Subjects -> POLITICAL SCIENCE (Total: 1203 journals)
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    - POLITICAL SCIENCE (1001 journals)
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POLITICAL SCIENCE (1001 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5 6     

Showing 201 - 281 of 281 Journals sorted alphabetically
Defence Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Defense & Security Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Democracy & Education     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Democratic Communiqué     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Democratic Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Democratization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Democrazia e diritto     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Demokratie und Geschichte     Hybrid Journal  
Demokratizatsiya: The Journal of Post-Soviet Democratization     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Der Donauraum     Hybrid Journal  
Desafíos     Open Access  
Development and Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
Digest of Middle East Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Digital Government : Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Diplomacy & Statecraft     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Diritto, immigrazione e cittadinanza     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Discurso     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Dissent     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Diversité urbaine     Full-text available via subscription  
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Earth System Governance     Open Access  
East European Jewish Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
East European Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
East/West : Journal of Ukrainian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Eastern African Literary and Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Eastern Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Economia Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Ecopolítica     Open Access  
eJournal of eDemocracy and Open Government     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Ekonomi, İşletme, Siyaset ve Uluslararası İlişkiler Dergisi     Open Access  
El Banquete de los Dioses     Open Access  
El Cotidiano     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Electoral Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Em Pauta : Teoria Social e Realidade Contemporânea     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Encuentro     Open Access  
Entramados y Perspectivas     Open Access  
Environment and Planning C : Politics and Space     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 50)
Environmental Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Espacios Públicos     Open Access  
Estudios digital     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios Políticos     Open Access  
Estudios Políticos     Open Access  
Estudos Avançados     Open Access  
Ethical Theory and Moral Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Ethics & International Affairs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Ethics & Global Politics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Éthique publique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études internationales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Eunomia. Rivista semestrale del Corso di Laurea in Scienze Politiche e delle Relazioni Internazionali     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Eureka Street     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
European Integration Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
European Journal for Security Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of American Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Cultural and Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal  
European Journal of Government and Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
European Journal of International Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
European Journal of Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62)
European Journal of Political Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 95)
European Journal of Political Research : Political Data Yearbook     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Politics and Gender     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
European Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
European Politics and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
European Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
European Union Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
European Yearbook of Minority Issues Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Eurostudia     Open Access  
Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Evaluation and Program Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Evidence Base : A journal of evidence reviews in key policy areas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Exchange : The Journal of Public Diplomacy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
E|mporium     Open Access  
Fascism     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Federal Governance     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Federalism-E     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Fédéralisme Régionalisme     Open Access  
Feminist Encounters : A Journal of Critical Studies in Culture and Politics     Open Access  
FEU Academic Review     Open Access  
Fijian Studies: A Journal of Contemporary Fiji     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Financial Times     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Foreign Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 56)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Foreign Policy Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Foro Interno. Anuario de Teoría Política     Open Access  
French Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Frontiers in Political Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Gaceta Laboral     Open Access  
Genocide Studies International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Geographische Zeitschrift     Full-text available via subscription  
Geopolítica(s). Revista de estudios sobre espacio y poder     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geopolitics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Geopolitics under Globalization     Open Access  
German Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
German Politics and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Germinal : Marxismo e Educação em Debate     Open Access  
Gestão & Regionalidade     Open Access  
Ghana Journal of Development Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Ghana Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Global Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Global Change, Peace & Security: formerly Pacifica Review: Peace, Security & Global Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 411)
Global Discourse : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Current Affairs and Applied Contemporary Thought     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Global Environmental Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Global Governance: A Review of Multilateralism and International Organizations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 52)
Global Journal of Peace Research and Praxis     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Global Justice : Theory Practice Rhetoric     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Media Journal : African Edition     Open Access  
Global Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Global Public Policy and Governance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Global Societies Journal     Open Access  
Global Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Global South, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Global War Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Göç Dergisi     Full-text available via subscription  
Good Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Governare la paura. Journal of interdisciplinary studies     Open Access  
Government : Annual Research Journal of Political Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Government and Opposition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Granì     Open Access  
Greek Political Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Group Processes & Intergroup Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Hague Journal of Diplomacy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Hegel Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Helsinki Monitor     Hybrid Journal  
Hic Rhodus : Crisis capitalista, polémica y controversias     Open Access  
Historia i Polityka     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
History of Communism in Europe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Hommes & Migrations     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
HONAI : International Journal for Educational, Social, Political & Cultural Studies     Open Access  
Horyzonty Polityki     Open Access  
Human Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Human Rights Case Digest     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73)
Human Rights Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 79)
Human Rights Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Icelandic Review of Politics and Administration     Open Access  
Idäntutkimus     Open Access  
identidade!     Open Access  
Identities : Journal for Politics, Gender and Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Identity Papers : A Journal of British and Irish Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IDP. Revista de Internet, Derecho y Politica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ids Practice Papers     Hybrid Journal  
IKAT : The Indonesian Journal of Southeast Asian Studies     Open Access  
Indes : Zeitschrift für Politik und Gesellschaft     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Index on Censorship     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
India Quarterly: A Journal of International Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
India Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Indialogs : Spanish Journal of India Studies     Open Access  
Indonesia Prime     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement     Open Access  
Innovation Policy and the Economy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Innovations : Technology, Governance, Globalization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Insight on Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
InSURgência : revista de direitos e movimentos sociais     Open Access  
Intelligence & National Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Interdisciplinary Political Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Interdisziplinäre Zeitschrift für Südasienforschung     Open Access  
Interest Groups & Advocacy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Interfaces Brasil/Canadá     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 75)
International Area Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Communication of Chinese Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Critical Thought     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Gramsci Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Interactions: Empirical and Theoretical Research in International Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal : Canada's Journal of Global Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of African Renaissance Studies - Multi-, Inter- and Transdisciplinarity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Area Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Children's Rights     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
International Journal of Diplomacy and Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of E-Politics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of East Asian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Electronic Government Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Environmental Policy and Decision Making     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Group Tensions     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Human Rights     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 601)
International Journal of Intercultural Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Law and Politics Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Peace Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Politics, Culture, and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Press/Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
International Journal of Sexuality and Gender Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
International Journal of Social Quality     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal on Minority and Group Rights     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Migration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
International Migration Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 185)
International Negotiation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
International NGO Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Organization     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 117)
International Peacekeeping     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 474)
International Political Science Abstracts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
International Political Science Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 96)
International Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
International Quarterly for Asian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)

  First | 1 2 3 4 5 6     

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
International Migration Review
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.641
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 185  
 
Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal   * Containing 1 Open Access Open Access article(s) in this issue *
ISSN (Print) 0197-9183 - ISSN (Online) 1747-7379
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1100 journals]
  • Book Review: Deviant Destinations: Zimbabwe and North to South Migration
    • Authors: Abel Chikanda
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2021-02-18T09:12:55Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918321993460
       
  • Book Review: Immigrant Japan: Mobility and Belonging in an
           Ethno-nationalist Society
    • Authors: Yunchen Tian
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2021-02-18T09:11:56Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918321993093
       
  • Young Gazan Refugees, Sport and Social Media: Understanding Migration as a
           Process of Becoming
    • Authors: Holly Thorpe, Belinda Wheaton
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.
      Located at the intersection of two key literatures—refugee and sport migration studies—this article offers original insights into the lived and embodied experiences of young men migrating from Gaza to Europe. Drawing upon interviews with young Gazan men throughout the migration process and upon digital ethnography conducted from 2013 to 2018, it explains how these men used their physical prowess in the informal sport of parkour, combined with digital entrepreneurialism, to navigate alternative routes of migration to Europe. In prioritizing the young men’s narratives and offering rich empirical insight into the creative actions and strategic decisions made by youth at various stages throughout migration journeys, we challenge dominant portrayals of young refugees as “victims.” Migration is, thus, revealed as an ongoing and multi-dimensional process of becoming that operates within and across physical and digital spaces and over time. The first to evidence the struggles, creativity, and agency of Gazan youth in their efforts to escape lives of conflict and poverty, the article also prompts conceptual and methodological questions for youth and sport migration research. In particular, it highlights the need to explore the possibilities of digital methodologies for understanding the experiences of those in “hard to reach” places and those “on the move.”
      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2021-02-04T09:21:52Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320988247
       
  • Book Review: The Deportation Machine: America’s Long History of
           Expelling Immigrants
    • Authors: Yajaira Ceciliano-Navarro
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2021-02-03T09:18:58Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320988655
       
  • Book Review: Global Nomads: An Ethnography of Migration, Islam, and
           Politics in West Africa
    • Authors: Cathy Conrad Suso
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2021-01-28T10:01:05Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918321989619
       
  • Book Review: Migrant Conversions: Transforming Connections Between Peru
           and South Korea
    • Authors: M. Cristina Alcalde
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2021-01-28T10:01:02Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918321989597
       
  • Decline, Revival, Change' Religious Adaptations among Muslim and
           Non-Muslim Immigrant Origin Youth in Norway
    • Authors: Jon Horgen Friberg, Erika Braanen Sterri
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.
      This article explores religious adaptation among immigrant-origin youth in Norway, using the first wave of the Children of Immigrants Longitudinal Study in Norway (CILS-NOR). To capture different dimensions of religious change, we distinguish between 1) level of religiosity, measured by religious salience and religious practices, and 2) social forms of religious belief, measured as the level of rule orientation and theological exclusivism. We compare immigrant-origin youth in Norway with young people in their parents’ origin countries, using the World Value Survey. We then compare immigrant-origin youth who were born in Norway to those who were born abroad and according to their parents’ length of residence in Norway. As expected, immigrant-origin youth from outside Western Europe—and those originating in Muslim countries in particular—were more religious than native and western-origin youth and more rule oriented and exclusivist in their religious beliefs. However, our results suggest that a process of both religious decline and religious individualization is underway among immigrant origin youth in Norway, although this process appears to unfold slower for Muslims than for non-Muslims. The level and social forms of religiosity among immigrant-origin youth are partially linked to their integration in other fields, particularly inter-ethnic friendships. We argue that comparative studies on how national contexts of reception shape religious adaptations, as well as studies aiming to disentangle the complex relationship between religious adaptation and integration in other fields, are needed.
      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2021-01-25T09:30:05Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320986767
       
  • Book Review: Migranthood: Youth in the New Era of Deportation
    • Authors: Daina Sanchez
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2021-01-20T10:13:06Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320986441
       
  • Does Facilitated and Early Access to the Healthcare System Improve
           Refugees’ Health Outcomes' Evidence from a Natural Experiment in
           Germany
    • Authors: Philipp Jaschke, Yuliya Kosyakova
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.
      Because of their often-dramatic, life-threatening flight patterns and resulting pronounced health disparities, many refugees have a great need for medical treatment after arrival to their host countries. In Germany, refugees whose asylum application is not approved or whose duration of stay has not yet exceeded 15 months must request doctor visits, with a considerable amount of bureaucracy, from the local responsible authority. Since 2016, however, several federal states and municipalities in Germany have introduced electronic health cards (eHCs) which give refugees immediate and unbureaucratic access to the healthcare system. We examine whether being eligible for eHCs because of this policy change had an effect on multidimensional health indicators for refugees in Germany. For empirical identification, we take advantage of variation in policy adoption across German regions and over time. Relying on the IAB-BAMF-SOEP Survey of Refugees, we find that being eligible for eHCs because of the policy change improved the mental well-being and subjective health assessment of recently arrived refugees, while having no impact on physical health status. These results can be traced back to the moderating effect of facilitated healthcare access on post-migration stress, which is known to affect primarily psychological well-being. Moreover, facilitated healthcare access appears to alleviate potential language and cultural barriers faced by refugees with low health literacy (measured by the ability to read or write in the origin-country language). Altogether, the article illustrates how structural and institutional constraints may shape individual health outcomes of adult refugees.
      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T09:38:26Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320980413
       
  • (Im)mobility in the Age of COVID-19
    • Authors: Susan Martin, Jonas Bergmann
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.
      The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted global human mobility dynamics. This IMR Dispatch examines the historical, bidirectional links between pandemics and mobility and provides an early analysis of how they unfolded during the first nine months of the COVID-19 emergency. Results show, first, that international travel restrictions to combat the spread of the coronavirus are not a panacea in and of themselves. Second, our analysis demonstrates that the pandemic, government responses, and resulting economic impacts can lead to the involuntary immobility of at-risk populations, such as aspiring asylum-seekers or survival migrants. In a similar fashion, stay-at-home measures have posed dire challenges for those workers who lack options to work from home, as well as for migrants living in precarious, crowded circumstances. Moreover, global economic contraction has increased involuntary immobility by reducing both people’s resources to move and the demand for labor. Third, we show that people’s attempts to protect themselves from the virus can result in shifting patterns of mobility, such as increases in cross-border return migration and urban-to-rural movements. Drawing on international guidance for measures to combat pandemics and relevant frameworks on mobility, we propose approaches to alleviate the burden of travel restrictions on migrants and people aspiring to move, while still addressing the need to contain the pandemic and lessen its repercussions.
      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2021-01-06T03:18:47Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320984104
       
  • Book Review: Soviet Signoras: Personal and Collective Transformations in
           Eastern European Migration
    • Authors: Ievgeniia Zasoba
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2021-01-06T03:18:08Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320981830
       
  • When Does Social Capital Matter for Migration' A Study of Networks,
           Brokers, and Migrants in Nepal
    • Authors: Nathalie E. Williams, Christina Hughes, Prem Bhandari, Arland Thornton, Linda Young-DeMarco, Cathy Sun, Jeffrey Swindle
      Pages: 964 - 991
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Volume 54, Issue 4, Page 964-991, December 2020.
      The study of social capital has been one of the strongest areas of recent advance in migration research, but there are still many questions about how it works and why it has varying effects in studies of different places. In this article, we address the contextual variation in social capital’s effects on migration by considering migration brokers. We argue that destinations for which migration is logistically difficult to arrange give rise to brokerage industries and hypothesize that brokers, in turn, substitute for the informational capital typically provided by social networks. Our empirical tests in Nepal support this narrative, showing that social networks matter for migration to destinations where brokers are not available and have little discernible effect on migration to brokered destinations. Our results suggest that migration research should consider the growing role of brokerage agencies, that theorizations of social capital more broadly must contend with how it is delimited by brokers, and that social scientists might also consider other consequences that can arise from these migration brokers that are increasingly common in many countries and provide a marketized replacement for social capital in some cases.
      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-06-08T11:59:12Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918319882634
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Translating People and Policy: The Role of Maid Agents in Brokering
           between Employers and Migrant Domestic Workers in Singapore’s Migration
           Industry
    • Authors: Kellynn Wee, Charmian Goh, Brenda S.A. Yeoh
      Pages: 992 - 1015
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Volume 54, Issue 4, Page 992-1015, December 2020.
      There has been a surge of recent interest in the migration industries that facilitate the movement of migrants, particularly that of low-waged laborers engaged in temporary contracts abroad. This article extends this research to include migration brokers working in destination contexts, thus drawing analytical attention to the arrival infrastructures that incorporate migrants into host societies. Based on ethnographic research involving the employment agents who recruit women migrating from Indonesia to work as migrant domestic workers in Singapore, we use the concept of “translation” as a broad theoretical metaphor to understand how brokers actively fashion knowledge between various actors, scales, interfaces, and entities. First, we argue that through the interpretation of language, brokers continually modulate meaning in the encounters between potential employers and employees at the agency shopfront, reproducing particular dynamics of power between employers and workers while coperforming the hirability of the migrant worker. Second, we show how brokers operate within the discretionary space between multiple sets of regulations in order to selectively inscribe the text of policy into migrant workers’ lives. By interrogating the process of translation and clarifying the latitude migration brokers have in shaping the working and living conditions of international labor migrants, the article contributes to the growing conceptual literature on how labor-market intermediaries contour migration markets.
      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-01-24T09:42:00Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918319897570
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Mexican Consular Protection Services across the United States: How Local
           Social, Economic, and Political Conditions Structure the Sociolegal
           Support of Emigrants
    • Authors: Ricardo D. Martínez-Schuldt
      Pages: 1016 - 1044
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Volume 54, Issue 4, Page 1016-1044, December 2020.
      Scholars have increasingly examined the policies that states adopt to forge relationships with, deliver services to, and protect the rights of emigrants living abroad. Much of this research has focused on explaining the emergence and scope of emigrant policies. This article contributes to existing research by analyzing variation in the outcome of one particular emigrant policy: the Mexican state’s delivery of sociolegal consultations and support through its consular network in the United States. Specifically, I assess how the Mexican state’s provision of consular protection services diverges in frequency and form over time and within local contexts of reception. To address my research questions, I conducted a longitudinal analysis of data representing all 50 Mexican consulate districts in the United States (2010 through 2015). My dataset merges information from a variety of sources, such as the American Community Survey, with an administrative database that documents the Mexican state’s provision of sociolegal services in matters related to human rights, penal, migratory, labor, civil, or administrative issues. I find that the frequency of services across these issues varies in conjunction with the social, political, and economic characteristics of the administrative districts within which Mexican consulates operate. Furthermore, I argue that local contexts of reception can structure the frequency of sociolegal consultations between Mexican migrants living in the United States and the Mexican government through three pathways related to migrant incorporation experiences and vulnerabilities in receiving societies. Overall, my findings reveal how local receiving-society contexts can shape the support sending states provide to emigrants.
      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-02-06T01:58:28Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918319901264
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Immigration System, Labor Market Structures, and Overeducation of
           High-Skilled Immigrants in the United States and Canada
    • Authors: Yao Lu, Feng Hou
      Pages: 1072 - 1103
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Volume 54, Issue 4, Page 1072-1103, December 2020.
      Why do high-skilled Canadian immigrants lag behind their US counterparts in labor-market outcomes, despite Canada’s merit-based immigration selection system and more integrative context' This article investigates a mismatch between immigrants’ education and occupations, operationalized by overeducation, as an explanation. Using comparable data and three measures of overeducation, we find that university-educated immigrant workers in Canada are consistently much more likely to be overeducated than their US peers and that the immigrant–native gap in the overeducation rate is remarkably higher in Canada than in the United States. This article further examines how the cross-national differences are related to labor-market structures and selection mechanisms for immigrants. Whereas labor-market demand reduces the likelihood of immigrant overeducation in both countries, the role of supply-side factors varies: a higher supply of university-educated immigrants is positively associated with the likelihood of overeducation in Canada, but not in the United States, pointing to an oversupply of high-skilled immigrants relative to Canada’s smaller economy. Also, in Canada the overeducation rate is significantly lower for immigrants who came through employer selection (i.e., those who worked in Canada before obtaining permanent residence) than for those admitted directly from abroad through the point system. Overall, the findings suggest that a merit-based immigration system likely works better when it takes into consideration domestic labor-market demand and the role of employer selection.
      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-01-30T09:32:01Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918319901263
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • High Selection, Low Success: The Heterogeneous Effect of Migrants’
           Access to Employment on Their Remigration
    • Authors: Louise Caron, Mathieu Ichou
      Pages: 1104 - 1133
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Volume 54, Issue 4, Page 1104-1133, December 2020.
      This article reconciles contrasting findings on the effect of access to employment on remigration by showing that this effect is actually heterogeneous and depends on migrants’ initial educational selection from the origin country. Combining longitudinal data from England and Wales (1971–2011) with data on educational attainment distributions in migrants’ origin countries, we find that the impact of being out of a job (unemployed or inactive) on the probability to remigrate is larger among migrants who were initially more positively selected in terms of educational attainment. This interaction effect appears stronger for male and recent migrants. Thus, in addition to migrants’ access to employment in the host country, the mismatch between migrants’ initial selection — that partly captures their premigration expectations — and their employment status at destination helps explain remigration behaviors.
      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-03-06T09:16:55Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320904925
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • The Role of Local Voting Rights for Non-Naturalized Immigrants: A Catalyst
           for Integration'
    • Authors: Mattias Engdahl, Karl-Oskar Lindgren, Olof Rosenqvist
      Pages: 1134 - 1157
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Volume 54, Issue 4, Page 1134-1157, December 2020.
      Recent decades have seen a strong trend among democratic countries to extend voting rights at subnational levels to non-naturalized immigrants, creating substantial variation across countries in terms of voting eligibility rules for non-naturalized immigrants. Our knowledge of the consequences of these different systems for immigrant political integration is, however, limited. This article seeks to shed new light on this important issue by using Swedish data to study whether immigrants who face shorter residency requirements for voting eligibility in local elections are more likely to integrate politically. We find little compelling evidence that such is the case. The results suggest that immigrants who became eligible to vote after six to seven years were as likely to naturalize and vote in future elections in both the short and long run as those who received the right to vote after only three years of residency. Thus, although expanded franchise can be of symbolic, as well as practical, value, it is unlikely to be a panacea for immigrant political inclusion. The argument that early voting rights for non-naturalized immigrants is desirable since it helps speed up immigrant political integration should, therefore, be used with some care by those advocating for such reforms.
      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-01-14T01:24:58Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918319890256
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Migration Diplomacy and Policy Liberalization in Morocco and Turkey
    • Authors: Kelsey P. Norman
      Pages: 1158 - 1183
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Volume 54, Issue 4, Page 1158-1183, December 2020.
      This article examines the 2013 migration policy liberalizations in Morocco and Turkey in order to understand whether predominantly “human rights-centric” or “diplomatic” factors influenced domestic decisions to reform migration policies. It uses original interview data collected in 2015, as well as policy documents, to examine the two reform processes and their initial consequences for migrants and refugees residing in each host state. While the academic literature on migration has focused on human rights-centric factors to understand historic migration policy reforms, Turkey and Morocco’s geopolitical and geographic positions between powerful neighbors to the north and important sending countries to the south mean that diplomatic factors are also key to understanding the incentives behind reform. This article’s findings have important implications for scholars of international migration, demonstrating that while countries like Morocco and Turkey may implement liberal and inclusive policies if there are diplomatic and economic gains to be had from doing so, such policies may have little impact on the everyday lives of individual migrants and refugees residing in these states and may be subject to reversals if such states’ geopolitical calculations change.
      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-01-06T09:16:46Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918319895271
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Who Signs Up for E-Verify' Insights from DHS Enrollment Records
    • Authors: Pia M. Orrenius, Madeline Zavodny, Sarah Greer
      Pages: 1184 - 1211
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Volume 54, Issue 4, Page 1184-1211, December 2020.
      E-Verify is a federal electronic verification system that allows employers to check whether their newly hired workers are authorized to work in the United States. To use E-Verify, firms first must enroll with the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). Participation is voluntary for most private-sector employers in the United States, but eight states currently require all or most employers to use E-Verify. This article uses confidential data from DHS to examine patterns of employer enrollment in E-Verify. The results indicate that employers are much more likely to sign up in mandatory E-Verify states than in states without such mandates, but enrollment is still below 50 percent in states that require its use. Large employers are far more likely to sign up than small employers. In addition, employers are more likely to newly enroll in E-Verify when a state’s unemployment rate or the state’s population share of likely unauthorized immigrants rises. However, enrollment rates are lower in industries with higher shares of unauthorized workers. Taken as a whole, the results suggest that enrolling in the program is costly for employers in terms of both compliance and difficulty in hiring workers. A strictly enforced nationwide mandate that all employers use an employment eligibility program like E-Verify would be incompatible with the current reliance on a large unauthorized workforce. Allowing more workers to enter legally or legalizing existing workers might be necessary before implementing E-Verify nationally.
      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-02-17T11:15:33Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320901461
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Book Review: Immigration and the Politics of Welfare Exclusion. Selective
           Solidarity in Western Democracies
    • Authors: Ester Serra Mingot
      Pages: 1265 - 1266
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Volume 54, Issue 4, Page 1265-1266, December 2020.

      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-01-23T10:20:18Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918319900769
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Book Review: Precarious Hope: Migration and the Limits of Belonging in
           Turkey
    • Authors: Juliette Tolay
      Pages: 1267 - 1268
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Volume 54, Issue 4, Page 1267-1268, December 2020.

      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-01-03T10:00:24Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918319897041
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Book Review: Human Geopolitics: States, Emigrants and Diaspora
           Institutions
    • Authors: Rilke Mahieu
      Pages: 1270 - 1272
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Volume 54, Issue 4, Page 1270-1272, December 2020.

      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-02-13T11:05:54Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320905500
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Book Review: The Fixer: Visa Lottery Chronicles
    • Authors: Faranak Miraftab
      Pages: 1272 - 1274
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Volume 54, Issue 4, Page 1272-1274, December 2020.

      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-05-07T10:13:31Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320907328
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Book Review: Bound for Work: Labor, Mobility, and Colonial Rule in Central
           Mozambique, 1940–1965
    • Authors: Alicia Hayashi Lazzarini
      Pages: 1274 - 1277
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Volume 54, Issue 4, Page 1274-1277, December 2020.

      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-02-25T09:53:00Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320907329
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Book Review: Incarcerated Stories: Indigenous Women Migrants and Violence
           in the Settler-Capitalist State
    • Authors: Kate Coddington
      Pages: 1277 - 1279
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Volume 54, Issue 4, Page 1277-1279, December 2020.

      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-02-25T10:01:00Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320907330
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Book Review: Offshore Citizens. Permanent Temporary Status in the Gulf
    • Authors: James Sater
      Pages: 1279 - 1281
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Volume 54, Issue 4, Page 1279-1281, December 2020.

      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-02-24T09:44:09Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320907331
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Book Review: Sri Lanka’s Remittance Economy: A Multiscalar Analysis of
           Migration-Underdevelopment
    • Authors: Sokchea Lim
      Pages: 1281 - 1283
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Volume 54, Issue 4, Page 1281-1283, December 2020.

      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-04-07T10:13:42Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320912392
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Book Review: Legal Passing: Navigating Undocumented Life and Local
           Immigration Law
    • Authors: Austin Kocher
      Pages: 1283 - 1285
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Volume 54, Issue 4, Page 1283-1285, December 2020.

      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-04-08T09:44:10Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320915693
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Book Review: Immigration and the Remaking of Black America
    • Authors: Maruice Mangum
      Pages: 1285 - 1286
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Volume 54, Issue 4, Page 1285-1286, December 2020.

      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-04-08T09:40:30Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320915197
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Book Review: Stagnant Dreamers: How the Inner City Shapes the Integration
           of Second-Generation Latinos
    • Authors: Eli R. Wilson
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-12-31T07:36:38Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320983751
       
  • Book Review: Resident Foreigners: A Philosophy of Migration
    • Authors: Mark F. N. Franke
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-12-31T07:36:20Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320983750
       
  • Suppression, Spikes, and Stigma: How COVID-19 Will Shape International
           Migration and Hostilities toward It
    • Authors: Michelle L. O’Brien, Maureen A. Eger
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.
      Border closures associated with COVID-19 constitute a response to an exogenous shock unrelated to migration. In this IMR Dispatch, we argue that the impact of policies initially implemented to halt movement and curb the spread of the disease will nonetheless have medium- and longer term consequences for international migration. Specifically, we argue that these initial border restrictions have set in motion demographic and sociological processes that are likely to culminate in greater support for restricting future migration. Based on demographic evidence, we posit that after extended suppression of migration, OECD countries and Russia will see a migration spike, akin to a “baby boom” for fertility rebounds. Drawing on sociological theory and research, we hypothesize that these spikes in migration will increase anti-immigrant sentiment among native-born residents in destination countries and mobilize political support for reintroducing restrictive migration policies — triggering a feedback loop. In an effort to help facilitate future research and empirical tests of our model, we identify key concepts, processes, and data sources for the analysis of the pandemic’s impact on international migration over time.
      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-11-27T06:33:05Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320968754
       
  • Do Gender-role Values Matter' Explaining New Refugee Women’s
           Social Contact in Germany
    • Authors: Jörg Hartmann, Jan-Philip Steinmann
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.
      This article investigates whether gender-role values are linked to refugee women’s social contact in Germany. By building on the “preferences–third parties–opportunities” framework, we explicate a direct and an indirect path through which gender-role values may be related to refugee women’s minority-majority, intra-minority, and inter-minority contact. By applying median regressions, marginal structural models, and inverse probability of treatment weighting to data from the 2016 IAB-BAMF-SOEP refugee survey, we show that refugee women’s own gender-traditional values and those of their partners are associated both directly and indirectly with less social contact for these women. Effects of gender-role values on refugee women’s social contact are more pronounced for minority-majority contact than for the other two types of social contact assessed. With the effects of refugee women’s and their partners’ gender-role values being rather small against alternative explanatory factors, we conclude that in contrast to the view traditionally held by the populist right, traditional gender-role values hold refugee women back from establishing social contact in the host society only to a very limited extent.
      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-11-10T08:48:58Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320968481
       
  • Understanding the Consequences of Migration for Asset Accumulation: A
           Multi-Site and Intergenerational Perspective
    • Authors: Şebnem Eroğlu
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.
      This article is the first to explore the consequences of migration for asset accumulation from a multi-site and intergenerational perspective that moves beyond the prevailing migrant versus “native” comparisons performed within single destination-country contexts. It specifically investigates the non-financial investments (i.e., house, land, and business-related asset holdings) made in the country of residence by three family generations of migrants with origins in Turkey: those who resided in Europe (i.e., settlers), those who moved to Turkey (i.e., returnees), and those who remained in the origin country (i.e., stayers). The data are drawn from the 2000 Families Survey, which involved personal interviews with 5,980 individuals nested within 1,770 families. The analysis shows that migration’s greatest economic beneficiaries are returnees, who display a significant tendency to accumulate the most assets across all generations and asset types. Across all three groups, intergenerational family transfers are found to make a positive difference to younger generations’ non-financial investments. The chances of reaping the benefits of such transfers, however, is shown to be particularly limited for the descendants of settlers, given this group’s propensity to accumulate the fewest (especially house and land type) non-financial assets in European destinations where they reside. Through these unique multi-site and intergenerational comparisons between migrants and stayers, this article sheds new light upon the little-explored relationship between international migration and asset accumulation, and the economic dis/benefits of migration.
      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-10-29T09:57:54Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320967310
       
  • Party System Polarization, Citizenship, and Immigrant Party Allegiances in
           Western Europe
    • Authors: Aida Just
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.
      This article examines the role of party system polarization in shaping immigrants’ party loyalties in their host country. It suggests that foreign-born individuals are more likely to become partisans when political parties take more distinct policy positions on immigration control. Moreover, this relationship is more pronounced among foreign-born non-citizens than foreign-born citizens. Using individual-level public opinion data from eight rounds of the European Social Survey (ESS), 2002–2017, and measures of party system polarization constructed using party policy positions from the Chapel Hill Expert Survey (CHES) in 17 West European democracies, the analyses confirm these expectations. The findings presented here suggest that party polarization on immigration control enhances, rather than undermines, immigrant political integration in contemporary democracies.
      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-10-28T09:13:21Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320962706
       
  • “Maybe One Day I Will also be Almito”: Ethiopian Israelis, Naming, and
           the Politics of Immigrant Identity
    • Authors: Sophie D Walsh, Liat Yakhnich
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.
      The issue of name change, and in particular name reclaiming (i.e., taking back a heritage name), among immigrants has been rarely studied academically, despite its centrality to immigrant identity and immigration experiences. Immigrants, in many countries, are often encouraged or pressured to change their names, but in recent years, some have chosen to reclaim their heritage or original names. This article analyzes the practice of name reclaiming among young Israelis of Ethiopian heritage, a community that has experienced racial discrimination. Data were gathered through a qualitative phenomenological study of 19 young adults who immigrated to Israel from Ethiopia as minors. The analysis yielded two simultaneous dialogues: an internal dialogue in which individuals described their personal experience of name reclaiming and an external dialogue in which name reclaiming reflected a political and social process through which a discriminated minority could express increased feelings of power and agency. The results enrich the study of migration by showing the ways in which personal and social-political processes experienced by a discriminated minority intertwine, as vividly illustrated by the specific case of name reclaiming.
      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-10-14T10:29:37Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320961996
       
  • Public Opinion on Refugee Policy in the United States, 1938-2019:
           Increasing Support for Refugees and the Sympathy Effect
    • Authors: Mariano Sana
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.
      Eight decades of opinion polls (1938–2019) on US refugee policies show that most Americans have historically opposed admitting refugees but this trend has been reversed in the twenty-first century. An examination of the questions pollsters asked reveals that when respondents were offered a middle response choice (e.g. “the number of refugees is about right”), their opposition often morphed into approval of the admissions status quo. Findings also show some evidence of a fait-accompli effect: The public tended to be more supportive of refugees when welcoming policies were enacted and when refugees were already on US soil. Furthermore, the United States public reported more supportive attitudes toward refugees when asked about any type of policy — welcoming or restrictive — and when asked questions concerning the context of reception of admitted refugees. I label this pattern a “sympathy effect,” whereby respondents revealed more support for refugees when answering contextualized rather than abstract questions. This finding implies that pro-refugee policies might have more popular support than often assumed and that the extremely restrictive policies toward refugee admissions of the current US government are out-of-sync with both historical trends and current American public opinion.
      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-10-07T09:13:59Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320954129
       
  • Book Review: The Fight for Time: Migrant Day Laborers and the Politics of
           Precarity
    • Authors: Adrián Félix
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-10-06T08:08:38Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320961993
       
  • Death and Migration: Migrant Journeys and the Governance of Migration
           During Europe’s “Migration Crisis”
    • Authors: Simon McMahon, Nando Sigona
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.
      In migration and refugee studies, migrant deaths have frequently been closely linked to contemporary forms of border and migration governance. Migrant deaths at sea have also played a central role in shaping policy and public responses to Europe’s “crisis.” Yet relatively little scholarly work has analyzed migrants’ personal experiences related to death and the impact of these experiences on their mobility. Drawing on 500 semi-structured interviews with people who crossed the Mediterranean Sea by boat in 2015–2016 and over 100 interviews with key stakeholders in the region, this article documents geographies of violence and death stretching throughout migration trajectories that start far from the Mediterranean shores. It shines light on the different ways that encountering the deaths of others and perceiving the inevitability of one’s own death drive and shape migration decisions and journeys. The article also highlights differences between European policy responses to migrant deaths and the experiences of those migrants making the journey. In doing so, it calls for a more expansive understanding of the relationship between migrant deaths, policies, and migration that extends beyond the relatively small parcel of water that divides Europe from its southern and eastern neighbors.
      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-09-25T01:37:02Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320958615
       
  • Humanitarian Assistance and Permanent Settlement of Asylum Seekers in
           Greece: The Role of Sympathy, Perceived Threat, and Perceived Contribution
           
    • Authors: Elisavet Thravalou, Borja Martinovic, Maykel Verkuyten
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.
      During the recent inflow of asylum seekers from the Middle East and North Africa to Europe, the native population in Greek frontier islands largely offered humanitarian assistance to these immigrants, while support for their permanent settlement in the area was low. To explain this discrepancy, we investigated whether sympathy toward asylum seekers, perceptions of threat posed by asylum seekers, and asylum seekers’ perceived societal contributions relate differently to native Greeks’ self-reported provision of humanitarian assistance and to their support for asylum seekers’ permanent settlement in Greece. Using data from a representative sample of 1,220 Greek participants, we found that Greeks who showed more sympathy toward asylum seekers were more likely to report having offered humanitarian assistance. Further, participants who felt more sympathy and those who perceived higher asylum seekers’ contributions were more positive toward asylum seekers’ permanent settlement, whereas participants who perceived more threat from asylum seekers showed less support for their permanent settlement. We conclude that policies geared toward motivating people to provide humanitarian aid to asylum seekers should focus on generating sympathy, whereas policies geared toward increasing long-term acceptance of asylum seekers need to additionally consider lowering threat perceptions and highlighting asylum seekers’ contributions.
      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-09-11T04:31:26Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320949826
       
  • Understanding International Immobility through Internal Migration: “Left
           behind” Nurses in the Philippines
    • Authors: Yasmin Y. Ortiga, Romeo Luis A. Macabasag
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.
      Migration scholars have tended to portray internal mobility as a step toward broader cross-border movement, reinforcing the notion of ongoing progress toward international migration. This article argues for a need to recognize how internal mobility can also explain international immobility, or why people do not move across national borders. Using the case of Filipino nurses, we argue that while internal migration does allow aspiring migrants to build the potential ability to emigrate, individual trajectories are much more diverse and multi-directional, often prolonging or reinforcing their international immobility. As a result, and in our case study, the costs and burdens of constant internal movement can also alter nurses’ migration aspirations, prompting them to either alter their original goals or acquiesce to their inability to leave their origin countries. This article calls for migration scholarship to address not only a “mobility bias” within the field but also the over-focus on international migration, rather than internal mobility, as a subject of study.
      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-09-03T07:47:16Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320952042
       
  • Pull Factors and Migration Preferences: Evidence from the Middle East and
           North Africa
    • Authors: Jeremy Ferwerda, Justin Gest
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.
      Which national characteristics do voluntary migrants prioritize when considering destinations' Although this question is salient for policymakers, extant studies face challenges when seeking to identify how various pull factors shape destination preferences. Surveys of migrants are typically conducted after they arrive, introducing selection bias and post-hoc reasoning. Moreover, desirable national characteristics tend to co-vary, implying that observed relationships with migration flows may be confounded. In this article, we identify the destination preferences of prospective migrants by drawing on a sample of 8,500 respondents from five sending states across the Middle East and North Africa. Prospective migrants completed a series of conjoint survey tasks in which they chose between two destinations with randomly varying characteristics. The results reveal a clear hierarchy of preferences, with prospective migrants placing the greatest priority on liberal democratic governance and employment prospects. The availability of welfare benefits acted as a secondary consideration, while geographic distance and co-ethnic stock did not strongly predict initial destination preferences. While the rank order of these considerations remains consistent across national samples, our results suggest that respondents from different economic and political backgrounds vary in how they navigate potential tradeoffs between national characteristics. These findings address post-arrival bias in extant studies by revealing prospective migrants’ preferences before they interact with the opportunity structures that facilitate and restrict entry into desirable destinations.
      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-09-02T09:33:46Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320949825
       
  • Warriors Wanted: The Performance of Immigrants in the US Army
    • Authors: Eiko Strader, Jennifer Lundquist, Rodrigo Dominguez-Villegas
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.
      The US Army offers English-language instruction and socio-cultural training to foreign-born personnel, and current US law allows some immigrants to apply for expedited citizenship through military service. The US Army, thus, offers a compelling context in which to explore how such institutional factors might facilitate immigrant incorporation, yet we know little about the experience of foreign-born soldiers because most surveys exclude active-duty personnel. Using novel data obtained from the US Department of Defense that are not available to the public, this research note describes the integrative nature of the US Army, and contrasts foreign-born and native-born soldiers in relation to what we know about selectivity and immigrant job outcomes elsewhere. We examine rank, promotion likelihood, and retention of newly enlisted citizen and noncitizen immigrant soldiers compared to their native-born counterparts who joined the US Army between 2002 and 2009. We show that immigrants perform equally well or better than native-born soldiers.
      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-08-28T09:43:48Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320949819
       
  • Vulnerable and Resilient: Legal Status, Sources of Support, Maternal
           Knowledge, and the Family Routines of Mexican and Central American-origin
           Mothers in Los Angeles
    • Authors: Eileen Díaz McConnell, Aggie J Yellow Horse
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.
      How do unauthorized immigrant parents promote family functioning to navigate challenging conditions and contexts in the United States' This article offers the first quantitative analyses contrasting the family organization and maternal knowledge of Mexican and Central-American immigrant mothers by legal status. Using Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Survey data with a sample of mothers of school-aged children, the analyses investigate whether mothers’ documentation status, origin country/region, and access to social and instrumental support are associated with the frequency of family dinners, the consistency of family routines, and the knowledge of their child’s associations and friendships. Relative to their US-born and documented Mexican immigrant counterparts, undocumented Mexican immigrant mothers have as many or more frequent family dinners, more predictable family routines, and the same level of knowledge about whom their child is with when not at home. Whom mothers can rely on for emergency childcare and financial support also is linked with both family organization and levels of maternal knowledge about their child. More quantitative research is needed about how undocumented immigrant parents actively employ different family functioning strategies to promote strengths and resiliency in their lives in the midst of challenging contexts driven by lack of legal status.
      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-08-28T09:41:48Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320949816
       
  • Book Review: The Braided River: Migration and the Personal Essay
    • Authors: Azadeh Ghanizadeh
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-07-30T09:50:11Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320941783
       
  • Legal Histories as Determinants of Incorporation: Previous Undocumented
           Experience and Naturalization Propensities Among Immigrants in the United
           States
    • Authors: Amanda R. Cheong
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.
      This article examines how different histories of illegality may influence immigrants’ orientations toward acquiring citizenship in the United States. Findings from the New Immigrant Survey show that having crossed the border without authorization—compared to having no history of illegality—is associated with a higher propensity to naturalize, indicated by an expressed intention to naturalize upon eligibility and, notably, an early undertaking of the naturalization process. In contrast, there is weaker evidence that immigrants who overstayed their visas or worked without authorization differ with regards to naturalization from immigrants with no history of illegality. Results suggest that immigrants who have experienced the greatest degrees of legal insecurity in the past may be among those most likely to seek out full political membership. Thus, this article bears optimistic implications for the integration potential of previously undocumented immigrants, and highlights the importance of making available legal pathways “out of the shadows” and into the political communities of receiving states.
      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-07-08T09:27:34Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320934714
       
  • Times of Work and Social Life: Bangladeshi Migrants in Northeast Italy and
           London
    • Authors: Russell King, Francesco Della Puppa
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.
      Taking inspiration from renewed scholarly interest in the role of time in migration, we compare the temporalities of work and social life among male Bangladeshi-origin migrants in northeast Italy and London. We draw conceptually on time geography and rhythmanalysis, and empirically on interviews with 40 Bangladeshi migrant men, to demonstrate the stark contrasts in migrants’ daily lives in the two settings and the impacts of moving from northeast Italy to London. More broadly, this article contributes to debates on the temporalities and rhythms of migrants’ everyday lives via comparative analysis. While in both settings capitalism inexorably shaped class dynamics through its command over flexible labor, there were also marked differences in the routinization of migrants’ work and social and family life. In northeast Italy’s small industrial towns, stable shift-based working rhythms created regular free time for family and associative life. In London, where participants’ employment was limited to low-skill jobs with unsocial hours, family and social life was disrupted, with consequential effects on social integration. The findings presented here highlight the under-appreciated role of onward migration in global migration dynamics and underscore the importance of time, in particular the way in which the diverse temporalities of migrants’ daily lives are shaped by the mode of regulation of the labor market and the spatial setting where migrants’ working and social lives unfold.
      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-07-03T09:59:35Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320927012
       
  • Migration, Family Formation and Fertility in the Americas
    • Authors: David P. Lindstrom, Anairis Hernandez-Jabalera, Silvia Giorguli Saucedo
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.
      In many low- and medium-income countries that are the traditional sources of international migrants, total fertility rates have dropped to levels at or near replacement. In this context of low fertility, we expect migration’s effects on fertility to operate primarily through marital timing and marital stability. We examine the effects of international migration on age at first marriage, union dissolution, timing of first birth, and completed fertility, using retrospective life-history data collected in Mexico and eight other Latin American countries by the Mexican Migration Project (MMP) and the Latin American Migration Project (LAMP). Using discrete-time hazards and Poisson regression models, we find clear evidence that early migration experience results in delayed marriage, delayed first birth, and a higher rate of marital dissolution. We also find evidence among women that cumulative international migration experience is associated with fewer births and that the estimated effects of migration experience are attenuated after taking into account age at union formation and husbands’ prior union experiences. As fertility levels in migrant origin and destination countries continue on their path toward convergence, migrant fertility below native fertility may become more common due to migration’s disruptive effects on marital timing and marital stability and the selection of divorced or separated adults into migration.
      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-06-24T09:14:51Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320923353
       
  • Ascriptive Organizational Stigma and the Constraining of Pakistani
           Immigrant Organizations
    • Authors: Ali R. Chaudhary
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.
      Existing research on the incorporation of immigrants generally celebrates immigrant organizations (IOs) as essential conduits for political mobilization, civic integration, and transnational engagement. Less attention, however, has been given to the external contexts or conditions that can constrain IOs. In this article, I introduce the concept of ascriptive organizational stigma (AOS) and examine how domestic and geopolitical contexts contribute to the stigmatization and constraining of Pakistani immigrant organizational capacities. Data come from 59 in-depth interviews conducted with leaders and members of Pakistani IOs in New York City and London. Findings suggest Pakistani IOs in both cities experienced AOS, and that external pressures to prioritize stigma management over core missions, impeded efforts to serve domestic and homeland constituents. Findings also indicate the stigmatization of ascriptive status markers can contribute to the conflation of immigrants’ group and organizational identities. This article contributes to existing scholarship by revealing how external contexts can lead to the constraining of immigrants’ domestic and homeland-oriented organizational capacities.
      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-06-15T08:48:43Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320920563
       
  • Book Review: Citizenship 2.0: Dual Nationality as a Global Asset
    • Authors: Peter J. Spiro
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-06-08T10:52:55Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320931089
       
  • Book Review: Banned: Immigration Enforcement in the Time of Trump
    • Authors: Jennifer Breen
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-06-08T10:51:35Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320931088
       
  • Disrupted Geographic Arbitrage and Differential Capacities of Coping in
           Later-Life: Anglo-Western Teacher Expatriates in Brunei
    • Authors: Sin Yee Koh
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.
      North-South migration by relatively privileged skilled or lifestyle/retirement migrants has been analyzed, using the concept of geographic arbitrage (i.e., the use of North-South migration as a cross-border social maintenance or advancement strategy). However, little research has examined what happens when such projects are prematurely disrupted in later life. This article addresses this gap by drawing on interviews with 25 Anglo-Western teacher expatriates in Brunei. While these “middling” expatriates have been able to capitalize on their positions as desirable native English-speaking teachers to kickstart or continue their expatriation, recent shifts in Brunei’s political economy, coupled with its exclusionary citizenship and immigration policies, have posed unforeseen disruptions to their original geographic arbitrage projects. By examining individuals’ differential capacities to cope with this unexpected situation in later life, this article urges migration scholars to be attentive to individual circumstances (e.g., age, marital and familial situations, migration history) that produce in-group mobility inequalities. This focus adds nuance and texture to the geographic arbitrage thesis.
      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-06-08T10:20:13Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320926910
       
  • Is an Ounce of Remittance Worth a Pound of Health' The Case of
           Tajikistan
    • Authors: Sophia Kan
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.
      This article investigates the impact of international remittances on health outcomes. While the existing literature finds that remittances increase healthcare expenditure, expenditure alone is an incomplete proxy for health outcomes. Consequently, this article explores the impact of remittances on proxies for health outcomes beyond expenditure and for all household members (adults and children). It uses an instrumental variable approach to control for the endogeneity of remittances and finds a mostly positive relationship between remittances and health outcomes. This article also explores several possible transmission channels for how remittances affect health, finding that remittances have a positive and significant effect on household members’ likelihood of seeking direct medical care. It confirms remittances’ positive role in improving the welfare of the receivers and emphasizes the importance of distinguishing between remittances and other income sources in terms of their effects on development.JEL Classification:I15, F22, R23
      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-06-01T10:16:55Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320926891
       
  • Refugee Admissions and Public Safety: Are Refugee Settlement Areas More
           Prone to Crime'
    • Authors: Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes, Cynthia Bansak, Susan Pozo
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.
      According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, the number of refugees worldwide rose to 25.9 million in 2018. Despite the increased need for refugee resettlements, resistance to the welcoming of refugees appears to have grown. The perception that refugees may engage in criminal behavior has served as fuel for closing the door to refugees in the United States and Europe. Is there any basis for this fear' We exploit variation in the geographic and temporal distribution of refugee resettlements across counties to ascertain if their presence can be linked to greater local violence in the case of the United States. We fail to find any statistically significant evidence of refugee resettlements raising local arrest or offense rates. Institutions that help refugees assimilate into the US labor market may contribute to these favorable outcomes. Overall, these findings widen our understanding of refugee resettlement in the United States and suggest that the adoption of humanitarian efforts to support these international flows need not be discouraged.
      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-05-28T10:16:37Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320920192
       
  • Legal Exclusion, Civic Exclusion: How Legal Status Stratifies Latino
           Immigrants’ Civic Engagement
    • Authors: Tianjian Lai
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.
      Unlike many other sociopolitical activities in the United States, civic engagement is not restricted by legal status and is often the initial and primary form of political action available to immigrants. Few studies, however, have disaggregated the impact of legal status on immigrants’ civic participation, despite civic engagement’s significance for immigrant incorporation and despite growing evidence of the stratifying effects of legal categories. Using Wave 1 of the Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Survey, I nuance theories of legal status stratification by showing where legal status matters for Latino immigrants’ civic engagement and where it does not. Undocumented immigrants, I show, are significantly less likely to participate in general civic organizations, such as community and ethnic organizations, relative to documented immigrants. Likewise, undocumented mothers with undocumented children are less likely to volunteer in schools or participate in parent-teacher associations, compared to both documented mothers and undocumented mothers with documented children. By contrast, legal status does not stratify membership in religious institutions. Moreover, I theorize that undocumented immigrants’ lower levels of general civic engagement are partially mediated by access to US education, a significant site for immigrants’ civic development. This article informs understandings of legal status stratification and immigrant social incorporation.
      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-05-26T11:25:39Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320923274
       
  • “Yes, But Somebody Has to Help Them, Somehow:” Looking at the Italian
           Detention Field through the Eyes of Professional Nonstate Actors
    • Authors: Francesca Esposito, José Ornelas, Silvia Scirocchi, Manuela Tomai, Immacolata Di Napoli, Caterina Arcidiacono
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.
      Although migration-related detention has proliferated around the world, little is known about life inside these sites of confinement for illegalized non-citizens. Building on 34 months of fieldwork, this article examines the lived experiences of center staff and external civil-society actors engaged within Rome’s detention center. We discuss the emotional, ethical, and political challenges faced by these professional actors in their everyday work and their relationship with detainees. Our aim is to shed light on psychosocial life in detention and the intersections between humanitarian and security logics in this setting. In doing so, we problematize the idea that “humanizing detention” can be a solution for change.
      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-05-22T09:50:33Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320921134
       
  • Book Review: At Europe’s Edge: Migration and Crisis in the
           Mediterranean
    • Authors: Antoine Pécoud
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-05-08T10:07:27Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320922148
       
  • Book Review: Voting Together: Intergenerational Politics and Civic
           Engagement among Hmong Americans
    • Authors: Victor Jew
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-05-05T11:15:48Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320915683
       
  • Ethnic Enclaves, Self-employment, and the Economic Performance of
           Refugees: Evidence from a Swedish Dispersal Policy
    • Authors: Henrik Andersson
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.
      This article estimates the causal effect of residential concentration of co-ethnics (ethnic enclaves) on the probability to start a business among refugees in Sweden. Results indicate that the share of self-employed co-ethnics in the port of entry municipality increases refugees’ probability of entry into self-employment, while the actual share of local co-ethnics has no effect or, in some cases, a negative effect. The results support the conclusion that skills and resources within the local ethnic enclave, particularly skills relevant for self-employment, are crucial for generating new entry into self-employment for refugees, while simply more co-ethnics, plausibly increasing an ethnic market’s size, are of less importance. Moreover, the results suggest that being placed with a larger share of self-employed co-ethnics is negatively related to refugees’ long-term disposable income; however, assuming there is no or little selection of high-ability refugees into self-employment, this negative relationship can be counteracted by the choice of self-employment. The study adds new knowledge on the arguably crucial topic of socio-economic integration of an important group of international migrants — namely, refugees.
      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-05-05T10:48:47Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320912195
       
  • Book Review: Fighting for Dignity: Migrant Lives at Israel’s Margins
    • Authors: Haim Yacobi
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-04-16T05:11:15Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320917057
       
  • Book Review: Adventure Capital: Migration and the Making of an African Hub
           in Paris
    • Authors: Joaquín Villanueva
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-04-16T05:10:15Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320918199
       
  • The Many Forms of Multiple Migrations: Evidence from a Sequence Analysis
           in Switzerland, 1998 to 2008
    • Authors: Jonathan Zufferey, Ilka Steiner, Didier Ruedin
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.
      This article provides estimates of different kinds of contemporary migration trajectories, highlighting multiple or repeated migrations. Using sequence analysis on linked longitudinal register data, we identify different migration trajectories for three cohorts (1998, 2003, and 2008) of 315,000 immigrants in Switzerland. Multinomial regression analysis reveals the demographic characteristics associated with specific migration trajectories. We demonstrate high heterogeneity in migration practices, showing that direct and definitive settlement in the destination country remains a common trajectory and that highly mobile immigrants are less common. We conclude that accounts of a fundamental “mobility turn” have been overstated.
      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-04-16T05:05:35Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320914239
       
  • When Politics Trumps Economics: Contrasting High-Skilled Immigration
           Policymaking in Germany and Austria
    • Authors: Melanie Kolbe
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.
      High-skilled immigration (HSI) policy has become of increasing interest among immigrant destination countries, but success in establishing liberal policies has varied considerably across countries. Focusing on two reluctant immigration states, Germany and Austria, this article explains why HSI policy reforms in these two countries have led to starkly diverging outcomes. Whereas previous studies have concentrated on the politics of organized labor market actors and the market-institutional context in which they are embedded, this article contends that variation in HSI policy liberalization also reflects increasing politicization through issue linkage to adjacent immigration domains, in this case, immigrant integration policy. The findings challenge the predominant interest-group–centric work on HSI and show how arguments for and against liberalization can traverse immigration policy domains.
      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-04-16T05:00:34Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320914867
       
  • Book Review: Transnational Lives in Global Cities: A Multi-Sited Study of
           Chinese Singaporean Migrants
    • Authors: Yeo Si Jie Ivin
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-04-08T09:45:11Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320915694
       
  • Book Review: The Migrant Passage: Clandestine Journeys from Central
           America
    • Authors: Margath A. Walker
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-04-08T09:42:30Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320915684
       
  • The Gendered Effects of Local Immigration Enforcement: Latinas’ Social
           Isolation in Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, and Phoenix
    • Authors: William Paul Simmons, Cecilia Menjívar, Elizabeth Salerno Valdez
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.
      The 2017 revitalization of the controversial Security Communities program, which requires local law enforcement to cooperate with federal immigration officials in the United States, has made it urgent to better understand such enforcement programs’ effects on the well-being of Latinas/os, especially the foreign-born. Social isolation from increased immigration enforcement can have significant impacts on economic, social, and health outcomes among Latina/o immigrants and non-immigrants. This article analyzes the gendered impacts of different levels of increased local involvement in immigration enforcement on social isolation, using a survey of over 2000 Latinas/os in four large US cities, all considered to be traditional destinations. Unsurprisingly, respondents reported increased social isolation resulting from local law enforcement’s involvement in immigration enforcement. In contrast to results from previous research, our analysis found that women and men were equally likely to feel socially isolated and that having children led to more social isolation for both women and men. Personal and vicarious experiences with immigration enforcement, as well as living in Phoenix and Houston — two urban areas with the strictest enforcement regimes — were strongly related to social isolation. Our results indicate that local authorities’ increased involvement in immigration enforcement can lead to more social isolation for Latina immigrants, particularly those who have children, aligning their experiences with men’s and, thus, undermining Latinas’ previously recognized role as bridges between their families and social institutions and as community builders.
      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-03-05T11:19:04Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320905504
       
  • Unsettling Events: Understanding Migrants’ Responses to Geopolitical
           Transformative Episodes through a Life-Course Lens

         This is an Open Access Article Open Access Article

    • Authors: Majella Kilkey, Louise Ryan
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.
      Migration under the European Union’s (EU) Freedom of Movement is constructed as temporary and circular, implying that migrants respond to changing circumstances by returning home or moving elsewhere. This construction underpins predictions of an exodus of EU migrants from the United Kingdom (UK) in the context of Brexit. While migration data indicate an increase in outflows since the vote to leave the EU, the scale does not constitute a “Brexodus.” Moreover, EU migrants’ applications for UK citizenship have been increasing. The data, though, are not sufficiently detailed to reveal who is responding to Brexit in which way. This article aims to offer a deeper understanding of how migrants experience and respond to changing geopolitical episodes such as Brexit. Introducing the term “unsettling events,” we analyze data collected longitudinally, in the context of three moments of significant change: 2004 EU enlargement, 2008–09 economic recession, and Brexit. Examining our data, mainly on Polish migrants, through a life-course lens, our findings highlight the need to account for the situatedness of migrant experiences as lived in particular times (both personal and historical), places, and relationships. In so doing, we reveal various factors informing migrants’ experiences of and reactions to unsettling events and the ways in which their experiences and reactions potentially impact migration projects.
      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-03-03T09:29:37Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320905507
       
  • Copying Europe' Integration as a Citizenship Requirement in Australia
    • Authors: Heli Askola
      Abstract: International Migration Review, Ahead of Print.
      Recent decades have seen a significant expansion of so-called “integration requirements” for citizenship applicants in many countries. Though led by European states, the trend now seems to be reaching traditional settler states such as Australia. This article examines the integration requirement proposed for citizenship applicants in Australia in 2017. According to the proposal, applicants for citizenship by conferral would have been required to show that they had “integrated into the Australian community,” for instance, through employment, involvement in community organizations, and the absence of conduct inconsistent with Australian values. Although the proposal failed, it is noteworthy because of its far-reaching nature and novelty in a traditional country of immigration. This article analyzes the implications of the proposed legislation with reference to the diverse groups of permanent immigrants entering Australia, demonstrating its discriminatory potential in terms of gender, nationality, and visa category. It argues that the proposal failed because despite its significant implications, the government did not put forward a convincing case for its introduction and may even have initiated it as a symbolic gesture. The article contributes to understanding why integration requirements that are popular in some states and regions may fail to gain favor in others. It suggests that, given the rapid spread of restrictive immigration policies, scholars should pay more attention to the specific local conditions under which immigration and citizenship policy transfers succeed or fail.
      Citation: International Migration Review
      PubDate: 2020-02-07T11:49:24Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0197918320902042
       
 
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