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  Subjects -> POLITICAL SCIENCE (Total: 954 journals)
    - CIVIL RIGHTS (12 journals)
    - INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS (113 journals)
    - POLITICAL SCIENCE (801 journals)
    - POLITICAL SCIENCES: GENERAL (28 journals)

POLITICAL SCIENCE (801 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 281 Journals sorted alphabetically
A Contracorriente     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ab Imperio     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Acciones e Investigaciones Sociales     Open Access  
Acta Borealia: A Nordic Journal of Circumpolar Societies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Acta Politica Estica     Open Access  
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, European and Regional Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Administory. Zeitschrift für Verwaltungsgeschichte     Open Access  
Administrative Science Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 168)
Affirmations : of the modern     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
AFFRIKA Journal of Politics, Economics and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Africa Conflict Monitor     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Africa Insight     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Africa Institute Occasional Paper     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Africa Renewal     Free   (Followers: 6)
Africa Report     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Africa Review : Journal of the African Studies Association of India     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Africa Today     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
African Conflict and Peacebuilding Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
African Diaspora     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
African East-Asian Affairs     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
African Identities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
African Journal of Democracy and Governance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Rhetoric     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
African Yearbook of Rhetoric     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Africanus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Africa’s Public Service Delivery and Performance Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Afrique contemporaine : La revue de l'Afrique et du développement     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Agenda Política     Open Access  
Agenda: A Journal of Policy Analysis and Reform     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Agrarian South : Journal of Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Akademik İncelemeler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alternatives : Global, Local, Political     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Altre Modernità     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
América Latina Hoy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Communist History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
American Enterprise Institute     Free  
American Foreign Policy Interests: The Journal of the National Committee on American Foreign Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 308)
American Political Science Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 253)
American Political Thought     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Politics Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
American Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Anacronismo e Irrupción     Open Access  
Analecta política     Open Access  
Análise Social     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales UMCS, Politologia     Open Access  
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Annual Review of Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Annual Review of Political Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 164)
Anuario Latinoamericano : Ciencias Políticas y Relaciones Internacionales     Open Access  
AQ - Australian Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription  
Arabian Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arctic Review on Law and Politics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arena Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Armed Conflict Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Asia Minor Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asia Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Asia-Pacific Journal : Japan Focus     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Asia-Pacific Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Asian Affairs: An American Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Comparative Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Asian Politics and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Astropolitics: The International Journal of Space Politics & Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
AUDEM : The International Journal of Higher Education and Democracy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Aurora. Revista de Arte, Mídia e Política     Open Access  
Australasian Review of African Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Journal of International Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Australian Journal of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Austrian Journal of Political Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Balcanica Posnaniensia Acta et studia     Open Access  
Baltic Journal of European Studies     Open Access  
Bandung : Journal of the Global South     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Basic Income Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Beleid en Maatschappij     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BMC International Health and Human Rights     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Brazilian Political Science Review     Open Access  
Brésil(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Canadian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
British Journal of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 165)
British Journal of Politics and International Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
British Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
British Review of New Zealand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Brookings Papers on Economic Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 46)
Bulletin d'histoire politique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bustan     Hybrid Journal  
Cadernos de Estudos Sociais e Políticos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CADUS - Revista de Estudos de Política, História e Cultura     Open Access  
Cahiers de l'Urmis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cahiers de Sciences politiques de l'ULg     Open Access  
Cambio 16     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cambridge Review of International Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Canadian Foreign Policy Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Canadian Journal of Political Science/Revue canadienne de science politique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Caucasus Survey     Hybrid Journal  
Central and Eastern European Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Central Asian Affairs     Hybrid Journal  
Central Banking     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Central European Journal of Public Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
China : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
China perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
China Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
China Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
China Review International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
China-EU Law Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chinese Journal of Global Governance     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of International Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Chinese Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Cittadinanza Europea (LA)     Full-text available via subscription  
Civil Wars     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Claremont-UC Undergraduate Research Conference on the European Union     Open Access  
Class, Race and Corporate Power     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cold War History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Commonwealth & Comparative Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Communication, Politics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Communist and Post-Communist Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Comparative Political Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 165)
Comparative Politics (Russia)     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Comparative Strategy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Competition & Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Conferences on New Political Economy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Confines     Open Access  
Conflict and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Conflict Management and Peace Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Conflict Trends     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Conflict, Security & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 383)
Congress & the Presidency: A Journal of Capital Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Conjunctions. Transdisciplinary Journal of Cultural Participation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Constellations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Contemporary Italian Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Japan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Contemporary Journal of African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Contemporary Political Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Contemporary Review of the Middle East     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Contemporary Security Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Contemporary Southeast Asia: A Journal of International and Strategic Affairs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Contemporary Wales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Contenciosa     Open Access  
Contexto Internacional     Open Access  
Cooperation and Conflict     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
CQ Researcher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
CQ Weekly     Full-text available via subscription  
Criterio Jurídico     Open Access  
Criterios     Open Access  
Critical Asian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Critical Review : A Journal of Politics and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Critical Reviews on Latin American Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Critical Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Critical Studies on Terrorism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Cuadernos de historia de España     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cultura de Paz     Open Access  
Cultural Critique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Culture Mandala : The Bulletin of the Centre for East-West Cultural and Economic Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Debater a Europa     Open Access  
Décalages : An Althusser Studies Journal     Open Access  
Decolonization : Indigeneity, Education & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Defence Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Defense & Security Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Democracy & Education     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Democratic Communiqué     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Democratic Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Democratization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Democrazia e diritto     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Demokratie und Geschichte     Hybrid Journal  
Demokratizatsiya: The Journal of Post-Soviet Democratization     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Der Donauraum     Hybrid Journal  
Der Staat     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Desafíos     Open Access  
Development and Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Digest of Middle East Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Diplomacy & Statecraft     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Diritto, immigrazione e cittadinanza     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Dissent     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Diversité urbaine     Full-text available via subscription  
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
East European Jewish Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
East European Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Economia Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Ecopolítica     Open Access  
eJournal of eDemocracy and Open Government     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
El Cotidiano     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Electoral Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Em Pauta : Teoria Social e Realidade Contemporânea     Open Access  
Encuentro     Open Access  
Environmental Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Equal Opportunities International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Espacios Públicos     Open Access  
Estudios Políticos     Open Access  
Estudios Políticos     Open Access  
Estudos Avançados     Open Access  
Ethical Theory and Moral Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Ethics & International Affairs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Ethics & Global Politics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)

        1 2 3 4 5 | Last

Journal Cover European Journal of Political Economy
  [SJR: 0.956]   [H-I: 54]   [49 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0176-2680
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3177 journals]
  • Does inequality constrain the power to tax' Evidence from the OECD
    • Authors: Md. Rabiul Islam; Jakob B. Madsen; Hristos Doucouliagos
      Pages: 1 - 17
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy, Volume 52
      Author(s): Md. Rabiul Islam, Jakob B. Madsen, Hristos Doucouliagos
      We investigate the consequences of income inequality on the income tax-to-GDP ratio for 21 OECD countries over a long time period spanning 1870 to 2011. We use several identification strategies, including using unionization as a new IV for inequality. In contrast to predictions from median voter models, we find that rising inequality significantly depresses the income tax ratio. This finding is robust to alternative measures of inequality, treatment for endogeneity, and model specification. The tax ratio increases with the degree of democracy. Inequality also reduces the indirect tax ratio, alters the tax structure, and moderates government spending as a share of GDP.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T20:15:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2017.02.006
      Issue No: Vol. 52 (2018)
       
  • Globalization and the decline in labor shares: Exploring the relationship
           beyond trade and financial flows
    • Authors: Andrew T. Young; Maria Y. Tackett
      Pages: 18 - 35
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy, Volume 52
      Author(s): Andrew T. Young, Maria Y. Tackett
      We employ data from up to 125 countries during the 1970–2009 period to explore the relationship between globalization and labor share. Existing studies report a negative relationship between trade and investment flows and labor shares. While we also find that economic flows are often negatively related to labor shares, measures of social globalization tend to be positively related to labor shares. While greater mobility of goods and capital may be associated with increases in capital's bargaining power, all else equal, greater flows of information, ideas, and people may increase the bargaining power of workers.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T20:15:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2017.04.003
      Issue No: Vol. 52 (2018)
       
  • Social mobility at the top and the higher education system
    • Authors: Elise S. Brezis; Joël Hellier
      Pages: 36 - 54
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy, Volume 52
      Author(s): Elise S. Brezis, Joël Hellier
      This paper relates social mobility and social stratification to the structure of higher education. We develop an intergenerational model which shows that a two-tier higher education characterised by a division between elite and standard universities can be a key factor in generating permanent social stratification, social immobility and self-reproduction of the ‘elite’. In our approach, low mobility at the top is essentially explained by the differences in quality and in selection between elite and standard universities. A key result is that the wider the quality gap and the difference in per-student expenditures between elite and standard universities, the less social mobility. This is because a larger quality gap reinforces the weight of family backgrounds at the expense of personal ability. Our simulations show that this impact can be large. These findings provide theoretical bases for the differences in social mobility at the top observed between advanced countries.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T20:15:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2017.04.005
      Issue No: Vol. 52 (2018)
       
  • Political cycles and corruption in Russian regions
    • Authors: Oleg Sidorkin; Dmitriy Vorobyev
      Pages: 55 - 74
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy, Volume 52
      Author(s): Oleg Sidorkin, Dmitriy Vorobyev
      It has been established that opportunistic incumbent politicians, both elected and appointed, adjust public policies in systematic ways over political cycles. We show that the corrupt behavior of appointed politicians also follows certain patterns which are driven by political cycles. Based on BEEPS data, exploiting variation in the dates of surveys and in the starting dates of Russian regional governors' terms of office, we find that corruption levels, as perceived by firms operating in different regions of Russia, are higher closer to the end of a regional governor's term. We argue that such a pattern cannot be explained by standard political budget cycle reasoning, but rather that the observed pattern may be generated by governors' accumulation of private information about their likelihood of remaining in office for another term. When a governor gradually learns that he will not be re-appointed once his current term has expired, he has increasing incentives to engage in corrupt activities in order to accumulate wealth before his departure. Alternatively, when a governor becomes more certain that he will remain in office, he may have higher incentives to smooth rent extraction over time and thus not to increase it. We test this explanation in several ways and consistently find supporting evidence.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T20:15:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2017.05.001
      Issue No: Vol. 52 (2018)
       
  • Polity age and political budget cycles: Evidence from a Danish municipal
           reform
    • Authors: Lasse Aaskoven
      Pages: 75 - 84
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy, Volume 52
      Author(s): Lasse Aaskoven
      Incumbent incentive for competence-signaling and lack of voter information are generally thought to be factors that increase the prevalence of political budget cycles. These mechanisms should be more prevalent in new political units. Since the creation of new political units is rarely exogenous, however, serious endogeneity issues would be an issue for empirical studies of this subject. To overcome these problems, I use a Danish local government reform—which amalgamated some (but not all) Danish municipalities, thereby creating new political units—in a way that is arguably quasi-experimental to study whether political budget cycles are larger in new political units. Contrary to theoretical predictions, political budget cycles seem to be of a smaller scale in the new municipalities, but only regarding budget cycles in budgetary overruns. The findings are of wider interest for discussions about the mechanisms behind context-conditional political budget cycles.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T20:15:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2017.05.002
      Issue No: Vol. 52 (2018)
       
  • Breaking the norms: When is evading inheritance taxes socially
           acceptable'
    • Authors: Martin Abraham; Kerstin Lorek; Friedemann Richter; Matthias Wrede
      Pages: 85 - 102
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy, Volume 52
      Author(s): Martin Abraham, Kerstin Lorek, Friedemann Richter, Matthias Wrede
      Using the example of inheritance tax, we examine the relationship between the structure of the tax and the strength of the social tax compliance norm. Based on the assumption that deviation from a legal norm is the more accepted the less its underlying principles are jeopardized, we argue that violating the tax compliance norm is socially justifiable if revenue requirements as well as equity and efficiency tax principles are not infringed upon by the evasion. Building on the literature on tax evasion, optimal inheritance taxation, and family economics, we hypothesize that a large non-declared amount of transfer and a high liquidity of the transferred asset decrease the acceptability of inheritance tax evasion and that both a high degree of kinship and young age of the heir increase the acceptance of evasion. Utilizing an experimental design embedded in a survey on the acceptance of inheritance tax evasion conducted in Germany in 2012, we confirm these hypotheses empirically.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T20:15:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2017.05.003
      Issue No: Vol. 52 (2018)
       
  • Active and passive corruption: Theory and evidence
    • Authors: Salvatore Capasso; Lodovico Santoro
      Pages: 103 - 119
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy, Volume 52
      Author(s): Salvatore Capasso, Lodovico Santoro
      Focusing on the idea that a different allocation of bargaining power between the public official and the private agent can explain the emergence of two types of corruption, this paper develops a theoretical model which provides an account of different level of bribes and incentives when the bargaining power is in the hands of the official (active corruption) or in the hands of the private agent (passive corruption). By employing Italian data which explicitly differentiate between active and passive corruption, the paper empirically re-examines the determinants of the aggregate level corruption. The results show that the various categories of government expenditure, which proxy different allocations of bargaining power, differently affect active and passive corruption.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T20:15:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2017.05.004
      Issue No: Vol. 52 (2018)
       
  • Immigration, assimilation, and the future of public education
    • Authors: Ryuichi Tanaka; Lidia Farre; Francesc Ortega
      Pages: 141 - 165
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy, Volume 52
      Author(s): Ryuichi Tanaka, Lidia Farre, Francesc Ortega
      This paper analyzes the effects of immigration on the size and quality of public education using a quantitative political economy model that allows for a heterogeneous immigrant population. Our analysis distinguishes between short and long-run effects and accounts for the consequences of naturalization and assimilation. We use the model to analyze Spain's large 2000–2008 immigration wave. We find that immigration led to a 15% increase in public enrollment in the short run, together with a 3% reduction in public education spending and almost a 1 percentage-point increase in the share of native households using private schools. Depending on the eventual degree of assimilation, these trends will be greatly intensified or mitigated once immigrants naturalize and gain the right to vote. Our analysis suggests that assimilation in terms of family size and the value assigned to children's education are the most relevant dimensions quantitatively. We also show that immigration policies that favor one group over another can significantly alter the overall effects of immigration on the schooling system.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T20:15:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2017.06.001
      Issue No: Vol. 52 (2018)
       
  • (Un-)intended effects of fiscal rules
    • Authors: Heiko T. Burret; Lars P. Feld
      Pages: 166 - 191
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy, Volume 52
      Author(s): Heiko T. Burret, Lars P. Feld
      The paper investigates the fiscal effects of Swiss cantonal debt brakes by taking explicitly into account the rules’ coverage. An in-depth analysis provides unique evidence that suggests the following: First, fiscal rules reduce public deficits. The effect is stronger the better the analyzed budget position corresponds with the variable targeted by the rules. Second, cantonal debt brakes exhibit some unintended effects, i.e., an evasion into unconstrained accounts, emphasizing the importance of constraining all accounts. Third, the existence of political budget cycles depends on the institutional context, i.e., the timing of elections and the presence of debt brakes. Fifth, cantonal debt brakes dampen the fiscal deterioration during unexpected deficit shocks by more rapid fiscal adjustments.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T20:15:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2017.06.002
      Issue No: Vol. 52 (2018)
       
  • The dynamics of political party support and egocentric economic
           evaluations: The Scottish case
    • Authors: Georgios Marios Chrysanthou; María Dolores Guilló
      Pages: 192 - 213
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy, Volume 52
      Author(s): Georgios Marios Chrysanthou, María Dolores Guilló
      We explore the dynamics of the Scottish National Party (SNP) support using the British Household Panel Survey (BHPS) during 1999–06. We study the relative importance of political sentiments and egocentric economic evaluations by disentangling the effects of state dependence and unobserved heterogeneity by gender. Egocentric economic evaluations constitute an important determinant of SNP support over the entire period, being this effect stronger among the male electorate. The results are consistent with the electors holding the incumbent Labour Party accountable for their personal financial situation, though financial security augments the nationalist propensity among partisan voters. Furthermore, retrospective economic evaluations form a significant determinant of incumbent Labour Party support in both the 1999–02 and 2003–06 intervening electoral cycles.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T20:15:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2017.06.003
      Issue No: Vol. 52 (2018)
       
  • Untying the motives of giving grants vs. loans
    • Authors: Khusrav Gaibulloev; Javed Younas
      Pages: 1 - 14
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy, Volume 51
      Author(s): Khusrav Gaibulloev, Javed Younas
      The aid allocation literature has assumed that two forms of aid flows – grants and concessional loans – are determined identically. Its findings reflect average behavioral patterns based on an aggregate of these two distinct transfer types. This analysis shows that the past findings generally apply to grants but not to concessional loans. In particular, the amount of grants decreases with income, whereas the amount of concessional loans increases with income. However, donors increase both grants and loans to politically aligned administrations during election years irrespective of recipients’ income level. Other econometric issues such as endogeneity of income and cross-sectional dependence are taken into account.

      PubDate: 2018-02-04T17:37:08Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2017.04.004
      Issue No: Vol. 51 (2018)
       
  • Electoral incentives, term limits, and the sustainability of peace
    • Authors: Paola Conconi; Nicolas Sahuguet; Maurizio Zanardi
      Pages: 15 - 26
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy, Volume 51
      Author(s): Paola Conconi, Nicolas Sahuguet, Maurizio Zanardi
      One of the few stylized facts in international relations is that democracies, unlike autocracies, almost never fight each other. Recent empirical findings show that binding term limits invalidate this result: democratic dyads in which at least one country imposes term limits on the executive are as conflict prone as autocratic and mixed dyads. Moreover, in democracies with two-term limits conflicts are more likely during the executive's second term. To rationalize these findings, we model international relations as a repeated prisoners’ dilemma. We show that the fear of losing office makes democratic leaders less willing to start costly conflicts. Crucially, this discipline effect can only be at work if incumbent leaders can run for re-election. Term limits thus make it harder to sustain peaceful relations.

      PubDate: 2018-02-04T17:37:08Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2017.04.002
      Issue No: Vol. 51 (2018)
       
  • The Protestant ethic and entrepreneurship: Evidence from religious
           minorities in the former Holy Roman Empire
    • Authors: Luca Nunziata; Lorenzo Rocco
      Pages: 27 - 43
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy, Volume 51
      Author(s): Luca Nunziata, Lorenzo Rocco
      We investigate the effect of Protestantism versus Catholicism on the decision to become an entrepreneur in former Holy Roman Empire regions. Our research design exploits religious minorities' strong attachment to religious ethic and the predetermined historical determination of religious minorities' geographical distribution in the 1500s as a result of the “cuius regio eius religio” (whose realm, his religion) rule. We find that today Protestantism increases the probability to be an entrepreneur by around 5 percentage points with respect to Catholicism, a result that survives to a battery of robustness checks. We explicit the assumptions underlying the identification strategy and provide an extensive testing of their validity by making use of several European datasets.

      PubDate: 2018-02-04T17:37:08Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2017.04.001
      Issue No: Vol. 51 (2018)
       
  • Do ideology movements and legal intervention matter: A synthetic control
           analysis of the Chongqing Model
    • Authors: Yang Zhou
      Pages: 44 - 56
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy, Volume 51
      Author(s): Yang Zhou
      Institutions have a fundamental influence on the economic performance of a regime. Among the various aspects of institutions, ideology and the legal system are two important ones. Chongqing Municipality, a province-level region in China, experienced such a combination with a unique leader from late 2007 to early 2012. This paper investigates, via the Synthetic Control Method, the economic performance of Chongqing in the last 13 years. In particular, it discusses the impact of the red ideology movements and legal intervention undertaken by Bo Xilai. The results reveal that although his economic policies promoted the Chongqing economy, the Maoist political policies advocated by Bo partially undermined its economic growth in the short run.

      PubDate: 2018-02-04T17:37:08Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2017.03.010
      Issue No: Vol. 51 (2018)
       
  • The effects of bureaucracy on political accountability and electoral
           selection
    • Authors: Yukihiro Yazaki
      Pages: 57 - 68
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy, Volume 51
      Author(s): Yukihiro Yazaki
      This paper examines how bureaucracy affects political accountability and electoral selection, using a three-tier political agency model consisting of voters, politicians and bureaucrats. In the model’s hierarchy, politicians are constrained by elections while bureaucrats are controlled by budgets. If voters and bureaucrats prefer different types of politicians (i.e. they have a conflict of interests), incumbents pass oversized budgets to prevent bureaucrats from engaging in strategic behaviours that damage incumbents’ reputations. If, instead, voters and bureaucrats prefer the same type of politicians (i.e. they have an alignment of interests), bureaucrats cannot obtain a concession from politicians. In the latter case, however, bureaucrats send voters a credible signal regarding an incumbent’s type, which improves electoral selection. This paper also shows that political appointment systems improve political accountability in the conflict-of-interests case while they weaken electoral selection in the alignment-of-interests case.

      PubDate: 2018-02-04T17:37:08Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2017.03.009
      Issue No: Vol. 51 (2018)
       
  • Do fiscal rules constrain fiscal policy' A meta-regression-analysis
    • Authors: Friedrich Heinemann; Marc-Daniel Moessinger; Mustafa Yeter
      Pages: 69 - 92
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy, Volume 51
      Author(s): Friedrich Heinemann, Marc-Daniel Moessinger, Mustafa Yeter
      We implement a meta-regression-analysis for the budgetary impact of numerical fiscal rules based on 30 studies published in the last decade. The existing empirical evidence points to a constraining effect of rules on fiscal aggregates. However, this seemingly optimistic message is strongly weakened as our analysis points to a bias if the potential endogeneity of fiscal rules is not explicitly taken into account. Furthermore, our analysis provides evidence for the presence of a publication bias. Both sources of bias reduce the statistical precision of obtained effects below usual levels of statistical significance. In addition, we offer suggestive evidence for the effect size based on a small coherent sub-sample and provide recommendations for future research on the budgetary impact of fiscal rules.

      PubDate: 2018-02-04T17:37:08Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2017.03.008
      Issue No: Vol. 51 (2018)
       
  • Shocking news and cognitive performance
    • Authors: Panu Poutvaara; Olli Ropponen
      Pages: 93 - 106
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy, Volume 51
      Author(s): Panu Poutvaara, Olli Ropponen
      We study how shocking news affects cognitive performance. Identifying these effects makes societies more resilient by helping to adjust policy responses to reduce indirect costs of future atrocities. Our analysis is based on a school shooting that coincided with national matriculation exams, allowing a difference-in-differences analysis. We find a substantial negative effect on males: their average performance dropped by seven percent. The average performance of females was unaffected. Our findings suggest that a shocking event may call for psychological support for young people even in communities that are not directly affected.
      Graphical abstract image Highlights fx1

      PubDate: 2018-02-04T17:37:08Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2017.03.006
      Issue No: Vol. 51 (2018)
       
  • Inferring hawks and doves from voting records
    • Authors: Sylvester Eijffinger; Ronald Mahieu; Louis Raes
      Pages: 107 - 120
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy, Volume 51
      Author(s): Sylvester Eijffinger, Ronald Mahieu, Louis Raes
      We analyze revealed policy preferences of the Monetary Policy Committee of the Bank of England. From the voting records we estimate the policy preferences with spatial models of voting. We find that internal committee members tend to hold centrist policy preferences, while more extreme policy preferences, both hawkish and dovish, are generally held by external members. An industry background is associated with more hawkish preferences.

      PubDate: 2018-02-04T17:37:08Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2017.03.004
      Issue No: Vol. 51 (2018)
       
  • The economic effects of U.S. presidential tax communication: Evidence from
           a correlated topic model
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 May 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy
      Author(s): T.P. Dybowski, P. Adämmer
      We combine a probabilistic topic model and a dictionary-based sentiment analysis to construct a time series, which indicates when and how (positive vs. negative) the U.S. president communicates his tax policy news to the public. The econometric analyses show that optimistic tax policy statements stimulate consumption, investment, and output, even after controlling for tax foresight. We also find that consumer sentiment reacts positively to more optimistic tax news, suggesting that sentiment plays an important role in the transmission from U.S. presidential tax communication to economic activity.

      PubDate: 2018-05-17T10:39:26Z
       
  • Bitterness in life and attitudes towards immigration
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 April 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy
      Author(s): Panu Poutvaara, Max Friedrich Steinhardt
      Worries about immigration have played a major role in the rise of extremist parties across Europe, the Brexit referendum, and Trump's presidential campaign. We show that bitter people who feel they have not gotten what they deserve in life worry more about immigration. This relationship holds for respondents with different levels of skills, job security, concerns about crime, the general economic situation, or their own economic situation. Panel estimates document a strong link between bitterness and worries about immigration after controlling for time-constant individual heterogeneity. Finally, we find that bitterness is associated with support for the extreme right.
      Graphical abstract image

      PubDate: 2018-05-17T10:39:26Z
       
  • Undeflected pressure' The protectionist effect of political
           partisanship on US antidumping policy
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 April 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy
      Author(s): Tommaso Aquilante
      Antidumping (AD) is the most widely used non-tariff barrier. To deflect political pressure, in the United States, final decisions on AD are delegated to the International Trade Commission (ITC), an independent agency composed of six non-elected commissioners. Using a newly collected dataset, I study the determinants of all final ITC votes on AD during the 1989–2010 period. I find that ITC commissioners decisions on AD crucially depend on which party has appointed them and on the trade policy interests of key senators in that party: whether commissioners vote in favor of AD depends heavily on whether the petitioning industry is key (in terms of employment) in the states represented by leading senators of the Republican and Democratic parties, indicating that commissioners are reactive to party-specific political pressure. Interestingly, pressure seems to be more effective when the case for voting in favor or against AD is less clear-cut, suggesting that ITC commissioners are more likely to vote in line with political parties’ interests when it matters more.

      PubDate: 2018-05-17T10:39:26Z
       
  • Randomized controlled trials informing public policy: Lessons from project
           STAR and class size reduction
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 April 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy
      Author(s): Moshe Justman
      Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and related research strategies are increasingly seen as the preferred methodology for evaluating policy interventions, but a single-minded focus on identifying causal effects limits their capacity to support actual policy decisions. A detailed look at Project STAR illustrates this point and offers some possible correctives. Initiated by the Tennessee legislature to help decide whether to enact state-wide class size reduction (CSR), STAR compared the test scores of students randomly assigned to classes of different size. It addressed a well-formed research question, but focused narrowly on refining a single link in a long chain of evidence necessary to address the policy question at hand: whether CSR would be a good use of a large increase in education spending. It disregarded the limitations of test scores as indicators of education quality and ignored general equilibrium effects on teacher quality and salaries. Moreover, the emphasis it placed on estimating average CSR effects in a given setting diverted attention from the heterogeneity of these effects and the conditions that mediated their impact, limiting its external validity. These observations continue to be relevant for the design of policy-oriented research, and for the academic training of empirical economists.

      PubDate: 2018-05-17T10:39:26Z
       
  • The rule of law: Measurement and deep roots
    • Authors: Jerg Gutmann; Stefan Voigt
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 April 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy
      Author(s): Jerg Gutmann, Stefan Voigt
      We propose a new de facto indicator for the rule of law. It is the first such indicator to take the quality of legal norms explicitly into account and not only their enforcement. Using this indicator, we investigate the deep roots of the rule of law. Our findings suggest that, in line with the theoretical literature on long-run economic development, specific determinants of long-run development (such as colonization events and strategies) operate via the rule of law, whereas others (such as the timing of early state formation and the transition from hunter-gatherer to agrarian societies) are not related to the rule of law. We interpret this evidence as supportive of the established notion in the literature that institutions matter for development.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T20:15:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2018.04.001
       
  • Resource rents and populism in resource-dependent economies
    • Authors: Elena Seghezza; Giovanni B. Pittaluga
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 April 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy
      Author(s): Elena Seghezza, Giovanni B. Pittaluga
      A usual explanation for populism is the existence of bad institutions, with an autocratic regime dispelling opposition by distributing income to the ‘masses’ in the manner of the ‘bread and circuses’ of Imperial Rome. In Bolivia, Ecuador, and Venezuela, populist redistribution occurred in conjunction with weakening of institutions. We associate populist redistribution with resource rents available in the course of the commodity price cycle. When production is predominantly natural resources, other industry interests are ineffective in opposing populist redistribution and preventing the undermining of democracy. Rather than associating populism with preexisting bad institutions as others have done, we show empirically that, in the cases we study, resource rents facilitated populism that allowed authoritarian institutions to be created.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T20:15:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2018.04.002
       
  • Refugee resettlement, redistribution and growth
    • Authors: Leonid V. Azarnert
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 March 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy
      Author(s): Leonid V. Azarnert
      This paper studies the effect of refugee resettlement on human capital accumulation. The analysis is performed in a growth model with endogenous fertility. I show how refugee resettlement from a more advanced and wealthier economy to a less advanced and less wealthy economy combined with income transfers is Pareto-improving for indigenous populations in both countries. I also derive conditions for the proposed resettlement policy to stimulate human capital accumulation and hence economic growth in both economies.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T20:15:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2018.03.007
       
  • Policies and prizes
    • Authors: Arye L. Hillman; Ngo V. Long
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 March 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy
      Author(s): Arye L. Hillman, Ngo V. Long
      The political-economy view of public policy is that policies that do not have majority support among voters arise because of a principal-agent problem that impedes voter disciplining of policy decisions of political representatives. We study a case in which voter disciplining could take place and the policy decision was a choice between electoral popularity and the prospect of winning the Nobel Peace Prize. The background for our model is the electorally-unpopular open-door refugee policy of German chancellor Angela Merkel. Our study motivates the question whether, because of the compromise of democratic accountability, it should be permissible for the Nobel Peace Prize to be awarded to politicians, either as incumbents or after they have left political office.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T20:15:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2018.03.008
       
  • On the codetermination of tax-financed medical R&D and healthcare
           expenditures: Models and evidence
    • Authors: Alberto Batinti; Roger D. Congleton
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 March 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy
      Author(s): Alberto Batinti, Roger D. Congleton
      This paper develops a model of voter choices regarding tax-financed healthcare R&D and healthcare, and provides statistical evidence that is consistent with the theoretical analysis. Healthcare expenditures and the level of healthcare technology are not entirely independent phenomena, as often assumed in theoretical and empirical work. Voter interests imply that electoral support for subsidizing healthcare R&D is likely to exist in both private and public healthcare systems. These subsidies in turn tend to increase the rate of innovation and thereby long-run demand for and cost of healthcare through effects on the effectiveness and menu of available healthcare treatments.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T20:15:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2018.03.006
       
  • A clear advantage: The benefits of transparency to crisis recovery
    • Authors: George E. Shambaugh; Elaine B. Shen
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 March 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy
      Author(s): George E. Shambaugh, Elaine B. Shen
      Increasing transparency is one of the first and most common recommendations from international financial institutions to policymakers in countries that experience economic crises. Despite the widespread prescription of this elixir, disagreements persist about its efficacy during crises. Much of the existing literature suggests that increasing transparency decreases information asymmetries, increases policy predictability and the credibility of policy commitments, improves the effectiveness of monetary policy, and bolsters public confidence. Each of these effects could plausibly shorten the duration of economic crises. Critics counter, however, that effects of transparency are ambiguous and may increase policy uncertainty, raise volatility, increase the prospect of collectively self-destructive behaviors, and decrease the effectiveness of monetary policy – effects that could prolong crises. These debates persist in part because related empirical research tends to focus primarily on the transparency of central banks and its impact on market expectations regarding short-term interest rates without considering the transparency of national governments and how the availability of credible data about the national economy from sources other than the central bank affects public and market expectations. We argue that greater transparency of national governments – often inferred from, yet independent of, the transparency of central banks – will decrease the duration of inflation and currency crises by providing information about existing economic conditions, increasing the predictability and credibility of national economic policy, and increasing confidence in the efficacy of policy choices by demonstrating the degree to which the policy positions of national politicians and central bankers align. We operationalize government transparency in terms of the government dissemination of credible macroeconomic information using the Hollyer, Rosendorff, and Vreeland (HRV) index. Our analyses of 125 countries from 1980 through 2010 indicate that higher levels of government transparency are strongly correlated with shorter durations of inflation and currency crises and that the level of transparency is negatively correlated with the severity or size of inflation crises.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T20:15:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2018.03.002
       
  • Skating on thin evidence: Implications for public policy
    • Authors: Hristos Doucouliagos; Martin Paldam; T.D. Stanley
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 March 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy
      Author(s): Hristos Doucouliagos, Martin Paldam, T.D. Stanley
      Good public policy needs to be evidence based. However, the evidence base is thin for many policy issues. How can policy makers best respond to such thin areas of research that are also quite likely to change over time' Our survey investigates the evolution of the econometric evidence base for 101 economic issues, drawing upon 42,578 effect sizes (mainly elasticities and correlations) from 4300 econometric studies. We evaluate the performance of six approaches to early research assessment: the simple unweighted mean; the median; the Paldam, “divide by 2” rule of thumb; the unrestricted weighted least squares (WLS) weighted average; the PET-PEESE meta-regression correction for publication bias; the weighted average of the adequately powered (WAAP); and WAAP-WLS. Lowest prediction errors are found in the Paldam rule of thumb and WLS. WLS typically reduces the initial exaggeration of thin evidence by half.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T20:15:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2018.03.004
       
  • A model of the representative economist, as researcher and policy advisor
    • Authors: Martin Paldam
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 March 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy
      Author(s): Martin Paldam
      Econ is the representative academic economist who behaves as predicted by economic theory. The paper considers an important parameter β. It assumes that economic theory predicts the sign on β, and that an empirical literature of M papers exists about β. Two cases are considered: (C1) Econ is in the academic career writing a paper with a new estimate of β. (C2) Econ is advising the Minister who is in charge of a policy using β. Economic theory gives a clear prediction in both cases: The size of β will be exaggerated in (C1) and even more in (C2).

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T20:15:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2018.03.005
       
  • On the measurement of voter ideology
    • Authors: Maite D. Laméris; Richard Jong-A-Pin; Harry Garretsen
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 March 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy
      Author(s): Maite D. Laméris, Richard Jong-A-Pin, Harry Garretsen
      We propose a novel measure of voter ideology and study the (socio-economic) determinants of political beliefs. We examine the dimensionality of contemporary voter ideology using survey data of a representative sample of Dutch citizens. Using factor-analyses, we identify and validate four relevant dimensions that capture (1) preferences for economic equality, (2) preferences for markets and efficiency, (3) preferences for personal and cultural freedom, and (4) nationalist, protectionist and populist preferences. We continue with a regression analysis on the determinants of multidimensional voter ideology and compare these to the determinants of the traditional left-right measure of ideology. We find that there is substantial heterogeneity in the determinants of political preferences. Moreover, using a one-dimensional left-right representation of voter ideology conceals most of this heterogeneity.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T20:15:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2018.03.003
       
  • Election rules, legislators' incentives, and policy outcomes: Evidence
           from the mixed member system in Germany
    • Authors: Nicola Maaser; Thomas Stratmann
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 March 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy
      Author(s): Nicola Maaser, Thomas Stratmann
      Committee membership in mixed-member systems presents an informative setting for studying legislators' behavior under majoritarian vs. proportional electoral incentives. Committee membership allows for a determination as to whether legislators sort themselves into committees that are more consistent with an objective to win the next election in their electoral district, or more consistent with gaining a more prestigious position in their party. Using data from three large German states, we find that legislators elected in the electoral system's majoritarian tier more often become members of “district committees,” i.e., committees that might give politicians greater opportunity than others to obtain government funds for the benefit of their home districts. This effect is strongest for legislators who won district elections by narrow margins. Moreover, we find that districts that are better represented on “district committees” receive more government funds.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T20:15:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2018.03.001
       
  • Confronting an enemy with unknown preferences: Deterrer or
           provocateur'
    • Authors: Artyom Jelnov; Yair Tauman Richard Zeckhauser
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 February 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy
      Author(s): Artyom Jelnov, Yair Tauman, Richard Zeckhauser
      Nation 1 is seeking to join the nuclear club. Nation 2, its enemy, would like to prevent this, and has the potential to destroy 1's bomb-making facilities. It is uncertain whether 1 has a bomb. So are its intentions. 1 could be seeking to deter an attack. Alternatively, if no bomb is present, 1 might wish to provoke one as a means to secure support at home and abroad. Lacking a bomb, 1 can avoid an attack by allowing inspections. If it refuses inspections, 2 must rely on its imperfect intelligence system to determine whether to attack. This game has a unique sequential equilibrium, possibly separating, possibly pooling. At that equilibrium there is a positive probability that: No bomb is built; 2's intelligence system accurately detects no bomb; 1 refuses inspections; nevertheless 2 attacks. Present and past experiences form Iraq, Iran, Syria, and North Korea illustrate the analysis.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T20:15:49Z
       
  • Behavioral determinants of proclaimed support for environment protection
           policies
    • Authors: Björn Kauder; Niklas Potrafke; Heinrich Ursprung
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 February 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy
      Author(s): Björn Kauder, Niklas Potrafke, Heinrich Ursprung
      Using a representative survey of German university students, we confirm that proclaimed support for environment protection policies depends on socio-cultural factors and political ideology. Unlike most related studies for other countries, we find that the environmental policy stance of German partisans does not follow the left-right cleavage. Only about 25% of the social-democratic partisans wholeheartedly support environment protection policies, whereas 50% of the green partisans, who, in Germany, also belong to the political left, do so; and when controlling for socio-cultural influences, social-democratic partisans become undistinguishable from Christian-conservative and market-oriented partisans. Focusing on behavioral influences, we find that some of the respondents' psychological traits are not filtered through their political ideology but directly influence their proclaimed attitudes towards environment protection policies. We identify as important behavioral determinants the locus of control and psychological traits that capture the respondents' susceptibility to making use of expressive rhetoric.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T20:15:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2018.01.005
       
  • Can successful fiscal adjustments only be achieved by spending cuts'
    • Authors: Rasmus Wiese; Richard Jong-A-Pin; Jakob de Haan
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 31 January 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy
      Author(s): Rasmus Wiese, Richard Jong-A-Pin, Jakob de Haan
      We re-examine the conventional view that to be successful, fiscal adjustments should rely on spending cuts and not on tax increases. We apply the Bai-Perron structural break filter to identify fiscal adjustments and their successfulness in 20 OECD countries. Our results suggest that the composition of fiscal adjustments is not related to their success. Furthermore, we find that political-economy variables considered are not robustly related to successful fiscal adjustments with one exception: the probability of a successful fiscal adjustment increases if left-wing governments rely on spending cuts and right-wing governments rely on tax increases.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T20:15:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2018.01.003
       
  • The effect of Western TV on crime: Evidence from East Germany
    • Authors: Tim Friehe; Helge Müller; Florian Neumeier
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 February 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy
      Author(s): Tim Friehe, Helge Müller, Florian Neumeier
      This paper explores the potential causal influence of Western television programming on crime rates. We exploit a natural experiment involving access to West German TV within the German Democratic Republic (GDR) in which only geography and topography determined the allocation of individuals to treatment and control groups. Focusing on violent and property crime (as these domains were most likely to be affected by the marked differences in TV content), we find that in the post-reunification decade in which TV content was harmonized, regions that had access to Western TV broadcasts prior to the reunification experienced lower rates of violent crime, sex crime, and theft, but more fraud.

      PubDate: 2018-02-25T18:18:19Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2018.02.002
       
  • Anticorruption and growth: Evidence from China
    • Authors: Guangjun Qu; Kevin Sylwester; Feng Wang
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 February 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy
      Author(s): Guangjun Qu, Kevin Sylwester, Feng Wang
      This study investigates the relationship between anticorruption and economic growth by focusing on the anticorruption campaigns run by the Communist Party of China. To measure the intensity of the Party's anticorruption efforts, we count the number of articles from official newspapers that discuss corruption. We first show how our proxy compares with alternative measures. Using panel data of Chinese provinces, we then estimate using various methodologies the effect of anticorruption on growth, finding a negative impact. We also find that the detrimental effect upon growth results from lowering physical investment during the anticorruption campaigns. Our findings do not imply that governments should not try to lower corruption, but do suggest a cost of doing so.

      PubDate: 2018-02-25T18:18:19Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2018.02.003
       
  • On the causes of Brexit
    • Authors: Agust Arnorsson; Gylfi Zoega
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 February 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy
      Author(s): Agust Arnorsson, Gylfi Zoega
      We analyse the voting pattern in the June 23rdreferendum on the continued participation of the United Kingdom in the European Union and evaluate the reasons for the results. We find that output, education and the share of older people at the regional level can explain attitudes towards immigrants and the European Union. Thus, regions where GDP per capita is low, a high proportion of people has low education, a high proportion is over the age of 65 and there is strong net immigration are more likely to be apprehensive of the European Union, be suspicious of immigrants and not want them as neighbours and, most importantly, to vote for Brexit. The fear of immigration does not seem to be fully justified in terms of the literature on the labour market effects of immigrants in the UK. Using the British Election Study, we find similar results. Thus negative attitudes towards immigration and EU enlargement are correlated with voting for Brexit using data on individuals.

      PubDate: 2018-02-25T18:18:19Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2018.02.001
       
  • The Hartz reforms and the German labor force
    • Authors: Malte Ehrich; Abdul Munasib; Devesh Roy
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 February 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy
      Author(s): Malte Ehrich, Abdul Munasib, Devesh Roy


      PubDate: 2018-02-25T18:18:19Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2018.01.007
       
  • Does a stronger system of law and order constrain the effects of foreign
           direct investment on government size'
    • Authors: Nadine McCloud; Michael S. Delgado; Chanit'a Holmes
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 February 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy
      Author(s): Nadine McCloud, Michael S. Delgado, Chanit'a Holmes
      The flow of foreign direct investment (FDI) has increased the challenges governments face in carrying out their fiscal responsibilities. A country's system of law and order enables or constrains the implementation of government policies, and consequently influences whether the size of government responds to changes in FDI inflows and outflows. We test this hypothesis by fitting a semiparametric model of government consumption to a panel of developed and developing countries with within-country variation. Over a short data frequency, the average compensating response of governments in developing countries to an increase in FDI inflows is larger by a factor of five than that of developed countries. These significant level effects of FDI inflows are driven by law and order and are adjusted for differences in per capita income across countries. The larger the compensating response of a government, the bigger is the constraining effect of a stronger system of law and order. The efficiency hypothesis seems empirically valid for developing countries with a moderate system of law and order. Over a long data frequency, we find a strong (negative) link between FDI inflows and government consumption, and increases in law and order weaken this link. For both data frequencies, FDI outflows have no level effect on government consumption, whereas the empirical regularity of strong and robust inertia in government consumption exists in all countries.

      PubDate: 2018-02-25T18:18:19Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2018.01.004
       
  • US aid, US educated leaders and economic ideology
    • Authors: Anna Minasyan
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 February 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy
      Author(s): Anna Minasyan
      The Unites States (US) openly promotes its economic ideology of free-markets through foreign aid. It also regards foreign education in the US as a way of spreading its own ideas and values among the elite in developing countries. US educated aid recipient country leaders may thus receive more US aid, if they share both the cultural values and economic ideology of the US. I test this hypothesis using a panel fixed-effects regression model for 896 leaders and 143 countries over the period from 1981 to 2010. I address self- and donor-selection biases by including leader fixed effects in the regression analysis, in addition to the country and year fixed effects. In result, I find that, on average, the US allocates 30 percent more bilateral aid to US educated leaders with right-leaning political beliefs compared to those with left-leaning political beliefs. Heterogeneity analysis reveals that these findings are driven by right-leaning US leadership.

      PubDate: 2018-02-04T17:37:08Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2018.01.001
       
  • Financial crisis and financial policy reform: Crisis origins and policy
           dimensions
    • Authors: Su Wah Hlaing; Makoto Kakinaka
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 31 January 2018
      Source:European Journal of Political Economy
      Author(s): Su Wah Hlaing, Makoto Kakinaka
      This paper analyzes the role of financial crises in the financial policy reform process, including the liberalization of the financial system and the strengthening of prudential regulation. This study considers five types of financial crises and seven dimensions of financial policy reform to evaluate the comprehensive relationships between financial crises and financial policy reform by assuming a financial crisis as an endogenous variable. Our work confirms the crisis-begets-reform argument in the context of financial liberalization by showing that all types of financial crises promote financial liberalization even when possible endogeneity problems are addressed. However, financial policy reform following financial crises does not generally include the strengthening of prudential regulation. Given the argument that financial liberalization without prudential regulation often causes financial instability or crises, our findings emphasize that policy makers should pay attention not only to financial liberalization but also to prudential regulation. Moreover, the results show that the origin of a financial crisis matters when financial regulators choose the policy dimensions of financial reform.

      PubDate: 2018-02-04T17:37:08Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2017.12.005
       
 
 
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