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UROLOGY, NEPHROLOGY AND ANDROLOGY (155 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 155 of 155 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Urológica Portuguesa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actas Urológicas Españolas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Actas Urológicas Españolas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
African Journal of Nephrology     Open Access  
African Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
AJP Renal Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Aktuelle Urologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Kidney Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
American Journal of Men's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
Andrologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Andrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Andrology & Gynecology : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Andrology and Genital Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Andrology-Open Access     Open Access  
Annales d'Urologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Clinical Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivio Italiano di Urologia e Andrologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivos Españoles de Urología     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
BANTAO Journal     Open Access  
Basic and Clinical Andrology     Open Access  
BJU International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
BMC Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
BMC Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Canadian Urological Association Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cancer Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cardiorenal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Nephrology and Dialysis     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Case Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Clinical and Experimental Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Clinical Nephrology and Urology Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Queries: Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Cirugía     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Opinion in Nephrology & Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Current Opinion in Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Current Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Current Urology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Der Nephrologe     Hybrid Journal  
Der Urologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
EMC - Urología     Full-text available via subscription  
Enfermería Nefrológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Urology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
European Urology Focus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
European Urology Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Forum Nefrologiczne     Full-text available via subscription  
Geriatric Nephrology and Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Giornale di Clinica Nefrologica e Dialisi     Open Access  
Herald Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hong Kong Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Human Andrology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
IJU Case Reports     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Brazilian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Urology and Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia     Open Access  
Journal für Urologie und Urogynäkologie/Österreich     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Clinical Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Clinical Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Endoluminal Endourology     Open Access  
Journal of Endourology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Endourology Case Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Genital System & Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Integrative Nephrology and Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Kidney Cancer and VHL     Open Access  
Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Nephrology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pediatric Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Renal Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Renal Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Renal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Journal of The Egyptian Society of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access  
Journal of Translational Neurosciences     Open Access  
Journal of Urology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 53)
Journal of Urology & Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Kidney Disease and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Kidney Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Kidney International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Kidney International Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Kidney Medicine     Open Access  
Kidney Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Kidneys (Počki)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nature Reviews Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Nature Reviews Urology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Nefrología (English Edition)     Open Access  
Nefrología (Madrid)     Open Access  
Nephro-Urology Monthly     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Nephron     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Nephron Clinical Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Nephron Experimental Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Nephron Extra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nephron Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Neurourology and Urodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
OA Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open Access Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Open Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Open Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Open Urology & Nephrology Journal     Open Access  
Pediatric Urology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Portuguese Journal of Nephrology & Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Progrès en Urologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Progrès en Urologie - FMC     Full-text available via subscription  
Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Renal Failure     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Renal Replacement Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Research and Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Revista de Nefrología, Diálisis y Trasplante     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Urología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Urologia Colombiana     Open Access  
Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Scandinavian Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Seminars in Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
The Prostate     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Therapeutic Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Trends in Urology & Men's Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Ukrainian Journal of Nephrology and Dialysis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Uro-News     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Urolithiasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Urologia Internationalis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Urologia Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Urologic Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Urologic Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Urologic Radiology     Hybrid Journal  
Urological Science     Open Access  
Urologicheskie Vedomosti     Open Access  
Urologie in der Praxis     Hybrid Journal  
Urologie Scan     Hybrid Journal  
Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Urology Annals     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Urology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Urology Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Urology Times     Free   (Followers: 3)
Urology Video Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
World Journal of Nephrology and Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
World Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)


Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Cardiorenal Medicine
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.8
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 1  
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 1664-3828 - ISSN (Online) 1664-5502
Published by Karger Homepage  [120 journals]
  • Usefulness of Peritoneal Ultrafiltration in Patients with Diuretic
           Resistant Heart Failure without End-Stage Renal Disease
    • Abstract: Aim: This study aimed to explore the role of peritoneal ultrafiltration (UF) in cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) patients for fluid and metabolic control. Background: Peritoneal UF is safely and efficiently used for the management of CRS. It has been shown to provide efficient UF in hypervolemic patients. Methods: Thirty (20 males and 10 females) CRS patients were treated by peritoneal dialysis (PD) and UF. The baseline data of the patients (demographics, causes of heart failure, the presence of pacemaker or implantable cardioverter-defibrillator, the need for extracorporeal UF or paracentesis or thoracentesis, comorbidity, drugs, left ventricular ejection fraction [LVEF] and pulmonary artery systolic pressure [PAPs], pericardial effusion, physical examination, body weight, NYHA class, dialysis regime, urine output, N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide [NT-proBNP] level, hemoglobin, estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR], and other routine biochemical determinations) were recorded at the onset, every 6 months, and then annually. Echocardiograms were performed at baseline and after 6 and 12 months. The time points of complications associated with PD, the need for hemodialysis, the day of death, and causes of death were documented. Results: Mean age was 69 ± 8 years (range 49–84 years). The average PD duration was 18.25 ± 14.87 months. According to the CKD-EPI, initial mean GFR was 34.34 ± 11.9 mL/min/1.73 m2 (range 16.57–59.0), and this increased to 45.48 ± 26.04, 45.10 ± 28.58, and 41.10 ± 25.68 mL/min/1.73 m2 in the third, sixth, and twelfth months, respectively. There was a significant increase in the first 3 months and a significant decrease between the third and twelfth months (respectively, p = 0.018 and p = 0.043). There was no difference in eGFR levels between baseline and the end of the first year (p = 0.217). In the first 3 months, there was a significant decline in urea levels to 79.38 ± 36.65 from 109.92 ± 42.44 mg/dL and this was maintained until the end of the first year of PD therapy (after 3 months, p = 0.002; after 1 year, p = 0.024). However, there was no significant change in creatinine levels within the first year (p = 0.312). There was a significant increase in hemoglobin level up to the end of the first year of PD (after 3 months, p = 0.000; after 12 months, p = 0.013). There was a marked decrease in NT-proBNP levels in the first 6 months (p = 0.011). Functional capacity (according to NYHA classification) improved in all patients by the third month of PD treatment (p #x3c; 0.001). This early improvement was maintained in many patients during the following 12 months (p #x3c; 0.001). There was a marked decrease in NT-proBNP levels in the first 6 months (p = 0.011). At the end of the first year, there was an approximate 15% reduction in NT-proBNP levels (p = 0.647). Hospitalizations decreased to 6 ± 15 days/patient-year (range 18–122 days) from 62 ± 24 days/patient-year (p = 0.000). Conclusion: Peritoneal UF is a treatment method that maintains renal function and electrolyte balance, improves cardiac function, and reduces hospitalizations in CRS patients. We observed that this treatment significantly increased functional capacity and quality of life and significantly reduced hospital admissions.
      Cardiorenal Med
      PubDate: Tue, 06 Oct 2020 11:21:37 +020
  • Serum Cystatin C, Klotho, and Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin
           in the Risk Prediction of Acute Kidney Injury after Acute Myocardial
    • Abstract: Background: Patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are at high risk for acute kidney injury (AKI). Novel biomarkers that can predict AKI after AMI may facilitate immediate interventions. Recently, cystatin C, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), and klotho have been established as novel AKI biomarkers. However, their effects have not been studied in patients presenting with AMI. In this study, we will measure the serum levels of these three biomarkers to find reliable biomarkers for early diagnosis of AKI in AMI patients. Methods: This prospective observational cohort study was conducted between May 2016 and November 2017. A total of 285 consecutive patients with AMI were enrolled. The study was approved by the institutional review board of Peking University People’s Hospital (No. 2016PHB 042-01). AKI was defined according to the KDIGO criteria in 2012. At admission, the clinical data of patients was collected and serum levels of several AKI biomarkers, including cystatin C, NGAL, and klotho, were measured by ELISA. The relationship between biomarker levels of AKI were analyzed and their discrimination performances were compared. Results: AKI incidence was 17.5% (50/285) during hospitalization. Compared to patients without AKI, the AKI group had higher mortality (20.0% vs. 0.4%, p #x3c; 0.001) and tended to be older, had higher incidence of chronic kidney disease, severe cardiac function, more cardiac complications, larger doses of diuretics, and less use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blocker and statins. Moreover, AKI patients experienced an increase in serum cystatin C (3,709.2 ± 2,281.5 vs. 1,918.5 ± 1,140.6 ng/mL, p #x3c; 0.001), NGAL (118.0 ± 70.3 vs. 91.8 ± 52.3 ng/mL, p = 0.003), and klotho (742.2 ± 497.4 vs. 470.3 ± 257.2 pg/mL, p #x3c;0.001). Furthermore, the areas under the receiver operating curves demonstrated that serum cystatin C levels at admission had modest discriminative powers for predicting AKI after AMI compared with serum creatinine (0.899, 95% CI, 0.855–0.944 vs. 0.734, 95% CI, 0.649–0.819, p #x3c;0.001). There was no difference between the discrimination performances of serum creatinine, NGAL, and klotho. Conclusion: Elevated cystatin C levels are associated with AKI in patients with AMI. This study provides reliable evidence that cystatin C levels may be superior to serum creatinine for predicting AKI after AMI at admission.
      Cardiorenal Med
      PubDate: Mon, 05 Oct 2020 10:28:57 +020
  • A Prospective Single-Blind Randomized Trial of Ramipril, Eplerenone and
           Their Combination in Type 2 Diabetic Nephropathy
    • Abstract: Introduction: Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) combined with mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists were found to have a beneficial effect on patients with chronic kidney disease. Objective: The aim of our clinical trial was to compare the antialbuminuric effect of ramipril monotherapy, eplerenone monotherapy and eplerenone/ramipril combination therapy in patients with stage 1 hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods: In a single-blind, randomized clinical trial, 75 hypertensive patients (stage 1 hypertension) with type 2 diabetes mellitus and microalbuminuria were randomized in a 1:1:1 ratio to 1 of 3 groups: ramipril 10 mg monotherapy (25 patients), eplerenone 50 mg monotherapy (25 patients) and combination therapy of eplerenone/ramipril 50/10 mg (25 patients) through a randomized clinical trial. Blood pressure, urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (UACR), serum creatinine, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and serum K level were measured before randomization and after 24 weeks. Results: Ramipril and eplerenone monotherapy showed a significant lowering of UACR compared with baseline levels (p ≤ 0.0001). The eplerenone/ramipril combination group showed a more significant reduction of UACR compared with the ramipril and eplerenone monotherapy groups (p = 0.0001). There was a more significant lowering of systolic blood pressure in the combination group (p #x3c; 0.0001). A nonsignificant change of serum potassium level, serum creatinine and eGFR was found among the 3 groups. Conclusion: Addition of eplerenone to ACEI shows an added antialbuminuric effect without significant change of the serum K level compared with eplerenone or ACEI.
      Cardiorenal Med
      PubDate: Wed, 30 Sep 2020 09:40:43 +020
  • Slow Recovery from Critical Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pneumonia in an
           Immunosuppressed Renal Transplant Recipient with Early Acute Cardiorenal
    • Abstract: With the global spread of SARS-Cov-2 infections, increasing numbers of COVID-19 cases have been reported in transplant recipients. However, reports are lacking concerning the treatment and prognosis of COVID-19 pneumonia in renal transplant recipients with acute cardiorenal syndrome. We report here the complete clinical course of a renal transplant recipient with critical COVID-19 pneumonia. In the early phase of SARS-Cov-2 infection, the patient exhibited extensive lung lesions and significant acute kidney and heart injuries, which required treatment in the ICU. After correcting the arrhythmia and heart failure, the patient recovered quickly from the acute kidney injury with a treatment of intensive diuresis and strict control of fluid intake. Without cessation of oral immunosuppressive agents, the patient presented a delayed and low antibody response against SARS-Cov-2 and reappeared positive for the virus twice after being discharged. Nevertheless, the patient’s pneumonia continued to improve and he fully recovered in 69 days. This effectively treated case may be meaningful and referable for the treatment of COVID-19 pneumonia in other transplant recipients with acute cardiorenal syndrome.
      Cardiorenal Med
      PubDate: Mon, 28 Sep 2020 14:52:35 +020
  • The Impact of Diabetes Mellitus on Clinical Outcomes after Percutaneous
           Coronary Intervention with Drug-Eluting Stents for Left Main Distal
           Bifurcation Lesions in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease
    • Abstract: Background: The impact of diabetes mellitus (DM) on clinical outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for unprotected left main (ULM) distal bifurcation lesions in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is poorly understood in the era of drug-eluting stents (DESs). Objective: We assessed the impact of DM on clinical outcomes after PCI for ULM distal bifurcation lesions in CKD patients compared to patients without DM. Methods: We identified 1,832 consecutive patients who underwent PCI for ULM lesions at New Tokyo Hospital, Matsudo, Japan, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy, and EMO-GVM, Centro Cuore Columbus, Milan, Italy between January 2005 and August 2015. Of the 1,832 patients, 1,391 were treated with DESs. We excluded 750 patients without CKD and 89 hemodialysis patients. Finally, 552 patients with CKD were included: 219 with DM (DM group) and 333 without DM (no DM group). The primary endpoint was target lesion failure (TLF) at 5 years. TLF was defined as a composite of cardiac death, target lesion revascularization (TLR), and myocardial infarction. Results: Patients in the DM group were more likely to have hypertension, dyslipidemia, peripheral artery disease, and lower ejection fraction and were more frequently using insulin for DM. The TLF rate during the follow-up period was significantly higher in the DM than in the no DM group (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 1.50; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.06–2.13; p = 0.023). Cardiac mortality was comparable between both groups (adjusted HR 1.11; 95% CI 0.63–1.95; p = 0.71). The TLR rate was significantly higher in the DM group than in the no DM group (adjusted HR 1.69; 95% CI 1.12–2.54; p = 0.012). Conclusion: DM is strongly associated with adverse event after PCI for ULM distal bifurcation lesions in CKD patients compared to those without DM.
      Cardiorenal Med
      PubDate: Mon, 07 Sep 2020 07:38:38 +020
  • Chronic Kidney Disease in Adolescents after Surgery for Congenital Heart
    • Abstract: Background: The onset of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an important prognostic factor in young adults with congenital heart disease (CHD). Although it is likely that CKD is manifest early in CHD patients, the prevalence among adolescents is still unknown. The National Kidney Foundation’s Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes guidelines 2012 recommend new equations for the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and highlight the importance of albuminuria for CKD screening. The objective of the present study was to estimate the prevalence of CKD in CHD adolescents. Methods: This observational cross-sectional study included 115 patients aged 10–18 years attending the cardiologic outpatient clinic at our institution as a follow-up after cardiac surgery in infancy related to various CHDs. CKD assessment used the CKD criteria 2012, including eGFR equations based on serum creatinine and cystatin C, and measurement of albuminuria. Results: No patient had an eGFR #x3c;60 mL min–1 1.73 m–2. However, 28.7% of all patients (95% CI 20.7–37.9) had eGFRbetween 60 and 89 mL min–1 1.73 m–2 when estimated by the bedside Schwartz creatinine-based equation,and 17.4% (95% CI 11.2–24.1) had eGFRbetween 60 and 89 mL min–1 1.73 m–2 when estimated by the Zappitelli equation, combining creatinine and cystatin C. Of all patients, 20.0% (95% CI 12.1–26.7) had orthostatic proteinuria, and none had persistent albuminuria. Conclusions: There was no evidence of CKD in the present population aged 10–18 years. The significance of an eGFR between 60 and 90 mL min–1 1.73 m–2 is not concordant for this age range and requires further investigations.
      Cardiorenal Med
      PubDate: Tue, 28 Jul 2020 14:59:01 +020
  • Early Spot Urinary Sodium and Diuretic Efficiency in Acute Heart Failure
           and Concomitant Renal Dysfunction
    • Abstract: Objective: In acute heart failure (AHF), early assessment of spot urinary sodium (UNa) has emerged as a useful biomarker for risk stratification and monitoring. The objective of this study was to investigate (a) whether early spot UNa predicts 24-h diuretic efficiency and (b) the clinical factors associated with early spot UNa in patients with AHF and concomitant renal dysfunction (RD). Methods: This is a post hoc analysis of the IMPROVE-HF trial, in which 160 patients with AHF and RD (estimated glomerular filtrate rate [eGFR] #x3c;60 mL/min/1.73 m2) were included. Diuretic efficiency was calculated as the net fluid output produced per 40 mg of furosemide equivalents in 24 h. The association between early spot UNa and diuretic efficiency and clinical variables associated with UNa were evaluated using multivariate linear regression analysis. The contribution of the exposures in the predictability of the models was assessed with the coefficient of determination (R2). Results: The mean age of the study population was 78 ± 8 years. The median (interquartile range) diuretic efficiency, early spot UNa, aminoterminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide, and eGFR were 747 (490–1,167) mL, 90 mmol/L (65–111), 7,765 pg/mL (3,526–15,369), and 33.7 ± 11.3 mL/min/1.73 m2, respectively. In a multivariate setting, lower UNa was significantly and nonlinearly associated with lower diuretic efficiency (p = 0.001), explaining the 44.4% of the model predictability. Natremia and surrogates of congestion emerged as the main factors related to UNa. Conclusions: In patients with AHF and RD at presentation, early spot UNa was inversely related to 24-h diuretic efficiency.
      Cardiorenal Med
      PubDate: Tue, 28 Jul 2020 11:58:30 +020
  • Association between Serum Dickkopf-1 (DKK-1) Glycoprotein and Calcific
           Deposits on Cardiac Valves and Carotid Intimal-Medial Thickness in
           Hemodialysis Patients
    • Abstract: Background: Cardiac valve calcification (CVC) is common in hemodialysis (HD) patients, and associated with cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. Once believed to be a passive process, it is now understood that the Wnt signaling pathway has a major role. The aim of the current study was to assess the relationship between circulating DKK-1, a negative regulator of the Wnt signaling pathway, and CVC, as well as carotid intimal-medial thickness (CIMT) in HD patients. Methods: We enrolled 74 consecutive adults on maintenance HD. Echocardiographic calcification of the mitral valve (MV) and aortic valve (AV) were detected according to Wilkins score (range 0–4), and the study of Tenenbaum et al. [Int J Cardiol. 2004 Mar;94(1):7–13] (range 0–4), respectively. CVC severity was calculated by a supposed score (range 0–8) that represents the sum of calcification grade of MV and AV. CVC severity was classified into absent (CVC score = 0), mild (CVC score = 1–2), moderate (CVC score = 3–4), and severe (CVC score ≥5). Demographic and biochemical data were collected in addition to serum DKK-1 levels and CIMT. Results: CVC was present in 67 patients (91.0%). There was a highly significant negative correlation between serum DKK-1 level and CVC score (r = –0.492; p ≤ 0.001), as well as CIMT (r = –0.611; p ≤ 0.001). Age and CIMT were independent determinants of CVC. Conclusions: CVC is almost present in all HD patients. DKK-1 seems to have a direct relation with CVC and CIMT in HD patients. Age is the strongest independent determinant of CVC.
      Cardiorenal Med
      PubDate: Wed, 08 Jul 2020 10:04:03 +020
  • Cardiorenal Syndrome in Renal Transplant Recipients: Prevalence, Clinical
           Presentation, Treatment, and Outcome
    • Abstract: Background: Data on the cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) in renal transplant recipients (RTR) are scarce. We investigated the prevalence, clinical presentation, treatment, and outcomes of patients with CRS in our renal transplant cohort. Methods: Charts and medical records of adult RTR were investigated to identify patients with renal allograft dysfunction and heart failure (HF) with reduced (HFrEF) or preserved (HFpEF) ejection fraction. Results: From December 2009 to December 2019, a total of 1,610 patients received a kidney allograft at our institution. CRS was diagnosed in 9 patients (0.56%) a median of 11 years after transplantation (4–20 years). Seven of the patients were male, and 2 were female. The median age when CRS was diagnosed was 71 years (64–80 years). The major presenting symptom was dyspnea. Five patients had HFrEF, and 4 had HFpEF. The patient’s median basal creatinine clearance was 37 mL/min (range 29–77 mL/min). At hospitalization, it was decreased to 24 mL/min (range 13–45 mL/min). The patients were treated with diuretics, but 5 of them required extracorporeal fluid removal. At the 16-month follow-up (median), all patients with HFpEF were alive and had returned to initial levels of creatinine clearance. Two of the 5 HFrEF had died, and 2 needed permanent extracorporeal water removal. Conclusion: CRS after renal transplantation was rare (#x3c;1.0%), but CRS in HFreF patients was associated with a poor outcome.
      Cardiorenal Med
      PubDate: Mon, 06 Jul 2020 10:04:10 +020
  • Weathering the Cytokine Storm in COVID-19: Therapeutic Implications
    • Abstract: Background: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) recently emerged in Wuhan, Hubei-China, as responsible for the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and then spread rapidly worldwide. While most individuals remain asymptomatic or develop only mild symptoms, approximately 5% develop severe forms of COVID-19 characterized by acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and multiple-organ failure (MOF) that usually require intensive-care support and often yield a poor prognosis. Summary: The pathophysiology of COVID-19 is far from being completely understood, and the lack of effective treatments leads to a sense of urgency to develop new therapeutic strategies based on pathophysiological assumptions. The exaggerated cytokine release in response to viral infection, a condition known as cytokine release syndrome (CRS) or cytokine storm, is emerging as the mechanism leading to ARDS and MOF in COVID-19, thus endorsing the hypothesis that properly timed anti-inflammatory therapeutic strategies could improve patients’ clinical outcomes and prognosis. Key Messages: The objective of this article is to explore and comment on the potential role of the promising immunomodulatory therapies using pharmacological and nonpharmacological approaches to overcome the dysregulated proinflammatory response in COVID-19.
      Cardiorenal Med
      PubDate: Mon, 29 Jun 2020 11:54:17 +020
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