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  Subjects -> POLITICAL SCIENCE (Total: 1104 journals)
    - CIVIL RIGHTS (13 journals)
    - INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS (137 journals)
    - POLITICAL SCIENCE (920 journals)
    - POLITICAL SCIENCES: GENERAL (34 journals)

POLITICAL SCIENCE (920 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 281 Journals sorted alphabetically
A Contracorriente     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ab Imperio     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acciones e Investigaciones Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACME : An International Journal for Critical Geographies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Borealia: A Nordic Journal of Circumpolar Societies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Acta Politica Estica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, European and Regional Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Administory. Zeitschrift für Verwaltungsgeschichte     Open Access  
Administrative Science Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 213)
AFFRIKA Journal of Politics, Economics and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Africa Conflict Monitor     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Africa Insight     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Africa Institute Occasional Paper     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Africa Intelligence     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Africa Renewal     Free   (Followers: 7)
Africa Review : Journal of the African Studies Association of India     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Africa Today     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69)
African Conflict and Peacebuilding Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
African Diaspora     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
African East-Asian Affairs     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
African Identities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
African Journal of Democracy and Governance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Rhetoric     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
African Yearbook of Rhetoric     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Africanus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Africa’s Public Service Delivery and Performance Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Afrika Focus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Afrique contemporaine : La revue de l'Afrique et du développement     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Agenda Internacional     Open Access  
Agenda Política     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agenda: A Journal of Policy Analysis and Reform     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Agrarian South : Journal of Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Akademik Hassasiyetler     Open Access  
Akademik İncelemeler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Akademik Yaklaşımlar Dergisi     Open Access  
Alternatives : Global, Local, Political     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Altre Modernità     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
América Latina Hoy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Communist History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
American Enterprise Institute     Free   (Followers: 3)
American Foreign Policy Interests: The Journal of the National Committee on American Foreign Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 387)
American Political Science Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 320)
American Political Thought     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
American Politics Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
American Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Anacronismo e Irrupción     Open Access  
Anais de Constitucionalismo, Transnacionalidade e Sustentabilidade     Open Access  
Analecta política     Open Access  
Análise Social     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Analysis of Current Trends in Antisemitism     Open Access  
Andalas Journal of International Studies     Open Access  
Ankara University SBF Journal     Open Access  
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio M – Balcaniensis et Carpathiensis     Open Access  
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Annuaire suisse de politique de développement     Open Access  
Annual Review of Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46)
Annual Review of Political Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 211)
Anuario Latinoamericano : Ciencias Políticas y Relaciones Internacionales     Open Access  
AQ - Australian Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription  
Arabian Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Arctic Review on Law and Politics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arena Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Armed Conflict Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Asia Minor Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asia Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Asia-Pacific Journal : Japan Focus     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal  
Asia-Pacific Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Asian Affairs: An American Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Comparative Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of German and European Studies     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Asian Politics and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Astropolitics: The International Journal of Space Politics & Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Giuridiche, Economiche e Politiche     Open Access  
AUDEM : The International Journal of Higher Education and Democracy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Aurora. Revista de Arte, Mídia e Política     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Review of African Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Journal of International Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Australian Journal of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Balcanica Posnaniensia Acta et studia     Open Access  
Baltic Journal of European Studies     Open Access  
Baltic Journal of Political Science     Open Access  
Bandung : Journal of the Global South     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Basic Income Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Beleid en Maatschappij     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BMC International Health and Human Rights     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Bohemistyka     Open Access  
Brazilian Political Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Brésil(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Canadian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
British Journal of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 219)
British Journal of Politics and International Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
British Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
British Review of New Zealand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Brookings Papers on Economic Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 63)
Bulletin d'histoire politique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bustan     Hybrid Journal  
CADUS - Revista de Estudos de Política, História e Cultura     Open Access  
Cahiers de l'Urmis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cahiers de Sciences politiques de l'ULg     Open Access  
Cambio 16     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cambio : Rivista sulle Trasformazioni Sociali     Open Access  
Cambridge Review of International Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Canadian Foreign Policy Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Canadian Journal of Political Science/Revue canadienne de science politique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Çanakkale Araştırmaları Türk Yıllığı     Open Access  
Caucasus Survey     Hybrid Journal  
Central and Eastern European Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Central Asian Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Central Banking     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Central European Journal of Public Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
China : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
China International Strategy Review     Hybrid Journal  
China perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
China Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
China Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
China Review International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
China-EU Law Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chinese Journal of Global Governance     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of International Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Chinese Political Science Review     Hybrid Journal  
Chinese Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Cittadinanza Europea (LA)     Full-text available via subscription  
Civil Wars     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Claremont-UC Undergraduate Research Conference on the European Union     Open Access  
Class, Race and Corporate Power     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cold War History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Commonwealth & Comparative Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Communication, Politics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Communist and Post-Communist Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Comparative Cultural Studies : European and Latin American Perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Comparative Political Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 228)
Comparative Politics (Russia)     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Comparative Strategy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Competition & Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Complexity, Governance & Networks     Open Access  
Confines     Open Access  
Conflict and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Conflict Management and Peace Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Conflict Trends     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Conflict, Security & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 410)
Conflicto Social     Open Access  
Congress & the Presidency: A Journal of Capital Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Conhecer : Debate entre o Público e o Privado     Open Access  
Conjunctions. Transdisciplinary Journal of Cultural Participation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Constellations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Contemporary Italian Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Contemporary Japan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Contemporary Journal of African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Contemporary Levant     Hybrid Journal  
Contemporary Political Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Contemporary Review of the Middle East     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Contemporary Security Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Contemporary Southeast Asia: A Journal of International and Strategic Affairs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Contemporary Wales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Contenciosa     Open Access  
Contexto Internacional     Open Access  
Cooperation and Conflict     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
CosmoGov : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan     Open Access  
CQ Researcher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Criterio Jurídico     Open Access  
Criterios     Open Access  
Critical Asian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Critical Review : A Journal of Politics and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Critical Reviews on Latin American Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Critical Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Critical Studies on Security     Hybrid Journal  
Critical Studies on Terrorism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Cuadernos de Coyuntura     Open Access  
Cuadernos de historia de España     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cultura de Paz     Open Access  
Cultura Latinoamericana     Open Access  
Cultural Critique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Culture Mandala : The Bulletin of the Centre for East-West Cultural and Economic Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cywilizacja i Polityka     Open Access  
Debater a Europa     Open Access  
Décalages : An Althusser Studies Journal     Open Access  
Decolonization : Indigeneity, Education & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Defence Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Defense & Security Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Democracy & Education     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Democratic Communiqué     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Democratic Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Democratization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Democrazia e diritto     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Demokratie und Geschichte     Hybrid Journal  
Demokratizatsiya: The Journal of Post-Soviet Democratization     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Der Donauraum     Hybrid Journal  
Desafíos     Open Access  
Development and Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Digest of Middle East Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Diplomacy & Statecraft     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)

        1 2 3 4 5 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Chinese Political Science Review
Number of Followers: 0  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2365-4244 - ISSN (Online) 2365-4252
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2573 journals]
  • What a Dilemma' Chinese Economics Growth Strategies Using IR Theories
    • Abstract: Abstract China is the world’s second largest economy. After joining the World Trade Organization, China expanded trade relations with other neighboring countries and became more involved in value chains. Chinese trade expansion not only affected the political and economic situation, but also influenced the global value chain. This paper helped to find Chinese economics, trade strategies, better understand the behavior of China on the assumption of power and the structure of the international system, and predict that China might challenge the current order using international relations theories, as well as putting more focus on realism, liberalism, and constructivism. The findings of this study explore the Chinese economic development pathway and influence of the International organization in terms of realism, liberalism, and constructivism. Moreover, it helps to rebound the benefit for the researcher, academic and policy-makers as this research uncovers critical areas of Chinese strategy in the international arena.
      PubDate: 2019-10-20
       
  • Conclusion: The Way Forward
    • Abstract: Abstract The conclusion summarizes some of the key points addressed in the Special Issue and outlines the research that would need to be done for the way forward.
      PubDate: 2019-09-26
       
  • Theory of Politics and Political Legitimacy
    • Abstract: Abstract The article explores the centrality of the issue of legitimacy in politics and theory of politics. First, it shows that in terms of epistemology and methodology, addressing the question of political legitimacy calls for being mindful of the specificity of social reality, as contrasted with physical reality. Second, it demonstrates that the centrality of political legitimacy presumes an understanding and analysis of politics as community. From this perspective, while a legitimacy approach to politics presupposes the existence of and need for power, it also presupposes that this power is not self-centered and primarily at the service of power holders. Rather the legitimacy of power rests on recognizing and fulfilling in a very significant manner a sense of responsibility toward the members of the community and the community itself.
      PubDate: 2019-09-26
       
  • Political Legitimacy as a Personal and Intellectual Journey
    • Abstract: Abstract The article highlights the intellectual path and the research agenda developed by the author over the years concerning the question of political legitimacy. The first section focuses on issues of legitimation in the context of Latin American authoritarian democracies. The second section of the article refers to political legitimacy as political responsibility in the context of legal and political theory. The third and last section addresses the relevance of political legitimacy at the international level, on which the research agenda of the author now concentrates.
      PubDate: 2019-09-26
       
  • Changes Underway and Challenges to Political Legitimacy
    • Abstract: Abstract The article argues that the relevance of the question of political legitimacy, already high in the context of politics in general, is deepened by the changes and challenges underway in contemporary politics. As such the article reviews eight challenges and what they mean for the future of political legitimacy: the challenge of integration and disintegration; the economic and financial challenge; the geopolitical challenge; the normative challenge; the technological challenge; the globalization challenge; the crisis of democracy challenge; and the governance challenge.
      PubDate: 2019-09-26
       
  • Introduction: Making sense of Political Legitimacy
    • Abstract: Abstract The introduction contextualizes the articles and outlines the main themes of each of the articles of the Special Issue.
      PubDate: 2019-09-25
       
  • From Tianxia to Tianxia: The Generalization of a Concept
    • Abstract: Abstract The philosopher Zhao Tingyang argues that some 3000 years ago there existed a meaningful Chinese tianxia, at the time of the classical Zhou Dynasty. But what does the term mean today' And what does it (or should it) mean in English' Just as the Greek word hegemonia became the English hegemony and the Latin word imperium became the English empire, the Chinese word tianxia is entering English-language political discourse as something related to, but distinct from, its original Chinese meaning(s). Like hegemony and empire before it, the English-language term tianxia is likely to lose its cultural specificity while retaining its structural implications. As a distinct form of secular international society organized around a central state, tianxia is less authoritative than hegemony, which is itself less authoritative than empire. As a result, a tianxia presupposes a certain community of spirit among its member states. One possible source of such community is world society, the society of all the individual people in the (or, in the past, “a”) world. New political structures call for new terms to describe them, and tianxia may emerge as a useful supplement to empire and hegemony as a term to describe a more spiritual form of international society coordinated, but not dominated or ruled, by a single, central state.
      PubDate: 2019-09-25
       
  • Political Legitimacy, from the National to the International
    • Abstract: Abstract The article explores the question of legitimacy at the national and international levels. It starts by showing that in the modern era it is mainly in the context of the national realm that political legitimacy has been recognized and treated as a key issue. The article explains why this has been the case. It continues by indicating that at the international level political legitimacy is equally important. It highlights this idea by unpacking some of the pivotal distinctions and themes that structure the question of political legitimacy internationally, such as: we/them; inside/outside; universalist/particularist; and system/society. It ends with giving historical illustrations of these structural distinctions at work.
      PubDate: 2019-09-25
       
  • Imagining Modernization: The Symbolic Embrace of GDP in China
    • Abstract: Abstract In China, economic development has been almost exclusively defined through the lens of gross domestic product (GDP). Additionally, the indicator is deeply ingrained in national and local policymaking. Despite its power, we know almost nothing about how GDP gained such a politically prominent position in China. This paper therefore asks: how was GDP embraced politically and integrated into the Chinese governance system in the mid-1980s and 1990s' The paper argues that in China GDP appropriated a symbolic function. Chinese politicians used the indicator as an ‘instrument of imagination’ and conceptualized the political goal of achieving modernization in terms of GDP. GDP improved the practical applicability and persuasiveness of the modernization narrative by reducing uncertainty and strengthening China’s socialist identity. Furthermore, the symbolic appropriation shaped the adoption of GDP targets in Five-Year Plans as well as the uptake of GDP in the local performance assessment system as a control tool. The Chinese case shows that macroeconomic indicators have different social functions, which make them dynamic tools that can be adjusted to a diverse range of societies. The empirical analysis is based on personal interviews with statisticians in China and the World Bank and extensive document analysis.
      PubDate: 2019-09-11
       
  • The China Model of Development as Solidarity
    • Abstract: Abstract What is the unique feature of China’s model of development' Upon reviewing the “dialectics of development” that draws on both Amartya Sen and Eric Fromm, this paper argues that the China Model may have a particular strength in reconstructing its Confucian tradition towards social solidarity. In China, like other countries with a rapid development, swift social transformation has brought to fore as many positive as negative consequences, on the basis of which a mixed record of development in modern society can be pathologically diagnosed. Following the Durkheimian premise that these social ills may be cured by a shift from mechanical solidarity (characteristic of a traditional society) to its organic counterpart, this paper, drawing on both Fisk and Confucius, proposes the idea of civitas homini as the core concept to anchor such transition. It defines the linking of individuals to each other in particular and to society in general via voluntary associations that are based on multiple cohesive factors, whether it be modern or traditional. It emphasises the respecting of individual rights to choice and liberties based on informed reasoning faculties. Different forms of civitas homini, when combined together, shall reach a stage of res publica latium (commonwealth) that ensures both individual liberties and social solidarity, with different communities entering into terms of intersubjective recognition, tolerance, and peaceful coexistence. Through this civitas homini, we can rewrite the paradigm of development as one that aims at solidarity rather than purely individualistic freedom.
      PubDate: 2019-09-06
       
  • No Taxation Without Representation' An Empirical Examination of the
           Relationship Between Democratization and Tax Compliance
    • Abstract: Abstract The existing literature mostly assumes a positive relationship between democracy and tax compliance. Combining individual-level data from the World Value Survey and country-level data from the Polity IV Project and World Development Indicators, our empirical analysis provides an alternative finding: while tax compliance does increase with the degree of democratization, our heterogeneous effect analysis shows that this association is exclusively pronounced under well-established democratic regimes. By contrast, the democratic transition under autocracies or hybrid regimes substantially erodes tax compliance. We also find that tax compliance plays an important role in shaping tax structure, leading to a higher share of direct tax revenues. Our research therefore highlights the significance of better understanding of the determinants and consequences of tax compliance across various political regimes.
      PubDate: 2019-09-04
       
  • The Long and Winding Railway: Domestic Politics and the Realization of
           China-Initiated High-Speed Railway Projects in Thailand
    • Abstract: Abstract The contemporary studies portray the China-initiated high-speed railway (HSR) projects, including the Pan-Asian railway networks connecting China with Southeast Asian nations, as international affairs. Instead, this article focuses on how domestic politics has affected or shaped policy processes of the HSR initiative, empirically drawing from the experience of Thailand in the period of 2010–2018. Despite the anticipation that the railway project will fulfill the interests of China and Thailand, the progress of the Sino-Thai HSR development has been slow. Hence, the article considers the question of what are the primary causes of the slowness of the China-led HSR initiative in Thailand. In particular, the article illustrates that the domestic political conditions, namely interparty conflicts, judiciary intervention, and existing bureaucratic procedures, have hindered the realization of the Sino-Thai HSR project. The paper argues that the fate of the China-Thailand cooperation in the HSR affair has reflected not only negotiation outcomes between Beijing and Bangkok but also contestation among domestic political forces in Thailand. Consequently, the article contributes to the existing literature on China’s HSR policy by bringing domestic politics into the analysis of the interstate railway projects.
      PubDate: 2019-09-01
       
  • Between Centrality and Re-scaled Identity: A New Role for the Chinese
           State in Shaping China’s Image Abroad
    • Abstract: Abstract China’s image abroad is not anymore shaped by Party bureaucrats with no knowledge of foreign contexts and languages, nor by ideologically driven old-fashioned officials, but by an increasingly diverse network of multiple actors partnering with new players, adopting new channels of communication and continuously adjusting to local contexts, as well as proposing more and more sophisticated messages about China as a country and as an ancient civilization. This paper is aimed at assessing the activities that Chinese actors have been recently engaging in while presenting the country and spreading its cultural messages abroad, with a particular focus on the role and identity of the Chinese state [for a conceptualization of the identity of the Chinese State, see Brødsgaard (China Int J 16(3):1–17, 2018) and Heilmann (Das politische System der Volksrepublik China. Springer, Heidelberg, 2016; Red swan how unorthodox policy-making facilitated China’s rise. Chinese University Press, Hong Kong, 2018)]. For instance, by highlighting the adoption of innovative channels in China’s diplomatic practices, it is possible to get an understanding of the new identity of the state in communicating Chinese society and culture abroad. The author provides a theoretical framework to understand the re-scaling of the Chinese state identity, by looking at the specific case of engagement using digital media—in particular the microblogging social network Twitter—by the commercial attaché at the Chinese Embassy in Islamabad, Pakistan. With the caveat that the empirical analysis is still preliminary, the author concludes that the role of the Chinese state in sponsoring the country’s image, or conducting “State branding”, abroad, albeit re-scaled, retains its centrality. The contribution of this paper consists in arguing that the identity of the State tends, thus, to take up different features and a more variegated character by playing at the intersection of traditional and non-traditional communication media, by increasingly relying on partnerships with local non-governmental actors, as well as by conquering different dimensions of “space” (in quantum physics, up to 11 dimensions of space (also called spacetime) have been conceived, while in bosonic string theory—a part of quantum physics—space is 26-dimensional. In this article, the understanding of “space” and its multiple declinations draws from conceptualizations proposed by quantum physicists. Spacetime as a concept has been explored by philosophers of science such as Hale (Philos Stud Int J Philos Anal Tradit 53(1):85–102, 1988), Healey (Erkenntnis 42(3):287–316, 1995), and Lam (Philos Sci 74:712–723, 2007). Brown (J Mod Lit 32(3):39–62, 2009), French and Krause (Erkenntnis 59(1):97–124, 2003), and Ney (Noûs 46(3):525–560, 2012) already worked on connections between the concept of spacetime in quantum physics and different disciplines in the humanities and social sciences.), namely a virtual space, an emotional space, a metaphorical space, an interactive space, and an informal space. This pragmatic approach does not mean that the state downsizes its role and that we should think the position of NGOs and non-state actors is more relevant, but it, instead, redefines its role and reframes its participation in activities abroad by re-thinking its involvement, occupying different spaces and communicating in a more sophisticated way. The novel contribution of this paper consists in framing a theoretical approach to analyze the Chinese state presence abroad, by linking of the concept of quantum spacetime and its dimensions to that of “state rescaling”.
      PubDate: 2019-09-01
       
  • China’s Multilayered Multilateralism: A Case Study of China and Central
           and Eastern Europe Cooperation Framework
    • Abstract: Abstract In recent years, Beijing has been actively setting up new regional multilateral mechanisms with China at their centre. This article examines “16 + 1”, the multilateral framework for China’s cooperation with Central and Eastern Europe, in the context of such a strategy of building China-led multilateral relations and institutions. We argue that the existing scholarship has not fully captured the multilayered nature of interactions within this, and possibly other, multilateral frameworks. We find that China seeks to establish a multilayered cooperation framework which aims to increase the gains for both China and participating countries and to aid China to more effectively manage the diversity within the region. Such approach encompasses three distinct levels of interactions—regional, sub-regional and bilateral. In the case of “16 + 1”, these include an overarching regional “16 + 1” coordination platform; a tailored approach to sub-regional groups of countries identified according to their perceived similarities, and shared “strengths” and interests; and deepening of relations with individual countries, especially those regarded as pivot countries. As such, China’s approach to Central and Eastern Europe suggests that China-led multilateralism is based on a flexible and multidimensional approach which blends diplomacy through multilateral and bilateral means. However, various internal and external factors—discussed in the latter part of the paper—present China with significant challenges for capitalizing on such an approach and cast shadows over the utility of multilayered multilateralism for both China and participating countries.
      PubDate: 2019-09-01
       
  • Sino-African Relations and ODA in the Twenty-First Century: Chinese Aid
           and Public Expenditure in Education and Health Sectors of Sub-Saharan
           African Nations
    • Abstract: Abstract This paper explores the indirect relationship between Chinese aid and public expenditure in human development sectors in African nations. This is achieved through analyzing the change of public expenditure in the education and health sectors of the top two African recipients of Chinese ODA—Ethiopia and Cote d’Ivoire, with an extended analysis to an additional five African nations. Through a comparative analysis, this paper investigates if a direct connection between public expenditure in the health and education and Chinese aid can be established, and explores its implications in the larger international aid system. The study discovers an overall pattern of increased public health and education expenditure in African nations after the influx of Chinese ODA; however, a connection between the two cannot be established. The study discovered that public health and education expenditure increased by larger percentages in nations with previously established ambitions and goals of poverty reduction and human development, indicating that the surge of Chinese aid may have contributed to increased fiscal autonomy in the African aid recipients, providing more freedom to increase expenditure in already prioritized sectors. The result of this analysis, hence, contravenes the narrative of Chinese aid hindering African human development.
      PubDate: 2019-09-01
       
  • Geo-Political Dynamics of the China–Pakistan Economic Corridor: A
           New Great Game in South Asia
    • Abstract: Abstract The China–Pakistan Economic Corridor is designed to connect Pakistan with China through a robust network of roads, railways, and energy and gas pipelines from the Pakistani port of Gwadar to China's Xinjiang Autonomous Region. It is a comprehensive project with mammoth potential for South-Center regional connectivity and integration. The corridor will transform the domestic equations of China–Pakistan, the dividends of its potentialities will be extended to other regional countries. However, the implementation brought about geopolitical tensions in the region, as India rejected the investment in Pakistan controlled Kashmir through raising apprehensions for violation of territorial integrity and sovereignty. Meanwhile, the US, a major player in the regional politico-security dynamics has tenuous relationship with Pakistan over Islamabad’s proclivity towards China and support for terrorism. Such emerging developments will have far reaching consequences for regional stability and cooperation. Therefore, the present article intends to explore evolving geopolitical trends in South Asia by probing the following questions. To what extent CPEC triggered the geo-political rivalry and what strategies are being adopted by the rival stakeholders' It is found that although China envisions to achieve economic and infrastructure development through the economic corridor, the Chinese involvement in South Asia has activated the geopolitical tensions. To contain Chinese influence, India and the US have established a strategic partnership. As a matter of fact, New Delhi intensified the cooperation with Afghanistan and Iran to connect South Asia with Central Asia through Chahbahar port and Iran–Afghan trans-border corridor, but the significance of CPEC for regional connectivity and economic development is greater than the Indian proposed corridor.
      PubDate: 2019-09-01
       
  • Decision-Making and Risk Sources: Key to Source Governance for Social
           Stability
    • Abstract: Abstract Conflict-sensitive social impact assessment (CSSIA) is to predict and analyze social risks triggered by public decision-making to realize source governance. Based on decision-making theories, this paper aims to explore the relationship between decision-making and risk source. Based on the field research of the policy-making process in contemporary China, this paper elaborates on the relationship between decision-making and risk accumulation in five aspects: the bounded rationality of decision makers, the deformation of decision structure, the fragmentation of decision-making process, the unduly frequency of policy change, and the excessively big size of policy gap. Promoting the transformation of the decision-making process is the key to dealing with the large-scale and high-risk social instability in the socioeconomic transition period. In the framework of developing countries, further research is needed to delve into the institutional arrangement of public decision-making to guarantee a well-ordered society. In the practices of CSSIA, the focus should not be simply put on the prediction and assessment of risks and emergency response, but more importantly on the analysis of contributing factors of risk evolution. This paper reveals that social instability occurs when the balance of social interests is broken and its root lies in the institutional arrangement of public decision-making. Therefore, promoting the transformation of decision-making system is the gist of CSSIA in the Chinese context and it can help make the source governance come true.
      PubDate: 2019-06-12
       
  • The Ideal of Western Liberal Democracy and Real Democracies
    • Abstract: Abstract The distinction between the ideal of Western Liberal democracy and real democracies is essential for all those who desire to understand what is going on in the world of democratic regimes. In fact, there is no crisis of the ideal. Indeed, the ideal continues to be the goal of all those who, no matter in which part of the world, want to obtain and maintain civil and political rights and to construct a political system characterized by pluralism and free and fair elections. Many of them, the statistics show, have had success. Real democracies are always facing challenges and problems. The most important one in recent times is populism. Accommodating political and parliamentary representation for the populists is a sign that democratic regimes work and know how to react and transform themselves. The author argues that the most important factor affecting the dynamics of contemporary democratic political systems is the decline of political parties. Parties created and accompanied real democracies. Their decline has a negative impact on the quality and, perhaps, even the continued existence of real democracies.
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
       
  • Identity Politics and Democratic Crisis in Western Europe
    • Abstract: Abstract This article analyzes political problems and the democratic crisis in Western Europe from the perspective of the rise of identity politics. It is argued that the root cause of the crisis lies in the Western democracy itself. Modern liberal democracy has encouraged the upsurge of active groups based primarily on their distinctive collective identities. With the rise of identity politics, antagonistic groups have struggled for recognition and expanded social divisions among the people, which has led to a representation crisis. Both Muslim and non-Muslim citizens, immigrants and non-immigrant citizens have expressed discontent and dissatisfaction with the democratic governments in almost all Western European countries, which has led to a legitimacy crisis. Political parties and local governments based on regional or religious identities have mobilized mass support for their independence proposals and posed serious challenges to national unity and solidarity, which has led to a governance crisis. Institutional redesign and innovation are important and imperative for overcoming these crises.
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
       
  • Crises of Representation and Populist Challenges to Liberal Democracy
    • Abstract: Abstract In recent years, populist leaders, movements, and parties have posed formidable challenges to liberal democracy in Europe, Latin America, and the United States. These challenges are rooted in representational crises: in particular, party systems and their diminishing capacity to integrate and represent broad popular constituencies in the democratic arena. To understand these institutional failures, it is essential to explore the changing patterns of partisan competition and representation under the constraints of market globalization and the social fragmentation which it has produced. These constraints create openings for populist contenders to politicize economic insecurities and cultural resentments, in opposition to traditional political establishments.
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
       
 
 
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