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    - UROLOGY, NEPHROLOGY AND ANDROLOGY (155 journals)

UROLOGY, NEPHROLOGY AND ANDROLOGY (155 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 155 of 155 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Urológica Portuguesa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actas Urológicas Españolas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Actas Urológicas Españolas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
African Journal of Nephrology     Open Access  
African Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
AJP Renal Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Aktuelle Urologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Kidney Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
American Journal of Men's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 35)
Andrologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Andrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Andrology & Gynecology : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Andrology and Genital Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Andrology-Open Access     Open Access  
Annales d'Urologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Archives of Clinical Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivio Italiano di Urologia e Andrologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivos Españoles de Urología     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BANTAO Journal     Open Access  
Basic and Clinical Andrology     Open Access  
BJU International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
BMC Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
BMC Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Canadian Urological Association Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cancer Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiorenal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Nephrology and Dialysis     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Case Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Clinical and Experimental Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Clinical Nephrology and Urology Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Queries: Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Cirugía     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Opinion in Nephrology & Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Current Opinion in Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Current Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Current Urology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Der Nephrologe     Hybrid Journal  
Der Urologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
EMC - Urología     Full-text available via subscription  
Enfermería Nefrológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Urology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
European Urology Focus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Urology Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Forum Nefrologiczne     Full-text available via subscription  
Geriatric Nephrology and Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Giornale di Clinica Nefrologica e Dialisi     Open Access  
Herald Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Hong Kong Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Human Andrology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
IJU Case Reports     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Brazilian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Urology and Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia     Open Access  
Journal für Urologie und Urogynäkologie/Österreich     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Clinical Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Clinical Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Endoluminal Endourology     Open Access  
Journal of Endourology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Endourology Case Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Genital System & Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Integrative Nephrology and Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Kidney Cancer and VHL     Open Access  
Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Nephrology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pediatric Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Renal Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Renal Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Renal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Journal of The Egyptian Society of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access  
Journal of Translational Neurosciences     Open Access  
Journal of Urology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 54)
Journal of Urology & Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Kidney Disease and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Kidney Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Kidney International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Kidney International Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Kidney Medicine     Open Access  
Kidney Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Kidneys (Počki)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Nature Reviews Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Nature Reviews Urology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Nefrología (English Edition)     Open Access  
Nefrología (Madrid)     Open Access  
Nephro-Urology Monthly     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Nephron     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Nephron Clinical Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Nephron Experimental Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Nephron Extra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nephron Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Neurourology and Urodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
OA Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open Access Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Open Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Open Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Open Urology & Nephrology Journal     Open Access  
Pediatric Urology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Portuguese Journal of Nephrology & Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Progrès en Urologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Progrès en Urologie - FMC     Full-text available via subscription  
Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Renal Failure     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Renal Replacement Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Research and Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Revista de Nefrología, Diálisis y Trasplante     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Urología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Urologia Colombiana     Open Access  
Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Scandinavian Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Seminars in Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
The Prostate     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Therapeutic Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Trends in Urology & Men's Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Ukrainian Journal of Nephrology and Dialysis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Uro-News     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Urolithiasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Urologia Internationalis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Urologia Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Urologic Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Urologic Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Urologic Radiology     Hybrid Journal  
Urological Science     Open Access  
Urologicheskie Vedomosti     Open Access  
Urologie in der Praxis     Hybrid Journal  
Urologie Scan     Hybrid Journal  
Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Urology Annals     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Urology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Urology Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Urology Times     Free   (Followers: 3)
Urology Video Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
World Journal of Nephrology and Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
World Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)

           

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
International Urology and Nephrology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.653
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 7  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1573-2584 - ISSN (Online) 0301-1623
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2626 journals]
  • The impact of microbiome in urological diseases: a systematic review
    • Abstract: Objective The term microbiome is used to signify the ecological community of commensal, symbiotic, and pathogenic microorganisms that share our body space, in which there were increasing evidences to suggest that they might have potential roles in various medical conditions. While the study of microbiome in the urinary system is not as robust as the systems included in the Human Microbiome Project, there are still evidences in the literature showing that microbiome may have a role in urological diseases. Therefore, we would like to perform a systematic review on the topic and summarize the available evidence on the impact of microbiome on urological diseases. Methodology This review was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) statement. After screening 589 abstracts and including additional studies (such as references from review papers), 76 studies were included for review and discussion. Results Studies had suggested that there were correlations of microbiome of different body cavities (e.g., fecal, urinary and seminal fluid) with urological diseases. Also, different diseases would have different microbiome profile in different body cavities. Unfortunately, the studies on the association of microbiome and urological diseases were still either weak or inconsistent. Conclusion Studies suggested that there might be some relationship between microbiome and various urological diseases. However, further large-scale studies with control of confounding factors should be performed under a standardized methodology in order to have better understanding of the relationship. Also, more standardized reporting protocol for microbiome studies should be considered for better communications in future studies.
      PubDate: 2019-07-12
       
  • Multiparametric prostatic MRI should not be the only method to decide
           re-biopsy in the patients who had a negative prostatic biopsy
    • PubDate: 2019-07-09
       
  • Development and validation of prognostic nomograms for patients with
           metastatic prostate cancer
    • Abstract: Objective This study aimed to develop and validate nomograms to predict overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) in patients with prostate cancer. Methods Clinical data of patients with mPCa between 2010 and 2014 were retrieved retrospectively, and randomized into training (2/3) and validation sets (1/3). Nomograms were built with potential risk factors based on COX regression analysis. Accuracy was validated using the discrimination and calibration curve for the training and validation groups, respectively. Results 6659 mPCa patients were collected and enrolled, including 4440 in the training set and 2219 in the validation set. Multivariate analysis showed that age, marital status, PSA, biopsy Gleason score, T stage, and bone metastasis were independent risk factors for both OS and CSS. The concordance index (C-index) of OS was 0.735 (95% CI 0.722–0.748) for the internal validation and 0.735 (95% CI 0.717–0.753) for the external validation. For CSS, it was 0.734 (95% CI 0.721–0.747) and 0.742 (95% CI 0.723–0.761), respectively. The nomograms for predicting OS and CSS displayed better discrimination power in both training and validation sets. Moreover, a favorable consistency between the predicted and actual survival probabilities was demonstrated using calibration curves. Conclusions The nomograms showed good performances for predicting OS and CSS in patients with prostate cancer. It might be a convenient individualized predictive tool for prognosis in clinical practice.
      PubDate: 2019-07-09
       
  • Hydrogen sulfide-induced relaxation of the bladder is attenuated in
           spontaneously hypertensive rats
    • Abstract: Purpose To compare hydrogen sulfide (H2S)-induced relaxation on the bladder between normotensive and spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR), we evaluated the effects of H2S donors (GYY4137 and NaHS) on the micturition reflex and on the contractility of bladder tissues. We also investigated the content of H2S and the expression levels of enzymes related to H2S biosynthesis [cystathionine β-synthase (CBS), 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase (MPST), and cysteine aminotransferase (CAT)] in the bladder. Methods Eighteen-week-old male normotensive Wistar rats and SHRs were used. Under urethane anesthesia, the effects of intravesically instilled GYY4137 (10−8, 10−7 and 10−6 M) on the micturition reflex were evaluated by cystometry. The effects of NaHS (1 × 10−8–3 × 10−4 M) were evaluated on carbachol (10−5 M)-induced pre-contracted bladder strips. Tissue H2S content was measured by the methylene blue method. The expression levels of these enzymes were investigated by Western blot. Results GYY4137 significantly prolonged intercontraction intervals in Wistar rats, but not in SHRs. NaHS-induced relaxation on pre-contracted bladder strips was significantly attenuated in SHRs compared with Wistar rats. The H2S content in the bladder of SHRs was significantly higher than that of Wistar rats. CBS, MPST and CAT were detected in the bladder of Wistar rats and SHRs. The expression levels of MPST in the SHR bladder were significantly higher than those in the Wistar rat bladder. Conclusion H2S-induced bladder relaxation in SHRs is impaired, thereby resulting in a compensatory increase of the H2S content in the SHR bladder.
      PubDate: 2019-07-05
       
  • The effects of “unilateral midurethral sling cut down” in women with
           voiding dysfunctions after anti-incontinence surgery
    • Abstract: Purposes Midurethral synthetic sling (MUS) placement via either the retropubic or transobturator route is the standard surgical procedure for women with stress urinary incontinence. However, a small portion of patients experienced voiding dysfunction after the surgery, which was debilitating to their quality of life. Our study was aimed at demonstrating the effectiveness of the unilateral sling cut down for post-midurethral sling (MUS) voiding dysfunction and, secondarily, at evaluating the changes in urodynamic parameters. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the charts of patients who received unilateral midurethral sling cut down for voiding dysfunction after an MUS procedure. The cut-down procedures were performed at the urethral meatus, in the 9 or 3 o’clock direction. Preoperative and postoperative subjective and objective parameters were compared to evaluate the outcome of the cut-down procedures. Results We selected 15 patients who underwent unilateral MUS cut down for voiding dysfunction after anti-incontinence procedures with various MUSs. The cut-down procedures were performed at a median interval of 7.1 months after sling insertion. The subjective results of the Patient Global Impression of Improvement (PGI-I) after the cut-down procedure showed an overall satisfaction of 93.33%. After the cut-down procedure, the median flow rate increased from 14.8 to 22 ml/s (P > 0.05), and the post-void residual urine volume decreased from 193.5 to 35.0 ml (P < 0.05). All patients attained continence after the cut-down procedures. Conclusions Unilateral MUS cut down is effective in the management of voiding dysfunction after anti-incontinence surgery, with a low risk of recurrence of urinary incontinence.
      PubDate: 2019-07-03
       
  • Effects of intradialytic resistance exercise on systemic inflammation in
           maintenance hemodialysis patients with sarcopenia: a randomized controlled
           trial
    • Abstract: Purpose To investigate the effect of intradialytic resistance exercise on inflammation markers and sarcopenia indices in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients with sarcopenia. Methods Forty-one MHD patients with sarcopenia were divided into an intervention group (group E, n = 21) and a control group (group C, n = 20). Group C patients only received routine hemodialysis care, whereas group E patients received progressive intradialytic resistance exercise with high or moderate intensity for 12 weeks at three times per week (using the weight of the lower limbs and elastic ball movement of the upper limb) on the basis of routine hemodialysis care. Results After 12 weeks, a significant difference in physical activity status (maximum grip strength, daily pace, and physical activity level), Kt/V, and C-reactive protein was found between groups E and C. Inflammatory factors (interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10, and tumor necrosis factor(TNF)-α) increased or decreased more significantly in group E than in group C. Conclusions This study showed that intradialytic resistance exercise can improve physical activity effectively and reduce microinflammatory reactions even if this simple exercise does not affect the muscle mass in MHD patients with sarcopenia.
      PubDate: 2019-07-03
       
  • Organ-sparing procedures in GU cancer: part 2-organ-sparing procedures in
           testicular and penile tumors
    • Abstract: Purpose Organ-sparing surgery (OSS) is recommended in selected patients with testicular tumors and penile cancer (PC). The functional and psychological impacts of organ excision for these genital tumors are profound. In this review, we summarize the indications, techniques and outcomes of OSS for these two tumors. Methods PubMed® was searched for relevant articles up to December 2018. For Testicular sparing surgery (TSS) search, keywords used were; testicular tumors alone and in combination with “testicular sparing surgery”, “partial orchiectomy” and outcomes. For penile conserving surgery (PCS), keywords used were: penile cancer alone and in combination with “penile conserving surgery”, “partial penectomy” and outcomes. Because of the low quality of available evidence, a narrative rather that systematic review has been performed. Results Indications of TSS are tumors ≤ 2 cm in solitary testis or bilateral tumors and no rete testis invasion. Prerequisites include normal testosterone and luteinizing hormone levels and patient compliance with follow-up. Indications for PCS are distal penile lesions with clinical stage ≤ T1. Adequate penile stump (3 cm) is required after surgery to maintain forward urine stream. Frozen section helps to reduce the risk of recurrence. Local recurrence after PCS is not associated with reduced survival and can be managed with another PCS in selected patients. The reported oncological and functional outcomes following TSS and PCS are adequate. Conclusions In properly selected patient OSS in testicular and penile tumors has a comparable oncological outcome to total organ excision with added advantages of preserving organ function and psychological well-being.
      PubDate: 2019-07-02
       
  • Correction to: The clinical utility of prostate cancer heterogeneity using
           texture analysis of multiparametric MRI
    • Abstract: Unfortunately, in the original article one co-author’s name is missing. The co-author name and affiliation is given as follows.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01
       
  • Commentary to: “Morphologic changes after bladder neck intussusception
           in laparoscopic radical prostatectomy contribute to early postoperative
           continence”
    • PubDate: 2019-07-01
       
  • Comments on the article entitled “Morphologic changes after bladder neck
           intussusception in laparoscopic radical prostatectomy contribute to early
           postoperative continence”
    • PubDate: 2019-07-01
       
  • Lactic acidosis due to metformin in type 2 diabetes mellitus and chronic
           kidney disease stage 3–5: is it significant'
    • Abstract: Purpose To study the incidence of lactic acidosis due to metformin in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 3–5. Methods We estimated plasma lactate in patients of CKD stage 3 and worse who were continuing metformin on their own prior to stopping the drug. Result Of 40 patients included, median duration of T2DM was 60 months (interquartile range IQR 24–120). The mean serum creatinine was 309.4 ± 159.1 µmol/L and mean eGFR was 27.82 ± 12.93 mL/min/1.73 m2 with 3 (7.5%), 16 (40%), 11 (27.5%) and 10 (25%) in CKD stages 3a, 3b, 4 and 5, respectively. They were receiving metformin for a median duration of 24 months (IQR 12.5–60), an average dose of 896 ± 350 mg per day. The median of plasma lactate was 1.36 mmol/L (IQR 1.11–1.75 mmol/L) with three (7.5%) having levels above normal, two (20%) in CKD stage 5 and one (9.1%) in stage 4. Conclusion Metformin can be safely used in CKD stage 3 and with regular measurement of plasma lactate in later stages.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01
       
  • Choosing an equation for glomerular filtration rate in decompensated
           cirrhosis: “Royal Free Hospital” formula is able to predict short-term
           mortality
    • PubDate: 2019-07-01
       
  • A comprehensive review on apolipoproteins as nontraditional cardiovascular
           risk factors in end-stage renal disease: current evidence and perspectives
           
    • Abstract: Purpose Nontraditional cardiovascular risk factors such as lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)), the genetic polymorphisms of apolipoprotein(a), apolipoprotein E (ApoE), and apolipoprotein B (ApoB) increase the prevalence of atherosclerosis in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) through quantitative and qualitative alterations. Given the high burden of cardiovascular fatal events in ESRD, this review aims to gather studies depicting apolipoproteins’ changes in ESRD, to describe current evidence and to explore potential lipid-lowering therapies. Methods We searched the electronic database of PubMed, SCOPUS, EBSCO, and Cochrane CENTRAL for studies evaluating apolipoproteins in ESRD. Randomized controlled trials, observational studies (including case–control, prospective, or retrospective cohort), and reviews/meta-analysis were included if reference was made to apolipoproteins and cardiovascular consequences in ESRD. Results 21 studies met the inclusion criteria. We found a significant correlation between Lp(a) plasma concentrations and atherosclerosis. Lp(a) levels were independent risk factors for atherothrombosis and cardiovascular mortality. LMW apo(a) phenotype proved to be the best predictor for coronary events in ESRD. Single nucleotide polymorphisms in ApoE gene affected the expression and function of the protein, increasing the risk of cardiovascular events. ApoB had a significant correlation with the value of carotid intima–media thickness and vascular stiffness. Conclusions The picture of “lipid milieu” in ESRD has not been clearly described. Novel studies show that specific apolipoproteins suffer modifications in uremic patients, being correlated with cardiovascular events. Probably in the next years, the treatment of dyslipidemia in ESRD will not merely target LDL or total cholesterol, but specific isoforms of apolipoproteins which seem to become the central part of the problem.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01
       
  • Correlation of serum galectin-3 level with renal volume and function in
           adult polycystic kidney disease
    • Abstract: Purpose The decrease in kidney functions in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is strongly correlated with the severity and growth of kidney cysts. Total kidney volume (TKV) was shown to be an early marker of the severity of the disease and a predictor of reduction in kidney functions. New treatment approaches for ADPKD have led to a need for easily applicable strong biomarkers predicting progression of the disease. The profibrotic mediator of galectin-3 (Gal-3) is linked to development of renal fibrosis. Methods The study included 74 patients with ADPKD diagnosis and 40 healthy controls. The TKV of patients was calculated using the manual tracing method on MR images. The serum Gal-3 levels of patient and healthy control groups were measured with the ELISA method. The correlations between serum Gal-3 value with TKV and kidney function were assessed in patients. Results As the stage of chronic kidney disease (CKD) increased, serum Gal-3 and TKV values increased (p < 0.001, p = 0.049, respectively). Correlation analysis found a negative relationship between serum Gal-3 levels and eGFR (r: − 0.515, p < 0.001); however, there was no relationship between serum Gal-3 and TKV (r = 0.112, p = 0.344). Linear regression analysis showed the major parameter affecting Gal-3 was eGFR (p = 0.016). Conclusions In our study, we showed that renal impairment is an important determinant of Gal-3, and there is no correlation of Gal-3 and TKV in ADPKD. As a result, there is an urgent clinical need for new biomarkers to identify individuals with the chance of treatment in the early stage among ADPKD patients.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01
       
  • Treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism with paricalcitol in patients
           with end-stage renal disease undergoing hemodialysis in Turkey: an
           observational study
    • Abstract: Objective To evaluate monthly percentage changes of intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) and other major bone marker levels in patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) undergoing hemodialysis (HD) and receiving paricalcitol. Methods A total of 493 (F/M 244/249) adult patients with SHPT who were undergoing HD in 22 HD units and receiving paricalcitol treatment, with iPTH > 300 mg/mL, adjusted serum levels of calcium (Ca) < 10.2 mg/dL, and serum levels of inorganic phosphorus (iP) < 6 mg/dL were included in this multi-center, national, prospective, observational study. Data regarding efficacy, safety, and adverse events of paricalcitol treatment were collected during a 12-month follow-up period through monthly visits along with serum iPTH, Ca, iP, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and other required biochemistry tests as necessary. Mortality data until 6 months after the end of the study were also investigated. Results The mean age was 58.3 ± 15.8 years and the mean duration of HD was 6.2 ± 5.5 years, respectively. As of 12th month, mean iPTH values decreased from 646 ± 424 pg/mL to 473 ± 387 pg/mL (p < 0.001); no statistically significant changes were observed in Ca levels (p > 0.05). Serum ALP levels also significantly decreased (p = 0.001) and serum phosphorus levels significantly increased (p < 0.001) during the study observation period. Reasons for early terminations were being lost to follow-up (n = 119, 24.1%), hyperphosphatemia (iP > 6 mg/dL, n = 108, 21.9%), low iPTH levels (iPTH < 150 mg/dL, n = 97, 19.7%), and withdrawal of consent (n = 41, 8.3%). In total 32 patients (6.5%) were prematurely terminated the study with hypercalcemia (Ca > 10.2 mg/dL). 46.9% of those hypercalcemic patients had other anomalies with iP and iPTH levels along with hypercalcemia. Conclusion Paricalcitol treatment, resulted in successful iPTH control. In approximately 6.5% of the patients paricalcitol treatment was discontinued since Ca levels reached > 10.2 mg/dL in those patients. No unfavorable effects on serum phosphorus and Ca–phosphorus (Ca × P) product were observed.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01
       
  • Acute kidney injury in patients with HELLP syndrome
    • Abstract: Purpose To evaluate the risk factors and renal prognosis of acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients with hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count (HELLP) syndrome. Methods Women with HELLP syndrome over a 15-year period at Peking Union Medical College Hospital, China, were retrospectively studied. Results A total of 108 patients with HELLP syndrome were included. Fifty-two (48.1%) patients were diagnosed with AKI (median serum creatinine, 139.72 µmol/L; range, 89.00–866.00); 11 (21.2%) required hemodialysis. The AKI group had significantly more multiparity (p = 0.034), hemorrhage > 400 mL (p = 0.027), severe systolic hypertension ≥ 160 mmHg (p = 0.005), infection (p < 0.001), and low hemoglobin (p = 0.002) than non-AKI patients. Multivariate logistic regression showed that infection (OR 36.441, 95% CI 3.819–347.732, p = 0.002), severe systolic hypertension (OR 5.295, 95% CI 1.795–15.620, p = 0.003), and low hemoglobin (OR 0.960, 95% CI 0.932–0.988, p = 0.006) were independent risk factors for AKI. Six patients with AKI died (mortality rate: 11.5%); no death occurred among patients without AKI. In addition to infection (OR 16.268, CI 1.334–198.385, p = 0.029) and eclampsia (OR 69.895, CI 2.834–1723.910, p = 0.009), elevated serum creatinine (OR 1.006, CI 1.001–1.011, p = 0.031) was an independent predictor of maternal mortality. Renal function in 43 (82.7%) patients completely recovered. Two (3.8%) patients developed chronic renal dysfunction after 1 to 2 years of follow-up. Conclusions Elevated creatinine was an independent predictor of maternal mortality in HELLP syndrome. AKI severely affects renal prognosis and mortality in pregnant women. The occurrence of AKI was related to infection, severe hypertension, and renal ischemia.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01
       
  • Salvage treatment for radio-recurrent prostate cancer: a review of
           literature with focus on recent advancements in image-guided focal salvage
           therapies
    • Abstract: Abstract Biochemical recurrence of prostate cancer occurs in 25–33% of patients who undergo radiation therapy (RT). Unfortunately, greater than 90% of patients with radiation recurrence undergo androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), despite the detrimental side effect profile and the lack of supporting evidence for ADT use in local recurrence. In patients who experience recurrence after treatment with RT, options for treatment include salvage radical prostatectomy (SRP), salvage cryotherapy (SCT), salvage brachytherapy (SBT), and high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU). These salvage treatments provide recurrence-free survival in almost half of the patients with an acceptable safety profile. However, it is important to note that approximately 20–40% of radio-recurrent prostate cancers are isolated and local. Recent studies have shown salvage focal treatments to have encouraging outcomes with significantly less side effects. This article summarizes the outcomes of currently used salvage treatment options for radio-recurrent prostate cancer and focuses on recent advancements in image-guided focal salvage therapies.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01
       
  • Phytotherapy and physical therapy in the management of chronic
           prostatitis–chronic pelvic pain syndrome
    • Abstract: Abstract Chronic prostatitis (CP)/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) is one of the four category prostatitis, and the prevalence is over 90–95% in prostatitis. Because of its pain and obstructive voiding difficulties, it severely affects the quality of life of the patient. However, the standard treatment is still unclear. Given the lack of proven efficacy of conventional therapies (such as antibiotics, anti-inflammatory medications, and alpha-blockers), many patients have turned to phytotherapy and other alternative treatments. In recent years, phytotherapy and physical therapy have advanced a lot because of the safety, efficacy and high compliance. This review covers phytotherapy (quercetin, bee pollen, pumpkin seed oil, eviprostat, terpene mixture) and physical therapy (acupuncture, shock wave, thermobalancing, transurethral needle ablation, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation sono-electro-magnetic therapy) commonly used in chronic prostatitis to help the clinician and researchers.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01
       
  • The relationship of blood neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio with nutrition
           markers and health outcomes in hemodialysis patients
    • Abstract: Objective Adverse outcomes in hemodialysis patients have been attributed, in part, to the pro-inflammatory state prevalent in this population. This study examines the relationship between blood neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) with nutrition markers and health outcomes in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Design This is a 12-month prospective cohort study that recruited 77 participants from May to Jun 2017. Settings and subjects Patients receiving maintenance hemodialysis. Main outcomes Hospitalization, transplants and mortality. Results Of the 77 participants, 63.8% were hospitalized, 10 (13%) died of cardiovascular diseases and 6 (7.8%) had a kidney transplant. Spearman correlations using baseline values showed an inverse significant correlation between the total number of hospitalizations and BMI kg/m2 (BMI rho = − 0.37, P <0.001); a significant inverse correlation between NLR and albumin (rho = − 0.22, P  = 0.028); and a significant direct correlation between baseline NLR and BMI kg/m2 (rho = 0.22, P  = 0.028). Participants were grouped by their NLR value into quartiles for outcomes analysis: quartile 1 (NLR ≤ 1.75), quartile 2 (NLR 1.76–2.6), quartile 3 (NLR 2.7–3.9) and quartile 4 (NLR ≥ 4). The percentage of patients with the lowest level of inflammation (NLR ≤ 1.75) was greater for not hospitalized patients than for hospitalized (39.3% vs 16.3%, P  = 0.025) and not hospitalized participants had higher BMI kg/m2 (mean ± SD) at baseline compared to those hospitalized (29.11 ± 5.4 vs 26.22 ± 5.34, P  = 0.026). In a multivariate cox regression analysis, participants in the lowest quartile (NLR ≤ 1.75) were compared to the rest on hospitalization, mortality and transplant. Years in dialysis, BMI kg/m2 and NLR ≤ 1.75 were significant predictors of hospitalization after adjustment (P  = 0.021, P  = 0.005, P  = 0.039; respectively) and we observed an association of low NLR with a hazard ratio (HR 0.44, 95% CI 0.20–0.96, P  =  0.039), BMI (HR 0.90, 95% CI 0.85–0.97, P  = 0.005) and years in dialysis (HR 0.90, 95% CI 0.83–0.98, P  = 0.021) for hospitalization in overall participants. In a further analysis comparing the effect of low NLR in the subgroup of diabetic vs non-diabetics, it was observed that BMI kg/m2 was a significant predictor for hospitalization in the non-diabetic subgroup (P  = 0.040) but not significant in the case of diabetics (P  = 0.128) after adjustments. Years in dialysis and NLR ≤ 1.75 were significant predictors of hospitalizations in the subgroup of diabetic before and after adjustment (P  = 0.049, P  = 0.044; respectively). Having a low NLR decreased 73% the risk for hospitalization (HR 0.27 95% CI 0.07–0.96, P  = 0.044) in this subgroup. Survival and hospitalization curves were analyzed by comparing all participants and the diabetic subgroup, in the lowest inflammation quartile vs the rest (NLR ≤ 1.75 vs NLR > 1.75). Participants with NLR ≤ 1.75 had 100% survival rate (log-rank test, P  = 0.059) and lower hospitalization rate (log-rank test, P  = 0.025); participants with diabetes had lower hospitalization rate (log-rank test, P  = 0.039). Conclusion NLR at baseline was associated with nutritional markers (albumin, BMI). Low NLR at baseline was a predictor of lower risk for hospitalizations in HD patients with diabetes.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01
       
  • Clinical outcomes of stroke in hemodialysis patients: a retrospective
           single-center study
    • Abstract: Purpose The incidence of stroke in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) is eight-to-ten times greater than that of the general population. However, data on the outcome of stroke in these patients are limited. Methods In this retrospective observational cohort study, electronic medical records of all patients undergoing HD from 1.1.2014 to 31.12.2017 at Meir Medical Center, Israel, were reviewed. Stroke was defined as a focal neurological deficit of cerebrovascular origin, and confirmed as ischemic or hemorrhagic by computed tomography. Age- and sex-matched HD patients who did not experience a stroke (HD-NS) and hospitalized stroke patients with normal kidney function (NRF-S) served as the two control groups. Baseline demographic, clinical, and laboratory data were collected. Thrombolytic therapy, duration of hospital stay, and mortality were recorded. Functional status at discharge was assessed by the Modified Rankin Scale. Results In the cohort study group (HD-S), 52 strokes occurred during 248.3 patient years, an incidence rate of 8.13%, and a stroke rate of 0.19% patients/month. Most strokes in HD patients were ischemic, and only four patients were administered tissue plasminogen activator. HD-S had longer hospitalization than did NRF-S (10.6 ± 9.9 vs. 5.96 ± 5.3 days, p = 0.004) and lower functional status at discharge (Rankin score 3.75 ± 1.57 vs. 2.29 ± 1.89, p < 0.001). HD-S patients had a higher mortality than both HD-NS and NRF-S patients. Conclusions Stroke outcome in these patients is dismal with prolonged hospital stay, poor functional status at discharge, very limited response to rehabilitation, and increased mortality.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01
       
 
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