Subjects -> POLITICAL SCIENCE (Total: 1196 journals)
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POLITICAL SCIENCE (995 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5     

Showing 201 - 281 of 281 Journals sorted alphabetically
Decolonization : Indigeneity, Education & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Defence Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Defense & Security Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Democracy & Education     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Democratic Communiqué     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Democratic Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Democratization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Democrazia e diritto     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Demokratie und Geschichte     Hybrid Journal  
Demokratizatsiya: The Journal of Post-Soviet Democratization     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Der Donauraum     Hybrid Journal  
Desafíos     Open Access  
Development and Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62)
Digest of Middle East Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Digital Government : Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Diplomacy & Statecraft     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Diritto, immigrazione e cittadinanza     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Discurso     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Dissent     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Diversité urbaine     Full-text available via subscription  
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Earth System Governance     Open Access  
East European Jewish Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
East European Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
East/West : Journal of Ukrainian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Eastern African Literary and Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Eastern Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Economia Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Ecopolítica     Open Access  
eJournal of eDemocracy and Open Government     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Ekonomi, İşletme, Siyaset ve Uluslararası İlişkiler Dergisi     Open Access  
El Banquete de los Dioses     Open Access  
El Cotidiano     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Electoral Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Em Pauta : Teoria Social e Realidade Contemporânea     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Encuentro     Open Access  
Entramados y Perspectivas     Open Access  
Environment and Planning C : Politics and Space     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 47)
Environmental Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Espacios Públicos     Open Access  
Estudios digital     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios Políticos     Open Access  
Estudios Políticos     Open Access  
Estudos Avançados     Open Access  
Ethical Theory and Moral Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Ethics & International Affairs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Ethics & Global Politics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Éthique publique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études internationales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Eunomia. Rivista semestrale del Corso di Laurea in Scienze Politiche e delle Relazioni Internazionali     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Eureka Street     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
European Integration Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
European Journal for Security Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of American Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Cultural and Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal  
European Journal of Government and Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
European Journal of International Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
European Journal of Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
European Journal of Political Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 92)
European Journal of Political Research : Political Data Yearbook     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
European Journal of Politics and Gender     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
European Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal  
European Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
European Politics and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
European Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
European Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
European Union Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
European Yearbook of Minority Issues Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Eurostudia     Open Access  
Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Evaluation and Program Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Evidence Base : A journal of evidence reviews in key policy areas     Open Access  
Exchange : The Journal of Public Diplomacy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
E|mporium     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Fascism     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Federal Governance     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Federalism-E     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Fédéralisme Régionalisme     Open Access  
FEU Academic Review     Open Access  
Fijian Studies: A Journal of Contemporary Fiji     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Financial Times     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
Foreign Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 54)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Foreign Policy Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Foro Interno. Anuario de Teoría Política     Open Access  
French Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Frontiers in Political Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Gaceta Laboral     Open Access  
Genocide Studies International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Geographische Zeitschrift     Full-text available via subscription  
Geopolítica(s). Revista de estudios sobre espacio y poder     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geopolitics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Geopolitics under Globalization     Open Access  
German Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
German Politics and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Germinal : Marxismo e Educação em Debate     Open Access  
Gestão & Regionalidade     Open Access  
Ghana Journal of Development Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Ghana Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Global Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Global Change, Peace & Security: formerly Pacifica Review: Peace, Security & Global Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 415)
Global Discourse : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Current Affairs and Applied Contemporary Thought     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Global Environmental Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Global Governance: A Review of Multilateralism and International Organizations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 52)
Global Journal of Peace Research and Praxis     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Global Justice : Theory Practice Rhetoric     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Media Journal : African Edition     Open Access  
Global Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Global Societies Journal     Open Access  
Global Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Global South, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Global War Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Göç Dergisi     Full-text available via subscription  
Good Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Governare la paura. Journal of interdisciplinary studies     Open Access  
Government and Opposition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Granì     Open Access  
Greek Political Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Group Processes & Intergroup Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Hague Journal of Diplomacy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Hegel Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Helsinki Monitor     Hybrid Journal  
Hic Rhodus : Crisis capitalista, polémica y controversias     Open Access  
Historia i Polityka     Open Access  
History of Communism in Europe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Hommes & Migrations     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
HONAI : International Journal for Educational, Social, Political & Cultural Studies     Open Access  
Horyzonty Polityki     Open Access  
Human Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62)
Human Rights Case Digest     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71)
Human Rights Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 78)
Human Rights Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Icelandic Review of Politics and Administration     Open Access  
Idäntutkimus     Open Access  
identidade!     Open Access  
Identities : Journal for Politics, Gender and Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Identity Papers : A Journal of British and Irish Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IDP. Revista de Internet, Derecho y Politica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ids Practice Papers     Hybrid Journal  
IKAT : The Indonesian Journal of Southeast Asian Studies     Open Access  
Indes : Zeitschrift für Politik und Gesellschaft     Hybrid Journal  
Index on Censorship     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
India Quarterly: A Journal of International Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
India Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Indialogs : Spanish Journal of India Studies     Open Access  
Indonesia Prime     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement     Open Access  
Innovation Policy and the Economy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Innovations : Technology, Governance, Globalization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Insight on Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
InSURgência : revista de direitos e movimentos sociais     Open Access  
Intelligence & National Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Interdisciplinary Political Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Interdisziplinäre Zeitschrift für Südasienforschung     Open Access  
Interest Groups & Advocacy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Interfaces Brasil/Canadá     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 74)
International Area Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Communication of Chinese Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Critical Thought     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Gramsci Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Interactions: Empirical and Theoretical Research in International Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal : Canada's Journal of Global Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of African Renaissance Studies - Multi-, Inter- and Transdisciplinarity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Area Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Children's Rights     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
International Journal of Diplomacy and Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of E-Politics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of East Asian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Electronic Government Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Environmental Policy and Decision Making     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Group Tensions     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Human Rights     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62)
International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 597)
International Journal of Intercultural Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Peace Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Politics, Culture, and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Press/Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
International Journal of Sexuality and Gender Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
International Journal of Social Quality     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal on Minority and Group Rights     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Migration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
International Migration Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 182)
International Negotiation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
International NGO Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Organization     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 114)
International Peacekeeping     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 475)
International Political Science Abstracts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
International Political Science Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 100)
International Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
International Quarterly for Asian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Regional Science Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
International Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)

  First | 1 2 3 4 5     

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
International Political Science Review
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.966
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 100  
 
Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal   * Containing 1 Open Access Open Access article(s) in this issue *
ISSN (Print) 0192-5121 - ISSN (Online) 1460-373X
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1093 journals]
  • Building the ship in dry dock: The case for pre-independence
           constitution-building in Scotland
    • Authors: W Elliot Bulmer
      Pages: 681 - 694
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Volume 41, Issue 5, Page 681-694, November 2020.
      For newly independent states, constitution-building can be a defining moment: a time when national identities are asserted, values and norms articulated, and founding myths created. The constitution-building process is a critical juncture between the divergent paths of stable and well-functioning democracy, on one hand, or persistent instability, coups, repression, and state failure, on the other. But what is the proper relationship of constitution-building to state formation' Should constitution-building occur before or after state formation' Or should the two processes somehow proceed in parallel' To address these questions in a Scottish context, this article draws on state-formation and constitution-building processes in the Westminster-derived tradition. The article considers the advantages and disadvantages of these sequences, and discusses the circumstances in which they might be applicable. It concludes by making some tentative recommendations for a pre-independence constitution-building process in Scotland.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-10-01T11:14:38Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120957701
      Issue No: Vol. 41, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Disability and political representation: Analysing the obstacles to
           elected office in the UK
    • Authors: Elizabeth Evans, Stefanie Reher
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      Around one-sixth of the European population have a disability, yet there are few self-declared disabled politicians. Despite scholarly and political interest in the under-representation of various social groups, little attention has been paid to disabled people. This article identifies and analyses the barriers to elected office faced by disabled people by drawing upon interviews with 51 candidates and elected politicians in the United Kingdom. It reveals barriers which occur throughout the political recruitment process, from initial participation to selection and the election campaign. They broadly fall into: (a) a lack of accessibility, including the built environment and documents; (b) a lack of resources to make events and activities accessible; and (c) ableism, including openly expressed prejudices but also a lack of awareness and willingness to make processes inclusive. While people with different impairments encounter some distinct barriers, all of them have similar experiences of obstacles and exclusion which go beyond those faced by people from other under-represented groups seeking elected office.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-10-06T11:22:19Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120947458
       
  • Education, democratic governance, and satisfaction with democracy:
           Multilevel evidence from Latin America
    • Authors: Alejandro Monsiváis-Carrillo, Gabriela Cantú Ramos
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      It is usually recognized that satisfaction with democracy is enhanced by clean governments and fair democratic procedures. However, under certain circumstances, some citizens might appreciate the quality of democratic governance more than others. Building on research that underlines the accuracy and norm-inducing functions of education, we argue that the quality of democratic governance conditions the relationship between education and satisfaction with democracy. Analyzing data from 18 Latin American countries, we find that higher-educated citizens are less satisfied with the regime than the less-educated. Among the highly educated, nonetheless, the least satisfied are those who were asked by public officials to pay bribes. Highly educated individuals are more satisfied with the regime if their country’s quality of democracy is robust rather than weak. At the lowest level of education, the conditional influence of being asked for a bribe or the quality of democracy is absent.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-10-06T11:21:52Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120952878
       
  • Psychological roots of political consumerism: Personality traits and
           participation in boycott and buycott
    • Authors: Kathrin Ackermann, Birte Gundelach
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      Political consumerism is currently one of the most prevalent forms of non-institutionalized political engagement in Western democracies. This article aims to understand its psychological roots. We expect interindividual differences in psychological dispositions to be particularly relevant for political consumerism due to the individualized and cause-oriented nature of this form of political action. Our empirical evidence supports this claim: Open people favour, and conscientious people avoid, boycotting and buycotting. Agreeable persons tend to avoid boycotting in particular. These relationships persist even when political and social attitudes are controlled for. Thus, we show that psychological factors play an important role in shaping politically conscious consumption behaviour. At the same time, our study points out that personality profiles vary across different forms of political consumerism and modes of political action more generally. The characteristics of the diverse modes may help to understand this variation.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-10-06T11:21:38Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120959683
       
  • National interests and coalition positions on climate change: A text-based
           analysis
    • Authors: Paula Castro
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      Coalitions play a central role in the international negotiations under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. By getting together, countries join resources in defending their interests and positions. But building coalitions may come at a cost. Coalition positions are a result of compromise between their members, and thus the increase in bargaining power may come at a price if the preferences of their members are heterogeneous. Relying on automatic text analysis of written position papers submitted to the negotiations, I analyze the extent to which coalitions represent the preferences of their members and discuss whether this contributes to disproportionate policy responses at the international level. I focus on a recently formed coalition: the Like-Minded Developing Countries, a large and heterogeneous group that brings together emerging, oil-dependent and poor developing countries.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-09-15T01:38:10Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120953530
       
  • Attack politics from Albania to Zimbabwe: A large-scale comparative study
           on the drivers of negative campaigning
    • Authors: Chiara Valli, Alessandro Nai
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      There is little comparative research on what causes candidates in elections across the world to ‘go negative’ on their rivals – mainly because of the scarcity of large-scale datasets. In this article, we present new evidence covering over 80 recent national elections across the world (2016–2018), in which more than 400 candidates competed. For the first time in a large-scale comparative setting, we show that, ceteris paribus, negativity is more likely for challengers, extreme candidates, and right-wing candidates. Women are not more (or less) likely to go negative on their rivals than their male counterparts, but we find that higher numbers of female MPs in the country reduces negativity overall. Furthermore, women tend to go less negative in proportional systems and more negative in majoritarian systems. Finally, negativity is especially low for candidates on the left in countries with high female representation, and higher for candidates on the right in countries with proportional representation (PR).
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-09-08T08:28:50Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120946410
       
  • Right-wing populism and feminist politics: The case of Law and Justice in
           Poland
    • Authors: Anna Gwiazda
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      This article disentangles the complexity of right-wing populism and feminist politics using an original framework based on inputs (representative claims) and outputs (policies) to examine a Polish case. In 2015, the right-wing populist Law and Justice party (PiS) formed a single-party majority government led by a female prime minister after winning the elections. PiS is ideologically conservative, promotes traditional and national values and is supported by the Catholic Church. Additionally, it is hostile towards what it calls ‘gender-ideology’ and is reluctant to implement feminist policies. This article also reveals that PiS represents conservative women’s interests and advocates an aspect of conservative feminism, therefore possessing a duality in its claims and policies. Overall, this article draws inferences about the nexus between social conservatism, populism and feminism, and thus seeks to contribute to the scholarly literature by examining a timely issue against the backdrop of rising populism, illiberalism and anti-gender campaigns.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-09-08T08:28:39Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120948917
       
  • Sortition, its advocates and its critics: An empirical analysis of
           citizens’ and MPs’ support for random selection as a democratic reform
           proposal
    • Authors: Vincent Jacquet, Christoph Niessen, Min Reuchamps
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      This article explores the prospects of an increasingly debated democratic reform: assigning political offices by lot. While this idea is advocated by political theorists and politicians in favour of participatory and deliberative democracy, the article investigates the extent to which citizens and MPs actually endorse different variants of ‘sortition’. We test for differences among respondents’ social status, disaffection with elections and political ideology. Our findings suggest that MPs are largely opposed to sortitioning political offices when their decision-making power is more than consultative, although leftist MPs tend to be in favour of mixed assemblies (involving elected and sortitioned members). Among citizens, random selection seems to appeal above all to disaffected individuals with a lower social status. The article ends with a discussion of the political prospects of sortition being introduced as a democratic reform.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-09-08T08:28:36Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120949958
       
  • Legitimation, regime survival, and shifting alliances in the Arab League:
           Explaining sanction politics during the Arab Spring
    • Authors: Maria Josepha Debre
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      The Arab Spring marks a puzzling shift in the sanction politics of the Arab League: for the first time, the Arab League suspended member states for matters of internal affairs by majority vote. This article argues that survival politics can explain the changing sanction politics of the Arab League. To re-legitimize rule during this unprecedented moment, member states selectively supported some protest movements to signal their understanding of public demands for change without committing to domestic reform. Contrasting case studies of the Arab League’s suspension of Libya and Syria and its simultaneous support for military intervention against protestors in Bahrain illustrate how concerns for regime legitimation and a short-lived alliance between Saudi Arabia and Qatar contributed to the sanctioning decisions. The Arab League can thus be considered a case of negative democracy protection, where regional sanctions are employed to selectively preserve authoritarian rule.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-08-06T01:43:51Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120937749
       
  • Deliberative democracy in the age of serial crisis
    • Authors: Nicole Curato, Jensen Sass, Selen A Ercan, Simon Niemeyer
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      What is the state of deliberative democracy in the age of serial crisis' This survey article provides a descriptive and reflective assessment of recent developments in the field in the light of a political context in which there is growing incivility, political polarization, normalization of disinformation and the growing appeal of finding simplistic solutions to complex problems. We describe deliberative democracy as a field of research that has evolved to become (a) assertive in practice, (b) precise in theory, (c) global in reach and (d) ambitious in empirical research. For each of these facets of deliberative democracy, we reflect on the extent to which the field has responded to conceptual, empirical and political challenges, and identify its shortcomings, which warrant further attention. We conclude by drawing attention to research imperatives that the field needs to address to remain relevant in a highly unequal, climate-challenged and increasingly fragile global public sphere.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-08-06T01:43:51Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120941882
       
  • Democracy in the prison of political science
    • Authors: Felipe Antunes de Oliveira
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      After the Brexit vote and the election of Donald Trump, a widespread perception emerged that the world was witnessing a crisis of liberal democracy. Not surprisingly, said crisis is at the core of a new batch of political science literature. This review article takes stock of some key contributions to the literature, namely Albright (2018), Levitsky and Ziblatt (2018), Norris and Inglehart (2018), Runciman (2018a) and Eatwell and Goodwin (2018). My key argument is that the reviewed books are fundamentally limited by problematic ontological assumptions stemming from artificial disciplinary boundaries. Privileging either individual traits of authoritarian leaders or the very specific experience of the USA or the UK, they fail to capture varied, yet deeply interconnected international expressions of contemporary authoritarianism. Following Justin Rosenberg’s open invitation to place the concept of multiplicity at the centre of a renewed research agenda, I suggest that a more holistic take on the crisis of democracy requires a renewed attention to inter-societal dynamics.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-08-06T01:43:50Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120932435
       
  • Pulled in and pushed out of politics: The impact of neoliberalism on young
           people’s differing political consumerist motivations in the UK and
           Greece
    • Authors: Georgios Kyroglou, Matt Henn
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      Political consumerism refers to citizens’ use of boycotting and buycotting as they seek to influence political outcomes within the marketplace rather than through more traditional routes such as voting. However, given the pressure that neoliberalist forces exert on the marketplace, the lack of literature problematising the relationship between political consumerism and neoliberalism is somewhat surprising. Addressing this gap, we examine how neoliberalism impacts youth political consumerism in the UK and Greece. Focus-group findings suggest the existence of two inter-connected effects. Firstly, we detect a neoliberal ‘push effect’ away from electoral politics. Secondly, we discern a parallel ‘pull effect’ as young people seek the ‘political’ within the marketplace. In Greece, youth political consumerism seems to result primarily from distrust of institutional political actors. In contrast, young political consumers in the UK appear to be principally driven by confidence in the capacity of the market to respond to their pressing needs.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-08-06T01:43:49Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120935521
       
  • United we stand and divided we fall: Coalitions in the GATT/WTO
           negotiations
    • Authors: Gabriel Cepaluni, Ivan Filipe Fernandes
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      Coalition formation is considered an important tool to leverage bargaining power in GATT/WTO negotiations. While most of the literature has focused on developing countries, we show that sizable economies are the primary users of coalitions at the GATT/WTO. We also find evidence that middle powers do not exhibit distinctive collectivist behavior at the WTO. There is a linear and strong relationship between countries’ economic power—measured as real GDP—and coalition participation within the GATT/WTO system. We explain these results, presenting evidence that large economies—countries that have greater trade negotiations power—join coalitions more often because they are better equipped to absorb transaction costs and more prepared to deal with the uncertainty of WTO negotiations. We also found a relationship between coalition entry and trade openness, with countries more open to trade joining coalitions more often.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-08-06T01:43:48Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120940738
       
  • Riding the tiger of performance legitimacy' Chinese villagers'
           satisfaction with state healthcare provision
    • Authors: Kerry Ratigan
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      Authoritarian regimes often rely on performance legitimacy, but cannot always fulfill policy promises, thereby undermining the regime. In 21st-century China, a reliance on performance legitimacy may seem unwise, as policy outcomes have been mixed. However, the Chinese government has managed to navigate gaping inequality and ineffective social policy. Why have policy failures not produced greater discontent' Using my original survey data to examine rural healthcare, I argue that the Chinese government is pursuing an objectively minimal but subjectively sufficient course of action in healthcare provision. Regression analysis of my survey data, coupled with responses from open-ended questions and semi-structured interviews, demonstrates that the deficiencies in current policy have not threatened regime legitimacy because villagers have low expectations for state provision of healthcare. The data also suggest that, as China continues to urbanize, villagers' expectations are likely to rise, presenting new policy challenges for the state.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-08-06T01:43:47Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120927482
       
  • Gender gaps in political participation in Asia
    • Authors: Shan-Jan Sarah Liu
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      Recent scholarship shows that the gender gap in political activity has diminished, particularly in Western societies. Still unknown is how gender matters for political participation in Asia. Using the 2010 Asian Barometer Survey, this article analyzes the gender gap in multiple forms of political participation in 13 countries. It also investigates how individual-level characteristics mediate the differences in men’s and women’s political participation. The article shows that Asian men and women overwhelmingly vote at an equal rate in elections, but gender gaps persist in other types of political action. This study shows that gender remains the strongest predictor of political participation and suggests that Asian women remain marginalized in the political arena. The results have important implications for how to progress gender equality in the region.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-08-06T01:43:47Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120935517
       
  • Regional sanctions as peer review: The African Union against Egypt (2013)
           and Sudan (2019)
    • Authors: Elin Hellquist
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      This article offers a novel argument about regional sanctions as in-group peer review, drawing on an analogy from the world of academic publishing. Through their leaning on community-derived authority, equality before the peer, and constructive criticism, regional sanctions have a previously overlooked legitimacy advantage over out-group sanctions used by external actors. The article probes the empirical bearing of this argument for African Union (AU) sanctions against Egypt (2013) and Sudan (2019). Even in these contentious democratic crises, perceptions of sanctions in African media broadly support the theoretical intuition of regional sanctions as a form of peer review. It is, however, far from obvious that peer review leads to successful enforcement of democratic norms beyond urgent crisis. Pragmatic and resolution-oriented, AU sanctions aim at avoiding anarchy rather than at achieving flawless democracy.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-08-06T01:43:46Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120935530
       
  • The democratic potential of political consumerism: The effect of
           visibility bias and social stratification
    • Authors: Marc Hooghe, Silke Goubin
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      Political consumerism, that is, the buying or boycotting of goods and services for political or ethical reasons, is now firmly accepted as a form of political participation increasingly adopted by the young. In this article we investigate two claims often made concerning the democratic potential of political consumerism. First, visibility bias would imply that political consumerism mainly targets visible and often symbolic goods, without real economic impact. Our results suggest that participants indeed tend to focus on goods, and neglect services, despite the growing importance of the service sector. Second, it has been argued that political consumerism is only a weapon for the ‘happy few’. Our results indeed show that especially higher educated and progressive respondents tend to use political consumerism. Although our findings are based on specific samples in Belgium, and therefore cannot be generalised, we close with some observations on the broader democratic impact of political consumerism.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-08-06T01:43:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120935931
       
  • The Clean Energy Ministerial: Motivation for and policy consequences of
           membership
    • Authors: Jale Tosun, Adrian Rinscheid
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      What motivated national governments to join the Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM), a climate club founded in 2010' And to what extent have the club members participated in policy initiatives developed by the CEM' Our analysis shows that combinations of (a) the expected benefits of club membership and (b) the leadership of the USA induced the governments of Australia, Brazil, Canada, China and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) to join the CEM. The importance of these two factors varied across countries. Participation levels in the CEM’s policy initiatives varied over time. While this variation happened in a ‘proportionate’ manner for Australia, Canada and China, we observed singular instances of ‘disproportionate’ changes in levels of policy effort for the UAE and Brazil. Overall, our findings suggest that climate clubs constrain the behaviour of its members by discouraging them from engaging in sustained policy under-reactions.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-08-06T01:43:44Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120942303
       
  • Regional organizations and democratic conditionality: Family resemblances
           and shaming
    • Authors: Laurence Whitehead
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      The six major regional organizations (ROs) covered in this special issue all originated prior to the rise of liberal internationalism, and were repurposed by it. After 1989 they converged towards a common discourse on democratic conditionality, and developed a capacity to discipline and sanction non-compliance, preferring persuasion and appeals to regional norms rather than coercion. This concluding overview highlights the relevance of such metaphors as ecosystem, family resemblance, and peer review; and directs attention to the temporal and spatial scope conditions of the cases considered; and to the bargaining involved. As the ecosystem of liberal internationalism and regional democratic solidarity has faded, ‘pushbacks’ have appeared from regimes ‘targeted’ for sanctions and/or ‘shaming.’ Since states must coexist in permanent interaction with their neighbors, and because the democratic ‘like-mindedness’ of regions fluctuates, such RO stigmatization cannot be a one-shot game. Rather, it will be interactive, and contextually negotiated over time.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-08-06T01:43:43Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120937474
       
  • (Un)Democratic change and use of social sanctions for domestic politics:
           Council of Europe monitoring in Turkey
    • Authors: Digdem Soyaltin-Colella
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      Monitoring is the formal instrument through which the Council of Europe imposes social sanctions on its member countries by publicly exposing their wrongdoings. As a soft governance tool, monitoring is argued to have a limited impact on state policies. Yet, in Turkey, Council of Europe monitoring worked to promote pro-democratic change and then backfired through the escalation of authoritarian practices. This article shows that being subjected to Council of Europe monitoring can lead to democratic change if and when its sanctioning requirements fit the political agenda of the incumbents and empower them against domestic opponents. In the case of misfit, the political costs of aligning with the Regional Organisations’ sanctions increase for governments at home. Yet, as the Turkish case indicates, the outcome has not been inertia but rather the reverse as the government used the Council of Europe’s social sanctions to legitimise its undemocratic measures until it regained power in internal political struggles.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-06-26T03:04:58Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120927120
       
  • Are smart sanctions smart enough' An inquiry into when leaders oppress
           civilians under UN targeted sanctions
    • Authors: Jiyoun Park, Hyun Jin Choi
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      Why do some UN targeted sanctions (or “smart” sanctions) cause collateral damage to the general population, while others minimize it' We suggest the scope and the effectiveness of smart sanctions, as well as the political institutions of target countries, are critical determinants of sanctions’ adverse effects on human rights. Leaders targeted by sanctions with a broad scope will have a greater incentive to oppress people to ward off potential support for challengers. The degree to which they can carry out successful oppression, however, hinges upon the effectiveness of the implementation of sanctions. Furthermore, we expect that authoritarian systems are more likely to encourage oppression than other ones. We conduct a quantitative analysis of 56 UN-imposed smart sanction episodes. Our study reveals sanctions with a broad scope that are less effective result in deteriorated human rights conditions, especially in authoritarian countries. However, we find when sanctions with a narrow scope work effectively, they do not hurt innocent citizens.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-06-26T03:04:28Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120931957
       
  • Rights-oriented or responsibility-oriented' Two subtypes of populism
           in contemporary China
    • Authors: Tianru Guan, Yilu Yang
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      The present investigation engages in the debate on populism from a demand/acceptance perspective by providing examinations and explanations within the Chinese context. It clarifies the heterogeneity of China’s populism, separating rights-oriented populism, which shares the element of anti-elitism with the populism found in most European nations, from responsibility-oriented populism, which has ideological roots in China’s specific socio-political contexts. The study finds responsibility-oriented populism to be predominant in China (occupying 76.92% of the populist sample), with rights-oriented populism only representing 18.04% of the populist respondents. Using these results, we examine associations between each type of populism and a series of political ideations. Statistics suggest that China’s rights-oriented populism is negatively correlated with system justification and national identification. In contrast, stronger responsibility-oriented populism associates with higher system justification, greater national identification, more satisfaction with life, and higher right-wing authoritarianism. Finally, implications for research on populism and on China’s public opinion are discussed.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-06-16T03:14:20Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120925555
       
  • Tensions between populist and feminist politics: The case of the Spanish
           left populist party Podemos
    • Authors: Paloma Caravantes
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      This paper analyzes the interplay of left populist and feminist politics through a case study of Podemos (‘we can’), a Spanish left populist party that reproduces a dominant gendered logic of politics despite its feminist interpretation of democratic renewal. I argue that this is the result of fundamental contradictions between the feminist and populist projects of political transformation that coexist in the party. Even if left populism offers a more productive terrain for gender equality than right populism, central tenets of populism disrupt feminist commitments and goals. Chief among these are the oversimplification of the political field based on a limited diagnosis, the exclusionary appeals to the homeland and to a homogenizing collectivity of the people, the dominant masculine and personalistic logics of charismatic leaders, the prioritization of electoral success over other forms of political transformation, and the resulting gendered political culture that marginalizes empowerment, inclusion, and participatory democratic practices.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-06-16T03:14:20Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120931209
       
  • Institutional foundations of global well-being: Democracy, state capacity
           and social protection
    • Authors: Axel Cronert, Axel Hadenius
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      This is an article about the foundations of human well-being. It makes two integrated contributions. We first examine well-being around the contemporary world, finding a remarkable correlation between subjective and objective measures and a considerable variation in overall well-being among countries. We then argue that certain institutional conditions have laid the basis for these differences. Integrating insights from several research strands, we outline a new explanatory model of popular well-being that considers the interactions between three institutional provisions: a well-functioning democracy, advanced state capacity, and an encompassing social protection system. To test the relationships implied, we used a new dataset involving more than 100 countries in the contemporary world that extends six decades back in time. Our investigations indicated that all three factors play a role in promoting popular well-being. However, to understand how, we need to consider the ways in which they can complement, substitute and mutually reinforce each other.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-06-16T03:14:08Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120917186
       
  • The politics of climate change in a neo-developmental state: The case of
           South Korea
    • Authors: Thomas Kalinowski
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      South Korea is the seventh largest emitter of CO2 and its climate-change mitigation policies are clearly insufficient. At the same time, the country has been very ambitious in implementing industrial policies promoting green technologies and international initiatives to support greenhouse gas mitigation in developing countries. What explains this discrepancy between weak emission goals and strong investments in green technology as well as ambitions to become a green ‘global leader’' This article argues that the specific character of Korean climate policies can be understood in the context of Korea’s legacy as a developmental state characterized by strong corporatist links between state and business as well as a weak civil society.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-06-01T09:42:30Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120924741
       
  • Grievances or skills' The effect of education on youth political
           participation in Egypt and Tunisia
    • Authors: Miquel Pellicer, Ragui Assaad, Caroline Krafft, Colette Salemi
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      The educated have figured prominently in protests and elections in several Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries. The dominant explanation for this pattern centers on grievances and unfulfilled aspirations due to low education returns in the MENA. However, the pattern may simply reflect the unequal participation observed in many democracies where education provides skills and resources that facilitate political participation. This article compares the roles of skills and grievances in explaining the relationship between education and youth political participation during and after the Arab Spring. We use youth surveys with detailed data on education and political participation from Egypt and Tunisia. We control for parental education and family background to partially account for the potential of background to drive the education and participation relationship. Overall, our results are consistent with the skill channel and lend little support to the grievance channel. Our findings raise concerns about the exclusion of uneducated youth from both unconventional and conventional political participation in MENA politics.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-06-01T09:42:29Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120927115
       
  • Economy or austerity' Drivers of retrospective voting before and
           during the Great Recession
    • Authors: Marco Giuliani
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      During the Great Recession, exceptionally harsh economic conditions were often countered by austerity policies that, according to many, further worsened and protracted the negative conjuncture. Both elements, the poor state of the economy and the contractionary manoeuvers, are supposed to reduce the electoral prospects for incumbents. In this article, we compare the relative explanatory powers of these two theories before and during the economic crisis. We demonstrate that in normal times citizens are fiscally responsible, whereas during the Great Recession, and under certain conditions, austerity policies systematically reduced the support for incumbents on top of the state of the economy. This happened when the burdens of the manoeuvers were shared by many, in more equal societies, when the country was constrained by external conditionalities and when readjustments were mostly based on tax increases.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-06-01T09:42:28Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120919138
       
  • The politics of voter presence
    • Authors: Anthoula Malkopoulou, Lisa Hill
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      By focusing only on the composition of representative bodies, the traditional ‘politics of presence’ approach has inadvertently diminished the value of participation for representation. It overlooks that there exist ‘elite voters’ who reinforce discrimination against abstainers at the policy level and create obstacles for improving the lives of the marginalized. We offer a remedy to persisting patterns of political exclusion by arguing in favour of a ‘politics of presence’ at the polls. This requires high and socially diverse turnout that will make representation more inclusive, broader and qualitatively different; it will be more descriptive, not of group characteristics, but of the interests, opinions and ideas of voters. Our alternative is a fusion of descriptive and substantive representation ‘descriptive responsiveness’.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-06-01T09:42:27Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120922902
       
  • Agenda dynamics and policy priorities in military regimes
    • Authors: T. Murat Yildirim, Alper T. Bulut, Emel Ilter
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      Despite the policy-relevant aspirations of military regimes, scholars have shown surprisingly little interest in exploring the agenda dynamics and policy processes in these regimes. We sought to close this gap by analysing the original datasets of over 13,000 legislative speeches, public budgets, and the background characteristics of 160 representatives who served in the Consultative Assembly of the military regime of Kenan Evren in Turkey (1980–1983). Empirical analyses indicate that the regime’s policy priorities did not differ significantly from those of democratic governments, and that while representatives with military backgrounds showed far more interest in the core functions of the government, the process through which they were selected (whether or not directly appointed by the National Security Council) appeared to have no explanatory power. Perhaps more importantly, there were more similarities than differences between the military regime of Kenan Evren and the coalition, minority and majority governments of the 1970s and 1980s. Our findings imply that the effect of institutions on policy agendas is overstated.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-06-01T09:42:26Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120923068
       
  • How can we trust a political leader' Ethics, institutions, and
           relational theory
    • Authors: Markus Holdo
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      That citizens can trust leaders in politics and the public sphere to be sincere and truthful helps to make democracy work. However, the idea of authentic communication raises both sociological and ethical questions. Scholars focusing on institutional conditions emphasize that audiences only have reasons to trust speakers that appear to have incentives to be truthful, unless they know them personally. However, theorists of ethics argue that authentic communication requires genuine commitment, which is conceptually at odds with self-interested reasoning. This article finds that both incentives and genuine commitment are necessary conditions for trustworthiness in speech, but neither is sufficient on its own. The problem is thus how to combine them. Examining the work of Habermas and Bourdieu, this article develops a relational perspective on authentic communication. It suggests that latent institutions can induce trust by making trustworthiness preferable, and still allow speakers to earn citizens’ trust through genuine ethical commitment.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-05-11T02:19:03Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120913572
       
  • Off balance: Systematizing deformations of liberal democracy
    • Authors: Pascal D König, Markus B Siewert
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      The project of liberal democracy is inherently marked by tensions between its liberal and democratic pillar. This means that liberal democracy needs to constantly strive for a balance between conflicting principles. If it does not contain these centrifugal forces, liberal democracies risk becoming subverted from within due to one principle clearly dominating the other. In this article, we start from the idea of liberal democracy depending on balance to systematically assess multiple endogenous challenges to democracy. We identify four types of deformations and show how they are qualitatively distinct phenomena, yet systematically relate to each other. We furthermore discuss what the co-existence of several such deformations means for the notion of liberal democracy understood as a state of balance. In sum, the proposed framework adds to existing research by providing a systematizing and theoretically grounded assessment of ongoing subversive tendencies in liberal democracy.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-05-11T02:19:01Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120915721
       
  • Two-level games and market constraints on politics in Europe
    • Authors: Iain McMenamin, Michael Breen, Juan Muñoz-Portillo
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      Financial markets understood the Euro crisis as a two-level game. They monitored national politics as a source of both national and European policy. The incentives to conform to the market’s preference were weaker for creditor countries than for debtor countries because debtors were providers of their own macroeconomic policy, but each creditor was one of several contributing to bailouts. Worries about default caused investors to sell the bonds of debtors and thereby constrained debtors by raising interest rates. By contrast, if creditor behaviour reduced the probability of a bailout of debtors, the response again would be to sell assets linked to the debtor. The implication is that market responses to creditor elections should have been larger and more turbulent than reactions to debtor elections. We test this theory by analyzing credit default swaps of eleven countries around fifteen elections and conducting a content analysis of 3,126 reports from Bloomberg terminals.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-05-11T02:19:01Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120924032
       
  • Regional organizations and the politics of sanctions against undemocratic
           behaviour in the Americas
    • Authors: Stefano Palestini
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      Under which conditions do regional organizations in the Americas impose sanctions on member states that violate democracy' To address this question, the article combines a qualitative comparative analysis applied to 55 presumed threats to democracy brought to the attention of regional organizations (ROs), and a process tracing analysis of two cases of the imposition of sanctions. The analysis reveals that ROs impose sanctions despite lack of support or even obstruction by the US, when the threats are committed against the incumbent in relatively weak member states. The unique case in which an RO suspended a relatively powerful state because of threats by the incumbent required the convergence of interests between ROs’ most powerful member states, and the support of the US. The article demonstrates that under specific conditions, ROs in the Americas can become relatively autonomous enforcers of democracy-protection norms.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-05-05T09:41:48Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120911700
       
  • Is there a partisan bias in the perception of the state of the
           economy' A comparative investigation of European countries,
           2002–2016
    • Authors: Martin Okolikj, Marc Hooghe
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      The literature on economic voting starts from the assumptions that citizens have a sufficiently high level of knowledge about their country’s economic situation, and that they vote according to their perception of the state of the economy. However, these assumptions have been challenged as economic perceptions could be plagued by partisan bias. We use the comparative dataset of the European Social Survey to investigate partisan bias in the perception of economic performance. Firstly, we observe that the economic perceptions of both supporters and opponents of governing parties are strongly related to real-life economic indicators such as gross domestic product growth and unemployment levels. Secondly, we find that shifts in economic performance (growth and unemployment) are strongly associated with similar changes in economic perceptions among both supporters of governing parties and opposition parties. There is, however, a significant but limited partisan bias in economic perceptions in countries with high levels of unemployment.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-05-05T09:41:48Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120915907
       
  • Public opinion in policy contexts. A comparative analysis of domestic
           energy policies and individual policy preferences in Europe
    • Authors: Isabelle Stadelmann-Steffen, Christina Eder
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      Recent research and real-world processes suggest that effective climate change mitigation policies are not feasible without at least a certain degree of public support. Hence, we investigate the link between existing domestic energy policies and individual policy instrument preferences in 21 European countries. We assume a policy feedback perspective and, thus, start from the idea that the current domestic energy context influences what future policies are possible and preferred by citizens. High political trust and strong climate change attitudes are expected to strengthen this relationship. Our results do not lend support to a general link between existing policies and future policy preferences. However, we find evidence of a positive policy feedback in individuals with strong climate change attitudes and/or high levels of political trust, which, depending on each country’s current energy policy, either hinders or facilitates the energy transition.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-05-05T09:41:47Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120913047
       
  • The transfers game: A comparative analysis of the mechanical effect of
           lower preference votes in STV systems
    • Authors: Stephen Quinlan, Hannah Schwarz
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      Debates about electoral reform revolve around giving voters more choice. Consequently, reformers often favor adopting the single transferable vote, a candidate-based system that allows voters to rank order candidates. Nonetheless, studies about whether lower preferences (transfers) influence STV election outcomes remain scant. To address this gap, our comparative multivariate approach tests transfers’ impact on election results in Ireland, Malta, Northern Ireland, and Scotland. We find that, on average, transfers are pivotal in the election of about one in 10 elected candidates. Hence, their impact is the exception rather than the norm. We show that when lower preferences are decisive at the candidate level, they benefit smaller and moderate parties and non-incumbents and, in Malta and Ireland, female candidates. Our results have implications for understanding the extent to which multiple preferences influence election outcomes and for debates on electoral reform.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-04-22T03:06:27Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120907925
       
  • Institutional logics and the EU’s limited sanctioning capacity under
           Article 7 TEU
    • Authors: Carlos Closa
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      Several European Union (EU) governments have infringed the obligation to respect ‘rule of law’ as demanded by the European Union Treaty but, despite its supranational features, the EU has done little to sanction those violations. Why' The European Union’s institutional features paradoxically permit (and even encourage) logics that might be inhibiting its sanctioning capacity. Thus, a partisanship logic informs the European Parliament and this protects errant states. Then, the Commission, rather than acting assertively, anticipates the Council’s stance and adapts also its actions to anticipate a ‘compliance dilemma’ (i.e. compliance depends ultimately on the good will and cooperation of domestic authorities). The Commission prefers to channel its sanctioning activity via other softer instruments (e.g. infringement procedures). Finally, a distaste for increasing EU competence, ideological sympathy for illiberal governments, or fears of spillovers from sanctioning activity inform the action of governments within the Council. Those three institutional logics combine to explain the unexpectedly low sanctioning record for breaches of EU values.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-04-22T03:06:27Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120908323
       
  • Policy styles, opportunity structures and proportionality: Comparing
           renewable electricity policies in the UK
    • Authors: Merethe Dotterud Leiren, Tor Håkon Jackson Inderberg, Tim Rayner
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      Researchers expect under-reaction in climate policy. However, this might differ depending on the access of different interest groups to a political system. To explore the relationship between entrenched patterns of domestic politics and proportionality of climate policy, we compare two renewables policies which financially support new renewable electricity in the UK. Drawing on the literature on policy styles and related opportunity structures, this article shows that UK political parties have responded to growing public concern and NGO pressure by, at times, trying to out-green one another to win votes. However, powerful industry actors have been influential in shaping UK renewables policies, in particular when political competition about the individual policies has been low. The findings suggest that an over-reaction in terms of exceeding the marginal costs of renewable electricity production is equally likely under conditions of high or low political competition.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-04-22T03:06:26Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120907112
       
  • Does process matter' Experimental evidence on the effect of procedural
           fairness on citizens’ evaluations of policy outcomes
    • Authors: Aaron Martin, Gosia Mikołajczak, Raymond Orr
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      One of the key factors distinguishing democracies from non-democracies is the process by which political decisions are made. Central to democratic thought is the idea that policy made in a procedurally fair manner is more legitimate than policy that violates central tenets of procedural fairness. A large number of studies from social psychology show that procedural fairness matters in citizens’ evaluations of the success and legitimacy of various outcomes. Despite this observation, most political science literature focuses on the outcomes rather than the process of policy-making. Using survey experiments we find that procedural arrangements are an important factor in citizens’ judgement of policy outcomes. Specifically, we find that fair procedural arrangements increase outcome legitimacy to the extent that citizens perceive them to be fairer. Our findings suggest that policy-makers need to pay more attention to procedural arrangements when designing policies.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-03-04T02:09:37Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120908874
       
  • Political consumerism: A meta-analysis
         This is an Open Access Article Open Access Article

    • Authors: Lauren Copeland, Shelley Boulianne
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      Political consumerism refers to the deliberate purchase or avoidance of products, goods, or services for political reasons. For decades, researchers have studied the micro-level predictors of political consumerism in many countries and across a variety of contexts. However, many questions remain. Do resource-based models of political participation or theories of lifestyle politics best explain why some people are more likely to engage in political consumerism' To answer this question, we conduct a meta-analysis of 66 studies with more than 1000 tests. We find more support for theories of lifestyle politics. Political consumerism is associated with political distrust, liberal ideology, and media use, as well as education, political interest, and organizational membership. The findings help us understand the subset of people who are using their purchasing power to express political opinions. They also help us identify gaps in existing research.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-03-04T02:09:35Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120905048
       
  • Ethnic diversity and social welfare provision in non-democracies: Evidence
           from China
    • Authors: Yichen Guan
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      A large body of literature suggests that ethnic diversity matters to social welfare provision in democracies by lowering the demand for public projects, but it does not look at the impact of ethnic diversity on social welfare provision in authoritarian regimes. By analyzing county-level data on ethnic composition and public spending on social welfare in China, this study finds that in an authoritarian settings, ethnic diversity is correlated with a higher share of social welfare spending. Despite the divergent preferences people may have for social welfare provision due to ethnic diversity, local Chinese government tends to provide a larger share of social welfare spending in ethnically fragmented places to improve the general well-being of the population and maintain regime stability. This finding extends our understanding of the relationship between ethnic diversity and social welfare provision in non-democratic settings, shedding new light on how regime type affects the shaping of local fiscal policy.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-03-04T02:09:34Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120907115
       
  • The paradoxical effect of welfare knowledge: Unveiling income cleavage
           over attitudes to welfare in South Korea
    • Authors: Sijeong Lim, Seiki Tanaka
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      The extent of the rich–poor divide in attitudes to welfare varies across societies. Existing studies focus on the progressivity of the welfare system and macroeconomic conditions to explain cross-society variation. We shed light on another factor that we believe is key to understanding the variation: the public’s knowledge of the welfare state. We suggest that the prevalent ignorance of how welfare state institutions work dilutes the rich–poor divide over social spending, especially in emerging welfare states. We empirically illustrate our point using original survey data from South Korea, a country where previous studies repeatedly found little or no effect of economic class on welfare state attitudes. We reveal a strong income-based cleavage over social spending in a subset of the Korean population with more accurate knowledge of the welfare system. Our findings carry important implications for understanding and projecting welfare state politics in a broader set of emerging welfare states.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-03-04T02:09:33Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120906009
       
  • Institutions, contexts, and ethnic violence in comparative perspective
    • Authors: Feng-yu Lee, Tse-min Lin
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      Which combinations of government structures and electoral systems create better frameworks for addressing ethnic violence' Is there any one-size-fits-all institutional solution to violent ethnic conflict' Why or why not' These questions are of substantial importance to scholars and policymakers alike, but the extant literature does not provide a systematic and thorough exploration. In this article, we argue that the effects of political institutions on ethnic violence are moderated by parameters of ethnic configurations. Through a large comparative study, we find that institutions are relevant when ethnic groups are not geographically dispersed, and whether ethnic minorities face a majority group also matters. For concentrated minorities facing a majority, semi-presidential-proportional and presidential-proportional systems are more effective in reducing violence. In cases involving concentrated minorities facing no majority, parliamentary-non-proportional systems are associated with the most intense violence. We conclude that states seeking to alleviate ethnic violence by institutional engineering must take contexts seriously.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-02-19T11:09:50Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512119891540
       
  • Autocratic welfare programs, economic perceptions, and support for the
           dictator: Evidence from African autocracies
    • Authors: Kangwook Han
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      While numerous studies have explored the foundations of autocratic stability by focusing on macroeconomic variables, the micro-foundations of autocratic support have largely been overlooked. Using Afrobarometer survey data from 22 African autocracies, I examine how dictators stabilize their rule even during economic recessions. I find that the provision of welfare benefits alleviates the adverse impact of negative economic perceptions on support for the dictator. Citizens are likely to continue supporting the dictator as long as the government keeps providing universal welfare benefits. The results remain robust to different model specifications that account for alternative explanations and validity concerns associated with autocratic survey data.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-02-19T11:09:50Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512119897387
       
  • Ethnic violence and substantive representation of minorities in parliament
    • Authors: Sabri Ciftci, Tevfik Murat Yildirim
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      This study seeks to explain why, to what extent, and in what ways ethnic party representatives remain active on the parliamentary floor when the political representation of minority groups takes place alongside ethnic conflict. To test hypotheses related to these questions, we utilize an original dataset of 14,000 parliamentary questions and speeches and background characteristics of 372 representatives in Turkey. The dataset spans many episodes of the Kurdish conflict over six legislative terms (1991–2015). Our empirical analyses show that the parliamentary behavior of ethnic party representatives is directly linked to the intensity of violence between the state and the insurgent group. We specifically demonstrate that ethnic party representatives, compared to other representatives in conflict-ridden provinces, are more active on the floor and focus more heavily on civil rights and identity issues. These findings contribute to our understanding of various linkages between identity and the substantive representation of minorities during violent conflict.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-02-19T11:09:30Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512119891528
       
  • The politics of creating new states: A conceptual introduction
    • Authors: Guy Lachapelle, Matt Qvortrup
      First page: 617
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      Drawing on the theoretical distinction between, respectively, ‘civic’ and ‘ethnic’ nationalism and the conceptual distinction between polyarchies and various degrees of competitive autocracies, this introductory article make a distinction between four pure types of independence movements. Based on this typology, the article sets the scene and presents the context for the articles in the Special Issue.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-09-08T08:28:54Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120946057
       
  • Breaking up is hard to do: The Neil Sedaka theory of independence
           referendums
    • Authors: Matt Qvortrup
      First page: 638
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      This article analyses the factors conducive to recognising independence referendums and to winning these votes. After a tour d’horizon of the history of referendums on independence and a summary of the legal position, this article argues that independence referendums are most likely to be implemented when this is in the interest of the three Western powers on the UN Security Council. While there is a statistically significant correlation between the support for independence (the yes-vote) and international recognition, this is much lower than the 100% association between support of the three permanent Western powers on the Security Council and international recognition. Countries may cite legal, democratic and philosophical principles, but the statistical and historical facts suggest that these are of secondary importance when it comes to recognising states after independence referendums.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-04-22T03:06:25Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120903818
       
  • Economic development: How does it influence the survival of different
           types of autocracy'
    • Authors: Daniel Stockemer, Steffen Kailitz
      First page: 711
      Abstract: International Political Science Review, Ahead of Print.
      Modernization theory is one of the most influential theories in political science. However, to date, studies testing the impact of modernization on political regimes have almost completely focused on democracies. We aim at broadening the discussion to autocracies and ask the following research question: What impact has economic development on the survival of different types of autocracy' Using data covering 1946 to 2016, we ascertain – mainly through logistic regression analysis – that the level of economic development affects not only the endurance of democracies but also that of various types of autocracy. In more detail, we find that economic development prolongs the survival of ideocracies and personalist autocracies. The effect of economic modernization on military dictatorships, monarchies and electoral autocracies is very limited. In contrast, one party autocracies are the only regime type whose survival chances (moderately) decrease with modernization.
      Citation: International Political Science Review
      PubDate: 2020-06-01T09:42:25Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192512120915902
       
 
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