Subjects -> LAW (Total: 1584 journals)
    - CIVIL LAW (38 journals)
    - CONSTITUTIONAL LAW (52 journals)
    - CORPORATE LAW (93 journals)
    - CRIMINAL LAW (28 journals)
    - CRIMINOLOGY AND LAW ENFORCEMENT (155 journals)
    - FAMILY AND MATRIMONIAL LAW (24 journals)
    - INTERNATIONAL LAW (191 journals)
    - JUDICIAL SYSTEMS (23 journals)
    - LAW (970 journals)
    - LAW: GENERAL (10 journals)

INTERNATIONAL LAW (191 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 191 of 191 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Juridica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of International and Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
African Yearbook of International Law Online : Annuaire Africain de droit international Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Afrilex     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Agora International Journal of Juridical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AJIL Unbound     Open Access  
American Business Law Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
American Journal of International Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69)
American University International Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Annuaire Français de Droit International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Annual Review of Law and Social Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Annual Survey of International & Comparative Law     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Antitrust Chronicle - Competition Policy International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Anuario Colombiano de Derecho Internacional     Open Access  
Anuario de Derechos Humanos     Open Access  
Anuario Español de Derecho Internacional     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Anuario español de derecho internacional privado     Partially Free  
Anuario Iberoamericano de Derecho Internacional Penal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anuario Mexicano de Derecho Internacional     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arbitration International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
ASA Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Ocean Law and Policy     Hybrid Journal  
Asian International Arbitration Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Asian Journal of International Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Australasian Policing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian International Law Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Australian Journal of Asian Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Austrian Review of International and European Law Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Baltic Yearbook of International Law Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Belli Ac Pacis : Jurnal Hukum Internasional     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Berkeley Journal of International Law     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Boletin Mexicano de Derecho Comparado     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Boston College International & Comparative Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Brigham Young University International Law and Management Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
British Yearbook of International Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Brooklyn Journal of International Law     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
California Western International Law Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Canadian Yearbook of International Law / Annuaire canadien de droit international     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Cape Town Convention Journal     Open Access  
Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Chicago Journal of International Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Chinese Journal of Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal  
Chinese Journal of Global Governance     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of International Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Climate law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Columbia Journal of Transnational Law     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Common Law World Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Commonwealth Law Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Comparative and International Law Journal of Southern Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Comparative Strategy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Computer Law Review International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Contemporary Security Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Cornell International Law Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Corporate Governance An International Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Criterios     Open Access  
Denver Journal of International Law and Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Deusto Journal of Human Rights     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Duke Journal of Comparative & International Law     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
European Business Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
European Company Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
European Foreign Affairs Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
European Journal for Security Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of International Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 245)
European Journal of Migration and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
European Labour Law Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
European Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
European Property Law Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Fordham International Law Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Foreign Policy Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Frontiers of Law in China     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Georgetown Journal of International Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Georgia Journal of International and Comparative Law     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Global Jurist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Global Justice : Theory Practice Rhetoric     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Harvard International Law Journal     Free   (Followers: 50)
Houston Journal of International Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
ICSID Review : Foreign Investment Law Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Indian Journal of International Law     Hybrid Journal  
Inter: Revista de Direito Internacional e Direitos Humanos da UFRJ     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intergenerational Justice Review     Open Access  
International & Comparative Law Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 271)
International Area Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Commentary on Evidence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Community Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Comparative Jurisprudence     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
International Journal for Court Administration     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal for the Semiotics of Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Comparative Labour Law and Industrial Relations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
International Journal of Discrimination and the Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Evidence and Proof     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Information Privacy, Security and Integrity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
International Journal of Language & Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Law in Context     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Law, Crime and Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
International Journal of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Nuclear Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Political Economy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Private Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Public Law and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
International Journal of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Law: Revista Colombiana de Derecho Internacional     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Negotiation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
International Organizations Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
International Planning Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Review of Law     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Review of the Red Cross     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
International Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 84)
Israel Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Italian Yearbook of International Law Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ius Gentium     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Jerusalem Review of Legal Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Biosecurity Biosafety and Biodefense Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of European Competition Law & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Genocide Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of International Dispute Settlement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of International Economic Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Journal of International Humanitarian Legal Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of International Political Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Law, Policy and Globalization     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Liberty and International Affairs     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Migration and Refugee Issues, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
Journal of Private International Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of the History of International Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal on the Use of Force and International Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Korean Journal of International and Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Law and Practice of International Courts and Tribunals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Legal Issues of Economic Integration     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Leiden Journal of International Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
LEX     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
London Review of International Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Loyola of Los Angeles International and Comparative Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Loyola University Chicago International Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Maryland Journal of International Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Melbourne Journal of International Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Michigan State International Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Netherlands International Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Netherlands Yearbook of International Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
New Zealand Journal of Public and International Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
New Zealand Yearbook of International Law, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Nordic Journal of International Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Northwestern Journal of International Human Rights     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Northwestern Journal of International Law & Business     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Notre Dame Journal of International & Comparative Law     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Oromia Law Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pace International Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Palestine Yearbook of International Law Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Polar Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Public and Private International Law Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Recht der Werkelijkheid     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Review of European Community & International Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Review of European, Comparative & International Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Revista de Derecho de la Unión Europea     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Revista de Direito Brasileira     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de la Secretaría del Tribunal Permanente de Revisión     Open Access  
Revista Tribuna Internacional     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Videre     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Revue québécoise de droit international / Quebec Journal of International Law / Revista quebequense de derecho internacional     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Santa Clara Journal of International Law     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
SASI     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
South African Yearbook of International Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
South Carolina Journal of International Law and Business     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Stanford Journal of International Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Syracuse Journal of International Law and Commerce     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
TDM Transnational Dispute Management Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Texas International Law Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Tilburg Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Transnational Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Uniform Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
University of Miami Inter-American Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Utrecht Journal of International and European Law     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law     Free   (Followers: 5)
Virginia Journal of International Law     Free   (Followers: 4)
Washington University Global Studies Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Wisconsin International Law Journal     Free   (Followers: 4)
World Journal of VAT/GST Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
World Trade and Arbitration Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Yale Journal of International Law     Free   (Followers: 18)
Yearbook of International Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Yearbook of Polar Law Online     Hybrid Journal  
Zeitschrift für Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Zeitschrift für das Privatrecht der Europäischen Union - European Union Private Law Review / Revue de droit privé de l'Union européenne     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für öffentliches Recht     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Zeitschrift für Zivilprozess International     Hybrid Journal  

           

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Law, Policy and Globalization
Number of Followers: 18  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2224-3240 - ISSN (Online) 2224-3259
Published by IISTE Homepage  [37 journals]
  • Journal coverpage

    • Authors: Journal Editor
       
  • Anatomising the Problems of Nigeria: Is It Mainly Anchored on Weakness of
           State Institutions or Otherwise'

    • Authors: ARTHUR ELVIS CHUKWU ESQ
      Abstract: The checkered history of Nigeria since her independence in 1960 is evidenced in the failures of successive governments to deliver requisite infrastructure that can lead to industrialization and a sustainable development with a strong economic base. This research work seeks to critically examine the assertion that the problem of Nigeria is mainly anchored on weakness of state institutions like the Police, the Armed Forces and the Civil Service. While agreeing that weak institution is a contributory factor to Nigeria’s unfortunate status as a failed state, the research exposes and reveals myriads of other factors that have contributed in no small measure to the Nigerian problems. Military incursion into governance; leading to the enthronement of ethnicity and mediocrity; religious intolerance; rigged electoral processes; a constitutional frame work that abhors competition and adopts a feeding bottle approach to the constituent state within the federation who monthly rush to Abuja to share oil revenue; the mono economic base and lack of diversification; obsolete laws; lack of trust amongst ethnic groups; marginalization of some sections of the country; low regard for lives and properties; corruption; cultural differences; the roguish and unholy marriage called amalgamation of 1914; the colonial objective of exploitation and prospection of our natural resources; fear of domination by the North; the transfer of the apparatus of power to an unprepared North at the time of independence etc,  appears to establish that our problems transcend weak institutions of state and is but a mere contributory factor. The scope of this research is limited to exposing these other factors as well as the weak institutions, and answers the question in the negative. Even as this work suffer from dearth of empirical evidence and materials, the doctrinal approach implicated in the interrogation of other contributory factors to the Nigerian problems using primary, secondary and tertiary sources reached the conclusion that even if strong institutions are developed, failure of government in the Nigerian state may still result from these other factors, and recommends that to solve the Nigerian problems, we must look beyond weak institutions. Keywords: problems, amalgamation, corruption, ethnicity, laws, federation, development, war, population, INEC, census.
      DOI : 10.7176/JLPG/101-01 Publication date:September 30th 2020
       
  • The Principally of the Obligations of Legal Consultant’s as a Capital
           Market Supporting Profession in the Preparation of Independent Legal Due
           Diligence

    • Authors: Budi Endarto; Slamet Suhartono, Sri Setyadji
      Abstract: The obligation of a legal consultant as a capital market supporting profession regulated in article 67 of Law Number 8 of 1995 on the Capital Market is “to provide an independent opinion or assessment”. When alignment with the Advocate Law, the formulation of the article contradicts the pricinple of an advocate in providing legal services as stipulated in Article 1 point 2 in Law Number 18 of 2003 on Advocates, that “an advocate takes legal action for the client’s legal interest”. Thus, this contradiction serves as the background of the following problem formulations proposed: (1) The principally of the obligations of legal consultant’s as a capital market supporting profession in the preparation of independent legal due diligence; (2) Legal due diligence as an independent opinion of a legal consultant to provide legal protection for investors. The two problem formulations were analyzed using normative legal research method, a research method to identify legal concepts and principles related to legal regulation in the capital market. After conducting a juridical, theoretical, and philosophical analysis, the findings obtained were: (1) The principally of the obligations of legal consultant’s as a capital market supporting profession in the preparation of independent legal due diligence is manifested through an independent attitude, meaning that it is not controlled, not affiliated, no conflict of interest, and no partial element with service users. (2) Since the legal relationship between the legal consultant and service users is bound by an agreement, the parties have built their respective internal legal protections. Although this legal relationship can be categorized as an internal legal protection effort based on the privity of contract, it must also pay attention to the legislation, customs, and propriety that develop (heteronomous elements). Keywords: Legal Due Diligence, Independent, Internal Legal Protection
      DOI : 10.7176/JLPG/101-02 Publication date:September 30th 2020
       
  • Regulation of Directors Non-Competition Obligation under Ethiopia
           Commercial Code: A Lesson from Turkish Legal Experiences

    • Authors: Yusuf Ibrahim SAED
      Abstract: Ethiopia Commercial Code (ECC) obligated the directors to do activities that bolstered corporate economic activities. It also prohibited corporate directors not to do activities that infringe the interest of companies such as not to compete against their companies while also retaining the directorships chair. Unlike the Turkish legal framework that tried to include important insiders under the scope of non-competition obligation, ECC only prohibited corporate directors not to compete against the company’s business transaction without general assembly approval. Except Corporate directors and general partner, managers of private limited companies, and other remaining partners of business organization are not also under obligation of non-competition. The scope of the business activities prohibited by the Turkish Commercial code is also clearly comprehensible and clear enough to delineate the boundaries of transactions far more than ECC. Additionally, the given legal remedies for breach of the non-competition obligation under ECC and Turkish Commercial Code are different in terms of the option, procedural easiness to execute, offered legal countermeasures, and building investor trust on corporate governance system. This work is intended to grasp helpful experiences of the Turkish legal system regulation of the non-competition obligation of corporate management for Ethiopia legislative further consideration. Keywords: Director, Non-competition Obligation, Corporate Activities, Scope, Remedies.
      DOI : 10.7176/JLPG/101-04 Publication date:September 30th 2020
       
  • The Niger Delta Amnesty – An Amnesty in Search of a Legal Legitimacy

    • Authors: Eje Adakole Odike
      Abstract: On the 6th of August 2009, the former President of Nigeria, Umaru Musa Yar’adua, (now late), declared amnesty for militants of the Niger Delta region of Nigeria (here in after called “the Niger Delta Amnesty”) based on the recommendation of the Presidential Technical Committee on the Niger Delta. The paper uses doctrinaire approach to appraise the Niger Delta Amnesty touted as a “home grown” amnesty. Based on statutes, case laws, opinions of legal text writers, newspaper comments and internet sources, it disappointedly finds out that the Niger Delta Amnesty, unlike many other amnesties, is not anchor on any known Nigeria law. It is the contention of the paper that such an important public proclamation should be anchored on a constitutional provision or an Act of the National Assembly. In the absence of such a legal validity, the paper recommends that the President of Nigeria should, as a matter of public importance and urgency, package the Niger Delta Amnesty Program in form of Executive bill and forward the same to the National Assembly for enactment as a law. This, the paper believes will guarantee its longevity and secure it from being used as a political tool. Keywords: amnesty, pardon, clemency, militants, militancy, impunity, legitimacy
      DOI : 10.7176/JLPG/101-06 Publication date:September 30th 2020
       
  • Application of the Rule of Locus Standi in Climate Change Litigations in
           Nigeria

    • Authors: Rita A. Ngwoke; Rita Oguguo
      Abstract: Locus Standi is a vital rule that allows for the courts or tribunals to determine who the aggrieved party is and who is an interloper. Its application to the issue of climate change in Nigeria is very strict as compared to other jurisdictions of the world. This paper examined the application of the concept in climate change litigation by Nigeria. It observed that the jurisprudence of Nigerian courts on this issue has remained overly rigid to allow for a robust legal redress for injuries caused by activities arising from majorly the oil industry, which is the prime culprit of environmental damage and greenhouse gas emissions. The paper concludes that the courts in Nigeria should adopt the liberal approach to locus standi in climate change litigation by giving premium to concerns about the impact deleterious activities on the environment and people rather than upholding rules of legal technicalities. Keywords: locus standi, jurisdiction, climate change, litigation, pollution, greenhouse gas
      DOI : 10.7176/JLPG/101-07 Publication date:September 30th 2020
       
  • The Regulation of Military Insubordination in Indonesia

    • Authors: Adis Nevi Yuliani; Marwati Riza, Andi Muhammad Sofyan, Muhadar .
      Abstract: The insubordination carried out by the military was an act of disgrace and violated the Sapta Marga and the Soldier's Oath and the applicable law. Legal arrangements for insubordination are regulated in the Military Criminal Code and Law No. 25 of 2014. Law enforcement against insubordination measures aims to safeguard the dignity of the commander or leadership and is an effort to foster the obedience of subordinates to the command in carrying out military duties. Keywords: Insubordination, Military Crime, Military Command
      DOI : 10.7176/JLPG/101-08 Publication date:September 30th 2020
       
  • The Essence of Settlement of Property Crimes : Diversion Through
           Restorative Justice

    • Authors: Abdurrifai ; Musakkir , Muhadar , Haeranah .
      Abstract: Settlement of property crimes through diversion with the restorative justice approach is an effort to resolve problems involving all parties, including perpetrators, victims, families, law enforcers and third parties. This settlement process puts forward deliberation to reach a consensus where all parties involved can each express their intentions and desires so that the settlement of criminal acts of property can create a sense of justice, benefit and certainty. Keywords: Property Crimes, Diversion, Restorative Justice.
      DOI : 10.7176/JLPG/101-09 Publication date:September 30th 2020
       
  • Trapped in a ‘Pitiless Zone where the Different Patriarchies Meet’! A
           Glimpse into the BaTonga Rural Women’s Daily Struggles Versus Gender
           Equality, Binga, Zimbabwe

    • Authors: P. Chipo Mudimba
      Abstract: Freedom of any kind is very important to the full functioning of any human being in society. It allows people to make personal choices that they can be happy and proud about. But for the majority of women across the world, achieving such liberty has proved unrealistic due to a number of factors. For some, the political, economic, and social space of their everyday life is extremely stifled to accommodate the exercise of fundamental human freedoms. This paper investigated the diverse forms of barriers that hinder many baTonga rural women (Binga, Zimbabwe) from asserting their rights claims, importantly, the right to gender equality. The study is a descriptive research that was conducted through secondary data. Though substantial progress in tradition and socio-cultural practices has been achieved, the majority of the rural women are still trapped in intersecting and overlapping inequalities. While some of their sites of struggle are generic and common to all women globally, some are more specific due to their traditional and cultural beliefs. With a gross history of political and economic marginalisation in the region, access to quality education has rendered both sexes deficient of compatible skills and exposure to handle society’s contemporary challenges. Given the culturally facilitated gender imbalance in accessing formal education, rural women remain the most affected in so far as participation in politics, mainstream economy and other social platforms is concerned. Therefore, to address these and other forms of their exclusion, a holistic approach to their challenges is recommended and preferably, one that is gender responsive. A case in point would be a redress of the 1950s historical dislocation of the baTonga people to cater for the developmental needs of both the present and future generations of baTonga rural women. Thus, by building schools, clinics, and other essential public service facilities in rural areas the government should empower women to be able to respond to their needs. Keywords; BaTonga, women, gender equality, marginalisation, socio-cultural practices, exclusion, Binga, Zimbabwe.
      DOI : 10.7176/JLPG/101-10 Publication date:September 30th 2020
       
  • Legal Protection for Creditors on Void and Null Status of the Power of
           Attorney to Charge Mortgage Rights

    • Authors: Piters Djajakustio; M. Khoidin, Dyah Ochtorina Susanti
      Abstract: The deed of Power of Attorney to charge Mortgage Right or known as Surat Kuasa Membebankan Hak Tanggungan (referred to as SKMHT) based on the Article 15 paragraph (3) and (4) of the Mortgage Law has a period of time, if the term is expired, the deed will be null and void by law. Then a new SKHMT is issued to replace the old Deed. The provisions regarding validity period of SKMHT harm creditors, thus a legal protection is needed. Therefore, this study further analyzed the ratio legis of void and null status, the formulation of principle of legal protection for creditors and the urgency to develop a new concept of legal protections for creditors due to the SKMHT is being void and null. Keywords:  SKMHT, void and null, creditors.
      DOI : 10.7176/JLPG/101-11 Publication date:September 30th 2020
       
  • The Role of Kindergarten in Instilling the Moral Values among Children
           from the Viewpoint of Female Teachers and Administrators in the State of
           Kuwait

    • Authors: Hanan Mohammed Saleh al-Ghaduri
      Abstract: The current study aimed at identifying the role of kindergartens in instilling the moral values among children from the viewpoint of female teachers and principals in the State of Kuwait.A randomized, proportional sample of 380 female principals and teachers in public and private kindergartens, distributed among 75 female principals and 305 female teachers, were selected. The descriptive approach was used, and the reliability of the study tool was tested by using the Cronbach alpha test. The study questions were answered by using the appropriate statistical methods, and the results of the study showed the following:The role of kindergarten in instilling the moral values among its children came in a high degree, and ranked first followed by “the role of the interactive curriculum in instilling the moral values.” The role of the teacher in instilling moral values”, has ranked second, and finally “the role of extra-curricular activities in instilling moral values" has ranked last.In light of the results, the study recommended several recommendations, the most important of which was to pay extra-curricular educational activities (such as story, play, games, and video) a great attention, as they increase the child's awareness, and focus on the role of the teacher in instilling the moral values in kindergarten. Keywords: Role, Kindergarten, Moral Values
      DOI : 10.7176/JLPG/101-13 Publication date:September 30th 2020
       
  • Marriage Agreement During Marriage (A Postnuptial Agreement) Principle of
           Publicity as a Legal Protection for Creditors

    • Authors: Werdiningsih ; Dominikus Rato, M. Khoidin, Aries Harianto
      Abstract: The Constitutional Court Decision Number 69/PUU/XII/2015 has an impact on the concept of a marriage contract that has applies in Indonesia. A marriage contract is known as a pre-nuptial agreement or pre-marital agreement in accordance with Article 29 paragraph (1) of the Law on Marriage, which states that a marriage contract can only be made before or when the marriage is in progress. The Indonesian people finally recognize the post nuptial agreement or post marital agreement in accordance with the Constitutional Court Decision which states that a marriage agreement can be made at the time, before it takes place or during the marriage bond. The court's decision raises legal uncertainty regarding the time of making the contract considering the essence of the previous marriage agreement is to prevent problems arising after the marriage has taken place. The principle of publicity of a post nuptial agreement is indicated to have several weaknesses that can harm third parties or creditors. Therefore, the researcher focuses on analyzing several problems, namely regarding the nature of the marriage contract according to the perspective of legal regulations in Indonesia, the binding strength of the publicity principle in the post nuptial agreement and the formulation of the publicity principle of the marriage agreements to provide legal protection for creditors. Keywords: Marriage Agreement, Principle of Publicity, Creditor
      DOI : 10.7176/JLPG/101-14 Publication date:September 30th 2020  
       
  • Work Ethic Based on Islamic Perspective

    • Authors: Abdul Chalim
      Abstract: Moderate work ethics in a lifetime derived from the deficiency of religious understanding - that converge to ritualistic behavior and afterlife oriented that abandon the aspects of humankind. As Muslims within high-work ethics should have self-motivation, thinking skills, and performing positive things, not to satisfy quickly, tranquil, self-control, persistent, hard-working, and realize all we've done is part of worship. Work is an attempt actualization of self-humans to understand God's gift on earth. Work means continuity of human's duty as a God's caliph. The accomplished work means as a process of self-discovery, and so forth for pursuing results to fulfill the basic human needs. Work is a process to achieve purposes, so work ethics are essentials to be a cornerstone in the working process for everyone. Thus, the work results mean zero value if the process is in contrast to the natures or the established universal law (grace, truth, and integrity). Based on Islamic sight, work is a kind of faith expression, for whom with the completed value claims better. For Muslims, the supreme and highest value refers to work ethic is "intention". The intention for Muslims is an inspiration and motivation to become human beings who are professional at work. For someone that works with intentions are conscious of the commitment and awareness of self that is important at work, that is the good pleasure of God. Keywords: Ethos , Work Ethic, Islam.
      DOI : 10.7176/JLPG/101-15 Publication date:September 30th 2020
       
  • The Concept of Offer in Different Legal Systems

    • Authors: Rdhwan Shareef Salih
      Abstract: One of the essential elements of contract in both civil law and common law systems is agreement or consent of the parties. An agreement is composed of two elements: offer and acceptance. For the agreement to be valid, it must be possible to show that one party made an offer, and the other party accepted this offer. Two questions arise regarding offer in civil law and common law systems, as follows: What is the difference between offer and other steps in the negotiation process in both civil law and common law systems' What is the difference between termination of offer in both civil law and common law systems' The main aim of the current study is to illustrate the concept of offer and termination of offer in both civil law (French, German, Iraqi, Swiss and China Civil Code) and common law systems (English). To achieve this aim, the study examines offer in civil law and common law systems, then distinguishes preliminary statements from the offer and finally, explains circumstances under which offer may be terminated in both civil law and common law systems. Keywords: Contract, Offer, Preliminary Stages in the Negotiation Process, Civil Law Systems, Common Law Systems, Termination of Offer.
      DOI : 10.7176/JLPG/101-16 Publication date:September 30th 2020
       
  • Petroleum Exploration and Production Contracts as Regulatory Tools: The
           Kurdistan Region Production Sharing Contracts

    • Authors: Rdhwan Shareef Salih; Akram Yamulki
      Abstract: The operating activities of the petroleum sector require large amounts of money and high levels of experience and technology that cannot be provided exclusively by most oil-producing countries or their public companies. Therefore, concluding a petroleum exploration and production contract is necessary to address the rights and obligations of the host State and international oil companies; while, various types of petroleum contracts have been developed to address those rights and obligations. In the Kurdistan Region, as an oil-producing region, oil and gas resources are being explored and produced by international oil companies, under production sharing contracts. This study attempts to appraise traditional and modern types of petroleum exploration and production contracts in detail, to examine the fundamental differences and similarities between them; and also to analyse the Kurdistan Region’s production sharing contracts. This research has clarified that the traditional contracts of different types of petroleum contracts are quite different, however, the modern contracts have many provisions in common. Therefore, currently, the choice of contract type might be less important than the content of particular contractual provisions. Finally, the research has clarified that the Kurdistan Region’s production sharing contracts comprise several positive provisions that have attracted a wide range of international oil companies to invest in the Kurdistan Region. Keywords: The Kurdistan Region of Iraq, The Kurdistan Regional Government, Production Sharing Contract, Concession Contract, Service Contract, Joint Venture Contract, International Oil Company, Traditional and Modern Petroleum Contracts.
      DOI : 10.7176/JLPG/101-17 Publication date:September 30th 2020
       
  • Juridical Review of The Complete Systematic Land Registration in Indonesia

    • Authors: Vincentius Hari Supriyanto; Damianus Krismantoro
      Abstract: The Complete Systematic Land Registration (PTSL) activity is a Government program to achieve legal certainty and the existence of a single map in Indonesia. Therefore, the target of PTSL is land that does not have a certificate in one village. Prior to the PTSL activity, there was an activity called the National Agrarian Operation Project (PRONA). These activities were not successful, so there was a new land registration system called PTSL. The methods used in this research are normative and empirical juridical methods. The results of a study on the implementation of Complete Systematic Land Registration (PTSL) in Indonesia show that it has provided legal certainty to land owners. However, in implementing PTSL in Indonesia, there are still obstacles in the implementation of PTSL. These obstacles include the lack of adequate human resources to support the implementation of PTSL, the lack of facilities and infrastructure for implementing PTSL in the regions, the lack of full support from the community for PTSL activities, and the large tax costs on land owned by the community. Keywords: juridical review, complete systematic registration, legal certainty
      DOI : 10.7176/JLPG/101-18 Publication date:September 30th 2020
       
  • Legal Implications of Covid-19 on the Employers’ Duty to Provide a
           Safe Work Environment.

    • Authors: Chineze Sophia Ibekwe
      Abstract: World over, governmental, industrial, commercial, educational and virtually all types of facilities were shut down in an attempt to contain the spread of the novel corona virus (Covid-19) pandemic. After periods of complete shutdown during which enforced ‘stay at home’ and ‘social distancing’ policies were instilled into the populace, Nigeria has been gradually reopening her markets and work places. The aim of this paper is to contemplate the changes, adjustments and emphases in the Nigerian employment sector as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic as it relates to the employer’s duty to provide a safe work environment. The paper expands on the employers statutory and implied duty of care in the employment relationship. It interrogates the extent of an employer’s liabilities where an employee is infected at the place of work and whether having staff work remotely from home discharges the employer's work safety responsibility. The work also addresses whether there is a legal obligation on the employee to undergo medical tests before resuming work and the employee’s right to privacy of health information. Can an employee be dismissed for disobedience to lawful and reasonable instructions if he refuses to work as a result of the employer’s failure to provide a safe work environment and where said employee resigns, could such resignation be seen as constructive dismissal' In answering these potent questions, references are drawn from relevant statutes, decided cases, the Common Law, the National Policy on Occupational Safety and Health and precedents from foreign jurisdictions. Key Words: Employer’s duty of dare, Covid-19 pandemic, Occupational safety and health law and policy, Employees compensation, Privacy of health information, Contract of employment in Nigeria.
      DOI : 10.7176/JLPG/101-19 Publication date:September 30th 2020
       
  • Iranian diplomatic tools in the Face of International Pressure

    • Authors: Emad Mufleh Khalaf Al-khaled
      Abstract: This study aims to clarify the nature of Iranian diplomacy, its position and its role with regard to managing this file, and the position of some countries in the region and the great powers regarding the Iranian nuclear position. In order to reach the desired results of the study, the researcher followed the following scientific approaches, namely: The historical research method by tracing the beginnings of the Iranian nuclear file (from 1952 until reaching the final agreement in 2015), the researcher also followed the analytical approach that relies on describing and analyzing the phenomenon and the developments that accompanied the development of the Iranian nuclear file, he also followed the decision-making approach by employing the elements of Iranian political decision-making and the role of Iranian political institutions in taking the appropriate decision regarding the Iranian nuclear file. Among the results of the study was that Iran, through the (carpet weaving) and (evasive) diplomacy in its nuclear negotiations with the superpowers, was able to achieve its revolutionary goals and build its nuclear project even if it was a peaceful one and avoid reaching the stage of using the military option by the superpowers, this diplomacy has paid off by achieving positive results that serve Iran. Iran was also able to prove its position and position on the world map and to prove that it is a country with a strategic will to reach its nuclear ambitions, and Iran has been able to resist all threats and temptations in order to continue its nuclear program and forcing the superpowers (5 + 1) to surrender to her demands at the end. Keywords: Iranian diplomatic tools, International Pressure, Iranian nuclear position, Iranian political decision-making
      DOI : 10.7176/JLPG/101-20 Publication date:September 30th 2020
       
  • The Impact of Covid 19 Pandemic on the Review of Lawsuits at the
           Administrative Court of the Republic of North Macedonia

    • Authors: Xhemazie Ibraimi
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to analyze the impact of Covid 19 Pandemic on the general administrative judicial activity in the Republic of North Macedonia. Considering that Covid 19 as a global pandemic of global proportions is negatively affecting all spheres of life as well as all the most important state functions and activities, we also consider that this situation is affecting the judicial system of the Republic of North Macedonia. Considering that a large number of judges are out of their workplaces and this situation slows down and complicates the procedure for reviewing court disputes, the decision on the violated rights and interests of citizens remains hostage to a global pandemic. In order to analyze the impact of Covid 19 pandemic on the functioning of the judicial system and in particular on the functioning of the Administrative Court in establishing administrative disputes based on lawsuits, we have compared the time periods of the Administrative Court before the pandemic and how many of cases which have been decided on the basis of lawsuits (approved, rejected or dismissed lawsuits) in the last 6 months of 2019, and at the time of the pandemic also how the work of this court has functioned during this pandemic in the total number of lawsuits initiated with the total number of cases on which it has been decided or which have been considered by the judges for the period of time from January to April 2020, the time of pandemic. The data used in this paper is taken from the reports published on the portal of the Administrative Court of the Republic of North Macedonia. Key words: Covid-19 pandemic, lawsuits, Administrative Court, Republic of North Macedonia.
      DOI : 10.7176/JLPG/101-21 Publication date:September 30th 2020
       
  • Analysis of Completeness and Timeliness of Death Notification Data in
           Thika Level Five and Maragua Level Four Hospitals, Kenya

    • Authors: Dennis Mwenda; Zakayo Thaimuta
      Abstract: Death notification is important in the service of justice to the victims of crime, punishment of criminals, preparation of forensic policies, guidelines, regulations and planning. This data is captured in mandatory forms in a prescribed format. Death notification form (DNF) is one of the prescribed forms to record and report death. One of the commonly observed setbacks concerning this form is the turnaround time and omissions. The objective of this study was to analyse the completeness and timeliness of death notification data in Thika Level Five and Maragua Level Four Hospitals. The study was a retrospective review of records and a cross-sectional survey conducted at Thika Level Five and Maragua Level Four Hospitals and civil registration departments in Murang’a and Kiambu Counties. We recruited fifty one clinicians (25 from Thika and 26 from Maragua hospitals) who are involved in filling the DNF. All the DNF certified by a qualified health professional at Thika Level Five and Maragua Level Four Hospitals for the year 2017 and filed with Civil Registrar of the respective counties were sampled for this study. Two thousand two hundred and forty four death notifications form (Thika Level Five, 1524 and Maragua Level Four, 720 Hospitals) and were accessed and an analysis on their completeness was done. It was found out that most of the death notification forms: 75% in Thika Level Five and 62% for Maragua Level Four hospitals were not filled within 48 hours and 14% were left blank in both centres. This study revealed that 78% of death notification forms (DNF) were filed comprehensively. The common missing information on the DNF was information on underlying cause of death (35%) and source of the data used to fill the death notification forms (32%). There was a statistically significant relationship between the hospital where the forms were filled and timeliness in filling the forms (χ2=35.433, p=0.001). Regression analysis results revealed that hospital where the records are reported (p=0,001), qualifications of the certifier of forms (p=0.022), age of the deceased (p=0.014), gender of the deceased (p=0.015), underlying cause of death (p=0.001), intermediate cause of death (p=0.001), immediate cause of death (0.001) and source of the information used to fill the death notification forms (p=0.001) were statistically significant compared with completeness of the DNF. Most facilities lack guidelines, trainings and provision of feedback on the filling of the death notification forms which affects their completeness and timeliness in filling. In all the studied hospitals it was concluded that it is necessary to harmonize how the death notification forms are filled in the hospitals. Clinicians who attend formal pre-training sessions have higher knowledge in filling the forms than those who have not been sensitized. There is no formal training or sensitization in both hospitals on DNF. Keywords: Autopsy; Completeness; Death notification
      DOI : 10.7176/JLPG/101-22 Publication date:September 30th 2020
       
 
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