Arts and Design Studies
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Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2224-6061 - ISSN (Online) 2225-059X
Published by International Institute for Science, Technology and Education (IISTE) [30 journals]
- The War Memorial Garden Design
Authors: Sahar Pouya; Homa Irani Behbahani, Sima Pouya
Abstract: The purpose of present research is memorial garden design of war. In this design we used concepts, elements, symbols and signs which are related to art after the war between Iran and Iraq. The war between Iran and Iraq is aimed to many culture results. It had many influences on literature, paining, photography and movie making arts that these were created for representing and preserving Islamic and idealistic values relevant to the war in Iran. In the proposed design plan, aside from the implication of symbols, the composition, texture, color and form of the elements and plants in particular, have been used to imply the abstract concept in the creation of spaces. The results of this research introduce a process for using mental and sensorial perceptions of elements. This process can be applied for implying of special concepts in the environmental. Keywords: Memorial Garden, Symbol, War, Landscape, Conceptual Design
- Community Empowerment Through Lace’s Waste Development
Authors: Arini Arumsari
Abstract: Fashion trends develops and evolves from the said factors can describe pre-historic or social occurances that effects the way people dress and how it changes periodically in accordance to the social conditions and other influencing factors above. All fitting rooms from time to time can tell stories and reflect trend cycle on how people think and live. Therefore, clothes are inseparable from human’s life and it keeps changing accordingly to the era. The blooming of fashion trends in Indonesia, especially in big cities such as Bandung make the public demand for clothing and accessories are very high. So in the production process, the fashion industries produce waste or residual textile materials that can’tt be used anymore in the process of production. However, based on the observations results, the textile waste still can be processed into products as good as those produced by the fashion textile materials that in the intact categories. Lace was chosen because based on previous observations, lace’s waste are easily obtainable in many places due to the production of clothing lace fabric which is widely used to make most women Indonesian kebaya and have kebaya needed in a variety of interests. And based on the results of studies that have been done before, lace fabrics(lace)has a strong aesthetic characteristics and has a range of advantages that are not owned by the rest of other textile materials. By doing this processing of lace’s waste as the main material is expected to maximize the potential and also improve the aesthetic value that can become the alternative and enriched types of textile materials for high-quality fashion accessories products. And is expected to provide variation in terms of the increasingly prevalent and enthuses the fashion industry today. The lace’s waste development for textile products is also be expected to become an alternative solution to waste reduction that caused by the industry's clothing or fashion accessories. As well as it can encourage domestic small industries that are expected to be the main producer in the processing of textile waste. Keywords: Lace’s waste, eco-fashion, structure textile design
- Notes on Architectural Design
Authors: Duaa O. Maani
Abstract: Design has so many levels of meaning that it is itself a source of confusion. The word design is used as a noun and a verb at the same time showing differences in meaning: when it is used as a noun, it refers to the end product; and when it is used as a verb, it refers to the activity of design itself. It also implies a systematic or intensive planning and ideation process prior to the development of something or the execution of some plan in order to solve a problem (Smith and Ragan, 2005). This article aims to review literature about what design is and different design models. It starts with a brief discussion about design as a term, and then looks at three major design paradigms (design as problem solving, design as conjecture, and design as abduction). In conclusion, we cannot identify a single model that covers all ideas and issues in design, and that it is not simply about satisfying the pragmatic requirements of form. However, creativity can be found in every design model, if not in the apparent form of a distinct creative event, then in the development of a unique solution. Keywords: design, architectural design, problem solving.
- Applied Investment besides Efforts to Revive the Identity of Hejaz Railway
in Amman Station
Authors: Zaher Al-Shanti
Abstract: Most of the Heritage Buildings are neglected and needs to be preserved , through maintenance , Restoration , and being defined to the people to know their value’s and importance , where the research will discuss how Restoration of Heritage Buildings became necessary in our contemporary life , and the Approaches of Investment that should be followed to Increase the tourism factor in these heritage buildings , besides how to preserve the identity of these historical places in the same level . The research will study the heritage building between investment and preserving Identity by applied analytical and descriptive approach, to find out the strategy pursued, by how these terminology effects in each other and their correlations together . To achieve the aims, the case study was about Jordan Hejaz railway as a life example and then to apply the research methodology to get the conclusions, in which these conclusions we can evaluate the current situation, from what consist, studying the strategy of their investment besides preserve the identity, and how it was applied, to eventually get the recommendations. Keywords: Heritage buildings” Landscape, Buildings, Premises”, Tourism, Investment, Identity.
- Regional Planning in Jordan, the Status Quo - Regional Planning in the
Jordan Rift Valley
Authors: Hanin I. Shuqair; Dania Abdel-Aziz
Abstract: This paper is intended to examine and research a new way of planning on the Jordanian ground, regional planning, a planning approach proven to be highly effective globally on multiple levels but unfortunately not widely practiced in the Arab World. This research paper tries to examine how the area of the Jordan Valley is being administered regionally, and attempts to breakdown and discuss the different elements of this process in a critical manner. Outcomes of the reserch indicate mainly that although this planning approach is implicated to a certain degree; still it is seen as being more sectoral in nature. Keywords: Jordan Rift Valley, Regional Planning, Dead Sea, Master Plan, Sustainability.
- Regenerative-Relational Tritangtu : Sundanese Tritangtu Transformation as
Local Wisdom on Indonesia
Authors: Wanda Listiani; Heddy Shri Ahimsa-Putra, GR Lono Lastoro Simatupang, Yasraf Amir Piliang
Abstract: Tritangtu or a trinity mindset is Sundanese and Minang communities cosmologist that consist of three entities (three patterns). According to Jakob Sumardjo at the primordial community either Sundanese, Minangkabau, Batak, Malay, Nias, Mentawai, Madura (moor), Nusa Tenggara, South Moluccas, Dayak, North Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, South Sulawesi occupies the Upper World as entity that has women principle and Under World has men principle, the marriage consequence or harmony both occupies the human Middle World differently. In the Sundanese community, the Upper World occupy the trinity Focus, while the Minang community focused on the Middle World. From the field research, tritangtu as the local wisdom was also underlying the creative actors mental structure on making the work either in the form of performance, artifacts philosophy value and other cultural product in Indonesian community. Tritangtu on the culture and art education in West Java was discoursed as the primordial community mindset while the contemporary community also have the trinity mindset in the other form with three similar entity.This study used ethnographic methods with data collection techniques were participant observation, in-depth interviews and documentation. The object of study is the creative actors practice at the design field in Bandung.The results of study pointed out the Sundanese tritangtu transformation from the permanent structure to dynamic structure. Changes in the structure is determined by the relation between the design elements forming structure with the global market segmentation. Lending the Sunda identity marker especially the folk culture or the past traditions as regenerative effort in the attempt to harmonize the three patterns on encountering and won a free-market competition in Indonesia Keywords: Tritangtu, Sundanese, Local Wisdom, Indonesia, Tritangtu Transformation
- Amman’s Facades Lost between Identity and Veracity; Factors
Impacting Facades’ Design
Authors: Dania Abdel-Aziz; Hanin I. Shuqair
Abstract: Today`s building façades continuously lose connection to their local identities and contextual surroundings, more attention is required when designing façades in order to come up with designs that synergize with their unique surroundings. This does not imply that building façades should be approached in a typical traditional manner, but rather that their design should be a result of different factors, interacting and overlapping, and in respect to the physical and non-physical context. Façades should be designed in respect to high performance, aesthetics and efficient constructability for example, and this in return indicates that variations in façade designs are a positive indication that buildings are responding to their built and natural contexts. Architects and designers should respond to side effects of globalization resulting in the spreading of out of context styles, unresponsive and kitschy, in order to save the visual interest in the city and the beyond physical meaning of architecture. It is advised here that architects and designers articulate the very meaning of modernity within local architecture and environment. This article tries to discuss various factors impacting façade design generally, relating discussions to the current situation Amman, the metropolis, and its buildings are undergoing. Keywords: Façade design, contemporary façade, local identity, Amman.
- A The Tendency of Craftsmen in Choosing the Characters of Their Products:
Contemporary or Traditional
Authors: Muhammad Ihsan; Agus Sachari, Andar Bagus Sriwarno
Abstract: The craftsmen desire to improve the quality of their products will give an impact on the increase of their income. For this reason, the craftsmen are driven to perform a variety of efforts. One of the efforts is to penetrate the market, that is to try to enter another market outside the usual market. This effort results its own consequence because each market has a different demand of visual quality. Some craftsmen fail to penetrate the market because they cannot fulfil the demand of the visual quality in that market. The failure is due to different visual perception of the craftsmen and the consumers. The craftsmen make products with minor changes because of the strength of their tradition. On the other hand, the market changes rapidly because of the demand of life style channges. An effort to reduce the gap needs to be done. One of the way is to determine the craftsmen perception on choosing their products, whether they are likely to choose products with contemporary or traditional characteristic. The choices of their products indicate their mindset and their perception on products. This research used visual questionnaire method and tested on five areas, i.e. Deli Serdang, North Sumatra; Bagan Batu, Riau; Plered, Purwakarta; Kiaracondong, Bandung and Paseh, Sumedang. There were around 15-30 respondents in each area. The data obtained were processed using Rasch model and the result showed that the choice of contemporary or traditional character is highly influenced by the lifestyle and the environment of the craftsmen. The results of this study are expected to contribute significantly to the development of design in the environment of SMEs. Keywords : The market and its visual quality, the traditional and contemporary character, the craftsmen perception
- Monophthongisation and Vowel Lengthening Processes in Educated Urhobo
English: A Moraic Account
Authors: Don C. Utulu
Abstract: This paper studies monophthongisation and vowel lengthening processes in Educated Urhobo English (hereafter, EUE). EUE is an ethnic variety of Nigerian English spoken by literate home-grown Urhobo people in Delta State, Nigeria. Monophthongisation is a phonological process whereby one of two vowel elements of a diphthong, usually the second (offset) element, is deleted, leaving the stranded (onset) one lengthened, if found in final open, stressed syllable. Existing works on EUE segmentals have pointed to the fact that two of four Standard British English (SBE) closing diphthongs, /e?/ and /??/, also known as homogenous diphthongs, tend to monophthongise to [e] and [o] respectively. However, the works have often ignored the aspect of length which accompanies these simplified units whenever they occurred in final open syllable. As one of the striking phonological features which characterise EUE phonology, this paper undertook the study of [e]- and [o]-lengthening to [e: and [o:] respectively, with a view to explaining the motivation for the lengthening. Using the paradigms of moraic theory, the study established the fact that the monophthongised diphthongs were lengthened for two main reasons: (1) by the need to preserve the weight of the deleted /?/ and /?/, in SBE /e?/ and /??/ diphthongs, and (2) in order to reflect components of the falling Fundamental Frequency (F0) contour of English final open syllables. Speech Filling System (SFS/WASP) computerised speech laboratory was used to interprete F0 curve structure and acoustic duration in order to corroborate findings from perceptual analysis. However, it is suggests that these two factors appear to underlie the simplification of the same set of closing diphthongs in many non-native English accents of Africa and Asia such as Southern Nigerian English, Zimbabwean (Shona) English, India English, among many others. Keywords: Educated Urhobo English, Monopthongisation, Vowel lengthening, Closing diphthongs, Moraic theory
- An Investigation of Computer Application to Painting in Nigeria
Authors: Duniya, Gambo G; Gyegwe, Aondover Gabriel
Abstract: This study historically, overviews the subject and development of painting from the primordial time, to the postmodern period, bringing into focus the computer as a new medium for artistic inquiry. The background similarly overviews the influence of the machine on various artistic forms like textile design, graphic design and even painting especially in Western climes, without Nigerian examples of paintings with the computer. The problem of the study therefore, is the seeming apathy by Nigerian painters to apply computer to painting. Objectives were set as follows; i. to record the historical developments of the computer in Nigeria. ii. Investigate the dimensions of computer application to painting in Nigeria. iii. Analyze computer paintings by Nigerian painters. iv. Make a comparative analysis of conventional and computer paintings by Nigerian artists. v. Curate an exhibition of computer paintings in Nigeria. Review of literature was tripartite structured on; i. Historical overview of persons, products and ideas that have influenced painting. ii. The computer and its influence and, iii. Computer influenced paintings. Methodology was based on art historical paradigms of inquiry which are essentially qualitative, however, quantitative values in the objectives made it pertinent to mix appended quantitative statistical results. Population was 41 computer paintings by Nigerian painters and 14 Nigerian computer painters based on purposive/judgmental sampling. Data was variously collected through the following instruments; questionnaire, interview schedules, observation, photography, and internet. Books, exhibition catalogues and social media like the face book provided secondary sources of data gathering. Field work benefitted from a pilot study with validated questionnaires and interview schedules. A total of 139 questionnaires were turned in and 14 artists with computer paintings were interviewed and analyzed respectively based on prescriptions by Eyo (1977) and Stokstad (2005). Major findings were that; the computer had made inroads into Nigeria since 1963 at the University of Ibadan and 1967 at the Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria with developments leading to the application of computer to painting around the early 1990s. It was also found that Nigerian painters have applied the computer to panting in various dimensions like; image manipulation, enhancement, illustration, painting with software like Photoshop, CorelDraw among other software and hardware. Another finding was that few Nigerian painters were actually interested and have created paintings with the computer. Furthermore, because the paintings share certain commonalities, they could be grouped and analyzed like the conventional ones. However, differences, advantages and disadvantages exist. The major challenge being posed by electricity cut in Nigeria and lack of acceptance like the conventional ones. The research theoretically finds support from Friedberg (2006) theoretical polemics that asserts the metaphor of the windows as a frame that encloses a painting. The researcher therefore, suggested that computer painting be included in the painting curriculum to give desired clout to enhance painting and complement the examples analyzed and discussed in this research.