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POLITICAL SCIENCE (756 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 281 Journals sorted alphabetically
A Contracorriente     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ab Imperio     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Acta Borealia: A Nordic Journal of Circumpolar Societies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Acta Politica Estica     Open Access  
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, European and Regional Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Administrative Science Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 157)
Affirmations : of the modern     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AFFRIKA Journal of Politics, Economics and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Africa Conflict Monitor     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Africa Insight     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Africa Institute Occasional Paper     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Africa Renewal     Free   (Followers: 5)
Africa Report     Full-text available via subscription  
Africa Review : Journal of the African Studies Association of India     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Africa Today     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59)
African Conflict and Peacebuilding Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
African Diaspora     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
African East-Asian Affairs     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African Identities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
African Journal of Democracy and Governance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
African Journal of Rhetoric     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
African Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
African Yearbook of Rhetoric     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Africanus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Africa’s Public Service Delivery and Performance Review     Open Access  
Afrique contemporaine : La revue de l'Afrique et du développement     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agenda Política     Open Access  
Agenda: A Journal of Policy Analysis and Reform     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Agrarian South : Journal of Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Akademik İncelemeler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alternatives : Global, Local, Political     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Altre Modernità     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
América Latina Hoy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Communist History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
American Foreign Policy Interests: The Journal of the National Committee on American Foreign Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 276)
American Political Science Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 227)
American Political Thought     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Politics Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
American Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Anacronismo e Irrupción     Open Access  
Analecta política     Open Access  
Análise Social     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales UMCS, Politologia     Open Access  
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Annual Review of Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Annual Review of Political Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 156)
AQ - Australian Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Arabian Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arctic Review on Law and Politics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arena Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Armed Conflict Survey     Full-text available via subscription  
Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Asia Minor Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asia Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Asia-Pacific Journal : Japan Focus     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Asia-Pacific Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Asian Affairs: An American Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Comparative Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Asian Politics and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Astropolitics: The International Journal of Space Politics & Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
AUDEM : The International Journal of Higher Education and Democracy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Aurora. Revista de Arte, Mídia e Política     Open Access  
Australasian Review of African Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Journal of International Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Australian Journal of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Austrian Journal of Political Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Balcanica Posnaniensia Acta et studia     Open Access  
Baltic Journal of European Studies     Open Access  
Bandung : Journal of the Global South     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Basic Income Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Beleid en Maatschappij     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BMC International Health and Human Rights     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Brazilian Political Science Review     Open Access  
Brésil(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Canadian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
British Journal of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 219)
British Journal of Politics and International Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
British Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
British Review of New Zealand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Brookings Papers on Economic Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 49)
Bulletin d'histoire politique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bustan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos de Estudos Sociais e Políticos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CADUS - Revista de Estudos de Política, História e Cultura     Open Access  
Cahiers de l'Urmis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cahiers de Sciences politiques de l'ULg     Open Access  
Cambio 16     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cambridge Review of International Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Canadian Foreign Policy Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Caucasus Survey     Hybrid Journal  
Central and Eastern European Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Central Asian Affairs     Hybrid Journal  
Central Banking     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Central European Journal of Public Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
China : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
China perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
China Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
China Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
China Review International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
China-EU Law Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chinese Journal of Global Governance     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of International Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Chinese Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cittadinanza Europea (LA)     Full-text available via subscription  
Civil Wars     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Claremont-UC Undergraduate Research Conference on the European Union     Open Access  
Class, Race and Corporate Power     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cold War History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Commonwealth & Comparative Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Communication, Politics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Communist and Post-Communist Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Comparative Political Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 156)
Comparative Politics (Russia)     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Comparative Strategy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Competition & Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Conferences on New Political Economy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Confines     Open Access  
Conflict and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Conflict Management and Peace Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Conflict Trends     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Conflict, Security & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 367)
Congress & the Presidency: A Journal of Capital Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Conjunctions. Transdisciplinary Journal of Cultural Participation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Constellations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Contemporary Italian Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Japan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Contemporary Journal of African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Contemporary Political Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Contemporary Review of the Middle East     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Contemporary Security Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Contemporary Southeast Asia: A Journal of International and Strategic Affairs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Contemporary Wales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Contenciosa     Open Access  
Contexto Internacional     Open Access  
Cooperation and Conflict     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
CQ Researcher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
CQ Weekly     Full-text available via subscription  
Criterio Jurídico     Open Access  
Critical Asian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Critical Review : A Journal of Politics and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Critical Reviews on Latin American Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Critical Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Critical Studies on Terrorism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Cuadernos de historia de España     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cultura de Paz     Open Access  
Cultural Critique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Culture Mandala : The Bulletin of the Centre for East-West Cultural and Economic Studies     Open Access  
Décalages : An Althusser Studies Journal     Open Access  
Decolonization : Indigeneity, Education & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Defence Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Defense & Security Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Democracy & Education     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Democratic Communiqué     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Democratic Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Democratization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Democrazia e diritto     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Demokratie und Geschichte     Hybrid Journal  
Demokratizatsiya: The Journal of Post-Soviet Democratization     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Der Donauraum     Hybrid Journal  
Der Staat     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Desafíos     Open Access  
Development and Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Digest of Middle East Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Diplomacy & Statecraft     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Diritto, immigrazione e cittadinanza     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Dissent     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Diversité urbaine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
East European Jewish Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
East European Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Economia Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Ecopolítica     Open Access  
eJournal of eDemocracy and Open Government     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
El Cotidiano     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Electoral Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Em Pauta : Teoria Social e Realidade Contemporânea     Open Access  
Encuentro     Open Access  
Environmental Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Equal Opportunities International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Espacios Públicos     Open Access  
Estudios Políticos     Open Access  
Estudios Políticos     Open Access  
Estudos Avançados     Open Access  
Ethical Theory and Moral Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Ethics & Global Politics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Éthique publique     Open Access  
Études internationales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Eureka Street     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Europe's World     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Integration Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
European Journal of American Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Government and Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
European Journal of International Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Journal Cover AFFRIKA Journal of Politics, Economics and Society
  [1 followers]  Follow
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 1998-4936 - ISSN (Online) 2075-6534
   Published by Sabinet Online Ltd Homepage  [188 journals]
  • Rethinking journalism education in African journalism institutions :
           perspectives of Southern African journalism scholars on the Africanisation
           of journalism curricula
    • Authors: Bevelyn Dube
      Abstract: African journalism scholars are generally agreed that journalism curricula in Africa are too dependent on Western epistemologies. They argue that Western-based curricula tend to alienate African students from their history, thus making it difficult for them to effectively report on pertinent issues on the continent. This dependency has led to increasing calls to Africanise journalism curricula, in order to make it relevant to the African context. However, whilst these calls have been consistently made by some African journalism scholars, there is no agreement about what Africanisation entails. The study, therefore, sought to investigate the perspectives of African journalism scholars on the subject of "Africanisation". A semi-structured questionnaire was administered to 31 journalism educators in southern Africa. The aim was to find out whether selected journalism scholars believe that Africanising in the context of a complex global environment is feasible and if so, what they envisage Africanised journalism curricula to look like. Findings of the study reveal selected journalism scholars are generally agreed that it is possible to Africanise journalism curricula. However, the majority are of the view that African journalism curricula cannot completely decouple from Western epistemologies. This paper also highlights the complexities and contradictions inherent in the Africanisation narrative.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Effects of bilingual and peer-tutoring instructional strategies on
           pre-service teachers' attitude towards Yoruba translation
    • Authors: Adeyemi A. Adeyinka
      Abstract: Translation is an important aspect of Yoruba language studies and a compulsory course for pre-service teachers in colleges of education in Nigeria. As valuable as it is, reports show that students' attitude towards it has been negative thus leading to gross under-achievement in questions relating to translation among them. This has been traced to ineffective strategies adopted in teaching translation to pre-service teachers which do not allow them to be actively involved in the teaching-learning process. There is the need to adopt strategies that cater for these deficiencies. Among the strategies are bilingual and peer-tutoring which are learner-centered and activity-based. Studies have shown that these strategies were effective in teaching social studies and mathematics but their effect in teaching and learning of Yoruba translation has not enjoyed much research attention.Therefore, this study examined the effects of bilingual and peer-tutoring instructional strategies on pre-service teachers' attitude towards Yoruba translation. Moderating effects of students' verbal ability and gender were also examined. Seven hypotheses, tested at 0.05 significant level, were formulated and 300 pre-service teachers in intact classes from six purposively selected colleges of education in Southwestern Nigeria, who were randomly assigned to treatment groups served as participants. Pre-service Teachers' Attitude to Yoruba Translation Questionnaire (r=0.76), Students' Verbal Ability Test (r=0.78) and Instructional Guides were used as instruments. Data were analyzed using Analysis of Covariance and Scheffe post-hoc analysis. Findings show that bilingual and peer-tutoring instructional strategies are more facilitative in fostering pre-service teachers' attitude towards translation in Yoruba than the traditional lecture strategy. Hence, Yoruba translation teachers in colleges of education should adopt these strategies in teaching Yoruba translation.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Guest editors' essay : towards Africa's renewal and development
    • Authors: Saheed Ahmad Rufai; Hakeem Onapajo
      Abstract: This edition of Affrika: Journal of Politics, Economics and Society is devoted to revisiting Africa's past and present educational agenda through a careful rethinking of the intersection between the human factor, educational leadership, and development, in the African context. The special edition attempts an interrogation of the disconnect between education and development on the continent especially in view of the putative linkage between the current educational systems and the pervasive low productivity and dysfunctions in Africa. The examination of the missing link between education and development in Africa, as pursued in this edition, is significantly interrogative of the visions of such notable African leaders as Houphet Boigny (Cote d'Ivoire), Kaunda (Zambia), Lumumba/ Mobutu (Congo-Kinshasa), Machel (Mozambique), Nasser (Egypt), Nkrumah (Ghana), and Nyerere (Tanzania) and some notable others who were committed to the enthronement of an appreciably developed Africa owing to their conviction that few nations can even contemplate development without producing large numbers of highly educated people.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Language as essential interface between education and development
    • Authors: Ibraheem Oladipo Muheeb
      Abstract: Discourses on African political economy harp on corruption, bad leadership, poverty, failed state phenomenon etc, whereas the relegation of culture is one important but understudied topic because it also undermines Africa's growth and development. The treasure which indigenous languages depict remains untapped for quality education and continental integration. UNESCO estimates that 30 percent of the world's languages are spoken in Africa, with threats of extinction following declining use in homes because of preferences for foreign languages especially as classroom instruction. This undermines the internalization of development initiatives and negates the mental, linguistic and cultural development for the critical mass. This paper highlights the widespread communication gap vis-à-vis disparity between potentials and the ends to which policies are committed. In quantitative and qualitative terms, it advocates a systemic introspection for the realization of development goals.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Politics of policies : the quest for qualitative education in Nigeria
    • Authors: Isaac Adegbenga Aladegbola; Femi Jaiyeola
      Abstract: The quality of education means much to the development of any nation. The government of Nigeria since independence realizes the unique position of education as a catalyst to the development of individual and the society at large. Much as they do; and much as they pronounce it; education polices and its implementation procedures at all levels of governmental powers in Nigeria have revealed intricacies in politics which brought Nigeria into a situation of 'one leg forward and two legs backward' as far as achieving qualitative education is concerned. The persistent fall in the standard of education is no longer debatable. The issue is in analyzing the politics and 'policies' that have contributed to this fall and search for a 'ground' where qualitative education would be achievable. This paper examines the undeniable relationship between politics and education using a system approach analysis and exposes their interrelationship in evolving qualitative education in Nigeria.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Challenges faced by fourth year social work students during fieldwork
           practice at a rural-based university
    • Authors: Allucia Lulu Shokane; Veronica Nemutandani Ngodiseni Jimmy Budeli
      Abstract: The roots of social work education in South Africa originate from its colonial and apartheid history. However, despite the changes taking place, the legacy of apartheid in South Africa still manifests itself through the education systems, especially in higher education institutions in the rural areas. The aim of this paper is to examine the challenges faced by students in a rural-based university with a focus on social work students doing fieldwork practice. The paper draws on a historical analysis of social work education in South Africa. The qualitative research was conducted in the five districts of Limpopo Province in South Africa. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews and focus group discussions. The findings indicate that students face some challenges, including, limited income, accessibility, lack of clear guidance, motivation and support in carrying out their fieldwork practice.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Editor's note
    • Authors: Azeez Olaniyan
      Abstract: The continent of Africa continues to be at the throes of crises of great proportions. It is the most-conflict ridden continent in the world. Latest statistics show that within a spate of ten years (2005-2014), the continent of Africa recorded 187 disputes, 196 non-violent crises, 358 violent crises, 87 limited wars, and 49 wars (Statistica, 2015). Indeed, since 2005, there has never been a crises-free year and the number has continued to increase over the years. Expectedly, the major impacts of the multiple security challenges are evident in the loss of a huge number of lives, displacements of millions of people and the destruction of inestimable number of properties and means of livelihood. Conflicts make the continent to be poorer and also constitute major cogs in the wheel of its progress (Hoeffler, 2008:6).
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Local communities and grassroots politics in Nigeria : the need for
    • Authors: Hyacinth Nnaoma Iwu
      Abstract: There are contending perceptions of the challenges of grass root development in Nigeria. Given the perceived failure of democratic politics to engender grass root development, some scholars have argued that politics foisted at the local level is a major obstacle to development at the grass root. From this perspective, a decisive solution would consist in the deliberate de-politicization of the grass root level. However, such arguments are made on the basis that it is possible to make water-tight dichotomization between the local and national levels. In this regard, it is important to note the ways local level actors are fundamentally embedded in what are erroneously regarded as the over-determination of the grass root by national level actors. Contrary to this view, this paper argues that the grass root levels are similarly characterized by clientelist networks, godfatherism and prebendal politics. Failing on its normative role as grass root development agency, this paper posits on importance of conducting local government elections on non party basis. The paper examines the bases for grass root politics and showed that rather than usher in grass root development contemporary practice largely deviate from the conception of local politics as means of engendering social capital. Local choice theory, participant observation and interview provided guide for the theoretical and methodology for the study. This paper suggests means of making grass root politics development oriented.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • The tyranny of the executive-military alliance and competitive
           authoritarianism in Zimbabwe
    • Authors: Gorden Moyo; Cornelias Ncube
      Abstract: This contribution seeks to interrogate the rise of competitive authoritarianism which appears to be the defining feature of the electoral history of Zimbabwe. Since 1980 Zimbabwe has witnessed ceremonial processions to the polls with those elections translating neither to democratic transition nor consolidation. Instead, the ruling party Zimbabwe African National Unity- Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) has perfected the art of electoral alchemy undergirded by the executive-military alliance. Within this context, the military is perennially used as a counterweight against the influence of the oppositional political society. Bluntly put, Zimbabwe is an archetype of a militarised competitive authoritarian regime that deploys the Chimurenga ideology underpinned by Gukurahundi strategy to remain in power regardless of the voters' verdict. The paper concludes by suggesting alternative approaches towards cracking the competitive authoritarian gridlock in the post-2013 period.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Proxy border wars and management strategies in Mano River and Darfur
    • Authors: Azeez Olaniyan
      Abstract: This paper presents a comparative analysis of proxy border wars in Liberia/Sierra Leone and Sudan/Chad as well as examines the conflict resolution strategies that worked for them. While the Liberian conflict started as a proxy war for Ghadafi who trained and armed Charles Taylor's NFPL in pursuance of a continental hegemonic agenda, the Sierra Leone's crisis also started as a proxy war for Charles Taylor who backed and funded Foday Sankhor's RUF rebel movement in order to have unfettered access to Sierra Leone's diamond fields. Both NFPL and RUF later engaged in cross-border raids with attendant heavy tolls on human and material resources. In the same vein, Sudan and Chad were for some times embroiled in a proxy war through various rebel movements and auxiliary militias, with each government supporting rebels fighting against the other. Khartoum continues to encourage Janjaweed militia attacks across the border into Chad and actively supported various groups of Chadian rebels, and even masterminded a coup attempt in Ndjamena. This was in response to Chad's support for the Zaghawa anti-Khartoum rebel fighters operating in the Darfur region. The effects were catastrophic for civilians on both sides as evident in loss of lives, property and displacements of multitude. However, the conflicts were eventually resolved. The questions now are: what are the major actor groups in the regions? What were the impacts on the regions and the peace process? What mechanisms were used for the resolution? The study locates regional, international and non-state actors' active and persistent intervention in the resolution of the proxy wars. Specifically, the main thrust of this paper is the explanation of the proxy border wars in these regions and the examination of the strategies that worked for resolving the crises.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • An analysis of unrecorded trade and market integration along two African
           border communities
    • Authors: M.O. Bonchuk
      Abstract: The paper examines and analyses unrecorded trade across Imeko-Afon (Benin Republic) and Ajassor/Mfum-Ekok (Nigeria-Cameroon) borders. An analysis of the empirical data derived from these border(s) reveal the causes, consequences, organization, profits and expenses including the factors that motivate people to participate in trade across borders and the nature of the linkages with the official economy. It was discovered that in both cases, the loss of unpaid taxes and profits to governments due to unrecorded trade is enormous. Recent publications of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) identify progress towards regional market integration as central to a long-term development strategy in Africa. It points out the failure of co-operation through formal regional organizations, as official figures show that inter-African trade remains low. It is argued that inter-regional trade is already flourishing at the micro or unofficial levels whereas this is ignored by conventional state-centric studies. It has become imperative and urgent for African scholars and policy makers to build new concepts of economic co-operation and management based on the realities of African history and recognizes the neglected, informal sector. On the strength of its findings, the paper argues that, given the failure of economic unions, success might be more likely if the micro markets that are propelling integration across African borders can be galvanized, recognized and legalized for wider regional economic integration.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Why did the African National Congress embrace the institution of
           traditional leadership in the 1990s?
    • Authors: Bheki R. Mngomezulu
      Abstract: As the dawn of democracy became imminent in South Africa after a long and protracted struggle for political liberation by the oppressed masses, debates ensued regarding the fate of a number of institutions that had operated under apartheid. The bone of contention was whether these institutions would be retained or discarded under the new political order. One such institution was the institution of traditional leadership. As some deemed it obsolete and outmoded on the grounds that it served the colonial and apartheid regimes, others disagreed. They saw a place for it under the new political dispensation on the basis that traditional leaders had resisted colonialism and apartheid and also had vast experience on local governance. Eventually, the institution was retained. But what were the bases for this decision? Drawing from history - both distant and modern - this article provides the context within which the ANC's decision to retain traditional leaders should be understood. The article provides five reasons on which this decision was predicated and avers that it was inevitable that the ANC had to retain the institution when South Africa obtained democracy. The article concludes that given their long history, traditional leaders cannot easily be uprooted, more especially in Africa.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Simple images, violent truths, rape and poverty in Chris Ihidero's Big
    • Authors: Tunji Azeez
      Abstract: Sexual harassment generally, and rape specifically have become a universal menace which every society contends with in the 21st century. In Nigeria specifically, the motive for rape is spiritual as well as economic. As rapists who engage in this heinous, female de-humanising act for spiritual purposes have confessed, raping a virgin or an old woman could lead to sudden wealth. On the other hand, there are those within the family and society who lure young girls from poor homes with promises of money and other materials. This paper examines the rapist in the latter category as portrayed in Chris Ihidero's short film, Big Daddy, to reveal how poverty can be seen as a catalyst for rapists to perpetrate their act under familial disguise of rendering assistance as entrenched in the Yoruba culture. The paper also reveals the helplessness of rape victims within an ineffective legal system and a stigmatising culture. Finally, the paper submits that to correct the current anomaly where rape victimsare not only denied justice but also stigmatised, issues bothering on all forms of sexual assault, especially rape, should be brought to the public domain to deter rapists and defend the woman.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Knowledge management in academic libraries in developing countries : a
           case of Southern Africa
    • Authors: Priti Jain
      Abstract: Due to revolution in university libraries, the role of librarians has changed drastically. Knowledge management (KM) is no more a fad, but a reality to be productive and a means to gain and sustain a competitive edge over rivals in all areas of life. This paper presents the findings of a study entitled, "Knowledge Management in University Libraries: A case of SADC countries" carried out by the author to investigate knowledge management (KM) practices in SADC (Southern African Development Community) university libraries. The preliminary findings of the study were published in an Open Access book chapter titled, "An Empirical study of Knowledge Management in University Libraries in SADC countries". The focus of the paper is the impetus to practise KM and how KM is being practised, including the challenges and benefits associated with it. A questionnaire survey was used to carry out the study, including both quantitative and qualitative questions. The main reasons for practicing KM were recognized as: to improve library services and productivity, to produce more with less due to financial constraints, and to leverage already existing knowledge. The major challenges were distinguished as constant budget decline, lack of incentives, inadequate staff training, limited expertise, lack of clearly defined KM implementation guidelines, and insufficient technology and knowledge sharing culture.
      PubDate: 2014-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Multivariate analysis of the status of e-government development in Zambia
    • Authors: Kelvin Bwalya; Tanya Du Plessis Chris Rensleigh
      Abstract: This article presents the results of a research that was done in Zambia aimed at assessing the readiness and willingness of different stakeholders (citizens and businesses) to engage in e-Government. Since e-Government is a multi-dimensional phenomenon, its analysis and measurement also call for a multivariate approach. The study utilizes a Mixed Methods Research (MMR) approach to assess both the institutional and individual readiness to adopt e-Government. Restricted factor analysis identified 8 factors explaining totally 23% variance in the proposed regression model. Spearman's rho was used to measure construct validity. The results show that there is a lot that needs to be done if successful e-Government development is to be achieved in Zambia. The study also shows that a pragmatic approach, commensurate to the local context, should be employed in the design of the different e-Government interventions in Zambia.
      PubDate: 2014-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Modifying the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) for determining Library
           and Information Science undergraduate science graduates' acceptance and
           use of an online discussion forum
    • Authors: Adeyinka Tella; Hammed Taiwo Saka
      Abstract: The use of online discussion forum (ODF) is gaining pace among universities as part of e-learning platforms. However, studies on LIS undergraduates use and acceptance of online discussion forum in the Nigeria university context using the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) in the context of the Nigeria Universities are limited. Against this backdrop, this study examined a modification of TAM for determining library and information science undergraduates' acceptance and use of online discussion forum in some selected universities in the South-West and North Central Nigeria. A sample of 320 full time LIS undergraduate students took part in the study. The Pearson inter-correlation Matrix and Multiple regression analysis were conducted to explain the use and acceptance process. The variables from the modified TAM model Perceived Usefulness, Perceived Ease of Use, Perceived Benefits, Attitude towards Use, Intention to use and Actual Use, age, gender, computer experience, internet self-efficacy and accessibility proved TAM to be a good theoretical tool to understand users' acceptance and actual usage of an ODF. Actual use was the most important factor determining acceptance while ease of use contributed most to the prediction of actual use in explaining the causal process in the model. Accessibility was the lowest scored factor determining acceptance in the causal process. The study underscores the need to improve access to the ODF to enhance its use by LIS undergraduate students.
      PubDate: 2014-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Internet-based medical information sources, resources and strategies for
           medical research
    • Authors: Helen O. Jaiyeola Akinade; Oluwole Olumide Durodolu Kolawole Akinjide Aramide
      Abstract: This study investigated the medical-based sources and resources available on the web. It presented a brief description of some medical resources and sources including databases and guides available on the Internet for medical research. The findings of the study revealed that the web has a variety of information resources for medical research in large quantity while also affirming the cost saving and ease of access attribute of these resources. Problem of infrastructure and lack of adequate search skills on the part of the of the researcher were among the major factors identified as major constraint to effective search and retrieval of medical resources from the web.
      PubDate: 2014-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Barriers to university education, retention and graduate study for women
           in Tanzania : research essay
    • Authors: Fenela Mukangara; Ave Maria Semakafu
      Abstract: This study is premised on the assumption that women have comparatively limited access to university education in Tanzania, and that problems of access for women have implications for researchers, policy makers and decision-takers. Just as serious as the problem of women's initial entry into a university are the problems of the retention of women in university employment and graduate study. Other problems related to university access for women elsewhere - such as slower promotions in jobs, limited access to critical decision making, and low participation in university governance - also generally exist in Tanzania. The study assumes that there are hindrances to the educational advancement of women; that those hindrances affect different categories of women to varying degrees and, in recognition of that, the special problems affecting rural-based women and those aspiring to or taking science subjects need to be addressed.
      PubDate: 2014-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Agency and Gender in Gaza: Masculinity, Femininity and Family during the
           Second Intifada, Aitemad Muhanna : book review
    • Authors: Zuziwe Khuzwayo
      Abstract: Aitemad Muhanna's book Agency and Gender in Gaza: Masculinity, Femininity and Family during the Second Intifada is a life history approach on the gender relations that occurred during the Second Intifada in Gaza. The book looks at how the Second Intifada affected not only economic activities, but how men and women relate to one another, their identities, agency and subjectivity during the crisis. Aitemad Muhanna, a researcher focusing on 'Women's Political Participation in the Arab Region', uses rich in-depth interviews tracing how men and women adjusted during the crisis. Muhanna's style of writing is accessible to the average reader and in each chapter she clearly defines each of the concepts which will be used and informs them with evidence from interviews as well as secondary data.
      PubDate: 2014-01-01T00:00:00Z
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