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LAW (689 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 354 Journals sorted alphabetically
ABA Journal Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Acta Universitatis Danubius. Juridica     Open Access  
Actualidad Jurídica Ambiental     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adelaide Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Administrative Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 38)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Legal Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
African Journal on Conflict Resolution     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Afrilex     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Air and Space Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Akron Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al Ihkam : Jurnal Hukum & Pranata Sosial     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Al-Ahkam     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alaska Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Albany Law Review     Free   (Followers: 6)
Alberta Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Alternative Law Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Alternatives : Global, Local, Political     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Amazon's Research and Environmental Law     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Comparative Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 51)
American Journal of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
American Journal of Law & Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American journal of legal history     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Trial Advocacy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American University Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
American University National Security Law Brief     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Amicus Curiae     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Amsterdam Law Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Annual Survey of South African Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Anuario de Psicología Jurídica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ANZSLA Commentator, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Appeal : Review of Current Law and Law Reform     Open Access  
Arbitration Law Monthly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Arctic Review on Law and Politics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arena Hukum     Open Access  
Arizona Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Arizona State Law Journal     Free   (Followers: 2)
Arkansas Law Review     Free   (Followers: 5)
Ars Aequi Maandblad     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Art + Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Article 40     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Asian American Law Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Legal Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Asian Pacific American Law Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Australasian Law Management Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian and New Zealand Sports Law Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian Feminist Law Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Australian Indigenous Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Australian Journal of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Ave Maria Law Review     Free   (Followers: 2)
Badamai Law Journal     Open Access  
Baltic Journal of Law & Politics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Bar News: The Journal of the NSW Bar Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Behavioral Sciences & the Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Beijing Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Berkeley Journal of Entertainment and Sports Law     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Berkeley Technology Law Journal     Free   (Followers: 11)
Bioethics Research Notes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Bond Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Boston College Journal of Law & Social Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Boston College Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Boston University Law Review     Free   (Followers: 10)
BRICS Law Journal     Open Access  
Brigham Young University Journal of Public Law     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Brigham Young University Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
British Journal of American Legal Studies     Open Access  
Brooklyn Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of Medieval Canon Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
C@hiers du CRHIDI     Open Access  
Cadernos de Dereito Actual     Open Access  
Cadernos do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Direito - PPGDir./UFRGS     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Ibero-Americanos de Direito Sanitário     Open Access  
Cahiers, Droit, Sciences et Technologies     Open Access  
California Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
California Lawyer     Free  
California Western Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cambridge Law Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 134)
Campbell Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Campus Legal Advisor     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Case Western Reserve Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Časopis pro právní vědu a praxi     Open Access  
Časopis zdravotnického práva a bioetiky     Open Access  
Catalyst : A Social Justice Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Catholic University Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chicago-Kent Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Chicana/o-Latina/o Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
China : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
China-EU Law Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chinese Journal of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Law & Government     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Cleveland State Law Review     Free   (Followers: 1)
College Athletics and The Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Colombia Forense     Open Access  
Columbia Journal of Environmental Law     Free   (Followers: 10)
Columbia Journal of Law and Social Problems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Columbia Law Review (Sidebar)     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Commercial Law Quarterly: The Journal of the Commercial Law Association of Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Comparative Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 39)
Comparative Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Con-texto     Open Access  
Conflict Resolution Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Conflict Trends     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Cornell Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Criterio Jurídico     Open Access  
Critical Analysis of Law : An International & Interdisciplinary Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuadernos de Historia del Derecho     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cuestiones Juridicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Danube : The Journal of European Association Comenius - EACO     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
De Jure     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
De Rebus     Full-text available via subscription  
Deakin Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Defense Counsel Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Democrazia e diritto     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Denning Law Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
DePaul Journal of Women, Gender and the Law     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
DePaul Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Der Staat     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Derecho PUCP     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Derecho y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Die Verwaltung     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Dikaion     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dike     Open Access  
Direito e Desenvolvimento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Direito e Liberdade     Open Access  
Diritto penale contemporaneo     Free   (Followers: 2)
Diritto, immigrazione e cittadinanza     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Dixi     Open Access  
Droit et Cultures     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Droit et Médecine Bucco-Dentaire     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Droit, Déontologie & Soin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Drug Science, Policy and Law     Full-text available via subscription  
Duke Environmental Law & Policy Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Duke Forum for Law & Social Change     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Duke Journal of Gender Law & Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Duke Law & Technology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Duke Law Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
DULR Online     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
East Asia Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ECI Interdisciplinary Journal for Legal and Social Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ecology Law Quarterly     Free   (Followers: 3)
Edinburgh Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Education and the Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
El Cotidiano     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Election Law Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Energy Law Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Environmental Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Environmental Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Environmental Policy and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
ERA-Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Espaço Jurídico : Journal of Law     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ESR Review : Economic and Social Rights in South Africa     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ethnopolitics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ethos: Official Publication of the Law Society of the Australian Capital Territory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
EU agrarian Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Europaisches Journal fur Minderheitenfragen     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
European Energy and Environmental Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
European Journal for Education Law and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
European Journal of Comparative Law and Governance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of Law and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Law Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 122)
European Public Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
European Review of Contract Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
European Review of Private Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
European Yearbook of Minority Issues Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Evaluation Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Evidence & Policy : A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Faulkner Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Federal Communication Law Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Federal Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Federal Probation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Feminist Legal Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
feminists@law     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Fiat Justisia     Open Access  
First Amendment Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Florida Bar News     Free  
Florida Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Florida State University Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Fordham Environmental Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Fordham Intellectual Property, Media and Entertainment Law Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Fordham Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
FORO. Revista de Ciencias Jurídicas y Sociales, Nueva Época     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Fundamina : A Journal of Legal History     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Geoforum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
George Washington Law Review     Free   (Followers: 7)
Georgia Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Georgia State University Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Journal of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Global Labour Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Golden Gate University Environmental Law Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Golden Gate University Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Grey Room     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Griffith Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
GSTF Journal of Law and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Journal Cover Adelaide Law Review
  [19 followers]  Follow
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal  (Not entitled to full-text)
   ISSN (Print) 0065-1915
   Published by RMIT Publishing Homepage  [403 journals]
  • Volume 36 Issue 2 - Nordenfelt v Maxim-Nordenfelt: An expanded reading
    • Abstract: Dent, Chris
      The 1894 House of Lords decision of 'Nordenfelt v Maxim-Nordenfelt' is talked about in terms of being the start of the modern doctrine regarding restraint of trade clauses in contracts. This article considers the decision, both within the context of the other 19th century decisions in the area, and those that were decided before and after that time, in order to better contextualise it within the overall history of the doctrine. Key aspects to be examined include the shifting use of the term 'reasonable', the excision of the 'general' versus 'particular' restraints distinction from thelaw and the trend towards finer-grained categories in legal understandings. 'Nordenfelt', therefore, can be best understood as a point of inflection in the law, rather than the new dawn that it is often now seen to be.

      PubDate: Mon, 16 May 2016 22:18:43 GMT
  • Volume 36 Issue 2 - Private political activists and the international law
           definition of piracy: Acting for 'private ends'
    • Abstract: Honniball, Arron N
      Piracy under international law grants states the right to exercise universal jurisdiction, provided that all conditions of its definition are cumulatively met. Yet academic debate continues as to whether the requirement that piratical acts be committed 'for private ends' excludes politically motivated non-state actors. This article attempts to resolve the dispute through a thorough analysis of the term 'private ends'. An application of the rules of treaty interpretation is followed by an in-depth examination of 'private ends' historical development. State practice is examined in an attempt to resolve the ambiguities found. Finally the rationale of universal jurisdiction underlying the definition of piracy is explored, in order to answer whether such actors should be excluded. This article argues that a purely political ends exception developed, but its application beyond insurgents was never resolved. Limited state practice has ensured such ambiguity survived. Nevertheless given the objective of providing discretionary universal jurisdiction over violence and depredation between vessels at sea, violent actors should not be excluded solely upon their political motivations. Instead the limited (but growing) precedents of equating 'private ends' to a lack of state sanctioning should be followed.

      PubDate: Mon, 16 May 2016 22:18:43 GMT
  • Volume 36 Issue 2 - Small-scale property development: GST implications
    • Abstract: Hanegbi, Rami; Obst, Wes
      The purpose of this article is to explore the GST implications of small-scale property development in Australia and to provide guidance as to whether such activities give rise to a GST liability. The legislation governing the operation of the GST affecting these projects uses the familiar terminology of 'business', but it also uses terminology such as 'adventure or concern in the nature of trade', which has not received extensive consideration by the Australian courts. The authors review relevant case law to identify key principles, which will guide the courts in applying this terminology to small-scale property development, and provide guidance as to when a taxpayer undertaking such projects will be required to register for GST. The authors also discuss the factors relevant to determining the impact of the timing of registration. The article concludes that small-scale property developers need to be aware of the complexities and uncertainty in relation to the application of the GST to such projects.

      PubDate: Mon, 16 May 2016 22:18:43 GMT
  • Volume 36 Issue 2 - The high court's constructive trust tricenarian: Its
           legacy from 1985-2015
    • Abstract: Dal Pont, GE
      The last 30 years or so has witnessed the High Court of Australia devote more of its energies to the constructive trust than in the preceding 80 years since its inception. As 2015 represents the Court's tricenarian since its judgment in 'Muschinski v Dodds', in which Deane J enunciated what remains essentially the only probing analysis of the nature of the constructive trust in High Court jurisprudence, this article seeks to inquire into the progeny of his Honour's analysis.

      PubDate: Mon, 16 May 2016 22:18:43 GMT
  • Volume 36 Issue 2 - To leash or not to leash the dogs of war?: the
           politics of law and Australia's response to mercenarism and private
           military and security companies
    • Abstract: Sorensen, Kim
      The growth in the number of private military and security companies ('PMSCs') in the post-Cold War era has been exponential. An oft-raised concern regarding this growth is how to deal with PMSCs in relation to international anti-mercenary norms. Some would say that PMSCs are little more than corporatised mercenaries and deserve moral and legal opprobrium as mercenaries. Others maintain that PMSCs are legitimate military and security service providers, capable of self-regulation under industry codes and international regulatory initiatives on PMSCs. Others argue that even if PMSCs do not fit the mercenary tag, they pose problems for stability in weak or failing states, which often lack the means to make PMSCs accountable for their actions. This article focuses on evaluating Australian responses to international concerns about the modalities of mercenarism both past and present. The critical core of the article is the argument that achieving progress on building legal frameworks to regulate the privatisation of war is inextricably linked with the politics of law.

      PubDate: Mon, 16 May 2016 22:18:43 GMT
  • Volume 36 Issue 2 - Legislative oversight of a bill of rights: The
           American perspective
    • Abstract: Ostler, Duane L
      In recent years, whenever a federal bill of rights is proposed for Australia, the example of the United States and particularly the 'judicial activism' of the US Supreme Court are usually cited as reasons to shoot down the proposal. However early US history, prior to American adoption of a federal bill of rights actually supports legislative rather than judicial oversight of rights issues. This little known history would seem to be in keeping with modern proposals for a federal bill of rights in Australia today, which usually emphasise parliamentary rather than High Court oversight of rights issues. However, the early American experience also provides a caution against the 'dialogue model' which is the most popular proposal for an Australian bill of rights in recent times. This is due to structural and federalism difficulties the dialogue model would likely create.

      PubDate: Mon, 16 May 2016 22:18:43 GMT
  • Volume 36 Issue 2 - Protecting the rights of those with dementia through
           mandatory registration of enduring powers?: A comparative analysis
    • Abstract: Ryan, Trevor; Arnold, Bruce Baer; Bonython, Wendy
      Australian laws on legal capacity are currently being reviewed by both the Commonwealth and several state and territory jurisdictions. Compliance of existing frameworks with obligations arising under the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities is a focal point of several reviews, specifically the provisions governing substituted decision-making, and protection of vulnerable people. Formalised registration procedures for enduring powers of attorney appointments are one proposal that has received support, notably in Victoria; however, there are several different ways such a procedure could be implemented.

      This article offers a comparative analysis of selected common law and civil law regimes regarding enduring powers of attorney and guardianship in relation to people who suffer from dementia. It highlights questions about mandatory registration of those powers and the effectiveness of non-registration in terms of promoting the autonomy of the individual and protection of that person's personal and financial interests. It critiques principle and practice regarding privacy in relation to mandatory registration of enduring powers of attorney. The article argues that proposed reforms in Victoria are deficient with respect to protection of both the privacy and the welfare of the individual with dementia and highlights some potential pitfalls other jurisdictions should be aware of when under taking their own reviews of the law in this field.

      PubDate: Mon, 16 May 2016 22:18:43 GMT
  • Volume 36 Issue 2 - Administrative law parallels with private law
           concepts: Unconscionable conduct, good faith and fairness in franchise
    • Abstract: Buchan, Jenny; Gunasekara, Gehan
      In 21st century business format franchising, the search for solutions has taken the legislature and the courts into the areas of unconscionable conduct and good faith. To date these concepts have lacked the ability to curtail franchisor opportunism in exercising contract-granted discretions. Similar difficulties afflict administrative law approaches to good faith, lawfulness and rationality, errors of law and fact finding, and fairness - criteria against which contract-based discretions have been appropriately exercised by franchisors. We examine franchising cases against the administrative law approaches, acknowledging doctrinal differences (as well as similarities) and conclude that a common body of principle underlies both areas. This allows a fresh approach to interpreting the exercise of franchisor's discretions.

      PubDate: Mon, 16 May 2016 22:18:43 GMT
  • Volume 36 Issue 2 - Militant democracy: An alien concept for Australian
           consutitional law?
    • Abstract: Tyulkina, Svetlana
      This article presents an overview of the development and growth of the concept of militant democracy in contemporary constitutional theory and practice, and its relevance to Australia. Militant democracy refers to a form of constitutional democracy authorised to protect its continued existence as democracy by pre-emptively restricting the exercise of civil and political freedoms. Initially, militant democracy focused on electoral integrity, adopting measures such as the prohibition of allegedly undemocratic political parties. However, in recent years militant democracy has expanded to include policies aimed at addressing threats such as religious fundamentalism and global terrorism. This article examines the extent to which Australia can be said to be a militant democracy. It investigates how militant democracy is manifesting itself in contemporary Australian democracy by analysing provisions of the Australian Constitution, relevant legislation and jurisprudence of the High Court of Australia. The article attempts to reconceptualise certain features of the 'Australian constitutional' system through the lens of the militant democracy concept.

      PubDate: Mon, 16 May 2016 22:18:43 GMT
  • Volume 36 Issue 2 - Re-interpreting blackstone's commentaries: A seminal
           text in national and international contexts [Book Review]
    • Abstract: Tomlins, Christopher
      Review(s) of: Re-interpreting blackstone's commentaries: A seminal text in national and international contexts, edited By Wilfrid Presthart Publishing, 2014XIV + 245 PP ISBN 978 1 84946 538 0.

      PubDate: Mon, 16 May 2016 22:18:43 GMT
  • Volume 36 Issue 2 - 'Dallas Buyers Club LLC v IINET Ltd' [2015] FCA 317 (7
           April 2015)
    • Abstract: Pascale, Joshua
      In the case of 'Dallas Buyers Club LLC v iiNet Ltd', Perram J of the Federal Court of Australia exercised the Court's discretion under r 7.22 of the 'Federal Court Rules 1979 (Cth) ('FCR')' and ordered for the preliminary discovery of certain account holder details held by the six internet service provider ('ISP') respondents. However, cautious of Dallas Buyers Club LLC's ('DBC') endeavours, his Honour stayed the order pending the applicant satisfying certain requirements. This case note considers the reasonableness of Perram J's judgment against the backdrop of the 'FCR', as well as domestic and international case law. It then evaluates the influence of the decision upon the broader Australian society. This case note concludes with the acceptance of Perram J's reasoning, however questions the impact of the decision in light of recent legislative and market reform in the sphere of illegal downloading.

      PubDate: Mon, 16 May 2016 22:18:43 GMT
  • Volume 36 Issue 2 - 'Independent Commission Against Corruption v Cunneen'
           (2015) 318 ALR 391
    • Abstract: Dunning, Isabella
      In the case of Independent Commission Against Corruption v Cunneen, the High Court of Australia considered for the first time the scope of the New South Wales Independent Commission Against Corruption's jurisdiction to investigate 'corrupt conduct'. Turning against existing ICAC practice, a majority of the Court interpreted the operative s8(2) provision of the 'Independent Commission Against Corruption Act 1988' (NSW) as requiring corrupt conduct that adversely affects the probity, and not merely the efficacy, of the exercise of a public official's functions. Prior to 'Cunneen', the meaning of 'adversely affects' under s8(2) was unclear and in need of clarification. However, the High Court's approach lacks a sound legislative or policy basis and, coupled with the New South Wales Parliament's subsequent legislative reform, unnecessarily restricts the scope of the ICAC's jurisdiction into the future.

      PubDate: Mon, 16 May 2016 22:18:43 GMT
  • Volume 36 Issue 1 - Judicial review of vice-regal decisions: 'South
           Australia v O'shea', its precursors and its progeny
    • Abstract: Leeming, Mark
      This article is about vice-regal power, which (relevantly for present purposes) is a species of executive power, and is intended to encourage critical thinking about aspects of the relationship between it and judicial power and legislative power. The article looks to litigation from South Australia - some well-known, some perhaps less so - which provides insights into the legal analysis. Considerations of space require it to be selective, rather than comprehensive. I have tried to choose examples with a contemporary flavour: notably, a Royal Commission inquiring into a particular named union, and the exercise of vice-regal power following a closely fought Senate election marred by the fact that many ballots had been lost.

      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 23:57:01 GMT
  • Volume 36 Issue 1 - Editorial note
    • Abstract: Stubbs, Matthew; Webster, Adam
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 23:57:01 GMT
  • Volume 36 Issue 1 - Freedom of conscience and religion [Book Review]
    • Abstract: Babie, Paul
      Review(s) of: Freedom of conscience and religion, by Richard Moonirwin Law, 2014240 pp, ISBN 978 1 55221 364 3.

      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 23:57:01 GMT
  • Volume 36 Issue 1 - R v Keogh [No 2] (2014) 121 SASR 307
    • Abstract: Carr, Emily
      In 'R v Keogh [No 2]', the South Australian Court of Criminal Appeal ('the Court') considered an application to grant leave for permission to pursue a 'second or subsequent appeal' pursuant to s 353A of the 'Criminal Law Consolidation Act 1935' (SA) ('CLCA'). In reviewing the decision reached in Keogh, this case note analyses the Court's approach to the interpretation of the scope and limitations of its power under s 353A of the CLCA. In particular, it examines the soundness of the Court's substantive distinction between its jurisdiction to hear secondary criminal appeals on the grounds of 'fresh and compelling evidence' under s 353A in contrast to its jurisdiction under s 352 of the 'CLCA'.

      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 23:57:01 GMT
  • Volume 36 Issue 1 - 1984-2014the life of the (non-constructive) trust in
           the high court
    • Abstract: Dal Pont, GE
      The High Court of Australia has handed down at least 30 judgments on the law of trusts in the period 1984-2014. This presents as an opportune time to consider what the timeframe of a generation has contributed to trusts law at the highest judicial level in Australia. Leaving aside the constructive trust, which is jurisprudentially distinct and well served by academic literature, this paper focuses on the High Court developments in the law of trusts within this era. It concludes that, while not revolutionary, the case law has revealed incursions into what may previously have been assumed to be accepted principle and a consequent fluidity in the concept of the trust and its incidents.

      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 23:57:01 GMT
  • Volume 36 Issue 1 - What lawyers should know about the forensic 'sciences'
    • Abstract: Edmond, Gary
      Recent and authoritative reports from the US, Canada and the United Kingdom question many types of forensic science and medicine evidence used routinely in criminal proceedings across the common law world. This article reviews recent reports produced by the National Academy of Sciences (US), the National Institute of Standards & Technology and National Institute of Justice (US), Lord Campbell in Scotland, and Justice Goudge in Ontario, in order to assess their implications for expert evidence and legal practice in Australia. The article suggests that Australian legal institutions have not performed well in response to forensic science and medicine evidence and remain largely oblivious to serious epistemic infirmities.

      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 23:57:01 GMT
  • Volume 36 Issue 1 - The strange career of the common Lawin North Carolina
    • Abstract: Orth, John V
      The common law began its career long ago and far away, in England in the 12th century. Unlike other of the world's great legal traditions, the common law did not produce an authoritative law book comparable to the 'Corpus Juris Civilis' of Roman law or the Code Napoleon of French law. Instead, the common law generated a collection of judicial decisions, a set of institutions and a distinctive way of resolving disputes. Common law rules, derived mainly from decided cases, were multifarious and sometimes seemingly contradictory, yet susceptible to rational organisation and harmonisation. Common law institutions, principally courts, were for many years a confusing collection of ancient offices with often unclear and overlapping jurisdictions, but they benefited from a tradition of orderliness and a crude but recognisable effectiveness. The 'common law way' of reasoning from case to case within a rigid set of procedures was at bottom and necessarily practical, but it included an element of ancient anachronism that contributed an air of mystery and majesty.

      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 23:57:01 GMT
  • Volume 36 Issue 1 - What lawyers should 'do' about forensic science
    • Abstract: Odgers, Stephen
      This article examines what lawyers - and particularly defence lawyers - must do in challenging forensic science evidence. This article argues that for this to occur there must be a significant increase in legal aid funding.

      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 23:57:01 GMT
  • Volume 36 Issue 1 - The perils of law office science: A partial response
           to professor Gary Edmond
    • Abstract: Binnie, Ian; Park-Thompson, Vanessa
      Professor Gary Edmond's article, 'What Lawyers Should Know About the Forensic "Sciences"' calls attention to some important failings in the judicial treatment of scientific evidence. But the issues he describes are not limited to the forensic sphere, and are endemic in civil litigation generally.

      In this paper, we continue Professor Edmond's discussion and explore examples from the US, Canada, Australia, England and New Zealand in the fields of product liability, intellectual property and other types of commercial disputes. We explore the unsettling unwillingness on the part of the bar, the bench and the government to actively engage with the 'scientific verities' of a case, and to go against prior rulings when current scientific developments have overtaken the legal reasoning in earlier cases. Finally, we look at the impact this judicial unwillingness has on the legal system.

      It is clear that legal rulings must be, and must seem to be, well-grounded both as a matter of law and science. With the growth of alternate dispute resolution, the continued functioning of the civil litigation system depends on it.

      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 23:57:01 GMT
  • Volume 36 Issue 1 - Why don't the gatekeepers guard the gates?:
           Comments prompted by Edmond
    • Abstract: Williams, Keelah EG; Saks, Michael J
      Despite clear rules and procedures directing judges to critically scrutinise proffers of expert testimony - and giving them the tools to do so - judges continue to allow unreliable expert evidence into the courtroom. What accounts for the gatekeepers' failure to guard the gates? Drawing from psychological literature, we offer possible explanations for neglectful judicial gatekeeping, and discuss potential solutions for the path forward.

      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 23:57:01 GMT
  • Volume 36 Issue 1 - Evidence of forensic scientific opinion and the rules
           for admissibility
    • Abstract: Heydon, JD
      This article describes some possible methods by which unreliable forensic scientific evidence might be excluded. Is it irrelevant? Does its probative value exceed its prejudicial effect? Are there categories of it which should be automatically inadmissible? Are the existing rules for exclusion too loose, or too loosely applied? What is the correct balance between the roles of judge and jury?

      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 23:57:01 GMT
  • Volume 36 Issue 1 - The racial discrimination act and inconsistency under
           the Australian constitution
    • Abstract: Williams, George; Reynolds, Daniel
      The Racial Discrimination Act 1975 (Cth) has assumed a special place on the federal statute book in the forty years since its enactment. This is due to it operating as a national guarantee that rights shall be enjoyed equally by all people regardless of their race. This guarantee has, by virtue of s 109 of the Constitution, overridden inconsistent state legislation that detracts from such rights, and on one occasion has had a like effect on subsequent federal legislation. However, most such attempts to invoke inconsistency with state laws have failed due to limitations contained within the Act. Further, the effectiveness of the Act is limited at the federal level because the federal Parliament has the power to amend or suspend the Act's operation, something Parliament has done on two occasions. Stronger protection - such as by entrenching the principle of non-discrimination on the basis of race in the Constitution - is required to bring about a stronger form of protection against racial discrimination.

      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 23:57:01 GMT
  • Volume 36 Issue 1 - The second or subsequent criminal appeal, the
           prerogative of mercy and the judicial inquiry: The continuing advance of
           post-conviction review
    • Abstract: Milne, Sue
      When all rights of judicial appeal are exhausted, post-appeal review of a criminal conviction is commonly removed into the executive sphere by way of the prerogative of mercy, or judicial inquiry. As a particular class of administrative decision, these forms of post-conviction review are substantially immune from judicial review, and notably with respect to the mercy prerogative, invoke discretionary powers and lack transparency. In order to provide a public and more transparent approach to post-conviction review, the South Australian Parliament has created a judicial pathway for criminal review, post-conviction. The Statutes Amendment (Appeals) Act 2013 (SA) is the first enactment in Australia to create a second or subsequent right of criminal appeal where an appeal court is satisfied that there is fresh and compelling evidence which should, in the interests of justice, be considered on an appeal. Appeals may be allowed if the court considers there was a substantial miscarriage of justice. This paper examines the likely efficacy of these reforms and argues that the creation of a right to a second or subsequent appeal provides a public and pragmatic solution, by way of a judicial approach to revisiting a conviction, outside the executive or political sphere. This ultimately provides a simpler, direct and more transparent process than the mercy prerogative and judicial inquiry.

      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 23:57:01 GMT
  • Volume 36 Issue 1 - Against oracular pronouncement: A reply to Heydon
    • Abstract: Edmond, Gary
      Of the respondents to 'What Lawyers Should Know About the Forensic "Sciences"' only the Honourable John Dyson Heydon is disengaged from the central issue of endemic problems across the forensic science and their implications for criminal justice practice. His response undertakes to succinctly restate 'the rules for admissibility' for expert opinions with no role for reliability. This restatement of what purports to be common law orthodoxy operates as though merely rehearsing commitments precludes alternatives, including alternative interpretations that are not only more consistent with relevant statutory provisions, but also more likely to advance overarching institutional objectives.

      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 23:57:01 GMT
  • Volume 36 Issue 1 - What lawyers should and can do now that they know
           about the forensic sciences: A response to Edmond's 'what lawyers should
           know about the forensic "sciences"'
    • Abstract: Ligertwood, Andrew
      Accepting the fragility of forensic evidence exposed in recent reports and the risk of courts acting upon that evidence without a full appreciation of its limitations, this response focuses upon what lawyers and judges, in the light of this knowledge, can do to alleviate this problem, arguing that current evidential rules and processes, if approached with the rigour that the principles behind them demand, can go a considerable way to ensuring that the accused in a criminal trial is protected from forensic evidence being overvalued. Particular focus is given to evidential rules controlling the reception of forensic evidence - rules of relevance, rules controlling the admissibility of expert opinion evidence and the courts' residual discretion - and to the appropriate expression of forensic evidence if rigorous application of the common law criminal standard of proof is to be ensured. The prosecution's duties of disclosure, the adversarial nature of common law trial process, and the processes for appeal are also briefly considered as available to protect accused against unreliable forensic evidence. It is concluded that as a first response lawyers and judges are duty bound to invoke these protections to mitigate the risk of forensic evidence being overvalued.

      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 23:57:01 GMT
  • Volume 36 Issue 1 - Law, religion, constitution: Freedom of religion,
           equal treatment, and the law [Book Review]
    • Abstract: Babie, Paul
      Review(s) of: Law, religion, constitution: Freedom of religion, equal treatment, and the law, Edited by W Cole Durham Jr, Silvio Ferrari, Cristiana Cianitto and Donlu Thayer Ashgate, 2013 454 pp, ISBN 978 1 4724 1614 8.

      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 23:57:01 GMT
  • Volume 35 Issue 1 - Foreword: Teaching-research Nexus in law
    • Abstract: Hewitt, Anne; Keyzer, Patrick
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 18:13:20 GMT
  • Volume 35 Issue 1 - Foreword: Personal property security law: Local and
           global perspectives
    • Abstract: Brown, David
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 18:13:20 GMT
  • Volume 35 Issue 1 - Bridging the divides: An interdisciplinary perspective
           on the teaching-research nexus and community engagement
    • Abstract: Arvanitakis, James; Matthews, Ingrid
      This paper examines the application of 'design thinking' principles to the teaching-research nexus, and argues for extending this nexus to community engagement, in the context of an ongoing interdisciplinary research project. The research is investigating young people and civic engagement, and is an ideal site for building a positive and reciprocal relationship between teaching, research and community engagement. These relationships are not axiomatic but must be nurtured with commitment and strategically managed. Drawing on teaching experiences in sociology and law, and reflecting on a co-design methodology developed for investigating youth citizenship, we conclude that 'design thinking' principles can be applied more broadly to strengthen the teaching-research nexus. Finally, we argue that universities must develop and implement genuine community engagement to remain relevant in the contemporary world.

      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 18:13:20 GMT
  • Volume 35 Issue 1 - The learning journey: Please take me with you
    • Abstract: O'Brien, Molly Townes
      In the academy, we need not take our learning journeys alone. We can take our students with us. We can teach as we research and research as we teach. While it may seem that teaching and research compete for our time, energy and focus, they are also excellent collaborators. Research allows us to infuse the classroom with our values, new ideas and enthusiasm. Teaching assists our research by prompting us to tell stories that clarify our research, and by giving us reasons to keep up with developments, update materials and design activities. Both give us a chance to hone our expertise, to gather motivation, to attract collaborators and to try out fresh perspectives. Teaching and research both prosper on the learning journey together.

      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 18:13:20 GMT
  • Volume 35 Issue 1 - Let's talk about lex: Narrative analysis as both
           research method and teaching technique in law
    • Abstract: Wolff, Leon
      Law is saturated with stories. People tell their stories to lawyers; lawyers re-tell their clients' stories to courts; legislators develop regulation to respond to their constituents' stories of injustice or inequality. This article describes an approach to first-year legal education that respects this narrative tradition. In particular, it outlines the curriculum design and assessment scheme that deploys narrative methodology as the central teaching and learning device.

      This narrative approach to legal education is a fresh twist on the teaching-research nexus. The link between teaching and research has occupied growing interest in the scholarship of higher education. Initially cast as a clash of civilizations, more recently, teaching and research are seen as inter-related and complementary: research outputs can inform curriculum content, research skills can be incorporated in the course design, research on teaching effectiveness can guide course instruction, and research-specific values of critical inquiry and evidence-based reasoning can steer the learning approach. However, this article argues that a narrative approach to legal education goes further than this. It does more than simply incorporate research into teaching; it transforms a recognised qualitative research method - narrative analysis - into a teaching technique.

      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 18:13:20 GMT
  • Volume 35 Issue 1 - 'Unions New South Wales v New South Wales' (2013) 304
           ALR 266
    • Abstract: Graham, Samantha
      In Unions New South Wales v New South Wales, the High Court of Australia considered the constitutional validity of amendments to the Election Funding, Expenditure and Disclosures Act 1981 (NSW) ('EFED Act'). The plaintiffs' contention was that provisions restricting political donations and electoral communication expenditure impermissibly burdened the freedom of political communication implied by the Commonwealth Constitution. This case note draws comparisons between Unions and Australian Capital Television Pty Ltd v Commonwealth, a 1992 case that considered legislation remarkably similar to the law in Unions. This comparison provides the backdrop for a critical analysis of the provisions challenged in Unions and the policies that underpinned the amendments. After exploring the High Court's approach to these issues, this case note concludes with a brief discussion of the implications of Unions within the context of electoral system reform.

      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 18:13:20 GMT
  • Volume 35 Issue 1 - Could continental Europe adopt a uniform commercial
           code article 9-type secured transactions system?: The effects of the
           differing legal platforms
    • Abstract: Tajti, Tibor
      With the entry into force of the Australian Personal Property Securities Act 2009 (Cth) in 2012, the Unitary Model of secured transactions law on personal property became part of the legal system of another major economy of the world. Australia joined the United States of America (the source-jurisdiction), Canada and New Zealand. Given the success of the Unitary Model, it is natural to question whether a similar breakthrough is to be expected in Europe as well. From a legal perspective, the key dilemma is whether the Continental European civil law systems - the majority of Europe's jurisdictions - are compatible with the Unitary Model at all. This depends to a great extent on the inherited yet differing legal platforms - the concepts, principles and rules characteristic of common law or civil law systems. This article aims to exemplify the discrepancies that might prove to be obstacles to transplanting the Unitary Model and which still have not yet been properly analysed in comparative scholarship.

      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 18:13:20 GMT
  • Volume 35 Issue 1 - Stop 'sliming' your liquid assets: Security over
           deposit accounts - us perspectives
    • Abstract: Quirk, Patrick
      This article discusses the role played by art 9 of the United States' Uniform Commercial Code in the Global Financial Crisis, and outlines the method for taking security over deposit accounts held in US banks. It compares the process for taking such security in Australia with that used in the US, and places particular emphasis on the detailed provisions of the Uniform Commercial Code relating to attachment, collateral description, consumer exceptions, perfection by control, standard control agreements, priorities and proceeds. It is submitted that the set-up, workings and side effects of the Uniform Commercial Code art 9 regime will be instructive for practitioners in non-US jurisdictions, and may prompt useful questions and insights about their own rules and commercial conventions. Relevant portions of the American Bar Association's Joint Taskforce on Deposit Account Control Agreements are discussed, and some comparative observations are made for those involved in international transactions.

      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 18:13:20 GMT
  • Volume 35 Issue 1 - Debtor-induced payments
    • Abstract: Turner, David C
      The Australian Personal Property Securities Act 2009 (Cth), as do the other personal property security acts of New Zealand and the Canadian provinces, clearly states that the recipient of a debtor-induced payment made by a grantor of a security interest in collateral is immunised from a proceeds claim or priority entitlement by a secured party. The policy behind debtor-induced payments is primarily to ensure that a debtor is able to pay his or her general unsecured creditors in priority to the debts owed to a secured party. An additional policy reason is the protection of the economy through the maintenance of the payments system generally. This article critically examines the legislation in the various Personal Property Securities Acts, including the case law, identifies the policy arguments in support of a broad application of the rule and suggests that the American provision in Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code provides a better solution as it will enhance the ability of a debtor to pay his or her unsecured debts and thereby ensure the free flow of cash and negotiable instruments used to pay debts.

      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 18:13:20 GMT
  • Volume 35 Issue 1 - Personal property securities legislation: Analysing
           the new lexicon
    • Abstract: McCracken, Sheelagh
      Grant Gilmore, co-draftsperson of art 9 of the United States Uniform Commercial Code, from which Australia's 'Personal Property Securities Act' 2009 (Cth) is partly derived, likened approaching art 9 to mastering a foreign language. More recently, the Supreme Court of Canada observed, in the context of a discussion of the meaning of 'property' under equivalent legislation: 'For particular purposes Parliament can and does create its own lexicon.' Focusing primarily on the 'Dictionary' contained in the 'Personal Property Securities Act' 2009 (Cth), this article analyses some of the new definitions and vocabulary. It also examines terms whose meanings are only partly defined or simply assumed, terms which appear to lack a statutory definition, and terms whose previously accepted meaning appears to have changed. The underlying theme is that the 'Personal Property Securities Act's' operation cannot properly be understood without a close knowledge of the language in which the legislation is couched. Finally, the article also briefly explores how the language shapes the manner in which the legislative concepts are intellectualised.

      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 18:13:20 GMT
  • Volume 35 Issue 1 - Security interests in mobile equipment: Lawmaking
           lessons from the Cape Town convention
    • Abstract: Goode, Roy
      The announcement by the Australian government of Australia's intention to ratify the Cape Town Convention and its associated Aircraft Protocol provides a timely opportunity to describe the key elements of these two important international instruments adopted in November 2001 which, as will be seen later, have already attracted strong support which is steadily increasing. The Cape Town Convention has already received 61 ratifications and the Aircraft Protocol 55 ratifications. With its enactment of the Personal Property Securities Act 2009 (Cth), Australia joined the many jurisdictions that have adopted a modern, functional approach to security interests based on art 9 of the United States Uniform Commercial Code and the Canadian Personal Property Security Acts. But domestic laws are not well suited to high-value equipment that moves regularly across national borders, such as aircraft objects and railway rolling stock, or to equipment that is not on Earth at all, such as satellites and other space assets. The conflict rule designating the lex situs as the applicable law does not work for objects having no fixed situs or for assets in space where no private law exists. Moreover, even if a uniform conflict rule could be devised it would not overcome major differences in national laws governing secured transactions. Hence the need for an international regime governing the creation, perfection and priority of interests in mobile equipment, with an international registry for the registration of such interests and priority rules based on the order of registration. This paper describes the key features of the Cape Town Convention and Aircraft Protocol and their relationship to national law.

      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 18:13:20 GMT
  • Volume 35 Issue 1 - Sir Richard Hanson [Book Review]
    • Abstract: Stubbs, Matthew
      Review(s) of: Sir Richard Hanson, by Greg Taylor, Federation Press, 2013, 244 pp, ISBN 978 1 86287 907 2.

      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 18:13:20 GMT
  • Volume 35 Issue 1 - The price of rights: Regulating international labor
           migration [Book Review]
    • Abstract: Reilly, Alexander
      Review(s) of: The price of rights: Regulating international labor migration, by Martin Ruhs, Princeton University Press, 2013, 272 pp, ISBN 978 0 691 13291 4.

      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 18:13:20 GMT
  • Volume 35 Issue 2 - Jurisprudence as practical reason: A celebration of
           the collected essays of John Finnis [Book Review]
    • Abstract: White, Margaret
      Review(s) of: Jurisprudence as practical reason: A celebration of the collected essays of John Finnis, edited by Mark Sayers and Aladin Rahemtula, Supreme Court Library, 2013, 122 pp, ISBN 978 0 9872471 4 8.

      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 00:51:37 GMT
  • Volume 35 Issue 2 - What we know about contract law and transacting in the
           marketplace - a review essay of Catherine Mitchell, 'contract law and
           contract law practice: Bridging the gap between legal reasoning and
           commercial expectation' and Jonathan Morgan, 'contract law minimalism: A
           formalist restatement of commercial contract law'
    • Abstract: Gava, John
      Since Stewart Macaulay's pioneering work on the use and non-use of contract law in the market two competing schools of thought have emerged to explain the appropriate way to judge contract disputes before the courts. The first, contextualism, argues that judges, in deciding contract disputes and developing the law, should give effect to the expectations, practices and desires of the business community. The alternative, formalism, argues that since business uses law selectively it would be counterproductive if the law were anything other than predictable. The books reviewed synthesise the scholarship surrounding this debate and, in so doing, each proposes the form of judging thought to be the most suitable. In this review I will argue that when viewed against the arguments of two giants in this field, Macaulay himself and Hugh Collins, it becomes apparent that Mitchell's careful, well-explained and balanced contextualism is ultimately unpersuasive and that Morgan's formalist defence makes much more sense. I will also argue, however, that the differences between Mitchell and Morgan are ultimately tactical because both see contract law in instrumental terms. Both understand the role of contract law as being to aid and enhance market exchange but differ over how this is best achieved. I will argue that both are wrong on this point and that there are historical, constitutional and institutional reasons for not seeing contract law in instrumentalist terms.

      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 00:51:37 GMT
  • Volume 35 Issue 2 - The president and congress: Separation of powers in
           the united states of America
    • Abstract: Bruff, Harold H
      Although the framers of the Australian Constitution adopted many features of the United States Constitution, they rejected the separation of legislative and executive power in favour of responsible government in a parliamentary system like that of the United Kingdom. In doing so, Australians depended on existing conventions about the nature of responsible government instead of specification of its attributes in constitutional text. The United States Constitution contains detailed provisions about separation of powers, but unwritten conventions have produced some central features of American government. This article reviews conventions developed by Congress that constrain Presidents in the domestic sphere with regard to the appointment of executive and judicial officers and the funding of the federal government. The article then reviews conventions developed by Presidents that liberate them in the conduct of foreign relations and war making. These aspects of the American experience may aid the analysis of problems of executive power under the Australian Constitution.

      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 00:51:37 GMT
  • Volume 35 Issue 2 - Honeysett v The Queen (2014) 311 ALR 320: Opinion
           evidence and reliability, a sticking point
    • Abstract: Buckland, Prudence
      In 'Honeysett v The Queen', the High Court of Australia considered the admissibility of opinion evidence under Part 3.3 of the 'Evidence Act 1995' (NSW) ('Evidence Act'). This case note examines the Court's decision in 'Honeysett' and assesses the approach taken by the Court in interpreting s 79(1) of the Evidence Act. It probes the reluctance of the Court to read reliability into a determination of admissibility under s 79(1) and considers the treatment of new and developing areas of specialised knowledge. The broader procedural implications of the Court's determination are also evaluated, taking account of the 'uneasy alliance'2 between law and science and adversarial doctrine.

      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 00:51:37 GMT
  • Volume 35 Issue 2 - Ethnocide and indigenous peoples: Article 8 of the
           declaration on the rights of indigenous peoples
    • Abstract: Pruim, Sandra
      Article 8 of the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples provides that Indigenous peoples and individuals have the right to be free from forced assimilation and destruction of culture. In addition, this provision requires that states provide effective mechanisms for prevention and redress of actions that: deprive Indigenous peoples of their integrity as distinct peoples; dispossess Indigenous peoples of land; force population transfers, assimilation or integration; or promote or incite discrimination. This article aims to develop a greater understanding of this novel provision. It investigates the historical development of art 8 of the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, together with the concept and jurisprudence of cultural genocide expressed in the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide in an effort to determine the scope and content of the right, whether or not it is legally binding and its enforcement. Article 8 should ensure Indigenous peoples are able to use their own languages and protect their historical, cultural and religious heritage and objects in libraries, museums, schools, historical monuments, places of worship or other cultural institutions. In essence, this article protects the right of Indigenous peoples and individuals to live in an environment where they can enjoy their own cultures and where those cultures are able to develop and flourish.

      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 00:51:37 GMT
  • Volume 35 Issue 2 - Coherence and acceptance in international law: Can
           humanitarianism and human rights be reconciled?
    • Abstract: Crowe, Jonathan
      The relationship between international humanitarian law and international human rights law has been widely debated. Influential discussions have been produced by both the International Court of Justice and the International Law Commission. This article brings a new perspective to this issue, emphasising and contrasting the underlying concepts that the two areas of law rely on for their legitimacy. I argue that while international human rights law derives its legitimacy largely from the value of coherence, international humanitarian law emphasises the notion of acceptance. This contrast has important implications for efforts to integrate the two fields.

      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 00:51:37 GMT
  • Volume 35 Issue 2 - The establishment clause of the Australian
           constitution: Three propositions and a case study
    • Abstract: Beck, Luke
      This article argues that the reasoning in Attorney-General (Vic) ex rel Black v Commonwealth, the sole High Court case on the meaning of the establishment clause of s 116 the Constitution, is too narrow and requires reconsideration. It begins that process of reconsideration and argues that the proper meaning of the establishment clause encompasses at least the following three propositions. First, the establishment clause prohibits federal expenditure for religious purposes such as religious activities. Secondly, the establishment clause prohibits the Commonwealth from instituting programs that result in a religion or multiple religions becoming identified with the Commonwealth. Thirdly, the establishment clause prohibits the Commonwealth from instituting programs that result in a religion or multiple religions becoming identified with the states and territories. The article concludes by testing the Australian Government's National School Chaplaincy and Student Welfare Program against those three propositions.

      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 00:51:37 GMT
  • Volume 35 Issue 2 - Reflecting on Hannah Arendt and 'Eichmann in
           Jerusalem: A report on the banality of evil'
    • Abstract: Burdon, Peter; Appleby, Gabrielle; Laforgia, Rebecca; McIntyre, Joe; Naffine, Ngaire
      In this essay, we offer a modern legal reading of Hannah Arendt's classic book, Eichmann in Jerusalem. First we provide a brief account of how Arendt came to write Eichmann in Jerusalem and explain her central arguments and observations. We then consider the contemporary relevance of Arendt's work to us as legal academics engaged with a variety of problems arising from our times. We consider Arendt's writing of Eichmann in Jerusalem as a study in intellectual courage and academic integrity, as an important example of accessible political theory, as challenging the academic to engage in participatory action, and as informing our thinking about judgement when we engage in criminal law reform. Finally, we consider the role of Arendt's moral judgement for those within government today and how it defends and informs judgement of the modern bureaucrat at a time of heightened government secrecy.

      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 00:51:37 GMT
  • Volume 35 Issue 2 - Towards better disclosure of corporate risk: A look at
           risk disclosure in periodic reporting
    • Abstract: Duffy, Michael
      Disclosure is a primary form of investor protection and is fundamental to market efficiency. Knowledge of the risks facing them is integral to the successful operation of business enterprises and is also of benefit to their investors. Whilst continuous disclosure is a policy that should provide a good basis for risk disclosure, periodic disclosure of risk has received significantly less attention. This is because periodic disclosure is more traditionally an area for disclosure in financial accounts than for management discussion and analysis. However, this may be changing, particularly due to the enactment of s 299A of the Corporations Act 2001 (Cth) in 2004 and ASIC's more recent interpretations of that section.

      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 00:51:37 GMT
  • Volume 35 Issue 2 - 'Guilty, your honour': Recent legislative developments
           on the guilty plea discount and an Australian capital territory case study
           on its operation
    • Abstract: Wren, Elizabeth; Bartels, Lorana
      The overwhelming majority of defendants in Australian criminal courts plead guilty and most Australian jurisdictions include a guilty plea in their sentencing legislation as a mitigating factor. However, the application of this reduction varies significantly. In an attempt to provide a better understanding of this aspect of sentencing, this article examines the legislation and case law on guilty pleas, with a particular focus on the Australian Capital Territory. The article contextualises this discussion by examining the High Court's position on sentence reductions for guilty pleas, as well as the New South Wales Court of Criminal Appeal's guideline judgment in R v Thomson; R v Houlton (2000) 49 NSWLR 383. Recent key legislative amendments in relation to quantifying guilty pleas are then discussed, revealing the often subtle but meaningful differences in the legislation across Australia. This is followed by a case study analysis of 300 recent cases in the Australian Capital Territory Supreme Court, which provides important insight into the practical operation of the discount in a jurisdiction that has traditionally seen little sentencing research. The article concludes with some observations on future directions for policy and practice.

      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 00:51:37 GMT
  • Volume 35 Issue 2 - Juvenile courts - an Australian innovation?
    • Abstract: Anderson, Jennifer
      The Juvenile Court is usually depicted as an American invention, first established in Chicago in 1899, before spreading across the United States and into other English-speaking areas in the first decade of the 20th century. This article suggests that the Adelaide Children's Court in South Australia, which began operating informally in 1890 and gained legislative recognition in 1895, should more appropriately be called the first juvenile court. While the Adelaide Children's Court has attracted considerably less scholarly and popular attention than its United States equivalents, the South Australian model was the first to bring together elements that were subsequently identified as essential components of children's courts. The Court also exerted considerable, and again often undocumented, influence on other legislative schemes in Australia and overseas. The article argues that a close historical analysis of the Adelaide Children's Court's early years, between 1890 and 1910, reveals just how innovative the South Australian scheme was. It concludes by calling for a more expansive approach to the development of the juvenile jurisdiction.

      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 00:51:37 GMT
  • Volume 35 Issue 2 - Indigenous students at law school: Comparative
    • Abstract: Devonshire, Peter
      Indigenous students face significant challenges in gaining admission to law school. General entry standards are exclusionary to the extent that they sustain historical stereotypes and fail to reflect the unique profile of indigenous students. It is argued that traditional equity initiatives should be supplanted with access programs that provide orientation for the study of law and formative assessment of both generic and discipline-specific skills such as literacy, comprehension, case analysis and research techniques. The latter stage of the program would be dedicated to applying acquired skills to certain key areas of substantive law. This model would provide greater predictive accuracy for successful transition to law school while affirming the distinct cultural identity of indigenous students.

      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 00:51:37 GMT
  • Volume 35 Issue 2 - Google Spain SL v Agencia Espanola de Proteccion de
           Datos (European Court of Justice, C-131/12, 13 May 2014)
    • Abstract: Squires, Jerome
      In 'Google Spain SL v Agencia Espanola de Protecci n de Datos', the European Court of Justice ('the Court') held that European data protection law applies to search engines, such as Google, and gives individuals the right to have links removed from search results, provided certain conditions are met. 'Google Spain' has been heralded as a landmark decision because the Court's expansive approach to the rights of data subjects amounts to judicial recognition of the 'right to be forgotten.' This case note suggests that the Court erred in its interpretation of art 6(1)(c) of 'Directive 95/46', a provision central to the right to be forgotten, and that its approach to rights and interests is largely unexplained and unjustified.

      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 00:51:37 GMT
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