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  Subjects -> POLITICAL SCIENCE (Total: 1086 journals)
    - CIVIL RIGHTS (13 journals)
    - INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS (136 journals)
    - POLITICAL SCIENCE (903 journals)
    - POLITICAL SCIENCES: GENERAL (34 journals)

POLITICAL SCIENCE (903 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 281 Journals sorted alphabetically
A Contracorriente     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ab Imperio     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acciones e Investigaciones Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACME : An International Journal for Critical Geographies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Borealia: A Nordic Journal of Circumpolar Societies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Acta Politica Estica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, European and Regional Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Administory. Zeitschrift für Verwaltungsgeschichte     Open Access  
Administrative Science Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 209)
AFFRIKA Journal of Politics, Economics and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Africa Conflict Monitor     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Africa Insight     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Africa Institute Occasional Paper     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Africa Intelligence     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Africa Renewal     Free   (Followers: 7)
Africa Review : Journal of the African Studies Association of India     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Africa Today     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69)
African Conflict and Peacebuilding Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
African Diaspora     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
African East-Asian Affairs     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
African Identities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
African Journal of Democracy and Governance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Rhetoric     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
African Yearbook of Rhetoric     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Africanus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Africa’s Public Service Delivery and Performance Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Afrika Focus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Afrique contemporaine : La revue de l'Afrique et du développement     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Agenda Internacional     Open Access  
Agenda Política     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agenda: A Journal of Policy Analysis and Reform     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Agrarian South : Journal of Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Akademik Hassasiyetler     Open Access  
Akademik İncelemeler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Akademik Yaklaşımlar Dergisi     Open Access  
Alternatives : Global, Local, Political     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Altre Modernità     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
América Latina Hoy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Communist History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
American Enterprise Institute     Free   (Followers: 3)
American Foreign Policy Interests: The Journal of the National Committee on American Foreign Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 380)
American Political Science Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 319)
American Political Thought     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
American Politics Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
American Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Anacronismo e Irrupción     Open Access  
Anais de Constitucionalismo, Transnacionalidade e Sustentabilidade     Open Access  
Analecta política     Open Access  
Análise Social     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Andalas Journal of International Studies     Open Access  
Ankara University SBF Journal     Open Access  
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio M – Balcaniensis et Carpathiensis     Open Access  
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Annuaire suisse de politique de développement     Open Access  
Annual Review of Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46)
Annual Review of Political Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 206)
Anuario Latinoamericano : Ciencias Políticas y Relaciones Internacionales     Open Access  
AQ - Australian Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription  
Arabian Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Arctic Review on Law and Politics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arena Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Armed Conflict Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Asia Minor Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asia Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Asia-Pacific Journal : Japan Focus     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal  
Asia-Pacific Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Asian Affairs: An American Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Comparative Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of German and European Studies     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Asian Politics and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Astropolitics: The International Journal of Space Politics & Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Giuridiche, Economiche e Politiche     Open Access  
AUDEM : The International Journal of Higher Education and Democracy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Aurora. Revista de Arte, Mídia e Política     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Review of African Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Journal of International Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Australian Journal of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Balcanica Posnaniensia Acta et studia     Open Access  
Baltic Journal of European Studies     Open Access  
Baltic Journal of Political Science     Open Access  
Bandung : Journal of the Global South     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Basic Income Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Beleid en Maatschappij     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BMC International Health and Human Rights     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Bohemistyka     Open Access  
Brazilian Political Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Brésil(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Canadian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
British Journal of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 217)
British Journal of Politics and International Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
British Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
British Review of New Zealand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Brookings Papers on Economic Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 63)
Bulletin d'histoire politique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bustan     Hybrid Journal  
CADUS - Revista de Estudos de Política, História e Cultura     Open Access  
Cahiers de l'Urmis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cahiers de Sciences politiques de l'ULg     Open Access  
Cambio 16     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cambio : Rivista sulle Trasformazioni Sociali     Open Access  
Cambridge Review of International Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Canadian Foreign Policy Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Canadian Journal of Political Science/Revue canadienne de science politique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Çanakkale Araştırmaları Türk Yıllığı     Open Access  
Caucasus Survey     Hybrid Journal  
Central and Eastern European Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Central Asian Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Central Banking     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Central European Journal of Public Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
China : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
China International Strategy Review     Hybrid Journal  
China perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
China Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
China Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
China Review International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
China-EU Law Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chinese Journal of Global Governance     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of International Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Chinese Political Science Review     Hybrid Journal  
Chinese Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Cittadinanza Europea (LA)     Full-text available via subscription  
Civil Wars     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Claremont-UC Undergraduate Research Conference on the European Union     Open Access  
Class, Race and Corporate Power     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cold War History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Commonwealth & Comparative Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Communication, Politics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Communist and Post-Communist Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Comparative Cultural Studies : European and Latin American Perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Comparative Political Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 226)
Comparative Politics (Russia)     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Comparative Strategy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Competition & Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Complexity, Governance & Networks     Open Access  
Confines     Open Access  
Conflict and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Conflict Management and Peace Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Conflict Trends     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Conflict, Security & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 409)
Conflicto Social     Open Access  
Congress & the Presidency: A Journal of Capital Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Conhecer : Debate entre o Público e o Privado     Open Access  
Conjunctions. Transdisciplinary Journal of Cultural Participation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Constellations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Contemporary Italian Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Contemporary Japan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Contemporary Journal of African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Contemporary Political Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Contemporary Review of the Middle East     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Contemporary Security Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Contemporary Southeast Asia: A Journal of International and Strategic Affairs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Contemporary Wales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Contenciosa     Open Access  
Contexto Internacional     Open Access  
Cooperation and Conflict     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
CosmoGov : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan     Open Access  
CQ Researcher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Criterio Jurídico     Open Access  
Criterios     Open Access  
Critical Asian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Critical Review : A Journal of Politics and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Critical Reviews on Latin American Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Critical Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Critical Studies on Terrorism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Cuadernos de Coyuntura     Open Access  
Cuadernos de historia de España     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cultura de Paz     Open Access  
Cultura Latinoamericana     Open Access  
Cultural Critique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Culture Mandala : The Bulletin of the Centre for East-West Cultural and Economic Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cywilizacja i Polityka     Open Access  
Debater a Europa     Open Access  
Décalages : An Althusser Studies Journal     Open Access  
Decolonization : Indigeneity, Education & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Defence Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Defense & Security Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Democracy & Education     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Democratic Communiqué     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Democratic Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Democratization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Democrazia e diritto     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Demokratie und Geschichte     Hybrid Journal  
Demokratizatsiya: The Journal of Post-Soviet Democratization     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Der Donauraum     Hybrid Journal  
Desafíos     Open Access  
Development and Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Digest of Middle East Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Diplomacy & Statecraft     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Diritto, immigrazione e cittadinanza     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Dissent     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)

        1 2 3 4 5 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Asia-Pacific Journal of Regional Science
Number of Followers: 0  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2509-7946 - ISSN (Online) 2509-7954
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2562 journals]
  • Tax competition with spillover public goods in a median location model
    • Abstract: This study explores the role of median location in a core-periphery model (using a footloose entrepreneur version) with public goods. Taxation for each region is used for producing public good with spillovers effect among regions. Two kinds of taxation are considered. One is the Nash tax with the goal of each region’s utility. The other is the optimal taxation with the goal of the sum of each region’s utility. Two kinds of location configurations for three regions are considered: one is an equilateral triangle (with no median location). The other is the configuration in which three points are equidistant between two adjacent points on a line (with median region). The results show that the Nash tax rate of median region will be smaller than that of non-median region for a symmetric distribution of firms. On the contrary, the optimal tax of median region will be higher than that of non-median region.
      PubDate: 2019-10-18
       
  • Special feature in honor of Shin-Kun Peng
    • PubDate: 2019-10-15
       
  • An economic analysis of the proposed Dhaka–Chittagong Expressway in
           Bangladesh with the viewpoint of GHG emission reduction
    • Abstract: Frequent road intersections in Dhaka–Chittagong National Highway (NH1), the major transport corridor of Bangladesh, significantly reduce the level of service of the corridor and eventually leads to inefficient fuel economy and excessive greenhouse gas (GHG) emission. In spite of upgrading NH1 into a four-lane highway, major road intersections reduce vehicle speed and increase congestion time and eventually burn fuel. Fuel expenses during this lost time cover no distance but increase vehicular emission within the vicinity of road and contribute to roadside temperature. Besides, the transport sector’s energy demand in Bangladesh is supported mostly by imported fuel that drains out foreign currency and inhibits GDP growth. Against the backdrop, the Government of Bangladesh is proposing to construct a four-lane expressway. The paper attempts to estimate the fuel loss savings, GHG emission reduction and economic benefit of constructing Dhaka–Chittagong Expressway. As the construction of the expressway paved a way for an increment of traffic growth by 10%, the study infers that the average lost time because of 36 intersections for a projected annual average daily traffic of 27,334 vehicles/day (in 2022). In addition to that, the fuel loss savings for various vehicle classes affect economic growth and the ensuing idling emission of EFI and MFI engines contributes to transport sector pollution. The study intends to expedite the fact that Dhaka–Chittagong Expressway would not only replace road interventions that reduce travel time cost, expenditures regarding vehicle operating and accident but also contributes cardinally to economic emancipation of the country. The estimated Benefit–Cost Ratio (BCR) was 1.23, net present value was 762.34 Million USD) and Economic Internal Rate of return was 18.27% of the proposed project.
      PubDate: 2019-09-26
       
  • Environmental governance with Chinese characteristics: are environmental
           model cities a good example for other municipalities'
    • Abstract: Model programs such as the ‘environmental protection model city’ have become an inherent part of China’s urban environmental governance. The role of these incentive schemes for promoting best practice, however, has been neglected so far. In this study, we show that model city programs raise the bar in terms of environmental standards. What is more, model cities have a positive impact on regional economic development. We deploy a spatial Durbin model to measure best practice diffusion among 126 key environmental protection cities between 2009 and 2012. The results suggest that environmental model cities are better performers on average. We also find evidence for a positive spillover effect. Diffusion patterns are multi-layered where economic proximity is the most important dimension, followed by physical colocation and administrative hierarchy.
      PubDate: 2019-09-24
       
  • Fiscal competitions among Indonesian municipalities: a spatial econometric
           analysis
    • Abstract: The theory of the yardstick competition argues that the voters may compare their administration performance with their jurisdiction neighbors. This paper analyzes the presence of yardstick competition shapes in municipal finances. The competition mechanism prevails the effects of the neighbor’s tax setting, allocation preference, public service provision, and awarded competitive grants to a local government decision. I show these effects by examining the Indonesian municipality’s data from 2000 to 2014 by a spatial economics approach. Later, I test the consistency of the effects of the yardstick competition to the voting results. However, it appears that the neighborhood performance does not have significant impact to the voter gauge.
      PubDate: 2019-09-24
       
  • Correction to: Productivity and technological progress of the Japanese
           manufacturing industries, 2000–2014: estimation with data envelopment
           analysis and log-linear learning model
    • Abstract: In the original publication of the article, the equation 12 was published incorrectly and the footnote was missing. The correct version of equation 12 and footnote is as below.
      PubDate: 2019-09-20
       
  • The attractiveness of a post-mining city as a tourist destination from the
           perspective of visitors: a study of Sawahlunto old coal mining town in
           Indonesia
    • Abstract: Mining has been a basis of development for industrial societies. A mining city was an engine of economic growth for a region by providing employment and gaining revenue from the mining industry. Nevertheless, in the post-mining period, a city such as this suffers from a lot of problems inherited from the mining era, ranging from economic incapability, social structure change, and environmental degradation. Transforming mining-heritage values for tourism applications has become a prevalent choice for many post-mining cities around the world. The attractiveness of mining-related resources is one of the determinants in the success of tourism development in these cities. This study measures the attractiveness of tourism resources within a smaller post-mining city from the perspective of the visitors. Twenty-two types of resources are identified and categorized into three groups: core resources, created resources, and supporting resources. Questionnaire surveys were distributed to 100 random visitors in Sawahlunto, an old coal mining city in Indonesia. Using a five-point Likert scale, these measured the levels of attractiveness respondents had for each resource. Study results reveal that natural beauty, mining heritage sites, museums, and architectural features are the most attractive resources found in a post-mining city by visitors. These resources become the primary motivation for their visit. It also confirms that visitors will likely arrange return trips in the future.
      PubDate: 2019-09-18
       
  • Global supply chain, vertical and horizontal agglomerations, and location
           of final and intermediate goods production sites for Japanese MNFs in East
           Asia: evidence from the Japanese Electronics and Automotive Industries
    • Abstract: This paper conducted an empirical analysis using an NEG model to investigate the factors in choosing overseas locations for the relevant MNFs’ production sites for both final and intermediate goods by looking at these companies’ final and intermediate production sites separately. Therefore, we focused on two major Japanese industries: the Japanese global-type electronics and the pyramid-type automotive industries. After construction of the three hypotheses; the first hypothesis that the agglomeration of the final goods production sites for Japanese MNFs in a particular country can occur because of the concentration of the intermediate goods production sites for Japanese MNFs in that countries; the second hypothesis that the agglomeration of the final goods production sites for Japanese MNFs in a particular country can occur because of the market potential of the final goods production sites in that countries or neighboring countries; and the third hypothesis that the agglomeration of the final goods production sites for Japanese MNFs in a particular country can occur because of the supplier access of the intermediate goods production sites in that countries or neighboring countries, we estimated this location choice model. In first and third hypotheses, we found that the agglomeration of the final goods production sites for Japanese electronics firms in a particular country can occur because of the total supplier access of the intermediate goods production sites (vertical supply linkage) and supplier access in neighboring countries (global vertical supply linkage) as well as vertical and horizontal Japanese industrial agglomerations, whereas the agglomeration of the intermediate goods production sites for Japanese electronics firms in a particular country can occur because of the total supplier access of the intermediate goods production sites and supplier access in neighboring countries as well as vertical Japanese industrial agglomeration. In the second hypothesis, we found that the agglomeration of the final goods production sites for Japanese MNFs in a particular country can occur because of the market potential of the final goods production sites in that countries, whereas the agglomeration of the intermediate goods production sites for Japanese MNFs in a particular country can occur because of the domestic market potential of the intermediate goods production sites in that countries.
      PubDate: 2019-09-14
       
  • Intensity of labour migration and its determinants: insights from Indian
           semi-arid villages
    • Abstract: The aim of this study was to examine the potential factors that determine the intensity of labour migration at household level for selected semi-arid villages in two states of India: Telangana and Maharashtra. In doing so, we use panel data for selected migrant households that were compiled from the household survey conducted by International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) for the period 2005–2014. We follow empirical analysis by employing state and aggregate level least squares dummy variable (LSDV) models to demonstrate how factors at each of these level can influence intensity of migration. The study finds that the main determinants of intensity of migration are family size, dependency ratio, age of the head of the household, ownership of the land and livestock owned by the household. Apart from these major factors, share of remittances in household’s total income mostly drives the migration intensity in each of the estimated regression models.
      PubDate: 2019-09-11
       
  • A detailed method to estimate inter-regional capital flows using
           inter-firm transaction and person flow big data
    • Abstract: This study develops a method to estimate inter-regional capital flows in the real economy across Japan, which is important for understating the regional economy with as much detail as possible, and that existing censuses do not monitor adequately. The method can monitor spatial distributions of three kinds of capital flow: inter-firm transactions (F2F), firm-to-consumer flows as salaries (F2C), and consumer-to-firm flows as consumption behavior (C2F) using inter-firm transaction big data (IF data) and person flow big data (PF data). First, we estimated F2F using IF data that reports all capital flows between a company’s headquarters. Second, we estimate the home, work place, and consumption locations of all consumers using PF data collected by the auto-GPS function on mobile phones. Third, we estimate the F2C of each consumer by estimating their salaries based on the locations of firms in the IF data. Finally, we estimate the C2F of each consumption area by estimating the consumption of F2C in each consumption location. We develop a dataset that can monitor micro-scale capital flows across Japan. This study is one of the first attempts in any country to develop a dataset that can monitor the spatial distribution and time-series changes of nationwide capital flows at a very high-resolution scale. We expected that our data will contribute to policy-making to address the socioeconomic problems in the private sector and among local governments in Japan.
      PubDate: 2019-08-31
       
  • Productivity and technological progress of the Japanese manufacturing
           industries, 2000–2014: estimation with data envelopment analysis and
           log-linear learning model
    • Abstract: How has the Japanese manufacturing sector fared in productivity and technological learning in recent years' To answer this, we summarized the manufacturing industry into 3-digit sub-sector (25 sub-sectors) and evaluated the entire manufacturing industry. Our study covers 15 years of production cycles (2000–2014). Using data envelopment analysis and loglinear learning models, we empirically estimated the productivity and technological learning of these industries. The result shows negative (− 0.6%) total factor productivity (TFP) growth between 2000 and 2014. TFP was particularly affected by 2001, and 2008/2009 financial crisis. TFP regress also deepened in recent years (2011–2014) which we blamed on both internal and external shocks in the system. We showed that positive TFP observed in other years resulted from technical progress and efficiency improvement. Industry-level results were consistent with the annual mean result which suggest a common economic downturn. Estimated progress ratios from learning models show that individual industry exhibits unique learning rates, with some industries showing technological learning (i.e., decreasing unit cost of production) between 2000 and 2007 and others between 2010 and 2014. Industries viz. production machinery, electrical devices and circuit, chemical, pharmaceutical, and food manufacturing showed sustained learning between 2001 and 2013, implying huge cost saving as outputs expand. The overall result, however, showed that learning got worst and was lost at some point between 2008 and 2014. We conclude that productivity differentials explained by learning rates show that technological progress and innovations in Japanese manufacturing were capital intensive and cost inefficient and that Japanese manufacturing industry has not fully regained its competitiveness as the world’s leading manufacturing hub. We argued that for productivity improvement in Japanese manufacturing industries, there is a need for policy thrust to restore and ensure sustained learning within and across the industries.
      PubDate: 2019-08-10
       
  • Environmental disparities in an urban area, rural–urban migration,
           and urban unemployment
    • Abstract: The environment is not always uniform for all of the residents of a specific region. This study explicitly incorporates this aspect into a general equilibrium model of rural–urban migration with urban unemployment. Pollution from the urban manufacturing sector is assumed to have a negative externality on urban residents’ utility. Moreover, this study assumes that in an urban area, the effects of pollution on employed and unemployed workers are different. Thus, disparities in the environment develop for the residents within that area. Rural–urban migration is assumed to occur according to a rural–urban difference in expected utilities. This study performs a comparative static analysis. It is shown that, in an urban area, a decrease in the effect of pollution on an employee (unemployed worker) increases his/her utility; however, it decreases an unemployed worker’s (employee’s) utility.
      PubDate: 2019-07-30
       
  • Natural disasters and electricity consumption behavior: a case study of
           the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake
    • Abstract: A better understanding of the price mechanisms behind electricity demand fluctuations could help develop effective tools to forecast energy demand after natural disasters. To this end, this study empirically analyzed the price elasticity of residential electricity demand in Japan over the 1990–2015 period using regional data. In particular, it attempted to shed light on the price mechanisms behind demand fluctuations by analyzing the effects of both price increases and decreases on power demand. The results showed that households tend to consume electricity according to past patterns. Given this electricity consumption behavior, once the habit of saving electricity is established, it persists. The results also show that changes in the power supply configuration associated with natural disasters may alter people’s electricity consumption behaviors. Consumer responses seem to be more sensitive to price rises than to price falls. This suggests the possibility that residential electricity demand will further decrease if the trend of rising electricity rates continues in the future.
      PubDate: 2019-07-27
       
  • Identifying building typologies and their spatial patterns in the
           metropolitan areas of Marseille and Osaka
    • Abstract: Buildings are an essential component of urban form. Urban morphologists know that buildings can be classified by type, but types are specific to given cultural areas. In a transnational context, detailed expert knowledge is not always available, hence the need for identifying typologies of buildings inductively from large urban databases exists. This paper presents the application of a Bayesian Network clustering protocol to buildings and the study of the spatial aggregates of the obtained family types for two metropolitan areas located in countries with marked cultural and societal differences: Osaka-Kobe in Japan and Marseille-Provence in France. Six indicators of building characteristics are calculated and used to perform the clustering: Footprint Surface, Elongation, Convexity, Number of Adjoining Neighbors, Height and Specialization. Cluster results are first extracted, detailed and analyzed and then, building type prevalence is studied at the metropolitan scale using local indicators of network-constrained clusters (ILINCS). The building families obtained through clustering show that these two coastal metropolitan areas are made up of apparently similar “ingredients” (very similar typologies are found at the relatively coarse level of detail of our study), but with different weights and spatial organization. This approach is appropriate for the automated processing of large building datasets and the results are a good entry point to study the link between building families, urban development periods and urban functions.
      PubDate: 2019-07-16
       
  • The impact of regional environmental amenity on skill aggregation across
           regions in developing countries: evidence from air pollution in China
    • Abstract: This paper investigates the impact of an environmental amenity on regional skill aggregation, defined as the share of highly educated people. I analyzed the impact of air quality on skill aggregation across prefecture-level cities in China using college graduates as the measure of skill aggregation. By exploiting exogenous air quality variation from a Chinese heating policy known as the Huai River Policy, I identified a considerable negative impact of air pollution on the share of high-skilled people in the city population. This indicates that an environmental amenity has considerable potential to influence regional growth even in developing countries.
      PubDate: 2019-07-04
       
  • How do population agglomeration and interregional networks improve energy
           efficiency'
    • Abstract: This study investigates the impact of population agglomeration and interregional networks on the energy efficiency of the Japanese industrial and commercial sector. The empirical analysis employs a stochastic frontier model and reveals a nonlinear relation between population agglomeration and energy efficiency. External diseconomies prevail until reaching a threshold level of agglomeration; when the threshold is exceeded, external economies come into play. Enhanced accessibility is found to significantly increase energy efficiency. These results suggest that policies aimed at strengthening regional agglomeration and interregional networks can greatly contribute to improving energy efficiency.
      PubDate: 2019-07-03
       
  • Interregional price linkages of fossil-energy and food sectors: evidence
           from an international input–output analysis using the GTAP database
    • Abstract: This study examined the impacts of price changes in fossil-energy resources on food prices across the world. We approached this issue with the input–output (IO) price model, which is suitable for evaluating the price effects due to cost-push (supply driven) processes through transaction linkages of intermediate goods. We employ an international interregional IO table comprising 14 regions and 57 industrial sectors, which is compiled from the global trade analysis project (GTAP) 9 database. The results revealed: (1) interregional price linkages are particularly strong between a wheat-producing region and energy producers in the adjacent regions; and (2) the world oil sector appears to exert the strongest effects on mechanized sectors (wheat, plant fibers and fishing) and regions practicing advanced agriculture (East Asia, the US, and Russia). Furthermore, a comparison with empirical observations suggests that approximately one tenth of observed 2-year price changes in US wheat in 2004–2016 can be explained by the cost-push processes derived from the world oil price changes.
      PubDate: 2019-06-25
       
  • Product quality and endogenous firm objectives
    • Abstract: This paper examines the endogenous operational objectives of firms in a Cournot duopoly under the consideration of vertical product differentiation. We consider a three-stage game, where the owners of the duopoly simultaneously decide the operational objectives of their managers to be profit maximization or revenue maximization at the first stage, and then, based on the objectives, the managers simultaneously choose the quality of their products at the second stage, and compete in quantities at the final stage. The equilibrium results show that, for high heterogeneity of consumers’ quality tastes or restrictive quality improving technology, both firms choose to maximize revenues and produce goods with identical quality. For low heterogeneity of consumers’ quality tastes or superior quality improving technology, both firms choose to maximize profits and produce different quality. For the intermediate level of the heterogeneity of quality tastes and quality improving technology, both firms choose different objectives, and the firm maximizing revenues provides a high-quality product, while the firm maximizing profits provides a low-quality one.
      PubDate: 2019-06-25
       
  • Land suitability map and ecological carrying capacity for the recognition
           of touristic zones in the Kalat region, Iran: a multi-criteria analysis
           based on AHP and GIS
    • Abstract: The main aim of the present study is to produce a map of land suitability evaluation (LSE) using analytical hierarchy process (AHP) for the recognition of touristic and recreational levels in the Kalat region, northeastern Iran. The Kalat region, in the vicinity of the border of Turkmenistan and Iran, is a highland comprised of mountains and geomorphologic phenomena. Different environmental factors such as elevation ranges, slope, aspect, soil biomes, geological units, land cover, and groundwater were considered to determine the land suitability of tourism and recreational levels in the study area. Ecological land suitability determined by the LSE map has shown that more than 67% of the area is categorized as suitable tourism zones. Furthermore, the ecological carrying capacity (Eco.CC) of the touristic zones was calculated. Eco.CC calculations revealed the mean annual physical, real, and effective carrying capacities equal to 1,496,135, 484,720, and 697,880 visitors, respectively. Owing to the current status of imported tourists in the Kalat region (less than 50,000 visitors per year), the results reflect the ecological role of the Kalat region to improve its touristic quota in the regional and national levels in future. In the present study, a multi-criteria analysis was proposed for the recognition of levels of touristic and recreational activities composed of AHP and Eco.CC, using regular programs such as Expert Choice, GIS, and Excel software.
      PubDate: 2019-06-24
       
  • Examining the causality structures of electricity interchange and variable
           renewable energy: a comparison between Japan and Denmark
    • Abstract: Shifting from fossil fuels to renewable energy to cut CO2 emissions while achieving sustainable development is an important challenge worldwide. Wind power and solar photovoltaics are classified as types of variable renewable energy (VRE), which have both pros and cons. Interregional trading of VRE is a key factor to make the most of it. Early studies of demand response or smart grids demonstrated the effective matching of supply and demand in a region. Studies of virtual power plants provided important implications for the selection of control parameters. However, questions remain when regions are crossed. The purpose of this study is to clarify the role of cross-border interconnectors in achieving high VRE penetration and to find the causality structures of interconnector operations for VRE. By developing multi-regression models for Denmark, a nation that has accepted VRE, and comparing them with 3 areas with different VRE progress stages in Japan, who is trying hard to achieve the target of 44% zero-emission sources in its generation mix by 2030, the general configuration of cross-border interconnectors with VRE that can be extended to other countries was clarified. This is the first report on the direct effects of power exchange to VRE using newly developed models. The results show that Japan still maintains traditional network planning. If countries such as Japan use flexible policies, a much higher VRE penetration might be achieved, thereby reducing the CO2 emissions. This model might also be applicable to other developing countries in which electricity supply is crucial for economic growth.
      PubDate: 2019-06-05
       
 
 
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