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  Subjects -> POLITICAL SCIENCE (Total: 874 journals)
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    - POLITICAL SCIENCE (741 journals)
    - POLITICAL SCIENCES: GENERAL (23 journals)

POLITICAL SCIENCE (741 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 281 Journals sorted alphabetically
A Contracorriente     Open Access  
Ab Imperio     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Acta Borealia: A Nordic Journal of Circumpolar Societies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Acta Politica Estica     Open Access  
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, European and Regional Studies     Open Access  
Administrative Science Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 136)
Affirmations : of the modern     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AFFRIKA Journal of Politics, Economics and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Africa Conflict Monitor     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Africa Insight     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Africa Institute Occasional Paper     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Africa Renewal     Free   (Followers: 5)
Africa Review : Journal of the African Studies Association of India     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Africa Today     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
African Conflict and Peacebuilding Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
African Diaspora     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
African East-Asian Affairs     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African Identities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
African Journal of Democracy and Governance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
African Journal of Rhetoric     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African Yearbook of Rhetoric     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Africanus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Afrique contemporaine : La revue de l'Afrique et du développement     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agenda Política     Open Access  
Agenda: A Journal of Policy Analysis and Reform     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Agrarian South : Journal of Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Akademik İncelemeler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alternatives : Global, Local, Political     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Altre Modernità     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
América Latina Hoy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Communist History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American Foreign Policy Interests: The Journal of the National Committee on American Foreign Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 236)
American Political Science Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 201)
American Political Thought     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
American Politics Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
American Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Anacronismo e Irrupción     Open Access  
Analecta política     Open Access  
Análise Social     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales UMCS, Politologia     Open Access  
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Annual Review of Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Annual Review of Political Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 129)
Apuntes Electorales     Open Access  
AQ - Australian Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Arabian Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arctic Review on Law and Politics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arena Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Asia Minor Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Asia-Pacific Journal : Japan Focus     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Asia-Pacific Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Asian Affairs: An American Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Comparative Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Asian Politics and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Astropolitics: The International Journal of Space Politics & Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
AUDEM : The International Journal of Higher Education and Democracy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Aurora. Revista de Arte, Mídia e Política     Open Access  
Australasian Review of African Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Journal of International Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Australian Journal of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Austrian Journal of Political Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Balcanica Posnaniensia Acta et studia     Open Access  
Baltic Journal of European Studies     Open Access  
Bandung : Journal of the Global South     Open Access  
Basic Income Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Beleid en Maatschappij     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BMC International Health and Human Rights     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Brazilian Political Science Review     Open Access  
Brésil(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Canadian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
British Journal of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 136)
British Journal of Politics and International Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
British Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
British Review of New Zealand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Brookings Papers on Economic Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 47)
Bulletin d'histoire politique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bustan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos de Estudos Sociais e Políticos     Open Access  
CADUS - Revista de Estudos de Política, História e Cultura     Open Access  
Cahiers de l'Urmis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cahiers de Sciences politiques de l'ULg     Open Access  
California Journal of Politics and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cambio 16     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cambridge Review of International Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Canadian Foreign Policy Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Caucasus Survey     Hybrid Journal  
Central and Eastern European Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Central Asian Affairs     Hybrid Journal  
Central Banking     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Central European Journal of Public Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
China : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
China perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
China Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
China Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
China Review International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
China-EU Law Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chinese Journal of Global Governance     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of International Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Chinese Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cittadinanza Europea (LA)     Full-text available via subscription  
Civil Wars     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Claremont-UC Undergraduate Research Conference on the European Union     Open Access  
Class, Race and Corporate Power     Open Access  
Cold War History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Commonwealth & Comparative Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Communication, Politics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Communist and Post-Communist Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Comparative Political Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 131)
Comparative Politics (Russia)     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Comparative Strategy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Competition & Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Conferences on New Political Economy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Confines     Open Access  
Conflict and Society     Full-text available via subscription  
Conflict Management and Peace Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Conflict Trends     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Conflict, Security & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 360)
Congress & the Presidency: A Journal of Capital Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Conjunctions. Transdisciplinary Journal of Cultural Participation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Constellations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Contemporary Japan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Contemporary Journal of African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Contemporary Political Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Contemporary Review of the Middle East     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Contemporary Security Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Contemporary Southeast Asia: A Journal of International and Strategic Affairs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Contemporary Wales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Contenciosa     Open Access  
Contexto Internacional     Open Access  
Cooperation and Conflict     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
CQ Researcher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Criterio Jurídico     Open Access  
Critical Asian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Critical Review : A Journal of Politics and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Critical Reviews on Latin American Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Critical Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Critical Studies on Terrorism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Cuadernos de historia de España     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cultura de Paz     Open Access  
Cultural Critique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Culture Mandala : The Bulletin of the Centre for East-West Cultural and Economic Studies     Open Access  
Décalages : An Althusser Studies Journal     Open Access  
Decolonization : Indigeneity, Education & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Defence Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Defense & Security Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Democracy & Education     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Democratic Communiqué     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Democratic Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Democratization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Democrazia e diritto     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Demokratie und Geschichte     Hybrid Journal  
Demokratizatsiya: The Journal of Post-Soviet Democratization     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Der Donauraum     Hybrid Journal  
Der Staat     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Desafíos     Open Access  
Development and Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Digest of Middle East Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Diplomacy & Statecraft     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Diritto, immigrazione e cittadinanza     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Dissent     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Diversité urbaine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
East European Jewish Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
East European Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Economia Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Ecopolítica     Open Access  
eJournal of eDemocracy and Open Government     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
El Cotidiano     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Electoral Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Em Pauta : Teoria Social e Realidade Contemporânea     Open Access  
Encuentro     Open Access  
Environmental Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Equal Opportunities International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Espacios Públicos     Open Access  
Estudios Políticos     Open Access  
Estudios Políticos     Open Access  
Estudos Avançados     Open Access  
Ethical Theory and Moral Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Ethics & Global Politics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics     Hybrid Journal  
Éthique publique     Open Access  
Études internationales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Eureka Street     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Europe's World     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Integration Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of American Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Government and Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of International Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
European Journal of Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
European Journal of Political Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
European Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Journal Cover Africa Insight
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   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 0256-2804
   Published by Sabinet Online Ltd Homepage  [188 journals]
  • Beyond the fetishism of gross domestic product (Mis)governance and the
           challenges of poverty reduction in Nigeria
    • Authors: Samuel O. Oloruntoba; Samuel O. Oloruntoba
      Abstract: Over the last 10 years, Nigeria experienced an average of seven per cent per annum rate of economic growth measured in terms of gross domestic product (GDP). The country has been identified as one of the fastest growing countries in the world by various international development agencies. The recent rebasing of the economy actually turned Nigeria into the largest economy in Africa with a GDP of over US$500 billion. Despite this comparatively high rate of growth, poverty and inequality remain very high, as the growth has not translated into job creation. While the national rate of unemployment is about 27.4 per cent, youth unemployment is well over 60 per cent. At the root of this disconnect between growth and development are governance challenges in the form of corruption, state capture by corrupt elites and misdirected policies. This article examines the link between governance and the failure of economic growth to translate into inclusive development in Nigeria. It argues that the structure of governance hinders the translation of economic growth to achieving tangible results for poverty reduction in the country. The structure of governance can be broadly defined as over-centralisation of authority under a supposedly federal arrangement; prebendalism, centred on a petro-dollar economy; and patrimonialism, as evidenced by the politics of sharing national resources among the ruling elites and their cronies.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Movement of people and the right of residence and establishment A focus
           on South Africa
    • Authors: Johan Viljoen; Marie Wentzel Nedson Pophiwa
      Abstract: This paper examines South Africa's migration policy framework development and the initiatives undertaken on the basis of the commitments to the Abuja Treaty and successive African Union (AU) frameworks regarding the free movement of people in the region. As such the paper outlines South Africa's compliance and contentions with the notion of free movement of people and how it tries to balance the dual roles of meeting the needs of its previously disadvantaged population at the same time as complying with principles of regional integration, which are important to its foreign policy. As will be shown in the paper, among other things, the country has been faced with implementation challenges in the enforcement of its migration policies to such an extent that non-state actors, such as communities, have resorted to violence against migrants due to perceptions that there has been an uncontrolled 'influx' of migrants resulting from lax law enforcement.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Informal home-based entrepreneurs in South Africa 'How non-South Africans
           outcompete South Africans'
    • Authors: John Ntema
      Abstract: The influx of immigrant entrepreneurs, particularly those involved in various informal economic activities, is a global phenomenon. As in other developing countries, the South African informal business landscape in general has, and to a large degree, been infiltrated by informal immigrant entrepreneurs. Yet, despite the hostile reception of these non-South African entrepreneurs, both by their South African counterparts and the general population particularly in former black township areas the literature and empirical research indicates that non-South Africans move onto alternative and more lucrative businesses much quicker than their local counterparts. To a large extent, the informal home-based township trade is no exception in this respect, with non-South Africans (Bangladeshi and Pakistani in particular), outperforming their South African counterparts. It is, therefore, argued that the immigrant entrepreneurs are more competitive and thus more successful than their local counterparts, and that their success could largely be attributed to their unique and sound business skills and personal characteristics. The paper used the views of adult customers, and current and former informal home-based entrepreneurs, to demonstrate the extent to which non-South Africans trading as informal home-based entrepreneurs in Mangaung Township (Bloemfontein) have outperformed their South African counterparts.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • A critical examination of socioeconomic and demographic factors as
           determinants of e-government adoption among residents in Zimbabwe's two
           local authorities
    • Authors: Ricky Munyaradzi Mukonza; Mashupye Herbert Maserumule Kabelo Boikhutso Moeti
      Abstract: Zimbabwe has a long history with e-government. The Common Market for East and Southern Africa (COMESA) traces back the first introduction of an electronic system in the Zimbabwean government to 1972 with the introduction of the Central Computing Services (CCS), which fell under the Ministry of Finance, whose main function was to provide information and communication technology (ICT) services to the public service. In spite of this relatively long history, e-government in Zimbabwe has not developed at a consistent pace and, as will be revealed in the paper, the country is ranked low on the United Nations (UN) Electronic Government Development Index (EGDI). There have been few e-government studies in Zimbabwe and most of these have focused on the national picture. As a result, there is a dearth of scholarly work on e-government as it is unfolding at the local sphere of government. The aim of this paper is to provide a critical examination of socioeconomic and demographic factors as determinants of e-government adoption among residents in selected local authorities in the country. This study, therefore, makes a contribution on how these identified factors impact on e-government adoption. A major finding in the study is that most of the socioeconomic and demographic factors, with the exception of gender, determine e-government adoption in the two local authorities. Consequently, the paper recommends that local authorities in Zimbabwe, and indeed elsewhere, need to have an understanding of the relevant socioeconomic and demographic characteristics before they come up with an e-government strategy. This would enable them to craft e-government strategies that would suit their localities.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • The quest for peace in Nigeria's plateau
    • Authors: Tola Odubajo
      Abstract: The distinctions between the rights and privileges of various categories of resident individuals arising from the opposing views of the conceptualisation of 'indigeneship', continue to stimulate intellectual discourses. For Nigeria, where a constant quest for accommodation and sense of belonging are critical to unity and stability, identity politics continues to engender divisions. The various cases of settler/indigene conflicts are indicative of the artificiality and fragility of Nigeria's famed aesthetic unity. The paper focuses on prescribing solutions to the incessant identity-based conflicts prompted by the settler/indigene divisions and religious differences in Plateau State, Nigeria. Jos, the capital of Plateau State, was the centre of attraction for locals and foreigners alike, as a consequence of its moderate weather, cosmopolitan outlook and tendency for accommodating diversity. For over a decade, however, Jos and various parts of rural Plateau State became theatres of war. The incessant violent conflicts were instigated by crisscrossing distinctions over rights and privileges between the indigenous peoples and the settlers. With the aid of a qualitative method, a content analysis of data gathered from secondary sources was undertaken. In the final analysis, a three-pronged source of conflict can be identified in Plateau State: the individual, group and social system levels of interaction. In making recommendations for enduring peace, we would apply three of Johan Galtung's theories on peace: 'The Intra-personal Model', 'The Inter-personal Model' and 'The Intra-social Model'; to provide the platform for devising peaceful coexistence, stimulated through social harmony, on Nigeria's plateau.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Boko Haram group in Nigeria Religious intolerance and proliferation of
           small arms and light weapons in perspective
    • Authors: Oluwaseun Bamidele
      Abstract: In problematising the motivations behind Boko Haram's activities against the state, academic debates have remained divided. On the one hand are scholars who attribute the violence of Boko Haram as a fallout of religious intolerance, while on the other hand, others consider the proliferation - or the widespread availability - of small arms and light weapons (SALW) as the vital cause. Either claim, however, is only valid in part, and obscures an holistic understanding of Boko Haram terrorism as a political phenomenon. Using Boko Haram as a case study, this article engages with the body of work drawn from each of the aforementioned paradigms, and highlights the empirical inadequacies in exclusively focusing on either side of the debate. In turn, it suggests that only in the synergy of both paradigms can a broader and more eclectic understanding of all the factors responsible for Boko Haram's formation and violence be achieved.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • The future of participatory planning in Ghana A preliminary analysis
    • Authors: Ishaq Akmey Alhassan
      Abstract: There is no disagreement on the centrality of participatory planning in devolution and good governance in any local government system. It is even more critical in the case of African's quest for vibrant local governments and rapid development in their communities. This paper mainly sets out to critically evaluate communities' inputs into district development planning in Ghana and suggests ways by which participatory planning could be entrenched to promote peace, security and development in District Assemblies. As a product of an extensive critical review of literature on Ghana's planning systems, it argues for a partnership between District Planning Coordinating Units and sub-structures in each district, to make planning truly participatory and ensure development in peace and security.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Editorial
    • Authors: Vusi Gumede
      Abstract: Until the 'Great Recession' that began as a global financial crisis in 2007 or thereabouts, there has not been a socio-economic and political event that has lasted for as many years, and with as huge a negative impact on development, as the Great Depression of the 1930s. In 2007 the collapse of the United States of America (US) sub-prime mortgage market, and the reversal of the housing boom in other industrialised economies, triggered a financial crisis that spilled over to the rest of the world (as many contributions discuss in this special issue). Since then, policy makers around the world have been trying to formulate solutions to the problems into which the financial industry in particular, and the global economy in general, have plunged.
      PubDate: 2016-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Global economic crisis and Africa's economic performance
    • Authors: Akpan H. Ekpo; Akpan H. Ekpo
      Abstract: It is generally acknowledged that African economies were able to withstand the 2007/2008 global economic crisis because of better macroeconomic management. Macroeconomic fundamentals, such as growth, rate of inflation and deficit/GDP ratio, among others, appear to move in the right direction during and after the crisis. In recent times, Africa's growth of about six per cent is being celebrated, despite the rising rate of unemployment, rising incidence of poverty, widening inequality and deterioration in the provision of basic needs. Both the economic performance and misery indices seem to be rising despite 'impressive' growth trajectories. The positive growth is backed by rising commodity prices with the inherent adverse implications. Regression results indicate that democracy, fiscal balance and life expectancy are positively related to growth. On the other hand, the rate of inflation and human development index show a negative relationship with growth.
      PubDate: 2016-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Africa and global recessions Options for reducing vulnerability in future
    • Authors: Theresa Moyo
      Abstract: Global recessions have devastating effects on economies. The most recent crisis in 2007/2008 led to declining output, rising unemployment and falling incomes in Africa. The paper specifically aims to explore sustainable long-term strategies which could reduce the vulnerability of African economies to similar recessions in future. Its specific objectives are: (i) to critically review theoretical perspectives which explain the causes of global recessions and how to prevent them; (ii) to examine the evidence on the effectiveness of the dominant responses to such crises; and (iii) to identify feasible and sustainable long-term strategies to minimise negative impacts in future. The paper applies a qualitative research methodology, which is based on review and analysis of secondary information. It concludes that traditional or conventional, market-based approaches do not adequately explain the root causes of global recessions and that the dominant counter-cyclical Keynesian-type fiscal and monetary policies that characterised the responses of many African countries do not actually provide a lasting solution to the problem. Given the structurally, politically and socially based root causes of the crisis, it is imperative that African states should prioritise and adopt more sustainable and transformative long-term strategies. These should centre on reducing wealth and income inequality, rapid implementation of the continent's structural transformation and industrialisation agenda, promoting intra-African trade, intensification of the diversification drive - both in terms of products as well as markets - massive investments in technical and other skills needed for industry and trade development, and finally, tapping into emerging opportunities through South-South cooperation.
      PubDate: 2016-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Oil-rush, Great Recession, and 'development' implications for
           Africa Possibilities, constraints, and contradictions of oil-driven
           industrialisation in Ghana
    • Authors: Jasper Abembia Ayelazuno
      Abstract: The oil peak and the 2007/2008 economic recession are the most recent major global events to destabilise the economies of African countries and to afflict the life-chances and social (re)production of the subaltern classes. This paper critically analyses Ghana's oil and gas industry to illustrate these issues. The paper argues that it is only through the transformation of their economies from commodities-frontiers to industrialised economies that African states can minimise the negative impacts of the inherent, cyclical crises of the global capitalist economy on their economies and people. Taking a long, historical perspective of the exploitative insertion of Africa into the global capitalist economy as a commodities-frontier, the paper foregrounds the possibilities, constraints, and contradictions of oil-driven industrialisation of oil-rich African countries such as Ghana. It concludes that, while the Ghanaian state is capable, adept, and ruthless in inflicting the violence of primitive accumulation on its people, it paradoxically protects and enables global capital accumulation by implementing policies that defeat its own industrialisation vision of development.
      PubDate: 2016-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • The G77 and the transformation of global relations for a just
           world Challenges and opportunities
    • Authors: Serges Djoyou Kamga
      Abstract: On 20 July 2014, the Group of 77 countries (G77) and China commemorated the fiftieth anniversary of the G77 characterised by the adoption of the 'Towards a New World Order for Living Well' Declaration of Santa Cruz. This was an acknowledgement that the current world order is not conducive to a good standard of living in the global South, and that there is a need to remedy the situation. The paper examines the feasibility of this project through an analysis of challenges and opportunities towards its realisation. In doing so, it examines the structure of global power and the extent to which the G77 can tap into it for the establishment of a better world order for all. This entails looking at possibilities afforded to the G77 and China at the United Nations (UN) Security Council as well as in the main committees of the UN General Assembly. Ultimately, the paper finds that, notwithstanding some avenues at the UN General Assembly's Second, Third and Fifth Committees, the lack of tangible results by the G77, the self-interest of actors and the shaping of global development agenda outside the UN, are elements of the structure of global power that hinder the G77 objectives.
      PubDate: 2016-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Towards a better socio-economic development approach for Africa's renewal
    • Authors: Vusi Gumede
      Abstract: This paper contends that Africa remains behind other continents with regards to human development and other related measures of socio-economic development. It questions the celebrated economic growth in African countries and posits that there has actually not been much progress in Africa and that the continent might have regressed. The narrative that 'Africa is rising' ignores the ongoing global economic meltdown which has had a negative impact on the growth of African economies. Most importantly, the majority of those countries which managed to achieve higher growth levels suffer from high levels of socio-economic and political hardship, which is reflected in endemic poverty, struggles for daily existence, economic and social inequalities as well as various cleavages. The paper concludes that further improvements on the policy environment in the African continent would go a long way towards inclusive development. It recommends that African countries should ensure that growth is sustainable and could translate into welfare improvements, and that African countries should adapt the developmental state framework that could guarantee that African countries further develop socially and economically. The lasting solution to Africa's socio-economic problems could, however, be found in a new or different socio-economic development approach/model - proposed in the paper - that is informed by an African economic renaissance paradigm.
      PubDate: 2016-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Towards another 'Great Transformation'
    • Authors: Thandika Mkandawire
      Abstract: As Karl Polanyi indicates in the 'Great Transformation', 'the so-called self-regulating markets cannot exist for any length of time without destroying human society'. Three 'Great Transformations' have taken place. The first occurred in Europe at a time when it was widely believed that markets were nature's way of managing exchange in an efficient way and that interference in the workings of the market, as Adam Smith argued, was not only artificial, but against the laws of God. The second was about society's reaction in defending itself against the ravages of the market. The third was when neoliberalism launched a counter-movement that gave the market primacy. This paper argues that the assumption that the self-regulation expected from 'corporate social responsibility', or the instinct for self-preservation, would replace the state, had failed disastrously. The neoliberal model is therefore in trouble. It is important to contemplate a new global order that will be built on and facilitate social orders that are developmental, socially inclusive and democratic - which will be the fourth 'Great Transformation'. As the paper argues, there are two imperatives: the first imperative would be the creation of global institutions that would ensure that commitments to justice, equality and democracy are translated into global and national policies; and the second one would be the intellectual and ideological challenge of the views and discursive practices that, all too often, fetishised globalisation into some exogenous force that ineluctably imposes its laws on the human race.
      PubDate: 2016-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Policy brief - the aftermath of the Great Recession Can Africa converge,
           catch up and leapfrog?
    • Authors: Lumkile Mondi
      Abstract: This policy brief looks at policy options that can facilitate Africa's convergence, catching up and leapfrogging using industrial policy instruments in the post-Great Recession period. During 1990-1999 the development policies recommendations shifted from the state to the market, from import substitutions to outward-oriented policies, from price controls to 'getting the price right'. Africa had withstood both the Y2K and the subsequent dotcom bust. The upward movement in commodity prices during 2001-2007 was accompanied by massive capital inflows into the continent. The capital inflows continued after the crisis, chasing growth and better yields in Africa as a result of the Great Recession in the developed world. The capital inflows went into a variety of sectors including commodities, information technology and telecommunications, as well as financial services and retail. The United States (US) government and the European Union (EU) and its member countries embarked on the most aggressive fiscal and monetary policy deployment in history during the crisis. In Africa, during the period before and after the crisis, a debate ensued among scholars and others as to whether Africa could converge, catch up and leapfrog the rest of the developing world. If so, what policies could support the necessary structural change?
      PubDate: 2016-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • The Global Financial and Economic Crisis in the South: Impacts and
           Responses, Jose Luis Leon-Manriquez and Theresa Moyo (Eds.) : book review
           I
    • Authors: Siphamandla Zondi
      Abstract: The importance of this book lies in its contribution to debates and analyses on the economic and financial crisis that began in the United States (US) in 2007/08, spread to Europe and subsequently to other parts of the world. Much has been written about this problem, but only a few authors have explored the global South experience and structural factors underpinning this and previous crises.
      PubDate: 2016-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Daring to Speak Truth to People's Power - Yash Tandon's Trade is War: The
           West's War against the World, Yash Tandon : book review II
    • Authors: Patricia McFadden
      Abstract: In a recent article entitled Global Governance and Justice, Professor Yash Tandon opens with a profound commentary on the contemporary condition of greed and destructiveness that some humans have deliberately created, and its implications for species survival and the very future of Nature upon which humans are also dependent for life. In a critique of how agricultural production has become the new frontier for venture capitalist plunder and accumulation, he declares that '[f]ood is the only medium through which to make profit. Though millions starve, profits must first be made'. While increasing numbers of small-scale African farmers across the continent are being drawn into 'organic farming for European markets', the majority of African people live without the basic requirements of a minimal livelihood. It is this life and death struggle which has underpinned the encounter between Europe and North America - generically known as 'the West' - and the rest of the world.
      PubDate: 2016-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Climate change impacts on South African wind energy resources
    • Authors: Lynette Herbst; Hannes Rautenbach
      Abstract: Consideration of the potential risks posed by climate change to the wind energy sector is critical for its development in South Africa. This study determines if future wind speeds might change under two climate change projections by employing climate model data at 0.44° latitude (~45km)x0.44° longitude (~50km) resolution. Ensembles of historically modelled winds compare well with observed wind climate, but wind speeds are over-estimated in the southern regions of South Africa. Projected increases in mean daily wind speeds vary, but never exceed six per cent. Wind speeds within a predetermined range appropriate for power generation are projected to increase in the north-eastern region of South Africa. It is concluded that wind power density will remain low in future, which suggests that wind energy may complement energy supply, but is unlikely to become a major contributor to energy in South Africa.
      PubDate: 2016-03-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Innovating for sustainable, reliable and adequate electricity supplies in
           Nigeria and South Africa
    • Authors: Vuyo Mjimba; Vuyo Mjimba
      Abstract: This research sought to determine the most readily available modes of innovation in South Africa and Nigeria to exploit both conventional and renewable energy sources, in order to generate adequate and reliable electricity as part of meeting sustainable development objectives. The research analysed a variety of documents and made two important findings. First, the two countries' innovation abilities lag those of competing economies, most notable China. Second, despite limitations, both countries have exhibited innovation abilities that can be applied to increase the supply of sustainable, adequate and reliable electricity. The study concludes that, despite limited capacity to innovate at the technology frontier, both countries could alternatively exploit adaptation and commercial scale-up innovation modes to drive their sustainable development agendas.
      PubDate: 2016-03-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Searching for sustainable solutions in Improved Cook Stove practice in
           Malawi - a cultural historical activity theory approach
    • Authors: Experencia Madalitso Chisoni
      Abstract: The Improved Cook-Stove (ICS) has the potential to contribute to sustainable firewood harvesting and consumption in Malawi because it is energy efficient. However, accelerated uptake, utilisation and production of ICSs put stress on ICS construction materials. Findings from a qualitative case study that explored uptake and use of ICSs in Ehlonipeni demonstrate that ICS production is putting pressure on ndhulani, a major material in ICS construction. It is contributing to slow stove construction and jeopardising the growth of the ICS practice. This paper argues for 'boundary crossing learning' in the search for more sustainable solutions to address the challenge. It recommends: that key activity systems in ICS practice utilise pluralism and diversity in exploring sustainable solutions; and that facilitation of 'boundary crossing laboratories' is necessary to support this endeavour.
      PubDate: 2016-03-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Policy, institutional and programme readiness for solar energy uptake in
           South Africa
    • Authors: Godwell Nhamo; Chipo Mukonza
      Abstract: South Africa has been facing challenges in terms of electricity supply. The increase in population and a growing economy have exacerbated electricity supply constraints. In response, policies and institutions have emerged to promote solar energy. This study investigates policy, institutional and programme readiness to embrace solar energy uptake in the country. The study reveals that South Africa has put in place numerous initiatives, like the Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Procurement Programme (REIPPPP), Solar Atlas, Solar Park, Solar Water Heating Programme (SWHP) and the solar energy technology roadmap. Furthermore, institutions have been established, including the South African National Energy Development Institute (SANEDI), Renewable Energy Centre of Research and Development (RECORD), South African Photovoltaic Industry Association (SAPVIA) and Southern Africa Solar Thermal and Electricity Association. Although significant progress has been made, South Africa still faces manufacturing, financing, capacity and competitiveness challenges that hinder the full exploitation of this energy sub-sector. The paper recommends the development of a marketing strategy to promote the use of solar-derived energy. There is a need to put more resources in supporting the South Africa government's vision for promoting the local manufacturing of certain components that is being implemented by the Department of Trade and Industry (dti). This drive is being undertaken under the manufacturing competitiveness enhancement programme.
      PubDate: 2016-03-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Trends and patterns of household energy use - developing alternative
           mechanisms in Adigrat Town, Ethiopia
    • Authors: Jimmy Ochwo; Juliet Akola Joseph Binala
      Abstract: Ethiopia is a nation with a diverse culture and diverse energy potential for development. Studies estimate that over 80 per cent of the primary energy sources in the country are traditional. The aim of this study is to: explain the trends and patterns of household energy use in Adigrat town; analyse the effects of current household energy use on the well-being of residents; and propose innovative alternative mechanisms for efficient and sustainable use of household energy. A descriptive research design is used. The findings reflect an increase in the rate of modern energy use. The majority of households that depend on traditional energy sources have suffered from health-related problems, physical challenges and fire accidents. The study recommends the use of clean and efficient stoves and the promotion of renewable energy.
      PubDate: 2016-03-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Emissions and deforestation associated with household fuel wood use - a
           case of the Thulamela local municipality, South Africa
    • Authors: Solomon Eghosa Uhunamure; Nthaduleni Samuel Nethengwe Agnes Musyoki
      Abstract: Fuel wood is regarded as a major source of energy around the world, particularly in developing nations where it forms part of the energy mix. Most rural communities around the world, consider forests a repository of stored energy. This paper focuses on the role of fuel wood in deforestation and the emission of greenhouse gases (GHG) in the Thulamela local municipality in South Africa. Data regarding fuel wood consumption were collected through a questionnaire field survey of 200 households out of a total of 2 024 households in four villages in the municipality. The basic methodological approach outlined by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change was adopted and modified to estimate the emission of carbon dioxide (CO2) from fuel wood. Emission factors were applied in calculating the carbon monoxide (CO) and nitrogen oxide (NO) emissions. According to the results, the combined GHGs emitted in the four areas studied were: CO2 14.91 kg; CO 0.000295 kg; and NO 0.00356 kg. The vegetation change calculated using the Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) for a 5 year interval (2007-2012) indicated a change percentage of 56.23 in the four villages. While these emissions form only a part of the total GHG emissions, the associated deforestation is of concern and greater effort should be made to sustainably manage forests and their resources.
      PubDate: 2016-03-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Low carbon and climate resilient investments - is South Africa doing
           enough?
    • Authors: Theresa Moyo
      Abstract: Evidence shows that South Africa is vulnerable to climate change and is also among the highest in terms of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Africa. In response, the government has developed a relatively comprehensive strategic and policy response framework that aims to build a climate resilient economy. The framework includes approaches to reduction in the country's carbon footprint and achievement of resilience to climate change. Implementation of the planned strategies inevitably requires significant resources. The aim of this paper is to review South Africa's response to climate change, with a special focus on investments in low carbon and climate resilient action. It highlights the successes to date and the challenges that still have to be addressed. Using secondary data sources, mainly reports published by public, private and international agencies, the paper argues that although the country has achieved a considerable measure of success at the level of formulating strategic and policy interventions and, to some extent, in financing their implementation, investment in low carbon and climate resilient initiatives is still inadequate and uncoordinated, given the magnitude of the problem. It is recommended that a more concerted effort must be made in order to scale-up the mobilisation and utilisation of climate investments in order to achieve the goal of a low carbon, climate resilient economy.
      PubDate: 2016-03-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Biogas technology diffusion and adoption mechanisms in Zimbabwe
    • Authors: Matsvange Diego; Patisiwe Zaba, Matsvange Diego, Ruvimbo Tecla Sagonda Munyaradzi Kaundikiza
      Abstract: Despite the increasing awareness of biogas and its related benefits, the global uptake of the technology is generally low. Recently, there has been an increase in donor community and government driven interest in biogas technology. Following the trend, this paper examines perceptions regarding the adoption and use of biogas and related technologies and looks at women's perceptions of biogas. Through interviews and a survey that engaged 52 households, it examines the nature and range of biogas associated risks in terms of the adoption and use of the technologies from the perspective of the women in these communities. Benefits of biogas technology are multi-fold and the technology has the capacity to reduce firewood usage.
      PubDate: 2016-03-01T00:00:00Z
       
 
 
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