Subjects -> POLITICAL SCIENCE (Total: 1161 journals)
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POLITICAL SCIENCE (967 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 281 Journals sorted alphabetically
A Contracorriente     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ab Imperio     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acciones e Investigaciones Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACME : An International Journal for Critical Geographies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Borealia: A Nordic Journal of Circumpolar Societies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Acta Politica Estica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, European and Regional Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Administory. Zeitschrift für Verwaltungsgeschichte     Open Access  
Administrative Science Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 226)
AFFRIKA Journal of Politics, Economics and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Africa Conflict Monitor     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Africa Insight     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Africa Institute Occasional Paper     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Africa Intelligence     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Africa Renewal     Free   (Followers: 13)
Africa Review : Journal of the African Studies Association of India     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Africa Today     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72)
African Conflict and Peacebuilding Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
African Diaspora     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
African East-Asian Affairs     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
African Identities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
African Journal of Democracy and Governance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Rhetoric     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
African Yearbook of Rhetoric     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Africanus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Africa’s Public Service Delivery and Performance Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Afrika Focus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Afrique contemporaine : La revue de l'Afrique et du développement     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Agenda Internacional     Open Access  
Agenda Política     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agenda: A Journal of Policy Analysis and Reform     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agrarian South : Journal of Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Akademik Hassasiyetler     Open Access  
Akademik İncelemeler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Akademik Yaklaşımlar Dergisi     Open Access  
Alternatives : Global, Local, Political     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Altre Modernità     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
América Latina Hoy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Communist History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
American Enterprise Institute     Free   (Followers: 3)
American Foreign Policy Interests: The Journal of the National Committee on American Foreign Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 402)
American Political Science Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 341)
American Political Thought     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
American Politics Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
American Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Anacronismo e Irrupción     Open Access  
Anais de Constitucionalismo, Transnacionalidade e Sustentabilidade     Open Access  
Anais Eletrônicos do Congresso Epistemologias do Sul     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analecta política     Open Access  
Análise Social     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Analysis of Current Trends in Antisemitism     Open Access  
Andalas Journal of International Studies     Open Access  
Ankara University SBF Journal     Open Access  
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio M – Balcaniensis et Carpathiensis     Open Access  
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Annuaire suisse de politique de développement     Open Access  
Annual Review of Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 48)
Annual Review of Political Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 225)
Anuario Latinoamericano : Ciencias Políticas y Relaciones Internacionales     Open Access  
AQ - Australian Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription  
Arabian Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Arctic Review on Law and Politics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arena Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Armed Conflict Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Asia Minor Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asia Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Asia-Pacific Journal : Japan Focus     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal  
Asia-Pacific Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Asian Affairs: An American Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Comparative Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of German and European Studies     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Asian Politics and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Astropolitics: The International Journal of Space Politics & Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Giuridiche, Economiche e Politiche     Open Access  
AUDEM : The International Journal of Higher Education and Democracy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Audens : revista estudiantil d'anàlisi interdisciplinària     Open Access  
Aurora. Revista de Arte, Mídia e Política     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Review of African Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Journal of International Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Australian Journal of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Balcanica Posnaniensia Acta et studia     Open Access  
Baltic Journal of European Studies     Open Access  
Baltic Journal of Political Science     Open Access  
Bandung : Journal of the Global South     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Basic Income Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Beleid en Maatschappij     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BMC International Health and Human Rights     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Bohemistyka     Open Access  
Boletim Meridiano 47 : Journal of Global Studies     Open Access  
Brazilian Political Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Brésil(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Canadian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
British Journal of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 229)
British Journal of Politics and International Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
British Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
British Review of New Zealand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Brookings Papers on Economic Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 69)
Bulletin d'histoire politique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bustan     Hybrid Journal  
Cadernos de Estudos Sociais e Políticos     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CADUS - Revista de Estudos de Política, História e Cultura     Open Access  
Cahiers de l'Urmis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cahiers de Sciences politiques de l'ULg     Open Access  
Cambio 16     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cambio : Rivista sulle Trasformazioni Sociali     Open Access  
Cambridge Review of International Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Canadian Foreign Policy Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Canadian Journal of European and Russian Studies     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Political Science/Revue canadienne de science politique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Çanakkale Araştırmaları Türk Yıllığı     Open Access  
Caucasus Survey     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Central and Eastern European Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Central Asian Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Central Banking     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Central European Journal of Public Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
China : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
China International Strategy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
China perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
China Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
China Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
China Review International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
China-EU Law Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chinese Journal of Global Governance     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of International Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Chinese Political Science Review     Hybrid Journal  
Chinese Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Cittadinanza Europea (LA)     Full-text available via subscription  
Civil Wars     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Claremont-UC Undergraduate Research Conference on the European Union     Open Access  
Class, Race and Corporate Power     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cold War History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Colección     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Commonwealth & Comparative Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Communication, Politics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Communist and Post-Communist Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Comparative Cultural Studies : European and Latin American Perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Comparative Political Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 249)
Comparative Politics (Russia)     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Comparative Strategy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Competition & Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Complexity, Governance & Networks     Open Access  
Confines     Open Access  
Conflict and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Conflict Management and Peace Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Conflict Trends     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Conflict, Security & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 415)
Conflicto Social     Open Access  
Congress & the Presidency: A Journal of Capital Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Conhecer : Debate entre o Público e o Privado     Open Access  
Conjunctions. Transdisciplinary Journal of Cultural Participation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Connexe : Questioning Post-Communist Spaces     Open Access  
Constellations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Contemporary Italian Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Contemporary Japan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Contemporary Journal of African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Contemporary Levant     Hybrid Journal  
Contemporary Political Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Contemporary Review of the Middle East     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Contemporary Security Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Contemporary Southeast Asia: A Journal of International and Strategic Affairs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Contemporary Wales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Contenciosa     Open Access  
Contexto Internacional     Open Access  
Cooperation and Conflict     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
CosmoGov : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan     Open Access  
Counterculture Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CQ Researcher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Criterio Jurídico     Open Access  
Criterios     Open Access  
Critical Asian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Critical Review : A Journal of Politics and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Critical Reviews on Latin American Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Critical Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Critical Studies on Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Critical Studies on Terrorism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Cuadernos de Coyuntura     Open Access  
Cuadernos de historia de España     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cuestiones Políticas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cultura de Paz     Open Access  
Cultura Latinoamericana     Open Access  
Cultural Critique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Culture Mandala : The Bulletin of the Centre for East-West Cultural and Economic Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cywilizacja i Polityka     Open Access  
Debater a Europa     Open Access  
Décalages : An Althusser Studies Journal     Open Access  
Decolonization : Indigeneity, Education & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Defence Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Defense & Security Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Democracy & Education     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Democratic Communiqué     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Democratic Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)

        1 2 3 4 5 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Comparative Political Studies
Journal Prestige (SJR): 3.772
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 249  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0010-4140 - ISSN (Online) 1552-3829
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1088 journals]
  • Legislatures and Policy Making in Authoritarian Regimes
    • Authors: Scott Williamson, Beatriz Magaloni
      Abstract: Comparative Political Studies, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Comparative Political Studies
      PubDate: 2020-03-30T06:51:08Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0010414020912288
       
  • Geographic Divides and Cosmopolitanism: Evidence From Switzerland
    • Authors: Rahsaan Maxwell
      Abstract: Comparative Political Studies, Ahead of Print.
      Large cities are cosmopolitan environments where people embrace inter-national connections whereas small towns, villages, and the countryside are more likely to prioritize the maintenance of national traditions. These geographic divides are at the center of contemporary politics but we do not know why they exist. One possibility is that cities make people more cosmopolitan while smaller areas make people less cosmopolitan. However, credibly measuring geographic effects is difficult because people sort across geography in ways that are correlated with political attitudes. I address these methodological challenges with longitudinal data from the Swiss Household Panel. My central result is that evidence of contextual effects is limited and unlikely to account for the broad geographic divides. Instead, sorting is likely to be the most important explanation for spatial polarization over cosmopolitanism. These findings have several implications for our understanding of geographic divides.
      Citation: Comparative Political Studies
      PubDate: 2020-03-24T06:55:52Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0010414020912289
       
  • Mobilizing From Scratch: Large-Scale Collective Action Without Preexisting
           Organization in the Syrian Uprising
    • Authors: Wendy Pearlman
      Abstract: Comparative Political Studies, Ahead of Print.
      Core social movement research argues that large-scale challenges to authority build upon preexisting organization and civil society resources. How do dissenters mobilize masses in repressive settings where, given curtailment of civil society, autonomous associations scarcely exist and norms discourage trust more than encourage it' Testimonials from the Syrian uprising illustrate how protest can become widespread under such conditions, yet occurs through processes different from what dominant theory expects. Activists get demonstrations off the ground by planning around awareness of their organizational deficits. Once in motion, contention propels both organization and increasing organizational sophistication. To be effective, mobilization sometimes evades or obscures established social relationships, even as it produces new forms of sociability. Bridging literatures on mass and clandestine mobilization, this research reconsiders the assumed sequential logic of movement development from organization to protest, rather than vice versa. It also shifts attention from movement antecedents toward the resourcefulness and strategy that enable mobilizing both from scratch and at grave risk.
      Citation: Comparative Political Studies
      PubDate: 2020-03-24T06:54:42Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0010414020912281
       
  • How Dictators Control the Internet: A Review Essay
    • Authors: Eda Keremoğlu, Nils B. Weidmann
      Abstract: Comparative Political Studies, Ahead of Print.
      A growing body of research has studied how autocratic regimes interfere with internet communication to contain challenges to their rule. In this review article, we survey the literature and identify the most important directions and challenges for future research. We structure our review along different network layers, each of which provides particular ways of governmental influence and control. While current research has made much progress in understanding individual digital tactics, we argue that there is still a need for theoretical development and empirical progress. First, we need a more comprehensive understanding of how particular tactics fit into an overall digital strategy, but also how they interact with traditional, “offline” means of autocratic politics, such as cooptation or repression. Second, we discuss a number of challenges that empirical research needs to address, such as the effectiveness of digital tactics, the problem of attribution, and the tool dependence of existing research.
      Citation: Comparative Political Studies
      PubDate: 2020-03-24T06:53:53Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0010414020912278
       
  • Discreet Inequality: How Party Agendas Embrace Privileged Interests
    • Authors: Till Weber
      Abstract: Comparative Political Studies, Ahead of Print.
      A growing literature documents that public policy in modern democracies fails to represent the preferences of traditionally marginalized subconstituencies. By dissecting party agendas, I show that inequality already permeates the very politicization of issues before democratic decision-making even begins. Election platforms worldwide predominantly reflect the concerns of male, educated and affluent citizens. That parties disregard large voter groups at this early stage seems surprising given that campaign agendas are inherently public. My analysis reveals that looming electoral backlash is anticipated by a strategy of “discreet” inequality. In particular, agendas are designed to appear inconspicuous and agreeable by exempting issues from unequal responsiveness that voters perceive as divisive or threatening. Discreet inequality thus appeases marginalized groups while ignoring their views on the large majority of more ordinary issues. The article demonstrates these patterns for gender, education, and income using comparative survey and manifesto data covering 42 countries.
      Citation: Comparative Political Studies
      PubDate: 2020-03-23T07:28:53Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0010414020912286
       
  • Who Trusts' Ethnicity, Integration, and Attitudes Toward Elected
           Officials in Urban Nigeria
    • Authors: Adrienne LeBas
      Abstract: Comparative Political Studies, Ahead of Print.
      In the developing world, politicians often use public office to redistribute resources to their core constituencies. This form of clientelistic exchange motivates ethnic voting in Africa and may also shape broader attitudes toward the state. But does clientelism retain its power as cross-ethnic contact increases, or might new forms of political linkage emerge' This article uses public opinion data from urban Nigeria to investigate how social position affects trust in elected local officials. The article finds that local ethnic minorities are less trusting of local officials, but this trust deficit does not diminish as cross-ethnic contact rises. For members of locally dominant ethnic groups, however, greater cross-ethnic contact and lessened ethnic attachment dampen expressed trust in local elected officials. The article argues that ethnic clientelism is resilient in urban contexts but that scholarship must take a more nuanced approach to assessing membership in clientelistic coalitions.
      Citation: Comparative Political Studies
      PubDate: 2020-03-20T04:59:38Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0010414020912269
       
  • Consequences of Authoritarian Party Exit and Reinvention for Democratic
           Competition
    • Authors: Anna Grzymala-Busse
      Abstract: Comparative Political Studies, Ahead of Print.
      How do the successors to authoritarian ruling parties influence subsequent democratic party competition' The existing literature does not distinguish among these parties, nor does it differentiate among the distinct strategies of their adaptation to the collapse of authoritarian rule. As a result, the impact of these parties on democracy has been unclear and difficult to discern. Yet, using a novel data set with observations from postcommunist Europe, Africa, Asia, and Latin America, I find that the exit of authoritarian ruling parties from power and their subsequent reinvention as committed democratic competitors are powerfully associated with robust democratic party competition. Mixed effects regressions and estimates of treatment effects show that authoritarian exit and reinvention promote the success of democratic party competition.
      Citation: Comparative Political Studies
      PubDate: 2020-02-17T06:18:25Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0010414019897683
       
  • Globalization and Willingness to Support the Poor in Developing Countries:
           An Experiment in India
    • Authors: Sera Linardi, Nita Rudra
      Abstract: Comparative Political Studies, Ahead of Print.
      Does an individual’s exposure to aspects of globalization impact their willingness to redistribute to the poor' We hypothesize that the “glitter” of foreign direct investment (FDI) in developing countries leads relatively better-off citizens to perceive that the poor now have more opportunities and are thereby less deserving of help. Findings from an experiment across three states in India reveal that subjects lower their financial support for the poor upon learning a foreign firm in a low-skilled sector is located in the vicinity. Text analysis of subjects’ responses supports the mechanism underlying our hypothesis: FDI reduces support for redistribution when subjects believe that foreign firms offer the uneducated poor higher wages and increased job opportunities.
      Citation: Comparative Political Studies
      PubDate: 2020-02-07T04:34:56Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0010414019897686
       
  • A Tournament Theory of Pork Barrel Politics: The Case of Japan
    • Authors: Amy Catalinac, Bruce Bueno de Mesquita, Alastair Smith
      Abstract: Comparative Political Studies, Ahead of Print.
      How do politicians motivate voters to turn out and support them' We posit that incumbents construct tournaments between groups and distribute rewards to groups based on the levels of electoral support provided. We test our propositions in Japan, where incumbents can discern relative levels of support provided by municipalities in their districts and influence spending in ways that reward certain municipalities over others. Using new data on approximately 3,300+ Japanese municipalities in 1980 to 2000, we show that when municipalities are ranked according to their levels of support for Liberal Democratic Party winners in their district, those at higher ranks get larger rewards, the difference in size of the reward increases at higher ranks, and those in districts where municipalities vary more in size also receive larger rewards. Our findings support the theory and help explain other features of Japanese politics, including why pork tends to flow to relatively unsupportive districts.
      Citation: Comparative Political Studies
      PubDate: 2020-01-27T06:00:42Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0010414019897677
       
  • Great Expectations, Financialization, and Bank Bailouts in Democracies
    • Authors: Jeffrey M. Chwieroth, Andrew Walter
      Abstract: Comparative Political Studies, Ahead of Print.
      Accelerating financialization and rising societal wealth have meant that democratic governments increasingly provide bailouts following banking crises. Using a new long-run data set, we show that despite frequent and virulent crises before World War II, bank bailouts to protect wealth were then exceptionally rare. In recent decades, by contrast, governments have increasingly opted for extensive bailouts—well before the major interventions of 2007–2009. We argue that this policy shift is the consequence of the “great expectations” of middle-class voters overlooked in existing accounts. Associated with the growing financialization of wealth, rising leverage, and accumulating ex ante financial stabilization commitments by governments, these expectations are suggestive of substantially altered policy preferences and political cleavages. Since the 1970s, when severe banking crises returned as an important threat to middle-class wealth, this “pressure from below” has led elected governments to provide increasingly costly bailouts with no historical precedent.
      Citation: Comparative Political Studies
      PubDate: 2020-01-24T04:38:36Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0010414019897418
       
  • Building Credibility and Cooperation in Low-Trust Settings: Persuasion and
           Source Accountability in Liberia During the 2014–2015 Ebola Crisis
    • Authors: Lily L. Tsai, Benjamin S. Morse, Robert A. Blair
      Abstract: Comparative Political Studies, Ahead of Print.
      How can governments in low-trust settings overcome their credibility deficit when promoting public welfare' To answer this question, we evaluate the effectiveness of the Liberian government’s door-to-door canvassing campaign during the 2014–2015 Ebola epidemic, which aimed to persuade residents to voluntarily comply with policies for containing the disease. Combining data from an original representative survey of Monrovia during the crisis with variation in the campaign’s reach and using multiple identification strategies, we find that the informational campaign was remarkably effective at increasing adherence to safety precautions, support for contentious control policies, and general trust in government. To uncover the pathways through which the campaign proved so effective, we conducted over 80 in-depth qualitative interviews in 40 randomly sampled communities. This investigation suggests that local intermediaries were effective because their embeddedness in communities subjected them to monitoring and sanctioning, thereby assuring their fellow residents that they were accountable and thus credible.
      Citation: Comparative Political Studies
      PubDate: 2020-01-21T06:35:05Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0010414019897698
       
  • The Unintended Consequences of Democracy Promotion: International
           Organizations and Democratic Backsliding
    • Authors: Anna M. Meyerrose
      Abstract: Comparative Political Studies, Ahead of Print.
      Since the end of the Cold War, international organizations (IOs) have engaged in unprecedented levels of democracy promotion, and research overwhelmingly links them to positive democratic outcomes. However, this increased emphasis on democracy has more recently been accompanied by rampant illiberalism and a sharp rise in cases of democratic backsliding in new democracies. What explains democratic backsliding in an age of unparalleled international support for democracy' Backsliding occurs when democratic institutions are weakened or eroded by elected officials, resulting in an illiberal or diminished form of democracy. I argue that IOs that support democracy unintentionally make backsliding more likely by neglecting to promote democratic institutions other than executives and elections, increasing executive power, and limiting states’ domestic policy options, which stunts institutional development. I find membership in IOs associated with democracy promotion makes backsliding more likely, decreases checks on executive power, and limits domestic policy options and party development in new democracies.
      Citation: Comparative Political Studies
      PubDate: 2020-01-21T06:34:25Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0010414019897689
       
  • On the Social Construction of Legal Grievances: Evidence From Colombia and
           South Africa
    • Authors: Whitney K. Taylor
      Abstract: Comparative Political Studies, Ahead of Print.
      Leveraging comparisons within and across cases, this article investigates legal mobilization for social rights in Colombia and South Africa. This kind of rights contestation represents a new phenomenon, in which both ordinary citizens and judicial actors have come to view problems related to access to health care, housing, education, and social security through the lens of the law. Research on legal mobilization has tended toward one-sided examinations of this complex phenomenon, focusing primarily on either legal claims-making or judicial decision-making, and neglecting to fully theorize the relationship between the two. Drawing on an analysis of rights claims and 178 interviews, this article aims to correct these imbalances. In doing so, it offers a generalizable model that accounts for the social construction of legal grievances and the development of judicial receptivity to particular kinds of claims, and explains both the emergence and continuation of legal mobilization for social rights.
      Citation: Comparative Political Studies
      PubDate: 2020-01-17T06:38:00Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0010414019897685
       
  • Protests of Abundance: Distributive Conflict Over Agricultural Rents
           During the Commodities Boom in Argentina, 2003–2013
    • Authors: Jorge Mangonnet, María Victoria Murillo
      Abstract: Comparative Political Studies, Ahead of Print.
      Whereas the scholarship on rural contention mostly focuses on austerity and busts, we study protests by agricultural export producers in times of high agricultural prices. Aware of price volatility, farmers seek to take advantage of cycles’ upswings to maximize their income and resist sharing the rents generated by higher prices. When farmers lack the formal political influence to avert redistribution, they are more likely to protest as their tax burden increases although they benefit from higher prices. Their strongest protest tool is lockouts, which halt commercialization activities and have significant economic consequences, but require coordination by farmer associations. Membership homogeneity and lower exposure to state retaliation by these organizations heightens contention. We test this argument using a local-level data set on rural lockouts across Argentine departments between 2003 and 2013, a time of high prices for Argentina’s key export commodity: soybeans. We complement our empirical strategy with in-depth, semi-structured elite interviews.
      Citation: Comparative Political Studies
      PubDate: 2020-01-17T06:30:21Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0010414019897417
       
  • Candidacy Eligibility Criteria and Party Unity
    • Authors: Jochen Rehmert
      Abstract: Comparative Political Studies, Ahead of Print.
      Extant research suggests that candidate selection methods can be consequential for party unity in legislative voting. Yet thus far, only variations in the selectorate and the degree of centralization have been examined. This article argues that Candidacy Eligibility Criteria (CEC), too, have implications for party unity. I theorize that with stricter formal requirements, parties avoid adverse selection and ensure the nomination of committed candidates. By using roll-call vote data from 16 industrial democracies, candidate surveys and an original data set consisting of nearly 500 historical party constitutions, I show that parties demanding prior membership and nudging aspirants to maintain networks within the party tend to be more unified in parliamentary voting. Moreover, their candidates, too, express greater loyalty when compared with parties without formal CEC. Thus, this article contributes to the literatures on party unity and on candidate selection by showing how certain party rules, hitherto neglected, affect party unity.
      Citation: Comparative Political Studies
      PubDate: 2020-01-13T05:12:08Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0010414019897700
       
  • Opting Out of the Social Contract: Tax Morale and Evasion
    • Authors: Néstor Castañeda, David Doyle, Cassilde Schwartz
      Abstract: Comparative Political Studies, Ahead of Print.
      We examine the individual-level determinants of tax morale in low-capacity states, specifically Latin American countries, where the social contract is often perceived as fractured. We argue that individuals in such states perceive the social contract as an agreement to which they can opt in or opt out. Those who choose to opt out prefer to substitute state-provided goods for private providers, rather than pay for public goods through taxes or free ride to receive those goods. Through a list experiment conducted in Mexico City, we demonstrate that willingness to evade taxes is highest when individuals have stepped outside of the social contract. More traditional indicators of reciprocity—such as socioeconomic status and perceptions of corruption—are not significant. We bolster our experimental results with observational data from 17 Latin American cities; those with access to employer-sponsored insurance are more willing to evade tax.
      Citation: Comparative Political Studies
      PubDate: 2019-11-04T06:19:09Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0010414019879956
       
  • The Co-optation of Dissent in Hybrid States: Post-Soviet Graffiti in
           Moscow
    • Authors: Alexis M. Lerner
      Abstract: Comparative Political Studies, Ahead of Print.
      Hybrid leaders seek job security. To stay in power, it may be intuitive that they respond to dissent with a heavy hand. However, these leaders are subject to accountability and concerned with legitimacy and therefore must consider the optics of their decisions. By co-opting a previously independent avenue of communication and its leadership, the state eliminates challengers, curates its public image through trusted social leaders, and reinforces control without resorting to repressive methods that may backfire. Based on a decade of fieldwork, data collection, and expert interviews, I evidence the co-optation of dissent via thematic, spatial, and material shifts in political public art, crafted between the 2012 and 2018 Russian presidential elections. As it consolidated power during this time, the Putin administration co-opted critical graffiti artists and flooded out those unwilling to cooperate, replacing subversive and anonymous anti-regime graffiti with Kremlin-curated murals, particularly in the city center.
      Citation: Comparative Political Studies
      PubDate: 2019-11-01T05:24:22Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0010414019879949
       
  • Living in Fear: The Dynamics of Extortion in Mexico’s Drug War
    • Authors: Beatriz Magaloni, Gustavo Robles, Aila M. Matanock, Alberto Diaz-Cayeros, Vidal Romero
      Abstract: Comparative Political Studies, Ahead of Print.
      Why do drug trafficking organizations (DTOs) sometimes prey on the communities in which they operate but sometimes provide assistance to these communities' What explains their strategies of extortion and co-optation toward civil society' Using new survey data from Mexico, including list experiments to elicit responses about potentially illegal behavior, this article measures the prevalence of extortion and assistance among DTOs. In support of our theory, these data show that territorial contestation among rival organizations produces more extortion and, in contrast, DTOs provide more assistance when they have monopoly control over a turf. The article uncovers other factors that also shape DTOs’ strategies toward the population, including the degree of collaboration with the state, leadership stability and DTO organization, and the value and logistics of the local criminal enterprise.
      Citation: Comparative Political Studies
      PubDate: 2019-10-30T04:53:58Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0010414019879958
       
  • Communist Legacies and Left-Authoritarianism
    • Authors: Grigore Pop-Eleches, Joshua A. Tucker
      Abstract: Comparative Political Studies, Ahead of Print.
      Communist regimes were avowedly leftist authoritarian regimes, a relative rarity among autocracies. The growing literature on regime legacies would lead us to expect that postcommunist citizens would be more likely to exhibit “left-authoritarian” attitudes than their counterparts elsewhere. Finding that this is the case, we rely on 157 surveys from 88 countries to test if a living through Communism legacy model can account for this surplus of left-authoritarian attitudes. Employing both aggregate and micro-level analyses, we find strong support for the predictions of this model. Moving beyond previous legacy studies, we then test a variety of hypothesized mechanisms to explain how exposure to communist rule could have led to the regime congruent left-authoritarian attitudes. Of the mechanisms tested, greater state penetration of society is associated with a strong socialization effect and religious attendance—and in particular attending Catholic religious services—is associated with weaker socialization effects.
      Citation: Comparative Political Studies
      PubDate: 2019-10-30T04:53:39Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0010414019879954
       
  • Transparency, Elections, and Pakistani Politicians’ Tax Compliance
    • Authors: Rabia Malik
      Abstract: Comparative Political Studies, Ahead of Print.
      A growing literature on political accountability focuses on the extent to which voters electorally punish politicians when provided with credible negative information about politicians’ actions. Whether politicians respond to information provision by changing their behavior—thus appearing accountable to voters—is an integral part of this puzzle but has received comparatively little attention. I address this gap by exploiting an unforeseen decision by the Pakistani government to publicly release legislators’ past income tax payments, and measure the effect of the information provision on their tax payments in the following year. Using new data on politicians’ asset ownership and tax payments in a difference-in-differences research design, I provide strong evidence that the pressure to decrease tax evasion was highest for competitively and directly elected legislators. These heterogeneous effects are not explained by differences between legislators or electoral constituencies, supporting the hypothesis that electoral incentives condition legislator responsiveness to information shocks.
      Citation: Comparative Political Studies
      PubDate: 2019-10-21T06:04:21Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0010414019879964
       
  • Mixed Judicial Selection and Constitutional Review
    • Authors: Lydia Brashear Tiede
      Abstract: Comparative Political Studies, Ahead of Print.
      Almost half the constitutional court judges worldwide are selected by a mixed selection system, whereby a specific number of judges are selected by different government institutions. What are the implications of this selection method and its variations for judges’ individual choices on constitutional review cases' An examination of vote choice on the Chilean and Colombian constitutional courts indicates that judges’ decisions to strike down laws are explained more by their and other colleagues’ institutional selector than their political party associations. The results call into question traditional judicial behavior models by suggesting that judges with different selectors have distinct voices when adjudicating constitutional questions which in turn enhances the deliberative process. However, the results also raise concern that certain selecting institutions may have a more significant voice in vetoing legislation than afforded them in the regular legislative process.
      Citation: Comparative Political Studies
      PubDate: 2019-10-21T06:02:41Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0010414019879961
       
  • Populism as a Problem of Social Integration
    • Authors: Noam Gidron, Peter A. Hall
      Abstract: Comparative Political Studies, Ahead of Print.
      We argue that support for parties of the radical right and left can usefully be understood as a problem of social integration—an approach that brings together economic and cultural explanations for populism. With comparative survey data, we assess whether support for parties of the radical right and left is associated with feelings of social marginalization. We find that people who feel more socially marginal—because they lack strong attachment to the normative order, social engagement, or a sense of social respect—are more likely to be alienated from mainstream politics and to support radical parties. We also find an association between indicators for recent economic and cultural developments often said to affect social status and feelings of social marginalization, especially among people with low incomes or educational attainment. We conclude that problems of social integration and subjective social status deserve more attention from scholars of comparative political behavior.
      Citation: Comparative Political Studies
      PubDate: 2019-10-17T06:03:28Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0010414019879947
       
  • How Do Inclusionary and Exclusionary Autocracies Affect Ordinary
           People'
    • Authors: Anja Neundorf, Johannes Gerschewski, Roman-Gabriel Olar
      Abstract: Comparative Political Studies, Ahead of Print.
      We propose a distinction between inclusionary and exclusionary autocratic ruling strategies and develop novel theoretical propositions on the legacy that these strategies leave on citizens’ political attitudes once the autocratic regime broke down. Using data of 1.3 million survey respondents from 71 countries and hierarchical age–period–cohort models, we estimate between and within cohort differences in citizens’ democratic support. We find that inclusionary regimes—with wider redistribution of socioeconomic and political benefits—leave a stronger antidemocratic legacy than exclusionary regimes on the political attitudes of their citizens. Similarly, citizens who were part of the winning group in an autocracy are more critical with democracy compared with citizens who were part of discriminated groups. This article contributes to our understanding about how autocracies affect the hearts and minds of ordinary citizens.
      Citation: Comparative Political Studies
      PubDate: 2019-07-17T05:26:46Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0010414019858958
       
  • The Ideological Shadow of Authoritarianism
    • Authors: Elias Dinas, Ksenia Northmore-Ball
      Abstract: Comparative Political Studies, Ahead of Print.
      How do the labels left and right take on meaning in new democracies' Existing explanations point to the universality of the left–right scheme or, reversely, emphasize regionally dominant social cleavages. We propose an alternative legacy-focused theory based on two observations: Dictatorships are not ideologically neutral and are negatively evaluated by most citizens and elites after democratization. These premises lead us to expect that when the authoritarian regime is associated with the left (right), the citizens of a new democracy will display an antileft (antiright) bias in their left–right self-identification. We test this hypothesis across Latin American and European new democracies. We find significant bias, which in the case of new democracies following left-wing regimes is concealed due to intercohort heterogeneity. Although older cohorts denote a positive bias, cohorts born after Stalin’s era denote negative bias against the left. Consistent with our expectations, repression exacerbates this bias whereas indoctrination mitigates it. Finally, we look at how these biases apply to party preferences. The findings have important implications for understanding authoritarian legacies and party system development in new democracies.
      Citation: Comparative Political Studies
      PubDate: 2019-07-08T04:58:02Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0010414019852699
       
  • Protests and Voter Defections in Electoral Autocracies: Evidence From
           Russia
    • Authors: Katerina Tertytchnaya
      Abstract: Comparative Political Studies, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Comparative Political Studies
      PubDate: 2019-05-06T08:32:04Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0010414019843556
       
  • When Does Information Influence Voters' The Joint Importance of
           Salience and Coordination
    • Authors: Claire Adida, Jessica Gottlieb, Eric Kramon, Gwyneth McClendon
      First page: 851
      Abstract: Comparative Political Studies, Ahead of Print.
      Scholars argue that access to information about a politician’s programmatic performance helps voters reward good performers and punish poor ones. But in places where resources are made conditional on collective electoral behavior, voters may not want to defect to vote for a strong legislative performer if they do not believe that others will. We argue that two conditions must hold for information about politician performance to affect voter behavior: Voters must care about the information and believe that others in their constituency care as well. In a field experiment around legislative elections in Benin, voters rewarded good programmatic performance only when information was both made relevant to voters and widely disseminated within the electoral district. Otherwise, access to positive legislative performance information actually lowered vote share for the incumbent’s party. These results demonstrate the joint importance of Salience and voter coordination in shaping information’s impact in clientelistic democracies.
      Citation: Comparative Political Studies
      PubDate: 2019-10-16T06:57:17Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0010414019879945
       
  • Middle Class Without a Net: Savings, Financial Fragility, and Preferences
           Over Social Insurance
    • Authors: Jacob Gerner Hariri, Amalie Sofie Jensen, David Dreyer Lassen
      First page: 892
      Abstract: Comparative Political Studies, Ahead of Print.
      In this article, we show that it is crucial to distinguish between liquid and illiquid wealth to understand how voters form preferences toward social insurance. Many households are financially fragile despite having high incomes and wealth, because they hold little liquid savings. We hypothesize, and show empirically, that this implies that a substantial group of voters show strong support for social insurance policies despite being wealthy and having high incomes, because of their limited ability to self-insure through own savings in case of an income shock. Our empirical analysis is based on a novel dataset from Denmark, which combines administrative data with high-quality measures of individual financial assets and survey measures of political preferences. Using data for other countries from the European Social Survey, we find evidence that our results hold more generally and are not specific to the Danish context.
      Citation: Comparative Political Studies
      PubDate: 2019-10-15T11:30:16Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0010414019879718
       
  • Patterns of Regime Breakdown Since the French Revolution
    • Authors: Vilde Lunnan Djuve, Carl Henrik Knutsen, Tore Wig
      First page: 923
      Abstract: Comparative Political Studies, Ahead of Print.
      We present a temporally fine-grained data set on regimes, defined as the formal and informal rules essential for selecting leaders. The data set comprises more than 2,000 regimes from 197 polities, 1789 to 2016. We highlight how the frequency of breakdowns and particular modes of breakdown have followed cyclical rather than monotonic patterns across modern history. The most common breakdown modes, overall, are coups and incumbent-guided regime transformations. Furthermore, we report robust evidence that low income, slow or negative growth, and intermediate levels of democracy predict a higher likelihood of regime breakdown. Yet, by running change-point analysis we establish that breakdown risk has cycled substantively across periods of modern history, and the aforementioned explanatory factors are more clearly related to breakdown during certain periods. When disaggregating different breakdown modes, low income is related to, for example, breakdown due to popular uprisings, whereas intermediate democracy levels clearly predict coup-induced breakdowns and incumbent-guided transitions.
      Citation: Comparative Political Studies
      PubDate: 2019-10-17T06:04:48Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0010414019879953
       
  • The Dilemma of Dissent: Split Judicial Decisions and Compliance With
           Judgments From the International Human Rights Judiciary
    • Authors: Daniel Naurin, Øyvind Stiansen
      First page: 959
      Abstract: Comparative Political Studies, Ahead of Print.
      The mutual dependence between courts and their compliance constituencies is a fundamental feature of judicial power. Actors whose rights and interests are reinforced by court decisions may use these as legal ammunitions while contributing to ensuring that court decisions are effectively implemented. We argue that judgments that contain dissenting opinions are less powerful in this regard, compared with unanimous decisions. The reason is that dissent reduces the perceived legal authority of the judgment. Using data from the international human rights judiciaries in Europe and the Americas, we provide evidence of a negative relationship between judicial dissent and compliance. Our findings have important implications for questions relating to the institutional design of courts, for courts’ ability to manage compliance problems, and for understanding the conditions for effective international judicial protection of human rights.
      Citation: Comparative Political Studies
      PubDate: 2019-10-17T06:02:28Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0010414019879944
       
  • The Dynamics of Labor Militancy in the Extractive Sector: Kazakhstan’s
           Oilfields and South Africa’s Platinum Mines in Comparative Perspective
    • Authors: Allison D. Evans, Rudra Sil
      First page: 992
      Abstract: Comparative Political Studies, Ahead of Print.
      This article investigates why, in two very different regimes, similarly high levels of labor militancy are evident in Kazakhstan’s oilfields and South Africa’s platinum belt. It also explores the common dynamics leading up to the massacres at Zhanaozen (2011) and Marikana (2012). The hypothesis-generating most different systems comparison highlights the challenges of labor relations where extraction at fixed sites combines with volatile prices and shareholder pressures in a globalized economy to raise the stakes for business, labor, and state. Also significant are blockages in existing channels for bargaining linked to quiescent unions. These jointly necessary conditions account for increased militancy in extractive industries in Kazakhstan and South Africa. To account for the Zhanaozen and Marikana massacres, timing and sequence are considered. Both standoffs came later in the strike wave, prompting impatient state and business elites to criticize the protests as “criminal” acts, and priming security personnel to employ violent repression.
      Citation: Comparative Political Studies
      PubDate: 2019-10-17T06:01:28Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0010414019879715
       
 
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