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POLITICAL SCIENCE (801 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 281 Journals sorted alphabetically
A Contracorriente     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ab Imperio     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Acciones e Investigaciones Sociales     Open Access  
Acta Borealia: A Nordic Journal of Circumpolar Societies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Acta Politica Estica     Open Access  
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, European and Regional Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Administory. Zeitschrift für Verwaltungsgeschichte     Open Access  
Administrative Science Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 168)
Affirmations : of the modern     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
AFFRIKA Journal of Politics, Economics and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Africa Conflict Monitor     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Africa Insight     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Africa Institute Occasional Paper     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Africa Renewal     Free   (Followers: 6)
Africa Report     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Africa Review : Journal of the African Studies Association of India     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Africa Today     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
African Conflict and Peacebuilding Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
African Diaspora     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
African East-Asian Affairs     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
African Identities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
African Journal of Democracy and Governance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Rhetoric     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
African Yearbook of Rhetoric     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Africanus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Africa’s Public Service Delivery and Performance Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Afrique contemporaine : La revue de l'Afrique et du développement     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Agenda Política     Open Access  
Agenda: A Journal of Policy Analysis and Reform     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Agrarian South : Journal of Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Akademik İncelemeler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alternatives : Global, Local, Political     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Altre Modernità     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
América Latina Hoy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Communist History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
American Enterprise Institute     Free  
American Foreign Policy Interests: The Journal of the National Committee on American Foreign Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 308)
American Political Science Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 253)
American Political Thought     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Politics Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
American Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Anacronismo e Irrupción     Open Access  
Analecta política     Open Access  
Análise Social     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales UMCS, Politologia     Open Access  
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Annual Review of Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Annual Review of Political Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 164)
Anuario Latinoamericano : Ciencias Políticas y Relaciones Internacionales     Open Access  
AQ - Australian Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription  
Arabian Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arctic Review on Law and Politics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arena Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Armed Conflict Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Asia Minor Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asia Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Asia-Pacific Journal : Japan Focus     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Asia-Pacific Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Asian Affairs: An American Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Comparative Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Asian Politics and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Astropolitics: The International Journal of Space Politics & Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
AUDEM : The International Journal of Higher Education and Democracy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Aurora. Revista de Arte, Mídia e Política     Open Access  
Australasian Review of African Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Journal of International Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Australian Journal of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Austrian Journal of Political Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Balcanica Posnaniensia Acta et studia     Open Access  
Baltic Journal of European Studies     Open Access  
Bandung : Journal of the Global South     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Basic Income Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Beleid en Maatschappij     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BMC International Health and Human Rights     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Brazilian Political Science Review     Open Access  
Brésil(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Canadian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
British Journal of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 165)
British Journal of Politics and International Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
British Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
British Review of New Zealand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Brookings Papers on Economic Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 46)
Bulletin d'histoire politique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bustan     Hybrid Journal  
Cadernos de Estudos Sociais e Políticos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CADUS - Revista de Estudos de Política, História e Cultura     Open Access  
Cahiers de l'Urmis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cahiers de Sciences politiques de l'ULg     Open Access  
Cambio 16     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cambridge Review of International Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Canadian Foreign Policy Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Canadian Journal of Political Science/Revue canadienne de science politique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Caucasus Survey     Hybrid Journal  
Central and Eastern European Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Central Asian Affairs     Hybrid Journal  
Central Banking     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Central European Journal of Public Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
China : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
China perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
China Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
China Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
China Review International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
China-EU Law Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chinese Journal of Global Governance     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of International Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Chinese Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Cittadinanza Europea (LA)     Full-text available via subscription  
Civil Wars     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Claremont-UC Undergraduate Research Conference on the European Union     Open Access  
Class, Race and Corporate Power     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cold War History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Commonwealth & Comparative Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Communication, Politics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Communist and Post-Communist Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Comparative Political Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 165)
Comparative Politics (Russia)     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Comparative Strategy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Competition & Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Conferences on New Political Economy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Confines     Open Access  
Conflict and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Conflict Management and Peace Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Conflict Trends     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Conflict, Security & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 383)
Congress & the Presidency: A Journal of Capital Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Conjunctions. Transdisciplinary Journal of Cultural Participation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Constellations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Contemporary Italian Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Japan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Contemporary Journal of African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Contemporary Political Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Contemporary Review of the Middle East     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Contemporary Security Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Contemporary Southeast Asia: A Journal of International and Strategic Affairs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Contemporary Wales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Contenciosa     Open Access  
Contexto Internacional     Open Access  
Cooperation and Conflict     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
CQ Researcher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
CQ Weekly     Full-text available via subscription  
Criterio Jurídico     Open Access  
Criterios     Open Access  
Critical Asian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Critical Review : A Journal of Politics and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Critical Reviews on Latin American Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Critical Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Critical Studies on Terrorism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Cuadernos de historia de España     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cultura de Paz     Open Access  
Cultural Critique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Culture Mandala : The Bulletin of the Centre for East-West Cultural and Economic Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Debater a Europa     Open Access  
Décalages : An Althusser Studies Journal     Open Access  
Decolonization : Indigeneity, Education & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Defence Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Defense & Security Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Democracy & Education     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Democratic Communiqué     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Democratic Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Democratization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Democrazia e diritto     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Demokratie und Geschichte     Hybrid Journal  
Demokratizatsiya: The Journal of Post-Soviet Democratization     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Der Donauraum     Hybrid Journal  
Der Staat     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Desafíos     Open Access  
Development and Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Digest of Middle East Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Diplomacy & Statecraft     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Diritto, immigrazione e cittadinanza     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Dissent     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Diversité urbaine     Full-text available via subscription  
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
East European Jewish Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
East European Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Economia Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Ecopolítica     Open Access  
eJournal of eDemocracy and Open Government     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
El Cotidiano     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Electoral Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Em Pauta : Teoria Social e Realidade Contemporânea     Open Access  
Encuentro     Open Access  
Environmental Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Equal Opportunities International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Espacios Públicos     Open Access  
Estudios Políticos     Open Access  
Estudios Políticos     Open Access  
Estudos Avançados     Open Access  
Ethical Theory and Moral Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Ethics & International Affairs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Ethics & Global Politics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)

        1 2 3 4 5 | Last

Journal Cover European Integration Studies
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1822-8402 - ISSN (Online) 2335-8831
   Published by Kaunas University of Technology Homepage  [10 journals]
  • Editorial

    • Authors: Rasa Daugėlienė
      PubDate: 2017-10-24
      Issue No: Vol. 0 (2017)
  • Notes for Contributors

    • Authors: Robertas Blaudziunas
      PubDate: 2017-10-24
      Issue No: Vol. 0 (2017)

    • Authors: Krislin Kivi, Natalja Gurvitsh
      Abstract: Nowadays the EU Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS) is considered as one of the most credible and effective environmnetal management tools, which adds valuable elements to an effective environmental management system. However, the number of EMAS registered companies in Estonia remains low, therefore the authors considered it useful to reveal the main reasons of this phenomenon and determine the main obstacles and benefits of EMAS implementation.The main aim of the research was to find out positive and negative aspects associated with the EMAS certification and implementation; the role of EMAS for the stakeholders and the added value derived from the EMAS implementation.The authors conducted interviews and distributed a questionnaire among the EMAS certified organisations in April-May 2015. The main findings of the research suggest that the most substantial value added by the EMAS system is the imporved reputation, credibility and transparency derived from the preparation and publication of environmental reports, which is a compulsory component of EMAS. Organisations also recognized an added value of EMAS by the imporved environmental performance. However, EMAS seemed to have less or no effect on other aspects such as risk management and employee motivation. Based on the results of the research it may be concluded that the value added to organisations by the implementation of EMAS was not significant.Even though implementation of EMAS brings along numerous positive impacts, it is also rconsidered as time, moneyand effort consuming.
      Authors believethat more initiatives from the state side are strongly required to promote EMAS implementation and to increase the public awareness of the EMAS system, its main benefits and added values.
      DOI :
      PubDate: 2017-09-07
      Issue No: Vol. 0 (2017)

    • Authors: Velga Vevere, Rosita Zvirgzdina, Iveta Linina
      Abstract: Every year several world organizations evaluate countries according different criteria and determine their indexes, such as KOF Index of Globalization, Corruption Perception Index, Global Competitiveness Index, Global Innovation Index, and others. These indexes later are used for analysis of the aspects of entrepreneurship activities in specific countries. One particular application of indexes is related to analysis and evaluation of the business environment of the country. The entrepreneurship is affected by many factors; to research all of them is very time and effort consuming process. The proposed approach (i.e., use of indexes) is targeted and can yield results of the practical significance. The goal of the current paper is to compare indicators of the Baltic countries with average indicators of the European Union by using selected indexes that characterize business environment. To reach this goal we set the following tasks: (1) to characterize theoretical framework of indexes that pertain to the business environment; (2) to perform comparative analysis of selected indicators of business environment of the Baltic countries and the EU according to 4 indexes; (3) to make conclusions about business environment in the Baltic countries, especially in Latvia, on the basis of indexes. The current study employs the logical-constructive method – comparison of theoretical notions with empirical data. The factor analysis allows identifying and comparing factors within chosen indexes. The benchmarking is used to estimate indicators of the Baltic countries and compare them mutually and with the average indicators of the EU – it allows to identify the best examples and calculate the deviation. The graphic method allows depicting information visually and making subsequent analysis.
      DOI :
      PubDate: 2017-09-07
      Issue No: Vol. 0 (2017)

    • Authors: Joanna Stryjek
      Abstract: The paper aims to answer the question why the process of institutionalization of the EU’s external relations with its six neighboring countries, representing the Eastern dimension of European Neighbourhood Policy (i.e., Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine), has failed to perform its stabilization role. The study is exploratory and descriptive in nature. Its results indicate three main reasons for which the aforementioned institutionalization process has not been successful, and thus – the EU’s neighbourhood has become even more unstable than it was over a decade before. The first reason is rooted in the applied integration model. The model expected the EU’s neighbours to undergo deep reforms, without offering them the EU membership ‘reward’. In this regard, the EU’s offer not only failed to meet the expectations of the neighbours in question, but also appeared to be partly misunderstood. In consequence, the Eastern ENP countries considered the decision on their potential EU membership to be exclusively political, as well as underestimated the importance of the previously agreed reforms. As regards the second reason for the unsuccessful development of the institutionalization process, the Eastern ENP countries found it very difficult to reach a high level of ‘embeddedness’ of the transferred formal institutions in their socio-economic environment. Finally, the institutionalisation process has also faced difficulties due to the geopolitical rivalry between the EU and Russia over the region. The actions and policies undertaken by Russia not only influenced the (political and economic) decisions of the EU’s Eastern neighbours, but also clearly showed that the institutionalisation of their relations with the EU neither provided for them protection nor guaranteed defence. According to the presented theoretical approach, this serves as an explanations why the stabilisation function of the institutionalization process was not able to perform its role.
      DOI :
      PubDate: 2017-09-07
      Issue No: Vol. 0 (2017)

    • Authors: Stanisław Umiński
      Abstract: The purpose of the study is to discuss the ongoing debate on the future of the EU, with reference to the scenarios formulated by the European Commission, as well as other interesting concepts, and to indicate the most probable scenario that the EU would follow. The method used in the research is studies of the scientific publications, comparison and evaluation of alternative integration scenarios and interpretation of selected legal issues related to the division of competences between the EU and the Member States (MS). The main tasks are as follows: (i) to prove that the concurrent debate about the future of the EU is not “new” and similar questions were asked since the birth of the integration processes, (ii) the usage of sovereignty concept to interpret different demand for integration of the MS, (iii) identification of links between globalisation, integration and the crisis as well as (iv) comparisons of different scenarios related to further (dis)integration within the EU and their consequences. The novelty of the paper is that it relates the integration scenarios formulated by the European Commission to the issue of sovereignty as well as to historical and legal background of the European integration. Out of the possible scenarios proposed, multi-speed Europe is the most probable one. The real challenge, if this scenario will evolve, is to safeguard the possibility for the “lagging countries”, to join the (more integrated) leaders – if the former will be ready to do so. The challenge is to make the multi-speed Europe – an inclusive concept. Multiple speeds have in fact existed within the EU, as there always have been and will be those who are the laggards and the leaders. The awareness of the European issues has been increasing, as suggested by De Wilde & Zürn (2012). However, the EU will go through serious changes, consequences of which deserve thorough debate in order to disseminate knowledge on the consequences of the strategic choices ahead of the MS.
      DOI :
      PubDate: 2017-09-05
      Issue No: Vol. 0 (2017)

    • Authors: Tommaso Emiliani
      Abstract: The article accounts for the emergence of an external dimension of EU internal policies and focuses on the migration, asylum and border management domains. Building on Bretherton & Vogler (2006), it assesses and explains the forms and extent of EU’s external engagement. Firstly, it assesses the degree of EU actorness – that is, the extent to which the Union has become an actor in global politics - in the researched fields in terms of opportunity, presence and capabilities. Secondly, it attempts to explain the emergence of such EU external engagement. While the article defends that the treaty objective of creating an European Area of Freedom, Security and Justice (article 3 TEU) makes EU external action in the migration, asylum and border control domains necessary, it also acknowledges the role of external triggers, such as the so-called 2015 ‘migration and refugee crisis’. On the one hand, external events can provide scope conditions accelerating the pace by which EU external action is pursued. On the other hand, they can also trigger the comeback of hard security concerns linked to claims for ‘more national sovereignty’, thus constraining the development of EU (external) action. The analysis carried out shows that the degree of EU actorness varies considerably across the three domains researched. On one extreme of the continuum, neo-realist understandings of increased arrivals of foreign citizens as hard security challenges to member states account for the enhanced interest in cooperation at the intergovernmental level. Such interpretations explain why the most established domain for EU external engagement is the cooperation with third countries on border management, as it is shown by the expansion of the mandate of EU agencies such as Europol and Frontex, or by negotiation by the European Commission of international agreements containing clauses on readmission of third country citizens irregularly residing in the EU to their countries of origin (the Mobility Partnerships). Less developed, yet quickly evolving, is the EU external dimension of migration policies. Functional concerns related to the need to acquire highly specialized (and relatively cheap) workforce towards an efficient functioning of the single market have prompted a remarkable the law-making in this area, as shown by the EC directives and regulations aimed at third country students, unpaid trainees, voluntary workers and big corporations’ staff. While the neo-functionalist logic explains the emergence of the external dimension of EU migration policies, it may also explain this development is currently limited to certain areas within the policy area. A comprehensive approach to migration policy has not proved possible to achieve so far, due to institutional and bureaucratic limitations, as well as the different agenda of national policymakers. On the other extreme of the continuum, liberal theories and constructivism account for the constraints currently limiting the full development of EU actorness in asylum policies. Several member states’ civil societies do not perceive prospects for absolute gains deriving from cooperation at the EU level. Constraints to the establishment of international institutions regulating asylum policies are thus understood through the lack of strong societal pressures at the member states level. Therefore, while the article puts forward a combination of neo-functionalist, neo-realist, liberal intergovernamentalist and constructivist explanations to account for the emergence of an external dimension of migration asylum and border management policies, as wells as for the obstacles opposing that process, it also provides evidence that external triggers such as increased migratory pressure lead to internal policy dynamics with positive or negative impacts on the shift of actorness from EU member states to the EU itself.
      DOI :
      PubDate: 2017-09-05
      Issue No: Vol. 0 (2017)

    • Authors: Titty Varghese, Ligita Sarkute
      Abstract: Violence against women is experienced by all ages and social classes, all races, religions and nationalities. It is estimated that at least one in three women were subjected to some type of inter-personal violence over their life time (UN Security Council Resolution 1820). The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights found that in EU one in 10 women experienced some form of sexual violence since the age of 15 and, one in 20 has been raped. This article seeks to find out the role of media on portraying the reports of violence against women in Germany which are carried out by men with immigrant background. The tasks include analysing the different violence incidences against women which are reported by media in Germany and also observes the role of policy mechanisms and punishments for such crimes. Research methods employed in this study encompass document analysis of different aspects of violence incidences by observing news reported from July 2016 till February 2017 by two e-newspapers in English.  Also secondary data analysis of different statistics such as crime statistics from Germany, migration reports from Eurostat, violence reports by European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA)etc. were used in this paper. The primary interpretation can be made in such a way that there is an alarming increase in violence against women by certain group of men with immigrant background in Germany despite of the fact that German mass media tries to obscure such reports while the international newspaper do not try to hide. The lack of successful integration of refugees can be identified as a big barrier to prevent such incidences and minimal punishment for crimes against women should be evaluated and modified by respective governance bodies for preventing such incidences.
      DOI :
      PubDate: 2017-09-05
      Issue No: Vol. 0 (2017)

    • Authors: Michail Th Papailias
      Abstract: The present paper explores the significant role of the creative time use and its’ consequences as far as it concerns the economic, social and health care aspects in Greece and in European Union. The appropriate time use has been mentioned from the ancient years, but a more completely approach has been reported after the 18th century. In Greece the first “Time Use Survey” (TUS) took place by Hellenic Statistical Authority (ELSTAT) between 2013-2014, but unfortunately ELSTAT is not expected to conduct a new one. The research question is that a no productive time use can lead to economic, social and health care negative effects in Greece and in European countries. The innovation of the paper lies in the fact that the specific scientific area (especially in Greece) has been investigated poorly. The methodology of this study uses secondary data from Eurostat, Hellenic Statistical Authority and the historical approach of similar literature review. The paper is structured in four parts. The first part refers to the methodology, the literature review and the limitations of the article (the effects of time use cannot be correlated totally). The second presents the theoretical approaches of the leisure time (origins and significance) form ancient time to the present day. The third evaluates data not only from Greece but also from European Union as regards economic, social and health care aspects such as time use, overweight, mental illness, limited social relationship, work accidents, years of healthy life and food habits. The last refers to the conclusions. The investigation results (especially for Greece) show that the problem is the unproductive time use. Against creative time contribute the increasing period of studies, the mental illness, the personal opinion of people for themselves and their health condition (GALI index such the myopic glasses and overweight), the overtime work and passive activities, such as watching TV and surfing the internet.
      DOI :
      PubDate: 2017-09-05
      Issue No: Vol. 0 (2017)

    • Authors: Jolita Greblikaite, Neringa Gerulaitiene, Zivile Ziukaite, Juan J. Garcia-Machado
      Abstract: The paper analyses the peculiarieties of social economy, focusing the scientific attention to social enterprises and their environment in EU and, especially, Lithuania. The research problem of the paper lays upon revealing the situation and development of social entrepreneurship and social enterprises in EU and Lithuania, especially emphasizing rural areas and their peculiarities. The aim of the paper is to disclose the role of social economy and the importance of social enterprises in it, especially concentrating on the environment analysis for such business in Lithuanian rural areas. In the research paper, there were analysed social economy context and importance, legal, economic and social environment of social enterprises in Lithuanian rural area, and social enterprises in Lithuania in terms of latest statistical data. Main findings of the fulfilled research are following: social economy remains very important in EU countries, but the exposure of it is quite different in various countries. Lithuania is trying to implement the principals of social economy in the policy of the country. Now the attention is focused on social entrepreneurship and social enterprises as the unused potential for economy boost in the country. Environement analysis of social enterprises, especially focusing on rural areas of Lithuania, revealed that situation is getting better, but there are a lot of things to be improved for successful development of social business in the country. The improvement should start from public institutions and their focused activity to improve conditions for social enterprises. Otherwise, intentions from business actors are very important also. The further guidance of this research could lead to deeper analysis of social entrepreneurs’ intentions due to starting up social business gathering primary data from the potential and existing entrepreneurs. Rural areas remain as unexplored area for social business creation, especially when additional financial support is planned for them.
      DOI :
      PubDate: 2017-09-05
      Issue No: Vol. 0 (2017)

    • Authors: Virginijs Keinis
      Abstract: Modern world and the inconsistent process of globalisation have given new dimensions to matters like national self-confidence, identification with a certain ethnos, traditions, symbols and history. Due to a number of factors borders have ceased to exist literally and figuratively. During the foundation and enlargement of modern Europe regional policy was mostly economically driven. It was declared that Europe has never been as prosperous, secure and free. Today we start to doubt this declaration and it is clear that history has brought us challenges that the founders of Europe could not imagine. What are the results of Europe’s “open door” policy, Schengen treaty and common financial, energy and transit policy' What exactly is the common foreign security policy and how successful it can be in the fast changing environment of today’s world' All these aspects have determined the need to shift emphasis of policy from economics to security and conceive the context of practically unlimited information space, the aggressive propaganda of hostile states (or pseudo states) and endless flow of refugee’s that contribute to international terrorism and national disturbances. The purpose of the study is to acknowledge the impact of the described current situation on the concept of national security and its transformation in the course of ongoing global processes. The tasks are to acknowledge the impact of Europe’s “open door” policy, comprehend the progress of Europe’s common security policies and estimate how successful it can be in the fast changing environment of today’s world. The author uses analytical synthesis and a number of scientific research methods to fulfil the tasks of the thesis and draw conclusions. Expert interviews were extensively performed to gather the opinion of field professionals. The study clearly indicates that Europe has comprehended the necessity of common security and defence policy. However alternating global situation withhold the progress and success of the implementation of this policy. Modification of the threat itself has brought new topics to the agenda of security community. Europe is sharing economical, energy and other issues but national security still is the field that each nation is left to consider individually. Physically building Europe’s security and defence capacity could be an ambitious plan but contemporary situation require radical actions. Nevertheless the most significant dilemma is the balance between sovereignty and common security interests.
      DOI :
      PubDate: 2017-09-05
      Issue No: Vol. 0 (2017)

    • Authors: Gazmend Qorraj
      Abstract: Most of the analyses are performed in order to find the impact of EU membership on trade relations and economic impact for the member states. In contrary the BREXIT is the first case to discus and predict the exit process. In this paper we will try to analyse the BREXIT with regard to enlargement impact for the Western Balkans. The main question to be addressed is: the lack of political support of Britain for the EU enlargement of the Western Balkans, second issue is trade and economic issues; third issue is probability of decrease of EU programmes for Western Balkans due to withdraw of Britain and their contribution for the EU budget. Another important issue to be tackled is the Negotiation Process. Assuming that Britain cannot negotiate optimally with EU, therefore this option could impose long term negotiations therefore the main focus of the European Union will be directed to the BREXIT process compare to Western Balkans enlargement. In order to have the empirical results about the expectations of respondents about the future prospects of the European Union in the Western Balkans, we employed a survey involving 400 respondents mainly academics working on EU affairs and other stakeholders. Based on the statistical indicators, as well as the survey results we can conclude that the people in the Western Balkans still believe in the Europen Project despite the BREXIT and other challenges.
      DOI :
      PubDate: 2017-09-05
      Issue No: Vol. 0 (2017)

    • Authors: Aleksandra Borowicz
      Abstract: Until 2014 the problem of migration was discussed primarily in the context of free movement of people and the asylum policies of selected countries. Since 2014 the European Union (EU) has been facing one of the deepest political and social crises, namely the migration crisis. The stance adopted on this issue by individual Member States has demonstrated great divergence between countries in terms of their understanding of the notion of “solidarity”. In 2015 alone, over a million migrants arrived in the EU, creating an urgent need to develop adequate solutions and mechanisms that would help to manage this influx and prevent its negative effects. The need for tight cooperation and support for the countries affected must lead to the development of a long-term strategy for the future. The article introduces selected theoretical issues that may be applied in describing the current situation in migration crisis. The article offers a brief overview of the steps undertaken on the European level in response to the migration crisis and analyses their effectiveness. At the same time the author discusses the reaction of Member States, taking into consideration the fundamental principles of solidarity, openness to new countries or the global role of the EU. The article emphasises the economic implications of the crisis and its impact on the political dimension of the EU in the future. The article is based on a literature review and analysis of documents published by European institutions and distinguished research centres. A substantial section of the article is devoted to Member States’ obligations stemming directly from EU primary legislation. This article is founded upon the belief that, at the European level, the right measures have been proposed to resolve the ongoing crisis. The lack of understanding of the fundamental principles governing the European integration process has resulted in the current difficulties. The negative reaction of different countries to the migration crisis in the EU is likely to lead to new scenarios in the integration process. A highly probable consequence is the transformation of the EU into “the EU of two speeds”. This may pose a serious threat to the catching-up countries, as they may become only supporting actors of the European integration process. The discussion between EU Member States with respect to fulfilling the resettlement obligation is entirely unjustified, as the legal mandate of the European Commission stems directly from the Treaties.
      DOI :
      PubDate: 2017-09-05
      Issue No: Vol. 0 (2017)

    • Authors: Jari Kaivo-oja, Teemu Haukioj, Ari Karppinen
      Abstract: Since the creation of the EU, its focal economic objective has been to achieve economic growth and improved employment. The European Union’s present ’Growth, Jobs and Investments’ –strategy (GJI) is a recent attempt to promote these goals. Since the global economic and financial  crisis the EU has been suffering from low level of investments. The purpose of this study is to assess the development of growth, employment, and investments in the Member States from 1995 to 2015. For this purpose, a relatively simple ‘GEI-index’ is developed. This aggregate index is a composition of indicators in GJI, which in general evolve in the same direction. The study provides: (1) a comparative evaluation of the haves and losers among the EU countries and (2) an empirical summary for the main objectives in the GJI-strategy. The primary methods used are based on the GEI indicator and data-analyses. The key findings of the study are: First, there seems to be some catching up concerning new member states that joined in the EU in the 2000s. Second, during the whole period from 1995 to the beginning of the financial crisis all the EU-28 countries – including the late members – show a positive development in the GEI-index. However, from 2009 to 2015 seven countries – all of which belong into the euro area –had declining GEI-index. These same countries had low level of investments and long lasting economic recession. Third, all the other EU-28 countries, but except Greece, had positive development in the GEI-index in 2015 as compared to the previous year. Obviously, our GEI-analyses cannot give a straight answer about the success of the EU’s GJI-strategy as such. However, we see that our GEI-index provides a simple but effective tool for the practical assessments of the EU’s growth policies. It is easy to interpret and visualize. Based on our illustration of the GEI-index, we recommend that there is a serious need to re-evaluate the EU’s growth strategies and economic policies concerning the employment and investments.
      DOI :
      PubDate: 2017-09-05
      Issue No: Vol. 0 (2017)
           BOND MARKET

    • Authors: Natalja Tocelovska
      Abstract: Baltic region is traditionally treated as similar and comparable when analysed on the macroeconomic level. The major difference is faced when the analysis is performed for the corporate bond market – the weight of Latvian publically traded corporate bonds among the three countries- Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia- reached 94% by the number of issues quoted. With 47 corporate bonds listed in Nasdaq Riga, Latvian corporate bond market demonstrated the rapid growth and recognition of corporate bonds as the source of alternative to bank lending financing method (Nasdaq Baltic, 2017). There are no obvious macro or microeconomic evidence for Latvia meeting more favourable conditions for corporate bond market development than Lithuania and Estonia The increasing role of the capital market as the alternative to the traditional to Europe banking sector is strongly supported by the European Commission (EC). In 2015 the EC announced the Capital Market Union (CMU) initiative and respective action plan as the reaction to the challenges faced by both banking sector and small and medium enterprise (SME) segment in Europe. As integrated and more diverse capital markets will decrease the cost of funding for companies, the objective of the CMU is to make the financial system more resilient in all 28 Member States including Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia (European Commission, 2017). While several steps like proposal to modernise the Prospectus Directive have been made, further actions based on the review of regulatory barriers to SME admission on public markets and SME growth markets and review of European Union corporate bond markets, focusing on how market liquidity can be improved made in 2017 will follow (European Commission, 2015). The aim of this article is to analyse the level of development of the biggest Baltic corporate bond market- Latvian corporate bond segment and to reveal the potential CMU introduction effect. The paper applies Financial Sector Development Indicators (FSDI) framework developed by The World Bank (World Bank, 2004) to the country cluster as defined by Bending et al (2014). The paper relates the results to CMU action plan developed by the European Commission. The article estimates that Latvian corporate bond market is highly developed compared to the peers selected where the only lagging area is size. The article concludes that reviving securitisation, participation in European Long Term Investment Funds and developing European private placement market should be prioritised for Latvia within CMU framework.
      DOI :
      PubDate: 2017-09-05
      Issue No: Vol. 0 (2017)

    • Authors: Loredana Maria Simionov
      Abstract: In the aftermath of the Ukraine crisis, the ongoing debate concerning the best course of action that the West should take in order to better handle Russia still sparks the academia and the decision-makers. Thus, the European continent is once again divided, bringing back chills from the Cold War era. Although the current adopted measures, namely the economic sanctions on Russia’s energy and financial sectors, have undoubtedly exerted considerable pressure on the Russian economy, isolating it from the Western world, they have not changed, at least for now, President Putin’s overall strategic vision. Within this context, the current paper offers a comprehensive analysis of the nature of the EU and Russia relations, in order to shed some light over the current deadlock. Overall, the research aims, through an interdisciplinary approach to analyse the complex relations between the two actors, based on an evaluation of their economic interdependence and culminating with the exploration of its significance for their international political ties, considering the current economic and political context.
      DOI :
      PubDate: 2017-09-05
      Issue No: Vol. 0 (2017)

    • Authors: Malgorzata Zajaczkowski
      Abstract: Development of regional cooperation is of utmost importance to the functioning of the European Neighborhood Policy (ENP). It is especially significant across the EU’s external borders and among the EU’s neighbors themselves, specially that are geographically close to each other. The idea behind the ENP and its Eastern dimension provides the partner countries with two options: first - an alternative to the EU’s membership through offering the countries comprehensive and deep economic and political cooperation, second - the membership perspective through engaging the partners in a long-run economic, social and political reforms. Therefore the aim of the EU’s commitment was to bring, on the one hand, economic and social benefits to the partner countries, and on the other, protect interests and maintain stabilization at the EU’s external frontiers. The current level of regional collaboration shows that the EU’s strategy relying on political dialogue and economic assistance has not been sufficient incentive to change the countries within the Eastern Partnership (EaP). However the progress cannot be excluded.  Enhancing of regional cooperation might lead to increase social cohesion and stability which is then the crucial prerequisite for closer political association and economic integration with the EU. Therefore the aim of the paper is to present and analyze the problem of cooperation between the Eastern partners of ENP. Major question is whether the initiative has contributed to improve cooperation among the partners and if it has what tangible progress has it brought to the benefits of the Eastern Partnership (EaP) and the EU itself'
      DOI :
      PubDate: 2017-09-05
      Issue No: Vol. 0 (2017)

    • Authors: Olga Bogdanova, Ilja Arefjevs, Juris Spiridonovs
      Abstract: The purpose of the article is to compare actual owners of European gas storage and transmission companies with preferred ones based on experts' assessments from the perspective of the Energy Union dimensions.Tasks of the research include explaining the topicality of the research, collecting data on owners of European gas storage and transmission companies, grouping companies in accordance with their ownership structures, obtaining expert assessments on preferred owners of the companies, comparing actual owners with preferred ones as well as drawing corresponding conclusions.Methods used are single linkage cluster analysis, structured expert interviews, analytic hierarchy process, monographic method, document analysis, case study method, literature review and others. The research covers gas storage and transmission companies in Europe, which are members of the Gas Infrastructure Europe Association. Companies are grouped into clusters according to the shares of the defined types of owners. Experts with sufficient knowledge on five dimensions of the Energy Union were interviewed in order to obtain assessments on preferred owners for the companies subject to research. Expert interview results were processed by using the analytic hierarchy process. At the final stage of the research, actual owners were compared to preferred ones derived from expert assessments and corresponding conclusions drawn.Six various clusters of gas storage companies and seven ones categorising transmission companies were identified while fifteen companies were defined as outliers. Apart from holdings by states of establishment, which constituted the most of observed cases, in many other instances both other European union state as well as non-EU state holdings were revealed in the companies subject to research. Expert assessments processed by the analytic hierarchy process revealed the most and the least preferred clusters from the perspective of the five dimensions of the Energy Union.
      DOI :
      PubDate: 2017-09-05
      Issue No: Vol. 0 (2017)

    • Authors: Natalija Kostrikova
      Abstract: On one hand decentralization brings more transparency and trust to the parties involved in transactions, but on the other hand it narrows possibilities for central control. Distributed ledger technology (DCT) is a recent decentralized ICT innovation that acts as self-sustainable ledger for documenting transactions self-protected against counterfeiting and hacker attacks. The aim of the current research paper is to analyze opportunities and barriers for application of distributed ledgers in the contextof EU digital single market strategy. The main tasks are (1) to identify key areas for application of distributed ledgers, (2) to analyze opinions of researchers, public institutions and think-tanks with regards to distributed ledgers, (3) to analyze possibilities for application of distributed ledgers under priorities of the EU Digital Single Market Strategy. The current researchpaper utilizes methods of content analysis, grounded theory, descriptive statistics, correlation analysis and regression analysis.
      DOI :
      PubDate: 2017-09-05
      Issue No: Vol. 0 (2017)

    • Authors: Haidong Feng
      Abstract: In the past several years, China is entering a new stage of country`s economic development. Due to these changes of foreign brands also are switching their position towards Chinese consumers. The attitudes that consumers have towards international brands have been studied in the western countries for some time now. On 6th November 2016, the 5th Summit of China and Central and Eastern European Countries (CEECs 16+1 Cooperation) was successfully held in Riga, Latvia. On the behalf of Guidelines which were made to help the cooperation between Central and Eastern Europe and China, some Latvian companies adopted an approach that emphasizes relation building with local agencies. However, these companies don`t do enough marketing planning and their activities in this field are implicit, because they do not understand Chinese consumers and their shopping habits. In order to enter Chinese market and expand the business here, entrepreneurs must understand the mindset and preferences of Chinese consumers. Through some marketing survey in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Chengdu, Nanjing, Hangzhou, the author collected the marketing research data of consumer preference by questionnaires among the six largest cities in China. Through some marketing theories, SWOT analysis, data statistics, the research gets a comprehensive analysis result. By taking a fresh look at the marketing researches amidst latent consumer conception and behavior further, this study generates gaining experiences of Latvian brands building in China market. Then the conclusion will show the suggestions of how Latvian international brands adjust their marketing changes to raise their brands competitiveness in Chinese consumption patterns and to address the impact of consumer behaviors and marketing activities successfully.
      DOI :
      PubDate: 2017-09-05
      Issue No: Vol. 0 (2017)

    • Authors: Ilja Arefjevs
      Abstract: The purpose of the article is to develop and implement an efficiency assessment concept model for financial alliances based on efficiency assessment of Bancassurance in the pension fund management in the Baltic countries.Tasks of the research include explaining the topicality, studying the Bancassurance, review of frontier based efficiency measurement techniques such as stochastic frontier analysis (SFA) and data envelopment analysis (DEA) and its applicability for banking, insurance and pension funds industry as well as Bancassurance efficiency assessment by suing SFA and DEA.Methods used are qualitative- monographic. literature review, document analysis, data evaluation. Quantitative- econometric techniques, including regression and correlation analysis, economic modelling techniques, including SFA and DEA, descriptive statistics methods, cluster analysis.Bancassurance was found to be the dominant business model in the pension fund management in Baltics. Pension fund management business is very important for financial groups operating in the Baltic countries because it generates very strong return on equity.Small and medium specialised pension fund management companies proved to be capable of achieving competitive efficiency compared to other companies.
      DOI :
      PubDate: 2017-09-05
      Issue No: Vol. 0 (2017)

    • Authors: Zanda Krūkle, Rūta Bendere
      Abstract: Environmental noise is currently becoming one of the most dominant types of environmental pollution. The effects of environmental noise closely correlate with quality of life especially regarding the physical and psychological health of inhabitants, social and economic costs, and thus also impacting the sustainable development of a country. Environmental noise management, therefore, is one of the most necessary and exigent aspects of environmental pollution management governance. The management of noise need to be developed in a comprehensive, integrative and cross-sectorial way, and appropriate methods and approaches for the management of overall noise impacts need to be found to deal with them in the most effective and sustainable manner. Taking into account above mentioned, the aim of this research is to study environmental noise management at a national level, taking into account environmental noise management framework in the European Union (hereinafter – EU). Research mostly focuses on new EU member states that joined EU after the year 2000, including Baltic countries. The objectives of this research are as follows: (1) to justify the need for development of environmental noise management, based on theoretical studies of environmental noise as a comprehensive environmental pollution component; (2) to analyze the established practices for noise management in EU in order to identify the best practice examples; (3) to study and analyse  problem situations in Latvia that is chosen as an example of  new EU member states; (4) to propose improvements for noise management processes at a national level, based on the analysis of the case. In the scope of the study authors analyze existing legislation and the institutional system for environmental noise management, and provide conclusions from Latvian case studies. The research allows providing suggestions for improvements of a noise management at a national level. Latvian case study allows concluding that necessary improvements are related to following processes: development of legislation, noise policy, environmental noise mapping and action planning, environmental noise control and complaints management, data and information collection, analysis and dissemination, as well as environmental impact assessment.
      DOI :
      PubDate: 2017-09-05
      Issue No: Vol. 0 (2017)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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