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POLITICAL SCIENCE (789 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 281 Journals sorted alphabetically
A Contracorriente     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ab Imperio     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Acta Borealia: A Nordic Journal of Circumpolar Societies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Acta Politica Estica     Open Access  
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, European and Regional Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Administory. Zeitschrift für Verwaltungsgeschichte     Open Access  
Administrative Science Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 172)
Affirmations : of the modern     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AFFRIKA Journal of Politics, Economics and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Africa Conflict Monitor     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Africa Insight     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Africa Institute Occasional Paper     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Africa Renewal     Free   (Followers: 6)
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Africa Review : Journal of the African Studies Association of India     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Africa Today     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
African Conflict and Peacebuilding Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
African Diaspora     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
African East-Asian Affairs     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
African Identities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
African Journal of Democracy and Governance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Rhetoric     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
African Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
African Yearbook of Rhetoric     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Africanus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Africa’s Public Service Delivery and Performance Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Afrique contemporaine : La revue de l'Afrique et du développement     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Agenda Política     Open Access  
Agenda: A Journal of Policy Analysis and Reform     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Agrarian South : Journal of Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Akademik İncelemeler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alternatives : Global, Local, Political     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Altre Modernità     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
América Latina Hoy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Communist History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
American Foreign Policy Interests: The Journal of the National Committee on American Foreign Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 300)
American Political Science Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 254)
American Political Thought     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
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American Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Anacronismo e Irrupción     Open Access  
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Annales UMCS, Politologia     Open Access  
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Annual Review of Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Annual Review of Political Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 163)
AQ - Australian Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription  
Arabian Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arctic Review on Law and Politics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arena Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Armed Conflict Survey     Full-text available via subscription  
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Asia Minor Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asia Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Asia-Pacific Journal : Japan Focus     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
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Asian Affairs: An American Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Comparative Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Asian Politics and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Astropolitics: The International Journal of Space Politics & Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
AUDEM : The International Journal of Higher Education and Democracy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Aurora. Revista de Arte, Mídia e Política     Open Access  
Australasian Review of African Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Journal of International Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Australian Journal of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
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Balcanica Posnaniensia Acta et studia     Open Access  
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Bandung : Journal of the Global South     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Basic Income Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
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BMC International Health and Human Rights     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
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Brésil(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Canadian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
British Journal of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 175)
British Journal of Politics and International Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
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British Review of New Zealand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Brookings Papers on Economic Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 49)
Bulletin d'histoire politique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bustan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
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CADUS - Revista de Estudos de Política, História e Cultura     Open Access  
Cahiers de l'Urmis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cahiers de Sciences politiques de l'ULg     Open Access  
Cambio 16     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cambridge Review of International Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Canadian Foreign Policy Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
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Caucasus Survey     Hybrid Journal  
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Central European Journal of Public Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
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China perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
China Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
China Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
China Review International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
China-EU Law Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chinese Journal of Global Governance     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of International Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Chinese Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cittadinanza Europea (LA)     Full-text available via subscription  
Civil Wars     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Claremont-UC Undergraduate Research Conference on the European Union     Open Access  
Class, Race and Corporate Power     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cold War History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Commonwealth & Comparative Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Communication, Politics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Communist and Post-Communist Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Comparative Political Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 162)
Comparative Politics (Russia)     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
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Competition & Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Conferences on New Political Economy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Confines     Open Access  
Conflict and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Conflict Management and Peace Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Conflict Trends     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Conflict, Security & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 384)
Congress & the Presidency: A Journal of Capital Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Conjunctions. Transdisciplinary Journal of Cultural Participation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Constellations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Contemporary Italian Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Japan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Contemporary Journal of African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Contemporary Political Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Contemporary Review of the Middle East     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Contemporary Security Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Contemporary Southeast Asia: A Journal of International and Strategic Affairs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Contemporary Wales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Contenciosa     Open Access  
Contexto Internacional     Open Access  
Cooperation and Conflict     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
CQ Researcher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
CQ Weekly     Full-text available via subscription  
Criterio Jurídico     Open Access  
Critical Asian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Critical Review : A Journal of Politics and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Critical Reviews on Latin American Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Critical Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Critical Studies on Terrorism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Cuadernos de historia de España     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cultura de Paz     Open Access  
Cultural Critique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Culture Mandala : The Bulletin of the Centre for East-West Cultural and Economic Studies     Open Access  
Décalages : An Althusser Studies Journal     Open Access  
Decolonization : Indigeneity, Education & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Defence Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Defense & Security Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Democracy & Education     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Democratic Communiqué     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Democratic Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Democratization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Democrazia e diritto     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Demokratie und Geschichte     Hybrid Journal  
Demokratizatsiya: The Journal of Post-Soviet Democratization     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Der Donauraum     Hybrid Journal  
Der Staat     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Desafíos     Open Access  
Development and Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Digest of Middle East Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
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Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Diritto, immigrazione e cittadinanza     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Dissent     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Diversité urbaine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
East European Jewish Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
East European Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Economia Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Ecopolítica     Open Access  
eJournal of eDemocracy and Open Government     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
El Cotidiano     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Electoral Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Em Pauta : Teoria Social e Realidade Contemporânea     Open Access  
Encuentro     Open Access  
Environmental Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Equal Opportunities International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
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Estudos Avançados     Open Access  
Ethical Theory and Moral Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Ethics & International Affairs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Ethics & Global Politics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
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Eureka Street     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Europe's World     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Journal Cover Electoral Studies
  [SJR: 1.371]   [H-I: 44]   [31 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0261-3794
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3177 journals]
  • Do private donations depress electoral turnout' An empirical
           investigation of voter participation
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Electoral Studies, Volume 52
      Author(s): Kiril Kolev, Anushah Jiwani
      This paper assesses the hypothesis that the increasing reliance of political parties and candidates on certain types of private donations could be one of the key factors behind declining voter turnout, even in established and consolidated democratic regimes. To disentangle this relationship, it highlights seven institutional arrangements that are likely to limit the extent to which private actors can make political contributions. The empirical analysis demonstrates that, while certain regulations indeed lead to higher voter participation, the relationship is nuanced. For example, bans to corporate donations improve turnout only when they prevent companies with government ties from donating money. In addition, what seems to bolster voter participation greatly is limiting the amount a private donor can contribute, as well as requiring parties and candidates to reveal the identity of their donors. The analysis also demonstrates that voter confidence in the government is one plausible causal mechanism linking finance regulations and turnout. Depending on the particular regulation adopted, turnout can be boosted between 3.4 and 8.6 percent.

      PubDate: 2018-02-25T15:42:34Z
  • Local elites, electoral reform and the distribution of central government
           funds: Evidence from Romania
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 February 2018
      Source:Electoral Studies
      Author(s): Emanuel Emil Coman
      How does the party affiliation of local elites influence the distribution of central government funds to territorial units' We revisit this question with the help of a new dataset on spending from Romania (2004–2011), a dataset that allows us to better understand the mechanisms linking local leaders to government spending, mechanisms that have not been systematically tested in the literature. Specifically we exploit the 2008 Romanian electoral reform in a research design that resembles a natural experiment. We identify two causal mechanisms that link the political affiliation of local elites to the receipt of government funds: (1) central leaders share the credit for the funds allocated with local leaders, and to get the most electoral benefits they are more likely to allocate funds to territories with leaders from the same party who act as vehicles for government credit claim; (2) central and local leaders engage in an exchange of perks game in which local leaders mobilize local resources in national electoral campaigns and receive in exchange funds from the government, which in turn help these local elites build a reputation and increase their re-election chances.

      PubDate: 2018-02-25T15:42:34Z
  • One size doesn't fit all: Voter decision criteria heterogeneity and vote
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Electoral Studies, Volume 52
      Author(s): Rune Stubager, Henrik Bech Seeberg, Florence So
      Although classic voting studies noted that voters may reach their voting decision on the basis of different criteria most contemporary voting studies assume that one voting model fits all. Building on the limited, but developing literature on the topic, this paper develops and tests models incorporating voter decision criteria heterogeneity. Paying particular attention to the role of voter sophistication, we investigate which voters mainly decide on the basis of ideology, position and valence issues, or party leaders, and how these differences influence their party choices. Analyses using mixed logit and a specially-designed survey instrument embedded in a high-quality, nationally representative survey of Danish voters show that decision criteria heterogeneity has substantial influence on the vote. The conclusion discusses the normative implications, in particular the question of whether voters’ reliance on party leaders constitutes a democratic problem.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T14:53:51Z
  • Evidence of a winning-cohesion tradeoff under multi-winner ranked-choice
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 February 2018
      Source:Electoral Studies
      Author(s): Jack Santucci
      New interest in "multi-winner ranked-choice voting" raises old questions about effects on party cohesion. Earlier scholars thought this single transferable vote (STV) rule was net-problematic for parties. This paper consults the roll-call and electoral records in Cincinnati (1929-57) and Worcester, Mass. (1949-60), two of three American STV implementations that produced conventional wisdom. First, I show how party cohesion could be high or low. Then I show how low-cohesion terms followed elections in which candidates campaigned for themselves over their parties. Finally, I show that parties endorsed such candidates when they needed the votes to expand their seat shares. In sum, the data suggest a strategic environment in which majority-seeking parties reach beyond their traditional bases – potentially at the expense of legislative cohesion. Whether that is good or bad depends on the value we give to cohesion.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T14:53:51Z
  • Whither the party vote bonus' Stand-down agreements in Ukraine's
           mixed-member system
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 31 January 2018
      Source:Electoral Studies
      Author(s): Stephen Bloom, Frank Thames
      Comparative research on mixed-member systems suggests that parties have an incentive to nominate nominal-tier candidates in as many districts as possible, as placing candidates in even marginal districts can increase parties’ list-tier vote. Yet studies have documented many instances where parties fail to field candidates. We examine stand-down agreements—where parties coordinate the withdrawal of candidates—to understand why parties forgo a party vote bonus. Our interviews document that Ukrainian politicians—while acting strategically—were not concerned over the loss of a party vote bonus when they negotiated the withdrawal of candidates from districts. Our theoretical discussion explains that the incentive for parties to field candidates to obtain a party vote bonus is often insufficient. Using district data from the 2012 Ukrainian elections, we measure the party vote bonus. We show that the bonus gained by parties was small, dependent upon the quality of the candidate, and varied by party.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T14:53:51Z
  • Kinship, partisanship, and patronage in Arab elections
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 31 January 2018
      Source:Electoral Studies
      Author(s): Daniel Corstange
      This paper examines the connection between kinship, partisanship, and patronage voting in Arab world elections. It argues that tribes and extended families enjoy structural advantages that reduce transaction costs in patron–client exchanges, making kinship voting a pragmatic strategy in clientelistic vote markets with weak parties. Using data from seven Arab countries, it demonstrates that patronage oriented voters place greater weight on candidates' kinship affiliations and deemphasize other attributes such as morality, ability, and issue positions. It also shows that patronage considerations correspond to greater importance placed on kinship over partisan affiliations, consistent with the low credibility and modest capacity of the Arab world's weak and personalized parties to deliver benefits to voters.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T14:53:51Z
  • Selective contestation: The impact of decentralization on ethnoterritorial
           party electoral strategy
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 January 2018
      Source:Electoral Studies
      Author(s): Bonnie M. Meguid
      Since the 1970s, national governments across Western Europe have decentralized significant powers to subnational authorities. Recent work has found that the degree of decentralization affects ethnoterritorial party vote in national and subnational elections. This paper asks the prior question: what effect does decentralization have on a party's decision to field candidates' I find that as decentralization reforms shift power to the region, ethnoterritorial parties likewise shift their electoral strategy away from contesting national elections. An examination of regional-level data from nine Western European countries reveals ethnoterritorial parties reduce their contestation of national elections when a directly elected regional assembly is established and significant administrative, fiscal and policymaking competencies are transferred to the region. Further supporting the view of decentralization as policy appeasement, this exit effect is limited to ethnoterritorial parties demanding regional autonomy; secessionist parties continue to pursue full contestation strategies regardless of the level of decentralization.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T14:53:51Z
  • Looking for locals under a closed-list proportional representation system:
           The case of Portugal
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 January 2018
      Source:Electoral Studies
      Author(s): Ana Espírito-Santo, Edalina Rodrigues Sanches
      Parties' motivation to include locals depends on the characteristics of the electoral system. This article analyzes where on the lists parties choose to position locals under closed-list proportional representation systems. Furthermore, it also investigates how that choice varies depending on two key district factors, namely district magnitude and whether or not the district is in a peripheral region. To that end, it draws on an original biographical data set of candidates for the Portuguese National Parliament (1983, 1995, 2002, 2005 and 2009). The findings show that there are fewer “locals” among the higher positions on the candidates’ lists and among heads of lists. District magnitude and peripheral region effects go in the expected direction, but these effects are small.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T14:53:51Z
  • Decentralization and democratic participation: The effect of subnational
           self-rule on voting in Latin America and the Caribbean
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 December 2017
      Source:Electoral Studies
      Author(s): Sara Niedzwiecki, Alissandra T. Stoyan
      Previous literature on the consequences of decentralization has demonstrated a positive effect on voter participation in subnational elections. However, does this positive effect also extend to national level elections' This paper evaluates the consequences of decentralization for national level political participation. Our approach innovates by disaggregating decentralization to uncover the specific dimensions that matter for voting participation. We argue that self-rule (or the authority that subnational units exercise in their own territory) is closely associated with vertical accountability and positively affects voting participation. Moreover, we find that political dimensions of self-rule matter more than fiscal dimensions. Shared-rule (or the authority that subnational units exercise in the country as a whole) has no significant effect on participation since it is more closely related to horizontal accountability. We test our theory in 20 Latin American and Caribbean countries using a hierarchical model with 2010 data at the national and individual-level.

      PubDate: 2017-12-27T13:21:49Z
  • Decomposing political knowledge: What is confidence in knowledge and why
           it matters
    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Electoral Studies, Volume 51
      Author(s): Seonghui Lee, Akitaka Matsuo
      While political knowledge has been conceptually defined with two constructs – accuracy and confidence in factual information – conventional measurement of political knowledge has relied heavily on retrieval accuracy. Without measuring confidence-in-knowledge, it is not possible to rigorously identify different types of political informedness, such as misinformedness and uninformedness. This article theoretically explores the two constructs of knowledge and argues that each construct has unique antecedents and behavioral consequences. We suggest a survey instrument for confidence-in-knowledge and introduce a method to estimate latent traits of retrieval accuracy and confidence separately. Using our original survey that includes the measure of confidence-in-knowledge, we find that misinformed citizens are as engaged in politics as the well-informed, but their active involvement does not guarantee informed political choices. Our findings warrant further theoretical and empirical exploration of confidence in political knowledge.

      PubDate: 2017-12-12T15:05:56Z
  • Voter preferences and party loyalty under cumulative voting: Political
           behaviour after electoral reform in Bremen and Hamburg
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 December 2017
      Source:Electoral Studies
      Author(s): Shaun Bowler, Gail McElroy, Stefan Müller
      Many electoral systems constrain voters to one or two votes at election time. Reformers often see this as a failing because voters' preferences are both broader and more varied than the number of choices allowed. New electoral systems therefore often permit more preferences to be expressed. In this paper we examine what happens when cumulative voting is introduced in two German states. Even when we allow for tactical considerations, we find that the principle of unconstrained choice is not widely embraced by voters, although in practice, too, many seem to have preferences for more than just one party. This finding has implications for arguments relating to electoral reform as well as how to conceive of party affiliations in multi-party systems.

      PubDate: 2017-12-12T15:05:56Z
  • Age, sex, qualifications and voting at recent English general elections:
           An alternative exploratory approach
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 November 2017
      Source:Electoral Studies
      Author(s): Ron Johnston, Kelvyn Jones, David Manley
      There has been a substantial switch in approaches to the study of British voting behaviour in recent decades, with much less attention being paid to individual voters' social positions. This paper argues that such approaches can mis-represent the contexts within which voters are socialised and mobilised and are also technically problematic because social positions and attitudes may well be collinear – in which case ‘true’ relationships are difficult to uncover. Further, regression models that include variables representing social positions almost invariably look at the main effects only and pay no attention to the interactions among those variables. Using a newly-developed multilevel modelling approach to the analysis of multi-way contingency tables, this paper explores the relationships between respondents' age, sex and qualifications and their voting at the last three general elections in England, using a large data set. It indicates that, contrary to recent work, respondents' social positions are linked – through their attitudes – to their partisan choices, and that exploration of the interactions among those variables identifies important differences in how they voted.

      PubDate: 2017-12-12T15:05:56Z
  • Explaining citizen perceptions of party ideological positions: The
           mediating role of political contexts
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 November 2017
      Source:Electoral Studies
      Author(s): Royce Carroll, Hiroki Kubo
      In this paper we examine how political contexts mediate citizens' ability to understand political parties' ideological positions, focusing on education level. Using cross-national data from the Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (CSES), we explore how the effect of individual education level in influencing the supply and clarity of ‘left-right’ information in a party system is mediated by contextual factors. The results show that the effect of education levels in improving citizens' ability to perceive party ideological locations is conditional on political context. First, in cases where the supply of such information is limited due to less democratic experience and less programmatic party politics, the effect of education is weakened. However, the effect of education increases in contexts where we would expect less clarity of party position information—where parties are least polarized and where institutional factors add complexity to party competition.

      PubDate: 2017-11-17T12:16:28Z
  • Moderate, extreme, or both' How voters respond to ideologically
           unpredictable candidates
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 November 2017
      Source:Electoral Studies
      Author(s): Jon C. Rogowski, Patrick D. Tucker
      Candidates and parties often face a choice between endorsing policies that appeal to their core constituencies or generate support from more diverse groups of voters. While the latter strategy may make overtures to a wider set of citizens, existing literature says little about how the overall mix of issue positions affects electoral support. We argue that candidates who endorse diverse sets of policy positions appear unpredictable to voters and incur subsequent electoral penalties. Using data from the 2006 congressional elections, we find that ideological predictability substantially increases electoral support at both the individual and aggregate levels and that voters perceive greater ideological congruence from more predictable candidates. Our results have important implications for candidate and party strategies and suggest that voters are responsive to the mean and the variance of candidates’ policy stances.

      PubDate: 2017-11-09T11:30:35Z
  • Timing the habit: Voter registration and turnout
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 November 2017
      Source:Electoral Studies
      Author(s): Enrijeta Shino, Daniel A. Smith
      Does registration timing impact whether an individual becomes a habitual voter' We argue that those registering in near proximity to a presidential election are more likely to vote in the upcoming election compared to those who register at other times during an election cycle because they seek an immediate return on their investment, but they are less likely to become habituated to vote in subsequent mid-term and primary elections. We suggest that this is because last-minute registrants, many of whom were registered through voter registration drives, were not focused on long-term electoral payoffs. Leveraging Florida's statewide voter files, we use logistic regression and propensity score weighting with county fixed-effects to evaluate if the timing of voter registration has significant short- and long-term turnout effects in high- and low-salience elections, controlling for party registration and an array of demographic factors. We find that the timing of registration does affect turnout, as last-minute registrants are not equally likely to vote in ensuing elections.

      PubDate: 2017-11-09T11:30:35Z
  • The effects of rating scale format on the measurement of policy attitudes
           in web surveys
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 31 October 2017
      Source:Electoral Studies
      Author(s): Alexander Jedinger
      Recent research suggests that policy attitudes should be assessed with surveys that use branched rating scales that separately measure the direction and intensity of issue preferences. However, past studies have not tested whether branched rating scales improve the quality of survey data in the context of self-administered web surveys. In the current study, I compare the effects of different issue scale formats on response distributions, survey satisficing and issue-based voting in multiparty elections. Using data from a randomized web experiment, I find that partially labeled seven- and eleven-point issue scales and fully verbalized branched scales produce very similar response distributions and comparable effects of policy attitudes on party choice. However, the findings regarding the extent of satisficing behavior are mixed. Based on the efficiency of different scale formats, scholars are encouraged to use seven- or eleven-point rating scales to measure policy attitudes in web surveys.

      PubDate: 2017-11-02T14:43:15Z
  • Measuring issue-salience in voters' preferences
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 October 2017
      Source:Electoral Studies
      Author(s): Stephen Ansolabehere, M. Socorro Puy
      We provide a new approach to the measurement of issue salience that explains how the salience of an issue among voters and the position of the parties on a given issue interact to each other and determine vote choices and aggregate election results. Analyzing the spatial model of voting, we show how voting probabilities can be estimated by a multinomial logit regression where the ideal policy locations of voters on each issue dimensions are independent variables, and where no individual specific perception about the location of the political parties is used in the regression. The pieces of survey information that are used to calculate issue-salience are: i) specific position of respondents on each issue dimension, ii) vote choice, and iii) the policy position of parties on each issue dimension, which is measure by the mean perceived position. Rather, only an aggregate estimate of party positions on issues is needed. To demonstrate the mechanics and value of the approach, we analyze regional elections in the Basque province of Spain. In that region, we find that the left-right dimension is about two times more salient than nationalism. The nationalism issue is, however, more divisive than the left-right issue. This shows that the issue that voters care more about, may not coincide with the issue on which the parties offer more distinctive policies.

      PubDate: 2017-11-02T14:43:15Z
  • The conditional duty to vote in elections
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 October 2017
      Source:Electoral Studies
      Author(s): Nicole Goodman
      This article presents an alternate dimension of the civic duty to vote. Despite its explanatory power, the civic duty to vote has been operationalized one-dimensionally, as the importance associated with the act of voting per se. Few scholars have revisited the survey measurement of civic duty despite important changes in values, attitudes, and citizenship norms. The article investigates an alternate dimension of duty and evaluates its utility using a national sample of Canadians. Results find support for a dimension termed conditional duty, which represents a belief in 'contingent participation'.

      PubDate: 2017-10-18T07:30:59Z
  • Facing up to the facts: What causes economic perceptions'
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 October 2017
      Source:Electoral Studies
      Author(s): Catherine E. De Vries, Sara B. Hobolt, James Tilley
      The link between individual perceptions of the economy and vote choice is fundamental to electoral accountability. Yet, while it is well-established that economic perceptions are correlated with voting behaviour, it is unclear whether these perceptions are rooted in the real economy or whether they simply reflect voters’ partisan biases. This article uses time-series data, survey data and unique experimental evidence to shed new light on how British voters update their economic perceptions in response to economic change. Our findings demonstrate that while partisanship influences levels of economic optimism, people respond to information about real economic changes by adjusting their economic perceptions.

      PubDate: 2017-10-11T22:00:02Z
  • The volatility of volatility: Measuring change in party vote shares
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 25 September 2017
      Source:Electoral Studies
      Author(s): Fernando Casal Bértoa, Kevin Deegan-Krause, Tim Haughton
      Volatility is a widely used term in political science, but even the most widely used measure of volatility, Pedersen's index, can mask as much as it reveals. His simple and elegant calculation has become part of the political science toolbox, but scholars employing this tool have tended to produce distinctly different results thanks to a series of decisions about measurement and classification. Using examples from Central Europe the critical role of decisions related to party continuity and threshold of inclusion are identified. The article not only unpacks the underlying questions addressed by different uses of Pedersen's index, but offers standards for choosing particular methods over others and outlines steps that should be followed in creating a more accurate measure of volatility.

      PubDate: 2017-09-25T20:36:05Z
  • Ethnicity and electoral fraud in Britain
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 September 2017
      Source:Electoral Studies
      Author(s): Noah Carl
      Several reports have highlighted that, within Britain, allegations of electoral fraud tend to be more common in areas with large Pakistani and Bangladeshi communities. However, the extent of this association has not yet been quantified. Using data at the local authority level, this paper shows that percentage Pakistani and Bangladeshi (logged) is a robust predictor of two measures of electoral fraud allegations: one based on designations by the Electoral Commission, and one based on police enquiries. Indeed, the association persists after controlling for other minority shares, demographic characteristics, socio-economic deprivation, and anti-immigration attitudes. I interpret this finding with reference to the growing literature on consanguinity (cousin marriage) and corruption. Rates of cousin marriage tend to be high in countries such as Pakistan and Bangladesh, which may have fostered norms of nepotism and in-group favoritism that persist over time. To bolster my interpretation, I use individual level survey data to show that, within Europe, immigrants from countries with high rates of cousin marriage are more likely to say that family should be one's main priority in life, and are less likely to say it is wrong for a public official to request a bribe.

      PubDate: 2017-09-25T20:36:05Z
  • It's the emotions, Stupid!Anger about the economic crisis, low political
           efficacy, and support for populist parties
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 September 2017
      Source:Electoral Studies
      Author(s): Gabriele Magni
      This study examines the impact of anger about the economic crisis on electoral participation and voting behavior. Previous work on emotions has consistently underlined the mobilization potential of anger. The economic crisis has generated widespread anger, but political disengagement, rather than mobilization, and growing support for populist parties have emerged as the dominant effects. This is because the impact of anger about the crisis is moderated by political efficacy. Among citizens with low efficacy, anger decreased electoral participation and fueled support for populist parties. In contrast, among citizens with high efficacy, anger promoted participation and increased support for mainstream opposition parties. I use the 2005–2010 British election panel, which allows me to address endogeneity concerns, control for pre-crisis engagement and other negative emotions, and perform causal mediation analysis. This work contributes to the study of emotions and voting behavior; support for populist parties; and the political consequences of the crisis.

      PubDate: 2017-09-25T20:36:05Z
  • When heuristics go bad: Citizens' misevaluations of campaign pledge
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 September 2017
      Source:Electoral Studies
      Author(s): François Pétry, Dominic Duval
      We use data from a large survey of Quebec citizens to clarify under what conditions the use of heuristic shortcuts increases or decreases the accuracy of citizens' evaluations of specific pledge fulfilment. In line with the rational public hypothesis, we find that citizens' evaluations often conform to the actual pledge fulfilment performance of the government. However, consistent with the “bad heuristics” and “motivated reasoning” hypotheses, we find that many citizens’ evaluations are biased. Some stereotypes induce citizens to evaluate pledges positively irrespective of actual performance, misleading them into making inaccurate evaluations of pledges that are actually unfulfilled. Other stereotypes prompt citizens to evaluate pledges negatively irrespective of actual performance, misleading them into making inaccurate evaluations of pledges that are actually fulfilled. Although political knowledge increases the accuracy of evaluation of fulfilled pledges, it fails to increase the accuracy of evaluations of unfulfilled pledges.

      PubDate: 2017-09-25T20:36:05Z
  • Appealing to the ‘losers’' The electorates of left-wing and
           right-wing Eurosceptic parties compared, 1989–2014
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 September 2017
      Source:Electoral Studies
      Author(s): Erika J. van Elsas

      PubDate: 2017-09-25T20:36:05Z
  • Exit to the right' Comparing far right voters and abstainers in
           Western Europe
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 September 2017
      Source:Electoral Studies
      Author(s): Trevor J. Allen
      This article compares far right voters in Western Europe with citizens who abstain from electoral participation. Political dissatisfaction is thought to motivate both forms of political behavior. Low levels of formal education are also significantly predictive of both abstention and far right support. This study implements a multilevel multinomial logistic regression comparing nonvoters, far right voters, and voters for other parties from 2002 to 2012. The results suggest that common predictors distinguishing far right voters, such as education and political distrust, do not distinguish far right voters from abstainers. However, measures of social integration, including union membership, self-reported social activity, and trust in other people, are positively predictive of far right over abstention. Conversely, far right party voters and voters for other parties display similar levels of political interest and social integration. Other issues, such as Euroskepticism and anti-immigrant attitudes are more common among far right voters, and distinguish them from both other voters and those who just stay home.

      PubDate: 2017-09-25T20:36:05Z
  • Irrationalizing the rational choice model of voting: The moderating
           effects of partisanship on turnout decisions in Western and postcommunist
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 September 2017
      Source:Electoral Studies
      Author(s): Dong-Joon Jung
      The rational choice model of voting has been criticized by the fact that citizens expecting greater costs than the benefits associated with voting still turn out. This article focuses on the function of partisanship by which the effect of the rational calculation on voting is moderated. Previous studies have only tested the effect of partisanship on turnout additively failing to explore its interactions with the costs and benefits of voting. My multilevel analyses using the CSES data show that partisanship significantly moderates the effects of the information costs and intrinsic benefits of voting on turnout. These results, however, are not found in the postcommunist new democracies with unstable party system hindering partisanship from serving as a political cue and providing an expressive satisfaction of voting.

      PubDate: 2017-09-13T22:36:07Z
  • The Matthew effect in electoral campaigns: Increasing policy congruence
           inequality during the campaign
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 September 2017
      Source:Electoral Studies
      Author(s): Stefaan Walgrave, Christophe Lesschaeve

      PubDate: 2017-09-13T22:36:07Z
  • How voter mobilization from short text messages travels within households
           and families: Evidence from two nationwide field experiments
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 September 2017
      Source:Electoral Studies
      Author(s): Yosef Bhatti, Jens Olav Dahlgaard, Jonas Hedegaard Hansen, Kasper M. Hansen
      Through two large GOTV field experiments in two different elections, we investigate the spillover effect to other household members and family members outside the household. We mobilized young voters with cell phone text messages, a campaign tactic unlikely to be observed by other persons than the treated. The direct effect varied but approximately 30 percent spilled over to other persons in the household, even parents. The effects are subtle and we cannot with certainty establish that a spillover effect exists. However, we demonstrate, using Bayesian updating, that even an initial skeptic becomes close to convinced that the effect spills over. Our study provides evidence by suggesting that young individuals’ decision to vote affect other household members, including their parents, to do the same. When young voters live without their parents, we find no evidence of spillovers to parents, suggesting that households are more important than families ties for turnout contagion.

      PubDate: 2017-09-07T22:18:21Z
  • Truman defeats Dewey: The effect of campaign visits on election outcomes
    • Abstract: Publication date: October 2017
      Source:Electoral Studies, Volume 49
      Author(s): Boris Heersink, Brenton D. Peterson
      Political science research suggests that campaign visits by presidential candidates produce small and short-lived effects, consistent with mixed findings of their influence on election returns. We argue that existing studies are constrained by two issues: most studies rely on state-level data, rather than more localized data, and do not incorporate differentiation in the quality of campaign appearances in their assessment of visit effects. To incorporate these concerns in a study of campaign visit effects on election outcomes, we study the 1948 presidential election, during which Harry Truman engaged in a major whistle-stop train tour and won a surprise victory over his opponent, Thomas Dewey. Using data on campaign stops gathered from archival sources, we estimate the effect of campaign appearances on candidate vote share at the county level. We find that Truman, on average, gained 3.06 percentage points of the overall vote share in counties that he visited. Consistent with contemporary judgments of the “quality” of the two candidates' campaign stops, we find no effect of Dewey's appearances on his performance. Our results provide strong evidence that candidate visits can influence electoral returns, rather than merely affect short-term public opinion. In counterfactual simulations, we show that Truman's extensive campaign tour likely won him the state of Ohio, highlighting the importance of strategic campaign decisions and campaign effects in close elections.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T22:00:06Z
  • Public trust in manipulated elections: The role of election administration
           and media freedom
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 August 2017
      Source:Electoral Studies
      Author(s): Nicholas Kerr, Anna Lührmann
      As multiparty elections have become a global norm, scholars and policy experts regard public trust in elections as vital for regime legitimacy. However, very few cross-national studies have examined the consequences of electoral manipulation, including the manipulation of election administration and the media, on citizens' trust in elections. This paper addresses this gap by exploring how autonomy of election management bodies (EMBs) and media freedom individually and conjointly shape citizens’ trust in elections. Citizens are more likely to express confidence in elections when EMBs display de-facto autonomy, and less likely to do so when mass media disseminate information independent of government control. Additionally, we suggest that EMB autonomy may not have a positive effect on public trust in elections if media freedom is low. Empirical findings based on recent survey data on public trust in 47 elections and expert data on de-facto EMB autonomy and media freedom support our hypotheses.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T22:00:06Z
  • Ideology and strategic party disloyalty in the US house of representatives
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 July 2017
      Source:Electoral Studies
      Author(s): Justin H. Kirkland, Jonathan B. Slapin
      We offer a theory of strategic party disloyalty to explain roll call voting in the US House. Our theory suggests that ideologically extreme legislators become markedly less loyal to their party when it controls the majority. They stake out positions that align with the views of their extreme constituents when policy is likely to move in their direction. In contrast, ideological moderates become noticeably more loyal when they transition to the majority. Examining 35 years of ideal point estimates and measures of party unity on roll calls, we find clear evidence that member strategy, ideology, and legislative agenda setting interact to structure the frequency of defections. Further, we find evidence that defection and ideology interact to influence subsequent electoral outcomes.

      PubDate: 2017-08-03T03:30:09Z
  • Competing loyalties in electoral reform: An analysis of the U.S. electoral
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 July 2017
      Source:Electoral Studies
      Author(s): Sheahan G. Virgin
      A central tenet in the electoral systems subfield is that parties, when in power and motivated by partisan interest, seek desired outcomes via the strategic adoption of electoral rules. Such a focus, however, omits a key point: electoral rules also distribute power among geographic units. If, within a party, the partisan and geographic interests of some members conflict, then the canonical relationship between partisanship and rule choice may be conditional. The U.S. electoral college provides an opportunity to test for such intra-party variation, because it advantages some states over others and thus makes salient geographic allegiances. Using an original dataset on one reform proposal—the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact (NPVIC)—I find evidence of competing loyalties. Although NPVIC advances furthest when Democrats control state lawmaking, a state's status as a swing—but not as an overrepresented—state weakens the relationship to the point where even Democrats are unlikely to aid NPVIC.

      PubDate: 2017-07-24T03:00:01Z
  • The elasticity of voter turnout: Investing 85 cents per voter to increase
           voter turnout by 4 percent
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 July 2017
      Source:Electoral Studies
      Author(s): Mark Schelker, Marco Schneiter
      In the aftermath of elections or ballots, the legitimacy of the result is regularly debated if voter turnout was considered to be low. Hence, discussions about legal reforms to increase turnout are common in most democracies. We analyze the impact of a very small change in voting costs on voter turnout. Some municipalities in the Swiss Canton of Berne reduced voting costs by prepaying the postage of the return envelope (CHF 0.85). Prepaid postage is associated with a statistically significant 1.8 percentage point increase in voter turnout. Overall, this amounts to 4 percent more voters participating in the ballots. Moreover, we estimate the influence of this increase in turnout on party support in popular ballots. We find that social democrats and environmentalists see their relative support decline.

      PubDate: 2017-07-24T03:00:01Z
  • A balance between candidate- and party-centric representation under
           mixed-member systems: The evidence from voter behavior in Taiwan
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 July 2017
      Source:Electoral Studies
      Author(s): Tsung-han Tsai
      Mixed-member systems are usually defined as electoral systems that combine SMDP and CLPR, both of which are more likely to induce party reputation-seeking. Building on the literature of electoral institutions, this article provides an explanation of how mixed-member systems structure voter behavior and achieve a balance between candidate- and party-centric representation. Using Taiwan as a case of MMS, this article tests hypotheses against survey data and investigates the determinants of voting decisions for the two ballots. By employing a Bayesian bivariate probit model, this article shows that, first, partisan factors affect voter behavior in both nominal and list ballots. However, it is affective rather than rational considerations for political parties that play the major role. Second, personal reputation influences voters’ choices of the nominal and list vote, but only negative elements matter for the list vote. Finally, there is a moderately positive correlation between the two ballots, which potentially results from affective, partisan considerations.

      PubDate: 2017-07-24T03:00:01Z
  • Blind spots in the party system: Spatial voting and issue salience if
           voters face scarce choices
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 July 2017
      Source:Electoral Studies
      Author(s): Anna-Sophie Kurella, Jan Rosset
      Drawing on spatial models of political competition, this research investigates whether decision weights vary across groups of voters defined by their policy positioning in a two-dimensional space. Our analyses of electoral survey data from England, France, Germany, the Netherlands and Switzerland reveal that the economic and cultural dimensions of electoral competition are salient for the vote choice of most groups of voters. However, those voters who hold economically left and culturally right preferences weigh their preferences on the economic dimension much more and discount parties’ position on cultural issues when no party represents their configuration of preferences. Consequently, left parties are less able to attain votes of economically right but culturally libertarian voters for cultural policy reasons, when electoral choices are scarce, while right parties are successful in attaining votes based on both dimensions. As a result, significant representation gaps can occur.

      PubDate: 2017-07-24T03:00:01Z
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