Subjects -> MANUFACTURING AND TECHNOLOGY (Total: 345 journals)
    - CERAMICS, GLASS AND POTTERY (30 journals)
    - MACHINERY (35 journals)
    - MANUFACTURING AND TECHNOLOGY (213 journals)
    - METROLOGY AND STANDARDIZATION (5 journals)
    - PACKAGING (19 journals)
    - PAINTS AND PROTECTIVE COATINGS (4 journals)
    - PLASTICS (36 journals)
    - RUBBER (3 journals)

MANUFACTURING AND TECHNOLOGY (213 journals)                  1 2     

Showing 1 - 73 of 73 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 35)
Additive Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Advanced Composites and Hybrid Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advanced Industrial and Engineering Polymer Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Manufacturing: Polymer & Composites Science     Open Access   (Followers: 39)
Advances in Adaptive Data Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Manufacturing Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Materials and Processing Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Technology Innovation     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Afrique Science : Revue Internationale des Sciences et Technologie     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
American Journal of Sensor Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Appita Journal: Journal of the Technical Association of the Australian and New Zealand Pulp and Paper Industry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Applied Ergonomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Asia Pacific Biotech News     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Australian TAFE Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Behavioral and Cognitive Neuroscience Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Bharatiya Vaigyanik evam Audyogik Anusandhan Patrika (BVAAP)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bio-Design and Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal  
Biomanufacturing Reviews     Full-text available via subscription  
Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Biotechnology Progress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
CATTECH     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Centaurus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
China Foundry     Open Access  
Clay Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
Cold Regions Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Comparative Technology Transfer and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Composites Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 246)
Comprehensive Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Computer-Aided Design and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Control Theory and Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Control Theory and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cryoletters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Current Protocols in Essential Laboratory Techniques     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Research in Nanotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Decision Making : Applications in Management and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Decision Making in Manufacturing and Services     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Design Journal : An International Journal for All Aspects of Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Design Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Economics of Innovation and New Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Emerging Materials Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Environmental Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
FAC Journal of Systems and Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Fibers     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Fibers and Polymers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
FORMakademisk - forskningstidsskrift for design og designdidaktikk     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Futures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Gender, Technology and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Green Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
History and Technology: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Human Factors in Design     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
i+Diseño : Revista científico-académica internacional de Innovación, Investigación y Desarrollo en Diseño     Open Access  
IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
IEEE Open Journal of Nanotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
IET Collaborative Intelligent Manufacturing     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
IETE Journal of Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
IETE Technical Review     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Indian Journal of Radio & Space Physics (IJRSP)     Open Access   (Followers: 46)
Información Tecnológica     Open Access  
Innovation: Management, Policy & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Innovations : Technology, Governance, Globalization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Integrating Materials and Manufacturing Innovation     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal for Quality Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal for the History of Engineering and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Additive and Subtractive Materials Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Advanced Design and Manufacturing Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Automation and Logistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Business and Systems Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Concrete Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
International Journal of Design     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
International Journal of Design Creativity and Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Digital Enterprise Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Embedded Systems and Emerging Technologies     Full-text available via subscription  
International Journal of Energy Technology and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Engineering and Manufacturing     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Engineering Materials and Manufacture     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Experimental Design and Process Optimisation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Information Acquisition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Innovation and Technology Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Intelligent Transportation Systems Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Learning Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Lightweight Materials and Manufacture     Open Access  
International Journal of Manufacturing Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Manufacturing, Materials, and Mechanical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
International journal of materials research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Nano and Biomaterials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Physical Modelling in Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Planning and Scheduling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing-Green Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Production Management and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Quality and Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Quality Engineering and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Service and Computing Oriented Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Social and Humanistic Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of System of Systems Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Technoentrepreneurship     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Technological Learning, Innovation and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Technology and Design Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Technology and Globalisation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Technology Intelligence and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Technology Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Technology Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Technology Transfer and Commercialisation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Technology, Policy and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Telecommunications & Emerging Technologies     Full-text available via subscription  
International Journal of Vehicle Autonomous Systems     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Vehicle Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Wood Products Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ITL - International Journal of Applied Linguistics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Journal for Manufacturing Science and Production     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal for New Generation Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Analytical Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Control & Instrumentation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Design Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Energy, Mechanical, Material and Manufacturing Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Enterprise Transformation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Frugal Innovation     Open Access  
Journal of High Technology Management Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Industrial and Production Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of large-scale research facilities JLSRF     Open Access  
Journal of Law, Information and Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Manufacturing and Materials Processing     Open Access  
Journal of Materials Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Micro-Bio Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Nanobiotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Operations and Supply Chain Management     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Production Research & Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Remanufacturing     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research (JSIR)     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Sensor Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Sensors and Sensor Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Sustainable Metallurgy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Technological Possibilism     Open Access  
Journal of Technology in Human Services     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Technology Management for Growing Economies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the Chinese Institute of Industrial Engineers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of The Royal Society Interface     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Urban Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Jurnal Energi Dan Manufaktur     Open Access  
Lasers in Manufacturing and Materials Processing     Full-text available via subscription  
Leibniz Transactions on Embedded Systems     Open Access  
Lightweight Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Main Science and Technology Indicators - Principaux indicateurs de la science et de la technologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Management and Production Engineering Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Manufacturing Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Manufacturing Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Manufacturing Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Materials Circular Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Materials Science and Engineering: B     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Materials testing. Materialprüfung     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
MECCA Journal of Middle European Construction and Design of Cars     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Mechanics of Soft Materials     Hybrid Journal  
Métodos y Materiales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Microgravity Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Modern Electronic Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
NanoEthics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Nanomanufacturing and Metrology     Hybrid Journal  
Nature Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 686)
NDT & E International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 188)
Nonconventional Technologies Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Numismatické listy     Open Access  
Perspectives on Global Development and Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Plastics, Rubber and Composites     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Procedia CIRP     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Procedia IUTAM     Open Access  
Procedia Manufacturing     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Production     Open Access  
Production & Manufacturing Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Progress in Additive Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Publikationsreihe des Manufacturing Excellence Netzwerks     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Reliability Engineering & System Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Remote Sensing Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Research Papers Faculty of Materials Science and Technology Slovak University of Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Revista de Ciências Exatas e Tecnologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Latinoamericana de Metalurgia y Materiales     Open Access  
Revista Produção Online     Open Access  
Science and Technology of Advanced Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Science China Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Scientia Canadensis: Canadian Journal of the History of Science, Technology and Medicine / Scientia Canadensis : revue canadienne d'histoire des sciences, des techniques et de la médecine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Strategic Design Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Structural Health Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Surveys in Operations Research and Management Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Sustainability : The Journal of Record     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Synthesis Lectures on Engineers, Technology and Society     Full-text available via subscription  
Synthesis Lectures on Image, Video, and Multimedia Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Technical Communication Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Techniques et culture     Open Access   (Followers: 2)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
International Journal of Lightweight Materials and Manufacture
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2588-8404
Published by Ke Ai Homepage  [68 journals]
  • Evolution law of continuous dynamic recrystallization in forming of AA7075
           tee valve by multi-direction loading

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 November 2018Source: International Journal of Lightweight Materials and ManufactureAuthor(s): Jing Cao, Zhichao Sun, Huili Wu, Zhikun Yin, Long HuangAbstractIn forming of AA7075 tee valve by multi-direction loading, continuous dynamic recrystallization (CDRX) will occur and significantly affect the final microstructure and performance of formed parts. In this paper, the developed physically-based internal state variable model for CDRX and finite element (FE) simulation were used to investigate the influence law of forming parameters (deformation temperature, punch fillet radius, friction factor, and the loading speed of punch) on CDRX in the intersecting region (complex deformation and possible weak zone) of the formed tee valve. By considering the grain size and its distributing uniformity in the intersecting region, the reasonable forming parameters were obtained, under which, the evolution behavior and law of the dislocation density, subgrain size, average misorientation of subgrain boundary and average grain size were revealed. The results can provide a guide for the quick prediction of CDRX and selection of the reasonable forming parameters for multi-direction loading forming of tee valves.
       
  • Design and 3D printing of adjustable modulus porous structures for
           customized diabetic foot insoles

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 26 October 2018Source: International Journal of Lightweight Materials and ManufactureAuthor(s): Zheng Ma, Jiacheng Lin, Xiaoyue Xu, Ziwei Ma, Lei Tang, Changning Sun, Dichen Li, Chaozong Liu, Yongming Zhong, Ling WangAbstractDesigns with adjustable gradient modulus have become necessary for applications with special demands such as diabetic insole, in which the contact stress between the foot and insole is a critical factor for ulcers development. However, since the adjustment of elastic modulus on certain regions of insole can hardly be achieved via materials selection, a porous structural unit with varying porosity becomes a feasible way. Therefore, porous structural units associated with adjustable effective modulus and porosity can be employed to construct such insoles by 3D printing manufacturing technology. This paper presents a study on the porous structural units in terms of the geometrical parameters, porosity, and their correlations with the effective modulus. To achieve this goal, finite element analyses were carried out on porous structural units, and mechanical tests were carried out on the 3D printed samples for validation purposes. In this case, the mathematical relationships between the effective modulus and the key geometrical parameters were derived and subsequently employed in the construction of an insole model. This study provides a generalized foundation of porous structural design and adjustable gradient modulus in application of diabetic insole, which can be equally applied to other designs with similar demands.
       
  • A study of thermomechanical behaviour and grain size evolution of AA7050
           under hot forging conditions

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 October 2018Source: International Journal of Lightweight Materials and ManufactureAuthor(s): Weishu Li, Yaoqiong Liu, Shuai Jiang, Qinmeng Luan, Yibo Li, Bin Gu, Zhusheng ShiAbstractA series of compression tests have been carried out using Gleeble (3800) thermomechanical simulator to investigate the viscoplastic behaviour of AA7050 as well as its microstructural characteristics under hot forging conditions. The thermomechanical tests were conducted at the temperatures of 350–450 °C with strain rates of 0.0005–0.5 s−1, which covers the range of hot forging conditions for AA7050. Interrupted tests have also been carried out to track the microstructural evolution under various thermomechanical deformation conditions. Particular attention has been focused on the criteria of dynamic recrystallisation in AA7050 during the uniaxial compression at high temperatures, which could help to obtain regular homogeneous grain structures for hot forged components. It was found that AA7050 has a strong viscoplastic behaviour and flow stress is more than halved from 350 to 450 °C. A suitably low strain rate and high temperature are required for significant dynamic recrystallisation (0.05 s−1 and 400 °C in current deformation level). The average grain size decreases with increasing strain and deformation temperature due to dynamic recrystallisation, but the relationship between average grain size and strain rate is not monotonic. Present findings provide a guideline for the selection of hot forging parameters so that quality components could be achieved with low forging force.
       
  • Smart metal forming with digital process and IoT

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 October 2018Source: International Journal of Lightweight Materials and ManufactureAuthor(s): Ming YangAbstractManufacturers in the metal forming industry are paying attentions on smart manufacturing with the internet of things (IoT). An innovation has been occurring by changing metal forming processes from analog to digital by utilizing servo press system and IT technology for improving worth of the mass production manufacturing technology. This paper aims to review initiatives to smart metal forming by applying servo press and the IoT. Some novel applications of servo press as a digital manufacturing system to improve formability and accuracy of the product are introduced. Initiatives of process visualization using die-embedded sensors and data management with the IoT are also reviewed for prospection to smart manufacturing system.
       
  • In-situ observations of recrystallization and microstructural evolution in
           cerium-containing rolled magnesium alloys

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 September 2018Source: International Journal of Lightweight Materials and ManufactureAuthor(s): Ajith Chakkedath, David Hernández-Escobar, Carl J. BoehlertAbstractThe recrystallization and microstructural evolution of rolled Mg-2Zn-xCe (x = 0.2 and 0.6 wt%) were studied by combining annealing with in-situ electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) analysis. Sequential EBSD orientation maps of the same microstructural patch were obtained at increasing temperatures, 298 K, 423 K, and from 473 K to 598 K in 25 K increments. In both alloys, the nucleation of new grains was first observed at 473 K, and recrystallization was complete by 573 K. It was found that greater Ce additions led to a higher fraction of recrystallized grains and an overall finer grain size. New grains with a misorientation angle-axis relationship of 60° about , 56° about , and 86° about were observed. Although the twin evolution during heating was not captured, the misorientation axis relationships along , , were characterized for the recrystallized grains. The misorientation angles were uniformly distributed between 30° and 90° in both alloys. The results are discussed and compared with Mg-3Al-1Zn (wt%).
       
  • Effect of NiTi content and test temperature on mechanical behaviors of
           NiTi–PU composites

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 September 2018Source: International Journal of Lightweight Materials and ManufactureAuthor(s): Xingke Zhao, Tao Chen, Shufan WangAbstractFor purpose of developing damping materials with increased damping capacity over a wide band, NiTi–PU composites were fabricated by vacuum molding polyether polyurethane melt with NiTi alloy chips additive. The composites were tested using three-point bending at various testing temperatures. Appreciable improvements were observed in bending modulus and load-deflection hysteresis loops of PU matrix. The bending modulus and hysteresis loop area of a composite with 70% NiTi volume content reach a maximum, which are 5.4 times and 5.6 times higher than those of PU matrix, respectively. The mechanism of bending modulus enhancement of NiTi additive was discussed.
       
  • Microstructure and mechanical properties of 3Y-TZP dental ceramics
           fabricated by selective laser sintering combined with cold isostatic
           pressing

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 September 2018Source: International Journal of Lightweight Materials and ManufactureAuthor(s): Fen Chen, Jia-Min Wu, Huan-Qi Wu, Ying Chen, Chen-Hui Li, Yu-Sheng ShiAbstractAdditive manufacturing (AM) technology is showing great potential in dental restorations. In this paper, 3Y-TZP ceramics which are widely used in the fabrication of dental restorations were fabricated by selective laser sintering (SLS) combined with cold isostatic pressing (CIP) technology, and the effect of sintering temperature on phase composition, microstructure and mechanical properties of 3Y-TZP ceramics was investigated. 3Y-TZP/MgO/Epoxy resin E12 composite powder with good flowability and homogeneity was prepared by mechanical mixing method. The SLSed samples were obtained with optimum parameters (laser power = 7 W, scanning speed = 2600 mm/s, hatch spacing = 0.15 mm and layer thickness = 0.09 mm). Then they were densified by CIP (280 MPa, 5 min) process and sintered to obtain 3Y-TZP ceramics. It was found that the sample had the highest flexural strength of 279.50 ± 10.50 MPa and the maximum relative density of 86.65 ± 0.20% when sintered at 1500 °C due to the appropriate grain size and phase composition. Finally, some all-ceramic dental restorations were successfully fabricated by this technology. This work provides a new way for the manufacture of individualized all-ceramic dental restorations.
       
  • Comparative study of the application of steels and aluminium in
           lightweight production of automotive parts

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 September 2018Source: International Journal of Lightweight Materials and ManufactureAuthor(s): Miklos Tisza, Imre CzinegeAbstractThe automotive industry has a decisive role in the economy of developed countries. Sheet metal forming – as one of the main processes in car manufacturing – has similarly important role. Concerning the recent trends in car production, the application of lightweight constructions principles is the main priority to meet customers' demands and the increased legal requirements. To meet these expectations, the application of high strength materials is regarded as one of the most promising possibilities. Applying high strength materials – beside high strength steels like DP1000, TRIP780 recently aluminium alloys, e.g. AA7021 or AA7075 – have a positive response for many of the requirements: increasing strength results in the application of thinner sheets together with significant mass reduction, leading to lower consumption with increased environment protection; however it can often lead to the decrease of formability, too. In this paper, an introduction on recent material developments in the automotive industry concerning both the use of new generation high strength steels and light metals with particular emphasis on aluminium alloys will be given. A comparison between steel and aluminium application in the automotive industry is given from various points of view. Since our main topic is the sheet metal forming, in this paper the body-in-white manufacturing in the automotive industry is the primary focus field.
       
  • Tool wear investigation in high-pressure jet coolant assisted machining
           Ti2AlNb intermetallic alloys based on FEM

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 September 2018Source: International Journal of Lightweight Materials and ManufactureAuthor(s): Jiuhua Xu, Linjiang He, Honghua Su, Liang ZhangAbstractThe excellent mechanical properties of Ti2AlNb intermetallic compounds are beneficial to improve the performance of aero-engine. However, because of their high strength ratio especially at high temperature along with the low thermal conductivity of Ti2AlNb, the machinability of this material is poor. In this paper, high-pressure jet cooling technology is applied for the machining of Ti2AlNb intermetallic alloys to investigate the effects of high pressure jet cooling on the machinability of Ti2AlNb. The performance associated with the cutting force, the cutting temperature, the chip morphology and the tool wear have been discussed. The results showed that the high pressure jet cooling can enhance the heat dissipation by weakening the phenomenon of bubble adsorption in the cutting area based on the FEM simulations. The high pressure jet cooling can break the chip into C-type chip and improve the chip breakage capability. It also demonstrates that the crater wear and adhesive wear near the cutting edge can be significantly reduced with the high pressure jet cooling technology. When the jet pressure reaches 10 MPa, the cutting temperature reduced 22% and the tool life improved by 89%.
       
  • In-situ micro-tensile testing of AA2024-T3 fibre laser welds with digital
           image correlation as a function of welding speed

    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: International Journal of Lightweight Materials and Manufacture, Volume 1, Issue 3Author(s): Joseph Ahn, Enguang He, Li Chen, John Dear, Zhutao Shao, Catrin DaviesAbstractIn this paper, the influence of welding speed on tensile properties of AA2024-T3 fibre laser welds was investigated by monitoring the deformation behaviour during tensile loading. In-situ micro-tensile testing combined with a high-resolution optical microscope and DIC was used to measure strain distribution in narrow weld regions showing characteristics of fibre laser beam welding with limited metallurgical modifications. A chemical etching technique was used to generate a micro-scale random speckle pattern by revealing the weld microstructure. Such pattern enabled a sufficient spatial resolution of strain while keeping the weld seam visible during deformation. The results of microstructural and mechanical properties determined under numerous welding speeds indicated that increasing the welding speed led to the transition of weld pool shape from circular to elliptical to teardrop with a greater fraction of equiaxed dendrites. The weaker strength of the weld, as measured by local lower micro-hardness values, constrained significant plasticity development locally within the weld. Tensile tests revealed that increasing the welding speed resulted in greater yield strength and ultimate tensile strength, whereas, total elongation to failure dropped. The tensile properties improved with increasing welding speed as the fraction of equiaxed dendrites increased.
       
  • Ultrasonic vibration assisted grinding of CFRP composites: Effect of fiber
           

    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: International Journal of Lightweight Materials and Manufacture, Volume 1, Issue 3Author(s): Yan Chen, Yuhong Liang, Jiuhua Xu, Andong HuAbstractUltrasonic vibration assisted grinding (UVAG) of carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP) composites was carried out using a monolayer brazed diamond tool. Effects of the fiber orientation and vibration velocity on grinding forces and surface quality were analyzed. The maximum vibration velocity was varied by adjusting the grinding tool length. The results reveals that the grinding force is decreased with the increase of vibration velocity. The maximal grinding force is obtained with the fiber orientation at 135°, while the minimum grinding force is produced when the fiber orientation is 45°. Surface damages, such as groove scratch, fiber breakage are reduced with the increase of vibration velocity. Additionally, the fiber orientation plays a critical role in the surface morphology.
       
  • A review on modelling techniques for formability prediction of sheet metal
           forming

    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: International Journal of Lightweight Materials and Manufacture, Volume 1, Issue 3Author(s): Ruiqiang Zhang, Zhutao Shao, Jianguo LinAbstractWith an increasing demand for lightweight design of vehicles in automotive and aircraft industries, sheet metals with low density and high strength have been widely and intensively used in forming lightweight structural panel components. Formability is a critical material property in describing deformation ability of sheet metals, and it is usually evaluated by a forming limit diagram (FLD) determined at various forming conditions. FLDs for metallic material are usually obtained experimentally, which is time-consuming and costly. Numbers of theoretical and numerical models have been developed and used to predict the formability of sheet metals. These modelling techniques are primarily developed based on bifurcation theory, geometrical imperfection theory and continuum damage mechanics. This paper covers a comprehensive review of modelling methods used for the formability prediction of lightweight materials for sheet metal forming applications.
       
  • Structure design, fabrication, properties of laminated ceramics: A review

    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: International Journal of Lightweight Materials and Manufacture, Volume 1, Issue 3Author(s): Laifei Cheng, Mengyong Sun, Fang Ye, Yuhang Bai, Mingxing Li, Shangwu Fan, Litong ZhangAbstractVarious methods exist to improve the toughness and reduce the sensitivity to the defects in ceramic materials; however, the bionic laminated ceramics are the most promising ones. In this paper, we review preparation, sintering, properties and toughening mechanisms of laminated ceramics. Delamination cracks and crack deflection are the main sources of energy dissipation during the fracture of laminated ceramics with weak interfaces. The increasing fracture toughness is due to the residual compressive stress and is the mechanism of laminated ceramics toughness with strong interfaces. These extensively studied laminated ceramics with excellent comprehensive performances (such as high temperature resistance, ablation resistance, thermal shock resistance, high thermal conductivity and impact resistance) have broadened the scope of potential and useful engineering applications. This paper also predicts the feasibility of complex structural 3D designs for rapid prototyping as well as aid development of the new sintering technology, such as cold sintering process and liquid silicon infiltration process, for the preparation of laminated ceramics.
       
  • Morphological evolution of GP zones and nanometer-sized precipitates in
           the AA2050 aluminium alloy

    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: International Journal of Lightweight Materials and Manufacture, Volume 1, Issue 3Author(s): Tsai-Fu Chung, Yo-Lun Yang, Chien-Nan Hsiao, Wei-Chih Li, Bo-Ming Huang, Cheng-Si Tsao, Zhusheng Shi, Jianguo Lin, Paul E. Fischione, Takahito Ohmura, Jer-Ren YangAbstractCs-corrected high-angle-annular-dark-field scanning-transmission-electron microscopy (Cs-corrected HAADF-STEM) was employed to examine the phases in AlCuLi alloy (AA2050), including GP(T1), GP(θ″) and GPB zones with their subsequent nanometer-sized products, T1 (Al2CuLi), θ′ (Al2Cu), and S (Al2CuMg) precipitates, respectively. Under the peak-aging condition, some solute-atom enriched clusters could still be found, and the newly-formed nucleus of GP(θ″) with a mono-layer {100} plane of Cu atoms occurred at the adjacent area of the joint between θ′ and S precipitates or the edge of an individual S precipitate. The transition of a single Cu-layer GP(θ″) → θ′ was presumed to be transformation via in-situ nucleation. The developing GP(θ″) zones and θ′ precipitates were easily subjected to soft impingement. However, hard impingement between two variants of θ′ presumably occurred, wherein one θ′ variant precipitate was blocked out by the other θ′ variant. As for the creep-ageing forming (CAF) treated sample, some precipitates of T1 and θ′ were found to have the cutting characteristic on specific ledges.
       
  • Addressing the challenges for the industrial application of additive
           manufacturing: Towards a hybrid solution

    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: International Journal of Lightweight Materials and Manufacture, Volume 1, Issue 3Author(s): Panagiotis Stavropoulos, Panagis Foteinopoulos, Alexios Papacharalampopoulos, Harry BikasAbstractThe interest of different industrial sectors for Additive Manufacturing (AM) is rapidly increasing, mainly due to the fact that complex parts can be manufactured without an increase in cost. However, there are limitations in AM in terms of speed, working volumes, and the need for post processing of the manufactured parts, which puts a barrier for the industrial application of AM. A most promising way for the industrialization of AM solutions, is their merging with Subtractive Manufacturing (SM) processes, taking into account industrial practices and needs. In this study, the roadmap for the industrial application of AM is paved by addressing the challenges hindering it, through a Hybrid AM solution framework, which is tailored to the needs of industries. A Hybrid AM cell-based solution is proposed and the development of a hybrid AM production line is also discussed, along with the aspects that have to be taken into consideration for the enhancement of the quality, flexibility and productivity towards the automated production of net parts of high complexity and low cost.
       
  • Microstructural and failure mechanism of laser welded 2A97 Al–Li alloys
           via synchrotron 3D tomography

    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: International Journal of Lightweight Materials and Manufacture, Volume 1, Issue 3Author(s): L. Chen, Y.N. Hu, E.G. He, S.C. Wu, Y.N. FuAbstractGood quality 1.2-mm-thick 2A97 Al–Li alloy butt joints were achieved by the fiber laser welding with the filler ER5356. Thorough investigations were then performed on the microstructure, porosity size and location, softening behavior, tensile strength and fatigue limit, together with failure mechanism via the third-generation synchrotron X-ray microtomography. Results show that the very narrow EQuiaxed Zone (EQZ) inside the weld composed of small-sized grains can be clearly observed when magnifying the fusion line. EQZ appears to be the weakest region across the weld, giving the lowest hardness. Generally, the grain size and distribution are less responsible for the softening. Furthermore, both sides of EQZ with acute microstructure and property gradient induce the stress concentration. EQZ appears to play a crucial role in degrading the mechanical strength and cracking resistance. Laser welded 2A97 Al–Li alloys with ER5356 demonstrate better mechanical properties in terms of tensile strength and fatigue limit compared to those with ER4047.
       
  • Simulation and experimental investigation of drilling of Ti-6Al-4V alloy

    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: International Journal of Lightweight Materials and Manufacture, Volume 1, Issue 3Author(s): Asit Kumar ParidaAbstractTitanium alloys are considered as poor machinability material due to high chemical reactivity with the cutting tool and low thermal conductivity properties. Thus, high cutting temperature and pressure at cutting-edge result high tool wear and tool damage. The drilling parameters are the one alternative to reduce high temperature which increases tool life. In this investigation, to avoid the cost of the material and time in the machining of Ti-6Al-4V, a 3D FEM has been proposed to study the drilling operation. The simulation model has been carried out with DEFORM software by varying cutting speed and feed rates to study thrust, torque, effective stress, effective strain and drill bit temperature. According to this investigation, the drill bit temperature was increased with the increase of all range feed rates, whereas an increase of cutting speed reduced the hardness of workpiece due to thermal softening, thus low temperature on drill bit was observed. The better surface finish was observed at high cutting speed and low feed rate. To validate the simulation model, a series of experiments have been performed in the same cutting condition. Torque, thrust, and circularity have been evaluated and compared with the simulated results. A close agreement with fewer errors between them was observed which reveals that the simulation model is correct.
       
  • Effect of water jet peening using ultrasonic waves on pure Al and
           Al–Cu alloy surfaces

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 31 August 2018Source: International Journal of Lightweight Materials and ManufactureAuthor(s): Masataka Ijiri, Daichi Shimonishi, Daisuke Nakagawa, Toshihiko YoshimuraAbstractAl has been widely used in many common products, such as household items, industrial products, and accessories. To respond to the increasing demand for its use, the enhancement of various properties of Al by adding different elements has been explored. As a result, numerous types of aluminum alloys have been developed, the addition of elements is a complex process, and the recycling of such alloys is difficult. In this study, the improvement of the residual stress, strength, and corrosion resistance of the surface of pure Al specimens by the multifunction cavitation (MFC) processing was investigated. Moreover, although the strength of Al–Cu alloys is greater than that of pure Al, the added Cu reduces the corrosion resistance; thus, the improvement of the corrosion resistance of the surface of Al–Cu alloy specimens by MFC processing was also explored. In the MFC-processed pure Al, water jet peening always suppressed the erosion generated in the center part of the specimen surface and improved the residual stress applied to the specimen surface. Furthermore, the MFC processing of the Al–Cu alloy was confirmed to improve the surface residual stress, strength, and corrosion resistance. Dissolved oxygen generated during processing is involved in the improvement of the corrosion resistance, and it is considered that the corrosion resistance was improved by the formation of an oxide film as a result of this dissolved oxygen bonding with Al on the surface.
       
  • Microstructure and mechanical properties of Ti6321 alloy welded joint by
           EBW

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 August 2018Source: International Journal of Lightweight Materials and ManufactureAuthor(s): Fuyang Gao, Qi Gao, Peng Jiang, Zhiying Liu, Zhiqian LiaoAbstractTitanium and its alloys have excellent combination of properties, such as low density, high specific strength and corrosion resistance, and they are extensively used in many industrial fields. This work is aiming at investigation on the microstructure and mechanical properties of Ti–6Al–3Nb–2Zr–1Mo (Ti6321) alloy joints by Electron beam welding (EBW). The results show that the microstructure of the weld metal (WM) is composed of a mixture of acicular α, acicular α′, and β. The heat affected zone (HAZ) near WM consists of acicular α, primary α, acicular β phase and lots of acicular martensite α′. The HAZ near base metal consists of primary α phase and transformed β containing acicular α. The micro-hardness of the weld metal and heat affected zone are higher than that of base metal, and there are the peak values for the HAZ near the weld metal. The tensile strength of joint is equal to that of base metal, and the fracture locations of all the tensile specimens are in base metal, and it is well in accordance with the relationship between microstructure and mechanical properties of welded joints.
       
  • The microstructure and mechanical properties of TA15 joints by laser
           forming connection

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 August 2018Source: International Journal of Lightweight Materials and ManufactureAuthor(s): Bendong Xing, Xiangming Wang, Bin Wu, Can Cui, Minghao XuanAbstractThe microstructure and mechanical properties of laser forming connected joints of TA15 fabricated by hot isostatic pressing (HIP) process were investigated. The results showed that high-quality joints are produced by laser forming connection (LFC). The connection zone (CZ) consists of the columnar grain extending through multiple cladding layers, and the growth direction is perpendicular to the base metal (BM) and connection direction. The tensile strength of joints is higher than that of the BM. The macro-morphology of the BM and joint tensile fractured specimens were observed, and the failure mechanism is macroscopic plastic deformation. The fatigue strength of the joints is 470 MPa, which is 94% of the BM. And the S-N curves of BM and joints were gained by the method of least squares. SEM investigations were performed on the fatigue specimens of joints, and the fatigue fracture morphology was discussed.
       
  • Magnesium application in railway rolling stocks: A new challenge and
           opportunity for lightweighting

    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2018Source: International Journal of Lightweight Materials and Manufacture, Volume 1, Issue 2Author(s): Lingbao Ren, Lingling Fan, Mingyang Zhou, Yangyang Guo, Yuwenxi Zhang, Carl J. Boehlert, Gaofeng QuanAbstractMagnesium (Mg) and their alloys show potential in railway rolling stock applications due to their attractive mechanical properties, developed manufacturing processes, cost efficiency, and affluent resource reserve. In particular, high-strength Mg alloy components are important to lightweighting efforts in the railroad industry. In this review, Mg alloy processing technology for railroad vehicles is discussed with emphasis on energy savings, manipulation convenience, and reduction in friction/wear, vibration, and fatigue damage. It is shown that a Mg alloy train has a theoretical 8.6–12.6% comprehensive weight reduction potential in the equal-strength and equal-stiffness condition, where low-speed trains (metro, light rail train, tram/trolley car, monorail car, suspension train/schwebebahn etc..) exhibit a larger energy-savings than high speed trains. It is evident that the regulations of fabrication, processing, post treatment, assembly/installation, protection, and maintenance/replacement of Mg alloy components for the railroad industry all need further research and development.
       
  • Surface quality and forming characteristics of thin-wall aluminium alloy
           parts manufactured by laser assisted MIG arc additive manufacturing

    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2018Source: International Journal of Lightweight Materials and Manufacture, Volume 1, Issue 2Author(s): Zhaodong Zhang, Chengshuai Sun, Xinkun Xu, Liming LiuAbstractAn innovative additive manufacturing (AM) system using low power pulsed laser assisted MIG arc welding (L-M) was proposed to manufacture metal products. With the purpose of revealing how width and height dimension of the manufactured thin-wall component are affected by the laser power, the present study has been carried out. The width decreased with the increasing of the laser power within a certain range of laser power, and the height increased proportionally under the equal deposition rate. The width and height fluctuation reduced while adding the low power laser, both the standard deviation decreased by more than 50% when the laser power was 400 W. The coefficient of materials utilization was up to 91.12%, and increased by more than 15% while using L-M based AM to fabricate thin-wall parts with a proper laser power. In comparison with the common GMAW-based AM method, the L-M based AM method shows feasibility to manufacture a narrower thin-wall component with better surface quality and higher stability, and also with higher deposition efficiency.
       
  • Three-dimensional graphene-based materials by direct ink writing method
           for lightweight application

    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2018Source: International Journal of Lightweight Materials and Manufacture, Volume 1, Issue 2Author(s): Xiao You, Jinshan Yang, Qian Feng, Kai Huang, Haijun Zhou, Jianbao Hu, Shaoming DongAbstractThree-dimensional graphene-based structure can be built for the lightweight application. In this paper, direct ink writing technology is introduced to construct three-dimensional structure by layer stacking, which prepare lightweight material composed of cellular interconnected network. A homogeneous graphene dispersion is obtained by ultrasonic of graphene in low boiling point solvent ethanol firstly. Parameters such as printing speed and nozzle size can be controlled to obtain three-dimensional graphene-based structure, which is structurally stable and maintains the excellent properties of graphene. This work is expecting to apply the excellent properties of graphene to three-dimensional materials through 3D printing technology, which provides possibility for the lightweight application of graphene-based structures.
       
  • The study of laser shock peening with side-water spraying and
           coaxial-water feeding technology

    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2018Source: International Journal of Lightweight Materials and Manufacture, Volume 1, Issue 2Author(s): Hao Wang, Yihui Huang, Wenwu ZhangAbstractThe study presents laser shock peening with side-water spraying and coaxial-water feeding technology. Results show that laser shock peening improve the hardness and mechanical property of the 5083Al material through side-water spraying. The protective layer could minimize the ablative damage of laser on the surface of the 2024Al specimen. The laser shock peening technology with coaxial-water feeding was used to treat 5083Al, and it could be obtained that the new laser shock peening method has obviously beneficial results in practical application.
       
  • Twin-roll casting 8011 aluminium alloy strips under ultrasonic energy
           field

    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2018Source: International Journal of Lightweight Materials and Manufacture, Volume 1, Issue 2Author(s): Chen Shi, Ke ShenAbstractThe ultrasonic energy field was applied during the twin-roll casting of 8011 aluminium alloy. The effects of ultrasonic vibration treatment on the microstructure and the mechanical properties of the 8011 strips were investigated by means of metallographic microscope observation, scanning electron microscope observation, electron backscattered diffraction and mechanical properties test. The average grain size of the strips decreased from ∼90 μm to ∼70 μm and the maximum density of texture decreased from 19.4 to 15. The content of Fe and Si in the precipitated phases decreased from 12.1% to 6.79%–6.4% and 1.78%, and the segregation phenomenon was restrained effectively. What's more, the mechanical properties of the strips were enhanced: the tensile strength, yield strength and elongation increased by 5.83%, 13.04% and 4.2%, respectively.
       
  • A review on forming techniques for manufacturing lightweight
           complex—shaped aluminium panel components

    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2018Source: International Journal of Lightweight Materials and Manufacture, Volume 1, Issue 2Author(s): Kailun Zheng, Denis J. Politis, Liliang Wang, Jianguo LinAbstractAluminium alloys are being increasingly utilised in the automotive and aerospace industries to reduce the weight of vehicles. Extensive research has been conducted to overcome the poor ductility of aluminium alloys at room temperature and improve formability of the materials, to enable complex-shaped panel components to be manufactured. To this end, this paper contains a comprehensive review of widely used forming processes for aluminium alloys, under cold, warm and hot forming conditions, and the material characteristics and equipment used for each process. Based on a detailed analysis from the view of industrial requirements, recent progress in experimentation techniques are reviewed addressing the limitations and improvements of specific forming processes. Furthermore, material modelling methods at both cold and elevated temperature forming conditions have been presented. In addition, finite element (FE) simulations with the implementation of material models are discussed. This review article intends to provide a systematic guide for process designers to choose the most appropriate sheet forming technique for specific industrial applications.
       
 
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