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UROLOGY, NEPHROLOGY AND ANDROLOGY (155 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 155 of 155 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Urológica Portuguesa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actas Urológicas Españolas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Actas Urológicas Españolas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
African Journal of Nephrology     Open Access  
African Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
AJP Renal Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Aktuelle Urologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Kidney Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
American Journal of Men's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
Andrologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Andrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Andrology & Gynecology : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Andrology and Genital Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Andrology-Open Access     Open Access  
Annales d'Urologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Clinical Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivio Italiano di Urologia e Andrologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivos Españoles de Urología     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
BANTAO Journal     Open Access  
Basic and Clinical Andrology     Open Access  
BJU International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
BMC Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
BMC Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Canadian Urological Association Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cancer Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cardiorenal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Nephrology and Dialysis     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Case Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Clinical and Experimental Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Clinical Nephrology and Urology Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Queries: Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Cirugía     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Opinion in Nephrology & Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Current Opinion in Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Current Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Current Urology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Der Nephrologe     Hybrid Journal  
Der Urologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
EMC - Urología     Full-text available via subscription  
Enfermería Nefrológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Urology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
European Urology Focus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
European Urology Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Forum Nefrologiczne     Full-text available via subscription  
Geriatric Nephrology and Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Giornale di Clinica Nefrologica e Dialisi     Open Access  
Herald Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hong Kong Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Human Andrology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
IJU Case Reports     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Brazilian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Urology and Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia     Open Access  
Journal für Urologie und Urogynäkologie/Österreich     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Clinical Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Clinical Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Endoluminal Endourology     Open Access  
Journal of Endourology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Endourology Case Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Genital System & Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Integrative Nephrology and Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Kidney Cancer and VHL     Open Access  
Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Nephrology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pediatric Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Renal Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Renal Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Renal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Journal of The Egyptian Society of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access  
Journal of Translational Neurosciences     Open Access  
Journal of Urology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 53)
Journal of Urology & Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Kidney Disease and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Kidney Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Kidney International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Kidney International Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Kidney Medicine     Open Access  
Kidney Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Kidneys (Počki)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nature Reviews Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Nature Reviews Urology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Nefrología (English Edition)     Open Access  
Nefrología (Madrid)     Open Access  
Nephro-Urology Monthly     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Nephron     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Nephron Clinical Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Nephron Experimental Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Nephron Extra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nephron Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Neurourology and Urodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
OA Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open Access Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Open Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Open Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Open Urology & Nephrology Journal     Open Access  
Pediatric Urology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Portuguese Journal of Nephrology & Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Progrès en Urologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Progrès en Urologie - FMC     Full-text available via subscription  
Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Renal Failure     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Renal Replacement Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Research and Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Revista de Nefrología, Diálisis y Trasplante     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Urología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Urologia Colombiana     Open Access  
Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Scandinavian Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Seminars in Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
The Prostate     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Therapeutic Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Trends in Urology & Men's Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Ukrainian Journal of Nephrology and Dialysis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Uro-News     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Urolithiasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Urologia Internationalis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Urologia Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Urologic Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Urologic Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Urologic Radiology     Hybrid Journal  
Urological Science     Open Access  
Urologicheskie Vedomosti     Open Access  
Urologie in der Praxis     Hybrid Journal  
Urologie Scan     Hybrid Journal  
Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Urology Annals     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Urology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Urology Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Urology Times     Free   (Followers: 3)
Urology Video Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
World Journal of Nephrology and Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
World Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)


Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Kidney Diseases
Number of Followers: 3  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2296-9381 - ISSN (Online) 2296-9357
Published by Karger Homepage  [120 journals]
  • Podocyte-Released Migrasomes in Urine Serve as an Indicator for Early
           Podocyte Injury

    • Abstract: Background: Levels of urinary microvesicles, which are increased during various kidney injuries, have diagnostic potential for renal diseases. However, the significance of urinary microvesicles as a renal disease indicator is dampened by the difficulty to ascertain their cell source. Objectives: The aim of this study was to demonstrate that podocytes can release migrasomes, a unique class of microvesicle with size ranging between 400 and 2,000 nm, and the urine level of migrasomes may serve as novel non-invasive biomarker for early podocyte injury. Method: In this study, immunofluorescence labeling, electronic microscopy, nanosite, and sequential centrifugation were used to purify and analyze migrasomes. Results: Migrasomes released by podocytes differ from exosomes as they have different content and mechanism of release. Compared to podocytes, renal tubular cells secrete markedly less migrasomes. Moreover, secretion of migrasomes by human or murine podocytes was strongly augmented during podocyte injuries induced by LPS, puromycin amino nucleoside (PAN), or a high concentration of glucose (HG). LPS, PAN, or HG-induced podocyte migrasome release, however, was blocked by Rac-1 inhibitor. Strikingly, a higher level of podocyte migrasomes in urine was detected in mice with PAN-nephropathy than in control mice. In fact, increased urinary migrasome number was detected earlier than elevated proteinuria during PAN-nephropathy, suggesting that urinary migrasomes are a more sensitive podocyte injury indicator than proteinuria. Increased urinary migrasome number was also detected in diabetic nephropathy patients with proteinuria level #x3c;5.5 g/day. Conclusions: Our findings reveal that podocytes release the “injury-related” migrasomes during migration and provide urinary podocyte migrasome as a potential diagnostic marker for early podocyte injury.
      Kidney Dis
      PubDate: Fri, 23 Oct 2020 07:53:54 +020
  • Drug-Induced Hospital-Acquired Acute Kidney Injury in China: A Multicenter
           Cross-Sectional Survey

    • Abstract: Introduction: Drug-induced acute kidney injury (D-AKI) is one of the important types of AKI. The incidence of D-AKI in China has rarely been studied. Objective: This study aims to explore the disease burden, related drugs, and risk factors of D-AKI. Methods: A nationwide cross-sectional survey was conducted in adult patients from 23 academic hospitals in 17 provinces in China. Suspected AKI was screened based on serum creatinine changes in accordance with the 2012 Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes Clinical Practice Guideline for AKI, patients who met the diagnosis of hospital-acquired AKI in January and July of 2014 were defined. Suspected AKI was firstly evaluated for the possibility of D-AKI by pharmacists using the Naranjo Scale and finally defined as D-AKI by nephrologists through reviewing AKI clinical features. Results: Altogether 280,255 hospitalized patients were screened and 1,960 cases were diagnosed as hospital-acquired AKI, among which 735 cases were defined as having D-AKI (37.50%, 735/1,960) with an in-hospital mortality rate of 13.88% and 54.34% of the survivors did not achieve full renal recovery. 1,642 drugs were related to AKI in these patients. Anti-infectives, diuretics, and proton pump inhibitors were the top 3 types of drugs relevant to D-AKI, accounting for 66.63% cumulatively. Besides age, AKI staging, severe disease, hypoalbuminemia, plasma substitute, and carbapenem related D-AKI were independent risk factors for in-hospital mortality of D-AKI patients. Conclusion: In China, D-AKI has caused a substantial medical burden. Efforts should be made to pursue nephrotoxic drug stewardship to minimize attributable risk and improve the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of D-AKI.
      Kidney Dis
      PubDate: Wed, 30 Sep 2020 07:38:29 +020
  • Unveiling the Features of Mercury-Associated Minimal Change Disease:
           Comparison with Primary Minimal Change Disease

    • Abstract: Introduction: Long-term exposure to mercury can cause minimal change disease. However, the current understanding of mercury-associated minimal change disease (M-MCD) is inadequate. To improve the understanding of M-MCD, this study retrospectively analyzed the clinicopathological, ultrastructural, and prognostic features of M-MCD, in comparison with primary minimal change disease (P-MCD). Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the clinicopathological data of 21 M-MCD patients and 21 P-MCD patients. Electron micrographs of glomerular capillaries were taken, and the foot process width (FPW) was measured. A receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis was performed to determine the optimum cutoff value of FPW that can differentiate the M-MCD from P-MCD. Results: M-MCD patients presented similar clinical and routine pathological characteristics with P-MCD patients but had lower levels of FPW (935.0 [interquartile range (IQR) 853.7–1,176.7] nm vs. 1,403.2 [IQR 1,089.2–1,841.8] nm, p = 0.002). ROC curve analysis showed that FPW value below 1,385 nm might help to differentiate M-MCD from P-MCD (area under the curve of 0.787, sensitivity of 94.7%, and specificity of 52.4%). For patients with M-MCD, 77.8% achieved complete remission after mercury detoxification monotherapy. Patients with M-MCD had a lower relapse rate than patients with P-MCD (0 vs. 47.1%, p = 0.003). In addition, there was no significant difference in remission time between M-MCD patients treated with mercury detoxification monotherapy and those initially treated with immunosuppressive therapy (2.0 [IQR 1.0–6.0] months vs. 2.0 [IQR 1.5–2.5] months, p = 0.606). Conclusions: M-MCD patients showed similar clinicopathological features with P-MCD patients, but with less severe foot process effacement, suggesting different pathogenesis of these 2 disease entities. The treatment of mercury detoxification was highly effective for patients with M-MCD and can be considered as a primary choice in clinical practice.
      Kidney Dis
      PubDate: Tue, 29 Sep 2020 08:22:40 +020
  • Erratum

    • Abstract:
      Kidney Dis
      PubDate: Fri, 18 Sep 2020 08:41:47 +020
  • Incorporation of Urinary Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin and
           Computed Tomography Quantification to Predict Acute Kidney Injury and
           In-Hospital Death in COVID-19 Patients

    • Abstract: Background: The prevalence of acute kidney injury (AKI) in COVID-19 patients is high, with poor prognosis. Early identification of COVID-19 patients who are at risk for AKI and may develop critical illness and death is of great importance. Objective: The aim of this study was to develop and validate a prognostic model of AKI and in-hospital death in patients with COVID-19, incorporating the new tubular injury biomarker urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (u-NGAL) and artificial intelligence (AI)-based chest computed tomography (CT) analysis. Methods: A single-center cohort of patients with COVID-19from Wuhan Leishenshan Hospital were included in this study. Demographic characteristics, laboratory findings, and AI-assisted chest CT imaging variables identified on hospital admission were screened using least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) and logistic regression to develop a model for predicting the AKI risk. The accuracy of the AKI prediction model was measured using the concordance index (C-index), and the internal validity of the model was assessed by bootstrap resampling. A multivariate Cox regression model and Kaplan-Meier curves were analyzed for survival analysis in COVID-19 patients. Results: One hundred seventy-four patients were included. The median (±SD) age of the patients was 63.59 ± 13.79 years, and 83 (47.7%) were men.u-NGAL, serum creatinine, serum uric acid, and CT ground-glass opacity (GGO) volume were independent predictors of AKI, and all were selected in the nomogram. The prediction model was validated by internal bootstrapping resampling, showing results similar to those obtained from the original samples (i.e., 0.958; 95% CI 0.9097–0.9864). The C-index for predicting AKI was 0.955 (95% CI 0.916–0.995). Multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression confirmed that a high u-NGAL level, an increased GGO volume, and lymphopenia are strong predictors of a poor prognosis and a high risk of in-hospital death. Conclusions: This model provides a useful individualized risk estimate of AKI in patients with COVID-19. Measurement of u-NGAL and AI-based chest CT quantification are worthy of application and may help clinicians to identify patients with a poor prognosis in COVID-19 at an early stage.
      Kidney Dis
      PubDate: Tue, 15 Sep 2020 15:26:06 +020
  • Infectious Complications in Patients with Primary Glomerulonephritis over
           10 Years: A Single-Center Experience in Turkey

    • Abstract: Introduction: Infections can play an important role in the mortality and morbidity of patients with glomerulonephritis. However, the frequency of infectious complications in primary glomerulonephritis and their burden to the healthcare managements are not clear. Methods: We evaluated the infectious complications in patients with biopsy-proven focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, membranous glomerulonephritis, IgA nephropathy, minimal change disease, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, and chronic glomerulonephritis during the last 10 years in a single center. We recorded the demographic, clinical, and laboratory characteristics; treatment modalities; infectious episodes; and infection-related mortality and morbidity of the patients. Results: Of the patients, 154 (63.6%) received immunosuppressive treatment and 88 (34.4%) were followed up under conservative treatment. Overall, 118 infectious episodes were noted in 64 patients, with an infection rate of 0.20 per patient-year. Total infectious complications were higher in the immunosuppressive group than in the conservative group (42.1 vs. 23.3%, p = 0.005). Infection-related hospitalizations were also higher in the immunosuppressive group (p = 0.01). The most frequently infected area was the lungs (15.7%). Although bacterial infections were the most common in both groups, 14.9% of the immunosuppressive group had cytomegalovirus (CMV) replication. Age #x3e;50 years (OR 2.19, p = 0.03), basal serum albumin #x3c;2.5 g/dL (OR 2.28, p = 0.02), cyclophosphamide (OR 2.43, p = 0.02), and cyclosporine (OR 2.30, p = 0.03) were independently associated with experiencing infectious episodes. Conclusions: Because of high seropositivity for CMV in Turkey, it might be a wise approach to use prophylactic antiviral drugs in patients treated with immunosuppressive treatments. Close monitoring of patients with primary glomerulonephritis, especially those treated with immunosuppressive therapy, is important for reducing infection-related morbidity and mortality.
      Kidney Dis
      PubDate: Wed, 09 Sep 2020 11:44:01 +020
  • Duration of Serum Phosphorus Control Associated with Overall Mortality in
           Patients Undergoing Peritoneal Dialysis

    • Abstract: Background: Serum phosphorus (SP) level is closely associated with overall mortality and cardiovascular events, while the role of SP controlled duration is not fully recognized. Here, we conducted a retrospective cohort study in our department to identify the relationship of SP controlled duration with clinical outcomes in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD). Methods: PD patients in our center from January 1, 2009, to June 30, 2019, were followed up at 2-month (the first year) or 5-month (the next follow-up period) intervals, and until death, until PD withdrawal, or until June 30, 2019. Data at each follow-up point were collected from their medical records. SP levels, changed degree of SP over baseline, and SP controlled duration were analyzed with overall mortality, PD withdrawal (including death, transferred to hemodialysis, and received renal transplantation), and combined endpoint (including death, acute heart failure, cardiovascular event, and stroke). Results: A total of 530 patients entered the analysis. Of them, 456 (86.0%) had hyperphosphatemia before dialysis, and the SP levels decreased soon after dialysis. The degree of SP change over baseline was the maximum at the 3rd month after dialysis (−31.0%), and lower degree was associated with higher overall mortality (hazard ratio [HR], 1.012; 95% CI, 1.004–1.020; p = 0.003). The median SP controlled duration was 13 (5–28) months, and longer duration was significantly associated with lower overall mortality (HR, 0.968; 95% CI, 0.956–0.981; p #x3c; 0.001). After categorization, duration more than 12 months greatly improved overall mortality with a HR of 0.197 (0.082–0.458; p #x3c; 0.001 vs. SP never controlled group) and 0.329 (0.150–0.724; p = 0.006 vs. duration #x3c;12 months group). Longer SP controlled duration also improved PD withdrawal and combined endpoint. Conclusions: In summary, both degree and duration of SP control were tightly associated with overall mortality. We should control SP levels as early, as possible, and as long as we could.
      Kidney Dis
      PubDate: Mon, 07 Sep 2020 11:03:52 +020
  • Spectrums and Prognosis of Kidney Disease in Patients with Ankylosing

    • Abstract: Background/Aims: Renal involvement was a common extra-articular manifestation of ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Few reports have investigated the pathological characteristics and renal outcomes of AS patients with kidney disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the pathological spectrums and the renal prognosis of AS patients with kidney disease. Methods: This retrospective and observational study was conducted working on 62 patients (47 males and 15 females) with a diagnosis of AS (ACR, 1984) and renal biopsies between 2008 and 2017. The histopathological findings and associated clinical manifestations were collected, and the renal prognoses of patients with kidney disease were evaluated too. Multivariate binary logistic regression analysis was performed to identify risk factors for the occurrence of IgA nephropathy (IgAN). Results: Renal biopsy revealed that IgAN accounted for a majority (74.2%) of the kidney disease with AS, while membranous nephropathies, minimal change disease, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, and other lesions accounted for a small minority. Multivariate analysis revealed that serum immunoglobulin A #x3e;3.45 g/L and immunoglobulin G #x3e;9.06 g/L were risk factors for the occurrence of IgAN. With a median follow-up time of 24.3 months, 28 patients (50.9%) reached complete remission, 9 patients (16.4%) had partial remission, and 1 patient had an eGFR decline #x3e;30%. No difference was found in prognosis between IgAN and non-IgAN. Conclusion: IgAN occurred in 76.4% of the kidney disease with AS, and higher serum immunoglobulin A and G increased the risk for the occurrence of IgAN. The renal prognosis of kidney disease in AS was good.
      Kidney Dis
      PubDate: Wed, 26 Aug 2020 15:41:48 +020
  • Severity of Intrarenal Arterial Lesions Can Predict the Clinical Prognosis

    • Abstract: Background: Intrarenal arterial lesions (IALs) have been studied in immunoglobulin A nephropathy and lupus nephritis, but this has not been reported in hepatitis B virus-associated glomerulonephritis (HBV-GN). This study aims to investigate the prevalence and the role of IALs in HBV-GN. Methods: IALs were examined in kidney biopsy specimens from 205 patients with HBV-GN retrospectively. The severity of IALs and tubular interstitial lesions was scored semi-quantitatively. The severity of IALs was divided into 4 groups on the basis of ILA score, which were no IALs (Score 0), mild IALs (Score 1–2), moderate IALs (Score 3–4), and severe IALs (Score 5–10) groups. Survival analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier method between the severity of IALs and clinical events (doubling of serum creatinine [SCr], ESRD, and death due to the kidney disease). Results: Among 205 patients with HBV-GN, 143 (69.8%) had IALs in their kidney biopsy specimens. IALs were mild in 28 (19.6%) patients, moderate in 101 (70.6%) patients, and severe in 14 (9.8%) patients. The severity of IALs was associated with high blood pressure (BP), high SCr, and severe tubulointerstitial injuries. The average follow-up time of these 205 HBV-GN patients was 94.2 ± 47.1 months, in which 46 cases had clinical event. The proportions of clinical events in no IAL, mild IAL, moderate IAL, and severe IAL groups were 9.7, 14.3, 25.7, and 71.4%, respectively. Event-free survival of patient in IAL group was significantly lower than that in the no IAL group (p = 0.000). Multivariate cox regression analysis indicated SCr (1.011, 1.007–1.016), hypertension (1.767, 1.004–3.108), and IAL (2.194, 1.062–4.530) were independent risk factors for clinical events after adjustment for age and gender. Event-free clinical survival in moderate and severe IAL groups was significantly lower than that in the no IAL group (p = 0.0111 and p = 0.0001, respectively). Besides, event-free renal survival in severe IAL group was significantly lower than that in moderate IAL group (p = 0.009). Multivariate cox regression analysis showed that the more severe the IALs, the higher the risk of the clinical event, with a hazard ratio of 2.284 for moderate IALs (1.085–4.907) and 3.315 for severe IALs (1.296–8.482). Conclusions: Severity of IALs is associated with high BP, reduced renal function, and poor clinical prognosis in HBV-GN patients.
      Kidney Dis
      PubDate: Wed, 26 Aug 2020 10:27:48 +020
  • Severe Infections following Rituximab Treatment in Antineutrophil
           Cytoplasmic Antibody-Associated Vasculitis

    • Abstract: Introduction: Severe infections were not rare in antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) patients treated with rituximab. The current study aimed to evaluate severe infections in AAV patients received rituximab administration in a single Chinese center. Methods: Twenty-seven patients were retrospectively included in this study. Their demographic and clinical data were analyzed. Severe infections were classified as grade ≥3 as proposed by the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events V.4.0. Results: Patients were followed up for 23.6 ± 14.0 months from the time of rituximab initiation (mean rituximab dose 1,270.4 mg). Ten severe infection events were recorded in 10 (37.0%) patients, corresponding to an event rate of 20.9 per 100 person-years. Pulmonary infections were the leading infectious complications (90%). Eight of the 10 infections occurred during the first 12 months of follow-up. In multivariable analysis, severe infection in the first year was independently associated with age (HR: 1.121, 95% CI: 1.011–1.243, p = 0.031) and serum creatinine level (increased by per 88.4 μmol/L; HR: 1.493, 95% CI: 1.017–2.191, p = 0.041). Conclusion: In AAV patients receiving ri­tuximab, severe infections were common even with the low-dose regimen. Pulmonary infections were the leading cause, and most infections occurred during the first 12 months of follow-up. Older age and renal dysfunction were the risk factors for infection.
      Kidney Dis
      PubDate: Sun, 23 Aug 2020 15:25:43 +020
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