexit in two distinct ways: by mobilising to attract ‘low hanging fruit’ – vulnerable financial sub-sectors – away from the City and by utilising Brexit as a ‘bargaining chip’ to leverage domestic and European regulatory reforms. In light of these findings we argue that existing approaches to financial centre relations - in particular ‘Globalisation and World Cities’ research - should engage with the ways in which political actors shape European financial relations. Whilst private actors inside financial ‘networks’ may agitate for continued ‘cooperation’ and regulatory convergence after Brexit, new competitive orientations are also in evidence as political actors seek to privilege their territories relative to rival spaces.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T18:55:40Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.03.021
       
  • Active citizenship, public sector and the markets: Freedom of choice as a
           state project in health care
    • Authors: Satu
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Geoforum, Volume 91
      Author(s): Satu Kivelä
      Changing statehood concerns not only the spatial and territorial structures of the state but entails also reconceptualisations and reworking of citizenship. However, studies on state transformation have focused less on the ways in which the reconfigurations of the idea of citizenship are entangled with the political restructuring processes of the state. This article develops such an approach by inquiring into the ways in which state spatialities and forms of citizenship are reconstituted in health care reforms. This is empirically concretised in the context of Finland by analysing freedom of choice in health care as a political technology of re-regulation through which state power is redirected. It is also demonstrated that freedom of choice works as a technology of subjectification designed to construct ‘desirable’ citizen-subjects. The paper suggests that the reconstitution of state power and the production of new forms of citizenship are mutually constitutive of the socio-spatial transformation of the state, and that their entanglement may be examined through a context-sensitive analysis of tangible policy reforms.

      PubDate: 2018-03-17T17:15:29Z
       
  • “You can call it a Mufassil Town, but nothing less”: Worlding the new
           census towns of India
    • Authors: Srilata Sircar
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Geoforum, Volume 91
      Author(s): Srilata Sircar
      In the census of 2011 in India, more than 2500 new settlements have been classified as urban. Placed under the category of ‘census towns’, not much is known about the urbanization processes unfolding at these sites. This article presents learnings from a qualitative case study of a town in West Bengal, to argue that not only do census towns represent a subaltern urbanization but also that they are produced through a range of parallel and competing projects and practices that do not lend themselves to any easy and formulaic understanding of the urban. Borrowing the idea of “worlding” as a conceptual tool to make sense of these processes, I argue that persistent hierarchies of power in the form of caste relations, form the foundation of this urbanization process even as multiple and divergent claims and discourses seek to mould the making of the town. This calls for renewed attention to the question of social justice when reading Indian urbanization.

      PubDate: 2018-03-17T17:15:29Z
       
 
 
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