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    - UROLOGY, NEPHROLOGY AND ANDROLOGY (155 journals)

UROLOGY, NEPHROLOGY AND ANDROLOGY (155 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 155 of 155 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Urológica Portuguesa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actas Urológicas Españolas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Actas Urológicas Españolas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
African Journal of Nephrology     Open Access  
African Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
AJP Renal Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Aktuelle Urologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Kidney Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
American Journal of Men's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
Andrologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Andrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Andrology & Gynecology : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Andrology and Genital Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Andrology-Open Access     Open Access  
Annales d'Urologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Clinical Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivio Italiano di Urologia e Andrologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivos Españoles de Urología     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
BANTAO Journal     Open Access  
Basic and Clinical Andrology     Open Access  
BJU International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
BMC Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
BMC Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Canadian Urological Association Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cancer Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cardiorenal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Nephrology and Dialysis     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Case Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Clinical and Experimental Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Clinical Nephrology and Urology Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Queries: Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Cirugía     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Opinion in Nephrology & Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Current Opinion in Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Current Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Current Urology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Der Nephrologe     Hybrid Journal  
Der Urologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
EMC - Urología     Full-text available via subscription  
Enfermería Nefrológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Urology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
European Urology Focus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
European Urology Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Forum Nefrologiczne     Full-text available via subscription  
Geriatric Nephrology and Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Giornale di Clinica Nefrologica e Dialisi     Open Access  
Herald Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hong Kong Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Human Andrology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
IJU Case Reports     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Brazilian Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Urology and Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia     Open Access  
Journal für Urologie und Urogynäkologie/Österreich     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Clinical Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Clinical Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Endoluminal Endourology     Open Access  
Journal of Endourology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Endourology Case Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Genital System & Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Integrative Nephrology and Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Kidney Cancer and VHL     Open Access  
Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Nephrology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pediatric Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Renal Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Renal Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Renal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Journal of The Egyptian Society of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access  
Journal of Translational Neurosciences     Open Access  
Journal of Urology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 53)
Journal of Urology & Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Kidney Disease and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Kidney Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Kidney International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Kidney International Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Kidney Medicine     Open Access  
Kidney Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Kidneys (Počki)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nature Reviews Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Nature Reviews Urology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Nefrología (English Edition)     Open Access  
Nefrología (Madrid)     Open Access  
Nephro-Urology Monthly     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Nephron     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Nephron Clinical Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Nephron Experimental Nephrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Nephron Extra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nephron Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Neurourology and Urodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
OA Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open Access Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Open Journal of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Open Journal of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Open Urology & Nephrology Journal     Open Access  
Pediatric Urology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Portuguese Journal of Nephrology & Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Progrès en Urologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Progrès en Urologie - FMC     Full-text available via subscription  
Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Renal Failure     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Renal Replacement Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Research and Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Revista de Nefrología, Diálisis y Trasplante     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Urología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Urologia Colombiana     Open Access  
Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Scandinavian Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Seminars in Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
The Prostate     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Therapeutic Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Trends in Urology & Men's Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Ukrainian Journal of Nephrology and Dialysis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Uro-News     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Urolithiasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Urologia Internationalis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Urologia Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Urologic Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Urologic Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Urologic Radiology     Hybrid Journal  
Urological Science     Open Access  
Urologicheskie Vedomosti     Open Access  
Urologie in der Praxis     Hybrid Journal  
Urologie Scan     Hybrid Journal  
Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Urology Annals     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Urology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Urology Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Urology Times     Free   (Followers: 3)
Urology Video Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
World Journal of Nephrology and Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
World Journal of Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)

           

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Journal Cover
Urological Science
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.179
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1879-5226 - ISSN (Online) 1879-5234
Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [427 journals]
  • A novel quinazoline derivative, MJ-56, exhibits phototoxicity toward human
           bladder cancer cells

    • Authors: Hung-En Chen, Ji-Fan Lin, Thomas I-Sheng Hwang, Yi-Chia Lin, Kuang-Yu Chou, Mann-Jen Hour, Tefu Tsai
      Pages: 64 - 72
      Abstract: Hung-En Chen, Ji-Fan Lin, Thomas I-Sheng Hwang, Yi-Chia Lin, Kuang-Yu Chou, Mann-Jen Hour, Tefu Tsai
      Urological Science 2018 29(2):64-72
      Background: Quinazolines, which process a wide spectrum of biological properties such as antibacterial, antifungal, antivirus, and anticancer activities, are considered one of the most important heterocycles in medicinal chemistry. Here, we described for the first time the novel quinazoline derivative MJ-56 (6-pyrrolidinyl-2-(3-bromostyryl) quinazoline-4-one) which emits green fluorescent in the cytosol and exhibits phototoxicity toward human bladder cancer (BC) cells under blue-light exposure. Materials and Methods: Human BC cells (5637 and T24) and immortalized uroepithelial cell (SV-HUC1) were utilized in this study. To trace the localization of MJ-56, MitoTracker and LysoTracker were applied. The cell viability with or without blue light exposure were monitored by WST-1 reagent, direct recording, and clonogenic assays. The apoptosis induction in MJ-56 treated cells was detected. Results: MJ-56 emits green fluorescent in the cytosol. Vital staining of mitochondria or lysosomes demonstrated that the MJ-56 fluorescent was not located in either organelles. MJ-56 treatment for 24 h did not cause significant loss of cell viability in BC cells. However, treatment of 0.125 μM MJ-56 for 1 h and exposed to blue light for 15 mins significantly reduced cell viability. Interestingly, our results showed that MJ-56 has minimal impact on SV-HUC1 even with the blue-light exposure. The caspase 3/7 activities in BC cells treated with MJ-56 and exposed to blue light were significantly increased 1 h post-treatment. However, the DNA fragmentation cannot be detected at 1, 6, or 24 h posttreatment due to the loss of viable cells. Conclusions: MJ-56 exhibits phototoxicity toward BC cells with minimal impact on uroepithelial cells, indicating a novel therapeutic agent against BC. The mechanism underlying MJ-56-induced cell death as well as the translational studies warrants further investigation.
      Citation: Urological Science 2018 29(2):64-72
      PubDate: Mon,30 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/UROS.UROS_2_17
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Surgical menopause exacerbated high-fat and high-sugar diet-induced
           overactive bladder in a rat model

    • Authors: Yao-Hsuan Tsao, Yung-Chin Lee, Shu-Mien Chuang, Yi-Lun Lee, Jung-Tsung Shen, Jiun-Hung Geng, Hsun-Shuan Wang, Mei-Yu Jang, Kai-Fu Yang, Yung-Shun Juan, Wen-Jeng Wu
      Pages: 73 - 80
      Abstract: Yao-Hsuan Tsao, Yung-Chin Lee, Shu-Mien Chuang, Yi-Lun Lee, Jung-Tsung Shen, Jiun-Hung Geng, Hsun-Shuan Wang, Mei-Yu Jang, Kai-Fu Yang, Yung-Shun Juan, Wen-Jeng Wu
      Urological Science 2018 29(2):73-80
      Objective: The pathophysiology mechanism of menopause in the metabolic syndrome-associated bladder dysfunction is still not clear. The major aims of the present study were to examine the impact of high-fat-high-sugar diet and surgical menopause-induced metabolic syndrome in overactive bladder (OAB). Methods: Female Sprague Dawley rats were feed with high-fat-high-sugar diet with/without ovariectomy surgery to mimic menopause and to induce metabolic syndrome. At 6 months after high-fat-high-sugar feeding, cystometrogram, physical indicator, and urine and serum biochemistry parameters were measured. Masson's trichrome stain and Western blots were carried out to examine the expressions of interstitial fibrosis, fibrosis-associated proteins, and muscarinic or purinergic receptors. Results: Bladder hyperactivity was induced accompanied by bladder interstitial fibrosis after 6 months of high-fat-high-sugar feeding, while surgical menopause exacerbated these bladder damages and enhanced interstitial fibrosis level. In addition, surgical menopause enhanced bladder dysfunction via overexpression of muscarinic and purinergic receptors. Conclusions: High-fat-high-sugar feeding induced bladder overactivity, while ovary hormone deficiency enhanced bladder interstitial fibrosis, exacerbated OAB syndrome, and increased muscarinic and purinergic receptors expressions.
      Citation: Urological Science 2018 29(2):73-80
      PubDate: Mon,30 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/UROS.UROS_8_17
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Long-term satisfaction and complications in women with interstitial
           cystitis undergoing partial cystectomyand augmentation enterocystoplasty

    • Authors: Hsiu-Jen Wang, Hann-Chorng Kuo
      Pages: 81 - 85
      Abstract: Hsiu-Jen Wang, Hann-Chorng Kuo
      Urological Science 2018 29(2):81-85
      Objective: Interstitial cystitis (IC) is a chronic syndrome without effective definite treatment. Partial cystectomy with augmentation enterocystoplasty (AE) is considered a treatment of last resort for ulcer-type IC. This study investigated the long-term satisfaction and complications of IC patients undergoing AE. Methods: Fifteen IC (12 ulcer-type and 3 nonulcer-type) patients who underwent AE at a single medical center from 2010 to 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. The clinical symptoms and urodynamic study results of each patient were recorded before the operation. The long-term satisfaction of each patient was then evaluated using the global response assessment (GRA), and the postoperative symptoms were graded on a 4-point scale. The complications of AE were also recorded. Results: The mean age of the patients was 58.7 ± 12.7 years, and the mean follow-up period was 36.9 ± 23.1 months. The complications associated with AE included bladder stones, hydronephrosis, acute pyelonephritis, acute urinary retention, and recurrent bladder ulcers. The patients with ulcer-type IC who underwent AE reported better GRA results compared to those with nonulcer IC. The postoperative symptoms of bladder pain, dysuria, frequency, and urinary tract infection (UTI) were present in both groups of patients. No benefit was reported in all nonulcer IC patients. Conclusions: Although AE can improve bladder symptoms in ulcer-type IC patients, postoperative dysuria and UTI remain problems, and IC patients might have complications related to AE. Meanwhile, most of the patients with nonulcer IC reported no benefit from AE and hence AE should not be recommended.
      Citation: Urological Science 2018 29(2):81-85
      PubDate: Mon,30 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/UROS.UROS_21_17
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Do 5α-reductase inhibitors prevent secondary benign prostate
           hyperplasia-related urinary retention?

    • Authors: Chi-Fong Lu, Chun-You Chen, Liang-Ming Lee, Ke-Hsun Lin, Yung-Wei Lin, Chi-Hao Hsiao, Yu-Ching Wen
      Pages: 86 - 90
      Abstract: Chi-Fong Lu, Chun-You Chen, Liang-Ming Lee, Ke-Hsun Lin, Yung-Wei Lin, Chi-Hao Hsiao, Yu-Ching Wen
      Urological Science 2018 29(2):86-90
      Objective: The objective of this study is to determine whether 5α-reductase inhibitors (5ARIs) prevent secondary benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH)-related acute urinary retention (AUR) after the first episode of urine retention. Materials and Methods: In total, 1161 patients were enrolled using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes as having AUR (ICD-9 code 788.20) and BPH, with or without lower urinary tract symptoms (ICD-9 codes 600.0 and 600.1) between January 2006 and June 2016. After excluding patients with bladder and external sphincter dysfunction, we enrolled 128 patients in this study. Patients were divided into two groups: Group 1 comprising 33 patients receiving 5ARI (dutasteride) and α-blocker treatment, and Group 2 comprising 95 patients receiving α-blocker treatment alone. Patient characteristics, namely, age, prostate size, maximal urinary flow rate (Qmax), prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level, and duration of dutasteride treatment, were recorded and compared. Patients were followed for at least 6 months to a maximum period of 24 months if no event occurred. Events of secondary BPH-related AUR and surgery were recorded. Results: All patient characteristics, except for prostate size, were similar between the two groups (Group 1 vs. Group 2: 65.0 vs. 36.9 mL, P = 0.001). In total, 43 patients (32%) experienced secondary AUR within 24 months. The rate of secondary BPH-related AUR was significantly lower in the Group 1 than in the Group 2 (18.2% vs. 39.4%, P = 0.030). The rate of BPH-related surgery was lower in the Group 1 (9.1% vs. 14.9%, P = 0.410), although the difference was not significant. Prostate size and PSA levels were significantly lower in the Group 1 (23.5%) than in the Group 2 (60.4%) (P < 0.001). Conclusions: Using 5ARIs to treat patients with first episodes of BPH-related AUR significantly prevents secondary AUR.
      Citation: Urological Science 2018 29(2):86-90
      PubDate: Mon,30 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/UROS.UROS_6_17
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Efficacy of parecoxib for reducing pyelovenous backflow pain during
           retrograde intrarenal surgery

    • Authors: Yi-Hao Wu, Chun-Te Wu, Cheng-Feng Lin, Wen-Hsiang Chen, Shian-Shiang Huang, Lawrence Shih-Hsin Wu, Cheng-Chia Lin
      Pages: 91 - 94
      Abstract: Yi-Hao Wu, Chun-Te Wu, Cheng-Feng Lin, Wen-Hsiang Chen, Shian-Shiang Huang, Lawrence Shih-Hsin Wu, Cheng-Chia Lin
      Urological Science 2018 29(2):91-94
      Objective: The goal of this paper is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of perioperative parecoxib, a cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor in reducing transient postoperative pyelovenous backflow pain in patients undergoing retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS). Materials and Methods: We instituted a change in our institutional clinical practice starting in January 2016. Since January 2016, all patients undergoing RIRS were administered perioperative intravenous parecoxib. Patients with a history of chronic renal failure (Cr over 2.5) or coronary heart disease did not receive parecoxib. The numerical scale NRS (Numerical rating scale) was recorded after postoperative conscious recovery within 24 h of the postoperative hospitalization. The NRS values were compared with a matched cohort of patients treated with RIRS at our center before January 2016 initiation of parecoxib administration to RIRS patients. Results: A total of 116 patients received Parecoxib during RIRS between January 2016 and August 2016. We found that parecoxib infusion was associated with significantly decreased of NRS. Out of 243 patients, 160 patients treated with parecoxib received an NRS of 1.57 points versus 127 of 243 matched controls who had an NRS of 3.32 points (P < 0.0001). The proportion of NRS >4 score in the patients with parecoxib infusion is much lower than those patients who did not receive Parecoxib (9% vs. 30%). Conclusion: Use of perioperative parecoxib during RIRS is associated with a significant reduction in transient postoperative pyelovenous backflow pain and increased operation quality.
      Citation: Urological Science 2018 29(2):91-94
      PubDate: Mon,30 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/UROS.UROS_5_17
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Role of second-look transurethral resection of bladder tumors for newly
           diagnosed T1 bladder cancer: Experience at a single center

    • Authors: Wen-Hsin Tseng, Alex Chien-Hwa Liao, Kun-Hung Shen, Chun-Hao Chen, Chien-Liang Liu, Shun-Hsing Hung, Chia-Cheng Su, Jhih-Cheng Wang, Kau-Han Lee, Chien-Feng Li, Steven K Huang
      Pages: 95 - 99
      Abstract: Wen-Hsin Tseng, Alex Chien-Hwa Liao, Kun-Hung Shen, Chun-Hao Chen, Chien-Liang Liu, Shun-Hsing Hung, Chia-Cheng Su, Jhih-Cheng Wang, Kau-Han Lee, Chien-Feng Li, Steven K Huang
      Urological Science 2018 29(2):95-99
      Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the outcome of second-look transurethral resection of bladder tumors (TURBT) for superficial T1 bladder cancer. Materials and Methods: We enrolled a total of 504 patients who were pathologically diagnosed with urothelial carcinoma and underwent TURBT between January 2012 and December 2016. A total of 240 patients were diagnosed with T1 urothelial carcinoma in the bladder, and 101 (42%) of these patients underwent a second-look TURBT within 4–14 weeks after the initial resection. We assessed the pathological staging of the second-look TURBT. Results: Of the 101 patients who underwent a second-look TURBT, 18 (18%) had residual tumors based on the pathological report: one had pTa disease, seven had pTis disease, nine had pT1 disease, and one had pT2 disease. The residual tumor rate was higher in patients with more than one tumor than in patients with a single tumor; however, there was no significant findings in patients with tumors larger than 3 cm or high histological grade. Conclusion: The results of the present study show that 18% of patients who underwent a second-look TURBT had residual tumors. Early diagnosis of residual tumors or restaging is possible through a second-look TURBT, which could help in deciding the subsequent treatment step if a residual tumor was found.
      Citation: Urological Science 2018 29(2):95-99
      PubDate: Mon,30 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/UROS.UROS_17_17
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor and transarterial embolization for
           treatment of tuberous sclerosis complex patients with renal angiomyolipoma
           

    • Authors: Wei-Chung Hsiao, Jeng-Dau Tsai, Shao-Chun Wang, Sung-Lang Chen
      Pages: 100 - 105
      Abstract: Wei-Chung Hsiao, Jeng-Dau Tsai, Shao-Chun Wang, Sung-Lang Chen
      Urological Science 2018 29(2):100-105
      Objective: Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal dominant genetic disease that results in multiorgan hamartomas. Patients with TSC also frequently have renal angiomyolipomas, which are rare but benign renal tumors. However, the main causes of mortality in these patients are angiomyolipoma-related chronic kidney disease and acute tumor hemorrhage. Angiomyolipomas are mostly treated in our hospital using mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor therapy or transarterial embolization (TAE). This study was undertaken to evaluate and compare the short-term outcomes of a combined therapy of mTOR inhibitor and TAE in patients with TSC-associated angiomyolipoma. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective observational study based on collected data obtained from chart reviews. The single-center data set covered patients diagnosed, treated, and followed up from September 10, 2008, to March 17, 2016, at a specialist center. Patients with TSC-associated angiomyolipoma treated with monotherapy or combined treatment of mTOR inhibitor and TAE were included in this study. We compared the tumor size with image studies in the baseline and follow-up periods in both groups. Results: In total, 15 patients (3 males and 12 females) were included; 8 patients underwent mTOR inhibitor monotherapy and 7 received the combined mTOR inhibitor and TAE therapy. The mean patient age was 37.7 (17–72) years. The maximal diameters of renal angiomyolipomas ranged from 2 to 20.9 (10.2 ± 5.4) cm for all patients at the time of treatment intervention. During an average follow-up duration of 22 (2–56) months, the mean size of the angiomyolipomas decreased from 9.3 ± 5.6 to 8.5 ± 5.3 cm in the monotherapy group and 11.5 ± 5.4–10.0 ± 5.8 cm in the patients in the combined therapy (P = 0.014). Conclusions: In comparison with m-TOR inhibitor monotherapy, TAE combined with mTOR inhibitor therapy allows management of tumor bleeding with acceptable complications, and it also statistically reduces the tumor size in patients with TSC-associated renal angiomyolipomas.
      Citation: Urological Science 2018 29(2):100-105
      PubDate: Mon,30 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/UROS.UROS_19_17
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Organic erectile dysfunction in Taiwan: A nationwide, retrospective,
           age-matched nonrandomized study

    • Authors: Tsu-Ming Chien, Yen-Man Lu, Ching-Chia Li, Yii-Her Chou, Wen-Jeng Wu, Chun-Nung Huang, Chii-Jye Wang
      Pages: 106 - 110
      Abstract: Tsu-Ming Chien, Yen-Man Lu, Ching-Chia Li, Yii-Her Chou, Wen-Jeng Wu, Chun-Nung Huang, Chii-Jye Wang
      Urological Science 2018 29(2):106-110
      Objective: We aimed to determine the distribution of patients who sought medical help of organic erectile dysfunction (ED) in Taiwan. We further adjusted the age, insurance range, and other comorbidities to determine the potential risk factors for organic ED. Materials and Methods: Data were sourced from the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2000 of Taiwan, Republic of China, compiled by the Taiwan National Health Insurance database from 1996 to 2010. The possible risk factors leading to organic ED were also studied. Results: We included 3229 patients with organic ED and 9687 patients for comparison. A logistic regression model used to adjust for age, insurance, and other comorbidities showed that diabetes mellitus (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 1.71; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.51–1.92; P < 0.001), hypertension (adjusted OR, 1.46; 95% CI, 1.32–1.61, P < 0.001), chronic kidney disease (CKD; adjusted OR, 1.46; 95% CI, 1.25–1.69; P < 0.001), dyslipidemia (adjusted OR, 1.61; 95% CI, 1.25–1.69; P < 0.001), and depression (adjusted OR, 1.41; 95% CI, 1.13–1.77; P = 0.003) were potential risk factors for organic ED. Conclusion: On the basis of our results, patients aged above 50 years accounted for over 70% of the organic ED patients who sought treatment. Diabetes mellitus, hypertension, CKD, dyslipidemia, and depression were potential risk factors for organic ED.
      Citation: Urological Science 2018 29(2):106-110
      PubDate: Mon,30 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/0973-1482.231425
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Renal vein aneurysm

    • Authors: Shih-Huan Su, Wenghou A O, Li-Jen Wang, Hsin-Chia Angela Lin, Cheng-Keng Chuang
      Pages: 111 - 113
      Abstract: Shih-Huan Su, Wenghou A O, Li-Jen Wang, Hsin-Chia Angela Lin, Cheng-Keng Chuang
      Urological Science 2018 29(2):111-113
      Renal vein aneurysm (RVA) is a rare disease. Only a few cases have been reported in the past. With Institutional Research Board approval (IRB 201600376B0D001), we reported the case of a 51-year-old female without symptoms and incidental finding of a right renal lesion by renal echo during health examination. Computed tomography (CT) angiography showed a large aneurysm connecting to the right renal vein. Thus, a right RVA was diagnosed. Embolization was not performed due to extremely high probability of untargeted embolization, and the patient preferred outpatient follow-up. CT angiography follow-up was done 6 months later and revealed no obvious enlargement of the aneurysm but an arteriovenous fistula was suspected. The main objective of this report is to differentiate between renal vascular disease and malignant renal neoplasms by reviewing and discussing the available literature.
      Citation: Urological Science 2018 29(2):111-113
      PubDate: Mon,30 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/UROS.UROS_1_18
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Erratum: Long-term outcomes of nephrectomy and inferior vena cava
           thrombectomy in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma: A
           single-center experience

    • Pages: 114 - 114
      Abstract:
      Urological Science 2018 29(2):114-114

      Citation: Urological Science 2018 29(2):114-114
      PubDate: Mon,30 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/1879-5226.231437
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Erratum: Do transperitoneal and retroperitoneal hand-assisted laparoscopic
           nephroureterectomy have different effects on intravesical recurrence?

    • Pages: 115 - 115
      Abstract:
      Urological Science 2018 29(2):115-115

      Citation: Urological Science 2018 29(2):115-115
      PubDate: Mon,30 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/1879-5226.231438
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • CME Test

    • Pages: 116 - 117
      Abstract:
      Urological Science 2018 29(2):116-117

      Citation: Urological Science 2018 29(2):116-117
      PubDate: Mon,30 Apr 2018
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2018)
       
 
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