Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8690 journals)
    - ALLERGOLOGY AND IMMUNOLOGY (220 journals)
    - ANAESTHESIOLOGY (121 journals)
    - CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (338 journals)
    - CHIROPRACTIC, HOMEOPATHY, OSTEOPATHY (21 journals)
    - COMMUNICABLE DISEASES, EPIDEMIOLOGY (236 journals)
    - DENTISTRY (294 journals)
    - DERMATOLOGY AND VENEREOLOGY (163 journals)
    - EMERGENCY AND INTENSIVE CRITICAL CARE (124 journals)
    - ENDOCRINOLOGY (151 journals)
    - FORENSIC SCIENCES (42 journals)
    - GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY (189 journals)
    - GERONTOLOGY AND GERIATRICS (138 journals)
    - HEMATOLOGY (158 journals)
    - HYPNOSIS (4 journals)
    - INTERNAL MEDICINE (178 journals)
    - LABORATORY AND EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE (99 journals)
    - MEDICAL GENETICS (58 journals)
    - MEDICAL SCIENCES (2415 journals)
    - NURSES AND NURSING (370 journals)
    - OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY (207 journals)
    - ONCOLOGY (386 journals)
    - OPHTHALMOLOGY AND OPTOMETRY (141 journals)
    - ORTHOPEDICS AND TRAUMATOLOGY (170 journals)
    - OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (83 journals)
    - PATHOLOGY (100 journals)
    - PEDIATRICS (275 journals)
    - PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION (158 journals)
    - PSYCHIATRY AND NEUROLOGY (833 journals)
    - RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE (192 journals)
    - RESPIRATORY DISEASES (105 journals)
    - RHEUMATOLOGY (79 journals)
    - SPORTS MEDICINE (81 journals)
    - SURGERY (406 journals)
    - UROLOGY, NEPHROLOGY AND ANDROLOGY (155 journals)

ANAESTHESIOLOGY (121 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 121 of 121 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62)
Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Acute Pain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Anesthesia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
African Journal of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Ain-Shams Journal of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ain-Shams Journal of Anesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambulatory Anesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 238)
Anaesthesia & Intensive Care Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 72)
Anaesthesia and Intensive Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 62)
Anaesthesia Critical Care & Pain Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Anaesthesia Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Anaesthesia, Pain & Intensive Care     Open Access  
Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Analgesia & Resuscitation : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anestesia Analgesia Reanimación     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anestesia en México     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anesthesia & Analgesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 275)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Anesthesia Progress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anesthésie & Réanimation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Anesthesiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 232)
Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Anesthesiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Anesthesiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Annales Françaises d'Anesthésie et de Réanimation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
BDJ Team     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Best Practice & Research Clinical Anaesthesiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
BJA : British Journal of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 243)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70)
BMC Anesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology (Edicion en espanol)     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology (English edition)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brazilian Journal of Pain (BrJP)     Open Access  
British Journal of Pain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Canadian Journal of Anesthesia/Journal canadien d'anesthésie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Case Reports in Anesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Journal of Pain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Colombian Journal of Anesthesiology : Revista Colombiana de Anestesiología     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Anaesthesia & Critical Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
Current Anesthesiology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
Current Pain and Headache Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Der Anaesthesist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Der Schmerz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Der Schmerzpatient     Hybrid Journal  
Douleur et Analgésie     Hybrid Journal  
Egyptian Journal of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Journal of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
EMC - Anestesia-Reanimación     Hybrid Journal  
EMC - Anestesia-Rianimazione     Hybrid Journal  
EMC - Urgenze     Full-text available via subscription  
European Journal of Anaesthesiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
European Journal of Pain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
European Journal of Pain Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Global Journal of Anesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Headache The Journal of Head and Face Pain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Indian Journal of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Indian Journal of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Anesthesiology Clinics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Clinical Anesthesia and Research     Open Access  
Itch & Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
JA Clinical Reports     Open Access  
Journal Club Schmerzmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Anesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Anesthesia History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Anesthesiology and Clinical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Cellular and Molecular Anesthesia     Open Access  
Journal of Clinical Anesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Critical Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Journal of Headache and Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Neuroanaesthesiology and Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Obstetric Anaesthesia and Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Pain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Pain and Symptom Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Journal of Pain Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Palliative Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Society of Anesthesiologists of Nepal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the Bangladesh Society of Anaesthesiologists     Open Access  
Jurnal Anestesi Perioperatif     Open Access  
Jurnal Anestesiologi Indonesia     Open Access  
Karnataka Anaesthesia Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Le Praticien en Anesthésie Réanimation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Local and Regional Anesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Medical Gas Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Medycyna Paliatywna w Praktyce     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
OA Anaesthetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Open Anesthesia Journal     Open Access  
Open Journal of Anesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Pain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
Pain Clinic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pain Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Pain Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Pain Research and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Pain Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pain Studies and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Research and Opinion in Anesthesia and Intensive Care     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Revista Chilena de Anestesia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Colombiana de Anestesiología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Cubana de Anestesiología y Reanimación     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista da Sociedade Portuguesa de Anestesiologia     Open Access  
Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación     Hybrid Journal  
Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Romanian Journal of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Scandinavian Journal of Pain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Southern African Journal of Anaesthesia and Analgesia     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Sri Lankan Journal of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Survey of Anesthesiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Techniques in Regional Anesthesia and Pain Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Topics in Pain Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Trends in Anaesthesia and Critical Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)

           

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Anesthesia
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.535
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 13  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1438-8359 - ISSN (Online) 0913-8668
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2626 journals]
  • Emergent endotracheal intubation associated cardiac arrest, risks, and
           emergency implications
    • Abstract: Abstract Emergent endotracheal intubation (ETI)-related cardiac arrest (CA) is a life-threatening complication that is poorly documented. Definitions and risk factors for CA during or directly after emergent ETI have not been clearly established and may represent modifiable means of improving patient outcomes. We conducted a review of the literature to assess the incidence and risk factors associated with ETI-related CA in the Emergency Department (ED) as well as in the inpatient setting outside of the operating room. Retrospective studies demonstrated that ETI-related CA incidence was between 1.7% and 23% in both the ED and the inpatient setting. Pre-intubation hypoxemia, hypotension, Shock Index (SI), Body Mass Index, and age were most associated with CA. Medications used for induction and number of attempts were identified as risk factors. Definitions of ETI-related CA also varied considerably ranging from within 5 min to within 60 min of intubation; however, the majority of ETI-related CA cases occurred within 10 min. Hemodynamic factors such as SI, hypotension, and hypoxemia were associated with increased rates of CA. ETI-related CA may represent a potentially modifiable complication that can improve patient outcomes in critically ill patients presenting in the ED.
      PubDate: 2019-03-21
       
  • Unexpected, terrible trouble with the electric vaporizer
    • PubDate: 2019-03-20
       
  • Comparison of invasive and noninvasive blood hemoglobin measurement in the
           operating room: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    • Abstract: Abstract Noninvasive hemoglobin (Hb)-monitoring devices are new inventions in pulse oximeter systems that show hemoglobin levels continuously. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the accuracy and precision of noninvasive versus standard central laboratory Hb measurements in the operating room. We systematically searched multiple databases. Then, for the quality assessment of studies, we modified QUADAS-2 in the Revman 5.3 software. The GRADE approach was used to measure the quality of evidence (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation). Data were analyzed using the meta-analysis method (random effect model) using STATA 11 software. A total of 28 studies on 2000 participants were included in the meta-analysis. Meta-analysis results of mean differences between noninvasive and the central laboratory Hb measurements in overall pooled random effects were − 0.27 (95% LoA (0.44, − 0.10); P value < 0.05). According to this meta-analysis, noninvasive hemoglobin measurement has acceptable accuracy in comparison with the standard invasive method.
      PubDate: 2019-03-20
       
  • Comparison of interscalene block, general anesthesia, and intravenous
           analgesia for out-patient shoulder reduction
    • Abstract: Purpose Shoulder dislocation is often associated with intense pain, and requires urgent pain therapy and reduction. Interscalene block, general anesthesia, or intravenous analgesia alone are applied procedures that facilitate shoulder reduction by the surgeon and ease patients’ pain. This study was conducted to compare procedure times, patient satisfaction, side-effects, and clinical outcome of these clinical procedures. Methods Retrospective chart analysis was performed for all patients treated at the Emergency Department of a primary care hospital. In addition, standardized telephone interviews were conducted. Subjective clinical outcome and patient satisfaction (SF-36, Quick-DASH, ZUF-8) were measured with the standardized questionnaires. Results The shortest overall procedure time [67.5 min (48.8–93.5 min), P = 0.003] was found in patients with interscalene block. The advantage of general anesthesia was the shortest anesthesia induction time [10 min (7.8–10 min), P < 0.0001]; reduction time [6 min (4.3–6 min), P = 0.039]; and time to discharge [90 min (67.5–123.8 min), P = 0.0001] were significantly prolonged in comparison to interscalene block [5 min (1–5 min) and 45 min (2–67.5 min)]. The longest reduction time [11 min (10–13.5 min), P = 0.0008] was seen in patients in the intravenous analgesia group. Overall, patient satisfaction was greater in patients with regional as compared to general anesthesia [measured by ZUF-8: 12 (9–15) vs. 17 (12–24), P = 0.03]. Subjective clinical outcome (SF-36, DASH) was comparable among the three groups. There was one immediately identified esophageal intubation in the general anesthesia group. Conclusions Out-patient shoulder reduction can be accomplished no matter whether general anesthesia, regional anesthesia, or intravenous analgesia alone was administered. Clinical outcome as measured by SF-36 and DASH was comparable among the three groups, but the shortest overall procedure time and greater patient satisfaction were found in patients with interscalene block.
      PubDate: 2019-03-12
       
  • Intraoperative vasoplegic syndrome in patients with fulminant myocarditis
           on ventricular assist device placement
    • Abstract: Purpose Fulminant myocarditis is uncommon, but life-threatening, and some patients need mechanical circulatory support. This study was performed to evaluate how different types of mechanical circulatory support—biventricular assist device (BiVAD) or left ventricular assist device (LVAD) placement—affect intraoperative hemodynamic status. Methods From January 2013 to September 2016, the patients who underwent BiVAD or LVAD placement for fulminant myocarditis were analyzed. The mean arterial pressure (MAP), mean pulmonary arterial pressure, central venous pressure (CVP), vasoactive score, and inotropic score were recorded at five time points: after the induction of anesthesia; at weaning, 30 min after weaning, and 60 min after weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB); and at the end of surgery. The vasoactive and inotropic scores were calculated as follows: vasoactive score = norepinephrine (µg/kg/min) × 100 + milrinone (µg/kg/min) × 10 + olprinone (µg/kg/min) × 25: inotropic score = dopamine (µg/kg/min) × 1 + dobutamine (µg/kg/min) × 1 + epinephrine (µg/kg/min) × 100. Results We enrolled 16 patients of fulminant myocarditis. Ten of them underwent BiVAD placement, and the other underwent LVAD placement. After weaning from CPB, the BiVAD group had a significantly lower MAP but no difference in CVP. The vasoactive score was significantly higher in the BiVAD group at weaning of CPB (p = 0.015), 30 min after weaning (p = 0.004), 60 min after weaning (p = 0.005), and at the end of surgery (p < 0.016). Conclusion Patients with BiVAD placement required more vasoactive support to maintain optimal hemodynamic status compared with those with LVAD placement. This result indicates that BiVAD placement was more associated with vasoplegic syndrome.
      PubDate: 2019-03-12
       
  • The F Breathing Circuit, a universal single-limb breathing circuit: brief
           historical perspective
    • Abstract: Abstract This article presents a brief historical perspective of the F Breathing Circuit, a universal single-limb breathing circuit. The single-limb breathing circuit (tube within a tube configuration) comprises two tubes of sufficient size and compliance, so that either channel enables safe, unrestricted inspiration/expiration at all times in spontaneous and controlled ventilation. The single-limb circuit can function in various modes: as an anesthetic circle circuit as well as a Mapleson-type rebreathing circuit and as a non-rebreathing circuit (e.g., with ICU ventilators) in adult and pediatric patients. Therefore, it qualifies as a universal breathing circuit. Since its first introduction in Japan (1978), which was followed by further modifications and improvements, the circuit was made available in USA and worldwide.
      PubDate: 2019-03-11
       
  • Lasting effects of general anesthetics on the brain in the young and
           elderly: “mixed picture” of neurotoxicity, neuroprotection and
           cognitive impairment
    • Abstract: Abstract General anesthetics are commonly used in major surgery. To achieve the depth of anesthesia for surgery, patients are being subjected to a variety of general anesthetics, alone or in combination. It has been long held an illusory concept that the general anesthesia is entirely reversible and that the central nervous system is returned to its pristine state once the anesthetic agent is eliminated from the active site. However, studies indicate that perturbation of the normal functioning of these targets may result in long-lasting desirable or undesirable effects. This review focuses on the impact of general anesthetic exposure to the brain and summarizes the molecular and cellular mechanisms by which general anesthetics may induce long-lasting undesirable effects when exposed at the developing stage of the brain. The vulnerability of aging brain to general anesthetics, specifically in the context of cognitive disorders and Alzheimer’s disease pathogeneses are also discussed. Moreover, we will review emerging evidence regarding the neuroprotective property of xenon and anesthetic adjuvant dexmedetomidine in the immature and mature brains. In conclusion, “mixed picture” effects of general anesthetics should be well acknowledged and should be implemented into daily clinical practice for better patient outcome.
      PubDate: 2019-03-11
       
  • Reply to the letter about inadequate depth of nasal tube
    • PubDate: 2019-03-09
       
  • Reply to the letter to the editor
    • PubDate: 2019-03-09
       
  • Optimal placement of nasal RAE tube
    • PubDate: 2019-03-09
       
  • Transcranial MEP monitoring of vagus nerve
    • PubDate: 2019-03-09
       
  • Reply to the letter to the editor
    • PubDate: 2019-03-09
       
  • Managing postoperative catheter-related bladder discomfort
    • PubDate: 2019-03-09
       
  • The analgesic efficacy and duration of lidocaine on vascular pain induced
           
    • Abstract: Purpose To determine the analgesic efficacy and analgesic duration of lidocaine 20 mg and 40 mg on eliminating the vascular pain associated with hypertonic saline infusion. Method Patients who complained pain during infusion of hypertonic saline were randomized into three groups. They received normal saline (Group C), or lidocaine 20 mg (Group L20), or lidocaine 40 mg (Group L40). An electronic stopwatch was used to record the time to onset (T1) and the time to termination (T2) of the analgesic effect, and the analgesic duration (AD) was calculated as T2 − T1. Results The incidence of pain elimination was significantly higher in both of the lidocaine groups (83.3 and 56.1% in Groups L40 and L20, respectively) than in the saline group (16.3%). Furthermore, lidocaine 40 mg was significantly more effective than 20 mg in eliminating the pain. The analgesic duration was significantly longer in Group L40 than in Group L20 (211.4 ± 50.2 vs. 130.3 ± 39.5 s, P < 0.001) and Group C (211.4 ± 50.2 vs. 45.1 ± 14.5 s, P < 0.001), and the analgesic duration in Group L20 was significantly longer than in Group C (P < 0.001). The incidence of transient tinnitus/dizziness was significantly higher in Group L40 than in Group L20 (19.0 vs. 2.4%, P < 0.05). Conclusion A single bolus of Lidocaine was effective in eliminating the pain induced by hypertonic saline infusion, but just for a short period of time. Lidocaine (without venous occlusion) only provides a short analgesic duration for local vein.
      PubDate: 2019-03-05
       
  • Handover of anesthesia care is associated with an increased risk of
           delirium in elderly after major noncardiac surgery: results of a secondary
           analysis
    • Abstract: Abstract In patients undergoing major surgery, complete handover of intraoperative anesthesia care is associated with adverse postoperative outcomes including high mortality and more major complications. The purpose of this study was to explore the association between the intraoperative complete handover between anesthesiologists and the occurrence of postoperative delirium. This was a secondary analysis of the database of a previously published clinical trial. Seven hundred patients aged 65 years or older, who were admitted to the intensive care unit after noncardiac surgery, were included. Delirium was assessed with the Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit twice daily during the first 7 postoperative days. Other postoperative outcomes were also monitored. The association between the intraoperative complete handover of anesthesia care and the development of postoperative delirium was analyzed with a logistic regression model. Of the 700 enrolled patients, 111 (15.9%) developed postoperative delirium within 7 days. After correction for confounding factors, intraoperative complete handover between anesthesiologists was associated with an increased risk of postoperative delirium (OR 1.787, 95% CI 1.012–3.155, P = 0.046). Patients with intraoperative complete handover also had higher incidence of non-delirium complications (P = 0.003) and stayed longer in hospital after surgery (P = 0.002). For elderly patients admitted to the intensive care unit after noncardiac surgery, intraoperative complete handover of anesthesia care was associated with an increased risk of postoperative delirium. Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (http://www.chictr.org.cn): ChiCTR-TRC-10000802.
      PubDate: 2019-02-28
       
  • The impact of intravenous isotonic and hypotonic maintenance fluid on the
           risk of delirium in adult postoperative patients: retrospective
           before-after observational study
    • Abstract: Purpose To assess the impact of intravenous isotonic and hypotonic maintenance fluid on the risk of delirium in adult postoperative patients, we conducted retrospective before-after study in a tertiary teaching hospital. Methods We examined all adult patients admitted ICU after an elective operation for head and neck cancer, or esophageal cancer from February 2014 to January 2017. From February 2014 to July 2015, patients were administered hypotonic fluid (sodium; 35 mmol/L) as the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) have recommended. From August 2015 to January 2017, patients were administered isotonic fluid (sodium; 140 mmol/L). We defined the incidence of delirium as the primary outcome. The delirium was defined as the Intensive Care Delirium Screening Checklist during the ICU stay ≥ 4. A propensity score-matched model was used to adjust confounders. Results As postoperative intravenous maintenance fluid, hypotonic fluid was administered to 119 patients and isotonic fluid was administered to 92 patients. Among those total cohorts, the incidence of postoperative delirium in the hypotonic group was 21.8%, which was significantly higher than that (9.8%) in the isotonic group (p = 0.019). After propensity score matching, we selected 77 patients in each group. The incidence of delirium during the ICU stay in the hypotonic group was 26.0%, which was significantly higher than the incidence of 11.7% in the isotonic group (p = 0.023). Conclusions In this study, the use of postoperative hypotonic maintenance fluid was associated with a higher risk of postoperative delirium than that when isotonic maintenance fluid was used.
      PubDate: 2019-02-26
       
  • Brain white matter lesions and postoperative cognitive dysfunction: a
           review
    • Abstract: Abstract Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a serious complication of anesthesia and surgery, and the major risk factor of POCD is aging. Although the exact pathophysiology of POCD remains unknown, two possible and reliable mechanisms have been proposed: neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration, i.e., amyloid β accumulation and/or tau protein phosphorylation, by surgery and/or general anesthetics. White matter lesions (WML) are produced by chronic cerebral hypoperfusion, frequently observed in elderly people, and closely related to cognitive decline. As recent studies have revealed that WML are a significant risk factor for POCD in humans, and we previously also demonstrated that persistent hypocapnea or hypotension caused neuronal damage in the caudoputamen or the hippocampus in a rat model of chronic cerebral hypoperfusion, which features global cerebral WML without neuronal damage and is recognized as a good model of human vascular dementia especially in elderly people, we hypothesize that in addition to those two previously proposed mechanisms, perioperative vital sign changes that cause reductions in cerebral blood flow might contribute to POCD in patients with WML, whose cerebral blood flow is already considerably decreased.
      PubDate: 2019-02-20
       
  • Abdominal girth has a strong correlation with ultrasound-estimated
           epidural depth in parturients: a prospective observational study
    • Abstract: Background Preprocedural ultrasound examination of vertebral column guides to locate desired intervertebral space and provides a prevision of needle trajectory and estimated needle depth in parturients. The objective of this study was to assess the correlation between ultrasound-estimated epidural depth (ED) with abdominal girth (AG), body mass index (BMI), weight, height, and age. Methods In this prospective, observational study, ultrasound imaging was done at L3–4 interspace in transverse median plane (TP) and paramedian sagittal oblique plane (PSO) to obtain ultrasound estimates of skin to epidural space depth. Combined spinal epidural anesthesia was performed at L3–4 interspace. AG, BMI, age, height, and weight were recorded for every parturient. Results Data from 130 parturients were analyzed. Estimated ED was 56.5 ± 9.5 mm in TP, 57.5 ± 9.3 mm in PSO, and actual epidural depth was 57.9 ± 9.4 mm. Correlation coefficients between ED and AG were 0.797 in TP (95% CI 0.727–0.854, p < 0.001) and 0.803 in PSO (95% CI 0.733–0.857, p < 0.001). Correlation coefficients between ED and BMI were 0.543 in TP (95% CI 0.405–0.661, p < 0.001) and 0.566 in PSO (95% CI 0.428–0.680, p < 0.001). Correlation coefficients between ED and weight were 0.593 in TP (CI = 0.466–0.695, p < 0.001) and 0.615 in PSO (CI = 0.500–0.716, p < 0.001). Height and age had no significant correlation with ED. Conclusions Abdominal girth has a strong correlation with ultrasound-estimated epidural depth in parturients.
      PubDate: 2019-02-08
       
  • Guidelines for the use of cerebral oximetry by near-infrared spectroscopy
           in cardiovascular anesthesia: a report by the cerebrospinal Division of
           the Academic Committee of the Japanese Society of Cardiovascular
           Anesthesiologists (JSCVA)
    • Abstract: Abstract Cerebral Oximetry by Near-infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) has been used in cardiovascular anesthesia, but there was no guideline of regional cerebral oxygen saturation measured by cerebral oximetry by NIRS. This guideline provides recommendations applicable to patients at a risk of developing cerebral ischemia in cardiovascular surgery. Guidelines are intended to define practices meeting the needs of patients in most, but not all, circumstances, and should not replace clinical judgment. The Japanese Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists (JSCVA) Task Force on Guidelines make an effort to ensure that the guideline writing committee contains broad views in using cerebral oximetry. Adherence to recommendations could be enhanced by shared decision making between healthcare providers and patients. This guideline was focused on cerebral oximetry of pediatric and adult cardiovascular disease. We hope this guideline would play an important role in using cerebral oximetry by measured NIRS.
      PubDate: 2019-02-08
       
  • Future blood pressure monitoring for cesarean delivery
    • PubDate: 2019-02-01
       
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
 


Your IP address: 3.237.71.23
 
Home (Search)
API
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-