Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8695 journals)
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Showing 1 - 98 of 98 Journals sorted alphabetically
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Actualites Pharmaceutiques     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Adipocyte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Animal Models and Experimental Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Applied In Vitro Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Clinical and Experimental Medicine     Open Access  
Archives of Medical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Archives of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine     Hybrid Journal  
Clinica Chimica Acta     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Clinical & Experimental Metastasis     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical and Experimental Medical Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Clinical and Experimental Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Trials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Medicine Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Research in Drug Discovery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Drug Design, Development and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ecography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
European Journal of Hospital Pharmacy : Science and Practice (EJHP)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Nanomedicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Experimental & Molecular Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Experimental Aging Research: An International Journal Devoted to the Scientific Study of the Aging Process     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Experimental Biology and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Frontiers in Laboratory Medicine     Open Access  
Frontiers in Medical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IN VIVO     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
International Archives of Biomedical and Clinical Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Experimental Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Health Research and Innovation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Statistics in Medical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Cell Science & Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Research     Open Access  
Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Clinical Medicine and Research     Open Access  
Journal of Clinical Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Clinical Trials     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Current and Advance Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Current Medical Research and Practice     Open Access  
Journal of Current Research in Scientific Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Drug Delivery and Therapeutics JDDT     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Experimental & Clinical Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Experimental Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46)
Journal of Experimental Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Histotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of International Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports     Open Access  
Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Muhammadiyah Medical Laboratory Technologist     Open Access  
Journal of Operating Department Practitioners     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the American Society of Cytopathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Lab on a Chip     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43)
Laboratory Investigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Medical Devices & Sensors     Hybrid Journal  
Medical Image Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Medical Instrumentation     Open Access  
Medical Laboratory Observer     Full-text available via subscription  
Medical Laboratory Technology Journal     Open Access  
Medicinal Chemistry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Medtech Insight     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
New Zealand Journal of Medical Laboratory Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
Pathology and Laboratory Medicine International     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Physical Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Practical Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Prosthetics and Orthotics International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Pulse     Full-text available via subscription  
Qualitative Research in Medicine & Healthcare     Open Access  
Recent Advances in Biology and Medicine     Open Access  
Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud P├║blica     Open Access  
Revista Romana de Medicina de Laborator     Open Access  
RSC Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
SA Pharmacist's Assistant     Open Access  
Savannah Journal of Medical Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription  
SLAS Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Statistics in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 192)
Trends in Molecular Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Turkish Journal of Clinics and Laboratory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.848
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 4  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1591-9528 - ISSN (Online) 1591-8890
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2626 journals]
  • Lymphoma subtypes in India: a tertiary care center review
    • Abstract: Abstract Lymphomas are a group of neoplasm arising from immune cells with varied clinical presentation, molecular profile, morphology and immunophenotype. The epidemiology and response to treatment varies among patients from different geographical locations. We analyze the demographic characteristics of lymphomas in a tertiary care center of India over a period of five years. This was a retrospective study including cases from 2015 to 2019 which were classified according to WHO classification 2017. A total of 4115 lymphoma cases were diagnosed. Hodgkin lymphomas (HL) comprised 30.35% (n = 1249), and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) was 69.65% (n = 2866). Site of presentation was nodal in 64.76% cases, and 35.23% were extranodal. There was an overall male predominance. Among the NHLs, B-cell type comprised of 84.08% and 15.38% was T- and NK cell lymphomas. Mature B cell lymphomas comprised 82.41% with predominant being diffuse large B cell lymphoma type (42.53%) followed by follicular lymphoma (10.81%) and small lymphocytic lymphoma (6.10%). Among the T-cell type, PTCL NOS (2.65%) was the predominant subtype followed by ALK positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL-ALK+) (2.44%), extranodal NK-T cell lymphoma (2.02%) and others. Classical type was predominant type (97.91%) among HL, and 2.08% were nodular lymphocyte predominant type. Among the classical HL, nodular sclerosis (28.1%) and mixed cellularity (32.18%) co-dominated. Our study indicates that the Indian population differs in the prevalence, presentation and the subtyping among various lymphomas. Higher prevalence of Hodgkin lymphoma, DLBCL, ALK + ALCL and immature cell neoplasm was noted.
      PubDate: 2021-01-22
  • Response to trastuzumab and investigation of expression profiles of matrix
           metalloproteinase-related proteins in primary breast cancer stem cells
    • Abstract: Abstract Breast cancer (BC) is the leading cause of cancer deaths in women. One of the reasons for the failure of BC treatment is reportedly the ineffectiveness of chemotherapeutic drugs against breast cancer stem-like cells (BCSCs). HER2 receptors have an important role in the self-renewal of BCSCs. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) and cytokine levels were found to be higher in BCSCs, which demonstrates their potential metastatic capacity. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the response of BCSCs to trastuzumab and to investigate the MMP levels in primary breast cancer cells and HER2+ BCSCs. Tumour tissue samples were obtained during surgical intervention from ten breast cancer patients, and primary culture cells were established from these tissues. Four major molecular subgroups were sorted from the primary culture: HER2+ BCSCs (CD44+CD24−HER2+), HER2− BCSCs (CD44+CD24−HER2−), HER2− primary culture cells (CD44+CD24+HER2−) and triple positive primary culture cells (CD44+CD24+HER2+). These cells were cultured and treated with trastuzumab, paclitaxel, carboplatin, and the combination of those three drugs for 96 h. Cellular responses to these drugs were determined by XTT cytotoxicity test. MMPs and cytokine array analysis showed that MMPs and TIMP-1, TIMP-2 proteins were expressed more in HER2+ BCSCs than in primary culture. HER2− BCSCs were more resistant to drugs than HER2+ BCSCs. Our findings suggest that the presence of HER2− BCSCs may be responsible for primary trastuzumab resistance in HER2+ BC cell population. Further studies investigating the function of MMPs are needed for drug targeting of BCSCs.
      PubDate: 2021-01-20
  • Overexpression of miR-1225 promotes the progression of breast cancer,
           resulting in poor prognosis
    • Abstract: Abstract Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women, with metastasis as the principal cause of mortality. MiR-1225 has been reported to play roles in the progression of various cancers, but its role in breast cancer was unclear. The expression of miR-1225 was investigated in breast cancer tissues and cells by quantitative real-time PCR. The role of miR-1225 in the cell process of OS was analyzed by CCK-8 assay and Transwell assay. The prognostic value of miR-1225 was evaluated by Kaplan–Meier survival curves and Cox regression analysis. miR-1225 was significantly upregulated in breast cancer tissues, which was associated with the TNM stage of breast cancer patients. The prognosis of patients with high miR-1225 expression was worse than that of patients with low miR-1225 expression, which indicated that miR-1225 acted as an independent factor for the prognosis of breast cancer. Additionally, the upregulation of miR-1225 promoted cell proliferation, migration, and invasion of breast cancer, which suggested miR-1225 might be involved in the progression of breast cancer. JAK1 was identified as the direct target of miR-1225, which was also involved in cell proliferation, migration, and invasion of breast cancer. The overexpression of miR-1225 in breast cancer indicates a poor prognosis of patients and promotes the progression of breast cancer by targeting JAK1. miR-1225 may be a biomarker and therapeutic target for the treatment of breast cancer.
      PubDate: 2021-01-09
  • The association of transforming growth factor beta 1 gene polymorphisms
           with arthritis: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    • Abstract: Abstract The objective of this study was to explore the association between transformation growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) gene polymorphisms and different types of arthritis. PubMed, Medline, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Biosis and four Chinese databases: China Biology Medicine, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang and CQVIP, were searched. Studies that analyzed the association of the TGF-β1 polymorphisms with different types of arthritis were included. OR, 95% confidence interval and P value were calculated in three models including allele, dominant and recessive models, using D + L method. The Newcastle–Ottawa Scale was used to assess the quality of the included studies. TGF-β1 869T > C polymorphism was significantly associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in allele and recessive models, but not in dominant model (allele model T vs. C: OR = 1.30, 95% CI = 1.13–1.49, P < 0.001; recessive model CC vs. TT + TC: OR = 0.57, 95% CI = 0.43–0.76, P < 0.001; dominant model TT vs. TC + CC: OR = 1.20, 95% CI = 0.99–1.45, P = 0.063). Additionally, allele and recessive models showed that TGF-β1 -509C > T was significantly correlated with RA susceptibility, while dominant model revealed nonsignificant correlation (allele model: C vs. T: OR = 1.51; 95% CI = 1.00–2.28; P = 0.049; recessive model: TT vs. CC + TC: OR = 0.52, 95% CI = 0.37–0.72, P = 0.000; dominant model: CC vs. TT + TC: OR = 1.48; 95% CI = 0.79–2.76; P = 0.223). However, no significant association was found between TGF-β1 polymorphisms and ankylosing spondylitis (AS) or osteoarthritis (OA) risk. This study demonstrated that 869T > C, -509 C > T polymorphisms of TGF-β1 gene were associated with increased susceptibility of RA, while polymorphisms of TGF-β1 gene were not associated with OA and AS. These findings suggest that studying TGF-β1 genotype may be useful in the prevention and management of RA. However, more studies are needed to evaluate the association of TGF-β1 gene polymorphisms with the susceptibility of OA and AS.
      PubDate: 2021-01-08
  • COVID-19: time to flatten the infodemic curve
    • Abstract: Abstract Thousands of articles have been published regarding the coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19). Most of them are not original research articles but reviews and editorials, and therefore, the absence of evidence-based guidelines has been evident. In parallel, the quality of manuscripts is questionable since the number of preprints has increased due to the need of fast publication of COVID-19-related articles. Furthermore, the number of retracted articles during the pandemic is exceptionally high. Media have an important role in the distribution of incorrect information, nevertheless individual people and policy makers are also responsible. As misinformation thrives in crisis periods, well-designed studies are needed to flatten the infodemic curve regarding prevention, diagnosis, and long-term complications of COVID-19.
      PubDate: 2021-01-08
  • Anemia in patients with Covid-19: pathogenesis and clinical significance
    • Abstract: Abstract COVID-19 patients typically present with lower airway disease, although involvement of other organ systems is usually the rule. Hematological manifestations such as thrombocytopenia and reduced lymphocyte and eosinophil numbers are highly prevalent in COVID-19 and have prognostic significance. Few data, however, are available about the prevalence and significance of anemia in COVID-19. In an observational study, we investigated the prevalence, pathogenesis and clinical significance of anemia among 206 patients with COVID-19 at the time of their hospitalization in an Internal Medicine unit. The prevalence of anemia was 61% in COVID-19, compared with 45% in a control group of 71 patients with clinical and laboratory findings suggestive of COVID-19, but nasopharyngeal swab tests negative for SARS-CoV-2 RNA (p = 0.022). Mortality was higher in SARS-CoV-2 positive patients. In COVID-19, females had lower hemoglobin concentration than males and a higher prevalence of moderate/severe anemia (25% versus 13%, p = 0.032). In most cases, anemia was mild and due to inflammation, sometimes associated with iron and/or vitamin deficiencies. Determinants of hemoglobin concentration included: erythrocyte sedimentation rate, serum cholinesterase, ferritin and protein concentrations and number of chronic diseases affecting each patient. Hemoglobin concentration was not related to overall survival that was, on the contrary, influenced by red blood cell distribution width, age, lactate dehydrogenase and the ratio of arterial partial oxygen pressure to inspired oxygen fraction. In conclusion, our results highlight anemia as a common manifestation in COVID-19. Although anemia does not directly influence mortality, it usually affects elderly, frail patients and can negatively influence their quality of life.
      PubDate: 2021-01-08
  • A retrospective study of the risk factors and the prognosis in patients
           with papillary thyroid carcinoma depending on the number of lymph node
    • Abstract: Abstract To retrospectively analyze the risk factors and the prognosis according to the number of lymph node metastases (LNMs) in different neck compartments in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) patients. In total, 962 patients with PTC were enrolled in this study. According to the methods of the 2015 American Thyroid Association, the treatment response of the patients was divided into a good prognosis and a poor prognosis. First, their clinical characteristics were summarized. Then, according to whether they had LNMs and the number of LNMs in different neck compartments, their risk factors and their prognosis were analyzed. Male sex, younger (< 45 years), extrathyroid extension (ETE), T1 staging and higher stimulated thyroglobulin (sTg) levels were the risk factors for LNM. The cutoff for a poor prognosis of the number of LNMs was > 4. Male sex, younger age, higher sTg levels and ETE were correlated with LNM > 4. Furthermore, the cutoffs for a poor prognosis of central lymph node metastasis (CLNM), lateral lymph node metastasis (LLNM) and CLNM + LLNM were > 6, > 1 and > 5, respectively. Younger age and ETE were strongly correlated with CLNM > 6. Male sex, younger age, higher sTg levels and ETE were correlated with LLNM > 1. Younger age, ETE and higher sTg levels were correlated with CLNM + LLNM > 5. Further analysis revealed a positive correlation between CLNM and LLNM. We should pay more attention to LNMs in PTC patients who are male, are of a younger age, have ETE, T1 staging and have higher sTg levels. The neck regional LNMs should be correctly evaluated to guide the surgical options for the neck LNMs in PTC. When the number of LNMs in different neck compartments has exceeded the cutoff value, they can be considered as predictors of the outcome of 131I treatment.
      PubDate: 2021-01-01
  • Alopecia areata: a review on diagnosis, immunological etiopathogenesis and
           treatment options
    • Abstract: Abstract Patients suffering from alopecia areata (AA) can lose hair in focal regions, the complete scalp, including eyelashes and eyebrows, or even the entire body. The exact pathology is not yet known, but the most described theory is a collapse of the immune privilege system, which can be found in some specific regions of the body. Different treatment options, local and systemic, are available, but none of them have been proven to be effective in the long term as well for every treatment there should be considered for the possible side effects. In many cases, treated or non-treated, relapse often occurs. The prognosis is uncertain and is negatively influenced by the subtypes alopecia totalis and alopecia universalis and characteristics such as associated nail lesions, hair loss for more than 10 years and a positive familial history. The unpredictable course of the disease also makes it a mental struggle and AA patients are more often associated with depression and anxiety compared to the healthy population. Research into immunology and genetics, more particularly in the field of dendritic cells (DC), is recommended for AA as there is evidence of the possible role of DC in the treatment of other autoimmune diseases such as multiple Sclerosis and cancer. Promising therapies for the future treatment of AA are JAK-STAT inhibitors and PRP.
      PubDate: 2021-01-01
  • Evaluation of Apelin/APJ system expression in hepatocellular carcinoma as
           a function of clinical severity
    • Abstract: Abstract Apelin, a peptide of 77 amino acids, and its endogenous ligand, angiotensin-like-receptor 1 (APJ), play a key role in the development of tumors by enhancing angiogenesis, metastasis, cell proliferation, development of cancer stem cells and drug resistance and inhibiting apoptosis of cancer cells. However, little is known about Apelin/APJ system involvement in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aim of this study was to evaluate Apelin and APJ expression in liver specimens, obtained from subjects with HCV-positive HCC who underwent liver transplantation, according to liver disease severity (liver recipients, LR, n = 14, age 59.4 ± 1.8) and in donors (liver donors, LD, n = 14, age 62.1 ± 17.3). Apelin/APJ axis, apoptotic and inflammatory markers were evaluated by Real-Time PCR analysis. The Apelin/APJ system expression resulted significantly higher in LR in comparison with LD (p < 0.05), in particular in those with more severe liver disease. The apoptotic (Bcl-2, BAX, NOTCH-1, Casp-3) and inflammatory (IL-6, TNF-α) markers were increased as a function of disease severity (p < 0.05). Multiple significant positive correlations were found between Apelin/APJ axis and the other markers. Although further investigations are needed to better understand the role of Apelin/APJ axis in HCC, our result indicated a potential role of this axis in its development and progression as well as in recognizing novel therapeutic targets opening a new avenue for treatment.
      PubDate: 2020-11-17
  • The expression level of COX7C associates with venous thromboembolism in
           colon cancer patients
    • Abstract: Abstract Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common complication of colon cancer. In the present study, we aimed to explore the association of the oncogene COX7C to VTE in colon cancer patients. Samples from 580 patients were examined histologically for VTE and pathological characteristic of cancer. Gene mutation and expression analysis were performed using polymerase chain reaction-based assays to evaluate genes related to VTE, including COX7C. Univariate analysis between clinical pathological factors and VTE was conducted. Logistic regression analysis was performed for the prediction of VTE by pathological factors and gene expressions. Among patients investigated, a total of 56 patients had VTE. COX7C had a significant correlation with VTE (p < 0.001). Despite a correlation between tumor size, invasion depth of tumor, lymph node metastasis, lymph node metastasis, distant metastasis, lymphovascular invasion, histologic type and pathology type, Ki-67, and some other genes, to VTE (p > 0.05), only COX7C expression demonstrated significance in its ability to predict VTE. Here, we show that COX7C upregulation strongly correlates with VTE in colon cancer, which implicates its role as a biomarker and therapeutic target of VTE in colon cancer.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01
  • Clinical practice: chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells: a major
           breakthrough in the battle against cancer
    • Abstract: Abstract Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell therapy has come of age, offering a potentially curative option for patients who are refractory to standard anti-cancer treatments. The success of CAR T cell therapy in the setting of acute lymphoblastic leukemia and specific types of B cell lymphoma led to rapid regulatory approvals of CD19-directed CAR T cells, first in the United States and subsequently across the globe. Despite these major milestones in the field of immuno-oncology, growing experience with CAR T cells has also highlighted the major limitations of this strategy, namely challenges associated with manufacturing a bespoke patient–specific product, intrinsic immune cell defects leading to poor CAR T cell function as well as persistence, and/or tumor cell resistance resulting from loss or modulation of the targeted antigen. In addition, both on- and off-tumor immunotoxicities and the financial burden inherent in conventional cellular biomanufacturing often hamper the success of CAR T cell-based treatment approaches. Herein, we provide an overview of the opportunities and challenges related to the first form of gene transfer therapy to gain commercial approval in the United States. Ongoing advances in the areas of genetic engineering, precision genome editing, toxicity mitigation methods and cell manufacturing will improve the efficacy and safety of CAR T cells for hematologic malignancies and expand the use of this novel class of therapeutics to reach solid tumors.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01
  • The effects of apoptosis and apelin on lymph node metastasis in invasive
           breast carcinomas
    • Abstract: Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the biological and clinical significance of apelin-36 in breast cancer and to compare apelin-36 expression and apoptotic index in both breast tissue and metastatic lymph nodes in patients with invasive breast carcinoma. In this study, both tumor tissue and metastatic lymph nodes of the same patient were collected from 60 cases of invasive breast carcinoma patients (IDC, ILC) and 20 cases of normal breast tissue with no tumor from mammoplasty were used as the control group. The expression of apelin was examined with immunohistochemically, and the apoptotic index was examined with TUNEL methods. According to Kruskal–Wallis analysis, there was a significant difference between IDC and the control group when the apelin expression was compared between the breast tissues (p = 0.001). There were significant differences between the three groups when comparing relationships with apoptotic index (p < 0.001). According to the Mann–Whitney U test, both tumor size and expression of apelin in lymph nodes in ILCs were significantly higher than IDCs. (p = 0.026, p = 0.024, respectively). According to correlation analysis, there was a good correlation between the expression of apelin in breast tissue and apelin expression in lymph nodes (p = 0.000). It is also found a similar relationship in terms of the apoptotic index (p = 0.000). In addition, the negative correlation was found between apelin expression and the apoptotic index in breast tissues (p = 0.003). Based on these results, apelin-36 can be used as a marker for determining the metastasis potential in invasive breast cancer.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01
  • IGFBP3 as an indicator of lymph node metastasis and unfavorable prognosis
           for papillary thyroid carcinoma
    • Abstract: Abstract Lymph node metastasis (LNM) is a usual event in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) patients, which usually leads to poor prognosis. However, the molecular mechanisms of LNM remain unclear. Thus, we aimed to screen the possible key genes in the progression of LNM in PTC patients and further validate their roles. The study involved two phases: a discovery phase and a validation one. In the former phase, the candidate genes were screened by using bioinformatics methods. In the latter one, the genes were firstly assessed in a cohort from the cancer genome atlas (TCGA) to evaluate the associations of their expressions with clinical features and the prognostic values, and then, they were assessed at protein levels by using an immunohistochemical assay. Consequently, IGHBP3 was selected as the candidate gene, which might be enriched in several metabolism-related pathways and cancer progression-related pathways. High expressions of IGHBP3 have an association with gender, advanced clinical stages, high T stages, and the presence of LNM. Survival analysis indicated that IGHBP3 may affect the prognosis of PTC patients. The use of a tissue chip confirmed the view that IGHBP3 might play a crucial role in the LNM of PTC. In conclusion, IGHBP3 might be involved in the development of LNM in PTC patients. IGHBP3 over-expression might be a novel indicator and a potential target for PTC therapy.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01
  • Analysis of pathological changes and related factors in liver tissue of
           HBeAg-negative patients with low HBsAg levels
    • Abstract: Abstract The relationship between pathological changes in liver tissue and the level of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) remains unclear. This study aimed to analyze the pathological changes in liver tissue and its related factors in patients with low-level HBsAg in order to provide a basis for judging the condition of these patients. A retrospective study was performed on 96 chronic hepatitis B patients with HBsAg levels < 1400 IU/ml and > 0.05 IU/ml. The histopathological examination of these patients was conducted. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to determine risk factors for pathological changes. Among the 96 patients, 57.3% (55) had inflammatory events ≥ G2 and 33.4% (33) had fibrosis ≥ S2. HBV infection duration (p = 0.001) and splenic vein diameter (p = 0.001) were independent risk factors of liver inflammation (≥ G2) in patients with low-level HBsAg, while AST (p = 0.006) and PLT (p = 0.005) were independent risk factors of liver fibrosis (≥ S2). Moreover, HBV infection duration (p < 0.001) and spleen vein (p = 0.001) were independent factors of potential antiviral treatment. Liver inflammation and fibrosis are still common in patients with low-level HBsAg; thus, the monitoring and appropriate antiviral treatment cannot be ignored.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01
  • Association between complement 4 copy number variation and systemic lupus
           erythematosus: a meta-analysis
    • Abstract: Abstract Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by multiple genetic mutations. Complement 4 (C4) copy number variation (CNV) is a target-of-interest located on chromosome 6. C4 encodes for either of the two C4 paralogs, C4A or C4B, and low C4 levels have been associated with SLE activity. In this study, we conducted a meta-analysis to comprehensively understand the role of C4 CNV in SLE. Three databases (PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science) were searched for relevant studies. Two investigators independently extracted and evaluated data from eligible studies. Associations between C4 CNV and SLE were estimated by odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). Further analysis was conducted using the STATA 12.0 software. A total of eight case-control studies were included in the analysis with 4107 SLE patients and 5889 healthy controls. Six studies used TaqMan real-time PCR to genotype C4 CNV, with 1 study used paralog ratio test and other one used multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA). Lower total C4 CNV and C4A CNV were associated with SLE in the overall analysis (pooled OR: 1.55, 95% CI: 1.23–1.95; pooled OR: 1.86, 95% CI: 1.51–2.29). The subgroup analysis found that total C4 CNV and lower C4A CNV were significantly associated with SLE in Caucasians (pooled OR: 1.84, 95% CI: 1.60–2.12; pooled OR: 2.23, 95% CI:1.92–2.59). However, the association was not detected in East Asians. Lastly, SLE was not associated with C4B CNV, long C4 CNV, or short C4 CNV. The meta-analysis confirmed that lower total C4 CNV and lower C4A CNV are associated with SLE in certain populations. Future studies should consider other ethnic groups to further investigate the relationship between the C4 gene and SLE.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01
  • LncPRYP4-3 serves as a novel diagnostic biomarker for dissecting subtypes
           of metabolic associated fatty liver disease by targeting RPS4Y2
    • Abstract: Abstract Longitudinal studies have improved current diagnostics and management of metabolic associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) patients by liver biopsy and therapeutic intervention, yet the deficiency of biomarker spectrum for dissecting subtypes largely hinders the symptomatic treatment. We originally enriched serum from peripheral blood of 618 healthy donors (HD) and 580 MAFLD (400 NAFL, 180 NASH) patients according to multiple clinicopathological indicators. Microarray profiling and qRT-PCR were conducted to identify lncRNAs as candidate biomarkers of MAFLD. Then, we analyzed the matching score of the indicated lncRNA with CAP or MAFLD-associated pathological parameters as well. Additionally, we took advantage of interaction network together with gene expression profiling analysis to further explore the underlying target genes of the identified lncRNA. Herein, we found CAP in nearly all of the NAFL (399/400) and NASH (179/180) patients was higher than that in the HDs (611/618). The differentially expressed lncRNAs were involved in multiple metabolic or immunologic processes by regulating MAFLD-associated pathways. Of them, serum lncPRYP4-3 was identified as a novel candidate biomarker of MAFLD, which was further confirmed by correlation analysis with clinical indicators. Thereafter, we deduced PRS4Y2 was a candidate target of lncPRYP4-3 and mediated the dysfunction in NAFL and NASH patients. Serum lncPRYP4-3 served as a novel biomarker of MAFLD and helped distinguish the subtypes and benefit precise intervention therapy. Our findings also provided overwhelming new evidence for the alteration in biological processes and gene ontology in MAFLD patients.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01
  • Evaluation of different proton pump inhibitors combined with bismuth
           quadruple regimens in Helicobacter pylori eradication
    • Abstract: Abstract To evaluate the efficacy and economics of different proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) combined with bismuth quadruple regimens for Helicobacter pylori (Hp) eradication, a retrospective analysis method was used to collect Hp-positive patients who were treated with a bismuth-containing quadruple regimen (PPIs + amoxicillin + furazolidone + colloid pectin bismuth) from the outpatient department of gastroenterology in our hospital from January to June 2017. A total of 1410 patients were included in the study and divided into four groups according to different PPIs: group A (pantoprazole sodium enteric-coated capsules, 352 cases), group B (esomeprazole magnesium enteric-coated tablets, 462 cases), group C (pantoprazole sodium enteric-coated tablets, 392 cases) and group D (rabeprazole sodium enteric-coated tablets, 204 cases). The eradication rate of Hp and cost-saving in each group were then compared. There were no significant differences of gender (P = 0.526) and age (P = 0.366) between each Hp treatment regimen. The eradication rates of groups A, B, C and D were 91.48%, 89.83%, 86.73% and 90.69%, respectively. No statistical differences of Hp eradication rates were observed between each group yet (P > 0.05). However, the cost of group A was the lowest. In the present study, the Hp eradication rates between different PPIs regimens were similar in treating Hp infection. Nevertheless, the point in favor of pantoprazole capsules is the slightly higher Hp eradication rate and lower drug cost than other PPIs, which provides a significant evidence for the clinical medication decision in treating Hp infection.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01
  • Decreased serum myonectin concentrations in diabetic nephropathy patients
    • Abstract: Abstract Myonectin is a newly discovered myokine correlated with diabetes. Diabetic nephropathy (DN), which is diagnosed according to albuminuria, is one of the most common microvascular complications of diabetes. Albuminuria predisposes to future cardiovascular diseases and mortality. The aim of this study is to assess the association between serum myonectin concentrations with DN. A total of 188 patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and 66 control subjects were enrolled in this investigation. T2DM patients were divided into three groups: normoalbuminuria (n = 84), microalbuminuria (n = 70), and macroalbuminuria (n = 34) according to urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR). T2DM patients showed lower serum myonectin concentrations compared with the controls. Serum myonectin concentrations were significantly decreased in macroalbuminuria group than in normoalbuminuria and microalbuminuria groups. In addition, microalbuminuria group had decreased serum myonectin concentrations compared with normoalbuminuria group. Logistic regression analysis demonstrated a correlation between serum myonectin and a decreased risk of T2DM and DN. Simply linear regression analysis indicated serum myonectin was negatively correlated body mass index (BMI), total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, uric acid, and ACR, and positively correlated with glomerular filtration rate, insulin treatment. BMI, ACR, and insulin treatment were still correlated with the serum myonectin after a multiple linear regression analysis. Our investigation indicates serum myonectin is decreased in DN patients and correlated with renal function.
      PubDate: 2020-08-27
  • TNM staging for GIT cancers is correlated with the level of MMPs and
    • Abstract: Abstract Gastrointestinal (GIT) cancers represent the third common cancers worldwide, characterized by rapid progression and higher mortality rate. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play an important role in cancer metastases. The present study was conducted to estimate and evaluate the role of MMP-7, -9, -10 and -12 and TGF β1 along with conventional biomarkers (CEA and CA19-9) in gastric (GC), pancreatic (PC) and colorectal cancer (CRC) staging system according to tumor size (T), included lymph node (N) and metastasis (M). Seventy-five patients were divided into GC group (n = 25), PC group (n = 25), CRC group (n = 25) and twenty-five healthy subjects (control group). Serum levels of MMP-7, -10 and -12 were assayed simultaneously using luminex multiplex technique. Also, MMP-9, TGF-β1, CA19-9 and CEA were determined by ELISA. MMP-7,-9,-10, -12, TGF-β1 and CEA levels were significantly (p < 0.001) higher in GIT cancer groups compared with control. CA19-9 was significantly (p < 0.001) higher in PC and CRC groups compared with control. MMP-9 was positively correlated with TNM staging in PC patients. MMP-12 was negatively correlated with T in PC and positively correlated with M in CRC group. CA 19-9 was positively correlated with M grade in CRC. Depending on the estimated cutoff values of area under receiver curve; CA19-9 and MMP-7 were excellent diagnostic markers in PC, CEA and MMP-7 were excellent in CRC, and MMP-7 and MMP-9 were excellent in GC. Our findings indicated the clinical utility of MMPs in diagnosis and TNM staging of GIT cancers along with CEA and CA19-9.
      PubDate: 2020-08-08
  • Development and validation of a metabolic gene signature for predicting
           overall survival in patients with colon cancer
    • Abstract: Abstract The reprogramming of cellular metabolism is a hallmark of tumorigenesis. However, the prognostic value of metabolism-related genes in colon cancer remains unclear. This study aimed to identify a metabolic gene signature to categorize colon cancer patients into high- and low-risk groups and predict prognosis. Samples from the Gene Expression Omnibus database were used as the training cohort, while samples from The Cancer Genome Atlas database were used as the validation cohort. A metabolic gene signature was established to investigate a robust risk stratification for colon cancer. Subsequently, a prognostic nomogram was established combining the metabolism-related risk score and clinicopathological characteristics of patients. A total of 351 differentially expressed metabolism-related genes were identified in colon cancer. After univariate analysis and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator-penalized regression analysis, an eight-gene metabolic signature (MTR, NANS, HADH, IMPA2, AGPAT1, GGT5, CYP2J2, and ASL) was identified to classify patients into high- and low-risk groups. High-risk patients had significantly shorter overall survival than low-risk patients in both the training and validation cohorts. A high-risk score was positively correlated with proximal colon cancer (P = 0.012), BRAF mutation (P = 0.049), and advanced stage (P = 0.027). We established a prognostic nomogram based on metabolism-related gene risk score and clinicopathologic factors. The areas under the curve and calibration curves indicated that the established nomogram showed a good accuracy of prediction. We have established a novel metabolic gene signature that could predict overall survival in colon cancer patients and serve as a biomarker for colon cancer.
      PubDate: 2020-08-08
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762

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