Arts and Design Studies
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Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2224-6061 - ISSN (Online) 2225-059X
Published by International Institute for Science, Technology and Education (IISTE) [30 journals]
- The Potentials of Ekeleke Dance Performance as a Tourist Attraction
Authors: AKAS; Nicholas C.
Abstract: Indigenous dance performances remain indispensable tools for tourism development. However, their potentials for tourist attraction have not been fully developed since their presentations dwell more on spectacular aspects of these performances. The aim of this study is to draw attention to the communicative potentials of indigenous performances using Ekeleke Dance of Ekwe, Imo state. The objective is to encourage practitioners to go beyond spectacle and explore the aesthetic and communicative elements of indigenous performance as a step towards increasing tourist attraction. Case study and content analysis approach of the qualitative research method are adopted for the realization of research objectives. Keywords: Indigenous dance, Tourism development, Communication.
- Factors that Influence Clothing Selection of Students: A Case Study of
University of Ghana, Legon
Authors: Ida Ofori; Catherine Adu, Vernon Nyame-Tawiah, Desmond Adu- Akwaboa, Titus Agbovie
Abstract: The study aimed at investigating University of Ghana (Legon) campus fashion and factors that influenced clothing selection of students. The proportionate random sampling technique was used to select the respondents. The hand-coded data was analyzed using the statistical package for social science (SPSS).The results were descriptive and were presented using percentage distribution and pie charts. The respondents’ ages ranged from 18 to 50 years; about 42% were female and 58% male. The majority of respondents (87%) were Christians; 11% were Moslems and 2%, Agnostic. Devoted female Moslems could readily be identified by their way of dressing. The survey revealed that about 68% of the respondents made their own clothing choices; 23% were influenced by their parents and 9% were influenced by friends. Styles of clothing that were distinctive on campus included jeans trousers, hipsters, denim (jeans) skirts and jackets, tiered skirts, pleated skirts, ‘petticoat’, sleeveless blouses, halter neck (bare backs), spaghetti tops, buddha shorts( pushers), hot pants and skirts, and Shaba. A case study investigation conducted earlier revealed that majority of the respondents (69%) did not have knowledge about textiles and clothing. Hence, the trend on campus seemed to suggest that many of them did not know how to select clothing to suit their figure types and occasion. This study therefore sought to find out factors that influenced the clothing selection of the respondents. Majority of the respondents (91%) considered both protection and modesty as important in clothing selection, although campus fashion seemed to suggest otherwise; 48% rated adornment as important. Factors that influenced the respondents’ clothing selection were grouped into physical, aesthetic, psycho-social, and economic factors. Colour, fashion, affordability, durability and religion were factors that influenced respondents’ clothing selection the most. The respondents suggested that the teaching of Textiles and Clothing be introduced in the schools’ curricula at the basic level of education to help inculcate in children the knowledge about the right choice of clothing to enable them to make informed clothing decisions in life. Keywords: Clothing, Fashion, Protection, Adornment, Modesty.
- Assessing Academic Levels of University Students in Ghana about Clothing
and Textiles: A Case Study of Students of University of Ghana
Authors: Ida Ofori; Catherine Adu, Emma Donkor, Albie Mensah
Abstract: Studying Textiles and Clothing at the lower level of education could help individuals make informed clothing choices at the higher level and beyond. Appropriate dressing implies selecting clothes that are right for one’s body type and activities. Campus fashion seemed to suggest that many of the students did not have adequate knowledge about Textiles and Clothing. The study therefore investigated University of Ghana (Legon) resident students’ academic levels in Clothing and Textiles. The proportionate random sampling technique was used to select 270 respondents from the five traditional halls of residence. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data. The hand coded data were analyzed using the statistical package for social sciences. The results were presented using frequency and percentage distribution, histogram and pie chart. The ages of the respondents ranged between 18 and 50 years. About 42% were female and 50% male. Only 31% of the respondents had some knowledge in textiles and clothing. The remaining 69% had no knowledge about textiles and clothing. About 74% of those who had studied textiles and clothing did it up to Primary or Junior High School. Based on the study some practical recommendations have been made for the way forward. Keywords: Fashion, clothing, textiles, knowledge, level, garment
- Clothing and Identity: Ga Deities and Spiritual Responsibilities
Authors: Regina Kwakye-Opong
Abstract: This paper examines the components of clothing among the individual priests/priestesses of the various Ga deities. Nortey (2008) and Field (1962) have made some notable inroads in this research area, however, no/little attention has been paid to the dress code of the individual priest/priestess. Again there are no distinctions or clarification with clothes relating to the training period and ordination of these servants, as well as costumes designated for festive occasions, healing, worship/veneration of their gods and their day-to-day activities. This paper addresses these gaps through interviews and participant observation. Data were collected from people of selected Ga communities, especially Teshie, Tema and Nungua. The article argues that each Ga deity is symbolized with specific costumes and accessories and thus, requires the servant to be adorned accordingly, regardless of his/her sex. The use of specific clothing items also empowers the priest/priestess spiritually during healing. This article adds to the seemingly scanty literature on Ghanaian costume history, to improve teaching and learning and to enhance creative development among students, lecturers in the arts, ethnographers, sociologists, costumiers and stage/film/video directors. It also suggests that costume designers should check the clothing background of each deity, to avoid creating stereotyped priests/priestesses. Keywords: costume, deity, clothing, servant, priest/priestess, Ga
- Perceptions of University of Ghana Students towards Campus Female Fashion
Authors: Ida Ofori; Albie Mensah, Francis Amenakpor, Paul Goddey Gablah
Abstract: Western fashion has influenced traditional fashion in Ghana and this trend is common on university campuses. Vital body parts concealed by the traditional woman are now on display to the disapproval of many Ghanaians. The study explored perceptions of 270 University of Ghana students toward female fashion on Legon campus. Both male and female respondents aged 18 to 50 years were selected by the proportionate random sampling technique and a structured questionnaire was used to collect data. Hand-coded data were analysed using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS). Chi square analysis showed no significant relationship between gender and respondents’ perceptions of female fashion. About 70% of the respondents indicated that generally, female students on campus dressed indecently. Christians, who formed 87% of respondents, regarded decent dressing as covering vital parts such as midriff, breasts and thighs. Moslems who formed 10% further believed decency entailed covering the hair, arms and legs. Whereas 37% of respondents stated that indecent female dressing had no effect on them, 61% (mostly males) stated that it affected them negatively. These effects included distraction of attention and sexual arousal. Suggestions made by respondents to moderate indecent dressing included introduction of dress code, education and sacking perpetrators from class and examination halls. Decency in campus fashion could moderate promiscuity, and boost academic work of students. There was therefore the need to moderate trends which exposed sensitive body parts. Recommendations included education, sacking indecently dressed students from lecture halls, government policies to ensure that second hand clothing importers reject indecent clothes. Key words: Clothing, fashion, western fashion, traditional fashion, indecency, decency.
- The Reflection of the Baroque Era to Flute and Bassoon
Authors: Sabriye Ozkan; Burcin Barut Dikicigiller
Abstract: This study aimes to assist the performance of the works by gathering data about the works for flute and bassoon which are in woodwind instruments of the Baroque era. In music history, the Baroque era is accepted that it starts with the years of 1600 and ends with death of Johann Sebastian Bach in 1750. During this period which lasted nearly 150 years, flute and bassoon which are in woodwind instruments, have an important place in instrumental music. Interestingly, before the Baroque period the flute and the bassoon were not often used for solo performances due to their limited technical capacity. After the developments that took place in sonatas and concertos, and the improvements in the technical capacity of the flute and bassoon, the composers were able to use these instruments more often in their works. Nowadays, the works for flute and bassoon by important composers of the Baroque era, Johann Sebastian Bach, Antonio Vivaldi and Georg Philipp Telemann, are accepted to be the keystone of instruments at educational and solo repertoire. At the end of study, it has been aimed to assist the rendition of the works by giving examples of sonatas and concertos written for flute and bassoon by Johann Sebastian Bach, Antonio Vivaldi and Georg Philipp Telemann. These examples aim to help with the interpretation of their work. Keywords: Baroque Era, Flute, Bassoon.
- Mirroring Communal Ills: A Dramatic Approach - A Study of Ike-Ogu Folk
Authors: Akas; Nicholas Chielotam
Abstract: The essence of drama in community sensitization, mobilization and reformation has seriously been deemphasized and misinterpreted among indigenes. Some people see and appreciate the entertaining aspect of drama as mere form of relaxation, entertainment and recreation only, thereby neglecting the communicative-corrective potency imbibed in drama. The high rate of social ills in communities are becoming too alarming that at times the indigenes are afraid of who to talk to, when to talk and how to talk about their existing problem in order to get a positive redress. Drama as an investigative and reflective act form would have been the best tool for the mirroring the ills of the society, but based on people’s myopic understanding of drama, they tend to see it as a less powerful tool in procuring solutions to any of their existing problems or issues. But recently based on scholarly findings the use of drama in mirroring communal ills performs a three hydra-headed function: entertainment, education and formation, at this stage drama takes the good news of positive change closer to the people that owns it and not the people who are closer to it. In order to achieve these three hydra-headed functions in drama towards a positive change, an analytical interpretation will be carried out on an indigenous folk play performance called Ike-Ogu as a working metaphor. This paper therefore looks at drama as a reflective-corrective tool towards achieving a positive change and not as mere entertainment.
- Social and Ecological Issues in the Works of Some Contemporary Sculptors
Authors: Eva Obodo; Ekene Anikpe, Thomas-Michael E. Chukwumezie
Abstract: Ecology in social or human terms owes its stability to man's activities on the earth planet. In the mainstream of modern art, different visual artists have produced notable works that explore either social or ecological concerns, most of which revolve around issues of climate change. This paper analyses some sculptures and installations created by Quayola Alastair Noble, Jin Soo Kim, El Anatsui, Ekenechukwu Anikpe, Amarachi Okafor and Johnpaul Ezeugwu, which in different ways refer directly or indirectly to global warming. It discusses how their works provoke relevant questions or proffer solutions to problems associated with social and ecological stratification. The paper concludes that the artists have employed their art as a tool for mass orientation on the implications of undermining the natural rhythm of the earth. Keywords: Climate Change, Quayola Alastair Noble, Jin Soo Kim, El Anatsui, Ekenechukwu Anikpe, Amarachi Okafor, Johnpaul Ezeugwu
- Improvement of Clarinet Technique and Articulation with Etudes Nos. 2, 12,
and 19 from Paul Jeanjean’s Vingt Etudes Progressives et
Mélodiques Pour la Clarinette
Authors: Ilkay Ak
Abstract: In this study, etudes nos. 2, 12 and 19 selected from Paul Jeanjean’s etude book Vingt Etudes Progressives et Mélodiques Pour la Clarinette are examined in regards to their contribution to clarinet performance. It is observed that these etudes, which are commonly used in clarinet performance education, make many contributions to the musical and technical progress of clarinet students including, but not limited to, development of tonguing techniques in musical articulation, gradual acceleration of rhythmical movements of fingers on the keys, use of breathing techniques according to the musical phrase, learning of musical articulation forms such as staccato, legato, and accenting, and correct timing of performance of different note values within the measure. This study examines contributions of Paul Jeanjean’s selected etudes to clarinet performance education within the framework of the musical elements mentioned above. Keywords: Clarinet, Clarinet performance education, Etude.