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  Subjects -> LAW (Total: 1478 journals)
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    - FAMILY AND MATRIMONIAL LAW (23 journals)
    - INTERNATIONAL LAW (188 journals)
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    - LAW (885 journals)
    - LAW: GENERAL (9 journals)

LAW (885 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5     

Showing 601 - 354 of 354 Journals sorted alphabetically
Queen Mary Journal of Intellectual Property     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Questione giustizia     Full-text available via subscription  
QUT Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Raízes no Direito     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Rassegna di Diritto, Legislazione e Medicina Legale Veterinaria     Open Access  
Ratio Juris     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Recht der Energiewirtschaft     Hybrid Journal  
Rechtsidee     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Religion, State and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Revenue Law Journal     Open Access  
Review of Central and East European Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Review of European Administrative Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Review of European, Comparative & International Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Review of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
Review of Litigation, The     Full-text available via subscription  
Review of Politics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Revista Acadêmica : Faculdade de Direito do Recife     Open Access  
Revista Arbitrada de Ciencias Jurídicas y Criminalísticas Iustitia Socialis     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Direito     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Catalana de Dret Privat     Open Access  
Revista catalana de dret públic     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista CESCO de Derecho de Consumo     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Chilena de Derecho     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Chilena de Derecho del Trabajo y de la Seguridad Social     Open Access  
Revista Chilena de Derecho Privado     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Chilena de Derecho y Tecnología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Chilena de Historia del Derecho     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Científica do Curso de Direito     Open Access  
Revista da Faculdade de Direito UFPR     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista da Faculdade Mineira de Direito     Open Access  
Revista de Bioética y Derecho     Open Access  
Revista de Ciencias Jurídicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Derecho     Open Access  
Revista de Derecho     Open Access  
Revista de Derecho     Open Access  
Revista de Derecho     Open Access  
Revista de Derecho (Coquimbo)     Open Access  
Revista de Derecho (Valparaiso)     Open Access  
Revista de Derecho de la Seguridad Social, Laborum     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista de Derecho de la UNED (RDUNED)     Open Access  
Revista de Derecho de la Unión Europea     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Revista de Derecho Fiscal     Open Access  
Revista de Derecho Político     Open Access  
Revista de Derecho Privado     Open Access  
Revista de Derecho Privado     Open Access  
Revista de Derecho Público     Open Access  
Revista de Direito     Open Access  
Revista de Direito Agrário e Agroambiental     Open Access  
Revista de Direito Ambiental e Socioambientalismo     Open Access  
Revista de Direito Brasileira     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Direito da Administração Pública     Open Access  
Revista de Direito da Faculdade Guanambi     Open Access  
Revista de Direito Sanitário     Open Access  
Revista de Direito Sociais e Políticas Públicas     Open Access  
Revista de Educación y Derecho     Open Access  
Revista de Estudios de la Justicia     Open Access  
Revista de Estudios Historico-Juridicos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Estudos Empíricos em Direito     Open Access  
Revista de Estudos Institucionais     Open Access  
Revista de Historia del Derecho     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de la Escuela de Medicina Legal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Revista de la Facultad de Derecho     Open Access  
Revista de la Facultad de Derecho y Ciencias Políticas     Open Access  
Revista de la Maestría en Derecho Procesal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de la Secretaría del Tribunal Permanente de Revisión     Open Access  
Revista de Llengua i Dret     Open Access  
Revista de Movimentos Sociais e Conflitos     Open Access  
Revista de Processo, Jurisdição e Efetividade da Justiça     Open Access  
Revista de Sociologia, Antropologia e Cultura Jurídica     Open Access  
Revista Derecho del Estado     Open Access  
Revista Diálogos do Direito     Open Access  
Revista Digital Constituição e Garantia de Direitos     Open Access  
Revista Digital de Derecho Administrativo     Open Access  
Revista Direito Ambiental e Sociedade     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Direito GV     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Direitos Emergentes na Sociedade Global     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Direitos, Trabalho e Política Social     Open Access  
Revista do Curso de Direito     Open Access  
Revista do Curso de Direito do Centro Universitário Brazcubas     Open Access  
Revista Electrónica Cordobesa de Derecho Internacional Público : RECorDIP     Open Access  
Revista Eletrônica Direito e Política     Open Access  
Revista Eletrônica do Curso de Direito - PUC Minas Serro     Open Access  
Revista Eletrônica do Curso de Direito da UFSM     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Española de Medicina Legal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Revista Estudios Jurídicos     Open Access  
Revista Estudios Socio-Jurídicos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Eurolatinoamericana de Derecho Administrativo     Open Access  
Revista Historia y Justicia     Open Access  
Revista Icade. Revista de las Facultades de Derecho y Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales     Full-text available via subscription  
Revista Internacional de Derecho del Turismo     Open Access  
Revista IUS     Open Access  
Revista Jurídica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Jurídica da UFERSA     Open Access  
Revista Jurídica de Asturias     Open Access  
Revista Jurídica de la Universidad de León     Open Access  
Revista Jurídica do Cesuca     Open Access  
Revista Jurídica IUS Doctrina     Open Access  
Revista Jurídica Portucalense/Portucalense Law Journal     Open Access  
Revista Jurídica Universidad Autónoma de Madrid     Open Access  
Revista Latinoamericana de Derecho Social     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Latinoamericana de Derechos Humanos     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Opinión Jurídica     Open Access  
Revista Pedagogía Universitaria y Didáctica del Derecho     Open Access  
Revista Persona y Derecho     Full-text available via subscription  
Revista Pesquisas Jurídicas     Open Access  
Revue générale de droit     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Revue internationale de droit pénal     Full-text available via subscription  
Revue Marocaine de Droit, d’Economie et de Gestion     Open Access  
Revue pro právo a technologie     Open Access  
Riau Law Journal     Open Access  
RUDN Journal of Law     Open Access  
Russian Law Journal     Open Access  
Russian Politics & Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
SA Mercantile Law Journal = SA Tydskrif vir Handelsreg     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Santa Clara Computer & High Technology Law Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Santa Clara Law Review     Open Access  
Science & Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 447)
ScienceRise : Juridical Science     Open Access  
Scientiam Juris     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Scientometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
SCRIPTed - A Journal of Law, Technology & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Seattle Journal for Social Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Seattle University Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Selçuk Üniversitesi Hukuk Fakültesi Dergisi / Selçuk Law Review     Open Access  
Seqüência : Estudos Jurídicos e Políticos     Open Access  
Seton Hall Circuit Review     Open Access  
Seton Hall Journal of Sports and Entertainment Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Seton Hall Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Singapore Academy of Law Annual Review of Singapore Cases     Full-text available via subscription  
Singapore Academy of Law Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Singapore Journal of Legal Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Social & Legal Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Social Security Reporter     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Società e diritti     Open Access  
Sociologia del diritto     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sociological Jurisprudence Journal     Open Access  
Soumatera Law Review     Open Access  
South African Crime Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
South African Journal of Bioethics and Law     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
South African Journal of Environmental Law and Policy     Full-text available via subscription  
South African Law Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
South East European University Review (SEEU Review)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Southern African Public Law     Full-text available via subscription  
Southern Illinois University Law Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sri Lanka Journal of Forensic Medicine, Science & Law     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
St. John's Law Review     Open Access  
Stanford Law & Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Stanford Law Review     Free   (Followers: 35)
Stanford Technology Law Review     Free   (Followers: 1)
Statute Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Statutes and Decisions : Laws USSR     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Studenckie Zeszyty Naukowe     Open Access  
Studia Canonica     Full-text available via subscription  
Studia Iuridica Lublinensia     Open Access  
Studia Iuridica Toruniensia     Open Access  
Studia z Prawa Wyznaniowego     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Studies in Social Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Suffolk University Law Review     Free  
Suhuf     Open Access  
Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Hukuk Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Supremasi Hukum : Jurnal Penelitian Hukum     Open Access  
Supreme Court Review, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Sustainable Development Law & Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Swiss Political Science Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Sydney Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Syiar Hukum     Open Access  
Tanjungpura Law Journal     Open Access  
Társadalomkutatás     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Tax Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Te Mata Koi : Auckland University Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Teisė : Law     Open Access  
Temas Socio-Jurídicos     Open Access  
Texas Journal of Women and the Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Texas Law Review     Free   (Followers: 10)
Texas Review of Law & Politics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
The American Lawyer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
The Journal of Legislative Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
The Jurist : Studies in Church Law and Ministry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
The Modern American     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
The National Legal Eagle     Open Access  
THEMIS - Revista de Derecho     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Theoretical Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Theoretical Inquiries in Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Theory and Practice of Legislation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ticaret ve Fikri Mülkiyet Hukuku Dergisi     Open Access  
Tidsskrift for erstatningsrett, forsikringsrett og trygderett     Full-text available via subscription  
Tidsskrift for Rettsvitenskap     Full-text available via subscription  
Tijdschrift voor Rechtsgeschiedenis / Revue d'Histoire du Droit / The Legal History Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Tilburg Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Toruńskie Studia Polsko-Włoskie     Open Access  
Touro Law Review     Open Access  
Transactions : The Tennessee Journal of Business Law     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Transnational Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Transnational Legal Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Transport Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Transportation Planning and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Trusts & Trustees     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Tulane Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Tulsa Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

  First | 1 2 3 4 5     

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Teisė : Law
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1392-1274 - ISSN (Online) 2424-6050
Published by Vilnius University Homepage  [28 journals]
  • Editorial Board and Table of Contents

    • Authors: Žurnalas Teisė
      Pages: 1 - 7
      Abstract: [full article and abstract in Lithuanian; abstract in English]
      PubDate: 2019-02-20
      Issue No: Vol. 110 (2019)
       
  • Implementation of Trade Secrets Directive into Lithuanian Law

    • Authors: Ramūnas Birštonas
      Pages: 8 - 23
      Abstract: [full article and abstract in Lithuanian; abstract in English] On 8 June 2016 the directive 2016/943 on the protection of undisclosed know-how and business information (trade secrets) against their unlawful acquisition, use and disclosure was enacted, which should have been implemented by the EU member states into their national laws by 9 June 2018. This would raise important questions how these new rules are compatible with the already existing national laws, what will be the scope of changes and what will be the possible impact on national legal practices. This research paper aims to answer these questions from the perspective of Lithuanian national law. Summary On 8 June 2016 the directive 2016/943 on the protection of undisclosed know-how and business information (trade secrets) against their unlawful acquisition, use and disclosure was enacted, which should have been implemented by the EU member states into their national laws by 9 June 2018. In spite of the certain degree of harmonisation of the trade secrets protection brought by Art. 39 of the TRIPS Agreement the new directive provides for a new set of norms. This would raise important questions how these new rules are compatible with the already existing national laws, what will be the scope of changes and what will be the possible impact on national legal practices. This research paper aims to answer these questions from the perspective of Lithuanian national law. For that purpose the current and newly proposed laws, as well as the Lithuanian case law concerning the protection of trade secrets are analysed and assessed.
      PubDate: 2019-02-20
      DOI: 10.15388/Teise.2019.110.1
      Issue No: Vol. 110 (2019)
       
  • Who is Entitled to the Right to Respect for Family Life Under the European
           Union Law'

    • Authors: Ingrida Danėlienė
      Pages: 24 - 45
      Abstract: [full article, abstract in English; abstract in Lithuanian] The article investigates the right to respect for family life, established by Article 7 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, as applied and interpreted in conjunction with the right to marry and the right to found a family, laid down in Article 9 of the Charter. The standard of protection set by European Union law regarding these rights is identified by taking into account the standard of protection of the relevant rights established by the European Convention on Human Rights and the established case law of the European Court of Human Rights. Topical issues relating to the consolidation of these individual rights at the national level in the Republic of Lithuania are also addressed in the article. In doing so, an emphasis is laid on the content of the concepts of “family” and “family life” under supranational and national law.
      PubDate: 2019-02-20
      DOI: 10.15388/Teise.2019.110.2
      Issue No: Vol. 110 (2019)
       
  • Application of Article 12 of the 1980 Hague Convention on the Civil
           Aspects of International Child Abduction in Lithuanian Courts

    • Authors: Agnė Limantė
      Pages: 46 - 60
      Abstract: [full article and abstract in Lithuanian; abstract in English] The article analyses Article 12 of the 1980 Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction which allows courts to refuse return of abducted child where the proceedings have been commenced after the expiration of the period of one year after abduction and it is demonstrated that the child has settled well in the new environment. The author of the article seeks to establish whether the jurisprudence of Lithuanian courts interpreting and applying this Article is well-founded. Summary This article scrutinises content and application of the Article 12 of the 1980 Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction, in particular its paragraph 2, which allows court to refuse return of abducted child where the proceedings have been commenced after the expiration of the period of one year after abduction and it is demonstrated that the child is now settled in its new environment. The author of the article seeks to establish whether the jurisprudence of Lithuanian courts applying this Article is proper and in line with the Convention. Analysing the cases of national courts of Lithuania, the author of this article established that in several cases Lithuanian courts when interpreting one year term have consistently ruled, that this is a procedural and formal requirement and can be ignored for the best interests of the child. As a result, a child, which is abducted just few months ago is not returned as if is established he has integrated in the country and it is in his/her best interests to continue residing here. The author criticises such an approach and suggests that such practice should be changed.
      PubDate: 2019-02-20
      DOI: 10.15388/Teise.2019.110.3
      Issue No: Vol. 110 (2019)
       
  • Judicial Decision Making: Intuitive and Rational Information Processing

    • Authors: Tomas Maceina, Gintautas Valickas
      Pages: 61 - 79
      Abstract: [full article and abstract in Lithuanian; abstract in English] The contributions of judges’ intuitive and rational information processing making decisions on criminal (robbery) cases were evaluated. Results are interpreted in the context of cognitive psychology and discussed in relation to the contemporary trends and future perspectives in the field of legal decsion-making. Summary The aim of the current study is to investigate the contributions of judges’ intuitive and rational information processing making decisions on criminal (robbery) cases. 98 judges working in various courts of Lithuania‘s general jurisdiction participated in this study. We asked participants to solve two vignettes. One vignette was designed to be compatible with intuitive information processing (i. e., anchor provided at the end of the vignette suggested a correct decision), while another counter-intuitive (i. e., anchor suggested incorrect decision). 51 judges were instructed to solve vignettes intuiti- vely under a limit time (intuitive group), 47 judges – rationally with no time constraints (rational group). Results of the current study revealed that intuitive group decided on higher sentences (i.e. was closer to an anchor), compared to rational group. Additonally, we found that judges’ in rational group rational information processing contributed to 53.19%, and intuitive information processing – to 8,51% of all decision-making process. Moreover, judges’ in intuitive group rational information processing contributed to 35.29%, and intuitive information processing – to 15,68% of all decision-making process. Results are interpreted in the context of cognitive psychology.
      PubDate: 2019-02-20
      DOI: 10.15388/Teise.2019.110.4
      Issue No: Vol. 110 (2019)
       
  • Reasons of Application of the Business Judgment Rule

    • Authors: Justinas Jarusevičius
      Pages: 80 - 102
      Abstract: [full article and abstract in Lithuanian; abstract in English] The reasons which led to the formation of the business judgment rule and its implementation are discussed in the present article. The courts usually have the competence to rule on the legality of the defendant’s actions and (or) their civil liability. Courts’ competence is being limited when the legality of the business decisions is analyzed and (or) the case of civil liability of the board members‘ or chief executive officer‘s of the private legal entities is decided. Due to the application of the business judgment rule the courts should abstain from evaluating the legality of the business judgments of the private legal entities, if they turned to be unprofitable or profitable not enough where such decisions were made by complying with the duties applied to the board members or chief executive officers. Motives, which justifies special civil liability regime of the directors are analyzed in the article. Summary Although the courts usually have the competence to rule on the legality of the defendant’s actions and (or) their civil liability, Courts’ competence is being limited when the legality of the business decisions is analyzed and (or) the case of civil liability of the board members‘ or chief executive officer‘s of the private legal entities is decided due to the appli- cation of the business judgment rule. As the business judgment rule has been identified by the case law of the Supreme Court of Lithuania, in this article author analyzes the reasons which led to the formation of the business judgment rule and its implementation in the jurisdiction of its origin – United States of America. Conclussions demonstrate that business judgment rule was implemented in the US case law with the purpose to guarantee and declare clearly that the ultimate decision maker within the private legal entity are board members or chief executive officers and not the courts. Business judgment rule works as a guarantee for the executives that they will not be held liable or criticized for the well-informed and fair decisions they make in the course of the company’s management. It encourages board members and chief exec- utive officers to take the risk needed for the development of company.
      PubDate: 2019-02-20
      DOI: 10.15388/Teise.2019.110.5
      Issue No: Vol. 110 (2019)
       
  • The Definition of Green Public Procurement in Lithuanian Legal Regulation

    • Authors: Rimantė Rudauskienė
      Pages: 103 - 118
      Abstract: [full article and abstract in Lithuanian; abstract in English] The article focuses on the analysis of definition of green public procurement and its consolidation in Lithuanian legal regulation, revealing the legal basis for green procurement, examining and comparing definition of green procurement in terms of legislative and sub-legislative legal regulation, considering the application of sub-legislative definition of green procurement and its subsequent legal regulation in practice, identifying the main shortcomings of such regulation, proposing solutions for its improvement. Summary Green public procurement in Lithuania is regulated at the legislative and sub-legislative level: the law establishes general rules for the application of environmental protection requirements, which provides for legal possibilities for contracting authorities to implement environmental protection requirements in the course of public procurement; sub-legislative regulation specifies a specific definition of green procurement by pre-setting environmental protection requirements for specific green products which remain unchanged during the particular procurement, accurately defining their content and implementation conditions. The legal bases for green procurement reveal ambiguity in the perception and definition of it, highlight issues with environmental content. It is suggested to relinquish the regulation of environmental protection requirements exclusively in the context of legal regulation of public procurement and consolidate an interdisciplinary approach to green procurement, viewing it as a measure which balances economic and environmental interests. Also, the establishment of the main environmental objectives and requirements, applicable to green procurement, would be welcome. The definition of green procurement, permissible under the law, allows for a broad and extensive concept and is characterized by a procedural nature and unclear content of environmental protection requirements. However, the definition of green procurement, enshrined in the sub-statutory regulation and used in practice, only partially implements the legislative provisions of legal regulation. Moreover, the legislative provisions are implemented very specifically and in great detail, covering only a limited scope of environmental protection requirements. Environmental protection requirements of a more general nature, permissible under the law, are rarely foreseen in the narrow definition. Therefore, the definition of green procurement, which would not be limited to requirements for green products, but would allow taking into consideration sufficient legal possibilities, concerned with environmental requirements, would satisfy the best integration of environmental protection requirements into the legal regulation of public procurement. If a narrow definition of green public procurement with significant drawbacks continues to dominate in Lithuania, there is a danger that green procurement will remain a formal instrument. It is suggested to strengthen contract enforce­ment and control, as well as encourage more frequent use of advanced environmental criteria, gradually moving to the exclusive implementation of these criteria. The new possibilities for the inclusion of environmental aspects into public procurement at both EU and national levels are not well implemented in the sub-legislative definition of green public procurement and its subsequent legal regulation in Lithuania. It is suggested to improve the sub-legislative regulation of green procurement accordingly by considering new environmental provisions in the public procurement regulation, implementing them in relevant envi­ronmental protection requirements.
      PubDate: 2019-02-20
      DOI: 10.15388/Teise.2019.110.6
      Issue No: Vol. 110 (2019)
       
  • Targeted Financial Sanctions of the United Nations and the European Union:
           Attribution of Criminal Character

    • Authors: Viltė Kristina Steponėnaitė
      Pages: 119 - 131
      Abstract: [full article and abstract in Lithuanian; abstract in English] The article analyses the character of the targeted financial sanctions as imposed by the United Nations and the European Union. The article portrays that United Nations and European Union institutions, the Court of Justice of the European Union and part of the scholars do not recognize the criminal character of the measures currently, and arguargues that in the context of the international human rights law these measures shall be considered of the criminal character. Summary The article analyses whether targeted financial sanctions as imposed by the United Nations and the European Union shall be considered of criminal character. The article portrays that United Nations and European Union institutions, the Court of Justice of the European Union and part of the scholars do not recognize the criminal character of the measures. The article argues this position cannot be considered as well-grounded and that the measures, as being imposed for serious offences and causing very serious indefinite long-term effects on subject’s life and activities, on the scope of fundamental rights and freedoms, shall be considered of criminal character.
      PubDate: 2019-02-20
      DOI: 10.15388/Teise.2019.110.7
      Issue No: Vol. 110 (2019)
       
  • Separate Opinions in Lithuanian Constitutional Justice Procedure:
           Development and Prospects for Improvement

    • Authors: Andrius Valuta
      Pages: 132 - 146
      Abstract: [full article and abstract in Lithuanian; abstract in English] The article analyses the legal regulation of separate opinions. The research is focused the procedure of constitutional justice and its legislative development. The author argues that legal regulation of separate opinions in Lithuania should be improved by assigning mandatory publication of separate opinions together (in the same form and at the same time) with judicial decisions. Summary The article analyses the legal regulation of separate opinions in Lithuanian administrative, civil, constitutional and criminal procedures. The research is focused on the legislative development, and its main aspects and arising problems. Separate opinion of a judge in administrative, civil and criminal procedures in Lithuania is a part of case material, not court judgement. This status deems that separate opinions produced by judges of such courts are usually undetectable by the public, unless the courts or parties of the case selectively publish them. The absence of mandatory publication makes comprehensive studies on the dissent rate in these courts impossible, and limits the knowledge of judicial deci­sion-making in this respect. Judges of the Constitutional Court since its establishment in 1993 were banned from issuing separate opinion in an effort foster the authority of a new court, and to protect it from political influence. After long discussions, separate opinions were introduced in late 2008. However, legal regulation was and remains flawed since it allows for separate opinions to be written and published days after the public pronouncement of the Constitutional Court’s ruling. Separate opinions in this jurisdiction are also viewed as a part of case material, and not as annex to the court’s decision. It is concluded that the stated issues of the legal regulation of separate opinions should be resolved by legal amend­ments, which would take into account the original concept of separate opinions and comparative cases of the leading courts. Therefore, separate opinion should be mandatorily published together with court judgements (within the same form and at the same time) as their annexes, not just an addition to case material. This model would improve the quality of legal argumentation in both separate opinions and judgments, and allow for a more thorough research on judicial decision-making. It would also mitigate possibilities for political or biased interpretations of separate opinions, which arise from the possibility to write and publish separate opinions after the public pronouncement of a court judgement. concerned with environmental requirements, would satisfy the best integration of environmental protection requirements into the legal regulation of public procurement. If a narrow definition of green public procurement with significant drawbacks continues to dominate in Lithuania, there is a danger that green procurement will remain a formal instrument. It is suggested to strengthen contract enforce­ment and control, as well as encourage more frequent use of advanced environmental criteria, gradually moving to the exclusive implementation of these criteria. The new possibilities for the inclusion of environmental aspects into public procurement at both EU and national levels are not well implemented in the sub-legislative definition of green public procurement and its subsequent legal regulation in Lithuania. It is suggested to improve the sub-legislative regulation of green procurement accordingly by considering new environmental provisions in the public procurement regulation, implementing them in relevant envi­ronmental protection requirements.  
      PubDate: 2019-02-20
      DOI: 10.15388/Teise.2019.110.8
      Issue No: Vol. 110 (2019)
       
  • Protection of the Weaker Party to a Property Development Contract under
           Polish Law. Implementation of the Model of the State’s Protective Duties
           in Practice

    • Authors: Monika Florczak-Wątor
      Pages: 147 - 157
      Abstract: [full article and abstract in English] This study examines the mechanism of the protection of customers of property developers that was introduced into Polish legal system by the Property Development Act adopted on 16 September 2011. Those customers are the weaker party to a property development contract that should be protected by the State. The article presents the very concept of the Polish property development contract, its substance and legal forms as well as its practical aspects. This issue of the protection of customers of property developers is of a great importance not only in Poland but also in other European countries that have experienced a boom in the real estate market in the last decade. The article discusses also the issue of the compatibility of the Property Development Act with the model of the State’s protective obligations in horizontal relations that has been established under the Constitution of the Republic of Poland of 2 April 1997. The paper concludes by presenting some postulates of amendments to the Property Development Act submitted by consumer organizations, industry representatives and entrepreneurs as well as a very comprehensive draft of the amendment presented in May 2018 by the President of the Office of Competition and Consumer Protection. This draft is currently at the stage of inter-ministerial consultations and it is difficult to foresee whether the new solutions will be adopted by Parliament in such a form.
      PubDate: 2019-02-20
      DOI: 10.15388/Teise.2019.110.9
      Issue No: Vol. 110 (2019)
       
 
 
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