Subjects -> POLITICAL SCIENCE (Total: 1124 journals)
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    - POLITICAL SCIENCE (938 journals)
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POLITICAL SCIENCE (938 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 281 Journals sorted alphabetically
A Contracorriente     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ab Imperio     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acciones e Investigaciones Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACME : An International Journal for Critical Geographies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Borealia: A Nordic Journal of Circumpolar Societies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Acta Politica Estica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, European and Regional Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Administory. Zeitschrift für Verwaltungsgeschichte     Open Access  
Administrative Science Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 215)
AFFRIKA Journal of Politics, Economics and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Africa Conflict Monitor     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Africa Insight     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Africa Institute Occasional Paper     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Africa Intelligence     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Africa Renewal     Free   (Followers: 7)
Africa Review : Journal of the African Studies Association of India     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Africa Today     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70)
African Conflict and Peacebuilding Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
African Diaspora     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
African East-Asian Affairs     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
African Identities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
African Journal of Democracy and Governance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Rhetoric     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
African Yearbook of Rhetoric     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Africanus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Africa’s Public Service Delivery and Performance Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Afrika Focus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Afrique contemporaine : La revue de l'Afrique et du développement     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Agenda Internacional     Open Access  
Agenda Política     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agenda: A Journal of Policy Analysis and Reform     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Agrarian South : Journal of Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Akademik Hassasiyetler     Open Access  
Akademik İncelemeler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Akademik Yaklaşımlar Dergisi     Open Access  
Alternatives : Global, Local, Political     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Altre Modernità     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
América Latina Hoy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Communist History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
American Enterprise Institute     Free   (Followers: 3)
American Foreign Policy Interests: The Journal of the National Committee on American Foreign Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 386)
American Political Science Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 322)
American Political Thought     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
American Politics Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
American Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Anacronismo e Irrupción     Open Access  
Anais de Constitucionalismo, Transnacionalidade e Sustentabilidade     Open Access  
Anais Eletrônicos do Congresso Epistemologias do Sul     Open Access  
Analecta política     Open Access  
Análise Social     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Analysis of Current Trends in Antisemitism     Open Access  
Andalas Journal of International Studies     Open Access  
Ankara University SBF Journal     Open Access  
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio M – Balcaniensis et Carpathiensis     Open Access  
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Annuaire suisse de politique de développement     Open Access  
Annual Review of Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46)
Annual Review of Political Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 209)
Anuario Latinoamericano : Ciencias Políticas y Relaciones Internacionales     Open Access  
AQ - Australian Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription  
Arabian Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Arctic Review on Law and Politics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arena Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Armed Conflict Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Asia Minor Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asia Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Asia-Pacific Journal : Japan Focus     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal  
Asia-Pacific Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Asian Affairs: An American Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Comparative Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of German and European Studies     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Asian Politics and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Astropolitics: The International Journal of Space Politics & Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Giuridiche, Economiche e Politiche     Open Access  
AUDEM : The International Journal of Higher Education and Democracy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Aurora. Revista de Arte, Mídia e Política     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Review of African Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Journal of International Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Australian Journal of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Balcanica Posnaniensia Acta et studia     Open Access  
Baltic Journal of European Studies     Open Access  
Baltic Journal of Political Science     Open Access  
Bandung : Journal of the Global South     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Basic Income Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Beleid en Maatschappij     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BMC International Health and Human Rights     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Bohemistyka     Open Access  
Brazilian Political Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Brésil(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Canadian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
British Journal of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 217)
British Journal of Politics and International Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
British Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
British Review of New Zealand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Brookings Papers on Economic Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 64)
Bulletin d'histoire politique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bustan     Hybrid Journal  
CADUS - Revista de Estudos de Política, História e Cultura     Open Access  
Cahiers de l'Urmis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cahiers de Sciences politiques de l'ULg     Open Access  
Cambio 16     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cambio : Rivista sulle Trasformazioni Sociali     Open Access  
Cambridge Review of International Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Canadian Foreign Policy Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Canadian Journal of European and Russian Studies     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Political Science/Revue canadienne de science politique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Çanakkale Araştırmaları Türk Yıllığı     Open Access  
Caucasus Survey     Hybrid Journal  
Central and Eastern European Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Central Asian Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Central Banking     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Central European Journal of Public Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
China : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
China International Strategy Review     Hybrid Journal  
China perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
China Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
China Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
China Review International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
China-EU Law Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chinese Journal of Global Governance     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of International Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Chinese Political Science Review     Hybrid Journal  
Chinese Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Cittadinanza Europea (LA)     Full-text available via subscription  
Civil Wars     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Claremont-UC Undergraduate Research Conference on the European Union     Open Access  
Class, Race and Corporate Power     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cold War History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Colección     Open Access  
Commonwealth & Comparative Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Communication, Politics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Communist and Post-Communist Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Comparative Cultural Studies : European and Latin American Perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Comparative Political Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 229)
Comparative Politics (Russia)     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Comparative Strategy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Competition & Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Complexity, Governance & Networks     Open Access  
Confines     Open Access  
Conflict and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Conflict Management and Peace Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Conflict Trends     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Conflict, Security & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 412)
Conflicto Social     Open Access  
Congress & the Presidency: A Journal of Capital Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Conhecer : Debate entre o Público e o Privado     Open Access  
Conjunctions. Transdisciplinary Journal of Cultural Participation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Constellations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Contemporary Italian Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Contemporary Japan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Contemporary Journal of African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Contemporary Levant     Hybrid Journal  
Contemporary Political Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Contemporary Review of the Middle East     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Contemporary Security Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Contemporary Southeast Asia: A Journal of International and Strategic Affairs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Contemporary Wales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Contenciosa     Open Access  
Contexto Internacional     Open Access  
Cooperation and Conflict     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
CosmoGov : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan     Open Access  
CQ Researcher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Criterio Jurídico     Open Access  
Criterios     Open Access  
Critical Asian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Critical Review : A Journal of Politics and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Critical Reviews on Latin American Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Critical Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Critical Studies on Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Critical Studies on Terrorism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Cuadernos de Coyuntura     Open Access  
Cuadernos de historia de España     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cuestiones Políticas     Open Access  
Cultura de Paz     Open Access  
Cultura Latinoamericana     Open Access  
Cultural Critique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Culture Mandala : The Bulletin of the Centre for East-West Cultural and Economic Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cywilizacja i Polityka     Open Access  
Debater a Europa     Open Access  
Décalages : An Althusser Studies Journal     Open Access  
Decolonization : Indigeneity, Education & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Defence Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Defense & Security Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Democracy & Education     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Democratic Communiqué     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Democratic Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Democratization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Democrazia e diritto     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Demokratie und Geschichte     Hybrid Journal  
Demokratizatsiya: The Journal of Post-Soviet Democratization     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Der Donauraum     Hybrid Journal  

        1 2 3 4 5 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.225
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 46  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0002-7162 - ISSN (Online) 1552-3349
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1085 journals]
  • Entitlements: Options for Reforming the Social Safety Net in the United
           States
    • Authors: Robert A. Moffitt, James P. Ziliak
      Pages: 8 - 35
      Abstract: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Volume 686, Issue 1, Page 8-35, November 2019.
      A combination of demographic aging and diversification, volatile business cycle conditions, stagnant real wages, declining employment, and policy choices have increased the need to examine the adequacy of the U.S. social safety net. Is it accomplishing what it is designed to do' Can it weather a fiscal storm' Current “entitlement” programs are in almost all cases providing important assistance to U.S. families and are improving families’ well-being, but they face significant challenges that will require the attention of policy-makers around the country. Some programs may need a structural revamping, while others could do with incremental modifications. Because U.S. entitlement programs address complex social issues, they are themselves complex systems; it follows, then, that meaningful reform must be thoughtful and nuanced, eschewing political expediency. Further, federal support is needed for even more high-quality research that will provide evidence on the types of reforms that will achieve the goals of the programs.
      Citation: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
      PubDate: 2019-11-06T11:59:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716219884546
       
  • Fixing Social Security: Major Reform or Minor Repairs'
    • Authors: Gary Burtless
      Pages: 38 - 62
      Abstract: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Volume 686, Issue 1, Page 38-62, November 2019.
      Without congressional action, the Social Security reserve fund will be exhausted by 2035. When that occurs, benefit payments must be cut by one-fifth. To avoid that outcome, Congress must agree on a reform plan that boosts revenues, cuts pensions, or does both. The choice of a reform strategy should depend on voters’ support for the goals of the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program and evidence about the program’s effectiveness in achieving those goals. This article explains the aims of the Old-Age and Survivors Insurance (OASI) program, briefly describes how the program attempts to achieve those aims, and considers evidence on whether the goals have been achieved and at what cost. It then considers alternative reforms that address OASI’s main problem, namely, the long-term shortfall in program revenues compared with pension commitments. It concludes by identifying the reforms that seem best suited to achieving OASI’s core aims while conforming to voter preferences.
      Citation: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
      PubDate: 2019-11-06T11:59:44Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716219872161
       
  • Economic Principles for Medicare Reform
    • Authors: Amitabh Chandra, Craig Garthwaite
      Pages: 63 - 92
      Abstract: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Volume 686, Issue 1, Page 63-92, November 2019.
      In this article, we develop an economic framework for Medicare reform that highlights trade-offs that reform proposals should grapple with, but often ignore. Central to our argument is a tension in administratively set prices, which may improve short-term efficiency but do so at the expense of dynamic efficiency (slowing innovations in new treatments). The smaller the Medicare program is relative to the commercial market, the less important this is; but in a world where there are no market prices or the private sector is very small, the task of setting prices that are dynamically correct becomes more complex. Reforming Medicare should focus on greater incentives to increase competition between Medicare Advantage plans, which necessitates a role for government in ensuring competition; premium support; less use of regulated prices; and less appetite for countless “pay for performance” schemes. We apply this framework to evaluate Medicare for All proposals.
      Citation: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
      PubDate: 2019-11-06T11:59:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716219885582
       
  • Identifying Work Capacity and Promoting Work: A Strategy for Modernizing
           the SSDI Program
    • Authors: Nicole Maestas
      Pages: 93 - 120
      Abstract: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Volume 686, Issue 1, Page 93-120, November 2019.
      The Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) program, which provides income support to individuals who become unable to work because of a disability, has not been substantially reformed since the 1980s, despite sweeping changes in health, medical technology, and the functional requirements of jobs. I review how the SSDI program works, its history in terms of caseloads and reforms, and findings from the research evidence that offer lessons for the future. I then propose two interlocking reforms that would modernize the core functions of the program. The first is to improve SSDI’s process for determining whether an applicant has remaining capacity to work by replacing the outdated medical-vocational “grid” with a new system of individual work capacity measurement. Second, I propose the introduction of partial disability benefits, which would make use of the new system for measuring work capacity and allow beneficiaries to combine benefit receipt with work. Partial benefits could be paired with a generalized benefit offset to further encourage work by beneficiaries, and the Social Security Administration’s complex array of work-related rules could be eliminated.
      Citation: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
      PubDate: 2019-11-06T11:59:42Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716219882354
       
  • Unemployment Insurance Reform
    • Authors: Till von Wachter
      Pages: 121 - 146
      Abstract: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Volume 686, Issue 1, Page 121-146, November 2019.
      The Unemployment Insurance (UI) system is the largest general social insurance program for working-age individuals in the United States and currently insures more than 140 million workers against temporary income losses related to unemployment. UI has been the bedrock of U.S. social policy in recessions, but the system has remained largely unchanged since the mid-1970s despite substantial changes in the labor market that include deindustrialization, higher female participation, increases in wage inequality, and technological changes. This article summarizes existing empirical evidence on the state of the UI system and its effectiveness in achieving its stated goals. A range of reform proposals are discussed that aim to address both the well-known, long-term issues with UI, as well as UI’s readiness to support the workforce of the twenty-first century.
      Citation: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
      PubDate: 2019-11-06T11:59:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716219885339
       
  • Medicaid: What Does It Do, and Can We Do It Better'
    • Authors: Janet Currie, Valentina Duque
      Pages: 148 - 179
      Abstract: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Volume 686, Issue 1, Page 148-179, November 2019.
      This article provides an overview of the Medicaid program and summarizes the evidence about its effectiveness in terms of providing insurance and promoting health. The evidence shows that Medicaid has improved the lives of low-income people since its creation in 1965. Expansions in Medicaid have led to increases in coverage and access to medical care, reductions in medical debt, and improvements in health outcomes with little evidence of significant reductions in beneficiaries’ labor supply. Yet there are concerns around the program’s high and increasing costs, the quality of care provided, and difficulty accessing Medicaid-funded care. We discuss some of the proposed Medicaid reforms meant to address these problems in light of previous evidence.
      Citation: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
      PubDate: 2019-11-06T11:59:46Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716219874772
       
  • The Earned Income Tax Credit
    • Authors: Hilary Hoynes
      Pages: 180 - 203
      Abstract: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Volume 686, Issue 1, Page 180-203, November 2019.
      In this article, I review the most prominent provision of the federal income tax code that targets low-income tax filers, the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), as well as the structurally similar Child Tax Credit and Additional Child Tax Credit. I discuss the programs’ goals: distributional, promoting work, and limiting administrative and compliance costs. The article reviews the history of the programs, the predicted economic effects, and what is known about program impacts and distributional consequences. I conclude that the EITC effectively targets low-income households and is efficient in reducing poverty while encouraging work and that increases in after-tax household incomes lead to improved outcomes over the life course for children of those households. I propose reforms to the program, including policies that expand the generosity of the credit and increase take-up, as well as structural reforms that include spreading benefits throughout the year and reducing reliance on paid tax preparers.
      Citation: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
      PubDate: 2019-11-06T11:59:43Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716219881621
       
  • Exploring Options to Improve the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program
           (SNAP)
    • Authors: Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach
      Pages: 204 - 228
      Abstract: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Volume 686, Issue 1, Page 204-228, November 2019.
      The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), previously known as the Food Stamp Program, is a cornerstone of the U.S. safety net. SNAP provides means-tested electronic vouchers that can be used to purchase most foods at participating retail outlets and helps low-income families afford the food that they need. It also helps to stabilize the economy in fiscal downturns, because more benefits are paid when jobs and income are scarce. SNAP households range widely in their demographic characteristics, from those with elderly or disabled members, to prime-age families (typically with children) who combine work and benefit receipt, to those with no or very low levels of income. Potential reforms, such as policies to encourage work or improve dietary outcomes, may have different impacts on various subgroups and should be designed with the heterogeneity of the caseload in mind. I review the theoretical and empirical research literature on SNAP’s impacts and consider potential reforms by analyzing them in terms of the program’s stated goals.
      Citation: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
      PubDate: 2019-11-06T11:59:43Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716219882677
       
  • When One Size Does Not Fit All: Modernizing the Supplemental Security
           Income Program
    • Authors: Mary C. Daly, Mark Duggan
      Pages: 229 - 249
      Abstract: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Volume 686, Issue 1, Page 229-249, November 2019.
      The federal Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program is an important part of the safety net in the United States, paying means-tested benefits to children with disabilities, nonelderly adults with disabilities, and elderly individuals. In this article, we describe the eligibility criteria for the program, how these have changed over time, and the impact of these changes on SSI enrollment. We also show that over time, SSI has grown to serve a heterogenous population, with an array of life experiences and needs. In this context, we discuss potential reforms intended to modernize the program and increase its ability to achieve its goals. These include a proposal to raise the generosity of benefits for elderly SSI recipients, increase the incentive to work among nonelderly adult SSI recipients, and harmonize disability decision-making across medical examiners and administrative law judges.
      Citation: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
      PubDate: 2019-11-06T11:59:44Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716219884072
       
  • Reforming Housing Assistance
    • Authors: Robert Collinson, Ingrid Gould Ellen, Jens Ludwig
      Pages: 250 - 285
      Abstract: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Volume 686, Issue 1, Page 250-285, November 2019.
      This article reviews current federal housing assistance policies and briefly summarizes research evidence about the efficacy of the different programs. We identify three key challenges that these programs face in meeting their stated objectives and suggest strategies for addressing them. The first challenge is the large variation in market conditions across the country, which makes it difficult to design assistance programs that are universally appropriate. We call for adjusting the type of assistance across markets, allowing for a greater match between subsidies and needs. The second set of challenges concerns subsidy generosity, structure, and targeting. The current system provides large subsidies to a small number of low-income households while providing nothing to most. Assuming limited government resources, we call for exploring the impact of more modest or time-limited subsidies to serve more people with more attention to targeting. The third challenge is the relatively poor location of housing in current assistance programs. We suggest strategies to help more assisted families reach high-opportunity areas.
      Citation: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
      PubDate: 2019-11-06T11:59:41Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716219877801
       
  • The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Program: Time for Improvements
    • Authors: Ron Haskins, Matt Weidinger
      Pages: 286 - 309
      Abstract: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Volume 686, Issue 1, Page 286-309, November 2019.
      The 1996 welfare reforms imposed major changes on the nation’s means-tested benefits, including a requirement that states place at least half of their cash welfare caseload in work or related activities. Congress also increased both cash and in-kind subsidies for low-income working families. Between the mid-1990s and 2000, work and wages among low-income women increased and poverty declined. The recessions of 2001 and 2007–2009 caused rising employment to falter, but after 2014, women’s employment rose again, and poverty declined. The impacts of welfare reform on these outcomes have been disputed, with many on the Left charging that states have used welfare funds inappropriately and many on the Right arguing that welfare reform played a major role in the improvements in work, wages, and poverty. We review reforms that have been proposed by one or both parties in recent years, including focusing spending on benefits and work. We conclude with lessons of these reform experiences for future reforms of entitlement programs.
      Citation: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
      PubDate: 2019-11-06T11:59:43Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716219881628
       
  • Child Care and Child Care Policy: Existing Policies, Their Effects, and
           Reforms
    • Authors: V. Joseph Hotz, Matthew Wiswall
      Pages: 310 - 338
      Abstract: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Volume 686, Issue 1, Page 310-338, November 2019.
      We analyze policies that support and affect the provision and costs of child care in the United States. These policies are motivated by at least three objectives: (1) improving the cognitive and social development of young children, (2) facilitating maternal employment, and (3) alleviating poverty. We summarize this policy landscape and the evidence on the effects they have on the development of children and parents. We provide a summary of the use and costs of nonparental child care services; and we summarize existing policies and programs that subsidize child care costs, provide child care to certain groups, and regulate various aspects of the services provided in the United States. We then review the evidence on the effects that child care policies have on these objectives. We go on to discuss the existing evidence of their effects on various outcomes. Finally, we outline three reform proposals that will both facilitate work by low-income mothers and improve the quality of child care that their children receive.
      Citation: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
      PubDate: 2019-11-06T11:59:44Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716219884078
       
  • Work, Family, and Community: A Framework for Fighting Poverty
    • Authors: Angela Rachidi, Robert Doar
      Pages: 340 - 351
      Abstract: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Volume 686, Issue 1, Page 340-351, November 2019.
      The contributions to this volume make clear that the social safety net in the United States is large, complex, and robust. In this reflection, we offer insights into the adequacy of the existing safety net to reduce material hardship and meet the future challenges facing this nation. Our perspective is broad and moves from the effects of each individual program covered in this volume to the safety net’s function as a whole and its relation to employment and earnings. We offer a framework for reform that we believe should guide policy-makers and analysts moving forward, and we comment on challenges and potential solutions offered in this collection of work. We conclude with some suggestions for how the safety net can better support employment as the cornerstone of an antipoverty agenda and, by extension, help to build strong families and communities. With this framework in mind, we challenge the next generation of social safety net reformers to reconsider the structure of the social safety net, so it is focused on work, strong families, and vibrant communities.
      Citation: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
      PubDate: 2019-11-06T11:59:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716219884867
       
  • The Economic Context for Reforming the Safety Net
    • Authors: Karen Dynan
      Pages: 352 - 368
      Abstract: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Volume 686, Issue 1, Page 352-368, November 2019.
      As we wrestle with the future of our safety net and social insurance programs, it is important to understand not only the features and outcomes associated with individual programs but also the broader economic context. This reflection piece discusses several relevant aspects of the macroeconomy and of economic and financial conditions facing households: rising government debt, slower macroeconomic growth, limited tools to fight future recessions, greater income inequality, and the financial struggles of households. It goes on to draw lessons for how we should reform our system of entitlement programs.
      Citation: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
      PubDate: 2019-11-06T11:59:42Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716219885605
       
 
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