Arts and Design Studies
[24 followers] Follow
Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2224-6061 - ISSN (Online) 2225-059X
Published by IISTE [30 journals]
- THE ELABORATION OF GORO-GORO IN WAYANG PLAY OF TEATER KOMA (A Case Study
of Riantiarno Plays’ Semar Gugat and Republik Bagong)
Authors: Arthur S Nalan; Retno Dwimarwati, Yadi Mulyadi
Abstract: Teater Koma which was established by Riantiarno in 1977 has been successful in creating specific works characterized by local colors potentials. Riantiarno’s strongest choice is wayang as the expression media containing multi dimensions and multi functions. The works ideology of Teater Koma is that theatre is the explanation of thought, criticism, and self-criticism. The elaboration of Riantiarno’s concept is through continuous engagement in theatre which moves as the times flow. Wayang is an entertainment as well as a guidance teaching values of good and bad as well as right and wrong. Wayang is a mirror through the events in the plays derived from Mahabharata and Ramayana. The honesty values in wayang can be seen in goro-goro scene positioning Panakawan as the fighter of “honesty voice” in the society. Goro-goro is the events functioned as efficacious pneumonic devices. Panakawan are elaborated into inspiring significant characters or even as protagonists in Riantiarno plays. In this case, Panakawan are positioned as tragic characters undergoing tragic rhythm. This is become the source of dramatic and aesthetic exploration to answer the present problems in the society. Keywords: Panakawan, goro-goro, elaboration, dramatic and aesthetic exploration, Teater Koma
- Innovation in Developing Textile Designs Directly Onto Screen without the
Use of a Diapositive
Abstract: The conventional process of developing textile designs unto screen has been the practice of the use of a diapositive. This method apparently has been useful but more spontaneous designs or patterns can be achieved by employing other innovative methods. This study seeks to experiment innovative ideas and methods of developing designs directly onto screen without the use of a diapositive. The research is based on the qualitative research approach and makes use of the experimental and descriptive methods of research. Observation was the main research tool for data collection. The study focused on exploring innovative ideas and methods in developing patterns unto screen for printing by innovatively using leaves, pieces of paper, saw dust, local sponge, threads and others. The study revealed that, developing and printing designs from these innovative techniques provide a collection of accidental designs that are not controlled by the intentional manipulation of the designer. Unique and non-stereotype design concept were serendipitously achieved. It is recommended that for more unique and creative design concepts these techniques could be adopted for accidental designs. Key words: diapositive, screen development, design, innovative ideas.
- Ewe Proverbs - A Source of Imagery for Textile Designs
Authors: Vigbedor Divine; Gbadegbe Richard Selase, Adja-Koadade Mokpokpo, Agra Florence
Abstract: There have been several ways of generating ideas for textile designs and these comprise ideas from nature, environment and coined symbols from sayings especially from the “Akan” language where the “adinkra” symbols originated. These “adinkra” motifs or imagery have been excessively used and there is the need for new ones to be generated. It is upon this, that the researcher is exploring selected proverbs of the Ewe people to generate motifs to be used for both batik and textile print designs. The current symbols used by students and professional craftsmen were observed and examined to have first-hand information about their meaning and usage. The study collected and identified Ewe proverbs through opinion leaders and documented literature, which were developed into symbols or imagery suitable and appropriate for batik and textile design prints. Interview guide was used to collect data from students and stakeholders. The finding indicates that proverbs can be a source of inspiration for designers when generated into symbols. Secondly, the symbols when converted into product designs such as textiles, leather, ceramics, sculpture and painting works will bring variety to the market. Lastly, the symbols can serve as a document for referencing for students, professionals and craftsmen. The study shows that proverbs can be a source for generating symbols for textile design and other fields of art. Keywords: Adinkra, craftsmen, proverbs, imagery and symbols.
- Solomon Wangboje’s Creative Work: The Romance of the Headload Series
and Festival of the Gods
Authors: Nics O. Ubogu
Abstract: Solomon Wangboje has, without doubt, excelled in his artistic craftsmanship which reached a very advanced stage. He has contributed immensely to the development of printmaking in Nigeria through the application and exposure of various themes, techniques and media in his creative work. This paper will examine Wangboje’s prints, namely “Romance of the Headload” (Series II, III, IV) and “Festival of the Gods”, with a view to highlighting the socio-cultural and religious themes projected by the artist, among them the promotion of entrepreneurial development through artistic endeavours in “Romance of the Headload” series and religion and culture in “Festival of the Gods”. The paper will also analyze the techniques applied by the artist to enhance and project these themes. Keywords: romance, printmaking, headload techniques
- Major Development Communication Paradigms and Practices: Implications for
Authors: Ebigbagha Zifegha Sylvester; Peter Sale, Naomi Albert Yusuf
Abstract: Modernization, Dependency, and Multiplicity are three major concepts of development, which have occasioned the use of hierarchical and/or participatory communication practices in our society today. These significantly impact on the mediation role of the graphic encoder during media production process that could either afford or hinder development. Therefore, in order to adopt communication strategies that would produce desired outcomes, this paper focused on the implications of the major paradigms of development and communication practices on graphic communication. It employed a triangulation of research methods: the Critical-Historical-Analytic Examination, In-depth interviews, Focus Group Discussion and Content Analysis. The paper started with the centrality of graphic communication media to the success of development initiatives. Furthermore, it aptly presented an overview of the major paradigms of development vis-a-vis the key models of communication on which practices are hinged. Moreover, it copiously discussed the impact of the Source’s concept of development on mediation role of the graphic encoder during communication development. And it examined the impact of communication practices on produced media for campaigns in Africa. The paper ended with the need to adopt communication approaches that embed the graphic encoder and other stakeholders in order to produce effective graphic communication. Keywords: Major Development Paradigms, Communication Practices, Graphic Communication, Graphic Encoder’s Mediation, Media Production Process.
- The Significance of Visual Arts as Communication and Its Relevance in
Authors: M.O. OGUNMOLA
Abstract: This discussion being highlighted here focuses on the significance visual Art as Communication and its Relevance in Educational development. It studied the concepts of communication art and an art teacher. Emphasis was laid on the importance of art in communication into the societal development is examined. Recommendation is for both government and teacher of visual art in the schools are enumerated.
- Implementation of Paduraksa Temple Ornament for Batik Motif Development
Authors: Laksmi K. Wardani; Ronald H.I. Sitinjak, Sriti Mayang Sari
Abstract: The gate of Candi Paduraksa or the Paduraksa Temple is a historical artefact that possesses historical, art, cultural and religious values. It contains sources of knowledge and experience in the art of building decoration. In this study, the various ornaments carved on the building in the past have been chosen as the resources for developing new ideas of Batik motifs and patterns. Using the descriptive analytical method of approach, this research aims to identify the unique characteristics of the Paduraksa Temple ornament as sources of knowledge as well as inspiration and to perform experimental studies in order to develop new Batik motifs and patterns from those sources. The new Batik motifs and patterns developed from this research provides opportunities in increasing creative economy of small to medium business units. Developing the arrangement pattern of Batik motifs would not only consider aesthetic values but also examine the skills and capacity of local craftsmen in the production process. Keywords: key words, orkforce sizing, job-shop production, holonic model
- Contemporary Nigerian Sculpture: Where are the Flowers?
Authors: Leni Eleanor Satsi; Muyideen A. Jaji, Okachi W. Emmanuel
Abstract: There is general assumption that flowers are Western not African. Mazrui et al (2004) opines that ‘there is a “floral gap” in African culture’. By this he refers to an insignificant representation of flowers in African Culture. This study investigates the possibilities of including flowers in contemporary sculpture as a way of bridging the floral gap. This study will not be sufficient to fill the floral gap but is aimed at promoting a flower culture in Nigeria. It brings to fore the issues of extinction, adaptation and its Consequences. It emphasises the dire need for artists in Nigeria to respond to the environment and issues that pertain to her. Five flowers have been selected; hibiscus, lily, zinnia, sunflower and rose; they are explored to create sculptures in relief and round forms to satisfy the canons of representational and abstract art. The approach of this study is studio-experiment. The purpose of this research is to promote a flower culture in Nigeria, making flowers a relevant subject matter in expressing thoughts and ideas in art.