Subjects -> POLITICAL SCIENCE (Total: 1124 journals)
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    - POLITICAL SCIENCE (938 journals)
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POLITICAL SCIENCE (938 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 281 Journals sorted alphabetically
A Contracorriente     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ab Imperio     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acciones e Investigaciones Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACME : An International Journal for Critical Geographies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Borealia: A Nordic Journal of Circumpolar Societies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Acta Politica Estica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, European and Regional Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Administory. Zeitschrift für Verwaltungsgeschichte     Open Access  
Administrative Science Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 214)
AFFRIKA Journal of Politics, Economics and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Africa Conflict Monitor     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Africa Insight     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Africa Institute Occasional Paper     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Africa Intelligence     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Africa Renewal     Free   (Followers: 7)
Africa Review : Journal of the African Studies Association of India     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Africa Today     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70)
African Conflict and Peacebuilding Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
African Diaspora     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
African East-Asian Affairs     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
African Identities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
African Journal of Democracy and Governance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Rhetoric     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
African Yearbook of Rhetoric     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Africanus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Africa’s Public Service Delivery and Performance Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Afrika Focus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Afrique contemporaine : La revue de l'Afrique et du développement     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Agenda Internacional     Open Access  
Agenda Política     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agenda: A Journal of Policy Analysis and Reform     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Agrarian South : Journal of Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Akademik Hassasiyetler     Open Access  
Akademik İncelemeler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Akademik Yaklaşımlar Dergisi     Open Access  
Alternatives : Global, Local, Political     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Altre Modernità     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
América Latina Hoy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Communist History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
American Enterprise Institute     Free   (Followers: 3)
American Foreign Policy Interests: The Journal of the National Committee on American Foreign Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 386)
American Political Science Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 322)
American Political Thought     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
American Politics Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
American Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Anacronismo e Irrupción     Open Access  
Anais de Constitucionalismo, Transnacionalidade e Sustentabilidade     Open Access  
Anais Eletrônicos do Congresso Epistemologias do Sul     Open Access  
Analecta política     Open Access  
Análise Social     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Analysis of Current Trends in Antisemitism     Open Access  
Andalas Journal of International Studies     Open Access  
Ankara University SBF Journal     Open Access  
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio M – Balcaniensis et Carpathiensis     Open Access  
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Annuaire suisse de politique de développement     Open Access  
Annual Review of Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46)
Annual Review of Political Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 209)
Anuario Latinoamericano : Ciencias Políticas y Relaciones Internacionales     Open Access  
AQ - Australian Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription  
Arabian Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Arctic Review on Law and Politics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arena Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Armed Conflict Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Asia Minor Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asia Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Asia-Pacific Journal : Japan Focus     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal  
Asia-Pacific Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Asian Affairs: An American Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Comparative Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of German and European Studies     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Asian Politics and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Astropolitics: The International Journal of Space Politics & Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Giuridiche, Economiche e Politiche     Open Access  
AUDEM : The International Journal of Higher Education and Democracy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Aurora. Revista de Arte, Mídia e Política     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Review of African Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Journal of International Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Australian Journal of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Balcanica Posnaniensia Acta et studia     Open Access  
Baltic Journal of European Studies     Open Access  
Baltic Journal of Political Science     Open Access  
Bandung : Journal of the Global South     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Basic Income Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Beleid en Maatschappij     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BMC International Health and Human Rights     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Bohemistyka     Open Access  
Brazilian Political Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Brésil(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Canadian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
British Journal of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 217)
British Journal of Politics and International Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
British Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
British Review of New Zealand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Brookings Papers on Economic Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 64)
Bulletin d'histoire politique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bustan     Hybrid Journal  
CADUS - Revista de Estudos de Política, História e Cultura     Open Access  
Cahiers de l'Urmis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cahiers de Sciences politiques de l'ULg     Open Access  
Cambio 16     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cambio : Rivista sulle Trasformazioni Sociali     Open Access  
Cambridge Review of International Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Canadian Foreign Policy Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Canadian Journal of European and Russian Studies     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Political Science/Revue canadienne de science politique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Çanakkale Araştırmaları Türk Yıllığı     Open Access  
Caucasus Survey     Hybrid Journal  
Central and Eastern European Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Central Asian Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Central Banking     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Central European Journal of Public Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
China : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
China International Strategy Review     Hybrid Journal  
China perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
China Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
China Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
China Review International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
China-EU Law Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chinese Journal of Global Governance     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of International Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Chinese Political Science Review     Hybrid Journal  
Chinese Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Cittadinanza Europea (LA)     Full-text available via subscription  
Civil Wars     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Claremont-UC Undergraduate Research Conference on the European Union     Open Access  
Class, Race and Corporate Power     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cold War History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Colección     Open Access  
Commonwealth & Comparative Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Communication, Politics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Communist and Post-Communist Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Comparative Cultural Studies : European and Latin American Perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Comparative Political Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 231)
Comparative Politics (Russia)     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Comparative Strategy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Competition & Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Complexity, Governance & Networks     Open Access  
Confines     Open Access  
Conflict and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Conflict Management and Peace Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Conflict Trends     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Conflict, Security & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 413)
Conflicto Social     Open Access  
Congress & the Presidency: A Journal of Capital Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Conhecer : Debate entre o Público e o Privado     Open Access  
Conjunctions. Transdisciplinary Journal of Cultural Participation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Constellations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Contemporary Italian Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Contemporary Japan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Contemporary Journal of African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Contemporary Levant     Hybrid Journal  
Contemporary Political Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Contemporary Review of the Middle East     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Contemporary Security Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Contemporary Southeast Asia: A Journal of International and Strategic Affairs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Contemporary Wales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Contenciosa     Open Access  
Contexto Internacional     Open Access  
Cooperation and Conflict     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
CosmoGov : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan     Open Access  
CQ Researcher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Criterio Jurídico     Open Access  
Criterios     Open Access  
Critical Asian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Critical Review : A Journal of Politics and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Critical Reviews on Latin American Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Critical Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Critical Studies on Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Critical Studies on Terrorism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Cuadernos de Coyuntura     Open Access  
Cuadernos de historia de España     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cuestiones Políticas     Open Access  
Cultura de Paz     Open Access  
Cultura Latinoamericana     Open Access  
Cultural Critique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Culture Mandala : The Bulletin of the Centre for East-West Cultural and Economic Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cywilizacja i Polityka     Open Access  
Debater a Europa     Open Access  
Décalages : An Althusser Studies Journal     Open Access  
Decolonization : Indigeneity, Education & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Defence Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Defense & Security Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Democracy & Education     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Democratic Communiqué     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Democratic Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Democratization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Democrazia e diritto     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Demokratie und Geschichte     Hybrid Journal  
Demokratizatsiya: The Journal of Post-Soviet Democratization     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Der Donauraum     Hybrid Journal  

        1 2 3 4 5 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Conflict Management and Peace Science
Journal Prestige (SJR): 2.441
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 35  
 
Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal   * Containing 4 Open Access Open Access article(s) in this issue *
ISSN (Print) 0738-8942 - ISSN (Online) 1549-9219
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1085 journals]
  • Before the dominos fall: Regional conflict, donor interests, and US
           foreign aid
    • Authors: Michael E. Flynn
      First page: 39
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      In this article I examine how a state’s conflict environment affects the amount of foreign aid it receives. Specifically, conflict in the recipient state’s neighborhood can have a wide range of externalities that negatively affect the recipient state, but also the interests of donor countries. I argue that the presence of conflict in a state’s region generally leads to an increase in the demand for aid funds and should correlate with an increase in the amount of aid a state receives. I further argue that the degree to which the donor state will increase aid funds to meet this demand depends upon the donor’s economic and political interests in the recipient state.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      PubDate: 2020-01-01T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894217711355
       
  • National identity, religious tolerance, and group conflict: Insights from
           a survey experiment in Pakistan
    • Authors: Michael Kalin, Niloufer Siddiqui
      First page: 58
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      Can highlighting the national contributions of a religiously marginalized group increase tolerance toward that group, even when its presence in the national identity is disputed' Research shows that prejudice can be overcome by emphasizing a superordinate identity to which members of different groups belong. Our paper investigates whether the provision of information about a religious minority group’s contribution to the nation—and in the process, reiterating to citizens the broader identity to which they all belong—can increase tolerance toward members of that group. We test the effect of randomly exposing survey respondents to factual information about Pakistan’s first Nobel Prize winner, a member of the widely ostracized Ahmadi minority sect, on support for pro-Ahmadi policies. We find that respondents overall are more willing to express tolerant views toward Ahmadis, but that this effect is attenuated (and in some cases, reversed) among respondents potentially alienated from the national identity.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      PubDate: 2020-01-01T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894217724568
       
  • Changing horses in midstream: Leadership changes and the civil war peace
           process
    • Authors: Kirssa Cline Ryckman, Jessica Maves Braithwaite
      First page: 83
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      We examine the impact of governmental leadership changes on the civil war peace process. In line with the literature on leadership changes and interstate war, we argue that transitions can help overcome lags in the rational updating process, leading to negotiations and termination through negotiated settlements. However, while studies of interstate relations emphasize the role of “outsider” changes that produce new winning coalitions, we argue that owing to the critical nature of credible commitment problems within the civil war peace process, only “insider” changes can generate the benefits of leadership change while mitigating uncertainty generated by leadership turnover. Using existing and original data on changes in governmental leadership, we find support for our expectations. Leadership changes can produce conditions favorable to negotiations and settlements, but only changes from inside the existing regime should be encouraged to avoid prolonging the conflict.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      PubDate: 2020-01-01T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894217726762
       
  • The Security-Force Ethnicity (SFE) Project: Introducing a new dataset
    • Authors: Paul Lorenzo Johnson, Ches Thurber
      First page: 106
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      The ethnic composition of state security forces is believed to have important effects on the dynamics of conflict processes, but data limitations have impeded our ability to test such hypotheses cross-nationally until now. To address this problem, the Security Force Ethnicity dataset provides time-series, group-level measures of the ethnic composition of military forces in the Middle East between 1946 and 2013. We draw on an extensive review of case studies and histories to produce unique ordinal codings for participation rates in the officer corps and in the rank and file. We demonstrate the utility of the data through empirical applications, examining the relationship between military ethnic composition and the incidence of coups and repression. Our findings illustrate the theoretical and empirical importance of disaggregating ethnic representation in the military from inclusion in other institutions of the state.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      PubDate: 2020-01-01T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894217709012
       
  • Selectorate’s information and dictator’s accountability
    • Authors: Mario Gilli, Yuan Li
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      In this paper, we study the evolution of accountability in autocracies and the consequent progressive economic and political mismanagement in terms of information changes. It is often held to be true that better information means greater accountability. On the contrary, we show that in dictatorships, better information might imply worse choices by a dictator. The basic idea is that the reputation mechanism underlying accountability only works if there is enough noise surrounding the dictator’s possible type. As the selectorate’s information about the dictator’s actual type increases over time, the incentives for the dictator to behave correctly vanish.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      PubDate: 2019-12-03T02:13:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894219883994
       
  • Terrain and war: Measuring topographic and land cover heterogeneity in
           interstate wars, 1816–2003
    • Authors: Connor JS Sutton, Michael J Battaglia
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      This article introduces the War Terrain Indices and Geospatial Representation Dataset (WARTIGER). This dataset addresses a dearth of quality terrain data in the study of interstate war outcomes. It introduces three primary sets of variables for all interstate wars between 1816 and 2003, including disaggregated versions of the First and Second World Wars. The first, spatial extent, approximates the total area of a given war. The second measures topographic heterogeneity using a terrain ruggedness index. The third estimates land cover heterogeneity and presents a trafficability index. These data allow for an accurate and temporal assessment of the role of terrain as they relate to the correlates of war outcomes.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      PubDate: 2019-11-29T02:29:52Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894219879770
       
  • Organizational context matters: explaining different responses to militant
           leadership targeting
    • Authors: Yasutaka Tominaga
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      Scholars are increasingly investigating the effectiveness of removing militant groups’ leaders; to date, their findings have been mixed. Rather than seeking consistent evidence, this article explains why some militant organizations demonstrate resilience to leadership targeting while others do not. The author argues that organizational context, especially the initial endowment set, determines the extent of institutionalization and ease of leadership succession. Organizations formed by appealing to shared identity and norms are less likely to implement institutionalized systems, instead depending heavily on charismatic leaders; conversely, groups with access to economic resources develop highly structured functions, leading to the routinization of leadership succession. Analysis of 153 militant organizations between 1970 and 2008 shows that organizations based on economic endowment show high resilience to this strategy. Groups that employ negative strategies against local communities as the product of their initial economic endowment are much less likely to be affected by forced leadership removal.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      PubDate: 2019-11-26T11:32:46Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894219885896
       
  • Mobilization for peace: Analyzing religious peace activism
    • Authors: Johannes Vüllers
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      Under what conditions do religious groups engage in peace activism' Religious groups engage in peace activism if the associated costs are low and they compete with either conflict party over the interpretation of their religious content concerning war and peace. Peace activism is a promising action as peace activists maintain their positive self-evaluation. I introduce a novel dataset of peace activism for 511 religious groups in 128 countries from 1990 to 2008. Conditional fixed effects and logistic models support my hypotheses. The findings highlight the role of rational considerations in the decision to conduct peace activities by representatives of religious groups.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      PubDate: 2019-10-14T06:08:40Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894219875135
       
  • Introducing the Ethnic One-Sided Violence dataset
    • Authors: Hanne Fjelde, Lisa Hultman, Livia Schubiger, Lars-Erik Cederman, Simon Hug, Margareta Sollenberg
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      This article introduces the Ethnic One-Sided Violence dataset (EOSV) that provides information on the ethnic identity of civilian victims of direct and deliberate killings by state and non-state actors from 1989 to 2013. The EOSV dataset disaggregates the civilian victims in the one-sided violence dataset from the Uppsala Conflict Data Program by identifying which ethnic group they belong to, using the list of politically relevant ethnic groups from the Ethnic Power Relations data. By providing information on the ethnic targets of violence, EOSV enables researchers to explore new questions about the logic and dynamics of violence against civilians.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      PubDate: 2019-09-19T11:36:57Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894219863256
       
  • Protest, counter-protest and organizational diversification of protest
           groups

         This is an Open Access Article Open Access Article

    • Authors: Kana Inata
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      Whereas protests have been discussed predominantly in terms of collective action issues, achieving coordination does not always guarantee success. Protest groups must also back their demands with sufficient threats. Some assert that threats are enhanced by the mobilization of more resources. Yet this conventional wisdom fails to explain why not all large-scale protests win government concessions or why some protest groups spend resources on their organizational infrastructure even though it will not inflict immediate damage on the government. Formalizing protest in a bargaining model, I show that investing in organizational infrastructure improves the impact of protest groups’ threats by lowering the probability that a counter-protest will offset the impact of the original protest.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      PubDate: 2019-09-16T06:45:24Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894219869916
       
  • Peace data: Concept, measurement, patterns, and research agenda
    • Authors: Paul F Diehl, Gary Goertz, Yahve Gallegos
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      This data article reviews the revised “peace data,” describing the motivations behind them and offering a general description of the different peace scale levels—severe rivalry, lesser rivalry, negative peace, warm peace, and security community respectively. A brief overview of the evolution of peace and rivalry for the 1900–2015 period is presented. Peace in the international system has increased over time, with a decline in rivalries and an increase in security communities being the most notable findings. The article concludes with a discussion of how the peace data might be used to address new questions in international relations research or reconfigure existing ones.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      PubDate: 2019-09-16T06:44:44Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894219870288
       
  • Oil wealth and US public support for war
    • Authors: Lala Muradova, Ross James Gildea
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      How does the oil wealth of a potential target state affect the likelihood of the US public favoring the use of military force' Recent studies suggest that public opinion on foreign policy is responsive to the core characteristics of target states, such as regime type and majority religion. This article advances this research agenda by examining the effects of intra-regime heterogeneity in respect of an important characteristic of target states: their oil wealth. To examine the relationship between oil wealth and US public opinion on war, we fielded a conjoint experiment with US citizens. Respondents chose between hypothetical pairs of target states that varied across seven different intra-regime characteristics. We found that that the oil wealth of a target exerts a statistically significant (albeit small) effect on public support for the use of force, independent of the effects of other regime characteristics.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      PubDate: 2019-09-16T06:44:04Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894219871655
       
  • In plain sight' Reconsidering the linkage between brideprice and
           violent conflict
    • Authors: Scott J Cook, Cameron G Thies
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      Persistent brideprice inflation has been linked to greater political violence. However, empirically testing this argument is complicated by the paucity of data on brideprice. We argue that despite the lack of over-time brideprice data, one can proxy for variation in marriage markets using changes to population, economic growth, and marriage rates themselves, thereby offering a clearer test of the brideprice–violence relationship. Our analysis suggests that there is little empirical support for such a relationship, and concludes that the previous support was largely due to data limitations and omitted confounds.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      PubDate: 2019-08-20T03:29:27Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894219863254
       
  • Near crises in world politics: A new dataset
    • Authors: Evgeniia Iakhnis, Patrick James
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      Crisis escalation to war is a subject of longstanding interest. Case studies, formal models and statistical analysis offer compelling explanations for why some crises escalate to war while others do not. Much less can be said in answer to the following question: where do crises come from in the first place' In this paper, we first introduce the concept of a near crisis following the approach taken over the course of more than four decades by the International Crisis Behavior (ICB) Project. A near crisis is just below a crisis as defined by ICB with regard to intensity, as it lacks one essential condition for a crisis—higher likelihood of military hostilities. Second, we present a newly developed dataset that contains information on 86 cases in which actors perceived a threat to one or more basic values, along with an awareness of finite time for response to the value threat. We also present simple statistical models comparing (a) near crisis to crisis and (b) crisis to war that show that analyses based on the Near Crisis dataset will contribute to advancement of knowledge.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      PubDate: 2019-07-30T11:48:01Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894219855610
       
  • Command of the skies: An air power dataset
    • Authors: Richard J Saunders, Mark Souva
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      We introduce a dataset on air power. Air power is the ability to inflict damage on an adversary through the air, and its successful application depends on achieving command of the skies. To achieve command of the skies, countries invest in a variety of types of military hardware and training, especially fighter aircraft. Our dataset contains information on the number, type and technological characteristics—including weaponry, avionics, speed, maneuverability and stealth characteristics—of each country’s fighter and attack aircraft for the period 1973–2013. We also introduce two new air power variables based on this data. The first is Country Air Power, a country-year measure of air power. The second is Expected Air Superiority, a dyad-year measure of which actor is likely to achieve air superiority in a military conflict. We illustrate the utility of this dataset by examining the relationship between air power and militarized dispute initiation, the duration and success of coercive bombing campaigns, and coercive behavior more generally. We find that command of the skies significantly affects conflict and coercive behavior.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      PubDate: 2019-07-29T02:18:12Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894219863348
       
  • Non-violent resistance and the quality of democracy
         This is an Open Access Article Open Access Article

    • Authors: Felix S Bethke, Jonathan Pinckney
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      Previous research has shown that successful non-violent resistance (NVR) campaigns promote democracy compared with violent revolutions and top-down liberalization. However, research to date has not examined the character and quality of the democratic regimes following NVR campaigns, or evaluated the mechanisms that produce this effect. In this paper, we address this gap by analyzing the effect of NVR on the quality of democracy, using the Polyarchy index from the Varieties of Democracies project and its sub-components: (1) elected executive; (2) free and fair elections; (3) freedom of expression; (4) associational autonomy; and (5) inclusive citizenship. Using kernel matching and differences-in-differences estimation we find that initiating a democratic transition through NVR improves democratic quality after transition significantly and substantially relative to cases without this characteristic. Our analysis of the Polyarchy index’s sub-components reveals that this positive effect comes about primarily owing to improvements in freedom of expression and associational autonomy. This finding speaks to the strength of NVR in promoting expressive dimensions of democracy.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      PubDate: 2019-07-05T01:29:37Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894219855918
       
  • Bluff to peace: How economic dependence promotes peace despite increasing
           deception and uncertainty
    • Authors: Yuleng Zeng
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      PubDate: 2019-05-14T11:23:42Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894219843659
       
  • Deterring threats and settling scores: How coups influence respect for
           physical integrity rights
    • Authors: Travis B Curtice, Daniel Arnon
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      PubDate: 2019-05-14T11:21:01Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894219843240
       
  • Authoritarian regimes and civil–military relations: Explaining
           counterbalancing in autocracies
    • Authors: Abel Escribà-Folch, Tobias Böhmelt, Ulrich Pilster
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      PubDate: 2019-04-09T10:53:22Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894219836285
       
  • The democracy dilemma. Aid, power-sharing governments, and post-conflict
           democratization
    • Authors: Felix Haass
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      PubDate: 2019-03-27T09:49:02Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894219830960
       
  • Power changes, alliance credibility, and extended deterrence
    • Authors: Jesse C Johnson, Stephen Joiner
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      PubDate: 2019-03-07T10:11:01Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894218824735
       
  • MILINDA: A new dataset on United Nations-led and non-united Nations-led
           peace operations
    • Authors: Anja Jetschke, Bernd Schlipphak
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      PubDate: 2019-01-24T11:32:55Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894218821044
       
  • Peacekeeper Fatalities and Force Commitments to UN Operations
    • Authors: Andrew Levin
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      PubDate: 2019-01-21T12:51:37Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894218818815
       
  • History and quantitative conflict research: A case for limiting the
           historical scope of our theoretical arguments
    • Authors: Benjamin O Fordham
      First page: 3
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      This essay examines the relationship between history and the quantitative study of international conflict. The usual distinction between these two pursuits does not hold up to close scrutiny. In fact, both research communities are in the business of using theory to explain social processes that occur within historical bounds. Making these historical bounds explicit is an appropriate response to the nature of our subject matter. Doing so also has some important advantages, including more precise theory, higher quality data, better model specification, and the potential to help explain important historical events.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      PubDate: 2019-06-13T10:31:41Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894219852742
       
  • Rebel governance: military boon or military bust' (Isard Award
           Article)
    • Authors: Megan A Stewart
      First page: 16
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      What is the relationship between rebel governance and rebel military strength' Most existing research assumes that rebel governance enhances the military strength of the rebel group. I test this assumption with an original dataset of rebel governance services. The quantitative evidence presents a more complicated picture that belies a straightforward link between the two: governance appears to have either no relationship with rebel strength and sometimes even a negative and statistically significant relationship with rebel military capacity. To explain this surprising result, I generate a set of empirically grounded mechanisms using case vignettes that incorporate primary and secondary data. As a whole, the paper calls for greater theorizing and testing of the consequences of rebel governance, as well as the strategic motivations for its implementation.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      PubDate: 2019-12-02T12:44:05Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894219881422
       
  • Will H. Moore’s enduring contribution to peace and conflict studies
    • Authors: Courtenay R Conrad, Jacqueline HR DeMeritt, Daniel W Hill, Ryan M Welch, Joseph K Young
      First page: 563
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      This special issue is dedicated to Will H. Moore’s enduring influence on peace science research and the community of peace science scholars. The five pieces in this special issue exemplify Will’s dedication to the development of rigorous concepts and theories that generate testable hypotheses about political violence and are evaluated using novel, fine-grained data. Will’s pioneering contributions to the study of peace science were both direct—through his scholarship—and indirect—through the mentorship of his students. All of the articles in this special issue were written by former students or scholars directly influenced by Will’s research and mentorship.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      PubDate: 2019-10-11T12:15:06Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894219881424
       
  • #rebel: Rebel communication strategies in the age of social media
    • Authors: Cyanne E Loyle, Samuel E Bestvater
      First page: 570
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      How have rebel communication strategies been shaped by the increasingly social nature of the internet and the constant changes of information and communication technology in a Web 2.0 world' Rebel groups’ ability to disseminate a message has previously been constrained by the size of the audience they could reach through traditional technologies and the costs of those technologies. Emerging social internet platforms change this dynamic by providing rebel groups with new opportunities to build and communicate to an audience. Scholars have theorized about how rebel groups adapt to these new opportunities, but to date, little systematic analysis into the phenomenon has been conducted. In this project, we present a new dataset on rebel group Twitter use and use the data to examine how armed groups use social media to communicate, the topics contained in those communications, and the audiences that consume them. Through a richer understanding of the ways in which rebel groups communicate we are better able to measure the impact of new information technologies on armed conflict in the future.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      PubDate: 2019-10-18T06:20:08Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894219881430
       
  • Repressive agent defections: How power, costs, and uncertainty influence
           military behavior and state repression
    • Authors: Kimberly R Frugé
      First page: 591
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      Leaders are incentivized to repress in the face of mobilized dissent. However, leaders are unable to repress alone and rely on repressive agents, who can shirk the order and weaken the leader’s control. I use a formal model to analyze when the leader can use repression strategically to avoid defection, based on leader type. Each type has incentives to repress to distort the leader’s risk of removal and thus deter defection. Power, cost, and uncertainty are important in both the leader’s and the agent’s decision to repress. Testable hypotheses reveal how executive power and punishment influence the level of repression.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      PubDate: 2019-10-19T09:48:56Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894219881433
       
  • International institutional design and human rights: The case of the
           Inter-American Human Rights System
    • Authors: Jillienne Haglund
      First page: 608
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      Most studies examining the effectiveness of international human rights law treat international human rights institutions as equally (un)influential on state behavior. I argue that institutional design explains variation in state response to international human rights law. Using the institutions in the Inter-American Human Rights System (Court and Commission), I argue that judgments from the highly legalized body (Court) are associated with human rights improvements, while decisions from the less legalized body (Commission) are associated with a greater likelihood of formal complaints. Using the Ill-Treatment and Torture data and original data on Commission decisions, I find support for these expectations.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      PubDate: 2019-10-17T12:05:18Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894219881427
       
  • Examining repressive and oppressive state violence using the Ill-Treatment
           and Torture data
    • Authors: Andreas Beger, Daniel Hill
      First page: 626
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      The literature on government violence focuses primarily on the repression of dissent. But not all state violence targets groups who oppose the government. Much of it targets criminal suspects, immigrants, and other marginalized groups who are not perceived to be challenging the government’s authority. The vast majority of findings concerning state violence comes from analyses that do not distinguish between government violence that targets acts of dissent and violence used for other purposes, which we call oppressive violence. Because of this, we have not yet established many empirical facts about the relationship between domestic institutions and violence unrelated to the repression of dissent. Though political institutions associated with democracy are known to reduce the frequency of torture and other violent abuses, it is unclear whether these effects are attributable to reductions in repressive violence, oppressive violence, or both. We argue that explanations for state violence that focus on democracy are better suited to explain repressive violence than oppressive violence. We use the Ill-Treatment and Torture data, which can be disaggregated by victim type, to explore the relationship between the torture of dissidents, criminal suspects, and members of marginalized social groups, and various conditions thought to be related to repressive and oppressive violence.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      PubDate: 2019-10-19T09:49:34Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894219882352
       
  • Protestors, terrorists or something else' How to think about dissident
           groups
    • Authors: Joseph K Young, Steve Shellman
      First page: 645
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      Many scholars of contentious politics claim there is no such thing as a group that uses only one tactic, yet scholars, pundits, and the public routinely use single-minded terms like protestors, dissidents, and terrorists. Other scholars and research programs suggest that some groups are specialists who tend to stick to a single tactic to achieve their goals, such as non-violence, violence, or specific kinds of violence, like terror. We make the claim that both sides of the debate are empirically valid and that both types of group exist. That is, some groups tend to specialize in a single tactic while others use a variety of tactics. This paper examines the empirical distribution of group types by examining the mix of tactics that groups employ. The analysis helps resolve part of the debate and pushes scholarly thinking in new directions about how often, why, and when groups operate across this spectrum.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      PubDate: 2019-10-10T08:17:10Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894219881425
       
  • Pork, parties, and priorities: Partisan politics and overseas military
           deployments
    • Authors: Andrew Stravers
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      Since the end of World War II, the USA has maintained a sizable military presence around the world. As one of the main mechanisms that the USA uses to exercise its military power abroad, it is a defining characteristic of the international order. Using time-series cross-sectional models and case evidence, I show that, in addition to strategic considerations, the President’s party strength in Congress and the proportion of moderates in the Senate are key determinants of US deployment outcomes. This finding adds to the literature on causes of US troop deployments by examining the incentives for deployments within US politics.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894218809702
       
  • Policing in divided societies: Officer inclusion, citizen cooperation, and
           crime prevention
    • Authors: Matthew J Nanes
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      How does demographic inclusion in domestic security institutions affect security provision in divided societies' Police officers rely on information from citizens to identify problems and allocate resources efficiently. Where conflict along identity lines erodes trust between citizens and the state, the police face difficulty obtaining information, hindering their ability to provide public safety. I argue that inclusiveness in the police rank-and-file addresses this problem by fostering cooperation from previously excluded segments of society. I test this argument in Israel and its conflict between the Jewish majority and non-Jewish minority. First, a survey of 804 Israeli citizens shows that non-Jews who perceive the police as more inclusive are more willing to provide the police with information. I then use original panel data on police officer demographics at every police station in Israel over a six year period to show that increases in police inclusiveness are associated with decreases in crime.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894218802580
       
  • Transborder identities, bias, and third-party conflict management
    • Authors: Emir Yazici
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      Which third parties are more likely to manage interstate conflicts' Once they do, what kind of conflict management methods do they use' I argue that ethnic, language, and/or religious ties between a potential third party and disputant states can affect both the likelihood and the type of conflict management. If there are strong identity ties (ethnic, language, and/or religious) between the majority group in a potential third-party state and the majority group in one of the disputant states, both the likelihood of conflict management in general and the likelihood of economic conflict management in particular should increase. Equally stronger identity ties between a potential third party and both disputants should also increase the likelihood of conflict management in which third parties use verbal and diplomatic conflict management methods since they do not harm any of the disputants. Empirical findings based on a dataset covering the militarized interstate disputes between 1946 and 2011 support my theoretical expectations. These findings contribute to the literature by exploring the role of transborder identities—in addition to material factors such as alliance, trade partnership, or joint regime type—in management of interstate conflicts by third parties.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894218800816
       
  • The local geography of transnational terrorism
    • Authors: Josiah Marineau, Henry Pascoe, Alex Braithwaite, Michael Findley, Joseph Young
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      Why are some locations more attractive targets for transnational terrorism than others' Remarkably little is known about the local-level conditions and attributes that determine precisely where transnational terror attacks occur within targeted countries. To date, quantitative terrorism research identifies country- or region-level correlates of terrorism, neglecting possible local factors. In this study, we posit five local-level factors that increase the likelihood of a terror attack: security of a target, accessibility, symbolism, material harm, and exclusion. Using a variety of estimation strategies, including multilevel, negative binomial, and propensity score matching models, we regress new sub-national geographically coded transnational terrorism data on various sub-national measures that might theoretically increase the likelihood of a terror attack. The results demonstrate that although country- and region-level factors matter, numerous local-level conditions, including where civil violence occurs, sub-national economic activity, and proximity to capitals and urban areas, are equally, if not more, important. The results help to substantiate the analytical benefits of adopting the sub-national level of analysis in the study of transnational terrorism.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894218789356
       
  • Reconsidering economic leverage and vulnerability: Trade ties, sanction
           threats, and the success of economic coercion
    • Authors: Timothy M Peterson
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      I contend that a state’s position in the global trade network affects the initiation and outcome of sanction threats. A state is vulnerable, and thus more likely to acquiesce, when its trade has low value to trade partners that are well connected to the global trade network. Conversely, a state has leverage that could motivate the use of sanction threats when its trade has high value to trade partners that are otherwise not well connected. Capturing leverage/vulnerability with an interaction between two network centrality measures, results indicate that vulnerability is associated with acquiescence to sanctions, while leverage is associated with threat initiation.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894218797024
       
  • Selective or collective' Palestinian perceptions of targeting in house
           demolition
    • Authors: Sophia Hatz
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      There is a growing consensus that repression and counter-insurgency can be effective when selective. Yet the empirical evidence is mixed and theories specify that (unmeasured) perceptions of target selection matter. This article addresses this gap by directly measuring individuals’ interpretations of a coercive policy which varies in target selection. It employs original surveys with Palestinians on their exposure to house demolition, views on the policy and attitudes towards the Israel–Palestine conflict. The study finds that when interpreted as indiscriminate, house demolition increases opposition to compromise. The results are consistent when perceived target selection is manipulated in an embedded survey experiment.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894218795134
       
  • Confronting human trafficking: The role of state capacity
    • Authors: Robert G Blanton, Shannon Lindsey Blanton, Dursun Peksen
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      While human trafficking occupies a prominent place on the global policy agenda, many aspects of this phenomenon remain empirically underdeveloped. We examine the role of state capacity in these illicit supply chains, positing that trafficking flows may persist because even well-intentioned states might lack the requisite capacity to take effective action. Along those lines, we assess the impact of two facets of state capacity, bureaucratic efficacy and fiscal capacity, upon the probability of a country being a source or destination for the two types of human trafficking, forced labor and prostitution. We find that state capacity, particularly fiscal capacity, is significantly related to reduced labor and sex trafficking at both the source and destination levels.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894218789875
       
  • Economic coercion and the problem of sanctions-proofing
    • Authors: Menevis Cilizoglu, Navin A Bapat
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      Although sanctions generate economic costs, target states may “sanctions-proof” their regime by borrowing capital from abroad. While some targets obtain interest-free capital from black knight states, others may need to borrow with interest from international credit markets. These interest rates may sometimes make borrowing cost-prohibitive, giving targets no choice but to acquiesce to the demands of the sender. However, since senders cannot observe if black knight states are assisting target states, targets have an incentive to misrepresent their source of external capital. In an effort to deter sanctions, targets that must borrow at high interest rates may signal that they have black knight support and are sanctions-proofed. We formally and empirically demonstrate that in this uncertain environment, senders are more likely to impose sanctions on targets with low credit ratings, but only do so if the target places a relatively low value on uninterrupted economic transactions with the sender.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894218783296
       
  • Ethnic political exclusion and terrorism: Analyzing the local conditions
           for violence
    • Authors: Holley E Hansen, Stephen C Nemeth, Jacob A Mauslein
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      Previous work finds that countries that contain an excluded group are at higher risk of terrorism. However, there are good reasons to think that the impact of exclusion may be more likely to motivate ethnic violence when this exclusion is paired with local conditions that increase awareness of intergroup competition. In this study, we examine sub-national terrorist violence and find that areas that contain an excluded ethnic group are at higher risk of violence. Moreover, this risk is heightened by local population density, wealth, and country regime type.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894218782160
       
  • Civil war termination and foreign direct investment, 1989–2012
    • Authors: Madhav Joshi, Jason Michael Quinn
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      Data on global foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows shows that civil war significantly deters investment, while post-civil war settings attract investment. Civil wars, however, can end in different ways (government victories, rebel victories, and various types of settlements) and firms should be attracted to terminations that reveal more information about the future political and economic stability of the nation. We argue that comprehensive peace agreements and their subsequent implementation convey the most relevant information to investors regarding the credibility of the conflict actors’ commitment to future peace and stability and should thus attract the most FDI. Analysis of FDI inflows to 73 post-civil war countries lends support to our argument. The policy implications of the study are straightforward: governments that wish to attract the maximum amount of FDI for economic reconstruction following a civil war should negotiate and implement a comprehensive peace agreement.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894218778260
       
  • Simplified complexity: Analytical strategies for conflict event research
         This is an Open Access Article Open Access Article

    • Authors: Eelco van der Maat
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      Scholars who have sought to identify the triggers of rare political events have met with limited success. With respect to civil war, studies teach us to expect conflict where it is feasible. However, although we understand where civil conflict occurs, we do not quite understand when it occurs. Focusing on civil conflict, I argue that time-variant and time-invariant explanations relate to the outcome by means of two distinct causal processes, which has implications for the identification of triggers of rare events. I provide an easily implementable approach to improve rare event estimation that uses matching to leverage constant attributes to estimate the effects of rare predictors. I demonstrate the utility of this procedure by providing an aggregate and disaggregate example of civil conflict onset estimation.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894218771077
       
  • Money can’t buy love but can it buy peace' Evidence from the EU
           Programme for Peace and Reconciliation (PEACE II)

         This is an Open Access Article Open Access Article

    • Authors: Tilman Brück, Neil T. N. Ferguson
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      Efforts to evaluate third-party peacebuilding interventions are welcome but many studies rely on experimental approaches that might be at odds with the theories that underpin the discipline. Rigorously evaluating interventions ill-suited to experimental analyses is just as important, however, especially when programmes adopt novel approaches. In this article, we employ an instrumental variables approach to evaluate one such intervention – the EU Programme for Peace and Reconciliation (PEACE II). Following contemporary peacebuilding theories, PEACE II disseminated funds to grassroots organizations via unique intermediate funding bodies and an innovative open competition. Splitting Northern Ireland into 582 wards, we merge panel data on individuals’ perceptions of neighbourhood quality with PEACE II’s accounts. One-stage analyses show that individuals in treatment regions report significantly elevated perceptions. Two-stage approaches, accounting for biases arising from the rollout method, show no significant relationship. Post-estimation analyses imply that funding did not reach areas with the poorest observable indicators. We thus remain agnostic on the effectiveness of the funded projects but conclude that, despite solid theoretical foundations, weaknesses in the application of these theories hampered potential positive impacts. Future interventions can learn from this and should ensure stronger ties between the theoretical base and how these theories are applied to funding disbursement.JEL Codes: O18; F35
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894218766865
       
  • Fatal attraction: explaining variation in the attractiveness of Islamic
           State propaganda
    • Authors: Daniel Milton
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      Why do different Islamic State propaganda products receive different numbers of views' This article relies on a dataset of 1700 Islamic State photo essays to examine this question. It finds that violence in Islamic State photo essays, especially retributional violence, or violence directed at the group’s enemies and wayward adherents, leads to increased viewership. Releases that highlight the group’s military operations, governance activities and geographic expansion also draw more attention, although less than the increase for products containing retributional violence. These findings have implications for research and counterterrorism efforts targeted at reducing the propaganda appeal of terrorist organizations.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894218759008
       
  • War and social attitudes
    • Authors: Travers Barclay Child, Elena Nikolova
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      We study the long-run effects of conflict on social attitudes, with World War II in Central and Eastern Europe as our setting. Much of earlier work has relied on self-reported measures of victimization, which are prone to endogenous misreporting. With our own survey-based measure, we replicate established findings linking victimization to political participation, civic engagement, optimism, and trust. Those findings are reversed, however, when tested instead with an objective measure of victimization based on historical reference material. Thus, we urge caution when interpreting survey-based results from this literature as causal.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894217750564
       
  • Introducing ν-CLEAR: a latent variable approach to measuring nuclear
           proficiency
    • Authors: Bradley C. Smith, William Spaniel
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      The causes and consequences of nuclear proficiency are central to important questions in international relations. At present, researchers tend to use observable characteristics as a proxy. However, aggregation is a problem: existing measures implicitly assume that each indicator is equally informative and that measurement error is not a concern. We overcome these issues by applying a statistical measurement model to directly estimate nuclear proficiency from observed indicators. The resulting estimates form a new dataset on nuclear proficiency which we call ν-CLEAR. We demonstrate that these estimates are consistent with known patterns of nuclear proficiency while also uncovering more nuance than existing measures. Additionally, we demonstrate how scholars can use these estimates to account for measurement error by revisiting existing results with our measure.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894217741619
       
  • Shaken or stirred' Terrorism and third-party state resolve in civil
           war interventions
    • Authors: Christopher Linebarger, Andrew J. Enterline, Steven R. Liebel
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      Does terrorism against third-party state interveners affect their willingness to continue an intervention into a civil war' Drawing on research examining the impact of terrorism on partisanship, public opinion, and political survival, as well as the targeting of states by terrorists, we link terrorist attacks originating from a civil war state with an intervening state’s resolve to continue an ongoing military intervention into a civil war in support of the government. Terrorism can either undermine a third party’s resolve, because the political costs resulting from terror attacks are perceived to be larger than the national security benefits advertised in support of an intervention or it can fortify a third party’s resolve to continue an intervention because it produces a domestic rally effect that raises the political costs of early departure. Event history analysis of 127 interventions with military personnel into civil conflicts on the side of the government during the 1975–2005 period indicates that terrorist campaigns shake the resolve of third-party states and reduce time to their departure.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894217740874
       
  • Experienced poverty and local conflict violence
    • Authors: Andreas Forø Tollefsen
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      That poorer countries face higher risk of civil war is among the most robust findings in the literature on internal conflicts. However, we lack knowledge about whether a similar correlation exists on a more local level. Research into the local poverty–conflict nexus has largely relied on objective proxies of poverty that are only loosely related to the rationale for conflict. The results have been mixed, thus highlighting the need for more effective juxtaposition of theory and data. Using a subjective measure of poverty that determines whether individuals’ basic needs are being met, this article presents new empirical evidence for existing propositions linking local poverty and conflict-based violence. The study analyzes georeferenced survey data from the pan-African Afrobarometer survey for 4008 subnational districts across 35 African states, producing results that show how areas with high levels of poverty are indeed more likely to experience conflict. However, the correlation is likely to be indirect. Interaction models demonstrate that poverty is more likely to exacerbate violence if an area’s local institutions are weak or when impoverishment overlaps with group grievances against the government. Robustness tests, using coarsened exact matching and region-level fixed effects, provide considerable empirical support for a strong relationship between poverty and conflict at the local level.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894217741618
       
  • Autocratic political cycle and international conflict
    • Authors: Daehee Bak
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      This article reveals a temporal pattern of conflict behavior over the course of autocratic leaders’ tenure. By identifying a commonly observed domestic political cycle in autocracies, I discuss how the level of domestic constraints on autocrats’ conflict behavior changes over time in three distinct periods: (1) power struggle in the early period of tenure; (2) power consolidation; and (3) power dissipation in the later period of power transition. The empirical analysis on autocratic conflict cycle reveals that the likelihood of autocratic crisis initiation significantly increases during the early years of autocratic leadership tenure, after which it moderately decreases over time. This finding suggests that autocrats’ tenure is a substantively important predictor of autocratic leaders’ conflict behavior.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894217741617
       
  • Which wars spread' Commitment problems and military intervention
    • Authors: Zachary C. Shirkey
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      This article argues that wars caused by commitment problems are more likely to experience outside military intervention than are wars with other causes. Wars caused by commitment problems are more likely to draw in outside states because they tend to be more severe and produce larger war aims. These larger stakes create both threats and opportunities for non-belligerent states thereby prompting military intervention. The greater stakes also generate incentives for belligerent states to seek outside aid. This relationship between commitment problems and intervention implies that while certain types of wars may be more likely to experience intervention, the same causes can explain both intervention and war initiation. The argument is tested on the Correlates of War Interstate War dataset using logit-based generalized linear models. The findings support the commitment problem hypothesis and have implications for the bargaining framework and for theories about the causes of multilateral and general wars.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894217740875
       
  • Jihadist waves: Syria, the Islamic State, and the changing nature of
           foreign fighters
    • Authors: Güneş Murat Tezcür, Clayton Besaw
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      This article offers the first systematic analysis of cross-generational and cross-organizational aspects of jihadist foreign fighter (JFF) mobilization. How are individuals fighting in Syria different from foreign fighters who fought in the previous jihadist wars' What factors distinguish the Islamic State (IS) fighters from individuals joining other jihadist groups in Syria' The article builds an original sample of 477 JFFs from Turkey spanning three decades and employs the Random Forest technique, a method with several distinct advantages over regression analysis in the study of small N conflict data. The results have substantial and practical implications and show that fighters in Syria and IS fighters have different demographic characteristics and life experiences than fighters in pre-Syria wars and non-IS fighters in Syria, respectively. They inform more empirically grounded theory building about the recruitment motives and methods of JFFs.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894217738990
       
  • Food price volatilities and civilian victimization in Africa
    • Authors: Babak Rezaeedaryakenari, Steven T. Landis, Cameron G. Thies
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      This paper studies the impact of food insecurity on civilian–rebel interactions. We argue that food price volatilities affect the incentives of insurgent groups and their subsequent treatment of civilians. The hypotheses developed in this study are empirically evaluated across a battery of statistical models using monthly data from a sample of 112 first administrative districts in sub-Saharan Africa. The results show that increases in food insecurity substantially raise the likelihood of insurgent groups committing violence against civilians and that districts with a higher proportion of agricultural land are at greatest risk of civilian victimization by rebel groups during these episodes of food insecurity. The implications of this analysis suggest that the human impact of food insecurity does not simply relate to nutrition and questions of governance. Food price volatilities also incentivize the use of violence against civilians by non-state actors, which is a pertinent concern of human rights organizations and policymakers.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894217729527
       
  • WITHDRAWN: Economic sanctions and the dynamics of terrorist campaigns1
    • Authors: Elena V. McLean, Kaisa H. Hinkkainen, Luis De la Calle, Navin A. Bapat
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894217730809
       
  • Lasting peace or temporary calm' Rebel group decapitation and civil
           war outcomes
    • Authors: Kirssa Cline Ryckman
      Abstract: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Ahead of Print.
      Existing research has found that killing or capturing rebel group leaders can lead to the termination of civil wars. This paper considers the quality of those terminations, examining how wars end and whether this produces a lasting peace or only a temporary reprieve from violence. Decapitation is expected to weaken rebel groups, shifting the balance of power to the government; however, results suggest that killing or capturing a rebel group leader tends to produce termination through inactivity rather than outright government victories. Decapitation is also found to have no effect on the chances of civil war recurrence. This suggests that the removal of rebel group leaders is effective primarily as a short-term strategy that does not tend to generate a lasting peace.
      Citation: Conflict Management and Peace Science
      DOI: 10.1177/0738894217724135
       
 
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