Subjects -> LAW (Total: 1566 journals)
    - CIVIL LAW (37 journals)
    - CONSTITUTIONAL LAW (51 journals)
    - CORPORATE LAW (92 journals)
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    - FAMILY AND MATRIMONIAL LAW (24 journals)
    - INTERNATIONAL LAW (190 journals)
    - JUDICIAL SYSTEMS (22 journals)
    - LAW (960 journals)
    - LAW: GENERAL (9 journals)

LAW (960 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 354 Journals sorted alphabetically
(En)clave Comahue. Revista Patagónica de Estudios Sociales     Open Access  
ABA Journal Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Acta Juridica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Acta Universitatis Danubius. Juridica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Universitatis Lodziensis : Folia Iuridica     Open Access  
Actualidad Jurídica Ambiental     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Adelaide Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Administrative Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 47)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
AfP : Zeitschrift für das gesamte Medienrecht / Archiv für Presserecht     Hybrid Journal  
African Journal on Conflict Resolution     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Afrilex     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ahkam : Jurnal Hukum Islam     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ahkam : Jurnal Ilmu Syariah     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Air and Space Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Akron Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Al 'Adalah : Jurnal Hukum Islam     Open Access  
Al Ihkam : Jurnal Hukum & Pranata Sosial     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AL Rafidain law journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Al-Ahkam     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Al-Istinbath : Jurnal Hukum Islam     Open Access  
Al-Risalah     Free   (Followers: 1)
Alaska Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Albany Law Review     Free   (Followers: 6)
Alberta Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Alternative Law Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Alternatives : Global, Local, Political     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Amazon's Research and Environmental Law     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Comparative Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 61)
American Journal of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
American Journal of Law & Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Trial Advocacy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American University Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
American University National Security Law Brief     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Amicus Curiae     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Amsterdam Law Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Anales : Facultad de Ciencias Jurídicas y Sociales de la Universidad Nacional de La Plata     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anales de la Cátedra Francisco Suárez     Open Access  
Annales Canonici     Open Access  
Annales de droit     Open Access  
Annales de la Faculté de Droit d’Istanbul     Open Access  
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Skłodowska, sectio G (Ius)     Open Access  
Annals of the Faculty of Law in Belgrade - Belgrade Law Review     Open Access  
Anuario da Facultade de Dereito da Universidade da Coruña     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario de la Facultad de Derecho : Universidad de Extremadura (AFDUE)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario de Psicología Jurídica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ANZSLA Commentator, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Appeal : Review of Current Law and Law Reform     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arbeidsrett     Full-text available via subscription  
Arbitration Law Monthly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Arctic Review on Law and Politics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arena Hukum     Open Access  
Argumenta Journal Law     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arizona Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Arizona State Law Journal     Free   (Followers: 3)
Arkansas Law Review     Free   (Followers: 6)
Ars Aequi Maandblad     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Art + Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Article 40     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
ASAS : Jurnal Hukum dan Ekonomi Islam     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ASEAN Journal of Legal Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Law Review     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific Journal of Ocean Law and Policy     Hybrid Journal  
Asian American Law Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Law and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian Journal of Legal Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Asian Pacific American Law Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asy-Syir'ah : Jurnal Ilmu Syari'ah dan Hukum     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Giuridiche, Economiche e Politiche     Open Access  
Australasian Law Management Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian and New Zealand Sports Law Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Australian Feminist Law Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Australian Indigenous Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Australian Journal of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Ave Maria Law Review     Free   (Followers: 4)
Badamai Law Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ballot     Open Access  
Baltic Journal of Law & Politics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Bar News: The Journal of the NSW Bar Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Behavioral Sciences & the Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Beijing Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Berkeley Journal of Entertainment and Sports Law     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Berkeley Technology Law Journal     Free   (Followers: 14)
BestuuR     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioderecho.es     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bioethics Research Notes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Boletín de la Asociación Internacional de Derecho Cooperativo     Open Access  
Boletín Instituto de Derecho Ambiental y de los Recursos Naturales     Open Access  
Bond Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Boston College Journal of Law & Social Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Boston College Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Boston University Law Review     Free   (Followers: 11)
Bratislava Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BRICS Law Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brigham Young University Journal of Public Law     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Brigham Young University Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
British Journal of American Legal Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brooklyn Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of Legal Medicine     Open Access  
Bulletin of Medieval Canon Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of Yaroslav Mudryi NLU : Series : Philosophy, philosophy of law, political science, sociology     Open Access  
Business and Human Rights Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
C@hiers du CRHIDI     Open Access  
Cadernos de Dereito Actual     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos de Informação Jurídica     Open Access  
Cadernos do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Direito - PPGDir./UFRGS     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cahiers de la Recherche sur les Droits Fondamentaux     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cahiers Droit, Sciences & Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
California Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
California Western Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cambridge Law Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 224)
Cambridge Yearbook of European Legal Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Campbell Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Campus Legal Advisor     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Law & Jurisprudence     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Canadian Journal of Law and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Canadian Journal of Law and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Western Reserve Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Časopis pro právní vědu a praxi     Open Access  
Catalyst : A Social Justice Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Catholic University Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Católica Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chicago-Kent Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Chicana/o-Latina/o Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
China : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
China-EU Law Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chinese Journal of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chinese Journal of Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal  
Chinese Law & Government     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Chulalongkorn Law Journal     Open Access  
Cleveland State Law Review     Free   (Followers: 2)
Clínica Jurídica per la Justícia Social : Informes     Open Access  
CMU Journal of Law and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
College Athletics and The Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Colombia Forense     Open Access  
Columbia Journal of Environmental Law     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Columbia Journal of Gender and Law     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Columbia Journal of Law & the Arts     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Columbia Journal of Law and Social Problems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Columbia Journal of Race and Law     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Columbia Journal of Tax Law     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Columbia Law Review (Sidebar)     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Commercial Law Quarterly: The Journal of the Commercial Law Association of Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Comparative Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 42)
Comparative Legal History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Comparative Legilinguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Con-texto     Open Access  
Conflict Resolution Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Conflict Trends     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Cornell Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Criterio Jurídico     Open Access  
Critical Analysis of Law : An International & Interdisciplinary Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Cuadernos de Historia del Derecho     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Cuestiones Juridicas     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Danube     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
De Jure     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
De Rebus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Deakin Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Debater a Europa     Open Access  
Defense Counsel Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Democrazia e diritto     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Denning Law Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
DePaul Journal of Women, Gender and the Law     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
DePaul Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Derecho Animal. Forum of Animal Law Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Derecho PUCP     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Derecho y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Derecho y Realidad     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Derechos en Acción     Open Access  
Dereito : Revista Xurídica da Universidade de Santiago de Compostela     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Deusto Journal of Human Rights     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dicle Üniversitesi Hukuk Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
DiH : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dikaion     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dike     Open Access  
Dikê : Revista de Investigación en Derecho, Criminología y Consultoría Jurídica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Diké : Revista Jurídica     Open Access  
Direito e Desenvolvimento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Direito.UnB : Revista de Direito da Universidade de Brasília     Open Access  
Diritto penale contemporaneo     Free   (Followers: 4)
Diritto, immigrazione e cittadinanza     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Dixi     Open Access  
Doxa : Cuadernos de Filosofía del Derecho     Open Access  
Droit et Cultures     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Droit et Médecine Bucco-Dentaire     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Droit, Déontologie & Soin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Drug Science, Policy and Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Duke Environmental Law & Policy Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Duke Forum for Law & Social Change     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Duke Journal of Gender Law & Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Duke Law & Technology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Duke Law Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
DULR Online     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

        1 2 3 4 5 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Comparative Law Review
Number of Followers: 42  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0866-9449 - ISSN (Online) 2038-8993
Published by UMK Homepage  [33 journals]
  • In Search of Lost Latin-American Colours: an Analysis of the
           Constitutional Protection of LGBTI Rights in Latin America

    • Authors: Rafael Carrano Lelis
      Pages: 9 - 57
      Abstract: This study investigates the constitutional protection of LGBTI rights in South America and Mexico. Under the theoretical framework of Nancy Fraser’s postwestphalian democratic justice, it questions whether the constitutional protection of these rights in such countries is satisfactory in order to move forward towards the accomplishment of justice to LGBTI persons. The research conducts an empirical study and undertakes a qualitative analysis using the techniques of literature review, documental analysis, and survey. Among the results, it was determined that only two of the analysed constitutions expressly prohibits both sexual orientation – and gender identity-based discrimination. Only one of them uses gender-neutral language in the provision regarding civil union and, therefore, enables the union between two people of the same gender. Under another perspective, the answers of the majority of the Latin-American organizations in the survey indicated that the constitutional protection of LGBTI rights is unsatisfactory in their countries. Therefore, after the analysis of all the data obtained in the research, it was possible to conclude that the constitutional protection is precarious and does not guarantee the most basic rights to LGBTI population.
      PubDate: 2019-12-30
      DOI: 10.12775/CLR.2019.001
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2019)
       
  • Reform by Legal Transplantation: Afghanistan’s Counter Narcotics Law
           2006

    • Authors: John Jupp
      Pages: 59 - 119
      Abstract: When the international community has engaged in efforts to assist transitions to peace in countries de-stabilized by conflict, new criminal law is often found to be imperative in order to promote the development of fair and effective justice systems, the rule of law and due process in accordance with international human rights standards. While the transplantation of readily available law can be an appealing solution, little scholarship has been dedicated to examining its effectiveness for developing post-intervention criminal law reform. Informed by empirical evidence and qualitative interviews with senior international and Afghan legal personnel, this article addresses this gap in scholarship by evaluating Afghanistan’s Counter Narcotics Law 2006 (CNL). Applying a new test, it considers firstly, whether this law was a successful transplant and, secondly, whether it was reasonable for those responsible for drafting it to rely on legal transplantation as a mechanism for reform. It finds that the transplanted content of the CNL and the processes of transplantation reduced the extent to which it was accepted and achieved its objectives, and concludes by making recommendations for ‘sensitive’ transplantation based on knowledge of theoretical frameworks on transplant feasibility and legal adaptation, analysis of local legal traditions and collaboration with local justice professionals.
      PubDate: 2019-12-30
      DOI: 10.12775/CLR.2019.002
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2019)
       
  • Relationship between the EU and NATO on the Example of Data Protection
           Policy

    • Authors: Inga Zapała
      Pages: 121 - 152
      Abstract: On 24 May 2018, the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) entered into force, thereby obliging all 28 national legal systems of the EU Member States to harmonize and supplement their rules on the protection of personal data. From the perspective of international law, agreements emanating from other international organizations that are binding on the EU Member States may prove to impose legal obligations inconsistently with the GDPR. Possibly, an example of such an international organization may be NATO. In such a case, the EU Member States would be confronted with an irresolvable conflict of law, as – from the horizontal system of international law – they would be obliged to abide by the rules of both Organizations. Given that as many as 22 EU Member States are Parties to NATO, this study examines whether there is a legal or a political requirement to implement the GDPR to the policy of NATO.
      PubDate: 2019-12-30
      DOI: 10.12775/CLR.2019.003
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2019)
       
  • The ‘Acquis’ of the Council of Europe in the Sphere of Disaster
           Preparedness and Response

    • Authors: Michał Balcerzak
      Pages: 155 - 171
      Abstract: The article discusses institutional and standard-setting initiatives of the Council of Europe aimed at enhancing the effectiveness of its members states’ actions when responding to natural or man-made disasters. Although the Statute of the Council of Europe itself is silent on tasks in this regard, the organization’s agenda in disaster preparedness and response was developed inter alia through the EUR-OPA Major Hazards Agreement of 1987 (a so-called ‘enlarged partial agreement’), as well as soft-law standards and the jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights on the positive obligations of states under Article 2 of the European Convention on Human Rights (the right to life). The article studies the Council of Europe’s activities in this sphere, while noting – in a comparative perspective – the most important developments in international cooperation aimed at disaster prevention and response within the European Union, the Organization of Security and Co-operation in Europe, as well as the United Nations and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent.
      PubDate: 2019-12-30
      DOI: 10.12775/CLR.2019.004
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2019)
       
  • Transitional Justice and the Effects of Limited Transitions: The Spanish
           and Catalan Case

    • Authors: Farid Samir Benavides-Vanegas
      Pages: 173 - 195
      Abstract: In this paper I want to analyze the process of transition to democracy, particularly in relation to two points: the lack of solution to the problem of autonomous government and the lack of lustration in the judicial system, leaving extremely conservative judges who are now at the top of the Spanish judiciary and who seem to be pushing for a hard response to any attack against the unity of Spain, using an old category of criminal offence, that seemed to have been left out from European criminal justice systems: that of political crimes.
      PubDate: 2019-12-30
      DOI: 10.12775/CLR.2019.005
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2019)
       
  • Illiberal Judicialisation of Politics in Poland

    • Authors: Agnieszka Bień-Kacała
      Pages: 197 - 213
      Abstract: The judiciary currently plays an important role in any political system or kind of constitutionalism, regardless of the adopted system of constitutional review (judicialization of politics). The most important purpose of the constitutional court seems to be the protection of human rights against the arbitrary interference of state authority in individual interest. The key incentive is the protection of an individual against the constitutionally unauthorised and arbitrary intervention of the parliamentary majority. In the context of democratic decay and the development of other than liberal constitutional democracy versions of constitutionalism (authoritarian, autocratic, populist, illiberal), the question arises: what is the role of constitutional courts within these so-called democracies with adjectives. Applying this question into Polish reality, since 2015, the Polish constitutional court is described as politicized. Against this wording, the Author claims that the court is not only politicized but that we can talk about the illiberal judicialization of politics as best describing the Polish situation.
      PubDate: 2019-12-30
      DOI: 10.12775/CLR.2019.006
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2019)
       
  • Some Remarks on the Protection of Legitimate Expectations in International
           Investment Law

    • Authors: Marcin Kałduński
      Pages: 215 - 237
      Abstract: This article examines the nature of legitimate expectations in international investment law. The author considers international investment case law to suggest that legitimate expectations consist of four basic elements: specific representation or promise made by the host State, legitimacy, reasonability, and objectivity of expectations, reliance (trust) the investor had in the representation made by the host State and the substantive benefit received by the investor by way of representation or promise made by the host State. After briefly explaining the basics of the protection of legitimate expectations, the article addresses each element, including the criteria of effective representations or promise made by the host State that is capable of creating legitimate expectations. It also shows that the focus should be placed on the reliance element
      PubDate: 2019-12-30
      DOI: 10.12775/CLR.2019.007
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2019)
       
  • Revolution or Evolution' Challenges Posed by Autonomous Vessels for
           National and International Legal Framework

    • Authors: Justyna Nawrot, Zuzanna Pepłowska-Dąbrowska
      Pages: 239 - 255
      Abstract: The emergence of autonomous vessels raises considerable challenges from the legal perspective. Questions relate, inter alia, to their status (whether they can in fact be considered as a vessels), the possibility of their registration under respective flags, and the fulfillment of the requirements posed by international maritime law. This article commences with a short presentation of the current technological development of autonomous vessels. It discusses terminology issues, commenting on the assessments made on the International Maritime Organization’s forum. It continues with an attempt to accommodate autonomous vessels under the current legislative landscape, providing an analysis of chosen national laws as well as the international conventions.
      PubDate: 2019-12-30
      DOI: 10.12775/CLR.2019.008
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2019)
       
  • Electronic Evidence in the Light of the Council of Europe’s New
           Guidelines

    • Authors: Bartłomiej Oręziak, Marek Świerczyński
      Pages: 257 - 275
      Abstract: This paper aims to analyse the significance of the “Guidelines of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on electronic evidence in civil and administrative proceedings” adopted by the Council of Europe on January 30, 2019. The authors examine the practical aspects of the specific guidelines following from this soft law instrument. They make an in-depth analysis of metadata as an essential element of electronic evidence. The authors also present the fundamental principles of electronic evidence, as presented in the Guidelines, along with an explanation of their meaning, including the principle on the protection of human rights and rule of law. The paper ends with the authors’ conclusions regarding treatment of electronic evidence in the courts, the practical significance of the Guidelines and the importance of IT law in legal education.
      PubDate: 2019-12-30
      DOI: 10.12775/CLR.2019.009
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2019)
       
  • Constitutional Courts and Representative Democracy – a Kelsenian
           Perspective

    • Authors: Anna Tarnowska, Wojciech Włoch
      Pages: 277 - 297
      Abstract: In the presented article we develop the thesis that constitutional courts may be treated as one of the key elements guaranteeing the proper functioning of representative democracy if they secure the democratic “chain of delegation”. Following the theory of Hans Kelsen, we employ a normative concept giving the answer to how a constitutional court should act to fulfil such a role. According to Kelsen’s perspective, the main threat to representative democracy is the “alternative legislative procedure”, a non-constitutional form of legislation based solely on the political will and in consequence deconstructing the constitutional chain of delegation. The guarantee of constitutionality means the restoration of an equal representation in the legislative procedure based on the majorityminority rule. As the guardian of the democratic legislative procedure, the constitutional court should be a ground for the “virtual representation” of all the parties to a democratic dispute. In result it prevents the transformation of representative democracy into majority democracy.
      PubDate: 2019-12-30
      DOI: 10.12775/CLR.2019.010
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2019)
       
  • The Publicisation of Private Relations by Horizontal Application of
           Constitutional Rights

    • Authors: Iwona Wróblewska
      Pages: 299 - 318
      Abstract: Constitutional courts (CCs) are more and more often facing a situation in which the status of entities of legal relation escapes public – private distinction. The reasons for this include inter alia the privatization of state tasks. To ensure the efficiency of fundamental rights in a “reduced” state, CCs develop instruments that make it possible to apply constitutional provisions also in formally private relations. These instruments are based on the horizontal application of constitutional rights. They result in the publicisation of private relations. The measures taken by CCs restore the balance previously disturbed because of privatization. Therefore I describe them as a “return” or “corrective” publicisation. Despite important differences between legal cultures and the legal reality in particular countries (Germany, USA, Poland) the mechanism of judicial publicisation is based, to some extent, on universal argumentation.
      PubDate: 2019-12-30
      DOI: 10.12775/CLR.2019.011
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2019)
       
  • The Galleon ‘San Jose’. Almost Four Decades of Legal Struggles on the
           National and International Plane

    • Authors: Maciej Żenkiewicz, Tadeusz Wasilewski
      Pages: 319 - 342
      Abstract: The article presents the history and current disputes surrounding the Galleon San Jose. As an on-going case since 1980s, the dispute involves various actors on national, as well as international level. The article discusses this issue focusing on four relevant elements: international and national law, politics and diplomacy. Legal obligations under international law which may be applicable to San Jose galleon are presented, with comments regarding its applicability to Colombia. Subsequently, Colombian relevant national legislature and judicial decisions are discussed, to establish how the Galleon with its treasures may be classified under Colombian civil law. In the last part two elements are presented, namely: politics and diplomacy. This part presents in particular an attitude and actions regarding the case after announced discovery of the shipwreck of the Galleon in 2015.
      PubDate: 2019-12-30
      DOI: 10.12775/CLR.2019.012
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2019)
       
  • Case Note to the Judgment of the Court of Justice of 3 October 2019 in
           Case Eva Glawischnig- -Piesczek v. Facebook Ireland, C-18/18

    • Authors: Zuzanna Morawska-Zakroczymska, Daria Gęsicka
      Pages: 345 - 356
      Abstract: The judgment of the Court of Justice of 3 October 2019 in case Eva Glawischnig-Piesczek v. Facebook Ireland, C-18/18, is one of the Court’s multiple decisions concerning the liability of host providers and the obligations that may be imposed on them by a national court. The decision seems to follow two current pan-European (or even global) trends as far as host providers’ liability is concerned. The first is to make the liability rules stricter. The second is a shift from the concept of horizontal to that of vertical liability rules. In essence, the Court of Justice decided that a host provider might be ordered by a national court to remove (or block access to) defamatory content identical or equivalent to the information which had been previously declared unlawful. What is more, according to the Court a host provider may be ordered to remove (or block access) to such information worldwide as long as measures adopted by a member state allow its national courts to issue a worldwide order and the measures are consistent with applicable international law. The judgment commented on will have a great impact on the content of claims lodged by plaintiffs in personal rights infringement cases, in particular in electronic communication. The efficacy of the court order in question, however, will depend on the imagination of plaintiffs (in how to formulate their claims so that a court order covers equivalent comments as well) and defendants (in how to express their opinions in such a way that the opinions are not covered by a court order). It will be also greatly affected by national courts whose job will be to interpret the notion of “equivalent information” and to find a balance between three groups of interests: plaintiffs, defendants, and a third party that may be affected by the order (e.g. users of an online platform).
      PubDate: 2019-12-30
      DOI: 10.12775/CLR.2019.013
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2019)
       
  • List of Reviewers

    • Authors: Editors Editors
      Pages: 357 - 357
      PubDate: 2019-12-30
      DOI: 10.12775/28857
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2019)
       
  • Editorial

    • Authors: Michał Balcerzak
      Pages: 5 - 5
      PubDate: 2018-12-30
      DOI: 10.12775/28845
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2018)
       
 
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