Arts and Design Studies
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Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2224-6061 - ISSN (Online) 2225-059X
Published by International Institute for Science, Technology and Education (IISTE) [30 journals]
- Nsibidi: An Artistic Expression and Communicative System in South Eastern
Authors: Oghale Okpu
Abstract: This paper attempts to discuss the origin of a communicative system (Nsibidi) which was prevalent in the pre-colonial period in the south eastern (presently, made up of Cross River, Akwa Ibom and Ebonyi states) Nigeria. The main focus is on its development, types, uses, discontinuity and ways of revival and prospects for modern usage; such as the use of Nsibidi symbols by theatre artists in the decoration of their stages when acting traditional plays, for body adornment in dance drama and for special effect on stage acting. Nsibidi is a pictographic artistic expression used in the pre-colonial era for different purposes, but because it was tagged as a secretive cult means of communication especially by the missionaries, many people avoided the usage, which is contrary to the present day ideology. However, the application of this pictographic expression by visual artists is still very low. The interpretation of the symbols are not part of this discussion. The researcher is of the opinion that it is time for this artistic communicative system be revised for modern use by visual and performing artists in addition to the use of Uli signs application
- Researching the motives behind the acquisition, possession and application
of heritage collectibles in home interiors
Authors: Abeer A Alawad
Abstract: Previous research considered the significance of the home environment representing the owner’s social identity in general but there is no clear research that identifies the motive behind acquisition, possession and application of heritage collectibles in home interiors. The aim of this research was to discover the reason why people possess heritage collectibles in their home interiors. In addition, this research considered the occupied space of the possessions, location within the home, and the type of heritage collectibles. The sample of this study consisted of 330 female adults residing in the centre of Saudi Arabia. The method of investigation was a self-report questionnaire, which was classified into four main themes: the reason behind having heritage collectibles in home interiors, occupied space, location within the home, and the type of heritage collectibles. The results indicated that there are a diverse number of reasons behind people’s possession of heritage collectibles. The main reason was social identity then gifts, trends, and matching with other furniture within the home. In addition, there was a significant relationship between identity and occupied space (p=0.001) and social identity with the type of heritage collectibles (p=0.001). The contribution to new knowledge in this study should help designers to develop their concepts in their interior design projects and discover the relationship between heritage, interior design, and social identity, which will provide designers with the direct and indirect needs of their clients. Keywords: interior design, home environment, individual’s social identity, heritage collectibles, Saudi Arabia.
- Dreams as Sources of Artistic Production
Authors: Adja-Koadade; Mokpokpo, Lodonu, John Cantius, Barfi-Mensah, Henrietta Meakoa
Abstract: Art is an expression of the mind, either consciously or unconsciously, in relief, or in two or three dimension through different media. The manifest or conscious experience is visible and could be fully expressed while the latent or unconscious which is invisible, is beyond human understanding unless it is interpreted. Sleeping dream experiences relate to issues of deeper levels of understanding which could be recast, and if systematically analyzed paves the way to solving many psychological problems. This paper is about some hidden meanings of symbols in dreams and looks at how to use sleeping dream experiences in producing art in relief sculpture. Data was collected using the qualitative and descriptive methods through mainly interviews. The qualitative experimental method was used to portray the experiences from the researcher’s dreams while the descriptive method was employed to describe the researcher’s personal encounters of dreams. Interviews with knowledgeable individuals who can interpret dreams were carried out to support the researcher’s own understanding of dreams. This has helped the author to interpret the dream scenes employed in the paper. Dream experiences were presented in words and transformed into two-dimensional sketches, representing the important activities of the dream. The central ideas within them, which were the finished sketches, were developed and used to portray the dream experiences. Papié mâché, which is marched paper mixed with cement as a binding agent in a paste form was used to produce the work with a touch of multi-coloured finish. Each dream experience employed in the production, from the narration to the finished works, has a unique meaning and understanding which allowed the free flow of the mind to capture scenes from the dreams and their presentation artistically. Works presented in this way, created memorable pictures in the mind of both the dreamer and the observer. Keywords: Conscious, "De l’étèrnité à l’étèrnité” (from eternity to eternity), dream, papié mâché, surreal, sub-conscious.
- The Universe in Verse
Authors: Salah Eid
Abstract: Our human words are arranged in original or classical poetry according to the basic circular motion in the universe, this motion is composed from two equal and opposite halves, and for this reason the unit of any verse is formed from these two equal pulsating halves of poetry in the east or the west. The circular motion here takes place not only on musical level but also in the meaning of the words where it seems that the poet writes the second line with his eyes on the previous one. The circular motion of poetry therefore raises us from the various conflicts on the Earth to the high horizon of the vast universe harmonizing the circular motion of the blood in our bodies with that of the whole universe, and for this reason poetry and science with the two equal sides of its numerical equation are the two wings of every new flourish of civilization.
- Galeri Tiga Hari: Action of Participatory Art
Authors: Rudy Harjanto; Setiawan Sabana
Abstract: A city as a physical entity and symbolic construct uses advertising to expand its presence amongst its inhabitants. Meanwhile in some spaces, the city is enriched with various forms of expression such as graffiti, which has become urban symbols. However, the city government banned graffiti presence all around the city. Which leads to the question, how do graffiti artists, and its audience respond if presented with a blank canvas in a gallery environment' A work is a process which involves the cooperation of several parties and therefore, the methodological approach used in this study is phenomenological paradigm approach. Gallery Tiga Hari which is a gallery within a gallery provides a blank canvas like the walls of the city to facilitate messages that can be conveyed to its citizens and in effect provides a participatory art which engages the artist and the viewers in one space. The exhibition managed to engage visitors by visualizing the artist’s work in a participatory manner, by participating in the graffiti act themselves. The gallery is no longer the exclusive property of established artists, but as a means to reclaim the city spaces for residents of the city itself. Key word: Graffiti, space, expression and townspeople.
- Elsie Ezinnwa Nwoko: An Art Music Composer and Music Education Practioner
Authors: Okafor; J. Enoh, Ofosu, O. Osborne, Abugu, T. Peace
Abstract: An art music composer as the term imply refers to a person or persons who were academically or formally trained in the art and techniques involved in music composition. These categories of composers are broadly divided into two – those whose compositional styles reflect that of western classical music and those whose creative styles seek to leave imprints of Africanness on their works. On the other hand, a music education practitioner is one who had had formal training in the field of music education conceptually, theoretically and practically – who in turn trains and or transmit musical knowledge to learners. In other words, a music education practitioner could be called a music educator. In Nigeria today abounds art music composers and music education practitioners. Examples are professor J.H.K, Nketia, T.K.E, Philips, professor Omibiyi-Obidike, Ephraim Amu, professor W.W.C, Echezona, Fela Sowande, professor Richard Okafor to mention a few. This paper focuses on Elsie E. Nwoko as one of the founding fathers of African musical arts education in Nigeria. The topic shall be examined under the following headings: Elsie Nwoko’s biographical data, Elsie Nwoko as an art music composer and music educator, her works and contributions to African musical arts education and conclusion. In order to achieve the objective of this paper, related materials were perused and reviewed. Oral interview and random sampling methods were also employed.
- Visual Arts and the Legal Issues of Copyright and Contract in Nigeria
Authors: Godwin Ogheneruemu Irivwieri arpa
Abstract: This paper examines a number of legal issues that impinges on the works of the visual artist in the society, which if well tackled, will make positive impact in the economic growth and development of nations. This is essentially on copyright practices on intellectual properties. It is observed that perhaps due to lack of information on the part of the creative minds or a result of non enforcement by governments of countries on copyright agreements duly reached by member countries, the artist is not only being shortchanged but that the member countries also experience loss in harnessing the potentials of creativity for national development. Copyright is an important asset of creators that gives them legal rights and opportunities to generate income, irrespective of the ownership of their physical creation. Through a review of a number of literatures and critical examination of international treaties signed to regulate the creative efforts of member countries, a number of issues bordering on copyright and visual art practices were discussed and highlighted. They include the visual Arts under the Nigerian law, the concept of copyright and contracts, Moral Rights for the Visual Artists and the cultural policy in Nigeria. Others are the international Treaties on copyright, the Nigerian copyright commission and the legal issues for the visual artists. It is found out that these legal issues discussed are indispensable information for the visual artists, who wish to make a mark in their chosen career and that creativity is the bedrock of every civilization. When the intellectual properties are well protected, it will fastrack a wider dissemination of works of the human mind and thereby increase international understanding. Keywords: Copyright, Infringement, Creativity, Visual Arts, Berne Convention, Intellectual Property, fixed medium, legal issues.
- Soapstone Carving Assemblage
Authors: Emmanuel Obeng Bonsoo; Isaac Opoku-Mensah, Osuanyi Quaicoo Essel
Abstract: Soapstones of varying colours abound in the mountainous and hilly areas of Ghana but its usage in modern Ghanaian sculpture remains rare. The article aims at popularizing soapstone as a suitable raw material for creating soapstone relief carving assemblage sculptures among modern Ghanaian practising sculptors. Through studio-based experimental approach, the article presents three distinct composite soapstone relief carving assemblages mounted on boards for their aesthetic enjoyment. The study revealed that relief carving assemblages could be produced with soapstone without it being necessarily heavy and bulky while maintaining its aesthetical efflorescence and durability. Keywords: Soapstone, Relief sculpture, Assemblage, Carving, Composite
- Evaluation of the Challenges of 21st Century on Quality Assurance of
Higher Fashion Education in Ghana
Authors: Ninette Afi Pongo; Thomas Obeng Asare, Ibrahim Abdul-Fatahi
Abstract: Quality Assurance has become an important component in Higher Education (HE). Even though a significant number of studies have been conducted on it, there are still many unanswered issues about how Quality Assurance (QA) improves the core processes involved in Higher Fashion Education (HFE). This study attempted to evaluate the challenges of QA in Higher Fashion Education in Ghana, using a mixed methods design based on the premise that, QA in HFE is a complex and multifaceted phenomenon that involves the perspectives of different actors and requires the collection and analysis of data from different sources. The sample for this study included 100 participants from four higher education institutions in Ghana. Questionnaires and semi-structured interviews were employed to gather data. The study shows that, quality of education, particularly student learning is threatened by problems such as poor quality of educational inputs, processes and outputs, unavailability of resources due to increasing student population, the absence of a well-planned curriculum design and review processes. Other policy implications are discussed. Keywords: Ghana, higher fashion education, quality assurance, the design school model
- Tapestry as an Entrepreneurship Venture for Niger-Delta Youths
Authors: Oghale Okpu
Abstract: Tapestry is one of the traditional weaving in most European countries. The technique is learnt and used to create interior decorations for homes, offices and religious temples or mosques (religious themes). The skill is still used in the present days although it is not as popular as decorative prints, batiks and tie-dye which every Tom, Dick and Harry can engage in. This paper examines tapestry as a viable tool for entrepreneurship if the skill and techniques are learnt. It is a profit oriented business, if the youths of Niger – Delta can be persuaded to learn the method of production. Their restless, youthful exuberance and other social ills of armed robberies, kidnapping and rape will surely be reduced to minimum. Materials needed are listed, the different knotting techniques and the characteristic inherent in tapestries are analysed. It is noted that any interested individual can excel in the tapestry enterprise. You must not be an artist before you can engage in the business. With hardwork, determination and patience, the individual will always make money enough for all his/her financial expenses or obligations to make life meaningful or worth living. Keywords: Tapestry, Entrepreneurship, Rya knot, Warp, Weft, Cartoon.
- Journal Cover Page
Authors: Journal Editor
Abstract: Journal Cover Page
- Architectural Visual Language in the Epic of Gilgamesh
Authors: Ayman Al Suliman
Abstract: The epic of Gilgamesh has proved to be more than just a legendary text as it provided us with valuable insight to the architectural design of its age. We are going to look, within our study, at what is known to be one of the most ancient journeys known in history inside the world of architect and design.According to my knowledge there has not been a text describing any such journey prior to the Gilgamesh epic containing the twelve chapters that form the body of the work. Most of the works mentioning such journeys were written almost ten decades after the release of the epic. The text of the epic is also unique in its length unmatched except by Homer's Odyssey and its crazy Phoenician journey passing by the Pillars of Hercules; this journey occurred on the Atlantic Ocean coast.I have been reviewing these texts in depth for over 39 years, since I first read the epic back in 1975. I have had the opportunity back then to look at what was once considered a taboo. Something that was prohibited for me to overview during my youth. The epic was one of the prohibitions due to the similarities it contains within its text with Monotheistic religions regardless of the style and the language used in the holly books. As a hungry reader back then I was only allowed access to texts mentioned within Quran. Since then I was obsessed with having the opportunity to embody the epic's architectural designs through forming surrealistic paintings reflecting my own view of this eternal epic.I will attempt through this humble study to embody the epic through ten paintings I have completed throughout last year. These paintings describe the Mesopotamian civilization; it also provides insight to that stage of history in addition to the time and place the epic took place. It also clarifies the identity of the place where the epic took place in the lights of the texts, archeological and historic data that could be compared to the epic's text.The rule adopted here is that any piece of art work needs to be predestined by critique conditions. similarly, any critique article needs to be predestined by ethical terms that relate to art work ethics and its deployment in addition to its influence level in the yet to come personal experience or its influence in the experience of others. Keywords: Epic of Gilgamesh, Mesopotamia, Immortality, Noah, Sumerians, Dilmun Island