Journal of Strategic Security
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Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1944-0464 - ISSN (Online) 1944-0472
Published by Henley-Putnam University [1 journal]
- Table of Contents
PubDate: Mon, 15 Jun 2015 10:44:54 PDT
- From Police to Security Professional: A Guide to a Successful Career
Transition. By Michael S. D’Angelo, CPP. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press,
Authors: Howard Farkas
PubDate: Mon, 15 Jun 2015 10:44:53 PDT
- The Bremer Detail: Protecting The Most Threatened Man In The World. By
Frank Gallagher with John M. Del Vecchio, Danbury, CT, Charlie Foxtrot
Books, LLC, 2014.
Authors: Millard E. Moon; Ed.D.
PubDate: Mon, 15 Jun 2015 10:44:51 PDT
- The Making of Terrorism in Pakistan: Historical and Social Roots of
Extremism. By Eamon Murphy. New York, N.Y.: Routledge, 2014.
Authors: Mark J. Roberts
PubDate: Mon, 15 Jun 2015 10:44:50 PDT
- Essentials of Strategic Intelligence. By Loch K. Johnson, Editor. Santa
Barbara, CA: Praeger Security International, 2015.
Authors: Edward Hagerty
PubDate: Mon, 15 Jun 2015 10:44:49 PDT
- Why Pakistan Does Not Have a Counterterrorism Narrative
Authors: Muhammad Feyyaz
Abstract: This article argues that not only has the counterterrorism (CT) commitment in Pakistan been ad hoc in recent years, but that the country's articulation of a softer type of CT response has been rhetorical at best. The research further highlights that Pakistan’s attempts to craft a scientifically structured counter narrative are neither traditional nor within the country’s current CT capability. The article’s arguments are analyzed through a guiding framework based on the compiled works of various strategic communication experts, and helps illustrate the narrative landscapes of al-Qaeda and the Pakistani Taliban as explored and pitched vis-à-vis the state’s counter-narrative paradigm. The findings also probe the national mindset of Pakistanis amenability and appeal for terrorism. The result of this research posits an underlying question as to how then does Pakistan move forward in coping with increasing terrorist threats within its borders while simultaneously developing a coherent and fully functional counter terrorism effort in the future.
PubDate: Mon, 15 Jun 2015 10:44:47 PDT
- Countering Insurgency and the Myth of “The Cause”
Authors: Daniel G. Cox et al.
Abstract: It is possible for an insurgency to develop from a single cause, for the insurgents to identify and communicate this unifying cause to the population, and for the insurgents to remain steadfastly focused even as counterinsurgents undermine their organization and redress the cause. But often the case that there is no single cause, that popular support is mobilized by appealing to multiple motivations, and that by the time counterinsurgents resolve the initial grievance, the insurgency has found alternative justifications to mobilize popular support. Since insurgent leadership is often competent and adaptive, it would be wise to consider the latter scenario against any counterinsurgency strategy. Yet, even when this is acknowledged in the counterinsurgency literature, the theory is remarkably silent how this affects the choice of operational approach This paper addresses this gap and offers a framework for more accurately mapping, understanding, anticipating, and addressing the multiple causes that draw adherents to insurgency and allow for its perpetuation.
PubDate: Mon, 15 Jun 2015 10:44:46 PDT
- Lethal Brands: How VEOs Build Reputations
Authors: Gina Scott Ligon et al.
Abstract: ISIS has run the most effective social media marketing campaign in history. In fact, violent extremist organizations (VEOs) market their ideology and organizations to a global audience in ways that rival even the savviest of conventional organizations. However, applying marketing theory and methodology to study VEOs has not been done to date for the security community. Thus, the goal of the present effort is to use a novel lens used to apply the marketing strategies of conventional, for-profit organizations to examine the impact of VEO reputation and legitimacy on VEO performance. We coded tactics used by VEOs such as ISIS to establish a strong brand reputation, and examined the relationship between branding strategies and markers of performance (e.g., recruitment and fundraising) using a sample of 60 historically notable VEOs spanning a variety of ideologies, cultures, and periods of peak performance. The primary contribution of studying such a diverse sample of VEOs is the identification of how branding strategies can predict recruitment of talented personnel, financial sources, and organizational capacity for violence. Two key findings discussed are (1) VEOs market and differentiate themselves via malevolently innovative attacks, and (2) even negatively-toned media coverage is related to their long-term fundraising viability.
PubDate: Mon, 15 Jun 2015 10:44:44 PDT
- Understanding Radicalization and Engagement in Terrorism through Religious
Authors: Neil Ferguson et al.
Abstract: Although research into the processes and outcomes of radicalization has yielded significant discoveries regarding antecedent risk factors and the role played by societal circumstances and individual variables, research regarding the process of radical conversion remains in its infancy. We believe that the psychology of religion may hold the key to unlocking new insights into this conversion process. As a result of assessing both Lofland and Skonovd’s religious conversion motifs and Rambo’s integrative model of religious conversion, we suggest that issues of culture, society and the individual which are prevalent in first-hand accounts of conversion to terrorism provide crucial insight into the application of theories of religious conversion to the process of radicalization, and that this application is ripe for helping to further develop existing pyramid and staircase models of radicalization.
PubDate: Mon, 15 Jun 2015 10:44:42 PDT
- Adjusting Our Gaze: An Alternative Approach to Understanding Youth
Authors: William A. Costanza
Abstract: The article intends to provide an alternative perspective to examine the radicalization process. It rejects the causal paradigm in favor of a discursive approach that focuses on understanding psychological phenomena as revealed in discourse. My central argument is that a discursive approach offers greater explanatory power than is offered by the causal, reductionist approach that currently dominates the field. My article concludes by offering an interdisciplinary framework that uses discursive psychology as a mode of explanation to better understand how radicalization may occur at the individual level in various sociocultural contexts as a product of lived experience. The framework employs positioning theory as an analytic tool to examine discursive exchanges to provide insight into pathways to the development of radical belief systems among at-risk youth.
PubDate: Mon, 15 Jun 2015 10:44:40 PDT
- European Air Power: Challenges and Opportunities. Edited by John Andreas
Olsen. Dulles, VA: Potomac Books, 2014.
Authors: Mel Deaile
PubDate: Wed, 17 Dec 2014 12:14:25 PST
- Fighting to the End: The Pakistan Army’s Way of War. By C. Christine
Fair. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2014.
Authors: Mark Roberts
PubDate: Wed, 17 Dec 2014 12:14:24 PST
- Rainy Street Stories: Reflections on Secret Wars, Espionage and Terrorism.
By John William Davis, Huntsville, Alabama, Red Bike Publishing, 2013.
Authors: Millard E. Moon Colonel (ret.)
PubDate: Wed, 17 Dec 2014 12:14:23 PST
- Dirty Entanglements: Corruption, Crime, and Terrorism. By Louise I.
Shelley. New York, N.Y.: Cambridge University Press, 2014.
Authors: Nicole K. Drumhiller
PubDate: Wed, 17 Dec 2014 12:14:22 PST
- The Strategy of Drone Warfare
Authors: Mike Fowler
Abstract: There is a budding controversy with the combat use of Remotely Piloted Aircraft (RPA). Also known as Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV), there is a growing literature critiquing the use of RPAs, often using the pejorative term “drone.” RPAs seem to get the blame for a variety of complaints about policy and employment that have little to do with the airframe or its processes. While all of the military functions of an RPA can and are done by manned aircraft, the RPAs must endure additional scrutiny. The decision to employ RPAs requires additional considerations at both the strategic and operational levels of war. This article explores the strategic issues that govern the decisions to employ RPAs in combat. The decision to employ RPAs involves a variety of strategic and operational concerns involving legal issues, technological constraints, operational efficiency, and an interdependency upon information operations.
PubDate: Wed, 17 Dec 2014 12:14:21 PST
- Investigating the Relationship Between Drone Warfare and Civilian
Casualties in Gaza
Authors: Dr. Ann Rogers
Abstract: Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), better known as drones, are increasingly touted as ‘humanitarian’ weapons that contribute positively to fighting just wars and saving innocent lives. At the same time, civilian casualties have become the most visible and criticized aspect of drone warfare. It is argued here that drones contribute to civilian casualties not in spite of, but because of, their unique attributes. They greatly extend war across time and space, pulling more potential threats and targets into play over long periods, and because they are low-risk and highly accurate, they are more likely to be used. The assumption that drones save lives obscures a new turn in strategic thinking that sees states such as Israel and the US rely on large numbers of small, highly discriminating attacks applied over time to achieve their objectives. This examination of Israel’s 2014 war in Gaza argues that civilian casualties are not an unexpected or unintended consequence of drone warfare, but an entirely predictable outcome.
PubDate: Wed, 17 Dec 2014 12:14:20 PST
- The “Surgical” Legitimacy of Drone Strikes? Issues of
Sovereignty and Human Rights in the Use of Unmanned Aerial Systems in
Authors: Alcides Eduardo dos Reis Peron
Abstract: The Revolution in Military Affairs had an important role in providing the United States Armed Forces the technical instruments necessary to conduct high-risky operations in the context of Irregular Warfare. The development of these instruments, such as Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV), allowed the emergence of a discourse of surgical and lean wars by the George W. Bush and Barack Obama administrations, whose legitimacy of the interventions were related to the accuracy and technical superiority of the UAVs. Focusing in the case of the U.S. drone strikes in Pakistan, this article seeks to debate the legal limits of the employment of these instruments. Despite the supposed accuracy and visual capacity of the UAVs, we argue that there are several information on the deaths of civilians, and legal limitations in the International Humanitarian Law, that constrain the employment of this instrument, and illegitimate the argument of surgical war.
PubDate: Wed, 17 Dec 2014 12:14:19 PST
- Help Wanted: American Drone Program Needs Multifaceted Support to be
Authors: S. Hall
Abstract: The U.S. drone program in Pakistan faces strong resistance in Pakistan. Because the program solely seeks to eliminate terrorist groups and leaders through bombing campaigns, with no built in social support, the local population’s anti-American sentiment has reached the highest level in history. This angry mood against U.S. drone programs is spreading throughout the Islamic world. To counter this anti-American sentiment, and increase the drone program’s effectiveness, the U.S. must invest in multifaceted, socio-economic support efforts to educate the population and rebuild the gratuity, trust, and commitment of Pakistan’s people to the “War on Terror.”
PubDate: Wed, 17 Dec 2014 12:14:18 PST
- Lost in Debate: The Safety of Domestic Unmanned Aircraft Systems
Authors: Yeonmin Cho
Abstract: The United States is poised to integrate commercial unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) into the national airspace and enable government entities to use UAS in a more expedient manner. This policy change, mandated by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Modernization and Reform Act of 2012, offers new economic, social and scientific opportunities as well as enhanced law enforcement capacity. However, such benefits will be accompanied by concerns over misuse and abuse of the new technologies by criminals and terrorists. Privacy has been the focus of public debate over the more widespread use of UAS. This paper examines a variety of issues related to allowing broad UAS operations in domestic airspace, and puts forth that safety should be the top priority of policy makers in their effort to integrate UAS into the national airspace system.
PubDate: Wed, 17 Dec 2014 12:14:17 PST
- Drones: The American Controversy
Authors: Michael C. Heatherly
Abstract: One of the most enduring problems confronted by a free society is the method through which law and order are maintained. There is an inherent tradeoff between freedom and the preservation of order through the construct and enforcement of laws. These attributes alone could be the subject of great debate. However, the United States and many other modern nations are experiencing a proliferation of technology that greatly enhances the sensory and capabilities of the user. If that user is the government, the debate over apparent intrusions into the lives of private citizens is amplified. The questions examined by this article are; should advanced technologies be used by law enforcement agencies? Is the government overstepping their Constitutional constraints by employing advanced technologies? Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages of the uses of such technologies?
PubDate: Wed, 17 Dec 2014 12:14:16 PST