Arts and Design Studies
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Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2224-6061 - ISSN (Online) 2225-059X
Published by International Institute for Science, Technology and Education (IISTE) [30 journals]
- 'System of Settings' As A Tool of Assessing Users'
Satisfaction Al-Azhar Park, Cairo, Egypt
Authors: Sameh El-Feki
Abstract: Being one of the most overpopulated and overcrowded cities in the world, Cairo suffers a significant lack of public open spaces. Therefore, the state adopted a policy considering the expansion of public open spaces. One such open space is Al-Azhar Park, the initiative of which was embarked and implemented by the Aga Khan Trust for Culture. The park is located at the eastern part of medieval Cairo, commanding panoramic views of the city. It is advocated that parks play an important role in the social and personal wellbeing of the city’s residents. This takes place at multiple layers, be it the socio-cultural subjective values or the tangible objective components. The current research examines the extent to which users’ satisfaction is fulfilled in Al-Azhar Park. If successful, this contributes to the better of the social and personal wellbeing of Cairo’s residents. To examine such understanding, the research employs Rapoport’s holistic approach of ‘System of Settings’, comprising ‘System of Activities’ and ‘Types of Feature Elements’. In conclusion, the study realizes that the park is meeting the users’ expectations. Keywords: System of settings; System of activities / Activity system model; Types of feature elements; Al- Azhar Park.
- Encoding Signifieds of Hairstyles in the movie ‘Unstoppable’ A
Authors: Asma Iqbal; Malik Haqnawaz Danish
Abstract: Media play an important role in conveying entertainment to the audience. As there are a lot of developments and discoveries in this postmodern era, media promote all those ideas which are newly introduced in any genre. Film from the very start, is one of the major genre in literature (visual) which claims more attention from the audience than any other form of entertainment. Media also play an important role in socio-cultural change of the society. Community considers media the best source of information, although at times, it is not. Media play an important role in shaping beliefs and ideologies of a common man. Film is considered the important medium which brings a lot of cultural changes in the society, The movie Unstoppable also invites those changes and left some questions in the minds of the audience. The present study analyzes the various hairstyles of the movie actors and how these styles are changed according to the setting of the scene along with employing the state of minds of the characters. What these styles signify?. How various hair styles are used as a sign in this movie?. Researchers study this phenomenon through semiotic analysis. Few images were selected to analyze the reasons behind that act under the discipline of semiotics. Key words: Semiotics, Unstoppable, Hair style, Analyze, sign.
- A Symbolic Decorative Wall Plaque for the Sunyani Palace
Authors: Catherine Adu; Emma Donkor, Ida , Ofori
Abstract: The gold/silver/coppersmithing industry is one of the longest established trades in Ghana. The industry offers employment to many people engaged in it and it plays a vital role in the socio-economic development of the nation. However the industry concentrates largely on the production of jewellery/filigree fashion accessories works like necklaces, anklets, tie pins, brooches etc. using precious metals like gold, silver and diamond and non-precious metals like cooper and brass to the neglect of fabrication of large articles like trophies and wall plaques which could also be a promising and rewarding trade. The idea of producing a wall plaque for the Sunyani palace in the BrongAhafo region came into mind after the research team had had some interactions with the chief, queen mother, some elders and few natives of the town. Investigations revealed that though the town’s emblem and the history surrounding how the town got its name ‘Sunyani’ revolves round a hunter and an elephant, in the area of artifact very little was known. It was in the light of this that the researchers decided to produce a wall plaque for the palace to be used to preserve the story surrounding the town to generations yet unborn as well as use it to create awareness about the need for the gold/silversmithing industry to venture into other viable smiting activities. The descriptive method of research under the qualitative method of research which uses interview and observation was used to gather, analyze and interpret data gathered. The purposive and simple random sampling technique was used to sample views from the interviewees and the face-to-to unstructured interview was used as data collection instrument. Possible recommendations like creating more awareness among gold/silversmithing about the need to venture into other profitable smithing activities and the introduction of Metal Product Design into the curriculum right from J.H.S to the tertiary level among others have been suggested. Keywords: Wall plaque, artifacts, embossing, chasing, annealing, modeling, repousse
- The Assessment of the Blacksmithing Industry in Ghana (A Case Study of
Suame Magazine, Kumasi)
Authors: Catherine Adu; Emma Donkor, Francis KwasiSelormey Amenakpor
Abstract: The blacksmithing industry has been in existence for a long time, it offers employment to many people in, Ghana. The industry plays a major role in the socio-economic development of the country through the servicing of vehicles, carpentry, household, agricultural implements etc. Inspite of its contribution to the society, it has not made much impact to national development due to some challenges. This study assesses the performance of the blacksmithing industry of Suame Magazine in Kumasi, Ghana with respect to its designs, methods of production and nature of services provided. The descriptive method under the qualitative method of research which uses observation and interview was adopted to analyze and interpret data gathered. A simple random sampling technique was used to solicit for information and a structured interview and observation was used as data collection instruments. The study confirmed the industry’s positive contribution to socio-economic development of the country. It was however revealed that the quality of their product design was not only low, but almost non-existent and the industry still depended on old methods of production, thus affecting it. Possible recommendations include; liking the industry with academic institutions like KNUST and Polytechnics to help assist it upgrade its methods of production, provision of financial assistance by financial institutions and NGOs in the form of credit facilities which could help the industry contribute its quota effectively to national development. Keywords:Blacksmithing, designs, products, forging, fabrication, apprentice
- The Essence of Setting up Production Units in Ghanaian Polytechnics
Authors: Emma Donkor; Catherine Adu, Ida Ofori, Franscis Amenakpor
Abstract: Polytechnics are hi-tech institutions providing career-focused, proficiency based education, expected to work with industry to produce skilled manpower based on contemporary and future needs of industry. However, the cost of setting up fashion production unit and equipping it to the values of industry is a setback to most polytechnics. Bridging this gap between polytechnics and industries is the need to have constant supply of resources to help maintain the various units. Education and the need to achieve our goals as designers compel polytechnics to initiate measures to overcome this difficulty. This concept should help students acquire competences expected from them as professionals. Technical and Vocational Training has emerged as one of the most effectual Human Resource Development Strategies that African countries need to secure, train and update their technical labour force for rapid industrialization and national development. The study objective was to assess the impact of vocational and technical skills training in improving the socio-economic status of students in the Polytechnics. The study seeks to find out the essence of setting up production units in Polytechnics and to improve competences and skills, its achievement and purpose of increasing access of young person’s to skills attainment and empowerment for productive employment. A simple random technique was use to sample views, and a structured questionnaire and interview guide was used for data collection. The interpretation revealed that most polytechnics do not have production units. Specifically the study seeks to unveil the essence of setting up production units in Ghanaian Polytechnics and suggest best practices in the fashion industry that could be replicated in a production unit for effective fashion education in Ghanaian Polytechnics. Key words: Production unit, Clothing, Fashion, Garment, Manufacturing, Industrial Sewing Machine, Production Management, Equipment, Essence.
- The Representation of Mother and Child Figures in Indonesian Children
Authors: Riama Maslan Sihombing; Setiawan Sabana, Achmad Syarief
Abstract: This study discusses mother-child interactions in Indonesian children books published in 1973 until 2013. In the early 1970, the government started giving much attention to early childhood education in Indonesia; and in the 2010s children book industries have escalated considerably. In this time frame, an apparent social dynamics occurred and, consequently, representation of mother figure has shifted along with the alteration of socio-cultural context in society. The problem is that in 1970s, the traditional social role of a mother which was considered only in domestic area has extended to public area. Thus, it is essential to comprehensively observe and analyze both explicit and implicit meanings of the representation of mother-child interactions in children book illustrations. Illustrations are pieces of visual information which enable readers to be involved in a plot and bring them to the real experiences. This portrayal is vital to discuss since the representation of a mother in children’s picture books is closely related to shaping a mother’s figure in children’s social life. This study aims at identifying the representation of mother figure in children books visually; finding how a mother and her child interact using Content Analysis and Social Semiotics. The results show that some changes in the interactions of mother and child are found in illustrated children books published in 1973-2013. In the early period (1973-1982), a mother was frequently presented wearing a “kebaya” (traditional clothes) with serious facial expression. Besides that, the mother-child interaction commonly took place in the kitchen and outdoor settings. In terms of age, the pre-adolescence children were more frequently portrayed. Meanwhile, in the transitional period (1983-2002), the spatial distance between a mother and her child was closer. The mother was described more relaxed and flexible in wearing clothes. On the other hand, in the last period (2003-2013) a mother was illustrated younger rather than the one in previous period; and the children were commonly under ten years old. The description showed the mother’s companionship in children activities, such as studying and recreation, but the physical distance was not as close as the prior period. Most of the books in the 2010s presented a mother and her child wearing religious clothes. Keywords: Mother, Child, Illustrations, Children’s Picture Books.
- Engaging the Mundane: The Art of Jerry Buhari, Kuti Usman, Uche Onyishi
and George Osodi on the Environmental Question
Authors: Eva Obodo; Ekene Anikpe
Abstract: This paper discusses the works of Jerry Buhari, Kuti Usman, Uche Onyishi and George Oshodi, experimental Nigerian artists, who explore different media in constructing mirrors through which the effects of global warming could be viewed as a plausible reality. Like their counterparts elsewhere, they are sensitive to the changing climate. Using historical, technical and stylistic approaches, the paper analyses their thoughts and work processes. It proposes that the body of works created by these artists highlight, in a stark way, the basic concerns on environmental degradation, as well as the need for caution in man's drive for production and consumption. Key words: Jerry Buhari, Kuti Usman, Uche Onyishi, George Osodi, environmental degradation
- From the Margin to the Centre: Creative Footprints of Self-taught Artists
in Modern Nigerian Art
Authors: George C. Odoh
Abstract: Self-taught art is a reflection of man’s innate creative ability. In Nigeria, self-taught artists have, at various periods and through diverse creative channels, contributed significantly to the development and dynamism of Nigeria’s art modernism. However, unlike in the West where considerable interest, research and documentation have been accorded self-taught art, this terrain remains highly uncharted and as such, inadequately documented in the discourse on modern Nigerian art. No museum or gallery specifically caters for this creative niche; no exhibition as yet, has showcased the works of these artists under the umbrella of self-taught art. This paper seeks to highlight the phenomenon of self-taught art in Nigeria by discussing its history as well as the creative footprints of some self-taught artists whose art careers are representative of its manifestation in modern Nigerian art. Textual and visual materials were used in order to facilitate a better understanding of self-taught art in Nigeria. Self-taught artists in Nigeria consciously strive to locate their art practice within the corridors of mainstream art through active participation in art exhibitions. Practicing within the framework of a globalized art space has equally granted these artists access to new media, emergent art trends and the economic dynamics of the art marketplace. This has made for vibrant and artistically fecund studio practices which have contributed to the diversity and richness of modern Nigerian art. Self-taught artists have shown that one could have a successful art practice without formal art training. Keywords – mainstream art, modern Nigerian art, self-taught art, self-taught artists.
- Comparative Study of Fashion Production Units in Ghanaian Polytechnics
Authors: Emma Donkor; Catherine Adu, A.K Kemevor
Abstract: Technological and vocational Education has emerged as one of the most capable Human Resource Improvement Strategies that African countries need to conform, in other to train and update their technical labour force for speedy industrialization and national development. The impact of Technical and Vocational Education and the way skills training and competences are learnt in developing countries can improve polytechnic education of which Fashion is one. The Ghanaian Polytechnics have mostly since their inception relied heavily on industries outside the school environment to give their students hands-on-training in industrial practices related to their various programmes. Students studying fashion design and textiles also face similar challenges. This study therefore focuses on comparative study of production units in Polytechnics that offer fashion design and textile courses by examining the need to compare production units in Polytechnics and the role production units play especially in fashion education. The study also seeks to identify best practices in the fashion industry that could be replicated in a production unit for effective fashion education in Ghanaian Polytechnics. The study seeks to compare equipments available in production units in fashion design and textile department in Accra, Ho, Kumasi and Takoradi Polytechnics. The simple random sampling technique was used to sample views from the respondents and as data collection instrument a structured questionnaire was administered to one hundred and forty seven respondents (147). Out of the one hundred and forty seven respondents, twenty eight (28) were interviewed. The interpretation of the data reveals that most Polytechnics offering fashion education have production units. From the responses it can be concluded that the machines in the institutions production units if maintained and used properly will improve polytechnic education and also bridge the gap between Polytechnics and industries. Since the institutions will produce competent and skilled graduates, garment manufacturing industries will have confidence in the polytechnic’s graduates and willingly employ them. Based on the study certain recommendations have been made. Keywords: Clothing, fashion, garment, manufacturing, production management.